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Full text of "Vi︠e︡stnik Evropy, Volume 102"

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— roBopExe, — opomeoraja Bapa. 

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de Bocnpen^aeii. A coctoetb — re Banncn Mtponpiaxíaxi no npi- 
o6pÍTeHÍK> cero luaTBa h b^b t&tb noxBOzaxby BoiopHe bíi no no- 
Boxy cero npio6p&TeHÍa npeAnprasMaere. 

— Bame cpaBHeme ne coBctirb yA^^HO, — csasaja A^ymsa h 
npocio nocMOTp&ia na TyrojuciHa: — orb luaTBfl a Mory oTBasaiECfl 
B, (xiixoBaiaiLHO, BTHiTB OTBa^OMi p^mBTB Moů BonpocB... A Bam^ 
Bonpocb**. — H TBXO AO(íaBHja: — pasBt mosho oři nero OTBasaiBca?... 

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H jracBOBO BsrjflHyjTB ea Bapn:— a sa sty npaB/gr, a ys^B Bairs 
BBiBCHK), ht6 ofiosHa^aercfl ciosoirb <no«eHHBBi>. IIo cexpery 
Bani CBasaib b cjblobo-to bto HexaBHee; x^^ h kb ynorpeÓJieHÍH oho 
MŠCTHOM^B. OxaaKO se BootfpasHMrB, hto Haitb xo btofo x'i(JaHtrb. 
BooÓpasBJui?.. Teaepb npECTynaiii — h owb cb xomiiecBoft lop- 
secTBeHHOCTBK) Ha^sjíi: — EsejiH Kuofi HHrejiiHreHTB h Boo6n](e x'ba* 
Ten, CTpoBTb CBOH Hxeajiii coofipasHo HxeajaifB BpecTBflHCBHMx — 
owh no^BeHHBS^L. EaceiH, h bi noiHTHtecsoMrB h b% asoHoime- 

CBOMl H Vb 0UTOBOMI 06bX0X^, OWh CTpeMHTCfl Kl» B0nJI0D[ieHÍK> 

caMoOuTHuxi na^aii, cspaineHHUXi cooTBÍTCTByK)n](HMH HayqHuicH 
ysasaHiaMB— OH!b oiuitb no^BeHOHs^b. EsejiH hxok) pasBaiia owb 
naiaraerB vb pasBiniH bcbohhuxb ^^pMi HapoxHaro — BBOHOMne- 
cxaro H HHoro — HipoBoasptma h HapoxHaro 6iiTa — ohi cHOBa bí 
CHOBa noiBeHHHBi, HHjaa CapHinea. IIoHfliH?.. 

HoBapa BcnnxHyxa h, bi HepimBieuHOMi CMynteBÍH BHBayB^ 
rojioBBofi, HaTflHyjia bosse. Piicasi Bcrpenenyíca, smHO pacniH- 
pBBi HOdxpa, TyraiHEHi oTBBHyjca Ha8ax'B h mapatiasrB crpeiiH* 
TeiBHo nosaiEJca vb ycMB0i. 

y xoíiBBa Saxapa Haasu^a, Hjba IleTpoBHqi cjlísx. Ho owh 
ne cpasy Bsomeii rb soMHaTBi. Ohi hoboibho noxosxaji, nosa 
Bapa noxBixaia Kb BpuiBi^y h jiobbo ocaxiua psicasa. CypoBUĚ 
H VMKSO o6pBTufi ^ejiOBÍBí vb BameiopoBOMi CK)pTyBŮ nocirbmHO 
Bumen ež Ha BCTp&^y h noMorB coětb cb bucoboě hoxhoskh 
mapatiana. Kobk^xi bi^ n^erojiBOBoft 6eapyaaBBiy cb manaoB) Bb py- 
Kaxi, noxóisaai ai pucány h npEHaJTB ero noxfB ysxi^ii. Bapa 
cierxa onpaBHia boctx>mi h, aasHO BHBHyai cypoaoMy ^eiOBisy, 
CBpiuacB sa fijiecTan^eio xBepBK) noxi^isxa. 

HenpiasneHHoe HyacTBO oxBaTBJío TyrojiMHHa. Eny noBasaiocEy 



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^ 



BOJIXOHCKiJI BAřBUrU. 1 1 

HTO OHI coBepmBXb RaByi)*TO B8MÍHy, BĚiJOSEBi nepejTb arofi 
HiXMeHHofi OapiimHeft sanaci cospoBenHÍdniHrB cbobxi homh* 
cicmi H MeiTaBiĚ. H Bxpyn» Heo^ojHifoe npesp^eie vb ce&b, n> 
CBoeft noxaTjHBOCTH H BneHaTJHTejiBHoeTH nowHxocb fb newh. 
<Pa8H&sHJca! — BOcuHSHyjii obi ci 8jio6oia| — fb pasBEsaiejH no- 
CTjnBii!.. PoMaHHiecRaro repoa 8axoi^'L npooOpasBXB... Ka&i se! 
KpacHBafl n^erojBxa ja[K)6o8HaTejibHOCTB nsBOJiHJia BusasaTb... ÓJiaro* 
CBJOHHOciB HSiflBiua... vh loapaÓaHJ^ psxoMO^ ci sanyxpBinisofi 
xasBHi^TO eo<SjaroBo.iHja nposaTHTBca>, — b obi nocMOTpii'B na 
CBoe syAoe naibtaniRO, boS-fa^ BcnenqpenHoe naiHaiui, b cepxHio 
njiDHyji^E. 

A Bapa npaMO npomjia vb cboío BOiúiaiRy, pasc&iHHO c(5po- 
CBia Ba pyBH HaxesnH nai&TO h inxany, h oaycTHiacb B'b specjio. 
FojOBa ea imaaja. Otphbbh cyiipauiixi BapraHi, Bueaa, ^9lK£u^ 
cjosa TyrojMflHa, — CMyrHO 6poABJH nepex^B nex) bi BaKOirB-io 
eipaHBOMi H npEBJi»aTejiBHOirb co^eraBÍH. Maoraro OBa ae no- 
HHMaiay— RaKiy HanpEMipi, He noHajia ero oociibxHBx% uovh o 
<BoueBHBKÍ>;— q6o MHoroiTB cjiimaja npesue vh coBepmeeno 
IHOMl Xyxi B pOX^; co MflOrBM*b KJURb 0yxTO H He Morjia noMH- 
j^moi) — ne Morja noMBpBTbca Cb ero orsuBOicb o xeKatfpEcraxi, 
iffíopwn dHaia no «PyccBHMi aLenn^naHi^, e& ero neno^TE- 
leansHi oTHomenieirB wb «xyA0SHBKaifi» 40-x'& roxoKb, bbi 
xoToparb TypreHOBa (SoroiBopajia, xoix b Be HBiajia ero «3anB- 
coEb OxoTHBBa»9-*HO coBOBynHOCTB ero pšiefi b iiHtnifi sasi 
<^XT0 OTBpHJia nepexi nefl KaBÍa-To HeHBMCHBiuia rjy^BHH. Efi 
saaaxocBy ^ro xajB BnesanHO pacmnpBjacB nepex^B neio b pacBpujia 
fiesBOse^BHa nepcnesTBBH, s nepcneKTBQH era CBepsajn vb vyx* 
Huxi nepexHBaxi saraxo^naro b TasBeiBeHnaro ecB^n^enui, h ne- 
OTCiynno Bjaun ee bi cefii. Cepxi^ ea mipHJOCB n saiiapajiOi 
H ujAmo kb saBomb-TO cjiaxBOMi b nopuBBCioirB ipeneri... 

H noBCK)xy BcraBajrB o6pa8i BSBoanoBaHBarOy CBHnaTE^naro b 
aepBHaro lejiOBisa, Ona ^yBciBOBajia, Baisi nesxy btaui ^ojio- 
BteoMi H ex) BjacTETejiBHo oÓpasoBHBaioTca Basia-TO hete, Bpin- 
Bta H HŠSHiifl, E efi (SiiJO lenso h orpaxHO orB Bioro nyBciBa. 
Ona npBnoHABja ero rojoci, rjyÓOBÍft e MarBÍi, ero npocroe 
oópa^enie, Boropoe b!b sanajÁ noBasajocB efi tbehitb rpyCuMi e 
^^amjniipBHMi (^B^rB^ aio ne 4^aMfljiBapfl0CTB!>— BOCBJEBHyia 
OHa lenepB), ero lacBOBoe yiacrie. H ona sanajia npexcraBiatB 
ce&k noxpo6HOCTE pasroBopa, ero HaeifiniiflBiiS toh*b b'b Hanaii, 
ero yBJLeienie noiOMx... H Bxpyn cyxaa e ptsBas nojoca opn- 
BOCByjacB Kb nett. «Bose moB, Baaaa se a rjynaa, — BOCBdiBB- 
Byia osa e ci ot^aapieirB BcnjecHyjia pyBaME:— 'HE^ero-io a se 



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12 wfmmwh ibpwh. 

SHftK), HIÉTOMy-TO HÁCE HO y^HJni!» — H OBE CHOBE CTaM B0B06hOB* 

UTB n CBoeft naifflTB raéia h ^^asiHy coofinteHHue eft TyrojUH- 
HHiTB. Ho OHE 6poxuH nepOKL HeĚ xan TynsH, pasopBaHHHs 

BÍtpOM!E. CrpottHOCTb, DOCrt^OBaieJMOCTE, eMHBaBmiil EXE Kh 8a*- 

BOHHeHHHJi H SHBHfl RapTHHH — EC9B»n. H Tosuto wrh cxaci%^ 
tach rayrpeHHee sHaiesie, no npesHeiiy BonuBaiH jcyviy fíbsyrnKsi 
TaHHCTBeHHHirb H HeacBHMx o^i^oBaHÍem. 

Torxa OHa vh HiiOTopom xase ysaci CTaia opEnanBBaxB 
CBOE nosEamE. Ho oee, sasi HapovBO, jíe6o yopmo eb ebxi ucb 
sa OT^aflBHHt npESHFE ex naiiETS, jieÓo npexerasajiE vh saji- 

KOMl E EaEBHOirL y<SpaECTB%. .SbEJICE HEnBEl RopoTBÍft — MajeEB* 

Eíft E po80BiiS crapEuiEKa — ' Vh coo6mficník cb MOJOjmoBamiii 
Ri^jioirB BypryHAcmn; Boopzsyji pasj^paE^eEHHfi JI»j(obekb XIV 
noxi py^Ky Cb lOJicroft ;[aMoft — AbeoS ABcrpificsoft e kb conpo* 
BOsxeBÍfl npoflupjEBaro cimpEBa vb x^nHBott ýUMreroBoft pact*— 
MasapEHE. Bomen tes&ioě nocrynhio yrpDMHft KpoMBOJiby ospy*^ 
jceEBBtt TOinoio BasEHZ^B fl ^onopflHxib nypETasi n (Sj^Sjiíeme 
vb pysan; npiixaji^B bi sanx^-To BOCEisaxi phzjihě e xe6&- 

ZBŘ I^apB MOCBOBCBift Vh pOSt E METp^ BeJIBieCIBeflHO EpEEJIHja 

tfjarocuoBBafl EsaiepEfla U, ospyseasafl pasaojoieBBoft e sa* 
nyxpeBBoĚ ssaibK)... H CBepiuuDii^ift Ropiesi vexiEieaBEO pasry- 
jiEBan noKh nysa pasmEHxi Mapmeft e ranBOBiBy e ^^Erypa^ 
poBajii Ha BasExi-TO pacqMtmeBHiirB noxMOCTsaxi, buoobo bob* 
BOGHBniBxcfl Haxb seMJieH). BsEsy, vh HeacHHrb e CMyrsaxi o^^* 
TaHiarb ABErajiECb xaccii. MaccEi bte opajE Basi oriameHBHE, 
naiBJTB BVh pyateS, xp&ncb, BpEiajiE «ypa» e «BEBarb», nepe- 
ti^brajiE cfh Mftcia sa kbcso desTOJiROBEiME BOJHaHE... 

Bon E Bce. SaiiirE nepexb Bapeft npo6isaja o^^IIIaHHafl e 
BypryBaa ^«iEKa— fleo6iiBBOBeBBO noxosaa Ba ^I^IJieEBa; Maie* 
MaxEsa, crporaa e cyias, sasi ipecsa; ntnEHaa e m^n&bMjaBU 
reorpa^ia ch cboeme xerpaiiE, ^^yraxE, iiepEwiaflaifE, iponEBami, 
miaTaME, ropoxaME, FpaxycaiíB... 

Bapa cxBaTEMCB sa rojOBy e vh tocbí npEBEBia bi cioiy. 
Eě crajio HecfepBEMO saiB btexi lin, npoB^esEHX^B vh rEMBa- 

8ÍE, nOTepflHHRX^B SÍTh E VAJlOlThj BEBl TBEOpB OĚ BasajlOCBy E 

rEMEBSE^ecBafl sbbeb npexcraja nepex^ Bet bo vh bexí jtobe* 
poBaflfliix'B nefisasEBOB^B, Basi np^craBaia npesjWt & CBy^flaa, 
nomjiafl, nycraa. MexuE^eeaoe ycsoesie paBBOotfpasHHn sayBii; 
cjiaxBoe saMEpaBÍe u^fnh poMaBaifE; xp^Bsanoa iie^mi vh nepe*- 
Meassy cb nycxuME e EaflraHME pasroBopaME noxpyrB**. <rocnQXE, 

BBBl 8T0 MeiBO E BE^TOaCBOÍ> — BOCBJEBEyjia Bapt E FOpBBO 

ycMixHyjiacB. A Mesxy ^mi e Torxa (Suje nopHBH e BeaeBHE 



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"^•w^ 



BOIXOIOKlf BAPHKHH. 18 

cípeMiema n xaKoiiy-TO csfoy. Hespacon BOiHOBan ee; nepex^ 
piHanH on^a oea (SuroroBtftHO c^JioHua roiOBy; ona wua Ha- 

H8yCIB MHOm CTUOTBOpeHifl H8l ' <IIOJIflpHOÍ 30&8XII», SOTOpyD 

ojpiaaiffj Bpym% ett Ajeictt Bopbcobhtb, ch C!rponiir& naBa- 
WKB ae xasais HHioiiy... 

H osa xocraia mn niHia TeipuBy^ n sorapyi) sepenECii- 
Baia cnai, h seópeauo sameieczua ei ncraMH. Botb— 

fjoGj^o-^ Me^H, Ao6po 6h CTpaciH, 
Ob MAiesHot opejeciBK) CBoef, 
JlepxaiH naci bi CBoel sanacTH^. 

Bon H eo^e... Ho cpexH maicum Mornon jibho npemsiio- 
ran HHiie. Ob xocaxoĚ h Ch aaaBM^B-TO ^aciBOirb o6ixh osa 
npocaiffua an «imie» mothbu, ko la nociixneA cípíaHHi^ ona 
npoHiraxa: 

EeiB TU intemB, Rarfc Ji» 6eaBOHeuo, 

Ech JdiBeiu ni idóobuo h xHmeim^ 

Pysy Ba ipyxB noioss xhí óeaneTOO— 

GepAua 6ieH&ji nojij> nei) ycmniHniB. 

O, He cHHTat vrb... 

B Bipyn 8ax>]faiacB e BcmoHyia cmxjíHBHn pyMm^eic^B 
H lyiiaHHo nocMo^p^a Boipyn ceiSa. Ho cnycni MIH717 CHOBa 
onyjaci. H ceoBa iipnua vh orqauie. Ee npnoxBJH BBatb 
n o&bfj. Ona ne nonuia. Ona joria na BpoBaib, h BplnBo 
npuBBHaiCb Kb uůfYmnžby luasau^ njuuuua HeyiifliHO... 

GnycTBiBCB cyifepBH. Bi BoicHaTii Ofiijo tbzo. CiojiOBiie ^acu 

0XB00(^[>a8H0 H MÍpHO ^MbAzE CBOHITE liaflTHBBOm. BapB BOXHI* 

jacB H p^mBiejiBHo noxonua k& crojy. 

<JÍ(c6puĚj xopQmift Hjub nerpoBBH'B,— »iiopiiBBCTO nflcaja oaa 
Ba MMcnA npeiecTHott pencoBOĚ 6yMani on J^iapo,— noMome 
hbí, cnacare Menu on nycroTS. SI HH^ero bo 8Ha»), HB^efo ho 
BOBBX), HO I crpacTHO,— -ciumflie m — cmpaemnoy HacrofiiBBO, 
rjyteBO, zo^y ananlh. Hay^Bre Menn. CBaaune, qróuraTB. Eps- 
zoxBTo VB Ham naipe... Bs ne noBftpBie, BaBi a BBiiftRBiacE. 
Si 6yXT0 poxBiacE bhobb... Axi, bo ho ssaeie, Basoe BCBpeHHeei 
Baioe ropa^ee enacaCo a Bairs roBopx). Ba csin mhš orspiUB. 

Bh flUM MWb SH8HL... Bs... BII... XOpOBlifi BH \BJlOvAvhy HlBB 

nerpoBBTb!.. BpiBBO sny samy pyay. 

BapBiH[)a BonoHCBaa^. 
A rojuii) 6poB80BBĚ MajraniBa, BonaBBnica aa croJOBarB 
uearL, jjrBBBO norjuxHBaxB na Baím, npBBacaacB kl cbobitb ry- 
€«Bi BsaH^Biím 6poH80BHm naj^HEBom. 



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14 BtC^Sl IBFOnH. 



yiii. 

Ilpom^a HeA^LiH. Ha nepeBhzTh saipeneruH ihctui; n ca^ 
noflBHJiHCB cojoBBH. G'B RasAHM^ iHeiTb cojiHi^e craHOBHJOCb sap^e 
H Hetio jacROB^B npocTHpaiocB Hax^ Beiuem. noui OAtncBBcxo- 
xaMH. nipiHUfl rpoBB H6 pasi TpetosHJiH BOBAyxi. Kamiaii na 
osepi saaejieH^ijix, Barb jiysi. ^vaia jtre niecaajiHCB bx saBO- 
AflrB. Bi poin^i saRyBOBajia syRymBa. Eporsia ropjniHKH nejio* 
AH^HO orjamajiH ajuien. ,&6jiohh Ha^HHajB 8ai^BÍTaTB..« 35pH no- 
ropajiB FL He6i aojfo h njaiieHHO. HHorxa Mepi^aja majioBJí- 
Bas sapHBi^a. Hsx ceja no Be^epam xoierajiH ntcHH HneqajiBHO 
noracan sa xoinaMH. 

Ry^epeHORi Dponnca aRRyparno i^xan vh ropox& h npHBo- 
8HJX BsLpi RHEFE. Oea 6pajia hx'l no BiinHCRt TyroJiiaHa, ^acio 
Toft ME xpyrofi ne ORasHBajiocB bi» ropoxcRoit OHÓJiioreR^, 6oji»me 
npoMunuaBmefi PoRaM^ojem, e Torxa JierijH TpeÓOBaHÍii vh 
MocRBy fl IleTepÓypra. 

Ilpncjiyra naxoAHJia, ^to ÓapumHfl BBM^HHJiacB, h npHciyri 
ne HpaBHJOCB bto. Ocofienno crporyio Ha^eicxy BOsiiyniajiH noBsie 
npieMU BapE. Ea cxepaRaHnocTB, MflncocrB ea tona, yiacrie ri 
MysERam r Óatfam^ BHorxa npBXOABBmBirB na saxnee Rpuniio 
nonpocETB xiHH, a oco($jhbo ocroposnoe e jacROBoe oiRJOEeHie 
nocjiyrB, — Boe bto noAimaio soi^b wh Haxesxt h ysacno npo- 
TEBopi^BJO crapoxaBHiirB ea nonaiuirB o ÓapcRom xocTOHHCTBt. 
<RaRai BH 6apHinHa!>— CB rjiy6oREirB ^yBCTBOirB otfRXH roBo* 
pEja ona, Rorxa Bapa 6wb ea noMon^B sacrernBajia nyroBiipi 
CBOBxi rerpí, bjie yCapajia rojiOBy. 

SaM^^ajTB E AjieRcifi BopECOBs^i nepeaiisy b% xowpB. Ho 
owh nameji, ^ito nepeiitea btb bx eoboitl e npEBjeRaTeiBHOiťB 
ocR^meHÍR npexcraBJíaerB x^Bymay. Bb net, naopBiiipi, xenepB 
yaae ne 6ujío npesnefi p^srocte Masepi, to naxiieBHuxi, to 
^epesx-^pi majioBJEBiixi,— iiaH^^B, npaBxa, ohobb rpaipoaniixi 
E o^esB Exyn^ETB kl neft, no npnxaBaBmflxi ea ^Biyp^b cjRm- 
ROMi yse ROJiopBTHiiit, cjiEmROMi saROH^eHHHĚ o6jeri. H botb 
8Ta-T0 <8aROEqeEnocTB> cuiEEJiacB TenepB MarROCi^H) b RaROK)-TO 
saraxoíHoft TenjiOTOH)^ neacEO CRBOSBBmeK) bi texetb XBEseHÍax'B 
X']bBymRE9 Bx cocpexoTOHennoifi ea Bsrjiaxt, vh ea pt^axi, pas- 
ciflBHiixi E RpoTRsxi... AjieRC^S EopECOBB^i xoraxHBaica E o 
npB^Bnaxi nepeidHii. Ho CMOip&ix na bte npEiBHH CRopte cb 
BETepecoiTB cxyxosHHRa, neiRejiR cb onaceníaiíB OTi^a. <Becna 
E xeBBTEaxnaTB xítb... — cb jierROK) xosoft x^iHEBiia pascysxu^ 



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BOnOHOKiJI BiPHlHHfl. 1 5 

OBI, — nycTB (SMyeicfl. IIpHioirb se b^xb 9th <jiaii(miHKH> (ran 
OHI nposBSjrB Hj&io nerpoBK^ra) ysacHiie... BHCjioyxieI>— h owh 
C!b yxoBOjncTBieirB BcnoMBHajrB cboh BOJOsncTBa, bi soropiizi 
0H*& yze, BO BcnoiTB cjiy^at, ne (SiiBan <BflCi[oyxHirB>. 

Ho HHOrxa obi cb nenpúiBHeBHUirB yxBBjeflieirB xyiíaji'B o 
BBycax'B BapH. iOrxyxa y Bet Bra Hepas^opYHBOCTB, — paeMsini- 
jisrb OHI, OTpHBaacB on saaHxi-HH^yxB <THnoBi IIIeBcnHpa> 
n BejHROJAnHOiTB HtMentsoMi HcaojraeHÍH, — yxi^ bo bchkomi cjiy- 
Ha% HO on MeHB. PasBi on MaTepB?- Henpeir&HHo on vaTepi. 
Toft B^XB HpaBuocB Bco ByjiBrapHoe, — h xotiaBa^jn es ycMionBoi — 
iDÓomiTHO, jno(SoiniTHO>... H CBOBa norpyauucfl n CHaBOBame 
npejiecTHOĚ rpaBiops, H8o6pasaBineB spOTByio JtjesxeiioHy, hjih jibxh 
MasCen n HeroxyB>iii(inrB BupasemeirB ea ropxoirB jKi(b. 

Ho OFL Bcrpt^ajicfl cb TyrojiMHHiim pljuco h ci HeoxoTOH). 
HysHO coBHaTBCii, HTO Bi rjfy^HHt xymB offb (kMi;ica 9iiix!b BcrptTB. 

OeTB ÓOflJiCfl rtx^B nOBHaHÍft, Ch KOTOpiIMH HjlBfl HerpoBETB Bcry- 

luurB KB pasroBopu o nojnrniBŠ, Hcropia, o6mecTBeHBoS shbhb h 
T. n. Ohx npHBHaBajíCfl BHyrpH ce&i, ^to ero cbíx^hííi orcran, 
TTO HHiepecH ero vb othiis Bonpocam oxjiaxiJiB, qro obe Ha- 
roHaB>n na nero CBysy... FascysxeBÍtt se otii icsyccTB^ Tyroji- 

HHVB flBHO H p&OIHTeJIBBO HdSŠTaJTB H SpOM% TOFO, BoiXOHCSarO 

wpoÓEM BH^mBOCTB HjBH HorpoBH^a — ero Masepu, ero asusi, 
rpyóiit H ajflooBaTHĚ^ ero xaieso se HBiicRaHHHft h x^se rpisHO- 
Banii RocnoiTE, ero npiBiina "íctb cb sosa, ero BepanuraBne 

BOTO. 

TyTOJMHBi coBepmeBBO paax^^^^B bth nyBCTBa BonoBCicaro. 
VAKh Ton ne nepenocEjn ero BHimBOCTHy lavB Hibi HerpoBiTB 
6pesr;iHB0 otboch;ich vb BBJíonteHHOify BHxy AxeBC&i BopncoBHia. 
Shni 6ijiO€H&BHHe bopotbh^bh h la Delavar bih jenne France, 
9111 BOKeiJiHBO HOXBBsaBBHe rajiciyxB, 8TH (SesnpecraBBHfl chíhii 

BSflOlBarB BOCTIOMOBS, BTH pyBH, BHXOJieHHBfl H BteBIIE, BTOn 

TOHxift sanaxii HJiaHrB-uaBrB, Boerxa B^flBnnft on crapRsa— Bce 
nperajio eiiy h bobhbochmo xocasxuo ero xeMOspaTH^ecrairB 
BBycam. B% cooTBfocTBÍe cb ^thitb b rs Hxeaiam BojxoHCBaro 
OBI oTHOCBacfl, B KB ero BpaCBBOtt B HiaBBOS pŠTO, yHBSaBBOĚ 
HHKaBTHIUfH BXOBBTOCTBMB, H RB OrO BHBBypefiCBBMl BaSJOBBO- 

craBi. 

Ho OHB (LiBBso B xopoBio comojicfl Ch BapeB. Obi YBran ett, 
pasesaBBBan... H es BaciasxeBiem npBM^^ajis hjioxii neycraH- 

HHXB CBOBXS BOBxMcTBÍB. ObS CS KaBOft-TO SaXBOCTBB) CJrftXHJTB, 

BBBB mucjiib x^BymxB pocjia B pasBEBajacB, b bs ea yiiHoB ro- 
Mvsb BOBHBsajiB ocBOBu cTpo&Baro MipocoBepi^aBúr. niarB sa 



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16 MoniBi iBřonH. 

maroM^ ^epioua sa wpto^KoB, Mexienno h, BasuocB, npono 
soxBBrajaci paóora. MBoroe x^^Bajocb ciHimoirL iierio, nepe^b 
xpjTBWb npeffxtiMjm Benpeoxonifiii TpyxHOciH. Taitb h cum 
csasHBancb fb xbBjmwb npKBHUH^ HauoHHOCi»| oxcyrcTBie Ha- 
Biisa Rf& nocjAxoBaieiLHOMy MuiiueHiH). ^acto Tysojuamy npno 
xuocb xoBOJUbczBOBaTLca ea B&poD, HHeTHHBriBHum noHHMameirB, 
npoHHSHOBeHÍeir& BasHirB-ro* Ho toichmo dxncb nperpa^i, hobuě 
^ejM)Bte:b BHpocrajs bi KbBjmiA acHO h HeorpasHifO. IIpaBxai 
HHorxa BJbBOi!opfia HeosExannoera CMyn^aiH HnK) IlerpoBau h 
BaciaBJUJH ero c% TpeBaroi BriaxHBanca b% <HOBiut> iejOBÍBa> — 
lan épocajiacB eiiy bi rjiaM cjonnxowh ÓOAoma B%pa x^ynum 
vh ero ;iinBHa xocToiHCTBai cjunnaoiis BOciopseHHoe npeuoHeHie 
ea nepexB ero MioparerHocrBK), ero npeBOCxoxcTBcmi. HobioChjh 
ciiyTHna tíihh na noBepzHOCTB naxaott h iq)OBpauott. OÓheho- 
BeHHO OHé ycrynara mício xaBOMy-TO orpaxHOMy h ropxeiHBOicy 
lyBeTBy caiioxoBOucTBa, h ecjH oaaBjan no oe6i aaaott-jufo 
cjfbxhf TO JiHniB Kb Toirs BOJraeHÍH, ciaxBOirB h MeTraienHoirb, 
xoTopHMi nepenojraaiocB Bce cyiqecTBO TyiojufBHa. 

H sa 8THMÍI oiaxBHMH omyn(eflifl]ui, sa btiiih pš^aím h natf jik)- 
xeHiaiíH cbohmh — Hjkla IlerpoBaTB sasiB-io HesaiiŠTHO nosaÓBm 
o eyntecfBOBaHÍH cBoeft <aaiiflTH0Ě bhhsbh>. Ovb yse ho cno- 
pu^ c% SazapoiTB HBaHUTOii^ o BHa^enÍH BansTaiaBiia vh PoodH 
(^eiiy TOTB (Shjte oneHB pax^); owb yse saiiHCiiBajrB iAchh h 
6iiT0Bsa ofipaxHOCTHy— BOTopiia on BpeiieHH xo BpeMOHH npflHO- 
CBX% eny MoB^fi, — cb bbxoitb ^(aBoro-To HeoTCiynHaro xoira; owb 
se HaiBHajrB xaBHO saxyMaHHaro owpBa <B8:B6]iiTa(SaTpaB0B:B»,— 
owb nim nepBOfi BoaMoasHOCiH yxoxui bi xoicB} kb cax^ n roBO- 
pBJTBy jjMn cfh BapeĚ, Baiajca cb sefi no nojuitB. HesaiiiTHO 
xn ce6a, ex) oxHOfi, ea nari^HarenHiím oÓpasoMi BCK>xy ero npe- 
ciixoBaBniBirB) oh*b nepenojneourB CBoe cyn^ecxBOBaBÍe. 

^TÓ npoBCzoxBio C!B Hofl — xpyxHO CBasaTB. Osa H caiia ho 
BHaia, BaBÍfl o^yn^eHÍa sanojioHHJiH ea xyniy b npaxaiH ea nep- 
Bam BByMBieiBsyK) lyraocTB. fii set hto-to coBepmaiocB h spiio 

Ch lieXIHTeiBBOtt HenpepUBBOCTBIOi HO ^TÓ? ^KB BTOITB OHa HO 

Moria XETB ceůb oneia. Bce OBpysaK)ntee npHHAM kb ea rjasax^ 
Basoe-TO ooo(k)ey HeBBBicrHoe e8 xoroaj^ BHpasesie. Cjiymaja-jns 
osa coJOBBBByD nficHH>| MenHiTB cepeÓpoiTB crcaBmyR) saxB ca- 
XOH^, CMOipj^a-iB na BenepHee sefio, kb BoropoM^B niaiieBijrB 
saBBTB B neiCHO nepivuui 8k68xbi, cjiixHJa-jui sa noxeioicB sa- 
BopoHBa, vb cBepBax)n^ii% xpenerí BsieiaBniaro vb cojun^y, ry- 
jifljia-JiB no xiflBCTiurB aueaMi caxa kb cyiipaB^b a tbbibhí xy* 
BiflCTOĚ Bow, — BOBx^ npecjri^XOBajia ee BaBaa-io saxyii^HBaa h 



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BOnOHOKAJI BÁFnmHJI. 17 

npíiTHM ne^ajiB. H oco60hho ona nojioésjía xaji&, saMiiBaBmyio 
HeoÓOBpHMUfl BoixoHCsiji nojfl. JIioÓHja ona ee bi nepenBiaTOMi 
(iiecKi oouieiHaro yipa, h vl TyifaHHBixi o^epramflki sHOfiHaro 
nouHfl, H vh sapeBi saRaxa, sapsoirB h nuniHOMiy s bi Ty nopy 
nacMypHOff noroxH, Bor^a aia xaJib CHHŠja, CHH&ia (tesi soHi^a 
I csouTL sanmoHHHirB npocTopoirb psajia h xepsajia xymj neBU- 

fiOClMOĚ TOCROK)... 

n Korxa ona 6uih oxna h sxajia oÓu^Haro noASJíeHÍs TyroJi- 
HHHa — HecnoBoiHoe BajiHeme oxBaTHBajo ee. Jl^uzame crficHflJiocB. 
Gepffle (Skiocb wh naxoi^A^HBOĚ TpeBort... Ho noflBjuucfl owh h 
BMHeme npoxoxHJio. Besi BcsRaro Tpenera saja ona ero pyxH, 
ff CMtnpbia eiiy kb jihiio, h Ha^nnaia Óec^Ay- H Bce cyn^ecxBO 
e2 norpysaiocB fb THXoe h acnoe ÓjraseHCiBo. 

ErarB OHa noHTH ne HHiajia. Bce, ^ó 6iiJio bi hhxb, oÓbisho- 
BeHHO pascKasuBaji^B ei TyrojiiiHErB. H fb ero ESJíosenÍH BEeni 
9ni jiosHjracB Ha ea xyiny p^sbhmh h HesadusaeMiiMH HepiaiiE. 
Hfiorxa offB iHraji efi. EorAa se caMa oea npHHHiiajacB iHiaiB, 
CB Heio coBepmajocB ?to-to cípaHHoe. He to, ^rio6ii oea onQrii^ajia 
cqray bjih njioxo noHiMaja,— hítb, ho mhcjh h ^asTii, npex- 
esuueMue sHHroĚ, BOcnpHHHKajtíHCB eio sasi-TO cyxo h hoaobIp- 
lEBO. HiieHHO — cyxo. Hitb neACcraBajo BaBoft*To hjioth, Basexi-xo 

MMBUTh H npHBJieBaTaiBHIIX1& SpaCOSl, BOTOpUfl npHHOCHJIO CB 

co(k>K> HBioseHÍe TyrojiMEHa hjui ero ^xeHie — h ohh tojhuhcb 

OepeXS HeĚ CrpoftESniH, ho (^8SH8HeHHUMH BOJOHHaHH, XOlOXHUe 

I lepcTBHe, Basi MepTBei^H. H KHsra BucBOJiBsaja bsi pysi h 
vsPMKh HeoTCiynHO yxoxHXB Bi r jy<SB oaxa, r^i^ fb t6hh naxyHHX^B 
JODTB ntejiBajrB rojiocHcnifi cojiOBett, n MejanxojiHHecBafl HBOJtra 
iiHyjia cboh nepeuBu... 

HeorAa efi sasajiocB, hto ona udŮetl h Tafinoe onacenie sa- 
BHnaao fb neB. H ona npexcTaBXfljia ero ce6i Ójiebsbitb tojobí- 
BOiTBy MyseiTB... Ho sasafl-TO BpaaueÓnai CTpya Óucrpo oxjias- 
xaia ea MeHTanifl h rx£-TO xaieso, fb caiiofi tjsjÓeeí ajihEj 
CMjmo meBejnuocB HenpÍBSHeHHoe ^jbctbo. H bcjt^xb sa 8thmx 
BaKaa-i^ XOcaxA BCTasajia kbeož — ona siHJiacB hb ce6a, nacHOH) 
HeiraTeAHocTB, h — HTHOBeHHo B00(5pasajia IIjbh) HexpoBH^a yse 
He HyseiTB h ne Ójhbshhx nejiOBi^BoirBi a iímx-xo BasHUMi, 
CBATOBapHmrB, He^ocaraeioiirB. 



Pa9B BHxaJiGH xopomift x9HeB^ HexasHO npomjia rposa. FpoirB 
eafi poBorajCB fb Heflcnuxi h BHynurrejBHHX-B pacBaxaxx. Ha 
ffUBHeiTB ropBSOflxš lepH^a xyw... Ho He6o o^hcxh^iocb h cb 

Ton IV.— iDtt. 1888. 2 



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18 MOTHKn KBFOlin. 

Becejoft JiacKOBOCTBK) npocTHpajio CBflsyio cboio CHEesy. GojiHiiie 
cíhjio. Bi TenJoiTb Bosxyxi, achomx h npoBpa^HOiii, sasi^ xpy- 
CTUB, cTOflji BpiniciB sanaxi tfepesii h TOHSoe ÓJiaroyxaHie i^bí- 
Tyn^Hxx TpaBi pacojiHBajiocB HenpepsiBHiiMH BOJiHaiiH. JIhctba 
AepeBBeBi, o6MHTiie AOSAeirB, ÓJHCTajie sponorjinBiurL ÓJiHCiameirB 
H paxocTHO jfenerajifl. IIth^h rojoca SBeešJiH oco6eHHO saxopHo. 
Jlpsaa sejieHb nojieff e MypaBu, BcnpHCHyraa BJiaroft, 6bak fb 
rjasa iiflrBOCTbH) h co^hoctbh) cbohxi tohobi. Osepo HeABHSHMO 
CBepRajo. Mospiifi BaHiim'B Baax Oyxro saiiepi vb ^yTKou'h h 

OCTOpOSHOlIl 6e8MOJIBÍH. 

Bapa ch TyroJiííHHUMx npomjH caxi ■ buduih na nojiflHy. 
KpyroMx pascTBjajiocB noae apofioS nmeHHi^ii. JlerBÍĚ BŠiepoicB 
xoAHJii baojib nojia ro^iyÓEiMfl BOJiHaMH h npErafian Kb semii 
MOJiOAue creCjin, JIjajBine HSBHBajiacB ptBa vb HexBHSHMOiTB CjíecA. 
3a p^BOH) BCxaBajiH xojiai h BHAH&iacB ÓJiiffio-^esentUL posB. 
IIpocejioHEEfl Aopora TAEyjacB no sefi ^epsoio leEiOH) e npona- 
Aajia vh npEXOTjiEBuxx sErsaraxi. Bsepxi no le^eEiio pisE OTRpii- 
BajuicB A&u. TenepB bi sefl zensEiiB BOJiEauE sypajECB Ecoape- 
Bífl E cojBe^Biie JiyqE sanaH^EBO ipeneraxE b% bexi... O^epra- 
bíe i^epBBeft npEB^TJiEBO CBepsajE vb orAaieBÍa. CvyrBo nepsijiE 
nocejiBfl... FycTaff seieflB BycroBi piteBO o6o3BatiajiacB cpexE nojieff. 
Bi rojiytfofi bkicoií sBefl&ii saBopoflOKB. 

Bapa c^jia sa Bonsy (Ana e Hjibe UerpoBETB noif^CTEJiCE 
OBOJio Bea. Ofla o6xoBOTEjiacB na pyBy, cb BotopoS cnycTEJcs 
pyBBBi BumETOi MajiopocciffcBofl pytiaoiBEy E CMOTpijia BOBpyrB 
E cjiymajia. TftojiuEWb ^Eraxi efl eobhA oiepBi BEaMesATaro 
<BapoAEEBa-6ejijieTpECTa>. Ob% ^btbxb cb yBjíe^eflieirB, cb sa- 
poMi; ofl^ BecB OTABBajiCfl pascsasy, kb botopoitb eMy ^xbjce 
BOBBparB BBTopa Bx BŠpoBaEÍflifB E E^eaiaiTB <nOqBeEEEBOBl>. 
Ofli dTEMi pascBasoiTB Bpynflaro e cEjiBEaro npOTEBEEBa ocodeBEO 
xoitix nopasBTB Bapio, e ocoóesBO onr&EETB r& npEEipnii, bo- 
TopBie pasBEBaji eB Aocea^i. 

A osa sacTUJia vb sbabomi e crpaciEOfirB beembeíe. Ho se 
pascaasi sBaiieflETaro <EapoABEBa-6ejiJieTpECTa> cjiymajia osa; se 
BapiEBu ero cypoBOfi e p^mEiejiBEOĚ bečte — aoxo6Hofl bečte 
P^QEEa, BosEEBajifl Eepexi seB,— osa cjiymajia aeyKU rojioca Ty- 
TOJiMBEa, cjiymajia paxocTEoe nteiSeraEBe saBoposBa MexBBaBmaro 
Bi fledty cjymajia OTAaieEEuS hte^íě raMi, BEcianiífi hbax ca- 
AOu^B, E yEtijioe ByBOBBEBe ByBymBE, npETBEsmefica vb (SjíESEeff 
poiA'^.,. H BapTEflu BBBoro-TO orpoMHaro cnacrBA sa^BErajiECB na 
Hee ojiiflETejiBBOH) BépesEiiett e bojihh EsyMExejBEaro Bocropra 
saTOEJuijis ea Ayniy. 



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N 



Bonoflosii BAPfimHfl. 19 

H Bce ei cympctBO nepenoraBiocB shoBhhux j^jiaHíeMi. Ona 
BHesanHO o^Bua pyBaiui meu TyrojnisHa, b bca b% saKom^xo 
nsHeMOseniH, xpeneiflOirB h craxJBBOMi, bca npoHHsaHHafl Baaoio-TO 
fopB^eB H MejiKOĚ xposBio, npHHiSJía m> ero rpyxH. <J[io6jik) 
Te6fl>... upomeirauia ona exBa cjiiiaiHo. 

OffB onycTBXB KHHry. <JIio6HinB?..> bi paciepjiHHOirB hbxo- 
jirbsÍB npoHBHeci owh. H Bxpyn BoijrBcrBOBajTB, ^ro paxocraoe 
crlcHeme nepexBaTHJio eicy XHxaHie. H xo Tasoft cxenenH cran 
eMy BCHH TenepB h tfeBHOROflmia TpeBora h cjraxidn on^n^eHia, 
BOiHOBaBiniB ero xyniy bo Bce Bpeicfl c6^BseHÚi n * Bapeff , h lasi 
HeBiipasHifo xopora crajia ony oia x^Bymsa... Ohs npHsocHyjiCfl 
lyÓaiíH Wb ea wnuKy, on aoioparo naznyao na nero tohbhmh 
xyxaiiH, H THXo norjiaxiui'B ea roiOBy. c^oporai voa, Hetbcia 
101 >, — CBasajii 0E%. Ona noxníJia jbi^o h &iecTiii^HMa, paxocx- 
flioni rjasaiiH nocMorpi^a aa nero, n^esH ea nujan, noayor- 
ipirnifl rj6u Barb 6u nepecoxjiH otb sasxu... Tyrojiiiiffb kb 
jnieHÍB CMOTpr&VB na nee. 

npomjo híckojibbo MrHOBemfl. 

— Mn TenepB (Syxeiix na <tu', x^^? — ciatfo npoineiiTajia 
Bapfl. 

— O9 HenpeiiteHo! Pasi eciH jxHtHmB — pasroBOpi Koporsift^ 
poxHMaa MOfl, — OTB^nijrB Hiba UerpoBEn. 

Bapa xoTÍjia-6iuio cnpocHTB: ^jaoúmrh jih obi ee h BaB%>9 
BO ne cnpocHJia, a tbxo oreaia pyra h nojosHia roxoay na ero 
oje^o. A 0H%, ciacTJiHBHft H ÓeenHTesHHft, na^an pasBEsaib 
Depex'B HeĚ cboh niaHH. Ona Hefl|ieiiibHBo xoJisBa toarB b^b Ue- 
Tep6yprB b cjymaTB jexitiB bb bucbibx^b sypcaxi. Kypcu XAXyn 
el ^^asTU — say^ByK) ocBOBy xm ea crpeMaeBÍt, noJiesBiia sbb- 
xoBCTBa B CBBBH, Ofli noisxHTE BO xepoBBflMi^ coOepeTB MBie- 

piaiH X^fl BBBFB, BOTOpyK) XyMaeTB BaBBCaTB-^<0 BpOflBJieBÍflX'B 

tpieiBBaro xyz& bb no-pe^piieBBofi xepoBB^, bi cbbbb cb crofi- 
xoeiBK) pyccBBXi o6fltBBBiixx BxeajiOBi BOo6B^e>y — a vh bbitI 
BoupaTBTca Bi neiepÓyprB, b obe sasBByrB tbmi bb cxaBy. 
BnepexB aie... o, anepexa xaeca paOoTu, Macca leeraaro b cb£t- 
jaro xpyxa — pyxa o&h pysy ci bípbhmb <oxHOBafliBBBaMB>, ci 
toBapan^um, BCBsmiBBuicB rb JiBxyK) b secrosyK) roxBBy. 

Bapa cjymaja ero, KBaaia rojioasot, b yiHÓaxacB bpotbob) 
B &iaseflB0ft yjii(b60i. 

Ha8ax'B OHB BOSBpao^BCB pyBB CB pysoH). BapyrB bbxi 
(Soxubbo MnerajiB ((epesu, b B&aBHa mnu BaxyM^BBO menrajiBCB 
B Tf&Aiň BeyroMOBBiie combbb; bbx^ bbmb bbcíxo notf jrtxH^BBiee 
Be6o B TBXO xBBrajiBCB pynasBia otfiasa; BxajiB cbbobbxo rojiyóoe 

a* 



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20 nCTBMKb IBPOItH, 

ceepo H úbxbMMh y 6epera joxu RpacsBU xan BrpymRa... 
<Muutt MOĚ, noix6Mi Ha Joxiri&!> cxasajia Bapa h 6ivou% ny- 
CTuaeb R» 6epery. Hju IlerpoBH^i nocjr&AOBajii sa net. Ohh 
OT^asBiH; MOBaioe xho samypmajio doxb jioxeoě. Becaa OiecTŠjiH 
H pasHOCHJH SBeHfliqífl 6pii8rH... Gaxi y^ajiajca ci CBonn^ myMom 
H CB naxy^ex) tíbbk) tiesKOHeiHox^B ajiieft... Rymi sejieHaro sa- 
mma iiexuiejiBio nnyncB hitb la Bcrpi^... Bi npospa^Hoi 

B0X6 npHXOUHEO HBBHBaJBCB BOXOpOCJH. 

Jloxaa xojÉro njiaBajia no otepy. Ona Baxoxua h b^ MOJi^a- 

JBBHfl BaBOXB — SpyrOlTB XOTOpBXl CIOpOSBO H BBSHO CTOfliTB 

HacTHfl aairann, n rxi oco6eHHO bcho or^anajiHeb yxapu Bečen 
o xopiiy H M^pHiiĚ BcnxecKB BOXU* Ona npHCiaBajia h kl ocrpo- 
Bani, Ha xoTopím HenpoxoxiMoi ^an^ex) poci ra^Rii TajsHesB 
H rnlBXHJiHCB xBKÍfl yTBH. Ona npaiSjHfltajiacB h si TOMy tfepery^ 
Hax% BOTopHiťb wb rjyfioBOĚ xpenort crouia poaBB, h BosBuma- 
JHCB xojiiiii Bpyrjrae saai synon. HHorxa yrsE, BcipeBOseHHtia 
ea npHtfaHxeHieifB tbjcbo BaieTajiH hsi Baimnia h pfÍ8B0 BpaBaiB. 
Torxa cepetipHCTiift c»tbx% BapH btopvjtb btoS myiiRoS TpeBorb 
H xoiro erofljTB vb Bosxyxi; a Becjo rpeirbjío o Ropný ryjiRO h 
^acTO. A cojHi^e sasHrajo sanaxB, h He6o, posoBuirB cboxom'B7 
oiqiORBxiiBaiocB Hax^ osepoMi. Bb ycaxBti^ ociinHTeiBHo ÓJiecr&iH 
ORHa. [QaHi][B ROJOROJiBHH njuufeH^i RasB cvftw. Oipaseme bo- 

XflHOft UeihEUHU CTOflJIO Vb B0X£ BCHO H SIBO» CliyTHIlfi HiyM^B 

ROxecB MeiaBXOíHiecRR pasHOcaaca bb ^yraoifi Bosxyxi. OrRyxa-ro 
HBB-sa eaxa toouhbo TAByjiacB h^cha. 

3a0MroB%ccsju[ bi Benepni. QpoTBSHufi BOJOROJBHiift ryjTB 
HjaBHO orjiacEjrB oapecTHOCTB h BeenaniiHirB oiBByROMB pasnecca 
no BOx^« H Bapa Bcnuia bo bčcb pocn, h BaciOHHBmacB mxohbk> 
OTB saxoxBntaro cojHi^a, orjax^^CB. H Bxpyn — h cbxb, cb Bep- 
mHBaxH xepeai nosjameHHHxi saRaxoM^B, h iBxoe osepo h xoj- 
MHCToe noje h ycaxBtia, h RpaxBa aHrjiiffacoft MexBHHi^u, nexBH- 
SHHO pacnpocrepTHfl fb 6x^bomi dbBepvoiťB Heti^ h cejio npiK>- 
THBmeecfl noxB paRHiaMH, h crbobhbui oÓJiasa npoHBsaHBiifl ropa- 

^BITB 80J0T0M%y — BCC BTO npeXCiaiO Bapi HÍ^MI-TO BaSHHlTB H 
BHymHTeXBHHMl H BXftCTŠ 6e8ROHeqHO XOpOIfllTB H ÓeSROHOTOO 

ÓJinsRHirB. H ona CMOip^a BOBpypB mapoROMH rJtaaaicH, h sáno- 
MHHaia H jiotfoBaiaeB, bch oxBa^oHHaa TenxoTon Raaoro-ro cepBfiB- 
Haro H yMHJHTejBHaro nacrpoenia... A TyromaHi nouHyjnb Becjra 
H HO cBOxa BocTopseHHaro BBmxa ci JiHx^a x^yniRH, sajmiaro 

pOSOBHMIb ciaBÍeiTBy Rp^HRO H SHaiHTMBHO CBBHMaJTB ea pyRH* 

Boxa HeyroMHMO syp^aja hoxb RopMOK) h po6RO njieoaiacB h 
ytíirajia BBKHqHMBca crpyflRaMH... JlaeroHRH hocbxhcb naxB boxok). 



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BOJULOHOIUJI BAPHmfifl. 2 1 

ÁMewtítík BopBCOBBn Bcrptorn BitpK) Ha tfanOGA. Ovb ne- 
(pesBO pftqytoiBEitE BosyH) sHazsy Noavelle Revue h, on spe- 
Mem xo cpeneHHy npHXje^HBan ^aft, croflBmítt nepe^i hhmi be 
cepeÓpiHom noAHOCHBt. Osojio nero jeauuiH BCKpaTiiH nHCBiia 
1 qbiBfi Bopox^ raaan h sypsajiofi^. 

— %0, m-lle, CB ^BEQOTHBBOMl HE JiOHŠ npBpOAH JGiaSAE* 

jiCB? — a o6ii9HOft CBoeft ycMiniBol csasajii owh, He 6en yxo- 
BOJttCTBu nocMOrptBi na A^^Bymsy: — iro, ^h^ ne co9shhi% es^a 
Hosaro <(npiiBKa> o MÍpoBom sHanraB aprejiraaro Mopxo6ofl? 

-- Avhj Basi aTO leCt ne HaA<Acr&, naná — BOBpasBJía xft- 
iTana: — ly^me pasesaBUi, ^lo BOBaro,— bíx^ 9to noHTy npBBesjíH? 

— Mio HMan>! HoBOCTH Bama bí&hbhb. Bi pyocBBXi syp^ 
aaian ao toto bcA saBoyiBB nponauE nyasABOirB... 

— OuM7b...^ch yopoBOVB csasajia Bapa. 
AjieBcU EopHCOBBVb aacMŠiicB. 

— ?ro x^&Tb, MBjaB, HBsaBi Be Mory BpiyvBT&cfl k% 
MHCJHy HTO Jiaaarb napaABpyen bi» poia <BjacTBTediE xyvB>..» 

QpociB!.. Hy 110 enii^ — fb raseiEU oteiHSifl Tpenen b bb- 
jiflM BB nqpeHeny ci BaMOBUifl Ba to, wto bo Bixsen bb- 
no. G4«pu f/bAfúíyrh iiysauy rjiasBv, — W, oxBaio, bo ocodeoBO 
JloiSBO ÓesnoKOHTB Bamero (^TE-fliaBTaTopa..* naroir& ofiaiBiie 
nets&sB — BopoBCtBOj KpasE, BadBOEpaxcTBa, noxanieflifl) pacTpaiu... 
irbj Boa npejecTB, Hto xe b fjbmrb co cayBB 6jiaFopoxHHMi 
poedaBaH-b — Be xofeseff se BibcaicomxtjéTonBTB...^ Pardon, — 
nonpaBBJCE owh vh CBo6Baxx, bo lonac^ se Cb lyEaBcrrBOBfb ffh 
6mn: — tu, BnpoieMi, b^POatbo, BpBBiiBJía m^ napcdnuM^ Bupa- 

— OlIflTB... — BoviopBJía Bi^. 

— IIpOCTB, BpOCTB... BEOhBEH), ITO TU BSOfi BO OÓHapodUMCb 
XO DOXBaJbfiH rpflSBBMB BaBseTsaMB... 

— naná! 

— Hy iTO eme,.. Maoro noJiyvEJťb nBoeiii* Un nerepfiypra 

m dojuoe lOWB b octepBeBŠjnie Kmwsa be cxyBy. BapowM^B, 
^HTEBsa BOBEerB no npesneny. Bi sarpaBEiBiixi -^ sajyiOTCE 
Ht aypcii' B Ba ByxBE). npexoraBi oeCi, uoKi^nwmbunii-^jífi Toro 
oiaraiiB, xaa&e Ba seiyxEB Bána noBymapKnca! Bon namen 
CaBeiBOBx B8B Ki^o6axa: <...Korxa npaxoxBTB BpenE otftxa — 
MCBa BMHima/eTb toibbbtb: Tas^ Bce CEnepso fovobeti b tiacHO- 
eiOBBo x^yTB; BanpBKipi, sa OB^creECB (V^ Bam^ro) 1 fl. 60 kr., 
9t6 cociaBBtB no sypcy 1 p. 36 b.; b totb Bapeanfl Ba ůyjiMiA, 
wKÍb Be sapETB ero bb mtcji^ nn beobomíb;— kb seny BEpio- 
^M» sapeBuft VB cajíš, no 5 spefii^epoBB sa mTysy; flflqo, oxs 



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22 BMCflin iBFOiai. 

6 xo 8 BpeflqepoKb sa mrysy; 6yjo«a n^Ba riorsa— A^ft speft- 
i(epa: no Kp^qepy aa rjaion>.*. h xan AU'b6. EaBOBo!.. GBOpo, 
Mseica, AO Toro fpŘAewh — E^pona sací n jiaxelciyK) ne 6yxen 
Aonycian!.. Hy ^to en^e... Hy, pa8yM£eTC8| no sypopraiix paa- 
jHHHHe EajiajiaflBHHH nIH£lpiUO^^ ijh xaai Taní y ID^expíma?.. 
Axbj xa!.. Bon... — h obi cb snBocnx) bsajki JHcroqeRB ci 
ppa^^CBOĚ BopoBKofi: — TH nOMHBni^ CBoero Byaenai Miiniy 06aí- 
nnnieBa? rpa^a (Xdi^n^eBa? 

— A, — 6iierpo oroaBajuu^ Bapa,— ny, Boneino, noMHK): obi* 

TaBOĚ MBJUlfi. 

— TaBi Bon oni nsmerb. IIpocBrb nosBOiBis npiixaTbeify 
norocTBTb Fh BojxoHBy, C!b T0Ba|»n^eMi9 ci BaBBMi-ro JlysaBn- 
BmrB. He noMBX), — vh HexoyM^nÍB npoMOiBBXb Ajiesd^fi Bopo- 
COBBTO, — BaaoB bto JlyBaBBffL. IlBnen: ^IIpexciaBjflen evl cetia 
BOSHBBanmyH) Jiosy, ynaiaHnyio MBuloBaMB, bo 8a bcími tíwl — 
iiBJí^ B <SiaropoxeHx». 

— JlyBaBBTO... BBaBOMafl ^^kbjíii.., 

— Áxi^f TB xyBaemb, ^lo bto... bsbíctbuS? Mosen (Shtb* 
Ho vh laBOMi cjy^a^ bio ero chbi. IIocmotpemi eefl OTnpHCBs 
laniB, onpaBJíeBBaro Rb bojoto... 

— Ho... TH fyuBismh ero npnrjacBTb? 

— Or^ero se? Jífiwh Be^BKb. A ecin th saTpyxBiembCJi pojrbK> 
xobběbb b Boo6n^e ea^Hia BŠBOTq>iiB Hanni <tepeBÍx> npBBHVBB, 
B <npio((BBJia> Bi BHHMi... TaBi B le&b <Xopomift Tom> orb 
rocnoxBBB Fonne BuoBmy. 

Bapa BOBOibno paacMiaiacb. 

— nparjiamafli npBrjamafl,— cBasaja ona. 

— A TU coBepmeHHO Ba6pocBja BysiiBy, — yse cepbesHO sa- 
mítbjix BoixoBCBÍfly — zoTB 6u <<SBiBa> flqr^ajia nox^ pyBOBox- 
CTBOMi rocnoxflfla... bbbi Óanib ero?.. Bí^xb th noMBnmb Mameu 
— OHI 6evh MysuBB blatb se Moasen. 

— Hmo poBJb BacrpoBTb, nanli. 

AjeBofiĚ BopflCOBB^ oefi^acib se pacnopaxBjea nocjaTb vb 
ropoxi aa BacrpofiB^BBOM^b. 

Bapa nponua kb cedi, b se naicafl nuann cijia y OBsa. 
Giaxsift Banaz!b capena xozoxbji xo aei. Ha eax:b xosaucb 
T^HB. Břh Byeraxi ÓysBBH n^etefaja MauBOBBBi 

Bapa xyBBxa o cboomi Byseat. <RaBOB:b-io oni Tenepbl> xy* 
Maxa ona b cb yxoBoxbcxBÍeMi BcnoMHBxa apena caoero c6xBseHia 
ch BBBi. Eft 6hxo Torxa Tpasaxi^xb xixi. A obi^ 6urh tbboě 
ToaeBbBÍft B xpynBÍ9| b rpai^iosBHi bib cboomi nasecsoM^b Myn- 
XBpi. OxBO BpeBB OBI 6un BXK>tfxefl% Kb flee. Ho aro npoauio 



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BonoicKiH BiPHmui. 23 

dscrpo H HesaMfoHO. HcthehoA ero jidÓobbh) nojBSOBuaci tojibro 
opa iiyBHBa. 3a poajibk) owl saÓuBan sce na cb%t£... Ho ox- 
Baso ze HHSorxa osa ne saSy^en oxHOft nporyjiKH. Efi h lenepB 
MepenviTCfl HBorxa shhhah jyHHaa hohb cb vpbnxuui^ xoposoMi, 
Heo5iuHOBeHHO BucoBoe cHHee h66o, npociepioe na^rB CesKone?- 
HHiu crtraMH, Menoe cBepsasM oHea na cyrpotiaxi, npoTazHiifi 
Bisn nojiosBeBiy sayHUBHiiS sbohi BOJiOBOu^EBa, uef^enMO saicH- 
pannuA fb cyiipa^HOfl jhum... BmícA cb Memefl h 6a6yniBO& 
(lol caxot, Bovopaa h xo chz'b nopi^ orcTaHBaerB apas^eoBCsie 
nopiAKH, a AjOKd^fl Bopacranu iiaa^e ne HasiisaerB aasi 4^p- 
iiaaoHOiiii) OHH ycrpoHJH btoi^ nHKHHSi Bib o^ey nn PosxeciBeH- 
CBin Hoiefi^ Bapa h lenepB noMEHrB, sasi Ójimkú cha^jii obojo 
Bea pyxaHiift MHmejiB, h sasi ropano conpHsacajiHCB hzi bopb^ 
B xan ocrpafl cípya MoposHaro Bos^yza bíbm efi rb Jiaito^ a na 
jQrnrb 6ujio cbíso h rpycrno. IIosaxE roiyÓiiirB ÓjecRom cb^thjibcb 
BoioKOJBHB ry6epHCBaro ropoxa, h CMyxHO saifBpaji^B ropoxcBofi 
myin... 

Bxpyn osa o^eyjacB h MraoBeHEo BcnoMHBia ci^eHy na no- 
Jifli. Ofla SBBO BOotfpaBua ce6i h He60| h x^^b, b nicHio sa- 
BopoHva, B jenerB (Sepeai, npoHBsaHHurB saxoxaniBiťB coxnnewb^ 
i pyiuHiifl oCjaaa... Ho cepxi^e ea Cuocb pobho, h o6pa8i^ Ty- 
Toimfla vh BaaoirB-TO Tyxaoi BoaHHaaxB nepex^ nes). H cxpaHHoe 
^yBcrae BaioS^To aeyxoBJíeTBopeHHocTB poóso BieBOJiBHyjocB kb hcB. 



IX. 

— Hyi saa'B tbob <oxpu>? — cnpocHJ!B oxaaxxu 3axapa HBa- 

BHM TyrOJUfflBB. 

— EaEÍe o^tt? 

— Hy aiH, xaKB uvh Uin... njyra-TO tbob? 
SaxapiB HBaHiin ycMÍzByjca. 

— A& Hxyn ceGky —CMsau.% OBib se 6e8fB ropxocra. 

— HxyrtB? — vh yxBBjemH oporaByjis Hjbb nerpoBB^ix, — h 
IlaBieBisa namen? 

— H naHiemaa namen. 

~ H njacTB ne pacBvxHBaerca? 

— H luacTB He pacuxuBaeica. 

— lyxeca! 9to se th co wAwh btewl HaTBopan, Óypsyfi 
oiaaflHBi? 

— Havero ne HaiBopan. A leiieza ycraHOBui; paÓonirB 
BasBaHBJTB npeMÍK); bmícto n^enovB tomb) aHTpai^BTOiii... 



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24 Btcnm ibpodh. 

— H Hxerb?— HexoB^pYHBO iipOH8Hec& TyrojnararB. 

— H HíerB. 

TSjíhSL neTpoBH^'E ci HeyxoBOJiBCTBieiťB npEsycui 17611. 

— Hy, BTinrB tu noro^H BasHiraaTB| — eeiiHoro cnycrfl npo- 
MOJiBHjrB OHi: — luyrE-TOy MOsen 611T&, y letifl h namerB, a yars 
RB otin^eiTB TU o6opBeiiiBCfl, tfypsyft! Ean hh BeprscB, a MysHSB 
Te(Sfl cionaerB. 

Bb 9T0 Bpeiífl 3axapy HBaHnny noffUH jiomaxB. 

— ^a TOro Jiy^mei— caasaxB ohi, BciaBas h« CHHCxoxirrejiBHO 
nocM%HBaflCB:— no^xeiTB co HHOt vBnojie, noruxvQiB, Bára zjiš6a 
yiíeHfl pacryrB na B03x$JiaHHiiz'B HHBarB;Ban tboS <RaMeHHii[t> 
]fysHB'B MflrBO ci opyjOfliCH csanHTajiHCTH^ecBaro npoB3BOXCTBa> 
oČpan^^cfl... U&bjkewhl 

HjiBfl IlerpoBH^ corjiacEJiCfl. 



H Kyxa OHB HH npiisaaajiH, oroBCioxy bíajo nopflXKOMfB h yxa- 
nett. OsHMafl nineHHii(a, — pascíflHHas MexannecBRni cnooo6oitB, 
no 3eMJi'6y yAo6peHHoB BOiniocTOirB h c&MHHaMH, OTOÓpaHHuiiH na 
MamHHi,— 6yfiH0 h BHymHrejKBHo BOJiHOBajiacB TeHHHMH BOjraaicH. 
Hsi rycTO-sejeHuxi ea nepBeBi BEnferuBajiCfl ůtjui h snpHEift 
BOJioci. PozB npeBoczoAHJía pocrB ^ejiOB^^ecBÍft. Ofla 6njia m 
nojEHOiTB itB^Ty, H, Biriki^ CB BanaxoMi| noxoÓHHirB sanazy cnBpra, 
pasjHBajia vh Bos^yzš BOJHOoÓpasHuft najeBuft TyiiaHi. SaTtm^ 
OHH ocMOTp&rn apoBiifl. CnHAH nmeHHita Óum HHCia h Biicosa. 
npoco OTjiHBajio coHHofi H flpBOS sejieHBH). TypeencB h aapTO^JB 
sanojiOHflJH HHBii mepezoBaiot h jpy6olt jihctboid. 

Sazapi HBaHOBHqi pa^ocTHEiMH rjaBavE ocMaTpHBaxB noju. 

— TyrB npesA^ ctajH posB, — roBopHJi'B ohIi yRasHBaji na obh- 
MyH) nmeHHi^y, — h opoxasajH ee Tpn ci nojmiHoft ^erBepTB. A a 
vh npomaoMX roxy ci aroro hom nmeHHiQr npoxaj|'B no mecTHaxsiaTH 
pyÓJiefi!.. Ha cewb ii£ct6 HcnoBom B^sy obcu npoflspacrajra, — 
npoAOJsajTB OHI, npECjrasascB kl apoBoS nmenHi^fe, — nmeHBiQr 
se cŠBJíH H (JpocHJH: HO posaiacB. y iiena ona BTOpoft rox^po* 
AHTca; a i^ina eS — naTnawaTB pyÓJieft... TypnencoirB tfiarsoB^ 
sopMJíK), — paBCBasiiBajTB 0H'B xu^- — Kapro^eiB na BHHOBypeHHiiS 
aaBo;^ nocraBJíflio: Basno (JepyrB cb rbTh nopi, saiTB H^icqH 
posB crajH BUBOBHTb. IIpoco Ha nmeno nepex^iuBaK) — ^jioboiío6hjih 
8HM010-TO CB060XHU, a BXB H npHcnoco6uK) itb pymB<6. TojiKf na 

BOXflHOfl... 

— daa y Tefia nyrpo-ro HrpaerBÍ — HacicimjiHBO 3aii£THJi'B 
TyroJiMHHrB, norjuiX^Bi na Sazapa HBaHiraa. 



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BOixoiOKii Báramu. 25 

— flfijT%\ Ob ^ero eMy fle Hrpan-ro; pesyniarH BEsy! 

— Tan. A th, 6ypsjŘj sxopoBO otýníš. Hy sude se aio 
n limeny pesy^Bram? 

— A «o ae? 

— HjjnoBiH. 

-- Umím fasLi ujdbíi? 

— A Tam. TaiaBi> caot BapiiBaeiiiB bi^ seicji) — aiasr-ro h 
íipjTh cfrrjffL lasi onaoramie. A Beeran lajiaffB bi seiurt, — 
no^epiHyn oh%. 

— Kan vk 8eiui?--Bi BteoTapoB o6iaí BynojBurB 3axapi 

— Kami? O^eHHO npocro. Rony aasoe x^m, ^to y teóg 6umm 
typfleDci JonanrL? PaBBt Jífiu^Řpo :iHiiauDH> KoniSay samaterB. 
A Bian EapiBiit cb Toro ae opoesiuritorB... 

— Oft ju! A esejH npocBfejriten... A ecjra BoizoacRie My- 
SBBH y iieu yiTB XBa paHCOMOBCsan njiyra synajiH? 

— B% Mpm? 

— Aa yjcB TaiTB Ban hh xyium... — yBii(m<ima Boepasui 
3izapB HeaBUTO. 

— EiTh 9T0 ae Bee paBBK>,— ^-ropno opOMOjnan Tytojnomi, 
—Ba ^Bjasrpoirii ehuboS nporpeoci en^ ae ABBraiCB. 

— ^a ne KB ^^uaHrpoiiiH a^o, H^bb, — Marao CKadaji 3a- 
xapB EBanm: — hím b% toitb, nao norpeifaocTB iipocHiiaB)TCB. 
IIpBBuqn K% BK>BBQrB opBcnoooQjieflijirB... 

— Seann <o6(i6mficrBM$tth^ tpyf^k HSBOJiiTe?.. 

— BHaVHTB. 

— JIiotfonHTHO,— iipo<k)piiOTaj% Hjbb UerpwĚVh. 

BaiftHi ^epesi crenB ohh npotxajiH na namax). TpaBa tfajia 
yse CKomeaa, a 6e0iiejieaHBe eiora Basao BOSBiiBiaxHCB cBoaica 
xoaycooOpasBHHB Bepmaaaaa. Ho orasa ae paexoxajiacB otfn^aHMa 
BoxpsxBBMB a ae jňsM wh riasa BeaBtiteauiia uoisaMa aioxo 
CBomeBBofi TpaBu, a omaajTa rjiaxKOi cBaTep»K), spacaBO acne- 
vpeaaaft Mejiaot a ^otboB patfBB). Saxapi HBaaoBB%'B xase jo- 
BUMiB ocraaoBajTB. — Caorpa, Hjibi, xo nero apejiecrao pa0OT&x>ra 
iocijbb! — BoeBnaayn oai^ (íjaseaao yjuSaflCB* 

A Bnepexa aiauo ^epatjacB namaa* Oaa aiixaia vb aee. 
Soieca Marao yroayjia bi pNXjran uaciaxi, a xposaa Bau^a* 
aicB xarB vh jijojihwb, €KaBOBol> atiMoiBan SuapB Hb^eh^i. 
Ha-eerpi^y bitb isayjacB njiyra. Aiflaam Bepeaai^H 6iibobi 
bbsbo nepecrynajiB bxojl saroBa, iiexjiaiejiBao aepeseBBiBaa aa 
xoiy CBOB) SBawy, IIoroanMiBB xjoaaja Bayraaa a apaHajia: 
<qB5e, iiA6e>... — <Jífi&by XBflBOJrB Tetfa o6xepa!> 



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26 vMtMMn iBPonH. 

Eorxii Saxapifc HBaHii«'L nox^ixan bi sasHeicy luyry, tot^ 
ocTEHOBUca. <noMoraft Bonl> iipouHeci dAxapi ŘBKBuvb. UMy-^ 
rapb nouoHHJca. <3x'l, njyra, necb ee iiotfepH!> CBasan on%^ 
H Bce irnufl etOj TeMHoe ote rpasa h noia, hsmbeio yxoBOJB- 

CTBÍ6. 

— Xopoma?— yjHÓaacB cnpocHjnb SaxajrB HBaHim. 

*— Bmbho xopoma, ORaasHaa,— smaa!.. Tojbio a ^iď Ayiiaia, 
SaxapB HBaBHqi (bi 910 Bpeiia noM/noja h xpyňe myrapH), it6 
iiU| MyxHBH, xyHaeiTB, — h oh'b saBonomuca naxB luyroMib, — 
BsaiB 6h TeňepB, bb npHirtpy, aiorB orp^si, h emexn&b ea Hera 
CBaso^ay noaBsypaTHtfl... A to bhabdib — py^sa-TO y nero apyr- 
jaa, ^yrb vto nonaxeica eiiy Ba-Bcrpi^y, owb h Bepreica bb 
CBfl8B^b-TO... Mu H TO BJUHymBH B% Hce npoxiBaeiTB... (xi^ScTBi* 

TeJBHO, OBOJiO BC&XB <OTpÍaOffB> BBAHÍ<iaeB BJHHyiDKH). 

— Aa B^XB TyrB bhhtb eciB? 

— EcTB. £cTB-TO 0H% ecTB, a x<^psaBu Vb ěWb HŠiy-TH. Til 
rjBAH— BavB ee, apyrjyiD BenuiOi BBHry coxepsaTB?.. HiBasB ee 
coxepautTB HeBoaiiosHO. HÍMei(%-TO XHTep'B, a TyrB, npaiio na^a 
CBasaTBy onpociOBoiocHJiCfl. 

— Mosé, y HHXi seiuH KarBÍJi — CBHCxoxaTeiBHO saiiiTHJiH 
xpyrie:— nycTB-Ba tu ee fb oropoxB, ona h y Te6x (Ses^ BJiHHBeKB 
6yxen xoahtb. 

n Sax^TB nBaHii^[%| CB iDHpoBott yxuÓBoft Ha ciaiDiiieirB jrai^^ 
corjacHJicfly ^iro tovhOi xu HaHiaxi aeiieiB orpisrB ByxHo nepe* 
jaxHTB. BocxHnvuca h TyTomni. aioft ooodpaaBiexBHOCTBi) iiyara- 
BOBB. — <Bixb esejH 611 hitb bb o6ii(HHy 8th niyra, — ohh 6u 
áItBcmajHCB BB aunš!> — BOcanBEyii ohb, h Tyn jce copocHJTB 
3axapa nBaHuna: 

— A TH Tft*TO XBa njyra — bb jiipB opoxaxB? 

— HÍTB| XOaaiCTBeHHHlTB MySHHBailB. 

HjBfl OerpoBiTB thíbeo nocMorp&ii na šero. 

— CBOTHHa TH, — p&nnnexBHO CBasaifB ohb. 

— JlfiL ae (SepyTB bb nipB-To; vtď th cb hhmh nox^UaeniB... 
— onpaBAHBajci SaxapB HBaBHw. 

Ho TyroxiiHHii ne bíphjtb. — <OTToro h ne (SepyrB, ^no co- 
BitoTB y Te(Sfl, y Cypsys, ne wcia, — Bopnajx ovb, — bhaatb, h6 
HXHifl TU cjyra, a ($apcBÍ8y ae (SepyTB. K'b noxBOxairB-Ta kb 
HamHiTB nopa hmi opBBHBayTB: BitBa o6yqajBCB!> 

DapoBot luyrB lose paCoian BejoBoiiiiHO. naBxeniBa bA- 
CBOJBBO yTpaTM'B pasBASHOCTB eBOHXB Maflepi^ H 6hun^ jme wh 
CBBeS, a ne xpacHdl pytiax& Ho Tyrb SaxapB HBaHii^i Bce- 
TaBH HamexB (SesnopixoBB: napu 6ujb ncupuTu xo 115 ^^yHTOBB, 



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BOJXOI«i« BOUBOUÍ. 2 7 

MesMy TÍM% Ban yse 90 otmíumcb ha lOHOMerp^ KpacHOft 
lepNwoi. .SoBOMotexi rjiyxo BopMJi h vi|K)auuiH sasib n j|i- 
XOIMMV& — «%o BII xiueiel — n otmihw saBpB^ajrB 3axap» 
HBaHim, — bíab Tperitt pan Bie» JHmuo... Efl 6ory, mTpa4K»BaTb 
67x7... Biw^ Bamsu h BOci€t*-io sxkab ne poBHo^eniB!* — MamH- 
ncn naeifypBO XMypuo^ 6pMs h pyraita sa BomrapoBi. Ko^e^ 
rtpH CBaiwBaiH nny na sujBifl yroiB... 

-— ^ ^ero 910 099?— nMK)ÓODiReTBOBajrB Hjbji nerpoBHTB, 
loria uyn oemica Aaji»o hobmv- 

— Bcfl (H^Aa Bi npeidH h kb jíhB| — csasan oropveHHHtt 
3AzapB HBaBiraB; — cb tfojBinHMrB napoMx njyrB ycniniHift pa(k>- 
nen, m, ci^xoBaTeiBHo, au hbxi BuroxHÍft; a au jíhh oiutb- 
liBB enocofobe, MeBBme Ba6on n wnMmou%. 

— M paaBJb OHH HO BHaiorB, hw 9Ta xrpa MOserB csBepBO 

BOHUEBCa? 

— JEy^me HacB a To6ofi. ^ ifo th noA^bxaemB cb aniiH 
OTBpaTirejBHuini pocciIcsBME CBOieTBaiu!.. Totb se KonerapB 
Tpy^^ — 8T0 mapmaBeHBsifiTO — ^yaacHHfi ipycanoai b aasB-io 
la man ero bi sa yto se yroBop&ni Hxn ho«x> piifiy jobhtb. 
Tan, BBAVBiB-jnii «boauo1» ero uoBaen!.. 3xÍ€b me esewcBO 
wphm Masen nociiAOBarB, a osb cbxhtb mojo toom, w kb 
]ry6a3db 6joxi Hn^nl.. EbyiíBieiBBiflmie ^yxaai! 

— A TA* MoBŠfl? — BApyrB scnoMHUi TyroiMMWh: — a ero 
Beii&jni w& ae BBsy. 

— dfet Moaftt AaBio yss BocBoscaxi. 

— OnaxB ymexB? 

— H ^lenni Bnepen aaópan. 

— Tose BHpifl BCBO^VJřB? 

— Hítb; rojM>pm9 seaa ympaerB. Mošen, ■ npaBAa: n 

tBAy xitcmieiuo, xoAin ropansa. 

— ?io se ecTB nosofl^? EerB xosiopB?— BcrpeneByjicfl Ty- 
ToniBHi H QApyn Baioero srywe ooQriiieiie cmAa xJBayjo sa 
lero HeyBpoTHMuiiH BOJHaMH. 

— 3a AOxiqpoarB Asa pasa ys!B DOduan. ^eiBAmepi npi- 
isxan, xoau:b 00 istfam... 

— J(a ^no se oto... Jífk %B,n se th... — BaDoyraoBaica Ejbi 
IlerpoBiTB. 

— JífiL a-To ^TOsoAď^ai)? fl h yanan-io tojbbo ^enepnil achb. 

— HfoB, zoponn aL — c!b it^iemD npoBwecB TyroncBHi:— 
ix>Ab BSAMaam aavB cotiasB — 6en noMOiv, 6en csira, vh 
rpaiBEy BTB rnoi, a a«.. — h obx ae Mon AoroBopaiB on AymBB- 

maro ero BoueBÍa. 



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28 Btoffinn wěbobsl. 

— fyL 6ftxft BOBce He Tuafl crpaniHafl... Tii, HanpacHO boji- 
EjejthCAj EUu, — TOBopEXb Saíiiph HBMim cb y^acrieirb sarju- 
XBBaa Blb juii[0 TyrojDCBsa:— en^e hhbio h ne jíju9kJí% yMopaiB. 
H Kasffoe Jitia fl dio speiui napo^B (kxrten... 

— KasAoe mííhA — ch HeroxoBaaieirB Bocun&yai TyxoaiciHi: 
— ecjH Basxoe jíto fioyriton^oóucum mbobomi, npHxyifaeirB 
^pMyjiy, H ycnoBOBMCfl... H ycnoKOVMca?.. SasRoe jíto!.. Aa 
^TO se 8T0 laioe, Saxapi? ^a yasejis se xan xerso oČparETboi 
y HacTB vh noxiei^a?.. ^a yzeii se... Avb, opounHe BepBH, — 
cnozBaxHJicfl om, Becb oxBawHHHfl xposBio. 



^OMa ero osa^ajii naa^Hal soHBeprsn, cl iiOHorpaMMoB, 
yB^HHaHHoft TeMflo-CHHeft sopoHKOft. Ohb bb xocax^ pasopsan ero 
H npoHHTaji'L sanHcqr. — «^oporoS moB! — nncajia Bapa: — cay^HO 
lĚvb 6en leÚB] ne Mmjťh mhÍ 6e8B Te6fl aron cyxott rocnojmvB 
nocTHHBOBi!.. DpHXOxH, csyrao, xxy. Tboa B.» 

Smósl sasHirbia bi TyroJiiiBHi. 

<y HacB noA^ CoBom juo/fi oBOjrbBaion, xp^rout^EHai 6a- 
piimBui,— nBcajTB ohb efi biotbítB)— a ms, — 6jiaroxs^ lepimM^B 
rop6aiiB 8TBXI voKtíij noay^BBmie bobmoshoctl sapSsHTbCX vh 
MHHAajisHiixB ]íeiTaHiiix%| — TOMem poaoByH) BOxy ■ CMaiyeiii 
bhbskb. He npBjíy a vb Bam. 

«HjBfl Tyiojiiniirs*. 

Bb postscriptum^t sEaiBJocb: «J9s ccMb zopsHKa. SpeemMue 
yMupawfm 6eS6 MOAfhůtueú noM(mu». 

Ho ne ycn^^ en^e Hjba HefpoBHqi, oiocjiaBinH eanHcsy, h^- 
CBOUBO ycnoKOHTBOi, H He ycntjLi obi HaTanyrB CBq[iZ'B ciapeoB- 
loft CBoeft 6jy8H HeflBMtaHoe syi^oe ihubthiiibo, sasB bb xBe* 
pax'B HeosBxaHHO nonBBJíacB Bapa. Gea (Siiaa bb CBoem najiopoe- 
cificBOMB BOCTKorib H npocieBBKÍft njaffosB noBpHBajB ea ro^iosy. 
Bb jŠBOfi pyai oaa xopauua 6htboiib HatiaTyio BopsBHBy. JIhi^o 
ea 6ujio 6jiíaho h BcrpoBoseno. 

— Do&xeirB se CBoptei — Toptniuo csasajia ona. 

— Kyxa?— BB yxBBJíeHiH cnpoceaB TyrojiiaiHB. 

— KasB xyxa! — Tyxa r;rfe 6oi4k)tb, rx4 HysxaK)Tcs bi 
noMon^H. 

PaxocTHoe yMHJieHie oxBanrjLO Hjbk) OerpOBB^ia. 

— GjiaBHaa th Moa, — BHMOJiBKrB ohb, eB 3h>5obbio norjifl- 
X^BB Ha BoaÓysxesBoe u^hko x^symEH. — ^to se y Teda bb sop- 

8HHRŠ? 

Ofla sacíŠHqHBO npHnoxHHJia cajt^^eray, saBpBiBaBmyiD Bopsany. 



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BoizoiOEAfl BAPanu. 29 

— EyjKH Tjvhj — - HepftmHTeiBEk) ciasajia ona, — Ómcmmuj 
Bap»Ke, iraposBH... 

TysoMuwwb pascM^JCfl. 

— He noxxoxHn, moa paxmajiy -> mcmbo iiponnecB owi, — 
a jwcych BSflja? A ^aS, cazairB, jihmohu, bhho? 

— He xoraxaxacB,— npomenmia xiBynna. 

— Hy, nro MH Bce xocraHeii^Bi — h orb n BeoejioĚ nočním- 
HOCTEK) Ha^ajib pHTBCfl vh Ójiffesi. 

Kor^a OHH bhomh, Bapa ch oaaceflieirB OTdUHyjacB. «Th 
SBaeniB, — CKasajia ona, — nanit ysacHO mb HavAxaerB cbohitb 
rjyiueHieirB. fl ne zo^y^^rotÍB obpb SHanoKoeirB iiyremeCTBÍH». 
H OBH rjiyxoft xopossoft, mraya ycaAB6y, npomiH vh ceio. 



X. 

Ha oo|NiXB& <iii'0 nycTO. Toibbo cpowi jiejsjí tockihbo 6po- 
lui Kypu, xa n rbBm iiujbhíix^b pasan or^aaHHO s^Bajia BaRaa- 
TO sy^aa, HCTOMHBmaacH vb HenpoxoxaMoi CByB'i. 

— Txb se Hapoxi? — cnpccua Bapa, yxHBieHaaa btoS nyc- 
iBHBOCTBK) ceja. 

— Hapi Menyn; npoc& noun; y hheixb nosoa eqe ne 
OTomen. A Moasen h doiimrb msonej — OTBfoaxB Tytoxninrhj 
loioparo, npH bzox% bs x^pesEV), oxBaiHJio oqK>roe h yHiiJoe na- 
opoeme. 

HaaoHeqi y Kysnim ohh Ha($peiH na TOjny. A^btohbh ca- 
xin B!B BpysosfB v, na&noxaa sa KpomeTOHMH cbohich CpaiHm- 
Kam H cecTpeHKaMH, arpaia «ffE KaiiemBH*. Ho loaBBO jhidb 
OBt BaMfoHJH «rocnox:B», Raai TorqacB se czBaiHJiBCB cb MAcra 
I nycTHjnicB vh paBcsumyio. BojAe MaienBida noxHfljni apaiTB. 
OxHa x^Bona, Bnpo^eiťB, ocraiacB. Oaa spinao sasajia bx boji^hh 
ttiOBOJOcaro MaxBqyraHa ch jihi^itb, BimasaHHinrB aameBi h cntio 
CMoip^a Ha noxxoxHBmiix'E «rociioxi». 

— Th, x^BKa, ^BB?— cnpocarB ee Hna HerpoBiTS, a mno 
ero qMisy cx^iajocB xo6poxyniHinrB. 

— MaMSHHa. 

— A MaiiBa TBoa hbb? 

— EaTBBHHa. 

— Xopomo. A CBOJBKO Te(J4 toxofb? 

— GeMoft. 

— A BOByn Te(5a lasi? 

— JlyiBBOĚ. 



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30 BMmmiBionu 

Putfí^saBmiflCii 3(6biiohrh ctouv n OTxajeHbi n nepemen* 
TUBEJiHCB. Hhua H81 HHXi HepimHTejibHoB HOCiyHbK) iipitoiaM* 

JHCB Kh JlyniRt, KpHKX yHflJCJi. 

— A npflHHKa xoienrb?— cnpocHJA Bapa. 
.lymRa no^yvaia. 

' — HŠTB,— cBasajia ona, Óscrpo MOTHyn rojioBOX). 

— Or^ero?— yxHBHJiacB ^tiiBynisa h b% HexojnrbHia iioc]íOTp']^a 
na TyrojiMHHa. 

— Tu, Hy-KO, HcnopramB. 
Baps pascir&ijracB. 

— 3ro KTO se xeM paacaasHBax^, htd vosbo HcnoprarB? — 
cnpocHJia ona. 

— MaMBa csasuBaja. 

— Th sHaemB, rx% Mostfi snerB?— BM^majicji Hjba Ilerpo- 

JlymBa nouonajia rjiasaiEH h HHqero ne OTB^THia. 

— MoíAŘf BOTopott Ha tfapcxoiTB XBopft SHXBy— nox^epKEBU 
Basxoe CJOBO noBTOpBJTB TyroJiiniHi, — Mosifi — bmdvibi. 

— mBJBHmPB! — SHBO BOCKlHBHyU X^BOnB. 

— Hy, craao (Jhtb, <muBHHn>|— m ycirtniBolt corjiacucfl 

TyTOJIMHffB. 

Jlymsa torvan se yKanaja Ha Moifteto xwpi. 

no yxox^ <rocooffB> x^btohrh ^iicrpo cotfpajiHCB fb ByiKy 
H rops^o crara pascysxarB o npoflcmecTBÍB. BojiBine BcforB pas- 
iiaxHBajia pysaiiH JlymBa. Ho ohí ne nod&sajiH bcj^x^ sa <roc- 
noxaiiH> H ne crajiH BpB^aTB h BSBasuBtrB sanosxuoe MOJioxe* 
HecTBO, BarB tó cf/bxnjiE 6u Man^iHoncii, a ch npeyBejB^eHHOft 

paSBflSHOCTBB) dfcjIH 9B BpySOBl M CTeDeRHO sBopaiR: 

Si no ipa-a-BEt nua, 
Ha Mjpa-a-BKi nua, 
HRxaio Hecia, 
^HsaiexoHBRo! 
HHsa-a-ieiOBBia, 
;Kaiy-y-5HdxoBBsa. 
JKaiyÓHtft TOHO 
A'^BKa niasajial 
na caa-a-eMi xpyssy, 
na HBa-a-ByiDBt~ 
y HBaBymEH 
Ha roiOBymsK 
BoiHCb Ry;(pi)inBfl!.. 

— ^TO 8T0 BHa^HTB, WO X^BO^U rOBOpEJB IlOprt?— CIipO- 

CRJia Bapfl, Rorxa ohh noxxoxBjn ri MoRteBOft iidtffe. Ho Tyroit- 



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BOJIXOIO&ilC BAPHEÍHfl. 31 

lĚMWb He mtfbtBJVh. Fjytfoiafl MOpn^Hoa Jiesaia y aero mx^ 6po- 

BŮH. 

Ohh BomiH vh c6h0. Tam tiHRoro ne 6um. Hiba KerpoBSTB 
OTBoptn XBepB n můfi OTiyxa nanyji na hhzi yxymjBBidl h 
npliiift sanarL, xa HescHiift cioffB hocjiuiimmm... — <Vjifb se Mo- 
iU?> Bi HexoyMÍHÍfl npoHBHeex TyrojniBHi, Bxpyn co XBopa 
XOHeocB xo Hflxi Apo6H£ift 8ByB% oT0HBaeM<>fi Boesi. — <MOKtíÍf Tjiíb 
TB?>— saspE^an TyiojiinrerB h nomen na xBOpB. Bapfl cth Ba- 
BEm-TO ^BCTBOMi CTpaxa H vmAcA HaBBHaro jiK)(SoiiiiTCTBa no- 
cjAxoBajia sa Hwifb. Mosftfi CHx&rb na noporft biíth ii OT0BBajix 
Bocy. Ohi o^chb yxBBHJicii rocTBM'& b Basi tfyxro CKOH^^ysHJiCfl. 
Bapfl Tose BcnuriiBaja CHynieHÍe. 

— Hy, HTO 6a(Ja? — 0CB%X0MHJCfl Hjim nerpOBHTb. 

— Batfa-to?.* — paBciiiHHO oiossaica Mob!6ě b BXpyrBi cyerjiHBO 
OTBiaxiiBafl BOcy, npoBBHOCB cb BCBaTexBHolt yjii6xoft: — a nftcoHBH 
fl Bam, 6apflH!B, BasHns say^Bjn... Bxe, Bxe... cBasaxB? 

— RaKÍB irícHfll — cypoBO npoMOJBHjrb TyroiMHHi:— th 6a6y- 
TO BOBasH... ^^o y Heft ropB^Ba, ^lon? 

— Ax^B, y»b Bia 6a6a Mffbl— niaKcrao BoauBBHyn MoB'6fl:— 
I>yBH OHa hhí wA noBasajiai ara 6a(Sa... TenepB ůa y Saxaps 
HBaHH^a shtB| a b botb...— r offE 6een<moniHo pasBen pysaiiH. 

— Ona vf!b y Te(5a?— cb y^acriem enpocHJia Bapi, wb wa- 

ttTB ROTOpOft 8a6jiecT&iH CJieSH. 

— B% m&b ona,., f/i hto! — ohi MaxHyj^B pyROB), — RSMy^HJia 
nxoMaHRa. 

— npoBeAR HacB Kh Heft. 

— Xe, xe, rpflBHOBaTO 6hxto y BacB, ÓapmoHir... He posesB 

Uffb, HOSRR... 

Ho Baps p^nnnejiBHO HanpaBH aacB kb m&b. Ona OTBopaja 
XBepB, crynHJia na BHCoaift nopon e... ormaTHyjiacB. Bo^yrh, 
yxyBURBHft H TflSRÍft| nopBBBJíB ee. Ho eft lonacB ase cxftjiajiocB 
CTsxHO CBoeft cja(5ocTB. Ona Bsonijia. Bb m6i 6ujio t^iho: bb 
seieHOBamxB creRjaxB exHHCiBeHHaro orohab qepHuirB poenB 
BBnrijni iiyxB. Hoxb HoravB oiqyfl^ajiacB cnpocxB. Ilazjio ne^e- 
flHRB xiňsůowb ocrpiiMB sanaxoBiB aMMiaRa. ffiapa cioajia ne- 
ciepnfliiafl. Ho csoxy Basflo pacxaaiHBan TapaRaHH. 

BxpyPB cjiatfoe BcxjiHHHBame petfoBRa nocxiimajocB, saiiiiB 
ray6oRÍft RameiBi eit>BB..» Bapx) cb hoitb xo fojiobu npoHBsajia 
xoioxHafl xposB. Bb rMsaxB y eeft noreMR^o... Ho orb CRpi- 
BRiacB R noHua bb rjiyÓRHy RsOy. BoiBRaa lesaia hb napaxB 
paerepsaHRaa h xyxiui- HenoxaieRy otb Heft brčím aniBRa, npR- 
spniafl rpBBHUMR oipenBaiiR. Orryxa HesHROcaico nauo. Bapa 



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32 McranKb upouq. 

npuosua pyxy xo Ji6y (SmbhoS. Ohi 6im pacBaaeHi. Bi bhc- 
Kax'L óesnoKofiHO ÓHJiacB KpoBB. Bce jmto noRpmo 6euo noTom. 
cHciiflTb <$H...> — npoxpBQibja 6ojiBHaa h nonHiaxacB BSXoxHyiB. 
Kamen kopotbhitb h cyxim ctohoitb BHjerin wn ropia. Ona 
noxnecja ko piy pyRy... Ha iiajBuax% saaxijia RpoBB. Baps cm6o 
BCKpHBByja. Hub nerpoBBn uoffiimajrh vh neS. Osa, bb hímomi 
ysacft, yRasaia eiiy na 6onHyK>. 

A MovfeS cyeTH.aeB oxoao jidjíubh. — dsa!— cb HeyxoBoiB- 
CTBÍeiTB 6opic(muB OHB, aexoBBO xbíM eocKy hsb xjAÓa:— HHmam, 
HBmBHH... Offs-re, 6apHirB-T0, OH^-re!.. — h saicšuii bb CBo6saxB 
TOHOiTB noAiXJoeipacTaHiťB h luirBHicB: — ze, xe, roBOpsun a, rpia- 
HOBaio... roBopHJB... HniB y HacB yxotfBH-xol.. Y nacB ee tobmo— 
H vb xx%By-TO y Bamefi MnocTH nnte... Mu pasB^ noHBxaeMB 
íTO?., — H xoÓaBBJťB CB npesp^HieiTB: — caasaHO — MyaHRB!— A aoroiiB 
noAomejTb bb sesk— <9Ba, bu... — samenran oh%, safioiJiHBO h 
TopouHBO npHBpiiBafl éa pacnaxHyryx) rpyxB: — aBo*cfl... ObxotbL. 
Obaotba... npBBcraHB-RO MajmiB... npBBcraHBÍ Focnoxa botb npH- 
mjiH... npHBcraHB, MaiyinBa. 

— ^a He Tporaft ee, — cepxHTO npoHSHeeB TyrojmiBB: — ^to 
BIO ona BpoBBK) BamJifleTB? 

— RpoBB? — OTBÍTUi Mosift H Bfj^yiTh sacniiiiHJiB:— eCTB, 
9X0 ecTB... BaBB CB BecHH HOB%, Tasi spacRa Bra h nomjia!.. 
HHolt pasB RaiTB Te6£... Heoft pasB botb aasB mHÓasexB! 

— H uxoMaHBa? 

— H jHxoMaHBa. TaieB te&b TpaceiB, xasB... &kfi^.. A lo 
en^e Boxonott TenepB... OipaciB Ran oxojiiBaerB BOxonoB.— A h 
TO roBopx) SaxapB-HBaHH^y: <3axap'B EÍBaHiiTB! Ra6ii ne sena, 

a Te6Í HO TORMO HTO>... 

Pe6eH0RfB onflTB BammwuB (SeanoMOiqao h saiRO. MoRŠft no- 
cninnuB rb Heny. 

— ^axoTRa y Hefi, — yrpK>]íO CRaaara TjrrojocHffB, otipan^uiCB 
RB Bapi. A Bapio Tono ROAHyjio ito. Ona CeacosHaxexBHO nps- 
cJOHHjacB R!B nevoBAj h bch sarpenerajia, norpacaeifas piixaniaiiH. 
CjesH pyvBMH ofijCRBajEH ea jhqo. Cepxiie My^HrejiBHO pasptua- 
lOCB.., HjBa IlerpoBETB bubcib ee bb c^hh, xaj'B boxh... Ho 
ropBRÍfl cnasMii xymiiu ee h Tpenen ee yrHxaii. Hnorxa ona 
nepeeraBajut uaRaTBi cepxAe y aeS ysB sacniBadio bb RaaoS-TO 
RaiieHHOft H TOCRJiHBolt HenoxBHSHOCTfl... Ra«B Bjq>yi*B paBxapaio- 
nuft Ramen xoHOCHjiea xo Hea h ropě saRHiiajo bb nefi neyRpo- 

TRMHirB RJlO^eifB H CHOBa pHXaJia OHa FB HeBHHOCHMOft MyR^y H 

CHOBa eaumaia gbok> rojioByi h JOMajia pyRRi h xposajia oxBa- 
leBHafl yaRacoMB... 



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BOIXOHOBU BiPHDBA, 38 

A MobU wme pasBeoeiuca, yzasHBaa sa 6aptiinflEeft.— 
<9n ee, paspusaerB, 8U,— ^Ornux oerb, — to-to 6u n xopoMaxi- 
TO cixiial»...— H ycepAHO xacsajii BO^y* 

HaBOHeq& Bapa ycnosouacB. Ee Tonso Hsp^sa nasEMaA 
08Hofo,xa cepwe y net hhjio h 6ojAjío cocjiofiiD 60x00. Tyroj- 
MiffB xars MoK&o bo6-hto h3:b iipHnacoB:^, nocoB^iOBan nepeHeciB 
óojoBpo vb luAih H cnpoeHJi: 

— Aa rx$ se y lefia ceiceflCBie? 

— Pad6pejHCb soft-sy^a) — OTBÍTiurb Mob&S: — Maiymsa cb 
CHOxot npoco nojDon; Ópan na nosodb, petfflreHBH CKOTBoy cie* 
perjn... Soft*ByAa! — h ci Beceiofl yeir&iiiBOft AOÓmmn: — raB^ RaiKB 
se flacHerB iri^CHH-io!.. 

— Iloeii, nocj^i — npoMOUfln TyraniHffb h ohh XBieyjneB 

Bb pixBOiKB XBopi He 6hjo tfonnun. HHiie aesaiH vh mtUb, 
n issBot fjjuyA h saiuocxB, otfiiiueHHHe uyjJKMEy mwaiMO' 
jojíe Vh Heyiomioft mamxb... J^yríe Bawaxajnia n vuáwrh, noxB 
TyjynaMH b SHiiyBaicH. DonajiajiHCB h lasíe, vto wpeiRE CBJíy xo- 
pm, cípaHHO H Hq^B^peHHO BOJieÚJUíCh Ha cjiaÓiixB Horaxi; uh 
cmiiH rxš-HB6yAB aa nopori bji^te, saffixaacB bb napaxcHsiii 
i (teBnpeciaHHO noHHsaa otb MyHHiejiBHoS rojoBHott 6oxh... Cbohhb 
Wemobímmm ohh HanoMHHajH orpaBieHHuxB MyxB. jlHE(a hxb 6ua 
sejTHH H aiasHHH. MyiHHe rjasa cnorp&iH tockjhbo. Hbb nojry* 
on^uraro pra BHpHBajwcB cxepauiHHiie ctohu,«. 

Ho Bce-iasH cxyxH Óhir npeyBeifl^eHH. FopiuH ne 6ujo. 
BaiA BaBaa*T0 HyxB&a jHXopaxBai bb obho6í xoxoffiBniaa fjo CMep^ 
TejBHaro xojioxa, a bb sapy conpoBosAaeMaa 6pexoiiB h (Jesso- 
B&SBOŘ sasAoft. 

Bapn paqffiBajia opnuacH, x&iajia SHCJioe nniBei npHicacaiacB 
CBoeft H&BHofi jiaAOHBH) XB nHjaH)n^MB JHi^iMB, H Bce cnimnjut 
Byxa-TO CB nexoBKoft loponjuBOCiBiOi xa bb CHyn^enÍH osHpaxacB 
no ciopoHaMB h CMorpfijia na HeBixaHHyK) oÓcxanoBBy cb RaraMB- 
10 HexoyMÍBaiontHiiB aK)6onHTCTBOMB. EojiBHHiiB ona o6&itaja aaBrpa 
se npHciaxB xhhh (h, crpaHHoe xbjOj oro cjiobo <npBCjiaTB>y 
cttsaHHoe x^ByniKoS bhahmo ÓesB Bcasofi saxnefi míiciHi BaxB-TO 
Hexopomo noxiAciBOBajio na Hxbk) EtexpoBHia). 

Ohh B08BpaH(aaHCB nos^HO. Corai^e yse saBaxHxocB. Bb ceJH> 
iq^iTBaiH aaxo. HapoxB noHeMHory noHBJUuefl cpexH jMUfi. 
flffrapHHH oáiaxa xaaxB h bb npH^yxxHBiiXB o^epraniflXB. Toinn- 
ncB HaxB saBaTOMB. BiiepB cnaiB. JUctohbh Bocejro n^etSerajiH. 
VfíbrTO Bxajra rpeM^a rejiira. Cb noiefi xoHOCHJCfl Tenwi.sanaxB 
qB^yn^efi psH. Bb Bosxyxi ryx^B micexB, toiho (SacoBas cípyna 

Tou IV.^IfDtt, 1888. « 8 



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84 MMfBm iBMm. 

rBiapn... Ho ohh mm MOJiia h f& BequBHoft saxyM^KBOcni. Baps 
HOTHTHBua ycrajMM^. HepBii et 6uja Bam-ro eTt>UHO yiomera. 
B% voMiA CTOua ujtbm Ty^a. ^eprs mu jiesHaro h (JjrtxHaro 
jnnvt ÓHjni crpora h neiipúniBeHHs. 



Oea THxo npomia %epen saxnee spnj&i^o. B% RoííHart Ha- 
xesxH cjinnaucB rojioca. 

— Cmotph se, Jlysurni^,— roBopua HaxesxAi — th ysi no- 
crapaftcfl kjuí rocrefi-ro. 

— Oho OTwro He noctaparBCJi,— rpycTHsifs 6aeom OTBfaijn 
noBapi JlyBuiffB:— nócrapaTbca mh saBcerxa MOseirB, Ha^esxa 
ABepuiHOBHa... CTapane-TO toiuo HamH — vh pox% san noxiocib 
OTB HHXS oxHa! 

Haxexxa BaxporHyja HH^ero ne oiBirua. 

— TenepB npiranurrefl ata ronTeoii, HanpnrtpB, — iiexjiH- 

TeiBHO npCAOISaJTE JljKMWhj BHXHHO nOOIIQ^HHUt COVyBCTBeHHUll^B 

BBxoxoiTB Haxesxu: — m Bxpyn a 9iot caiioS rojBTenft noxaiii 
coycB ceHi-iieHery, h Bxpyn ohh eron caniitt coycB CTpecaaion, 
HanpHM^pib... RaRoe se y nero, y rojiEienH, noHarie, wio&b na 
cwn coyca, a?.. ^10 hh roBopH, ohO| MaTymRa, Óoibho, Haxeauia 

ÁBepBflHOBHa. 

Haxesxft BQXOXHyjia ente rjqr6se, ho oum HHvero ne oiB^THJia. 

— Aa onaiB coycB supnaxHffB npHroiOBHTB,— cxepsHBaa ho- 
roxoBame, rOBopHJTB JlysEflHx:— mh bto Mosem^i Haxesxft Asepu- 
HOBHa!.. Mh bto Bce Mosem^: cjiasa Boryi vh HLvmujuíWh uyOt 
BOCHHTfiiBajnicfc... TojBHo sasHiTB se leiiepHia lOtHepoirB, rojBiena 
BiOTB caiiHĚ KiipnaxHHi cionaerL?.. OÓhxho-ci! 

— Hin, ys% TH nocrapaficfl,— npoHBHecjia Hax^sxa,— hx^ 
dfliejiBeTBo npHnosajr^VTB* A y«L ch hhmi h ne caasy re&b 

BTO — MHJJÍOHH^HKB KaBOfi*T0. 

— o, rocHOXH, — vh npefldtfiiTBi^ ycepxía BOcuHBHyn noBapi, 
— aiB MH ne noHHMaeirB, Haxesxa ABepBjraoBHa! ysejra mh ne 
noHHMaeMi — emejm rpa^, an MHurioHnqnrB laBol-HHÓyxB kb 
npHM^pyi H — BxpyrB, rojBiena vb canosHOMin... O^ohho mh oto 
noHHMaeMi! — h xotfaBBJTB ch rpycTBK): — at.. speMenal.. BnBajioTO 
xaiofl ynpaBHTejiB Hcal AopMexoHHn— Mosen, cxonKO napoxy 
Wh nero nocrpaxajiOj — h lyrB — ctohtb ce(ífc, tfHBajow, y npH- 
TonH^ xa sa cnanKoft cycmBqHBaMH nepe6HpaerB... A 6apHH%-T0 
BpH^HTB, xa rH^Baercfl, xa noxoftxerB, noxofixen axara: <AHmaTB 
He CM^ft, Taioft cflKoft aHaeeMcňl CHffB!>... Botb oho ^to 6hjo. 
A TenepBl— He tokmo caM^B, nanpHMipB, sa oxhsb cioi^Bi xa h 



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BoixoHOKia Biraaoi, 35 

Haxji((HHKa-TO CBoero roJi&Teny Tan^HTs... 05hxho, Ha^^sxa AsepKA* 

HOBHa! 

y BapH x&se ne HanuocB chjtb yjiKiÓHyTBca. Toibbo sasoft-ro 
CTBxi -sa Hjbh) DteipoBm cjiatfb meBeuHyjicfl vh Heft h sanepi.,. 
On nponua na teisosi. Aiescift BopHcoran nran ch Mu* 

OOi ■ CHX^bj^ CyMpa^HHi H HeXOBOUHHft. 

— OÓAíamfin npicjian leierpamiy,— cyzo csaaan owh^ 
— sasrpa npišxyn, — e ne m^hd noMonan xcXSaBHn:— retfi np- 
iTHO ůjxfiThj ecm Bcnas canaille 6yfprh yKasuBaiB na refis najiB* 

l^MH? 

— noveny, naná? — ^paBHOjQTfflHO cnpocHJia Baps. 
AiexdUi EopHeoBHVB nosan ueiaira. 

— Bh ysacBO HaHBHu, m-lle, — csasan om^—z j^naui 
vio TOJiBxo vb EHerHiyraxi BSxtjHBaiyTB x^Bm(iy BOOůputBxmjsThj 
uo jvaHqyscKui ((ymi npnfo na BHBazs paxflrcH... 

— Ho HTO laxoe? 

— EavB <vto TaRoe>! — ^Bcnaxsn BojxohckíS: — oeroxHi mhI 
CB Taxoft raAKOft ocroposHOciBM) saiBHjrB synépi HmiRBa, iro th 
HanpaBuacB vh cejo a anm... us^b 6iinB ero?.. Muafl xon^ 
ecn aprés nons le déloge — ^ n CynviocTH h enpaBexnBO; — to, 
sexa mi shbh-to— ho déloge, h noroiiy Hmuunnn Hin pesoHORB, 
voůrh pasíHHHHe zaMH najiBqaiai na HacB ysasiiBajni. Mh HeBB 
WdbA BarnooBORB, h ne vb B&xoft ApanÍE. Th sHaeniB moh 
xHima: cBOÓoxa bo Been. Ho, Hax^v>CB, th ne sacraBiniB se 
mmi xpaortxB on BywpcKHXB HaKeKOBi.— 9to, Bnpo^eirB, nes^y 
crpoKB, — ^luirKO xotSiBU'^ oetb. 

Bapa noBepHyjacB h nonua vb ce6^ na eepn. Gepxi^e y neft 
lan 6y;tT0 saBaMenijio. Ho osa nyBCiBOBajia eefia rjiytexo ne- 
ciaeTHoff. M sto ^bctbo aasB 6yxT0 noxHsiiajo ee n co($CTBeH- 
flHzi nasarB. Oaa xase BHnpflMuacB cb zojoxhoS ropxociBH) b 
eioaKHza ry<ÍH kb m^juneERyn ycMiniBy. H bb to se spěna mhcjb 
o m-me Boland cb fincrporra) koihíh npoifejiBBHyjia bb Heft. Ho 
ora BcnoMHHia, iro TyTOJiMHH*B BaB'B-TO CB npeHe^peaaeHieifB otbh- 
Baica m-me Roland, h eft cx^ajocB AOca^HO. 

A sa ea njieuMH Bce ctobjtb saBOft-ro BonmapB, h TeiiHsnfH 
BpHiBflifH BiajTB Ha Hoe H^ 0TB BpeneHH ffi BpeiceHH, otfHBxajrB 
ee C7xoposH(^ jíjpom,hw. 



8* 

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86 Bftcrmi ibpoih. 



XI. 
Ha xpyroft jífiVb Bapa noiy^ua otb TyrojnniHa sanHCsy, B'b 

BOTOpOft OKB HBBÍIIVLII 66, HTO iCElTB ixOTL pOSHCKHBaTB ynOpHO 

H6flBMK)iiutrocfl xoBTopa» • < BoTE 910 OTXHTOo! > — uofjMUB x^Byímca 
H BBAOXHyia oÓMi^eHEinn bsxoxoitb. Ona B8»a BEnry h onipa- 
BuacB Ha tfajBOHi, ho et h6 nraiocB... ?to-to xpaiHoe m xo* 
jioxHoe CTouo Bs Heft H OTBpaTHxejLHO Bjriuo Ha pacnojiosoHie 
esL xyzft* Oea snajia, hto 9to ciíxctbío B^epamnexi nocin^eHÍtt 
H ^rro CTOHTB eft tojelbo wtb bojoo CBoeify Boo^paseniio, icavB 
ysacHHH noxpo6HOCTH bxhxi nocin^OHiff Bcranyn np6x% neft ch 

H6yif01IM0fl flpBOCT&K). Ona 3Hajia BTO B... jrnOpHO OTTOHUa TOCUH- 

BHfl BapTHHn, cnyiHBaja va% HacioftroBo BOSHHKaBndii o^epranijit 
crapajacB y&iH otb hhxi, o^noxisaeifag neacHHirB crpasom. 

jn^eHB 6iiji% cyxoft h SHOftHHft. PacsaieHHoe cojiHite cb%thjio 
Wh BasoiTB-fo lyxaH^. Fops^ vbte^ noKsaiWh mým vh xe- 
p6BBaxi ■ BOJiHOBajTB HOBepxHOCTB osepa. Bs H66ecaxib, BaBi 
HTEi^i, HeciHCB cypoBHB o6jiaBa. Ha uuibBUTh xoporaxi, on 
BpeMeHH xo BpeiceHH, xoxHJra BBxpv. 

Baps HetepnšjiHBO BCBO^Hja h nossajia npoxoxHBmyK) Ha- 
xesxy- ^npBBasaTB ocix^aTB Aom6b!> — noBejrarenHO CBasaxa ona, 
HOBOJiBHo HpHHOHMHafl B^epaniHÍft pasroBopi ea cb JlyKBflHom. 
Haxesxa npoHSHecia: <cjiyniaiocB> h npoBopno nod&saxa fb 
jaseficByi): <bhxbo BSflxacB sa ym-TO, r^i^a noxsHxaK)iH>, ch 
TafiHoS paxocTBK) xyMajia ohs, CMaBya noBejnrrejiBHKift tohi BapH. 

A MeaKxy rbwh Bapa coBepmenno safituia o rpa^. Ona dbxa 
Ha Aom6h ■ Hoixajia caxoirB. Bepesn h xhhh tpobosho myirtjn 
nax^B HOH). ropfl^il B^pB 6BjrB eft BBjrai^o. Bi Bycraxx opim- 
HHsa po6RO 8B6HÍia MajiHHOBBa. Girtxaa cHHHi^a BBJfeiaja no 
BepxymsairB h ea pfeBÍft hhcb^b orxaBaica HeTauHiecsofi seci^ 
BOCTBH). Fx^-TO BBOJira npoBpHiaxa BomBoft... Jífiu6ií BCxpansBajTB 
H ocioposHO nepocrynan no aiJiei. 

A Bapa CBxija vh cix^ nexsHaumaa h H&Maa. Rasie-TO 
oÓpBBBH TyiiaHmurB xyM^B HOCH^HCB KB ea roiOBŠ. Hnorxa cbít- 
<iaa noioca HeosHx&HHO BxoprajiacB h corp^Baja ea xyniy — Bcno- 
HHHajiacB Bcrpi^a cb TyrojiHHHEnrB sa oaxoboS pon^eft, cítěna 
Ha noJUHŠ, saTaHBe na xoxb£, osepo, sajiHToe kpotbbmx ciameiTB 
sapH... Ho nojiocy chobb cic^Hajio Mpa^Hoe b xoaoxHoe nacTpoe- 
Híe, H CHOBa TOMBTejiBHiia BapTBHH neoTcrynHO tíchhjbcb vh ea 
rojiOB^. H ona cnoBa ynpano orroHajia bxBi y6%rajia otb hbxi cb 
(SoasHBK) H tocbok)... H BxpypBi sasi nnorxa ^acro ÓnsaerB, sna- 



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BOUOIGSil BAPHmiI. 37 

lOMoe CJOBO noiuuocB eft he fl8iue&. <Eap6sHTBca!> — npoisHecja 
OHA, BcnomHai samcBy TyrojMHHa,— <qTO 9to seararB?.. aro, 
XOisHO 6arbj spHBUTbca, JOMaT&ai...> — H noBTopejia Henpin- 
lemo noA^epKuaa: KapeomumhCH n jmudoÁmuxji MeHmanisiCBl.. 
H ropfcxoe ^bctbo o6ixii saco^H^ocb vh nefi pa8išxaH)ii^efl crpjrtt* 
BoS. Ofla saiLuuuua. 

Bipjn mbteph saipenerajn bs (Sepesaxi, Banb noftMaHHaa 
iranfL i npoHBHrejiBHO saryA^jn. ^omÓh sapsajTL BHymHTeuHO 
I iBzo. Bapa oriBA^jiacB: ^epesi BepmBÉsi xepeBBeBi cbbosejio 
yrpDMoe neSo; cojhi](6 noracio. Ob oaq^a b&uo xojoxoitb. GiesH 
Bapi MrHOBOBHo BiícoxjiB. Ofla 6Hcipo MEHOBau ca^i H BH&utia 
n noje. KpyroirB paacruajiCB HeoÓospBiisil npociopib. Hhbh 
b^míih h pacxoAHJucB nacMypHHMH BaiHaiui. Sjiobíiiiúi tíhh 
lerjB Ha hbxi. Ty^e KypiJuiCB lyMaiiHHMH BjytfaMH ■ nocntniHO 
HBXBflraiHCb Ha BoixoHBy. Bi aT^aiemH neacHO poBoran rpom. 
nepeneia ipesosHO spaiaiH. TpecBi Bopodeia vh 6iHJBH6tt 

JOniHHi TO OTHOOUCfl, TO UpHHOCHJICa BŠTpOMl. IIIyMl Ca^B CTOflJTB 

n yman Bape, rjiyxo h crpaniHO. BypHHft B^TOpi TpenajTB jieHTH 
es HLunu. 

A OHB ^yBCTBOBBJía BBBoe-TO CTpBHHoe yxofi^eTBopeHÍe b:b btoitb 
myrBoiTL npH6jiHseHÍH rposH. Ohb noeraBHJia J^om6h vh ynoprB 
Bfapy, H mapoBO pacBpuTHiCH rjiasaMH CMOTp&iay bbsb Ty^e bih- 
pBJBCB H HepH&Di, H 6arpoBafl MOJinifl Bce qan^e h ^aqe paspH^ 
BBU JLTh Hixpa... BnyTpeHHÍI ea nipB BaBi-6yxro saspiuca j(ia 
fles; ■ Toiuo aasafl-TO npeBOBMoraB)iivu[ crpyna SByiaia bi hom^b 
ipaniqecBoft h cypoBOt Hoxofl, h btotb HenpeciaHHiil SBysi BarB*TO 
crpaHHO coBoaxui ch tími SByxaiai, soropue ciHHiajHCB el h 
iB rpoBHOBTB poBOTaHÍH rpoMB, H Wh myMÍb caxa, ffikou^h h BHy- 
flnreiBHOMi, h bi nyrjiHBOMi monori tiesapejd^iBHim hbbi... H 
Ofla BsesanHO BcnoMHHja lapiHny Aopo, ^^rpa^ix) cb Boropoft 
FjniHJB HexBBHO npicjiaii AjefidbB) BopHCOBH^y. CpexH Óeismr 
cttHHoS Tonui, oxBaieHHOfl RasHiTB-TO BsciynjieHHiiMn^ dHTysias- 
Mowh H BpHun^eft, mia soHn^BHa bo j^pHiiflcsofi m^mA. Ona 
n xHBOMi ynoeHÍH rposHJia uenewh e iriLiai Óyfiao norpacaa SHa- 
MeHeiTB. Bxaai spyTHaca Hpas%, BcraBaio sJíOBŠíiiee sapOBO^yr- 
ia»fo qepHijiHCB daniHH... DoTOirB chobb xepoBeHCBÍa boout- 
jiflia xxHHydUi na nee... Ho TenepB ohb yse cboÓoxho sanoxo- 
HBiH ea BOCiopseHHoe BOo6paseme. H yse ne cb cipeHBBíMH 
fl MejioTOincH noxpo6HOCTaicH npexcraxe ohh, — xaxeBoe sapeso 
noxapa ocB^qaJio hx'b HxaMenHHiťB h rposHiiirB CB&Tomb h ohh 
BeuHeciBeHHiiirB anoeeoBOMx BOsxBHrajurcB nepex^ Bapett, h oxbb- 
TBBaa ea xyiny ÓesBOHe^HBirB h 6j[aseHHii]i'B yaLacoM^B... Bjq>yrB 



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88 

lepyiiBSui Banu xosw nusejio nuenHyiHCfc sa Hee« Jífly^R tfesno- 
xotHO memxhEyxh jnoúu. Momia sarop&ou^ cihhiii oraeiA ■ 
CEoiBBHyja oei&iETejiBHO... H eg6o pa8opBajoc&, bctoobíjmo, cmí^ 
maiocE Kb MyTHom ÓesnopiAR^. Bapio or^ymmi HeBBHOCBMHi 
TpecKB. Eft sasaiocBy ly^H oÓpymniECB ea aee. Ona yx^pHJia 
JífiuÓE xjiiicioicL H noHecjacB vh ca^. JI^osab tfapaÓaHHJi no 
jacrbsm h sasi Óyxio rnajiCH sa Heio. ^epesu nyrjiHBO usajH 

Ona saftxaia wh nonnyriitt Kypeui vfjb npesxe oÓbtejh 
caxQBHBU, H nepeasxajia kb neirB rpo^. 

noeift rposH noroxa isyMHieiLHO noxúpouAu. Bs achomi 
wůb MexjBTMBHO Ópo^BJíH cepe6pflHHfl odjaia. Osepo chh&io 
H THZO luecBaiocB. J^epeBBfl secejio ^eneraiH. Bjaseuft (Smcrb 
jHCiBeRB MejBiULCB leiiuurB ÓHcepoicB. Bx BOBxyzt Hocsjcfl len- 
MUŘ H cfiisifl sanarB čina, CMŠmaHHHft cb jeBapcTBeHHBm 
i^oicaToirB JomoBUTh i(b£iokb. IIthiiíi BcrpeneHyiHCB h nepenoji- 
BfliH ajMea zbobsmu^ n^eGeranBeiTB. 

H na jíjTsA y BapH npoflcuMCB. Hexannee Boefiyaxeme no- 
BBHyjio ee. Hepau yjierjiBCB... Bootípasesíe hohbbjio... Oaa CBOBa 
mňoLUň, KB noje, nocMOTp&ia aa eoiBsa hbbu^ (SessafioTBO BrpaB- 

miB CB jaCBOBHMl BfapOlTB, AOBBOlBia j!lpi[6B COpBBTB SBpHBlt 

nyKB nmeHflitiiy [soTopiifi okb o^HaBose Torqac^B me b 6pocajx, 
opociiXBja riasaHB rojr{r6ot bbbbkb p^bb, ofiseia aub npBCiaiL- 

Ham B BaBBlTB-TO X^OBím^ BSrjBXOMl B BOSapaTBXaCB B^ JCSkfjMb. 

He AO^^sjuui XOHB, ee nopasBJB BByBB pofliB. Obb necracB OTByxa-ro 
Ch BfimBBH By BasajiocB, TOinBJBCB KB cBepBaB)nteft caflest bc- 
HHMi B rpaipoBBiiiTB zopoBOxoMi. H BB xym^ 7 Heft craio en^e 
cňrjAi fl eB^ ÓesHSTeausite.— <OTByxa 8to?> — npoBBBecjia osa, 
BBB^B BXpyTB yrax^ia HBecy— oxsy bkb cepeBax^ myóepra— h 
XoraxuacB, BTOBrpaerb. — ^dro, Boaewo, MameiBi, — BocBJtBBByjia 
OBB CB ckB)avBiai riasaHB b nocašmBia vh noxfitsxy. 

Ha Bepzy ee Bcrpiiiua Haxeasxa. JIbrb ea Ůuml oepenojiBeHi 

TOpaseCTBeHBOCTBB) B XBBSeBÍfl npÍ0tfp'£jB BaByBMX) 0C06jlBByB> 

BasBOCTB: <BrB cÍBTeucTBo noBuuiOBaiB. Ilpasasere ox^BaTBca?> — 
cBBsaja OBB. Rapa oxiaacB Óticípo b npocro. E& Bce nocBopie 

ZOIŠIOCB COĚTB BBBKB B nOCMOlp^TB OfiaiBBBJ^eBa. — cEaBOKB-IO 

0B%?> — ^xyMaia oaa ch jb)6odhtctbomx9 b bi^bhu posxeeiBeB- 
CBaro BaiaHBfl npBBieBBTejiBHiniB o6piiBBaiiB bobbbbbjib kb ea 
naiiaTB. 



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BOUOlOftAJI BlPBBfll. 39 

— KyBHHa!— pMxaicfl iribiyúS h lumft roxocL, xorxa Baps 
HotBEiac^ n ABepon foctheoíI, b CMtiÉmnqan, Cueípo nounyn 
pouBy nocniniBn eft aa-Berpi^:— Kasu se th npeiecTbl Kan tu 
lexopomftja! Kana ni luiaBfBafl! — roBopui obi n(H[^paHi^yBGii, 
Epifano i|ijyfl ei pyxs* 

Oaa nocMOTp&ia sa šero. ToHiitt iq^BU, npospaHHafl ÚJŮfr 
Bocsb ju^a, rjytfoftie nasa c% Baajur&^To imBuwb h h6ooabhs- 
ran ÓiecKOMi— Bon ^lo (SpocKiecB efi bi rjiasa. Obi 6iu% 
o^&íh uui^ owBh erpoeHi^ oxbn bo Bee i^aoe, Boefln MOBosn 
n nerai^ saieia b bm&ii nop$KnEjM> jucasy. H Bapi Bxpyrh 
BOiyBciBOBaja b-l aeify Basyio-TO saiocib. 

y OKfla CBX&n B roBopaai ci A^escieMi BopacoBB^ein 
JyxaBBBi. IIpB Bxofjb Bapa obi Bcmn. 06jiftnflfl\6n noffaerb 
eit) n Bapi. 

— IIoBBOJft spexGTaBBib Te6i^ MOfl npeMCTHaa,— BiíMOJBBJíi 
mh Bi» Kasem-io HepBBom b loponjíBBOirB BoaÓysjíefliB:— xpyn 
108 Pierre... — m xoÓaBBjn a ewa yMBBMoft rpBMacBoft, — nerpb 
JyBMBUH% JlyBaBBffk PeBoneBjQTB): xoxoab aajMBjjiioBai a ci 
TeixecBB Topryercfli Kavb jona^Bsiifi (SapuBODUKL. 

— Fpa^ HB Ha man tfe8% noxBoxa,— Boq[ia8Bn JlyBaBBHi, 
yiHÓaaob b hbbbo pacsjíasBAca ch Bapeft. Bapa b na Hero no- 
ev^rpiia. Orb croixb pbaomi Cfh OÓáiíamfiBhun b Basi 6yxK) 
HanpaiDHBajGB aa cpasHeflie. H BOBipacrb (jtiji laBf^ BejiBBS, 
110 B^^ Be Morja cxepsaxB yniáBa. OraiBaB, Bp^nsafl b oca- 
Hicrai ^^flrypa JlyBaBBHa, ojoibo b iobbo otfiBByraa BeaBBO^n- 
HBBi cB)pTyBoirB| npeBOCzoxBJía na q^yB) loiOBy BsaB^aaro b 
qiyflxaro rpa^ Ho sa lo IB^p JlyBaBBaa se ouBvaaocb h&b- 

BOX) TOHBOCTBH) O^OpTaBÍB B SepSil BB CBBOBBIB Vb mWh HCOpe- 
CnBflOtt BrpOK) ^yTBHXb ByCByiOBl — OHO 6iU0 BUIHHO B pyMBflO 

I nemob BejBBopycGBOft cMunueBBOCTB bbho jesaia aa neici. 
3y6a xasrb b CBepBara ocjiaBmvsoft (SiaBsaoB), cipue nasa 
€X0Tp£jiH yMBO fl flaadunjBBO) Boporao ocrpasefiBai tfopotfa 
qNuaaaja bícboubo Byneiecsitt o6áajn... cRaai owb TBiuneBil> — 
Besojnoo oo^yMaia Bapa. 

noAaiB o&bnh. R^b t&bny npBmen b Saxaps Hbbbobbtb. 
06iiflBiqeB& noidteEBBCB pa^omi ck Bapefi. Ob% boitb bb xo 
^ero Be AorporaBaica. Josxb xpa cyay, Aa Byco^ieai aypBBOft 
xaueiBB, BOTb Bce, mi6 nporjOTBJíi wi sa bocb o5%ai. H Boe 

IBBl-TO SaiCB B tfoJÍBBeBBO MOpOUMCB, BBBl-ÓU OTb 08H06a. Ho 

pk^B eiOi nopHBBGiaa b BanpiaBO pasBooÓpaaflafl, ne yiBzajia 
BB Ba MflByiy. Obi to pascBasuBajii o HOBOcrarb Haipitt— oray^a 
lOUBo iTO npíixan, — lo o BnewiAÍmsa% Aopora, to cooón^jajnb 



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40 mffPĚMSh iBPOiQi. 

BSKyKhHitfyxB coierHi) nonmecKaro CBOtciBa, to Boeropraici 
HOBOĚ nBecKOi PytfiHmTeBHa. H an sanpHBHHe nepexoxH, mmh 
iritey^ H n6tíŘ towb rpa^, ora tumcaa b hšcsojkro rpycreas 
HacMiinjraBOCT&y soropot ohi tfesnpecraHHO oce^n^an cboh pas- 
caasH— ysacHO HpaBHJHCB Bapi. Bi eeV caiioft npocmiajiocB 
xaKoe-TO Me^raTenHoe k jacsosoe saerpoenie, k hojcb BjriaHiem 
8T0F0 Haerpoenifl MimeiB Bce <k>rte h 6oiie Kasa^ca eft mchb- 
mmrB ÓpaioirB, <k>jiBHsirB h mrjonrB h hícsoabo saraxo^EmrK 
A JlyBaBBHi npeBcnpasHO yHB^TOsaxB h cyir&, h xoueTB, h 
ipiiuan h la crapaudine, Bcm^mcB n^rojiBiiyjii-TaBfl Jljmwb^ h 
aflaflacBi noxaneiifl cb maiinaHCRBirBy B xHHKhBaHnuyny... A kb 
npoMesyroKi fobopbjtb cl Sazapoirs HBaHineirB h cl Boxxoh- 
CBBicB. Bnpo^eiTBy doMhme cb SazapoirB HBaHEraeirB, rtm cb 
BojnoHCBam. Owh pascnpaniHBan Sazapa HBaeHqa o xosatcTBb, 
o Ba^ecTBan semnii cnpamHBajTB, mosrho xb ycrpoBTB vh OKpecr- 
HOCTH caxapHiift BBBOxi, BaBOft npoiieHrb caxapa iíosho oshxi^tb 
FB dfjbmueŘ cbobiobhi^, BasoBu xoishh 6u 6eitb ycioBui etfsrra, 
b6jbb% jih noxBBSHofi oocraRB y (^jrasnefi sejriteHot xoponi, xan 

MOSHO BBCIUyaTBpOBaTB OrtfpOCS... H BHXHHO OCraBaiCfl fflWMWh 

otfcTOBTenHHifH H ^T^jiBHHMH OTB^aMv SaxBpa HBaHBraa. 

IIhtb bo^ nepemjB vb rocTBHyH). Fpa^ CBepey^ca na páté, 
BOTopoe ne ero iipoci6i npHXBHHyjni (obomb bi poajnoi on Bpe- 
MCHH xo BpeiieHB npHBacaacB x^hehhh b npOBpamna cbohich 
naiBitaMH vh BJiaBamaiTB, MexieHHO sycarb jioiiTaBi aHanaea, 
npexBapBieuHO onycBaa ero rb B88(HBy cb mainiaHCBBxi. Bapa 
noMicTBJíacB obojio eero. 

— RavB sBBercfl Tedi, MamejBíB, pascsasH mhí, — tbzo cnpo- 
CHja OHB, CB yqacTieM^B sarjBxoBM emj bi jnn^o. 

— Ta BHaemB, Moa npejiecTB, — saienerajřB MameiB, osBBieHHO 
npBnoxBBMaacB sa páté,— a b^xb co6cTBenHO ae HacTOaiipft ^eio- 
Bbvh. iS, laKB HasHBaeiraS, npuHUCAeHHuů... 2 ne asBBy, a hh- 
cjddcb; wcjnocB^ Moft aHrejTB. Tu HexoyM^BaeniB? O, bto tbb^b h 
HyasHO, ^To6u tu nexoyirtBajia. 9to Boodn^e ycrpoeso x^ia nexo- 
yM^HÍfl. EaKi H Bce, no caoBam oxHoro y^ieHaro, nonpOTBBHaro 
H^m^a. Bbxbhib jih — ecTB jiaBOTCH. H b% jiaBO^sazi octb jih)xh, 
BasHiie H Boo6paxaB)nue, wto ohh HeoÓuBHóBeHHO saHarEE x^om. 
Torxa a CMHpeHHo npa^y nox^ inimBy cboh) Tpexyrony h hbjuibksb 
vh jBBO^By. S, rpa^i 06jiilminieBi,— roBopH) a BaasHuifB jiK)XflirB9 — 
y HOHa BMB, CBflBB, BM^Hie, nocji%xoBaT6nHO sajoseHHoe Bi ^eTH* 
pexB noBenejiBHHn tfanBax^B b y JlyBBBVB TpB4K)HH^a JlysaBBHa, 
H TBKB BBVB posítíon obligOi TO HOBULiyfiTe mhí^ z^xsnevh... 
Torxa BasHBie jiioxh xaRyrB mhí BOJJiescBaro accecopa— ae Byajry, 



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BOIXOBCliil BáPHBU. 41 

mat, a BaciMiitaro BOJiJiemcsaro accecoIM^ zora pasjwieveH m 
feiortia, a mr& — xavn Mff& eote iiajennl omieni o0ona- 
WDiqít — opoen sa njeooaBirB— opxms Basoro«HH6yxfc idpoxep* 
stma, a oerpoBa OraBn, Mf^vn wA rtmit mujcmh i nepcnra^ 
iny ne^xnecKMXs qHHoaoxywHit... H a ncjnoc^. O, mm npe- 
jecTii lEBM 8T0 nHsaBTBoe oiqyii^e!.. Pan n AďpyímaKB a 
oman ot% cnyrHiKon... Ho a Te0& Haxo&jn CBoet (tojroraefi? 

— O Hfa%^— 0EieTpo npoiMecia Bapc. 

— Orcran s ctfsjKa n xopon. Oojaaifi noropaio, Topse- 
CTBerao' H myiiso, totbo Beqviemi rops xp^iiajH vh 90JĚtnoM% 
rpaa/k, odiaia sypMicB i laajiHi mku^/A nmfertio osepo, 
i:ii-TO zvjMHMBo sienin Hyn... a xo mm miioify ne 6hjo 
X&ia ■ a men, asBUiciott ipoaoiOi oxraoiít asaSandl... — owh 
neiaiBTO non»Hyn rojomt. 

— Ho TH... — Ha^aia ({bjo Bapa, Bea narpaoeflHaa juuoena). 

— Ho a, pasyMibeicai Hnorxa se 8a6iiBaio yooBaTB na mh* 
jocepiíe Eoxie ■ sa paenopavneiBBoerE Moet maman, — npoxoa- 
san owh H Bs losb ero Bxpjn npoemjusHyaa secrtoerB: — bo- 
otfpan, ona BB^jnaia vexasBO bxbhhttb nesa b^ aBnn!.. O, bto 
6iuo npeyMopHTenHO. Ona roBopHn: <Bii, rpaj^, XoasBB 6un 
MipoBum cjKt%M>^... noHHsaeiBB aa — óoaoichu. Tu, Moa npeiecTE) 
ooeicasyt 910 ciobo. Oho Teposoe h Bcyoom nozoxan Haaopsy 
Btn BToro aBanaca. Xopomo. H, pasyirteTca, nocifaBOBaai& a no- 
ixan Wh mpeBBM). H opexciaBb ee(ýk xepeBeHcaifl m>Kh yase 
BBHBajTb no Modl oco0ty 1 Toawo-9TO noaBaaca a n seacaoirB 
ouňfĚBim, aan exaa ae saueteyaea n aetftiejaHtirb yaateaas... 

Bapa ycirikniyjňcB. 

— Tu mzoxHm HeopaBaa&Hiim Moe Biipaseide? Tu xy^Mins, 
no Bi yaiiteaxi HeaBsa sazjieteyTEca?— *saB0 capoeaai rpa^ a 
He xaaaa eft (mťknnbj npoxoaaMn MeiaazoiawcBa:— o, aaaaa th 
eucTjBBaa, ^rBaaa: th ae BocnaraBajutCb v& nasecsoMi aopnyefc, 
iB ae y<iBja rpaMMaTaaa!.. (Oaa nomiTaaac^ BOBpaaiTb, ao oai 
CBOBa oepetfaxb ee) tu ae y^aaa rpaicMaTaav... Tu sBaov^i ^m 
8i oerpoyifasB npa<{op% 9Ta rpaaicaTaBa? — 9to canorai soropue 
xo Toro naffHm obaaiuuon tbob aora, hio n van bobosmosbo 
XQXBTB... Bia, ay^me Bcero — ayniypaaa naiiaoia, aoropaa crpaa- 
CTByen sa CBoam petfeaaovB cb BOBŠftmet b paqioBaaBBttmefi 
bbbzkoI b% pysaxi — ^EEpaBi^Bou bb pyaoBOxeti^ yzoxa sa 
x6ri»ifB> — BonqrTBJí ovb bi^ CB0($BarB-~BS Tpexi Touan, qtaa 
sa aazxBft towb ipa i^tiaOBurB... Pettoasy RyBKan xoiieTca — 
aaiiaBia bi nasay CMorpan: <H'íts, aion enfanty norepoa 53 na- 
ByTo«B>... TepnfeBl xa eay, KOserB 6htb, saBoramao boxboxbtb, 



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42 BMTHm UiOUSL. 

q^^o^irariUbnai madame!.. — PefienoBÍ on cobjbbocih riaseHn 
ufowpAxb wjmMmsKiĚM^ a xaicama csosa %% wsBMMÍíy h CHOBa 
ne noflaraeicfl cnaiB (SixHasffiy a ooMiaezca 6oApevBOBaf& h sy- 
maxB H RasoS*70 nareBioBaHBHft (SyuoH^ na Bopo((baHiizi jan- 
xaxi... O OixQBoe xj^o dra rpamiaTHBal.. Tu ae aaxiiaia srn bs 
CBoeĚ soMEaTBŠ: — pscKpinsai sHira lesars ea Boapi BBepx!!b 
ncHeHinrb nepeiueroicb; tiapxaTHaa CBaieprb nMycsysteHa h ibh* 
poBHMH cBJíMBaMH xpBDVFyemi oa fliaiy; cb pfeHoro apecia rb 
BpacHBOKb (JesnopflXBt HBsnaxaen isoe (Sannoe menoBoe niaiBe; 
Ha ctojiiy pflXoicB cb 6poB80Boft iiiq»BBiEHHqefi esown rpanraidl 
rpa^HffB Ol BQXOB); xmaejas rapAina OTBBHyra; Bomsa aesirB 
Ha auacHot noxBJíaxBi xp^npH h jiíhhbo MypjiH^erb. A yrpranee 
eojouífi apBO m ropaw ocBin^aen Mon aummacHilaiifi (^esnopa- 
AOBi. Oho h Bi rpa^ani cBepsaerB npHZorjHBOt pajQrrott, ■ &i6- 
cnrrb na spHmaft ^ej^HjiuHjpi, b cafenin na Bosepi, Ha eraiB- 
Bot oiiBffb TBoero uMTMj HB nepeojen sHira... h MeiBaa nujn> 
dBeiCfl BOiOTiiicb CTOiiSoMii H i^yTBiCfl, H TOMBrcB B% ero jy- 
lan... HBiraxeCfl otiHHnaen h Bcraxnrb npexB to6qS erpaHmu 
xeiiaHia, Mepentarca najiarpa, apMa/iypa sarajioíHaro BoopysraiMy 
HexoHBTHfl fioBaii ei BHTapHHirb peflHBefiEOirBy (Sapiarasifi bo* 
cnDMi xyxosHBKa.,. E BaBia-ro apiioa HaBiBBKnrB mwůsí CMyr- 
HHB rpesH, H Beoejiai anoxa Basoro HHÓyxB BoapoasKrada CHjRfcs 
npexcian npexi to6ok>... O, xhbbo HHorxa XHBeica 6en rpaii- 
HaTflBH, Moa npeieeTBl.. Ho npHxeniBoa Mapea— hjih bbbi ee, — 
šupotem, nycTB (jyxen Mi^ea, wo tbbi Bxen xi nefi, bi iBoei 
BOo6pa»aeifott ropeauoB — hoiihidik MapeOj Mapeo^ umo nene- 
1UUCH o MHOSfbMz?.. — H npBxeFb 8Ta Mapea Cb mBatfpoft bi pys^i 
H BOXioparB HopaxoBi) h aaiq^qan hb Bomay: ^pucb^ f^potcMmoH! 
H cMeierE inub, b onpaBBn oBavepib a vh cepxi^ isoe, Moft 
aHreia^ HaroHHn qrzoro h cByuaro xojiojia... H rpesu tbob 
pa&ieiaTCfl bbbi vmma... O, aro ocrpoyMHKifi npaóc^i *- b obtb 
onaTB HOHBrb kb saxyifinocis. 

B^ia ne pimaJiCb aaroBopan. Toiuo HHiepecB ea kb rpa^y 
pasropaicfl boo ÓoiBme a 6ojBme, b Hepau bbbb-to oyaHHO hhih. 
A OóMÍastmm&Bb MaxflyxB roiOBOĚi bbbb 6yxio oiroHaa xpeMory, h 

BBBIB paSC&IBHilft aBBOpA'B« 

— Ha O wiTB fl Havaas roBopHXB? — axpy rs cb opeauiefi sBBoenB> 

npOBBHeCB OHB. — A&) o HOTOOiieHiB) HOIOnt ylilÓOBl. — HmBlB 

xena Bii6paiH. H npexciUB: aaBaa xofipaa, ara Moa maman, — oaa 
MHt <aopapH80irB nperovoBaja saitepy. & BOBBpaiajiGa bsb coópa- 
Mik B ysB aaiiepa roroBa. O, aio 6uxh BOcxHTHTeiBHHĚ cmp- 
dPhbb! Til ne sHaemB, bb HerepÓyprb hb Bepóflott npoxamrb: tb 



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BOaOieKlS BlPBDBfl. 48 

iHnyiiaeiiiB npocro ofiusHomHyio <(aHOwy; ho axmrh toako 
arspuTh vpamKj aioft 6aH0«B— MrHoaeHHO BHCBasHBaerB onyxft 
npeiaiepecBHl, iipen>6oiQiiH£ftiiiiĚ HepieHOBi... H laBL, maman 
ycrpoKia nox) oficraHOBsy {om» BsxozHyn); a leói pascKasy o Heft... 
To een, ne o maman — b&a^ tu anaeiiiB ee^ oiy BauiHaByic) cobo- 
Mfmaocth MhffL H crajH (oikb oxo caasan hšcbouko noHBSHBi ro- 
joci), a npo oÓcmHoamy padcsasy. Hojí tian nápad; MOHyiieH- 
lajMoift ctojTh mh J[B8ep6 aaHBiiajn oopexasy. Ha croi^ bh- 

CKECa (^lOBBOBlli ^HIÚl CB TOIBaWIKb Bb pysaTE H CB CTynoĚ y 

noKBOwa. 3io — bbohokB) h maman jBíHiHcaia ero on IQoneHa. 
noi6My apa($B, b nowMy se saieqB, HanimMÍp!B| h ho raaoT- 
WB— HO Mory Te6ft o(Suchhtb. Ho m bb aiom jjkio. — ,^o6pafl 
noioBum saMepB 6iua sarponoacAem jarapoBaHmiMH csaiíBíME. 
Bnepexa croua apeeia au cihbobb. Bce sto 61110 otuhho h 
Bce ysacBo naapaBHJiiocB mbí. H bb lOMy se bb CBoeicB boctuhí — 
fantaisie, Boroptifi npaejaiB mbí CSappa to ksx> nepBaro Moero 
ynpasHraifl, b kb sojioioft i^qb aa meb, a ysacBO nozoxBjrB... 
BaB:B 611 ifíňfk CBasaiB... ay, sa zopomeaBsyK) jtespeogr noxo- 
ffLB, Boiopaa, noBHBmB, bÍiho Topmia sa BoaftuxB y 6a* 
(^niBB... KoaxEi ne paiCioiuuacB osa, to eciB, CafiymBa^ a ne 
jeqieTBa? 

Bapi orpflAaieJBHo noBaqajut nuoBofl. 

— HbAO npoftzaTB kb BOB, HOfpeBOSBTB npOBlfllHB BOCTB 

rpai^ AioBciĚ Ampeau... H tbbi, a nozoxan aa jeBperay. 
BnpoHeaii, ÓapHaa— t6 caaufl, Boiqiiifl noAmKanrB njaiOBBy Bor^a 
fliainaii sa&iaropaBcyxBTCfl ypoBBTB ero^ a bb HesepÓyprt ^a- 
MBJBapaauKnrB cb aaoiflicB maeftqapoifB a TacaaiORB bbb aamazi 

Basi BHBBTHUa B^m)18B pa8BHX'B OOOfo, 1I06h BSaJUnCBCa BMB 

ffmk^ Tjíb oat B8o6paasaH)TB caMyx> BaBpazMaaeaHyH) apacioapa- 
iÍB>,— 8TB (ŠapiiBB aaxoKBJB, vro a ynacao Banoiuaiax) Poaeo... 
I^oaft BBxkiB aioro Pomoo?.. A tu aaaorxa ae Bootfpasaja, 
larB Asy^Bora npocunaeica bi noff^coJiBB, a bb fipeausyn^a^B 
DOjycBŠTl bbabt% MeptBaro Poaeo... O, a BooÓpasaj^, a aa^ 
(Shjo ysacao zopomo. TaBoe, ssaemB jb, :qmnraecRoe cjiaiocrpa- 
€TÍe BOBBBBaeTB, B Bi TasoBi ayiBTeiBHoai 6iasea€Tfifi paspH- 
Baercfl čepme... (obi B^AporayjB a CA^jiajrB (JojftsaeHayK) rpa- 
iiaqr). — HiaBi qac% apo6flaB« Moa i^iacroxpanBa BOopysBJUicB Bte- 
paMB a BaaaJB nosaiúi). Manum cb eaapioMi kb pyBarB Top- 
secTBeaao BOApysBjacB bb plaaoMi vptcA... Oaa nozoxaio at- 
eaojBBo aa xpoai, ao bto bb cisoósazi, bx cBOÓsaziB, Bysflaa... fl 
TpoayiB npysaay. ycepxaidl apafo rpaByji TOJnsateai. inaeS- 
iMtpB — axopoBeBButt Bopsaia bi^ ^lasweBCBoai saapi— pacaaz- 



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44 BMnm wouL 

vyn XBepx, b iso BC&n em ympMCB n rpyxi rpysio ea* 
uBinan xyjunoBi, iiponycun hx% no oxhho«í!.. JI ooan 
TpoHyji opysray. Apa6x omiTB rpoimzHyjrB TOJsa^exi. Apicio- 
BpaTBH THzo BflasaiH, — npoenl— IIlBeiit^K& crpuiHO HaniypBn 
6poBH B norposBXE BMBHm ptx&m- Hauiac& ^HracMaroiHJi. 
BaxoxBn iiysBKb wh jĚSjramMBXb h wh imuiom Bt^taHi. — Bh, 
AHTBirL Roco6piiBBBi?» — ^Mfi-ci.— <Bii o6iBEieT6ei> vh Hapyme- 

mX njÓlUHROl TBIOflHil b' eiiaMtCTBÍfl>. — MOJWTl Bl tBBUBOlTL 

BexDyM&EÓB. — <Bii Q6BKBMeiecsk> ... Gyry6o nonan. Meai hb^xb- 
Haerb oxcjísetb BOH^^yBJBBOoiB. ApBCTOBpcvBB axaím b aeropy- 
ion. Maman HBizaerb c&Bpra. niBetiwpi mpaiivn riasa b b y- 
TBTL ByiaBB, MKb 6u BciqMuiiBBai noxHoifOvitt. K% mncnm ^apn 
paspyniaerb otonnnen^ypixBBBrB. Obi BBepraqecBB b BaBBMB-ro 
oieflB npocnniB csobbmb yacssen Aamiy, bi Heu% fjkio. Torxa 
ÁBTBiKfc osBBBBeiCB, FOBOpBn ÓHCxpo B y<HhxBieiBflOy pasxazB- 
Baen pyaaiiB, ynpaen nojon boci b Bocómfi Bxoxan bi aaui- 
TBitÍB). B^b ero pAiB uenwMwrh m Bsaie-TO mmsoioaHe^ u Chicno- 
noHZ 6ftK099^ fl eimiú de$epb^ b na «io ens i^ dpysKrnaj ^imoGě^ bí 
njm^n^py, napadáte^ codepoioambj a ddam-mo ůmkíA omeMXěO- 
cmumcHl-^Bu ue noBBMaeie, xoa npeiecTb? A b noBBJTB, noBAn 
B) vro B fl CBsy xypaBi xypuoMi, b apa6i Moft Óyxaen CBOBm 
Toisaiem cb xypy — ne ncmmy ju, no o6obxi aac^ ooybhbjs 
BBOcrpaoei^?— B maman xob*.. O, ona ewHb ocTpoynnaB, dia 
maman! — b Bxpyn^ BOOÓpasB, b pasom nop&mBJTE aiy nacio- 
paiB: <no oúoioffioiíj HenoHBMaBÍB>i ffbio onuaxHBaeTCB xo yMffUh 
mBxi Bpeiieffi^» — cBasai^b, b BHmen mn Baiiepii. 

H 0B% npoíémMn pyaoft no BiaBBmaMi b aaoiiflJiCfl. 

— A, smenn, BysnaoiBa, — BSDioiBBjn ob%: — Bon xiMon 
8Ton MoĚ CE ABfBnom, — ecn imsie BCsycEBSB, vio na MygBBj 
ero xoryn iKpejosBn! — b obi saciyujn no BiaBBmam: — botb 
8T0 6yxen osHaiaiB: hošo? a bio: am mu^ poaMOHOCHuU ijpooie- 
danum ÁHmuml a Bon bio allegretto ma non trq^o B8o6pa- 
8Bn: a nocem/jfy pyKoeodcmsyjioh 79 u 81 cm. Ycm. y%aju)e. 
Cydonp. u na ocm$QH%u 112 u 115 cm. Ycm. o homs. hojmi. 
Mupoe. OffdhHMm... 

Bapfl yiB6B7jac&. 

— Tu cifffcemftCB? Hin, th bo cmMcb, — b obi rpycTHO 
BSxoxByu, — TU jyíme nofix^? uonjum kb ců&b. A ssaemb, Borxa 
fl JH)6flB> njasanfc? Korx^ Bewpom xpa^BUB Ty« noBpoB>n Be5o 
B rycTO ciojnaiefl biu*l sasarom) a nox% bbb« ysBBm b njia- 
ueoBUMi pyuBBiteMi ropBn sapi. H bi^ uoA xoxfln ipenemu 
t&bb b noracaBxn, b sapa sasi 6yxro npoiqaeTCfl, bbbi 6yxTO 



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BOIXOHCKAl BÁPHmi. 4& 

ynpaerb h na rtn noinxaerB xoMoxayjo deujao... Een BapTisa 
Tasafl: Benqoz na ocmpoieth PHne$m, Eiesepai Kaseici... Tan 
BOTB uepexh 8T0Ě Bapnraot a pasi ctomi h luasan. fl oMsan, 
a Ha HeHM CMiancB. H TOJcmfi syuvHua, cb lumioicB sa sa- 
Bori, ciritojica, h HaspaxMajieHHni shxokb hkb tfaHxapcBOft boh- 
TOpa cirifljica^ a (Sapiraa kb rpemsim^Ph siaiBi ciiiaiacB, a Max- 
VTasejBBa c:b jiopnerKoft vb oxhoI pysi h cb jhoCobhoB sána- 
caot m xpyroi a la aribuacB... A th ae ^onaia BaftpoHOBOft 
<Tbm]i?> fl ^arajii, a noTOMy h niaBan npejcB aapraaott. Tu 
He maft... A th saaeniB, moa npeiecTB, a cmnaon xHoro ro- 
BOfW) a Haaipaoe caopo paciuaíycB... Ho th yaaacao usA apa^ 
BamBca... A aaai th HaxoAainB JlyaaBaaa? O, sas^B oh^ noera^ 
Moa miaa!.. Botb noroxa. — H owh Haaorxa, naaorxn ae pacaia- 
WTca. E saiiiTB, aaaoft okb wopaaHfi. TaaoBH tfnia aapsapn, 
aoiapHTB asotfpaauLTB Ópnara — ^TaiprrB. A kh mwdoŘ paiuaae, 
Moa aeaarjaxaafl, HsaibxeHHHe, acrepsaHHHe paxxaae — a owh cb 
nnaiBR) yjmCbuca, tbxo npaaachacB a^ BJiaBaniaicB. 

— A 19^ rocnoxHHi TyraniBHi? — cnpcnnirB Boizoacaifi y 
Saxapa HBaaoBHHa. 

Bapa BHporayja a orianyiacB. H Bxpyn Bcnoxaajia, iio oaa 
noúwn. Ho mhcjb ara ae oxosBaiacB bi aeS, aaai orsnaajacs 
apexxe — j^raairB a ÓjaseaaHirB BaMapaaiMi, oaa Tonao aa- 
DOMsaia efi ^aicms; aanoMaaja en^e x^P^Beacsaxi 6oubh£b — a 
TO, ^TO HjiBa HerpoBaii npaB^erB xoaiopa a tfonane ansxopo- 
vhoTh... n oi» CBOBa aasioaajKacB a% rpaýy. 

— Orb yixui> sa xoaTopoa!B, — ^caasaxi Saxapi HBaaHHi. 

— Eto 6ojeHi?-r-saBO npoasaecB Bonoacail. 

— ^ Bca xepeBaa <SoiBBa. 8% aasxoM% no^rv XB0p6 jibxo- 
paxOTBHi. 

— Ax%, xepeaaa, — npoiaayjrB ycsoaoeaaBt Ajobc^ě Eopa- 
coBHTB^ — Bax%H>cB, BH paoiopflxajiBCB ayiiBfiB zaau a paaxaxB? 

— HoayaaTB ae noaynaxB. Ho y MeHfl octb Beiiaoro. 
JDÍeraaa tíhb HeyxoBOJBCTBifl caoiBfflyjia no laiQr Bonoacaaro. 

— nosaiycra, nonutare aynaii,— caaaajTB oaiy— noioaceaie 
o6aaHBaerB, bh saaere bto. H hto6h ae nyraTBCa no aoaropi, to 
Bon... — Owb nocnimno noxnajicfl a, cnycxa nšcaonao MaayrB, 
npmiecB 3axapy HBaaHiy cropyfiieBay.— noataiyera, — noBTopaj^B 
(OTB. SazapB HsaaHTB nawjTB npoB^aTBca. 

— Bh uwb xoBBOJKBTe ocaorpiTB aame xosalcTBO, — bhmojbbjs 
JyaaBaBB, — a ÓojiBmott oxoTnaKB. 

Jlaai Saxapa SBann^a saciajii. 

— Ob BejH^afirnaiTB yxoBOdBCTBieiii, — npoasaeoB on!B. - 



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46 Baormi ibpoiv. 

— MHoronKO lusTSTé? ^ cnpooBn JIyiaBHH% BouoHcsarOi 
B0i7(a SaxajTb Jlvxasvh cspujicfl m ABepaiis. 

— THCfl^y ABÍCTH. 

— A mineite BejiHso 3aS 

— ^erspe thcsvh xocHmrB. 

— jn^emeBeHBBCí. Bh eiiy HatfnBBie. A^^HHt ohi y Bacs 
napera. 

— Ho Tyn ocoÓBfl ycjOBÍfl, Iforpí jlyKMiHHTB, — csasan 
BojixoHCBÍft:— OHI BfIxB y MOHfl^-^cBoft ^eiortvB. 

— 3to Fb pasečen ho HxerB,— cl tohb<A ycMimsoĚ Boepa- 
8U's JlysaBHVB: — HHHBne, Ajescift BopscRTB, ^octb ho Bejnnca vh 
caioHazx oÓpanEaTBCfl. HiiHBve roaoBa i^Herca. A rojiOBsa y Ba- 
mero ynpaBnrejis 8aiOTa8*«%. 

— Ho J[ B%X^ HO rOBOpiO,— *SHBO npoBBHecB BonoHCBÍI, — 
£ BOBce HO ^oTMaD) ^lofe... Bo noHmcaeTe? «S toibiso zo^ eisa- 
8aTB,— ^off& y MeEX cboS vh amzA poxHoro. 

— ]ifi,\ Hy 8T0 Bame x^o. dro tfsiBaerB-cx. A Bairs crouo 
6h o6paTHTB BHHMaHÍe Ha ero hscih o caxapHom saBOj^t. Mucon 
BasHHa. 

— Ho BTO— ratiMi MBCjra?— ncTHBO csasan AjieidUI EopH- 
corarB. 

— ň TOJKBBO BonpocE oiiy npexJiosHn. A y nero ys% vjb^ 
jvA iipoesn kb iojobš chxbtb; obi h CBesjíoBiiiQr casajs msí 
onHTa: xB^namaTB npoiteHTOBi cazapa — nomuocepxcTBytTe! 

— Eanarajtia Efai,— co BsxozoirB npoHSHeci BoixohcbíS. 

— HycToe x&io,— eBasajTB JIjrBaBHHi^,— ceMBCon, BOceMBCorB 
TBicflTO, npH HSBtoHOt cojKHXHOCTH npexnpúirix, XOfiOTB jerKO. 

— Ax*B, HO rpen th sthiíh iipotebehme cbohmi ciOBaMB, — 
Herepn&EHBO BOCBJíHBHyjrB rpa^i, — ne ciymalero, jifLWLi ohi b&xb 
TOTOO peCeHOKB— He ycnerB 6effB rpeHjmnuf, 6e8!B cboh^b nponiB- 
HEirB BanKTB H XHCBOHTOrB. ExHio jT^me CH)xa. 

— A BS ^ITB pyBOBOXVTeCB Vh CBOHrB xiftCTBÍaXBy — Clri^CB, 

H HtoK>jiBBO RHHSHO, cnpocHja Bapfl y JlyBaBHHai Borxa ohtb 
noAomejTB b c&tb obojio Hea: — rpesaiiH hjhi x^CTBHTexBHocTBH)? 

— Bo ch4 — rpesamr,— oTBtTHJii oob, yciribzaflCB. 

— A Ha iiBy? 

— rpocci-6yxoKB,— OTBŠTHn 8a nero 06^nHii^effB. 

— Ha 8T0 y HacB octb bohtopiiuibh,— Bospasen JlysaBHHi. 

— A ^wh ase?— nojnoCSomncTBOBajia Baps, 

— IKhbhbk)^ BapBapa AjieBdteBHa, 4^KraHH, vash HHmyrBBi 
BHissan. 

— H nyBCTByere ce6H xobojbhhitb? 



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BOnOIOKil BifHBIil. 47 

— Eacs ÓyATO ne BBXBm,— mimaici rpft^- 

— Hnero«<!B^— OTBtaun JlyittHHi h zapavrepHO Tpanyn 

BOIOCaMH. 

— Htn, ta^Am tu cs Texecu TopryemBca?— saDpiaHO npi* 
aan n Heny Odjišmn^en. 

IIerp% JlyxBJírani onnynBajCfl. 

— Oiei^ H&yvm. 

— Ho vbfk roMj npocnreiBHO, mn <JIyBUHi Tpi^Him>. 
ÁjescU BopBooBHHi saeiymucs sa JlysaBEHa. 

— Ho AU qero se E^fjuwmo xparm jm^tMy vot hbxhÍ, 
— ensan ohi. 

— O, ffixfl!— naien^ecra BocEXHBHyxB 06AisMmpn v yMon&. 
Boo(hi(e Bi ero OTHomemni bi JlysasíHy sairtqaiacB BaBaa-io, 
XMicneHHOcn: na paxy ci o6paai(|BHÍeMi xpyseeBiiir& h myTJH- 
iBBi, Bxpyn aunoBato b pfeBo Baciynaia pasxpasBTeAHai 
uaAmiEBOcTh. Bapa 9to sauftTuai h b% mxoyiAHÍH nocM oTpijia 
Ba <iipÍBTejiei>. HpBBOXBn ee vb uev>ju^me h AjieBcit Bopa- 
coBTO. B^B TOHÍ ero BBHO BByiajoi RaBii-TO ^epes^B-^ypí Óiaro- 
cuxjfBBOM HOTBH, Bor^a owh roBopajTb ci JlyBaBBHHirB. H xase 
oónsai ajfOBflTOCTB bbbi 6yKio noBBHyja ero, bto Bapi ne no- 
HpiBuoa. 



XIL 

Be^epom Bce najieHBBoe ofin^eciBO coÓpajiocB y poua. 06j& 
mnssjNFh varjiíifíbjph lenepB yse ne lasHirB HepBHHir& b roBopBXB 
BUD. ^epHHft (SapxaTHuft zocnou^ aasoro-TO HesaxanHaro noBpoa 
npBBieBaieJiBHO ott^hbjii MaTOByB) tiijHsny ero mna. Om nepe- 
(ipan HOTHy vacGBxm apycoMi HaBajieHHHa y ero hotb, h aa- 
leropBHecBH anA^u% bxb HexocraTBB. To 6iiJo <nia6jiOHHO>9 aro 
<TpBBianHO>, 910 <nepenoneHO TpecBoiii>... <Aa vf/b th Taaíe 
BKycB paaBHA, mob iipeBpacHag?> — BOCBJonHyn, Haaraeiir^ ohi 
o(^ftflVuiCB Ki Bapi. 

— Tu BHaeniB, a b^xb uozo noHHxaB) Mysuay) — OTBtrHja 
OBB, BpacH&i. 

— A BOTB 8Ty Ben^B^By th noemB, Pierre,— sairbTHJCBOÓJŠ- 
nBqeBib, ne o($paiqafl BHBMaHía na otb&ti Bapa b pasBepniBafl 
Ha usDuwrffb hotu:— HeMOioxaa bod^, ho ho xypaa. By^eniB? — 
BOBpocBTejBHO CBasajn ohi, o6paoiaflCB kb JlyBaBBHy. 

— noauuycra! — nonpocBJía Bapa. JyBBBBffb f&juhbo no- 
uoHBjca. Bapa oionua on poau a yciiaoB na OTBpHToe obho. 



Digiti^ed by VjOOQ IC 



48 racmn ibpoiih* 

Ona sxua. Bi osho bhxho 6»io m6o rjyóoioe h SBfaiKHoe. Hsi 
oaxa xoHocucs ciatinfi mopon xepeB&en h (SesiipeciaHHO aaiiB- 
paiDn^fi cojOBBHHiiit nocBHCTb. Osepo vh HeflCHOir& h saraxonom 
MepiVffiÍH yzoxHjo F& jiaiB, HesaiitTHO eiHBaacb ch leiiHOiofi. Baps 
nocMorpšja k& soMHaiy. B'b mojoihomi csMb JíBMWhj MpaMopnit 
npo^uB CMjšnHnieBa Buj/jbuMCB oeo6eHHo tohbo b ÓjaropoxHo; 
JlyBaBHHi cTOflXB MysecTBeHHO H npsKO xasi ÁHTBHOfi, H on 
ero xpacnaro jui^ bíuo lUKoft-To caMoyBipraHOft CBJíoft; Aies- 
dbŘ EopBOOBBTO saxyiiHHBO yronaji^B vh Bpeeii, Kasn^Hut h 
d^emsHt; noJBHS b itBÍiyiqift Sazapi EshEwrby cspeciBBi pym 
Ha tfpDiiiBi, cb jK)($onHTCTBOirB noriflxiiBajrb na JlysaBAHa..* 
Bxpyn pysH rpa^ Óucrpo npoHeciHCB no BjasHinairB b bejbe 
pOBJB, maiOBJUBoi fl coyraHHOi BepeHBi^efiy saat^iiBJucB bibbco- 
xofl BOMBaTli. Ho BertA*^ 8a hemb npoTBHyjacB Hoia, sHoftBaa m 
ne^ansafli h oóopaaia Hrb sBOBsoe jeneiaHLe, h MexmexuBo 
yracjra. <^to mob HteHaa, tto mob ]iBjafl>,— sanšn J[yxaBBHb| — 

Hto tu rjuxHiDB Ha ocesHin TynenBEH?.. 
* CHa^jB Te6i H^TB, HTO lesHmb tu, jHiuafl, 
PpycTHO noxfb me^KH cioxa cboh pyieBBSH... 

H Bapfl HO^BCTBOBaja, sarb ero rojoci, sBy^HHB h xanuž 
BBBtb 6apxaTb, cb THXofi orpaxofi Jibeicfl efi wh Mjmy. — <3, Barb 
xaBHO Hecxiixau b ify8iiBH>9— npoBSHecja ona csbobb fiesnoMoo^- 
Hyv yiHÓBy h ciesu y nefi saKHošíH. <& samen^y tboh) siys) 
Bpy9BHymBy> — iťbn JlyBaBHffb,— 

Cnj 7 BOFb y TBOBZB B HE nocTeuoiiiKy, 
nicHX) cnoK) npo lywBy-jiyTOByiiiKy, 
CEESsy cBimHyK) csaxy npo EMenaioKy... 

3azapi HBaHHTO nOKpyrBjrb fojobok) h ycMiiny^CB. Bapn, 
Fb Aocax^i OTMiTHja BTy ycM^niKy. <EMy, BpoMŠ CBoefi BHreHSHB- 
hoctb, na cb^ií HB^ero ne ]fBJ0>— noxyícaiaona. HoToruci^se 
satfiija H o cyntecTBOBanÍH Saxapa HBaHHna, h CHOBa saMepjia Bib 

HyTBOirb BHHMaBiH. n BBpaA^HBUe BByBH JBCROBO H H^HO laCTH- 

JHCB vh HeS, H npHHHsajH n en cepxnj ocioposHofi crpyttBofi, 

H HBBOXBJIH Ha HCO BasyiO-TO CJiaXByH) H niŠHBTeJbHyK) HCTOMy. 

<OiaHy B mxBTb pysofi eiy roj[OBy>,— npoxojsajii nerprb JlyBbs- 
nmn>j HBcnycKafl roioci xo bbbbxi-to HBHeMoraioqHxi hotob^, — 

ChH tu, MOTB, XBTflTKO, 6aHBBRH-6aK)IIIKH... 

A Baps CMfibjk jsB.vh OH'apoBaHHafl h^ xono bi nojiy-CHt, 
BpinBO H xpoBOSBO ej»Haia cbob pyBH. 



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Boizonsii BAPHmi. 49 

FiBOiiuBCB paHO. Ilpeaue Bcftx% pacsicB rpa^ nocii iAbim 
ero CBom cmío noMXRB km:b n waa&b h Tycsnui t&hh saópo- 
Aui no wo jansj. Okb Haun-<(juo iwyHhio ^MkanaÍK) xRuia 
1 ToponuBsna aKiopxaMi) nocieneHHo nepexoffBmiiifH n tocsih- 
Boe 1 OMtymnoe adi^g;io, ho oÓopBan my iff$mmio pfessiirB 
pecoHftBGOia H npocnuoi. 3a bems nooAxoBaiH x Apgrríe. 

Ho Bapi H6 xoiftjocL cnaTB. Ofla saBepHyiacB ke iubkl h 

nxo ooDua kb cax^. Bi ea ymaxi Boe eipe cioaja Mysiisa. 

Kttdi-io ueflCHHfl rpesH bubce ke es roiWBft b hohhoS bos^q^te 

bíue Ba Bee icynBMB. b TaBHCTBeBBHiiB cípyBMB. Bica^ aara- 

xo^aai leMBOia ee oÓciyBBia. B% Biot TeiiBort cMyrHrniB oiep- 

lamncB BOSBiunaiBCE x^Pobei, fiiBcnuo lepBoe oaqK) ke xpaiHOt 

lenoxBBaKBocxBy BHXBBraica jvpmaA ^^aciwE xoMa, xiBBBHft b 

BňoofnnApwBĚ^ lycaio b ipenento MepíMum bb&wi... H nosopxy 

(SpoxuB rtBB, nepenieraacE ke npBHyxjmBOMi B0Jie(SaBEÍ. HBorxa, 

BffE 6yxro BaBBi pyia npBBacaiacE ke raasaMS BapB: temb cry- 

qaiacE, tiasBÍft Bycn capoBB BiixasarE ceda toiebo ciafimitE, 

effa yjOBBMmrE mopoxoirE, xa ocoÓobbbk^e sasaioirE xojiqxboě 

bosboctb; owpiaBÍa bhoobbxs tiepen cnsaiBCE ce Be6oirE; osepo 

oÓjeiajuKSE MpaBOiTE... H lorxa oeoÓeHBO syrso ciaaoBBJOCE Bapi, 

■ oepxi^ ea ciy^aio cbiebo b nyruBO. HHorxa se T&n pasxBB- 

raiBCE xexiBienBO b crpaBBO, iípaB:E pix^krE, Boxa xaiexo yxo- 

ffiia KE rjyfii hou, tiepesH BOXimaiBCE acBmiB BOBiypaMB^ b 

isjjOL CBpesB pÍ8B0 o6o8BaiajBCE Ba CBfleft TeMBori. 

Bapa CE fioasiBBOfl ocioposBocrEio nepeciynaia no xoposst. 
Obb nxh ÚjKto onacajueE ebocib xp^ory ke oiote BanpBBBHft 
idpE TÍBoB, Becummo CB0JIE8BBBIBXI BoapyPE Bea b ciobho npa- 
xacamoBzea vb ea aaify leraairE b npĎxngqBODCE npBBOCHOBeBÍeM^E. 
Slq^^rE sByiBHft BxecBi bojohi paaxEJicfl y ea Bor%. Oaa ciaóo 
BcqMorayia b orcryinua, oruBysniBCE no BanpaBjeHÍi) ke xoxy. 
TaxE BCBO B poBBo Fop&ia cbíu KEea BOMBaii. TorxaoBB ne- 
BoiEHO ycxftzByjacE b ocxaBOBBjacE BaKE BBonanaaa. H xysuBa 
CBOBa HanoiBBJía ea cayzE. 3ByBB poaia npBHyxaaBO iiiniaracE 
CE jApEsaa b oxBOO^pasBHHx BJieoBaBien osepa, ce HeacamcE 
i^eiaHEem jmciEeKE, senpecianBO 6yxBBniflirE lyrspo TeMHOiy, 

I B^ SaBOITE-TO CBaSOHBOK^E COlOTaBÍB BOCBIBCE BOSpyTE BOfl, BA- 

HBiH ee Byxa-TO, nepenoinaiB see ea cynsficrw TaBHEDCE b cia- 
wamurE lOMieHieirE... H OBa a&axBo BCXjrniBBajiacE ke btoite 
HeacHafl npBSiiRE. Giorao saxía lapu jiacBOBOft b MexníejiEnoi 
crpjeao BJBBaiBCE ke ea xymy b noBopraaB ee KECxyrBiii cobi. 
H xoiro ona croaja Ba Óepery osepa, BÍMaa, BenoxBHausuui, 
BHax&rexEBaa. HBorxa ett sasajiocE, ^lo BpeiieBB bo cyn^eciByerE, 

Tom lY.— Ink, 1868. 4 



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60 VBnwBVb npoHH« 

9T0 Wh npocrpEHCTBi HeyjoBBMo HoeflTCfl npHspaBfl, h ^to ona caica 
REKB 6yxT0 TMerh h npeepan^aercfl Bsnprapan, fotobhS yjei^n 
vh BTO (kíBBOHeiHoe npocTpaBCTBO. H B^pyn aem npmcxyvEUM 
Kb ea ropjy, eepme tocbihbo csHMajocK, eft xorbjoc^ &bMBXb 
0iCH>xa| BHA^Tb JDxeS, cjnnnaiB neiOBi^eciiĚ rojioci... Ho Torxa 
sasafl-TO erpyna SBynaia chjbho h njťJ^HHiejifcHo h sanymaja bto 
crpeiiJieHie h Bínpň cioajia aaRi opBBOBaHHaa, 6e8QOMoqHO oixa- 
BaflCb sanopy ToicEiejBHiirB HenraHifi h BBysoBi, irbpHiixb m 
TaHBCTBeHHHx^B, BasB moHorB BaKiiie($Haro saroBopa. 

H ^MiXftJBine, tím^b ^an^e BHcrynajis vnT^UEtna CBáBHHt, 
crpyHHHt BByrB. Ohi^ SBertn Bas^ Óyxio oco6o on lixib, iio 
TOJmHJOicB B% roioBi BapB, h— tó npepusajicfl, paBCHnaacB moji- 
Kofl ipeAH) B yHHJO noracas, to BosHBBaji chobb, cmím h 
cairoyBipeHflo. H no K%pi tofo^ Baai oitb ycHjHBaicji— hih[ih 
Basi (SyxTO ynjuiBajiH otb Bapn, cohi ee noBBxaji^B, rpeas oue- 
TaiB OTB HOfl BaffB HonuB nraipi, BcrpeBoaseHHHB bpbhmb (Jie- 
CBoiTB colB^a. HaBOHei](^y ona pa3o6pajia 8Ton BjacTBieuHidl 

SByS^B — 8T0 6lIJI'B BOJOBOJB^HBl. Bl AUOBOITB HOJÍ ITO-TO %X&n. 

Torsa Bapa rjyÓOBO BSAOznyjia b MeMeiHO nonm bb aouj. 
Easaa-To cja6ocTB OBJíax^sajia eio, v6sho yroHJUia uobh. 

Ho Borxa ona jerjia, eoHi se cxoxbjtb vl seS. Ona xyMaia 
rpa^i o ero pasFOBopaxi, nojiHfixi Batot-TO npB^x^raBOtt npe- 
lecTB /E crpaHHiixi sasi ^HraciBHecBaa cBassa. npexcrasjuiia 
ce6i ero jihiio, flsn^HnBoe h neujiBHoe... H chobb BasaB-ro za- 
JKOCTB npospajacB vb ea cepfjsfi. Hotoitb JlysaBBHi npcHnejiB b^ 
ea Boo6pas^B BpacBBHMB, ho xoioxHiurB b HeasnepecHiiMB ch- 
lyaiOMB. A sartiTB osa BcnoMHBJía o TyroxxflH^. H odbtb bio 
BocnoMBHaHÍe ne orosBajrocB bb nefl npesHBMi oiiQrii^eHieirB... 
GaMHi o6paBB TyrojKioíHa bbbb 6yxT0 norycBsAjťB h noBBHJca xe- 
nepB nepex^ Bapeft wh Basaxi-TO nepesB-iyprB y»e npocmxi h 
tfyXHHiHiirB OHepraHÍaxB. ^yma ea ae psaiacB bb Heny, cepAH^e 
He saHHpajio bb ÓiaseHHOfi ipesort. OHaxyHaia o Hen^B cnoBotno 
H cyxo. Jl^aja uapyoiCHO, eciB moskho tbkb BupasBTBCfl, ne yrjy6- 
JBBCB vh cyiBi He aaajiBSBpyfl, cb aaBofi-TO HeBOJBHoft octc^s- 
HOCTBK), nesair&THoft x^a ceóa caxofi, MBHya rt crpynu, BOiopia 
Mom 6u BByiíaTB crpaciHO h Óesnosofino. Jl^yiiaja o tomb, Kam 
ona HO^xeiB hb BypcH, BufixerB 8a nero saifyjKB, 6yA6TB yae 
fle BouoHCBaa, a Bapeapa ÁMKCnteena TymoAMuna (ona xuse 
npoBBHecjia bio rpoMBO, h ocxajacB xoBOJiBHa 8By«iH0crBK> npoHa- 
HomeHia). ^ajBme mhcxb ea o6piiBajHCB. H BxpyrB ei cx^aajiccb 
CByBHO. Torxa ona ohatb BoofipasHja cetfš 6ii&xHaro Mameu^ <» 
ero piqaMB, CTpaHHO BJliflH)^^lMB hb nepBu. Sbiími BcnoxHEJia 



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BouoBOKiji Bmmu. 51 

o Ton, nsB eo^e mhofo eysHo eft DpontaTB h <ociiiicj[htb> wh 
npouraHHaro. «Totoq ypou!*— noxyifajia osa, h cšpenbBaH raMHa^ 
snecsafl jshbbb npexcrajia npe;irB Heio. — ^Yi^jvh rocn — satiiycík 
Tor9>— pimHia ona h na aroici pimemH sacHyia. 



Ha yxpo Bapa npocHyjacB o^en oosxho. FojOBa ea 6uxk 

BÍCBOIBBO TBBCeia H MBCJIH CMyTHU. CoJlEUfi npOHBSaJlO H3!E-8a 

XpanpH. Bi pacnaxHyroe obho BJiHBajicB ji^mncsui BOSjQrrB. Ha- 
xesxa npHÚHpaja BOMHaiy. Bapa cnpocHJia y nefii vfíb rocni. 
Osasaiocii, no JlyBaBHHi n Ajesc^eirB BopacoBHiem h 3axa- 
pox% HBamnem ytzajni fb noje (<naná vh no AU — He^OB^p- 
nB# BOCBjniBHyjia Bapa)... rpaýi se toubo-yto BKimejTB h le- 
flepB CHxbn Ha tfajnsoBt. 

Bapa noen^niHO ox^aeB h bhhub vb rpa^y. Owh pasc&raHO 
DBpeJHcniBajrB Mbibtohobi «Fafl» cb BejiHBOJiiiiHUMH pncynsaiíH 
^ope B ciy9aB>n^BKB mnnom oÓboxbjtl OBpecTHOCTB. RpacHutt 
meiKOBnfl niaTOKB Be6pesno noBastiBajrB eronieB)| orpaaKaacB na 
m^ HisHmrB h npoBpa^HuirB pyMaHi](eirL. 

npB BZ0A% BapB owh osHBBJKCfl B noBeceji&TB. 

O9 BBKB Tfi CJiaBHO CnBDIB, MOB OpeJieCTBy— •CBasaXB OHBy 

q^&iiBO it&;iyfl ea pysa. 

— fl XOJro ne cnajia ch Bewpa, — onpaBxuBajiacB Bapa, h 
CB (SesaoBOflCTBOMx nocMorpija na mnp rpaýa.— Tu ae 6ojíewb? 
— cnpocBiaoHa. 

— Ax'B, Borxa se a ÓSBaio «He dojLewh^j — c% neiajiBHOft ycitini- 
Boi BOBpasBJTB rpa^, — HBBorxa. H th sHaeniBy htó crpanno: 6o* 

jfeHH KB CyH^BOCTB HBBBBOft H^TB,-— BCe Bl UOpaXB^; B BM^CTÍ — 

Bee <Se9CEJBH0, pacmaTaHO, BcrepsaHO... ?to x^mtBi HBjíaB, mu 
bíxb cnniBOiťB ncronopoxHH. Tu npocMorpa ÚapzaTHya) BHary: 

COTHH jAvh H HB yBI^B SAOpOBOft A6M0BpaTflHeCB0fl BpOBH!.. To 

yftuusaeMi zasa BaiieBaTUMB pi^aiiH, to crpoiBirB Cynara fb 
DOcojacBoi mlSib, to noeirB o6íxbh) ci HBaHOifi rposHUMi^ to 
ofy^aeuca HayaairB kb Hiuei^Boft seicjrt, b npoauiraeMtB butobb 
B& IlapBsi... Hfl OAHOt BaniB paóoqefi bpobbI.. Hb oahofo <Me- 
MULiBaHca«, BOTopuft ofiHOBHJTBÓu Haci!.. Ob HesanaMaTHuzi lí^ 
annyn OÓJiimni^eBu,— saq^ fb rojiOBy, fb asuKB, vh Hora— 
OHUKBO xecffEBx^rift cBoiBBBBBiia no napBery,— SBByrB fb HepBu, 
■o HBBorffk FB Myosyiu!.. H botb lenepB uosere noJH)6oBaTBcay 

BREaHyj% CBOH pyBH H CHOBa CIOSHJrB HZl^ MaJlifiBiee BOl- 

■eme npHBOxnB uesa fb ;(posB... Borxa a FBnepaut panyBE- 
)pj!B PmrB— a luaBaii bbkb pe($eH0KB; fb ýpaaii^yacBiA naiaTi 

4* 



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52 BMmrb isřoiu. 

xenyraTora co m hoB ^Ytb Hciepua ae CA^iajacB, — iipa^x^t b% 
TO BpeMfl roBopBJKi FaifÓeTTa...— H, XOÓtESjn^ ycMŠxaacB: — 90%^ 
orqero Moa BejiHSorinHafl lutiíaina He coienuacB n Ajmuůovb 
JlyBaBHHKiml 

— BoTL eciHÓEi ona ycrazaja lefis,— saiiiTHia Bapi. 

— ?T0 se Torxa? — iiponsHecB rpa^, c% HacntnuHBOfi bek- 
xaTeiBHOCTBio oocMorp^Bi Ha Bapn. 

— RaiTB ^1 — no Bceft b^pobteocth Ha ciieHy BHCiynHn 6u 

CHHpTB.** 

— Tu xyMaeniB? — npaTBHyxB ohi, h Heonpex^eHHO yjra6- 
Hyjica. 

— A SBBa MaTB Ilexpa JlyusEuia? — cnpocua Bapi, hí- 
cxoJBBO CMynteHHafl arofi yinÓKofi. 

— A lefifl 8T0 HHiepecyerB?.. O, Bp&HBa Ban JOMOBafl jo- 
maxB, H rociefi cbohtb BCTpiqaerB (Šochbomx, — y Hei, bhxhhib n^ 
«najBi;H np^Km*. BapoieirB ee BunycBaH>n tojbbo kb xMctbh- 
TejBHO CTaTCBH]i'By — CB reHepajaxH bochehhh ona HOBOSMOsHa: 
CUmBOlTB JXh nHXTHT*B... A x^BcTBHTenHiie ciaTCBie cob^thhbh 
CHH efi pasraxusaiorBý pysH y neS i^jyiOTB, h ona o^chb xo- 
Bonna. 

— OxHaBO, BasoB ra sjofi, MamejBl H cb Basoft CTaie sas- 
Hiie j[K>AH tiyxyn yHHsaTBca nepexB JlyBaBHHum, — npEsnaBcH, 
BJIXB 9T0 y Te6fl poor passer le temps Biimio? 

O, HaBBHOCTB TEI MOfll Jífl, AftBflO JU TU CB FetfpHXCBHX^B 

ocrpoBOFB?.. Majo Toro — chh pasraAUBaiorB, caii^B coÓCTBeHHHini 

CBOHMH OiaMH BHAÍJTB, BBBl CjtheKUb Vb JKOBT^ B Vb 8BÍ8X^ 

npaBxa cTaHHciaBCBoft — JlyBBBHy my6y noxaBan... UpejiecTB th 
xofli xft pasB^ se iiii He ZBaTHja pesojuDipoHHiixi noHSTit... 
égalité, noMHiyftl.. Mh ne tojbbo myfiy, ioctb cbod npenoxHe- 
ceiTB ero crenencTBy, jhhib 6u... O, bbbi bto rHycHO, oxnaBosil — 
BHesanHO xo($aBHjrB osb cb aposbk) vh rojioci. 

Jl^eHB 6un xymeH^ CojiHiie najiKio ÓessaiocTHo. Ha (JanoH^ 
craHOBHaocB hobiihochmo sapBO. Fpa^rB h Bapa nepemjiH kb ro- 
CTHHyK). Taní 6ujíO npouaxHO. IIlHpoBifl iiapBBBS bbcjiohbjih oana. 
numHHfl pacieHífl pacopocrpanajiH xynncTyK) BJiary. OÓAnBínewh 
CHOBa pacnojosHJCfl oeoio poajia h nonpocHXB BapB> ctoB oboio 
Hero. Ě OHBTB OHI saroBopHJii HeyifOJBas. H ohiitb ero piU| 
npnqyxJiHBo HSiiŠHBflCB Vb TOHŠ h BupaseHÍH, BaBi-TO crpaHHo 
crajia x^ficTBOBaTB na BapK>, h rpycrno ett 6hjo, h zopomo, h 
ne Vb cHjai^B ona 6iua otopbbtbcb otb JHita rpa^a, na BOTopom 
TpeneiHO JOffim iíhh BasTycoRB b sea^pipfi, cxoBBnrarB y OBBa, 
H— o ^eu7> 6u HH noxyifEjia ona, npexcraBajo npe^B neft bi aa- 



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Bouoiesa Biřamu. 63 

BOm-IO HHOITB, 0C0((JÍHB0M!&, OCB%IIteBÍff, ÝaBTacTH^ecKoir& H He- 

zcmwhj cjioBHO CBBOSb ysop^aTHfl creBJía crapesHaro H'fiMeitBaro 
€ol$opa... 

— CípaHHoe 8X0 a^jio — BHpoAHBmiĚca lejiOBŠBi! — roBopHJ& 
(MjdnHqeBi: — oke Hecer& bi ce0% HxeH B^xa, nosHanifl b^jul, 
Bpaxnm nox^b hus, Hsnaoraeni ho Hecen... Gepxite ero Hyrso, 
tw/bcih ^íyrwk, o oepBgn roBopaiB neiero... H HHKOMy-ro ojs% 
BB wfMBWhy BWMOwf ^0 Hero vŠTh f/bM... Th He BOcŇSpasajia 
upriHy, — ^yxoBn^Haa MannHa-HCTopix xaian ce6% no ^ejiOB^- 
<recBiMi cmíHaMi, nocpexi oxamfi h MynTeiKHBX% CTenaHifi... H 
ÓiaropasyifHiifi jik>xb yiiHenBO ctopohhtcb on Het, Topryen, 
AMfinn, njoxHTCfl, njunnen, icrhy men^ pacniBaerrB poMaHCBi na 
loiiBi aprěs noi» le déluge... Ho cniipz 6e8JKaiocTHHn isojiecB, 
pgpmta. lojmy, paspoBann b cepxite nyrsaro ^eiOBi^Ba. PopEn 
ero eepxi^e... H botl orb, xijnifi, xpymúft, HepBrafi— XBaTaeica 
iAffnuMZ pyiaxi 8a ysacHHfl cnn^u, u cuircfl oeraHOBHTB rjiy- 
upo rpoxmpray, HanpaBHTB ee aa HHofi nyn, vfjb 6u ee 6eijio 
9iol ÓeBBOHOTHoi noAcnjUB H8!B ^ejioBftiecxaro Miea... fl botb 
lacio Bisy ero, btofo lyrsaro leioBtea. Pyai saMepsiH, cyxo- 
posHo oxBaTHBaa sei^HHii oojioca; ni^o HCsaseHO HéEsiacHi* 
vma onaflHÍeMtB; xpyosoe tíio rHeica, n roroBO pasSirBca u 
iuapicííhrB nox> TBsecTbX) HcnojHEcuro Boieca...O, »Ton ipecsi 
Boeief wjiOB^ioeBBXi, xax% oh^b ysaceni! 

— Ho pasBi me toxbbo oxhí xpynicifl pyxH XBaTaDiM 8a bth 
cmípí, MHjnit? H pasBi HynopTB bi omowh «BHpoxHBiiieMCi» 
fejOB^BÍ? — THxo npepBBaja ero Bapa. 

— Bi HeicL oxHoiTB, — pbmHTejiLBO roBopHji rpa^y—iTotfii 
tfpocaTica noKh BOJieca, 8a6iiBai c^acne, zhbhb, jnoboBB, coíHi^e, 
— HysHO 6im 6onHiiirB IIIujiepoiirB, a ne baopobhitb Feie. 
lÍEiaa MOfl, 9X0poBiift ^ejiOBbn ho 6pocaeica— ohi npHcnoooOjfflercfl. 
Ero HepBH ne oxojfaon, y nero ho BaropHTca cepxi^e HenpecraH- 
Hol, HeynxaK»i(eft 6ojbK>... 

— H <iyTRÍ6» Be noGftxBTB?— cnpamiiBajni Bapa. 

— HflBorxiu Vf/í aHTHxona nodis^aia larpa? «3a xhamb 
BjfjTb XHH, Hxen 8a foxoitb roxi» — b bÍ^ho TopateciByen, Moa 
Bpejecn, oxbkb ■ totb se npEHiuiirB — npiHi^nrB BpasxUi chjiii, 

Modu: 

.-E OyxTo rxi^TO 4i saieiMifli bi ucpi xaiBHem— 
Bce TOTL se ryxB, Bce totb se niecsi BaiovB 
B&yh cMUCJia, Óesi eoeub^ ne bhaho 6eperoB'B... 
HiL CyxTO rpesy a bo chí Óesi npoóysxeHBa, 
H xiHBHiii pflX'B 6icoBi> MHTercfl npexo mhoí: 
^nrypH xhkíi, Taseiaro rcmieubA 



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54; B«ffin!b BiroBH. 

H 8io6h nuiHiu, Bpawyx nesl co6oi, 

Bl 6e3BIIXOXHOfi H ÓeSBOHeHHOfi cxbetkí 

BoiHyBTCii, spH^Tb H TB6RjTb B% Óesnopflxst. 
H TaEi 8^ roAOMi roAi exotb, sa bíboms bíki, 
H XiuneTi npoBSBOjr&i h móHerb neioBisi. 

— Ho saBi 9T0 neMABHO, — iipoMoerajia x^ymBa, ■ Bfffn 
BaBafl*TO Tpeaias h 6oxpm crpya Boc^yjacb oi : ooa BcnoioDua o 
TyTOMUBwk—uo TU npeysejiiraiBaeinS) tu 6aieH^— BOCBjnsiyja 
OHft B n^BH ea buuijuíjih, — Ha cbítí bobob se TasB rpycno, i 
BOBce flin Tasoro fesyiiHare niMMOopexiiemiL.. A ne 8Ha» — 

HO Wh BBWb nVb MHOfO HBXeSXIb, TBBS MHOTO CB^UarO... 

-^ Axx, BUMi npejecTb, a ne Hiribo lyvHim o^esi) vo6b 
Me^iaTB oOh ApsajUH) — cb híkotopsutb HeyxoaoucxMeirB nepe- 
6Bn ee rpa^, — h npflTOMiy ^ib moh Me^rami? Tu 8alclfaJU^ 
Ha^ DHHiHiiirB saBaTomi — Borxa hthi^i nofon, npoBOi&ai cB^Tiafi 
XOHB, H xepeBBfl jene^yTBy lavB tfyAio npoHSHooa: «Ont Nacbtí 
gut Nacht!» — ■ Bjipyrb HeosexaHHO BCiaerB 6poH80B06 oÓJiaio n 
OMpa^aerob pyManuĚ Beiepi, i spoinmb aeiuB) TeniHm cjiesaiiH... 
PasB^ nnipi saMOJsau; pasB^ x^bbb nepecraaaiH jeseTin?.. 
A ^o HyzxH, eciB bi tbok) xymyi bmíctí ci o((jasoirB| moipnr 
jacB jersaB t^Ihb h HaBOASJUi Ha leÓM rpycTB h těasl Tetíb tfojo 
HHHiHaFO saisaTa... 3aBTpa tu chobb BcraHomB tfoxpai h CB&aaH*.. 
A o6jiaBO... o6jiaxO| moh MHjaBi xbbho yz^B paciaaio ■ paaiuoa 
Bi ciesan... 

H Bxpyn QE% cnpocHM Bap»: 

— Tu Jiv)6nMy syBHHa? 

Baps BcnuzHyjia xo Ropnet boaoob h HpoMOjnaja. Ho O&ii- 
HHiiieBB H ne sxan ottb nea orstou obi bsaji xnHHHfi h oe- 

HaiBHHS BBBOpXB H HpHBOCHyíCfl JIBI](OM% Z% BJaBflfflaiTB. 

— JI jnoÓBn, — MevMHo csasan oh%, BHDfamiflBCB, h oo- 

BTOpBXB, SaS^B 6u BXyMHBaflCB Bl CBOB CBOBB: *^ B J[B)6Bn«.. — 
BBTÍMI OffB COCpeXOTO^eHHO B TOCBJBBO OOCMOTp&U BS KOODpe- 

X^aeBHoe npocrpaBoio. Ha ero rjasaxi sa&ieiaiijB ejieau. 

— PascBasHy — Hponenrajia Bapa^ jmcbobo sorjiasBBi ero 
pysy: — pascsasH, moI mbihA... Tedi ^yxen jene. 

Obi ci fijaroxapHOciBB) ooeiiorpin aa see, a, HeiiHoro ho-- 
Moanaai, aaiaji: 

— 9x0 (dijio H6 sfUch. Mh sBHOBaia bi . SKeneBi. A tojibbo- 
vro BHmeji asi aopnyca a OTXHzajrE. To-ecTB, uwb roBopajH, 
^TO a OTXHxaiXy — vh cyniaocTa a asofipasaxb cbobmb Hepsami 
cspansy, no Boropoft pasryjaBan ciiiiieB^B rpa^^HHa... Ho aro bs 
CTopoHy. Bce-TasB 6uio aecaio. Maonan xohb a bohb pascysxaja^ 



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BOSOIOEif BiPHDU. 55 

mxh saum eojeowh noffob nesa vb crtn; npvMipHBua ha 
xeu H MyBffqvi nocoxBCRaro iDHmt, h rBapAeficBifi, h Bocrai^in, h 
apzeorpa^B^ecBifi hsi Bioporo arxí^ema... Ho b<b aHipasTax^B s 
ten €Bo6ojífiB% H HaxopxHHSB Moi npinrajcfl isokl eojljidkj. Y 
VĚCÍ ůujio BHaBOHerao. Buih xb£ ipH rettepajBnui, AObojibho co- 
mmnejthMOŘ nopoxB, ho o^en ({orarsia (offea, Biipo^éMi, ^o- 
oIxasiH qmfeHH OBasaiacB niTtécB-RanBiaBinet); 6iMa oxHa rpa- 
#Kui CB iBqoiTB, nopasHiexBBO BanoBfflBaBminrB CynuBy H»-noxB 
mttfnaHCBarOy h cb xoiepBK) crpotHofi b npoHBBiejiBHofi, bbvb 
ynecsafl mBa; 6un cn^H^en-ceBaciopB, jieiBBiniftai otb cobjb- 
BoeiH, ojioJ^Basoiet ero npv bbx:6 apacearo cyRHa— juDÓonarHoe 
Bi^paniefiie BSBicTearo ^BBioioin^eesaro ^MiBTa, ^a&lH>xaella^o npB 
JOpyroiTB ciyHa*!; Óbjtb npexBOAflien ABopBBCTBai HenoM^peo rjiyniifi 
B TOMcaňy Bo oxHaso se OTiaiEB^ttnrifi nÓepaxB... BnpoieirB, bos- 
lyn JB XeaeBH bjiímb na HacB, ho wk uu jafiepajiBHBUJiB sa 

BpOIHLiyB^. — n WFhCpefM BaCB-IO HOBBJUlJiaCB OAHB A'ÍByniBa. ^M 

Te6i CBasaTB o Hel?*- Osa bbbofwi ho JEBÓopaiBnanajia. Osa ro- 
BopBja rjy6oBBX!B, ropraHBHiiB fojiocokb b BHorxa ii&ia. JIhi^o 
y Bel (Sfsuo CMyrioe h HeasucsBiio ropxoe. IIoMmO) saBfB boí 

HJWTBXaiB npB Heft B OCTOpOSHO BiAyMFBaJIBCB B% CIOBa, — ^f 

paajjffterefl, ne icbouLio wn npesaiB bíihhb riynocni... Bon 
B Bce. Ho a ysacHO noxnŮBXh ee. S. 6pexBJB eio. Borxa ona 
foBaia ý HacB, a ne oboabu ob Hea BsrjBxa. Ji yraxnBajiB me* 
lecTB ea TeMHaro nmiBa BHorxa sa xbí^ sa ipa BOKHais. Ho 
OBE, BOHe^Ho, HO saiii^aia Hena. ^ saifiiajia jb osa Boro? — 
Obe 6Hja, xasB i^ijmiia) HeAOCryiiBa. 

— Ho pasB ona HepecTaaa 6uBaTB bb HameirB ffoA. Upa- 
iBHa ysacBO bcítb nopasBja. Evb Pooda opaHUB HecjrazaHOiia, 
noTpacaB>oúa bíctb... HaorB salcm B^pyn sasB-io hpbbbbb b 
KMeHTaiBHO yrparaiB j^Hxepcsoe CBoe oůjume. noMBK), rpa- 
^BBa Bte xoflua, npeoxoifoaa Boraeaieyno Bam^ CB^TaoB aaj^ 
třh BIA01IB fla roiy6oe oeepo, b, hocbxbbb nesa bb hobbqíh), 
BasBxaaa. Be^epom iipacrynan kb xetSaraiiB. H botb bo Bpeaui 
a r arvt o xetiaiOBB nepBHfi pasB nORasaia aama ivtpHqa cbob 
aBBBBHe BorxB* OttBftia raa aueB-6yAio aayMBjacB, Rorxa reae- 
pannia, -- la caMaa, Boropaa osasaiac^ BHOCi^ActBÍfl BpeiieHB 
HiTa6cB-BaiiBiiaHiBeSi-^BpyT0 HOBoporyjia ^poHiB, a cb oo^BcneH* 
HfiMB BdXDzoMB nomByaa apeMesa rpa^ BeaBeaxop^a* Ho Borxa 
aecB salon noxxBaTBJB aiOTB bbxoxXi Borxa bcí otb ai^Mmaie 
BOiBBOxyiupii coftma b sazietfiiBaaeB ;Q>yFB nepevB xpyrowbj craia 
BBifystEB CBOB soAmoma lyBeisa — 6e8B BcasBXB yase Baptfo* 



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56 nonm ibfoib. 

HapCBiz^ njuuitei i^iriftcnrE manoBi, — ora Beesaimo bctue 
H... ynunti HaxiieHiio noxsan roioBy,..— Okb saifomn. 

— H Bce? — cnpocua Baps. 

— H Bce, H HirBy— Bimojniijn rpa^,— a yae (Joxie He bi- 
xajTL ee. JI titoui no XeneBi, Hcsani pascnpamraan— Boe 6uo 
HiapacHO. IIpomexE roxB. <& Top^an bi MaxpHii bi wnecrA 
<iiI»YHejeHHaro>... H qxho Bpeiu yssan o m CBaxBtft. SeHin 
tfnn MOjioxi, ($oraTB, Hirikn nojroseHie, csani... Ka8ajioc&, Boe 
owwnuůch (Sjaronojyno. H aartm Boe saHyjo san n BOxy. 
SHaeniB) toiho saiieHB: yiapircS) BSBMHyen CBÍTiyK> noBepx- 
HOCTB... n cHwa THxo, H TOXBBO xaieio, ffneto orpajseHHas Bojma 
uecHeica vh coHHBft depem h paaeinijeTci sbohbhiir ůpsekěmm. 

— H BCe? . 

— O, sin. SI re&b ne 6yxy paseBasnBaiB, xaKB s passiH- 
uBaji MOK) i^apHiQr, sas^B BOoCpasan ee q^exa neieHOKB, m 
6ecbfíb c^h noB^pom, kb panroBopan ch npa^mfi... 00b dioiTB 
Te(% pascsasen Felhie. — Ho se ocoÓmBO xaBHO a. ysnan o net: 
rpa^HHfl CB aiopaxHoft yiadsíM noxaia mA nuieiy. <Bon xo 
vero xoBOXHTB BBCAeHTpHTOocTB, rpa^», — npoHBBecja osa, bhximo 
noxpaayifftBaa Hexyra TBoero noBopHMmarp CájtE... BixHas 
maman, ona HasHBaerB bto BxciieHTpnHOCTBD! Ho a oe cnopm 
CB Hely— a Bftx^ He nory e% nei cnopHTB, -*- a uŘoArh^ xoitd 

SHJTB KB Hflipti, AOXIX>... Ho 8T0) BHpOWlf^B, HO BBTepeÓlO. Osa 

npoM^aaacB no nanieMy tfesnyrHoxy netfocEioHyy ocjri&mrexBHOt 
8Bfoxw> H ipara^ecBH yracia. 

— Ho sa iTo se? — kb yauuA cnpoeaja Bapa. 

-r- 3a <BKC]](eHTpHTOOCTB>, Moa npeieciB, — ropBKO caasan 
rpa^y H cnycTfl H^iHoro npoxoisaxB:— noioirB a yBHaaan noxpo6- 
HooíH... niaFB ga maroiTB BOsciaHOBiajrB crpaHHyK) shshb btoI 
xisymEH— a ne Hopy HasBBaTB ee madame— n, aHaemB, n leny 
a npHmejTB, Moa HeHariaxBaa: 6es% TparH^ecBoi boih ara xhbhb 
He 6uM 6u nona. 9m Hora aai^ dyKio raimy co5oft xonoa* 
Hua. Hnaie 6Hja 6u tpyxoaaa, M^qaHcaaa npoea, (fen aeiaw, 
0e9B repoĚDTBa... Bootfpam Poveo h JH^myjaeiy n tfiaronoiynoirB 
coaurrÍH hjb Oibuo, ospyseHaaro aapanysiBaMH... CjonnaoitB 
MHoro npoBHl.. A lenepB botb sBynn Bra ranná Kymj aexesa- 
ntHiTB coBByvem, i ciovrB npexo nnot voa i^apvica n xraHOirB 
rHÍBi, a a ne ciiík> ee jh)0htb, cmíh> toxmo (foroTBopiTB ee, 
np»iOHaTBca nepe/pB Hen... 

— Kára ee SBan?— aipocna Bapa, ^Bcraya, ^io btb cxix^ 
sa caoBaifH rpa^ a bi ea fyuA BOBHanen CBfaosapHsit o(ffavB 
BejiaiaBofi a saraxonoft sennpími. 



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BOJZ0IOKáI BiFHmHfl. 57 

dbn Ha nóypen. 

— BoTB nociymaS: s nomnuci SByBUui BsoÓpasuB drj 
MMOBh^ — npoBBHeci OHI. — Ho He oauix&fi iero*HH6yAL caMocroa- 
leiuart, o, Kbrh... Tu SHaeniB, y uewí nin BOMnodHropcsaro 
laiuia, Htin opiriHaiBHOCTH, a xo^y cxasaTB, y Hena ecTB tojbibo 
nycs, la <^yTBOCTb>, koh Hpejiecn*, — ohi rpycrao BSAOXHyjrb, — 
910 xímtb, m*lle Baaxiona, no doeft B^poarHOcni, nportBajia ^aa 
Moero posxeHifl bo^ 6ajarypcTBÍ c& reppom BarRqM)irB| h Bon to- 
nep^ cysxeHO msA^ tí^XHOiiy, BusmafTE aneuncHmi... 3HaemB 
lan Bi HTaxiH, — Tam ho wcrkn htb, a npocio oocyn h 6po- 
enm. H lan ne osHff^fi opHTHHanHoeTH. Ho npe«xe cooÓnQr 
reňib leBcn: <Hh oxHofi ipoBOSfioB xyMii Ha jiynA, He(k> CHne. 
Dik cepmb ropHTB jintioBL. GojioBBHHafl nicHH HuAvierB piv^s* 
HUS rpe8E[>*«* 

H OHI npHBOCHyjicfl re sjíaBEmairL. Poan saH&i^B. Fpaiuos* 
HHe BByBH ch Beoejiot (teBiurreaBHOCTEK) otfeiynHjn BapH>. Ona 
pastfiipaia epexH hhxi hto-to SHaKoxoe, v/íb^ cjraniaHHoe) ho 

810 BHaSOMOe CípyHJlOCB eXBa 'sanfoRO H, CJIHBaiCB cb hobhmh 

sBysaMHy njHiocB kb Baiom-ro bchomi h CBŠaseHi ooiefaHhi. 
BootfpaseHÍH) BapH npexcraBJífljíacB (SepeaoBaa poniai nacRBOSB 
npoHHBaHHaH coanemiirB 6«eB0irB, Beoejioe KenKanie xymHcniXB 
neneRB, ooJOBBHHaa lAmsí saifHpaieHDqafl n orxaieHB^, apsas se- 
aeHB lyra... Ho Bxpyn xaisafl-TO tíhb CMyTHO naBHcxa HaxfBnefi- 
saseMx.— <06iaB0?> — noxyifaja Bapa, h orqeuHBO yBHAam, xaB*B 
norycKHliH gtboju (Sepen h ucnen ruHei^ ch ueSBHxi n- 
cnyooBi... CkuoBefi BaMOJO^... Ona BCjynaMCB. Gb&tjho SBysn 
cnoaaH, oiciynajH Byxa-ro, Horacan cb po(teofi ToponjUBOCTBi). 
H BHOsanHO vb sasott-TO CMyrHoS ffijtuí boshhbi neBapasEKO ne- 

ttXBHSf H XMríi CTOHl. Oh BaS^OS MHHyTOfi OWh HpHtfjIHZaiCI, 

ORBOotfparao noBtmaacB) h BMeTHrexBHO BiirtcHajrB hxhjuík). IIo- 
cAwsnM Bep^nqa rpaipomm botobi (fesnopaxovHinrB ysopom^ 
BKiac» oHoao Hero b kb cMyn^eHúi pasCpenuracL. H ch xasxoi 
nByrol ston CKopOHiift BByn Bce 60 Ae h Úojňe npotfysxaJTB 
BB Btpi BaBÍB-T0 TMjdomi BoenoiiVBaHÍB. — <fifi %T0 se oto?>-^ 
xynuia ona m TOCUBBom nexoyiiŠHiH. Bxpyra kothrb sasByiajn 
ouBHO m ymio. 7 BapH xan-ro paxociHO ysajio capxqe: ona 
yraxaia ero. — <Kan 9to xopoDH)!> npomeniajia oHa, h cMax- 
Byja cxeBii. 

— Ts 6iiia Ha Boxrft? — roBopan OÓjAunůifiMj — x^hb 
S191ÍÍ H xj^nrauft. PaciajieHHiil Boaxyxi HenoxBHSOBB. Pisa n 
HeBOwyTHMOifB HOBoft yxoxHTB B% fjuh. Hec^HsiB omeiH apBO 



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58 

miBxAugPhj u HHx% pvaicH CHxm mwsfa. Tain h em ffbsixm 
napyca, noEuiBinie kb cobhoitb ESHeMoaseHis... Bee tbxo. H Bxpjm 
vh mošMEĚ BOBxyirb iockum ^katerai fiicHa: 

drb, seieBaa cama noixerB!.. 

H yHBiJioe Hacrpoesie ozbubbmtb leófl, h ei vynoH) tfojiuo 
TH CHOipraiB Ha ary sHoAHyio ffkxhf na Bány, ea noBHBDiie na- 
pyca... H aasercfl reúíbf iro ■ dapsi 8th, h coHBaa Bojira, h 
nyciHHHiie Óepera, HSHBBaHuie nTEivuiH, i mn ton sypru^i 
HTo, vipoaTHOi noMHHTi CreflBKy PasHHa, a waejfh nnuch HaxB 
pŠBOK) B% upaiHOfi saxyiraiBCKani, — Bce paaA'^^uen iBoe yHBHÍe, 
B TBOK) xexiíeHHyK) (k)jiB... A jAcosl CTOHera ■ TAHeior, h 6eg- 
ROHerao HiuipiiBaerB tbok> xymy. 

H owh cHOBa saHrpajii. OAHOOÓpasHHft ctohi <Jíff6wajmEB> 
iféxiBxejBHo saiuipan nox^ ero naiBi^MH, yeiyoaa utoo SBy- 
aaiTB CMMhEuwh B iHBpoBBiTB. H BapiD sanoioHEjE vm SVfmí 
BaBo8-io B6JBiaBo8 B CTpon>i G^[)ďbe8HOCiBK>. IIpaBxa, locsa OBaaH- 
BaiacB B B!L HBx^i HO yjie ne xaaaiacB Bap6 nox^BMEHma 
cxeHameifi, sasi wh <^6BHymBŠ>, — oaa m^xoxHm aa npBaiwb 
B ryx&ia toiho Ha(!aTHii8 KOJtosai^.. Baj^ aaaja, vro aro 6mM% 
Han^RB BaBofi-BH6yxB crapBHBoft nton, ho sasoft bmceho — ne 
noMHBja. H ona BonpocaraiBHo nocMorp^M na rpa^a. 

— Pa8(SoftflBiBB H^fl^ — CBasajn osb, b, ne orpuBaicB otb 
^preiiBaao, nporoBopBJí BBymBTejiBHiiirB pevBraTBBOirB: 

Basi Ha ciaBHHxi sa cienarb 6hio capaTOBCKHXi, 
Hto norase teio rop(W CapaxoBa, 
A norame 6íiiq ropojia BaMHmHHay 
Ck>6BpaiHCB Ba3aKB-jq[>7iH bo e^BHaft xpyri, 
Kasi xoHCBÍe, rpe6eHCBie h AHiuue... 

Ho lyn xapasTep% xysaBB €MM BsidbmueHé Ilpomsauft 
HanÍH!B cmji npepiiBarBca. Tam h eam$ qiexB mto noffniaucB 
Baiie-To ropKHe siyBB b, yrBsas, ytnynai xopory noryneiiy bbt 
niBy, onazB BOBBBBajB. H cb BasxHMi nunrB BorauHOBeHifiinb^ 

HOClHniHO, HO Be0!KCTyOH0 Ol^MIBOBHBaJiCa HOBnfi MOTBBEB. OffiB HIK- 

pBicfli pasBHBaxcfly yeaopBJíi x^on, BaB!B fiyxro ToponEn m^x* 
jieHHyx) nih»H>i MxtianzBan ee <» 00608, mejii a mm pHffoa... 
H ^xpyrB paaxaiei rpoxBO b TopaecrBOBHo. Bapa tfme Baxper*- 
Byia OTB HeoaBBxaBHOcrn: aro Cum MapceiBesa. H CHOsa om 
BcnoMHHja BapTHBy JífipB* Ho TonepB cpexH BOCTopaeHHdB tojihi 
oua B Horpacaja SBaaieBeirB rflŠBBaa Síošbe. H bco cystecroo 
BapB nepenoíHBjocB ik)6obbb) %% 8to8 TaBScxBOBHoB seHo^HH^ 



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BOiiownufl BifHou. 59 

Ho noGixoHOCH&fl MysuKa npexpaTHJiacB csópo h BHesaoHO. 
JIii^o rpaJMi flBuo BEjnb HeHsiflCHBMaro BOJtHenifl. nHcrpyiieHTi 
sapBxajB noxB HepBHHirL npesocHOBeBÍeMi ero pysi... H Haxpii- 
BaniípĚ HaniBL pyccxofi CBa^eÓHOft itíchh, npHvyxJuiBO nepeiue- 
taacb ch noTBBaiiH HSB^CTHaro ipio hbi cXishh sa I](apfl>9 — 
tettHO H HaciotiHBO saiqHDajrB cepjdiie BapB. Saxim . npoHecca 
mofl-TO CMyTHiifi ryjTB, noxoÓHiiit OTj^aieHHOMy myiiy bojih*b h 
HanoMraBiDitt Bapi oxho mício h9i ÓenoBenoBcsaro <drMOHTa>; 
BOiOMi pasxajiea pfosíft h csj^Biift MerajuH^ecBÍtt yxapi... h Bee 
CMOiuo. Ho rpa^ ne noBHxaji!& luaBÍaTypH; cb Jiei^m, Cůjeiitl 
lan MpaMopii ■ cb hcao^poI ycMŠinsofi sa ryóaxi, oe% CTpeMB- 
leuHo onycTBJTB pyra aa uaBHmi h, noxpuuifl HpieifaMi lanepa, 
sasrpan a iipeyBaiHqeHBoS) cb eepBH^ecBOft 6acrpoTO». Topon- 
jVBid Tenni onepeiOHHaro BaiBcajsa nazajiBHO BaspyrHJics vb 
BOQxyxi. HHorxa rpoBHHft ryn, noxoÓHut orxajeHHOiiy BOJiHeHÍK) 
(teaiHcieflBOit tojbh, oEiTajca ÓopoiBCJi cb bthmi leifnoirBi nu* 
laicfl noTonHTB noHiJieHBBie ero SByu fb cbooitb BHymHTejiBHOirB 
poBOT^... Ho BajBCBS^B BiipEiBa.icfl BavB HBcryajieHHHff, xopeao h 
flarjo 8arjyQiaji!B btotb poBon cBoeS noxieaBKOfi hfpbboctbio, h 
Kaio-no-Majiy poBon yraxan, xpo6HJCfl, nocnimajii cb BeyBJíioa&efi 
roiOBHOcíM) sa pacTopoflBBMH BBysami BaiBCSKa..* H b% bobi^% 
lOBitOBrB B6e npeBpaiBJíocB) bb xaKofl-io myMHufi h npfliopHiift 
xaocB, A^HBOM^B npooÓpasHBmifi Bei^HEsy Mapi^HxcBHHa. 

HasoBOi^i, OCjimíSifiWb oropsajKA on ^prenBflHo h saBpuji 
jnn^o pysaiifl. <3bH8HB SeBflB>,-— npojieneiajirB okb bb BomeBÍB. 
Bapi, Bca KB cjieaan^ bcb noTpflceHHaa BaBOfi-ro aary^eft sajiocrBH), 
rjawua ero roiOBy, aasuBajia ero jiscbobhiih BMeHanB, y^ciaBBo 
csHnaja eiiy pyBE... 0^ ^ero 6u osa ne orxajia^ hto6u bc$ bo- 
Bpyn nes 6íijih Becejni b c^acrjBBiiy b qrofiii bbkto ho asaje- 

BtXB B8:B pOBU TaKBX'B BaxpUBM)Iipjnb BByROKB. 

— A BBBB re6% BpaBBTca BUJorBy mob npejecTB, — cbbobb 
ciew iipofl3HecB rpa^, a jiK)(k)niiTcrB(mi BsrjiBXHBaa aa Baps): — 
ae npaBxa jh^ bto o^ohb yxanao?.. 8to eoia xo^emB — ^aaoco^ia 
BBecH. Korxaa arpaji*B ee N. (oai aasBa^i MyssBajiBBy^) aaa- 
aeBBTOCTB) — N. cBaaajrB Maft: Xft sto napi bo BpeMs ^yBgu, moB 
BfljHĚ TBOM^B... Ho saBK) aowiiyi owh Bcerxa soBen moba <rao* 
M0Mi>. Pasai a aoxo«B aa rBOMa, mob xoporaa? — a oaiBOKer- 
iBBO yjutfayjicB cb ciesaiía aa raasaxi. » 

Bapa Bfliero ae csasajia. Oaa npoeeja pywio no nuj b bi 
mol saxyHVBBocrfl ranua bs^b BoicaaTH. 6*^ rojoai ea poaiBCB 
BaiBBOxynmiia MevraBia. > 



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60 nooBoniBroiii. 



xin. 

fifisrwrh ycHjáfi ctoejo Hjb4 IlerpoBB^y pasHCsan sencsaro 
THiinospaTa. A Rorxa obi, Hasonei^, Háin6jr& ero, e ch oóh^hoI 
CBoett ropnHOCTfcK), HáByciHiCfly ynpeiai eio vb ÓeBf^Řcmm^ Fibik)* 
KpaTE TOABO pyKAMi pasBen. 

— Banomsa mí^i xe bh cb Jiyno? — j^erMamHO BmojiBHjrB 
ovB, OTpuBaacB na MEsyry on flatiBa, bb kotoph& ynaaoBEiBajn 

— 3, ne Ch xjBu — a bbi xepeBHB, Tfíb jaofM xoxHyn 6en 
Bcasofi noMOfliB,— arpteaxB TyTOáMHHi. 

— A rxi OBB Be xoxByr&i nosBonie aaci copocarb? — ^abbb- 
leiBBO ocBftxoMBJíca iiexBBi B, Be uMynvn OTBbra, BpoxMauu^: 
—a, 6aTeBBBay xecaiufi x6bb bsb lea&BBB Be BBXosy. A y^ia- 
CTO^esB y Mefla: copoKB Bepcn Tasí, xa cxiXůpoKh bx^vb — aroro 
namh mucJN^-meemhCimió BBaxpaTBiirB!.. A roaoaa y mobb oxbe, 

B pyBB TOIBBO XB^ BWh OBO BBBOe X^O, rOpa^íB BU ^eioBtrB. 

— Ho y BacB ^Bxtaepá... 

— £!cTB-CB. EcTB, n>6e3Bftftflritt bii boA; ipa ^pmeia octb — 
Be ^JiBxmepa, a BMesBO 0epmeAa — oxbb:b spa 6ojiBBBHBft ras- 
rpesy pasBOxan, xpyroB nBen sasoeMiy a xperifi — ^y iperBaro, 
rojiy6B BH Mofi, TB^aaa ropana iperifi xeBB, b (fyxen xb ob% 
a»RB — bíxomo Tocnoxy. S. se, BSBBBBre b^ Meaa BexBBOxymBO, 
Xbíi BOiB Be cflani xa Xbb xaa ae spán. 

TyTOiMBKB crarB b bo bci^ xopory otfpao^ca BfB xostopy cb 
rjiytfoBOfi noqTBtejBBOorBK). Epo BaB'B 6u BOxaBuaa ara BenocBJB- 
Baa npexaBBOCTB CBoeMy x^^ o6BapyseBBaa j^jerMaTBiBiiirB m 

GftpeBBBBM leJtOB^BOlTB. 

— Ho HTO se x^aerB seifcrBO? -r- ax)(SoflincrBOBajrB Hua 
HerpoBATB,— onero ifluo xoBiopoRB, nowMy bítb MexasaMesroBB? 

— AeBerB nifty-n. Onoro b xoBiopoBi bítb, wta xesen 
B^. Hapoxi MH xoporoS, auuoaaHBe Bai» ae vaioBBBoe, a o5- 
BJiaxaTB-TO ym% aeiero: aenjiB otfjioseBH, jribca o6aoaKeBH, syn- 
iBBa Ban^BqeffB Bopnoi, a xobojí BopMa ocraBiaen ero aa opo- 
BBBoai cyxe<i^ B syEiBsa oďaoseai... 

— Ho 6K>xsen, aasetca, o^obb BeiBBi. 

— dxo Bil, fiaieBBBa, capasexiBao oasaia: 6i)xsen BOJniRB. 
Ho Bil BBaeie, cboibbo offoirB Basi^ejapifi aa meft aioro aniie- 
TBTBaro fiDxsera? Hspaxao, roJiyfiB bíi moí,— b xoxropB aa^ai^ 
OTBiaxuBaTB najiBi^ii: — yapaBCBaa — pasi^, CB&sxa MapoaurB cyxeft 



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BOJIZOlCaUil BAnDDU* 61 

— XBa, specnumciaro npioyTCTBUi— ipi, BOHHCBaro npBcyTCTBk — 
^empe) yiHJumitBaTO eortm — datl... 

— Ho vbjUb 8T0 KOSHO 6u 19ir6HHTB, COSpaTITL... 

— 3re, BII BOBA Byxft! Bh saH&rB se, JX)({e8HMiniS, vb 
leoiHihTo yjeneTHEseie. Bh ne yjieneniBattie, a xepsHTecB na 
noni. noua se laxoBa: o6899mMhma% pacxoxoBi cqpofa-d$a 
npoHeHma — noHHMaeTe jra: o-tfa-saiexB-Hiizil — axHHHHCTpai^ifl h 
UHi^eupúi («iipÍKXHTe ,H BOJiox^Utie HaifH», m cmúwrb nomy- 
THXb obi) dwdmmb-dea npwiernina; peMonn 9WHÍft, crpazoBsa h 
paernipeHÍe ohbxi — mecmh npcn^ennum... 

H TyraiiiHffB acho yBHx&ii, ^ro ecxi «He yjienemyrB bi 

ieOpÍX>»9 TO H SeKCTBO He BIHOBETO. 

— Ho Torxa ys'B BOSBíieii& ÓD^asen npnoxBTca, — Hep&nui- 
TeiBHO oasaji oh^ 

— TB) tb, t8...| bio xpyTHMH ejiOBaifB, najiora bobbhchtb? Hpe- 
BocxoxHO-ei. B:b BHcmeft xase cteneoH npeBOCzoxHO b npocro* 
7 MBEA B TO ecTB oxBBib 6jiaroflpíflTen) — BejiBBOiiBBO OBI Taxi 
BaaHBaemift BonpocE B^K>ABaro oÓpasoBaBú paspimaen: co(SpaTL, 
fOBopBTi) flo py6jK> ch KywM ejuiBOBpeMeBBO b ryufi xyma!.. 
BaTXBBBa BH Mofi, vh TOMi-To B miysa, "iTO noBHmaft ae oobh- 
maft--ToiBy bb Óyxerx. Tojibso cneroBOACTBO o^bo Óyxen^... He- 
XOHVKa oxBa cyryóaa... 

— Ho Bi TaBOiTL cjyui Basik ase bh zoTBTe o($oftniCK 6em 
fWfíBj — saBoiBOBaKB HjiBfl nexpoBBTB, — BCflOMBBTe «BapoxoBpaB- 
crBa» SocTOiiapoBa... kb HoB&ropox^, BanpBMÍp%... 

— A, BTO xpyroe xíjioI— c* npocTOxymBHM% jyxaBCrBon 

npOBSBeeb XOBTOpii nOTOBOpBTB MH MOSOMl. HorOBOpaTB MH 

Bcerxft Ch ocú6uwh yxoBOJBCTBÍeM!&... Hy iro, ito wwh y Eocro- 
BapoBa?.. £, npBBflaTBCfl BairB} foTeBLBa^se toxmo TaKL-BasHBae- 
BHTB «BBBrB CB%TCBflxi», «Bpa^a» jvh TpoTifi iri^fli^ Bi Tjasa 
m BBsy. A iTO sacaerca y^eBHX^b BaBBrL-BB6yxB cowBeBÍfi, to 
Bepexi Boroifi BaiťB RiaBycB— BeBBBOBeai cb caMott aBaxeiiiB. 

n TO^BOy «TeopeTBMe€BÍfi» pasroBopi, Koropnfi 8aT^jrE-6ujio 
Hnfl nerpoBBHX, noraci ^pesBHvafiBO 6HCTpo. 

— Bu jyHme pascBaatBTe, BaaoBa Capumw y Bací vb Boj- 

XOBKÍ?— BHBOJBBJIl XOBTOpiy BpeOAOJ^Bafl B^BOTy, — rOBOpflrB, IBC- 

TltBiit xaBLB^^Bxi. BoíTb 6u, BaBaxBCTBO, nocBaTaTLcal.. Sj 6a- 
leBLxa, BHBCKBBaBhTasB 6a6eBBy. Csy^BO, SBaere. JÍ,ii%—TB6esby 
% npiíxemB xoMoft, b no8a6aBBTBCfl BenŠMi. To-jib x^o iiajiB^y- 
raflUBa 6h axaxaro saBecTB, bjb x^^ypsy.,. 

TyrojniBBa bobopo6bj[o: obi bo osBxaji TasBXi BpBSBaBÍfi 

OTB X06p0€0BÍCTBar0 SeMCBarO pa60TBBBa. OTCyTCTBÍe «npBBI^BBOBB» 



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62 BMTHIEl UFOm. 

RE dTOiTB pa((OTHHBft CMepienHo ocBopduo ero. «3anpaent» — 
nofyvíBJťh owh CL rope^BD h h6bojibho cptBHHn rHimoRpata es 
3axapoMi HnaHn^eirB: — h dypsyn Moero sarpen, — MficjeHHO npo- 
xojsain OHI, — H BHfln^en owí ce6i ManepflyH) caMBy, h Hanio- 
jUBTh ch Heft BpacHon^eBHn pedanmen... «^i, ((ojioto, óoMomA* 
— Ho Borxa noBaBajiacB BojxoHsa h saoHtxo BOixoHcsoe ooepo, 
KHCJiH UjhM DerpoBvqa Hwtom rpycraoe CBoe nacrpoeníe* Om 
noxyMU'B o Bapi: «8ta ho caiiBa!» nyn se npoHsaea om> BCjyxBi 
BHOsanHO oxaaieHHHft ^yBCfBoiTB Bavoro-TO ropxaraBaro xoBOiBcrBa, 
— «MH HO H8o6pa8HirB Cb Heft MioviHCBaro nacTU[»... 

OAHaao se vb xepeBHi TyroiMBHy chobb npHiHjioc& hbhí- 
HHTii cBoe HH^eie o FHnaoBpaTb. dion «noiiiJOBaTiifi» kiobírb 
(saBi o&h neu^h 6um yse noxyHan Ejibb nerpoBH^) cb Taaol 

BHHliaTeJIBHOCrBK) OCMaTpHBaJl ŮOXbUUThy TBiWb 6e8({Ofl8HeHHO 06* 

pan^ajicfl cpexH bohh h rpasH, xo Toro acHO h 6iiCTpo ycraHaBjn- 
BWb ApysocTBeHHHB OTHomeBÍa ch BpecTBflHaMH, ^TO Tjrojoawi 
onaiB no^yBCTBOBan bi Hexy rxyiSoBoe yBaserie. 9to yBaseme 
en^e ycHjiHjocB, Bor^a FHnnoBparB Haoipte-B oiBasajca saixaTB 
vb ycaxB6y, h Hacrofi^HBO sacnimEXB vb 6jflSHiox) x^bhm>, rxi 
CBHpincTBOBaai XB^pBTB. HjiLa nerpoBBvi TOUBO Bi sexoyM^B 
nocMorp^jTB Ha nero: oh^ HBBaBi ne mopb homepetb xasoe caiio- 
OTBepsenie ch oicyrciBieirB «npHHivinoBi» — MOserB, capuBaorea?— 
npexnojarajTB ohb, saxyiiraBo maraa no HanpaBieeíK) bi jcslkM 
(dBHnašB OffB yciynHJTB Aosropy), ho lyrB se BCHOMHHajTB tfes- 
XHTpocTHBfi o6jhbb xoBTopa H CHOsa HOBoprajica vh HexoyiriMe. 
«3, ny ero vl ^opTy!— HaaoHei^, BOCBJTHBHyn ovb, noxxoxa 
yse Bi caMOMy ^^nreiD: — bbho, pa8($ofiHHBB) 6ypsyK) Moeiiy 
noxo6eHi»... H jiB)5oBHoe OTHomeme b*b xoBiopy, oribmaHHoe n 
BaBOK)-To pasxpasHTeiBHoft xocaxo&i OBOHUTejiBHO yoraHOBHJioeB 

Vh HeiTB. 

3axapi& nBaHH^rB toibbo-^to BOSBpanuca cb hojm, b Tyroji* 

MHHB SaXBaTBJIIb OfO BB BaBBMB-TO X^BHHBMB BEIBJíaXBáini. OhH 
HOBBXaJIBCB. 

— BoTB, HjBfl, cBJía-TO rpaxyn^aal — bhmoxbbjtb 3axapi Haa- 
HHTB, OTBjaxHBaa BapaHxami. 

— Eaaafl Taaaa? 7s'b ne tb-jib, ^to n^expancidl HMftniitKB 
B80($p'fij'B: caiia xonn, caifa namen, caMa kbcjio oaxTaen... — 
HpoHH^ecBB OTOBBajica Hna nerpoBHTB. 

— 3, noxH TH... a reůi o JlyaaBBffi roBopa). 

— Ajb npBxajiB? 

— npi^xaiH. Hy oxHHi^iO ne no Moeft lacni: ohb, Baasefcai 



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BOIXOEOBAl BAPHnifiil* 63 

Bce Óoiune no ^acni xyxoseem — Bapsapi AiesdteBHi Bce py«H 



— ^m TH csasan? — nepecnpoceji TyrojnuiirBi BHeaaiiHO 
omjmfLB saxyi>-YO cyxocn k& ropii; h wvmjbl SaxapB HBaHKTB 
noBiopHj^ Baufl-To aiecTBaB 8Jo6a noxHBiaeB vh seKB. — Hy, a 
xpyrot HTO JtHaserE?— rpy6o npoHdHeci oh%. 

— 9, H^Ti^ 6par&, xpyroĚ ne sn TaBHXi. Apyi^oB ne yciri^JTE 
eiiie nyreirB ovMBfíbncsL^ Bass co mhoB Beft nojia otipMOBan. 
drarsa, a Te6i CBasyi BsrjBAil coo6paseHÍ6l 

— Eo^e Cul Tu, noxB, pacraaji^B. 3z!l, norjiazy a na Té(Sa... 
Ho Saxapi HBaHim ne o6panjr& BHHiůtHia na yBopnsHeHEiii 

TOBTB TyrojMBHa. 

— Th oocMOrpE Ha ototb iipoesiei^,— B086y3iAeHHO aaroBo- 
pBjn OHi^ CHOBa noAXBBXHBaa jiacTb 6yMarH h 6siCTpo ^epra no 
Bem BapaHxainoirE: — sto, HanpHMipE, cazapHsift mbokb. Botb 
safpani: dro — oÓopoiHiift BamiTaji^; 8to— y<$nTBH on npeBpantema 
dteooóopora... bto botb ortfpocu... 

— Tasí, — capsacTH^ecKH bhmoibhii Ejeba UerpoBH^ — ssa- 
vn, Te&b Maio «oxpoB!B»9 th emfi Hacroan^yB) ^pisy Bsxynan 
BOBXBmrB... 

— He $a6pHxy, Essa... 

— Sbboxi. 9to Bce paBHO. Te6i Majo TBom 6aTpai^BHX!& 
xaniHHiy m en^e bch) oxpecTHOCTB xo^emL sapasArB ^^pmHinrb 
BXom... Th xoHemB vh bohoi^ neperaxHTB npaBH, OHoraHHTB na- 
poXHoe idpoBOBBp&BÍe, pacHJEOjtHTB CH^^Hjnia... no^rasafiTecB, 3a- 

xapE nBaHH^!L! 

— Kasi ze th ho xo^emB eohatb, Hjbb, — ^EOi«eiuoAH se- 
o(b[OXHXH. Th HOGMOipH: hhhbw, reccoHCBaa Myxa nmeHHiQr spers, 
saBipa sy^effE, nocj^ saBrpa ^opBiraeKE BaBofi-HHÓyxB... IIomh- 
jyĚ! Wbfí> Haci cejioB saroHarE kb Bopnenioxn... TasB Jiy^ine 
Wh vtouj nopaxBy Ben^e&npHroroBHTLCfl.— A CBonl — m nocMorpe, 
aaiTB bíxb ero bopmhtb cxaio Be«6irB... 

Ho HiBfl HerpoBím cbx^^jvb HenoxBBSHni u yrproxHft. 

— JÍMcTByfl,— ci BJioÓot roBopHjTE ovB,— nocrynafi xi Jy- 
BasEBy vh pa0H. ^beeto sapox^, 3axapiHBaHH^i, noraEBTe ero!.. 
Hmo^ito jni? — EOCMOipEirB, MEJiocrEBiftniitt rocy^^P^* 

Baxapi HaasHi^B pasoi^flJCB. 

— Hy, ^yxars th, — CBasajrB oe^l. — A xi JlyxaBEEy a, aM- 
CTBEieiBHOy Kon» 6u nocrynETb. Th sEaeniB, BaBaa niTysa: OE^h 
veEB eeroxEB otboxeti e roBopsn: ÓepBxe ch neHa TpE thcbie 
q^hnoBHxiy EOvceHfliftmifi, e noxExatre Bamero MapsEsa*.. 

— EaícL 8T0 6iaropoxBo!— BocxjflXHyjrE Hna TlerpoBETB. 



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ti 

— Axhj no Te6& roBopm o (tiaropoKCiBi,*— n Hiwtopol 
xocaxi BOspasHjrE 3axapib Hbshhhi: — le&b roBoparL, lasoBa gbjuu*. 

— HarjioeTH? 

— Hin oooÓparaiexBHOciB) CMesaisH, muBt moí. JI, pasy- 
Miercjí, notTHTb-TO n Heny ne ooixy... 

— A cjrbxoBUo. 

— He noft^, — noBTopui 3azapi HBaHii9'b,— a saBOffb ch 
ero noMoiqBK) Ban-HHfiyxb ycrpoH). — H 9n^yn ohi yxapHXB ce6s 
no i6y:— A) snaemB, ecntfH ony sseHiTBca na Bapsapi Aje- 

KCŠeBHi! BOCSUKHyjrB OH!B. 

— OaoHinTec&, 3azapi HBaHH^ — tsBireisHO nporoBopBjn 
TyroJMEHi. 

— Aa, bíx^ fl Ban... Focdoxh Bose Mofi, — onpaBxoBaicfl 
3axapB HBaBii^ — 2 roBopx) fb bixí iq^oxn^oseski. J9L roBopD, 
ecn6s ona noin^iJia ero... h Boodnie-. 

— 9io xesxy HHMH oón^aro!— saspaian TyrojmHKb spocrao 
Ha Sazapa EBanii^a. 

— BaB% HTO.M— Kb BsyiuemH iipoK8Hec:E SaxapB HBaHim, — 
Óorarb, spacHBi— obi otohl spacBBi... Tii-io hto, Hna! Tpá^ 
BaBoi MOsruB^b nepexi^ hbité, a b to ona laerb. BapsoiiHfly 
6paTL..« 

— ^TO, 6apBnrai?— BHOsanHO onaBmBMi poiocoitl cnpocHJib 
HjlBfl IleipoBB^. 

— ^a Booónte... 

— Booáqe, noxiocTE,— pítem nepeÓHii TyTOJMBHi h, myímo 
noxHflBmHCb Ch Mtoa, ymejrb vh cbok) KpMnaTy. 

A SazapE HBaHHix HBBaKL ae non Aoraxiibca, nim oh!e 
TaKE pascepffurE upiniejB. Ohi noxyiuu^E h tbzo noAomen kb 

XBOpH ero KOMHaTH. 

— HjLBy— csasajTE oh%, — Hieb... 

— Mto bbite yroffo?— OTBÍnuTE towb. 

— Ho tb He ocMiícjuurB Bonpoca, Essa; tb ne o6cyxHJE ero 
B08x%icTBÍft Ha specTEBKE,— BBpaxTOBo BHMonHJTE 3axap!E Haa- 

BHHl, CTOfl y ABepHy — TU HO COOÓpaSBXE BdkPh HOJIESI... 

— a WBHO o6cyxBJrE. 

— Ho eateJiB ohh Ůjfjrh caffn% Bopnenjioxu... 

— JI xaBHO oÓcyxBJTE, nOBTopax) Bani. 

— Ho corjiacHCE, Bjieb... 

— H xaBHO oócyffwhj hto bc£ bs Tyn TpeqoTSB b ^ps- 
cefl!— paBxpasHreiEHO BOCBnsHyjrE Hieb HerpoBH^i. 

3azapX HBaBHTE X0T&jrB-(bU0 HKhTO CBasaTE, ho UOfJ" 

Man H He pinmjicfl. OffE bbixe ^ypassy, bsajte jsmcn 6yMarH 



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BoizoioBUi Bipmgu. 66 

a Bapuxainoiii h Bumeii na luznouaxb msh BOMHaiH.— <H 

MHJHfi HeJ0B!6X!B,*— XyHaXb Offb, — A BEKE OTb SH8HH-T0 OTCian... 

Bon T&St H SHuaui!> — h yHxrHO noMicniBiiiHCL na spueni) cia- 
puenHO HE^ai^B BsraECiflTB dOHHOciB pa^HHaxHaro (nf^emsL. 

A TyranaiffE jiesan na nooien, refiBEO ueBan kb no- 
TOion H 9yBCiB0Bai!B cedfl o^chb cKseimo. 



BewpoicB^ cypoButt h rjaxso Biiópaiui lejtoBis^L, vh Bame- 
luipoBom cvpiyxi, abucs vl Sazapy HBaHH^iy h Aoioaum, wto 
croenOKa Hpocan ero nosaxoBarB cb rocrem ^lat ByiiiaTL>« Hju 
IleipoBHi^B (Siuo^OTBaBaici. Ho Sazapi nBasH^^B laBB npocHn 
ero H, BMibcA ch i&ii, laBi xotíiocl caiioiiy eiiy noBHxA^ Bapn, 
no OHI H6 BBxepsan h naiuuBJíi cboB napaxHHĚ CK)pTy9eB!E. 
EpoHft ei)piy^»a, obi BAfjbrb eiofi CBÍsyK) py6amBy oraasEHOt 
TBqixocni H ({ijmsEH, h oiuaHHaro se ^^i^OHa: BopoimrasH ao- 
CTHTaiH xo ymeĚ. Ho eny BasajocB, m) aro nocjÍAHee ciobo 
BOXD) a owb na btotb paei ne uyAjrb yxapHTB jdu^omi kb rpxsB. 

Sasi se sa 10 H BcmixHyja Bapa, Borxa obi nfoyniBHott 
floxQXBOi BomedTL vb rociHHyK). Ho o6iiBBOBeHÍH>, (ma caxkia 
OBOio rpa^ H BHBxaia HeyTOMBMOi ero 6oxroBHÍ. Hps bxoxí 
npúoeiei, rpa^ BonpocBiejiBBO nocMorpin sa aee. — ^Tyroi- 
xbh:e>...— npomesiajui obb, noxyndUUi rjasa h ho noxmiaacB C!b 
vicra.— <Bose Moft, BaBie HecuczHiie Boporm^oudi — BOCBiBivtia 

QBB MHCieHHO. DpOBSOOUO o6(MDXHOe SHaBOMCIBO. UjShSL HorpoBH^ 

lonacB se santoui cnynieHie Baps h ea coc^xctbo. B% ropA 
y aero chobb nepecozio; na Ji6y noABHjacB nenpiflBHeHHaa Mop- 
upna. A Meas^ t&mi, oh^l Boiei-HOBOJiett xoiseffB 6wi% npH- 
ooexBHBTKB z% HHiTb: 3axap!& HeaBiiTL, bbbi toubo Bomejvh, ceS- 
lacB se dBsiwb pasroBopi o saBOA^, h, ne tojuubo JlyBaBHKB, 
Bo xase ÁJieBc^fl Bophcobhtb crpoBmeuHO iqiBCiajH e!l aioiiy 
pasroBopy. 

— Bh BSBOure yHacTBOBaiB kb...— rpa^ naaBajrB sypnan. 

TOIHO TaB!B, — CyXO OTHeBaHBJTB TyrOJDCBBl. 

Bapa nocMorp&ia na nero yxHBJLeBHHMB rjasanH. Hodbtbbo- 
pOIHHHBB npBBieBu efl BHBMaBie. 

— EcjB se omH6aB)CB, a HUMn Bami owpKB...— npoxoji* 
saxB rpa^ h ynonaHyxB saraasíe oiepaa. 

— Mošen 6htb,— cb cyryCoft cyxocxBK) BUMoiBHjrB Hibi 
IleipoBnB. 

Ho 06AnMsm&ffh bjui ho saniun, hjb ne xoribi saicinTB 
8rot ^zocEH. npaqriCTBie Hosaro neiOB^Ba upiaiHO Bosóysxaio 

jQWk IY.-lAU» 1888. 5 



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66 iWHim moDL 

ero HepBB. JiHHSesHO huiohucb n TyrojnoHy h cb cÓwmoŘ 
CBoeS rpaiuefi asecTHsyiHpyfl, owh saroBopuv. 

— Ho BoerAa v^ta nopasaM 8to Bame npexetfpeseBÍe k% 
^pifi,— npocnne... dio, paqrMŠeiest xosen oocraiUTB s^^^j^anii; 
HO9 corjiaciiTecb, toibbo flbix% Hcun^eiix* Snaeie^ laLTO^eHie, 
otfpanteHHoe fb npHBH^Kj, ipesBíittfiHO HaxoftxnBai Mftiepii,— 
H oonpaBBJícfl, MflrBO yju6EjBmECb: HHorxa! HHorxa! 

TyrojMEHi yrpDMO MOJi^an. Baps nociiaTpHBajia na nero cb 
({esnoKoficTBOia (ero socnms yse nepecsasan pisaTb eft uasa). 

— H SI TOMy me HOBBSHa-ro ho apBMXHici vb cicieKy!— 
npoAOJsan rpa^ Boe 6ojrie e 6oi%e osebubc^— mescnHpi 
OTBeprb KUccHvecide otfpasipi, ho aa lo xan cboS. JleocHEn sa- 
CMŠajica Hax!B ^onopHiniH Byuaira roirmexa, ho nanvcajiib du- 
JÍD FaioTTH... HasoHei^, Hanu IlyniBHH^L... fijsí^ HaisoHei^, co- 
BepmeHHo vh xpyrofi otiiacre HCBycciBa mozho npociiuiiiTB 910 
nocjrtxoBareuHoe pasmiTie ^pMi. Ma Hubeni crporo saBOHieH- 
Hoe apxHTeicrypBoe nocrpoeme rb ^pirb IlapeeHOHa. Ho pan 
^pna ara npiixaercfl, — upocrere aa ByjnrapHoe cjobo (TyioxicHn 
flSBHTeiBHO ycMixHyjca),— ne xsjuma syjiyca laBoro-HHÓyxb no- 
aBueiCfl efi na CM^Hy, a piMCBÍfi cboai. dron cboxb b% cdod 
OHopexb ycrynaen wbcso romeaoMy. Ho cb aasAuirB pasoirs 
mi BBXHirL dcieiiy: nepexoffb on crporofi npocroni rpeiecsaro 
noprisa vh yBoputum crpijuurb a&iBHCKaPO co6opa aceHx san 
oepetfpo. TaKBse Ran acesB nepexoxi on <RanRTaHCSofixo^KH> 
KE <nicrt TopsecTByDn^fi ji]o6bh>. Ho nepexoA'^ o6paTHiift, ne- 
pexox^ on Hapeeflona ke xhjuh^ Byjiyca xaKoro-HH^yxE, on 
caicaro npunu^na ^picii ke noaHiftmefi cmdfiHoeTH... Bou Bama! 

— Bil TMJb HBBOJHJH otfjHaTECfl? — 6íiCTpo nepetiuTE ero Hui 
HeTpoBHTE. Bapx BcrpeneHyjacE vh ncnyri. Fpa^ vh wspuemE 
nocMOTpin na nero. 

— B'E nasecsom Ropnyci|— caasajn oh%. 

— H no sarpaHHi^airE šsxhih? 

— nyremecTBOBan... 

— EuBajiH m Myseaxi) bixíih Ma^onny CocrncKyi), Be- 
Hepy Vb JlyBpft? 

— Bh^^xb... Ho s He noHHMax)... 

— n flSBxaMH BMfibete? B^b noxJHHnaA IHeBcnHpa ^HTaeTe? 
AesaiiepoH^B, hoah, mryxHpyere na covb rpajQmpS? Pmcxia BJie* 
rÍH Hsy^aeie... 

— OpocTHie, HO a... 

— Otibuo-cb, — pfoso ocraHOBHn ero TyrojnonrE:— a a, cmAid 
AOJOsiTB Bameiiy ciarencTBy, chhb cípaniaro, — SHaere^ Bsarov- 



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BOIXOHOSiJ BAFHUmi. 67 

HHSH araiie eymfictBovsuiE vh crapsny,— ay^ejcfl a y aba^hxh... 
A Wh yHHBepcHTeTB niniBOirL npHnepi/ci poxHTejíBCSHMi noAsa- 
THiBEHKOiTB BiišcTO 6jMirocjiOB6HÍfl. ^a yHBBepcffrera-TO ne boh- 
nn no csy^ai) rojio;Qn^B, ntfo na TperBeiTE sypcí ocrpoe Bocna- 
lesie BHmoBrB cxBarHJťB otb ^yxoHCKHTB n^eS... Bi x^tctbš ^h- 
nn <nyTemecTBÍe nHearopa>, ]» cxassy npo oojuaia Anny, 
jqncHyK) pydamBy,— Bameiiy cífliejiBCTBy HeBSBicrna laBafl?... 

— Bce, pasynierca, HMien raison ďétre... — Ha^ajTE-^iuo 
BBBO oiAmeHHHfi rpa^. 

— Ho rpa^ v ne xyMaent bhhhtb Bací, Hjibh TLerpmnH^b... 
— BMimajiaeB Bapa. 

— O, fl H He Boo6pasajii vb BameirB j^omí bctp^thtb npo- 
lypopa, MaxMyaseJiB,— flSBsrejíBno nponsHecB TyrojiMra^B: — a tojibso 
utIh) HHTepeCHtil Bonpoci bi ero ciflTejíBCTBy... 

— mwh MOry cjiysnTB? — ci npeyBejiHHeHHofi b^ajihboctbb) 
BHMOJBHjrB rpa^. A Bapfl Ha^MeHno saBímyjia rojOBsy: ona rjy- 
(kmo neroxoBajia. 

— CjiyZHTB-TO Bil MH% HH^ITL HO MoseTe|— 6e3i^epeK0HH0 
CBasarB TyrojiinivB, — a tojibbo xotíjte Bací cnpocHTB: or^ero^dio 
Bci Bs, Hsy^aioqie Maxonm h nieBcnapoBi, npexno^iHiacre By- 
popTii HaB^n^aiB, a ne aBjífleTecB vb jtHiepaiypy? 

— Ho crpannoe x^Jio, xajiaHTBí... 

— ?T0 fp TajianroBi! Xora 611 npHHi^Hni npe^craBjífljiB. HpHH- 
i^nrB HBfln^HoB ^opmi. Mb, m^HniB, nocMorpIjiE h ycBOHJiE 6u 
at>... A TO BJfcxB Haifb ne to spaTsy xotfuBaTB (rpa^ CA%jajrB 
rpnacy; <H8BHHiiTe sa ByjuBrapnoecjiOBOi, — cb nacM^nuniBiiirB no- 
uoHOiTB sairi^xB TyrojiMHHi), ne to <cyn(HOCTB> jobbtb, rx%'HH- 
ůyfjt, vh caMoft ^nro HH na octb <(e8^pifeHHo9» ^epOByniKi... 
Tffk y«B Tyn fp napeenona-ci!.. A bh 6b naci h nayHHJiH, 
mn^HBe-TO jh>xh... 

— Ho y BacB octb oópasipi... 

— EcTb| 9T0 B^pno. A ecjiH... 

— Ho BB ne noHmcaere cbohxi BBroxi,— CBasa^i rpa^,— 
BB BBxoAHTe Ha ÓHTBy Óesi jiHTb... Bb safiBBaeie, ito ^pHa 
TO se opysie... reftne... 

TyroaiiEHi BCTajn bo aecB pocFB. 

— BBXoaty ci OTKpBTOfi rpy;^H) n ropasycB othitb, aame da- 
leiBCTBo, — no^H saBpHHajTB OHI, — ueí neisorxa 6Bao csoBaiB 
voH aaTB, xa en^e Bonpoci: npHroxHB m oh% x^HamettÓHTBB... 
Ho a He nijancB no KypopraiTB... He HSHBBaK) no nyseaiTB bi 
lOMSTejoHOfi vecoTK^... He TpansEpio iiysHipcHXi xenen na Taxi 
BasBBaexoe <noKpoBHTeaBCTBO> Hsan^HBn HcsyccTBi, xoBOTopBxi 

5* 



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68 mcrmmuroiH. 

Mysny laioe se xiio, san Ham a Bani xo Bsiatcxaro mme- 
paiopa... 

Bapa Ch ynpeiOMi nocMorpiia Ha aero. Torxa owb spyro 
otfopBaii H pasxpasneiBHO Bsajca aa mainq^. 

— ^0 CBKXaHLfl-Cl! — npOpOHHXL OHI. 

— Kyxa se bb? — BOCBuinyju bcí xopom. Oxhhi rpa^ 
MOiiaji H otfBOXHJTB eFO pacrpenaHHyx) ^Hrypy DMopacniecsHin 

— He MOiy, y MeBa eciL xftjo,— oxpHnnnm roioccnn bb: 
MOiBBXE Hna nerpoBm, h, nejOBio nouoHHBmHCB, HanpaBHici 

vh BHzoxy. Bapi BXpyrB ciajo ysacHo san ero. Ona nauoBH- 
jacL vh rpa^y h, iipoiiieiiTaB:B eiiy aicBonBO cjobi (hbi koto- 
poxi 0H!& noBBJíbí no efi xo KOHpa zoHeica ccKSjídcth xojnjoD- 
desHofl zoBafiBB), nocnimHO xoniaia Hjbd neipoBH^a. Ohi yse 
HaraniBajrL nanio: vh nepexnefl HHBoro ne 6um. 

— MhjuB xofly 910 se BTO laioe?— Bi tocuhbohi nexoyni- 
bíh BOCUHKHyja Bapiy 6pocaa€B n Heny. Ohi rpy6o orBerb ee 
pysoft. 

— Ciynaflie! Ileyiafirecb y btoB meBOjaxnofi Kyuu msoBr 

HHiTB HCByccTBaiTBl— BaxuzaacB Wh FHŠBa, cxasan owh. 
Bapa uů&biijidi xan cn^n. 

— HjBa! — BOCuHSHyja ona cb ynpeaoin. Ho ob% cepxRio 
pacnazHyjTB ffieph h cspujca. Bapa croaja mfpÚEO HBBaanuo. 

Bce Bi Hefl sacTiuo. H zojoxHoe, lynoe^ secroioe Hacrpoeme 
Mexírano oxBaTHBaio ei xymy. Ona npoBeia pyiOD no JH^y; xo- 
Tftja BuozHyTB, yratfHyjacfc 6jiysxai>n(efl h H^otfpofl yjH6ni, 
H TBZo BOBBpaTHJiacB Bi rocTHHy ». — < Ean TU (ixftxHa, Moa npe- 
jecn!> — csasan rpaj^^ aorxa ona cb xasot-TO ocroposHociBi) 
cija OKOJO Hero. Ho ona BsnaHyia na nero pasciaHHHm Bsrju- 
fflM% H HHiero HO OTBiTHia. PysH ea zojoxin. 

A. dPTBIB. 



■>< S ň 



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HAmOHAJILHAa 

KHTAflCKAa KYXHa 



i.') 



Ilpnciynu wb Hacromteiíy anoxy m o6iacrH xHTAflCBBTB 
oÓHiaeffL, a iipexynpesxaK) umvEJ,% wn Momcb xpyseĚ-KHiaft- 

JlfBhj HtO HHOĚ npaBXHBHfi paSCSaBl OTHOCHT€fl Kh (i6mfiŘ Macc^ 

m oooreiecxBeHHHXOBi, hhcbojlio ne saiporEBM xiraflcKot hh- 
leuvreHKÍH, k muo ocBOHBmefiCfl m qiexb eBpon6fliteBi>. 

Ha^sy a lorOi ^no csasy — x^a icasxaro nrafli^a nepBOcra- 
leiHoe ÓJtaseneTBO cocTom vb toitb, ^no6H chtho h BBycHO no- 
lymaxB. Bcft aafiors, Bdb ncMfsiciH ero, wA TpeBOJiHeHui vh sh- 
lelesoirB 6wjj Boe to, xu ^ero ohi eyn^ecTByen h xm ^ero 



>) HACToamiui ciaTu noiy^ena pexasipei) on noioftearo R. A. CM^iOBa Hesft- 
loiro xo ero CMepa (26-ro lapra, 1888). Airopi xmho yse iipio(5pin ce6i noiei- 
i^B raiiciBocn, an oxn% Bn lyvinn BBMOKom Knaa m nnaftciot shshh. 
Koran Kypei no lOcioíHOMy oijciieídi) PaseneBCiaio jun^ea, Cniaon nomi bcd 
joiroi§nii>i> 017x67 iipoien bi Knai, rxi oh^, n npoxofsesie óoite lim tpix- 
qm rtn, Hcnoiaui pasHiu xojwhocth, Mea^7 npo^urb, P7COKAro iOH07ift vh ^7- 
ryusi K TjiHi»-i;8n^, i roHepaiBnaro K0HC7Ja n IIIaHzai. Pascrpoemioe sxopoBbe 
ipiB7Xuo ero BOSBpanT&ai n Poccúd, k npiHan n IIeTep67pTÍ irkro crapmaro 
xptionaa wh takaemneh xenspitMOBTi maiofepcTia KBOOTpftinir& Min, Ilooii no* 
ioÍM»o ocTftiocb luoro ero pa^on o Kamt ■ ero oTHoneidm n Poodi; 6oMhmsji 
oq^onocn asropa He nosioiiiJa 0117 uoBonu o(^ hbxabíi ero Tp7xon na laseHHHi 
€ien, H BiAOÓBO o^en xeian, ^to6h no ipafiHefi Miipi nocii ero CMepn vta. P7C- 
CBol jaTepaT7pH h Ha7XK ne nponan xpftroi^HHBft Tp7A'b, coCapaeiniŘai uMj^ 
snu. B% JDXarE, raainxi ero jn^no, obi ocraiui Bau7im7D naium xo* 
^Tonerun cBoero rx76oBO ^ecraaro ■ npMxnaro zapaRepa.~/^ed. 



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7& noiBmiEBfonB. 

owb BpysHTOi vb c^pi HeioBiHecTBa, HaapasjíeHO coÓciBeHHOKb 
OAHOĚ H exHHCTBeHHOfi BÍbiEi <noByniaTB>. IIpaBxa^ ■ mu, ee xh* 
TaSipi, Tose saÓOTHMCfl yAOBjerBopHTB cboB annenm; ho Hama 
noTpe0HocTB BanHiaiBca, ne roBopio o6i o6sopazi, xajieBO ne 
nocraBJíeHa Ha nepBOiTB, npeotf ja^aion^eirb njant. Ha BonpocB, htó 
Bje^erE BHTaĚi^effB kb cxojb zapasTepnOMy otjhhík) ors naci, He- 
o($zoAHiio CBasaiB} ^to Tyn MHoroe saBHCHrB on hxi npaposxeH* 
naro BBrjflxa na npHpoxy SHBoro cyn^ecxBa. IIo jůisLffiEUD bh- 
lali^eKB, TOJiBBO cuTHfl ^ojobíbl yMeHi, a rojOAHufi— ;^paB!B. 
TaBoe j&bsiffime — btb cboom^b oenwanÍH bbcbojbbo ne cano^iypcrBO 
<CHTaro>, BOTopiifl <roj[OAHaroHenoHH]iaerB>. Hítb, OHOCBflsano 
co bcími ncuoiorBBecBBui^B CB^ia^OMi BBTaBi^a, xi4 Boxoparo ero 
aseJiyAOBi cooraBjflerB raaBHifiniyK) {^yasiáio* 3to xyxoBHoe na- 
HEJOy paspatfoTaHHoe vb xpeBHHXi BHxaflcBHxi HSCJi^OBamaxi^ 

$HJ0C04»CBBn H MeXHI^HHCBHXly OTBy^E HpeXCTaBJfleTCa BMl coBep- 

HieHHO flCHum, xaBi eB^xjHfi aghb^ ^to HCroraHBi Bcero yMcTBeH- 
Haro MaTepiadia sbbofo cyn^ecxBa, nejioBŠBa h bcaboS iBapHi na- 
xoABTCfl ne vb Mosrax^b rojOBu, a vb yipotii. SL ne my^yi Mh^ 
H^ pasi cjyBasocB cnopniB xasie co CBÍrajaMH BHxaficBoft y^e- 

HOCIH, XOBaSHBaa HITB, HTO CTOJB S0BOTHU8 BBFJiaXB yHBsaeTB 

BCBBoe AOCTOHHCTBO ^ejEOBŠBa, posx^HHaro HO oópaey h no hqxo- 
6ii> Eosíb). Ho mhí BO^pasan, iro ocujBa na lasoe-ro dphbb- 
XBHHoe HHOfi noffiúie ne uui&n> onpeA^eHHaro h cepBesHaro 
CHHCJia; no hx!b y($&MeHÍK), Tbopaomi BceMiraefi jioasho npHBHa- 
BaxB TO eaUdiOi 6e8^pMraHoe, neocasaeifoe h neBpHMoe, boto- 
poe BoenpoBBBeJO MaiepiiOy c^picapoBaBmyio h h^ wiecb ^pioi- 
pyiomyK) Bce bhahhoo h ocasaeifoe bo BceieHBofi. dio pasi. A ho 
BTopuxiy no noHflTÍaM!B i^iaSiieBi, bto se ycoiiHBTCfl bi HaasaH- 
HOMi rn^A^ Bcero yiiCTBeHnaro Maiepiajia, Borxa Bas^ufl aersa 
noHHMaerb h na ce&h nyBCTByerB, hto tojbbo tou cnoco6eHB mh- 
CJBTB, BTO CHTi; TO-ecTB, 6e8ii HajueaBa^aro aou^pMiHu sejyxBa 
vb ero Hopiia4BHOM% cocroanÍH, 6wb nocTOMHaro. ocB&BeHia ero 
nan^et h DHTBeiii», owb jinmamcM CBoeB auraHenHoA A^xejiBHOcra, 
OBTB BnaAaen vb nojrayx) TynocxB, necnocoÓHOCTB; a npH tasoiťB 
coctobhíh sejiyAsa, cymecTBO hmi o6jiaAaH)n^ee oniyu^aerB na ce($š, 
H o^eHB 6HCTpo, AHmenie bcsboB onepriH h yMCTBennaro CKjaAa^ 
^TÓ TOJiBBO h oxu^aen^ ero om Bycaa wpeBa, on o6jioiiBa aaicu. 
Ha HBB^HSfi (mun copoBa-xneBHaro nocia xoKEopa Tannepa 
BHTaBi](ii esorparB sasi na jiobbo y^aBmeecH mapiaTancxBo, 6y-^ 
AyqH y&bsijífiBUj vro ohi, no BSoCp^xenBoiiy hmi pei^eniy^ no- 
CTOflHHO nBJTb BO^y, HacToeHHyK) (Jesi^B-iTHUHE nHiaxenHiíMH Benve- 

CTBaMB. ECJEŮll Om» HHiaJICfl OXHOfi ^HCTOfi BOAOfiy HHHiyn BH* 



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MrtMĚmMVTU. 71 

lalmi, TO cnepBa ■ BCBopš owh Bnaj% 6u vh haíothsitl; a no- 
TOMii Mosen CTftr&cfl, npoxoiiSHiaibHO ocxaBajcfl 6u 6yAT0 shbumi^ 
Bo flenpeMÍHBO npexcrasjuLTE 6u BWb cefia Bnoiet ÓescMucjieHHiifl 
Tpyin* IIpH (éfjuhĚBOÍiĚ 9OTD-ib6o, Hame HHCTHHBxiiBHoe BJie^e- 
me aacTSBuen npuowiTB yBasaTeiKHHfl naieirB bo J167, a kh- 
laeifi fffl Tot se qíih nynmajtHiaero najeqi^ kl SHBory. Ilpn 
nuKnn bbtjuu^ sa BqxxoBBOcn sejq^XB^ Birafiitii npEouH kb 
sauiofeHin, no ^Aite BBcaMHBBsbe osb, Tiik!& pascy^HTenH^ 
lyxpfte awftjHBaevcfl eio Bjuxiien; npHnuH ra sasjA^emH), no 
ijmocTB, ipoBaiocis HaioBtea^ Bas^E h Bessofi TBape despaBJBHHo, 
np^«aaBjaen cotiot jyuiee Bepsajio ero yiia; bio caMaa lowac 
BiiBlaEa ero nojiHaro fiiaropaByMÍji, Myxpocn* A mn xan loibso 
vyxpociB, Bpa ftiaroiecTHBofi JunsH, Bexerb kb BucmeKy ooBop- 
MHCTBy Kj BaBOHei^ Kb HeaeííHOMy 6ciazeHCTBy, to h CHMBon 
fwm encfu ■soOpasaerea y BHTaftiteff& ^pesM^peoft TyiHocruo. 
Onoro^To, no ywHho (SywuKiOBs, lAon Byxxsi QlareiiyHH, btoto 
ixeua Bsenaro diaseHOTBa, iBoCpasaeTcai aeodiBHOBeHHo, xo 
qitfiBdl ypomBocTH TyiHmni, opa 7Jh6s£ nojHiĚmaro wmuB- 
CEBE, aacnn^eHiii. BiiOBia iepapiaiecBÚt BjaciH Újfgacrwb no 
(tónmeft ^acm ounanrci cbcudte oitsopcTBOirB. CraposHJH ro- 
pou CexenriHCBa, bobo^ho, nonnarB BO^esaBiBaro oboio TycaB- 
ma weyhj n 1830 — 1840 roxan, 6ypaTa Xanfio-jana (la- 
xalcBaro apxBnaHxpnta), BOropyfi sa sasrpaBom (SorB Baipyxne* 
m BOJcnpairB qftxaro éapaaa. TaRoe npecsmeBÍe ne nopasaerL 
n CBomn npoTBsopiwiii nami BaticTHiift ycmRB o nocri b 
mantíbS — BBiaftipi ne xonn B^psTb, no xpacnancBie nyciHHBBBB 
B onoejBHBBB mcsxmj^wn cbod bjotb ao BoaMOsnott BpafinocTB* 

Bflpo^eir^ npE bow^ noqeii yBviaiqa SBCBoei yTpotfi, ero 
roioaa lose nii ne satera^ Ma Tose npEninaerB y^acrie fl 
niBeBHOt xJfanei&BOCTB, bo et| bi ea noBTaxh, OTBOxeno cspon- 
loe Btero, bo 6ojň^ bbbi toubo flCToraBn^ BntoBJíama Maře- 
piaia xia ^^yHBqifi ^betibíb. fio bc^b BBnlCBBTB pBcyBBan, 
I n oeoteBBOCTB npn BUB)CTpEpoBaBniiXB poMaHan b caasBarB, 
m B80(tpaaBeBifl npoqecca CHOBBxÍHÍBy BoexyniBurb símbobb ne- 
moejfl, B T. n.9 oÓhbsobobho npOBOxarb BBfBarom wpry, nano- 
Vi6k mojbíb, orb TeMean roaoBu wh bbÓJj nó b BupasaerB 00- 
Mí 6eeftjiy ^^amBBBj^Mqaro ci BeÓecBSMB CBjaMB. 

QxBBBoacB, ecjB fl ae ociaBaBjiB)eB aa btbzi crpoBaxi, to bo- 
BOiBBO xoJ«n& ůyxy yTSfŮBncsL ke o&iacTB BBraBcBofi qcbxoio- 
HB) nó craio 6r Bey^iorao, Borxa 2 saxaica roBoparb oBSTal* 

CBOA BBflti. 

HTaKB, n6 b bbbi iffm BBTaftI^l? 



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72 BtenminfosH, 



n. 

?t6 nittqQ ixm? OrBtian He jeno. FoMfi n caiiOHi 
o(bnipHom cmbcjí, ohh ifím Bce to, no ůojňe un neste 
chijíodBO 6evh oiiQrTRenBaro ipe«a wiw&iecBeiiy seiyxsjr. 
Bnpowm, nm TtBoro ofiotpux) oopexinHÚ Hao6x<ttnfo CR&nn 
HCBiD^eHLi n H^Mfiopicn npofjwaa%j xon Beeuia c^^^faflotiBBxr^ 
■ Becuia mraTejHim, ho lim -ee ma/be xu nxalcBaro se- 
j[y^ HeróxHHn. Tan, x^i maiiien or^MTneuBO noiom, 
uoMWBue CKOím, see MOJKHHoe, ■ erspamexua itmgdu. 

OTHOcnejuio ronunH kmmmo eumrh^ no oiesB x*no, xo 
PosxecTBa Xpiciotai n 8a6oi«z& o jumpomtejoenš soiunix&iíd, 
n Rirai 0iui yciaHOBjeni otfpix^ <iec]MBaHui BOion>| wua 
TMMiAŘmvrh oorpyxonon aeiuex^mv^. 00b nom o((iNU(ft x 
mnnny Korxa*HH6yxB 000609 a TeaepB, ne sem ocxaianci on 
CBoero np^xnera, oasy oxbo, vo nocjiwiBiem moro lecno- 
BaHÚ, paw iipiraaieiMoera n oasaHiOMy suoiBQiiy ■ pa^K 
Bflnpnaro eio pauMHOsemi, BoenoeiIxoBajo bo Boel ndBepii boc- 
npen^eme ytfHBaiB 6MMún h lopon. Ji nounuD, no ■§ «o hhoo, 
san Tonso HasBaBsai vipa^ oeiampaiei n cu6 oiojo 20 cn* 
AÁ9j yse x&bho orynua Bnafli^en on TOBixnH. Ho Mesxy 
nraftiMKM H nonra m Bcin ryfepmaxB umepiv paBC&ms niaini, 
nepBHS noceieniJi BOiopHZ!& xftcnanai ■cropitan or a o ca r ca kb 
BpeneHaiTB 7*it> b 8-ro erojirii. TavB wu% om oiotho mimimai 

rOBIXHHOfl, ^tO HUB paSp&DieHO ydHBaiB nSBaHHBXB SHBOimiZB 

cBecBMa crapsxB h (Semaxesxo 6ojíbhzb>. Ho, sa oucyícnmiB 
HBiMesantaro EMf^opt^ 6iiBaen, vro ohh uaxyn noxB hosb h oieHB 

MOJIOXHZB, H OWHB BflOpOBHZB. OeotieHBO HBHJb, HpH n«^flXOVHOl 

Haccft paeoeiHBniHzai bb BHralcKRHB Hoptazs h bb naRHHft hso- 
erpaHifOBB, nocioaHHO Tpe67i)npzB xn CBOtro cioxa roBiXBHj, 
BAcTHHe TarapH BecBMa yciysíHBO ee BaroiOBjnnoiB xn <tea- 
poBB. Bb niaHzatt upnonnoTei 6ua hbb oxpeonioeidl nc^na 
HiHnio, rxi| BB ropHBXB yn^eiBHXB, ohh zopomo onapiuHBanTeH. 
HxB Mflco npeBOCZoxHoe h bb 1875—1879 roxnzB np<wtBaiocB 
Hoxopose 22 Bon. sa ^yniB. 

He CTOiB xento CBasaTB, onero KRiaiipi HeHaBHCTHHU Bcero 
MOioíHaro. A no ara xejraMannui HHn^a xn ub seiyxsa jdbĚ- 
ciBBTeiBHO HeBHHOCHiia, fl npiHOMHHaB) €jriMyK)iqm cqrui. Bb 
6iiTH0CTb HOD BB c&Bepo-sanaxHoiiB Kniaft, bb ropoxt ^yryiaxft, 
BB MoeiiB ceiieflCTBi lacTO (SoBaia oxna nonenHaa BHraiHHa, cm- 
pymsa An sa 60. Xoni o&a, ooxotfHO cbohmb sexinairB, oriH^a- 



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IRAJbBUf SfXU. 73 

jacE otfmopciBOMi, ho ne CMorpir Ha HsoÓejrie y Haci vh moio^- 
HHTB npoxymxB, HHKorxa vb bmwb se npHKacMacB. OxHasAn, 
DOXBVXlui nmuiHqr, oxRO hvb h^e ifoet ceMbH Bsxyícaio nojír 
mjvm H«x& Heft. Hapisan tohbÍ6 iomth ůjxem h naicasan htb 
ciiBMHum jHicjiom, <»o CI08BJ0 HO XBa . Jioiua Biribcrt, xa- 
aon MByrpb. Bomexmaji BniMHKa, sasHxim na CTort 6yjHH, 
flesaMexma hhh nojaioMmcs; h OHa, boomho^ oncnua da bod 
^zapHKpy, HO modpbnaeMk CBasaHHot majrocni He Bmepsan 
c&6řj ooBHarancBi no djmM m Maciom. yoraman eion poso^ 
Boe xu HM CMBO, HenyrftHMH .mmnpwi no(SrtxH&n h c& tofo 
se HTHOBeHís ee cnuo n iwoft irtpi tohihhib, iito k Biinys* 
xeH% 6hxb npBMrHyTB Kb xexHitiHCBOfi noMoiqH. 

npeixnouioxro, vro ora noioiBsai npoxyiroBi nTatt^iI Tan se 
moajH, KasB h on fomxhhh, 6iuo <Sh HecnpaaexJiBBo, lorxa 
OHI 6e9|MttjnYHO ofBepraHm wn^ sam mh Bopon, nxh h on 
OBeicB R BOBMVB, xoti Vh nmlk xflco nocji^MHmcB j»<{an. Ha- 
lOHei^, orspameBÍe bb MOioimiis iipoxsrsimm shbothhxb ho- 
pturenBO npoxiioptnn eh BimemmsB BnaflqeBft vh moiobj 
seMUHHU . H&KHHe poxHxuH, HiiiHHipe opexeTBa, ocmunon cbo- 
ra jcfa«> HpH rpyxsrB BopxHjniiii xo 7 — 9 ji§tb BOBpacra. H 
^^ocjHe yse, n spfijim roxazi* h crapnoi HHorxa ozotho Bop- 
nrai rpyxHmrb MaiOBom, xu toto xepsan npH ce5i lopm- 
jmc^. Mesxy tforamiH nmli](aifH Hon noiBacraiBCH, no Ta- 
lol-to nrten oronio-io BopvuíHi^. Taiai nn^a, npH oicyr- 
exBtH Beixoft XÍ8TH, xHraftGBHMH nexBiaHH flooiMicfl yHHBepean- 
wawk epexcTBom npa7HR& oeipím doiiiHieft^ h on tfoscHiia, h 
MfajĚOcm. Ho ho HteoTO[»iirB naltjnoffraiflm mhš Bcerxa sasa- 
locby m OTBapxjuiBane seni^iBK^ MOioiom x^ft yse mt hm- 
xeHi^eBi^, Bexen hxb ecjni ne Kb HxioTHBMy, to Kb TyHoyHiio; a 
Biesoiuo HOJierao oho xim ne-xivoBy i oraasiiBaDCb otb^ute, 
onero ne naa h& MexHi^nrib. 

BnpoieMi, HoxoÓHO roBixHffi, h BopoBse moxoro Bcerxa hosho 
Aoeian K& IlexHHi h n H^b^oropsxab ryfiepaccnn ropoxaxB Rh- 
iu. Obo Kb ynorpe5úieHÍH n Boftcs^ vesxy KaH«uBypaini. Ho, 
MixBO sairtTRT^ — mnBO li vaHisyps (sothhsh xo mojobh, bo- 
vjfpae noBa ne OBHitBomcb, npHHaxJiesa Kb cesdlcrBam, TOxasno 
BepecejHBmmefl h» imnusypca^n cioneft. Cú6etUBM> xu hhx^e 
tjmjaaxpyrb jubbh^ nasiiBaeMiiifl <HaSHmiH> (na-š-ny), rxi bb- 
pan BHpoHmift ^aft cb MonBom^ BopoButin Hacjom, nmeHH^- 
BQft jiyB<ift H HOBapeHHofi eoibB); [xam se Boerxa mosho BynHn 
cribsee hojobo h npocióBBamy. Paxv yxoiSoTBi xu ooJxaTOVb, bth 
JMBH Hojosysyícfl oco(SeHHHm HOBpoBHrexbciBOMi nojrai^H, h sa- 



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74 vmmaab boodb. 

mpanrci oven bosého mmM* Byxyn úxmsMwm ffi Boero mo- 
lo^maro, ho (^[^etras noqrnan ero -m uftBurs jWBar&, vh Ile- 
bbb£ fl BoerAa nepmwb npH GBoeiii xoiffb xoftByn BopoBy C!e ea 
TejieBSCHn, nosynair hz^b hstb i^brE se aaron, b mwb se HftBB- 
xaii sopwHHBa. EciaiB wniumh^ wso hb oABa snatBBa ae pi- 
iBBTCB WHTB BopoBy; Tftsoe j^jMcisie 611JO 6h HeBsnaxBiciíMS lurr* 
H(»rb x^B ea it&iOMyApii. Hmi, oeoeiBBflrieca bi Sarai bho* 
crpaBiqi, ne xoBOdLCTByHCBixtemniB BOposairv, BOiopnB Max<^-Mo- 
XOTBB, HepšxBO BHnHéíiBaDn mpoBi Bm KaxH^pBÍB. 

TaaBKB oÓpasOMi oKaaiaagPOM, ito oaMarcMO xyvmaro b w>p^ 
BBTO A^a iib^b^ BSKb roBflXBBa B Bce MOJiMBoe, BaraSi^B ne 6e- 
pyn Bi porb. 

A Mesxy TÍBib) vn naifis iqHmaen cetta nepexoBoio vh ra- 
crpoBOMÍB. TsTfi, BMi BpBfiBei mí^, flm[ nvaeBTb VE BXl ByBB* 
HapHuxi pysoBOxerBaxs. BBpmeB%y rb me pysoBOXciBa b noacsaion, 
Hfi) wMsao' pa8yfldk!n> noA% cjoboke racrpoBoiiia. Hn hbx'b bbivo, 
^no BBiaĚipi, npB npasairaBOcni cseefi bo Bcem aaBretCBOM^b, noxib 
8IBMI lepMBBOWB paqrMÉBm se npBdpacrie m> tmwsoi^^ poc- 

BOmHUMl BCTBaM^y B HOBapOBOe BCSyCCTBO BKyOBO nOBOpBBTb m^h 

Bcasaro Marepiaaa, ^n 6u tojiwo ob% ehiffi6nuwb. Tojibbo opi 
TaBOM% BaFJuiA^ srn m^y b oÓMCBsercB, \m ^ero^^ero ne %Km> 
BBtaiipi. HauTaBoiBCL o BBiaĚcBoft racipoHOiciB, oxHaaxu, emv 
Btb IleBflHi y ce6Ě aa BqMiHxi, a ysaxibai aa jibmohboics xepeB^ 
CojomoTOy ÓeaoópasHaro nayBa^ IIpaBasavB <uyrt Bii6pocHni aiy 
raxBHy, MeBa no6yxBio copocat^ ij^kn m ee? Gayra, noHiozaBib 
nayBB, OTB^TBjrB p^nmieakíBO, no A^a naniB oh^ m roxc^ai. To* 
ecsh OBasHBaeTCfl, hto BaiaftesíB seiyxoBL HacroxLBo yMen, no^ 
BD cIle^iaILH0By sasaxy anupsMrh voxaoe on fleroAsaro XJia 
nBflvi. 

Mofi Boopon BBCBOi&BO Be yxBBBj^ B He íifSmffbxb BBttf aa. 
BiXB ^xarb se obb, nanpBMipi, capairiy. OxaasxB, SHBa Ha 
W^bj b6jb8b IleBBHa, hb BepBBjrt ropu, a y^B/lbn noKh ropoft 
ryeroe otisiaBO lertBBiea capaE^a; b% wn se ffin bbí nosaxo^ 
ÓBJOCb floftzaiB vh nennrb. Be nyra a aacMOipijiCfl aa xaao. 
BcrpiiBBib HicBOtiBBO xecBTBOffb rpymrE BBtafti^RE, ROTopne 10 

BOnOBUUBCE, TO BftSŮBpUKh BBepeXl, B BOlID^tmUTeTBOBaJI^E, it6 

BM!E BysHOw OBBdajocB, "VTO BpBxerbBBiaa eapaflU) ae ycntoB 
nosa pasopBTB irikTBoen, ya&e opasecjta neosaxasEue ^apnora 
uBMEBM-h xopramaM^ b aaxoMCTBO aapoxy- Cpexa roMuu ctoajm 
nepeHOCBaa nevypsa, sa soiopot na caoBopox^ noxautpaaajiacb 
capaBMB. 3anacb HŠCBOJEsazs M&naoB& cb btbmi ezBXHHMi Hadtoo- 

MHlTb CBBX&mBECTBOBajl, YTO eOpOCl BatBBOe laSOUCTBO BeJBIKb. 



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BIT1Í€KÍS tttmt. 75 

H x^UteBHieiBHO pacBynau capra^y m pacxBan no nojBonifiai 
8» nnon, ■ ryrb se ncNSBpajH ee. "hffkvh Biiaiipi h ByROJOB% 
mnoBH^Hiixi . KOBOHOBi; HO npexnouTaim jubuzi ■ ocoÓeHHO 
Ais sasyesH nocjrii boabh* %ffiTh ooh, xase nyfijHHHO sa yjniq^i 
BSBÍenqr» nopojty lyHeaxBHxi HaeitioKuzs, — nepsBo bxi na^ 

BBaO,— XO<^Bafl HTE F& B806UÍH Hft TOMOBÍ H B(L CBOefi OAeAA^. 

důjA^ Eemn, ^lo bíti hs oxuffo, hh ^fmieh, hv aseHiiiHHH, 
DQioameAHO bo sdbrb cocMhiexh btoB fleneionaoraofi hb^íh, 
Boioparo rtio (Sbio 6u cbo6oaho oti bvoA n^HHfl. Ho noBsmsfía 
snaliteffb, oicyrcTBÍe ea oBHairaen, nm wpom^ qeJortBa Hcnop* 
H^a, vo eMy npoBiiTB aa cgbA ne aqxfo; uh a(e, mso ob% 
nocmuHO rojoxaei^ hjh ÓeraatWasBd ů^neob. Bsbíctho, ito bh- 
lafatH oiídica bbxb n^enemiBroci&KX HaocrpaBi^eBi sa EXh (n* 
Bfuifime on laiot riAOcn. Ilocai csasaHiiaro, 6iuo (hi crpaHBO 
I yxujiTBefly KaiTb saiafliwi 4xan> BnpoieirB, sapeanuai, híbo* 
TOpHB nopoAH smíí, BCflXHxib JUTymeBii, BpHeB R Htimefi, rajosB, 
oo6aBi, MopcBHxi BBfiasaTHitx; cupoe BacropoBoe mbcjh), pasHaro 
poxa Mejuuxb paBymeR^By h MHoroe ;^roe He iAOxoe y saes, — 
Boe nepe^ecTB ne jerRO. Biipo^eMi, HeofixoxflMO orOBopaibcs, tto^ 
181 nepeacjeHHaro, ne Bce npeasro ffiň cioia JH)j(efi tforaxuxi; 
Bxi ixBTi npenfyniecTBéHHO G^hbbh. Tymn jKpuch^ MumeS, co- 
6aRL KpacyK>TCB na doctoajiuxi* XBopax^ ea nOKasi, bsbhšhi bu- 
bícbi, bmAcA ch TymaMH ociobi h Minaxeit. OxHasxu jAtou^j 
m CĚMbEjv) sapy, apoiaaaa BepxoH% vb OBpecraocm IlesflHa, a 
ovflb flporojoxaioa. OcmHOBBBímicb aa nepBom BCfHf^eEEOwb 
flocrouom XBOpi, a noipeÓOBan HOiexíraHo uoffnh mh'& veror 
n6o noictt« Bhh noxani coyci cb mbcoitb. fl eid^xi ero (Sb- 
cípo norpetioBajii eo^ n&pujao, h yae esnafi ciipocan, xasoe 
1 in luco. <^S9HIH CIO roy q^> (bio noxoxaji coóana), 6ujo 
xhí OTBÍ^eBO. TiUBHMii ofipasoftTB, xoTfl H cjiywiHO) a ysHarb, 
no Maoo jy^maro xpyra noxeH Bsyoao s cjtersa ciaxBOBaTo. 

SíLuŠHdaejíhBOj hto npa paaoaaaraoirB ivihbbbA jun9i,ŘnfiVh no 
(naomemm wb nMín% obh, hi^whí xasi h roBBXHHy^ h mojmki* 
BHe GSODB9 ci ofBpao^sieM^B ofsasiiBaHyíca icih pvůbio HBpy, 
XMe ooerpoByio^ h pb(5bh xoiobb, ciojb BsycHOfl jaBMcrsá xaa 
flamno seqrxBa. IIo ex:& noHaiiam, 10 h xpyr«e cyTb camie 
rpiBHHe, npexo(7JBiHTeJBBiie npoxyBm pu6a. & ee nory Ba6iiTB 
XHett HameB iiacjaHHipi, kb 1853 rony. fl^ Hameft He(kxiBnioS 
laaraiB b:b QeBBHJb osa 6iija HacToaiiieB MacjaBBi^eff. H x&t- 
OBReaurO) ho npo6ya CBtaseft HxpH yse nanifl roxhj mu bhb- 
8«DH0 6hib o6paAOBaHH, Borxa vb munsirb tfjiBHairB (Siuo no- 
emueio rjyfioisoe 6110x0 npespacaoS oeerpoBofi Hxpii. Y sas- 



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76 

Xtro H8% aacTb HeBox&io Bsipsaiei Boiipoa: onyxa on buuicb, 
soFxa Mesjíy uralivufH amo ee ae ten, b 7 sm rarxi v6n 
ea Bi npoxasii? Ho Bian so^reHHHt cooumecTBeHHBVB, xyxos- 
BBKb ?., HO BaiiexiBn oÓMcairb cmd bmiommj. Hsyiu (bm 
KBTafiqerb, v. ?• JDotian (SpoxBTb bo ylB^am ■ umojme»m% Ile- 
BBBB. B% cucTiBBstt ji» flM% WBB, pEBO yrpom, OBI Bonan 
aa pii6ift pHBorB* 3acM0TpÍBBiacB, aan apoaopao pi^Saaa ai 
doan 4apiz!& oiaovuDn piiCji oai ciyuiao yaaxftxL boxe ja- 
peiTB jyasj aapii. Oaaaaiocb, yto putfaaH ee Bii6paeiiBaDn aan 
BŠ^TO Boraaoe. Ho BBpaae^oe sejaaie co ciopoBB r. ?. ajr- 
BBib aiy aapy, psteaa ero ocaiaja, onAraas, yto Baaro aiy 
ae BOMÍBUierB BsarB aapy xapovb. Oaa a 6iua apaBocesa a& 
BaM%; a tfjaroxapa pyaoooxcny n aaart (Maauel, Boret), aasii 
Boaapi xopoBK) apoMHJi nV7* norom mb vacreauo craia Jt- 
aQMBTBca aapdl; bo aaaoaeqi aaiatipi crnaByia, iro sa aee aa 
B6 oraaseaca aianTE; a bsibi Biaiy pan, oaa cimia 6ojie a 
6oifte BOBBBiaTB aa aee it&ay, ma& ^ro as cAf^u^ aacu- 
bbaí ^yan ea Baa% o6xoxaJca jme xo 70 woíňevh. 



m. 

He BaapacBO-JB a bobojte cbob) p&n o aaiqft aatatti^eKE a 
ea xypaofl cropoaH, aorxa apesxe Boero aooaBO 6íuío 6b caasaiB 
o BaTaTejiBBiix!& a aaycBHxi ap^xyaian? Bapoiem, oty oroBOiay 
a x^ax) Touao xm aasiaxi maTSiel, anaonao ae tationcE o 
aarati^ai, X^a aoiopHzrE bi naaiti raxBO — roBaxBBa, aoioao a 
aapa, a oiobb BaycBH — ae zo^y a Boaropan.*. 

Meamy BBTaoaiurtSannia Bpoxysraaa, Bca aaraScaaa aaioa 
CTaaan aa separai ajaai caaaaBy, paci a aapio^^eiE. 

GBBBaaa ecth aBaan-Bcoraiáa xu aaraSeaofl yrpoda. Bdk 
Bpexapiaria, bcí aoaHCiH aaraftpi ajiOBarca aaaitojrte ai oxboB 
aoBenoĚ njtua — Baycan CBaaaaH. 3a to aeiua ae orxan 
XOJSBofl GBpaBexiaBOCTa aaralcaoay yaiau) OTiaiao oraapaaa- 
BaTS aasBaaBoe auiBOTaoe; nace ero x^ScTBarenao Bpeaoczoxaoe. 
Oho OTjumerca CBoet (MbiasBoi a aaoóaiieaft aiaouuro caia; vh 
oraopajieBBOMi saBoraoai lyiaoen xodarien xo ^TOi ^no oho 
BOVTB lepaen csocotfaocTB xBaseaia. 

Hrpaa oxay mn BaxatlaiBrfc poieS bi ayaaBapaaai acayc- 
erai y aaTaBi^Bi, no aLBBOTaoe aecuu pacapocrpaBOBO wh mx% 
BMBepia. He 6yxen Beeopaaexiaao caasaxE, iro n Karát, ^ro 
Ba man, to botb a CBaaBa. Goxepauurie CBaaet npexctaBiaen 



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nrilOKiJi mu. 77 

QXHffb en BHTOXoUmirE vb SiTai npoiracjon; n pb^imn 
aomí He HaflxTH CBHH6Ě Ch nopocnam^ ■ aio SHBoraoe non- 
syeiGS, noxoÓHO co^axi, rtini aie iipasam rpaswHCiBa, cbo(Soxho 
zoxBTB xase no MHOTOJUoxHsirb ym^aicB, ^ xJifl nero ocoÓeHHO 
saMasiiBo, laKb xasi no lapaBfepRCTHwcKOxy cBoficiBy xasxoft 
anneiDt mšcthocii, ympi n uraficsExi fopoffucL, h n He- 
mhí b% ocotfeHHoeni^ npexcraBuvn uoaiH rpian, Myeopa h 
;g>ymn Benciim. Ha BOHpoo!B| or^ero cotfciMinio cbihbh non- 
ayími lasaiix npeHMyntecTBom vh cdo6ox6, fliioropne y^eEse 
xflralipi MHŠ OTB^Hau^ bto 9io shbothoo ecTB rjABa hdbrh xpy* 
rnn xoMamHm shboihhz^s; a m>wrb wb tuoř riasi shbot- 

HHTb BCZOXHn OITOrO, CB ropXOCTBK) rOBOpSTB 0H8^ ^RO 8 CaiU 

nraBqR iipoBsoiiUH wh cbhhbh. Tassm oópaaom, xora Toc^ifl 
sflanemiTaro ^pBina cJHimom cmíio upaSBaja, cyw no ana- 
wrím^ o BipoflTHocTH npoHCzosxmifl ^eiraiia on oóenmu; ho 
maimii en^ oAňe^ wme xojubho 6ht& no aBaiom, npEsnann 
81 CBcero poxona^ajiHiBa ^erBeponoroe cyn^^cxBO, onanHBann^ee 
BECI CBOBHi HepflmecTBOirL. He bxoxe bi ytrana nsHCsanifl, 
fl H6 Chjuin oÓmchbtb, OTsyxa bsbjocb cron ne jecrnoe o 
ce6& sauDienie y heiúHi Bcer^a in^ecjaBanteficB cbohitb nepexo- 
BBMi noioseHÍex:& npexi» BCfliiH ocrajuHuiiH napoffiMH. Bnpo-^ 
lem, o BBycaxi ne cnopffTB, h histo ne fb upasi opysxaTB sh- 
teiei nojmedecHofl sa nxi Haiponajunoe Bjewnie. 

RpoMŠ eaaeAHeBnaro ynorpefiienui CBrannii Mos^y Óornuum 
iKxtítnfiMH, ona ipeóyercfl aasE BasnMmafl npEna^iesnocTB xis 
nup BB HTb naipímansoiiB igrArt, bo cjaBy cboutb npexxoBi. 
dio noMBEOBenie coBepmaerci vh Hon noBaro roxa, lorxa vh 
UMMfna cexetCTBi coraeiai HeodxoxEMott npBnaxjesHOCi&K) no- 
ietb nrneEHYEHii nejcbMesH cb HavnEOtt cbeeeeoi) (9sy-6o6o). 
IIoxo6ho HacHnieBiK) y eecb 6iHEaMH ee MaciflEBi]^^, ciAcrh 
OKEB Mfloro nejmceEefii npocHi:bRb sa eeme xo ohoeb nosxnett 
HoiE, npEBBaeicfl Mosxy EHiafiitaME Eteoioparo poxa saciyrot 
npexB npexBaME. Bb x^hb eobepo roWt ^^ npoHCXoxfln^EZB Bsa- 
UEmTB noBxpaBJíeEúixB, oÓHEflraeEEntt iq^exnerB pasroBopa co- 
craBiEefTB EOHEoe EcrpeÓjeHie neMbrneasA. Bb xocTaioiEHXB ce- 
KdcTBarB Tasak Tpanesa noBiopieica bb leienie ipexB e xmm 
lecf TE cyroEB EacrynHBmaro roxt- dioiB oóinafi cuTaeica vesxy 
ttiaftqaME EacioiBBO EeotfxoxEMHMB E Eei8MÍEfliiMB, xase Mesxy 
aDXBXE MxHftfimBME, ^10 BB TOMB BecvacTEOEB cexetcTBi, tmA bb 
ugĚBMBpo Eou xase se noEDxan nejBECEx, he oxbbb bbb ero 
unoBB) ÓoaeB craxa, ee Eepe^B if&MB se cosHaeioi bb laicoMB nocri. 
Beio BQxJku) xo HOBaro roxa na ropoxcsEXB (SasapaxB fiesB nepe- 



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78 

pHBa orjamaeicfl BOBjQrrb pmaHieiii npcwtBaeiiiin CBHHeft. H 
CKonRO MJ% Bcrpetifln RnaKiifii wh oxey ho^b! Ecjih npEHan 
FipoflTHoe ucjo ameiefi wh 'Rma/b «b 400 mejbohobi, h npex* 
nojiasBTB, HTD BasxHB cbíxmtb CMonHH TMBBO HO fyEiy, — a 
ecTB d^wra H no 10 ýyHTon, io OBasHBaerai, vio xu HaBeaH- 
HOtt HOHH yHHHiosaerGfl 10 nmoHon nyxoKB cbhhhhs; a iipR- 
uffB, Hxo sasMafl lyma Bicím tojbso 15 nyxoBB, xojisho sa- 
UID9HTB, B exBann ommŮúHBOf ^ro Boere b% Esra^i Bcrpeéuercff, 
paiB o^HOft HO^ cjEmoirb 650 mea^iB mryvb Hp^xcmEBrejiet 
poxoHauiBHHBa HMnepÍB. BnpMen wb nocAM,m 30 — 40 jrih^, 
fixaroxapfl SBaHBieiBHOMy o(%xhíhík> kb BiqDoxi Bciixenste Bce 
BoopacimiOB^aro ero opaerpacria bb ODÍyMy, BiuiDii^eMy n na ne- 
peicifly wb ero xonaniBeirB, Borxa-ro BecBica naipiapxaaHoirB 
(kiiy, — ^MHorifl etiietoisa ho tojbbo ho BBwrrB HEsaBoro loica bb 
xeTOBie Bcero roxa, a xase b bb non BOBaro roxa iiBraKTrca 
TOJBBO ciaxBott Baxesjíoft BBycEiB CBBHBHH KOTxa-io BB 67xyn^eH'B, 

— TUÍM C^ieftCTBa oClIBHOBeHHO BCrp^UDTl HOBIlff rOXB BB CaMOBfB 

xpa^BovB HacrpooBÍB xy^a. 

KpoMÍ CBBBEHBi Meas^y BflralbQUiH noJBsyeiCfl noveioirB 6a,- 
paBBHa. Jy^msrB (SapasoBi npEroHAHyrB npeBBiyn^eCTBeHHO hbi 
MoHrojBCBflrB cieneB. 3to mbco/ ho bb npBMipB Haeiet tiapa- 
HHBH, OTiE^aerefl 0&iE8Hofly HteHOCTBD H HO BHÍeTB Tisejiait) 
sanaxa. Ona bhojbí saiiŠHieTB co6oS Hamy TejiaTEHy. ?to»b 
sacaeTCfl xo lejiaTBBii, xpeCyenoil bb RETa'& tojbbo sHOcrpasiviícH, 
TO ee MOSHO npioóp^^cni bbvb p^xboctbi cjiyiatHOCTB, nocjA naB- 
mefi BopoBHi ch Kffsopov) ea TejesoBX ve pauy^aerca. Tasaa te- 
JMHBfl Tyma otfzoxBTca py6jieff btb 30 b xopose. Kasi sa Bi^CHyK> 
E mrraxeiBHyK) nxníy mosho ysaaaTB na msco xbbbtb booBi Boiopttxi 
o^eBB MHoro xocraBuercfl SBiioft xepBJíHifB hsb Mohtojiíb b Mbh^- 
s]rpÍB; BXB TOBse boxbtci ne najio bo Bc/bn ropsHrB irtcTHo- 
CTBXB KBTaa no^TB xo caMOfl K>SBofi ero nojocu. Bb ^acrom 
ynorpefijeBÍB, npesMyn^ecTBeaBO Mesxy JroxBMB HeÓoraTEiMB, maco 
safli^eRB fl spojBBMB, joniaxeĚ b bobjiobb. A xea&xy (SixKaxam 
He OTBasHBaDTCfl oiB BfflBaro MBca, (Snjo0H oho toibbo cb^o0ho 
— sasB cotfaBB, ocxa b Bepfijnoxa, bphch b npo^BTB. Ho a Be cjm- 
XBBajnb, mioOh BBTaftI^I &ib aornesB. 

Kaiafi ÓorarB npoBBSíeft imnitB. Mesxy hbmb bexhoo iffero 
8aBBiiaK>TB ýasase. lípa MBOsecTB^ bbxobb btoS mnipi, jqnniHMH 
no cBoefl spacort npBseaEyrca lasB HasHBaeirae oepetfpaEHe. $a- 
saHu Boxarci nowni Be8X!& bb BBrafl, bb xtcTHOCTaxii rxi npo- 
BBpacTaeTB tpoctbhbb, ho ocoÓobho bb HHxi HBOÓHJrie Ha (Sepe- 
raxB BeiHMecTBeHHoB píbb «^-i^Ha>. Mesxy BHocrpaHi^uni vb 



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UTAJkSáiE BTXflff. 79 

KiTťiy OMHO En vfiVomTh h ÓMvoffupwaxh pasBieveHítt ecxE 
oxora. Hsi^ IQaHxay juotf Bxejn-oxonsHXH oůwxmmmBo ompasjuiDicx 
n loXBaz^, Ha H^sonvo ^^eB^ sa HasBaneyio pixy. Ji Cman 
CBMjíkej&n, xaKB nocjii 4—5 xnesHaio luasamiiy 3 — 4 Hspax- 
HHXfc crpknoBi BosBpaipajiBCb jumoŘ Ch 8aDaooif& ao 500 ^asa- 

HOBly OKOIO COTHH JTOITB H 2 — 4 XHBBZ*& KOS^ Si 8HH& ^asaHH 

Bacronxo sjípíbioi^ ^xo HX!b mosho sapaiB tfeaib iiaojia. OxHofi 
isi oooCeHBOcrefi yacrpetijiem BErattitaiiH ro ubo^ ^^asana mosho 
ysasarb na cAfjnmfiQ- Ri croiy noMfoon ciiporo ^asaHa, vh 
HapteaHHHXB syconaiTB, e Tjrrb. ^e cra«m oiOBflHHyK) nu se- 
osHyio nocyxy (xo*ro-i^). 3xo hj^tio vl pox% Óojmnofl, rjy^ 
(toiol ^amsH, cb Tpy6oft Ha ea oepexHHÍ, BaB'L kb namem^ ca- 
M(»ap&. HanoJHBBi Ramay 6ynofioirB, siaxyrB m ipytfy ropanifl 
lepeBHHmift yroA. 06fixaK)nQe no sycouy Mflca Bapan nCyn- 
OHÍ. Oho roTOBO, Borxa uo&bjAerh, h ero Tor^airb se ^vm^ otf- 

MOOBl KB COE). 

XoTfl ^^asaHH BsycHu, ho hph oCHíaí ÓojAe noiemoe iiieTO 
npniaAiesHn jiOMamHHMs yxaaicfc. ^sl hxi OTBapmiHBaHifl wb 
VmA MHoro saBOxenifi. JlyímHicB BopMOVi curaerca eopro, tfja- 
roxapa BOTopoMy lyHEOCEb nraipi AOaoxara XQ toiOi rto bi Heft 
no^iTH ne bbxho Macai Boe nponHraHO SHpoirB- Bapeniuí apynniifl 
yiiHiiji flHita KETaftipi juíbKm iq^BsamEBarB bi nposi bb ooib. 
Obe nojtynaiOTi nvbn BopniH^Eift, ^HCTuft vwEemhy na mym 
coieHHfl. Mesxy iHocrpaHi^uiB) Bootin^e ne orBa8HBax)ii(HMHca otb 

HBTb, HXl npOBBBJIH «rBBlillfH BĚIiaiiH*. 

fyaúsí yTBH, pfl6uBfl, syponaTBE h xpyraa xhv^ BSBicrnaa 
y aaci n xodaBuenaa kb Baiaft npeBiiyntecTBeHHO bsi aritoauzi 
Btcraociefi MaHugrpÍH, h BypHx^u npBnaxJieBUtTB wb o6HxeHHOft 
flvn^ KB cocTOBTejoHEarB xOMaxB. Fyceft BHraftipi ne ocodenao 
mÍĚTh. nopoxa BypHi^ Maio orjnraaerca otb Hameft oi5inwoBeH- 
Boft. OsHaBOMHBniHCB Cb SsmeirB) a Hexoyx^BajfB, HHrxf^ Taii'B 
He BCxpbHaa lirB apynnHis qrpHi^i BODopsa (tb 1850 foxokb 

HOXyHBJB KB EspOnil BBBtoHOCTB HOX^ HMeHeiTB BOXHHXHHeBBrB, 
nodkTHKB BŽCBOIBBO pasi fiOXBHXBHy, TOHBBffB H OiaiTB, B HO 

BttoxHJTB HX^B H TaiTB, noiiTHaa HB CBOH pascHpoGa y Tyaem^eKB 
(U(HH fl xi se orpfli^aTejiBHHe orafeii. Onoro a opamen b^b sa- 
BnraeBiK), ^to HasaaHHaa nopoxa xaace b bi Eoxbhxbhí npex- 
cnBjaen coóoff p^McaociB. 

OiHOCBieaBHO ipiuarB xojisho CBadaK, hto kb hbxi na bb- 
iaicSBX!B (iasapaxi ne 6HBaerB HexocrwrBa. Bb hšcthiixi MBexe- 
Bucn oraapiUBBaHia aypí, umnjuob paaBOxarB BCsycciBeHEO, npa 
otfxoxarca 6en cnei^ajiBHim X^a loro ne^efi, o Boropioi 



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80 MOiim UFOiiH. 

xnaflipi fle sHann, xoBoncniyflCb oco6a npHcnooo&ieHHiiiicH no- 
M^o^eHÚniHy HarpfaáeifmiH xan n HameB xa^BOt (Saši. Bi man 
8a laiuHfl pan oCtoBOWHHO BiuynjHBaercji ne ueBŠe lacan 
ipinjDirB. Rcran dtarbmTb o npox^kní, opHTHHanHO zapaBrepa* 
vyjomfiŘ 8a6oTiBBOCi!& ipmuiOBOXOn, ^no(Si aa hi*b skmboř w 
Bap!b tfiURb nocroflHHO xopomil cnpocL. Hczoxh mn toto cnpaBex- 
iHBaro noioseHUi, uro sasxHl ipuiJWOKfc MOsen 6btb ir&iyxow^ 
EU qrpHi^) OBE jsoMiapytcsL o^en npocnnii, ho BapsapcsHirb 

CpeXCTBOirE MSKBWtbOí Wb ff>MVOBblMOen lypHHIirL UMVfiEUfiVbj 

vb Haxesxft npoxax^ nn Bcsopi. TojoBO-^ro BBjymBmaroci ■» 
fljh^a qaEJOHxa, npn nojyieHHOi hm^ cnocotfflocTH ctostb na 
CBOHx% jamarL, en^e leniaro, easann n sopuro zoioxhoí 
BOXU. nocii laBoro synaHu 0&xHHfi qmueHOX^ x^^aerca xbo- 
pHiTby zora H He lepaerL anneniTa; ho nosaptei ohi BCBopft 
OBOJŠBaen. 

SaM^UTejiBHO, iTO vh Eflrai nin hícthhzi HHxftesx. Rh- 
laiipi exBa hxi 8HaH)n h ne yMŠDrb npvHopoBHibca vh jxofj 
8a HHMH. Bi AftBHO XHHyBmifl BpeMena, Horj^a, enmoJUtii bi^ 10*ni 
iíthíB cpos^b, vh IleKHH^ npiiuMUuiH Ha oribHy ciapiixi, hobho 
ueHH namefi mhccíh^ xasAuA pa8% cmajocb HeHsiiŠHHincL npa- 
BHJiOMi npHBOSHTB HBi RaxTH HO H^CBOibsy Hapi HHX^^on. A 
HOMHX), CB sasoi ($epeasiHB0Ciu>| wl 1849 roxy, namib buthh- 
cbíS RapasaHi, nps KOiopoirB h izaxE ^peffL MoHroiiio vh Ile- 
BHHi, wn mecTh napi hex^ke. Owb nymůsum (Siaronojiy^iHO vh 

IleBHHl, HO HO npOHUO E MÍCEIVI, SaKl HH OXHOfl E81 HEZl HO OC- 

Taiocb vh mBBsoh'. TasHiii o6pa80irb, noxotfflo npesHHirb npE- 
Mipam, E na totb pairs ne yxajocB paauoxHifc etl. Ilpai^a, 
Eia HTHita Booón^e ne HaAosna, ho rjasHofi npE^ESofi Tasot ne- 
yxaHE diijo TO ofidOfliejEbCTBO, ^ro KEraii^, rjas&i na ctojb 
pixayi) xia hhxi HTEiQr, ne ocmBJuuE ee rb horcí, satfaBJUECB 
lEopMHTB ee, a HaBonei^ h saRapMiEBajoi. HHHBie npn mmcA 
EE0CTpafli](eBi Vb RETai, oxa htbivi bo MEoapeciBt padBexesa eme; 
HO BJEMan n efl BpexarrL jua se no xpyrEMi npEanain, na- 
xesi na nee ÓnBaerB Hacmt e BecBna SEanETeuHut. Tasí, na- 
npEHÍ^, sena oxHoro v«h aHrjificBBrb lysoBi fb IleBEH^ 
oxnasxH hob^Mmí^ meí lasoe ropě: hkb ea craxa, osojo thce^h 
EHxieai, Vb oxEHi Hee^acTEBfi xenB osa jumEjacB 865 nnysi. 
He uevbe mBn;b REiaft E8o6EjyerB e pHrfSaiffl. OiiuBaeiciift 

CB BOCTOKa E m% MOpeiTB E O^OHB tioniTEift pÍRaifH E OBOpaifE, 

OBI H^erojuierB noHia bcíme esb^tehme y nacB pEiÓaME, 8a ec- 
BJUDWEÍeirB BEpo^eM^B ciepxflXBA) BOiopím SETaftipi ne snanorB. 
PfiKSoiOBdBO o^eHB pacnpocTpaHeHO n crpani, h m^ul nero lyrB 



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Ufilmua sniuí. 81 

ipvxyiiMO 'MHoaeetBO npEcaoco^iemfi, nacro saMJfc^iaTenHHrb no 
notfpimienHOcni s bmícií npociOTi iiexaHHSMa. ^ en^e, u- 
Tttivi yidkvn npiy^aTB HisoiopHxi Bo^anEirb iitíi^b, sasi na- 

npHMipi yiOKL H (klBiaHORb, 6IITL HTb BipHUMH COTpyAHHBaMH 

n loaii pii6B. AfiAMMO saiíÍTHTb, mso vb cšw^bstl rytiepmflXB 
Snaa, orxajeHHim^ ot% MopH m (í^ffiurh bowehme (SacefinaMs, 
pi^ iie xHoro, onoro ona Aopora; a vh nesEH^, rx% ecrb pii5a 
lojuo npHBOBHafl, Rb HesHHHioi) nopy roxa ona cuTaerca pocBomuOi 
siMofi se cioíHqa xopomo CHafisaeicfl HepBiott pu6ofi, h icea^y 
optmun spynHHMH ocerpaiis wn llas^sypÍH. Toase nn iěbíotej% 
HÍcrHOCiefl Raiafl lyxa npesosiiTCfl pu6a BonqeHafl, coieHaa 
Buesas. Kflmflipi oxothhkh xo niaBareiBHHx^b nepBjBKL aByjH. 
nipoHem HaxoÓHO 6utb xoponnarb npaamo]r&, ^to(Sb jufbTb bb- 
6fĚXh ■» nepa louso TOflsifl, h&sheui nepamu, loropiie ■ 
mjrh vh uBsaj CHAHO paBBapeHHiiHH. Blb npoxasi ohh Aopora; 
a xifl HeBSHCBaiejEBHHrB oúifflvb ynoTpe6jflH>rB h HeoidopHHfl 
nepinnsfl, h ffixe njaBaTenoHa nepu on Hivoiopiixi xpyrax^ 
MopcxHXi pii6x. 

^aiie, KffraleKoe Mope, pin h oaepa moúurpomh pasanH, 
dřfSBh MHoraxi pasHOBHXHOcrefl, cb oMapoBi fp owhb Mauuix!^ 
pttOBS^nayKOKb. Ki ciojy htb Bcerxa no^aiorb onn^eHEiuiE, b^l 
eqyct. TaBoe se Esofiiiie vh yerpwofixh^ loase hícsoiuhxs bh- 
Hfin. EfiTafli^H if/tn vrb shbhmh, BapeHiDm, sapeHHia, coie- 
HflXH 8 iiapHHOBaHHiiMH. Mhofo h wpcnaxx, ynorpeéiaeMKixi 
W 6ynoHa bi cyni. 

Mope se mineirh semfiiieBi cbohmi iipo]i8Bex9HieMi, esbíct- 
Hmrb nox^ HMOHeirL «ifopcBOfl Banycni». 3to— Boxopocn^ ua- 
BSDiiitai Ha BOiHaxi* oseaHa. B^h EniaficBoiffb Mopi OHa Bcrp^^aeiM 
pixao, HO OH) H8o5BJiyerb oco6eHHO c^Bepnaa ^acib .SnoHCsaro 
Mopa H OBOJO (SeperoBi namero npH-aMypcsaro Rpaa; a na npo- 
cxpaHCTBÍ TBxaro OBeana, no uhíh ao caicoi Kajui^pHie, a ne 
BGipittjnb ea. CdopoH^b Mopcsofi saHycrH saHHiiaeTca MHoseciBO 
npoMHmjieHHHBOFby anoHi^eBx, KEraĚi^eKL h pyccBHxi, h tjuibhhS 
cůsĚTh npHHaxJKesHn RaiaK), r^i Aia (S^xHifimaro sxacca napoxa 
osa GOcraBnen qpesBuiafiHo Baauaoe noxcnopbe bi Tmusib^ xoia 
I Maio HHTaTejuHoe. CpexHifi eseroxHofi bbobx bx Kniafi npo- 
czapaeica xo 140 thcah^e nyxoBi. 

Etb MopcBOMy se npoucxosxemK) xojisho conpaucjtHTb h 
oaciouHHB FH^xA- O jiaciouHHiix^b rnisx^i, yuínpeÓJUíeujaaa 
n nn^ XHralAaHH, bi EBpon^ pacnpecrpaneHO lennoe noHaiie. 
y naeb MBoríe npexcTaBjax)rB ce6i| ^to nasBaHHHfi npoxyiBi^ ecrs 
1íbňanmteMhBá>e HapysHoe vab&ffi, vb pox^ HanpHM.^ hsb^cthhxi HaM!b 

To» lY.—Istt, 1888. 6 



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82 BMESUl IBP(»UL 

vRÍsf,% lacTOUHi ciojiB HRCTO Bcip&vaiaii^vzcfl B^ ynazi Bpiinnb h 

OBOHTb. Ho AOJUBHO SaiciTHTb, HTO CBOIBBO 6ti BBTafil^tl HH 6WĚM 

i^HHHBaMfl vh BUÓopi ce6i DBiiui, o^BaBO He craByri se obb im- 
TaTBCfl BaBoi-TO nech^jífiÓBoi iiaccofi bbi MeuHXtb bítobb, ci 
rjBHOfi fl Cb nyxoMx^ cb pasHHirb copoMi, bkl BOiopun> cBiaxu- 
Baeicfl no^ofifioe fhísao. HecoMBÍHEO, hto BumeynoMAHyioe Cbi- 
xotffloe ra^o npexcraaiflerB ^to^abÓo noxejEBaiH^e, e xase 
H^^TO xopomee, bopab obo saciyasBjo ne tojibbo MeasAy BHiafi- 
i^aMB) a j^fiose a uex^y BHOcrpaHJtaMB vh 'EinieA^ Aociarouo pas- 
6op^flBHiiu Kb unínij o^eflB no^ernee mšcto bx ByjBHapHOMi 

noA^B BMefleMi jiacio^BflHa raÍ3Aa (bh^-bo) Bfliafiitu pasy- 
mísotb ne caMoe rHisxo, a tojbbo iiaccy, coxepsBiiyK) b^l Hem. 
3rB rH^^9A& npBHaftiesarB oco6ofl nopoA^ HopcBBX^ lacio^es^b, 
BOAflQflxcfl Ha ocrpoBi SLvb. lípa hhctbhbxš stbxi jacro^esi 
AJia caMocoxpaH6HÍa BCBaTB fiesonacHOCiBi oni Bhnrb cbob rai^Aft 
na uicxax^ HaB6ojiie HeAOCiynHuxi aul Bpara, ea otb^- 
Huxi cBaaaxi Mopcaoro 6epera. A a^ loro, ^1061 fh^ao 
ne 6ujio hb g^yro s^xpoirB, hh noAMtiio bo^ksob), bhcihhbti ysa- 
saxb iiTflAi cpeACTBO o^chb Bpinso cspiiuflTB rfl']&8A0 co CBaxofl 
B A'^aTB ero HenpoHBi^aeMmi^B. CpeACTBo CBpiueBia coctobtb m> 
Towby 110 jiacTOiBa BimaiBBaerb BHyrpeHHOCTB yse cioseHHaro 
Hffb BŽTOKb ra^Aft ^uinBOfi sbaboctbb), Boropaa ÓHCípo coxHerB, 
o6paqaflCB vh xBepAyK) iiaccy. Oaa npeAcraa^iflerB coťott BHyTpeH- 
HB)B) Bopy rHŠ3Aa. dra Bopa, xopomo oiflnteHnaa otb BEÍmneft 
laaa thÍsab, b eciB novh caiiufi npoAyBTE) BOTopuS ynoTpefijEaerca 
vh nan^t. Ha Bonpocx, iio sa 2bbaboctb h bbbi obb BiBBaerca 
Bi ra^AO, 611J10 MHoro npeAnoioseHÍfi, oaho Apyroro HenpaBxo- 
noAo6BÍe; ho naBOHeicL HaxypajiBCTu npamjfl, noBHAHMOMy, btl 
TOHHOMy 8aBiK)96flÍB). Ho BX^B HBÓJiOAeHiairB OBasusaercfl, iro 
MopcBia 4acroiBB, cbbb^b CBoe HapysHoe th^sao hbb Bikioisrb, 
Maio-no-Majy onieBiiBaBxrB ero BflyrpeHHOCTB npBHOcaííHirB bmh 
coBoií!B, BHcacHBaemiMB flSB xpocTHBBa, paciyH^aro no (epecy Mopa. 
He lerao ce6i npeACiaBHTB ctojib raraHiCBiS TpyA'B! Bíab xaBBMH 
njieBBaMfl au CBoero ra^a jiacxoiBH aojisbu coÓpaxB cxojbso 
pacxHxeiBflaro cosa, 1x061, yse bb ero oxBepA^JioirB cocxoflHÍK 

BOpH, OHB B&^flJl OBOJO lOXBepXB ^yHXa, 06uBH0BeHH0 cocxaB- 
juiion^flXB vbch xBBofi uBcca TEisffL. n npOMIímjeHHflBH, saHBMaH)- 
n^eca c6opoirB bxbx^ phí^a^, xasejio npoAaK)7B CBOfi xpyAB. VIm/l 
Ha xasyK) oxoxy, ohh sasAnfi pan pBCByB)rB CBoett shshbk), 
Bapa6BaacB no caiOHaMi, noixB oxBÍCHUirB, ixo6b c6hxb rnts^a; 
Aa B npa yAani, c6Bxua ra^Aft ^&cxo nponiMaB)xi fb nopcBBX^B 



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KlTilOKJUI KTXPU. 83 

Bouan. ^í^ npoAa^B ratsAO xopomo OHHjqaeTca on ero BHimHeft 
06010WH. TaRoe nrfisAO, To-ecis, npaBHJbsfee rosopa, ero BHyrpeH* 
HU lopa, npexcraajflen co(5oft ^pMy ho^th BpyrjyiD, BorajTyio, 
Ha noAOfiie sopsa paspisaHaaro anaiBCHHa, sejHiaHoft cb spynEutt 
aneaBCHHx, i^bítoicb no^ns &bMMf cb hícbojbkimh ciíWmh sposHi 
OHeHB sp^nsafl, c^ paaoBHcniMi HSJOiioicb, wboLOJíbM Ójecnm^HirB; 
KB npoAas'i OHa tfiiBaerb irlAHaa hjh paaóirrafl vb sycan. Bcjt^a- 
craie onacHOCiH h xpy^HociH AotfuBaiB oth rnisxa, kb npoAaasi^ 
xase H Bi CBoefi m-Icthocthi na ocrpoBt &vb^ oai i^iHatcfl xoporo, 
a BTB Eaxai sa ^yHii, bdojhí xopoBiHZ%| BpynHux'B h ^IjiBHim, 
BIA06HO saiuarHTB otb 30 xo 50 py6jieft. Ůb ayiHHi^HOirB jífbjA 
jiero^uHu vBÍdf» ynoTpe($JUiB>Tca BHTafti^aMH tojbbo ffiSL BapiH 6y- 
jBOHa, oÓHBHOBeHHO CB xoMamHeĚ yiBOfi; h xoth vrh noxaiorB 
iuaBaioii(HifH Vb 6yjB0H%, ho xft»e nocpexciBeHime racrpoHOMu 

CMMMTb VBi^flb ne ^AffTBy XOBOJBaByaCB npeBOCXOXHBlCB BByCOlTB 

6yaB0Ha, soiopufl otb pasBapeHHofi bccohiiíe raisxa no^ynaerB apo- 

MaTB H CBOfiCTBeHHHlt 8CCeH^ÍH OCTpUĚ BSyCB. HaCBOJBBO BHTafil^U 
iUCOMII Kb JaCTOHBHHHlCB TBÍbdffiMt^ MOaSHO BaUlDHHTB nO HX'B 

laMozeHHUMi OTHexaHi, bi Koropuxi o6iiBHOBeHHO noRasuBaercfl 
cpexHÍft eseroxHuft bbo8'b xo 90 tucahi uamixi ^ysroKE. 

BnpoqeiTB, noxotfno HaH5ojiBinefi lacrH npoBH3Ífl| vb BEiaftcBHx^ 
jaBsaxi MHoro npoxaH>rB ^aiBiQBBiixi jacronaHiixi rHfeX'^- Ilpn 
Heo6xoxHMOfi npHHax4esH0CTH x^a sasxAro napaxnaro o(S£xa vb hx'b 
tfyaBOHŽ, Mesxy *iK>XBHH HetforaTííMH oÓHBHOBeHHO 6yjLbowb npHro- 

IOBJaK>rB H8l (]^aaBmHB£IX'B rsfesX^. IIO CJIOBairB BHTaftCBHX'B Top« 

roBi^eBB, Taaia rHÍ8xa $a6pHByH>Tca iisi Mosra otb iithhbhxx, 
o6iisHOBeHHO rycHHuxs nepBeai, kb cbtích cb puÓbhicb jueeirB. 
HiTB xaH)TB coBopmeHEO oxHHaaoByK) ^pny cb Hacrofln^HME ra^s*^ 
WMHy xase noxMa3UBaH)rB cjierBa niBHBeft apoBBio. Ho ohh no- 
aene h i^bítomi cipie. HaxoÓeo 6utb SHaTOBOMB, ^ro&b ne ay-* 
miB ETb sa HacToanúfl. 



IV. 

fl yse yaoMBHyai Bumei htohbx pacTHxejBHOfi npoBHsÍH Haa* 
6oiie jmÓBMOŘ h nBraiejiBHOft aBn^efi y RHTafii^eBB hb nepaoirB 
BicTt xoJSHO nocTaBBTB pHCB. HsBitoTHO, Tio Eaiaft ecTB crpana 
pHcai H tfjiaroxAp& uHicaiy h ynijiocrH Hapoxa vb ^íaí seme- 
xiiifli BTOTi BJiaBB pacrerB Bcioxy bi HMnepiHi a bi h)shiix^ 
ry6epHÍax% oe% x^^tb eseroxno no x^a ypojaaa. ^ nm^H xh- 
ninfi aK)6flrB pecB npeflMyB[^ecrBeHHO vb paBciinHaToft Kami, xo* 

6* 



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Si B^onm tvMOL 

Topyi) OHB o^en xopomo rdTOBsn aa napaxi. dra sama na* 
eroiBKO jK>6H]fa hmb, ^to 6en nea, sa ECKáuy^eniem ó^f^z- 

XOBly He06X0XBTCfl HB OABHl 06ÍXB. Ó^BHl flSl MOBX'B Opiflieiefi, 

saHEMaemit bhcokíA nocn vb loeHHoft iepapxÍB, nacro o(í6xaBi 
7 Mesii, o6&iBHOBeHHO noBTopflJVB: csaiBm hh BopMEie Meu hsíi-- 
csaHEsiiiB symaHuiMa, ho 6en pacoBoit uaifl a ocraflycB rojo- 
jifik-h. PflcoBas sama coeiaBJuerB ctojs cyn^ecTBeHHyK) npBHaxies* 
HOCTB xHiaftcBaro o&bWL^ uo xaaie caMoe ciobo oůb^h ecn chbo- 
HBiTB cjOBa Kama. Oabhx h totb se ieporjB^: «$aHb» oasa* 
^aen saniy b o06x^. CaMHm oÓupfiBBuwh BonpocoMi Meas^y kb- 
Tafti^aMB: «9b aao ^bbb hb na M8tio?» (TO-eciB, BymajiB jb bu 
xamy), ^t6 osHanaerL «o6íxub jbbu». Ho xojisho saif^TBiBi ito 
nps Bcet npBBBsaHHOCTB xBTaliteBi b'b ofiuRHOBeHHOiiy ÓijOMy 
pBcyi OBB OTxaxyrB oxHaRO sHaHBiejBHoe npeBMyntecTBy pBcy 6ypo- 
aLejTOxy. Hb m Esponi b HBrx^ bbí EBraa laRofi pBCB HeRS- 
BicreHi vb ynoTpe6jeHÍfl, x& obi h HecocTaBuen oco6aro bbab, 
a ecTB TOTB se caMut pBCB, ho BBA0E3xÍBBBniiEcfl, óaaroAapji 
TOiBSO HepamecTBy. 9to crapufl Óímuř paci, sajtesasmiBca ao 

SaiXJlOCTH. 

TaBofi pBCB BSBicxeHB noA:B HasBaHiem crapoB xpynu (jbomb). 
Ohi ecTB ificrnoe DpoBSBOxenie OesBEa b CBoexy npoBCxosxenÍK) 
o6fl3aH:B TOMy ycipolcrsy b noj^afjMn, BOTopuMB OTjBHaEorcfl sa* 
seHHue xAÚBue MarasBHu bib croui^t noxnetiecHofl BMnepÍB. 
HpaBBTejBCTBO 8T0t HxnepÍB, Biixasafl naesx npoBÍaHTa x-is bocbmb 
xopnycoBi cToan^aro bib ctoibi^í boBceb b f,M SHaHBTejBBOfi j^ojib 
cjysan^Bxi tbitb rpasAaacBBZx hbhobi, eseroxHO cflafiasaercB pB- 
coMi, B onacTB nmeHBi^efi b npocoiiB, b8b cbobxi cpe^HBii ry- 

éepHifiy BSBHÍHI B8BÍCTH0fi ^aCTB A^HeSHOfi nOXaiB. OÓtíBHOBeHHO 

TasoS roxoBoft bbo8i> opoBÍaBia npocTBpaeTCfl ao 77^ XBJíJiioflOBib 
oyAOBi. A^fl csjíaxa ero vh neBBH'i eciB iiarasBEii, Haxaopx sa 

KOTOpnMB COCTOBTB B81 CJIOSBarO miBTa IBHOBHBBOBB, CB BOETpO* 

jepoMi BO raaBi. H0| xojsho csasaTB, hb o^na BHxeflAaHTCBaii 
^acTB vh Kbtbí ne xpoMaeTB ctojb saaopHOi BaBi MarasBHBaa. 
OtfiiBHOBeHBO BC^ HBHU, cocTOfliqie npB xarasqHaxi, Bnoiat ocbo* 
6osAaiOTB ceófl otb cbobxi ofiasaHaocrefl, npeAOcraBiBfl bc£ saóoru 
HaeMHOfi apieiH, Boiopas npB BasAOMi MarasBHi co crapniBHoS 
(xya-xy) bo riaBÍ pacnopasaeicfl npOBiaHroMx xasi, hto0i h 
OBi^i 6um nijiUf B bojibb chth. Obb pacnopflsasoTCB ctojib na* 
xaiBHO B tiedBOHipojBHO, 9T0 MaraBBHHue sanacH BoerAa bx orpoii- 
HOiTB HeAOieii. CayqaeTCfl b xyse. Bi 1855 roAy^ xorAa bs 
HesBHCBdl (jiSBJuificRpfi) ry6epHÍB noAcrynajB cb K>ra BAcyprenru, 
BCi^ACTBie lero hpoabbaíiocb crpamnoe CiffítBie bb oaanoBS^ 



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kitáIísíi kjxu. 86 

cntfsemfl llefBpa pECOVB, Óua Bana^aa na .Ton pan cepBjBs- 
Bafl reHepajBHaa peaBdía laseHHBxi npoBÍaHTCBBxi MansBHOBi. 
dra peBBsia oÓHapymsia, hto ipoirb onesB sHa^nejibHaro seAMeia 
n npoBiaeit, OBasaica xase Hexoierb bb caMom cyntecxBOBaHíi 
oxHoro MaraBíHB; ne tojbio BecB npoBiaarB, a xaxe h canHft 
MsrasBffB flcqe3^ 6e8ai'ÍAHO. Ha Mtcri, rxi aojsho Oh croarB 
flpocrpaHHoe Bxanie varasHna, pasBopoBaBoaro no sapmiHairB, 
oijTHiacB Eiooiax^; a uemKy t%mi mraTB hhhobhhkobi ocrasajica 
BB HajHYEocTv, fl Ha peMOHn BxaHifl asBypaTHo noxyqajBCB xeHBni. 
BnpoHem, ae mejaa OTAUSTBea on ceoero npejmera, sorAa-HB- 
6jKb 00060 fl pascBasy o pasBaro poxa XBn^eBíflxi rocyxapcTBen- 
Báro jLoeroflaifl bb KBrai. HmsfB, bb KaaeBHBrB MarasBHaxi^, 
yerpooBHiaxi jgrpHo b opa orcyrcTBÍB BeHTHJiaQiB, pacB BacrojBXO 
sajesBBaeiCB, vro ero cBBiifi hbsbíI cjoft raieTB, a sHaureiB- 

Blil CJOB HaffB rBHJBIO rOTOBBTCfl Wh ItWUJ 26 OOCTOflBÍI); OHI 

tfypieTB H npoHHTBBaercfl daTXJociBiQ. Bon mra-TO Bpyna h co- 
eiaBuen xJfl BBTatiia otchb JuaoMyv) Bamy; Bsyc^B ea TepnRÍfl. 
TaBott saTXJBfi pacB ctojb jBasaercfl BHiatti^ticH, hto neBBBi^tt 
njann sa nero xopoďae, ^ta% sa cnteit 6inA pncB. A, bípobtho, 
vh yroKxeHÍe neBBHqaMi h na saBacn Hp(ffiBBipaiaMB) bubobi 
ero BBB CTOJBiiu cTporo Booipen^efl^. 

To^HO lasme bb MiciHoxy npoBBBexemx) IlexBHa npBHave* 
MMn BpacHfiS pBCB (xyiiVMB)i HaauBaeifHS (k>rxoxaHCBBMB. Ohi 
noneiBHe ($tiaro, abítom% leBHo^poaoBHfl. CMí ero BpowxosxeHiH 
hbbIctho, vxo BfB 1680 roxax'^9 tforxoxavB RaB%*CH, nporyjBBaacB 
00 pHCOBOBy HOJB) Ba cBoeS BaropoxHofi wA «£)aflB^iaB!B-x)aflB», 
jBBxbn BoxocB CB BpaeHHMH sepsami. GofBavB ero, b% cjixyK>- 
B|yi> Becay ob% eofiCTBenBopy^HO ooc&ux ero aepoa vh CBoem 
jmcowwb nBT0MHHB&. ypoauiE oBasajea BHavBreJBasMi. Jl^oBOiBHfiifi 
ycaixom, 6orfftjMWh npBaaaaJťB noxitBan apacHyn pHCOByi) Baray 
T9JBB0 Bi ero erojy. TasBin otfpasoM^ cnepBa na opB^Bopraxi 
iiojaxi, a DOTOirB b opa ateoropiix^B qmapaflxi craia cíbtb ero. 
Bopowm, BpacBai apyaa paBBapBBaeica aa napaxib eumBom 
jBopso, oiToro ea Baaia ae BxoAan bo Boeofiaiee yBOipetfjieHie. 

MtoaocTB vh e&Bepool BMOCfb Karafl itaio npexcraajinn 
yxotfcTBB JWL pacoBoft ayjiBTypH, a, npa ero BJBMaTBiecBBxi 
ycjoBuxi, pBCOBoe noje xaen bb rex*^ ioibbo oabbx yposat, 
wcňMpme Yero pB» c&on aeMOoro h oa% ae xemoBB. Onoro 
BíB aexociaffo^aíixft cmaxs oÓn^ecTBa pbcb aaaiaaeTCfl xpyrott 
i^yaot. TavB, apeanya^ecTBeaBO jua Bania, Baiattiiii ynoTpe(SiflH)n 
nmeHO, ^ao^e »ejfoe. E^xase «ii>xb nBTaB)ica Baarai^^ an copro, 
9ecBBa TaaEejoft xu aameBapeaúi, e paamnia ropoxaaa. B% Ue- 



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86 uMriiRi KBPom. 

KHH^ H8BteTHii xo 2Š Bixon Fopoxa. En nBx% seATuS ropoTB 
Hxera npeHMyqecTBeHHo na Hsxiune C0I9 a nejtifl saieHiit Ha 
H8X&JÍe Maxapofls. Myxa ropozosas h Toase BysypyaBaa Hxyn 
^acro vb uúffiich n nmeHiiHHot Myrt. RyKypysy ixan h bi es 
CHpoiCB BHxi, H Bi BaiDBUi. MaHHy H rpe^y yisůTpe6MW)Th vh 
nHHQT Majo. 

Mesxy MyHHHMH iipoHaBe;^HiflifH^ vh RHiai 6Ctb tojieio nme- 
HH^HaaiiyBa. Posb h obcci He c&Dn. Bb IlexHflft, bo Bpem 
OHO, a BuniiciiBan an KaxTU pautHOft uMi. Bi G^Bepacn 
KaTai mnesB^Hai MyKa cocraBuerB HaiÓonraya) norpeCHOcr^ bi 
Ó^XHHrB cociOBiarB. Hsi aea xtjaion jatmiy. Hn ropcra Myn 
CByMien caapaTB janmy BasXHfl aaraeiti n, BasHn-HHfiyxfc ^er- 
aepri ^aca, it5 npexcraajaerE 6omnoe yxodciBO x^a yrojtema 
rojoxft) oco(SeHHo bx pa6o«efl apreiH. Rnratiito j»tfm janmy; 
ee ixiLTB tfesi dyiBOHa; a cieraa noxMacJHTBi cHaraerca &kABBUE 
jDXfcMH tioAmoft pOCBOmBK). 

nmeflBHBaa se xyaa axen ea EsroroBJíeHie Óyjon, xpeHxeiet 
H cjaxaHXB neHOHitt. 

Mea^xy M BoatecTBom coproBB 6yjon, aarali^u ocotfeHHO npex* 
noHEiaion Maraia^ HadUBaeifiia «]faHs-Toy», CBapeHHua Ha napan^ 
H cyxia «niao-6HHi», xopomo xqwDeveHHEUi h noxcynaHHHa ani- 

C01l%. 

B% HBCái BpeBxeiefl bi UetEHi neera (Soxie BonByDTca hb* 
BÍCTBOCTB» varaie, oneoB cx^^Hse h HpoMacieHHue «K>-Hsa-f7ft». 
YnoifaHyBí o hhxl, seitni pascaasy o xapaKrepicnnecBOi 

Wpii HeOXy KHTafll^aMH-*C0II6pHB^aTI> BB CBOITB HpOHHCjarB. 

Korxa no^H Bce éjso^nw npoHaBOXcno bb UeaHHft Haxoxnca 
bb pysaxB ae irikTHHn ifacrepoBB, a HHompoxHsxB mm Htoo- 
TopuxB yltexOBB ry6epHU maHBxyHBi e oco6eHHO IIIaHBCH^ tojmi^ 
spraxen «»*9an^ryft» cb xasHirB BpeiieHB, nyn n ne cb box- 
BopeHÍa BB Desant crojiBi^ia (cjiaHimirB sa 300 Min nasaxi^X 
HpaHaxieaaajH kb cneiMuBBOcni tfyjOYHnoBB-nexHBiieBB. Aoposa 
xaaoĚ penymMefty a noroMy a npitfiiiBK) x^s cboixb seuiaoBB^ 
nesíHAtt BecBica TO^raiBSo capHBajH cnooo^B neveHia HasBaHHHXx 
apeHxeaefi otb bc^xb He-iieKHBi^evik. JS^m btoA i^h bb exi i^exs 
apeHxeJBqaaoBB opanaiiaiHeB n yieHasa h bb patioiie Tonaa 
CBOH eeif MEB, xora dyjomaas mavBci&i^ ae pasB npexnraiH 
am sHaiHTenHHa xeHBra, tmbeo da Bpio<$ptcTH otb hhxb h^ 
caoai»aHX% iiaeiepOBB. TaxB DpoxoxHia efojirk, a newHBfl «kk 
iaui-ryft» ocTaaajiHCB mícthuitb ceaperoMB. OxHasxB, jt&tb 50 
tony HagaxB, eb laaaš apeHxeJBmaaa cian aasxol xchb npH- 
xoxHTB G/bfjĚBĚ MajBiyraHB, rjyxo-HiMOI. Ohb otchb ycepxao 



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IRif <SA1 UXIt. 87 

npvcjyxvBaji bi jukbkí, ps^H oxHoft vamii Kannnpi n aghb. 
Fofla ^epeerb xba :iaB(nHnB% oi^hbxb ctoie xemeBaro rpyseneKa, 
saciWHFB ero paíkmrrB bi CBoei 6yj0HS0t. Eqe roxi h cmbiu- 
jTCEHHtt MaiB^HKi wásajicfl xopomHin MacTepom; ho xepsaBi ero 
y cedi 6yxio vn ioijiocth, KopiiCTOJK)6RBaft xaBOHHVBi ne j^beji 
eiiy aKUOuns h eoxepsan bi wpHOirB tíjA. Manmcs, HBsoMy 
ne sajiyflCB ea cyxB6y, ae ocTaBjíflji ycepxifl bi le^esie cem 
ijftn, noejt nero, yme Bec&ica ohiithuI vb MacrepcTBi, paBcraicH 
Ch xenraHon. H too me? BeR0p6 i^exi 6yjiOYHHBOBi-neBHHiteB% 
tisn Dopasesi msBbcňewh^ uo vh oxnofi hbi mtncitcBBXi 6y- 
jomm v& IleBHvb se noflBUKCB vh npoxaart Hacrosn^ie speH- 
xeiH «ii>-ixa-ryff»; a sarim o($HapysHJiocB, hto ohh BBizoxflTE 
ifffc "pfKh xaciepa yse hbckojbko ho nr|rxo-H%Moro, Tomremarocx 
OBOJO xecnni jňn% bi «a5aji% y neaiHeiaro (Syio^HHKa. Bi le- 
veHÍe cTOJBSBn j§n xnpHft ifannsKi Bu^epauurB cBoe npHTBop* 

CTBO! H xMCTBireJlíBHO, eCJIH((lI OHI BStpOHEJrB XOTa OXHO aiOBO, 

TO, diaroxapfl maiiBcíffoiOMy Hap6^R>, onen orjnraaioiiteMycx on 
neBíHCKaro, HexexieBHO ofeapysEJOCL tfH, rat> obi poxoirB. Ta- 
nv&o6pa8om maBUsiSeiit isfiTh Of&yirtjTb cxtiaib o^eHByWHHstt 
BstfopB jM v^eHur ceipera. Hobeiě Macrepx Bcsopš pa8(5orair6jr& 
H eiaBa spes^ejieĚ efiixuBeh jffiMOVh tose h maHBcifii^eB^. 

GjaxKÍa neneHM npntnoBjaion bste -jy^nneft nmeHiHmfl MysH. 
BejiHHHol HBBorxa ohh ho fiHBann spycnie HannirK He($0JiunHn 
ůymrh. Etl j^mm noTni Bcerxa na syssyTHoirB Macjri (piffo 
Ba BopoBtem), ch caxapon uv c% nexoirE, c*b pasHHKH naivH- 
Bam H p^XHO Ch BapcsBem. He CMorpB na Eso^EJde bi CTpasi 
niaBrai^tt cazapnaro rpocTHEBa, na otfnnipHiift bubobi 8a-rpaHEiQr 
eaxapa btb ciipi^ e wl jex^vób, BBratQti ho yiitB>rB xase no- 
qpeACTBeBHO pa^BHapoBan caxapi e se ^peByDTB ero bx ro- 
JDBBE. y BBXi jiyirarifi caxapBBft necoarB hb xocraTOHHO <yín; 
oifjmnfB eopn 6oiie b ue^/be xypao omqeHu h ci noxiricBX) 
ByxB; a nocjrtxBÍtt eoprB^ Hasmaeifiril nepauwh (xofi-Tani), nepe- 
BiniaHS Ch oopOM% b rpiBBX). A Mesxy rtirB BHiaftnía oxotbbbe 
m Bamero eaxapa; Be Bjaxfl fb naft, ohh jiio6aTh ero rpixBTB, 
Bin BOH^Bra. %o Bacaeica xo nexa, to EHratt ae tforan hmi; 
BBCTpaB^ neJiOBOXcrBO mbio paciipocrpaBeno, h eejnr cocraBJíBeTi 
opexBerx BpoBHCJa, to tojibbo -n ry<IepHÍB «Cii*qyaBB». Bh 
ryptoBOtt npoxas^ aex^ mosho nalTH 6em hoxitIch; a vh Me- 
JOHBoS OBI Bcerxa CMfcnavB ci MyBott, e bm^ti BasBaneflie Be 
XII Bin^E, a codcTBeBBo xJQi A&BCBaro lyBiera. Hoxo^ho noBax^ 
im cBaaiiBaxmfl, tasí CBasaiB; npoKieBBaB)Tefl bojiocet, x^b npE- 
xaBiii rojioBBot npB^ecBi jiocbb b npoiHoB r^iaxROCTB. OiHocETejiBHo 



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88 jnoTum ibpoob. 

BapeHBfl MOSHO saif&TRTb, ^To vh KwaA bítb avoKt^f onoro oron 
ciaxsift npoAysn OTjnHaeitf CBosn oxHoo6pa8ieir&. BiOftBepHO]r( 
Ebtsí nonraeica Jíjwawh CBapeHoe mn ocolfairo BHxa uejoBTh 
XHSHn oepcflvovB («ni8HB-jn«zyffB»); a DjuhI Rsmt, h oco- 
(SeBHO RaHT0ffb, cjiaBHTCfl cboe ir& HH(hipHHm BapeHbeirb. Ero oven 
MHoro BHBOsm sa-ťparaiQr. B!& nereptfyprl ero icoauo HaBxTH 

MeaKjQT ciaKBHin nefeaBflia een BŠemxym coproei, soio- 
pse BBexeHa iesynam b^ ynorpe^Jieme Mesxy nraftiiaMi fb 
Hcxox^ npomjiaro cioxirbi; orroro bi MBiarB hx% HasHBaHm 
saMopcsHHH ne^eHuniH. dm nasBame ocraiocb wh uxnowoafk m 
naEflTE npHSHaTejLHOCTH. H He tojibbo Mesjíy Ůjjio^joxmm nesa- 
ÓHTa tfjiaroxapHOCTB kb exi BaiojmeeiHirB ymeiam; Bvraiiifii 
HMi fijiaroffapHH Tose sa eayBy nacoBoro MaciepCTBai h sa BBQxe- 
HÍe vh ynorpe^jeme HHizarenHaro latfasy. HiDzaiexBHat TatfavB^ 
xoioparo npesxe BvraftipE ne SHan, no dn nopy npEsosarcs m 
crpaHy hbb IIopryrajÍH; ho hhhí iipoxavrB moro noxxi^nHaro 
latíaKy hsi^ MtoHmn TaÓa^HHXi nciMBs. HaesojtLio SBTaSqB 
HenoxBHaKHH vb cbohxb otfsraaflTB, Haeaoiiuo ysasaDn erB, 
MoasHO BHff6TL HBB cjiixyx>nM^ro: Tavb aasb toibso cb lenoŘ 
pyBH íesyBTORB bb Earai 6ajm cffkssaa xpir KimeynoMiHymB 
HOBOBBexeEMi H HXB y^eflHKaiai, KOHe^ioo, 6uiE Tonico KiraftEiii- 
KaioiHBH, TO vnodionopy, ne CMorpí Ha B^ROByn xaBHOcrS) XfB 
i^aifB cjnxBHXB HeqeHÍtt, ^aooBoro iiaerepCT^ h loproBja 
HnxaTenHmiB TatfasoMB npBHaxJiesaTB toibso BHIal^H-BaTOJ^lKH; 
He^BaTOJBBOBB BfB HXB ywHBe He npHHHM»n. 

HsB nmeHHHHOfi MyBH HHBmaro Ba^ecTBa, o6tiaHOBeRHo vh 
HOxiAcH CB ropoxoBOff Mysoft) BHnrili^ xfijiaion np^Hiie 6mwbsi 
(jnto-6HKB). dró 61HEK BpynHHe, oioio ^yra bb xiaiieTpft; ohh 
6e8B Macja. E^xHHe raraBiiti HSTanrcH hkh, ukb y nM% wp- 
HHKB xiitioxB, sai^oiBaH jysoxB H xpyraia oBon^aia. Ompaii- 
JADH^iecfl BB xanniĚ nyrB, ne dpesmBue nyrenrecTBeHHMBH 6epyra 
CB C060I sanacB Taraxi tfíHHOBB, sacoBSBafl hxb hox^b cftxio hjh 
Hoxi CHxMhsy wjAth. TaMB 6jihhii opton, ocraBaflCB Temiim. 

ExBa iH ne napaBni cb phcoxb h cb limeHHoiet MxatuM 
doxaiúe oxothhbh xo Kapro^eu. Haarb oÓmmoBMEHt Kiq^io^^ejEB 
BB RHTai ne pacreiB; eiiy xaiiB mipBo. A ohb saKtefleicfl spyn- 
hbkb ÓaxaTOMB (ipomaea batatas). Ero sjíyteH úonuúb^ x^HHHue, 
eftpiie HJH spacHOBaTuei MyHH H cm , ciaKHR. Ohh xopomo MpiTcs, 
Bo SHraffi^a ^bxffTB h bb ciipom bh,^. Eto orerocTBO ManuB* 
CKÍe ocrpoBa, orsyxa owh npHBeseHB b% ERraff bb hcxoxíI npom- 



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UTilOBál 8IXHX. 89 

Jíra cimítís. Ovb n ynorpe&nmH lo Bcftn cmui HtoeaeHÚ; 
■o, KAxemB ero xMierasoH, <m& no^nteics nHtqeft o^eu iqpo^ 
c^ onoro xute m H66ortnm eeiiefienaxs ero Hisorxft ae 
noimyn ii oMxy nps roerb. Kpouft onacasmro n Enaš 
een en^e mfmien (awvolyiilacaea batOt ^s^ owhb spynHHfti 
ximiil. Xon »Tan nocjrbwríi ciHraarai nowiirbe nepBMO ■ 
Tiorpaéjaerai un npKnpasa xjifl Bymam xase sa napaxBnx^ 
oMxarB, HO oh% xyse pastapnaerci i xepeMBicn. 

San H Mesjqr Bcbm asinvaMH, oboi^v cocrasjunon oepqrK) 
n^iajuMiHocn nralcBoft ora^i. MesjQr huih Boero 6oiite 
oQipeÓMeTex saiiyeia (6at^aft). Hanm sanycra xase n Gisep- 
nm Knaí pacierE meuh Mypao. M'&CTHai aaaycn se xaen 
lovii, HO ona ssycHa, i oumerci cnoterBfHHiiaťb eft apona- 
ion; uycHa Tome uaoieHHafl i H!b noeojii. OrpOMHoe ei ynorpeC- 
jenie Mesxy MraliiaiiH HarjuxHO CBHxfaexMmyercji tím^, hto bo 
lOKiateeTrt oropoxon, oteBHOWHHO Haxoxan^Bzea obojio sasx&ro 
ropoxa H ceia, oeeHuo oocjrt y6opxH xpyrnn raomel, bci senu 
sacasiMMCx paseaxoi xanycro. Tome ao Beio6atpu% ynorpeíie- 
sii nopefi. Jlyn h lecHon kb ynorpadeHÍB Meaixy aHTalqaMH 
aeiie, wban n ooiajbHom HaeexeHÍH n Aais. Evrafti^iii He 
oxorao ixsn sejeniil Jiyn h ero uy<$fiH, npexoo^arai am (íibr 
lyn, 8acimpiuiyH> hhshdi) nuxh aopemaa jiysa (lao-iQrBi), boto* 
psi OHH o^emh jufhMO aqpaovuann, bi jmfipCrh pocry BiytfHa, 
DomoeHHBm ero oBy^raBamaii. Mbosoctbo coproB^ TaBBs, ocyp- 
qon, aptfyson h xhu obh paBBOxm n oropoxarB h hb noux%. 
KiTati(B He coím orypqoBfB. Uxh xhu ne cjbxbh, MeiBB b 
aaio apOMaTHB. Toimo wh BaraftcBom TypaerraB-i, ocoÓohho vh 
luMj paeryn TaBÍa se cjaxúi xhhb bbbi HamH. OoMbB) hxx 
ipBBOsan vb IleBBBi xu <$orxoxaHCBaro XBOpa b BOMBoro xu 
ipowiB. Bootfqe adb obob^, paaBOXinciie vb Espoot, bsb^tbu 
I n Rflradb, sa HoajnoneBÍem mrirHott BanycTH, caapsB b apni- 
tmmny u emfi xptea. An%< caapasa b xnift xpfan apoHspa- 
craon vh Karai, ho bx napoxi bxi ho ynoTpe(ÍjfliDrB. Kpowb 
opiroiOBJíeBis pasBBxi cajiaTOBi b npBapaai BfB BymaBEi), obooi(b 
I npeBMyatecTBeBHO bxi bophB; b Tose 606a, bi He6oiBniBX'B 
JMTBBBxi npoBBaniBBaBmfl n coaeHoft coib. 9ro niBoiopoe no- 
X06ie BBByiet; hox'b HasBameMi <coieHaro OBonv^> (oiHB-qafi) ohb 
Bi BenpeMeHHOMi ynoTpetfieHia npn hhb^í, bm^ícto ooBapeeBoft 
COIB, BO mAvh coesoBÍiftB, on (teraiefi xo (SikjBsmon. JlABŮoxbe 
ynoTpetfflTenHHHB b xpnieBHBB coieHuicH oBoaptiU) caHBi^tiiiBi 
teBann jounnni fiwa bjb ýkfOMi; m ůcth b xoporia, nj^no- 

TOBJUeMHB B8^ CBÍICB paSHUXX OBOII^efi. MeSXy HBMB 0C06eBH0 



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90 BMnm iBPOiDi. 

ciUflTci Tan-HEssiBaeirafl <na-(teo*cfffB*itaft> (bocbmi xparo- 
i^iHHOCTet); ovb cocroan h9b pasHinrB tfotion h xpynixi OBOn^el, 
vb cmícm ch madapem; npii cBoeft xoporoBHSH^ ynoTpe6jn>refl 
xu uEmjĚ TonBO b& 0ora/nix% xoMax%. 

j[|(n 6ojrie Hjnr KeiAe isHCuamirE c6ÍMfim noiaraercfl Henpe- 
xtHHOi irpwňtkKiemaocxhiú xecepn. Oai coeroHn isi njoxon, 
cjiaxBrai newni h wo^vrb, laiemxs h lexpoamn opixMS 
H H3i c&ium aptfysa i nncBH. Xow Knatt nps CBóeirB reiuom 
KJBMaTft ({orán naoxasH, ho Mesxy hhmí pa8Hoo6pa8Ífl ho mhofo, 
H jy^nniiui cjiaBatca Tonio vb rytfepHiB IIIaHBxyHi, Ha ea rop- 
Huxi MicTHoctixi H OTqacTH Bi IleKHHCKoS (?SBjjiiftcKott). Onyxa 
vrh paiBoearE oohtb no Bcett mnepii. O&k HasBaHnua ryÓepHÍH 
oco6eHHO saMinaTenHiii cbohmh rpymam h atfjORami, nepcicam 
H a6pnoca]fH, cjHBaMH, ^HHBKavH h cMoiBam; Mesxy v6aoA- 
mra oopram BHHOipaxa bejtch^ xpynn spyímift, Mjnit, ho 
0B% CTOJB HfeeH%^ iTO x^sG OYOHK ocToposHafl HepoBOBsa na 
nápoxox:6, Hexajrte niaHxaa, 6iiiBaer& novni Bcerxa HeHaxesBa. 
RpynHiia cmoibb xopomo BacyrniBaioTca; ^ihhbh duBaron saca- 
xapeHHBe, coienie h xonwHne. ^éí wmwaz rydepHÍH, ^y^soy* 
cua H RaRTOHCKaa, h nioxopoxH^fimafl K>ro-8anaxHaa ry6epHia Cs- 
YyaHBCBaa, vBBterHu cbohmh anenctHaira, niioHaini, tfanaBaira h 
jnmtH. RRTaieaiii BOH^Rst cocroan hbi BacaxapMHHrb nio- 
xoffb, Bcerxa n w6ojíhmiAi% jtOHTRtaxi; ohí ho o wam m a 
HinaTHiíMi BBycom. Opšxn xocraBjnmca vh HaetfajiiH m% Man^- 
aypÍH H HexHoro h9b maH&xyiiCBOtt rytfepmH. KHTatQii xopomo 
npoeanBaHm op^XH, se paatfHBaji hxi CBopjyím. 

HaKOHei](>, a exBa ho ynyeran CKasan, no raraSiiiH jm6sn 
rpH6ti; HO 8a o^icyrctBieirB bi m% crpaHi jícobi, BTon npoxjran 
npBBOBHTca mh Man^sypiH BacymeHHuirB; hxi huůoph o^ohb bo 
pasBootipaseRi, ho ecn h Mane rpnlln. Aoxsho nise ynoxanyrs 
o&h ynorpedJieBÍH vh mmj sapenoxi pocrsoBi 6a]i0yBa. Ohh 
cHBmHntM x^nBanoS iniiqidt, ho opi ycjioBiH, ecn poctbh oy«& 
Moaoxne; jy^nrie BHBanuBanrB H8ik-nox% sexjH, aan toxbso 
on noBasancB na crapom Bopni. 



V. 

HanBTBR oocTaBjuiK)n y BHTaflt(eBi Heo6xoXHMyn HpBHaxJies- 
BOCTB npa HVO^i. 

'CaMBirB ynoTp6(fRtei&Htiirb yBarmti^Bi HanvrBOirBy bohovbo, 



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UTAteui msĚ. 91 

jwojrao noeraBRTE <mtt. ^at^ nsercfl smh 7 ee(SH xoMa a bhí xome, 
npB sEHflTn, HS cjyjiM, b*b nctsoBhy npH bxojtí vb laBsy h 
npoiee. Ebjio 6b o6vxoft am maEi^ft, eoiH, npaniiafl ero, se 
nojom eMy wbbh wa. flpexi odtxoirK) bi TewHis Bcero o&bn 
1 noert (Mí&xa) rexmD nooroflHHO noxaevca iraf , cif^BAJi oz;rax%B- 
mit wpmnwh. Ho raTalQQ oCiiiifiOBeHHO tre JShion ynorpefijffleiiae 
saň wpHHft H Bejemitt ^ae. 9th wa ^^aOpímyDTCH vb EnTa^i 
eofiene&HO xm BHBOsa Ba rpaeiiqy. Ohi nion Tonso sejrriit 
nŘ. H zora Mesxy a^ejTinni ^aaiiv ecn MHoro coproBi, ho xh- 
fišnja npexnouTOion oÓmcHOBeH&iitty npoeroff sejmtft nafi, na- 
cjasxaacB Hanvraom Bucmvrh coproBi tojbbo paj^H xopororo 
Fom BXH no cjyiiaio ocotfapo ŤopsectBa. JÍ,%jí6 vh toitb, ^to bbc- 
nde copra, xon h oneHB apoitaraii, ho ho BxycHii h BpexHO A^t- 
eny»rB na HepBH. A npH pd^AMcn ynorpe&ieBifl BHiati^aMH bhc- 
jMMTh coptroFE sMiaro ^aa, hxs GsBaon Maio vb npoxaarl b 
obi o^ieHfc xopora. S ne nory uňun o HanpacHUX'B osexamaxi 
oxHoro vn vohxi Hplivejiett bx Poccíh. IIoofiftiiiaBB HpHCjaTB 
evy camill jyHHiiS asejiTHfi ntít^ a Be namejn ero hh bi oxhoitb 
wn nopvoBBZi ropoxoBi wb KwnA, hb OMOipa na moh jiH^mie 
pasespocH iiesxy xpysnaini HaAmsaniB ToproBiiaicH. Hhrto nn hhxi 
le onsaBBBajea yroxan arai, ho tojibbo n ycJiOBieiii, ^ro6% a 
conacHJCB saBasaTB ero na ^a^BKŠ; a na ^^pnat ero Moryn 
fipnoiOBBTB ne Hvaw, babs foxBBO b^ nepByio nojOBany jibra 
B ne neoie i^ijoft napriB, TO*acr& so apaftHefi Mips nars nn 
neciB ufidmom. Koseno, taKOff msas-B odomejieB éa cjramRoirB 

Upociott seirafl ^aft, jnodHinit BHtattKaifHi jianieHib HaTypaji&- 
UFO apovaia; bfb npoxaasi ero oOimBOBOBHO HaxynnBaiorB na^aaHH 
RBiron HJH sacmraa, hm HraenrBB oaxy^et (olea flagrans). drorB 
uŘ Hocan BasBaaie <jR^((afi*CB> (040), BCj^xcTBÍe nocroaBHOtt 
erp isjkBM sa aaratCBit ^^yarB (€OCiaBaiiK)i]i{HI 1 V^ aamero ^^yara) 
640 aoxovB (aixHOft nowra), oocntBjiaani(HX% 32 aonMaa. A aorxa 
um xoposaerB, ni vh lanaxi ga aero Bi^miaffenHyK) nfbBy ho 
iaaiHaayrB: ovh ocraerea riwb me <jK)^(teB*CB>, ao sa to ero 4>yBrB 
cnraeiefl vh dojte aja ■ea<ie smeaBneaaoa^ «6ci, ravB ^to 
iBorxa om Hacoyeaaeica xase xo uoBy^yara, vo-ecTB xopoauten 

BXBOe. 

Haaioeo, hto B Bra luB maim nafi bi m/Óonm^Th ^anmarB, 
tel caxapy a teB acmaxi npaapaaB. T4 Toaaocni bb nparo- 
Tcmjeflia aroro aanaraa, o acnoptncB otfaaaoBeaao pasexatuBam-B 
Bi RaTa'6, asn, mopanip^, o vacioi ero n umai 



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92 u<mms«Qigi. 

ci SARpiiŤaS spaniBol, o speroroMeHiB ]^xsí mro jy^iinei ptraott 
BOXU, BHnaHeHott ea jieperanHiixi yrun, p apM. n xtftcTsa- 
feiBHoeiH ueMMy simSiiaiiH yoorpe&iflDTei spaSee piMao, xa ■ 
TO TOJBKO opa s(epeic0HHom ncťki a o(biuoBeBiio naft saBapit- 
BaioTB Ha Box^^ aaian eca noxB pjBot, saMpmaaoTL He n 
namaš, a b% ojosiHmic^ ujib MŠAOon uBsbií, soiopuS v 
rpteicfl ea oepeBooooft neiiš nm na syxMBoS uert, saioiuefl* 
Hofl BaMeHHHirB jTMtín. Tai» «iaft npien « yqia ao hohi; a 
nbK)T& ero m opocieS ^aniKi, Hevh spuntH, 

ynorpetfjuifl jua HaaiTBa tmmo seimft wl, lotaliiu xtes 
MicTHOoreft crpaBs, rxi hívb qalJBnix^B ^^a^pBRi, ^fiasHOBeflHO 
HHBorxa Be BHXBBajH H He 8Ba»n o cyqecraoBamH hh wpHaro, 
HH 8ejeHaro ^ai . Haorxa mií cjy^ajocb wh Ue^wai jhhho yxo* 
CTOBipflTBcs Bi Tasot CTpaHBOca HiTL BBaniiHHrb Mesxy 00608 
pasroBopoBi ir&n BHraftfteBi, Bosopum npBBOjwuocB astb y Meaa 
^epHíift ^aft| BOTopiffi OBB H iiuH-To owHb HeoxoTBO. IIoiyqHn 
no qamBt iai9, ohb nepexaMJB xpyn xpyry cboh aaMŠWHUy no 
pyccBÍe jioxB uhvn% ^$Ř, npoBspacmnniift b:^ Poccíh h bl QeBnn 

npBBOBBMHft BMH CailHifH. B^ U^MUB^ OHWh TpyXBO ByBBTb JifMe 

HspBXHuE ^eilHuft naft; wh ^9Aaurh tiaBBaxi obi F&XObi; ero 
npoxaiorB vh ameiax^B, saBi MexHi^aHesoe q)exciBO, h soHewo 
no anTeBapcBot qíhí. ^0 1860 roxa^ aoFxa coodoxeHÍe IleBHHa 
ei XHTaficBBMH nopraMH 611J10 XJii aam Kpatae satrpyxBeBO, xu, 
pyccBíe, sBBBiie vb crojízujk^ oÓsBHOBejiBo BHBBCHBan kuí CBoero 
ynoTpe(ÍiieHÍB nepnat uS qbniiiH vuÓBsaMB Hsxropoxa Rairaam 
(3a 200 BepcTB OTB IleBBHa), rx$ cocpexoroHHBaKyrca SHa-nreiB- 
HHe ero sanacH nn CpexHiro Eotaa x« ompaBass vb Eaiiy. 
IIpH TaBHXx eatforan OKasiiBaJK^eb, ^ic, HaopB]fip&, vh Ileiep* 
6ypr£, éiaroxapa HaiHKir& iiaiMBHaB«» 6mm Mne sanacancx 
laeifiy ^iM% Bam bb IleBBHi; xa tn^ k o6xoxxicb Baii^ se xe^ 
meBO. A Mesxy T&rBi vb píxsHxx HBcaiian wn IleTeptSypTa 
HaMx Be npBxoxtJHK^ BpovBTHBarL BHpaiteBie ^BCTBa aasHcn, 
9T0 BOTB BB KBTaJHo MS, xo^BUio tfuTB, BynaoBCA BB «%, npocx 
npBcaaTb ero x^a jaBoiiaBa. 

Epšnaie HannffBB ciBTuma iiesxy BEta^iiaMB 6oxie bjht 
ueuie Heo6xoxBxott npBsawioaHOcnK) opH nanck. 1^ bb bbx% 
BecBHa MBJO pasBootfpasiH. Karati^i!! ne BHxijiuBaDTB bbho^^- 
Buxi BBBi B Be BapiTB BB nBBB, BB lEexa. 3a o&bfpm^ xase 
o^eflB napaxHiíMi) noxaeTca fosaso Boxsa. BoxBa XByx% ooproBa: 
neperoBieMaa hbi^ sepeoB copro, HasiiBaeiíaa «niayq8K)», b x6- 
jaeMaa ipesB 6poseHÍe pica bu Banaro npoca, BaBUBaeiiaa 



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UTiftesAJi K^zu. 98 

<zyairs-x9K>> • Depsai o^en spinBa, a Biopaji Cdia6a« Ha 8thx% 
se BOAsaxii oparoroKiaKyíca pasana HaerofiRE. Kerafii^u nBion 
Boxay BenpeM^BHO noxorpfayio, Tenjyx). BaaiiiHi eaniet pk>mkh 
7 H1T& FE dtin^eii% ynoipefiiemH híhto bx poA'i oioBaHHaro 
imajiiia, j^pnoS J^BJTh BOHyooBi, ceoxHHeHHHn cbohmh BepmH- 
aaii^ BepiBÍt bobjcl cjiysan aiÁCTfljiHiiieifx HanaiBa, a HiSHÍft 
CTOisoD. Kcrara 8atfi:m%, h?o BaiafiiiB ue npoasBOAflTi eresjíaH* 
mm ii8xftjift« ToJBBO n HexaBaee spěna oxeh^ saHioHei^i 
ycrpoEn Hetiotimofi cieuaHaiil 8aB0Ai», Óiaroxapa ysaBaBÍairB 
6jaroxikTeja aiiepHKaBqa* 

KnaĚi^ii, roBopa BOoSqe, o^6bb yiii^peHHu bi xptnsHxi aa- 
DHTBan; cboio sasxy ohh Beero 6oAŠe yroaaiorb ^aem. 'B^ Te- 
leeie cjiHmiOM'b ipa^A^TH jítl, aaai sHaio KBTafii^eBx, a HHKorAa 
He Bcrpi^afB Mes^J hhmh nBanaro. Bi nesant a bcsa^ vh npo- 
BaHi^axi oHeHB mhofo jiaBOirb cb npoxaaLefi boabh pacnaBO^HO, 
BO onb He aifŠK)rb HHBaaoro noxo6ifl es Hanuiirb aatfasoMi; xaiťB 
I HBCio, H iHHHO. OAHaao-si [fleabsa caasaiL, hto BHTati^ii ae 

OXOIHHKB ffí BOXRH* A^Se BBTaaflBB, ÓyfiJHE Bdk, 6e3X aCBJlEOHe- 

flia B ci lOHUxi jíiThj KypfljBn^Hi^aMH TBÓasy, se OTBasiiBaioTca 
Toxe arh ap^naazi BanaiaoBi. Bi SBiai cyn^eciByerb oóu^afi, 
mo&b Kb nepBoe yrpo noca'i CBaAi>6u len^a cnpocBJía y CBoefi mo* 
aoAOfi fleatoafl, hto ona sejiaerb bbtb noyrpy, lafi uaa BOAay; 
ecjB Beatcraa yaaaserB aa BOAsyi to aas^oe yxpo efi Aaerca 
maajHKii aoAaa, a sa to osa aamaeica yipeHHaro nas. 

3aMÍHaTeji>H0, hto se caoTpa aa asoÓBjíie vh cTpaai bbho- 
rpaxa, aBTafii^u ae a'^&k)ti BBHa. Bi npoinjioMx ctojiítíe fb 
IleaBBi iesyDTu caiiB xbjííiJia apacaoe bbho, h ho najio nuiajiHCB 
npiyqHTb aaTafiAeai kl bbhoa%jiík), bo bcí Boamaa axi oaasajacB 
B&apacHUMB. A nesAy i^mx aaiafii^Bi oxoTBaaa ao Basa, a oco- 
6^ao AO maicBaHcsaro; ho aa btb BanaiaHi npeAJiaraeMue bho- 
cípaBfliiMB ToproBAaiiH| MesAy hbmb uo^tb n^n noaynaieaefi, — 
dTOTB Tosapi cuiaoTca cjiBmaoMi Aoporain. Bnpo^eiii, vb aeAaBBee 
Bpeaa, h ocofiesHO vb inaBxa'^ h bi XoHsoBri, crajia orapu- 
BaTi»ca sBiaficKÍa JiaBaB, vfijb mosbo Baflia BBHorpaAfloe bbbo. 
Ho 6ujo 6u onacBO noaBcxBTBca aa ero RpaflBK)K> AemeaBsay. 
Oflo cocTOBTB HO 6ojibmefi HacTB B8i ocraTKOBL aai Óyxujioai^ b 
p»K0Bi, cjiBBaeMBixi npacjiyrofi kb AOMaxi BBOcrpaBi^eBii a cb 
noAirikaMfl pasBUxx caeiúfl. Oabbb aai hbbobbuxi aarafli^eaB bb 
ImhUflRvby y aoioparo a 6uBajiB nacio, npa noAaBaeiiOMB lat 
o<(HBBOBeBBO yroB^ajii Meaa a maiiaaBCBflMB^ BBcauMB. GoB'icTacB 
onaauBaiBCfl otb jiH)5e3aocTeft xoaaBBa, a OAaasAQ nociajB 



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94 MCTOIM BlttOOH. 

Kb Heny BTb aoAapoir& aa^on loaMiiMesaro, npE apM^iosemi 
nmth era touro co mhoS, ix6 oe% h hcso4hui nyHsiyUBHO. 

ToJbBO dTBWh CpeACIB01i'B A (^4% S86aBA6ffB OTb efo óypAu. 

Bi qecai jierBHX'B npouaxftreJibHHXi HaoHTion mosho yno- 
Mfiayxb ofii opsax^i KOfdpuft BBxafliiaifH nparoioBJUieief hsi a6pi- 
KOcoBHxi^ sepeHi; on cjMmwu% oiaxen; A'1^4aK)n Taftse shakU 
pHCOBufi OTBapi H OTBapi «» iiyBH Bopsfl moto^apa. dxofrb he- 
nHTorb OHeHB aojieaeH'^ um pascjaÓieHHaro seiyxRa. flficun 
ynaHBaacB ^aeni, KBiaili^Bi h6 sHaion hk ko^, hh moBoiaiíM^ 

Tasí, HHCBOJibBO ne npereHxya ea naiaovy, a QBa8aji'B o rxas- 
nuxb npoAyBxaxi n UEmíb nsLtíAmdn. Tenepb 6yAen BCiaTi 
aepefiATQ r^b pascsasy o tomi^i rrri niafli^u iA^n. 

T K. Gra^robi. 



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Awtň mm 

OlBPKH K31> HOB-ftĚlHÁrO FOMÁHl IePOHUMá wToPMÁ. 



I. 

— <EaRi xcraTH HHorxa ÓuBaerL aosab, bto XBjeHÍe npii- 

POXU, Vh XOTOpOMy BCŠ pbmiíTeiLhEO HPHBKUUH OIHOCHTBCfl He- 

j^ysejioÓHO, sa HCKJno^emeiťB paaB^ seiijextui^eBi, hsboiuhsobi 
I npoxaBi^oB^ 30HTHB0BI. Kebx Hacio npHXOAHTCfl ropoxcsoMy SH- 
Ten), npHHysxoHHOMy BpaqaTBCfl ro cyrojost 6asBiDoro CBŠía, 
Bi rjyCHHŠ jQ^inH 6iH,vocjiOBMeTh xosx^ h cjiABOTb; j^fl lasoro 
^eiOBisa AOSA^ BMieri ABOfiHoe npeHMyn^ecxBo: cb OMPOi cio- 
poHH owb rapaHTBpyei'B orb HenpomeHuxi noc^xHiejiefi, a cb 
j^yrofi jífieTh B03M0SH0CTB padCHHTUBaTB noTTH HaBÍpHJiBa aacraTB 
xoica Toro, Boro xo^eniB BastoBiB*. 

TaBi pasicHmjuijrB MOJiOAoft npecTB Epyno CajiBAHHrepi, oř- 
npaBiflflCB KB nepBHft pasi ch BHSHxoiťB vh K^wbf soTopaa... hh- 
Borxa ee npHrjaniajia ero si ce6i bi rociH. 9ro fiiuia B^OBa 
repmiHa IIoHcepói seHn^na HeocnopflMofi spacoru, ho h^&ckojbbo 
coMHBTejuHOfi penyxaiaH. Tasas penyraiúfl Aocraerca, Bnpoqem, Ha 
xojffi) BoiBofi seHH^iHii, flBBBHieficfl ci ^ysÓHHii, cftpHBaion^eS 
npomjyK) shbhb h Bce-rasH yMtK)ntett npo6HTB ce&b xopory bi 
Úieetgmisi c^epH 6ojiBnioro CBŽTa. 

EpyHo CaJiBXHHrepi noBHaBOMHica cb hok) kb xomí ÓaHBapa 
FjBMeHrojBiiay OAHoro hsi ^HHaHCOBuxi lysoRB, saHaiiaBoiaro, 
6jaroAapfl CBoeMy orpOMHOMy cocroanÍK) h HecMorpa na HexocxaioKB 
o<(pa80BaHÍfl H HeorecaHHOCTB, BL^aion^eecfl noaoseme kb ciflxejiB- 
HHxx c^paxi CTOJoraHaro ofin^ecTBa. O nponuot shshh h éorax- 
CTB^ FiBMeHrojiBi^a hsbíctho Ohio, hto ohb npoHCxojpurB im 



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9G BftOTHHSl SBFOnil. 

AaiBBeft npHMppcKOt npoBHHiuH H, emfi Óyxy^B 6íx&hmi h ae- 
BHauiejBHUMi ToproBi^eMi, OTBpiin vb Tofi MicTfloCTH aerapL h 
saHfljiai xo6iiBaBÍeM'& ero. drorb npoMiíceii) HeHBBto^HHft ao xoro 
Kb 'Avh Bpaaxii nocieneHHo pasBuca xo orpoMHuxi pawipoBx. 
no npomecTBÍH ubotex% jňTb^ bx leneHÍe Koropuxi yjBMeHroAitii 
nojBBOBajcfl npaBHTeucTBeHHofi npBBHueriet aa xo6uBaflie aaTapa 

B flaSBJIl MBJUiOHia, Offb JBBBHXBpOBaJIl CBOB X^JIA BX 8T0t M^bď 

flOCTfly nepeJbxajix vb ctOMuy b ocBOBajx sBa^BieuBuft Óansap* 
cxiĚ XOMl. 

Bi HOBOMX m^ctI ero SBTejBCTBa Be BaiieXiiBao sudBaib Bce- 
o6B\aro yASBiesifl^To 0(5cT0flTejiBCTB0, hto ^sojiobíbi, cocTaBBBmiĚ 
ce6^ orpoBBoe cocroaBÍe 6e8x uel 6u xo bb (Ihio BociopoHHefi 

BOMOBIB, OHeBBXBO TOJBKO ÓJarOXapfl CBJBBOMy, npexQpÍBMHBBOMy 

yiiy, osasuBajCB npocTOBaTUMx, xcuse BeAaieBHMXy in^ecáaBBHirL, 

XBaCTJBBUMX, CJOBOMXi HeJOBÍBOMX, ofiBapySBBaBBIBMl BB BaSAOlťB 

máry orcyíciBÍe BpBpoxBun x&poBaBifi b BexocTaiBB bocobhíbíb 
B paBBBTÍfl. Cxojfl^Boe ofin^ecTBO bbaIio Bci flexocTBTBB aioro 
parvenu^ Bp bio ae M^majio YjuieBrojBi^y BaBBMaTB BUA&B)fl(eecB 
noJOsoBie rb btomx se oÓn^ecTBi. Morys^ecrBO ero BOiufep^ecBaro 
BpexBTa BSBBBBJO Bcft uíBue efo BexocTBTBB; Tysu ^BBaflcoBaro 
B nojBTfl^ecBaro Mipa t&cbbjbcb bx ero pocBoniBBun cajOHaxx 
fl yBpamajiB co6ov> ero (Sjíecranúe o6íau. 

MojiOAOfi lopscTB Epyso GajBXBBrepx lose CToaax bx ricr 
Eowh conpBBOCBOBeflÍB ch xoMMepHecBBMB c^paMB dtoJBi^a. Orei^B 
erO; Bjax^iejB ae^oumoĚ ÓaBBBpcBOft KOBiopu, BoaBBOBajca Bce- 
o6buímx yBaseBÍeiťB rb btbxx c^epaxx, xotb b ae oÓAaxan saa- 
HBTejBBBMi cocToaaieBX. Epyao, crapmifi cuai a jiofiaMei^x CBoeft 
OHeaB oÓpasoBaaaofi Maiepa, cx Moioxy orjBHajicfl BcreTBHecBBMB 
BaBioaaocTflMB a, bx Be^B^afinieMy apflCBop6ÍK> craparo Gbibxbb- 
repa, craai BusasuBaTB aeapeoxojBMoe OTBpaaieBie bo Bcasaro 
poxa B0llMepI^fl• Epyao xoiijii aocBUTBTb ce5fl ^bjojoiíb bju 
flCTopia BCsyccTBa a oroy croaio ae Majiiixi ipyxoBi j6iffm> ero 
aociyaBTB aa lopaxa^ecBÍfl ^^axy^BierBi bi bbxbxx MaTepiaxBaaro 
odesae^eaia. Ho ao oxoa^aaia xypca, oai ae saafljCB, BaRx loro 
sejaix oiei^i, axeoBaTypofi, ao aociyaBJíx aa rocyxapcxBeaayK) 
cjyx6y. Oax apaBa^iesaji bx ^acMy líxx BJOCHacrauxx mojoxuxi 
3H)xeS, y KOTopiixx, apa aexocTaioiaocTB MaiepiaibBuxx cpexciBi, 
apeoÓiaxaerB cosaaTeabaoe crpeMJieaie bx caamcB BiícmaMi buib- 
aeaauMx tfiaraax; crpeMjeaie bto obb c^BTaK)rB aaojat BaBoa- 
BHMi; TaBi xaBi OBO ocBOBaflo ae aa aerBOMUciia b aa auisx^ 
aaciaaLx^HiB} ho aa BceMx bxi Bipocosepi^aaiu, aa BpoBSxeaaot 
crpacTB BBOCBTB xyxosecTBeBByK) xpacory bo act ^piiu SBsaa. 



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AWfl lOM. 97 

BfjBO OCTMHBajtt ce6i bó Bcirb otinuHzi yxoBOJKiBim, cioi^ 
nafnaoTh noJKWHirE jdaíha n ero ooJOseHÍi. On yni^pHd 
nomrpawaifj on BOcimfiaiM tij,% cxouhehu ipyjiMn, cpeffi- 
Tomn lOTO^ixi maDica spaciaiui anpicH cb onenb nocpex- 
OMHDun laianom, au xywjiHiw Óoiie BmepecHiie no CBoett 
jDraocn, ^tagh so cbohjh npowB^WHLua. dou se MajiOHHTe* 
peefiMicf oa% rtia (íoramini xOMaiaiy vfjb jdae BusasiiBaiorE cefii 
jnffun o6paaoBaHHHiui soauo ke jiocyjbee Bpeiuii kb HeicHorie 
Htcii, CBOiSoxmae otb fíbsoBurb h xouuBOCTHiirB saHiríL Es 
ueiy noci^MjBn^ jipímxiejBan Aom Úusipa YjubMeHroui^a, h 
nospe^owaocb Bce Biianie Marepji ha EpyHO, H10611 yroBopsiB ero 
oponeeni ae^q^ y daaupa. Mesxy nociixHHirB h ceifeficrBOxs 
GuMwrepft qfmfiemMOM rboasA OTHOmeHÍfl, duuroxapa Tony, 
no Miwiiritt 6pan EpyHO, AjiB^pexi, ciyasHix kb xoHTopi 
yiBuraroiBqa, atuMan laprB BixHoe Mtoo, nox&Ban Haxes^y 
cxJbaiB TaicB (SiecwiQn) KapBepy.. 

AjBJ^pejtB CaiBxmepi 6uxb kb laxoft se cieneHH noxosi 
Ek oma, san BpyHO aa maib. B% to speiis san hociíabíS 
BHxaaHBan aeiq^xojunioe crpeiueHie vb ujíjuiwb HaiHnraiirB h 
ÓesHOjeBHHiTB ei npasnuecBoft iouh spiflifl, — Auj^pexB otjih- 
laica A^bjOBflTocmiD h npaaxsiecBoft ciiiáociBio; Bca ^^irypa ero, 
xpioitaji, lopenacrafl, XHOuua noAOSEreiBHOcrBK). Tim He Menie 
AAf pejTB HjnyTB ne 6un cyxHicB, (SeB^yBciseHHiiicB iipasTEKOirB: 
ero HyBOTBa jhidb ae npoaBiajHCB aapysy. CHAfliimee hsi moh 
(bua rjytiosaf <no6oBB KiciapmeMy fipaiy^ RBsoiopoicB ovb oco- 
tamo níbmn H^^iocsaBaBiiue eiiy canoiiy ciioco(hocth h laxaniH. 
Bi 10 se BpeiM offB rjiyiSoBO oropujcfl sa iK)(SB]iaro Ópaxa, 
nribsaro BecBiia naio naffSff apcxhu kotx*- jH(k) cbohxb Effinr 

lORB CUCKBa. 

fiorxa EpyHO wb nepBiat paKB bxoxbm kb caxoBH YjiBMeH* 
roium ^^ BCtpbnwB Ha sopori BHHMaiexBHHž xomhhi cb 
eepLtaHHii% a noimiTejiBHiiiicB houohomib, xaiam owh o6usho- 
Bemo iipflBÍTCifiOBaxB jmmh Óowmrb hjh caHOBHTHxi joofjčŘj— 
H oetiiacB se noxnejii ero xi xoeafisí XOMa. Cycanaa FiBiteH- 
roaqik BO0oe ae (&ua pojuraa xu poia xosflflxH BejHxocB^T- 
csaro caiMa; oerjyiiaa otb npapoxH) aobojibbo npuTHaa no na- 
USHoem, ona, cwhmo, ne b!b cocioihíh 6iua CBsisHyrBca cb 
oímaaiui h npioMaxH otfniecxBa, kb xoropoe ona nonaia, ^yB- 
eiBOBajia cetfa kb micB nexoBXO h nocroanno nonaxaxa kb npo* 
can. EaBSBpi, xone^, coaaaBajii HenpEroxnociB cBoefi senn 
AU pon xoeaílBB; kb xj^TXHecxie xoHeaiUi xorx^ ona vb npo- 
dorib xymeBMfi roiOBa 6uaa csadaiB xasyio-xHÓo nexoBROcxB, 

Ton lY.— Ivu, 186S. 7 



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98 Bftcnm ibh>hs. 

pasxaBUCfl ero npexotrep^raionatt ouhki: <Gy80, He pacnpocrpa- 
Hflficfl». Oea yiiojiBajia h cb rpeuerw^ orjuximkiacB, xan^ <{& 
acejiafl y&bf,2na^ ne tfjbíMU-n yase cioBa ea Bam)B-HH5yxB 
0ÍAH. GaMHMH onacHHMH HOiieHTaiai 6um i4^, sorxa osa xuaia 

BOAH) CBOefi MaTepHHCKOfi H^HOCTE H Ha^Hfiaja rOBOpHTB o XOCIOHH- 

CTBazx CBoero exHHciBeHHaro CHHa, ^seiíca, 23-XB-j£T&flro h)h<hipi^ 

Cl KpaCHBIllTE m^OlTE H npiflTHHMH MaHepaHH, XOBOJ&HO HCByCHO 

capsiBaBímiMH BnyrpesmoTo nycrory, nepcTBOcn xynnt h HHsiieiiHfia 
crpacTH. 

Eorxa BpyHO noxxoAHJTL itb r-s*! YjDUieHrojiEii^B, Jl^sencrB 
CTOfljii OBOJO MatepH, pasroBapaBaa cb xaKol^TO xamoS. Osb 
6HCTpo orjuíff&ii BpyHO re neHCH9 h saiftm CHOBa ot^iuam 
xaiii, jHi^o soTopofi cpasy noBasaiocs uojiojipvj lopHcry oco6eHHO 

IHTepeCHHlTB. 

— SKan, iTO BH He npeniJiH paHBmei r-H% GaiBXHHPqrB,— 
rpoMRO saroBopHJia r-sa yuMeHrojBi^i, — bu <$u eqe saerajoi 
8A&CB soMHBa H3B HpHXBopHaro leatpa. Ohb xojiseBi 6uxh giiítb 
HaM^B synjieTii, ho ero nosBau na BenepB kb MHHHcrpy, obb 
ycnšJiB yrocTHTB nacB jieniB cbohitb BpacHiiMB hocom^b... 

— GysHy ne paGopocrpaHaflca! — pasxajrca roJiocB tfaimpa. 
nojBsyacB saMAmaTejiBCTBOMi xodataH, Bpyno HOuoHHaca h 

cximaaca cb tojiíok) rociefi, cpexa aoiopnxB eny HspixM no- 
naxajiHCB aHaaoime. Ohb otohb o6paxoBajica; HaTRHyBnmcB n oxHofi 
H8B rpynni na fipaia, BoropHĚ crajrB Beoejio dojnarB, HasiiBaa Bpyno 

BC^X^B GB0nB0*HH6yXB SaM^THIIXB KpaCOTOK) H TyajeiOMl ff^Wh. Ho 

BpyHO ne mofb ocBo6oxHTBCfl on BneHaTjribHia, npoHSBexeHHaro Ha nero 
capoMHO oxbroŘ x&Mofi, BOTopaa pasroBapasaja npi bxox!^ ero cb 
^seMCOMi ■ BOTopaa Bce Bpeiia 6iua ospyssena tojhod Mysn^E. 
AjiBJ^pexB MorB coo6ntBTB toibso, hto ee aoByn FepMHHa IIoHcepo, 
110 ona BxoBa h nexaBHO npiixajia un ^panipa; caMS ohb hc 
6sijrB efi npexcraBioHi. SaM^THBHni, iro Bpyno lan saHHTepeoo- 
Bajicfl OH), OKB nocnšniHXB nosHaaoifHTB ero cb ^seiiooirB, cb 
KOTopuMi. om crowh na npiaTexBCKot Hori, noBBOJua ce6i xMte 

HHOrxa TpyHHTB HaXB HHITB. 

06M%HaBmHCB cb Bpyno hšcboxbshmh ^pasaMH, jl^seMCB tot- 
lacB EffhaBBjFh corjiacie noBHaaoMHTB ero cb r-seio IIoBcepo. 06owm% 
6paTBfl]rB BaBajocB aobojibho satfaBBtiirBi no ^seMCB, nocxl^ nan- 
MHHyxHaro snaBOMcrBai npexcraBHJii BpyHO r-si IIoHcepo, bmťb 
CBoero jiyímaro xpyra- npexcrasjíeHie coBepmHxocB na ^pan^- 

CBOm flSHBŠí na BOTOpOMB H BpyHO meJPk CBOei OÓflSaHHOCTBK) 

roBopBTBi HO exBa ToxBBO ^^MCB Oíomenj ffonk saroBppHia Ha 
acTom H BByiHoiTB H^MeABOiTB ssufA; oJia oÓBflCHHJia, iTO (ma 



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« 

BiMRa, noej&xoBaBinu bo ^paeitUo m CBOsm nmoŘBUM%'uj- 

Es pasroBopi nósasaioi Bpyno vb Bncmefi cieneHH HHiepec- 
Hiin no CBoefl CBOčotfpasHOcni. Osa mhofo roBopsia o Mop^, ci 
BOTopmrB, BasajíocB, y nea 6iijm CBasaHii MHoría BOcnoMEnania 
BpoffljoS SII8HH, H HaxesAH Ha Ójujmee. 3x0 npHxaBaio eft vb 
rjasan moioxoto lexoB&Ba aasyíMO opirHHajiBHoeTB h noBíH^e- 
ctyn npeiecTB. 

— Giymaa sacE;— cKasan owh et, — mh<£ npexcTSBjíaerar, ^ro 
ofo HacB yssaiH na xrt MopcsoirB, h oxHa hbi^ hem^ aauacB 
miSBjTb B($iKa m samy cian^nyH) cyery. 

Uqcmí HtoMMnbiBXB no^oÓHiixi BociopseHHHxrb BHpasemi 
Epyso, Tepiaua CA^ajaa cxepsaHHte h HSiiiHua CBOfi Henpa- 
vjVjSBBui Towb. Ona saroBopHM cb knveub rociaiai, h Bpyso 
n TOTB BMeprB ((onme h6 yxajiocB BOSEpararB ee vh npesnefi 
laiBHoS orqiOBeHHOcni. Bb xonqi sempa ohi Taase iianpacHo 
noraicfl koŮbticsl npHrjuuneHifl nocirHTB ee. 

HenpiaTBoe ^yBciBO OBJía^iio hkb h ne ocraBiajio ero vh 
Teienie stoMMiBBiixi xnefi, cjr6xoBaBinBrB sa bthitb Be^epoMi; bto 
^yierBO npHHHMajio xapaBrepB peBHOcnii Bor^a okb BcnoMEHajvB, 
um OBOJio Hea yBHBaicfl Jíjs^mch. «HeysejiE dion Esan^Hiift 
éoiBasB c^aeriBBte Mesa, hie, uornerh 6mh, xase cocraBuerB 
DpiiflHy Moett Heyxa^> 3ron Bonpoci xoJiro BepT&ica vb ero 
rojOBi, Hasofloi^ onrb ho BHxepsajTB h ot^TEica cb HHm KfB 
AjB^^pexy. 

AjB4>pexi cjf oteqnott cepBeasocTBH) HOBa^an roxoBOi e bo-^ 
pefBo otbítexb: ^Hftnl* 

Ho Bpyao Tpe6oBan Hojňe otfcioffreuHaro otbíhii. 

— fl mzjo Hai^o TOXbBO to,— noacHEJi lor^a Aju$pe;rB| 
— TTO AseMci loaae ee 6iiBaerB y r-ss IIoHcepo e ^rro bto ero 
jqialHe oropiaerb. Oh^b noxcieperaera momoeth, lorxa osa 6u' 
nen ch bebexoitb y ero Mai^E. F-sa Ynuesrojhifib paxa xocra* 
mB yxQBOJBcme CBoeiiy csray e crapaerca yxepasEBaTB spacEBys) 
(Sapmno, sasB Moauo xonme. EoHerao, cea' n BOHiopii a se 
xory BHaTB, o wm ohe pasroBapEBaKyrB n cajOEÍ. 

— B% cynpocTE, uwb ace paBEO, rff& ohe BcrpftuHyíca... xa 
I n caxoiiy npexiieiy exi pasroBopoBi a, no npaBx^ csasaTB; 
XOBOiBEo paBH0J7nieB!B, — iipo((opiionn BpyHO cb EExiMBorB ne- 
jWBoiBerBiem. Okb 6oiBnie se BOBapan^uca kb aioify npe^feiy, 
BO on Ha5n>xaTeJBHoeiB An^^pexa ho cBpuocBi vio mhcie ero 

^^ita, OÓSBEOBOHEO BETaBnda Vh BOBBHmeEEHTB C^parB BCieTEBE 
IIB ^JOCO^ÍBi CEIBHO BEHaTH aBeHE^íSOfii EO OTO UeAwD^ EO* 

7* 



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100 Bicnm mmmi. 

í^motufA Tttoro nešMtMj van Bpyao. Ai&^^pexi (ten yxnjren 

H OT^aCTH Orap^eFB CBOHMl OTKpiITieirb. 



n. 

^ TO AOSAJiHBoe yTpo, BOFxa BMHHaerefl Mm pascsan, 
Ajíh^pexh CHA^JTb sa cbobmi 6H)po m BOHTopt ymfeerojni^a, 
BBXBMO HáMi^yseandl n veme meT%. Bi BOROfA qapcTBOBajia 
mnBBa, opepaiBaafac asm ci^isoirB nř^ewk. On spenesH x^ 
BpeiieHB AjiB^peArBi yopaBusniii Koeropol, mpavucn on rsaem, 
«o(Sib exIjaTB jasiMnnecBoe sa^jbume bjia Bacnauiraie mcaBmeiiy 
vh irrofi «o Bomart BoppecaiomeHTy ^Ni^ms, xjivmij, xyxQnW^ 
BOMjr 6e86op(Mtoify BBpreiitfeprny, ^Jiopíasy Ttoxeie, nvteraoxy 
BO BCQirB Aouft CBoei crpacTuo bo BceMy TavHCTBeaHOMy. 

OxBaBO, MHCn Anlveffa Csme ovohb xaioBS un on raterOi 
lasi B on Bcero, ht6 npoBCxoxBJO b& BOHTopi. Ohi j^yuMn 
o r-si noHeepo h o Tott laBHCTBeBHooTB, BOiopoft o«a ospysuien 
ce(Sfl.— «0 Bel MeBSB^BO hhtofo xypsoro^ — roBopsn ovb oam 
ce($t, — HO xypHo yse to, hto biito ho sHacm o Hefi hhwfo 
onpex^HHaro. TepaÉrb ne ifory ceBpei«Bi!» 

Ero pawiaijeHifl Óhjh npepsans BomcwmBm vb sraropy 
ÓaHBBpoM!B. YumíBTonis,!, coLXb no o6iibboi9híb) tfftrjo npoeu* 
TpHBan EBAnBCH TOJSBo-vTo noiyHOHEEirE H emfi HO BCBpHTOn 
nBceM'B. Oaho h8!l nacem otfpaTBJO na cetfa ero BHaicame, ob*e 
({sKrrpo B8an ero h Bsmen vh coc^xbíí BaKsHen. %pesi v6- 
CBOJBBO HBHjn owh HOSBajirB KB ce&b Axbiffgej^. 

— Bh asaese, r. GanxBHrepBj-^oÓpaTHjea kb vény mejn.,— 
vro Vb 'ri&x^ CJiyuax!By BOFxa ^wpA npnoxBtes nepexasaTB na- 
jTE^HBi xtHBrB BffB pysB Vh T^jKv, fl nocBjao BX& TOpoBi Baci 
mwo. TempB mhí dpbzoxbtw nepecjiaTB oi^Hot oeo06 Bec«Bt 
HeaHaHitajBHyK) cymcy, fio seeMOvpa Ha sto ma/b see-raBE m 
xoiOTM cff&san Bcncjuoima xm oddáno npaBBja, tívb dorte, 
iTo B% HaesofliifM^B eJtf^9/h lotBBO bb chyuíme aanojiHBn w> 
nopynenie cb Baxjieaanvixs nMMm% h xenxatBoa^BJO. OxoxBie 
Wh rrsft QoBcepo b Bpywie ei 12 ifffmí. orepBBHvaBi, npBCjaH- 
HHX^B Ba ea bxb on ^apím PovoMn bo^ Joaitmrt. 3axBaTBTe c% 
cotfoi B aHraiftosix m vbum^ÚM fvnĚum; 12 ^lyami^ coeraBiaen 
80 fAiepoBi* Gcu tmMf aam naff) xyBATB, nptjkmmvn nojy- 

WTB iri^mUlMH X9BBraMB, TO f0PÉe €l nOHBTB, mVO Vb iriBflJB^ 

BOft xoRcq^ y nea oinnyxH 6u jra^msífyjtb sa apoiins, forxir 
MB^ HV ae Honsyeirca hhiíkb. Hxbob ceftun^—aacnonra Wb, 



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WW«»«. 101 

mtMMjn aa H$eUf — noeift Capsi bu aootfaiBTe uui, mbs bei 

Bsw^ n oe6ow> xesun, Aju^^peff& Bsunen. Xoxs yjsneH* 

MOXHO ciopfte, AjiB^pexib Bce-raui orapaBuca npexBapHMi&BO ss 

(^ft^. (h MCBtÍCTB6HHiCn CMJ OOMBieBÍeirB, MnUXMIDHC&i BJe- 

Tin 0B& n XHiMTy, rxi paúoran Epjaio. — Hxeirb vb r*ai& 
OoHoepo^— uaspnan OB%j—i^^B$/Ěa dopte! 

Oh-b pasciasajii tfpaiy o cneirB nopyvMifl h sa (mMtB 
EpyHo cnn yéfauftiB ero, «ro oodkqene EXBOdm ae nosasercfl 



Mh tfpaxBfl, Mil MoseMB hmítb Bwsjumuoe x6jt, loiopM 
Him pttciMica XMM b# Bpeiu x^kMMKt) Bnirra. A 
lan UMhme yaaxiii^B,— ydteffijs Ajob^^peA^. 

BpyHo paaxyMimn, Be pftmues h HUOHeirB h#mucji BCBy- 
oesbo. MojOAHe jhdas ompnuiCB. 

— Jl^oc^pa, ^ao iqHn»ffixofl iqrmnectBOBan ošniBoirB wh 
WĚidĚ XMiff> --" ttidrnu^ Ajo^pexB, — 90 « He ynoimnoMni^ 
yjuieBroMUjSKh bbub iobo^im, xms 9Ta tfipssi »iBenb xo- 
Bonio XMMO. TauM Maaepa JOD^el, DOxotfHiix^ Moeiiy UTpoay: 
(Skuroxapa 9C0MJ iift»atify cs^MaraBiecny ou xocvmmDrB ^ 
mému Ho pmABsarB aa OQÓaseHBiit cien na em x^kuurB-^ 
nsait BOxapBa a bb sa ^oo tmy se cxftia». 

— AosAB Bcnn^ — eman Bp7ho,-*mh, sipomo, saeta- 
Hen ee xoMa. HMieniB jii tu nouiie o tomi, on sora npmuB 
9n 12 ^''y ■ ^^ 9m Ba x^o? 

— dio ůBOh laiM) — otbíujb An#^x^,— mbš maHatn 
BiBttiMflv ^10 Baan ^at^aai Tuobm^ c% cboi» aociMHomni 
ceaperaiiB, sqNMurb bccb MÍpíB. 

— Mhí BasercB, — BospasHJirb EpyHO, — ^lo BaB^ojuDít ee** 
i^en mflerea ssexBOBO napexB ToOofti bx m^i TBoero, ae 
oeoÓeBBO CBMBaiBuaro mejML fyrnšooh a m xtflcnaiejiBBO, 
«o 0B& x^eran cmbx'b 6oraTe«B «xhoí cxymctbM) a jumomiuo? 
BfeBl £ro xfcM Tpe6oBaio n^exycBQipBiejaaoeTB, B&aaifl imtet, 
tM9mmky BBCBBa sBaorenaBia xIjobhxb CBOco0MfieB: aaai eo* 

laftCTBTB BCB BIO CB OTO JB^BOCaS)? 

AjB^^pexi noMOJTOLrB ei Manyxy. 

— fl xyvu>9 — aa^an obi aaBaaait^, — no a Baoan aa 
tAxh. ynaffiffoxBqB, oiesaxwy wmewk 6im bb^b xm eaoero 
iBTBpBaro qMWHCja BomaBBeBay vxoBtea yMaaro, ao avtert 
a ribor aamuBBO Bpoaoxyflnmro, ^taůu xatb xpyrmy Bocnou* 
aoBinea uMOffja eBoero yaa. JIj>yff(HD oOucaeaia a ae aaaosy. 



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102 B^CTiro BPonH. 

Korxa tiparu xodsrn ffm% r-m IIoHcepa, Bpyso csoBa 
OBjaxiM HepimBTeiBHOCTB H owb cran coMBfeaT&ci vh yxtor*- 
Hocni CBoero BHBBra. Ho Ajo^pexB, yrMHBaBiiiifi ero mbcjni, ciy- 
Biwn H oOmbui, 110 x^fl BpyHemH xesen eiiy Heo6xoxnts 
cufxftreiK 

B9 BTopoiTb Biasi Bsoro ■eBBpAieaBO xona ohv nmn ffiephj 
Cb npB(biT0t na seft xou^enicoft, m Roropoi 8bmuoc& imui «ina- 
jjujTh*. A^syniRai OTBopHBmas Hif%| na Boopoa An^pexa, no* 
npoevja xan lapfoiBy Bji^exuaTB hvi. 

— Mh ae ch BHBHTMB, — ^Bospism Ch HtHŠpesBott rpy* 
60CTBH) AiBJ^pexB,— MU npBHecjii xensm. j[(oJOSBTe taK&, — ■ 
XB^Ni eanH eo6oŘ pacBpoKnci« 

OxBaaOy OB^ omBtfca. Hm opBnuo^ MMfiih xobojuo xo^ro, 
nosa noBBHjacB Basafl-io oootfa, bo ho r-sa IIoHoepo. 

dro ÓBM crpolBaBy rpai^OBHaa x^ByioBa, n ipesBíiiateo 
cuyviuwh jun^oiTE, se ÓesoÓpasHim, ho ■ ne ooo(SeHHO Kpacs* 
BHMi, Vh BaBom*TO cípaHHOinb FoioBsen ytfopft— HasBaiacs npia- 
lejBBHi^i r-SE noHcepOi h hb uoxomii Maio noHaraoiii H^Me^* 
xoiTb BBBsft ciq^BJía npúaeiefi o njbm mph mKŠmfimsí. 

An$pex> cian o^uchbtb cboo x^o, ho oxsa npoBBHecs ob% 
HUB yiufOHiuiBita, Karb x^^Byma, ne xmuwuicb onHiauÍB ero 
pi^i CBpujacB. He nponuo h MHHyrH, bbkb x^^P^ chobb otbo- 
pHiacL, h Mojoxuxi iB)xaft npBriaeBJH rb MaaenByt, npejecrno 
y6paHHHt caxoffB. SxJbcB mp^fb crptHHOfl 4^(q^^I mBa^Mrb ctobje 
repiuHa. 

JIeuo ea npH xHeBHOMi CBŽrt tfiuo noqpBrao opiflTHHinb) jer- 
xam pyMBHi^eirB. Orpoinaa, ho hb zyxooMMUi #Brypa ea Óoia 
ofiie^BHa KB HjaiBe CBinoBeieflaro i^Bftnu ryonie BoxoTHeme 
BOiocH 6uM opaniHanHO npHHecanH, lan vo hbisjihcb Basi ůa 
pacny fURHHiiMH * 

OxBpBTai fliefl tfyja yspamena oxhhitb Kn^nemrB BopajxoiťBy 
BBcbBHiBMi Ha BepHOl iGBii. 7 ea hotb, hb hibbbbbomi cryA, 
npÍByTuacB BenipezjiTHia xíbovb ch lepHBifB ByxpBME, npo-* 
XOJSBBmaa, ne cnoipa hb opacyrciBie soeiopOHHHXft, cboB paa*^ 

rOBOpl Ch ByBBOĚ. BOBXyXB Vh XOMHBlft 6uJPb npOHHTBffB BBBHn-^ 

TO crpaHHHMrb apoMBioirE, bhoihí rq)MOHHpoBaBBra]rB co Boei 

06CTaH0BKOfi. 

TepioiBa BCipibTHJia Mojoxim jnox^ft hb oeoÓOHBO npBafaiHBo; 
crpoToe BHpaseBÍe ea csainm rytfa hh hb MraoBeme ne bbmí-* 
HueeB. Korxa Au^po^^ nepexaaaa HonrwHie CBoero me^, mňcA 
Ch liiTB nomnaica o0Úghhtb npH MH y npvxoxa BpynOi ohe 6po« 
CBia HB HocjftxHaro acomyDípl BBrjax'^; ■ lenepL toibbo cípo-* 



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JURB MOPI. 103 

Foe Bqpaseme yeiyniM mígto MensoŘ ymóiii, cb usofl upH- 
léicaiqrvn sHasoMiirB* BpyHO Ůust^ ompQBaffb, a n mn ae- 
ionocTB, soTopyio owh ^yBCiwoBarb fp lixi^ nopi»i BC^esjía. Ho 
^eplIHl^ m ycoiB^B saiiinm xiSerBia cBoefi yjiHtfRH, yse CHOBa 
o(ptniacB VB An^pexy) oducmia, iro caa pascuiHBaerB csopa 
jiiMrh n ÁBran a novQMy seiaerb noiywTB aHTJiiflcKui xeHsrH. 
TiBm oi^Mtaom Ajo^pexi ne HMijrb dynaí BucrassTB aaBHxi 
rp(NiOBoe 6enopsione r-sa YxbuewpoěhmBí. 

noBa Fe^naa, ycfosuicb sa HSfldtBiit nHCiMeHHuft ctojhbi, 
ptancBBajiacB kb naiyHesÍH fjmen, iuiB^peM^ oópaiuca itb Ma- 
jensoS xftB0«6, ■ cb nepausrB se cjob^b Mesjíy hhme saBasaica 
j^ysecBil pasroBOp^. Ob pacapacHianuniHCfl iqeHBaifH h ycrpea- 
jeama Ha nero Ómbcsmuhbmu hophuhh rjaseHsaMH, uujmna 
osiBj&rao ÓojiTaia. 

— HysHo fe&b asaiBy — roBopua ona^ yBaauBafl na Ryuy, — 
m y Mapaiwi eciB eecrpa^ TuBnapa, ho tbuso ona cjysHn 
foipnuKuis Ha dojĚimom 8opa6ii, im uasaeii kb 6MhmoM%, 
íoamowh Mopi. 

FepMHHa xftBHO yse eroaja nepex^ AjiB^pexoiCB, cb juctom^ 
6y]iani vh pyrt, ohobhaho ho pimaiíCB npepearB hbj^tk) Óoitobhh) 
peÓeHB. Ona BOjet^Beaojiefi xojsHa Ónia TaBon ofipascmi o6pa- 
mei Kh Epyno. IIpBrjacHBBiH ero cíctb, oaa BHpaBHJia yjiHB* 
jenei wto peňemom^ oóuMMomuso nyrjHBHi a XHBÍfi, TaB'BCBopo 
no^ysBJca Cb HjMMWb leiOB&KOMi* Bpyao vh otbštb pascaa* 
san cji^a>BUi anadOjpB bkb sasaa AjfBJ^pexa, kb BOTopoft rjiaB- 
lyio poiB arpan peÓeaosrB. 0x61^% az'B, bo Bpeaa CBoero opefis- 
Bttii n Ámnfi, oněm 6imtu> cooieica ci^ ceHeScTBOii^ oxHoro 
naopa; a BHoejd«crBÍa, BoaBpaiaBaiacB vh CBOt poxHofi TOjpoKh, 
BHXjoaoiajrB xu CBoero xpyra h^to vb cyn^ecTBOBaBmefl nM% 
aiiriitCBofl qepBBE. IlacTopi apačim ch aeaofi a Boc^aajfoaeff 
me^a> 9iieoaopofl*CafiaH^, aovi^yio Torxa TímaaxivtTaiiTHit 
Aa^Xb mp^cnM^ WKftmfiWBuwb aMweaiB 3jb(Sbhh. 3iBtfaaa 
(nu wuaa níbnenAi vpesaiiuttHO yanaa, casBaafl a JOBBaa. 
OxHEsxH oaa arpaia hmícií aa Óepery písa. diBiteaa apexio- 
Bua AjB^pexy cx&iaTB aaBofi-To oco6eHHO ipyxHnfi csaHOsi, 
AjB^pexB ociynajca a ynajirB hb BOxy. He CMorpa aa cBoi x^t- 
ciíl BospacTB, djBtfaaa tfpocHjacB bi piay a ci 6osbmoi onač- 
BOctuD xu ce(Sfl caacja AiBJ^pexy sasaB. Stotb cjyiat ea^e 
(Mue apaaaBaji AjB^pexa w> aajeaBKOfl aHrjiaHaaB'6. 9to 6un 
pwm aa BHaopon, xan ubb wb oÓíiBaoBeaaHX^B pwaaaxi 
poiB eaaeaieja arpaen lomaia. Ho poMaay ae cysxrao 611J10 
liMnoa* HaocopB c& eeMeflcraojfib BOBBpaiajiea bi Aarjda), a 



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104 BftCTim SBI^HH. 

ne^nHCKy Mes^ jijbrbm poffnem ne jmycmn. Ho ch ttes 
nqrL An^pexi qpesBBiaiHo n>tffln x^^iei v m cbod ov^iexB 
yiriten CBopo npiotfpiraTB htb jno6oB%. 

FepKiHa ci yHacrievb Bsrjurayjn fb cropoHy AnýpOW, Bce 
en^e norpyseHRaro m decijiy cb x^bo^boí. 

— Kam fl saBHxyio eiiy, — caasajia (ma|— ^to oh^ uomen vya- 
CTBOBaTE ce(Si cnaeTJiiBBirb xots m to Bpeni, koit^ii Bosnca o 
x6tbmh. J9[ caiia ÓOAine nmevo se senn 0B| lasi nooanmcfl 
BMŠcrt CB MoeB HsHxopoĚ Ha Rasoir&-Hi6yx& mpioiTB oerpOBci 
cpexH 6jmjiomfíVh bmb% MopcBHXi. Osea^B — aro soa poxHna, 
BecB ocrajiBaoi míitb xJur h^ha nymfiraa. H Boe-Tan mb sansa 
noBBHyTB 8Ton idpB, nosa a ho xotfuacB toto, ^ero Bxaj^ T.-e. 
Mn^ema, BOBMesxia h, npesx? acero, Toro, nb Boero ifyxvie 
HafliH Ha CB^rt: GnpaB^x^HBOCTH! 

Ona Bcran bb Bojraemi h b% Biy mHyry na smjb ea no- 
HBHJiocB Taaoe ^proe Bapasenie, hto l^yyso ho Mon oiopBatB 

CBOHXB rjia8!B OTB HOfl H, XASl 6h tfOlCBi ÝTO Ota OlROlCa H 

OTBepHercfl on Hero, owb GsasajrB: 

— IIoMoraerB jih Bam sio-^HHtfyxB? — Bctb jih y aaci pjrao- 
BOXHTeiB x^H Banoíero Tpyxnaro x&ia? 

— noxaHtcTB euífi sin HHBoro,— owfcrnxa ona » ottHBje^ 
HieiTB.— JI[o CHTB uopb jiK>xH npexiamiH mhí cboh yejiyra jiHon 
i^HOH) HOBopa H HpaBeTBeHHHzi Myieflfll. Moe x^io— npHxvHe- 
CKOei HO xo CHxi nopB a ne naxosy npHcra. 

— MoftOTB tfHTB, Hafixere Bo lori, — BOCBJtHHHyjPB Bpyno,— a 
— XOKTopi npavB. 

— Bi caMOiTB AÍA7 — enpocHJia ona iiexaeHRO, xan tfo 
coMH^BascB, — M 9T0T0 HO BHajia. Sjí/bcb B^XB Kasxafo HaaffiMoon 

XOKTOpOlTB. 

Bi Biy MHHyiy AiB^pexy noiaBajiecB Bciam sasoH^atB cboh) 
<Secixy CB x&BoiBott. Owb DOJOSHJTB FB KapvaHi poenncsy h pac- 
BiaHfljcfl CB HoenšmHoerBB) x'6^0BOfo wjiOBftBa. Bpyao ao wocA^ 
xoaajii sa hhhi, lax^ aaai repmiH^, nOBHXHMOvy, zovftioCB lípo- 
XOisaTB fonKO-^qro saBisaBrniBca paaroBopB. 



m. 

San^aqaacB sohthbom^ otb HaapanHaasmaro xowifl} An^x^ 
<$oxpo HanpaBjfljica kb i^oHrpy ropoxa. Ha osHBieHHinn ymtaxs 
yse ropfejH rasoBsie {^OHapn, ho mm emfi ne HacrymiM h cabn 
Hxi 6opoaca cb cilpiiiíH cyMepaaifH xosxJiHBaro xhh. 3to npwxft* 



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xm 10M. 105 

ttio eiqB 6oMímyw nenpBnnxHaen cšpofi ^^síohoiííh noBcexseB- 
sol aisHK. Mmo 6jKíCfmuvpb oiokb MartBiuiOKL paBHOjQmiHo 
<aoBU!& saBBiat jooxb; na uwbjij yrpDiiai HHntera octasaBiH* 
BUKfc flonaeixb irepm^ Huai. Bs MBffyxi ctomi HenpepKuiiit 
nym on UTmmncs aBsnoBtft. A efepoe aete rjuffftao oxvHa-* 
MM qrv|^iH» Bt MQonBHiyiocfl n espocn v yjmuoĚ rpflu 
foisy* 

Aji^^pejc^b npHoren b% BMoropgr, Korxa ee jmt cofiapajmcB 
supBHn. 0B3b aacian xavb oxairo tdjuo Tineie^ BeiopHi (rs 
TMHcrBeHHinrE bhaoitb nepexan eMf, vo yi&veHrojbqi SBajrb 
ero n ce(% BaBepoci. Eaaptipa 6aHnpa saHHMaia MCh b^^híS 
mxh nax^B lOHiopofi. Giyra npoBejiib Aj&^pexa vb saGiien 
tepen toenn^e ecBAqeB&yHi h poeMono y(^Hiiyio sajiy. Bou- 
BOl aorhy BncpHmĚ xia napawiaro otfixa, dan (SAnsHoio esa- 
T^n ■ ÓjecBOKB ospeépiraiiz'^ npaitopoBx; Bf& BOHoaT^ Hocuca 
iq^onn iiafaoKb. Ajo^P^x^ leooMHHn^ no ero x^bho yse sxyn 
lOtt n o(%xy- 

YjaMeBvoáw;b BHmen Kb eeMy yse coBctm oxíthA xu 
^la. 

— Hy^ 91086? — capoean offiB a Besepnteieni^Kan bii 
cifttineB 0B BiífpyKaú&n7 

— BnojHi no aaioeify opaiasy, — OTBfrrajrb Aja^fipe^, Ba- 
un ae BOBHMaBDiii, smeBy oro MTpaB% lavb HBfepecyerca 

HH9TOamiB& jÁaoB*^ 

— Ohb BBaja rajqm? **- enpoosn YxuieHrojm^ c% aaiipa* 



— HIm,— B08pftaia:B Aji^ipexiK-*^ORaB8au4^yaTu,nB%xaa%, 
00 ea eioBBB^ esa caapo yteataan B!b Abciíi). 

— A,— BCKpH<!ajni(Sa«aap&, aaxaBO o6pax(mkBHiril, — OBaixen 
n AaiaiK)! H aorxa? 

dioio Aja4[ipQi& HO BBan* yjiBKiBroaBivE ^weÓparejBHO noBa* 
miFOJOBOS.— dfo xoponaty^^-^oKaBanoBiBaaoBeqa^— 9ŠBI cao- 
pie, rtBi jy vBe. 

Ob 8TflBB GJOBaBB ORB oivycnufB Ajujípeiia, BoiopHi iiocii&- 
nn xoMOft. 

AoaaiBHaa boub oemflcna GaaBxaaroiKHrB,— cjd^ ByswBU, 
nBXDl Ba GBOMn i i oapan i^ bcjb eaexaeBBya) 6opB(^ sa cynie* 
cncmaHie, — 6Hja pacapex^bacaa caBHBSb TOBsilniBBi o(ípa* 
m%. FjnMi ceMtCTBa, ApoodumB GajBXBHrep^ neptBeci bb xo- 
■ubbíS tem iqr xosHwaaQn). xo BexisnsBa aBaypaiBOciB) sa bo* 
iq^ w% BOnaoBaiúi wNihcammao bb x&mbovb Mipi. H aa 
nuspasB An^p^K^ sacram OBoero oon^a BexoaoxBBHMB Ttan, no 



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1 06 ncTim ittřoiiH. 

00a Ópftift oBom&n KB o&bffiBMxmy mcj i npsBiJoeB ébcrb sa 
eron (ten Epyio. 3a otiixMi CanKHHrepií-OTa^iHficEpaua pan 
BOSBpaa^ai ipb roMy se Bonpoqr, bo MaiB h cbsb HHwro sa 
BCN^asaju »y, sasaTHe BaaxHi csoam vHejaifa. Aj&ýpexi BmAaft 
paxoaajcai ^lo Epym yxajocB Bamee^ Bcrp§nn% h£to) xarao 
seiaBBoe, — seflauneiy BOBBHmannQřHMa mffi oCSimioBeBBmi ypoa* 
seirb, TBBEosíňvj AOCToBByH) ero juoÓbh. MaTB Bflqero Be ssaxa o 
Tom, tié cjyiBJíoeb gb Spyno, bo b^w cnosolBoe jniqo úax- 
maro ciraa b. Bsafl ero jM)6owb wb tipavy, oaa (kuta ys^pOHa^ m 
CB BBMi Be cjyiBJíocB BB^ero ^pBorOé 

Uoai o6ii»j BOiw uMh B (am očraiBCík oxn^ OBa npe- 
pBajn Moi^aBÍe. 

— TyrB Bpoeioa Baiaa-io niftfiai— e!B Bpyao uynjocB vto* 
BB(SyAB oco((eBBoe. £[ ne xotfaMuna yasaTB, kb «m3^ x^o, b 
TOJBBO Mory paxoQBaTBCB, HTO BpyBO zoni se BatKOxro Bopsaica wn 
CTOJEb Tiimaioft xn boto p e ry i a p a o cTB mmiuA oňafusBEiJĚ sibhb. 

AjB$peA'B BBBByxB rojoBoi Bi ssaBGb conacia, b osa opo- 
wusau. 

— BšxBHfi BpyBol Obi laiTB Óoraio Baxiierob apapoxal b 
TacB CByABO BárjAuBWffB cyxBtfoB. 3aiiÍTBjrb jb la, iro B8<(paB- 

BBBB BpspOXH 0(!£IBBOBeBBO 6llB8MTh BaCBnnaiCB C«eTBfly-*B Ba* 

o6opon. BssTB, BanpBiiip^B, ^seiiea ymteBronqa. Ero, lavB 
cayxBO oxapeBBaro yiiDirB m cnoeoÓBMnm, cncne ocHnaiocso- 
BMB B^exporaMB. A pasB^ aasTB Epyao bb saeiynui ayBmei 
yncTB? RasaiocB 6h, mo obs posxeB^B xn terasefsa. Hocafoipa, 
BBBi owb ÓiaropoxeBTB, mkb ob*b xo($pocoBÍCTeffB Bik €Baeft ojystfk, 
BOTopaa Bi cyniBociB nporsBaa ony b% xynii... 

PŠ4B r-sB CajixBBrepi (ÍDja BpepaaM i^bxoxoms oiysaflBB^ 
BOTOpaa BOxaM Áxh^ffexy BBSBnyi) laptouy. 

— JleroKB Ba noMBBÍb!— BOCBJBBByjrB Aib^kb, BBnaayBí 
Ba sapTou^,— m tojibbo ^to pobopbjb o Jl^ĚumAj a wn owb 
cam nosajOBaji%. Ho, no eay sysao otb mha? 9f0 okb kb 
nepeiiB pan osasuBaerB mbí ^eciB boc&tbtb iieBx. 

Axb^pexh onqiaBajea wb esom Bomraiiy, syxa apoBen b 
^seMca. OBasajiocB, mto noci^XHÍft tfpocBJTL xoMa o&bf^ b spa^ 
(íisajn CDxa, BczpeBaaaeBBBft aasaBna^w coo(fapeBÍe»B onqa. H^- 
CBonBO BpeifeBB oob BOje(faica, xoiro pae^rpasan dirapy, m^ 
BOBei^x, iqmeiynfljrB arB níbin eamro iiodkn(eBÍ8. 

— noGjyfliaB!ie,-^BamjrB («By~o(ei](B cBBMun lert, hto bb 
6sjiB ceroffui na x^y y r*sB IIoBcepo, ■ mpasen cbobi faxoeca jbo 
noBOxy i^FOy no osa cBopo yiMcaerB wh ABnia>. & tvo b«6bbo 
o(SeT0iTencTBO Xi^a MeBa RpaSse BeEpiarao. fl, lume^mo, ne fjuMao^ 



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ARI lOBI. 107 

TO en d BMfi pMBpocrpanjiCB o cbobxi jraim r/ínxh, 
m mA 6a xot&mcb no Kpatael vbýb ynan, xan nponomjio 
Bune CBHjuiHie ch net), sasai y nefl o6ct«hwu,— Boo((ii^e bc6 
Mxpo(teoem Banero cbsxiubís ■ pasrosopa ci aeiD. 

Aji^Xi BHTfliiyn yxoÓHO sora, Boiosm pyra b% npiiaaH 
H pMciflBHo BsrjflByji na norojOBi. EsMmentj orb npotiHyxB 
ptBKMvnHBKB toboitb: 

— ^TO se nesen f^poúi&ůmUj san bb BiipasaeieeB, nps 
XÍim)]rB BHBflrt? Ona nojy^Hja xeHBni, m noxynnn pocmicBy— 
I Bee! 

— Ho BHmejni jh na, no ipatBel irbp^, Bne^ataime, hio 
lan HBBTO HO 6iiBaerB, «o oaa x^flCTBHreiBHO se npHmiiaen 
moro M» Mys«H%, lan 9vo yTBepsxairrB. Een tro npaBxa, 

10 I BaCS HO XOJSBU tfHJH XODyCTRB SI HOĚ OOM BCnETB Sa- 

ipjfAWIlil. 

Bb Énepecaxi A^B^pexa tfiuo capnrB noctnteme ero 6paTa, 
HO miai n Tfan, eMy saxoT&jiocB nocvtorBca Hax% nojoxinťB 
(kttBBBaHom H en^e ÓoiBme noxMXopsTB ero jm6(matetw. Obb la- 
ciasarB eiiy o TpyxHocnrb; boi^bx ony ii{fiBrj[ocB upeoxojirB, 
^noÓH Aoůmoí CBixaiiia cb q[McaBH]|ei| saó^iirB onaeaji oóai* 
tejMyi) otfcTtBOBKyi fb aoropott sua r-«i Iloflcepo, eaapacory, 
Tjaierb ■ npoi., xora n xobi^-kohaobb xciseBi Cbltb coeHarBCfl, 
^To eio (HDcaiie BeeBMa 6jiíxbo kb qiaBBMiH cb xibterBHrexBHO 
B HBo c emu iMm mewttfMem. Asesn c^yman m*o gb naopa- 
seoHHjťB UMĚunMiem, wtim ubkm&bbq paoBypin soByv) cirapy 
1, BOKonaiB HOMBoro, BaroBopijTB: 

*- dro eqe HOBce, j»6etHiift CajBxnrepB, bmb McoyrB mh 
eian kb ael éiqe pasB^ eoqe hŠcikubbo pasB, nooroiiy-TO bh a 
BasHH XM MeBB. 9io co<$eiBeno h eoTB vjbjíh Hoero ooc^n^eHiB. 

AjB^peXB BOBOJBEO yj£10HyjlCfl On^BOBHOMy BfMBliy MOJO- 

xm> yjBMearoxBiwi. 

— JIiD6esHiii xpyn,~CB0Ba savan J(smeB)~i xovy sam 
X^piTB oxay BeaMa BasHyio Tatny. ^^jo non w% wmv a 
ndno Pepinray IIoHcepo x^ ÓegyMÍa ■ bi«yo ho BacraBBn Meaa 
OTBtttnca OTB Hei. 

— Tou RBi^ovB xasB #j<qHan Tioxeje,— BocBjmvyjnb Ajb« 
ip^^ cifiacB.— Ohi Bcerxft cootfntaen ceq^eni, aoiopHe yase 

BCftm HBBJbCTHH. 

— AiS HO HmTO ne BHaen, vtó a bib cocroamH xn aei exi* 
Jan, H a et caiiol ae pasB fobc^bib bto: a sovy cx^kiarB ei 
«im 8ort»i BBKB roBoparB vh Dapasi^ a xovy wpysarBee die* 
ciaiitet o0eiaHOBBot, ocsnan i^apcxol pocionnAol H lorxa a ro- 



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£93 Bftonro uHm. 

BopiD eS 8T0, OHa CMorpen sa iceu BWHitaTMMio h nosonaen 
lueiaiiSi Ban 6yxio saiaa en^e <R>LibiiiMt>. Ho ^ero ae, HaBO- 
Beqiy e§ emfi ejtsbo?! 

— MoserE 6iiTB, caifofi npocsoB Memfí^ w BosBon ciyni, 
oaMoi xenieBot,*-aeflBTB6H. 

fysMm sacM^kMi. 

— Orei^ jflmflTBiíeHfl HacjiŠACTBa,— dxoeflxopoaia BSBÍbezHO. 
npfl njtMja ycmmaa osa ee nošen seian sesRB^ii. 9io 
(Jiuo 6ii cjnotemeerBieM^! 

AiB^pex^ nocMorpijirb Ha Horo BHHiiaTejLfcHO. 
— * Bil 4io6BTe seamany xo 6eByjiifl|— cBaaan ok&i— h se- 
MOiEe ea (Ses^eeria! 

Bi CBOK) oi^xib fl^memcrh nriEnyn Ba.Hero (» yAsaiemejn. 

— Mhí aaseiea, r. CaujtBHrepi, vo bu BABajHcn,— esa- 
sajii OHI TOHOMi flBHaro npeHe6peseHÍfl.— noAO^Huxi m»wniBB% 
xoBHO jíK)(Sh» Bon SHaen aan crpacTHO b canoot oepBKeHHO, no 
QpB 9towb HysHO cooÓpasoBaTBCx cb rtm MÍpom, kl BoropoMy 
OHŠ iipBHaAiejutn« Ecjih oto^ moS, npexocTaauH>núi utA bo 
Bcexi^ iiojiHy» €8o6oxy, BareropaieoH otiMBBjn, ^ro bo jioiiycTBn 

MOett aSOBHIBÓil eBF^XHBOiy TO 910 HeCOMHiHHHJI SHaSS, «ITO Ha 

ea npomjoirB lesan BBBoe-io naiHO. Mot Qeten%, Boaeuo, BHaeny 
vh lem x^o, xoffl on nero xpyxeo iero-HB6yxb xofiarBca. Ecn, 
cx^Baxeyi&Ho, penyiaoia ea sanaTHaHa, to ohb xejmea ae sajQr* 
MyBaacB opaHaTB mob (IxecraiíMa npexJOSMia. Ho oea bx^b onep* 
raen, saaun Tyn octb Baaaa-BHlSyxB CBpaiaa npaiBHa, xo bo- 
Topofi a, BO HTO tfii to HH CTaiO| xo^y xo6paTMa. HpBUBoS no- 
šen tfuTB Basafl^Bi^yxB TaflHaa iD(k>BB| tbbi bbkb b y otbx*b 
seBH^HBi 6iiBax»n cbob — HexoiroB%9BEia, BOHevro— npBBasaHBO- 
CTB B crpacTB. H09 nosen Cun^ vro oa CTponiBBOCiB ae 6ojUBe 
BBBB paaewn, cneByxaquu Pan oaa mjA eBaaaia Bi>ra> TBace, 
lid x&^x*B noBoxi npexnojaraiB noci^XHee. EBsyauio vysay—eBa- 
aaaa om, — Boropal Mon 6m BfiiaoxHHTB Boe, ^ero ohb saxo^erB. 
fi cnpocHjn ee, mosbo xb xoerflrByrB aroro Bps noMOn^i xenei-B? 
O xa,— OTBÍTBia OHa, airi6acB|— *ho toíibbo ho BanianB x^ABram^ 
r. Aa&eMci YjBMeHrojiBi^x. Bh saxoTe, ci^xoBareiBBO, ja)6esBftlaiift 
CaxBXBBrepSy ^ro ,OHa Boa-raBa x^t^eÍMerca xesen. 

AjB^pexi saxyícaJKa, ird foctb ero apaBan sa Biipaseníe 
conyBCTBÍa, a osaBjeaao apoxojisajn: 

— nócjyamiTe, bb bo apeaa cbobx^b xímbíucb nocfta^eail y 
lea, Miseie, apa ataoiopot jobboctb, ysaaiB to, vro aai aysoo. 
Tyn Bce-rasB aosen (íitb apoerca TaSant oiSoasaraiB... Beeme 
m xojsu pascjdxoBaxB Q6(maiejiBB0. fl bbxíbicb eate oefoxmi 



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MMfS KtfI. 109 

BeiepoKi ysnn Koe-TO> m&í 9toft o^BoposarenHot fteraqHsft. 
Bbjo 6u xq^moy ecnte h bb npecytcnoMun nps otoite. To, 
vb BB yeiHiiiiTe, nošen bshi BpHfoxnbM úpn CHomeHian c% 
lel. Bam jm*w <fyxen opieBn|tOBancf| a «osen (stb, BaK%, 
(Sjarowpi omn c^)cteíiM%, yxacfoi xo<(nBCi on Hea hctihii. 

j^aam opmoníwn riasa ■ morosaamei&Bo yÁUŮBjAoi. 

AA^pexB aee en|e ůajn oorpytteas fl padMiinijeHia. Oai 
7se cmn paeaaaBaTbca n tomI| vro enooodcTBoaan c6jiaaeBÍK> 
CMeio aNTSTeuHaro tfpaia ci seaeiiaaoly o aotopoS oxaai asi 
npovABBfiejiefi Meraaraaro nopoaa icorL Taas npeepaienao oř* 
a&Bancf • BaeoMaoe aEonaaie iDcra a xatpoe BiipasoHÍe ero m^a 
BHBen ÁA^pexa an sa^yanBocra. 

— Tjí/b me bb paaonrHBaem co6pB/th osix^aia o FepMBBŠ 
IIoBcepo? — cnpocBJí oarb. 

— y lom Faaejuoaa^— OTBtom ^seifcib,— oeroxiui nocii 
Tearpa j aero cotfepetca Be((ojunoe vyaseaoe o6mfictBo: Ůjjtyvh 
ysaei, nyans, jaaxesHean a, BecBva BtpoflTao, atocoAKO fifLWb 
wn «Xe]imiyaa». 

— AeMOHiym? 9to sto?— enpoean Ai^^^X^ pasc&iBHO. 

— Fx^ BH sBBere, jno6esEÍimŘ^ — aocajnraayjn AseMci,— ^ro 
ae daaeie JJ^eMoalyMal 9to — mtme Mynmee café dlwtant, nepBO* 
laeeaoe y^i^esx^flie vb aaiQOHaaMKHrtMe^mn nycb^ ys^pix) 
Bací. Tam bb aosere aax^B aasaii sy^tmxn aoaaqecaarB 
(SauepaH^ a yapoTarejBBai^ smM. 

— Hao xe bb saxIetecB yaaftrb taaaai wfwm o Fepaaalk? 
— cnpoean Ajb^Xb asyirjieHBO. 

— A Bon "no: FaaejtBBom yiMpsxMn, ^o ecn FepMaaa 
nwFB 8X!ÍCB a octa oaa ae apaaaxieaian kb iripy TaflaBxi co- 
BtraaiTB, to xoaaa PaaBjBa xoisaa saarB o aeS vro-aaÓyxB. 
Aoaaa PamiM, nepfiaa ÓaiJiopaM ^eaoaiyiia, saaoTB acropix) 
BCfoB BXOBTB, MySKOl aovopBTB HaBTO HO sBasui. Ee-TO FaiiejB- 
80BI a npmncBn, hto6b cxiiutarB uwb yxoBOJBCfroie. Bb aokere 
Hen i^epeifoaifi notra co aaoa), bb b^xb saaaoMB cb FanejiBso- 

HMPB. 

AnýpWB corjuieajica a o6im!i^Ji% vh xocbtb ina>n safra sa 
.^.seifooirB, YTOtfB Baftcrt ompaBarBCa aa ae^iepaaiBy. Buy leaepB 
xasajocB, bb aaTepecax'B 6paTa, HpeBBBWtao aasBBm 3rBBaTB no- 
xpofiaocra o nponuoB auisaa FepaaaB. AjiB^pexB sBajii CBoero 
6paTa, saajTB ero cnocoÓaocTB 6e88aBÍTH0 orxasaTBca Bcaaovy Bie- 
Heaía>, aax^flTB BceBosMOsaBiia axeajBBBMa aa^ecTBaifa jno((a- 
MHrB jDDxefi, a ae 6en ocaoBania crpamaica ero c6jiaaseflia ci 
FepMHBofi. Ecia ^sevcB apasi^i xyBajix oai, ecia Fepaaaa x^fl- 



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110 nmam iifoiih. 

CTBnejibHO OAHft MWb tísb 6e3xyinBHrB xoieioffb, xoTopna irpaím 
CBOEMH nouoHHuaicM B sari^Mi ÓpocaDrL m% saicb HeHysayi) 
Bentii... Tuoro pasoupoBaHui Bpyno ne nepesEsenl IIoBTOify, sny- 
TpeHHO ptmnjFh AaB^peA^i nysno x^ttcTBonn nosa emfi He 
no8XHO, noBa Bpyno &Bfi He onyrBJíCB nqiejrB iipon«crBH). 

Eorxa AaB^pex^ bbhicb wh Mfiwh YjihMBavoxhUdL^ ^seMCi eqe 
He 6Eixb roiOBib; ero nonpocHJB npoĚTH vb sajqr* 0(Áxb jiaBBO 
yse KOHHBJícB H roGTH padonuncB; Úamaph ofnpaBBJícfl vh Bjjih 
cďrpaTB CBOD napdK) ÓocroBa. B'e saiš naxoxHiacB xoaifiBa, xa 
eo^ xaBBH-TO ciapymRa, xMaa-se npocnui «aKB r-sa YmieH- 
roniti^, Ch soTopoi ona ho Be^epam Hrpajia vh «mecTBxecm- 
HiecTB»; osa OTAuxajia vh oúmeerwi eroi crapyniKB on ipyxon 
jKHB, Borxa Ha net Jieauuia Tasejraa oiSasanBOciB — tfaib zobhAboI 
BeJiHROCBŠTCBaro caioHa. 

ÁJii^pexa OHa Bcrp&THJia o^ohb xpyssejnofino; ona Boerxa ^b- 
CTBOBajia Bieiraie kb ceiielciBy GaiBXHHrepoKB, soxopoe, hoa* 
ayflCB Bceo6nuuci yBaaemeirB, shjio mhphoí h CBpoyHoS shshbd. 
Ona cienca nosypaja AjiB^pexa sa to, hto okb ne sarjuixiiBan 
Vh HoB no Be^epaiTB. Sartm cnpocHďa o aixopoBBt ero Maiepi i 
Hpfl6a«ua co BsxoxoirB: 

— Mh v!bch npoMesrB ce6B| ueí nesaitMi oÓ^ymiBaTB cboe 
eioBt, B a BaM^ xojUBna npESHaiBca, no saBHxya) Bamefi MaTymBft: 
y Hefl CBHOBBi yxaiHCB TaKB, aavB xftS Bon Moeiiy. 

— PasBŽ Bu HaxoxBTO Tro-n6o nezopomee kb Bamem chhí?— 
cq^uTB An^^iexfB, ciensa yxBBBraiHCB, lavB BaB^B ovb Boerxa 
XyiiajrB, mo vh rxasaxi poxníeiet j^seiicB— Bxean coBepniencTBa. 

— BBXHTe j[H|— oroft^aia crapyza,— a an»'o co6cTBeHHO bc 
Mory xopomeHBBO o&hSLcawth mm* fl snas) toxbsOi ^to ohb HBvero 
ne xiMen. Ilpauft^ okb xoaen nposHTB, ne pa(kmui, ho Boe- 
taiH 8T0 ne xopomo. Bi CBaoiiraHom nacaHÍB roaopnca, ^lo bcí 
XOJisHH patforaiB... Ho aama hbsb — CHiBHaa asoHDVHa, y nea xbb- 

TBJIO CBJEH BOCHHiaTB CBOBXl X^TOt. 

OsasaiocB bi xi^iBHlftaiem pasroBOpi, iro y nea ne xocia- 
Baxo «CBaii»— B% CBoe BpoMui db^h j^senca, cboibbo cjAxoBaic 

IlexarorHvecBia leopÍH r-SH yuMeHrom^ 6wa npepBBBH 
noaBjeHÍem j^aieMcau Ob% oosexan xaTepH cnoioflHOt Hon, b 

MOJlOXHe JiB>XVI OTnpaBHlHCB. 



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jvn&masL 111 



IV. 



Cpexi efoniflol jennesse dorée tóro BpeiieHH, — 9to 6iijo n 
60-x*B roxai^9 sorxa wh bhcouxi cioan bg&o HÍMei(Baro oď 
iilBcna erapaiHCB bo Bcem ncxpasaib IlapHsy h Borxa cyiqeerBO- 
Ban QXHSb TOJBso HAeuii HanojieoHi III, — cpe^B aiot mojio- 
jiesH lona rmej&BOBi HrpaxB ae uMxbffimo poA« Offb Óiui 
oiBi o%HB terataxE e HatíosHHn rapettcsni pox^raiefi, Ch 
fíkoB^ roiOBflBímxi ero kb pasBBHH ■ noBTOny crporo eAna- 
flnn sa ero nepBOHaunsourb BOcnHiameirs. Eqe ÓjKy^a kb 
miHa8ÍH, owb^ Óiaroffapfl oaoeft zHrpocrs, CByifšjrB coucíctkib 
Baysy cb 6ojďe BpiarBHicH aaHaxíaMH i, sorxa I^)HI^20 apeicfl no- 
oyiiRB B!B yHHBepcHierai OKasajiocB, ^to eny Hesorw, Taxi savB 
OBB 6uxh BasarB cb^crhiim BoasoneiBaMB. A xasB saKB Mesxy 
vamm SEasoMCTBaifB tisun sÉxoropHa x^icisETenHO (SJlecTflI^ífl, 
TO oneKyHn p&duhcb aa Bpeiia omoshtb ero BaHaria. Mesxy 
Tim, OHI cx6jaicfl coBepmeHHOJifoHBicB e paBBEHCBaa BapBepa 
Ósua OBOHqaiejBHo orxoaeEa. Ho liwh ae neste ohi, ebi^ 

^ttTEHaiBHOCTE, COZpaEHiTB flÍBOTOpiia npflBHlXE E BHÍniHÍa 

^^(^mi, cBOĚdBeHfiiia yieHOMy cocaoBÍi): no CBoett BEinmoerB ohtb 
BoxoffEJ^ GEopie Ha BaHXBxara Óorocxoma, liwh na 6oHBBBaHa; 
BOBpoff ero niaiBa xasan eicy npeaMnatHO coíHXHxdi bbxi; piiB 
ero coTpaHBia oxt&kmkb Hacrapcsaro ero spacEopiva, tbbi vto 
i^ainee pacnyíciBO XHCjefi BHpasajrocB y nero kb cojuxHott b 

XSt^^OXiTeiBEOS ^pMÍ. dlEMl OffB pÍBBO OTJIBiaJICa OTB CBOOfO 

i^yxxa, B xase upioópijrh bb neicB bsbíciboo Bjlanie. 

Eorfia Auýpej^ b jO^seMCB amumcB xb TBifóiBSOHyi obe sa- 
eiaxE. yiae komxímo tfoiBnioe oÓn^ecTBO sa BaproiEHirb ciojiomb. 
Ája4fpef:k (Sbjcb iqMMcraBieffB Iob£ no bc^bcb npaBBjawB BTBBera 
B yemmaa^ on boto eišjiynmee xpyseooe npBBiiasie. 

— Si paxB BBx^TB BacB y cetfi, bbbb e Bcerxft paj(B, xOTxa 

BBSy MOMOffiŤO ^QIQBtea CB BBCOBBIIB CfpeMJieBiailE. 

fyuncb E AiB^peAi czaiB y eioja CMorpiiB sa arpofi. Bb 
codjpiet xonBaii, xa^a soropot tfiuB sanepni, Baspuaaju na 
CTOJB, o ^evB MOSHO 6hjio xoraxasBca no xoHOCBBmeiiyca onyxa 
SBOsy cioxoBaro cepeópa e xpycraia. jB^aBeifCB c^pocbjtb xoaaBBai 
BBBftpBO ju 6yxyn npEriameBEiia wiih. 

— & asajcB BBGB na BCBJUDUiexBBO MyscByK) Be^epEEsy, — 
TopseccBeflflo otb^tejeb Iobb,— EnBioroBnoxBfi eciedseBEO crt- 
xyen, no a noeaÓOTBaca e o aieHexom oÚmeeriA, BOBerao, aa- 
cxojBso 8TE xaa noBaria coBHtexEiui. 



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112 nomniDoiiH. 

3aBfl8UCfl pasroBopi oůb <apTBcriHecRHxi> AOcroHHCTBan 
oacHxaeMoft xohhu PanHiLB, npiwMi j^seMCB Biipasui yxKueme, 
^TO OESLj HecMoipa aa cboh xapoBamfl, He Tasi^yeii n ahpbÍ 
PéHiVL ^pyfott Effh rooreft Bsicsasan op^KOMOBaBie^ «p m 
cHeApeccBpoBaHHafl> npraunuc jubu raymwn Maceoia xflse 
cráqNBaTejíK) ippu. rmejiuoHib noxanajii roiaBot a aprameoB 
c& naeocoiii: 

— ^oHHa Paiuu&fl— Hcnaasa, m BasApHO BocoBaso npoaauMB- 
A6HÍa. HecomriHHoe AORaBaTei&CTBO 9fOMy a Baasy vh Tmtb oóraoa* 
toactbí, 910 c^nopa srn hh eioBa ne noHmaen no-icsaHGn« 
oco6eHeo, ecjn BcnomuRB, hto nepéKso BfieoBoposAWHHa Hticeit* 
Ría xEMH Tose ne BHaByn efaieipcaro asusa. 

EaaoS^fO Óe^ŮopoxaS DHoma^ 'WttÓymftmHoĚ piarOBopon ofo 
HCoaHaott (kujiepHHi, cnpccEjn Booiraaoca^ i^ oaa sněn* 
dion BMpoe& BiiaaaarB leeotf^it zoxovb, a ocfajm 6em omkoL 

BoxBíHHBcno roci^ CHOia^Bio o<(patHjnic& vh nffsowmmf 
ciojiy, H Hrpa (jnjia yse enoBa n nojsom pan^pj^, sorxa nsat 
oispajTL xsepL H xojiosiijn: 

— Focacata inajyiiir& ci lueiuRmi^. 

Bo£ npEcyreTByícMitie Boran « cbobxb irbcTB & loflanomen 
Ba Bcrpi^y xaMaux.^ Aib^Xft cpasy nopasua opoBBHeoeHHaa 
ij^ijria: HexajiBilie Baai yrpom ovb BCTptnux BTy-aie $an«iD 
Ba xBepaxi BBapiBpu, oteraemi FepMBBofl HtBoepo... 

Kor^a rpynna roerei, (ospjbmkdbsl Mfinch, BficBOiuo pasdbfl- 
lacB, Ajíh^pe^hj xepsaBoiiflca BooxaiB, aaMtea^i npesxe Boero 
BeBBaBOiiyH) nosBiyio xaiiy wb meisoBOM^ BCXiflBaJtom uani. 
Obb ae npoBBBocBJía bb cjobb b, se BepeeraBaa yiuŮdmcM, xo 
B A^o oftiaiBBaiacB BaBBir&-4» cmpcmoxBuinb wbtfomL. 

BTopaa xaaa eioaja bs AjiB^pexy cbieboio, b Boma oaa Bxpyr% 
o6q>Hyjao^ owh cpaey yasan bi seft to rpiai^ioBBoe tyBieetBO, 
ci crpassmrL roiOBBion ytiq)M!B, BoHopoe «b 9eo yvpa buo cs 
Hflm nqieroBapii. Ha Beft ůeimo nfoesoe^ sa Bcewa Bsan^noe 
luaibe B HBBaBBrb yspamoBiĚ. Sta apoeiom iqx>BBBoxaia Becaiia 
xopomee BoevaTjrilQie. ysax^smE Áifi^^pe^a, oaa octaBOBancb bi& 
B8yBi6HÍB) BOTom iQ^Buo cxBBQyja 6poBfl B BaapaBBaacb b& 
npOTBBynojosBiitt bob61|% sam. 

— Bóra Bs no)(Bte, yraxalre, mo bio BaBaiBaa njucyflBfl)-*— 
CBasaji ^seBci aa yzo AMh(fffef(y*^0B9í a xoxan, vo^bo babi- 
aaa jwa. X^t ^^e y btbzi^ sobb^bb^ npBraopccB<^ OBÍb Avyrh 
aasBAHM^ CBOBBi ffBseBÍevs! 

— H OTb flOxo(Sflo8 BcoBipBaB Bil BOiBTe ]^Ban> BOXpOteOCfH 
O TepMEBŠ? — capocBJíx Aji^pex^ iMweTno. 



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AHUIOPU. 118 

— JUh zoHy; xu Mem Bnaini AOCTaiOHHa, ecu ara rocnoaa 
Booóqe SHnen o HeS uxo-HHdyxB. 

Aj^ýpca^ onycTU^ roiOBy; ohi ne Mon ne npHSHaiB BipHO* 
CTH TaKoro xoBOXEt H 8T0 Bpa8He CMyTHio ero. He sasejrE-jni ohi 
l^jfHO KB aaiUMmK)? EaRoro poxa Moria 6eitb seanviHa, Hnisniafl 
CBoel noQQrroS h cosHieibHHi^efi BaHaiByio xaniiOBQiiiiQr? 

Focai npoiuH vh croiOByK), h yasHHi Hanaicfl. ^OHHa Pa- 
MMMU e£ja sa cxoni rj^i npexc^AaTejiBCTBOBaji cam xosjihhIi 
a aapmei xaMofi, no ero upocLÓi, saHUHCb ABft MOJiqwxi ^ejo- 
Btai, p&uiBinHicfl nosepiEOBaiB coóofi bi aojBsy ocTajBHoro 
o(Snw€rBa. UponiKE osBxaHia oaasajiocB, tto HiceHHO no^ieHHaa 
jipfty niajynirB cxlJUuacB cpoAoro^ieMi Bceotfqefi BecasociH. Oaa 
o0Hapy»ua HeoÍHKHOBeHEyH) nposopjHBOcxB h 6ea pasfiopa no- 
uoDMua orpoiíHiia soíH^ecxBa BoeBosiiosHHxi acTBx h nHxeS, 
xoiopsia noxBOcuH eS yciysjiHBiie MOJiOAue judxh. Bc£ 8th no- 
XBHni ona ppojtžjHBaja cb BeoÓnBHOBeHHofi cepLe8H0CTBH)| 6yf;y^M 
yBJ^praa, HTO lasi A^J^fterca bi Óojlidomi cbítí. HasoHeifi Boaoc- 
caiLHofl anneiBTE j^pay IIIajiynirB aocthtb cbohxi ecrecTBeHHiixi 
ipaHHqK OHa o^bsbejui, mo HjBciBjen ce6a <HeMH0SB0 ne- 
aiopoBot> . 

— 06uBH0BeHH0, a oneoB BpinBa kb iioxo6HiixicjiyHaflx:b)— 
CBiaaja oaa^ — ho ceroxu hohhq3 Bosxyxi XOJiaBHO 6htb caBopeo 
Ha Hena nox^ciBOB&ni. — Cjiobom^, eft Heo6xoxHHO Óuio ornpa- 

BBXbCa AOHOfl. 

jlpHHa PaMHJiBfl) rpoic^e bcíx:b CH^sniaflca nax^B ofiacopcTBOMi 
CBoei <xeiyHiBH>, xen^pB Bcrajia, htoCi conyiaBOBaiB efi, nonpo- 
TiBB 9ioro noAHaacfl Bceo6II^fi npoiecn. 

— Jí^ r-JEfl HlaiynnB HpEroroBJena aapera, — o6'BflBHJi^ 

XOOlHffB,— 'H C!B HeS OTHpaBETCfl OfflWh H3!B MOHX^B JUOXeft; OHI Ha 

Bcaiía cjy^afl BOBBMen ci fo6oŘ npoBiaHiy jsfin Bamefi ysasaeMoS 
leiyniKE. ^o chtb nop^ uu tojibbo cm^ihcb, xenepB mu 6yAeH:B 
yxBHaTBy H Bu xoiSHu oaaxBCfl! 

<ApracTxa> conpoiiiBiajiacB nexojiro, TenepB tojbbo na^ajicfl 
BacxoanuS ysHH^B, h xonna PatcH^BHi ocyniHBi cb bhahmhitb yxo- 
BOJoczBieirB hícbojibbo ÓoBaiOBii maifnaHcaaro, pasBecejinjiacB h 
pasioBopHjacB. Bci ch y^HBienieicB yBHX^H, hto ona o6iaAaerB 
ocipoyiiieji;& h ho jiHmena BSBicinaro oÓpasoBaHÍa; fflxe b% ea 
JOvaHHOifs HÍHei|BoicB asHB^i Bi» BOTopoMy ona npHK^niHBajia 
mia-io HesBaaoMHa ciOBa, focth ciajH HaxoxHiB Basyio-To CBoe- 
oóparaya) npeiecTB. 

Ofla pascsasajia, ixo^ iipesxe hími npi^xaxB bx CTOiHior, ona 
nopyvua CBooMy areniy natiH x^ nea BBapinpy <n TeTBofi>, 

Ton lY.^lDii., 1888. 8 



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114 B^GTHm IBPpSH. 

TavL UKi He zoT^ia shtb oahe bi CTOjniwoirB ropoxi. F^hi Dia- 
jynirby owh se areHn, oCparaji^ cbod seny n letRy. Ofli Top* 
vjen nyxoHx, ho Biri^crt cb rtiTB saHimaeTCfl mrorBMB xpyrHm 
xijaifH.^ 

SaxiiTB OHa pac^yBCTBOBajiacB.— An,— roBopHia OHa, — RarB 
xopomo 611J10 6u cHOBa o^yniTLCff bi nopflxonos o6cTaHOBv&! Bib 
MOJOxocTH OHa He 6uM npexHasHa^ena js^z arHzi rpasHorB nox- 
MOCTBOBi. nojlosEMXy OHa BOBce He ocotfeHHO Bscosaro npo- 
HcxosxeHÍHy— Bcero na Bce xo^ dcruiHxcRaro ÓoipiaHa; xfacno 
npoBaia bmíctí cb oti^oitb bi yóorofi zhshhí na tfepery Bajrrill- 
caaro Mopfl hjh na Ropa6jii6, rxt ohb cjqtshjii, — Tyn se et 
BnepBEie npHmja mucjb o efl Tenepemnefi npo^cdn. 3a to no* 
ToiTB... ArB, HOTOMi OHa o^yTHJiacB Bi xopomet o($CTaHOBsš| cpexBí 
hcthhho xopoHiBrB jioxeB... Ho Bce 9to yitepjio h koh^uccb h 
HO BOSBpaTHTCfl!.. IIodTOHy — jy^me Beoe JHTBCfl! EóxBmaro on SH3HH 
He nojy^EHiB. Ona ocynrajia tfosajii b nys^HHH annxoxBpoBaxH. 

nepemjiH kl npesHioD ROMHaiy h nrpa BOSotfHOBHjacB. Aosna 
PamiJíBfl saKypHJia namipocy. JJ^seMCB yc^Jicfl npHMO npoTVBi Hes 
Bufbcrb ch AjB^pexoirB; BocnoxBSOBaBoiHCB icHHyroB Bceo6n(aro 
MOJHanifl, OHI npaifo, (Sesx npexHCJiOBiĚ, npexxosHJi^B eB BonpocB, 
SHaerB-jiH ona FepMHHy IIoHcepo? 

npH dTOMi Bonpocš xoHHa Pamna ctaxa ycHjeHHo saram- 
BaTBca nannpocoB, xaKib 6a sejiaa cspiiTBCff bi uyiSaxi xHMa. 
Eorxa xuM^ pasc&ijicsy ona BnepHJia vh AjiB^pexa cboh ^yxHBie 
rjasa. BsrjnAx^ btotb, XOxriB h npHcraxBHHB, cna^ajia upairat 
H yrposatoatí&y sartirB za.vb'6u ifOjanpB o non^ax^, Óujth xo Toro 
HeosHxani, vro Bce o6n(ecTBO Mojma h HanpasenHO paaciiaTpH- 
Bajio ofioHX^B. AjiB^pexi, cpasy xoraxaBmiBcs, ^t6 osnamerB diorb 
BsrjiflXi, OTB^THJTB HjTB saiT&THiiifB sHaBoiTB conada. AoHHa Fa- 
MHJiBfl OTOBHXHO ycHOKOHJiacB. Ona sacraBHJia J^seifca en^e pas^ 
noBTopHTB npoHBHeceHHoe BHfl H OTBitTHxa Ha CBoem jiOManHom 
asHipb: 

— ň ne 8HaH) xaMH, Hocan^eft aro hma, h xase canoe eica 
cxiimy Bi nepBiiB paai. Rto ona h hto ona? — ^onna PavEiBS 
cxaja caifa pascnpaniHBaTB JI^seMca, vh xasaxi oh% onionieHiarB 
CB 8T0& xuioB, x^a RaaoB iít%jiH offB pascnpamHBaerB o neB, h 
T. nox. Ho ^seifci yuoHHJCfl otb OTBira. Ob btoB nnHyni b-b 
saji BOiyipHJiacB Baaaa-TO HaTanyTOCTB. Bc^itb tfpocoiocB n riasai 
9T0 aaKB pasi nocii Bonpoca Á^eiica xoHna PaioiiBa norepajia 
CBOH) nepBonaqajiBHyio aecejiocTB. ^sdíieB, B^poarno, yxoBierBO- 
pHica 6u nosy^eEEuwh otbítoitbi ecjud hímoB pasroBop^B m esxy 

XOHHOi H AjB^peXOH^B HO B0d6jfMJI^ BTO HOXOBp&HÍB. rBMeiBSOHl, 



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xnAMOBi. 115 

nn BHiMafejBHHl xosnHi, flocrápucsr (mm pacmeBejiBTB rocTefi, 
H CBen pasroBOiTB na xam noiyciAím Boo^n^e. Oarhi hbs roci«ft| 
Mojoxoi jjAOXHEVhj saMÍTHJix, «o dTH A^ira (SojBioeft ^aCAK) 
■srtcTHH B^B TMfpajiBHoxx xpyssAxi, H eCJIH XOHHa PaMUBt 
He BBaerb r^si noHcepOi BHa^sTB, xasofi h se cyn^ecTByerB. Fh- 
ueuMWh noxzBaTHJH ary mhcob. 

— HaarB xg^rhy A^seHCE yjnuieHrojBirB^ — BucKasaxi oh% 

CBOHMl npOnOBÍXHH^eCXBM% TOBOITE,— BHÍ BCflKait) COMH^HÍA Cfjb- 

jaics nooTOMi. & yse a^bho ytiisxan ero, ^ro BooÓpasaeicaa 
BMi TepuHa IIoHcqK) ne eyn^ecTByen, a ecxH h cyn^ecrByerb, 
TO yse HH vh luuBoirKi cjiywb ne npmiaxiesHn vh BQCOsovy 
xpyry sHaKOifCTBi Bamet Muofi rociBH... 

Ho Muiafl rocTBa, noBHXBifoiiy, yroMBjacB btbks pasroBopoifi 
Mf HO ;iosHxafléB oioHiama rHifeiBaoHOBCBott npaxuy Bcrajia h 
o6uBua, HTO xo^en éxan aomoS. Upn btoitb ona BupasHJia 
6oa8HB íxan Tasí soaxBO houd ojiiHoft. Bc& rocm HanepeptiBi 
HpoAJOZBJH CBOH yciyn h oÓubbjui, hto SBLKyn san MHaocTu 
sooBoieHÍa iipobqxhtb ee. 

— B& TaaoHi cjiyqat, rocnox^} ~ cxasajia ona,— no3BonTe 
ni Bu6paTB Toro mn Baa, Boropafi mhš Baseica HaHMeRie 

Ofla AOJirHifi Bsopom o6Bejia Bce oCn^ecTBO, Rasi 6ei saTpyx- 
HiacL vb Bu6op% B HaBOHei^ ociaHOBBJíacb na AjB^pexi; no 
ei ManeBpy eejiBSfl Okijio AoraxaTLCfl, ^o ona yase sapante hb- 
iribrBia ero bi jui. 

Bx TO BpeMfl BasB ^bctb rocieft ceoBa cfiia sa xapru, xpyraa 
piiBBjacB yiffl bmícií cb J^(mBOŘ b AjB^pexoifB. ^seMCB 6ujFb 
Wh ^BcA oerasiinixca; npocTBBioBCB cb AjB^pexoifB, ůa% mjuno 
oujertuiaí bb CBoe npeasee m&cto* 

yxoxBBmie rociH, bi conpoBoasAeHÚi aasea myMBO cuyerB- 
jscB CB jrtcTBBipi; BHHBy Biixo^Bag ABepB OBBSBJíacB 8anepTo9| Jia- 
lefty Bopia H pyraa niBeAi^apa, uoůlmsLVh BaBepx% xoeraBaTB Bjm^B. 
OeraBinieca bib noTBttaxi roenr Bocejio Óojtbjib h mymiB. 

^HHa PaiiBJíBB CTOflxa OBOio AiB^^pexa b, nosa BOSBpaTBB* 
ndica met otaopan xb^, osa meoflyia eicy: 

— BecBMa BOBMOSBO, ^no i en^e sacraHy Bamero <^Ta y 
FejnoBH. 

Borxa OHI gšju vb xoBmxftBiDyDCi y Bxoxa xapeiy, Tasi^oB^ 
■ÍHita CB BtBBOCTBK) otfep^rxacB WL HeMy, BpiiiBO noaajia ony 
pyqr BB sHaKB (SjíaroxapHOcrfl sa to, hto orb ae BtífjBLn ea ce- 
speia. Ha cbooitb joxaHHOirBy ho yse noBaiHon nn nero fím/k 
OHa cnpo aaroBopHjia: 

8» 



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116. BMwmiBfonH. 

— á-^-i^qecTBO ii»rH((iDee! FaiKoe sextflie npoioisaai CBmo 
cwepHyK) JIH8HB a yxoBjeiBopii) Tasm se cnepraioi epe^r 
CTBaMH. ^yBOTBO 16CTH Bxtoi ci xfocnirE ctacnem ysuv b& 
UQfe. flo eeaitfi a snua, ^iro couxHsdl rocn>ff»b} soroputt »- 
roXHfl tfiiJ'B 7 FepifHHUy onserei mk pacnyttoi Be^piart, i 
He npHmjia 6u. Y Hena en^e ocraiocB hÍito esaroe Ha sout, — 
a aro repMBBa!.. a-^pafia ea!.« Bi aioKb Hyswi ropoxt y nea 
sin BBBoro RpoMi Meaa, oaa Be Moaen ottoishttb waa^. Ha 
oaa noratfaerB, ecjia CA^aeica asaiieiHHm, ^ro oaa Moa rocn<»a 
B soxpyra. Mu BoaroMy aismt) ae apaHaMaem^. Toiubo nepex> 
Btteaeicb cacipaBa yaMfearoAi^a ms orapuni XBepa, torxa aaa^ 
cuHi ero aanpacHO AOÓaiutica noBaoieHia BDcbTan bmcl. 

Boa> Jiopory oaa ae KpecTaaaja roaoparB ace i&n se to- 
ponjiBByM^E, cípacrasax FoaocoM%. Oaa aMLioaaiaci aa caaa> yaacn, 
aa T0| ^To ynaaa aase^ atai toto aacjysaja; as aecoadba% 
nofiiCTHxi x^a Aji^ipexa aupaaaeaiflxs oaa saiíja 06% ywcra 
repafaau, aoropaa en^e Cosbe^ v&ň caa, xoorofiaa coaaaiiaia. * 

KoFAa oaa xocrarjia xoaa, Aib^^pex^ asoaxan ee an aapeiH, 
a .oóoauaji, noaa oaa ae aooua b'b fpwh. 3aT&rE oax eaosa 
dkn vb aapeiy. Ho easa hobio oaa Tpoayjaa, ABep^y ci tay- 
MOHi OTapHJiacB^ a sto-to npHrayn ai aeay fb Bapery. 



V. 

— & m mny c^ oo6oa> peaoiKaapa,— aaroaopan oh% c» 
apocTbK), ae xfMa AiL^pexy speHena onoMHaxaca:— aaaie a tfs 
Bací yŮMjn: bh BBMiaaaai, au tfasaiS o((]faan|an! a xrai{«ica 
Bavil aaift xpyry, a wa Mesxy tftai ea^JiajnrcE opyxMts aoao- 
TMI9 BHi a aaDXB tfpaieiiB, aam aucoao HpaaexaeaHiii tfpaTear&t 
fl BBxin aaraaxiii aMopmiB bb oCfuteaBaiacib a avot aassol 
TBapBH), a BIO mbÍ aByinaao Boxosp&de, a cx^an aax^, ^to 
0Geraa)Cfc, ao Ópocaica sa aaaa a a curann, ^a6 oaa caasaia 
Baanb o aameirL ůpári. iL iioizan sa aaMa. & lanapa aaaa^ 
ffíb SBBen repiiaaa -*- a^peci ea a^ aaaacan a ai aoa* 
Top£— ao, aaai fjBiewtnuevb^ a ae xortjrb aopsarbca ai att ^pfy- 
TBBh ea Boaa. JI Baaai, mo em SBBer& 01 avoS TaapBi^ a, ao* 
aevao, naft aa pyay, ^ira oaa eaaaaMOB ae ay^mO) ^im% a ee 
caaran*.. A aaaeiiy <$panQr nepexalnc vycn oeiepomercal a ae 
norepon) ero yxMoiaaail!... 

HpesAe HÍMi Aji^peAi jcxAjťb xotb 'Smaam cxoaoni <n* 



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AiM lOPJi. 117 

ArwTh m rpax% joeiop&ietaifi, CHsaBioKxca hsi ycn tdtnraflaro 
AaeMca, ooci^bxBÍS OTRpojs ABepqH h BUt^HrajM Ha yjiaigr. 
Bspeni KamacE xMiine» Kan hh fis wm'b He tesajio: noiy- 
ouHBl sf%ir& Hu^ero m savittn. Aďi^pe^ BoeBpaiuea AOMft 
TSB irosxHo, Ban a ehitb Hisorxa e^e He ciytiaiocB. Ohi cett* 
^acB jLe ompaBuca n ROvnaiy tfpava. Epysa en^ He cnajis. 
O^CTBVB roiOBy A P7KH, o«B cHxikiB iiepQj|% nBCbiiQHHBir& eto- 
JOM^ HOfpysexHuft ra raytesia paBMtfnuaaja. Ilpaxox^ Ajn^Xft 
BB|wajn ero m aaduTU h s|MirBejr& ero bs HeoÓHSHQBeHHO sos- 
6ysweHHoe oaccoa&de. Ero^ BOBHAftMOtfy^ hhcbojibo ve yjiHBaio 
moxHee BOBB|HiqeBÍe <SpaTa. Bmíoto BeiBaro apaB^Terni ohs^u- 
pasui TOJiBBO CBOK) paxocTb, vro BHAHTL 6paTa eo^e caroxn HOHSia. 
Otfa iMuraa ydkiHCB Apyn nporaBi xi^ra* BpyBO, owbhxho, npe- 
ffowBJuuca SE iipooipa&HOHy ůduLCBe^Wf^-^oth speifess xo Bpa*- 
M^a owB QOSHMaxL pyBj Sptmy "ito 6mo ae B% ero npHBnq- 
lax^E. Ha80Bei^'B| lavE 6u iqyemojrí^BrE cetfa, ohs nporoBopBn: 

— A £TOcrjBffB| Ajo^pexil.. 

— ^10 se spoBBOfluo? — eawolHO capocmn Ajn^pex^E. 

— CRaeom Te(tt npaBAy,---^Ha«aj!rE Bpyao stcjift vbaoioparo 
múiiaBifl, — HecifospH oa oúanie, aoiopoe na mchb npcnaata spa- 
lna repMHHu, HeeuoTpfl va efpaciHoe jtoiaHíe noBHaaoiiBncá n 
meA áamm, a mcai b^ meft cb aexoBipievB. Moa ciyaMÓHaa 
i^ttRiKa cramBoiťB vatro asasOHBJía liraa cb seHD^HHaHH oo*' 
HHflreaEHOft penyraqiH e naynHja Hena OTHOcatEca vh hbvb BpaftHe 
n«w)3paTeuH0. diy noxaspaienaocis a h Hepeoeci la repiiHHy* 
£ Ay>u%9 Bxs &*& Hei, ^ro vBfb xoetaTovQO Óyxen yBHnixB ee 
vfijnm, HsotifE pasovvoBaTiea bi^ npt. Ho buhbio Hna^ec biihuio 
TO, 9T0 a TonepB CBasani cb než Hafišsa! 

~ ?T0 a»y OHHaBO, HpTO80niM?-^CBBBaCnp00HJI'B AjB4^A'By 

HO yxe He cb npesHBifB cnoRoflcTBÍeii^. 

— ň uon 6u oftMTB^ iTO cxynMOth vyxo, eonith Bce bto 
flft <$iLid lavB npbeni h eoreerBeflfio. Mhš Baotfe^^on Baacexca 
vyxoieB Hoe npessee Hexpvipie, n ocodeaflacni, aonta BCQOS&a), 
WTO 0. repMBHb HHPii He rt^paw^ apoai Ban y yjiBxeoroirBi^* 

— 3w> npaBxa, — BcraBHJTB Ajit^pe«B.— Y yjEnenrojBogois hc- 

TOVHHVB BCÍTB 8TflZ'B CJyXOBE. 

<r^ Ho a mt% BiurraajiiD saMMaoiB^-^Dpoxojiaaiii BpyHp coo- 
Ml«>.-*-y Hen eoTB xeMps HeooiurtaHut xoaasaie^BCTBa, vo 
crapran ymteifOJurB bbi jiviboxi^ HHiiepecon aapavso paotqK>* 
cfpaBaen 9ni cayxv. TenepB x^a nesa aee acHO, a a xoasevB 
Bce ie<% pa^BaawB^ no6u tu ne HoxyBian, mto a ocjAuws 
CBodl jn($OBBi> n Pepnoirt. 



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118 BMTmi iBfom. 

BOTAa MU OCTUBCS OjRHH Ch VůpíEEQĚ^ — U^UX EpyHO, 

— 'OBa pascBastM mbí to já^o, enb-sa loroparo om aiáíbxau 
cvffL H8& «$paHi\ÍB H AMa MHJk BMBj iiHcein H ÚjMMTh^ vh Heny 
OTHOCflODiixefl. Sl npoBeji^ b^íckoibbo ^acon, nporaarpiBaa oth 
6yiiarH h cjymafl b^ iipoiiettyTBaz*^ othstCEemisi FepMHBH. ,S iqw- 
men n ytffoxenvy ^lo ne (Sy^B obe lasBifi nsHeBsirB h ae^ 
onHTHUMi pe($enoii%, oia ho tojbbo ne oq^youja 6h cetSa tehh- 
oraepBOctBK), HO HanpoTBBi TOTO, Buciyiuua Cu coBepmeHHO 
OTsptiTO nepe^h Bdbii uiponrhj rpwKO bubiu cbos TpetfoBaHíg. 
Bd jy^mie jooffí Óhjh tíu aa ea croponi. Ea xíjo ho tojbso 
saMJkiaieAHoe npBxiitecioe x^o, bto^ mosho caasaTB, noanie* 
CBÍB npoitaotb!.. 

— Bb cyMepsH) BorAa s, no aaiaHÍio repMHBH, npepeajv 
CBOH saHaría, fb BOMHaiy Bonua Ta caitti xiBymKa, Boropaa 
BnyeTHJia sacB. Ee soq^TB PynepioA, b OBa laBi^oBnoiivi EVh ^ér 

MOBÍyiia. Ooa C!b cote^Bol BtpBOOTBK) npejM^na repMBBŠ h w 
pe^eflBy. Ebkofab a se BBxajii noxo^Boft npBBiBaHHOCTB! — <Py- 
nepra — mob exBHCTBeBBaa noxwpsBa,— CBasa^a mbí repnEHa, — b 
exBHCTBeBBiitt xpyn. fl ei ho nory HBiiirB hohovb, noBa ae 
HOMory caMa ce6i. Bo BaMsaBÍe-BeopiaiHOCieS, iiii HBBoro Bf^ 
oe6i ue nycBaeirB>. Sátími FepMBHa noBOja vobb bb cooíab8«> 
BOMBaTy, BOTopaa npexctaBjaerB cotfoi rporB bbm^h, BasBMi um 
ero pBcyem bb cpoeirB BOoépaseaÍB. Boe y<^HCi80 b Msóeih 
Bioro ^BTacTB^ecaaro b bi to se bpomb yiOTBaro yroiBa oaa 

Cl tfOJBXBBB XlOnOTaMfl B paCMiUMB BHBeaia BITB .^pafllQB, TBBI^ 

BBBi Be xyMaja CBopo ixaiB o(ípaTBO b ne xoiija paaoraBaTBOi 
CB BTBMi AopoFBMB xjfl Befl npexxeraMB. Kasprapy ei yjie pasBioe 
npBTOTOBBjía Pynepxa. 

— Hmi bb cjAjifMao ůu BOoeiBTBCfl wbďb^ ~ He^aflBHa 

BiipsajiocB y AjB^pexa* 

— noieMy? — yxBBjeHBO capocan Bpyso. 

^ J9L leůb Docjift o<$BaoBB>, — caaaajn Aib^pqbb,*— tb ysK-* 
XBBiB, iTO MOB cer(M|BaiflBÍB BoxosxBBÍa eomiBjaDTB xonaraeme 
bb TBooMy pascBaiy. Dposojisat, noBaMÍcrB* Tu aee eiqe ne 
enbaxh aa aoS teapocB^ a a Bce eqe ae saavy eb ^om^b sasjK)* 
qaeica cyiB f/bM. 

Upoaijo aicBOJBBO BBayTi Moiiaaia, kb npoAO^seBíe BOTopnx^B^ 
Bpyao CB yjratfavn^Haea jbaoitb aemn, o^obbxpo cbobb .ntpe** 
aufBaa coÓuTia aroro xaa; saBOBOi^B owh cbobb saPOBopBJíB: 

— Bacanaa jaMoa, ropfomaa aac^ otiftxeaainrB cfoacnrB, ocb^ 
n^bja 8T0TB ^yxBiiifi ij^BracraHecKiB yroionyBiai arpoem— Pep* 

MBBa, ea pe6eH0B% b a- dm o&bMjĚn. FepaaBa roBopajia o 



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tjRM mon. lid 

cQíamn xu, cpaBSBBaia TomBh bo $paH^iH cb sx^mnefi^ Raca- 
jacB MHorHxi xpyTHxx npexMexoBi. Ona HMŠJia x^a Mera npejeciL 
Here*io HeofiuBHOBeflHaro, h fb to se BpeicH, híhi 6oiBme oea 
roBopBja, ifbwh noBATEÍe, tfuse h xoppse OBa x^jiajiacB vjtb. 
Osa fí^ŘcsBwwaMO BaBoe-xo ^yxo: ppn BceifB cbo6h:b noaiHne- 
CBon otfaaHÍH OHa opocra h ecrecTBenHa, npn Bcefi CBoefi apa- 
ifori H OTBpoBeHBOCTH OHa Blb Buciiiet cieneHH x^JinsaTHa h icarsa^ 
SiiaeiiiB JH, HT?> a oxgpiui bi cetii, sorxa cba^jh ci eeft? To, 
Hero a HHSorjil^ ^e np^noaanucB kb ceói, ho ^tó, b^poatho, 6uáo 
BO ubí Bcerxa,— ciuohhoctb z% KEpnofl ceMefinoft a&HSHe. dra 
mpaaa ausHB croaaa nepexo mhoB, Bonjioii^eHHaa vb oópas^ npe- 
jecTHOft, &iaropoxHOft sohiiibhíi, — na Měna noB^ajo BaBHiTB-io 
CMMkBuwhy HOBHM^ yBjeBaxejBHsiMX omyn^enieMi, ho vb to a&e 
Bpeiia ^&i^io noHaifliaiiy poxBiuiil.. noaroMy-xo a h ne OHBa- 
Birh^ MKB 8T0 5iiBaerB opa BqesanHOMi c^acxB^, ho hojioh^ 
csoioflflofl paxocTH FB BHxy OTicpiiBnieflca nepexo mhoS cbít- 
joft noiQCH HOBoS SHana!.. Korxa ona pascaapaja mhí bck) cbox) 
yXHBBfeiBHyx) Bciopix)| a yó^xaaca a BEiCBasan 8to efl, wto 
FB ea MÍbjA HpaBcroeaHoe npaBO aa ea cxopoHi, — aro acHO Kan^B 
xeHB. Ho aaio lopBxavecsaa aoposa xaipB sanyiana a saieiiHeHa, 
^10 ocbíthtb ee mozotb xhhib o^chb xopojniž i^BOsarB. Taairit 
axBOsan au QOipeÓyerB cjamaoirB tfoiBnioro BosHarpasxema, 
mas-se... Hawro ho noipeóyen, Oaa Bsraaoyaa Ha Hena Bonpoca- 
leiBHO, ■ noHaaa nena, Ilponuo enie HÍ^Boa^KO BpeMOHH m pas- 
roBopaxx, FB MOJianÍH. HasoHei^B a ocnijnuca CBasaTB, ^to 6e* 
pycB (Shtb lim axBORaroirBi xoropHfi ne noxpeÓyerB HaBasofl na- 
rpaxH aa aeixeBie ea npoitecca. Ona oTB^mia mh^: — Ecjy6i a 
coraacHjacB asaiB laaorO} to ohx ffijimeah 6u (Jhtb BonxonieHieirB 
Bcero, Bx nejiy a apeii jx)cb- Torxa xaa Hena bohwihcb 6h acfi 

Xfcia H SB8HB HOa CXiMjaCB 611 THXOfi H CUCTJIHBOfll — H BCO' 

lasH ona Bnfipaja MeBa! — Bot^b bbbi sto ace cjywaocB. 

AjB^peffB noxaoamai yraa fb BaMBHi, noiepi pyaa, Baai 6u 
lyaer^ya jq^o»B) a csasaj^B tohojcb otficaHyTaro osaxania: 

— OxHaiTB cJOBOiix, TU xo^OHiB aceHHTBca« ď OToro. HO npaaxi 
CBasaTB, ne osHxajx. Mni npexcraajaerca, hto a Tetfa npaBexB 
Bi HOBTE^ecBOMy HCTOHHHBy jh)6bh, b th caMHMi nposaBHecBHM^B 
oSpaaoMfB nueHHyaca fb BOxy. fl Euin b% aaxy npHBJuo^enie^ 
BHxoxaniee hfb paxa o6iiBHOBeHHaro, aoiopoe aorao 611 pasBaen 
Te6a... HOBTH^ecByH) caasB cb TaHHerBeHHOĚ beu^ř, npo Boropya) 
8Ban 6h oxhh tfora. & ne xy^ajii, ^9x0 hfb aroro BufixerB caMiiĚ 
o6iiBHOBeHHH9, caMufi MiqaHCBifi 6paBi»! 



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120 BtCTJtHSl ibMiih. 

EpyHO vh 8T0 BpeM xocnurs tfyrfiuty ci bihoms i BaiHJTB 
XBa ciAKaHa. 

— IleBy AjiB^pex^^-^cxasu^ ohi,— -bhho Bam s&riHsn cowh. 
SL {Muc^, iTO He cnjno, wA He xotíjtocb ůu npocnarE CBoe c^acne. 
^TO se sacaercfl tbortb Bospasedt — noamecKaji ciuisb, tosb* 
CTBeraas hhm^ h t. vox.j to sce 9To, HSBíHff Mera, noeaúi an- 
Xeft| y KOTopím sri6n noHntaHifl HcmsHOft hcosíh. SHAeoiB jn, 
n ^evb OBE sasjno^aercBi sra BCrflBBas k cioib pixBO Bctpt- 
^aiooiaiícs nodnúi Bamet sbbbé? Bi xopomet oeiiéttBott xhwb! 

— J^, xopomo 6e»o ($tt, ecjiH(h vosho 6bjio ee sapanie 
yrajaiL! 

— EoBe^BO, Bfl%inBHX'b ycwBíft Broorxa Be yraxMoiB, bo 
BByrpesBÍH ycMBia, on KOxopsrB saBECvn cncne eeii&v, seerxa 
MOSBo BBXitTB, H ecjHi 9TH ycjn)BÍfl (^D^ecTByion, Tt> 8ťA yse caxo 
no ce&k Bucmee c^aciBe. A 9tb yuoBifl CBOXam n XBym Be 
BiiairB: ipeCyerca, BO-BepBim, BsaflicBai CBHBaiiJt; Bo^-BTopurB, 
BpEtfraBHTejBBO oxBBaBOBoe otfpasoBaBie, a mBBoe—cxoxcTBO Bcy- 

COBl. B^L BTEXl XByXS yCJTOBiflXS, KOTOpHiT, sailfa^, tO BBBfetflOi 

creneBB xase Moryn criaxBTB npo¥HBOp%tie vh zapanepan, 
a bbojibI^ yB^pesi, h Bra yBtpeflBOCT& x^aen xesa ctacriHBnin. 
TenepB mob tfjrasafimaa i^b — BQCiyBflTB orsporo n o^HonTS 
repHBBy Wh jiesan^eB Ba set KieBem. Et Bcropii! noEaacen 
Te0£ BaKyi) poJiB srpaerE ryn ctapVKi Yihuemojthv^. B%x^ BTon 
Boxiiei^ saBiejťB TavB ^^ajteKO, hto BacipovjTB cattUL iipetxinoB$xb 
repMBBy (Jes^ecTBuiiB spexioaseHlavB! 

An^pexB yse xotAjo^-Ůum pasoKasaTB BpyBO co^htíb 9Toro 
Be^epa, bo pascy^m, ^to jry ^me otjiokbtb cbob eoo(faiiieBfai. Oavoe 
BasBoe ffit Bero 6ujo yBBarB flcit)p{K) repvBBtt; Mosem ůaxhj 
owh vb Beft mAffin emfi cpefpno pasyMxBrB (fpara b^ ^ro be- 
lApeBiflxx, BOTopHB yse Botoiiy se BpaBiáBCB AiB^xy, iro 
OBH 6um BpBBflni cjfBnnLoiTB nocniimBO b BeotfxyMUBBo. Epyso 
BpHCTynBJTB Wb pascaasy. 

EcjH otx^iHTB on ero pascBasa ly ospacsy, soropyH) ^yBcraa 
B crpacTB BpyBO BeBoaBBO npBx&Jni eft, Bcropia fepMBBH npex- 
CTaBBtcfl Vh cxi}i;jmBjSM% mtfb. 

C. K. 



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mmm 



lIBTEPByprCKAa íYXOBHM AKAJlEMia 



nFi 



TfÁ.m nPATACOBlB 

1836-1856 rr. '). 



X0Bift BCTp4bwx)zes xbí B$Búoxbe gaid^iaremniff anon. B& o^y 
an nrz&i— n somcb nepMiv wcaTsiÍTÍs, bo Bpeiu o<(#inrnpo* 
BjptpczBa Bi CB. CMwaiík KUBfl rojmuia) spi jiítoej^BOirB jnia* 
crii M. M. GnepAHcsaro h apxíwicMoa Oe^HÍ^H^ana PycasMa,— 



O HaciooMui crana xoetMMM «un on ěammĚ% p«K«n%iiot«taaM AasrpU 
HittOBBW PocnciaBOBa. Hiu asropa— •xioffo niifiiiuai, Bai6Mieta«ifSMHia% 
ncaietei Bunn oo Dpexii9i«i% tem xyzoieBcn»-*»Bleno maMOAn „BiotHHBa 
Eipon", TA^ wniii^eBO teM ummo smtomu^m vpyx* {jfltmpóf^nnm MfímuuL 
tm$mE xo rpMtft lIj^iiicoBa, Bocbombuihíj^. B^am. Ssp. 1879^ ÍBn, atry^ri, oe»* 
TK$pi> X- B* P«efieiaMn po& n 1809| jma n pamioni cemaapk ■ aa««p* 
drftaoi xysoBBot aBineiiis^ eii 188B ůmjn n vociAjiBet ,fl«ww«in>ow* (affUMCB- 
fOK), HoioMs g p t^ wp oMS MftTeBMBn K ^MiB. %enji •roTBot^yjPHi anoft lave- 
peoi c iya if aici , ■ ipiKset^ ape j ywi — m c mimí npesjfe ui ap^maim orjxaBBOBS, 
Cltam 6iiM% oÓABftMUBHitfi; 80 nOBjírtt, wb copomaxi rox>»« ycatam Jieocii bm- 
imn MyjtOBOifcefiie Torjuuraafo mtpotoim Anotfú, lOTopBi noown ^^eipaB* 
nK**, ^ffo cryjiefftB ocmbimk (kma* ycrtxoM it 4»B8srt, vten n 6m»cjoíís. 
B% 1863, (WuiímB lojiia npHHyxBift PdcneiMOMi lomyn ■p t^ mc ypy; «m aiMe«> 
men n PasÉts ■ Baociixevíi vMynn pásplneme ^vaiifr toBjntm xai^ oo 
#HM n j^CTHoi oeifuapii* HveiÍH ero i tjcteb icfptt ft m i (kaa ch tanon nne- 
peoon, nto n ayxiTopÚD yet peMvnoi ■ iiooropoHiie eiynuTeja; PoeracoBOM ha- 
un Ytcan (n iiieenxee«Tatt r«xut%) lytoiinu len^, pacopooriMuniM ■!% npex* 
■6Tb I n xpyrín orpaeiB ecrecTBOvIxtaLi ■, lan roBopm ero 6iorpa(^^„xeRop«, 



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122 monm iBřuiui. 

^Q^xoBHO-y^etfHua šaBeieeifl nojyHHjm coBepmeHHO eosoe ycrpol- 

CTBO Vb nay^HOMX, XOSaflCTBeHHOlCE H aXMHHHCTpaiHBHOMX OTHO- 

DDeHÍJixi. JífijTtůí dnoxa othochtca vk noci^AHeiiy BpeiceHH. Bk 
1867 H 1869 r., hbxehh HOBne ycraBu, KOiopiie bo MHoraxi 
OTHomeHijiXB paxBBajiBHO hsmíhhjih noioseHÍe xyzoBHO-y^e6Hiixi 
saBe^eHÍS. 

Mesxy BTOMH XByMfl anoxanH noMin^ieTai Bpeiu, Korxa rpa^ 
IIpaiacoRB 6iui oÓepi-npoBypopoin vb cb. ciHOAt. Torxa camie 
ycE&Bu ^xoBHoynetfHuxi saBejOBÍft, cocrasjejraue CaepaHCsaxi 
H 6eo4>HjiaKto]rB PycaHOBSMi, xaeajiHCB MHorim yse fie bdojibí 

yAOBJeTBOpHTeiBHHlCH RL H%BOTOpUXl» OTHOmeHÍflXl, HO FJiaBHHlfB 

oCpasoMi axMBHHcrpaTHBHafl h xosflflcxBeHHafl nacTH hoith bc&tb 
xyxoBHHXx y9HaHiii% aaxoAHJiBCB bi caMOMx HenpsBjeKaTejiBHOirB 
BHX&. Tpa^ Ilpajacon, oc66eaH# bi Ha^aii cbmto o6epi*npo- 
KypopcTBa, He xortjirK ocraBaiBCji MaxnoRpoBHimi BpHreieirB He- 
XOcraTSOBTB, tfednopaxaoffB h aioynorpeÓJieHifl, rocnoACTBOBaBiinix'^ 
vb AyxoBHO-yneÓHuxi saBexeBiax^B* lípa oeifx xy^OBHO-y^e^Hue 

nOpSAKH, XOHe^HO, Ble nOXBepraJBCB TaSHMl KOpeHHHMl EBM^He- 

Hiam, xasifl 6iuh npn oÓepi-npoKypopi bhab^ FoaflimHi h sauii 
npoHCxoABJH nosace; sa bdbwb iiwh fíb&Texbuocsh rp. IIpaiacoBa 
DO xyxoBHo-yietfHoxy B^xonciBy kb CBoe spěna nax&iaja MHoro 
myMa} h crónn Toro, ^to6ii osHaBOXHTBca cb wv> 6nme. SHaBOM- 
CTBO 8T0 noBaserB He tojibro Ty nojiBBy, soiopyio rp. IIparacovB 
XOcraBuii xyxoBHo^yqeCteHifB saBe^eHiaMi, ho h to riytfoBoe pas- 
m^íBy BOtopoe HaxoxHTca veiuy ero pe4K)iMiaMH cb pe^pHam 
noBXHiiĚaiBiíH no ^xoBHO*y^re(teoify BftxoMCTBy. 



co cTopom ■oijrpaMonutro ÓoxMUiicna ■ 4iMann>K, aaiJien bs ca6« noxotpiHÍe 
Wh ÓeatauB ■ coiyMnii is tt^meeoíwnMny^. 

B& lOHqÉ wamMficma^ roxon, PoenciaBOBf, ms» neioiisy wmiweBXBxmj Bh 
BOiptteiy t/íkmao 6umo (xM^udauno, on AipesTopa taHuoiJipiB euoxa, opexiojnaie 
■uosm eiOK eoo6pa»eBia lo opeixiieTy yiyiHemi xyzoBBHx^ yvum^ O cocnui- 
Jieaoft am samcíš tfuo ony onineBo, hto ;,no cbookj ■aopMieilD'' oaa se ho- 
sen loiynn ffauňšMATO xogo^ PocradasoBa nepcxan ee Iloffetxw^i ■ aartm, 
HeBftxoMo iaan» oópasom, om Bsaia •& Jelnoui nox^ 8arjABÍe»b: ^0 xyzovBHxa 
ywnman n Pocda*. Kúra iipoisaeia Óoumoe Bneianteio, Baň siiaBASioe cxoao, 

■ saTfan PoeneiaBon Hsxan b% leftniiBri xpjfoft sanivaTtJuaKJl Tpyx^ „^^aoe 

■ 6ftioe xyiOBOHOTBO n Poccíh'', 1666. fiaBioi vftii oia coiuena Aoeisru, ■ «a 
1867, spa npeoÓpasoBamH xjzobuz» yaimvb, eso ynaaiú 6uMm apaun lo boí- 
Mane. HoBom laanan ero ipyAoi» ůmn „Ouvn ■•ciixOBUk odi mtymfiann m 
XOB^taxi wamii MoaacBiipeft^ (1879, 1876). Haaoaeviy ocraerox ■* pyiooHcs otevp- 
Hoo eouaoirie, npexMen loroparo oocraaiien oóosp&irie cieneHeft tiporepímiocni 
Wh xptBnnii H HOBBx% peiirijxfty ■ n paiBHE% o6iaeTax% zpiCTiaBOiaro yieaLi. — 
npa jiBsa, BiTb 6mM0 vaise oociaueao bíciouio pyaoBOAcam jio naTeiiaTHai ■ 
^iBBiA.— Oaik yvepi 18 4»e^M 1877 roxA.— jPsd. 



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niTBFB^PrOBifi XyXOBHáfl iKiff HJiT. 123 

rp. IIparacoBii «& nerepfiyprcKofl Ay](OBHO& asax^Mis h BooÓme no 
jiyxo9«hytieteoify B^xoncTBy, CHHTaem sa Bysece: 1) cxliaTB a%* 
CEOAio saMt^aaifl o r^vh OTHomeHiasi, bi Roropaxi aaxoAHJBeb 
BpepDecrBeBBBNi rp* UpaTacosa wh Bucmexy j^xoBeBcray^ si 
XjTxoBHO-yveiSflOBy Bi^AOHCTBy Boo($Dte b ri BeTep6yprccoft xyxoB- 
Hot asaxeM^B . b% HaciBocTB; — aairi^aBifl wb j^^me Bcero o(hflCBflTE 
BBjn^ TO BsyifjieBie b Bero^OBasie, soropiia otfBapy^sBiBCB vh vo* 
BamecTByioió^rfc MyximeBcmb ovh ÓesaepeiiOBBaFO b Bava^bcrseB- 
Baro oÓmMKBisi Bosaro o(!ep^*BpoKypopa Oh aica^^eMRqeGBBMB b 
oevBBapcKBBB BjacraBB, raRTB b Ty 8aMd^qaTe3BByK> cif&iocTB, bo- 
TopyK) rp. [IpaTaeoBi WRaaHBíM'^, A^flcTBya b^ oeTep6yprcBoS 
asaxeiriH saRi Boraiifi xobbbvb, mb^kb Bacroan^iS BHCmift sa^ajB- 
BBB!i; 2) 0QBC4TB TO BOJioseBÍe, BB ROTopox% BaxojiBjacE nerep- 
tfyprcBaa jiyxoBBaa asaxenifl bi 1836 r., xorxa rpa^ ITparacoBi 
BasBEHeai 6yn o(tepKrnpoRypopoirB cb. CBBOxa. Wn aroro obb- 
canB qBTaTejiB yBB^BTx, sacjiysBBaerL m rp. IIpaTacoBi oxo6pe- 
BÍe HJB BopBinaBie sa to, ^o obi, K9aL% Torxa roBopBJB, emopt- 



I. 

Khxbi MimBPCBift H Hnaib'b, anxmicniBBBVBB m ITbatacoba. 

H3*B ^aeja 19 jbi^i, BaBBiiaBniBxrB jiojjkboctb o6epi*nppxy* 
pope CB. CBBOAa, Ba^BBaa oh ycraBOB^eBia ea b oiaB^BBaa bb- 
mumn 1855 r., camnifl sani&^aTejBBQMB b, rbbi BiipasaiOTcai 
eoMUMiá cuÁvmdMu Ohjib RHasB FoJiBiiuBi B rpaxf)^ ÓpaTacoBi. 

CbJM B BJÍBBie BX^ o6yCJ0BJIBBaXBC^ Be TO.V&BO JIB^BinfB BXl 
RBTOCTBaMB, DOUepBCROK) CO CTOpOBB BepXOBBOB B^IBCTB, BO B 
Tiar^ VfO BB OXBVB BBTB BpO^BXl 0<$ep^npORypOpOB^ Be COCTOBJ^ 

ruA xoiro Ba CBoefl xoisboctb, rbr^ obb. Tpajn^ IIparacoBi^ 
o6epB-iipoRypopcTBOBa.n bohtb 20 xirh^ a rbbsb FojiBquBi 14 jf^Ti, 
BO OBI B ooeii Toro npoACMBUUi bmÍtl BjiaBie bb xyxoBBiia x^h 

B& BBBBÍB MBBBCTpa . JíyXOBBBXl A$^!B. JJ^BJlte, MeSJfy OÓOBMB BTBMB 

jraiiaini eczb eine ocoCoe cxoaqtbo. Ilpexb rojBiiHBiiii& 6hjib o66p%- 
BpoBypopam ipa^ X0ocm(m^ noBBTaTOJiB iepapxBWCBOft BjiacTB, 
flOBopBiiiBÍft c^ra apxiepeeBi-— uobobi cb. cbboa^ ROTopue b 

fajni BB^B O^eBB AOBOJBBU; — B SK09Me6j ^JR>BÍR% TBepMrO XB* 

furepa b ^ecTBuS^ pimBBniiScB yHBHTOSBTik BBpaBmiaca b% cbbo^ 
xaoBoe yspaBioBie 8JioynoTpe<^jeBÍB, bi h%cjÁ RaiopHX'^ 6iiin 



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124 ufftBXVb upom. 

emeřOAHBfi cesperHcift pasxiji^B octaroraux^ 100,000 pyt^eft xesxy 
rjiaBHuira "(JieHaMd esHOsa jx etl npiflTejiinai, — efiapxiajnHiaifi 
apxiepeflMB. Merponojian nereptfyprcBÍfl AvBpocífi k apxiéiiMKoiii 
apocjiaBCKÍB IlaBejrB BCTpeBosBjnieB a xorfijH CBJíiOttHň ňwBx^ 
Ha CBOiD ctopoHy otfIíQaHiAMH H yrposattH. IÍ^beiI řOBopHjrs* eiiy: 
^ecAE BB cratiere xMcTBOBaiB t% HanH daoxHo, ttojryrote r yhhs 
laBnaro cofitrmHRa, i aéHty, h etojc^uE ffití%n... n x^pesno 
nojiyTOTe». KorAa ase oSia^asifl He nox^fltaaoBafjnr, lú AtfBpodt 
CKasajn: «TaRi SHafftese, qro tfjHBi focyxapst y Kaisxaro m Hacs 
6CT& npiflrejiif » ... «HaeB MHoro, a bii oxab; uit CHJiBBtaí a onacHie x^t 
BacB, 0e»e;iH bii jím BaeB». IlaBejii Óum eiňfi OTftpoBeHfl^e, ťceofM: 
<He noApasaflte ^.e6ameBJ h XoBamsoiiy; aepBai% mu líposjtt* 
Haeitib, a Btopora yrnajiH b-b Chm^hpcicb n ex^a fie wb CR(kip&... 
HB^eřo (JeB^b mm ne xoKjiaxuAaflTe rocyxapH)"*. Hefli>eajioHHM h 
^ecTHiifi SÍKGBAewb He ysjíeidct o6^n^aHiraH h oe noMtfJCtf yrp08'B, 
8a TO Be npocjiysiijrB i roxa n cb. cbvóx4í. OrctaBsibero paxo- 
BajiHCB iepapxH; IIjHm)H%, líHrponojan MocitOBcaifli bi> nHCBir& 
K% ÁMBpociia, MBTponojfliy nerepSyprcBoiry, bemen: «o6paxoBaB% 
BamBM'B nHcaBÍeMi, mo bii otfBaxe&eHS xpyt^Birs ofiep^-Bpoaypo* 
poifi; a djsjbch eiumHO, ^to ohx yse yBOjesi. G^asa Bory!» 
(IIpaB. 06o8p., 1869; nHCbna IIjiaiOHa k'b AiíBpocÍH)). Ho aa- 
npacHO paAOBsaacB; hobeiA o6epi> - npoBypopi shass rojiai(KiHn& 
OBasajcfl en^e BaiflTejBHte a rposate CBoero npexinecTBeHHaRa. 
Ero, CBJBHaro iiapcBov j^ymděVy aej&sa Cgmo BaaBeprayrb taisi ase 
jieraOi Raa^ iSaoBieBa, Úpamaocs sxaTB ^yrs ae 20 ji'6tl, nosa 
coexaaeBBHHB ycaiisMa ^Baiana ^oría, rpa^itaa OpjOBofl, rese- 
pajia ApavqeeBA a MdrponojiaTa Cepa4)aiía yxaJOCB ynpaexMn 
iraBacTepCTBO xyxoBHiixi x$x&. 

H rpa4)y IIpaTacosy no o^épi-aposypopcráy iípexmec»WBa.iB 
XBa wiai^a, aiť&Bnria H'6teoTOpoe cxoxctbo ci r^d^iti XBoctoBBik*B 
a J9[B0BiieBiiM%. 

Ehbbb Meaiiepesit ůaň^ xůópuiy apOTBíB, xapdJuodaBiil ^eió- 
bí^bx, — BCrynaTB bi 6oph6j cb iepapxB^iecBOiD-tfOBatneCBOK) nap- 
TÍeK) OHI a ae xy^ui- ato«y, nosen Oíitb, ca6co0ctBOBajia 6jr-* 
eraiejiBHaii noti^xB) ox^pasaHaBa ifBTpoooaaTóifi Gepa^bMbirB aaxi 
FojiaqGíBHiťB. He oxbb^ pa» BpaxoxajocB Baxfttb ero noBopflocn, 
eeia ae yaansefiie, npex^B iepapsaiíB aa TaBi-aaaiaBfleMtix^B ny6- 
jammuxh Msaveflaxs b% aeTepOyprcKofl xyxoBBOl aKaxeHia. Ha 
Baxi 0Bi> otfBBaoBeHBO Bcerxa ho^tb npilesaai ropasxo paaie 
HBTponojara Gepa4»a«a; aBáxeMH^ecBde BafaaBCTBO xase a ae 
BCtpb^a;ió ero bb aapaxBE[li> c^aaxx; paaBft tojibbo bbohoíéb ajitt 
BaBofi-jia6o aacraBaBEib scraTB noxacpaerca. 3% trpoHeatyrOBia b^ 



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iiinPByi>;roK4A fjxomu ásíamih. 125 

xeHi xo npiisAa HHiponojiHia khasi* np^ixon^n Fb suy, va^ o[>- 
6paHH 6uME cryxeHTH, h onaxB ho^th nuKbwh wh Ha^Ub- 
cxBa ne conpaBOsxaejnufi, nosxopoBaBioBCib ci cryxieBTaHH, CBamerB 
mu Bicsetti^o njfflBiTCXBeHHuxi cjiobi b cntinfln bi cftaB, ?to6íi 
Be BpQBycTBXB npi&xa HBTponoxBTa. Bo Bpeiifl BBsaiíeBa osb^ chab 
fgfjowh ch MBTponMBTOin Cepa$BiiOiiii| Bapixu xhxo fl noBeMflory 
ch BMWh paaroBapBBBB, cani ae npex^iaraji sBaaBBXi^ BonpocoBi 
crynfíímLWhy CMBOMX, Bejrb ce^ caHUM^ cBpQMflmi'B otfpasoMx. 
Kpani Toro, bx xasxuft BBaaiieHi^ 5paj^ pyBy MBTpoaoaBxa b 
yoq^XHo HaviBan j^JbAOBaiB ee. Han^jioBaBoiBC^ csouxo KynA 
yroxBO, aB> BunycsaaT^ pyxy iiBTponojBTa b bbobb oppaeifajii 
CBOD aq)OMHyK> pou. Tasoe noB^x^Hie oóepx-npoaypopa sasajoc]^ 

CtpABBBWh B BeaSBXaBBHJCO^ ABSe X4B TOrxaBIBBXl CiyxeBTOB^ 

asaxenÍB, xora ohb b cbmb bpbbhbjb, xa b bi xpyrax^ bbxíxb 
CBUByK) HaBJOBHOcn n% pa(kMÍncTBy npex'B bvcbibiib xyxosBiiHB 
KiaciBXB. MB!rpQoo^BT% Cepa^^BM^ib BaBi-tfyxTO 6u B Be Baii^Haji'^ 
SxarofOBiflflaro n^jbjoBaBÍB CBoefi pyKB ofiepi-BpoBypopoicL; xase 
roBopBjí Kb TO se ^eiiB c^ atni-utk) xpyrBMi. Jtynnie xaaoro 
otep^uposypopa MoaaniecTBy b xeMn 6juo ue BMÍb^a^i obo npB 

9eMl Wh CB. CBBOXi AiACflBOBUO OHeHb CaMOC!E0BTeJlbBO. 

SBflat MeiAepeBÍS daxh yBOxesb ox^ xoxsboci;b oCep-b-nposy- 
popa Bx 1833 r. b saM^n^evB He^aeBfiiirb, Boropufl en^e bi sBanÍB 
nHOBBjoca sa ofiepx-npoBypc^CBBirb cmíov^b cxixaxca B8BtoB£iH'b 
cweB) xbBTe3bBoearbio b pacQQP^XiTettBOCTbio. ToBOpaiB Torxa, 
tfyxTO noiu)9H£ift Bunepaiopb HaROxafi HaBxoBB^x, saM^TSB^b 6ójib- 
nyi) npoTBBi npe^maro ooflOBaTeJibBocib otfep&*npo^ypopcBBX'b xo- 
uaWBi^i eQpAiiuiBaj% a iipb9bb£ Tasofl nepeiii^Bii b ymu^, hto 
810 spoBcxoxBTb orb soBaro hbsobbbm 3a oÓepa^-npoBypopcBflirb 
ciaiow^< SaflABiiiB mšoto Men^epcsaro, HeiaoBi saHajisx^ífiCTBOBaTbi 
MMn npsu^BO O0eprb-Bpo»ypopy, a pe BWpaaiiBax'b xoro fijiaroro* 
BUtearo patia&incispa upe^b wcmnw xy^orauMB caBOBBBsaiw, 
xaioe BaxÍHajocb vb ero apeginiecTBeBpiBi^. He^aesi bi sanaiy 
vjůjmmuxh ^anoaiiemBi wh neírep($yprcBpQ xy3:QaBofi aRaxeiiifl bb- 
loigia BO opiitedKax^ b noroByr, HBBorxa w Bcrpi^aii naipoizoiBTa. 
Qo asaxeMB^ecBOO saBajibCTM o^eBib QsaÓoqBaajoa. ero Bcrp^^eB). 
f mpon B Jia bphxbaí aBaxeiiBiecxitro xoiia caroau aapayabBue^ 
Boc^^e, BO noroBopBi, cMOvpj^XB vb o<Ja cjaaa, mso6u dMivm^ 
MS/Ok 8uiasj!b o(((^*iipp»ypopa BparaTCB dias^b araxenÍB. Otfepv 
BpíMfypopi Bpj&cajvbi—^ro yae HeapeBi'itflBO Bcrp^iaoRb aaoBOif^ 
an Ba jqmabi^, bu. b^ ŘQnmun e/baivh xcwl ()b% emfi uAWk 
M wnmdbímíiky a aarb 9^w BXBBHCiieRj(qiVhiuflcaic^ peBTop:b 
OD&nun BorpriTBiib ero aa lieraBi^ax^ bxbbi vpppBXppb y i^epsBB^ 



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126 BMTHMBl IBPOntt. 

Ofli emfi HaxoAHXcfl vb bícrojií>bhxi caaseflarb orb saju, ho 
o0t nojoBHBRH ABepH B^ H6e pacTBopeeu; /rbueTCB HsetcTHUMi 
nyfijHfiš DpH6iáTie ero npeBoexoABTeabCTBa; v. Cepa^aHii, CHHMaB- 
mit HHorAa ci roaoBU BJio0yKi, TopoajiffBo HaA^^saerb ero; Bce 
upHBBMaen cyerjiHBidl xapaKiepi. BxoxHti vh sajy Besaesi; 
pasyifteTCa, Bdb Bctaju; 0A'6Tiifi vb napaAHyio 4^piiy, osb neA- 
aeHBO, BaxHO, doitb TopsecTBOBHO, iLOfh H npHxpaif uBaji Ha OABy 
Hory, noAxoAHJ'B xi> crojiy, sa KoropuMii chaatb uobei cb. cHHOAa, 
noAcraBjíaem cboio npaByiD pysy vHrponoiHtainb h apiiepeam jua 
HOjyieHis ($jiarecioBeHÍa, ho BBAtiyen HHqi»eft CjarociOBJífliofltdl 
pyKB, pacBjaBHBaercfl cb cayACHiaMB h caiBica bb oahomb paAy 
€B iepapxaííH. Bo fipeifa onflcaHHOff npoqeAypu, npoAOiiaaBineicfl 
no HicBOiBsy MHHyrB, OBBaMOHB npioctaHaBJHBajcfl b bo8o6hob- 
aaaca nocjiib tóro, Kasi bcí ycasasaiHCb. Csojbbo 6m apeiceuH 
noTOMB ohb hh npoAOjauuca, He^aeBi ho oCHapysBBaaB HH^iero 
noxosaro Ha sejanie pacit^JioBaTB pyay m. Gepa^BMa, juutb x^- 
auBa^B BHJ13B Men;epcKÍi, ho npeAJaraai^ BODpocu cryAeHTaMB, 
oco6eHH0 no HcropÍH. BooÓo^e bb npíeMan He^aesa oporjiflAUBáJB 
ne noBopHŠftmifi cjyra MHTponojiHtoBB h apxiepeeBB, a na^ajB- 
hhbb asaxeMÍH, ciBiaBaiifi ce6a ecJH ne Bfume^ to h ne Hmse 

'Arh JIHAB, Ch KOrOpUMH OHB CHA^lB pBAOirB Sa BBSaMeHaTOpCBHMB 
CTOJIOITB. 

Cboh) BaasHOCTB h caMOCTOfliejiBHyH) A^iTeiBHOGTB HeiaerB 06- 
HapysHBaji ne na oahhx^b nyitjuiHiiXB BBsaiieHaxB bb nerep- 
6yprcB0fl Ay^OBHOt aiMAeiiÍH, a b bo bc^xb BOo6íBfi x&Jiaxb no 

C8. CHHOAy H KOMMHCCÍH AyXOBHEIXl y^BJIHn^B. OfiB XOTŠJB ÓBTh 

OK0M6 rocydapA u cmpsnnuMh o dtbAam xocydapcmeen/HbtXé (ran nasii- 
BaAB o6epfB-npOBypopa cb. CHHOAa IlerpB Benaíl), yjty^mniB AyxoBHo- 
y^eCHHB saBeAeHifl h nojotteníe Maaro j^xoBeHCtBa, orpMB^HXB 
npoBBBOJB enapxiajBHfiixi BJiacreft b np. h np... Ho^ Baseica, obb 
omefiaNiofl) AyMaa, hto Ha vA bhcoi^, na soTopoS ohtb tofae 
CTOfljiB, MOSHO noAAopflsaTB ce(Sfl TOJiBBO ^ecTHOK) H Aftarejibnoi) 

CiysfiOH). ECdlH CBHB OHB He MOrB BeCTB HHXpHSBB, 10 Oliy, HO 

BpafiHeft M^pi, HysHo 6sijio napaiasapoBaTB rt rbb hbxb, boto> 
pHB npOTHBB Horo 6hjih HanpaBjeHH. CaepxB !roro ohb 6yAio tfu 
bo BpeMfl npoi^ACk ^ipesB enapxíaxBHHB pesBAoni^iH nosBoisn ce<H^ 
cnmwwh ropAoe h oGbahoo ofipaa^eHie c% apxiepeflifH,— roBopn: 
6ydmo 6bi^ notOMy qro bth otfBBHeHÍa buxoahjh b9b i^asA^tearo 
eiiy aar^pB. Kb Hecvacriio, bb naiajťb 1836 r. ohi no uyíM) 
dOM^zBU senu €Boefi ylxaxb bb KpHMB. Bpara ero BocnoxBsoaa- 
jhcb BTBMi orcyrcTBÍeMi H noBeiB npoTHBB Hero Bao^nyio atasy. 
HevaefiBy ycjHxaBniH o tomb, nocni^HaB bb IIevep6ypFB) bo 



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niTiPsyproufl x^iobhah abiaimu- 127 

OBO^an; npifatBimi ooxa, ysnan, ^rto owb yse He otfepi-iípo* 
Kypopi CB. cHHOxa, a ceH«ropi». ToiwhihíII npo^co^ BMáKsmm 
I npoToiepeS nerponaBiOBcsaro eo(kypa, Ko«ieTOBi/ veMstn %wh& 
ii]»KnraHiii, exBa jh ee jy^me Bdbx!B o<(MCiiEjr& naxeHie He- 
HMBt; esasaBin: «OreiiaH!B JÍ,mBTpíeimrb HeMHoasBO noroponuci 
noiasan cboh boith: eMy 6u naAOteo tfajo Hanepex^ sanycniTE 
Jany i Torxa yse Hamn x^ftCTBOBaiB piiiniTeJíBHHMi o0ptt8OirE> . 
H iMcTBEienHO sau, hto HevaeBi oe <8aiiycTHjnb Jiaiin»; ohx 
n SBams oÓepi-npoKypopa cb. ciHOxa hh&tb sejaHÍe h Mon 6ii 
exIiiTL UMmo nojesHaro au ffímro xyxoBeHCTBa, jun xyxaBHO-' 
y^eOHun sasexesít, ho He mjím MOHamecTBa. 



U. 

BCTTILURIE rP. IIpáTÁCOBÁ Bl XOIXHOOTb OBBFVIIPOKyPOPÁ CB. CEBOJU- 

yxEJeme HenaeBa on xojisHoeni oÓeprB-nposypopa cb. eSBOxa 
iuMO meEb npuiTHO iepapzam h BeeMy yqeHOMy MOHamecTBy ne 
lonio noTOMy, no kb btoite cjyiab ohh oxepaaan nodbxyvŘKb 
itioAwwhj BOToparo cnTajH cbohitb Bparom h B0Tq>0My npH- 
meHBajiH BaM^peme pasarpuBarB pon shaba FojiHi^uHa hjhi, 
iHmuiyi, ABOBJíeBa, ho h noroHy, vo ero Mtoo BaHfljrb nonoB- 
Hm rp. IIpaTacoBi, soiopiril, sasi ohh oasBxajH, (^xenroroBi 
n wTh jcxynwh. IIph^hhok) lasoro osnxania 6um to oÓctoa- 
reJEbCTBOj no rp. IIparacoBi, HcnpaBJUifl xoutnoen o6epi-^poay- 
popa sa oTcyíCTBÍeiTb HeueBa, saBaica bobco neoHacHiiHi xu 
mn ^eioB^BOK^B. Bi bto Bpeiia ohi tfyxro 6u o^enb vajo bxo- 
xm n uojfpf^nociE jiíbt% m corjamajicfl bo bcoice cb xH^bmHVH 
ueHOBi CB. CHHOxa. H^KOTopHe b8% MOHamecTByionilHXx h nn 
nouoHHHBOBi CB yxDBoncTBÍeirB Torxa pascBaBUBajiH, iro rp. lípa* 
^acoBi, CKOJBKO 6ii Bi Heny hh npHHOCHJiH nporOBOJiOBi, sypna- 

iOBi E 6yMarB cb. CHHOXa h KOMMHCCÍH XyXOBHHXl yiHJHH^, 

o^eHB cBopo mcb noxnHCHBaxB, b no tfyxro 6u xftse jooCwn 
XBaiBTBca, roBops: <a ^to? sa mhoh> bíx^ h^tb ocraHOBBB vh xi- 
ian; fl cBopo noxHBCHBaio Bce h cxa»>. noTOHi, npH HepftxnrB 
o^HipajBHHXi o&bfftTL vb BOMHaTaxi nerepÓypreBaro MHipono- 
ura, OBr& Basajics npocrnMii xo^pmci, BHHnafejBHHirBi xtaie 
opexynpexHTeiBHHiTB. A^tcTBOBan se lasHirB oÓpasoMi ohi cb 
8MB»B> ifsicliK) pacnoioauiTB bi cetSb BiicmyB) iepapxixiy hjih 
noiaran, no eMy, bbbi BpeMenno HCHpaBjHBmeiiy xojubhoctb 
oÓepi-npoBypopa^ pano en^e 6íijo crporo HcnojfiiTB oxbkb h» 



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128 B^CTin^ EBPora. 

nyflBToro HHCTpyB^ÍH Ilerpa BejiaBaro p^eprb-npoBjpepy cb. chbow, 
joiraBQ «eiiOTp6cb HasptiiKO> xaOsi chhoxi ^bok) xoisboctb xpa- 
BBAtiH B% CBoeicb 8BaHÍB opasexHo H EejniqeMipHD nociynan^,— 
TMLBo Torxa roBopan, ^rro xaBofi otfpasi^ j^fiCTBÍS rp. IIpaiacoBa 
. oi^EiB spaBBJíCfl iepapxaHi^ h ^to ooh npesi yBTponojHxa C^- 
4>HMa caHH upocBJB o Ba8Ha%HÍH ero oóepi - npoBypopaMx. Ho 
cjBiDBOifB CBopa oBBsajocBy 910 rp. npamcoKB xaieao ae onptB- 
jiHBan rbth na^esA^, soiopiiB bm&ih OTHOCBxeibHO ero Mosame- 

CMyxHoe onacenie o6i btomi ueí yxEJOCB vh nepsufl pasi 
cjiiimaTB ovh TorAamuro ÓaBsajpaq^ia nexepÓyprcBoft xyzoBHoB axa- 
xenÍH iepoMOHaxa RjiBMeHTa MoasapoBa. He ouB^aflCB hb oco- 
ÓeuMuwh yuowhj bh y^eBOCiBK), owh bm^jtb saBoe-TO Hjrhe yraxH- 
bbtb BparoBi CBoero cocjobíb, — nyrBe, soiopoe TaB'B nep^xBO h 
CBJíBBO BsoB^paercfl y jiH)Aeft, bí^bo ctobb^exi, Bavs roBopBicx, 
Ba CTpasi^. noTOirb BaB'B ^ejiOB^si CMixiBBsifi, xase, Mosers 

6HTB, fleifB9aBB0 npOBIipiBBElfl B CBJOflflHfi Bl BBTpBraMl, OHI 

yuin 6htb SBaBOiourB ch tímb XBqaMB, otl BoropHxi mosho 
ysABsaTB Bci BOBOctfl HO xyxoBBOMy B&xoMCTBy. IIpflTOii^ o. KlH- 

HeSTB 6lUl pUBUMl SB^BTBBBOKl BC6xi HpBBBJjeril B BpBIfl- 

sasifi MOHamecTBa; cam yMopi, ne xodarniB apxiepeScKaro caBa, 
Bo OHOBB ffijívoe BpeMB BM&ii i^Bo Hax^bflncfl 6111B apxiepeoMi. 
n noiOMy vsicjui, hitb BueisasHBaeiuui fb hsbícibiixi ciyiaaxB, 
nosBO 6hio c^btetb aa m bíbíb mboth^b coBpeiieBBuxi eny íep^)- 
zoBi B BOodB^e Boero y^OBaro MOHamecTBa. droxi - to hbiobíbi 
6uxb wb Bocioprt OTB HaBBaHeflifl rp. IIpaiacoBa o6epx-Bpoqrpo* 

POMI B He CBpHBBXB CBOeft BOflaBBGTB K'B Ho^Besy. Bs ilOa^ fllB 

aBrycii 1836 r., hocjA saBoro-ro o^ai^ajBflaro ofi^&Aa y KBípo* 
noiiBia, Mui cjy^uocB cb hbm^ pasroaapBBaTB o bobomi o6ep!B- 
HpoBypop^. 

— A BHaeie ib, — csaaan oh^b, — bí^b mu omB^acB bb cwtb 

HerO, CBJLBHO OfllHdJBCB. 

— RaBii obib6jbcb? — cnpocBJťB b. 

— ]ífij oBiBdjiBCB; eABa jib oh!b ho 6yfiffn> xyse He9aeBl^ 
Basexcfl^ np9]i'&BfljiH coBoia sa acipefia* 

— fifii Be caaiB m bh tbbi ero pacxBajuBaaB? 

%0 X^BTB? <HaAy«I%» OB'B BCix^ BaG!B. 

— J(a csasBie, hto me msoe ciy^BJíocB? 

— A BorB BBABTe; B^epamEitt 06^ y BucoBOnpeocsuiteB- 
HMmavo MHrponoiiBTa otbphjtb namu naaa. BuBajo, oh^ (T.-e. 
pp. IIpaTacoKB) ufliffiTh o^ejBB paBOi b&bjibbo co bcímb pacMB- 



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nniPBmouui xn^onuii íkíkbde. 129 

meicf, Bexen oetft cípoiaio. Hy a Nepa saciaBím bcíxi nopa- 
ffme BOffOsxaiB oeds; noioia nponen lepen sajy, ciyva CBon> 
catfim H He o6paiivui HuaiOEO Brnocami na Haaa noajOHH, h 
noeil, nn m rocnraoft y Mnponomai lan h sa croiOMib, osa- 
saici BOBoe ne Tftm, itei xo cín nopi tfím. Cxhsiho !vaise, 
Hio I n CB. ciHOxi BaHvoaen Bdbm BOMaHXOBan. Aft» Mseicfl, 
JMonoriSno.— Bnpo^on, x^i yesoMemi CBoero o. EmceHn njm- 
(iiiBun: <fiAM| cjiBa Bory, onacaT&cs ero (rp. IIparacoBa) se- 
TOt^ Hoím ctwptmh (uHrpoDOim Cepa^HM^) 6oKpcayei%i ohi 
yse XByn oóepi-npoiypopora HHaseprayji; AOcraHercfl h TperBeiiy, 
eca on 8a8Haerai>. 

MesjQT rba enie nojpasfe aioro paar<m>pa rp. Ilparacon 
savan ofiHapysHBaiB cboh, do wrxaniHeMy aapajieiriiD, npHraaa- 
aíi Ha BMifliaiencfBO n xiia nerepfiyj^^CBott xyxoBHoft aiaxe- 
MÍi. fi!E Heft pesTopcTBOBan n lo upeiu BHiaiift IS^eiieiien, 
(ShbhoI ea BOcmmuDnun, bo, iaK& caasaTb, xoaoHMBBímft CBoe 
BoennaHíe nox^ Biúmen MOdOBcaaro MHiponouTa ^uapera 
jlpo8xm^ noioxy hto c% obobvabíi asaxeMneesaro sypca xo 
n^ezoxa b^ IlerepÓypn on nocioraHO Hazoxuca na xyzoBHO- 
juamacĚ CMjmíA n mociobcboS esapxÍH. Owh (dLn lejioBiaiL 
yiH&l) n TBepxHKB xapanepovB, c% iipam^ieciHn TaBion, 
WMihiío cípoMHnft, H^bcaonio ropxHft n noxvHHeHHiniHi ho 
fibnaft 6mh jncBOfiHn h Biauuiiirb, zjaxHoaporaiift h cho- 
BOffliift. BcKopft oocii yTBepsxcHii rp. IIpaTacosa o6ep&-iipoKy- 
popon, BnaiiSy hocií iipoxojsHieuHaro cb bmu% pasroBopa, o 
loiopon oxnsoan oh% h6oxotho saBOXHi^ P^^b, Cjbbbhmi bb 
Heny cocjyaBVBi](an ho pan noBtopan: chobhA oÓepi-npoKypopB 
He TO, qTO Henaen. Kaserca, ohi xyMaerb npiixaTB n asaxe- 
mt^ wn6u ocMorpÍTh ee>. Ho h BirajíS, ne CMOipa na cbok> 
npOBHpaiejBBOcrB, exBa jh bhojhí Bi^pnn fb bosmoshoctb no- 
lofesixi BHBBTon, HO spalHett lAýb ho ohohb hxi Óouca; vl 
mmy motjo pacnoiaraTB ero Torxamnee oiHomeme aiaxeníH ki 
fifliiDHeMy Mipy. 

Bi eanoiTb xbjAy mi^mcTBO ea no ucth BByrpenneft axnHHH- 
crpaqÍH npHSHaBajio -amm toxbbo oxHoro Haxi cotíoio xoicaHXHpa, 
T.-e. nereptfyprcaaro mrponojarra Gepa^HMa, h iiorjio ce6fl cu- 
nn% cncnBB^BmHn. Gan BHCOHonpeocBanteHHiflniift 6iiBan n 
ttaxeioH pan hjh xm na BBsaifeHaxi n tokl. Jl^a h n bthtb 
uynn npcxoxsn no etean, no jActhhivucb h soppnxopan 
xno i^epuH n saiy, a nn nea no OBOHnanui aBsanena xhmo 
lol xe i^psBH npofiBpajicfl wpen tfatfiioieBy ui ^H8H9ecBÍtt 
saÓiHen n xoMnaiH penropa, ^múu lan saBycHib TOro-nH6yxB 

Tom IV.— Iwifc, 188S, O 



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130 BMriis& iBPoioi* 

E wrbwh noÓJtaroxapHTE o. pexiopa sa npeBocxoAHoe cocrosHíe 
áiaxeiiiH. Bi ciyxenecKÍa WMBaTii, ctoxobjh), 6oxBHHiQr h np. 
ero BHCOBonpdocBmeHCTBO h ne sarjiflxiiBaA. ^a npHTom obi 
B^pui, HTO Bce BesA^ npexpacHO. IIoToirB asaxeMH^ecKoe na- 
^aJKTBO, He oÓesnoKOHBaeKO^ cbohmi tfjntsattmmrB KoxaHXBpom, 
6iiJ0 BHŠcrib ch rbwh uoxh ero MaHTÍeB 6e80nacHO h otb Bv^m- 
HHXi HanaxemS. Ecjih Rasot-HHtfyxB bhobb npitxaBmifi kb Ile- 
tepÓyprB qiefl^b cb. CHHOxa wn HOBonocraBieHHHft apziepet sn- 
aBjfljiH seiame nocicorp^ asaxeiiÚD, to ohh HanepeRK csasH- 
BajiH o TOiTb pesTopy, a HHorxa AOua^Ban xase MHrponojury. 
no npiitexi^ KB asaxeMÍK) noc^THrejiE nepBOHa^anno BaxoxHJTE rb 
pexTopy; ero TaifB nosa^epsEBaiH pasroBopoiTB) a Mesxy 'Awh 
AaBaiH seaiB iracneRTopy h BKOHOiiy, ^Totfii ohh npBroroBHJacB 
Vh npieiiy noctonejifl; ho h lyn noRaesiBajra tojbbo i^epsoBB, 
ÓHÓjrioreRy, sajiy, HteiojiBBO ciyx^H^ecBezi KOMHarB, xa croio- 
ByK); fl p^mHTejiBHO ne homhio, ?to6h xotb KOMy-jH6o no8BOJ»jn 
cx^jaiB noxpoÓHBfl ocMorprB aBa^eMÍH. PasyiriteTCi, Bce HaxoxHu 
npespacHuiTB, tfiaroxapHjra on^a pesropa h Hncnesropa; aaaAiTB, 
6onmeK> ^bctík) Torxa se hjh BCBopi nocjri^, saxoxBxa kb jrarpo- 
noxHTy Gepa^^HMy, vtoúm BsipasarB CBoe yxoBonciBÍe, BCHHiaHHoe 
npH noc^Q^eHÍB asaxeMÍH. CrapHB^ oÓBBHOBeHHO vh btoicb cjiyiaš 
roBapHBBJíi: <xa, b 8HaK), SHaH), hto y KeHB TairBBcenpeBpacHO>. 
?T0 se BBcaeicfl xpyrBX'B nocfoBreieS, oootfeHHO nn cb^tcshxb 

JBITB, TO pa8B& peBTOpl^ BXH BHCneBTOpl nOBBBBBaJIB CBOBITB SHB- 

BOMHM^B 6H6jioTeBy, i^epsoBB, sajiy, sxaccH, hícbojibbo aouHaTB 
cryxeHHecBHxi h ctoxob]^, nanepex^B pacnopaxBBniBCB, ^to6h 
TBiTB Bce 6ujL0 xopomo, no RpaSneft uíp^b, htq6u ne 61110 cxHm- 

KOITB XypHO. 

CaMH o6epB-npoBypopB cb. CHHOxa ne cjAxhxh sa t^itb, sasi 
CTyxeHTOBi yqarB, coxepBUirB, OfdbBuyrb b np. Bbxo xaase no^rs 
o6n^ee y(}texeHÍe, hto na 8to ohb h ne HiiŠB)rB npaaa. ^xobho- 
7?e6HBiB sasexenifl Torxa HenocpexcTBeHHO nox^BsajncB ne cb. cb- 

HOXy, a ROMMHCCÍB XyXOBHHXl y^HJIBQl'B, FX^ BactxaiH UCHU 

CB. cHHOxa B o6ep^-npoKypopi9 ho ne sasi o6epB-npoBypopi| a 
xavB qieHB, noxotfHHfl xpymirB. ExancTBeHnaa npHBHjeria ero 
cocTOBja vh Tom, hto bicb noxnncuBajiBCB bcí bcxoxbopb tfyMani 

H8^ KOMMBCCifl^ HO OHa C^BTaxaCB 06fl8aHH0CIBH), B HO npBBBldtíeH). 

Ha ocHOBaHÍB ararB o^CToarejBCTRB b xyuMn, mso OTH<HneHÍB 
o6epi-npoKypopa vb aRaxeiúH hbcboxbxo ne orjiBf ax>ica otb otho- , 
menift b^b Het npo^iBX'B uenoBi bomxbccíh. H tbkb sasi uohh 
H31B xsrxoBHiiTB oco((b, no yBasenix) kb MHipononry Gepa^BMy, 
bbkb ÓiBsafimeiiy HanajiBHHBy neTeptfjrprcBoft xyxoBHOt asaxeMÍB, 



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jnnPBTProsu xtxobhaji luxuiir. 131 

H He fjuuu BxoxHTB Kh paacKOTjrbBie ea yiipauema, to non- 
ran, 910 h o5epi-npoKypopairE He sartirL ^xhtb n nee. 9io, 
noBixHMOiiy, noxTBepsxaiocB nosexesieiTB cairaxi o5epviipoBypo- 
pon. Ehase Men^epcsiB tojibbo h tfHBan n nefl na nytfjHHHiiirB 
8K8aiieHa». JUjame He^aeKs hh pasy He ocMaTpHBaxB asaxe- 
idi, xotfl, no ciyxamb, h noroBapnean o tomi, no owh xorxa- 
rafyXB xu 9ioro npii^xen eb nee. Ho hobhB o6epik-npo- 
xypopi He o5paqajii BHHMaBÍfl Ha npexinecTBOBaBmie npHir6pu,H 
Bcxopi hocjí saHHKyjii noTpe(k>Ban ce6í CB^X^nie o tomi, bx 
uxíe XHH H ^acu npeaoxaerL totb hjh xpyrot HacraBHHSi cboS 
npexMerB. IIo droiiy xpeÓDBanÍB), ys'B, Kasercí, mo2bho 6u xora* 
xaoL o HaMipenÍH rp. IIpaiatOBa npi^xaTs vh asaxeMÍH) vh xa- 
lecni HavajiBHHKa. Ho jiK)XflMi| npHBt»oiHirB vb hbb^cthhitb 
nopixBairB, bi ÓeauHresHOMy cnosoficTBÍio, ne sejiaTejiBHOi mo6hf 
xr(hiH({o Hapymaji hxi, a ^ero xonerca, Tony h B^pHTCfl. Ha- 
xipedé rp. HpaTacoBa hoc^tetb asaxeiiiK) oxbh o^iachajh npo- 
mnrB jntíoHERCTBOirB, xase cb^tcsok) xK)6e8HOCTBH)9 soropyK) ero 
cíiTeiBCTBO xotíjb oBEsaTB eB; xpyríe sOi oootfeHHOMOHamecTByH)* 

H^e, BHX^JH KB TOITB ^TO'TO CTpaHHOB, HBHOpMaJIBHOe. BopOHeUB, 

lasix MiiuH rjftBHyirB otfpasoaii noxxepsHBaxHCB t^wl^ hto beshtu 
otfeiTB-npoBypopa ne 6hjih sejaxejiBHu no MHoraMX npH^HHairB, o 
KnopHTB cefl^aeB 6yxerB csasaHO. 



m. 

o OOCTOf HIff nBTBPBTPrCKOB XyXOBHOB ÁKAXBMIH OPE B0T7nilHIH rPA«Á IIpATÍOOBÍl 
FB XOISHOOTB OBIFE-nPOKTPOPA OB. OHHOXi.». 

HamH iepapxH, a bm%ct% cx hhkh h MonamecTByKrn^ee na- 
lUBCTBO aBaxeMÍB xopomo noHHiiajii, ^to HMnepaTopcsifi ^iHrejiB- 
UuoTaHTB, miwBiŘ H HpHXBopHiifl HejiOB^Bi, yposxeHHfiifi rpaýi, 
(yxen eyxHTB o0b asaxeidE no TOMy udeaÁy, KoropiiB Torxa vh 
CBflicBoifB o^Hi]iiajBHOMi& otfn^ecTB^ cuiajicfl Heo5xoxBMiiirB X^fl 
BCiiaro, ooo($eHHO qiexnflro h sHcmaro yHetfnaro saBOxenia. 

Xoifl KB OHHCHBaeifoe mhoh) BpeMfl neTepÓyprcsafl xyzoBHaa 
ttaxeiofl, no BH^mnexy CBoeny ycrpoBciBy, ÓHJia, b^PObtho, Jiy^* 
murB Mffh BcixB xyxoBHO-yHefiHiirB saBexeniB, no sa BiAwb liwb 
Qffa iH ne xyaae nuniniHBXi laBi-HaBiiBaeiiiixi npeo5pa80BaH- 
HBxi ceMHHapiB H piniHTejiBHo yse ne noxxoxHia nox^ xorB 
vwan^ lOTopBfi MHOK) ceBiaa otfpecoBaffB. y xBopeB cb napax* 
Hiit) ipuBi^ ninixaBmit bi asmteniK) noc^THrejiB ne yBsxajrB 
(ta HH HiBeBiv^pcBoB 6yxaBH, hh TpeyroiBHoB huhuh, hh nnefl- 

9* 



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182 BlCTDHa IBTOBB. 

iVtp»o8 JieBtii wpeafB luem h np., noTOMy ^iro h caicoro mseft*- 
i^apa He 6um. Ilpitasit bxoahxb m orpoMsitiiiífl, He o«hb cb§t- 
iiiH cíhb, HOeflBmk aa cetii zapaBrepi ites noxBeMejrifi, kovo- 
pHxrb onBcaHÍe n Cuibul Bpeneaa Bcrpi^ajoca ^yn se m caa- 
xoirb poMasi 6jaseHH0t iiaafirrH rocoosv PaxBn^i. Hn aran 
cfefieB 61M0 B^Ronso zoxon n pasBUfl wcth sxehíii; XBa, nav- 
6oáie spaCHBHe, Ben n i^epsBH h CMeaunairB c% hod soppHxopun^ 
xpyrie XBft BeiH Ba eiyxenecir^K) h na HaHaALHBWCByio nojo* 
BBHHy a vb bobaí ciHeS HazoxBJucB emp xbb zofft ^ líamatcawfti, 
T.-e., vb ooABajBHBl aram oxsyxa, noosaiyt, nxrb bbi Rasem)- 
jiB<k> paxBJB^BCRaro DOXBeiiejBfl, Buemo 61110 HaftiB bhxoxb. 
GucmBi npiissift, eciB obi vl dksiTb Bcrpi^ian Roro-aatfo 
BBS aBaxeicBiecREZ^b SBrewfi, ROTopattCii yRasaji eiqr sa^Jiesa- 
mjio xopory, a to cjynajiocB, mo bboS xoisohs 6ujrB xojifobbro 
noRaaLBBaK no cíbaitb fb osax^híb Bcrpi^B c% iribirB-flBtfyxB. 
PimBBndecfl se cbmb ceúi upoiaraiB xopory b dodueamh íisuna 
HO Bcerxa x^am yxa^HHft BiiÓopi; CM&riUhBÍe, saiiiTBBi BaBfiojiite 
napaxBuft zoxk kb i^epBBB^ lyxa b ornpaBiuBCB, bo TaMi toaro 
vh Hacu (k>rociyaLeflifl b bo spěna BJiacooB'B mosbo 611:10 Roro* 
jBtfo BcrpŠTBTB. AP7^^ ^^ KeBŠe cM^jiie nonaxajiB x&aae vb 
xaTaROMOu. 

nin^a ciyxeHTOBi, oco6eBBO m CBopomnie xbb, 6iiia xobojbbo 
nopflxouaa, bo ciieBB^ecBafl, laR^B CRasarB, •oÓcraBOBRa es se 
norza BasBaTBca xopomeiOy x&se ecsBÓu oÓcysRsaiB ee se no 
Bxeajiy cb^cbbxx BaBOxenifl. OiojOBoe ůijihe nepeM^BfljocB oxeasxu 
FB nefibn) h kb ROBAy ea yse EBRavB Be Morjio BasBaiBca hb- 
cniirB, Tbwb Óoj/be^ ^ro Hi^Boropiie CTyxeHrti, bo OBBaROMBBniBCB 
B!B ceMBBapcRBX'B 5ypcaxi CB EasHaieBieiTB ca.i^^eroRi, ynoipeÓJBJíB 
Bxi bmícto BOOOBUxi njaiBOBi. CroiOBaa nocyxa fexa irbxBan, 
jyseBaa, jossb xepeBBHBinr m MMÍb loxo^iexi. Ho vh CBtrcaoirB 
nociiBTeiš se Korjio ne npoBBBecifl xTPsoro Bnetaritoia nps 
caMOMx noHBB'! o6bxa ci^xyiOB^ee o6croBTeiBCTBO. ^u cex^hka 
cryxeflTairB BaxoxBJOCB sx^cb xo 40 Be6onnuix% caaMeeRi, boto- 
pufl ne Bi o6txeBBoe spěna saxBsraiBCB noxB croni. Botb ďBen 

3B0B0KB Vh Q&bfjf] OTBOpaKyíCa O&k nOlOBBHBB XBepB Vh CTOXOByH); 

cryxeBTu cnimara bsoěte fb nee b paBMAcTBTBea Ba HasBa^esnurB 
BiffB if^Tax^B. TaBib Basi bxoxbjb bcAj ne coÚjaoffiSL BBRaitoro 
nopaxaa, to TaRse Óesnopoxo^HO pasiiifl^BCB* IIpBXBBByTUfl 40 
csaMeeKB bbxoÓbo 6ujlo oroxBBByrB ffiz T<nro, m^jůu Ba bb^b 
cíctb; e botb saqBBajacB paaiirpiiBaTBea MysHsa ofb 40 aTBXs 
BOBce Be rapnoBBTOCRRxi BBCTpyMeBTOBi. HaROBOii^B, MoiflTBH ne 
nijB, a MopexBofi crapmifi npOHBTUBaix ee; bo bto x^aaocB vh 



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niT8PB7ff(SjUI A^LOBEifl ÁSÁAUU. 183 

TO q^MI, ROrxa Vh CTOJlOBOtt 6uSh KTO^JE(k> H81 HanJBHISOKB; 
Wh MPJTBTh me CXpiMTh 9m ^pKUBHOCrE Ee flGEOJHEiaCB, EXE 
■CHOIBMMB BOerSaKB. 

Grimi, nofoiEE e nora wk BOEHmx^b, 8aEEiiaeHEix'B cryxeE- 
rmm, OBpaaiEBaiECB iepez% 3—4 row. Yse no oroiiy o^HOiiy 
OHK Ee MorjiE OTjEnaTBCfl KpaeueoemtňOj ho 69x0 eqe eI^crojibko 
otfcTOfliejuctBi^ on Boropiin ohe x^ajiEes (fesodpasEUME. Uo 
sassmrTO CypcaquirB npexasiflifi, vh xyxoBHO-yEe^Him sasexe- 

HMXB Ofl&lBflBE COaJIBHE ^lE BOCnETtEHaSOrB CHETEIECB eCJE BO 

rpfcuMBi TO eeo^BE) HeBysEOio b xM^e spexHon. Otb 9Toro e kb 
oer^yprcEOfl xT^coBsoft asax^H n oxHOfl e toí ace BOUHart 
eiofljn xpoBETE jui enasu, ctoxh e Tatfyperu xu ynetfEim sa* 
nxňŘj mKa4« x^ BJiaTBi, bomoxh e cyaxyBE x^a BEErB e d&m, 
— BctiTB xosBo tfiuo iiojiEJÓOBaffBCE BxpyTB. RpofiBTE pacnoMfa- 
sMCh no xoBt cr&vB e oxotho vb EEiTB npEXBErajiflGBi OTi qero 
spacBa Ha or^flaxiB ciyxesTaiar ejie CTBpaxacB, ejoě sacaiEBajiaeB; 

tUTB 9X0, BHHecniE BCŮ SpOBETE ESTB BOHEaTU^ MOOHO 61IJIO nO 

9rmM% sacaioHEum irlcTaiTB yraatB, tf/b os% cioeje^ Aajiie, VHoríe 
ciyxesni oeoÓeHEO BinoEfioe BpeMEnle^aIE e xapsajH naerfiEii. 
Hasom^B, yieeufi napo^ se Mon ase se xímťb ^epHEJiBEiirB 
iBReffB na croiarB, nojiarB e xase ei^BarB. 

Kpacsa Ha nojiaz^B, noxpoBueifaa vpeei 3 — 4 roxa, Ee Morjta 
He CTEpaTBCfl EoranH cryxeflroBi, ocotieflm 6imh xsepefl e ctoiobi^, 
M BOTOpHain OHE BEHEHajiECB. RoMHam TaBEBTB o0pa8Otf^ paaxi- 
jancB Ea otx&ibhiu besb 0b odjiacni; vh oxeexi Bpaeaa 6oxie 
EMM MeH^ ^pauLiaci^ bib xpyraSB se xocbe nosasuBaiE cBott 
Hai]rpajBHiifi qb^tb. Ri aioMy eqe cjAfjen npH(SaBETB noBoe otf- 
cfurejBeTBO. IIoxi bbsxob) EposarBK), ctobítb cyExyvB, BOiopuÉ 
HO HftcBOJftBy paai n xoeb BUffiwetíMSí e saxEsraiea; on stopo 
XEO sasxBTO cyExyaa, crapaB naao-no^Majiy spacBy, hpoebboaejio 
pasEDoCpaBEue pBcyHBB na nojy. RavB tfyxro x^ loi^i vto6u 
yBemniB (esotfpasie e HeonpaTBOcn n BOMHarb, CTyxeHTam 
jm»Jiemo tejo sa CBott cien hetb qatt; x« aioro ohe zÉfbja 
fle TOiBBo CBOH lafiESfl lamBE, ^allEBBE, HO E eaMOBapH. H 
onpiTHoB xo8sBb'& HysHo ne mejo uoBom e satkm, 9To6a Ee 
oeraBaxocB HBBaBEXi cjiíxobi HaenErifly ho cryxeflrii ne npEsax* 
jeauLXE KB ifloiy onparHinn zo3MVb, X* wb ne^iii^ dajio h 
BunpáTB eiDJui. nouiEo, Baaie 6aiE pesyjtBTani Bcero ororo. 

OOiOBOHHUBa E CTOJHi HE BOTOpoe, sa HeflV&HÍem nDXX0HB0B1&, 

Epgw^ ciaaaiH canoBapii, no vbcrairB otfyriEBajnicB, noBpsiBajiECB 
HETBan on ropaun 6xioj(i&mBh n mnewB; otraTBE ^aa, sa 
flen&Biem nojoCEanexBHiirB umeBi, BanBaiHCB rb nxeBaiBHBn;Hy 



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134 ncnni iBPOBiL 

a TO H npocro h« nojii hjh na cion. Bixo($aBOS!E Tam saru- 
XUBaji caxoBap%, sHorxa HeHHo^eHHiift, 6or& SHaer&y CKoaBso 
BpeMeHH; ryrb RpacoBajiBCB naflEBRi ch (yi6aTuu% Hocsom hjh 
umBa 6wh py^u h np. ďarjuiiyBniH nox'B RpoBaTB, mosho 6iijio 
yBBAaTb ffiSLe h tfyriusB, lonso ne cb BsacoirE wan boaok). IIps- 
(SaB&Te cK)xa pasÓpocaHHHB kben, h6 iipH6paHHoe bi msa^ 
xuaTBOi jtunHÍe canorv, 6oAe hie Menie roxHue h seroxHHe h 
np., H np. HenpHBJíeBaTeAnafl BapTHna! O Tom, ^to6ii spoBaTH 
6vua aBKypaTHO ytfpanu, neiBsi 6iua h xyiiaTB. ByiiasettHiii 
QX^ja, BiixasaBniíaca ciyxenrairB, caMH 0060K) ne OTjnittJHCB 
ns BBXOMi, BH xo6poTOK>, HB WM npoiBoeTBK), euifi Mjente 
6&1B8HOH), noTOMj ^TO ciyxeHTfij, jiosacB na nBx:B Kaewh ' ra 
canoran, sa^epnEBain kz'b o^enB csopo. Ecra se onpaTHHft 
cryxenrs OTxanajrB mtl vh MiiTBe, to nocren ociaBajacb Óesi 
o;^fljia xo 20 xoet b saBpuBajacB npocTHBex), Boropys) Mosno 
6iuiQ nepeMftnflTB ne pante, Basi wpesi 10 xseft. yóopsoK) Kpo- 
BaieB sanBMajiBCB caiiE ciyxenTu; no ecjra6ii npncjiyra cb yrpa 
naTflnyja, saKB crbfjerb, ox^^ft h BsÓua nepBB b!b noxynuárB, 
TO CTyxenTann Bce bto kb le^enin xhb (Siuo 6u npmuTO. 

MetieiB Bnojin^ oooTBircTBOBaaa BOMnaTanx; QXHncTBenHinrB 
HaTepiaiOMi X^a yerpoftcTBa ea ejiysHJia oocna; ne toibbo npa- 
cnaro,. aceneBaro nin xy(k>Baro, xMse, aaseTca, ÓepeaoBaro xepeBa 
ne 6uJío na nee ynorpetfueMO. Eone^no, npn oocrpoftBi ea naor- 
nasB Bja croiapi x'3^iCTB0BajrB ne oxnmrB Tonopon^ njin nuoi>; 
npuoxnjiocB eicy npnfiiraTB n kb csotexn, n xftse ai pytfansy, 
BO sa Bcbwb tíitb bca ona bmím zapasTepi Tonopnoft pa6(mi; 
msi najio 6iuo vb nett uparadaniB na naBn^eetBO hjb BsycB. 
Opa ycTpoflcTB^ ea raasnaa safioia, xaaserca, cocToaja vh toitb, 
qTotfH ee Tpyxno 6u20 HBJEOiiaTB, xase ecutfii eto e pimajiCE 
cx:ijiaTB 8T0. Bi caMurB Baaccaxs ctojh, sa Koropmni sacfixaja 
rr. npo^l^eccopii n Óanaaiaspii (Baeexpi ne 5iuo), no rpy(k>ft csoeS 
OTfjbmi E nespacEBott ^pMi, npnjE^nte óujol ůa x^a xepeaen- 
esott esCb ne6oraTaro BpecTBBnEna, neBceu xu BHcmaro yieó- 
naro saBoxenia. HeicHoro nojynme noft MeÓen tfiuE uaccaiie 
croju EJE napTH, maa^H, eoiioxh, a xaóypeni exaa jie ffme e 
ne zyse ea. 

Tpyxno Óhjo pascHETUBaTB, wto6u e ciyx^Hni cboem'b beíei- 
nninb bexox^ mofjie npoESBecTE npiaTnoe Bne^arxinie na to ibi^o, 
xoTopoe npEBHuo cyxBTB o BOcnnTaHHSBazB ynjan^ no EXeaay 
CB^TCEEXi saBoxenift. Torxa kb xy^oBno-ywtínsm saBexeniarB ro* 
cnoxcTBOBaaa bo Bcet * cbjš Teopía CMEpenia n ynnnseEia. Bs 
raasarB MOBamecTByDB^aro nanajiBCTBa x^a npio6pÍTeHÍa TBTyjtít tfia* 



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mmMmiam a^xobiáíi nufjmuí. 185 

TQBpaBHaro BOcimaHHHBa, Mesxy npoiHMi^ HysHO 6íijo hh^tb 
onynieBBiie xMy on, HeMHoauso nocTHOBaTufi bhxi, hícbojbko 
yrpDiiyK) ^isíoboiiík), CMorpiib h6 bcímb, xas^B cicasaTB, rjia8aMH, 
a 18% noxiotffcfli BxaiiflTEca bi^ nogch Ha Kasepi MOHacmpcBiirb 
nodymHHBOffB. O rowhj htoCh oeMHHapHcru (hih jobkh, pasBflSHH, 
iviu zopomyx) BBnpaBKy h CB&icsie npieiiH, hio6b yiiijiB 
ectian npuH^HHft nouoHi, 8a6oTUHCB o CBoefi iipanecsib, cmo- 
ipijH npflMo KB riasa, rosopuH Óottao, 6e8i saci^HnBOCTH, — o 
Bceifi. aroMi h lOMy ]k>xp(!hoii& nonn hhsto hsb Ha9ajBCTByK)ii(fix^ 
He sfLÓoTHioi; aio-x^ OTHOCirca kb BHftmHOCTH. KoHeuo, kb ij- 
xíamaz asaxeMÍH nociynara jyuiie eeMBHapHCTi]; MHoríe h9b Hm, 
BnpoBevB, He otb búhúi CBoero Monameciaro BaiajiBCTBai hohe- 
HajD HeiftHOCTB tfypcaiuBO-ceMHHapcBBXi npieMOBi h crapaiHCB otb 
HiTB ocBO(k>xiTBca; Bcipi^aiocB Kesxy hhkh Heiiajo Taraxi, iso- 
n^e yMijH ycBOHTB ceůk csíbrcspo jobhoctb h pasBasHociB; 
CDjia ocoÓeHHO npHHaxJtesan cry^eHTu, nociynaBniie hstb ceicHHa* 
pit nerqKiypraot h sanaxHux^ ryfiepniff. Ho sa riwh emfi oneHB 
xHoro ociaBajocB esynemovky Boiopse ne ocDodoAHJHCB otb ceMH- 
aapnuraii. ^ocraxouo CBa8aTB| hto vb oio Bpeicfl hju otohb 6jh8bo 
rB Heny y^vjícB kb neTep6yprcBoi xyxoBHo9 aBaAeitíH eiyxeniii 
Jifí. M.y C. B. H H. J., Bct ohh npHHaxJieaajH bb nepBOMy 
paspaxy; Meauy tím:b aHCBesiopi BaxoxHn BysHHirB npexi 8B8a- 
MeHaMH, ocoÓeHHO ny^jHuaMH, nocMoipiTB, npB^ecaiB jih o^hhi 

I8B nSTh CBOB BOJOCil H H%rB 2H KB HBXX B HB HJiafB'! nyXB, B 

Xpyrmrb MfijTh noyuTB, bbbb ohb aoismu ctobtb npexB assaiie- 

HBXOpaifH B BBRB BITB BJaHflTBCfl. RBK^B 9(6 HOCJiŠ OTOTO HO B^e- 
JBTB, HTOÓU BMWO H8S CB%TCBBXl BJUBTeiBHHXB JHI1;B HO SarU- 
XHBai^B Be TOJBBO BB C6lfflHapÍBy HO B KB aBa^eMÍH? B^XB BCBO, 

fio yrprame^ cb onyn^enBincfl bhbkb rjasaiiH, bja bkb nox-ioÓBB 
BoeicaTpBBaB)nqei HepasBaaBiiei natOBsie, MtmBOBaiHe, ne ynix)- 

laie HpBJBTOO nOBJOHBTBCB CiyxeHTH He nOBpaBBTCfl CBfaCBOMy 
DOCfoBieiB). 

£i 6o4Bmei 6if!b oxeasxft b 6&iBe cryxeHiOKB 6íijih kb to 

BpeMB ClHBIBOirB BB HeyXOBjeTBOpBteJBHOMIb COCTOflHÍB. IIOHTB HB* 

tipeoe MOSHO CBasaTB, mo bb nacioiniee Bpeica kb laBi-Hasu- 
BaemiXB npeoCpaBonaHHHTx hbbhibxx xy^oBHHX^B yiHJBoiaxB aa- 
SBBHHe BOCHBiaHHBBB ox^TH B cBafiB&eHu ďkibciĚh jy^me, HeseiH 
TorxamHie ci7xbbih aaiMteniB. He roBops) yase o tomb, hto ho* 
ciiXHÍe He HOjyHBJB otb aasHu hh hocobiitb njiaTBOKBi hh yra- 

paiBHBBOKB, HB TeOiUXB HOCBOBB, HB BBJlOmB, HH HIBHeiB, HB 

^ypajuu; xu npHBpHTÍH roiOBH BuxaBaiacB na xbb roxa nuiana, 
exBB iH dOBBmaa hbtb pyójefi accBrHBipBMB. CysoBHiit CK)p- 



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186 MGtan xbpooh. 

lyKi HESHa^tiCdi Ba xsa roxa; wh wewb zqxkix re qq^eoR, 
re ropoxiiy oxÍBajnci» wooůwifi re napMHim Cjiy^aarB, ui wixa 
yse Hevero <5hjio hex^tb. 06mH0BeHH0D noicexDeBHOi^ wntgfm 
cjýjuui HanoBBe ck>pt7Bh, nowiqr-TO HamBaBinieca nua^poiain; 
Hxi B&xABan no ojolomj sa i^ixnfl rox^. Tonso aa Bepen-^ypí 
CEpoMEUTh CTyxeHTOBi, istftowDHn BCflBaro nopHBacraro h mm- 
Boro ABBseHÍfly TaK(A nua^poBik Mon sik lOH^y row nrim tm- 
líyio dúCpimyy ho h to otobb b oiere noBacanaajica; y 6on- 
naHCTBá se re Tony BpeiieHB, a y morazi b ipen nojnoxa 
coBC^re BBHaoiBBaicfl B, Ravi roBopHicfli Bajouci ci vimb. IIpi- 
Ton AAfl novBHBB niaTM ne iiaiiBwajrB noprsoro; cryxrafH xmjkhh 

6iIJfl KIB CaMH SaHBBBBaTb CBW) 0X68^7) UH OOpyWTL BTO cjy* 

SBTejiflM%, pasyiriteTCBi saxenra. Ho y axiH>n> se MoenuNtio ae- 
ByccTBa mflTB, y Apyroro ne (bio hb rposia; o» btofo npopixB 
B Ha alBax^ b re i^knnsixs KierarB, ocraBaia abifo HesasH- 
TaMH, 6ojte B Óojiie yBeiBTOBaiMb. He Biyra rosopa), mo 
BHorxa MOBLHO 61M0 BCTptian rocnoxBHai hb soiopoirB laHBOBBft 
CDpTysi 6uxh HO TOiBBO 8acaieB%) aavep&eH^, xase re rpasoo- 
BaTiuTb ruHiieMi, ho b (Sere nopflAPw<dl ^mih pysaaa bjb iioib. 
EpH)BB niBJB AU 3BMII Bre oioHE HOcpexcrBOBHaro qrBHa, a xa 
aíia are BaiatBi (SjaBsesaro ujArtk. Jtepoieiai Q^ry/fiwoi ono- 
cflrejBHO Btoro HiaíM aeu ee((a no naTpiapiaiiHOMy; otevB mho- 
ríe B oieHB wcTO ne toiuco re BUUHr& BOKnaTan cajdba, ho 
B Ha jesi^ÍB re uaore xoxbjb 6ere <5pH>re;— n»BÍp&Te, BiieflHO 
<5ere 6pK>BB. H lenepB cirfanHO BcnoMnani aan hboB jíkmuk 
iÍTh re 25y pocTore 2 apaiana b 10 xuce Bepainre, aovopat 
TOpesx ro^ B Kenie 6yxerB rxi-jstfo npo^ccopoHi, axen 6sk^ 
bbjio no BJiaccy nps HacraBHHB^ b jAwn pyaoB) npex^punaere 
npaByx) nojy CBoero HasBOBaro cH)piyna, bk>((h obb, paeoazHyB* 
mBCB, ne nosasajia jdpoeu nasnaro <ttiM. Úpa eron aBn>*Bexo- 
CTaTOiiH<A oxesx^ MBorie Biriku cbok) codcTBennyB); ae fobc^b) 
yse niBHej[flx:B| MOSHO 6iuo bi niBajMixi b na caioxik ciy* 
xeHTax'E yBBXBTB TyjynHy zaiaiB bjh ch>pi7bh ne are xasea- 
BUTh aaTepiajiore. Kbbi se 6iim ho seuTE| va6u ofecati 
BiiBTeJiBHyfl ifliia nasoiw ne saruxiiBajiB re xjTXOBBya) auxe- 
HÍB)? Xopomo enie, een aaaepexK y8HaBM% o arB apataria; 
Torxa BesBTB njBOxiiTBca re CB)pTyBa a aax^TB na oetfa (Spa>aa. 
Hy, a eom aajeTarB BTo-aatfyxB opjom hjb aeqpe((oirB amsa* 
xanno, HenpomeBBufi? nix^ oh% cpasy sacraHore aoro re saca- 
jeHHOirB B paeoxpaHHOiTB pytfaoti, aoro re zaiaii, a tO| msa* 
Jiyfi« a re tyiyn'6. 

Ilpaciyra se noaasano^ 6u Baisoay eoie teaotfpasHte oxft- 



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niriPBffraúi jknmuM jlsíahu. 137 

mo, mmtjui ciymma. £e lopMuXi ho se oŮMjUMMpovmum sa 
itteimit c<ien, a BsxaBUH eS pyójei no ocua aociniaiiiflifM 
g>ioB>in>a n iribcucs. Taioe mMiOBĚme h m to Bpeiu bo owhb 
tiuo npiBJMiMnHo; npBXOiBJíoefc EttHunn oitftBHur& cotiKin 
— cApnon, Mtopae ho mouh Hattn ce0i /(ojše a moi MH X^ 
idfen no CBomn cjai5oeim ■ mfUKnemun. Hetei&iMt CBoe 
juuoMHM ysorpeCjiM Ha panmui omb norpeteocTH^ a laciemo 
H la ooxqAnjeme ceKa snaoHHM) bqxod, ohh BevHora ocraB- 
MMMB Ba C80» MBoipoBBy. On 9f0F0, BOBeno, Boe-STO an nini- 
eijn OAtei tfím nojuixoíHO^ ho ůoJihmwaesBO nojqnajio on.CTjr- 

ABDOBl BSroBWBBOe BMB BjaíM, B OBO-TO eO MBOniMH BauattMfly 

eqa (kuAe opejuiiro tacajeanoe h saiepBeBBoe, Rpacosaipc^ na 
cspanexMTh. Hi^BOsopse bvb bbxi BasaiBCt BHorxa noxosnn 
00 CBoet OMfiMfík Ha bbbibu. 

Hensa ae cmaBifB h tofo, vto Ba^anetio, npBBBBioB ch 
XiiBBXi woph MBTh jsoxh cíbív MBTpooojHTa, BéJM) ce6a, BaSffi 
rttopHTCi, CHjcia pysasa, mt yirbjo npoxaia TOBtp^ jonspwh m 
m Bjax^o BCByccxBQVB BBcnBBTB Ba mf% xase to, iró y aero 
tfHio xUeisBTanHO xopoBio, omiaTBea CB0ca> bsbopotjihboctbb), 
ye^HJleirfc h yeiysjnuocTBH) npexi BasBBMB BodbmejiMH. 

Hasoaeiia Baftomaa xasa croposa yieteoi laerB (oBHyTpoH- 
Hel a HHiero oosa Ht roBopn) crpa^aia nofflXOiBHMB BCKOoraT^ 
láMB. Ha nm^jm mbbjlk) nasHavaiocb Tor^a no m» laea. Ko* 
Beao, aejeno 6iuo nnpepHBHO roBOpHT& ouojib npoiojsniojn^ 
BBi Mauoa; ho MHorie BactaBBBBB yse owb sBÓorana o eo* 
4iqeBÍB mrhj aBjaacB n Biacrb nocxt sBonaa cnycni ae tojuo 
ranaca, bo b aíjhí laoak daribn b eryxeBTH, aoBeno, ae 
wdkj npaxoiABiH na jobiUb noďi HacraraBROBib; a owbb vacro a 
loiee ae sajiOBS aa, nwb mo y atsoiopiiiib tfaaaajaBpom b xase 
np^eceopoB!^ ne noufoaaBBBxea penyraiuefi, cbaíio Bmrxa ae* 
Bie noiOBa&H dyneaioffa. HB€aeBn)p!b iq^aBaaai^ uiipu npoTBBi 
Tuoro eaaoBOXBCTBa, no h cryxeBTH juiáu yspneanca on aero 
n pasBaonb TaÍBHX% irteuua, aoropnai 6tf jo ae aajo vh asa- 
AeaBiecaom hmA a cufk a Byxa se npoHaaan BBcaeBvopcaíl 
rjttn. 

no Bcdl tipoBTaoeiB ^aramia ^yxyn 6pamcn Tontaoniee 
aaaxeaB^ecBoe aa^ancTBO, no^eay obq bjb ae xor&io 8aafcBT& 
oaicaBaiie Bxia Hexoewraa bjb, aaicfciaa bxk, se npaaBaaio 
aAp]b Vh axL acnpaBjeBÍa>« He otfBaaatie ero, no apaiael aipft, 
npoH8BOCfl €BOt HjHiroBopr&y apBaaie bo BaaaaBie CMaraaH>apa 
o(ÍeiQf!ieiMTBa. HattabBaaa Tor^amaie a npejaaie bhiéib ae^o* 
cnoiB a viwtůfste an aaxi Bcapenao seiaxa HonpaBarE an, 



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138 BMmtn Hron. 

HO na se ciaHemB xijarB ch cuoS, Boropu coiOMy jtoMsn. 
no roenox^xBOBaBinefi roná vh xyzoBHo-yieÓHmx sasexeiiun 
TBopÍH CMBpemfl H yjonExemMj zopomo Of^wa h npunHO oo- 
ffipMKTb ciyxeHTon se cjriMoBajo. Ox^hb etb xopomo, TOtj»iaa 

OBHUOlIflTCfl n CBfbKXBUE M¥>ffnĚMj nOSaHMCIByDTCfl orb VBXh 

ifipcsnH HxeflMH H nofepaKm xapasiepB fjzoBBuxh BocnnaH- 
HiBon; nycTB ociSHyrcfl Tin, ^m 6uiw («tíiit, at sont*). 
nycTB, H CHXfl AOM«, vh cBOBTb paBo^QpaHHiixB H sacueHBBn 
KaaeHHHX'^ mia^poiaxi, ho uHimom bhooso ^yxMyrB o cetfft, 
BHX89 HTO on no ůjifimfíb CBoefi o^eu nozou na Cypeasom- 
ceMHHapvcTOBi. SartiTE lasse za/knvtha o nciort vh soMHa- 
Taxi? bíxb He TOJiBSO mofi ciyxeeTon, ho h bcí lorAanmie ua- 
XBKH vh CBoefl Koaoxocni shjh en^e rpisHie; jubl h ciyxemun 
no OROH^aniH asaxeiiH^iecBaro sypca, Bon SHaen en^e, rx6 h 
Kan npHxeTCfl shtb. Ilpiyn bxb m^^axaxeiiiH z% noxBOuj xo- 

BOJLCTBy H H^M^OTOpOfl XOTB HIiniHOCTH, TOFXa BM% IMSexte Cj' 

xen nepenociTb npexcroanvbr jinniraia na ciystift. Eqe fisua 
6oAe crpaHBafl Teopia — tfepeu saaeHHiifl xeHBra, ho a saxnei) 
HHOiuo: Torxa BMiHaxocB vh oco6yio sacjyry naujLHHBairb xy- 
xoBHO-yHetfniixB saBOxenift 10, 110 oni bvb netioraTiixb osxa- 
XOBi yM&iH yoBOHOMXRBaTL ocmnoi H cocisBxaTB npfl CB0HX% aa- 
BexoHiaxb TasvHaBUBaeHiifl ocraTo^Hiia cymiii; sa aio co6cTBeHBO 
xaBaxHCB HarpaxH; vh neieptfyprcaofi xyxoBHOfi aiaxonÍH ociaiov- 
BUTh cjuwb CE HaioniBnniMncfl npoqesmxH 6umo xo cra Tuam 
eepeÓpoHi. lípa rocBO X )grB& Taioro poxa Teopin Ha^auHHBi aaa- 
xeiÚHy pfimHBmifiCfl xjonoraTb o zaraxi-iHtio yjymnemííTh ono- 
CHTejiuro erywRMi, nojiyvan oteaHOBeHHO on Marponoma 
oxHHi OTBin. «Kb WMy aro? mh en^e xyse iuuh, xa Bon 
BHHUH vh jnoxB; deperare jy^me xeHBra, xorxa-HHÓyxB oa/k 
npflFOxaTCfl». OxHasxH asaxeHHieeaoe na^ancTBO san-io yrow* 
pHJO MBTponoxiTa XOBBOUT& exbMTb np^xeiaBieme bi B(»f]iBCCíi> 
xyxoBHHXi y^Hjnin^ ofo yxyiimeBÍH eiyxentecsofi ojmsmfji^ ho 
onyxa noiyvuo ombpbj mo np^daBxeme asaxeMHqecsaro npaB- 
jMHÍa (^xarb npnaro bo BHHHame npa cociaBieHu Hooaro noio* 
senia otfi oxesx^ ciyxenTOB^B. Ilocjrb ororo sa hto se cypoBO 
otfBHBaTB asaxeianecBoe HanatteiBO bo xBorarb lorxaniHHXib ne- 
XociarBaxB? 

Bbpotoh:b, npexB caMim Hamecmaiejm (xan nasHaajH no- 
TOMi nepBiie bhbhtíi, Boiopue cv&jaxb rp. IIpaiacoBB neiep6ypr- 
CBO> xyzoBBoil aBaxeHiB) aaaxeMBWCBoe na^aiBCTBo npexnpBBSJO 
siamopaĚ yjiyvrnenia onaciB e:B paq^šmema HHiponanray or- 
lacTH se H ne cnpaniBBaflCL ero. Oho Hacrofi^HBO noTpe(SoBaiO| 



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nmPfiTPrcBifl fjxouÁM írix^iu. 189 

rantki HacraBHBRB noj^tnie zoffn bx uaccb, a CTy^eBTa ne 
ocmBtjuiCB Bo vpew lenuB vh MMjnn% BOMHaian h vh toS* 
mn nftcraTE, a cex^ji HenpeiiiHHO b% xjaccarB. IIpHiasam 
6iuo Ttise ciyxeHTairL He zoxn& vh uaeci, lan ciasarB, de- 
sa6uMe^ HajtiBatB xaseHHoe uaiEe ais cotfjiOAeflis xotb xasorch 
ji(k) oxHoo0pa8ÍJi Vh oxesx^, np8($ipien Bib shjiuxi soiiHarax% 
n lOHOxUi nnui^B h cyniyra, — njaiBe, kbhth, 0tiBe, ^afinnar, 

WBKI H np. nOTOlTB, HavajUCTBO XepeBflHHHfl JOSn BTb CTOJO- 

BoE sanÍHUo jiosKaifH bbi Ha^HeaBinaro lorxa Bxoxm bi MO^y 
Hel8Bn(Sepa uh nojBCsaro cepeópa, synuo ma spoBaiefl hobíii 
(SahoBiu, oveHB xopomifl ox^ja, A^BcTByi vh stoitb ciy^aš ffixe 
npoTiBi ycraBS, BoropHfl Ha8fla9a.11 j^xs xajuaro ciyxenra toibio 
OAio 6jMuzeŘEoe oa^ajio. HaxoBeili, eaujo xu nperoroBjeHÚi 
ciyxei^ecsoft iraiipr HacTOfln^aro noBapa^ a xo loro BpeMeBH rjiaB- 
BBMi noBapoM'B cocToan cojtxan, yHHBmiftcfl KyjBBapHOMy hc- 
lyccTBy Ba asaxeiiBieeKofl se Byxsi. SairtiaTeiLHO, no bto 
Jimmefíme exBa jb ae 6ojňe Boero 6uio nopBi^iexo Be torno 
n uutxenB) HO H B% 6%J0irb nerqitfypTCXOMi jtyxoBeHCfBft. «Bot& 
enie,— roBopHjra peBHHieJiH ciapBm,— npHxyMajH saBecnr yiienaro 
noBapa! Sasi tfyxro aih ciyxesioi^ nyno roroBHi^ paBHHfl 4»pB- 
uee H ÓjanaHsei Rr& ^wy sra HBJHOíHflfl poeBoniL?» H tojbbo 
no icTe^eBiH i^&iaro roxa nepecrajs xaio-no-iiajy DOBTopan 
CBoi aoBeTHieesie Boanacy, xorxa iQij^paMH hkb xousan, hto 
ciyxeH^ecBafl hhhmí, owhb yjyqnraBnnicB npa Hacrosn^em no- 
Bapi, Mosxy rtm oÓomjíKb x^moBJíe npesuro exBa jh ne XByiia 
THeiwoi py6jiefi accBrnaipaMH. 

PaByHteica, nowÓBoro poxa yjy^nneBia ne Morai BsiriBHn 
ot^yv, TBWh caasaTB, ^hbíotomík) asaxeMÍB, riu% 6ojAe, no 
rp. lIpaiseoBi 6anj saxib Torxa Be 6en ocHOBaHÍa roBopHJv, 
npexyfiftsxeHi npoTHBx aBaxem^eexaro Ba^ajBCTBa. Ha ^em 
ocBOBUBaiocB TBroe iipexy0tsx?HÍe, HB«iere BOJiMmeABo cxasaTL 
He Mory. BHme a yse onican zapasiep^ TorxamsHro pesTopa; 
umstoLj coran ero xypHsm, HeenocotfBiiirB Ha^ajbHBioiťB ne 
(Shjo xocrafioHHBxs npBqaffb; crpaxBix obi oxhok) cja((ocn>io, xo- 
Topu HHBBejia ero uocA h b% Moiuy; bo n omeiiBaeMoe spěna 
m cja6ocTb ofiHapysHBajiacB pixio, npBTOirB toxbko bi npia- 
Tencnrfc xpyjuaxrb ero, h ho bcími xase aiiaxeMH^ecKHirb na* 
CTaBHBxam 6Eua BBBfetBa. DoBopBia msxei ^to peait^y ae xaio 
noBp^XBJO (SiaroBOjeHÍe x% HOMy MocxeBCKaro MBtponojira $ua- 
pera .fljpoexoBa; y nociixBaio ci rp. IIpaTacoBOirb Ba^aJSCB yxe 
Ti oTBomeHifl, KOTopHB KOSHO BfiipasHn BomexmBirL bhhí vl 
noxy ciOBom: nuKupoeamhCs. HHcne8nq[rL se Tornanrait 6un 



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110 Bucmnnpomi* 

bbojbí fipctQWB% CBoero ificmy npuaxiewtrB vh o^eab zio^ 
muwh HacTEBKEiaM^ anAeidE, uMÍhn na ciyxenroBi xopaibBoe 
BJMHÍe B cHHiajcfl OAnnwh wn JLjHímxh Tov^mujach opoQOsftA* 
HiiBOBi vb IlereiKSypri^ TasBH^^ ofSpasoirB na (íijo npeusi (km 
Bpexy^StoxeBHHirB npomn aBaxevB^eaiaro BaMiaena; no wei 
FipoiTBOCTB, BiB cam rptt^ BMin CMMáoen cqctbbbtb sertp- 
Boe (grsAeaie o bbx^ ne EaBony-JifljSo iiBBoatfiiOify aae^tírjb- 
bíd, B4B MBsafl BBTpera ya^a o^i^míbt^ ope/rs bbitb nojiei, 
sacjysBBaBiBHxi yBa»eflie. 



IV. 

O UEPBUX-B BHSHTÁXl, KOTOPUX FP. IIPITAOOBI CJÍMkJLl* QETEPBFPrOBOfi A^rXOBHOi 

▲lUXBMIH. 

Opa oaBcaBHiir& eefiuoB sefiiaronpiiTBiiii oficToaraaBcraan 
saiajBCB camia netmeomsiH ero ciiTejBciBa. JH^sa aaB BBZíb mosbo 
6uM0 BasaaTfc en^e ae aaioecmflica, a h^mitto noí]H>SB]rB sta pe- 
Boraoci^Hpoaay. Bi eamift se aepBHt CBOft BpiftiffB rp. IIpaTa- 
coBi, aasaicH, xoiin se croji&ao nocnoTpftTb aaaxeidny cbojuo 
.cetífl BosaBaTB. Ofb c^aian BOSiioaBBHirB B!b npoxojneaie sasoro- 
xBiSo uea ysBaPB DOcpexcreoMi jBiflaro BBsaiieBa, BaaoBii ycnin 
cijf,eBTovb no mciB (km>cjOBÍa b Sjibbbbbi bi Beay sayBí, h 
wse AOBaaaffBy hto btb ycníxB o^eBB HexocxařoiBu. IIpaBi^xiDv 
npflBO vh MM&h BHCBiaro OTx&ieBÍB, 0B% Be cian cjyiaarL Bea* 
]^ÍH HacraBBBBa, a Ba^aji'^ npejuMAn^ BonpocB sa Boapocoai 
BCBJK>iBTejiBBO En BanxBBBca Ilerpa Morajn, b fl8*E itapcoBsoS 
BCTopÍBy npeBByntecTBeBBO 061 yaiB. Hcropia Torxa npenoxasa- 
jiacB no o^BB ^ypBoay ywSBBsy, a& h npo^ieoeopi emfi ae xo- 
meai xo speMeai yBÍa, a aaiexasaci Herpa Moniaiiy mosbo esa- 
saTB, noHTB Botee 6íix'b BiemBÍbcseB% vh xyxoBBO*-yH66Bsxm aaiw- 
jsfirníTh. He yABBBTejiBBO noca^ aroro, mo MBorie oisíth dyxeH- 
70B% oaasajBCB BeyxouietBopBfeiBBBifB. OcoileBBO rpa^rB aeiion 
BaABBBiBCfl TOMy, wto Gtfffiuxu He BflajiB TavB*BaaiiBaeMiixx itep* 
BOBBHXi aaaoBibiei, o aoropHX^ Bpoai BaTexasaca Ilerpa Monuni 
BEVMÍk Torxa a ae texo flacaao. 

lípa BxopoirB BBBflT& rpaJKB ne saBanajioa yse aBsaHeBom 
ciyxeBTOB^B, a cjtymaxi mkujm BactaBBBBOBB b, Ha^oÓBO caaaaxBi 
He BUBasarB ocofiesBoi BtexaiocTa^ no Bpafiaeft Mipt, kb oxaoKy 

BtB BBXI9 BMeBBO BfB TOHy 0. KňBMWtJ, BOIOpon f BHBie 

roBO{>Bxa. He saxoxro xo toto BpeMeaa o. ByUueBT&y my^aai 
BBaaie apxajfaaxpBTa, cwn aa aysBoe inMÍjiaroxapBTB sa TaiyD 



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nriPsyprcKÁf xyioiiAi akixuu. 141 

Muocn ^leHon cb. CHBOXfty a sctare yse h o6epb-npoKypopa. 
HoNl apzHMaBxpm ciHmsoiím He notivjTB uíshía MipsvB na 
jtyiOBHim xdba, xoia tfii 8th iripaBe (Jiijk b oéepirnpoBypo^ 
CB. ciHOAa; B noTOMy oh'e BOBce He CHBian oeéa o6fl8aHHmf% 
npaTacoBy sa etot bomě cbh^; bo eiiy xor&ioci^ BotfiBse bstjb* 
vyn Ba oCeirB-npoBypopay xa, saserai, b ce6a nosasaiB eMy. 
I^m^ xojro roBopflji ce bobumi* apxBMaaxpBToirB o pasHBxs 
yfeBHxi npexMerau b o&b asaxeniB. Oieoi BjBiceBrB, ecjia 
lOiBxo vkpBTB ero cjOBaiii, <B6ypoHBnc6(te> B^wpsan noMxy 
aaxi nojnoBBBBOMi^ Aase <saxaneicy ^pcy». IIpB paseraBaBiB 
rp. IIparacoBi o&bmfiijrh Dpi^ixaiB bb xesi^iio kb o. apxBnaBxpBTy, 
nmpBl 6yxT0 6h oiBt^an: «<5jaroxapH> Bac% noxopBo; nosa- 
jyfrie; mh% Bame noc^B^eBÍe dy^en o^eHB npiflTBo; i tfyxy osb- 
mh BaeB». He cMorpfl sa y^HÓsy, Boropaa noaBBjaoB aa ni^ 
rp. IIparacoBa opa 8T(mi ^^Bj^apHOMi opapjaifleBiB, o. Kjb- 
MearL Bce-Tasa BOCXBqajica csoBirb m^ibtOMi»y Bnpo^eirB, saxortxB 
yrocmi BDtfosBaTejBflaro BOJXOBBBBa BoenosBO-JiyHmBMi oi^aaom. 
Uojaraa, hto rpa^KB npVkjifiTh si seny sa cjiíxyiofltít se 
uaccs, o. RjiBMrarB ch ocotfeBBKBS yoepxieicE aperoTOBBJťB jes- 

IfbD o flepBOlTB BCeMBCBOM^B C06op6> BO BpB BT01I'B CX^aH <k>I&- 

DRA npovaxi. XoTfl ob% no CBoemy otfpasy Ksicjet dan npaao- 
cjiBflMiniĚ ^eJOB^KB, bo jik)((bx& sBiero noxosaro bb jntfepa*- 
jnn, ffkme ae BÍ6pBjrB m RoflepBBXOBy caeieMy; bo, sarb aa* 
W0BO xSHMiTb, jyBaBiti vsexh ero bo BCBymeaie. PaseuTHsaa aa 
10, no rpa^, bbb^ MipaBBB^B, Biriton CB^Tcaift asrxax^ aa acro- 
pnecBBxi ff&iTejiefi, a sejaa yroffiTB Taxony asrjaxy) o. Ria- 
n&avh mtjMSLJTb BeMBoacBO nojatfepajiLBattTB a, onacuBaa nep- 
BBt Bcejeaeaii co0op%, padCBasaji o tfypaiixi ci^Haxi, npoacxO" 
ffBmBX'B Ba BeM*B, Be yuojmBA% xaace a o penpuMOfmj xoTopuS 
cxiuurE (miBíWh co6bpa BiinepaTopi EoBcraaTaHi BeiaxiS. Jlex*- 
iQi ÓBJía caasasa, a rp. UpaTacoFB, aavB sapo^HO, ae npiixajTB 
BHCjyfliaTB ee. Bo BtopoB CBOtt Bflaarb rp. DpatacoBi aBBJca ae* 
onxaBHO aa jeai^H) o. RjaneBra; b% ael npexnojarajioeB roBopara 
o aamet Eopn^efl Raarli bjb, jy^tme, Hpomais aasa^finna 
KaaoBB^ecBia npaBBjnt, b% Beft noid^n^eBBHfl, a oonpoaoABTE 
m CBOBMB aaM^^iaBiana; a-sb ^ero npBBeceaa 6uá% a caiiai 
Ropnaa. O. K^BMeHn bi rp. DpaiacoB-^ yae ne aaiťfrrajrb Tot 

vIlUaBOCTB, BOTOpyX) OWB BCTp^TBA, ÓJafOXapB erO SB CBOK) BpXB- 

aaaj(piH>; cx^jiaBi eiiy npajBHBHft noBjetoai, owh ycjinnajťb toibxo: 
npodoMea^me. CTWh flpoxojacaTS a cxibiaai npoMax^E. Caa^aia 
X&io Bi:io o Ropinefl Ebbi4 Boo^ate; nojaraa ao npesaeiiy, hto 
rp. UpairacoBy, Baai MipaBBBy, ifoacao noapaBarBca micuMB, 



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142 VĚOfiawh npoflfii. 

npUiHiUfB fM CBbKMMvo ^aiosiu, OHX yjce ciumMpwh y^epxHO 
pacxBUBj^b Hamero yneHaro PosenBami^a, mcaBiiiaro a EopMiet 
KHflrt, H noTTH Hi cjosa He csasan o njxoimuTh iHi^axi, xo- 
TopHfl 5b BusasajH obox> AiwreihBdcth n tou% se OTHomemi; 
Morjo noBasaifcci, hto bsi pyccraxi toiuo oxbhi PoseHKaiui^i 
H saeBiauci EopM^es). Fpa^ IIpaTacoB^ ciymaa 9Ton naHeni- 
pBSi| nepeJHcruBaii caiiyiD KopM^yio Enary, KoxopyH) owh tot* 
"laci^ se no npBÓsTÍB vh uacci bsbji b!l cboh pyftB. O PoseH- 
KaMa^ ýbn noioenaacB; ciixoBajio npBHflTfcca 8a ^reme ca- 
uuxh BaHOHHiecBBn npaBHn, xu nero o. apXBMaBxpflrb h npo- 
chj:b BHBry y rp. IIpaiacoBa. 

— 3aHÍ» se BaiTb Hysaa KHara?— CBasajB rp. IIpaTacoBi. 

— Mvb HaxotfHo HBiHea npovecis H^MTopui Mtcia,— otbí- 

HWh 0. RjBMeHTB. 

— BuH»xo2SHii roBopHnEasaiiBTB,— BOBpasHM rp. lípa- 
laeoBi. 

n saB^B Hfl HacraBBan nepauft DOJiyvHTb BHory vh pysB, no- 
cjAkbíř He BHnycBajnb ei iBi cbobxi. IIojioseHie HacraBBBBa 
tejio BpHTHTCCBoe; Ha oaiiaTB owh exBa m anan xotl oxho mh 
riTh npaBHjii, soropuMB xoiiu^b saHaibci; npHxoxHjioc& orsasancfl 
OTB npoxojsenifl jexiuH. Torxa-ro nysxa sacraBEja DO^reHEaro 
HacraBHHKa bchomhitb o Tot leKipH, xoropyH) obi roroBBjrL oo6- 
c»eHHO AJifl o6epB-npoBypopa. CaasaBniH, «ito npaBHxai saBJíBnai)- 
npiíca vb EopifieB KoHri, npeHMyn^pciBeHHO cocrom hbi nocia- 
HOBJíeniĚ BcejieHCBBXi co(k)poB^ obi npatSaBBXBy ^to eny xenepB 
Haxo^HO roBopBTb o6h BTHXX coóopaxi, E, pa8yM'6eTai, Haqajii&ci 
nepsaro HaBeicsaro, ne juonwh hh o 6ypHBrb d^enarbi bs 
neiTB nponcxoxiBDiBxi, hh o penpuMumb RrácTannHa Beuxaro 
0Ti](airB cotfopa. Yse naHerHpHBfb PoseHxaMnýy npoasBefb na rpi^^ 
HedjuuroHpiiTHoe sne^aurtHÍe, ho jesipa o nepBOirb BoeieHCBOxi 
co6opi OKOH^aTeiBHO yfi^xHia ero, ^nx> o. KjBMeHTBy npaBOCJiaB- 
Hilmifi H8i HpaBOCxaBEHXXy npHHaxxesHTi Kh onaaHHuiTb jB6e- 
paiam; npH Biowh ytfftsxeHÍH rpa4^x lyrB ne naacerxa ocraBaacfl. 

SaHHMaacB npeHMyn^ecrBenHO yneÓHOH) ^acTBH) vb nepsiie xba 
npiiaxiiy rp. IIpaiacoBi o6paqaji& rasse BHHMaHie h na xpyiú 
ucth; h OH^ft He onenB Mora eny noHpaBBTBca. Sa^HeHM^Hieici 
HXBefiqapa hhkio ero ne BcrpirBJíi npH Bxox:b bi asaxeiriK), h 
eciHdii OHx ne asan hpobobuítíiice CBoero BypBepa, nopaxovflo 
BHaBmaro asaxeMÍH), to eny hphhijiocb Ca fpjiTonMO noHCBan 
BaaccB H, nosaiyfiy xftse noBanyTanca vl Boppnxopaxi okoío 
iiepBBH. H Ha^ancTBO, sa HeHMinieMi iaiseniBdh^pa/HeBXpyr& 
ysHaio O npííbvxi ero daieiBCTBa h hbhjiocb npe^ HHHiy npE- 



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nnvBTProKAi jmůmiM iraxmu. 148 

# 
raa mjioG& n Jiwn^ oxHoro penopa. Hecnenop^ au, bo uu* 
híd saxol-TO wA cyf^ímaiUf n o(Sa pan nribn Hy«xy (ten n 
ropoxi; a pmopi, ae cobcAmi (SxarocBJOHmiĚ vb KHcneiiopy, 
ofeacHEiTB ero oicyrenáe HetfjaronpiinHim xu eero o6pa8oirB. 
GiacTiHBo eqe 6hjo asaxenieeMe HaiaxBcrBO ifan, no rpa^ 
npi nepBom BmsrA enaiaia orapaBUca vh xjaccH ■ npofiím 
Wh BMXh 6ojňe Hacy; 6ch6h ob% npaiio nomen no aousm iok- 
Hárám, to noxnot an Hax% HaioiXHyjica 6u aa lasji) cqaBjr, 
KOTopaa npHBeia 6h ofo n apatnee HeroxoBaHie a yxaaaeHie, a 
ismUcA cb 'Awh xaja eay npaBO noTpeÓOBan oiciaBaa pearopa a 
aacneaiopa. A^^^jo cociouo vh loicky vro, aa ocHOBaaia crapaa- 
Bsn npejiaHÍft, Tataorn a aporaai bojui aa^aiBCTBa, ciywBTH 
yerpcaBajn ffuae vh XMMurh aoMaaTan ai^vro ai pox^ naaaa- 
aon, aa aoTopiirB MarepíaiaKa xu BEmaBaa cjiysaia Boxaa a 
poM%, aja aoHBUi, a xu saaycaa zjMh a ooa a paesi aoj- 
(Saca. Taaol-TO naaaaKB npoaczoxajrB bi oxaot an aonBan ciy- 
xeaiecaan a rp. IIpaTacovB aon 6u aia sacraTB ero vh hojumotb 
pasrapi, aia, no apalaefi aipi, BaxfitiB aeQDMHJbaaae cjAxh ero. 
El cnaciuo, bb Bsemem oixbieaia, ayxa eaanaia npi&Lan a 
vfjb aaxoiro ocmBaica rp. IIparacoRb^ 6un aoBaifi a xoraxiaBHft 
ciyxenn A. y., aoropaft, ycaonsayBnia vn ajacca, npatifacan 
aa nnanaai a BOSBicraxB o rposanieĚ onacnocra. Ilocaopte no- 
dapanoa apatfpaTB tfynuaa, noiymro^H, aycaa xjriMSa a iqM>i.| 
nparepeiB croii a noai, a noqpexcTBom aypeaia caoaaa saray- 
noTB cnaproBHt sanaxi vh aonaart, Taai no rp. IIpaiacoRbi 
tesma Vh arofl aoMaairb, aeaon a noxosp&aan, ms6 sx^cb npo- 
aooxaxo sa nacB an naca sa nojropa. 

rpaJTB, BB oOa pasa npiteaaa npaao bb ajiaccB a lam xoiro 
oetaBaacB, xaBaxB BOSMoaaaociB aicaojBBo nonpaapuiB aetSiarosax- 
HSUL CToponH aaaxeaa^ecaofi sa8aa. Oryxeami acnojaaa npaaa- 
staie HanajBOTBa zoxbtb bb ajiaccB bb aaBeaaoft oxesxi, bb go- 
BOBynaocra npexciaBiaia no-io oxaootfpasBoe no aa^nraocia, no- 
xoxHJur aa BOcnaraaaaaoBB oxaoro a toio se yqaiania. IIoioitB, 
aoaa rpa^ saaaM&iCfl yietfaoi) nacTBi) bb aiaccaxB, apaciyra 
yenfaaia npaBecni sajnia aoMaaTH CTyxearoBB bb nopixoaB, no- 
npaBaiB nocieia, noaparepeiB sanarnaBaua atoa aa noiazB, no- 
oŠfHcraTB BOBxyxBy OTapBiBnia ^pro^aa a noaypaBma aaaam- 
jh6o naxymiB BenteciBOMB. H aorxa rpa^ ocaaipasaji aonaam, 
10 aaxoxan arB xotb bb nicaojaao caocaoMi bvx^. lípa bobitb 
loaB eay aaoroe ae noapaaaiocB. Bi sovub nepaaro CBoero aa- 
8Bia oBB samen kb penopy a wmi Bucaasan caoe aaiaie o 
paBBHxi 8aMÍ9eBBHZs axB aexocraTaarB; emfi 6ojAe obb aaroao- 



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144 Bwmvh rapoBH^ 

pan, xorxa- aa xpyrofi hjk m tperiB ffiub pesiopi npi'&xftn 
Kxaitwapff^ ero u BHsm. He raái) noieny, tojbbo bc& yjiy^- 
memfl nocrt storo orpaBiiaiHCB rtm, ira sa napaxHOMi bzqxI 
Bi aBa^eidD nocraBierab tfsiji nnettivtlKb, Bnpoieir&, Óes^ tfyjnmi, 
TprfTOJUiBOfi nujinH H MHfH wpen niCTo; bis npvHaxJesHOcni 
cd^Tean 6umr HrapBmHHMH xia ^xoBHaro yiietearo aasexeiifl; 
lyn CTMii npocro oteiaBHoS caixarB b% boobhoS nniBejH b ýy- 
passft. noQii BToporo npifexa rptníffh Óun H^KOBOUBie iipes- 
HBTO, aaiiiTHBs, iTO Bce ocraercfl no npesHeiiy. Bbxb (5^noies- 
HOGTb CBOBrb eotňaowB b saMŠ^aniSy oai nocii BToro, sasercfl, 
Bmfbcto peiorHOci^fpoBOBS pfipnurai ca^atb Baciofln^ Bamecníe 

B nOpaSBTB npOTBBBB^BXCfl BIB, BO KpaflBett iribpi, He CJiyHMO- 

opiCB ero BiacTB* 

3h Tperift pasi cjyuftBo, bib HaifipeHBO, rp. IIpaiacoBi 
npi&xan vh to BpeiUy xorxa ctjneam ne CEfjbm bi BJiacci, a 
otfJMin in^ cTOiOBOft. HacBxfoniBCB bi RaaoBHom ojiaiBt wh re- 
HCTie ^ersipexi iaeoB!&, MHorie wl hbxi cfipocBia ero h Haxtn 
CBoe, AAse xajaiH, a xpyríe xoTb b saseBHoe, ho yss cjiHmisom 
noHomefifloe b sacaieHBoe, xuše nepenoHieHHoe, nepeeajieHHoe h 
(bBBBoe KB pytíHB^airb. E bi shibsl KOMBaTaxi pacac^MWiiBCb 
no eBoeny. HioMy ne saxorfijocB npafipaŤB CBHHyroe luaTBe n 
Hua^; OBI 6pocfln ero aa bpobbtb; xpyrott nanien nysHHKB 
HOJíesaTb HeMHoro na CBoefi nocieji, b ipe» to npBMBjrB ho- 
XymKB H noHax^axB cKxaxosi^ na ox^jí; Ton, pacTBopaBon 
nnaJKBy nocjt bo ycH&ii» dBTBopBTB ero, h TaKBM'B o6pasoic% cx^^- 
jiaii BBXBMHm tfesBopaxOKB, Tairb FOcnoxcTBOBaBBiifl; BrorB ae 
no^aÓOTBJCfl saxBBHyTB cBot cyBxyBx noxB spoBaTB, vh xoTopat 
eiiy Hya^o 6umo 9sl^m%'T0 sarjaayTB; Msorie se ne nj^paifl 
CBOHTB BHBrB B TefpaxeS, a pas6pocajiB btb no ctojuutb b Bpo* 
BamcB, B np.y h np. 

Fpa^, BomexBia rb crojOByK), 6urh oiibho nopaseai pasao* 
o6pa8ieM'B B, nosajiytt, (JesodpasieMi oxesxn aa ciyxeBTax'B. He 
roBopio yse o sacaieamizi, pasf^maamm naHBOBBXi CB)pi79BBi* 
BarB, eny npaznjocB lyrB yBBx&TB xaiaTH bs^b Tepnajami, xase 
maaejB b XBa-Tps Tyjyna. Ilocjrifcxaee noBaaerca crpansHirB; ae- 
yacejiH n ctojoboA 6um zoioxao? HirB| ryn Úim ocoÓHtpas- 
CHen. HiBoiofme cryxeHTH bmíjui oóuBBOBeaie nporyjBBaTBCi 

TOTWCB HOCli Otfixa B BOTOHy, HO SOiaB BBOBB BOBBpan^aTBCfl VB 

KOMHaTH aa xenjuiii BJiarBeMi, zoxbjib bi croiOByio, aaBHXHBaa 
aa ce6B niBHeiH b Tyjymi. A^a rpa^ Tasoll iiacBapaxB xo la* 
Bot cieBeHB 6ují% aeosaxaHBHirB, ^to ob% HBiero ae uon cu- 
saxB vh craiOBoft a nocnimaxB nottra vh sbíhá BOMaam a vpes^ 



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nmPBfproiii a^xobsu a&áxuúi* 145 

TO orapeiigTcneBan nociaHHOt 6íup lyxa npwiyrt npnecra Ke 
n ■maammjg oopitfn. Taims o6piBOia) npwb uurL ub* 
MKk onopemDie mxa^Aiy le aa^umyme n<u& xpoBtra cyHjQrBB, 
p&s(^QeaHHHa bcd^qt ibbti h uane, muma noctaoi xasa hí* 
cmíuo BiirjuuiiBaBiDixs wíhbiunb& b umevK «TpanBp:b ho-a 
gxkE UH M8apitt»?-*cMBarb ohi B& HerojiOBamH b tfHcrpo no- 
mea b& BiaccH, vb auy. OftBBm aotoio BpexeBB úarkOffiwi 
aioiom^ BoiopoMy obi^ eob xpcaAOD CBasan: ^Baxrb bs^bo bo* 

yVDMB*. ClOpO BOQNHCfc AMlBCb pOBTOpB B BKneBMpB, B rpt^ 

nonan n (řounde cíbb b jqwffE caMsiA bhxoxpbi bs:^ bste 
ocnBOBBJíeji. Tyn upoBaoBuoi mioro poxiR aieia. 

IIpejiaaBue oeOft se coBeim iq^BUBBLB WTBpeyrojUHBBi; 
HA oxBOWfc yrjqr ero. cioBn paBxpaaemmt rpa^nb, aa xpen xpy- 
rm p^rofTB, BBcaeBK^ b bbobobi asMeBifl— cb&icbií Bacras- 
hub; Basxiift bbk wtuch xan^h on gbobx!^ xsyxab ood^^ huo* 
jpiicfl Vh iVs— 2 apaiflB«u. 3aiÍBft n bíbotopom!^ paaerosiBiB. 
OTE 9iofi rpynini, BUTSByjBCb vh crpyssy meefiAaprL b yniepi- 
(4amep!E. Kpoxft toto, lasik CKasan, n vMydaA tm&BUy Bffb-sa 
cioj<k)B» GÍBdl B Hn oocd^j^En BoppBAopoBik BsruxHBaiB my 
TOBCKia roiOBBB JAÓoniiTHiizi ciyxgHiOBiiy BOiopae, Be CMorpB bb 
ooacBoeTB noDacn Ha iMaaa ciottqr BaiaiBciBy, ci sbxboctbk) 
npBMynfHBaMCB b iqwirjaffiBaiBCh vh tobj, hi6 iqK)mzoABao bb 
riaraofi rpynni. Tpa^, no Bpaftnei Mipš, noBBXBnoBy^ 6um% 
paMpa«e«B xo caiiaio BOjnuii (!paBBjib| bjb, RasB otfHsnoBeBHO 
roBopan, pacnmoM np^ooiBnuai npex^ wan uobobb asaxe* 
loraeciaro iqM&ieak, aa ^em mbrb aoBn. GMOipa bb BooBsiie 
MysiapK B ocansy rpa^ momao 6ujío 6u noxyícauy ito lyn noj- 

BOB&BX& paCHčíUmM CBOBX^ O^BI^epOffb 8a TO, HTO BXB BCrpÉTBlB 

oxfcrHBB B6 BBBoesByio ýopBy; Tasiiiajo sasadioa bípohthhmi, 

1306u nOIBOBHBBl BOPB ÓpBBMXb, BBOHHO 6paHBTB| CTOUnurb 
njffigS, HBm X^Xl apiBMBimWlOB^, Kb nOJUHOMl CMMCli nO^TOB- 

BBX%] na mei oxioro B9h bbxb nc&ui opxen^ Abbh b BiA/ff 
Bipa« Penoprs npBjun no^ leiOB&Ba, BOiopiiS nyBcrByen, ^xo 
ch wuvb nKh BDGiynaTB ne jifiMMMOy no buícA cb Awh bohb- 
xaen, no lyn HB^ero ho gtJhjaemB a paaxpa»eHBBan cbbob- 
HiioB!b. HHcneBiopi ropxo b cb xoeiOBwnrBOKi, bíckoubo ot- 
KiayBB Ha8aA;b roiOBy^ BiipaaajiB bib CBoeBi Ju^fi b yxBBieBÍei 
I fifiOáfQfy B bmícií cb Am3» roTOBHOCiB san^BnMitbeB, dBOBOin, 
laiB noci^AHiUi cnHQa n aiofi BOMCBBitl) ne motb srpars hb- 
saiofi pon. Pesvop^ mojluai^, bhobbiop^ b xaxe ašonowb bboew^ 
loe-^To BHCvaBHBajn; rp. IIpaiacoRb tíojie h 6oiie ropa^BJíefl; 
(MOBB eio He cocraasuB nocAffiWteMhwA piu^ a csopfie no- 

Ton lY.— iDi&y 1888. 10 



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145 Btermn hfcoh. 

xoxHjni HA BOxy n noporaxft, rx6 ona npiiraer^ uyteicH cb 
saMHii HA uiieHB, myMm, paótfnaecoi, otenoi h Byxi^-io ic^e- 
sA^n. HasoHei^, oh% Bticsasan caifyD cinsyi) yrpoqr. «3Hieie 
u, iTÓ fl ci Btm cR&Jnw? <fl Baeib sanum... sanru) xyxa—Tyxa 
3aiiuE)»... Ho 9Ta HeftocsftsaHHU, m, nošen Óotb, HejxoiSo- 
BHCBasiJBaeMafl yrpoea, Baoseioi, Hanomnija rpa^y, vro okb ho- 
MHOSBO nopasropímcfl b au^bob^m uojBiesca. ycnoBOBBaaa 
Maio-no*iiaiy, oe% en^e iiotipaHuca h^koiuo BpeiieflH, bo yse 
HO ch npesBBB!b asapfOMi, nómen kb osflxamflBi ero caBsirB 
B y&zaxB. OÓpyraBBue uesti DpasjíoBUE, aoBJOBHBmBCb ero m- 
TOJBCTBy sa ero BaeiaBBTenByH) ($eekxy» Bona orapaBBiBCb bi 

CBOB BBBpTBpH; TO^BBO peBVOpl, OÓpaTBBBIBCB Vh BBCnOBrOpy B 

MOflOMy, CBasan: «^ Bam sa oxora 6iija roBopsTB? Cjobb 
rpaýa otbocbibcb bo BcfavB bbitb booÓb^, nwtwj ub%^ taaa 
HaunflBBy aBaxeififl, b cjAxoBaio ctaAuxh OMy; (Sen mobb bh 
MoriB 6h roBopBTB, By a npB mb^ bbmi bo kb ^eicy 6sio oro 
X&iaTB». 

E^Ba jiB BO flpflBO Bn asafleBiB rp. IIparacoBi saixaix k:b 
M. Gepa^^Biiy b onBcajn ee caMUKfl wpBSMB BpacaaMB* BcBop& 
santm npBmejTB pesroprB b Banán flCBaiB su^bth y ciapBBa 
npoTBn BanaxeBitt b sparaisaHit rpa^, Be npoBonan mase b 
o TOBi, m£0 yBBSBTB asaxeMB^ecBOo saiaiBCiBO ÓpasBD^ npBiom 
npB cowaiaxfB^ se cAfjeuh. OxqtBBi, hto BaeHBaeiaí, tfiun 
Mesxy XByxB orBoS. Kan MOBaxy, eiiyi pasytriterea, 6iuo se- 
npiiTBOi no nonoanwB takb (SesitepeiioBBO odjpaoiaeica n xByxa 
^^xBMaBApBiaMB; bbbi BanajBBBBy aBa^oMÍB, oBy bo bofjo tabso 
BpaBBTBCB no9TB*«TO BacBncTBeBBoe BiopseBie xpyroS Biacni n 
ero co(kn!BeBByK> o6iacTB. Ho cb xpyi^B ciq^KNm BOdfcxBien 
ToiBipifla B HettOBB, BaseiCBi yse bo nyBCTBOBan n ce(% xo* 
craTOwoft BBepríBy htoÚu BCiynBTB n orapHiyK) ÓopBÓy cb bo- 
Bmn o6epi-npoBypopoB'B, Boropofi cum jaodMMUfiWB BHnepaiopa, 
BO BO AjoBCBBxpa I, B Hbbojuui L Obi B86paj*B cpexBKW, lun 
cBasaTBy npBMBpBienByB) neioxy, tbkb BpaBBQQnK>Cfl (JesxapaBiqi- 
Euwh jiioxflmi ocoÓOBBO cxapBBaMii. <Hy hto aae, — POBopBn obi, — 
BCopanTe Bce, nero seaaen ero ciarejaciBO, bo sajrbfire xeaen*. 
Ho ciapBKB Be owbb pasn^xP'*!^ ^a bio BCopaBieflie; on cBy* 
nocTB n, BJB on BenoBBMaBÍB fjkn, obi noiararBi qto Bce 

BCnpaBBTB MOSBO BBlTOafflOD CyBHOH). <Hy 9T0 so laMi,— iipBfia- 

BBn owhf — nero cioan BaBBrB-BB(!yxB 200 — 300 py6.> Ho nnaiy 
BOJiarajiocB lorxa 120 lejiOBisib cryxeflion b 6ojAe 30 ^oiob^kb 
caysBTeieS; npesxe Boero kmsl yxofiieiBopoBia Tpe6oBafli8 rpa^ 
BysBO 6sijio xopomesBBO oxitn btbxi 150 lej. H Bon Ofei^i 



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lannmcKÉJí xyxoBiia lUKomí. 147 

HiiajBHasi ooBŠíyen ne CKyanBca h HaxoxRn bobhoshums 
iCDpaBiTB Bce, ecn q>exHrarB TOCJioirB ea Basxftro ciyxenra h 
ciysEiejui 6jffiTh HCipaiieHO no 1 p. 34 k. Hjra no 2 pytf. ne 
eepeópoiTE, a accHrnaitínH! Ha lasui xeHBrn nejEBsa xase (^siao 
cmm Bc£iii cryxeHTairb n cjysirejiiiii no nopaxo^nofi ^ypassM 

He oÓomjiecB, san cramHO 0hjio, tfesi ciiteHii h fe cb. ch- 
BO|i; HO ijTb BcrpiTMca %ji0B%VB, BOTopoMy, no pyccBoS no- 
cioBHitt, ne aysHO Óiijo sa cjobomi jiasETB vh sapManx. Ch 
106HHOD OTBpoBeHHocTbH) H, TavB csasaTB, HeyxepsHMOCTBH) rp. 
OpatacoBi pascBasajii o CBom BBSBraxi B<b aRaxeiiiio, npexcra- 
fiin ee vb otBpaTHTejiBHOirB bhx^, o^bihaji peKTOpa bo bc^x^b 
nlxemorB nrB (SesnopaffsasB n B^xocraTsax^ h npexiarajrB 
ckíhitb ero. 3a pesiopa BcrynuHCB, cBajiesafl Bce na cyn^ecTBO- 
BaBnúfi en^e x&bho xo nero nopiixoni, Bnpo^eirB saiiŠTHjiH, 
iTO npe nepBoS orspoBmefiofl apxiepeftcBoS BasaHciH ero mosho 
<^erB cx^axB enncBonoirB. Ho rp. EparacoBi npex^araitB npocro 
cmíhbtb h nocJiaTB ero vh saKofi-XBÓo MOHacnipB, uki nejiOBi^Ba 
Heiaxesnaro h Bnojint necnocofinaro kb sanuTiH) enncBoncBoS 
naexpH. Hocii btoto npiirraopa^ xavB Torxa pascxasuBajH, xo- 
cioBcidfi HHTponojiHTB $HjiapeT'B ÁpoBXORB Bciajii ch cBoero xicia 
I, o(^MmiBniHeB vh oópasy^ CBasajrB: <tojibko bo BpeiieHa roHenifi 
Ha i^epBOBB, iioxefi, noxoÓniixi Tenepemeeify oti^ pesropy sx^nraeS 
tiaxeidH, c^HTaKKrB ne cnoeoÓHiniH itb saHATÍK) enHCBoncsEXi 
iaeexpi>. CaoBa bxh 6um Tan neosExannu h p&m, npoHsne- 
omi CB rtxi yiiÍQBeifi npnxaBaTB bícb sasxoMy OEOBy, boto- 
pun OTjranaicfl ^HiaperB JÍ;posffimf hto rp. IIpaiacoRB ne p'6- 
muea nosa npoxojisatB ÓniBy cb ^thitb rposniurB npoTHBHHSOiťB. 

PeBiopi asaxesui, cnpaBexJWBO ocRopfijieHHiifi rpy^HirB, xosna 
oasaTB, eojixttrcsHiťB o($paqeHÍeii% oC^epx-npoBjpopa cbhhici, na- 
xoxuca Vh ÓojBmoiTB BaxpyxneHÍH. Ero yse ne otohb mcbobo 
npiBflXB rpa^TB nocjri^ nepBaro cBoero uatuecmeis udL asaxeMÍio. 
He CMorpa na to, ^to oho OTjmajrocB na^ajiBHH^ecKBMi xapaxre- 
pom, TOTffi, emfi Boe xynajiB, hto 9to TaatB — HH^ero, ne 6ojAej 
un ^^aHrasiH xojoxoro noiKOBHHBa, h noroiiy pesropi na xpyroft 
xeHB nocjš nepBaro BHanra rp. DpaiacoBa cqeji otfasaHHocTBK) 
noixaiB Vh nexy n tojibbo noffAínodapumt ero sa nodn^enie. Ho 
yemxajrB otohb cypoBaS OTBfai: <8a hto se bu 6xaroxapBTe? 
m Hoi oiifBaHHOCTB; a 6un y BacB, KaicBHaHajBHHBtB>. RaKHTB 
opiBfacTBifi xoamo 6um osHxatB lenepB otb pasxpasesHaro noj- 
VMBxa? H noioxy peaiopB ne toubo ne TopouHJicfl^ no xase 
He xorikii 6hjo teaiB wh nexy x^a o(JiBCHeHÍ8. Ho exy noco- 
B^Ban B8x%HHTB CBoe HaxipeHÍe, h bi ^mcA cobíthhbob^ 



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148 Bscnm ibpoiuí, 

daxh G$M% uwfpoBOMATh ^ui^en JI(pa8xon. PenopB, csptei 
cep/me, ompaBuca n rposaoiiy HOMMy BOMMXPpy iKaxeiiiH, ho 
npexBapHTejiBHO Baqaccfl bc^mb cvbAiuuuB^ botophmh mosbo 6hjo 
CMflr9HTi> rn^vB ero h 8amHiBXB cetffl. Oabb^ nprizaiXi — xojo- 
amjE; xpyrofi Bumeai, h sanuca pasroBOpi* 

— r Hy UTO?— csasaai ofieprL-npoigrpopi,— ^o cuseie? 

— Bame cuiTejiwiBO, — orsittn peBiopi,~B% nociifleift pftss 
6uBmH BL aBaxeiiÍH, bu o^obb ocraiHCB nexoBouBH eiD. 

— A TO pasBt MOSHO 6h» eio xoBOJiiHiiiiiy Korxa Tam 
Tasoe MHOsecTBo 6e8nopflAlM>Rb. 

— 2 npiixan icb Bameiiy curaeiBeiBy sa HacmsaemiiiiE, 
iaa'b H m6 BcnpaaHTB; mh booih^ roroBii; Bóra paxv cmaure, 

nÓ Bam He DOHpaBBlOCB? 

— Bce, Bce, Bce, 

— BoHe^HO, H caMfl nu BHaem, ^iro y eacb MHoroe nysEO 
HcnpaBHTB, HO exBa jib Bce y naci fjfEo; Bon, nanp.i nsipa 
CTyxeHTOBi HeysejH xypHg? 

— Hy H^TB, ona xopoma. 

— TaBi nosBoaBTO ysnarB, qró BMeHHO Hysao HaicB BCQpaBBXB? 

— Hy x& BOTTB y BacB oxeBxa ciyxesroB^B oieHB j^rpna. 

— dro.coBepmeHHO copaBexJiiBO, saioe ciareucTBo; mh i 
caMH 8T0 SHaem. 

-* 3Baere, sHaere, a noneuj se se HcnpaBuere? 

— He vniewh npasa; wtb noioa^HO no ycrasy, mh Boe bh- 
xaoMi cryx^HTaMtB, a CBeprB ycrasa mh HBiero ne BMÍeM'B npasa 
xiJiaTB. 

H TyrB pesiop^B nepeucun Bce, ^ yeravB npHxasHaai^B 
BHXftBaTB ciyABHTaM-B no HacTH oxesAH H 0^Bfl H np., onBcaxB, 
saB-B 910 HexocTaTOTOO, B yBBdaii sa nfeoTopne npexMerH, bo- 
Topne ocoÓeHBO nysEH. 

— ^a no^ieMy bu, sHaa bc£ 9tb HexocTaziai, xo cbx-b nopB 
ee npexcTaBifliB o hexb fb bommhocíh) xy^OBann yqHiBnti? 

— HsBBHBTei Bame cíBTeiBaBo, aBax9MBHecBoe Ha^aiBcsBO 
He oxBHB pas^B yse nHTaiocB HCopaBBTB h bodojihbtb cryxen- 
necByK) oxesxyy ho eMy ne xobbojbib MÍbiaxh bto, hju fjBMe n 
caMOMi Ha^aii ocTaaaBjraBajH ero npQxiCTaBjeHÍB, 

H TyTB B^e poBTopB pascBasan o tomIi ht6 Óhjio bsb^so 
eny oOh 8tbxi nonHTBax'B. HoroMfB rpa^ cran yBBBHBBTB bb 
pasHHe xpyrie ÓesnopHXKH h HexecraraB b wl CBoeMy yxBBJíeHÍK) 
HOjy^axtB OTB pesTopa otb^th acHne, oTieraBBue. ToFxa Wh 
nepeMÍHBn Banaxeaie. 



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niTBPBTproBii x^xoBiiií kKifjajá. 149 

— fyk BH, YTotfa Bce ycTpoHTBi B%pMTHO, noTpetfyeTe xHoro 
flOBcA e^MMii? B^HO 9Toro xotfiBaerecB? 

— HiCBOAM se xyiiaem o&h btoitb, Bame cunejiBCTBo; Éanp., 
oxwxy ciyxeBiOK mi jJiyqinHirB Ha nojioseHHHt ycTaBom OBjíaxi, 
ne Bcnpamnaa 7 BacB m oxffot Konitra. 

— Ta» y Bací, BHa^Hiib, teneps otb co^epatamfl cry^eH- 
Tovh ocraercs xHoro xeeerL? 

— JlIMcTBineuHO lan. 

— A noBBOiBTe ysHaxB, — cb capBasxoM'^ cnpocBJíi rpa^ 
npaTieoBi:~Byxa aae jrbBaercii ara cyMMa? Pasffb pacxoAHtcji no 

BtpMaHaiTE? 

Tyn pesTopi, ¥Ohox% HecnpaBexiVBO ocsoptfjreaHaro ^lexo- 
Biia, ciasan: — mBHHHTe, Bame djirencTBO, bh HánpacHO eaci 
lan o6Hsaefe; y eacL ocraToraaa cyíma He pacxoxHTca no 
upiianairB, a bhochtci vh oneRyncRÍB cobítb; Bcefi tmoř cyMMii 
vh asaxeMiv HaOpajiocB ^o 350,000 p.; BBBBHne, Bame cifliejiB- 
ctbo, no upiiaHairB ona ne pacxoAHTCfl. Ba nacB Hanpaeno o($h- 
asaeie. 

OtSepx-npoBypopi, ne CMorpa na cboio ropnHocrb h neroxo- 
Bisie, san ^lejoB^VB ynnsitt, xoOptiS, 9ecTini8 h cnpaBexJinBHfi, 
yBBxan, 910 aaaxeicH^eciioe aa^aiBCTBo BOBce ffe lan bbhobho, 
lan evy cb nq^Baro pasa npexcTaBiajioCB. Ho ne sejrair en^e 
Bnoini onasaiBca otb na^anEHiecBaro rona, owh csasajn:— ecin 
7 BacB ecTB x6HBrH na HCupaBienie oxesx^, TavB caop^, saBxpa 
se x%xa&Te npexctaBJíeHie; xh Tornaci se pasptmexi BairB. 

— 3aBTpa 9toro neiBsa cx^JiarB, — (mfbnhxh pesropi. 

— A noveny ůu leath? 

— noioxy Hio npB cocraBiemn noBaro pocnacanifl ciyxen- 
^eeaott oxeauii, Baxo6HO MHoroe coo6pa8flTB, o0xyM&TB, ocbšxo- 
xnBci o i^bHan n np., tame curre^BCtBO, ubi aairB yroxno, b% 
xeBB 9Toro BBBTO se cxíftjiaerB. 

— Hy, Tan BOT% Bani wx) cpon Tpn xhb; n btotb epon 
HeiipeiitHHO Bce npHroTOBBTe.— Ha btoitb pasroBopi h noKOn^HjieB. 



noPASBBiD rPi«A IIpatáooba. 

Bb aaaxeuH fflt^ajiacB nocnimHaa pa6ota; c^Brajn, pasciBTH- 
ttn, nean, pacncHBajiB, nepenncHBaxfr, copaBJíiJiHCB o iiiĎHax<B 
fl mjonecnfk xaTepiajiOBx, nysaiixi na oxe^xy^ cnpamnBajiH 



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150 BMrmKb iBřom* 

ciyxeflxoBi, n %ii% ohh Hyxjuuoicfl, h A^ftcrBiiejBEO ycniii bi 
ipH xHfl noBOHHHTB saxaHHyi) pafioiy. Byiiara 61111 HanicuH j 
se no ^pifi, 0681 BCflsaro 8arjmBÍji; ohí, cmmimo uwk noiniiTCfl, 
HanflaiHCB ^yn ih oe cjiixyK>iitB]fH ciOBam: «iio ycraBy ^QrxttB- 
HHXi asaxeMÍS noioaieHO BUf/MUk Basxoxy cxyABHTjr ei&eroxBO 
io*To; Ha XBa roxa to-to> h op. Pearc^ noeen ee n rp. Ilpa- 
lacoqr. 

— Hy iTO? — caasan rpa^rB, ysEAtBiini peirc^, — Bce npi- 

raiOBBJH? 

— Bce npiroTOBHiB) Bame tísaeMhOM, wn h eaMHfi npoem 
fl npBBesi Bi BavB. 

Tp94th OparacoBiy BBaBíHH Óyiiary, ofiacTB nponraB^ ee, & 
(Sojíe BuciymaBniH coAepsaBÍe ea otb pesropa, bo Bcen corjar 
cucá H cxaaan: cny^iaBi ciopie se A^alre npexeiaBjeHÍe,— 
jmwb ae>. 

— Bame daTei&CTBO,— OTBiHan pearopi^, — oosBoibie Hans 
Be x^aiB npexciaBJíeHiji. 

— 9to ^10 TBBoe 8Ha^HT%?— CB HsyMieHiem B HeroAOBaHÍeirB 
cnpocan o6epi-np(aypopB« 

— HgBHHBie, Baoie ciarencTBo; bbmi sejaTejBHO, 110611 x^ 
MKB MOSHO ciopie ÓHJO noBOHiOHo, B 4K)piiaiBHoe npexciaBiraie 
CB Hameft cxopoHii tojbbo BaneiMarB ero, xaaM nošen bctpítbtb 
DpeuBTCTBia. 

. — Kbkb TBBi? Oxiero? 

— Mti CHai&ia ffljmxai opexeraBBTB ipeocaBn^HsiSmesy 
MHTponouiy, xosBXBTBca ero pBdOJUonjiBj noioirB ucaTB HOBoe 
np^CTBBjíeHÍe vh bommhccíb) xyxoBHun yuiBiq^. Eponi tóro, 
ocM^BaKMSB xoaosBTB BameMy daiencTBy, hto, no Bceft B^poat- 
H0CTH9 BiícoxonpeocBfloieHHiifi iiHTpoixoíHrB exBa n ox€i6pHrB Baoie 
npexcraBJíeflie. — H lyrB pesrops noBit^Hn t0| it6 owb yse fo* 
Bopm o npesHHzi BeyxaBnuizca noniiTBazi asaxeiuriecBaro npaB- 
jOHÍa yiyiQiBTB ciyxeniecByi) oxesxy) a noiom pascaasai^ 
en^e o HewBHeirB BantiaHÍB m. Oepá^|«iia, hto mosbo bco nonpa- 
BBTB Ha 200—300 py6. acc. 

— TaKB *T0 se x^JI&tb? — cnpocHJTB ofepx-npoKypopx. 

— nyCTB BOMMBCCUI XT^OBHIIZl yiEMH^, npBMŠHHieJBHO K*B 

npexcTBBJíeHHOMy mhok) bbitb npeesiy, caiia cx^iaerB pacnopase- 
Hie, Ha BOTopoe ona nuierh npasoi ■ npexnHmen hbitb BBecn 
HOBoe noioseme o cryxeHHecsol oxesxi. A naci, cx^jaSie mh- 
jocxB, yBOJOfe otb npoxcmBjeeú; yBipaa) aacBi 110 oho bílk^- 
aaerB emm% mhofo xxonon 1 Heopianoetei a san^mn x^^- 
Fpa^ HaHien cysxeHie peBTopa oeHOBaTeiBHSirB b bssjs 



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unPBimttii xnomii ABixuii. 151 

0606 npoesn. %pem híciiubxo ffMA aajieimeaoe opauenie 
DOiTUJO DpexmcMie npaBecn ero n HcnoiBeme. Bnpoieir]^ 
BOHmoeu BeMHoro 4(iuo uoaon. Bea x&ixejBHOcrB ea oÓhei^- 
sijaa n toitb, hto npoesrB ÓyxBanHO 6HjrB nepeinicaH'b pysei) 
sKipk eiy eib npBtfftBjemem samBÚi n lami npeAnHcaHÍfl: 
B$ npae/ieme CrJIemep6ífp%CKCů difMenoů emademu^ h noroirB 
e^e taam: kommuccím dyxommm ynujmufu^ ycMompnet^ ymo^ m np. 
Bfioirt Tero n Boncb, pasjMierci, <Siui Hoxmes uena soMMicdi 
lýxoBHBi^ jnojHB^ rpÁ^a IIpaTaooBft, opaBneifl x^^ BapaoeB- 
enro ■, Kasercx, dKCDexnopa PoBaaoBt. 

BiqmeiTfc, rtn^ (bua iipadaima; xojnso ne nomra), 6iua n OBa 
mm&pBHa bs caMon npexnícamH, uh BscxasaHa ofiep^-nposy- 
pc^mn im cjwan. OpiiSasM eocioaja n ion, ^toOh se (k)jrbe, 
lasK n xvft Hex&ra' nperorouob bcA tí Benpii boh^eimh naB- 
jmo By jonon Ba oepBHl pan CBa6xBi& ciyxeBTOirb. ^la oii^bke 
aroro pamopaseaki aysBO saaffrrBT^ ^ro npexníícaBO teio sa 
neradi pan cnnib Basxoicy sn oyxeBTon (itcjio an 6iuo 
woio 120) BO npaaxBBiBOify CDpryqr cb (SpDxaMB b SBieroirb, 
no w>BafliBeif7 aopiysy, Tooe n tipioxaicB b SBieroBi, no ma- 
Ben B Teuofi ýypasiA, b Bpoirt loro, GBBŘwob saswro napoio 
yTBpajn>BBion, ipoMa aapaini BMBon, Tpeiui bocobhmb njaraaMB; 
ice 9m GKiiaza Ba ocaoBaBÍB cyqecTBOBainiBxi vorxa BocrasoB- 
jorit^ T.-e. iq^BwecTB Topn cl nepaopBBOD aocii npe^Bapa- 
leoBaro odaaiieBia o tomi n raterax^B b sce aro Benp^MŠBBO 
wmvrth n xaft sexiiB. OxBoro eyssa Tpe6oBajocB ao XByxi tb- 
cm ajBBBBi. Pe]iTOp!B nošxajix n oóeps-npoaypc^y npocBTB o 
(kurte x^BBaoirb epovfc, bo ero b ciyamn ae zoiIub. «^to bh 
bbí imopBTe, — roBopfln rpajrB, — Óyxro Beusa o^MyBjgipoBaTL 
BaflmxB BaBBXi-BB6yAB 120 ciy^eeroas n xbí bc^^b? ^a ssaere 
JB, iTO n TBBoft cpon MOSBO o6ifyBXBpoBaTB fl[ijiifi rBapAetcBifi 
flORib. Hf BpMrtBBOy votiii n AB% BexiiB Bce 6uMo roioBo; a 
cam íspiĚbrcij b nocMOTpD, Bas& tfyxen BeoojraeBO aio apaiasaBie*. 
ExBBCTBeBBoe oxerynieBie noiBOJieBO (kuo cx^kiaTB: ae ofoaBjrarB 
vh raaeran o Toprazi b neperopas^, a opflrjacsfB ai bbitb 
piBBBi% loproKi^n B nopTBHXb. SiaaTB ae craia; aa xperiff 
BiB ixk ^enepnat x^bb bo noJiyiefliB npexBBcaBia yse 6iuo 
roiOBo npexeraajieBie vb MarpoiUMBiy; npBvem npoBsomja cReaa^ 
loiopaa, BarB Beneš ly^me, xonsaxa) ^ero Moaao ůelm omxnKth^ 
ecjutiH Bce npeAOCiaBBTB aa B0.no m. Oepa^BMa. 

Jbjuerea bb aeMy, pexiopB cb npexcraaMaieirB, cb Bynei) 
rc^roBím jaeron, cb odpaBi^aiiB ^asa a i^rBXB BeaieB. 

— Gb ^&rB 8T0 TU apameiB?— copocHn m. Cepa^fliiB pearopa. 



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152 Btenm HFraa. 

-^ Oh npexeraBieHÍem Kh Bameny BBcraoiqieociuimeHCTBy, 
o TCKn, iTodii ycrpoHTB pasHyn oxesiy h iqnnrr& ptsHiui Beop 
Xifl ciyxeHTon, lorijiCTrie Dpexneanifl somacciv jQ^OBum yv-. 

«IM1I](&. 

— ^ Xft) srno, MB mm n lOMimecÍH onpextnii; la- 
Xo6eo cff%iaT&; rpa^ HevpoABHo ipetfjren t^ioro; Bce n^ cmo- 
TpHTe, CA&iUB? — H noiynn orvinn: eee^ pascuoi^i^i ^({pasipi; 
HÍKOTopHe m HHn, oooterao cyB&o aa npaaxu^Hue cttprjn 
noBa8ajn)c& ua^Brt cjHiinBO]r& yse xoponnvB, ho cefMSHaro 
BOspaseHÍfl OHI ne cx^jan. 

— Hy, xanttre npexerauene, a nvffkvanj ero, — ciasan obi 
petTopy, 

Orapei^ He cnur& ^Htan ace npexeraajeHÍe, ao (Steio sam- 
HyjTB n aero V| yBaffianiB mbosccim ivi^^) aula yace nepo 
vb pysan, cnpoc&n: «Hy a mo ace 9to tfyxen ciaHn?>^ — CyxMa 
npeasmajia 15,000 p., xase, CBonao ni noMnica, maa jnae 
(duo (íojie 17 Tucan py5. aoc. Rorxa peaTops caaaaai, no ace 
0yxen ctobtb 17,000 p., to Cepa^aa^ annycran nepo Wh pyaa 
H CB CM^R) asyif jieHÍa h Hexoya^aia capooan: 

— Saai?*. 9to tb roBopamb?.. Gbojmbo?.. 

— 17,000 p.,— omftun peaiopi. 

— C-e-M-«-a-í-ií-a-T-B T-H»c-a-^-*?.. cenaa^itaia rscavi? Ta 
xyMaemB, no a Boxnamy? Hy ya» afa^i, — a aib HerQxoaaaia, 
CBoea) ciapqecBOB) pyaoa> chimo orqxnrayn tfysara, aoropiia a 
ynajm Ha hojtb. PeaTOpB cotfpajrB, noxHaas h asan vrb vh cbm 
pyaa. 3ar6]rB enpocan: — eua aaarB, aaaie a^cím, se yroxao 
yTBepxHTb Hame npexcraaieHie, fo m xoxsbh xoaecra o loas 
aoMiiHcda xyxoaHBX% y^nuant^ a <mob6Cbd xmosht& rpa^. 

— 3to sa^Mi?— Bo^[)a8ajrb cmpeiCB. 

— HaiTB npexnacaao oxim cryxeaToaB aenpeirtHao n aiA 
Hexiia; y aaci a 6en loro ymao aftcaoiBao xael aa ropra a 
neperopacay. Ecjib m h ne acnojHam npeKnacaaia, to noxaeprHeaeg 
OTafacTBeHHOCTH. TaK:B noBBome yaie cx^aTB xonecefiie. 

— A& npaaxy n tu roaoparab? 

— noMaiyfiTOi Bame b<<ctbo, paeaft nám Moamo otfifaHHBan 
aacb vh npexciaBjeHÍa? J(a aon ne yroxno n noeHorpfen a caaoe 
npexnacaHÍe aonaoda fjTGBmxh y^raiaiqi? 

Oiapei^ sarjaHyjTB b% np^aaeaaie, x^io Umo acaoa. Ho aoe- 
Taaa eay ae zot^ocb yciynafb 6en <k>p&6H. 

— ^a TB noxyícafi oair&, — on ohatb 8aroa0pHj%,~caaifcao 
aftxB x^Mn sa oxasB paa^ acrpaTarca? BftxB c-e-B-H-a-x-it-a*T*B 
T»B-c-a-H-*! 



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IlTiP67Pr€Iiir X^OBtiA AKiXMUÍ. 158 

— ?T0 se A^aTB, Bame b-ctbo? Dix^ nan npexracaHo; Tas!& 
yroxHO ero cuTejibCTBy; Ham ocjyinancfl ero Hat^sa. 

UeperoBopH en^e hí^boibxo BpeiieHB npoxoisajrac^ vh rou% 
se TOH^; HO crapepi BBx%jr&, ^rro Haxo0HO noKOpBTBca 3jioB He- 
o(tzoxBiiocnr, h norpetfoBajTB npexcraBieme x^a yTBepsxeHia. Rorxa 
cn% yxe mnh Bsan nepa h xoria% Hanacan cbok> peioyinipi), 
TO apmija eiiy «fpasHaa hhub cspocm penopa: «By, a vro 
roBopsn ^ eryxeimÉř* Ompeip^ nserea, ooxaran, no v oiyxeHTB, 
]ioro6bo eiiy, tose npvmH i^ ysaes a leroxoBaHie, jrmaBoiB, 
fio Ha WBSh si^aK Tparajn 17,000 p. Penopi orBŠ^an: «CTy- 
xeRB OTen paxH BfMy». TciiuaBHni wmft (SewrpaxHfiri orvfcn; 
eiapei^i MeXjeHHo npofOBopvn: ^womwBmm^f h yrBepxvn npex- 
aaBjeaie asaxaiamtCBaro iipaBiama. 

nocjrt BTOro n aaaxeHÍH BaiaMe^ xxo&orfla^ opsanfajni h 
ocMaTpHBan naiepiajn h wíbjí, CHHMaia n crjfj&movh irtpn; 
BCEOfpb nopraoft, upnMBfliitt na ceiSa nrarte inopry^Him n^rb h 
Hnnexei, ^tyn ne iibauMH Bodána CTai'B xocmBjniTB nperotOBue- 
Moe njaíM h npnri^Ban wo. Patoia vanibaa. A^ aex^n co 
na HOjyveHÍa npexn^Hia o^ effiMfíb ciyxeHtoRE aoH^ajiae^ 
rpafn^ cx^sajcb CBoe cjiobo, npfbxajTB b% asaxenia); nepBiiai bo- 
npecom ero 6um: <By, ace ju roroao?* Ha caMOH% X^M rat^ 
HHoro Beo^el ne 6um cnmo, ho xonamoía, o(ÍiixeHHiia CByprjr^- 
HBH napH ctyxeHW yse nosjnrnnj pasHuiTB oitpasom 6ojr&e 
BOii^BHU ^pa^xHH^BIIX^ aoprywBib h maHeiel (taja HdroTOBxeHii. 
npa STOiTB aaaxem^ecme HawnerBO otinapysajio yaie oiniTHOcn 
n jiĚ^bmM nMawBan aasoaiifi aoHaqt. PaactHWBaa, vro rpa^ 
npaiacoBi, OGIH n[MxOTB ne ao-qieifa jentfftt nanen oeMorpí 
ciyxeHtoB^ c^ nepaaro snsa, nepetxen vmowh bo aropot, a 
pittBft yse nocjrb Toro garjraaen b% TperiS, oho nosa^kmuocB 
BDOjnb exfcB eTyxeflTOM, xmmMTí b% vepBows h atopom araarik. 
H DOTOMy Ha ejiOBB rpa^ <Bee jh nyiOBO?» OTBilian: eee. <Hy-*Ba, 
flolj^iiTe, Hoeito(rpun», oaasan rpa^. Bo Bckn aoiiHaTaxi 
BBaaaro stasa bhxh eiyxenroBB oxfmaai vehobso, es mowio^fítf, 
XOMaome cnpiyKH, ottb bbxhmo 6im xofioieai^ HpaaaasBan pad- 
erennan ciopfyiH, ?to4(b imxfeB svjem, noBepniBajii cryxeHiOBi^, 
taas HajfiTb x^ft^ W)((u nooforpin, aairE caxatB cK>pTyavHa 
cnHB§, saevaBJífljrb HaxIiBarB ne Toabao Hoaiiie npasxm^BHe ca)p* 
tyxR H nranen, ho h 4fypaaucB a, Baxa sce saaoH^eHHiiiii, ocrajica 
oieoB xoBOMHi, Hy BavB pate^iHTUBajiH, aa aepxHift aras^ h ne 
sariBHyjrB. Ho yxoxa m^h aicaxeiRH, oh% ne yrepatob, caasaanni: 
«Hy, B%XB BOTB roBopajniy wto bi xat Hex^xa Hejota 6hjo npa- 
roTOBan! Díqib sparoroiaia jKe!» 



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15i Bfiomn Bm»BH« 



o nPBOBPASOBABU IIBTBPBTPrOKOft JUXOBBOS AIUJISMII nPBHVFímCTBlHBO 00 OBPAa- 
1I^M% SAHMOTBOBAHEEIlIl H3% BATAJOOBÁ BOBBBHXl KAHTOHBOTOBl. 

Haiueemeie otiepíMipoKypopa Ha aB^xeiiix) npoBsaeio ipesBif 
qaSHO cuBHHtt roBopi n iierep6ypreB0irE MyiOBeEGtvfb. Boibbihh* 
CTBo &kiuo xyxoBeHCTBa, xuao BexOBOusoe CBOam yHinajuncexB- 
Hmrb noioseBieirBy j»xe pAX0BUOC& uvfiuwHíMixwb co^Hiiaic^ 
pascuwBajo o nrai vh yBautieaBinn i RappuaTypaiixi jiop* 
xarB) TopseciBOBUo mkb (Syxio nodijQr Ha^i (»oimh q^anuK. 
Ho MODamecTByDíiue iBaie CMorpin na wo. Bohmho, lorxit 
6hjo BOBce He pfixROCTBio, mo rtsoTopiie apodepei o6paaiaaBC& 
ci QOAWHeHHHMH HMi pesiopaiíH Be zyse rp. IIpaiacoBa. Bi 

9tOKb OTHOmeHÍE 0C06eHH0 BHXaBaJCfl MÓCBOBCiiS MBTponojiBn 

$HMpen Aposjíon, aoiopiil ea pftxKOiis hkb watneHon n 
CBOBzi asaxeMÍH h eemnapiaxi He yCAaotcanB pexTopoirb h 
iHcneKTopon xasi, ^ro y mavb boj^^hbh xposau, rojoci npo- 
naflan h xase cieeu noBaBiiBajBa. On i^ ch BeŮojammwh 
sa roKh Mfi 8Tm co6HTÍt wh aBanexis, npHeyrcrqra na nyiSan- 
HOiTB raaaMeHŠ bi nerepÓyprcBOlt ceMBHapÍB, n apacyrcnÍB 
MflrpraojBTa Cepa^Bica sasBan pes«>pa ea Mjpuom spH 
Bcftxi yiOBBBBxi B HacraBHHBazii Bcjyzí BoeS ny&aBSB; udbo: 
djfpata npoBSBeceao doM camim ptonirb, sBaHBBirB o6pa- 
Box^ dTB BenpBJBVHas BHzoxBB nopa8flja Bcftzi; peBTopi moi- 
^an, BOciTBiejB cx myuMemen noaiaTpBBaju Kpjn na xpyra, 
caMi Gepa^BiTB HAByrs kA ho coópaica cb xyzom, acaoca n<h 
riflXHHtn Ba ^Biapeia b yoie nofom wAn pesiopy BHSBan 
KB BBBaKeBaTopeaoMy ctoiy ji^yroro yqeHBsa. Ho 6paHB, BHCsar 
BHBaeMyB) apiiepeuMB, ii0HaiHecTB7B>flpe c^BTaiB CBOCH<m, booÓbx- 
HOD, xaae opB^aasoMi tixaroBOJeBii. IIocjrbxBia cjoaa sí roBopw 
BOBce Be Biyra. Busmifi n w bhíb speiieBa BHoneBiopoMi xocbob- 
CBoS xyzoBHoi asMeiciB EbahiiíS, ecjB saiiiian, ito xaipono* 
jnin ^BJ^pen, npBcyTCi^Ji na BBsaMeB^, bbkofd ho Cpanajn b 
CBx&n CMBpBo, TO o(faBBBOBeno rDBapBBa;!^ C!B ÓeanoBoftciBOinb: 
<axB! ani BiaxHBa ^to-io cepxBn bb Bac&». H ecia noTOMS 
BjaxHBa yase xbtcrBBiexbBO eepABica b paenenoM xase zotb 6h 
caBoro Ekuuinifl, to 9tot!b cb yxOBoneiBÍeM!B rosapBBajiB: «fly, 
BOTB, eiasa Bory, Biaxasa cian xBJ0ciHn». Ho ůipMh rp. Hpa- 
meoBB DOBasajacB xoBanieciByBMiiBn cjaniBon o6bxboi>, ^&rB*fo 
nozosBB'& Ba ocsop&ieBie eejiB ho CBBTiiBBy to JoojifAy Boiopsie 
npBBUBjfl cmaTB cetfa cbatubs b BeBpBxocBOBeBHSMB. Ohb t^Ims 



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niTiPBTFPOKAfl infimhŘ kuxnns. 155 

6oMte MaajHCB HeBHHOciiiov), ^m vh to Bpeufl MHoríe; a MOsen 
61ÍITB, H BC^ oooÓeHHO J^wue MOBaxH, Me^rajH o tomi, sarB Cu 
BOBO^HorarB micji^ xbjx-b eia]^Hirsiz'B apxiepeeBi: nerep^yprcBaro 
AvBpoeLi lOmiseBOTa i pociOBCsaro Apcema Mai^eBH^a. 

Ote 9TH apiHnacmpu npH EMnepaipHiti EiBsaBert nerpoBffb 
xjoflomjv o Kwi, msoda cb. chbojtb ocBo6oxim otb oÓep^B-npo- 
Mjfopií H ynpaBjeHíe xt^obehke x&iaiiH cxJ^aiB ciuijibso bos- 
MSHO msaBiCBiiHiii on MipcmA Bjacra. Miicib lOmseBna b 
HáB[6eBBHa ae nysxa 6112a MOHaiiiecTByiOBq^My fjxiíiBeBCfSBj b bi 
gggqiBaeiioe mhod Bp^u. CxHaoupi o. apxiMaHxpm EiBMeHn 
MosapoKB, pawoBapHMfl co mhm) o vp. IIpatacoBÍ, CBasajii: 
<roeBOXB! Focdoxb! K% neuy 910 aom^hoctb oÓ^^rB-oponypopa cb. 
emoxa nopynann MÍpaHaiíi? noveny 6u ae nopyuiB ee KaBOMy- 
al6o emcBonyi bxh apxBicaHxpvry? IIotomi, He ropasco a jynme 
6hjio 6Új ecjBÓH xojishocth otiepi-cexperapeS vh cb. CBHOxb 
8aHHMan apxBMaajipBTH h Hrynenii, a jiojshocth ceaperapefi 
--Bryifraii b iepoMOHaam? BtxB b^mctbo Hanie HasHBaorcfl 
j^OBHHM^. A MeflCjQT 'ťbwhj BomexníH bi Baei^irapiB) cb« CHHOAa,% 
■esxy cjya&anpiiH wb hoB ae yBaxaaiB aa oxaoro xyzoBaaro 
jíwnf^ sa bcímb ctommb caxim toibbo MÍpsae. ^Mse bi^ npa- 
cyrcTBeHaot shii cb. eaaoxa csoibbo cbxbti Mipfla%?» a np. 
lÍBCja^ BucBasaBBiui o. KiaaeaTOiii, npaaaxjesaja ae eay ox- 
BOxy, a Kbloxy erococďoauo, a noioxy Torxa aosao 6hjío cjíi- 
Bum: <iuttuuytTe! aavB bto moxho Ópaaarby iiparom npa nox- 
naeaHiin, — 6pMaTB apxavaaxparoBX? H sto aetfpaaBTB? MÍpa- 
Baai, iiojK09BaBi; bto aa aa ^10 ae aoxo«e». Jíjuie u. Cepa- 
imn ecja apaiio a ae BHpasaii CBoero BeyxoBoncTBia aa to, 
m rp. IIpaTacrai 6en iiepeaoaia pacaopasaeica vh ero aaa- 
xeaia, TO, no apaflaefi atpi, xocBraaiim o6paaoM'& aaMexajii, 
m> 0H% ^iMjn ÓojBmyK) oojatfay, aapasaB^ seMaie bbxítb vh 
Ci. CMBO^ o6ep%*npoKypopoirB rp. DparacoBa. O61 btoxi aai 
roBopBXB Tose o. fiiaxrarb MoBUipoB%. Oa«& cocrcaatB ae Toauo 
(kmaajaBpoinb aBaxexia, ao a ueaoiTB aoTep^yjmaaro aoHarera 
xyxoBHot qeasypH. CxiiaBBia sasofi-ro apoaarB ao i^asypi, 
o. SjaMean cven aa aeofixoxaiioe otfMcaaTBca otSfb btoitb ch 
aarpoBOjaroMi, noapocBTB y aero ae tojbbo npooaf^aifl, ao b aa* 
uiafH. M. GejMiíýaMi, BHCjyiaaai i«pexiaxy o. RaaiieaTa, CBasan 
»y: «Be 6esnoBofic2, o. apxBxamparE; dftia ente ae Bexaaa; 
Mia6By TBOiD Jierso nonpaBarB; ay, a Bon im cx&iajni Taaya) 
OBiatfay, soropoS yaie aeiBaa aoapaBaTB^^. GiapeiiB npaxo ae 
MaciaBajB, m newb cocTOua ero omaóia, ao Torxa xjTMaaa, no 
Wh caoBva cjOBaxa aaMeaaj% aa o((epi-apoRypopeTBO rp. lípa- 



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156 BMnm Kponn. 

racoBE. TBepcBolt EpxienHCBOtr& rperoplft IIocthhrobi, sacixftBinit 
n TO Bpeiifl FB cBHOxi^ ra 8BaHÍH ueHa, BBpasuca o tomi se 
HpeAMerb npnuie Cepa^na. Rorxa eMy pasesasajni o BcfcrB no* 
xpoÓHOCTárL BB8HT0BI Fp. IIpaiacoBa n aRaxeidv), m co cboI- 
CTBeHHOH) eiíy OTspoBeHHOCTBX), Moserb 6iiTb, HŠCKOJBBo rpy6o- 
Bffrot, HO BCRpeHHeio owh csasan: «8aH^in se peiropB asaxeidi 
nyerBn ero (r.-e. IIpáiacoBa) m asax^iQK)? ň 6u ne nycnui 
ero, He xobboujtb 6u euy ocnaTpiBatb ee>. Ho o6a on, paBHO 
UKi H xpyrte opotecTH BucsaBsiBajrBci Tonvo sa riasa rp. lípa* 
TacoBa, vh pasroBopt cb 0jiBBaBMV xiQxuni; íacroBinet se orspo* 
BOHHoft, npflMof ODno8HUÍH BOBce Torxa ne bbxho 6iiiio; . anno 
He ocM&niJiea, xase wn VBrponoJiHTOBrE, etasaTb rp. DíparacoBy, 
^TO 0B% He nuien npaBa paeneKamb apxBicaHApBTOBB ran se, 
xasi nojBOBiie KOMaHAHpK pacaeaaiorb aoxiHHeHBHXi mwb o^b- 
i^epoBi. 

HsHlcrHo JIH 6ujĚ0 rp. IIparacoBy o aaiaeHHoiis neyxoBOjn* 
ctbíh y^enaro MOHaaiecTBa na ero xMctbíb bi nerept^yprcBol 
• xyxoBHoS asaxeif ÍH, a ne snav). Ho eejm ob% h cjiaman o tomi 
Yi:0-jiH({o, TO He o6panvunb HnUBoro BHHMaHifl, Holeny no men 
TBepxoK) HoroK) HO opexHa^epraHRoiiy nu% HJiany. OcTaBua nosa 
Bc/b xyzoBHO-yne^HOfl saBoxenii n npesnein nojioseniH, ohs npH- 
Bflxcfl Ba netep0yprcByK) asaxenÍB), cx^bs cbobitb dovo^hh- 
soiTEi cBOHin «alter ego» no oiofi «cm torxaniHflPo npaBHrejra 

Xlftai BOMMBCdH XySTOBHHXl y^BJIHO^S H OstBHiarO HOIOITB XHpOB- 

TopoMi xyzoBBO-y^e6Haro ynpaBMHÍH BapacoBcsaro, ^aroB^Ba xo0- 
paro, xejBKaTHaro, He sanocnBaro, ne BCnuAHHBaro, oi^an^aBora- 
rocH BtsjTHBO HO toiBBO ci poBTopovB fl BHenenopoiTBi HO xase 
ci BBOHOMOMi; HysOHS Ůujtb sasot-jiHÓo ocoOut 6eBaopflxoB%, 
^To6tt npoGyxBTb bb neirB HeroxoBanie. 

MoserB 6bt&, y rp. QpaTacoBa 6síxo mhofo notfysxeHíl n 
TOMy, no6u nvh ropiqo saHBMaTBCfl BHbniHHMi yiy^nieHiem 
ataxeMÍH. Ho Mesxy hhmb exaa^H ne na nepBOMi ujianb ctoaxo 
sejanie ytfftxHTB rocyxapa HimepaTopa npiixaTB b% nee, — h xou- 
aaTB, no 0H'B, t^P^tJTB, Bi CTOJiB KOpotMO BpOMB yiymBJTb y«ie6- 
Hoe saBoxenie, Boropoe nps nepBEixs ero BBSHtan natxeHo Óum 
B& caMOM'B xypBOH^ hojoblohíb. Btb bohi^*bohi^obx, pasyiriteTCB, 
Hiribiocb n BBxy nojiy^sTB (LxaroxapHocTB Focyxapa h eo^ KaKyRh 
iw6o narpaxy. noBTOMy b e bitb rpaýi, b BapaceBCRÍt cjiBniROHi 
lacTo HanoMBHajiH aaaxeMBqecROMy nauxbCTBy, no FocyxapB 
HMaepaTopB xynaeTB hoc^trtb aRaxeiriR). Mucib ora 6oia BSBiterna 
H n ropoxt H CHBraiacB o^eHB apaBxoaoxo0HOK); no apatHet 
]rbp%, UBfb caMOMy pearop^b n^enereBi nORasuBan noiy^ennoe 



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IIBTBPS7Pr«LÁJ XnOBBU ÁMJ^MUÍ. 157 

m (SeauEMSBHoe micufo, irb wvtopc^wk imobAb^ BacrauflBiiuf 
oe&i ero Ao6poseiaieje»i y(SisAa<n ero BM^ecu GI^MTbcg o 
ma, wto6u vh us^euiA Boe 6umq vh bosmosho xymaewb b«x&^ 
ooioiiy mo Wh Bee vw^BUca iqúiuT^ oxm #ticiiHA necfkmu" 
mcMh H np. 

Ho BH rpt4^, HH KapiceBcsii se cisraiH cafia KOnneieBT- 

Hma sHaioMiiH lixi nofiUBon, xoropHe nyvHO 6iuo BeecíK 

Bi xyxorayD aBajmiÍH), ixote nociuiiií ee bi ypoBen ci cbí&x- 

CBHioi yietiamui SMexesíJiMH, pisyirieita, npeufyiqaciBeHHO na 

BHiiBHeft ncnr. ^a npio((pdh»iófl Bywaa% fjriftA'tei8 bi bioit^ 

oiBooi«ia ona cma sa ay^mee oociaTb lasoe-xitfo jieiv> irai 

anAeMiB wk paan^Bw yietfoHa saB^xenii, im)6u xaifB noyraiMt 

yi^-pa^yny aepeBan a nepecaj(flTL lanoiiiBie ni^xaa ha jnyxoB- 

wpo nou;y. IIociuaTb penopa a HHenaaiopa} lairb ni^ Mosa- 

mecajjDw/ai^ wíAfísao ae yxoteiorb; aea dftxa otfpymuiacB aa 

asoBOMa, aacB ef/mcneMUKvo CB&iCBaro ueaa asaxemivecBaro 

npaBJeaú. H rj^io euy ae apanuocB uoCtimsb e vhwso spěna, 

H aocai vh leieaia xq^s-rperB lánl Koaeiao, ms% yaaBepcH- 

lem, nemrora^eciaro EHCTaryra, nowufya xitse an raMaasift, 

MOSBO 6uM Boe-vbiTb nosaBMCTBOBar^cfl aw xy^oBaoS aaaAeifia. 

Ho w> MOJKerL 6btb cpo^varo MewQr xyxoBBOia aaa,xeidell a Mop- 

ciBiCB a Cutmmn Bepaíms smotcbbbs xopBycoir&? Ocofieaao 

se, vo MOSBO 6iuo Bepeou^ob jym nAme aaajteiiia wn Mq^ias- 

caaro a EaaiepaBaacnaro airacsHxx aBcnuyrovB? A xes^y rbm* 

HeettcisHft auuraa^ecutt aaoaom xouseai Óujcb panissaiB 

Bo Bcš 87a a xpyría ynedvoM BaBexeaia. Ynamrb^ ÓuBajo, on 

Boco-Badyxb, 9T0 TairL-xo o^eaii xopoorB pysoMOfiBaBi um BOcna- 

manaKOBii, b% xpyroirb uibcA siaccBKe ctojíi cibbixobi jkoÓbu 

H ao BaaoBy-TO lyxy Baaorxa ae aarflUUOTca wpaaiaMa, xora aa 

mxh BOcnaraBBasB Bai^jm wb cbob lexpaipi^ — n Tpeneu^ Bea- 

TEjaipa ycrpoesa ocoiSeaBiUTE aasaM^b-io oÓpaeoMX a ap., a np., 

BBOBOMrb noítesafi, nocaorpa a npexcrasB ox^ierB, cjaaa Boty, 

Toiuo cjOBecBHft. Ho ocoj$eBBoe, xmm ocoiieaBttfliee BaaiiaBie 

eay BeaiBO 6hjo otipaiaTB Ha ad nopaxaa, rocnoxciBOBaBniie — 

^ 6amaMO%m eoemum icafumMiéCfikm! Botb lyn-TO capHBaica 

Haeioanpfl aA^aJl% yiauntaBn nopsAROVb! Cio^arTo aBaxeaa- 

lecBiff asofiOMib xo^weBi 6im ciisAaTB Tpa paaa! 

Oaqeiqr J^e Óaxaiioai BoeBBuxi saHToaacTOKb npio6p&rb TaayD' 
rpoincyK) asBŮcraocTB, hto y^^rpoftcxBO ero 6paia aa o6pa8ei^i Aftse 
JUa xyi^BBoS asax^MÍB? Mat yAajiocB bi aeMi (Íhtb bícboji&bo 
paanb a BHoroe yaaaTB no JH^aovy fla((4a>AeaÍK>; XE h atMM^ no 
QoeioBBitiy cayxoBi noxBaTca, 



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158 HMton 2Bfoiifi« 

HnaiBCTBOBUi saxi tfataxiOHom noJOBOBnurB^ ho Bome nero 
H B^mh HBm eaMBiTB CTOflu reBq>an-Jittío{rb Ahashbobi, a ente 
BHme, xase aaxB caMHirE ABxsHBOBím — rorxaniHif xesypHHt 
rraqMm RieflHMBxejB. Bapo^em, dociíxhíB pftxso npitssaA 
Bi tfaiajúoHi; flawoirb h XHCitHnjflHa 6uifl bi pyaaxi Ahashrobb. 
diOTE reflepan, xaBHO yse HOKODqilca ea uaxdRii^, tfan, 
lasi cBasan, snysiacrB, j^aaTasi HmeHnu m onpaTBOCTH; bemí- 
qeHHiiui HMi nayTHHKBy niiJiBHBVy QffHunuui na criflan Hjn noiy, 
xase n^enom na XBopb (SarajnaHa npBBOxuH ere n HeroxoBa- 
HÍe. Bon OAHO vn co((btí8, o Koiopom x ejHman on toiwuh* 
Hirro 6aTaji0HHaro CBan^eneiBa. OxffasAH Ah^usobi, mexníH no 
XBopy tfaTajiioHa, npesxe, HeaiejiH ycirijiB kb Heny npHtfuiBflTbCi 
paBHiie xBsypHae HaiauHHu, Bxpyrb ociaHOBuci h Havadiib i^b- 
nrjb: <CiDxa9 CDXftt noMonne, se nory Hxníy ho nepejisy, nepe* 
HecBTO, nepeianiBTe Meu*. IloooCie^ pasyiifteTca, ciopo niEJOCs. 
Torxa H OTBpiuiocBy iró sa yasacHoe, Henpeofiopímoe EpeuTcine 
noiribniaio ero npeBOCzoxBTeiBCTBy npoxojnutrb CBoe meciBiel IIp^x^ 
ero npeBocxoxrteJbCTBoifB Jiesaja n^enxa, OTjoMiBmaflCfl on xpoBi, 
BOTOpHfl HeBaxoifo nepexi rtm nposecb BHBanxB. ysaBsiBaB na 
n^nay, reHepan BpHiaai: <He nepemarHy, nepeHecire MeBi!> ■ 
np* Gyxfl no oiaoiiy, Mosere yase cetfft npexciaBBTBy sasai ncroia 

I ODpBTHOCTB C06jB>XajaCB Vh BOMHaTaXl, 0C0(SeHHO RB cnaiBHios 

6aTajnoHa. CiiOTp8 bx:&cb na l0CHflI^ilCI xpamenufl non, raiui- 
Tiril, BHTepmft, lyTB-qyxB ne Bamu^oBaHEiil, BHaasi Henai 
6uio noxyMan, ^wóu ^iM-jnÓo Hora lyrs cryaaia; xa nošen 
61ÍITB) H x&8cTBiTejiBH0 HO ciynaia, noiOMy ito au opoxoxaiqus 
no BOHnaTam nojiosenii 6sue Bosepnae nojiOBHKH. He siiaiD, 
savB BaHTOHBCTH npo6BpajucB n tími spOBaTBm, Boropiui cioíjdi 
ne OBOJO soBepniiix^B noionaoB^ no nodbíHiejum ne nHCosaro 
panra nanenajn ne cxoxhtb cb nnxi. PaBynšeiCBi n oxftua n 
noxymBH nnojni hoxxoxbju nox% ion BxeaAi, o Boropom i 
Bume roBopnii. 

JH^HCi^Bnjina n tfatajiioni 6hm caiiafl crporaa. ABxsBBovb, 
spoMi ocoóiixi BeBJWwHift, npwxofMjn rb nero esexHoano ■ 
pi^XM yxoxBJíi 6e8i loro, m6u ne bhc&ib nicKoxBvnn sanro- 
nacTOBi. SanitiaiH xftse, hto oni 5HBan cypoB^ xortxi nop%, 
noaa Roro^nntfyxb, no ero upniaBanÍK), npa nem se ne bhcí* 
xyn. 9ro Bpbunie ycnonosBaxo ero apoBB n on yse x^ajca 
jacBOBibe. PasyBritercni nora^an ne tfiuo, ecin sani^axacB aasai- 
iB<k> nencnpaBnocTB, no vh cjrjriarb nexodmrna BnnoBHHXi rene- 
pajTb yuíbn h npnxp&TBca. Bi tfantrioni 0iuo ntesonno y^i- 
Tejefl nvB tfHBmnxi sanronnciOBB se, nirbBniBxi ynrep^-o^itep* 



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njrriFBramuui xnoHUi ákáauiíi. 159 

díl «n; oxnn on sm oieiB Hexypao npraoxaBajn iqni msí 
lemeiini); iicio hxb apociqMuioc&, Baseroi, w 20, ecM se 
66ÍÍ6, HO QMMy Efoná nyu, oteHBajwcfc mfab HtHwp^ h sa 
BptKiieHHOoiu), BBopaKOio B Bi»uud» BUioHicion. OxnsxH 
Asnmon npnasan BBoftn B&bs% hzi xo oxboto sa lo, no, 
lan exy noBaaaMCB, BaraoHieni me x^ipoiiio cnoipm. A ciui 
n (kmiiort c% rauieiis iftu^ co bc&mh i^epenemnci, oeoórano 
(tepeuH Bcnii uowbi^ (ttju ui uaTBi; sa to on saauaro 
ywpA BaBasHBaeniit Benpeiribaflo 6u BCoparHyn^ eeu6H tojmo 
ero le xepsaiH lairB, no mptmea ho (Íhjo HHsaioft eoeiios* 
Boera. Mooro Jtbrh enyeci nocji toto a saraiiaxci rutHaeraBoa) 
7 r. ^poaa ■ npuaouLn ke oaOft xteioiuo oójvarauuea lani 
umomctwh. Bmxa, no saiofl-Hi6fx^ xaBToncn cmnaoin ho 
Bectn, eopocamB y xoro-Ji6o ■» cioax% npiamiefl: <^to owb 
Taiol 7rpioiuiĚ?> — Ero napa BHCfojn. — «Hy Tan no «e? Tenepii 
jn 8asHio»*— Htn, y sacb Tavb aqK) ae sasraaen; y naci 
iqxm se naiosan, a lan or/iepyn, iro xoiro ae 9M6jMfimh>. 
A n 8T0 Bp&u ÁMMMMEon^ aaseica, yse yiieprL. 

^yeioiom a maradaia b^ 6aiaiioBft ctoub aa nepaoMi 
hubí b Mam cjiyaum otfpasqoirb xase xu raapxeftCBBXi 
nxamn. 

Jyíme lot crottBB, BiupaBiH, BiifasaB, Baaaa saaiMjacB 
n saHTOHHCian, Hejuas 6iuo b seiaib. Caorpa aa croiaiBXib 
BO ^yBTÍ xaHToaacTOB^ mobwo 6wío noxyícan, iro aro wjio- 
siieciu craryB; hb o^aam Mycayjoirb ho o6HapyjumuB obb 
j|BiseBÍB; aasercB, xase riasanB ho Mopr&ia. H 9to saaiqajocB 
He foiBBO vh BBpoonin, yse BiimBoieHHu» a npomaoAefiHHXi 
peúnaa, ho a bi aaoiuiy nona x6rBX%. Xoxa ao caajiuflai, 
MB Berp&TBJB Bucrpoeaaion bo ífjigfVTh nicaojfcaaxi MaiBraoBi 
Arí ocLMB a bte yse Hayuia BBofipaauunb co6oh> fiessBSHeHHya 
cnyH. EcjH se BaHTOHBcrL noBepniBajca aanpaDO apyrom, to 
OBI j^kian loiBBO 8T0 xBBJMme; xpy^i^ xaHseaia hh n pyaaxx, 
Hi n aoraanb, aa b& npouxb uesan rtia ho santwiock; ob% 
iH«B BaBb-6yXT0 aa Baaot-io oca Bepratca. Korxa kh bzoxbjdi 
Bi B2aecB, aaaiOHacm no o6iiaaoB6HÍH> BCsaBaia, ho a aio xbb- 
aade (oa Kbjuam ocoteHanm otipasom, xotb Bonamu lyn ae 

6SUÚ B MH BXOXBJB f/ÚEB HeOSBXaHHO, HO BCft BCiaBaiB ptaiB* 

iBUBo RL offK) araoBeaíe, bi> laan, laKL no bc& SByaa on 
TOBBysmarb aa&iyaoRb cociaBUia aaaB-Óyxxo oxaai araoBea- 
HHi dyaii. 

Ho aaiim n (Saiajioa4b nn ae jdÓbjib xBaiBTj^Cfl, Baai 
CKOOBOK) a Bopa^aaMB, vb aet aaBeAeaHiiaa. dro 6iua rponax- 



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160 iMmnBuoBB 



HUmas saiAi ro jumpoi yonuimBBaiBc&, Baseioi^ AO oem pa- 
MpB% o&bi^tBEUTh cKOOKb c» om^buuiH no (M dopom h a 
apoeropBiuci nponesyxsaiia Mesxy PMua; aihbe saiH dajia ente 
({oj&a upoHH efl« CpMHBMo eB06» oiojOBU npniiíMia nqepsM, 
cocioumefl' touko aeib aiupa h Rupocon ■ ciysua xu mub^ 
TOBCion, xan esasaib) spartopoiiii n Boiopom on Moj&na 
BO Bpeiu óorociyaseHÍA. ?zo6u y^OBJeiMpaib MfioíkBouy lassa^e* 
híio axuoBofty CTOiH ■ otaiibH nocift xas^uH) o6&Aa pftaCapajna 
H Bdb ucTB an yciaHauHBancb n onpeyiiieHHQia Dopaxsi h 
Ba yBaaaoBttXft uicswb. Ilonurk iq)ex& Kaag(uif% o6íaoii!b b 

ySBBOMSb HXl ODBTb ycmBaBJBBaU. PasiopKOX) B yoaBOBBOK) CBD^ 

jioBi saBBMaucL Qo oiep^B caiffl aanioBBCitt; obb iqpoBSBOwuB 
Biy onepaiuio osb taBOD npaBBJíuiocuK) b fouocniia, qxo iiojb»> 
6iiJ0 saxaTB ce6i Boapocob: sbbhb n bto cyn^ecna, a ae naon 
JB BasoĚ-JBÓo xamBHH, BOiopaa opaBOxan bx^ b& j|BB»eirie 
nocpexeiBOMi BeeaMirBurE npysBBib, sepesoBi b pensefl? yesa- 
EOBBBmB doiH, xesypBHe saBpHaajiB bxs CBaiepiflMfly BJiaia aa 
BBxi xji6i, joaua a np. I]aABOBBBB&, yaaauBaa pa (ítjua m 
ooBepiBeHBO iflcxiifl CBasepiB, cnpocBJíb neBa: «BaBi bjb j^rMaeie, 
cBoibBO ABei OBt jeBBix yae aa ciojan?» H Boma yejunuycb 
Mofi (nvbThi «BÍ^poflTHo, Bxi nocTMiB louKO B^epa*, 10 caaaan 

Cb fi&BOIOpiIM!b lOpseCraOMK «Bftn, BdBBHBTe, se B%epl^ flUHBW 

yse HeiBepuifi xeflb, bbbi oA bi yiiOTp65jeflifl>« — Savb ae aio oh^ 
y BacL TBKb Ó&iu B BB^iiTbBe sanBíHaBiiP-^HiipoGan X ero« — 
Hy, BBBBBBTe^ y aaei ae nocM^^Bon au icapaiB m naiBaib; no* 
npotfyĚ-Ba Bio-flB6yAB. 7 nwb csaiepTB Bja^yíca aa ctojih wb 
BSBJbczBOMi nopajtai a nocii otiftxa bjb yauua BsaitaTenao eí^mt 
Aaa ocMaTpBBaerca, ae sana^saHa la oaa itm-flB^yxb? JScjul aa- 
nanafla, to BaBOJOsi C6lia» OTHn^enca; b&a& ir&cio aas^aro 
BSBJkrrfio. Tor^a aamxyn oMy HftcaouBO xecaTBOBi poaon, Taa& 
Bnepewb (yx^itb ocroposa^ 

£or/ia Boe tiiuo loioao^ n ccoiobqA pacraiqiiajucb aa XByxb 
BQBiuai aajK aacresi ABopa^ apeffb aofopiufa ctea a jribcraaipt 
ycTBjajBC^ vb paAy MoxHaxiiMií namiía Bn xopa6ej[Bfliu& sasa- 
TOffb. BcKopft DoaaaaiBGb a BaaioHBeTii Rbc&Bax^, cxapaacb bh- 
lapan cbob caaora, sasib mosho ^bb«b; ani npanuocb opoxoABTs 
nepexb i&n no ABopy. Ho vb cioxoByx), aa^b aÍBoe CBaTBiBfl^e, 
eqe BejBaa 6ujlo bxoab/ib; crtAoaajo osbamib BoaaaiH. EoaaBAa 
paaAaiacb b BaBTOHacm ABBByjBCb Asyiia paAaMB aa ctojih nep* 
aaro pxAa, napaAHO^ sa BiiTxaLBy, Mapmapya BaB!b aa y^es^a, 
TOiBBo CBopHBX manurB. ItoÓu lasoe ABaseaie coBq[HDaxocb tiea- 
npenarcTBeaBO, aepxHÍa aocbb caaiieeBB y cxojoa^b pawťbuuacB 



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imPBTPrOBiJl fJtOMÁJÍ iSkffKUL. 161 

u xA uch: HenoxBuuyx) h noxBionyi); nocjri^wia neiuifs 
npnpinieHa- 6iua Kb nepBott h iipex'^ ofiixoMi^ h yasEBom ar- 
nMHBWcit Ha Hee; nuuarb o6pa80irb MeiBj^ croioirB h cBaiceB- 
iwi ocraBUocb oiotíoKHoe npocrpaHCTBO, m lOTOponiL h napnu- 
poBan nunoHEcm. Korxa uepefpBue fb pawxi saHiOHHciOB^ 
MovmoTb cb ffByx% BponBonaiosHiccb stmofirn sajiH, Bcipi- 
ana noqpexa crojosE, pasKaioeb Ha oÓíhzi DOioBBHaxK cmoA. 
dkrikirB noBiopHjniCB y ffepeft RomiHffmg eiOBa xu saHroucioir^ 
xoneHCTBOBaBHiHrB cix&fB sa cioiaiiH Bioporo iiaxa h t. a* Bo 
Bee na spens BameRHrie ctouh na Barmqr, Bass Ba ^nrt. 
Roixa wA BamiH, la pawMMb HOBaa soMaHW) "itoÓh BaraaHHCiB, 
cmnnúe CBHHaH) x!b o(^y, noBepnyncB b% Hony Jínsifina. Ila 
KBOiHeBÍH OToro 'atfpixa pa^xuca di^MUSaHHHfl 6oft na MonTBy, 
wmpjw> npanijni odsvurb »)paifi o^enb zapoma. naraiis en^e 
HQsai lOHaHxa: caipnca, h HpHnoKHania naiOBiHKa oaMeesB nax- 
uncby anycnuKb B ciysayjiH) saxh ůjkco na 'Eousofíb^ RbiaBn. 
Tjn yae, HaaaHeicby MOSHa 6iuo npHHBMaTBca aa a(tt^. Heusa 
fle aasazB, ^la mni^ 6iua npHraiaBJíeHa xoponia; jymara mpnaro 
uMa BO Beeiii IleiqkSyprt xpyxHO 6iuío CHCBarb; h^h h rpe^- 
leBtt xama 6ume iiparoiaBirau BBycHO nn eB&BHXb naiepíajarb. 
B&9I0MI OTHomeniH TorMUHme ceHBH^iBeTn GOxepsaucB ropasxo 
xyse BaasoHHCixNrb; lin laeio HawBctBO, npHBpHBaac^ satSoiaK) 

cnac8HÍH Bxi xyio^> npiywAO vh yvepniBdiffliH) uoth npa Ho- 
nem lyuot roBflXBBB, HpOffopBjaro xaeia, cmrjiot Mysa h Bpyna 

1 np. HeyxBBHTeiBio, ixo^ ne CMOipa Ha eypoByH) xBcipinjniHy, 
aaik y aaBiOBHCioffb 6mxB ceiste, aAopoBfte, i^Manie, HOseáH 
j oeHiHapBciOBib.*~na oBonaalH oi&m bhobb pa^iaBajniCB hobhi 
laKumi, looÚBi BaHiOHaeramb bsiězh hse craiaBOĚ. HaxotSHO npaB^y 
cosaTB, no aa piBHBa BOMaHXHiui i^épeMomH yHoipe04uuocB ro- 
pttRo 5oiUH6 Bp&íeHEj nesen n oOftxfB. 

H Hpa 6arocjyaBeHÍH fb xaBoiťB xaciQnuHHHpoBaHHOMi y«e(5- 
flon 8aBQX6HÍH, BasB 6aTajdoffB BaHTOHBCioBi, Hejubdfl 6hUL0 060Ř' 
ncB den noennaro apniByjia. EaBTOHHCXii coČapaiHCB saxoiiro ffi 
woM oúb/fa; exb BiicipaHBaiH FBpaAUy BHpaBHHBajui, BHiarH- 
bub; bjMb caiTB Ahxsbborb ho^hh BoerAa apHxoABXB b^b o&bffii 

I CBOBICB aCTpe(SBHiiM% BBTjaXPlC^ CMOipijll, He BBAHO M TA^- 

Hi6yxb BaBoro-jiHÓo orciynjieHia otb abciuuuhhh. Bi ypoiHHĚ 

UeB H OEO^TH KB^fSy XWpHj OTX&UBnnfl I^BOBB Wh SBiU!, 01- 

lefuseB a HaoHaiacB tfoasecTBeH&aa cjya&Óa. Obb, paByiišeiCB, 
cmpaiaiacB na xpeitHHBy, ho fb npioMaxB cBaniieHHacjiyBuneiet, 
ocafeBBB MB x^Bona, sai&BO tfiuo Bj^anie HopaxBOBi, rocnox* 
QBHMmifWi vh <SamiioH&. Okb bb!b ajiiapa aa bicbohs b o6parao, 



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162 monaoBh ibfoidí. 

He men, a nmn-^m MapmEpOBan, toum napMmuis marons; 
soHevHO, OH^B ae BHTimiBMcs Fb erpyHijr, ho e hb noBasiiBan 
TOĚ paeManracTOCXH ■ noBauBttdi c&ciopoBa he cfopoHy, boto- 
piu TBSh cfioScieeHHii Hanmm oiqam xusoHam. BaaroHBcnirb 

W8B0JUU0CB MOJUT&CJi, HO npH BKMCb HSHÍHHJlOCfc MAKO BMOSeme 

TjTJOBHn^a H pyBfB; hoaohibh se canocoBib hojuěmu Cum oemBat&CH 
HE OAHOicb H WMPh so ]dbcT&; Tan ^no socw bi pa/qr hhbio ne 
xoujicfl, to OHI tfiin BHpasHeHi e Butasyrh^ saK& na HapaxDmcB 
y^eHBE. IIpE towh oTb BpeMaHH xo BpeifeHH no psjíam oozau- 
Ba« o^Hi^epu, pasyMJtercfl, » nacmBWHiaxE ne o uombxbí^ a o 
AHCAHHJiflHi. CjyiaflHO mhÍ yxaiocb BBŮja»»Th bb^ oxHHirb san- 

TOHBCTOHli BOTOpOMy XOTÍXOCb fHXHyTB. £aSÍB QWh ffkJOín yCEJOH, 

BHpasaBnriBCfl 6oiŠ8HeHHiiicH r^maeaiíH Ha mu^b^ hioISii yxep- 
saxBCfl on 8Toro; eiíy yxaiocb yxoBjef Boparb Tpe(kiBaHÍH> npa- 
po^H BO Bp^ffl rpoMBaro itíbíb, Bor^a sqrBi^ on usu&a ne 
oveHB ÓiiiJCb dĚMiievh. HoHenM 6iuo (Sesb yxofioucTBÍji eiymaTb 
o6n^ee o^HÍe; bcí BaHTOHHczH o(Si[BHOBeHflo itIjíb: eBMBon sipa, 
<Te6i no6M!b>, hojbíbt^ fochoxbb) e <BjarowcfBBÍĚniaro, eaMo- 
xepsaBflMmaro* b np. He CMorpx HaorpoiiHee ueju> iioH>iQH£b, 
lyrb JiB ne n THca^y roaocoBi, eciH ho Óojáe^ s&me 6tuo 
cípotHO, BHpaaaiejibHOy AAse co BByeoKi. 

Ho n dTOf nwb csasaTb, CBOTEuqe boseboS BHBpaBBE e 
BHZflSBB npoýaHaMi Myxpeflo 6uio opoHEBHyis. %Q(hi xonyciHTb 
dBOHOMa aBaxeBÍB xo ocMorpa (Saiaaiofla BaHsoEEeioBS, rp. Hpa* 
lacoBy HysEO (taio ocoůsiwb OTHomeHÍeMi^ npocEibi o toitb Riein- 
MBxejui. Qjíieb beorouj CiuocBasaEO, qnotfs OH^BSEiefl BfbAEx- 
SBBOBy B DOiOEi yse (Bce bio x^iaiocb se vh OKBHib xeflb) kb 
nojttOBHBBy, HanajibBEBy tfaraiiioEa. Bnpo!»E%, e vh xpyva jv6- 
HUB saBoxenifl npoHBBHyrb 6ujio ne 6en saipyxEeHy^ HoqiE BeaffK 
TpetfoBEJiHCb nporeBi^B, peKOMOExa^ÍB, xase zoxaiftBcTia, Eanp., 
Bh EBaie^tEflECHÍS EHCTHryrb. 

yir. 

O ThXb PSMFIUXI EIH JSOfíWLáXhf SOTOP£IE BBBXIHil BtUH Vb nBnPBTPTORÓB 
XTXOBHOft AKiXBBIH VL SEPBMB rOXB OBBr^nPOSTPOPOTBi FP. IIPiTáOCttA. 

no6HBaBniB Fb Bason-JuCo y^etfHOiffb sasexesÍB, aBaxeicEqe- 
cbíě BBOHOiTb xojiseffb Úurh BButbCfl wb EapaoeBCBOMy a xoeb- 
cesieMi o Towhf iró bu% saximEO. SapacescBít wh cbob> ^^^etXB 
XOBjaxHBan rp. EpaiacoBy, npi4tesa» kb pesiopy asaxeioHy 
HT0611 Cbo6nut p4^niBTb, n buowb bbx% cx&iaicb to eie xpyroe 



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imfBTproEii x^oBHii iKixnu. 163 

mMíMffime; jt/kio 6aio ceptftmoe, nyth ne rocyx^pci^BeHHoe!.. 
Ono eo6oD pasynteicii vso KOBOBnexemfl noASMECB ne bc% Bxpyn, 
a nocieiieHBO, mebř fftse nepeai rox^, jsfin h 6oiše nocjrt nep* 
BEOD Homeomdů vp. IIpsTacoBa. 

YemiH TpeOoBuiei ito({h eTyxeHTu senpeiAHSo xoxsiiff he 
jeiifii, H ntfpui x^a 9voro tfoiite b^^hjk) icipy. Upesxe npi- 
BttBBaiocB wirHWHOiiy crapnieiiy, BinipoBoxní vn ROMBaTsi Bein 
CBom noxnHeHHHn, BamipaTB ee h yHOCHTB ci co6ojo bjiiote r 
sorxa HBcnenopi mexKXh yŮbAwthOiy Be% ji ciyxenii ymjii vh 
uaon, 10 OBI novrH Bcerxa Hazoxnn BOMHftTH sanepniMii m uorb 
yrkmaTB ceCa rin, yto ero npHKasaHÍa crporo ncaojfHflHncjr. 
Mes^Tim, vhTo BpeMfl, tan offB npo6oBar&, sanepiH xr sanv 
Bi ffeparB, atoBOJiBso MOTOjmoBi, ocTaBmHXd vh ROMHaft, AO- 
riiBBinHCB o jnraHOCTB cfyWBinaro, BncraBJuixH eny bi Haciciinay 
I8BBI. TenejKb HaiMun^crao Banperajio sampaTB ROMHaTO r TaRHirB 
oipasoMi Morjo, oOolxR srB^ yBHxarE cbormr rjasaMR, ne CRXHn 
II Tyn KTo-BH<{yxB bo Bpeiu sjafacca. 

Áajie, crjffimuwh DpRRasaHO <5iíijio no6ojrite oCpan^aTB BRRMa- 
híi ha cbo» BH^nraocTB. Co4JR sa HysHoe ocrpR^B etb boioch 
la voimA nodz tpedeHKy^ savB 9to x^jiajiocB vh ({aTajrioHÍ6 Ranro- 
HimvE H Vh RaxeTCRRTB Ropnycan. Haxo6flo npaB^y cRasan, 
^10 ocrpRaLeHHHe TaRRVB otipasom mojioxi][íi vh 20 — 25 jAtb, 
oeofeREo počine, vAopoBiie, nnipoROJiRi^iie, RaaajiHCB o^eHB eirtni* 
BHMR xftse ne cb nepBaro pasa. Sanpen^eHO tfojio hocrtb r hmštb 
CBoe co6cTBe&Hoe njiaTBe, ocoÓeHHO se xajfaxii. OrHOCRrejiBHo btofo 
n Reieptfyprcxot aiaxeidR x^jio oComiocB 6en cíAmBurs rcto^ 
pil; H Ha^ajrBCTBO xtflcTBOBajio ójiaropasyiiHO, f,% r cryxeHTii ne 
emoBoiTB Topaw crojiaR 8a cbod offiMjsj. Ho cnycni h^cbojibro 
An BTB KasaHCBoS xy^OBHofl aRaxeifiR oxhvb aHTR-xajaTHHR'B pex- 
TOpB npH6irB n% paxRRajBHOMy cpexcrsy. Offiftb vn ciyxeRTOBi, 
rpjBWffhj noayvRn fb noxapOKB BpacRBHtt m boctoihoitb BRyci 
laaan on. xnoro-io rpysERCRaro rhrba. Porih^b, saBxaxfeBníR 
n orqriCTBie crywHra xaxatoirB, orapaBRjCR Ha RyxHB) r xaifB 
CBomR pysaiiR R8py0Rji 9Ty ROHTpatfaHXRyx), aHm-aRaxeiíRiecRyK) 
óxesxy* Taxaa fiesi^epemHBafl pacnpaBa ^lytB Re noBexa r^b <k>j^ 
neqaxBBOHy co6imR). OryxeHTB-rpyBRHiy yseaBníR o aasHR^ roto* 
paa nocTHoa ero xajiarB, npEmen vh RpatRoe HeroxoBaHíe; owh 
offflB xoposRjii RHRseeRRiTB ooxapROiTB R Vh husj Bocionaro 
aaapra xor&n rxti vh peRtopy, Hro6u otmcthtb no-Bocio^noiiy sa 
sasRB jr>Orhoí cBoel oxesxH. HacRjiy tobeprii^r . Roe-Raxi yro- 
BopRiR R yxepsaxR ero; RHaqe sa xoiiexieB Korjia-tffii pasarparBCS 
Tparexii. 

11* 



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16é BftOTDTO IBPOnH. 

Tpe(k>Baiocfc, Trotfíi ctopTysa 6umu dactevEjru nyroBími n 
TpH, a npH nouMeBÍH u^UBCiBa h» bc£ inecn. Eonerao, m> 
He HcnoiMJiocfc ciyj(eHTaMH na npoeropt, xase n BJiaoci npi 
HacraBHHBaxi He-HaiaiBHBRaxi. Ho oi&inHO (tejia CMarpftu, aan 
I^>H BX0A% Ha^aiBCTBa, HiH npH bícií o HpBÓnseHis €ro, bcí 
cryxeHTH loponjniBO npHHBiianc& sacreruais cbov CDpiysa na 
Brt nyroBHimi BHTflniBaTb bol^i ozopamEBaTBea, DparjasBBaTB cboi 
ocrpBseHHue bo^ocu, ocMaTpBBarB, nin m vflt oyiy na njaxii^ 
He sanBTBaHO m oho nasaxE on upHBOCHOBeHia Wh ctíhí h np. 
Ecu 9T0 cjiy9aJK)CB bo Bpeiui Jies^ilf, to ee yjse ne ciymaji, 
xa H HacraBHHBy jiyqine 6íuo nipepBaTB ee HaBpena; ryn xto> 
nuo yse o 6oi^ BasHun h bbcobhzi HHiepecaxi! 

Ho He ocrajiBCL 6e8i opiJioaieHifi {^pynTOJoría h marHCTEBa..' 
npez^ BcerOy onBmy BOBOBBexeHia no i^epsBi. Sfíbch- xu ciy- 
newsovh OTBexeHH. 6um snepexH aeiiocpexcxBemo sa BJiBpocaifB 
HetxociynBiiJi f^m nponxi npexcroan^Hxi b KOxan^BXCB u^icm^ no- 

BpHTHJI CBIBTHMB BOBOpBIlHK OOJOBlBKaMH. OryxeHTaMl Se Sa 

^OTBepTB ^aca xo (SiaroBtoA BBOHsoirii xasajiocB sBaTB, wrů6u ohb 
co6HpaiHCB Basxpe OTx&resie b^ ocotfoiii uacci. IIocx6 (Jjaro* 
BŠcia, npex^ caMUMi BaHaxom ÓorocjyseHU (bi o6íxbd noori 
npo^TeBífl vaco9B) GjyaunrejB pacTBopjiJii ctíb boiobbbu xBepefr 
vh ^epaBH B n sjíaccaxi; 9to Óhjo mhMOWh^ HTo6a ciyxenis 
BHCiynau rl i^epKOBB. lípa qepeHOBiaiBHom mecTBia ciyxes* 
TOBs VB i^epiOBB, mJB OHH HO xBa Vh pflx^, TOXBBO se xjaxBtíe, 
a iuuoiK)Ciiie BnepexHi sartMs Bce noBinne b bi sasxoinb uacci 
sasaHiBaaJOCB mecTBÍe napov Basaxi^iHtio rBapxeBiieBi« B% iiepBBB 
na QXHOft GToponi nosaxB npaBaro uspoca ycraHaBUBaiicB ciy- 
xenni BHcmarO) a aa xpyrofl — noeaxH jiiBaro^ cryxeBTii Hesmaro 
OTXtieHia, pflxwH no xecaTB inejiOBiirB vb BasxoirB e ohatb na- 
jieBBBÍe BnepexB) a hotowb Bce Bume e BHme, HaBOHei(B| nb no- 
cAffiewh paxy soMin^ancB niapx^fii^* PflXH» sonenO) ne Ósuor 
TaB% BHpáBHBBoeKHi jssLpfh Vh ĎasaiíOHJb BaHioflHciwb, HO jípyrh 
oTh xpyra ciHBnsoiTB aeso paBiBiajiHOB h paaxixuBCB nopixo^* 
HiacB npoMesyrsaifB. A sopxft ciyxenraarB nysno 6iuo ce6a no- 

HOSamhy TO OHH BHCipaBBaJIBCB O^eHB H OMOBB pOBHO. EOHefHO^ 

Bxto He pasryjiHBaJH no paxaia oj^mtepii, bo nocii HonHjnicB 
caaxB cryxefftoffB noMonwBRB BHOsemopa. 

Bo Bpeiia BceBOB^Bofti Baserca, Bnpo^eirBy ne sApyr^ a bš- 
cxojiBBO noHosaKei BBexeB'B 6un oooÚuŘ utepenoHiaorB noxxoBBxeBÍa 
Vh OBaHrejiiiD bjih b!b ofipasy HpoBXByeiiaro cBaioro^^-RepworaajvB 
MOBamecKíS, bo vni&b ch rbm Ba BoeBButt Manepi. Henocpex* 

CTBOBHO sa CBfl^eBBHBOlťB B XÍ^KOBOHB 06lIBB0BeBB0 BfB eBaBre-* 



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ÉB UK o((pa»y npesxe vATh npBBJUkA&BajiBCB efyffiwtu; npo- 
wcE npexcToratui e momh^ioi cjiysHTejH yxepftnBajiH nona. 
Cai^aja uum cryffiwm Biiemaro orxtjeaífl nonaptio, HauHaii c& 
n^Baro pjixa> Gf& caMim najieH&BHrB h t. a* Kasx&fl napa ne* 
pen Hajoem BspaBHiBÉjiacB^ l^ajia xsa nouoHa «b Taicn, sa*^ 
ito noAxoxKn Ki eBafirectiH> oin odpasy cryxeHTB e& npaBOfl; 
noqiiOBaHna ix^ o»o;«Bjrb Hasaxi; norom HcnojimurB TOfte ca- 
Moe xpyrcHl eiyA0HTB; noejri^ ohb otfa BBipaBHHBajHCB, A^ftn bi 
Ttsn oxHn yxe dobjiobi h oropujuiiiHCB ea cboh M^cra. 3a 
ms mpoiD mncoxsia cjribxyioiBEafl, jT^jiajia to se eaiioe r np. 3a 
ayxeiraMH Bucmaro arx^JieHia nsiii noxotfHiiirb ofipasoMi cryxeHTH 
momaro mtibímis. 

B& 0eTep((ypreBoft auxeidH 8to» i^epeMomaji^B HHaorxa ne 
BOAtBan noBoxft bte coójiasHairB; (JiaropasyMHoe na^ajibCTBo yii&io 
ee oópanvffi BHHitaHia aa Hejtonsa cmrrynjieHiJi. Ho bi xasitt- 
atol asaxeMkr h lyrB yiiftarE o^jn^HTSCfl peaTop^b, BOropsil raisiB 
ipíffo co0ciMHfiopy«o mpj6Ejrh iiua$pés'B. Y nero 6us% BBe- 
xea& Tasoft sasoHi; vto6u jí% esaHrejniD noxxoxHJi« CHaqajia iiíb* 
m npaBaro, mmfVh itearo uipaca, a sa hhmh eryxeHTu otfo- 
m OTxiieBift. OxBaaxB iriB^ie jiÍBaro BiíHpoca ne honb bxth 
n murejii^ iomcB sa BpaBtm sjíapocoirB^ noTOxy ^to saHarti 
6uiE a-boieMi. Ciyx^BTu se coAJin uvh jípsiB}Sfi,ThcsL i Banajia npH* 
mxBBaracfl bo yeraHOBjíeHflOMy nopaxsy* PesiopB sto wiA-mjvhj 
noMOxian xo rtxrs nopB, dobb npHJiosBJíBCB bc^ ciyxenra b sa- 
hají npBBjaxuBatBca etopoBBia jiBi^a. Torxa-To obi BHcrynaen 
m ampa b rpy^snn, rpoBsam rojioeoH':^ roBOpBň bÍb^bitb 
Auto xaspoca:— ?Tose bto bgi? Bi Bóra se B^pyere? EsaBre* 
m He yBaBUiere? OtyBaBte! — lípa btom^ BeosHxaBflomi Bosrjiaei 
HorBCjyseBie npioctaBOtBxocB bb B^CBOJibBo MEsyn. n^Bfie, pa- 
vpňmoíj nomjni b npBaosBjnicB; Torxa-ro yse peBiopi BOSBpa- 
nia n anapa, xoBOiiBBtft t^%, vro obi Boxx^pauucB nosojie- 
<SiBniyi)ca 6bm tipy n Bóra b yBaseaie si eBaBrejíR). 

no npuipy 6atajioBa Ba&itmBeM>firB b fb xP^obboS aBaxe- 
Bil BBen eůmi^ niaie vbaoiopBiiib ^acreft (JorocjyaieBifl. 0($HBao* 
Beflflo otinpnrB xopom ířA (fijjífiwm lAm b'b oMxbk): caMBon 
Bkpn; <Tetfe noeif%>; MOjniTBy FocnoxaiD a ctfjiaro^ecTBBiBniarOy 
(iBoxepaMiBBbSfliaro^i a bo ^ceaot^ayK): <xBajiBTe bmji f'ocnoxBe>, 
^ciasa Bi BiifliBBX'B 6oty>, <0jiaro<ecraBŠftmaro, caaoxepauiBBiiS* 
ntro> B <B86paBBol Boeaoxfe>. ^ 

Ho eoBepmeaaoM oBOB^aaia cjiystfu, aorxa ae tojibbo npo- 
meceflo ajia npoofeo 6hjio noex^^xaee cjiobo, bo a saicep^B do* 
cilxHÍt BBysi^ aanaajiocB o(^TBoe mecxBie CTyxearofo bs-b i^epBBB 



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166 BMTUnUlfMli. 

jn xoMBUB. EcjH eaie .ocsaBUca csopOHul napoA^ to c^qrsBTeu 
pasj^rajB ero na xb£ ciopoHu, ocrauafl CBotfomoe mícto au 
crywaxoBi. BsciynajH CBa^ajs eryJ|^BTH aiicisaro, norom his- 
maro OTxiiema nonapno, Maj^eH^sie snepew h i. x^ Oieu ucso 
jEia^ancTBOi croaBmee otfuxHOBeHflo 9% ajcra{H^ BHfljta onyxa oco- 
((oiD XBepBK)| ociaBaBiBBajocB iipeA^ VMBMum BxowHti H smóo- 
BajocB, Baaib suxHCitHiuHHBpoBaBaiie eiyxesru, (jxyiiue naospB 
B apxBnacTspB, nonapHOi wmvh^ wm ez imy, BHcrynajii mn 
i^epBBB, noBopawBajiB BajdBO b OTnpaBJUBCib n cbob muamsi* 

BUJÍ% OABKL peBlOpB, KOTOpuft ÚCTO BOClft OtíŠiPUl OTIipaBJUUCI 

sa CTyxeflTaMB re KOMsaTH, ocMaipaBan jcn cnaiBBB b np., 
BO Be OABfli; eiiy BenpeMÍBBO conyícTBOBaw n BflA'^ cbbtHi 
BBcnexiopi) aBOBOMi, wTh noMon^BHBa; npBrxanuuBCB npBCoexB- 
HBTBCfl Bi CMBTb B xpyne BacTaBHBBB, ocotfesBO se lepexBBe 

apZBliaBXpBTII. BBMiBflfl BÍCIOIUO npBXBOpBHt BBHBl, CftyffiBTM 

laBÍa mecTBÍfl BawBaiB ae euccodajm^ a o<K»odM«u; npHram 
jM(ut«^, ecJiB cBBia peiiopa cocroua an xByzvrpexB wio* 
bíb:b^ b (^ouiM^fiJif9| ecjiB CBBxa 6iua MHoroaioxBie. H 6ommott, 

B MajUft OtfzOAH XOXOXBIB, SaBOBCI^l, XO CTOMMtt. 

H Bl fleft TOIBO TBKl Se, BaiTb B Vb AepKBtl, 6UM BBeWHH 

BBoríe nopaxuL bbx (temiiosa BaBm)HBCTOBB a BŮBOiopiiini bb- 
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pett tfjarocJORiBJrB a eiyxesni npaBBiiajuiCB sa CBoe x^jo. IIo 



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IDTlFBTFraLUl XnOKU ISAXUII. 167 

mmntmm ottxa cryjusam enoBa b&jdi HomBy b saiim onm 
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^BVKB aoBoaBexeaít ya&ia npexyapBXBTB BcnaniaB eo eiopoHB 



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168 wtaamamQMíL. . 

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vra. 

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HHcneRopa; na btk xojseocn onpextoineB soJDBOBaHn, Mauqm, 
xase BaovraHii msK nHOBHHBH^ hovtr ho aHaraáe, ho MCJUiBBiicfc, 
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iieHBToirB BoeHHOiTB ywnncl? He 6bi«b etfB coeiUunicioirB bs 
Haysan, npenoxaBaBnraxcfl n asaxeMÍH? He BejiHKa emfi <^xa; 



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JUTIťBIViOEU AnOBBAA AKkffMUí. 169 

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wn aiy xuh 4$h n mmowuBam BneBesropa MMcmm^ jme cne^ 
ipiBcra. A SMK^ rfarb offE, opn Boonmiminn Boramro yn- 
JIIqí^ o^en xo{K)mo saamffb dsuts cm rtia nopiXBam, Boiopiie 
lom BB0XUH6B » EBMiMiné Bv ctaoTBi), MOT^ iEpoes» Be ocy- 
qeenueS) noiOMy ju, ¥T0 caiffb bb&obhbvb ero xotipoBonso oor* 

coiqNmixeHie oo eiopoBB cwbofb^cb. <wb(mp. 

^yriKfc Buutmaiovi na aoisboo». {mtiopa neitptfypreBOt 
xyiOBHol ftBaneMHi vp. DpaiacoKE mftn peiropa meMsol aia- 
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man yimaits^ pyccmn^ dofocMBMf^, a uoůjA cKÍM&a»roeff 
rokfBmis y eno nommejieft ooffK mteinm py^naiio Smto* 
yei^ Bs Hawjrt ceBiatfpioval ipeni lase roxa «po miiavin 
6BKionom nřHpincmi^ fiHBapi0ii% lieBOsaro MiTpooanmi) 
oenuu BMterb h pevropou asajiiMis; UBonu% irwasaiocB 
mni aptmmaaj nowiqr ^o mtSBUM vb Ilereptfypr&y tio&a xtt- 

pOnNOBOBia KB 60HC|B0Ba| WKB BWB 0TO MOSW (fVM (Wlu»n 

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n neiep6ypri, a cjůntrnuNi Óu nodB^pfee eoimin vh ffieKB, rAft 
iqMCBBpíflHft aoRfNniojniTB Eareiift Bajamrnnm&n, mšibn syxxy 
n noMon^Hsi. Meo^y ^v^ HHH0BeHTÍ8 BopicoBi auu'B fb Ile* 
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l^uoBa, csaamťB, vbo <cyM«oeift XpyMl iQrfs 6im>* 

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^VesB HBX*B OBHaisoiffltBOii: CB RaKQiiii^MniKB npaBom i ch oco- 
(SeraocEgn xyxoBMf yanoora « axwncipaqía g vMfax ipan 
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^é&ph-npowypQiph noxHBiiarB^ apxBvaHxpBTi bbb eoBeisoBa Bce 
BBme B BBm bi q^bobboA icpifNiciB. Tbbow |wxa otsK^meBiB 
ten Mesxy BBímirB rojmpoiiifB b iioeHDBCBmrB MRpoBOjnrriirB 
fciapeiOBB Xpoexoaini^ «iBa ^e btokb oocim» penopMi 
ttaxBBÍBy BHBapiem neiepl^fprcÉflBi b t. x.9 xo yBB«itoB«Hii mb* 
neiepeTBa xyxoBHBxi jtíÍM^. Rb bobu^ 1836 roxa b n ^xob- 



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170 BMOEKniSaBOOk 

fioft aBixaoH) H\ro neveptfyppraoirb ÍAmom% h wpBon jqtxo- 
BeHcnfb BOCHjMi^ cjijxHi 9W Mfaajar HHHOKeB^iem EopucoBím 
H rp. DpaaBioaBiiirB jaamAHBMma msifl se ozsomeHuii laiiii 

mm%. Tpa^y zoriuiocfr flaaDiBBxifl Bi^eoBa eAiuTik Bssi^ien 
iieiep(^r€Mfl ustpmojim m pesropoick šmtiřmw v saiim yae 
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iHM7B6p«XMmUl€fl rtiumpuifs ix)tiiniufB. ^Eb% adbm se toxuo 
apxHxampmon eje mojiqxiu^ eauornoMmi, eo nuňMymeEBMa i 
sowrasai apunaisHpetty R^MTCBy Basový rp. IIpamcoBi ae 
OBagHBaj^ GTonKO BBBxaaÍB fl opey^ynpeABTejiuMTBi BaK&HaBO- 
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TÍCHaa. Gam BopaiSORb fil asaixeiiiE boji^ cetía, aoBevHo, ae 
xavb BamxBBEB^ flo E le Ban opociotj speiieHBiii Bsapn* 
pasn. Obi, laKi ci;a8axby BanpooBaca aa axsaiianb cryxoBiOBa, 
npoECzoABBBiil Bh BMi|^ Tpeis, caj|i» Be npocmicB apEfejeai, 
a ciapaicfl MyuiTB, Bra^yaETB bobpoomie e TaaapgaBHBaeMBEH 
BospaseBiaiiE b ayjm^^nj b BacraBnooBi. Ho MjvĚona mur 
TB^MueBÍen yaaiaBBaro eiyxa eayauin ciftxyx^^ía o6cTonaa- 
eraa. 

HBHoaeBril EopBOOB^b yaie 30-oo AexaDpa aa Běapoch: hošto 
jiB offfc ^e n^jffivb n Iletepfiypri, oraivaj^ tfpMro, li- 
poaTBOy oieEJb AOJTo; y mwsl emfi cctb xhoto $KÍbc( xijia>. H 
Bxpyn RE BOBiiĚ roffb au aa jq[»yroft :wbb ero Hanan topobjebo 
cofiapanea vh fiieaii a x^SemTanBO owHb caopo ylsan. ApxH- 
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BOVB &bvcm flep^taaan caiyiyaxiMft pascsan pearopa I^eae- 
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BOieiBHiiE iiOBaxaaQiraaq>H «& Savaii fmfo^j vo^, no an 
BKpasttdxi, <c«aaRb xaici. ^X^cffa>. Ba aron xeav noaolBiit 
Biuiepaioprb BpEmufan imiiiBOJiBTa, maxh bcebíí npaaocaaaBHft 
E HatfosHiift AOMOxoaaBBx BfflSBMaen . eaoero yaaauieiiaro npa- 
zoncBoro <»afl|eBBna« G^a^m jpaw yse owaan o uaBaxi 
rp. Upamcoaa b HBBoaeHria BopBCoaa; dooiíxbíI acy oiobk ae 
HpaBBJíca. OHNUTO Borynan m toftůf ch coeiaBBiejHiai Baaaa 
m% ae xoiin. Ho 6yxio dUf bo apoMii cboo^o eaaajieBM n 3aM- 



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nvm^meuM ahobbají ijujujoiuí. 171 

ie» XBopQŠ 31-ro jteMtipo, (wl npocm FocyAtpa Hmiepazopa 
ocTaBBTb Ba CB0BX% Mtoaxib opemaro fiiBapia ero h peisiopa 
aian^ÍK. Bei^CTBÍe 9TOi<^ro 6y4m> 6u npocibtfH DsHOBéHrift 60- 
picoKB nojyun npnaai noocople yÓqMmcji n Kiesi. IIo spafl- 
Hdl MJbpi, ji^^ XQTopHX^, fl^ ero cjobems, 30*ro j(isBB6psi emfi 
na MBoro eiiy npexasouo, m^yn xyxa-Ta ]q[M«ajni h au hhxi 
yie HBna ae yfiičpmMBU% ero n DeiepCypri. 

HaiepiiiBDa neyx&iy otbochimbm Hmaro penopa axaAeifiH, 
ip. npamooBi AMasesb éim xoBOJifcenoBaiiCii iipesniMi, xase 
(ixliaici 1% Heny jiacnoBinim; o cafioBsa^ Koxptfnim loft, koto- 
pai opoHCXoxua n rpeiii wMVBf u nouMBj se 6ílío: cb ^y- 
rol ciopoBH peaxop^ yaioBucfl, xoHeiHO, oainnii ytiHBmrB b, 
na otiíMTB, wBaaaTeJMHicfc otfpatom tn% Bteoiopiin p64N>pni 
Ba BOTopHU rp. UparacoBib BacecaHBajiru JSa w&m naBflHB% oJSpa- 
son npuraxxesaJia yccpoicrm boboí, jyuiett, xaaae ójieciaDitel 
xefeiH M ycxpolefBO enaiBBHXK BOMBaxi, aixiABurB orb xom- 
ath Aifl saurifl. Gir&isflo xaseroa, a iieaixy t^^m^ cnpaBexjnBO, 
no 0% 9TB yjyqmeBia c<iflTajflCB Torjiia bb MOHaneoTB^ b wse 
n j^oBeBCTBi BenpBiiBiBiiMB Aifl ^xMBO-yBeJBaro aamwflM^ 
XopoBieK) MetfeiBD OBacaiBGb paBBBTb kb CTyxMnxi BasiOBsocTB 
a pocBOBui, BO lyrB B(»TaBB roTOBn 6mn cf/kaoh saByio-nfio 
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no €Oíc£m% pascrpoBTCB. CepxotfojSBBHe js^i roBOpBJíB: ^TenepB 
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HO Bce-TBBB BOOTxoxBeTs; xft BO^OBy se nocjift o(^xa b bo co- 
ciyrB? A apB otx&ibbhxi CBaxBBBXi, bb Boiopua xonoiOBO 6y- 
len noKiĚTh tmbbo bo^bio, rx^ (SixBesBBOvy cryxeBTy, yroiuffl- 
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paCflOJUMBBTBCfl BB BOJy^ DOJOBUlBfllB BOA'B rOJOl^ SaSOft - IBíSo 

^M^sn VB^ (SbÓjíotcbb». OrpaBBie Bcero, no fb aroft 6opB0& 
j» Bpfluo, a eiopoBOK) y^aecBOBaji^ jcBzpODOiBn Jípodfpwh. Mbí 
on pesTopa m^nexeBa ywurocB cjiHBaiBy vro mocbobcbíS (tbkb 
Toqia BasHBBJíB $0 japera) bb sa hto bo Benm bbboxbtb cbbjbbb. 
Fpa^ UpaiacoBB, BpB bcobi cbmbi seMBiB BOcmBBTB asaxe- 
xuo B9 BBéfliBOcm BB iBsoe &iecTBBiee BOJunBBÍe, vb xaBom 
HUQWUBKB Torxa CBtecsÍB y^BiBfl|a| . xejaMBi 6im bb BpeMi 
oiusaiBca on Bero, Bax^cB aiono xMiarByrB npB bobobib pes- 
lopft. IIpeasBBro se bo mpeuAfpMJi% (hudbě a ae apoBarcTBO- 
Ban CB. CBBOxy BaanvBTB ero Ejf/K-ado bb apsíepea. He sa- 
mio xo laBBByn 1837 rejga e^jajocB CBo6qx*iiBi utoo bb* 



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172 noramuFomt* 

Mpif MOCBOBCBaro MiTpoiiojiflta, M Mdopoe, no seianix) $ffj»- 
peM AposKOBt, E 6iiVB oofiexiieas Baraatt USfiomem. 

Hai6aite xocFoisHiťb speeMBiiBom ero, aa HCumieHÍw& 
exn A He oxHoro ituso Hbsobkosím BopKCOM, Mon 6u v xoi- 
seBi ((s (hrr& nicneEvo{Kb auiiifiv, fiayipBiexuHui v Ktme Ben- 
leesBessas BstencTB ero, yaftBbe opixaian cjn>Baií*B eeoBm 
osHBiíeHie npH noiiaqiv aectoes h asMiHeatt vh HHToaaiiiH ro- 
joca, o(fainpHiia CBiiffani m npeaoxaBaemrB am opexnfiacB,— 
Bce dTO^ npa xopomem Aap6 CMBa, x&aaiiH ony boshoshoctb 
6mh oKBEWh mn ňjmmm Torxafflaixi aBaxeMHWOBHX!^ HaciaBHH- 
soKb. OcofieHHO se aB% saciyHEBan &iai!oxapHocr& sa to, ^lo 
nepsat Hamj» lararB umi^M o . pyccmm' pacitMA, — oepBStt mn 
paBH0(K^a8Hiin, bo ooYia racaaibao BMŮfíbJuaaaoh i»repiajOB% 
eoeiMu» GBOH saiiHcui oo WMy npeKvery. IIotOMi, BOcmraB^ 
mKfc KE neiepdyprcntt se asueiriB, aaiaiiaa n mft xmshock 
(SassaAaBpa tfojrito cenB a wjnsEoeTB aB0neim)pa osom mecn 
a§n, offE bdojhí noHHiiajrb ,i(yxi, aexocfanH h oorpefeocn aaa- 
f/am H flcaprano aeiaii 6iit& eB nojesravrB. Ha cryfMnroBi 
iBf&a cÚBHoe Mopanaoe uúme; HacimaBm, mpo^ XByrB-q^x% 
lejioBteB, yBaaajB ero; t6 b xpyiie <$iua ysipeHit, 110 obi 
6yAen pemopom, xa«6 noro Bcit aaenuR aToro% RpoMi Toro, 
san finme caasaHOi b& ropoxk Meawy m>XUui, soropitxi iHte- 
pe<^Bau ;^yzoBHiu ^tbu, oh'b (km Hwtoevi, san xpímŘ sa% 
TorAamHHxs npommixHflBrafi. Ho rp. Epanoofliy aa% see ea^e se 
BpaaHjefl; asi narpoiiUHvoB^E se hh o^aai ae Bcrynajca aa 
BHOjraš xoexotaaro iieiOBAaa; eraiHiBS Cepa^iaMS, xoaoiBB&i rtm, 
^TO oxepaian noditay aaxB HaHOBearieMi BopacoBímt^ se tOTtjn 
HaiHBaTB HOBya), OTB|Mifyx> 6opBdy ci oóepi-i^oaypapms ass^aa 
EBCiieKTopa; #ajapen Apoaw>Bi se xojnotfuBaa^b aaiHiesrQpa aa 
HejncŽHiie a ifesaiaHw HasaonoRxoHaaHan npwB Havft, a y 
síeBcaaro Marponeora ^^apera AM^areaqiOBa 6un aa-rovoafi 
CBOft aaaxBxar&L, cboB apoiasě, semuvE, xute, aan ooroBapa- 
Baia, exaa jb hs poxcrBaHABSb, apoaiaBcaoB coBnapia aBcnes- 
Topi Haaoiafl Jífiépoaumn. 

Obi . npraaxxeaaun aa caBnm etiBBHOBeaHBB^ BanioipaBi 
aaax9BÍB, se oriaiajca hb BpapoxHiurB oco6e^niB% yB0H!B, bb 
BaqaiaHBOCTiB), hbotpwmhíwi as vjiMpbseBm BceciopwBBra 
saaaitt, (dm, BaB'Ki Biipasaa>rai, xa>BunBHB'& fejroataoirE. Rl 
yBi ero saaímiacB xute bbotxa aaaaa-ro crpaaBaa Bexiarenr 
HocTB^ BenofapouBBocTB) BCjftxcTBie aoTopBX^b OB'B He Bxpyra 
oeBOBBaioa ge iíbi, ^xty enj roBopaia, se axpyn OTHeaaaarB bi 
rojOBt CBoeS sysauft a xlnasit OTBtrB. <He noHHBaa», roaa- 



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]IITIF67FrCBi I JtnOUAfl iSAXUlA* 1 73 

piBan om í^íibuo sbji»bhixci bs seny nox^HHeBHiiii^ van on 
Hi UCHO Baiarara cbob mhcjib, nynioa xase, ho e^n xb cnp^*- 
BewiBO, ^m> OHI ra> Haporao xijian b9b sejana hjk noH»x- 
an OTBftnnrBi Bjn nQxmyrBT^ Hax:B HOiepni^BoeisK) noxnara^ 
H&ro. A MÍŠCTBwrexuiOf nomyrBib) uěoctpwrh úwh bd^bíh^ ho 
oopom ero ne OTJiB%ajHC& H9o6pivairemiOCxu9; npraoirb (SiHSBBia 
n fieay aoxbitb nacro npBxoxBJíOCB cayioaTB HOBTopeBie oxbhx^b 
I rbrh se ocrporB; — lan Hanp. nepeeiHNBaa bx aBMeMHHe* 
CBOBi BasBa^eflCTBJb 25-TH-py6j6Baa aceHCBaipB^ BOTopnxK vh 
TBCflvi OHIO eopoB%, OHI roBopHjr&: <88, 39, TpHMaiL agobib, 
I rxi se copoBoeaa? Xa, xa^ xat rxi se OHa?> enpamBBaen 
on asoHomt. 

OrBocBTe^BHO HayuHxi cb^x^híA naxotfHo CBaaaiE, ^lo om 
jlise se Mon wa npiotfpier^ HaciojbKO, hto6h 6mh xopomninB 
npo^^ecoopom BHCoaro yieCnaro saBO^tefeia, noiaiy bto ne Ůum^ 
cueBi vh MÍueisfom% b ^^HAyacxoiix BSHBaxK h ne jdAjfl npa*- 
BHixfl cjiiABTb sa yn^mm jHrepaTypox) na btbxi asuBax^. Vín 
aikí€JSMTb Hayxi, Heo6xoxiuaix% x^a Bcaaaro ofipasoBaHHaro ne* 
knAkb, exua jb ohx enaxB ocBOBaTejBBO x0cb ewy. Ho aa to 
em cnran oelSa ÓQShumíii eBasosomb exojncniHecBoB ^bjioco^b, 
KOiopaa Torxa HpeooxaaaBacB n eeifenapiaxi b or^aain Aase bi 
auuoMim. noBOxom x» Tovy noojgrsaao !co oUcfioiTeiBCTBO, iio 
offb no oxoiPlaHtB iqrpca n BieBCBofi aBawMÍB noeiaffb 6um% 
iBcn^BTopoM^b vh HeiqitfyproByK) ceMuiapiio b ^un Tam wb- 
cKOJuo jiin opo^^eocopoM^B 4>bmco^. fiasB se ne Boo6pauiT& 
cefifl 4«jo«o^Mi, Boria oeifaBapcsai TorxaniHflfl 4^jioco^ saBJB)- 
uja 01 oe6i ne toubo joraay b neBXQioriB>) to b Mora^BBy, 
raiy, ecreoTBevHoe npaBO b xaace Bciopix> ^ajoco^^csm cbctomi, 
BaiHBafl OTB 6ajeca ao JleflÓBBiia, a BHorAa (Spa^a xji6«b h b8% 
BaHTa, HpoBBBOCBaa xase ^mbiíb $BBTe^ IQejjHHra b np.? 

Ha ocBOBaBÍB lavoro coo<$pa»eBÍfl J(o6poxoiOB!B, ex^jaBOHica 
peiropoMi aBaxeHÍB, jK)tfB.rB hb essaHeHaxi no^NMOOo^^ciBOBaia, 
Dpexaaraji!B ctyfummwh rwhrBwmiĚBímsí BospasseBia, BCiynan 
n yieHHB iq[ieHÍg cb HaeraBHBBaiiB ^míoco^b; 000600110 C!b Eap- 
naBBBiy B OTOHB BacTO HB CBOvrh ^(BenyTaBx yBorpe&iaj^B cboh 
a)(kniHi: «xa, xa, xa! vD(a bto se bto xasoe? xa, xa, xa!» Exsa 
n Taase ne npo^^eoGopciBO se no ottfBHapcBoi ^aoco^hi 6euio 
opnBBOi) TOiX)^ iTO Ji(o6pQXQTo»B jnoten xoTB HBpIxBa ŮMecayn 
cBom omtiepaxBaMoifB na npo^[fecoop€BOi Baoeffpi, Bnpo^eKB kb 
09^1 oapaiiBia^B pa8M'6pax'B. HMp., na jiobipb soenyBoiBOB exoBx 
19-ro eraxa 20-ft rxasu BBuranicra leanna, i^^ roBoparca o 
weBÍa BOd^ecHiaro GHacaroM yseBSBaM, Koropue tai^m kb 



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17i nomn nFOBB. 

BOMHa?^ deef^m É(jm6apmnuM»f JSflůp&iumvbj oumbioh, rto sa 
ocHOBanifl moto lescTa xoRasiiBann, 0y^o tfn IiicycB XpHcroa 
Bsoflien n xoMHasy ne >ipen XBepii, Kovopsai 6iijih saneprv, a 
npOHBn yase cboutl npeodpasoBanfluii^ r%iowh cbbobb citey, — 
caasaBinH ano hotomi npstenfljn.: «xa, xa, xa! r^ se ryvh roBO- 
pfftcfl o($& 910111? cnsavo Tonso, ^to XBepa KomaTfi 6iuh aa* 
TBopeHH, a BOBce ve to, vro Itfcycs XpHCrocB npomejrb ckbobb 
ertny, se oiBopu XBepel; xa, xa, xa!> 

0rH0CBTeiBH(/ aKaxevnecBMo xoBgAcTBa ^oÓpoxoiOBi CTpaxajrs 
cjiateeTBH), BOTOpaa (hum CBoBcTBeBsa ex^a jle ne wAu% Torxam- 
HHHi peBTopaiTE ceifHHapifi. Ohh JiotiEJiH He ToiBKo nOwiyvaTB Ha* 
sHaneHHoe hm^b sajiOBaHBe, ho h nojiBSOBaTBCfl otb ceMBHapifl xft- 
poBKiMH npBCJiyroK), ocBÍii^eHieirB, CB^craHiífi npBnacaiiH, judÓbjih 
laKse na BaseHHHfl xeHBra, paByn^berca, ne rjiacHinr^ oópasom 
ycipoHBaTB BBsaiieHCBie o^xb h np. Taiie nocrynsE i4hi 0ojrte 
saciysEBajiE HapeBuie, mo 06xHaro peBTopa ne CiiJio hh o^Horo, 

HTO OHH, paSBi Sa HBftOSHHMB HCUK)WHÍnH, BpOlA WUIOBaHU 
OTB CeMHHapífi) HM^H XOpOime AOXOXH OTB MOHaCTHpett, Bl BOTO- 

pHxi HaeroflTencTBOBajH. Ho ohh, bšpobtho, CMorpšxH na ceMH- 

HapiH Ch HOHaCTHpCBOM TO«H 8pŠHÍB. B&X^ HaCTOBTejB MOHaCTUpS 

HOJiBByercfl bc^vb otb nero, ffixe TperBH) lacfB tfpatcBBxi xoxo- 
fflvh (Sepen ce6%. IIo^eMy se He BOo6pa8HTB| vro h ceMHHapk 

eCTB MOBaCTEipB H ^TO, Ba OICyTCTBieiTB ÓpaiCBHXl B*B Het AOXO- 

jífiwb, poBTopy cjribAyeTB nojnBOBatBCfl x&poBiiini npHaiyroK>i cb^ct- 
HHMB npHnacaMH h np.? Rone^no, otb btofo crpaxajiH yqoHH^e- 
CBie sejiyxBB; BoneiHO, Basennoe BUUOBaHBe b saBOHHiie wxoah 
poBTopa 6uxB 6ojAej HeaBejH xccraTomi na co^epsanie ero, ho 
He CTOHJO odpan^aTB BHHMaHie Ha bvo. Y^ieHHBH noru noyaTBCx 
BOBxepsaHiB) H oroy^BTBcx OTB ^peBoyroxifl; a ocmK>ovecfl fb bb- 
jiEHiBÍ AOXOXH H saiOBaHBe MoriH c^peraTBCfl iifM) h^huů denh^ 
BOTopHit, BHpo^eirB, cjiBinBOMi pšxBo Bunaxajii na xojíb> jibi](b yqe- 
naro MonamecTBa. 

Bi xBBxiiaTBxi H TpHxi^anixi roxaxi HHHftHnrjiro croj^Tía pe<- 
Topu nerepÓyprcBoft AyxoBHotl aBaxeMiH norf^UE saaoBaHBB, xo- 
xoxoBi OTB xonacTHpefi, bmh ynpaBJífleHtixi, h otb pexaB^ÍH <XpH- 
criancBaro ?TeHÍB> ropasxo 6ojAe 10,000 pytfjeft accBrHaqíHHH. 
npH BaaeHHOft bhoihA oiieÓJHpoBaHHoft BBapTBpft, HpH BaseH- 
HovB BBHnasš, 6e8ceHefiHOMy ^ejiOBÍBy, Baseica, hosho tfmio 6u 

XOBOJKBCTBOBaTBCJI 8T0B) CyMMOB). Ho OTI^ pOBTOpU He XOT&IB pBB- 

ciaTBca CB oHBcaHHOK) ceftvaci cjia6ocTBio pearopoBi cexHHapit. Eas- 
XhB B9B' HHx^B HifturB xByx^TperB BasenBiixi cjtyssiejiet, hojbbo- 
Baid HHorHKH cBtonHMH HpBHacaMH Bsi cryxeHHecBOt BxaxoB<A. 



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HKTIPB/PrOEU X^IOiSAJI iSAABMIfl. 175 

O&h anMeflCBHXi o(MM&z& m aáqreuEB sewro h roBopirs; ao- 
6ii8iS Ha wBTh ffinerh esoHOMS)" xaiBt 8hwi%. Pesropi A^po- 
^paion noBBOun oe6i Tpe<(oBaTE on Hero maMnancBoe na yro- 
nOHÍe CBOHXi opúíTejieft, npBion ne oxbok) BaxoKhjfi(k> tiyniJUMH), 
a noJUpoaumaMH h xDSHHaiiH hx%. IIojasyflGb HesasoHBO saseH- 
WBĚM xemranH Ha cboh Hůcnme ipacusm b% Ůoxie wa vesie 
mspoKBíTh pasHJ^iaxi, peampH oe xovjih se ae osainiBaTB cbhc^ 
xosxema h b^b wpomnwh HmB9,m npaBJíeaiJi b xaaae ir& Hacraa* 
HflBaM%. y BBeneRTopa tfHJoxBaaaseHHimcjijwiTejuí, j aBOHom 
B eeBperapfl no oxHOiiy. SwbMHb vh ABamarruxi roxui, oooÓeHHO 
opa Ao6poapaBOB%, Bomxo bx oómafi, ^fo xase meiaBaHn, no^ 
idqaBinieca wh aaaijeiriBy noBBBOBaxHOs MHoraMB BasesHinn ci^ter- 
HUB npBnaoaMB, ocoilraHO xxidoiehj uacioii% b np., ne nxaia 
sa HBTL ffiuen. drorB, MO^rao OBasasB, ppates^s SHavafejiSHO co- 
BpaTBjí iepoMOHaz^B reHHaxift, cxtjiaHHBt &iBOfloiiO]r& fb 1828 r. 
7BBxaBiHH, aaKoe rpoMaxHoe BoiHHecrBO ciAcmurb npBnacoBi 
eacexHOBHO pacxoxyerca na Ha^ajiBCTBO h HacTaBHHKosi asaxemB^ 
0R& BBKica Kb JífiůpozpJSúBy B^ Bafli:^ TopB^ MEJiopocc^, OTxaBaa 
exy BJDonr on K^aAonixi) esasan: «B08aaiBie bzi, Bn^Bte HOBaro 
asoHona, a a ho nory bm ůvxb*^. ^fiůpo&pMOfnj BHCjymaBib ace, 
ht6 reHBaAÍt eny cKasan o MHaasecTB^ nSapaemm npanaeoRB, 
noHai!b, vro Boe OTb qero h oaHOMy Ha^odHO orBasarbca, b xpy- 
iwťB OTxasaTB. Bcim saByn^Bii^B vh asaxmia HaunaBsam b 
BacraBHflBaiTB cb paspimenifl MHTpoaojnrra aosbojoho 6ujlo satfa- 
paiB x^a c6(Sfl wi CTyxeHnecBott BiaxoBOfl npBoacH, ho ci tImi^ 
míu vh MBni roxa sa hbxx Bsuua^BBaTB cymiy, soropot ohh 
ctohxtb; caiťB ^oCpospasoBi nox^BHBJíCfl paxs npBiiibpa aioHy pac- 
nopaseniH); no opncjiyra y ^jobobi^ b oenperapa npaKiema ocra- 
BftiacB BaseHflox). Ona tfpazacB mn ncM lofr, aotopaa Hassa^a* 
jaa xia cryxeHTOKB Booón^e. IIoBa aBax9HÍa ocraBaiacB bh% aax- 
8opa oCepi-npoaypopcaaro b ho Tpe6oBajiocB b<b hoB oco(SeHHoS 
ucTOTii H OHpaTHOCTH, x^jio Boe^sawB czoxHio cfB pyBi. Ho co 
BpeifeHH Hataecmeui rp. IIpaiaccBa Bce xousho 6buío BBMŠBatBca; 
npHCjym oxasaJiocB nexccnuvo^Ho v% oiyxeBTOCiHXi BOMnaTaxi, 
eroxoBofiy donHBi^ h np.; cespeiapB a aaoHOirB saBeaH cbo» npa- 
eijry, ho pearopi a aHCDesTOpi ae xotjuib larB csopo pascraiBca 
Ch XABHHmflBitB o6Ei«iaeirB. SaBi hb crpanHuirB noMaevcfli a 
Besx7 ^^^ roBopB) coB^meHflyB>npaBxyi TrooKOHomi ch oxhoS 
cBopoHJi noRyjKXMMufl Bii^TB JuanHB>H> npacjyry x^fl coxepsania 
iBMPiriB B% Tp6((yeHoS ^HCTorty a a xpyrofl ciopoHii ho muia 
oAMĚícn caoMLTh HaujiBHBBaicB, ^Ro6ii ohh oraasaiHCB otb aa- 
aeHBOl npHCJtyra, tfojrbe roxa naaTam am c^oero aapKana xraBni 



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176 BseniniBPttOL 

cjiya»TeaiD, HaxownMCjFci npr oxiom on vexb, s leiMso icaio* 
jiŘhU9JĚjf tfh ÓóMhwmm BeopíafHOcraia xjifl (»6fl| eiqr yxi^iocs aa- 
CTOSTfa na fom, ^ao6B OTI^l rumufífj^ cbmm na cboí c^en Ha- 
BBitaii xu cefia cijasBieiefi. 

Bb fuom oiHomeni tco6mBO (San ynpflm Jífoůpoxmovb. 
Korxa noHoiTb euy xouaffiBan, vioéu ovb na cbm xenra aa- 
moĚWh Hpaeiyry aj^a ce6i, t9 obs otfHBHoiieHHO Foupnan: «Bon 
emfi mó BaTiaaeiel Paart a ne penopi? Passfe xhí ea cboí 
eierfc BaBAMavB cMjmmejM? Ff/b aro affirno, iio6h y pesropa 
6iiJia Be BaaeHBaa^ a cBoa iipBCjyra?» Toibbo vb soBigr CBeero 
p^Topeisa, QSPh cran cbm% sa cme xesBFE BasBiian oxhoto 
Hm eiysBTajrot; bo b &io*b6 afofliJiocB tiea!b Ma^fluutro CBaa* 
xai&HBBa. Bi 0XB0H1& BffB BaeftxafliS uaxeifBHecBara npaBxeHÍa 
Ao6paxoTon^ oÓpamisiBCB bk asoBoxy, CBaaajrc 

— fl na Bací rBŠBaB)au 

^^ 3a 5T0 BIO, Baflie BseosoBpeBOxo^? — CBpocBn ooxBiř- 

BeBBBi. 

-* A* BOTB fl bubí Óhjtbbb ÓPxmEujb] (SoiBflHe saiymcB, ^no 
y BBZi BBWAa Be ůmmem BOBce npflciyni, noaapiB roroMn bj- 
maBBe, a ejysHieiB yxojpmí kb anTeay sa JieBapcraaMB. 

— 9ro €OBeiHf BBaa opa^xa. 

— A CBúJOMk BOioateBO hm^b ciyauTejet ispE 6oxbbbi^? 

— JífiúMjn apoiii flOBapa. 

— A cboubo Hxi BaBBMaeica? 

— ^BWj flO aa 60JBBBIty AOClMTCf oxbhi tmbbo. 

— BaBK se 910? BaBBMaeieH xBoe, a n Óoibbbi^ oabh%? 

— Jlfl BBeBBa laKB. 

— A Tf^ ase ApyrM uysBfeiB? 

— Bh o>ieBB xopoma oanB esaere^ Tfjb obi« 

— Hy BJhrBý Be uaio* 

— S^T!B| SBaere. 

— ^ a EOBopH), ve Be iBas)) b bbobb CBpafliBBaa): rx& mt 
xpyroft BaflHHaeiiiii xu 6eiaflBqHeiyatEmiB? 

— dřen Bonpo» bb jemca paeptflucr e^ Borxai apamexníB b% 
CBOB BOBsatn, yBBXBfe Tparopia (saeeBBaro BpB sem CjysBseiB). 
Wbxk u SBi^ene, mo upsí Buniz^B BOHBaran se neioaeBO otb 
BasBH Oflymfeja^ a... 

-^ Hy BOTB en^e^ sairikfliiooaiTB ciapya) uteuio. 

Mea^ rbm era bšobb bb: ocraiaCB 6en docijMotbUI; ee qih- 
mau MBorie Bym^H, npBinexinie xointmutBCi sa pf^Bsie upem^foif 
BysBHe wifl asaxenÍB. H itMmy pesiopB, BOBBpaTBBBmcB xoMot, 
BaoBean »Braoxy BuracBy, ooereiBinyK> bkb cjiobs: «a bhbíhi- 



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nBTiPBrprcauji xyiouu ASixnox* 177 

HflFO XBi fl CBoevy Fj^ropMO uiMy asaiaBane ras cbohxe ffinen, 
I lu 6ojamaifL Haflune jq^yroro cjyaiHTejui^. 

H n Kpjvmrb ciy vaaxb JI(o<^pQxaiOBi Óuxb aacrofliiUĚ Torxam- 
Híl pesTopB ceMuapiH. ^yn ne ci nepBim xnefi CBoero pes- 
lopctBa OKb cran roBopeiB dioHOiiy: «fl JioÓauo, wro6u y vbbsl 
n McaaTarb daio Bce xopomo h opajiH^Ho; ui Hysno ocb^- 
fl^Ka iMittUH; Bymie Bce, ^t6 iiysHO am aioro; b^x^ se na 
CBoi se cwTb M^ m noir^T&». ELui: «fl uo&uo (SecixoBarB 
a HaciaBEmifM, TaBoro-To ucía a nosoBy ux ea Benepi^, a 
BH npararoBBTe to-to h to-to>. H sor^a se^epi BOH^aica, a aao- 
Boia npexcraBian pesropy cnen asxepsBaiťB, to noiynan b!l 
Bn onin: «xa, xa, xa! Bon en^e "íto Bu^yiian! Jífl, pasBi a ne 
peKqKb?» H ecjH tfii Bi TO BpeMa ceKperapB h aaoHoirB ne Chulh 
w/kassi €h xopoindl CTOpomi EapaeeBCBOMy Hrp. IIparacoBy h, 
paseuTHBaa Ha 910, ne orpaHHHHBajia Majo-no-Majy pacxoAOJB)6H- 
Báro pesiopa, to asaxeMHiecBurb ^HnaHcairb npHBUocb 611 hcto* 
qftnbci Ha MHoria BOBce BeHysHua, HedaBOHHiu HSxepsKH. Oco- 

(íeHBO se AotfpOXOTOBl tfiUl HeCrOBOpiHBOb OTHOCHTejLHO O&ÍAOVb 

Ha jPfŮJonEMXh 8B8aMeHax'B..» <Hy ys'E vírb, HdBHHHTe; a ajoÓjíjo, 
noÓH y Měna oBsaiceHCBia sasycBH (umel o6iffi)6wm OTjraiHiia^. 
Oco(eHHO se Tasen Morb Óhtb nyÓJunEufi asaaiíeffb 1839 r. 
OffE npoAOisajca Asa ahh c^b oÓ^a&mh Basxufi x^hb hojob^bi na 
50—60. Ho OHH 6wa nociixHHMH o6ixftMH na aadenHiifi c^en. 
Korxa BBOHoiTB BCBopi nocii HHxrb npHniej'B vb pesropy cl sa- 
lOBaHLarb sa xBa micMsifi, to no oCsi^ax) nepaoHa^iajBHO npex^o- 
mi cBoeiiy HauiBHHiy pacnacaTBca vb nojiynemH* xenera. IIo- 
lon npexcTaBHJTb xaHHHHfi men pacxoxftM^.** «9to hto TaBoe>? 
^cnpocHji pesTopi.— «C9en x^HBraMs, BOiopiia ynoTpe&ieHu 
Ha pa í)6'bfífk h xoTopnxi mh^ ne orsyxa B8aTB». H sa t&ii, 
Bsnim CHOTH, nojosHBíHH Ha HHxs cpoíjj soTopyx) oAxoBaio 
noiyurB pesiopy h CBBHyBniH C!b nee assaiieHCBie pacxoxHi owb 
^^paun o^eHB Hetiomnoft ocraiOKB xenerB h, nouoHHBniHCBy ymeii. 
PeBiop^b, coBcfarB ne oaďw^ndfi laBoi paBBasBH, ne namejicai ho 
ch tíxx, xaseica, HopB na BxsaiieHCKie oCibffi erau saHMCTBOBaTB 
WBBTi EVh pexanpH <XpHCTiaHCBaro %eHÍa>. 

Hhcboiuo ne capunaa sanBTajubHaro HeAOcraTBa kb ^oópoxo- 
iobí, a CTHTaio HysHmrB caasaTB, %to oh% bobco ne 6im X7P~ 
HBiTB ^eaoBisoiTB; OKB ŮJWb pyTHHepib, npHBUKi» fjuíLTbj saai h 

BCi K»Xa Xy^aJIH, no POBTOPB lyTB HO BCO XO^SOHS HOJiy^aTB 

oiTB ynpaBueifot ma asaxeniH hjih ceMHHapiH, Bipnjii bx oto, 
ttKB B!B HoipejiosHyio ECtmy. Bwb se othxi npHBUHeBi ohx 

BOBOe Be dWTb BOpiICIOJIlOÓHBi; UM^ BHOlfli H3BÍCTH0, HTO OBI 
Tttn lY.— Ida, 1888. 12 



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1 78 BMram iBrom. 

Be xauAn mnmeáhwírh cjuu% na Bcaonon^ecxBOBame He toubo 

pOAHUMrb CBO&Mly HO H CTOpOHEUS. R^B aiOlfy nputittJDt), 9T0 OWh 

6un no ftymi CBoefi no6puŘ, neuoaaiuTHiiS ^eIowbf^>. IIox^h- 

HeBBHS UOTb He TOJ&BO Cb BHM% lEOCnOpHTB, AUK BpjTlIHO HO- 

roBopHTB, H nocjA Hpem saKofi-HB6yxB ^BCh ycumaTB on Hero: 
<8Ba BBi paBropflHHJiHCB^ xa H fl Tose, By, nycTB 6y#rB no bb- 
meMy>, mm: <nocjiyniafii«CB xemi; a npaBxy roBops); oe enopBTe>. 
Tim a'6jo h OBBHHHBaaocB. Oh HaciaBHiBaicH oh% otipaiqajiai 
BecBHB lopomo. Ecju jiioÓhj^b hb BSBanenazi nocnopATB, no^- 

lOCO^KyrBOBBTBi AfO^e nOrOpBUTBCfl, TO BCe BTO H BBBaHUUBaJlOCB 

cjiobbmh. HBBorxa b ebkofo okb ho npeciixoBajiv, oo^tb hi 

Kh BOMy HO OTHOCBjUUI CB XOJlOABO€TBH)| Cl BBXlCeHBOCrBK), CB 

npesp^HÍeni. Ero sa MHoroe BeAsa 0iuo ]B>XBaiBTB) ho BarK*T0 
ne xoT&iocB h 6paBBTB; en^e ipyxH^ 6umo ero HeHaBHX&XB. 
ÁB^xeMH^ecBÍe HacraBHHBH npB nem OTXoxnyjni otb tofo rHexa, 

BOTOpHĚ TflrOT&JKl HBffB MHOrHMH B8!B HHZX BpB II^eneTeB%. Ka^XH* 
mi> HHXB ÓHJIl nOJIBHlCl lOBflBflOMl Vh CBOOITB BJIBCCi, MOTB FO- 

BopflTB TO, ^Tó BaxoAHjeii flCTBHHUMx, He OHBcascBi ^10 OTO sano- 

AOSpflTB Vh epeCHy BOJIBBOXyMCTBi H T. n. H nOTOMy HeyXHBH- 

TejiBHO, ^TO Borxa Ao6poxotoBrB ovBŠBauLTB HB enBCBoncsyH) sa- 
eexpy vb TaMÓOBi, lo HacraBBBBH yctpoHJiH bib toctb eroBejHBO- 
jiiuRuŘ npon^ajiBHiifi oGbxh. ' 

MosHO en^e saMŠíHiB, ^to, c^tjiaBíHHCB enBCBonoirb, owb 

HÍCBOABBO Crail BSK^HflTBCfl, 0C06eBH0 OTHOCBieiBHO MB^mi o 

tf^OM^B xy^oBeHCTB^. Bo BpeMB OFO peBtopcTBa oreqB ero, cbb- 
HiteHHHBi, noABeproi ona^i no xonecenÍB) ibhobhbbobi naiaxn 
rocyABpcTBeHHHXi BMyn^ecifiTB o toitb, ^rro okb A^jiaon o6peiceHH- 
TOďBHHe no6opH CB npBxosam, sa qro na hšcbojbbo BpeneHH 
yxajieBi Óbiji^b otb xoJiasHoaH. B^b bio Bpeiifl JI(o6poxoiOBi nocBi- 
MJTb CTapÉBy onQr (Sojumk xeHBm bb ooxepsuoie ero h ce 

CBOHMH nOXTOHeHBHM fl JnotfHJTB rOBOJHnB o TOMl, 910 ti^AOHy fjjxy- 

BeHCTBy HenpeMÍ&HHo nysno hojhmkbtb saiosanBe. Ho Bon ero 
cx&iajiB enncBonoMi, b B8ruA'B ero hb auuoBBHBe flyxoB^ictBy 
H8MÍHBJCB. OaHBBWI, ÓBIBniH Vh BBaxcMviecBoirB sBeHO-xpaHUHn^i^ 
OHI o6paTHJica bi oxHOMy mh npBcyrcTBOBaBíHaxi tyn HacuB- 

HBBOBl CB CJlOBaiOi: <BOrB MH Cl BBHB Hep^^BO paBCyS^BJIH, 9T0 

cjAfiyevh nojioauTB xyzoBe&crBy saiOBBHBe, a vbff> xn secroKo 
onui6ajiBCB>. HacraBHBBi, BsyMJieBBidl bibhh cjobimb, esasajTE: 
cnoHBJíySie, samé npeocBBn(eBCTBO) se bb jm gbmh hbxoxbjíh 
saiOBaHBe bto HeoÓxoxB]mii'B, a xenepB cobc&eb fpyroe roBopBTe>. 
— ^a, npBBxa, — cBasajii ^oOpoxoTOBi, — a roBopui bio, ho 
lenepB BBsy, hto omnCajiCB. Biepa a 6un y HOcaoBCBaro mrrpo* 



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nriFBTProKAji fjif>mu kSLkf^m. 179 

noura, botb ohi*to khí Bce aíio h pasucHHitb. TenepB, roBO* 
piTb om, sorxa CBfln^eHHfliui aHBjm niaioK) sa ipetSii, ohh h^ 
oaaauBaKmfl on ipe&hj a cašraarB hxi HcnojiHHTB nocsopie; 
ipevB 810 noM^psBBaetca vb aapox^ (laaroiecrie. Ho Borxa cbs- 
qeBHeu ciaHyrB nojy^axB auuoBaHBe, Torxa hto sa oxoia em^b 
ůjfim csAmBTh au HcnoíHema ]iaxoS-u<$o rpeóu ixaiB sa 5 hu 
10 BepcTb? OHH HO TOJiBKO HO noTOpOHflTaii HO, HoasajiyS, craHyn 
BBjmaiB, ^TO HO Ba^AMi HHyH) ipeóy e HcnojnaiB; npesB aro 
diBroiecríe vb napoA^ ynaAon h sipa ocia6torb. Henpa^^Jui,— 
npiwoisajťB fifiCpozoTOiyhy — vbfj> MOosoBesífi MHiponojiHrB xopomo 
padcysxaerB? HirB, norpyxHCBi h imi axon TpyA'B nooyvH njiary. 
^TO CBaseie na bto? 

HaciaraHKB onA^^xhi cCouaeeffB ch Bannuu npeocBsn^eH^ 
dBen, TOXbMO yxHBJUuocBi noveny lasoS uibpu ne pacnpocrpa- 
Hom H Ha xpynixB jhi^b. Botl, nanp., apiiepea noxy^aiorB 
lenepb sa^oBaHBe; iMiH&rB &io? He Jiy^me jh hoioshtb, 5to 6u 
VĚh xaeajH HdBftcTnyK) ujiaiy sa pimesnie aas^aro x^á? Torxa 
(h bb xoHCBCiopiaxtB He BaaesHBaiHCB x^jia ne tojibko ho hícji- 
i^i, HO H HoroxairB>. ^otfpoxoTORB He c^ejiB sa nysHoe otbí- 
nm Ba aio capsacTHnecBoe saifivaHie, h otfpaTHBniHCB kb cespe- 
TipK), csasaj^ <a cbo;ibbo nysno xoHerB?> 

Obohukb xapasiepHCTHBy ^odpoxoTOBa, safliieifca raaepB pímh 
WLdojáe saiii^aTejiBHiiicH cotiaiuMH, soropua cjy^HJiHCB bo spěna 
ero pesiopcTBa vb aBaxeMÍa. 

IX. 

O OOOMIBBIH AEÁABMIH tOCTAAjnWb HMaBPATOPOMl HlIBOIÁBn IIáBJIOBHUMI. 

HoBBift pesTopi novm qijuift rox'B hoxb pasHiiiiH npex^oraiiH 
OTFOfiapHBajicfl npexB KapaceBCSHHi h rp. IIpaiacoBHii^B on ho- 
BHXB pe^pm no asaxeMÍH; bb btoitb naccHBHOirB tojibbo conpo- 
aueHiH o6ep!B-npoBypopy owh 6ujvh nome^mmaewh cbohitb na- 

ipOBOMB H SeiUaSOlťBi HÍeBCSHMl MBTpOHOaHTOirB ÁM^HTeaipOBHlIl. 

ňoaiOMy rp. IIpaTaeoffb, soropuft xaBHO yse sejian noBasaiB 
ttaxeiiix) HMnepaiopy, pftniHjicfl He sx&tb oaoH^axexBHaro BBOxe- 
Hii BB nee Bofcxi np^noji08eHHU£B Hirb pe^opirB, nax&icBy hto 
oia H RB TOiiB mfíbj vb BaaoirB Torxa HaxoxKxacB, noHpaBHTca 
BHeoioMy HOciTHiejuK). UfixyíD shmj 1837 — 38 roxa aaaxoiuiTO- 
<xoMy na^aiBCiBy BnymajocB Óhtb roroBuirB bb Bcrpii^ rocy- 
xapi. Ohb 6ojíbmev> ^iaciBK) no y^eÓnuirB saBOxeniam texEXB b% 
3—4 i« no*noiyxHH. 9io ^peua, xu asaxeiÚH tfoxo ,o<ieHB 6xaro- 



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180 BMrmrE ibpoiih. ' 

opiflTHo; CTyxeHTu Torxa CBxtjiH aa nocjrb-oÓixHom uacct; a 
Bi BOHHaTazi, exBa tojbso npotSaBaji sBOHon bi ABa ^aca, saicL 
npHCJiyra ÓacTpo opHBOXua Bce bb nopa^oax; h ptxaitt pasoi 
xeHB npoxoAHJi 0681 loro, hto6u BTO-jiB(k> om ^jienoBi npaBie- 
híb BB 8T0 Bpem ne ocMorp^jB BOMHan. Kpoirt loro, h caia 
rp. IIpaiacaBi, ocoÓeHHO se KapaceBcsiS ÓJunoepeMenufb h Čes- 
epcMeHHfbf MHoroe MHOsecTBO pasB, npiítesajtH vh aBa^eidK), 
HTo6u BEf/bíhj Bce JIH laHB coA^SHTCfl n ^Herorb b Ha^Jesa- 
DiieHB uopswA. IIpH nojcon^B TasHii BBSHraiótt obe bdojih^ yói- 
XBíHCBy ^To noc^meBíe aBa^eHÍE rocy^apem xeneps ne crpamHO. 
Fp* DpatacoBB, Boropiift Bce emfi ocraBaicfl noJBOBHHBOH^By xon 
no BJiacTH H BjiflHiio na x^jia do^th paBHBJca MraHcrpaiiiy — n 
TeneBÍe sbmíi, saBrb owh cam roBopBJí, HeoxHOBpaTHo nperaa- 
ma^B rocyAapa j^octobib asaxeiÓB) CBoero Buco^iaflisaro nociiAe- 
vBÍB, yBlpflfl, "íto osa huhí npHBeAeHa ero, pasyMAeTory ciapa^ 
híbmh vb HaxJiesaniil bhxi. H ne CMorpa sa Bce 8tO| rpa^ 
^Jrb 6ujíO ne oniH6cfl vb CBOHrb pasc^ieTaxB. IIponyciH Basan- 
HE((yAi» 10 — 20 MHflyrB h rocyxapB HMnepaiopB, no BcefiB&poBT- 
HOCTBy ocrajicfl 6ii spaBne neAOBOJieH^ noJOseHieiiB aiaxeiiiH. 

3HMa yase npoxoAHja; bb xe^eBÍe ea b% 3 — 4 ^acy aBaAenii 
BcerAa 6um roioBa bctp^thtb rocyAapu; BacrynBJís BejiHBÍff ser- 
Beprx (31-ro Mapia). Bb btotb x^hb cryAeHTsr, ni»o6n][aBCB cba- 

THXB TaHHB, AOJUBHH ÓUJIH BCTETB O^OHB paHO, npOCTOBTB BB 

i^epsBH sa yxpeHefi h npaBBioMBy noTOMB uocjA neóojibmoro 
npoMesyTBa, 8ao6ÍAHeS, Bcero obojo 6 — 7 ^acoBB, h, pasyMieica, 
^pesBH^afiHO yTOMHJHCB. CHTHuft o((ÍA^ 60(6 6oj^e pacnojiosen 
HXB BO cny. X^ B HerynanHO 6ujlo 6íi ipetfoBaiB otb hhxb, rtoóu 
OHB nocjA CTOJiBBHXB ipyAOBB He OTAOxayjiH; npinoMB caMO na- 
^ajiBCTBO, HacRy^HBmH npoAOUHxejiBHUMB osBAaHÍeicB BMnepaTop- 
csaro nocintenifl, nepecrajo yse b^pbtb bb nero. H botb cry- 
AeHTH, noMOJiHBmHCB Bory bb i^epsBB, nosyrnaBoiH bb ctojoboí^ 
Aa no5a;iarypBBB MexAy co6ok)^ ÓojiBmeB) ^acTBfo :ierjiH na cbob 
BpoBaTH, DpHMfljiH noAyoiBH H OA^flia^ a MHorie Aaa&ei CBHHyBmB 

CIOpTyBHy <$pK)BBy BUUeTSÍ E CanOFE, piniEJIHCB CB nOJHUMB Aa- 

ciasA^HieMB npeAaibcs bb otfBflTÍa Mop^; do^e Bce bb ciyxen- 
HeeBBXB BOKHaiaxB saconiio e saxpand^o. Bb 9to*to Bpeiia xb 
BOBi^ yase TpeiBBro ^aca docuí^bíiho npífesaeTB bb asaxeMÍK) 
KapaceBCBÍfl, novTE 6&bhtb kb pesiopy, BaiaiB pastfyAETB ero e 
roBopETBy ^0 cefi^acB npiiAexB rpa({rB cb BasEMB-xo reflepaioiíB, 
TpeÓyexB bb cedt asoHOMa e cb hbicb oinpaBJífleToi bb ctyffiBr 
^ecxla BOMHaTu. 

TpeBora aia noABXMCB no ciéfc^mofiuy o(ÍCTOfliejibcrBy. Fpa^ 



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niTBPBTPrGKÁJI X^IOBIÁl ABÁXKIIil. 181 

VB Ton leEh nptotfoíHJiefl cb. lans^B, ch ifbWB oosApaesTB ero e 
npiisxan SapaceBcsiB. Ba spěna bx% pasroBopa asjuieTefl BypBepit 
in 3ir]íHflro XBopita cb npesaBameMi rpa^^y HeMexJieHHO flBBTBCfl 
n rocyx^pR) HMaepatopy. EcreciBeHHO poxHJics Bonpocx: sa^Mi 
nort^jKTh rpa^ kb xBopei^i? JIofjuuiE, noraxiun h xomjnr 
Ao mhcjh: ysi ne zototb jih rocy^apB nocíiaTB AyzoBHyio asa- 
leidi), Byxa ero raaib xaBHO npEnamaiB? PasiniinuTB xojiro 
($BJO BesorAa, a na bcakíA ciyufi cjiixoBajo npHHSTB naxJie- 
lAmU M^pn. FpaJKB H BejribjTB RapaceBcaovy, stn mosho csopte, 
DOceimBTB Fb aaaxeMÍio h csasaTB, 9to on ceftMCB ly^a npiix^n 
€1 oiBBiTB ieHepajioM'B. EciH eaiTB rocyxaps no^xeriB, to 8Ta 
iBKHfcBafl JOBB ne BCDOprim jAmu; a ecn ae noixerB, to rpa^ 

10Afí> X^tCTBBTejBHO Cl stlTB-XodO H8'B CBOBTB BHaBOHHTB nOCft- 

tm auxenin^ iroůu aniHi nonpHBpuTB uoMjasryv) tbhi TpeBory. 
XoTB o npitexi KapaceBcaaro yse ycntn ysnarB cry^eHm, 
HO OBI, npemeAnu bi^ soMHaTu^ Baiáeii Bce vh cípamsoM^B 6e8- 
DopixBi; BHHe en^e jfesajia sa BpOBani boa^b ox^uohi ejn sa 
Ben; jq)yrie ox^sancBi xadse tojibbo oSysajniCB; Boe-Bio yfispan 
cBoi) spoBarB; iojbbo o^bb BeiíBOríe cryxeBTH (Shjoi Bnojia-b ro- 
TOBB, HO H y BHxi ezQe MOftBO 6elio saMŠfflTB sacnasBue maa. 
KapaceBCBÍS, yBajiasBiB tbeoB tiesBopBXOBB, npBBien b% ysacB. 
<?T0 BTO TaBoe y bbcb? — BocBJBBHyjrB offB Cb EeroxoBaBien e 
n fsacBOM^ óesBOBOtcTB^.— Ha ^ro aero nozo3Be?> H Borxa bbo* 
HOiB crarB-diiJO oíSuceatb, ^to ciyxeBTti bhbš o^eHB yioiuesH 
I Hp., TO ero BpeBocxoABTeiBCTBO Be x(nijí0 b CBKmaTB ofo bbbb- 
wmvh, a opBiaBEiBaio, BavB hosbo csopie^ cb4^bibtb npvBecTE 
Bce Bi Ba/ueauiB|ift nopajiOBSy Aase eaiio cbobhb BpeBocxoxBTen^ 

HHMI pysaifB pwa XBa-TpB BpHBEBaiOCB BOnpaBlflTB OXi^Ua BJE 

floiyiDBB. 3aiiteBBi^i ^ro bboboitb Be o%bb cyeiiiEBO pacaopa- 
stercB, owb thxobbbo CBasan eiiy: <^to bh tbbib Menmie? Ssaere 

U, HTO BÍXB ÍAOTB CaSTB rOCyABpB? CBOpit, SBBifl! TOJBBO Bosa 

HiiOMy Be roBopBTe o roe7Aapr6>. Bnpoven, ai&io mofjio ofioft- 
nci 6e3% OGO<SeHmxi xpeson. H cryxeBTii, b BpBCjyra aBaxeMÍH 
yse npio6pijB opBBinBy npBBOffVTB (Jiicrpo Boe bi oopixoKi. 
MiByn ^peffB lů^n Bewro 6uso (kwTBCBi ^iro EMsepaTC^ Bcrpt- 
tm (SeaBopBxoB^ btb aBaieMÍH. SapaceBCRÍti y(ilAB8oiBCB vh 9Tom, 
ynen bi BOMBaTH pesropai npBBtaaBBiE TOtqaeB se noxBEHaxB 
Tpesory, RaiB CBopo saictttrb, ^to vh aBaxeHii) i^xerB rpa^ 
(WBB, HM m B^iTB-BBÓyxB. Biiicrb CB rbm SBOBony caasaBO 
(bjo, ^fo6ii OBI Be ^xpyrB aBUJCca Ba riasa BOc&TBreiiirB, Borxa 
OHI BoflxyTB B:b cíbb; nycTB-jie se xy^nyn^ iio m% mjvbjie vh 
ttajieBíio. BapaceBcsiS xasrB 8a(SoTBjicB o(b btomi CBoero poxa 



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182 VĚOtBEn BPOIH. 

■HBOrHBTO, ^TO CMBUJ KJ^epj Hea^XB OniZME Wh U%ph>fiŘfO 

niBeSqaprL h npHBpaTHHn HMoneirB jtbhx&ih, ^m> ci mner 
ceiB(íyprcsaro mocee noBopoTHJv vh asaxeniiD x^oe casett, la 
oxBHXi CHX^^ ffa renepaia, a KpyriMy sanpaseHHmi jomapD 
rp. IIpaiacoBa, ^IxaiH csaxH nepBEixB noposHiMv. £[cho Óhxo, 
^m> ijsyn rocyxap^ h rpa^ bmíct^ HaumcB hobha TpeBoni no 
Beeny xoiiy. Focyxap^? someAiEH bi doamisí cíbe^ HenejueHio 
CHan CB ce(Sa nuany h nrasen, otxsbiiih nocjii^XHK)R) xnaefiiiapjr. 
PaxuH^BCKÍfi xapasTepi dneft, lasercai BavBrepecoBaji ero; 
OHx CB HBHyry vjib 6ojtíe ocMarpaBan hzi h cx§jiajrB saipe-io 
rpa^y sairib^aHie; totb h Apyrot yjH^HyjnieB. dron BOÓoniBOi 
npOMesyion BpeiieHH xaxi BBoaoHy BOBifOSHOorb pastirpaTB npex- 
nvcaoHyK) eiiy KapaceBcaairb BOKexilo. Oroa sa HenjOTso upmio- 
peHHOK) ABep&H) cBoeft RBapnipH, obi Bmoen mn Hea Torxa yse, 
xorxa nocimejiB, ocwrrpiBmm cIhb, bodub bxojib bbtb Kh jAct- 
BBi^aMi Vh i^epiOBB; Tasairb o6pa80M!& roq^xapb ne bmšjtb noBOia 
jcyMWPh, ^TO ero sf/kch yse x^bao mfyn. IIpeBxe acero obi bo- 
mejii Vh i^epBOBB. B% aett bo 6bjio BEUBan ocotiesHorB yapa- 
meflift, MĚMB HB OABoi bbobh Ba 6omovam> b aaxHefi crtHirs^ 
BO osa vuiiíi B^qro aeiviecTBeBBoe b TopsecTBOBBoe. Focyitp^ 
cnpocBjTB rpajw, no^aiy kb boo BycTBjni lass najio csbttí h 
QOiyHBn B% otbítb: <0Ba ycrponsjíacB vh to apoMa, sorxa n 
Pocda npeo(SjaxaA MBcrai^BBifB; T0?xa nojiyMpasfB Ůmnvhuofjby. 
PocyxapB yjHtfeyaca aroiiy saiii^aBiH) a BOflien xajťbe. Tyn 
cjiixoBajB xaa ajiacca; vh wn% vh am apeva cioaiB tojcbko oxhi 
BjaccBiie CTora kísí ciyxenrovB, sparoMi o«ieBB o0HBflOBeflBol 
paÓOTii; Bo sa TO coiBi^e apao catorjo vh oaaa b tšitb Bonpa- 
xpiiM BesaBBXBoe vrh yfSpaBoroo. FocyxapB, ocraBOBBBBifCB i 
ocMOxpitBBni Bce, aamfean, ^lo ctojki nocraaieBn seyxoÓBO, laiB 
aarB apa cjymaBia leiqífl cvbn i^an b«b oboob npíMO n 
raasa eryxeBToas: <^pevh aso riasa nopniTea>, apatfasaji^ obih 
yaasajrB, xavB cjAfjerh nocTaaflTB cmxa. TeDq^a owpexB xoo»a 
xo atBJHTB ciyxesvecxazi KOMHarx, pacnojoseaBím vh den- 
vtBmi. ^pa yse 6vn veni pacTBopeaii; cryxaBTQ sBajiH, vro 
cet^iacB Vh BBVB aaaTca noc&TBreia; noflpa6pajniCB, Bonpariaxi- 
JBCB, DOcrpoBJBCB tfoiBAieB) HaeTBi) Vh aaaaxot aoMBarb nedon- 
BiBm rpyBBaím bi oxbkb paxi. Obb, aoBe^BO, ae orjaqaxacB 
BoeBBOK) a&npaaaox), bo oxijfleB fb zopomie CK)pTyaa, ovojuh 
6oxpo, rjuuijB Vh vjaasL ciAio^ 0e» cemBapeaoft sacrtH^aBocTH, 
6evh tfypcaifXBXi rpaMan. Bomexma vh aasxya) soMBary, rocy- 
xapB roBopan: <9XpaBCTBytTe, rociioxa>. Sny se OTBt«ia.iB ofkaiiVh 



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wfnan: <dKp9MÍB sejraK»| ho «mhuhcb uffBJLwmOy ÓJiarospE* 
cndBO, no spateet vipi, ho ÓeMÓpasno; openreanHOCTB »Toro 
mwgfcT CTB u i, xofopavo rocjxapB hhi^ ro xpymx^B ynuBiax^He 
Bcipiwi, He nponBoia, xaK!B tfiuo aaM^iHO, sa hofo HHKaKoro 
lenpurmo BHewTj^ns. Bo mropofi yPMBOt Kmaart rpa^ urb- 

10 ynin o6p&mTh BmMBBie ero m xiBHHHfi pnxB BOMHan, ko- 
iqnx npH pacTBopeeHiixB XBOpti* opoiesaByUíJH hítco bb poxt 
flepeneKraKE na iiporaseBiH oaaeset 20 — ^25. FocyAapB ocraHO- 
Buci va HteMJiBso xFooiieBÍB B, noeiforpte^, CRasan: €zopomo>« 
Bni xifteiBaiexBBO 4wrh AOBonso spaein. Mosao (Siuo sani- 

TITB, «T0 MKOXit IIOGÉXITeiBy IIMlfO^BmH Bl MiMOft BOMBaTÍ 

11 ayímnQBiB) oocij^ X^An 6fiicipHt| ho opoHBqaTOUBHlt BsrjiBA^ 
ra citeir B na bod oficraHOBBjr BOXHaTH. TaBBif% o6p9MWh npo^ 
mn 00 BcfarB sBjnneB BoiiHaTaii» Óen^arasa. Bi mropot-TO b9b 
lOBBan ro^xapB csasan: <iibí a&eiarejiBBO (ki^ qioiSii bcí bochb- 
TBBaDHpecfl VB aBajteHiB eiyxonr DOctynajH bi xyxoBBoe8BaHÍ6>. 
BamejoBB bs soppBxopB^ owh ysBAan. trpexB iiM0Bfe'B npBCjyra 
BB (^MttBZB coijtan, oxinurB bs MyBmpHHe cnpryBH, b bu- 
opoiBHUxcB HO BoosHOiiy. Ha ero epištole obb oiBiwn 
rpcmxBMtB ca i «aT CB HitK <8xpaBÍB seiaeMi, Bame BMnepaiopcBoe 
BemeeTBo!> To se caicoe cxixara ^enipe aijaurreiH, mbho boto^ 
pHTB ro^xapB np<miej%, noxHfBHiBeB n BepxHifi oraas^. 3xtcB 
lOKumi 6aiM flJbcBonBo noBBse, HesejiH wh iSen-arasi; ho sa 
10 ciyxeHTH BBBmaro orxiiesia, b% hbx^b sBBnrie, Ba Boropiixi 
mfi Be ]pciribn Dox^tcTBOBasB neiepityprcBift BXBMaTi, bmíjb mjubí 
olsie fl Bonojste; neaieiH oiyx^BTii Bscmaro OTjdkJimfl, boio* 
pan roqrxapB bbx^ n tfeiB-onutft. TasBHi o((pagOTrB b bx^ 
Bce eomio ch pyvh xopomo. 

TenepB ůůfimwsí vb pesropy, y soioparo, bbbi^ b yase cbb- 
Bin, pacmoosKicfl b RapaeeBCBÍt. PasroBopi y bbbi Basi-io 
Bt BieBESoa; oxHOHy noMteiau cocnyrB, xpyrotl CBX^kvB, no no* 
eiOBHqi, savB na BronasrB, nocroanno nocMařrpHBafl na nacii* 
P^TOpB nocji ooraaBajCB, wto eiiy yse eiaBOBBjíocB csyno. 
BxpyTB HpB6fomen, BaniixMiBMB, cauan cb xOB4axoirB, hto 
itijn xBft reBOpaia hb oxhbxb eaBBZ^B, a n canas^ rpa^ hbbio 
ro Cflxm* Tyn tojbbo KapAoeMBil, noiaras, ^ro oftBffB bbb 
leBepawBs eeiB roeywpi»9 CBaaaB^ o toi» pesropy b coBixoBan, 
ttBs BOSflK> CMpte, cnšnnrTB hb Bcrp&iy evy. y peBTOpa otb 
Koit BBBkriB, HO ootfoiMBHOiiy ero coanaHÍB), csaxpowuíB nox- 
voíbbb h no iftjy vpo&bmŘm ]iypaHnui>. IIo xofipoxymiK) cbo* 
evy OHS DOGii roBopBA: <BaseTOf , a cnšmum-ŮuMO b oiobb^ a 
^tnmj tiwh Horn bbkb 6jkso ne cxymuBQb>. On moro b npo- 



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184 Monm nrani. 

HBoniJio^ ^0 owh BCTp^TBin FQcyxapfl, sorxa totb bhxoxijtb wb 
BOMnaTB BepxHflfo drasa. TsBoe saMexneHie^ BvpowirB, m nAio 
setfjiarGiipurrHsnrB nocjt^xCTBÍft; oho xftse nociysvio n nojns^; 
H8i Hero, Kasi nocjii roBopvJTB rp. IIpatMon, rocjxap& Basu)- 
^SMJFhy vto ero BOBce ne sxara k^ aisaxeitív, h wto^ mnwn^ vh 
Het Bcerxa laKot ae nopBxon, KoiopHft vitb máf,m%. Sorxa 
pesTopib ci <xposaBniniH ooxsojrtnaini h uypamaxE no t&7> 
npHÓjiHSEjics ci MOHamecum iimiOHon h rp. IIpaiacaBifc orpe- 
KOMeHxoBajTB ero, xavB penopa, 10 roeyjtapB em^n: <fl ys% 
MHoro ocMOTptjrB Bi aKaxeidH m Bamen Boe m xopoman bhxí; 
ecjiB TO se caMoe yBHsy vh npo^ns BOiraaTazrE, vo mhA ociar 
Aercii TOJi&Bo no&iaroxapBTB Baa sa HatxeiHiiff mhoki nopflxoKB>. 
Ilocjii BToro, samexníH Bf& yuuBtaam^ enycnijiHCB vh HHsmt 
BiaacB. H 8A^CB XBOpE BB CTyxeHieciLi xotraaiii BesiA (tujn orao- 
peHH H Bi iiHxi> BBXHH ($njni CTyxeHTH, Hxi^ KpoBam H npoY. 
<Tyn laBse sBByn cryAeB»?> eiipocHj% rocyxapB h, no iymBiuH 
Vh otbítl: <to^HOTaBiy B. H. B.>; cnsajii: « yBftpeffB, tio h 
sx^B Ta VB se xopomo, BaK'BTaM'B>,yn8iiBadi na BepxHÍe ^nmM. 
IIoTOiTB BOmjiH Vh cToiOByK), Vh BOTOpot, pasyiftocHy exoiB 6Bjn 
HaBpHTH jrjniniEMB 0&ÍHHH CRaTepTflHH H pasciMiem T^iejnai cb 
caji^^eTBaMB. FocyxapB npomeJTB novn Bxon Bceft etojioB^, (Htm 
BSFiBvyjFh Ba pocnHcanie iranui vh ly ueflkjno. Ha ocoCom eio- 
mvh CTOBJH npodHBfl oři o^S^xa igrinaHBii. BejiHxift ^eiBepn, 
KaBi xeBB, B^ BOTopsifi ciy^evTU iipio(bitaiOTOi cb. TasBi, c^n- 
Taicfl KB asaxeMÍB npasxHB^BmrB, a vh npasxBHU Boerxa kb 
o&bKy npETOTOBjífljiocB ^erape <$jnoxa. FocyxapB ho npotioBajTB n 
oxHoro BynraHBfl, ho nocMorpteimr Ha hrcb, cnsan: coMxi zo- 
poiHi>, H nomejTB mi> crojiOBOfi. IIpH caMom Bvxoxb nh bob 
BBHJicfl HcnpaBJíBBniifi Vh to Bpess xoJiSHOCTB BBCDesrqpa, apxH- 
MaHxpnrB Yimtevrh. Oetb Vh totb jvBOh cjtyann oMxhd vh xa- 
BoiTB-To co(k)p6, oocji'1 Hes y boto-to iioo(ttxajCB v, npaŮBJmm bi 
aRaxeMÍK>, yeraxan, ^ro vh hoB xaBHO yae rocyx^K OreqB 
RjiBHearB b 6evh Toro 6um% ne xpatfparo xeciTRa, a Tyn b 00- 
BctiTB pacrepiJicfl. YvBjf^kvh rocyxapB, obi owsb^ owhb hv3xo 
noBiioHBJtCfl ony. FocyxapB, ycjnunaBB otb rp. IIpatacoBa: <ew 
HCHpaBjiflB)iiUfi xoiBCHOCTB BHcneBfopa aBaxexiB apxBnaHxpHre Kjh- 
uewnyj tojibbo BsrjiBvyjrB Ha nero; evy ho Morjio ae nosaBasBea 
crpaHHiiMi, ^TO BHcneBTopi Taxi hobxbo noamta na^^nnito. I^xn 
rp. UpaiacoBi iipexiosHjiii-*6ajio oeMOi^TB vpano, (foiBHS^y, 
6B<$jiiOTeKy H ^BsnqecBit vMinuwh. Ho FocyxapB, ycxcnnan, ^ro 
HaxoxflTCBj nepsafl vh noxBajBHoirB araarib, Bropaa vh otx&ibhomi 
4»nrejrl, a (5H($jiioTeBa b Ba^EHerB na xpyroft hojiobhhí xoica, 



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mmnnveKUí xnonAn isumi. 185 

csasan: <b yvipen, ^ao k nan y lan Boe xopaflio>. Bstfau- 
nn eteix%, ni noaucs e RapaceBcsift, vocjwpb oeraHOBuci, 
ipme Beero (fjmrojiapBjrb h wn iKxqfciOBajn rpi#a, rniepsi, 
i^j^jiv pacifoiiiB<& rjiy(kno Taim> mMcnw, ycisbn noit&ionn 
o<ii uefa y CBoero me^^xa. notom rocyxapb mUsuswipuh 
pcnopa v cxftnn roimov) Bedounrac Buuofleiiie Boin npo- 
lyn cvonnm, loiepiif ofBfavn nopuo^BBm nouo* 

I, a QfreBfh KxníeHn onan xase o^en ■ m6hb Hnanfi. 
rieyiapE bo&íi nnielnapy sasnyra sa ero junv nnmejn, no- 
laen is CBom% caHiirft as eoiqK>BoaBffeHÍB KeĚ emna; ébmsM ir& 
ciD, es% orairm n houohb m, nfmanEsn j^y si cao^ 
mnrt, H yixan. 

npowxBma racyxapi Hunaparopa, teBmu ero caira soe- 
iptmae^ bk cfta b ooesanua hívo b& poixi soapaBBJBHWo 
ofnyrojjbHHBa. Oflawin wmko se rraopsn hb cima, wA lOMvm 
Bomwaajn ipyn ea . jq^mu Gam ipMi^ M ropOM y ejAflOBaio Óh 
nepBOMy nauxE pwroBi^, ne BEiroBopBxi hb cjiom, ov% Bce 
eqe, no noroBopBŠ, Be mosn onoiamiea on pMoera, vro msi 
e^aeuxBO OBOBmca aasan BKsepavopa. Umom^ xon b aa^ajTL 
r(mpBn, ho tosbo orpoBOiHiia ojoea vh poffii eiixyxHQBXi: 
cHjr, vo? Byi Bon! A! xaiOBO? Toto! to-to?» b np. H jwph 
vfaih ffftcHOSBO HHHyr^ coÓpaBmvCfc ch mhcjmmb, im% noBOjn^ 
pairoBop%, TaB&*-€BaaaT^ nepiojqivecxei> p6qu>. IIormoimBoiB ne- 
MBoro noYTB 0iHB&^ 0B& €Ba8a»n! <Hy wuBph néĚKone no bcím% 
MftcwrB, Txb 0IIX& rocyptapE b crMeMTO HpsnoMBHan Bee, wtó 
Wh FOMpBnt. Ho 919 HOBoe mfcmie ooaepniajoc& cimítnsowh 
nwtoBMWh o<$paBOH%. FocynapK npetfiijn xh axawMÍB ejpa jm 
((orte 15 iBuyn; a mocTBie no eňmĚHh ero npoxoxaaiocb ^7t& xb 
ne vlbiuŘ vbcs. Tpa^s imiBsyno boixí oetaHaamBajiai) tian 
n BaB<»fft-i>o BHtysíaaHi, ^yrb se b& OBcnffb, noBn>pu% caroBa: 
<iixi^ vocymph xo0pft, MHJOcnm&> b ap.; BBOrxa ae rraoparb 
TO, lero BOBee ho 6uo. Taaft^ Haopanipi, npHiHtxiBm bb siaoci 
BBeiaaoo oi»fa«Bii n ysaaaBDiB, BaB& roqrxftpe leiin oepeeia* 
BiTs napas, okb HpHfiuHjrb: cdforpaie, saBS eas bo aceny bbb- 
BSiQieKb; bAxb hh bobob bo xoraxaxHC& cxi^uns bio; ho ciasa 
Boiy, Boe hbbiuocíi xopoiHo>. SítiQirE oCpaTBunncB b» peciopy, 
ouan: <a Bueie jb, oieiva pmoptE, BiBfB MeBi pynum sa to, 
no a vikck 81 Bce erporo BsaoBBBan? Hy, a no 6bjio 6vl hbhí, 
ecnÍH a btwo ho A^aan? dnaere jih, ht6 a Bamejir ai^ 
npB nepBHxi mobxi nocin^eBiflxi? HanpaHipi, b% troJTOBat cry- 
WHtii omijni BTo b% xyj^ni, bto vk xaiaií, a no Aase ^ 
íMeMeBM fim pífKoetmí^ Ho rpa^ Tomei se, Ban roB0|mca, 



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186 mOTOKk IBPODH. , 

cnmwnucMf iro ohs cisasajrb wm;^ ae ooBcim BaeiysHBU>iiiyi> 
B^prarie: mammvh ch jiymmaa ne teBten, a jnu&m 6en 
pynasom — Brace ae BOBOrrBé npiioir& h b!e aepBHe mHTB oso 
BHKTO ne CEX^bjEB vb QiojOBDfi » («H0ii% auueit| se mňuL ho- 
Bepxs eio oopryBa, bji vero utfo xpyroio. Ho rb xask Top- 
aiecTBeHinui MHHym my ve zot^ocb ofsaBanci on cxob% omk 
■n. H noTOMy noBTopHBnni wn^ npBtiaran, yiMmui ha bboeohb: 
<Bon, cnpoene ero>. He xosbwicb, BopowirB, ^no6ii xpyrot 
bio-hb6jxb dipocKrB oBonona^ obi CBSian eMjr: <iioMHVTe n, 
BaBi fl namen m ciojoboě oyxeBTOBi? Bíxb upn/dĚ, 910, npuxa? 
CBuniTe!> 9bohoke (nem zopomo nouEMWh, vro mjem ůen 
pysasoBi BOBce ho srpaiH xott pon, lasyK) Bm opBHBCSiBaxo 
ero daieiLCTBO, bo ctojii sa jy^mée se Bctynan b% noje- 
Mfli^ n mnanBBBOiii, BazoxBBflmica vh mesdob^ — cx&tt» 
Hetfoj&Bioft BOBJíOHi B CBaeajn: cxa, Bsme oÍBfencno». <Hy, Bon, 

O. pOBSOpiy — nOKXBaTBJ^B Tpa^,-^BmPRC) B IIptQXy lOBOpKA^ 
BHOHEO (StIJH Bl BBJíeimX^ (SOBl pyKaBOB»>. dBiysismrK HO ociw- 

jBjn rpi#a b b% xpjnnn BOMHararB. 

Doiei&ni nBaveHHHB xraeeesu vBipoBomj^ Oepa^^BBty ■ 
BOsmcdB ;^OBmrB yumirB o iiocfai^6HÍB aBaieviH vocjmr 
pewhj xoTi nepBOMy totuci ase uůcA orstexa rpa^ ciobocho 
xojoseflo 6hjo o tditb pesTopoiis, a oxbhi mevk n spaBaren 
xijEb nocjribffiei caira b^x^h rocyxapfl bk UKffimm. B% xoeeoe- 
HÍBZ% DpomeaiH b BspaseHHoe rocympeHi sennie, ^to6ii adb 
ciyxeHTB xyxOTHOft aBiKeiiÍB nocrynan b& xyzoBBoe ase aesafe. 
H npomcajiB ofe stom, Bon snaon xn toto, nofoay «o uoBa 
BTB ae BHBBara aBKasoro pacaopmeak a bb& cryDearoBi 00 
apesaevy aocrysajia vb xyzoBeacTBO wbb ib noiOBaaa, x& a 10 
pixao no eepxnaoMy BiewaÍK) kb aeiij, a n Moaaaa xu tofo, 
"vtoóu BOjyiBTB cieaeab aaraerpa a aacsaearopcBoe hécto bb 
oeMaaspia, -* kb <ttjoe aie xyxoBeacTBO on ytitexeaii, «no aa 
oxaoB xMsaocni aacraBaaxa ceKeflaoay wiOBtey npanuooB ůa 
Tepa^TB ^yTB ae roxoffB. Slběmoí tmme a a^cfaiit iBapvanaBi 
aaxBBpaieiB pasysearB o lom, iró cx&ian a roBqiaji^ roqr* 
xapB B% asaxeiÓB, a nocBfaaan yBixoioRB o tom% o6eps*BOtxa** 
i^iBveflcTepa. 9wťkwhj ao iqmaBaain rpa^, com aysamn, 
TBKB cxasarB, yBisoafriarB maun o aocftnteaia aaajiBda ney- 
xapeM!B, BCiaBBBBia bb oxboI aai crtaB asaxeMonecaott saiH 
apaMopayK) xocay, aa soropoft sojiomifa jarepanB BOBB^a^aMCB 

o(Sb BTOKB COÓEiriB. 

DoroBopaja o lom se a bb ropoxib, ocofieaao bb (ttiom 
xyzoBeacTBi, aesxy aoropmiB, aapo^m, aaoro aanuocB oxema* 



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mnPByprcBU tjiomÁZ asaxikijt. ' 187 

ion BpexcraBHTB asa^Mix) n uppnaTypHoiiii bhx^ MBormi 
m zoi%JOc& BipiTBi ^To6ii oaa Moria noHpaBHT&ca rocyxapio. 
Tor^a noieiiy-TO 6vjo Hyn ne oůmfie yóisxeme, hto owh ne 
sfD&m nodbmaTB Biícimixi J^e6vaTh saBe^eBÍfl, ^ro xopomHMH y^v- 
imam ciHTanrcji romo rt, vfjb eklovool BpacHBafl (K^craHOBKai 
BoammBHHKH a BoeHHOx) BiiopaBioi), BBy^MHHHe bkhbo h rpoM bo bb 
Bpw fecTBie orrihTOTB: «8xpaBU[sejiae]rB», Ba^ancTBO jioBBoe, pac- 
lopoBHoe. H noTOMy 8aBjx>Ba«iB, rx%-sx asaxeMÍB noBpaBBTBCfl, Borxa 
n Bet]fe<{en Hyn se TOHopBoS pa6oTB, cryjieBTU kbjo xhcqbbjíb- 

BBpOBBBS BB BOBHBUt MBBepii 0Aff6 B lí St BOUBSTU ejyttaTL B 

MU cnBBM, B xjiB y^eÓBiirB xoHamBBXB saBATÍfi b np.? Focyiapi) 
lUcTBRenBO Be^iíM 6iíjo bocxbbmitmb bi asaxeiiiBy ecJUitfH obi 
ee qwBHBBajrib ch cb^tcbbmb fijecTBBQOiB yHBJíBfliavB. Ho^ BasercB, 
y Bero 6Hja xpyraa MipKa. Eiiy npesxe 6hio BaroBopeBO, hto 
Beft jiyxoBBO-y^etfBUfl saBexeBÍB, bo BCBJD^aa b aBaxeMift^ coxep* 
satcB vh OTBpaTsrejBBoft BeiBcroii, Boropai Mosen bubcctb ero 
wn TepnŠBÍB. PascBasHBajB, hto eme bpb otiepi-BpoBypopi sbab^ 
MeBi(epcBOMi obi pftmBJCs-6HJ0 nodbTBTB asaxeiriK), bo Torxam- 
Bil reBepaji^rytfepflftiopr^, yBBaBoni ofo btomi savipoBÍB, yro- 
Bopu% ero BO faxan, yvipn, yto ova bi Bocmei cienoHB ony 
Be BOBpMBTCB. DomiTB, lorxa vh zojepy 1831 roxa asaxeiiB- 
^eesee BKasie namiB Bysamn oiwtb noxi o^bqtio OonBBuy, ro 
roTf ffip& BaflepexK Boseian nooforpftn, hto 9To sa xoirb? H 
no-an? Ilox^tean wh Beny BHtorik ei reBq^an-rytfepBaTopoirB, 
ocraHOBBJCfl npoTBBi ero ^^axa, bo BiE^ssaB xase bo XBop^ b 
ytaaii; MBorie ciyx^sm ^ipen pacTBopraBU ovsa BBxinero 
B yssajm. Ihuij vh 1833 roxy, Bps otbpbtíb (XSsoxBaro sasajia, 
on nxo npeteaj^ mmo asaxeiiiB, xtse xoBonBO xoiro bocxo- 
ipftjn Ba Bee; eaMo BaiaiLCTBO BcrpeBOSBiocB-dHJO, — bo bbsbtb 
B lyn se nociixOBajo. Ho Bon, roeyxapB, npttxan n asaxe* 
bíd c& rp. npaiacoBBm, jnfíkn, hto bto BOBee ae BOMOtBaB 
BaBBB-TO BHa^ xtso BO 0ypca, bto b ciy^^BTH n Beft nepsán 
o$6ě npHBBVBO, HTO n wouBta&vk een bo (jBCTaienBO, to owbb 
OBpBTBO. H noTOMy BOBoe ne sysoo yxBBiBTBCB, ^fo ob% ocrajei 
em xoBOJen. TasaM^B otfpaiOMi nniacB oooifeB bpbbbbb, bto6h 
BarpaxBTB 3B><ifl]iaro ^jBfen^affuomBra. H xitCTBflienBO, ei 
BopBBTO XBB nacxB rp. npBTaeon ůaxh yjK cbbtb Ero Hune- 
paropcBaro Ben^ecTBa rercpaji^^iaiiopom. 

A. H. POGTBOIABOfB. 



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o CHMB0M3M'B Bl> nPAB-B 

HOBBB OYBPKII MSI OPABHHTlIBHOfi ROTOPIII KyibT7PII ^. 



I. 

^Ba Morywxi hctothem cniBOJiBSiía, aco — orpeiueme noxpa* 
SETB npHpojci, ■ nepeseceme othoówbUI^ BEi8HBaeiím% boIbod, 
n rpasxaHCByio shbhb. Míi psacnoipeMi cna^iajia chmboxii, o6i* 
saHHiie CBOHirb npcHCzoa^eHÍeirii nepeony HcioraHBy, a Barin— 
CHMBOjH^ecBifl x^flCTBÍB, nep^iexiiiiB bi^ rpaBLiaHCByv sbbhb 6ur 
roxapu Bp9ame6mmrh OTHomeHisirB wh coc^xHionb ueiieHairB b 
o6pa80BaBiiriBca no o6pa8iqr btbxi OTHOmeHÍfi. 

noxpasame npapox^ eoflepmeHBO noHBTHO h xn naci, ae- 
CMOTpfl Ha TOy vro MB o^mh OTWueHii OTB Toro MOKeHTa, Boria 
npoHcxoxBJo o6pa80BaHie cbmbmobií IIo mpBOÓunOMj BOispi^HÍD, 
TOiOB^Bi AOJiseB^ 6hi% noi^HHBTMfl BejT&HÍflm npvpoxH, HO Vh 
TCiTB se npoBBSMHCB BTB Bei%HÍB, sasi se Bi rtn sBieHian 

HpipOXU^ BOTOPHB npOHCXOXBJIB BOMHVO BOJUI Y6I0BÍta|--^ffB CJJ- 

^Mx%?— BBa>ie roBopi, ciytaB, oÓQapysHBaB irpexaoiaraBinyv)Ci 
BOJB) npBpoxH, tfuji H saBOHOxaTMorB BO BsaHifHHzi OTBomeHian 
xeauty ik>xb]ih. Gjy^afl yBasaBajn, BacraBjflii, sasi nocryDin 
H ^ x^an. Gaifiifl zapaBiep«aB xftHHBB, ysB8[iBaR>oiÍB aa aa- 
craBHHYecByB) pojB npHpoxu bo othohibiiík) si otfmemníK), ootiparai 
y TBSjíopa. Mu Bocnojisyenci sira bxícb. 

HnxycH HO craHyn csacarB ^eioiABa, xmopHfl Toaen n 
CBBOieHHOifB FaHrb; h SHrejra icajaBcBaro apxBnejiara pasx&iflH)!^ 
BTO jBecTOBoe noHflTie. Hai Bd^zx HapoxoBi y rpy^azi saM^axa* 



) Cm. nne: <^BpaiB, crp. 474. 



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€iiiB0J!i8iii vh mim. 189 

JOBI OBO Hxfterb caiiyio saiilvaTejiuryiD ^^piiy. Ohh c^hteioti 
(ku&nioft omi^BOfty— roBopETb EpameHHHHinsovB, — cnacaxB yioiueH- 
hbba: Ton, sto cnacaerB ero, yroHerb oocxb camb. Pascsasi niTeji- 
jepa en^e HeoCuHOBeHaie h Bftpoffnio othochtoi toako Kh rtm 
cjyiUMi, Koi^a sepiBa xftlcraHTejbHO Tonyja; ohi roBopHn, 
qro ecju nejOB^n naxajrb cjymlHO vb BOxy> xo xu nero (Síijio 
tfonuoflm rptaLom BH6paTBea m Hea: eciH eiiy opexHasHaieHO 
ásuo yxoHyTB, to ohi A&taen rpftn, enacaacb on yroiueHifl, h 
Emo ne cran^ 6u oycsan ero vb ce0t« wb Aom, roBopHn ci 
mm, xasaib eiiy nnii^ imh seny, cmaa ero aa ynepioaro; 
6C1161ÍI ^eJOB^Bi ynajTE n BOxy xftase b^ npacyrcTBÍH xpynrB; 
oei He ciaiH 6u noMoran eiiy BiijteiB hbs boxu, aaopoTHRLi 
eqe csiok> yronuH 611 ero. B% Borenui,— sasi roBopon se- 
xasHÍi paseian (1864)| — pH6an se OTBasHBamca BuracBHBarb 
m BOXU yiooaioiitaro neiOBisa: ohh (kunea, qTotfii BoxsBoft ae 
oraiJTL y BMTb ffi6uHE Vb pu^BOft JOBjft HiH npH oepBOiTb cjy^a^b 
He yronarb 611 hxi caMerb. Tasoe otiiacseBÍe nfeKí(}ňmffiBm 
spoTHBi enacaHÍfl zeptvB boxiihiixi xy^ovB, — oaaHVHBaen TsijiopB, 
— Moryn noxTBepxHTb MBoríe ^^aisTii, BdaiHe En pasjíHuiizi 
cípaBi; Mesxy npo^Hm oÓBBSOBeBHHl CTOCodi opaseceflúi sepraii 

BOIOXI^, pbib BIH MOpiO COCTOffTB npOCTO Bl TOKli, ^W) BOn^b, 

snoíHoe HiH jioxeft tipocaioTL b:b Boxyy soropas depevb hxi 

TaunrB oÓpasom iiff& npnBexraHurb sxtcb xaBHuxi aBCTByen, 
no nepBOÓHTBut nejOB^Bf^ ne toako ae HpoiBBOxblCTByerb Bpex- 
HOMy Biianiio npvpoxu na shbbe qeiOB^Ba, ee tojbbo ne crapaercA 
jcrpaHiTL rb ycjímuí, Boiapsa aexyn Kb ^^hbhwcboí nitiejui ero; 
10 HanpoTiFB, H81 cjy^aeBiy b^ pox'& tóro, hxo jhoxh yionaion, X^- 
aaerb BauDvesie, hto HeotizoxVMO Boxt npHBOCHTb HBBŠcxByio 
sepTBy^ BMEj ffipHÍbe» Ofl% nporaBoxbfiCTByerb npipox^, crpeMHTCfl 
ycrpaHHTL ea paspymniejMyio x^iejiBflocTb ymiJiocniBjeHieirb ea, 
]ipHfleceBÍeii'& oxBoro ^eiortBa uh oxBoro opexneia vb sepiay 
aa MBoraxi. Mu Óyffiu^b zfficb aacaiLea cropoau peiHriosBoft, 
ciopoHH 6jaroroBÍBÍfl nepexa npapoxoi; xu Hacb BaaaBO yBasaib 
sxiicfc TOJBMi TOO BBjeHÍe, "lacro noBTOpaionteecfl vb npapoxti nep- 
BoÓHTBBft iieiOBits 0epeK sa iripHJo CBoeB coÓctBeHBoft x^ieab- 
BOČTE, Hfla% roBopfl, noxpaauten BpHpox'^* ecju juoxh BOUBoase- 
CTEb yionaiDrb, to nepBO^UTBiil ^aioR&Bi 0& cboio o^epexb c^e- 
Tlen ce<Sa otSflsaaHuirL npoHSBOXHTb canosy, no eo((cTBeBBoB bojAj 
910 aae x^tCTBÍe. Ilpipoxa BaciaBjaen ero i yBasuBaerB ony, ht6 
H lasi Al^íktb ne toj&bo kb c^^epi npepoxu, bo b% cíffepb ^bcto 
Wfpíwii^f o6ii^ecTBeBfliizx OTBomeflil. ^ja xoro, 9toC« ysasaiB 



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190 BMrun upomi. 

Ha ió-^Ha«eflie, sasoe jh>ak emp ao HacnNintaro BpeiieaH npi- 
MfoDTb cjiy^as), Hj^HOMHnrL, 9x0 BaH(k>i&e xas^ cisagATb fienpe- 
peueMuiTB cnocotfoMi npio6ptTeHÍfl Hej|BHSHMO& coÓcrBeHaoen 
aBuercfl npio6pftTeHÍ6 ea ^cieciBeBHiiirb nyfei»; zotb Óh, m>- 
josBicB, Bor^a BOjia orpiiBaerb HaBiciHutt uo^oi^ aeiiig h np8- 
coeAHHBen ero kb KpyTomj 6epecj. IIo aamiii ipasjtaHCSBm 
saBOHam (ct. 426) Bjax&^Ay děnu npexocraBueicfl npaBO nou- 
BOBaTbCfl otfcoxmeK) BeitieK), ooraBmeDci on yuoHeHÍi boah, a 
TaBse ecia Óepen nopytfesHoB ptsK on HaHOCHnaro Henpa- 
x<ixHO BOXOD neeaa sojy^Brb opapan^e, 10 bto opapanieoie 
Atuercfl co(5crBeHHOCTbio lorOi BOMy npHflaA^B&m aron Hepen. 
HpHaoMHHm saTim to yBaseoie, soiopuitii noibsoBaiocB h nou* 
syeicfl eo^e vh HacToan^ee spěna wb npaBÉ y Bcfizi HapoxffBi 
H3B&CTHoe npaBHďo: prior teixqM)re--potior jure (nepaufl no spe- 
MOBJi BjLBxiten npaBOM!&); cxyqafiHoe noaaieHie ea H8B&n:Boe urbcío 
paHbme xpyraxi, oiy^aifloe coBepioeHie x6icTBÍa paHbme Apy- 
TttTh c^iHTaeTca caMBicb pai^oHaiBHiiicb ocHOBaniem aui npiotfpí- 
lenia KaBoro-Jui6o npaaa. UpocMorpEie Hann X-ft wín — h bh 
yBHXBie, BBBoe SHaneHÍe Bušen bto ooioseHÍe npaBa. 7 Hacb 
npaBO co6cTBeBBOCTH oapex^Jierea laBam o6pa8om: «kto Gíitb 
nepeuMd oploópiiarejiem HMymteeiBa ui... aoMy Bjacnb da on 
neptfaio ea iipio6p§TaTeýia Aonua HonocpexcrBesHO..., Ton mriben 
Ha cie HHyn^ecTBO npaBO co($CTBeHHOCXH». Bpena, cjiy^ai, Bas^ bb- 
bíctho, piniaen Tasse b HorepH) npaBa, iiesxy npoHBm no sa- 
meny sasoBy: <bto vh le^eBie xecaifliiŠTBei x^BBoeni Bcsa ne 

npeXtBBBBJIlb BJIBy npeXMIBBB&y ZOSA^BÍa B% npBCyTCIBeBBHXl uir 

ctarB Be hmíu, ion xepaen eaoe npaBO> (t. X, cr. 692). 
IIpaioseBÍe npBBiiHna: prior tempore potíor jnre (nepasil no npe- 
MeBB Bju^x-len npaBom) bjib npHHABffb aazBam cyn^ecmyen h kb 
pyccBOMi o6u^Eowh npaBŠ aa ciBopft Pooda. <ys!B ecjE Kaaol- 
JU160 M81 Bpecnafli, — roBopan JlajiOBn, — Banieii yxoÓBoe fM 
noffi^Kw MÍcio fl nojiosBjn Ba Bero Bie&MO (neqaTB)i T«-e. no 
npocry nodpy6ujiz ůnmeu aa paciyBiazi sxJbcB xepeBBan, to jQiy- 
roft BBBaaii Be npexBaBHn nperensii Ba Bjaffiaie btbitb se 
míctom^i xpyroi iiosen saÓpaxB oe((ii bto Mfteio toxbbo nocjrib 
Toro, aan nepauft ero Cpocan, bo paBBme ain: bto 6um <Kh 
CBaTOTaTCTBom> ^). no yBasaBiam r. GoaojioBcaarOi b:b aeiut 
Boftcsa AoBCsarOi seiuiea) vb npesnia BpeiieBa BOiBSOBaiHCB Tasase 
Ha Bpaat nepBaro sazaaTa. IlepBOBa^aiBBO aaaaxHfi aasaKB aiiin 
npaBO, rx6 ony tfaio yroxBO, pacnaxHBaTB bomu), sochtb Tpaqr, 



^) GoioiobcbíS, Hcfopiji ceyifcciol o6wmi Ha ciiepi Poccis. 1877, cíp. 162. 

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ciuojuaii Kh nPÁBn. 191 

jfjówth Kb Acj wpeBM B T. X- Bmfi H hiihí Kb seMii ypaib- 
ciaro Hofiesa qaccb demeu BUx&ieHa ai EOifisoBame eiaHHmi a 
9cnLMbM0JD 86Mi6x> sasasH ooibByxncfl no npaay nepBaro sauara. 
y ^epHOMopcuKb saBaBOKb iqmiQHirb arorb npHiciEaeiCfl &aifi n 
((oiuieft itipi. diOTb se iipHHi^Hn% nepsaro saxatra cynieciByen 
B npfl AOBŽb pBÓH. y sasaBOffb, HanpBM^ii, sa pisfi IIoBpi (spaS- 
Benk ceieBÍfl sa TepoBom tepery) bi wmoy aarycta, no obohm* 
BÍfl riaBHaro aoea cenní aa uopoBBXi iohbxb, bcš scejiaKiiqie yu- 
czBOBarb Kb lOBit cexra na sroft pisš cotiepaDicfl cb oco6aro 
pojia dkrflMB, rapBBMB b no^MnanHi bi xepeBSB) IIoHott 24 bb* 
iTcra — noeii moutbh, bcí pasom tipocasma wh joxBaMi, no- 
GEBEieHHHBi y (lepera. KajwHit OD&Hfln Kb BsfipaBBOMy bm% na 
pdkBt utery, AOCTarsysi Boioparo aadušoem^ dea-mpu Kona vb 
Bsac^ loro, hio 6eperb ero B!b CBoe sjUM^BÍe. Sax&cb vh npo" 
XOMieHie Bcett oeeaB sasBarBaniiĚ cnoBoftBO soAsyeiCfl iobomi bb 
CBoei «8aB0XB». JífiOh xu HawAB JOBXB HaBHaiaeicfi no oÓo^My 
OHaaciBK (GoBepmoBHO Ton se nopaxQKib npB jlobjA pii^u npaa- 
TBqreicfl y ypancBBX^ BaaaBOB^). Touo Taase wk oeieHiB Tyi- 
TtáAj xooQforopGBaro yisAa, bbmoh), Borw ^OB!b boubuE, Tonacb 
oo saicq^sanifi JD^bbhh, BasxHft cninnrrb na Óepen eb ííjbshv> 

UJLBUBth putfOJOBBHtt yUCfOKb, BOTOpiím Offb B nojbByeiCB 

qiiyB) Bony; fM ozpami bmxÍbíb b ba^ cunerea xocxaio^- 
BEin jiamb saÚBTb bojh. 

Boo6n](e Rb otfHxeBHol bu»bb yBasapsoe oůmjde nomsenie cu- 
ftmoL B»mex) cnpaeeAJiBBoeibB), BpaieiB^rb npaBBjbHociB bib 
BrapaBBBbBocm A^ttCTBÚiy UBBicb BpareiBeirby OTBOCBxeuHO boio- 
paro HBBBBBXb coMBiflifi HO xonycBaesTCB, a Mesxy xtirb, noBTO- 
pieiTB, B^Bioicb nojioseBÍB BaBJWBBeircB newto bboo aarb ÓJiaro- 
iwteie, speaiOBOBie nepex^ cjywem. Ho ecu lasb npesjíoBui- 
mcB nepeiKb cjyiaeiff&y eeu cjyqai ciBiBeiea caiuiifi aBiopB- 
wiBMXh cpefprBOWh au pimeHÍB BCBBaro poxa BonpocoRb o6nie* 
ciBeHHOft B BBppBBxyannoft sasHA, lo noHrao, %ro lorxa, Borxa 
ořpoA ne aBjueica na noxiMvy ^eMmbEf, owh ciapaeica ero bh- 

Ha Bxom oenoBano BBBBraie speóia vb npasoBím b xpy- 
nx!b OTBomeHÍBn. Kasi vh KpeBwA HiaiiB, — roBoparb Taftiop^b, 
— opaayjui xasan otbštu nocpexcTBom piiraiizi meipeůhevh, tbkl 
BOBiifliie BHxyeH pjbmaiin cbob cnopni tipocaa spe6il nepeffb 
xpaMBHB cb apasaMB: OBaaaa nam cnpaBeAJBBocibi ysasa ae- 
Bnaarol HeipnajaBOBaBaiift mostob xy^aerb, bio spe6itt au 
Kocia npa CBoeirb na^ania pacsojuiraKxrca cooTBÍTCiBeaao lOMy 
naieaÍB), bbboo obi apa^aeri mx% noioBieBÍK> (crp. 74). y Mo- 



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192 Btcrasi 

paBcnxi tfpanevB ^iwh ofisuft Edómptah srai amsl cbohxi mo- 
MOffxrh jROAeft Doqwxcisom Ópoeama speáíi cb Mojursam. 
MAopicy Ópocaun spe6iĚ au wro^ hio(Sh Haifa Bopa qie«i 
noxc^piBaeiiHXi jDxeft. Bi jqpUMt rpepn BHmmawKb speM 
Hn nuum Arpáda AraiieMBoaa, notfH ynaTi^ sro jvuseHi Hxn 
Ba (biTBy ch reBTopom, <Ha iH)iioovb xopomo BOOpyjMOHiiím vfe- 
sa]rb>. UoffiÓEO iiaopicaifi h y ucí n seiui Bdlcia ^oscmro, 
aorxa HeHSivbcTfio, &io coBeimiEn BopMcno, 6epyn ofipteoub 
yspaAWBOft Beopi h ua^yn n KysneiHiift míxi; ion, iro 
yiq)an, ciaHerK nyxHyrB h yiipen n Teveme roxa; vo se caMoe 
tiyAen, eaeiH 6pocm uctk lorOi hto yspaxaio oox^ MenHiv 
Huft oMpHOBi ^). To^HO laBxe H rq[iiiaHCsiĚ speAi hju orev^ 
cexeSciBa, no paacsasaars Tai^Ta, Biuman xpH mpeóui wn 
CfoA^euRurb bÍtoki niOAOBaro ^epoBa, ptscunaBEiEn aa u- 

CXOt &bMŘ <MIBSX& H no MTb SBaiailtB HCZOlBOBHBaiCa oiBftn 

npBpoAH. Tasiicb otfpasom ^ejoij^ npiypouBaerb nb caom 
i^tuMi lasu flBi6HÍfl ufmpoffi H mde cjiyuB, Boiopiie mnuaum 
npjfMoro oxBomeaia vh cyn^ocn n xannoMy 4^asiy ne miAmn. 
HBB!bcTHO, iTO T9M!h, Tfíb y BBffb B% PoccÍH cyqeciByKm nepe- 
fíkíu o6niHBnol seiuni, ohh npoHBBOiKnca no spefiii). Bon xan 
npoHBBOippRca sepefiBOBsa no paacsaBy oxHoro specTUHflHa: <Biiflui 
b:b noie— h xasat x&utb aeiuK); pasMipan, no newb na sepeiKt 
npHXOABTci, noTOMi KasAuft sepefinoft yiaciosi pawtinni na 
2lV^ «epe66t; (mt^bpuH, cioauo caameA npexeica na sasxaro 
wjOBisa H OfpbsajH cozoio; Boi«a bc& 21 Ví aaepefett itapifemní, 
navaiH aiepetSui aaaiaffiiBaTB; Bony nepBiil AOCTaica, wn m Bsm 
nepByio dtujao; sa n^BUM% Biopoft h t. a- 2Kepe6M A^peftanmie; 
Baswft a^eóit oco6o OTMineiog: bso A^kiaon sapyl^, BioBpe- 
CTBTb, STO DOiocsyi BSO ABa sapyúxa h t. n.; sepetfM ium/stcs. 
Bi nninBy;Hn nes wa h Tpacyn, i.^e. Bfuuiiiann sepe6Ba>'). 
OAHopoffHMe paacaagH im niiiem o toick, xan npoasBOAnca se- 
petfieBBa npn nepeAiÉjarb oeius n r^ jq[)ynm iriknraxs Beiaso- 
pocciB. TasTLi RB xpyrom nftcrt toco ace ofiopaaBa m uraanb. 
<nepeA^bxb npoHSBOAHTca Tan: spea^ane bcAmi MÍpoitb auxoxin 
KB noie; Beaaift AOMOzosaaH&i aii&KMqUI npaao aa bsaíu, fíbMĚeth 
ce&b atepedii, OTpAsuBaa ayooien naiaa a Ai^aa aa mdk oooóiíř 
8BUt«oas: apeeniKB, KfíjmjOKb^ aapAsay; Baaitirb bcí sepeÓBa 6po- 
caioTca vb manay, OTsyxa au noowpeAHO Bunaiiaen MaieHUHia 



*) aiymBUi, CHHnBoe npaBO. ctp. XLTL 

*) CtopHin MaTepiaion au Mj^mM notdiieiuioft o6«uh. Ctftf. 1880, t. I, 
crp. 187. . 



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cmainn n vun. 198 

I yBasfiHÍem cia|an; raný, neft spe6iS BEn^n iiepBHfl, tot- 
ua arptoiBaeicfl on spas y^acrsa ciaiuo ooioc:^^ cboombo 
cnneicfl fe ^t> XBqrib peaiiCBncB jtjmi h fe kohi^ nociijgiet 
nojicB n MesHui BUKaHHBaercfl aetfoiBniM jima; ciixymiteiqr 
BBHyroify spe(Six> OTpisHBaerofl oojoca lorucrb m uepBuwh w 
T. X. Ta se npoitejqrpa noBTopaeiCfl bi xaauam vn noweprai)-* 
qncfl Depexftjy ywcnM)^ ddju O, Bit HisoTopiunb iribcraxi nep- 
BHt speóit HasuBaerog <p!«Bii]fB>, a nocjjbipdfi «Ae(k>Biiirb». 
EBBien H lan, vq spetfiS lUMtaHyn no naw^ wo BOBBMen 
Bq^xmt loaeqi, lony nepBU ooioca^ BiopoMy — Bxopai h t. x* 
•wsmuoTOí na nan&». 

TaB!b HasHBMMsia HdOBTasdfl npocrynmooBi oroeirB, boíW>k>9 
seji8a]f& apHHawfisarb bi paspw^ arHTB se ujieBÍl. AHrjí&- 
eni xopon Abobi^ roBopan bi CBoeft A^voHomrÍH: cnoBHXHicQMy 
£on yiaBau CBq^necreeTBeiiHHS npBsaaBi ^XOBBopnro He^ecria 

BÍffBlC& RE TOITE) VIO BOXa XOU»a OTBaSHBaTECa nj^HHliaiB Vh 

CBoe WHO TŠxiy STO orpsxHyn ci oe&i CBvojdESpo bqkj speiqe- 
Bii» H iipov. Tasoe aie BcnHxaeie boaoí bbbÍctho h vb xpeBHefl 
lepnABdofi BcropÍH| H ero SHaieme odiacnaaocE Tbu%^ vto cnixia 
coBBaienBO ozBepraerE BBHOBHaro (si aqua ďfaim yelat innoxiom 
recqierít — innoxU sabmerguntor aqoa, colpabiles snpernatant — 
ecn BOffa opaiien ero, sasi 6u bbbxebšso — seBEHEue norpy* 
asiíma b% bojqt, BmoBHEie ju&B$,tyi% noBepn). Vme n IX cro* 
jirifl saiOHii sMpeovLu 9ion oteiafi, ure oeiar(NrE cyoB^pia* 
HaaoHei(!E| to se HcnxraHÍe boaoB mh Bcrpi^iaexi, b% hmcjA npa- 
BUEHBXE cyne6níii% HCnisraiiiB, vh iHxyccxHXE awasarE Many; 
ecn Bow Be AMj^aaeFE oÓBBueMaPO niasaiB CBepxy, xorAa ero 
ůffocwa^ Tyxa^ ero xuTBa Bbpiia. Taai usfh bwfe ^^Bfiífi ^EfíŘ- 
aaA caoKh 8aKraoB!E, 6eB^ eoxHÍEÍg| 6wí% coczaBienE no Maiepia* 
laiTE eE|e <ka^ xfmBsao iqpeiieBH^ to mh Moseiob cb híbocopos) 
yBipeBBoezED saiaraxEi no bio czoxictbo HcmnanM Boxpft y 6Bpo- 
mšcMMi% H BBÍavcBixE OTpacjel a^čaaro ojeneHE ysasHBaen 
řscQ Hawio n BffgioKb OTxajMHHOt jq^eBflocra (TafliopE) IlepBO- 
(Sbtbu i^niypa, 132). Oahoio iwe caxiixx ofirnBOBemam 
uaeesiecKK» ■ cpepteBiaoBíin opxaJnS 6uma TavE-HaaHBaeiiaa 
Mciqnioiiafmg uh, san obkohbmiqi n ryxa<^paci| iopaayn 

P&Bem S HOSHHIQfrl BOTOpuft BepmCM TaKE se BÍpB0) BaKtE 

c^H>. Pimevo BaciTEi npraasasnoe na mHypat bib hb ocriotfXE 
HOSBH^E, BorKpyixirE FE ero spán, h nošen noBepniBaTEca ux 

O Tan se, cíp. 218, 280, 282. 
Ton lY.-Inn, 1888. 18 



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1^4 BMTHm nřosff. 

itaxatb npH HxeHB mpa, h x^xan Ha^^HHe raasH xia jcpjvm 
TsíbMeŘ. XpHcriaHeKit cyxi 6oBÍfl| no Bb6jéíh n sjnoiy, eee enie 
mprtXKO ynovpeÓxseiiHl, ecih Bapiasm vroro ipessaro otfpsxa: 
caMoe Jty^mee epefpsBO orapsn Bopa ho 9T0iiy cooootfy — ^iraTB 
Tanm oCpaaom 49-0 neajmrB, h Korxa nraercs ctrtb «Boff 
Bopa, corxamaeniBca c% Hvifi», 9it)n aonapars noBepHercfl n 
mHOBfiOMy (ToĚMpi, crp. 120). 

Mu, KOHe^mo, tonao HaifŠTHjni cnocotfH iMaHur, oussean- 
ii](ie BjriiiHie Ha yeraHOBJíeBie H>pvxnecBBX% OTHomeHil, hbcioaio 
HO xyMas HC^epnanr^ 8X^ cjiy^aH mn npHiiteeHui. 

ŮoBBHOBeHieirB cjqr^aB), BHBBaHHoiiy bojiob) ^ejKyBftsa, san 
npoBBJíeHiD BOJiH npBpoxHi o0iflCHnmfl xuae h EBsecj^xyímpi 
CBMBOJíB^ecKÍa x^Sctbíb, Bexynufl sa oo0ok) ycTaHOBJíeníe ssBto- 
mai K>pBXRYecKHrB OTEomeHit. IIo xpeBHe-repMaHCTOiiy npuy 
BCTyiiaB>iĚ(UI B% o0iii(HHy, FB xpoBHO^repnaHCKyD vapKy, iiojr^vaen 
Otb cootfmBinmBOFB Kycoics aeiuiR ťh mmoii^M tAnjtmi^To cmĚM- 
nqecKaro x^ctbíb: owh {wm BTO*jra6o hbi ero jnojtefi) xojnseBi, 
CToa Ha BOsy, tfpocHTb npaBOK) pyaoK) mojtotb ^epen Avyn Hory 
B xo Tix'h nopi, noRyxa oh% 6pocHjrB, OTBOxnca eiiy h^x^; 
CJiOBoiTB, ero BJiaxinÍH npocTHpaK)Tefl nacionBO, nacBOJitBBO kubeo 
ůpomewh MOJiarE. Tóno Taxse aasxoiiy líMHy otfotHHH Hpevh 
craKmeicfl bbbtb sn o6n^BHnirB seiien x^íb saciBRiB jricom xo 
ttrb nop^B, csonao orb, ctob y CBoei iieaw, rpaHviaiitrt ch 
otfQBHHHKB jqrroirfiy Moserb xocbiutb mojioiokb, Ópomranim 
^opess ifeyB) Horjr; Boo((nD(e rpaHBuu napra npocrapaBiitH xo tbn 
Bopnb, nosyxa xocBraer& Tonopi, tfpomeHHHl cb rpanHi^i MapBi 
BOBpyTE Bceft MapBH ^). Tóno Taise h npaBO rocnoxcTBa Biaxi- 
rejĚhBUTh Jun^B onpex^JOCB TasniH se BrnBaHEim eiy^ancB. 
«&anrB MatBi^cBiff BjmxbrejiBi roBopsTCB kb oxhoI xpoBBe-repiiaB- 
cwft ycraBHoB rpaiioTt, xouieni na JiomaxH B%teaTB vh pftiy 

PdhBTB TaVB XUOBO, HaCBOJíBKO OffB MOSOn B HaCBOJtBM XaXWO OBI 

HOserB OTcx>xa ůptKmh nojiOfinrB, xo TfcrB nop% npoerBpáieiei ero 
npaBO cyxa. B% ooBXEAfimee spěna n ((eperoBoe npaao npoempaiocB 
XOYOTO M^teia, xo BOTOparo MOFB xocnrnyTB tfpomennul xanHBn 
inflith Tonopi. Tarans o<Ipa8om ax^ on ^nero cjiytattnaiD o6- 
cfoinencTBa, otb BosBannaFO cjtyvaa BaBRcnn npaso BJiax^nii b 
rocnoxcTBa xanniirB JinirB. mwh noBaie, rtm npano, oenosanfloe 
na cjy^nA^ Bce 6oiie h 6ojáe crtoueicji n cranoBnrcB vncio il^atr 
TBBHHm^ nanp.y bb lom cjiymi, rxft Te^pnopú, no soropot 
KoaserB jierarB Kypnica otb nou Bxax&nivt no xjrMnMy noiD 



') Ghrímm, RashtsalterthtLmer, crp. 56 b XMie-. 



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cmonen n tři%%. 195 

(fin JULVh oea těmi BaHOcnn Bpex^E), onpex^jaeres cjrbxynnpiirs 
o6pA8om: siu^ei^ XOJseirB Óocbmh Horami eratb n saocrpeH* 
Hot HsropoxH H (JpocHTE ^epesi Hory mjion h xo t^xb nopi, no- 
i^XH OHit XOcnrHen hmi, Bypnta noaserE jietaTB. Owbvxho, lyn 
yaome CTSBincfl aoboibho BaTpyxmiejnHoe— HMeHHO, craiB HoraicH 
sa ocfpHfl HsropoxH ■ eartMi BaratfaflCB (JpocarB icojior&. Tavoe 
se sHaneHie mňen npaso, npio^p^raeifoe nocpexcrBom crpijia- 
irif m jQTKa. HsBtoHO npexame, no soTopony Mosxy Ilepcíefl h 
TjrpaHoiTB rpaHHi^i 6uxe o^ren xojito cnopHum h aartiix co* 
mcMSEChf mo6u Apem, Jiy^mifi crp&iOKi, cnycTEJTB cb ropu ^a- 
Mapenn o({08HaHeHHyH) crp^Jiy n lam, vfíb ona ynajia, xojiSHa 
Kbte onpex^ena rpaHBiui. 

OcraTsoirb otfiiHafl ÓpocaTB mojiotb xu ycraHOBaeHui iipaBaco(5- 
cneHHocTH nBjfleTCii en^e fe Hacioantee BpeiiH mg jotove, ynoTpetf- 
jieifBi npH ayRi^ioHHinrB npoxasaxrB. Mojioron^ saiBi hbbIíctho, 
jTHorpeÓiflercfl bi btbxtb cjiynafixi b^ FopxaHiH % ynorpe^njcfl 
H 7 HacB Ha ocHOBaniE II ^. X r. <npoxuui qpesi ayai^oHHCTOBS 
XBnBímaro Hnyii^ecTBa, CBasaHO Tam (er. 2200), npoHSBOXBTca e& 
ynorpetfjeHieirB MOJiorsa. IIps npespanteBÍH Haxxftu (no cr. 2202) 
,ayK^ioHH(m npoHSHOCHn cjiOBa <HinBTo donmey^ h ecjiH naonaa 
ne 6yxeTB otiMBJíeHO emfi Haxxft^} owh yxapaerB MOJonoirB, nocjri 
lero naxxau yse ne npiexieTCfl>. To^nEN>TaKse MOJiorron ynorpei^- 
jneicfl na ocnoBaniH cyxetfnHra ycraBOBi (IIpnBOxennaa Biime cwthsí 
2 ^. X T. npflMO nepenecena fb yciaBi rpaaMt* cyxobpOHBBOxcTBa cb 
xaieHBKHM H MBniHeHunni OTHOCHTejiBBO Mita, npoHBBOXflntaro Topn; 
a. CT. 1054 ycT. rp. cyxO* OveBHxno, rso mojiotb, HrpaBOrifl pon 
npfl npiotfpÍTeHÍH BexBHSHMaro HMyntecTBa, ne HrpaerB bi nacroiiHiiee 
BpeMa BBKaKofl pon v ynoTpeÓJiflercs Baa^B CHVBOJiHiecBoe xiScTBÍe 
jmnB npR npio((pÍTeHÍB xBHsnaro Buyn^ecrBa. ynorpe^MBÍe MOJiora 
xu npiotfpbreHifl HMyntecTBa FpHiiirB o<SiflCHaen rtm, iro mojotb 
daxh opyxieiTB ({osecTBa rpoMOBHBBa-Topá h hto bteitb cbatsitb 
opyxieirB caHsipoHBpoBajiocB BcaBoe npaBOBoe x^flCTBÍe. Mu xy* 
Haemi vro aa^iecTBO opyxifl— to o6etOflTejiBctBO, ^ro obo 6iuo cbb* 
mjBBBsan—voAMO^ no KpaSBoS uspi fb cairae paBúie nepioxu 
ByjBTypBy Majio sBa^eBk x^a npio(^TeBÍa npaBa. Mu BBX&nr, 
no Moxon se ynorpetfjiucfl x^a yxftp^> ib<^>^ leiíepB, a xn m- 
Tasijí Ba BBBftCTBoe npocrpaBCTBO h oootfoe snaireBie bi btoitb 
spBXfl^ecBOirB xMctbíh npHXOXitca x^tb MeraBíio. Hna^e roBopi; 
BpoerpaBCTBo Biax^^Híi x&HHaro jrai^k saBBC&io otb loro, sasi 
xamo ůajFh é^mevh noion. Kobouo, tfojrte eaiBAHR Mon tfpo* 



1) OrfaDm, RechiSAlt. eip. 65; AeAnu»«Mf Uwrwt. eoMpiHk,!, erp. 254. 



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196 

is^o6fifteme opasa sarao&io on cjywai BusBMBaro ^ejosfacoio, 
B ne o^cju>BjnBajiOCB moiotoiiIi Mn ciaoiesHiiirfc opyxieii^ 
BnocjiltiCTBii, Borxa npkH^faeHie Bcyifiisviiim BMymecrro cm(^ 
npomoxHTiiCfl ch uouow^uo vnaumBUTh asion, c^pa ynorpei^ 
jmíh MOJH^ra ^rpaniHjiacL iu&bo xBasiiravB BMyB^ecTBaxfl, npa 
HOM^ o BerasiB x-ia onpeAiiie&ii rpa^Bir^ Bjax^^fl Be Morjo 
6mh B pftiB, a yx^TB MOJOvsom csan Bi^ar^ ly se pojB^ 
BaByio Bppaen bo umm% jq^yran ciyiasxi bmbobi, T.-e. au 
o<k)8BawBÍfl BB^aja bjib ROBqa Topra. 



n. 

nepdlAerb tobopb n paaeiiinptaiiK) CBMBOXBVociBrB xiblcTBíftt 
odisaBBiixi CBOBm opoBCpcosxeBieirb BpasxeteHMi orBOflieBi«%, 
cymfici»yv>mfin'h bb pbbbbzs ciyooBBxi Kyjiuypa nes^y iBi^an, 
ppBBímemwnHMB x% pasiBiim ojieMeBam. 

SKeBB^BBv y a^pBBaacBaro vapoxa BAHiaBsegieBi npBB&icrByvr^ 
Myaínwb b ffmB noApocTaK>n^Bz% B)BOBieft, Haajosaga bcív^ 
BopnycoM^ xo tíxi sop&i nosa B0B^a py^oiixi nauqeBi se boc* 
Hyrca bobi^ boh^ mm w§^B(Í9aon tÍio bb eropoBy, bjiobb! 
VB aaxomfl ^). Haaponny uymHwmu dnovo QieveBB, BorpiBaaa 
xpyn ch Mpyvowbj eHavajia sporarBiaiorB ji^n xpyry ptbi^ 
BariirL ezBaTiiBaB)n xpyn xpyra aa xoBtB b Ba«BBaior& lepeiB 
xpyn xpyry pyaB. 06% oxBopoxflon (^BOmeBíaxi iiesxy Bys* 
nflol B seBoiBBoft paBcaatiiBaefB b JUBBBrooBi. Tan, paacaa- 
atuas o seBi oxboto Bawj^BBBa, JlBBBBrcTOB!^ roBopan, ^» 

flpB DpB(ÍJBSMÍB Bysa OW BCtíVJH^ CJiapOBBJtC^ ^TO^H AMh eHJ 

xopoiy, KULe crafl#B8jfta aa bmAbb b oefasaxac^ n TaBoars no- 
J10S6BÍB9 nosa. OB^ He npoKMBn. O^^bxbo, ocjb npBBOCBOBeHíe 
c^BiaeBCB spasBamirii eftBEesUi to x^a xoroi moóu sapasBiB 
pasioffusesie, TmaxenBO Batfirann Bcasaro npBBOCBOB^a, He- 
aaBBCBMO on eonp|soeBOBeBÍB b on MUÚimMmu cobb^boí igM^ 

HH BBXBmb) ^TO SeBOtBBU AMM BlipaseBÍg CBOOTO nox^BK6flBaro 

OTBOBioBia xo^sBH BiMOBiin(ea> BarB0aiMB« Ho tbboí se cim- 
BOJn icH Bcipiiaem wh oibobwbíbi% Mes^ Qo<ttxnouiiB b 
iio0isxeBBmB. «y (teiuieS ^acw fMMn% BapiwoH, roBopiri 
Mapiuycb, iiii BBXQxmn cbuboxi, ooeiomitt n Totrh^ vfo bjíb- 

HBBl, naXU BBI^, GFBBHT^ WIJ CPOCTO^ BOBaPO MOWMWBeU BB 



1) Ctd^ni, Ran m HMie#b ^micTow, pyccK. iiep<i, crp^ il6 s 437. 

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CIlBOJUSťS ťh HPAB^B. 197 

tBOK> reioBy». O^essAHO, hto HasjíoBeBie fojiobh bi xaHHOirB CJiy-* 
níkj Bh OTHomeHÍšn Meaxy MyxtHHofi h seBntBiroft, ecih cb«* 
Bon, coBepmeHBO aHasorfi^HHt c& TOJibRO-«rro opBBexeHHiiirB, npu- 
%eiii offzoAHTCfl TOJbBo Óesi nocjri^xHefl qacre, i.-e. tfes^B Toro, 
^to6si BHcmifi craBBiťB Hory Ha rojOBy bjh na cnHHy HHBoiaro. 
B% ToHra-Ta6y Tysein^ii naAasnrb hbdi'^ nepeji cbohiíi noBeanre- 
jem H BjajQm ero Hory na cbob> men. T6 se npoHcxoxHTB k 
wb A^pBR-b. HyremecTBeH&flirB Jlapxi pascxaBUBaerB, hto BasxnS 
H8B nociOBi vopojifi <^Hxata iipéuoHHJicfl nepes^ hhmi k nojio-* 
aiA ero Hory Ha cbor) rojiOBy. 

Bb ApeBHel ABfepHvi, HiiefiHo y ^HnucOB^, riy BOTOpHe npH- 
20XBIH Kb Ban[Hsy, xojshu 6fiijiH npnnaxaTB vb ero HOFaMi> h 
npiTOMi ThKbj Htodu jřHi^i HXi BacajHCB BeMaa. He Majio iipH« 
MipoBi Toro se HpeActaByiflefrB nairB Ana. npBHOCfl aajio6y, xoha% 
ífiímewh npHnacTB b% seMJíš jihaobte BHvarB co cjioaeHHUMH py- 
aBMH. BnpoHeiiia 9ron cnoeo6% supasenia HOXHHHenia acrp^ 
neicfl Wh eaHBx^B pasjH^Hiixi cípaHaxi h vb caMse pasjHHHsie 
oepioxBi suaHH wjiOB^^ecTBa. Y Ůepevwarb a^pasafleBan ho* 
rpoffB tyseiiei^ npv Hoe6a(eHÍH Ha*iaaBHRBa hjih DpH cay^iaSHolt 
Bcrpéii o& Hixi HeneAJieHffO oaxaen heko^hh h ipa pasa no-* 
crtxoBsrejiBHo níbžyen oeuiío. 

IIpoHCzosx6Hie aioro cnoooda DpeaBieHÍa nox^BneHia xocra* 
louo pasucHaercfl cjiixyB)nffirB (nepexasaeiiHMi y JlBK>Hca h 
SiapBa) pascKadOMi o&b oxhoI vpyntA aiiepHBaHCRErB momo- 

mWb, BCTp&WHHHXl BME. «A^Oe BBB HHXI^, paSCBadHBaiOn OHH, 

opeeraptjias seHdtHHa h iiajieHBBaa x^ao^sa, sairfmrBPB Hame npH- < 
(mweme h bhxb HeBoaifosHoota yMsaTb on nacB, onyeTHJiBC& 
n aeMJíK) H cajoÉHaH roxoBti, araerao, itpHMBpHBmacb co cifepTiiK)| 
ioiopaay aan oafe jtojián^ns^ HeiiBHyeHO osHxaaa vrb*. 

Bpan»-no(S%XHtejiB, TaraMi otfpasom, aan tfyxto 6u npHrja- 
oaeica naHecTH yx^pi, npE^eiii no<ttsXBHHiie aTHirE Btipasaion, 
«0 Bcasaa Haxesxi^ na enaceme acwaia ^). IIoxtHHeHie Moacerb 
tasse HypaseTECfl cwimieMU opydiH epootcdbí hjh xapeHiem ero 
BeopíarejH), tavB aavB sa duní BeopeuftHHO xojsbo cjiixoBaTB 
Bfeapaa^eHÍe 66n. V níbmvo paxa ByremecTBeHHHaoBi mu naxo* 
Xin yaasaHia Ha to, ^lO cutie opyadfi opa npK($jHaseHÍH ^aae- 
MiBieBi^ BBjuieita smbovb iiHpoaH>tffl[BarB Hairibpeaift. 7 aa^pOBi^ 
BicTHHH^ napa yBHaercfl noTOiiy, ^ro eme na paBcroama xsyxi 
^oreai maroai otb sHJHnta loro noceieHía, ayxa orb nocjaHi, 
<fB!b Bjuuen Ha seiijia) cbok> acearafi bxh BoaBe a itoxxoxfltB jme 



*) GoeBcepi, cíp. 179, 180, 182. 

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198 Moram iífoih« 

v% HHm ch pa^Dpocreprnjii pyiam ^). CoBpeMeHHul reeepan ox- 
XMn cm» moary m saan lansTyjuitiH apMis; louo xmuKe cbo- 
<{oxHiie wpnae A^bMwicfl jtf)6poB0iuo pftfiaifii ooBepnun opo* 
cioS, HO BHpasiTejbHHft o6paAi» aionaHii Koma fk np^nenii 
Cyxyiqaro roenoAUM. «9iMiaBÍe mnaPH eme i n Hacitumee BpeMs 
coBepinaercji na sma^^ort y mc% EWk o^s^ieoHiiiai npecryon- 

MMI, npBBailieSMpMB Wh XBOpflHCBOiiy 0OC1OBÍI) Ht OCHOB. 4 U. 

963 cr« yciaBa yituosH. qrxMip. OiesiABO, JOMamem maam b^ 
cynvHOcra BypajMerca to se nuBe^eue ocyagieeHAro mn loro 
oGiAecTBeHHaro nojoseflifli vb lOTopom ohi huoaucí. 

CxoAcrBO o<$paDQi^HÚi n mmuvmmu^ BHpaaMPmeeca bi npi- 
BtAeuBUTb CB]iBaiiHecBBi% AitcTBign, cjb flOBOxeiiieii^ no oi»o- 
jHeBÍio vh Bpary xociaTOVBO oAMCuercB rtii%, bohouo, ho sa 
BBBftcTHuxi ciyneaax^B Byaiypii jiesH xo^HBavnca nocpexcraon 
iiozH]i^6HÍB| yííH^BB; BcAfiptm woro h otfpameaie a hhmb oub- 
vaerca r&m se xapaBiepoMii Kaioe HOCBn o6paii^eHie ck umAm- 
HHMB, ci jnMtMH Bpasxetfaaro oieneHi, xooiaBiBBMica bi saie- 
ctbí ffl6am. drEWh otiucHaeica h yooTpe&umi^iica eiiie bi aa- 
CToaniee apeiia npH6pax& aepoieHii hjh MáhOfi. & paBCMaipaBU^ 
KOJibiio Baai ocmTOsi ^iIla| BOiopaa ynoxpe&uuacb Bi o6pBo6iiTHHa 
BpeMeHa npa nozBniieHiH sesuviHii. ?to boju(o octb oaho hh^ 
BBeHbevb pftnfi, mo bto, cii^OBavejaHO, oosaion loro speiteHa, 
aorxa ynorpefiiaiao^ A^lcnunejiiBaa Jiíkuh xja opuoBaBama sea- 
qaBi, BBXHO H» TorOi ^TO y ffCBBwxh repnaHi^eRa seHan, aaiaia 
co CBoeft CBBTOi H8i xpyroTO Hocejenia bi ooceieaie csoei bobí- 
« cni, odxBaiHBan naaeiti caoet ÓyfymfiŘ smh aoabAom, aut- 
TeHHUMi Mn bíxbh, copBaHBOt Ha ero 8eiiettH0ifi» y^McnAj r.-a. 
seflHxi 9TBu% aan 6yAxo 6u npaaasiiBaarfc mríiciy vb cBoeay 
y^acray ^). Cfiaa& aoni^a c% nouqeHÍeati^ sesa^BHi aa^Ha laase 
mb oocbxcTBa ero c^ unou%. ÁBrio*eaacMcaaa aaprana VIII Blxa 
aao6pasaen^ aaafB meaax% ne f e/jU T h CBoet Hea^bcrt boju(o aa 
Meai Hiia Ha ukJoA. Sariia n oahom% eraxotaopeHia X a^aa, 
xtt onaib Bcrpi^aeiTB xo aie coebffiWQ uMa ci xoauiom ^). 
Kpoai aojuqa, uu BCfpbnMwb xaase ji aeaxy — onaxb ociaionb 
upaBasiiBama, eaaaiMuňa* B% pyecBax% caa^eÓHim ntcaaxi apa 
aaajuD^eaia 6pasa Hrpaen pojb ay^^pa: ova ayex^ 6paai O- 
y iwif JHHi seH«x!b nepexi^aiii CBoeA (Syxyaieft meEt sejcbiaiift 



ij GDOBcep^, crp. 31—38. 

*) Unger, Die Ehe in ikrer wvlthistoraoken Eatwiokekuig, Wieu 1881, crp. 106. 

s) Weinhold, Fraaen im Mittel&lter, cíp. 226, 227. 

^) AeaaacMBi, IIodTiYeciúi »o»pÍHÍa ba npvpoAy, t. 1, crp. 466, 468. 



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cuBOJiian Wh bfíji. 199 

nepcreu h toibso vh 6oAÍe noaffii spexena— soioxoft ^). Bce 
aio ysauBaerb, ^o dwa CHMBOiH^ecBit opexnen oiSasani cbq9m% 
wfwCLomffiBmťh HxeHHO Tony oixaieaBOMy nepioxy, sor^a rocnoA- 
cnoBaio noxBiRBHie seaniftHi h u&j^OBaieuHO npEKOBiiBame, 
npBBasBBaHie wa si lany jticiyi syw ohí (!íuh xocTaBaeHii 
noxmTeieMi) 1 TOUM n nosABiSmia speMesa n Espon:! soju^) 
ciaia BOGHTk He toubo npaMaHRaRiiwuica HiBorxa He6to:a, ho h 
meaaxh. V eBpeen h aHm^apii emfi vh Hacroaniee speMa Tonvxf 
seeniBBa aocm WMhUfi — BOionia obobh, sasi Hasuaaen ero 
Mam Mauaepi. 

BooCn^ aaauTeuHaa ucrb ofipflAora, coopoBoaBAax>ii](HXi co- 
Bftpmeme CBa^L^M h Ópaaa, oCSagana cbohmi npoHcxosjtomeijrE 
lOMy, ^no Ha bbbícthuxi ciyoeBaxi^ ayjLTypu sohh Cepyíca 
o6iUHOB6HHO m xpyroFO oieMeHH ijbicb hib Apyrani oiocotfpiqb. 
Tasaxi cnooo6oBi^ bi Bcropia HasicTHO XBa: noxBn^eflie b synu. 
B% Ba^ecTBft ocmisa nountema aajaeicfl oopcienB, o Boropoii^ 
MU iolii>bo*9to roBopaaB, aajunoorca h xpyría caicBOJUi^ecBie odpadu* 

Ha CMJbHy uoxBHieHia au^ieica ayoia. Sn^e bi Hacioaqee Bpeiia 
n ropoxb Hepexii h ero OBpecnociaxi BHBynaB)Tib Heatcry m 
xeauv. «He louso dk/fisne noce^ane, ho h 6oraiiie,— roBopan 
Tepeo^HBO,— nouxaion ceúi sa Óeaucxie otawb ffin 6en ffi- 
Ben; iími Bume i^bna, tími^ (háit ^octh j^a HeBtcru, o wwh 
npoBOBTjaoiaeTca HaiieAieHHO s^ wpeBHÍ> (TepeqeHBO, Bhtb pyp- 
CBaro napoxa) U, 170). Hdi TpyxoBib bommhccíb o boiocthux!e cy- 

laXl MU MOSeXl BBA^Tbf 910 Uaia Sa HOB^bCiy AOXOABTb HHOft 

pan AO 100 py&ieĚ (Xpy^u xommbccíh, UI, 319, 323)« Bi sa- 
BeBCBOxi yiaxi, aieBCBoft cy(kipHÍB, ku uvAeiHb to»ko ocxaxoB^k 
9X0T0 otíuua synaa: soHazi ao^ukobi noxHecTB OTi\y Heatou 
nmeHBVHuft ut6i, BcneseHHuft bi bba^ 6opoHU| míahuS rpomi 
i pB>Mi^ boabb* «TaBOft saBOH!^ y«b fl8cn4)B Bejneica,— roBopar^ 
i^ocTKaHey — B Bca oms Tyvh naaia aa xo, ixo Aouy BUAaerE>. 
(TaKkseyyy233)* OieBBXHo, B^xanBOMi cjyui, MiwHttrpoDTB 
iBaaexca yase cbmboiomIi Ba^0MBBalpa^ul^ o npeauieMx oOu^aA 
lyDíB B npoxBMUi. B% caMoS oepBOÓuxHOft 4^pMt Bjuia npoBCXO* 
ws% eme y pyccBBU BHopom^n* ^ caMo:bAOBi Ewbaj noay* 
naun oÓuBHOBeHHO sa hícboubo oecjqoBi, j[bcbip» bjib ojenefi; 
y coGTOaxeibBun luaxa sa «eay ropasxo Bumei HaupBMtp^, y 
aBaMCBBTb caMo^oBi njutiarb 100 oaeHeft, 4—5 bojiborb, xe- 
catBa noiTopa neci^OBi b t. a«9 y eHHceflCBBXi bjib BapacBHCSBXi 
— 20 ojenefi, h^cbojibbo boibobx, neci^oBi, jbcbqi^ a ecawbvh^ 



O Friedlftnder, Sittengeschichte, t. I, crp. 456. 

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800 iMtim uřom. 

TO xeH&raMH on 15 x<' 30 py6MeĚ. IlepeFOBopii ch OTi^om ne* 
jsUcm BefjresL npH nocpexersi esata; ksvb CBopo oreifi HeBicm 
mhSNtťh corjiacie na BHxa^iy HOBŠcni sa HpexJiameKare se&Hxa, 
csarL noxaen eny (tepty xu tóto, srotili ion Haxpteajn sa Hdl 
10 HHCio sapyÓOKB, soropoe noaasiiBaen, csenBO obtb iown Bsm 
aa xon cbor^ TÉawmnm; CBan cpbsuBaen n hbx% cboibio eiiy 
nosasercff nmmxi, noiom ycjOMHBaerefl o xv6 oixavH Binyiia ^). 
TovHO Taase h y ocmoBi neyevoBCfpu o uart sa neiAciy BejQrrci 
npa noMOo^H CBara; i(6Ha pasjíraa bi pasHiixb iriftcTHOcmn. Bo* 
oóo^e AOHB ({oraTaro wiOB^sa cioHn 50 — 100 oieaet, fj&n Ůiffiuo 
20—25 oiOHett. y nyroBi niaia sa Hesfeiy iipocrapaeicfl xo 80 
miOBi CBora; Borxa 6yxen oepex^HO Boe yroBopeHHoe sojn^eeiBO 
CBOia, lorxa HOBicia nepexoxan vh xom «ysa. y lyHrycoBrL sa 
seBicry njiatfln bjih x^hbiumb, bjh ojieiuiXB, hik mBypaMH 8b§- 
pefl; njaia aa HOBiciy cBorom hjtb xefl&raifi cyn^ěcTByen mase 
y ^epeiiHcoBi, y ^aamefli y botakobii y MOpxBs, upmoBS) <(ain- 
up^, BajiaixoBi. OÓMŠHi sea^HHH Ba cson nsi Haxoxam ■ y co- 
BpeifeBfluzi nepBoCsiTBBnib vapoxoRB A^piun b ÁMepBSB; y meiieHB 
Bpy 3 KopoBH B 1 OBi^a, 8T0 iifiBa aseBB^BBH; y sa^^Bi sa HOBiciy 
luamn lasse MssfbcrEOWb BOJtanecrBom csora, 10—70 nnysi ^ 
y BflxilAeBi-BaBa&ocoRB Mys^BHa nosynaen seHD^BHy i^hob) jio* 
maxefi, ^bcjio Boropicn saBBCBn on qiuHOCTH, BOropys) obb iipa- 
xaen netácti; louo Tasse h aCkinoBiiiH, Bcrynaa ke (Spán, yua* 
UBaB>n Banee 4—5 jomaxett; o iiaTaroHCBBX% BHxiBiiarB $ai&K- 
aeph pascBasHBaen, tto obe 8aBjiH)WK)n cbom cBaxBdn nocpex* 
CTBOMi noxyiisH seffB sa lOniaxeS. BecBua noBarao, ^ro seHnqura 
wb DepBOÓHTBue nepioxu ofix^^BaHma na auiBOTHiirB, tbbi Basi 
xpyroro cpexcrsa xia oÓirtHa — xeBen ea^e bo cyn^eciByen h, 
lan bsbíctho, kb btb nepioxsi bcbsíI npoxysn oi^sBBaercB na 
BBBtoBoe BOjn^ecTBo CBOia. Ho atoro Hajto; ara ojaia cBoiom h 
BX oco6eHHOCTB oaeHBMH K JomaxBXB yiasuBaen Ha lO, iro uara 
6HJia cea^aia cbxbojovb Mapa Measxy XByiia nieMeflaiCBi uensi 
Boiopím 8aBJB>qajui 6paHHHi co»n. Ojohh bi Bacroaqee BpeiiB 
y rtxi nepBofiHTHHTB aapoxoftE, o BoropsrB mu roBopaJU, Bcnoji- 
Huon ly se tjys6y, Boropys) BcnojHan lomaxBi a o jomaxax^ 
iCH sHaem, hto ohí bx xp^beú BpeiieHa y ennmiBrB h Booóiqe 
n AaÍH ne ynorpeiSjuijiflCB ho j^u nevo xpyroro, san tojbbo vuí 



') Cmhphob^ Oiepu ceiiefiiiHxs oTHoneut no oÓHUOiiy opaiy pycciaro e&poAA. 
Mocna, 1878. 

*) Waítz, Anthropologie der NaturrOlker n, 110, 388; Klemm, Culturgeschíchte 
m, 277. 



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GUBOJiisn vh nPÁB«. 301 

BWHCTBefiHEixi jjjbjKĚ ^). UwxB TtMMe H M Hhxíh jiomtA^ ]nio« 
ipetouacB TOABo Bo BpeMfl BofiHB, a BB Bo ÉpeuE ifBpa AM Mpe- 
BOBm fflseerei. Orciow aeiie cjrift^iontee: ran san jmoaxE oSkbho- 
BesRo yuorpetfjtfflitCB ii|m mncBn^eHui jBntnuiffBy t.*e. npn HamiAeHiH 
jii(& oxHoro neiiera Ba xpyroe mmiífl, lo XHps Mesxy hhith Horb 
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ooiywjeB BsaiiŠBi jiomaAdl h OBora. HepBHifb npexnetoxi otio- 
poia xeaBXy XByita oA^BHaMv fejTE otfx^Bi seBn^Bfli exHofl 06- 
opBii ea jomaxel, a Bnocjr6xcrBÍH na cBoň, npBHaxiesaBnnft 
fjffni Q6n(saA. HBBterso, ^to h y rpesoBi, Baai bosbo bbx^ 
7 roMepB) Mema% mMun mBj BeBlciu víbny ea, coctosm^y » bsi 
dOM B KPjvwTb njkmuTb Ben^eS ^). Tohho Tasse b y xpeBSBXfB 
repMBBi^eBi i^iaa BertcxH cocroBJía, ao TaiiiBiy, fls:^ CBora, BSBys- 
xaBBol jiomaxBy B^rm, kodbb h Meta ^) Ysie B8% toto, ^to BBŠcrb cb 
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Bon saBJíDteflia MBpa, oiBasi on AaABMmaro BexeBifl boSbh. 
SaBÉiaTeiBBOy «o Bi oxaofi bb% xpeBflerepxaBesBxs ^^Myjrb* 
itepeKOHÍB nepexa^B Ke% bocstb BadBasie comendatio per giadíom 
et daBBdam; cjiobo eomendatío BaooMBHaérB o jfpywm h>pbxb- 
lecBOHi xbflCTBiH, wywpoe eonpoBOflfixuocB rtMB se CBMBoiaHB, 
lac^ noByBsa seoPB m> xpesaia Bpexefla. Tovbo tbitb b» KUfh apB 
noBynB^ sefl%, npE eomendatio, BpeaopyteBiB, t.-e. nps Bcryiúe^ 
Hk n BaecajB, Baoeajn^ xaBaji CBoeny cR)depeBy MOiax^, opy- 
ade, yspameBÍB, a xasase b xpyne noxftpKB % t.-e. sasjíiotaji c% 

WĚXh MBpi. 

Bce yrojioBBoe npaBo bb BepBodBTBiirB cryBwaxi ByjUTypu, 
wm, BBate nm^, oieieMa BasasaBit b* x^bú, apasBaBaoKUB 
DpeeryaBHiiB, emb ne nd aaoe, bbjm BepeaeceaBiift wb MBpBHft 
rpasxafiCBift ikm caoeofo odpaniealfl eii sparaMB-aiteBaBana. 

^) Hďm, Gnltarpflanze und Hausthiere, 28. 

^ Kjdajia, XI, 241, Oxeccea XI, 281; Schoemann, Griechische AlterthOmer, 1, 52. 

*) Tadtos, GennaníA, C. XYia. 

^) Waits, YerfwiingBgeschichte, IV, 211; HallAm, Middle age, I. 8B. 



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202 BfOTHDi uropu* 

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waii. J9[ yBasajx bi xpyroai a^krb, ^lo seHQHBH, saGpaaaiu 



') flsyaBiBii, OGu^Boe opaio, XLII— XLIil. 

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QMMBwan Nr mxn. 208 

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TOUKO KL UBiCTBHlKb ^aCIflm IÍM. 

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APBBBOMl XIY fl JlK>AOBBBO]rb XV, CaMUMl CTpOFBMl 06pa80MS 

cofiiKmajBCb AO 1748 r. Taaoe bko SBaienie uui&n BsyBiveBie 
BaibneBTb ajiapys^, sajanonoe BaaBbeeBBAtoejBf aoiopiift jaaBBO 

DOiOSBU CBIffi pyBB BB (»flD|9BB0e nBCBBie, Ba BOB^fiUX^ €161- 
IBBOB!!^ (BMBBpaiOpOM^b rajb(k>a)| BB cfiOpopBOKb BOAafOl SB CO- 

B^pBiaexoe bmi bopobctbo (H)ciBBÍaB%), aa aBiopoBo* epexBiecBBXi 

OOUBOBifli M ^JUDBBSIX^ JIOBeZlBBOVb {AíM^j JOMÓapACBÍt 



*) CseBcepi, OópjiAOBiii y^pe^eiiúi. Pycc&. oep. Rien, 1880, crp. 89. 

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>) npiB$xeBBBH xo CHxi uopi x^HBiM DOHepnejTH H81 KBin: Ghassan, fissai sar 
la lymbolique da droit. Paris. 1847. 

>) Tac De mor. Oena. n. XUL 



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206 Momn ibfmk. 

iiojOTHA. Bajiocraoft czovb npvsHajTB ée BHHOBHOft n pinnrxs pas- 
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coBepniHBmaroeB npeerynjieHifl. 

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qaercfl ne Tonao no ornomeBiK) vt^ BopoBersy, no b no oracaie- 
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B OTTyxa BaaBxoMy paaxaeTi BOxy, vt6 wmnůerh npoxasHOcn xen- 
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rocnoxcTBft otfpaxoFB yBaaajn na ornomeBÍB vb sparam, BavB na 

BBBUElHft BCTO^BBn CBVBOJB^eCBBZS jMCTBÍft. 

XoTB nociixyH>niee ne BirlerB npBMoro omomenifl vh T%m 



^) Gp. C6opHHn DpHXH^ecuxi oóa^aen, cnnii npo<^. Riemoieiftro: o uesBjpi 
Rpaion y lapoxa, CTp. 161 — 191, a nuse Hiynua, cíp. XXXIX. 



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CHBOJUBMl n nPABIl. 207 

cnBOjnecnir& xtíkmsiu^hy o wiópuTh h roBopvjrs xo chxs no|rB| 

HO f C^TftK) He JIHHIHKlfb OCrftHOBITbCH nf^bCh HS JODfionfiTHOirB 

njeBÍH, o soiopom ceftHftci nosexy ^pfb^h beki HiAnnteifs otho- 
wfíBoe Wh ciMBOjrasiiy vh iipaBŠ wfióine. Oxho im jik)0ouiitiiuxi 
luemfl rb npHcnpyxeHqÍH, oiopanHini xojnraeeneffmix BenwHH^ 
BCfifflfnoiiQscfl m lopHxnecKBn Hopifaar&; sxto a xo^ o6pa*- 
m BHBMaHie na BOjnecTBO eBHXfaěidl, ipefioBaBinee f& nepBo- 
famu BpeMGBfti H sojmeciTO npHCflSBuxi, Tpédyioiqeccfl bi he- 
ciittqee Bpeiu, v6o mtfbcno, mo WBpemeBsae npEessane saci- 
inreiH, cyxBH, cyrB ho ^ito VHOe KUfh nepBo6sĚfBue CBvxftrejni. 
UweiĚj meBm no omoHréHW vh cyxy iipRcasHiixi Tpetfyerex 
B^peirtHHo 12 nejmebvhj a se lomíte vn veHBme? Haxo šanc- 
ím, wío 910 HMJO BCTpft^raetca yaie bi& nepBO^fitHBff BpeiceBa; 
Ttn F& «PyecKOft IIpaB^i* usmraeiii: «eejnmo-jra({o iro-jiitOó 
CfíHen BBHCBHBftfB Ha xpj^rom^ a Ton* cimí6t& sanHpaTBCfli to 
(m xoJiseHrB Hxn na hbbo^ nepex^ 12 ^ejiOBisaiiH*. (héBs^HO, 
TO BTO iHCM XBtnamafFB, xoTfl Bi HameiTb 00BpeMeHBoir& cyxb 
npicflSHHXx OHO H saHifcrBOBaHO 118% riTh Hopm, aarap&ji cy- 
VXTBpoTh 001 BTQiTb DpexHorii vh wpoHeBcKHXi saKOHOxffireo- 
cntfm H BfB ocotioHHooni rb BJtac^BtdCHOft cipau'& cyw npHcas- 
HHXb— Bi Ahfjíh, BCTpfiuerea yase b% xpeBHftttnraxi naxflTHHxaxi 
pjiMBařo npasa, mki iin toji&ko-yio BBx^jni. Oisyxa me bbuocb 
9!0 TOCflo? HbbÍcthhS npHcn nrepvHrE, roBopa 00% o0pflxoBiir& 
^Ofnaxhy eo0iK>xaBmHxcfl HpH npio0plTeBlH coÓCTBeHHoerH f& xpob- 
nen Pbh^ npH nvh nas. mancipatio, hjih npH yeraHOBxeBiH 
xanoBuxrE ipeCoBanilt (nexmn), ocraHaBXHBaeiai Kesxy npo^HiTB 
n TOMi, noveny npe coBepmenÍH bthxi o6paxoBi Tpe6oBaxoc& npi- 
cjiciBie 5-TH CBRxiiejeft h yKasBBaerb na to, ^iro 5 CBHx^TejieSy 
yuciBOBaBnrax^B npa coBepmenÍH 8tbx'e airoBi, abejihce no Bcefi 
BftpofTHOCTH BCJixcTBÍe ycTpoflCTBa OopBÍfl Tyjurig, no BOTOpOMy' 
Bce pHMCBoe Hacexeme pasx^uocB na 5 xiaccoFB, TaicB qTO 
5 CBBxirejeB, yiacTBOBaBniHrB bi bthxi otfpaxoBiixB 4M)pMaxi| 
6iui HO ^iwh HHHiTB KavB npexcTaBHTejmH 5 xiaccoBi nacexenúi. 
dio o0MCHeHÍe, BHOjra^ ocHOBaToxBHoe, xftorB naiTB bosmoshoctb 
ofoicHiTB, noTOiiy BMeHHO 12 HBJíoiAKb TpeÓyeicfl ujib cocTaBjtema 
Cfxi npHCflSHHXi. Haxo snaTb, hto nepBotfHTHSui coknihiui rocy- 
ffpcTBa-^Xopaqui ho^th Bcerxa cociaBjuuHCB mvb coioBa 12 nje- 
MeffB. Hsi Bi6iÍH bsbíctho xixome espeficBaro napoxa na 12 ko- 
An. Bo BpoMena Tesea, Atthu, xavB paacxassBaen npexanie, 
cocToaia bvb 12 TeppsTopíft, aoTopiu 6sixh coexHHeHH Mesxy co* 
(Ml. Toqno laise na naxoxviTB ^xepaqix) xpeBHo-rpewctaťo Ha- 
ceiesk y ropB Ilapnacca h 9m m ptei Cnepxea n nenefl, soto- 



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208 

pu B> CBOD owpexB cocrostt wn 12 TejH^nqpit. Tóno lasse 
m qoxNn oojilcsm (Seorifiqen, lOfoptit buoxucs oois raoio- 
HÍet Oimi eociOAn m 12 HapoxBocreB ■ xp. O* AxeBcui cMn 
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Hxuii 12 rqMiwn lyoson comtBMn ^^ejiepi^. Hmohoicb, ii^fe 

HO OpBBOXlTb 8j|^ ClHIBSOm MHOIO ffíBMUTb HO OlOHJ Wf^PĚeiJj 

jjumevh emfi aa HajpoxHfu ctAsaHia onooireiMo sojrameciaro 
ycrpoftCTBa cJMia6nx& aapoxon. Ho cnx^ieiBC^Tsgr Aimia Bpe- 
MeBcuro, BCf seiufl oÓoipBfon pauJkiOHa ({im aa 12 Boiocrei; 
TO se m aaaeiis o %xíh h MqiaBiv, a laise o G^íh. Oou- 
cmíě jfroiiieevii sumUl kb XII eiortrisi iiepMMn crapimroe 
npORamei «o rtsorAa juunouurb lueneHem yHpauup 12 boobox^^. 
dron jMiVRb eHW bi Haoioamee apeva kosho npoertxiTB na xbbu 
sepBofiimraxx HapoxoBi* TaiRB, no cioBam Ryiai aa oorposi Tam, 
cyqecTBOBaja 4«xH^a^u, eooioaBinaa sn 12 o6a|fln. Korxa lap- 
lera o(^[ia80Ban ^ffip$n/» xm 6op&fe g% pyoeaot BiacnK), <Hn 
o(^aaoBajiH au arot i^h coion h8% 12 xepímopily jesaBnnoi 
Ha CÍB9P& BaBuacraxi ropi« 

nocrt BTm xMHSzft, Koioima xosho yBaiBurb mboimi 
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Haro Hflcia 12 npBcasBiocB, voropoe emfi bi Hacioaqee spem 
^^■rypBpýen b» cyx^ npicasBBXb y eapoHeBcnz^ eapoflBB^. 
J(BÍHaxmBn npicaaamrb agaMci san 6h npetxoiaBiTeMifi uejM- 
MíknjíhMBTh xpimxii&Ta coBNiBim leppfliopit Aifl BieifeEB, hoxbo- 

VOIHHIIH Bilpa&BTeJflMH Wn BOJ»« 



>) Wtlkcr, StaMúedeon lY, erp. 115, 119. 

*) B6CTj»«n4*BHm, PfteiM-ieropitf^ t. I^ cíp. 44^ 45. 



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i 



CTHXOTBOPEHIfl 



HA K)ri. 

o, AapcTBO pony moS xeiuuil K>rBy 

II,fiii7iqíi BpaĚ poffot! 
TboA xotfpuft csíwhj TBoft B^pHyft xpyn 

BepHyjICfl BHOBb XOMOfl. 

Kasb THXi poxHiir& He6ecL maiep^E 

H CBftTjnixrb box^ padíHBi! 
BaKb lyxeffB (SapxETHBt KOBep^B 

SejieHHXly BBfiSHXl HHBl! 

FjflXEn Moft AOMHBi BeoaíM, 
npi4^ rocTfl pa^i, 

H MaHHTb CB&BeCTBlD CBOefi 

BunHOBut BpomKa cax'E. 

OffB Bi flpKoft sejeBH rycioft 
H BecB Kb itB^iarb oxbvh; 

Ho TOttBO SUB, 9T0 Vh HeiTB IipOCTOfl 

n crpoflHoft eiu Hin. 

Mhí xopomo Bi Bpax) poxHOirbi 

3xi^B xasxyĚ KycrB umi mějte. 

Ho laiTB, Ha cÍBep'b (JojBBOirB, , 
A eny nojooÓBjrB. 

lY.— Idu, 1888. 14 



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210 BftCTini IBPOOH. 

MejBi ropwxi cocewh h (Jepesi, 

Bh oenajiE norpyxeHa, 
Oha CTOin, sas^THiixi rpesi 

H THXHXl xyiTB nOJHE. 

H fl-<$i xorbjn rjiflxtTb fb ouo, 

H jDÓonTBCfl et, 
H Bce, MRHyBmee xmho, 

ByxBTb n xymi Moel. 

Uycn n npomjioiii, nept«Htoii% MHOfi, 

Biur& uywb h niiron axi; 
Ho xopon XJU ^QrniB (SojbhoS 

BocooMHHaHil V>' 

H. ]n|iXFOB<&. 

HoBOvepiftccn. 



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■■B 



AMEPHKAHCKAfl lyPHAfflCTHKA 



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«rp7CTHoe» npoiiBJíeHie oómecTBesBoS shshu.— ra3eTEi-rHraHTH.-<-ra3eTii HOBaro 
lAnpaueHiii h p^soe hz'b oriRqie otl upesHHX'B 5praH0B'B ne^aiH.— BesHerB- 
oreai H Fopaci PpojiH, Kasi pe4K>pMaTopEi ne^axE.— Píia'b HoeoBBeAemfi bi 
oCiBCTH xypBajRCTHKH.— Habi Fopaca rpniH.-— <New Tork Tríbune».— BOHnerb- 
«iiHS.-~Ooo6eaBOCT8 raseTH «New Tork Herald».— npexnpiBMqnocTB h 6iaro- 
TBopixeiKHOCTB SeBBeia. 

«A]fepKaHCBafl amatb?.. H bíi cepBSsso xamre csasarB, qro 
10 TtKOl creneHH eK> ■HTepeqreTec&?*. H'bn, sl ae zoiy 8T0My 
rtpm; npH HsyqeHia aroro rpyciHaro npoflBjemfl Hamefi siaHH 
y BECI H Ha HeA'b^iK> Tepn']^Hi4i ae zsaTHrB: eejubBfl aocjribxoBa- 
teiBEO OTxaTECfl udy^eHÍK) Toro, ^t6 HeMiHyeMo oirajiBBBaerb bch- 
ttro m^AoíHaro vejuiviia^... 

TasoBa 6yja 5ypHai Benimna Becbiia novreHearo h Do^arae* 
mra (SanrECieBaro naeiopa ' bi npicytCTBÍE Boioparo mhí cjiy- 
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BHHicaBie M HÍCBOABO BBf^h. Sra ptesafl Byxoxaa co cropoHu 
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sa yMCTBesHim nporpeocoMi Hamero sisa h oTHiOAb se opoas- 
lui F& MoeiTb npHcyTCTBÍHy fft Toft nopu, laBofi ýbmwtezhEoA 
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meBEOŘ SBBHB. BeUO 6u BBlBmHBMl OpBfiOfflTb SA^CE ^UbEŠfi- 

mee paBBBiie Hamero pasroBopa, nepemexníee %a:Awh b^ npena- 

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id cDopu mi^i ycfliBHiHU xo aroro BupaÓoraTB ce6i onpext- 
^KBHBt Bariax*^ na npexMOTB: saawit hsi naci — HacJiymaBnuieE 



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ílí ' B%CTHR% IBPúm. 

BX0B03B XOBOXOBl npOTHBfiOfi CIOpOBH — BCe MIB Vh SOHI^SOHItOBl» 

ocTEjicfl npH CBoem. CnpaBexiHBOCiB rpeCyen saiifoBTB, oxHaio^ 

^TO fl, Cb MOefi CTOpOHtf, Be CXftBIDBCB HE XOBOAH yWHftrO DE- 

CTópa, Bce xasB Bynecjia hbi aroro cnopa ae tojbro HOBys mucib^ 

HO H HŽEOTOpHfl COMB^HÍB H BOOpOCy, OpOB^psa BOTOpHXl He 

Majo nocjiysHjia mhí fl xi^i npaaMBHaro Hscj^xonaHÚi sehb- 
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daÓocTH, H BonpeBH hhíbíbmi Bcdbxi nacTopoBi Mipa, npoxojiauui 
en^e npa^BCJiflTB ceóa rx jiioxflMi «nopflxoHBii]rB». Ilpaciynas 
TenepB vb BBJOseBÍK) vb bobmosho KpaTRom BBX'b pesy^BTaiOBi 
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comhíhíI— B BecBMa cepsesnaro CBOlOTBa; ho BaopaBiemi ohh 
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JHCTOBl, XOTOpafl TaVB OfBHB^BBa Ha BOe aXBOe H XOpWIMy TEKS 

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othh)xb HenoBBHHa?.. 

^ejÓB^By, se BM^BmeMy vh pyBan HacroBqet aiiqmBaHCBdS 
(SojBHiot raBeTHy vpyxHO ůuio ůw h npexcmraTB ce6^ 8iy ^yxo- 
BBH^flyK) boh^b. «New York Herald^/Boniaflniaa hvb aHepBsaa^ 
CKix'B eaexHeBBuxi raBen, xota b hícsojibbo xeBBoe ^opica- 
TOMiy níwh ÓoiBmia nerepí^prcBifl raaeni, sa lo Buteri ho ^n- 
TBpe, a BOceMB crpasBiTB canaro yiopBcmro mpe^^ BOTopHft, 
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Hanp., HpesBfitiaflHo OTWtmvb b HeyiOMBiejeH^ x^ rjiBa. Bocbmh^ 
crpaBBmit o^Ban oxBaso se BecBMa ptffM(% n raseri; b% 
TneBÍe rpexi qetBepieft roxa ohi» HOflBMercfl xboShoI, ipotHoS, 
a Vh caMKĚ pasrap^B Topitmaro ceBona HepixBO«-iiiiepHOĚ. Bi 
npomxoMi roxy^ oriBUBmeiíCB ^yiB ho (SesopBiribpHKm spoi^rib* 
TaaieirB ToproBJíB, « Herald > ^acro noflBuxca vh mecrepnom 
ofiieiit, a XBB pBBa bi TeneHÍB 1881—1882 roxi^ noHBBjea #b 
ccMepnoMZ paBMipi, T.-e. Ch 168-h) cm3Ě6nfaíB yGopscrofi ne^an. 



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lupmiosiji aiTPHA jugtiiu. 215 

m nen xoTopím omao 60-ra crojtfi^on OTBoxHaocB noxh 
ii6iniemsrepecmiŘ TeBcr&, a ocrajibHoe — noxB o&hSLBMem^y uaccH- 
fmapoBaHHHfl no orxijaiťB. B% HacroflinieifB roxy^ OAHaso, Ton se 
«Harald» npiHurB cicreMjr siohomíh, npBHHiiafl CTonso se 
o(fuBjeBÍt, HO nenaraa Bcero 30 — 40 ctoAŮJSfivh otfqeHHiepec* 
mvo Teacra. TaraiPE Hýřeni, «Herald» ctfeperaerB fb abhb on 
500 xo nicra xoMapoHt; x^aerca ero, san mh^ o&hMEEXEj 
m TOTO, ^TOÓH cfeperaTB ffiwvn Ba npoBexeHié oKeaHeaaro sa- 
<(eifl m BBponjr — npexnpuiiie, BaxyMaHHoe 8tok> oeeHBK) BeHHe- 
toH«« He M-brnaeTB saiifoBTBy ^ro, Heeverpir na yBejiH^eHie ofiMtfa, 
ratera ora ea bc& tfyxBmvne ahr BeHeMinHO npoxaeTci sa TpH 
ccBia (BpH0jiH8BTenHo t xoffieKi). TasHrB MaMOHTCSHn pasirb- 
ffm xocnraerB, OAsaso se, okbb% hbid-íopkcbíS « Herald ». Cjií* 
jQFDn^ifl Toft se CBereifš rasera ^RRaro, CaffB*$paHKHCBO h I][rh- 
totraara avHorxa ne HMiion dojAe 1 20-th BeniBiixi ctoji6i^ovb. 
«Herald> ciohtb bo tmmí řasen, HSBJíesaiDii^Hxi nasHiift cboS 
moKh n oOuBJíenil; noHBTHoe x^o, tto hh y Kanoro TOJiOBÍBa 
He ziaTBn BpeMeBR na oeHOBaieii&Hsri nepecMorpí nojrjnopaaa 
mjiŘHOWb HenTH hbo-xhi vb senB — hrkto h ne nHiaorca. 

npHHHvaf BO BBBMaHie Roporsoe Bpeiffl, Rirbion^eecfl y a^xo-- 
BOTO qejOBtaa noyrpy na ^Tenie raseisr, Basiafl pe^axi^ifl noiii- 
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BOiopoHi^ BBpaTi^ npHBOxncs Beft ABeBHBE hobocth: BpoO&saBi 
8Ton nepeneHB co^htíB, uwTejiB, coima kb CBOBin xbobhiiitb 
BiHflTiairB, yse HM^erB BOBarie o6o BceMi, ^rb cjiyHHJiocB HHre- 
peesaro sa npenuuS X^hBi e xoRaH^RBaen HieHie nwm yse 
opi (R^meirB xocyri. 

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yjraBin TpasH^HRBairB. Bto ůa nero bh Hcsajn synHTB rjih 
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<Heraid» nn eny noxoÓHyn raseiy r bb hitb MBHyn naxoxRn 
TO, Hero HcaarB, ecíR to HMimcfl na o6n^eeTBeHHiixi piiBsax^B. 

Tuna xpyroro, HOBMmaro pasfiopa— ÓJtecraiiteK) npexcraBH- 
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Bci XHeBHHfl HOBOCTH Wh HaHÓojiťe caaaTOMi r RHrepecnoM^B bhx$. 
O9o0Dte&ie, ROTOpoe n «Herald* BosBuen nojrropa crojitfiM^, vh 
«Sim» aafiMen ho tfojrte noaycrojÓiutY npE^eni wTateJi^, cb 
RttHeHBBieK) HOTpaTOR) BpeMeHR, npiotfpbTen bhojibí i^jiBHoe r 



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214 raoram fBPosH. 

flCHoe npexcite^eBié 060 Bcin HBrepecHBXi npcHcmecTBum. 
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npocrpaBCTBO noxi otiiflBjeoij^ kohouo, Dpoxaercfl bi TpBxopora, 
HO Bce se HE Bero MHoro HUCABTca oxothhbobi^ aa Tom ocho* 
BaaiEy HTO Bcasifi, ^BTavmii «San», BeesifbíHO ocraBOBaica bi 
BOfli^-KOfliv>Bi Ha RpanoS cTpaBflii'b o&MBiemŘ^ m axics ecn 
6oxie maBCOBi na to, HTO&b npiBjeu BHBMaHie h BaiiaHBTB ho- 
synaTeifl BeBSHaHaft. C6epeseBÍe BpeneHii oojyHaeTca Hemiejem 
rpoMaxHoe, — a 9to bi aM^BsaBCKofl sbshb cyniecTBenHiiĚ pas- 
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ncit 125,000 BXB 130,000 mseiinjapoBi, «Sqii>, OBieBex^jiBBo 
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coBxan^ refliajiBflUMi sypsEJiHcroMi— BeHHeToif%-*OTitOirB--TBB 1836 
roxy, H ci Tofi nopa BeaBiiisHO ocrterca ópraaoit^ CBoero Bja- 
xi^Aa— B!B HacTomiee BpeMB^ BeoHera-cuHa* «Siin» se npsBax* 
lesBrB i^^jiofi BOMoaHiB, Riax'bK)ii^eft ero BftaifB« dra aoiuiaHiB 
noJBByerca, oxBaxo se, jbbib npaBOMib x^esa xoioxoBft, n yopas- 
jOHÍe se raBeroH) ae BM^bniBBaeTca, b oaa Bexerci oiuitb oxbbmi 
jfliioiťB — M-r Charles Dana, BoropHfl, coÓCTBeHso roBopa, u bob- 
Be3i <Siin> Ha BacraaoiyK) ero Buooiy. 

IIo HanpaaieBiio CBoeiiy oÓ£ bib raBeni BeaaBBCHMiifl, T.-e. 
ne pyKOBOXflTCfl BJiiBBieirB roft bjb xpyPoS nojHra^iecBoA aapriH 
BJH ToproBofl Kop^apa^iB m gbo0oxbo BEicBaBUBaK)TCfi 00 Beftwb 
BonpocaiťB, cvBTaa cbobm^b npaBOMi h otfaaaBHoerBiB nen^axBO 0618* 
UTB fl ocysxETB Bcixi oÓntecTBeHHBXi x^fliejefi oo ^pi yiuo* 
Henifl sTBXi nocjixBBxi on <c:íem apaBXH b Ao6pa>, Qpnua, 
^10 «Saii> BEMiTao CBMnaTHBBpyeiTB xeMOSpaiairB, ho aiťB bodo* 
TBopcTByeix: y ncšvh en^e HanaMaraTorB «naparpa^> n <SttH>^ 



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AUPiSAwnua JurřiAncrui. 3 1 D 

n^WKb npooumMM iipeBiiAeHicnMii nióopam, Boropmrb ara n- 
aera husu yraiTOSBin aojvnieeByK) (íiyx]rQ|BOCT& xeitoqiian- 
leeura naxiwia sa npesiWHxqxBO, reBepaxa FaBKOBa, sasna^^ 
no Kb resepaja, n Tpacra ci janiHHn 4^yflTon sica, Bceso- 
ae^Bo, AOJseHi Biiftxa caiiufi ^ocHoeaiejiBHufi* npesBAenrB. Onatt 
1 BHfliiiiaM) oeemio <Siiii» bcímb cbohme €»jaiiH OTcniBBajia 
uvMMAVfPJ MfimmpĚm%ecgM0 npeieHAeBTa aa HBK>-iopBeaoe ry- 
((eimaitH[mrBO*-ifHGarepa KflHBeuHju, 6uB0aro npoGmm nposra* 
oajiuaii^ MMBftcoirb. Ho m 9e raBera <S!iii> oobtb abe^^tbaH 
Be aepBaa eiaia o&uiarB aoyiiiiQcrB Hoaaro lyóepnaiopa BooBe- 
jBBjíaý paaltepaib ero onn^tea b*b aeopaBjeBiB cBoeft loaoft ;iqis- 
Bocn, Hy saKE yBJ^pflioťfc, ;(o6Hjacb roro, ^lo HoaoaBftpaHmtl 
ijtSepaaTOirb npBHajicfl npBjesHO EBynaiB Bct cropoHu cBoero bo- 
Biro xftia. TenepB «Sim> onan Hausaerb BOcxBajiaTB caoero 
npesHiro «pratéeé»,By no ooficroraHoity aapaseHÍK) arol řaseny 
<Sii&> ^) i^QffMsaerB ^davb aa npaaeaiiixi h aeapaBexHHxi*... 
PteMa IpaHB^a paajitjiaen anepasaHcsyio nypaajoicniBjr no- 
Cfkxuxa xBawani jůerb otb npoxoiecTBoaaBinaro nepioAa. Qpesae 
naem fiou no icrart ópranaiiB napna bjh ópraHaiui cBoere 
mfatMst; aee, <itó x&uuocb BaBtoaoa) QOMniHecao» inqmeft, se*- 
isbIbho OMoépuock raaeiaiui voro se nojaxa^ecaaro TOjaa; raserai 
naoíHajncB iiepe6paBioft, oacHayaiUaMH, npenapaxeucTBaaa nelily 
co6ox). 3n> nociljiHee aajoHie MHorBMa sypaajHcimiui^ OAHaao aie, 

nOWMTCa MBBMiHBiUrb a BOOJHÍ SaBOHHHlfl aTTpafiyTOMi asBicT- 

Biro nepioxa pasBaiia sypHaiHcraaH. Oco6eHHO opanifltajbHiiirb 
BpeacraaBJOcii mab Boaap&HÍe aa raaoTHya) nepeópaaay Tasoro 
MvqweiBaro asypeaiacm, aaai ^pexepaai FyxeoBi— aBiopi aa* 
aiHaiajKHoS no nouori a opasjíaBOCTB <JSixofÍB aMepaBancaofi 
a|i«|UBcniaa>. IIpaBOJia npBMipH loro, aaaaa apynnaa raaeraaa 
fipaafc aejacb bii Aaraia kb ceimamaTOiii erojůňm a vb Anepnai 
n unufiCMTUTh ro»x%^ aoraa noaienaut Tpaja oCpaauuca mb 
BponaaBsy c% raaeisoK^ ctaThefl, uawaaa ee cjOBana: <isemB, nep- 
umifii-^^swb mmmhy «ito JUBeniU>.. M-pb Fy^oovB ace se.npa* 
zoxan 8^ Toaay 8aB4»ieHÍa>, ^to úpanB, sh aaBftciHom nopbxb 
ngeiBaro paaaaria, Aftse nojesHa: <6paH& npaxaen neiaxa naa- 
i^nmn; ona Moaten 6uth aaaeAeaa cjamaoiii xueao^ ho vk 
lOBAib loailoB^ osa caiia aaMOAsaerii. Bcaaoe necoraacie ao bs^mmt 
WTh-r-eeth caifo no ee&b aajeaie ajiopoaoe. Fasera, aoiopaa ciam- 
um Aaaeao saioxasib bi aioiii OTBomeHÍE — vpefsm cefUb caiiofl^ 
A otaiDAb ae xpyraicB raaeiaMi. Pasaorjiacie a npenapaTedii>CTB& 



*) «8on»— SBi^iHn «CoiHtte». 



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21« 

epoflcmpon e n cpw& bcí» jqnmn npo^^eodi; m&mfj xyiih 
BnenMnriy axBOumai, xo^ropaaoi ae iSorte cuíkb <68prit de 

necďriffrift cnpuom cioe rpssHoe tfftjoe n noMNUB y iiy<Sii* 

Teaep& n AMepaBueiot neian sHMReibmcrjMUM^M i^es* 
■is pisMcn; jpramfl iqiempaTeiMna men, Beána pftxBi, 
BejQnci Becuia BŠsmo. IleuTB Bee dojňe m dojrte ciUNmBei 
BesaBsemoid, pacien eeiioif&pHO) **- ho mfpaumcm amoK^ ae 
mfaDn loro uinui, Bsn b!^ npessee Bpeiu, mikb itft ^«^ 
a^pnancnwi BHxaBana laiie q^ynEse noimveeiie aopotuB 
H o6fl<ecn6HHiie x&nen, sm Turlow Weed, Bbine, Oredey, 
BaynKHid s np. 

Hacfouqee Bpeu ooctmEnen b% EiMmopomh poxb nepeiei* 
hbA jiBfioKb KUL $Me§muMcmĚ neum. ^o waqa Tpiummiu 
roxoBs, — BBKb I yse rraopBjay^^wftimu nowoffiewag oann 
H«xoxuacb B% iftcBol BtneniocTB on nonmacím mqmt i, 
eejn s Ht Boma qrteffipraaiaa moBom, aa m HewMfamo 
wapxHOBJWjatt HHiepecau vot ■« xpyrot nomaqeeiot Bjm, 
6Hia leBieHiQoeBa, npaxepauiBaiacb npwMlxEaraecBaro TOHa— a 
Borxa 810 OBai«Baioc& BoxodaTOtmut^, spatfirua n BÉcBOMy 
cof^Ěctmo uonmHOi iiepe6paaBi, sepi^xio aoBnametei pyao- 
oaimoi) cxBanoS a^vMoaiei a oCwmnmMH mmm jn^am, np§r 
iieicb p&nuuMípĚ BepxHKiii ociaBaioi aa omtEiiuna Hosam i 



Ho Bon, vh 1836 roxy, BeHsen - oieiCB ocsoBan naeiy 
<New York ]^rald>, nošen ee eosepneno m vna% otmomr 
Húon, B TÉMfE BoxBopan 8py <B8BaBHaaioft newn». Eeai^i- 
iri^HO tfoiapBĚ ycnritan Beneia cmpo c^caajn evy nmpasa- 
naešj bo ho bcbbíI oxapeai 6iun xfejOBím resiam aiioro aaai- 
vMeoHaro teiOBtea, h HOioify MBorie na nepBBon nopaz^ pa- 
aopHjnc^ yeipemeB no ero cjAxans. OcBOBaHi Óun <Hérald> 
EeHHemn-omioKfc npn 500 xMiapax& HamBaro Baonaia h 
BftBOx^M)m ooR^teTBÍB OFO Bocuia n 10 Bpem BWHoroncieHHim 
xpyaeft; no cnepiVi BenHon ociaBBn CHiy oocioasie bi nm 
MUjriomMn AOjJuqioB:^ b raaeiy, aa xoxopyB) MoioxMy Bemmy 
npexianuB aaifan 2.200,000 xoonpoBK Ho sfo npoiiioseBie 
6uM0 omonen) Boc&xa bhcobomípho. Benneivcinn anan, ffO 
roBOpHXb, yTBepawaa enie Torxa, ^rao na ero <Herald> jsjbasLemfiM 
cymficnyen. He npoouo a TOfl nopn h xecan jribn, a ysa 



1) Frederíck Hadson, History of American Joonudisni, ctp. 68. 

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▲iiPiKilinux amunoTiBi. 317 

nmpb n/bntne jdoxs yrMpsffvn, hio sa cHerald» se xofMO 
(bi ffn H jpem kuiíobom, lan nn iMna am— xaiu oua 
n xIjdbobs MÍpA «tpaHB, «»^ npa ■c ajCM iff i^ jrapuBieimi, ee 
iwno xoieen jie iwo, W906k on paeioKBaao^ n MBudwBoirft 
neii nMMOupoK daaiHeBHO. IIpejiiipteiiiHBíM nwr miraxitt- 
(huoyffWRk BOMOMW xifl msjnm <Hafald», ho m xoBon 
xto x^ nnia; ro imopm onoro, vto EeHMn orsaBajci spo* 
m natiy; jqnrrie jm yrMpampro^ no mmaiiosH BO^Bpeiui 
cnoDKUM^ 9to, Moaen oimmi, Ůmm BiieHs nxiiejig — Bob^ 
wm H €MhI <HenM> ho n oocioraiH 6jxen y iepaii fc cworo 
otendi. Bi HMion^pe an Bpem ooeiosBíe Beema^-csHa looc* 
jMiei npattjnRMuo n xetam vuuíonm xouspon h Boe 
m iqno6piieao teio domimo kimx% CTrayjunpt, nomno miboí 
(hpsml mrffB. ^eny se, cnpunMerai , vpmwan nsoe fes- 
qwftpBoe otermnBHie arypiunm, mMmaiD nwBan rasery 
n aman n 500 jiujapim? 

Gctpen BcMwnrOfua coeiosjrB bi foifB, iro obi %fjba nep- 
al xoKyBMCfl w> TOM, nm Bapocmo jowí, noKymuDiqie raseiyi 
iq|n ae soxeKa poiopneen * Muq^yrjeHHflon, BuenpeHHHTB 
ipiBoyiwily a npocfmn anrikcfíi-^ltocfO«ftpnn» m lomirb, na 
ocBon^ MM^n BaoKXBft Mon 6h Mnecn CBoe co6effBemoe 
wuMnfísáe. H Bon Beoien Boeiymm nopex^ ^BMieajniH, oM- 
Vt mn xaBsis b% raiert cBoet Bck hobocih, caima ovbasú, 
HKwiaooaaHHBa b mctM^ftauL O&kmiaáb tio EoBsen exepsan 
(iiieiaTenao — mn «e dracnmoHO h Bosnifajnua em nytfxHBa. 
^OfBĚ FJBffa BeiaoTa HeyeiamK) ciAkus aa sefeira HOBftSnnm 
oi^miíMHy enoooéHmni yoaopm jsBpnfíty aoBooieft -^ a Hoiiex- 
Mflo. H^yiajwa honueb iq)Bcaoeo(KieBÍai» jva CBoeft iweni. 
Obi B g pBH t Beexoneomiea yxoúcnam JsejfaHHxm lopon, cbmi 
ciiuan b:)^ Eipony mt m|ibov& impoxoxft, otomexmoirK lyna 
v& H&iHlopBa, mmwBí yciaHOBan aoiiayB CBCseHy KoppecnoH* 
Mi^ B8& Ciaparo Gidkra, h cb qbmmo on^mia Tuerpa^Hw^ 
cnn BMH oojnaoBaTBca vh camm mapoaaxi pasiribpaxi. Bo 
Bpeu boIhh on ooan Mpautt opraanoBan txbCB, ooce aa 
mnon jrtn xo udoaipaio spMom, osol orpox^ Boeiniiir& 
loppecsoaneaiMft, Boiopne xoofaBjuMH «ob hoí^oObha obh* 
ciBíi 6ns Bs <Herald>, aaraBBBaa Ba tftaieBOt eBoetcKaot, 
A BBBieriiMB, DO HšeBOJiBBy joHutAot wb ffiSb. dm «e raaera 
ten BBpBaai yoiaHOBBBiBafl y cetfi, n 1859 roxy, CHCfOMy 
«ÍBtem«ws» — pnopiepeiBX% nodui^eBii, cl i^tuio xonpoea, bcítb 
litKhBancsB BHTepecHiix% nytfnaa jbqi. Bi 1867 roxy totb 
ae BeHHen opraHaaoBan CHcreiiy buchjish fb Hope cbobxi iia* 



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218 BMroBi mom. 

ea HteOTopompaaofOSHÍHon »k>-íoimdwmo aopia, sapy^aKncfl on 
BMTb HOBOoniMH, BgBftexuMH O peMo6 ■ spov., ea Bcixs sapan 
Bopottiorea Kb ropoiB a xocTaaiaian m pexaaiuio «Herald> caiou 
esisia MopexoAHiia aoBOcra. dioft CHCiewi cneqiai&Hiix^ gm 
■pBxepsaBaeicfl «HeraIá>— ^ axBfli jramaoBi — ^a xooaxi iiop%, i 
XocmaiaerB xbrB aeoqftHaiuui yioócraa My6nt/b a apjniHiifl w- 
nwi aoiiií^^Biaa«b. BeHflen ae mMjAn aa xeaen, aa xpjM 
nttHi, rxft eay aoia tfii toubo aepeiiuuoob, vro ii<»aa ycaopm 
aojyieaíe aomcrei a xoÓhtk asBiería, npo^airK nwiairB a^o- 
cryaBHa. «fl«raM» ch caaaro oaoaro BOoaaaaoBeaU — a w oel 
aopu— Bcei^o apcuuaayrb xyxcncb CBoero acaoBamaa* Beaaen 
dtúimn^ no rasem era tfyxerb Baoial aesaaaiOíMa — maol oea 
ocraerca a no oo aopy; Beaaen Bepaiil asen o6ttiat aepexav 
Óapseaiizi amocieti o6éa^ aasftraaawb oo«aya> vb aiomjdbii 
BJbpaocTB a fiesnpacrpacTÍe, raai aaaii oaai oai aa ai aaam 
^EBBO(mnx% a^paxiy aa fi'b aaaaai noBHBfWHfrb a voaaaiKe- 
aiaxi Aiaaocieft ae aaaaiepecoBavB; aán otn caa^ Taanb a cuai 
ero taoiaft cxepaaajiB bio o6fa^aaie. Qy&iasa ae, no iiipt loro 
aaai oaa yxocrwbpaaacb wh ocaoBaieiuocTa oůbmmĚ Brn- 
aeia, orajbqaja eay aoaa&laiBMi lOB^pieai, a ÓapseBiu coo6- 
meaia ^Herald» xo cero apeiteaB aainn 6oaboiyfo caiy^ boa- 
sjach 6e8yaiOBHua3» aBTopBTeroBKb. Xmiíumsí bojb fieaaem-otm 
npeBQBMOFaja bcí npenncma— javaai efo zpa6pocTb pagpyflaii 
Bdb BoaBOxaaua apontaib aero aaipanL He yerpasiajia aro yrpoes 
BacBjifl— ae etpy qmjl^ oa^ ao asatean caoel cacseat mMe noeii 
noayniemfl aa ero juida^ iiocpexcTBOM!^ axcaot aamaaJEi, apacxaa- 
Boi eay vk pexaaiÚH). Ilpociaa ciyvaiaoefb caacM vk jnowh 
cjyia'b EeaBera a ero aonMiaBaoBi on aemayeafaro aipnea i 
oa^ yaepi n 1872-ai roxy ecreoTBeraon caepnK), yBagataa* 
xo xaaot ereneaBi ^do ao dyiaxi ero Boa^aaii aa bgěi% oóqo- 
CTBeaBHXi a ropoxcaax!b axaaiax% caya^eau Óujb n saasi Tpaypft 
4uarB. 

Ho aaai aa Beiaaa (íiija apexopiaiiiaBoen BwBíeTa, oaa f,hMm> 
ae cociaBUJia rjaaaaro aajiora ero yciribza. OeofieaHoerb imaa Bpftaú 
BeaBera-OTna aarasoTBoe xixo ipesBsqaiao Bpao oépaoQaaaa 6iua 
ubA IL, noqieaaiuii pexaatopoM^ oxaofi an jy^maxi bx^oihbx^ ra 
sen, aoTC^Eifi, npoaoxa aapaxjejjb aeasxy x^yaa sBaMesaimía wm- 
Te jBMB-coBpeaeflHaaaiía ) EeaaeiOMfB a TpaiB, caasan wá: 
«Fa8BBi](a aeaaxy Bxaaa xByaa BaaiqarauBHMB jnoxBaa 6um pa* 
xaaajiBBafl. IIpflCTyaafl n% asxaaífo «Heralďa», BeABert eaflBBi^, 



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ÁHBPBlWSáJI SfMiUOniU. 219 

fio: ^1 wont be reepectiibte* %. H he Btowh ochobuíh mcrpoojr^ 
HRincsoe ajwie «HlNralďa»^ bdoihí epoiHoe no^Q^xy aiiepBsaB- 
csot iiMps, Kon>pU| -xMBb BH HMse, Tftsae sa pecneBia^Ieib-^ 
BOČU) He ooatieeio romrcs. FpuB se laxyiian lan Deeni eioio 
«Trikme»y mséb vuen tn aiyi»ja pgntoMwejbBu^en eémfi- 
emmmro xflteiji, MsmmMa xjnn mpoxifdi. FpuE Ónn remufc- 
hbI iwpWĚtíhf j MTO 6iua xMca we mnwo mvmnjoš, »» 
ctnaxL apexABHHX^ iiouoanKi»&-*«'ff& ooo6bhboc» m q^xi 
^pifftpovb, roforan axn no eioqr rpus oMoaurmiuo h» boq; 
BQ yiie|Kb rpuH, Hcwuo em jnaoe o<ÍaflBie-^*-a ^Tribune* 
piiom jHmvjacB mímwím h inmejel. BeaHerB se oreit^, lan 
remuiikiiidl iiptsivMi ocmimvift cbmi msery na TfímwDWk siaHíi 
mmsBBDzs mf^xucn TpeúQoaBtt h ttycoe^ — Merposjn s^anie 
CBoe Ba caart, c% lompti amo ero ne ciieofn, nou se B8- 
Mfeirea eaaoil xyn aiitpHBafleioi njÚMaxa^ bA xojie<(aBÍa boto- 
pam nwh insM ftflflo oupasamca mi ea iipaiciaBHTeibBfl]f6, raaerik 
«New Yerk Hetald>... 

^xa&h ae BesBpaBumca 6oaée sa raaer^ BOcaaBieBBoft bb 
iiqrB> BHCOTjr decamBifi Teof)eiwHiaia ^lanponms Opaeom 
VfKU^ lav^Hy, 910 osa tfmfiooftfn m 00 nciof nite Bpeu^ 
xoix Re Biriben h <0toí jhab CBoepo npeauuro o6aBBÍa b saeis^ 
Traaen Bcero 30,000 nfABicoBate. Bě speiiasa ae CBoero re* 
maiMaro ocBOBaxeUy «N6w Yerk Ti1bBBe» <(iua vpetBinatHO 
BHTOxBinirt ]qMj(Bptmeif«« TpaJsiBi loo BJBíHÍein cbobk (íjaro* 

»qiBTBWHfiXA B ApyiVrb ^EJfA^i jqpMMm Kl TOBy laBJDHeHÍB), 

tio raaera nesen évihWJOtuA ^coBepaieHQa ibhib voi^a, Borxa 
Basxid Bffb ea coepyxBBBoai neaamen bb see jyiniia cbob 
eBja* Pa6oiaen se^ mb% maAcrm, jtasinfi wiobíbi aaBJíyi** 
mMM% eópaieiTE cbm^ aa ce6a« QoMMy Tpa^a ptoan cxiiavb 
Bcfos CBoan eonrpyjunnBMfc — ao<cnfiiiiwiBB řaseni; ohi pasjí^b'' 
ms CBOK) raeeiy «New York Xríbíme* aa 100 naeBs, Basxnl 
Kk mtnopunh 6iuib BexHiBLiraofi* ctobiiooiu^ vl 1000 WMa^ 
poBi, ocmBBjn aa coóoar. BoeBO xecan aaoKE b pasAtaaJi ocrais* 
HBe naB Mesxy penasvopaidi^ pBBmrn> oi^dlaoBa cBoett Faaertt. 
Ehjo ^eiia — BpH SBMH rpfljB, Boraa Branaa npoxaBajBCb no 
6^00 B aase 10^000 xe^MpoBs amaiiS; fenepB se oea e^aa-iB 
ciom 6oaie 500 xaiMpaB^u Tot se cBcteaui naeBB lepauKroH 
alBOTopua xpyria rawtu. 

EeBHen-^iiB^ yHacJžaoaan AÍb»Biie BBcraBBTH b ape^apiaM^ 
BMcn onvi, xara b ae saciysfljii lóro se yBaseaia on CBoax^b 



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2 20 IMnOKl IBFiBB. 

Kon I pate^m no rieert. «I faave no editors, 110 assocíates--- 
I liA?e ooly emi^oyét*, Haffieinio sMMien BesHen-eam, i 
lim HMeerw onpeffbnus cbno iré^cjr apAsis sa 9Ton spexnen. 
BeHHen-oieirB n ooawpveKn* uaxin xspoiň pacnosHiBan 
MjUbtíi nweft h nojiuoMTua nm, m CEjnac^ m oxofipene 1 
B08HarpM«6BÍB, se ciyniM BR«Rinn HaBftion. RpyroMpB se 
BeHHera-Cim BeKnoorenBo CBQpmi la to, ^notft yjiraiT^ idpi 
MBBMs-^Hitfyxb MeiiixanBm npexnpiarieir^ dpocBTB oothh th- 
csLn Aoutpon a tími, wn6% nporpeirtA m see^ CB^n, npe- 
AOciaBJu cetfA betík^ ipsBo aiOKOifHHUm Ha rpomaxi, tmai- 
uBai Buqnni Ha ymiy jH»xeft, eooitpHBniBxei sa evo cjyaM, 
H ypfeBBas roHOpapB ffoi* caMia% aoppecMRjiBHTon, Miopne 
ry6Hjn tioe sxoposBe, pncaoBan smiMO, nopaaaia Bea mpi 
CBoen zpaÓpoorBt) h ByHocjEBoerMO n xíxi hcooimhíi no«m 
BNejOBJbwenzib sajia^a, BOBjaraemis na hite ciaBOjrodiBHin 
BeHHeroHi, HHiorxa ne ycravn^BM^B cnapAsaTE pasaiui piicBOBaB- 
HSfl »Bcn6x■^iH'*— TO 9h QeHTpaiuqno A^i^ny, to b% nycisfinu 
CTpaHH Asíh, to is ébwpaBMy Honocy k bs xpyrii dojňe bh 
uráte H6A0CTynBBfl Micia. CflpaBexnBoeti Tpetfyers, offataio se, 
saifftTBTB, iTo MHOiep% BeHBeTB ho noHte ii^exp% H VE jdbnn 
npociofi ÓjamBtpnenHoeni. Tais, nan^, m Bpem crpanraare 
roMKa n HpiaBxÍH^ n 1879 roxy, BeHeen on ee(ta nosepr- 
BOBajii ero THcm xouapoBm n BoiBgy rouioj;aioa(ix% HpjUHx- 
nen. Bii 10 BpoMji, BHpMoic^ roBopHJHy no BeoHei^ tipocnn on 
100,000 xouapoB% xjfl peuaimcBoei im&A m eaifoify C65k. Korxa 
npH «Ha*ald> oispRioca otfaieerBO BeaHMHaro Bcinmoii^ecTBOBaBia 
pa({ourL npH oiofi reswft, 10 BeoHen MsepraoBan xocbtb tb- 
can xMMpon na btots if^mfí^. npi BaoBxovE cjqriat KpyiiHHX% 
Hecmeríl <Herald> OfifHBaiis npi €BMt p^xmu^íh noxmcM Ba 
o((op% x^Hon, CBKL noBaaaBax npHHftps cbobhi, <Mbe ajra Meffte 
BpynHKMi HOsepTBOBaHieiis. He x^te, lavB bi ^i^Murib Hacioa* 
nvtro roxa, «Herald» otapim noxvHOBgR n noAqr oocrpaxaB- 
mmvb Wh (fesnpBKbpearo paaiHBa piBH Opaflo, npaveirB BeHHen 
nosepfBOBan 6,000 xojJupoBi; Ha safOBiranii Mibcím (taiM 
OTDpaaaeHH cnocofinie BOppeoBOHxemnH^ Boropse upRCBiajiH oTiyxa 
paaxHpaxmuji onHcani tfixemi; «Herald» tbbs h ciioan oepe- 
XOBHMH craTMHH, yBtnteBafl ny6xHsy cnimHTB nosepTBOBaHini; 
HMOHa Bdbn sepTBOBaTeiei or& xouapa h ŮOMte uxjpnBO Hevaia- 
jiHCfc vh «Kew Tork Hmtld*, h YpoKb ffš meffba no otbphtíi 
noxnHCBH, crapaniaMH oroi raserH co6paHO 611J10 35,000 xouapoBi. 
?Tó 6u TonepB, oxnaso, hh cx'bJiax'&, rtb 6u mi npexnpiHJiJB 



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iiiPiuiOKáJi amiAiiGTiKi. 221 

£«i]ien*OBBi, Fuem ero MCiaiMea ero imípu% aa nMai% iMp<^ 

mi aomaHÍflXfc, vra npaenvw ea yan hhiio oe aoea0M ho* 

meáan. «Bii xoisb noooian Mpepteme «Henld» — zon Biepzs 

laoia Bce aflftOM nomaiie — oas Bce se tfyxen BamniiTB CBoam 

<Mipei0n>9---*FeMpBK ludb nn-i# oxiom Hn are pexftMopon. 

H m BmuaA cnpaBexiHBO. «Herald» B^en, mbjl% pan Baaeerj^ 

sai^xeHHai MamHHa, He CMOipa na to, ito BeHEon, nepejcL boto- 

pjm saspETH ABopa bcíxi lyqmixi Hbn^ioptcuxi ceHei, SHBen 

noeioíHHO vb Eeponi, o»yxa ■ népexaen Tejeq)a4K>Mi cboh hh- 

opjBiÚH vh Bx&niHDK) peAaR^iK>• JlnqHoe caMOxypcrao h npHaaxsB 

noBomí Bramra othiox^ ho sarporaBafon, oxean se, rit% 

ocHOBaufi, nojoseHHHxi vh raaeTy oti^oitb ero, na xoropuxx 

w^msL AOBÍpie oOn^eciBa n «Herald»y «Herald»— o^ea hbi 

BeaME BeifHorBXi aneiHiBaBCBBXs raaerb, aoiopiui ynorpetfxaxnrB 

cneipaiBCTOBi wa cocrasjesix nepexoBuxi CTaTOfi: BonpocH caoBTap* 

im I ]k;|9i|hcbí6 oáqfSAamoa ta <Herakl»'i) werapOMi Xoc- 

Kep(»i^ HttTMairb x4bM, xmb> yse cooroaiiiBM& aa ejystt 

riKtii; úfpMf MnqNiaonneeBÍa bbjbmi oábacaaanca bs ael OMr 

HiKL no^TeHEHirL $Hiaxejfc4ílesBira jwamn;. OKaas a totb se 

WMfátMtn lyxa aa aa TpaxAam jAt% Bexeri. xpoBaxy saBonacH 

I UKfotm% a T. X. Jáepcaii asiteiia, ataoc^^a^eesia Baaaeaia 

I ifOú cneniajaiwe voapoes Tpasiyama b& nMvli ok iojamwwh 

sfiuíaai fjkn. «fierakl<» op a wM ^ xofia^ea iH>9ra aoBOiMoacaaro: 

wmBin QBoaxs emiúajnioMwa a yveaiix^ aacarb jenaicb^ aca^ 

QDa anaoira, mgraaBBiiaiicb ay6aaqF caaHa& mm^ aea HetaarbT&HMB 

I BpiiTBBMs eépaeeirb. Bo . hto xacaeiea xo e6cyj^eaia noaaTBaa 

rayipemeft a BsfaBfleť-^^HeraUl* qiexoemnai eeM sapeayx) 

CBOdwy, o gpoaepr aa oeroxaa lo^ na x o a a m aaax aaepa, Haaaao 

itex aa esyqaaeb a n aiom, Bi^owa^ acraBaaeb Biparaii 

CBOiay apoNTaay, aAepaaaBcaol ayóaavb. IIpexopiaMqaBOCTb 

«Herilfll»'a eeanrTam ^aem 8axoxBT& ;^te yoieaaiix^B rpaiiai^. 

He rOBopa yse o aacsoiiaBOCTa ero peac^n^^^OBi, ae očraaaB* 

JiBaxH^BXta aa aepaffB nfan^ kh£. xonotipoo asaécrae, ^to 

roxa xBa Toay aasaxi cay^aaca CMŠKjvmfá kb «Herald»'iKagyc!B. 

Qa^aiáea aasasa ataftetia Jio aafieso a» oxaoft eapeadtesofi 

<^maqH ao noBOxy xttsa osaxMicaro eoteida. Haci]raaja noar 

Bo«— iteiOTpaaMH aee a§n, saai aftn* DeaBDrbei «Herald»'y 

<^ Bnierit otift^aimii apiwmt^^eiaTaaocB aoemxBHirL. ^to se 

(bjo QxlaaHe? B% cuiot pexantia oo^aaeaa óiua TeaeqsMna 

^ BBTepeeaoirfr oa(ytia XBiaoK> wh aoiropa cioitfita-^ noasa* 

^^ aa ei^ionpfi x^ab aib raBerb, aan OBÉsee coo6aieBÍe on 

^Bdteaaro aoppecBOHxeata. Ycnixi (Suis oojaHl; aoBeaaen^ 



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ÍÍ2 WMKBMKh UBOffiL 

y«H«B% O TaioiTB noABvrt* eiiMi% <empIoyÍB^ — BOSoeroxoBaii. 
noAoteiie npoiišiBBy oxbíso, roBopoTK^ cjipihmcib n npeaue. To 
se, sara ystpann aa eraprarb, uoBropuoCB m moŘ shmov, torsa 
asir&CTie o cMepni FaiifeiTu noflBfljoc^ sffbob wh (MHom Jim 
<Herald> — npezj[e xase ^tifi cjijm a ^on apMHsi n eBjpo- 
aetesyn se^aTb.*. 



IJIABA BTOPAfl. 

HecxoxcTBO aiMpHsaBCKot aseABesioS oe^aia &b r^sexaiu AarííH.— Anepa- 
saHCEoe B033piHie Ha aajta^H neiaiH. — Sasi BosHBKanrB h npeycntBaDrb ra- 
aeru b'b «rjiyioH».— JEbsbobhoctb aifepflBaHCKHxi raserB. — Exi coxepxaHie.— 
Cnocoóu B03AÍScTBÍA Aft qHTaTexefl.~noHeity radeni lasi nonyxBpBii.— FaserH, 
KBKi apeva Beeo5flMkro 66m^n9k ■OMet. 

— AvepnaHCnaji oeiaiB OTHnxb Bimrxa ne eiicBMn cete hi* 
lasfliiH T^te^eBÍiiiH, HH iipiBi9DaifB$-^^íipe8pnftiwo saMfaiJi 
oxBffB Mot cnyTHnn aHrxBnaanrL, HaipaBMBu^ca n Hud-Io|N7 
nocji XByxificnHaro ocvorpa miiaiDi* 

— Wbrh, cdphj BH roBoprae imw& BiiflneirE TpumioHHaro 
iipexyMsxeHÚ aHrjHWis: bh nnero raaorjia se xomt Bufo 
xopomaro btb Coexraeiraim iniftT^xib)-'^-«pepBan Moero €o6edx- 
HHsa GBxftBinil Tyn ae vpiíl xBBKUBnéffB hbi BoooHa, voiuo- 
mso noBOHf vBinil paBcnpafliBBan xpywro aHuiUHiia o ion, xan 
€iiy HpaBHTCfl AMepHU.— EcjB meiaeie asan npaBjgr, Taň a Ban 
npflMO csasy: bu, espomtiiH^ ae itteare Beinia Hamett saipi 
H Hamel newni nono Mf oHy, iiro se xmocmraiHCb xo ei bb* 
eoni... Jlja, eapB: ne AO^BOc-mmjucbl-^ropawjca aran, Bce (Sorbe 
H (Soiie BoiHyacb noxB cmxaiarain Bsrjoxoirb aHrniamBa, bo- 
topHfi, Bec& Bxpyn noxepeBeH^Bi, oM^rpin n cyn^aociv xuie 
se Ha aifqiiKaHivt, a Banna wpeai Hwa bs spocrpaBetBO, 
Ban 6yxT0 Ha uicA bhbh fen wk^b* bjb ahbi CBrapaiil. 

Kan hb napaiOBoaxuo btv MOsen noBaBanoi, a o(St cro* 
poHu feiH Ba BTon pasi npasH. 

EcjB rjflX'6Tb Ha aBepasaHCByi) newth rjasaiifl aHrjunaBi^, 
apaiuniBxi b& AoisopajubHOBy jaBxoHCBMfy <Times>, mh Henwpft- 
mHBOMy no«iTfl «Datly-New8>, to xtficTBHTejiaHO aeiua se biobb- 
poBarBCfl paenyn^BHocTU) tfoibfliBBecBa víimmMX% raaerb, bob^x- 

BOCTBOCTbl) HX*b CySXeBÍft B 0ap0MeT9BB00IU> flCb BHBQXOBl. fio 

JÍM nojiHOTii cyxxeHÍB o0% btob^b npexBerb ae B!&aia6T% craib b 
Ha M^CTO aBepHBaHi^^ BHeaanHo BepenecenHaro n JLomAowhi orpoa* 
HHe JiHCTii TxsexoBteBHxi fficceptaipi, paBfeTUTb na raaeTHiui 



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mpnáveiÁi synuicTiKA. 223 

emoĚt HaMxm hs aera lepBHyn siBoiy: rai wuprb Hosoctet 
I HftXQxm tojUBo cyxol nepe^en codnit; oepeBepisBMn nneiy 
n m eT HJurK nracBaxs eirjeteBi, msaHno pěxummbbxb cum- 
mon, H He HftxoxBTS p4biinn«nH0 BBtepo, cooeotfaaro pMcknB 
umsam curaa, HaBtatemro be aero ůptMmeaBmm ijMasaMH. 

Aíjo jBe, KB eymiocn, ne bi tovb, bbbu mwí% — as^pa^ 
UBOit Bjn esponelcBaB — xymoe Bex^raiy a wh toitb, sacEoiuo 
ift I xpynui xocraBJuem two, aiů on sea ipetfyeica. 

A«pHBaBeBÍe sypsancni Biipa6omjB CBot <^rBBajBBiil 
i6HeieB npMBjRb, (ncrynwtb on Bovoparo am yme aeibsa nox& 
ctpaioai HeMaayoiaro 6aaspoiciBa. raseia, ch aaepaaaacaot 
THBB 3pteij, xojsHa, ((yiBajuo, Óiirb ibctbomi bcítb uccjAmt 
im, caxBxi calsan aoBOCtei. HoBoen se wbch cocroan 
ne n Tom, o lem roB^an jme ropojQE, a Bb tom^ tp5 npo- 
iCKWBJO aa atert, bi opoBaBina^ bi Oiapoa% aia HwcMn cbM, 
n Teieaie npexBixymaro xha a ae cxtoaiocB enie xocioflaiem 
iy&u«B. Komearapia wh aoBoennn xfejaima p^amieftyaceon 
lOTD xBi, a& BotopBft raseia noiBJUierci. Taai no, locspecaiift 
jipeBBÍB jacion, aanpairtprb, yncaasai ofo ytiŘeiA bjb xpy- 
ron npoacmecTBiH, coBepmaBmeaca vh cyÓÓory, roBopan, ^ro 
i«98, Bi cy<itfoTy, npa Taaaxs-io o6ciMTeACTBazi, cjjnajocb 
nhTO a Tthto. OaacBBaeiai npa 8Toa% xaaaoe apoacaiecraíe Ta- 
mn jMBBm asBnEom, a TaBoi> rpa^B^ecaoi) fleaocTuo, hio 
maTen, €Mm% loro ae saašfai, Boei|iJO nepeaoeaTca aucnio 
n OBBCu Baeaoe aicro jtíIctbui. 

OxHa an nepaUman axdoai* aaepBBaacKoS sypoaiacraia 
oocioan ai Tom^ irote aa rl Raaoa^b eiyHafe ae noviuiian aa^ 
^ero TflseJOBicaaro, cayf aaro. Caaiie cyxie npextiery, aan aa* 
lípnAph aopesii! ntiósmiemi^ Oapsesai xpoaaBa — a t6 o6cys- 
XUnci xaaaai acasiura, arpasHai, aosao eaasazB, jbhbomi, hto 
xue ae cmucjm aa^iero vh nowb npexaerfc, aosao saaarepeoo- 
BaTBca craneft a Buaecra bbi aea aitcaonBO cBfaaan ajiei. 
Apyrofi TeBBCb ycjOBaaro aaiexnaca sxbmmeŘ sypaajacraBB 
cocioin B% rowh, wto6h ae B^aBaiBca vh juflBaara a caeipaia- 
3ipoBa&Be, Bcerxa aaia vh bbmj c6epeseaíe Bpeaeaa, ^^aroi^- 
nro BeaaoMy apaBHiaoay laraTeiio řasen. Bciixcraie loro pe- 
AiBqifl aecBaa aeoxarao— a to bb acBJH^^arejibaiEn cjiynaarb, — 
npBMrann wh corpy^aa^ecTBy o^enpasaaaaHxi aBTopareroBB 
110 BBTepecyK>n^Bai nyi^aay Boapocam. 

dm ocodeaBOCTs aMepasaBcaarB pexaa^ii xojto ocraBajncB 
Xtt aeaa saraxaoB), noaa ae ciyiajocb utA yaoHflByxE o tmtb 
n pasroBOpft n oxbbmi hsi pexaaiopoBB 6aiBniofi aBH>-iopBCBol 



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224 

rai6iB« ^Mu 6u M pMH noiiMBiiiftCfl pftaMCHfwiMM yitnm 
lseiuiiiMora,---cmajiS BpH 9foiai utík coÓecftxHiEi: — bo iré 
ma npnttMQDe Ham riuĚOíb oo cmMHH, jMCsuyxiiíMK n niř 
CMJDBO cvoi6qoni soiopsa HenrtHHo saBaBVBunci hmmutoot 
Toro, na asropy MameemeH^ nmo on» ifC^M|iiiaj» xuumt BOt^Mb 
BDonš? yieBBe rocnejia n mm B3nii mt xotm^ «o mjtiiaaA 
Hi» BpeMeHi MovQMitiMfM iipexiieTB; wk vmy «6 OBBcmaan 
AepsocrbK) iiajitBiee iMie nooojBHOBeBÍe oa caune wx% coofinieHil. 
HÍn, MH qninie o^xaxmctf OManiH cuam, Óen kx» Q(wUGnú>... 

B-B ÁMpart fttem UMexci loproiHm npeKnpiviem bo 
npeBMywficnj. GymeciBjrixrL, womřBB» HCBUOtesifl, vb bijcí )^ 
raxon napiíi h oiji^nHiizi iii^ bo ohh othdxb bb npem- 
fjwTh Ha ^pvy nepMpa8pflAaux& řasen. II^^iBon jie saxaiel 
ToproBaio spexnpiaTÍfl, paeraBTaBiaro aa ycD&L% — iBiaeici crpof- 
jráie yra^ian^ vb nByn eiopofly cuoBieicf odiqecEBeBBiit BKfC^ 
aaraiOBBTE rmápu^ aa BOiopae npeKBixBTCi Haiécauiil 0900, i 
rpyuuflpwaTb bx<!( n oanyio apsajeBaTeuHyK) ^^opiiy h spiroBi 
wja, vodu Fjan nosymipaBa, se Tpan iiniBaro BpeMeHB, cpai^ 
ecTBHUJHBaiei Ba toitb vtorib, paš owb BpHBin» Bazoipn fo, 
vrĎ eMy ip66yeTci. 

AmeimRaHeBai sypsanerBia HBBorwi ae ynyttaen mn v^ 
Toro, 9T0 uwieiB Bnien n raaavii coteisit. Ba ocBwasiB bo- 

TOf UTh MOn 6h BUBOXB7BCBOfle06CTBeHHHI8ttJUMeBÍB--^«OTBai|b 

H6 npaiunftAol aa ly mm xpyryft TeiQr. OBfixJlBfl, Mmoai 
vh pasHim MÍusTaocnix& Tpe6yKmi pasBiu. Ei& aioay dfibcL sy|^ 
aajneni ■ npBaopaanBaxiiai. Boeuien, xu npufbpa caaiil 
ii^Boo6paaBiifi bb^ aBepímaacsoi FaBem, Hswmitelcfl h 10- 
poxai ck BaBBMH^HBÓyxfc xeeaTMB THciiaHB samiai. B% Tasaz^ 
aasoynan loproBja p^bxio mffivh bib6bo; acaaiS saaarb cmbbi 

X^OM%, SBM B8O XBfl Kb flCHB, TpeSOSaCft BOUKÓaflílMB Ha Bpih 

MBBueaaHzi jHHBBaxb jhbib Fi n^ioxaiBHe cposa otemeBoen 
HiB saByBBH ^yaoro lOBapa. Ho Kanb 6u rayxo bb 6um mir 
ciMKO, aacaa 6u eoBUBO0i!& bh ozsaTiiBaia SBxejel, bi oxaoiii, 
no Bpidtael vbpb, OTHomeaiH mE% JK)($08HaTejiBH0crB aixarxa ae 
yrpansaetTL csoel HaTeaoaBBOCTB— aaeaao, no OTHomeHÍK) mh xfe* 
Átan cBOHXi cocbx^i. H botě, wh lasoai OTpisaaaoia on CMkm 
yrojBŠ BoraaBaen rasem. nq>uifi aoaep%^ Boae«ao, paseHiaoiei^ 
B& BaA'6 oftBflBieaiB, tiesniarao. OóyBaieiH, ae npaBUBiaio aaxo* 
XBTB 9ero-jui6o ocofienao saaaaaiexbHaro n ras^az^, apBXCWiB- 
HiarB Kb maa as^ xpyrax^ ropoAOBi, Becuia csenraiao paospH- 
Baam hobhI jniCTon, snafl aanepexib, hto aaio aajtesAH aa- 
aacn b% aett aa Ha;iK)6jieaHya> teay pa8ABpaKM^Hn Tpare^iif 



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áwi?«AHaui sffiAHOTnu. 825 

jtíšem I rpa($esel, loropax^b n xtb (UaroejoBeBTCirb yronft 
He (teBien* H no aie? He ycniBaen jšhuiiI Ha nreiiia 
nelepá Bpajm onpím risery, sm qpasy Haiiaxien n sne- 
peaoe micríe o lom, ifo (Susaimift ero oodM^ ■ artSinil 
lejQyn— jnerepi GiincE oaiynn on Tecn wffb ^hauro na* 
iBBiOBiHHBfi nmaffE! ^braen iderepK BpayKb — ^h riasam cbohmi 
Be tifWThy xmaeia BHBaiuaerci m ero pysi: n ero yiii Bce 
Bf&a Bepnicfl BeoiBaBEOit BrapocK <Kh wny mciqiy Ciinqr 
KaHBaffB?» H Bon, y omejmueHHaro BpáyBa ujuDica CMyrHiii 
BOGBKMoiBaBii ToiTb, lan lacio 8joxUI GifiBa yrpoaui^b eiiy 
anuttnib sa norpasy ero iioieB 6payHOBCBoft lopoBot, san okl 
roran 6h iqMcip&niB 6payHQWBBX» CBHHei na cBoem oropox^; 
nn... ^ Cmscy »t to meHHO Boape6oBaKi lansaKb, vo&h 
nsaiinib wo, BpayHa, lopoBy n cBSEeft... dio Tan— sin co- 
iBÍHia!.. Tn^eimtomft Bpayni Ópocaeica HcaarB sepHHjftHwiqr, 

I Hexexji caifOMy BHmean m ^[aiaro laBofl se louo sanxaanb... 
flo ffune E n^exHiie noBCU aa mcuieHHma npHHaxiesHocixMi 
SBameiMo ctSaanuon eHeprÍB; aa mcane mcbxa ch sasasoia 
nnuBa cus yse ne xBamen, i Bjmjvbf u^a Hai((ojfte yxo6- 
HHi cyfScnryn, axen ■ iio^^naerb oetfi peBOiuepi. — Mbccics 
fip&yra, a csoet ciopcmii npotiirai raseiy, yaHaen sn HOBaro 
acrtti no orewac^ KopoBa^ ambo ho ;iaBaBiiiag noioia m n 
lOMy se oaxoafl sa Honii lOTopyK) ona npoxaia nponuoi) n- 
MOD rjyneHuoi mojoxkA seai Mecosa sa nycsaiHyB) i^Hy, 
IMgQfieB, HTO H TO B8ua. «QxurL TeioKB,— xyMaerai, Horpysen- 
HoS Bi MpavBoe ooBepiutsie jbxV) — laeoepB mosbo újkětl npoxarb 
xopose, ^m eroEn bce BopoBa>... ^^^^ ii^ rasem ona ysnaon, 
w i:b lerrt Poxsepca npUftiaia wn Huo-Iopaa cBeapoBb, h npH- 
Boia noejrtxHÍJi Ýpamtygcau mohh^ h t. a. ?to se OBasuBaeici 

II peqrJBTaii B0«BJ6HÍa mícchoI rasem? A hh Óoxie, hb Mefliei 
ttsi BHOMioioe npo6ysAťBie oÓHBaTOdiefl ote oxoiiBinefl bxi yic- 
cnemot aerapcÍB, ycHieBÍe ropoxcioro XBoseHÚi, JBOiBie c6opH 
00 peneoBHiffii ropoACUiii xoponurB, osBBaeHie tí^^bu, o6]iftBi 
ucíefi, nooBipeHie ne^aTaaro cjiOBa b npoq. b npoi. Ecjb itď 
JUtten coneimBUXh BHiepeeoMi co cBix^BuiBfl o coc&xa3»9 ^b:^ 
m 9apyK>BUfl BBA% CBoero ceÓcrseaBaro BMeBB, Bpac^Hintaro B^b 
fleiftoi. n Bon PoxsepcH, npoHiB bb cAfjmnfim Bonepi ra- 
sem B<U(po6Hoe onflcaBie BaBoro-BBÓyxB apieiia lyaieTORb jbab b 
opoi., pasoMi MflBJUK)n, no rasera ara ipesBuuMflo xo^poco- 
^TBa, fl HOMeAU nocHjaixrb vh ea soHiopy noxnflCByD cyMB^ 
sa nixoŘ TOKh BBBpexh. A GMBsca, xouo no ceppor xaciom no- 
liaaaiB^ Borxa yaaBaiB eicy, no ero biu BHBexeHO «en toutes let- 

Tom IV^Iiwtt, 1883. 16 



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32« 

Cres» vh mnot vmes^ as& cpasj oooŮpusMn^ «o Btt temps 
BOBfiCTo, sHAMn, ^To afy <(aHipoxcTBa lewre (kmihcsL, pan 60* 
TKBŘ «cn nemitsa o niis, buciuu eity saimasii bi %naMt 

n Bon (» xByxi^^rpexE a>í^ raaera aonua m x<wb. Hfa% 
Toio &k/mŘZ^ lovopiit 6u sancÉifiii ae tfpocon » ^teoB xsa omti 
n ea ocMiyBiy. HsffitDeo iwera lasyen a <tei«ri»n, t«d^ san 
KSM eafipaBÍa caicura cvi&ixm naaifeeiíft o samaiax^ s npifc- 
auxm jidAB ooaóeom Aoporovo Himia panopr^on ae ^qieÓyMoi. 

naaano, ^na noaoiiniirs npnnnaiHfinrb jmcasíJĚhTtanměmr 
jLmo fto IkuBnmn ctojuvaím iMen, Ra«& 6%XHatty ^o muh 
jkmepa. Ha b« ^^n^Hocni row^, MeiDidr t£x& b xpynzi aeeuu 
TomjníaaieaĚaí vb opanipiift, zm h BoaaeAeflH b% <(MBiiifli^ i^ht- 
pax% AO maaicBax^L paaiiípoB^ Buboiia auepasaHeKia raseiH— 
aasi aaspasipi «New-Tork Tribune >^ «SaD» ua «H^*aM* 
^laBK anepeciH, hto bx& mosbo a mavepecoirB a ae 6e8% 
nojKUK npoaiTHaaf]^ n saímia no loiqa, kb oco#eHBMni aao* 
erpaHiQr, a^ruBia^eiiy xieiBiie ote^aa a spMii. IIpODjtKaa Mae* 
roiBCMHBiia onMrib^u q% onwaHÍaMV BOfpacami^vn ootonfi a 
Míbcmwth csaeieBi, a Boe^MBS aaxoa^^ croBBsa ast^pecBara b% 
BioMol noflaj^aaM^^ftea mni tfoiuaoB rastii, %fo aojjkbe Bflorxa 
wpatíbrsxh jsfb jcMJáio bb^s codoa), ^m>5a oiopfiaTMa on bse itema 
Bft aa^ HearMSMcn xpyrax^ saflanfl. To mt npawaBÍe cjy* 
maosh mak caamiBiB b on aa>xofi, xajMBo Be BpesjíoBaiDntBxcfl 
o^m^ B^faDBOo oeaaiMD es TOa> toabo pa3flai|eK>| ^10 Esme 
wn wtBoeh wiftseiet xo^aaiaiai aro obb feaaayn apeMOflaMB <opB- 
BOBaBfi Bi raseT^ qyaci^x ^s((a noMBun«uKO oneyiOttJieSBHBa 

TBBOa) aCBBOB BBpTBHOtt OOB^BU JUOAOBOt BeD0p90BH0Cra!>... 

Bi>^ H6BX se^ eapama^aetofl, q^oeioa bio o0aaBÍe nepBopaapsx- 
Hoft aMepaKaseaofi taaeTa? Ha not B8rjaj|B-^Be b& 4eB^ xpj- 
nncb BBKB Bh ea BumeaBocao. %ima Bi»B>*iopBe^rH) raseiy, <Sgrxio 
^yBcrB]rem& (íieBie nynca aroro rpoMaxBaro toproaarOi oSfl^ 
CTBesBaro qeaipa; BaB& kb BBieflAO0BOff6, mpOBMáva nepox^ria^ 
SBMB BBTepBcv, CTpftxaBia^ rBycBociB, Bein)p«aBBOGi&, BOiXBiie a 
MuoTOOcib Bodtei tAx% sMwwh, BBi^ Mm^aoc^ <M)CtUM6lCa ausuft 
B8 TOABo 1.200|000 iMOtt^RB M-kraMBOb o(teiBBYejiei| BO BaceiMía 
Boero aeHBOfo mapa. HciepnarB ooxepaaaBía xora oaboB (Sounml 
aniiBaeft rasem aa oabbs xeab 6wlo 6u ntrh ate TpyxHo^ aan 
npBBecTB vh sypBajbBOi otwnA nojauft peeevp% coxqpuaia faaax^ 
raraBTCBaK% BapaaavB-oapaeBB, nK%, Baap., napascBifi <LoBvre> 
Bia «Aa Bon MaFclié». npBBOBHBamiUe %% cedib nopu cor^n 
tmcsmh nocAiBieyieft. 

HoaerrBoe ic&cio, BOBeao, OTBOAfliea raaevaMB caafOMy tfieen- 



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inpKáiiiiii arnEkacTiKi. ^27 



%TO TMBio Tjm ae HatflHDft: iqptui n nipjaiítfnAii, nocjrlx'* 

Hu jaBxoBCKúi sajteuii emens, oiušAHee bon^mot nmvo-w 

ůSmj&BTBgBMTO fíbnejUL, hociI^bíB cnfl»uir m ei pD u gt eia ro 

<lúgh*life>, oooéqtBie a nopamA mnmmana,% lODa^et} ;(pec* 

aqpa^BMHis n oecesnH^ cawnn, CGopH mmitiixs inoKeera 

a cBOBm soueBftM^ c^x^sane soiol nBeoii, HarotoaieBHOtl 

xu napuBCioi cqesHi socjitffiw nrajnetH^eenui cMcai^iii, co**' 

ipoMHHHe MMHcra SHCMapsa, nepexBmedml y Bopm -pěěCfsy^ 

lyanzoRBi cniTiiu xu Tot ub ^Qiyrofi astpacu, noďftXMe 

fiirtatíoB eBponeioBafD npm^a, eeiidtaat ctaBwn f0WH.nixpy* 

loro BucosoHDcrauMflaro jmw, o({éxeHBoe ennff) noainmcxia 

cot(IpaseBis loppeeiioHxemwL h ipm. Rasxoe ma^a^fioe co* 

otefeak o HasBawsn hjh aaperii^míi otteteerB^Bnin x&nejidl 

n Tol KRi xpyrofl CTpaai nom Hcnmiao cospoMsxaetcji re 

<New-YoTk Heralď»i wp$tKan un npocrpaaniMi BMcaeideic^b 

Bie^en apexinecTioBamrit xtawmBOonr dfgr& un^, axm oojib- 

w e cMx ^ fc naAeBipfli!^ ■ jmann Btyon^ a opiiti^ian; aepe- 

ju^erca jb no xeierpa^ aesiMme o HoMMomh unthýb ajn aa-; 

Boxaeaia— OBO BpBnpMjaetei, on smsfL pe^fpuoibi, b«qmosbo no- 

fpoómath oaaoaBíem xasoani nyaam miu xUteniB; apBXoxan 

iB cootfn^raíe o bobokb saaoaoBpoeBrt vb o^aot an Mponett- 

CBfln cTpaffft'— Tyrb «e cíšji^en nejriaitE mpa^ai «epB» saa' 

vmM npeffsioflaiel aipii, n o6omMmbm% aiaacon aa ea yxftny 

ua 4^iacio; roBopvroi jb o aepxuii no BBTBpeoaoay npoi^eeey — 

aeBMfaao saifav apaBOffnca b (ttorpa^qecait ompBS apecvya* 

BBBa, cmícon ero apeeiyaieaitt a npo^. lípa taaM caeieai bom- 

BMiapiem vh Teierpa^tBuag^ eottio^aiaiís »uio, aoseno, ocfaeiH^ 

aar^iaju jm cocraBBfeaeB aa^excsin'^ eiBret) aompHB, aajio caa^ 

«tk, aniK)x& at cvmaitei aasBiin otx&ioms bi npijt^HaaMD- 

q;nca aeioxa <Heralď>» msetcan. IIo y(í&EA€BÍD anepaBaflCBan 

sypaaiBcroBi, aepeAOBai craiu fp^mm 6un spaTKa, ptsaa a 

oet^c^MBa. He plwBocrK BcrpftfBTB nepe^ByD cmfuo^ cocioan^yio 

m offtoi atool, bmsoI ^paaii an x^iuro Bonpoca ao orao* 

iBeaia> -n Toxy bib fpyTOM:^ odofiOtB^mcmf x&iffeiK>; Boxo^aue 

nBparpa^^—aaane btb b aasBavBaejbai,— iBUDi^íeciBC^rpo^ 

Boriaosniis BaroioaipirB, aepixao n bob^x, noneaTai^ao pa8^ 

pyantfDn xaípo saxyMaaaoe x^o wm paeoMi CBopnaon cíh 

atexecxan loro au fjffror^ otfatecvBeaaaro x^biteja* Ilaparpa^ 

codoan aas oxBoft Merxoi ^paw, pasc^araBaoB aneaBO aa f o, 

"můh apteancBi Ban oeipoyMHaa BmoxBa^ n y«l mamii a 

mĚa wAu% ryaaiB no ropoxy, nepexaaajiCB ots oxHoro Apyroay 



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228 Bionm nřom. 

B mvsájroBáMCh noxK roxaiii comuueBHiie sjuh ■ penyn^ii. 
Bi <New York H6rald>, Hanp., oibqxitci obóio leropen ctoi6- 
Jífivh ]KU(& nepexoBUfl ciaiui, loropioi Hnor^a ae tfiuaen 
Menme een-Bocuar, a iHorxa mbA cxj^uoa ixi Hacunnan 
xo 22-n. B'b HÍxoTopia» 6ojibiiiu% raaerarfc, san, Hup., n 
<N6w Tork TimeB>i npexnocjJlxBJUi i»p«Mmit ctaiu HeB8iii&iio 
aBJuerca xmopaciBiecBot b no^rs Boerxa Bec&xa oci^yifHot bh* 
xoxKOft. npB BasxoB raserft cocroan coeipajBcn-BiyTHBr&, nn 
BasHBaeiiHl the foimy Bian, Boropoiiy n EBpoirib nicro 6u2o6u 
pasBi vh «ChiriYari> bib <Eladderaclatáh>. dra npBcasBBe 
KOMBRBi oxeaKO, 8aTq>BBax)Tca vh Toioft oponxE rasemin oo* 
ipyXBBBOBi, orb MTopiiz^b BX& nopoi) B BeorjBram&. RopesBai 
aMepBBaacBai ne^an laxi aa^Bica BOBdon^Bímm ocrpoTBieMi*, 
HTO sa Bex) mt ocraeica b nim xxa cneipajBBo - B)]iDpBCTBie' 
CBBxi sypsaioBi, Baop.i aaii asniflcBift «Pimch», b bto ^ro^ 
^TO Boxotemr raaerii noJosBraiBBO sarspanTca vh etornnso 
Bex^^ a npBXQxan vh seasiiteHOiiy tfaBaporeTBy, nxh Basi atn 
Tofl xHeBB(ril rasero, Borqmi He opoMHnuaja 6r Bajáiitfypain, 
Be npB(%rajia 6h bx opieifaifi <Qiariyari>. 

HteoTopu raaenii ae BaBipBBmiaca eo^e bil bobkosboctl py- 
BOBOtXBTb odntecxBeHBHm Mfliflien^BasB, aaiip., <New-York Sim> 
B « Tribune >, B]iÍB)n Bcerxa oxay-xpyrys) cep^foByiD craTBD. 
« Herald > jie, xori b noMiBVien BBorxa TasoBUB, bo bo Bceiiy 
npBMiNB CBOB CBOeotfpaBBBM BttTOXB) BBotfpftn coBepmeHBO bobbI 
CBoeo(Sx BjiflTB Ba ^BTaresel. B% BBcrpeBHBXi cjy^aixx, sasi, 
Banp., Borxa axa rtsera aexaen BstfpaHÍB Toro bib xpyroro mme- 
XBxarHy OBa noBBuexca vh le^eflie xsyxi-Tpexx XHel bcb bi sa- 
BxaTaxs: nesxy nepeixOBHiia cibtumb, Mesxy oitn^eaBTepecaiiMB 
cootfiqeBisiiBi lejerpaMMaiiB b npouirB opioxoBcauBBm coxepaca- 
Biewh raBeni, BcrasjaDTca BypcBBon naparpa^ n TpB-teTiipe 
crpoBB, Ba Bci laxii xoi6flii^e o;^ b ly se uicib: «ecjiB xoTBre 
sacBBxÍTeJBCTBOBaTB o Baman jwb — noxaBatte BsnrE roion sa 
TBBoro-TO BaflXBxaTB'... To se x^aeiei raseioi, aorxa eS seia- 
lejíhBo BB BOfleqx cxiaiaTL cx rp»u> BaBoro-BB((yxB nporBBBBsa 
BJiB otfflwcTBeHBaro xteeja: Basa^-ro pas^, nonoBTCi, tfesncjo- 
Boe MBOsecTBO sanian rl < Herald > sasBun, no xenoapasa^ie- 
cbíB 6oeci| Rbub, — BOB^bsxa, aeroxat b rpyiSiBi. Rx Tony se 
opieny upBŮbvnerh <Herald> b xia caMO»anqreH. TaBx, hbiiihi- 
uifřhj B% 1881 roxy toix se KauB B^ynan saBeuTan n 
oxBot B8% raserB Becuia rpytfya), bo xoBOJibBO BJbpByx) xapaBxe* 
pBCTBBy Go6cTBeBBBBa < Herald' »a, BesBora, vh Boropoi apBBiiB 
xpacRaMB B80($paaMJiocB caMOxypcxBO aroro rocBOXBBa b noposa 



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inPIRiHOKiJl SrPfiUKTTHIU. 229 

ero, siqwBDiie eiiy XBepa wh mo-iopKCsde oÓn^eciBO. ?to se 
xbÁerL «Herald»? Ha ciiiiyDa^ft sarbirE jífiEh ob% nepeneia- 
wth BecB npraexeHBiil KauK peecrpí rptxon BeoHera; Biitfpan 
Bcí Haiidoiie csaHxaxBHHa iriteta hss craibi ■ aoHicTHJii hx^l y 
celd BypGiB<ne( n bhx6 cBsme i^BAi^tm naparpa^Bi, KOTop&ifH 
Baui p8.qnfajrB onoB^bctEib cffbn, ^rro BeHeen — nbasBi^a h ne- 
TOf/t PflCBOBasHBS aTOTb vpiem xocTHn, o^Haso fte, CBoero: ^h- 
TiTen HBD-Iopsa— xt h wch Conn— EsÁtBajiHCB yse He nax^ 
EeiHeiOKBi a n9^% Rduv, nm^fift Be HamejrB Hmero ocrpoyíc- 
Hie, saBi oTtti^tfB Ha moómnemsí c Herald' > a pyraxei&HOH) 
citneD no OTHOBieHiK) k% ei cotfCTBe&HHsy. Haxo miATwrhj Bnpo- 
^eirii iTO n^eroisen f& imiHn savjaiax^ <Hen^> Becuia p&xico; 
tt pa e& JvinHBM<& roxa nocroBHfiaro ^teBiji btoB raaera i BHxtJia 
ee n m>wb Hap8x% Bcero naTB-meciB pas^. HasaBaB xpyraa wn 
miBrnoTL řasen ne ciij^yen 9T(rfl CHcreiii; ho vh 8anaAHEix'& 
imTan, danaaiii <Herald» aaxoxfln xHoro noxpaauiTejeS. 

Korxa v(imHia raaeiH nocBixoBaiejiBHO npHHBifaH)TCB npHBB- 
B&n ^BTaieix) isupo bxob), omb onsoh ne nojaraKyrE Haxesxi 
u BpocTpaHHiia nepexoBfiB craTBH, a bbo-xhb vh xens TBepxflii 
n Bcí laxti oxHO h to Bie, cuíUKn% spaTSBin nepexoBHMB crarbaMH 
I uan 8a marom Bxyn anepex^, x^ftCTBya to ytftexeHiem, to 
aancn^eeaflMH xuvum, to mytaoio, to HaciribniBOB) — hb hb 
oxiBL ffiEh HO noBJíaxHBaa opysia. ^BTaTejiB n umajA npo({trae7& 
miii craTu Bnojflft óeayqacTHO, saT^Mi ohí HaiBHafl>n eiiy na* 
loiiaTB; 0H'B Bop^BTi, iTO BB evo se jifiEhn euj HeycraHHO 
Tsepxm T0| ^TÓ eiiy BasercB Bsxopom, BaT^Mi owh HawHaerb 

XOCaxOBBTB H Wh CepXABTB, X^HX^ SB XHOMl DpODyCSBeTL CATSK) 

ci npiiBniBifvcB XOboxbmb; iiaxo-no*iiaJiy, npBBiisHyB% assypaTHO 

OpOOyCBBTb BBSXHfl X^HB TBByB) CTBTBD^ ^BTBTeJIb BHXHTB, TO> 

rvÍBi ero TpararcB x&poirs: ti se xocbxhbb ctbtbh HpexMB2flR)TCi 
Buy n raBeTHOKi <meiia» iboxhb n xero; btb HacioBwBOCTb 
wporBBaerB, HasoHei^i, ero jiB)(h>iniTCTBO h ohi HaiBHaen bibtu- 
BaiKi n npoTEBBua ony npesxe ctatBH — xotb 6a paxB Toro, 
TOfo nocmniyTB, bbbbmi o(^^aBOir& mqsho paBH00<^MBHTb x&HHya) 
Bsiiflocrb Tan, htoOii xaaxtti MfiBh npexcraajuiTb ee noxB hobhmi 
coyeoMi, RoHiaeTCfl t&h, BOHewo, ^ro ^BTaa nocroBHHO CTarLi 
n TfíWh se xyii) uTBTen, Hesav^THO xu cetfa casoro, nau- 
Hlen npoHiBa^nca mtb BjriaHievB, BHxaaaTb HaB^BHHHB hb nero 
naeiot Hxes sa cboh b xfiBcTBOBaTii BneoHO vh Ton xyz^^^i ko- 
wpidl raseioB) npoBOXBTca. «Kaiua sasafl no sanjii — saBcenb npo- 
iWDaerB*, b niBOMy, Baserca, btb BCTHHa ne BSBicrna tbbi 
^UfOBio, Btn aKepBBaHCBflir& sypnausaro x^a MacTopam. 



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880 

B% TÍíKh cjyuarbi sorxA wbhoio raaeiOR) soxnniaesKi iioie^ 
un » xpyTHMB ópmBaMH neian bo MBony-nfio Bonptqr, 
ui ii|«aiMMTea esa iBm6jmw^ sasoe Booím^^ mo, tO| Bptifl 
co6eiBeBHim erawft, riieia esexHetHa enoffn ciogiKen^ /Q^^roi 
Menott me^mi boxi MHfeifli MflBJMNQureai bi oo^qnBOieHHni^ el 
ucTiaxi, so Tony se np^tveiy^ iipBBOxa mwom vpotbbbbbob^ um 
Torxa, Borxa y ses ecm BicBoe aa «b» onpoiiqMMflie; peayA* 
ran MasiiBaeTeB ion, ^ro aaypixuft BBTaiejbi ae na ctmb 
saBBfepecoBaBBHft Boopocom, iio<te ufojápan cocůmfiBnaM aiy 
cbíx^bíb no aor^iiy np^j^ams vpoomnpowh raserfi npoTBBsaro ja- 
repBi BBXBn nepex'^ cotiol esexBOBOO pix^ eMyBCi96HBBX'& Biaie- 
^eeifi B» rašen, eanHXi^ pasBOofipaaBHZi otiíhbob^ b BtBttevb 
T&Tb, Hiti eaiii npoBBBaercB tím» se, it6 ero raaeia mcrotnuo 

TB^xm* 

TaBOBH npieifii ludboiBBn raaen x^a ?oro, 9io6u BBOXBi&n 
yiTb HBUTeu nMOt maepiwh^ aa Monopmví oe% cKm ne tímwkm, 
3a 70 OBÍ B% BaSiiTBi BOSHarpaaixaKni eco no ociairaiiiii or- 
lÍMM% r»MTU. OHTb Bidtor^ nejiexi entkm noxpo6mi[fl reierpa^* 
BHB cooómem o6o bcomi, qri^ npOBCxowo MtaaByHi ocotienaro 
BJB aaif&>iaTejnbHaro bo BcbKb BOBqan b BnofjnuúCb Cmmi am 
iricTBHa xesemB xo toto MHWoqBCjeHHK, ino bite OTBCffBTCf 
fpeiMC9«naBBoe xiero, rx$, bs BBxan afiepeaceHia npotnpMcíM^ 
ob4^ BéBafiaHmtf caxKMi neiiBm mpa^M^^* ^^ ^i^wo aarepeca 
MejiK^aimara ara Haraiejiel, botophB Óu bo aaaieaib cetfi oř- 
&IBBI m raaeran. ToproBei^ Haxoxfln b^ aflX!i^ eaiexaeBBO 
yBasasia aa xoxb )!bji% wk KpjvBTb xiczBoeuxi; sjax^ex^s aie* 
4ftaBO-xopo«aBx« asoUl 8Barr%, ito sa BBvepeeoM% ero sei»o 
ci^BTb aeiaBBeaaaa ne^«ia^ a uo oaa eojia b se Boerxa cno* 
eo^aa (SHBaen apexoxpaaBTB ero on Roeaeft acejfeao-xoposaBxi 
MaraarcmB, to oa% bo Bcaaom ciyf aft yaaaen Bce^ «6 xajiocB 6b eay 
eaaoify ae aaave mm apa aeaaoBipBun ycajúaxi, caoooií* 
auxi norxoTBTB bocb xoeynb vacraaro ascsIxoBaMiA; aacmoiiBafl 
zosafisa xoaa saiacfyR) aaBx^n m tbwA ae touxo pirsovaua 
j^tes aa apoBBBix), ao a yBasuii lOro, onero croan Taaifl uíbBM 
a ertxyen ja bi diasBOii^ Oiyxyi^eirB osaxaiB an aoBmneaii 
ua aoBBBeaia. Pai5oiie aiiiBm aocjii^xaia cbímíbíb o xoxi crai* 
^lOBfB BJia aaipiiriB ^^pBCb wk xpyrarb ateiaxi; noiarau bso 
xaa Bb xtB]» noryn ciixafB sa aajfiiaiaaa BOjetfaDÍnfa m noor 
TBiecxBxs c4«pax<B toI aia KpftíA adurTBOcrB. fyoĚU «npijcrBHa 
BO Bobvb OTflomeaíflxi» Moryn pascraniBaTii aa to^ ^to bx^ 
fioBBnioft aoiBTanecsoft rasert aaaBaiica noxpottaafl CTaru o no^ 
€jtxaax% napaascBBXi Moxazi; ain-a^bn ooauen npexapmc- 



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OBU liBen nievo pesoprept do ÚUbvaaa mnurnuan amt^ 
FQ|Ot«i 1 jiaen omove iqnutfifjwiio mATuunvof^ oíkpoChu 
orillbna a mm, ná^ x ito ntSBo Haia jjrimra no' mmioě 
xoxnn BONBMKk Oritaaam jajni mmn mm qMttsan m 
swriiuoirb wnno-sKfyvpo apan ^Boéštj neini», mtinaflom es 
m«K»n^ j BOTO ctmiMCfl n.xewHie npmtusfjiBMro^ KU us 
levpa n^em, jntt (iyjien apiHiMan eeraxM, loaie BasBa^mm 
«jiin fiics^ Bi fom sn jQ>yr0Kb xoiift» saMt tejTE vfMMen 
f iiHI I JI xpj^i nxB aa nepamraib (Sajj, sto «k» e({flteei8a» 
mĎoián^ K» OĎfíq;iaMM amnut bib paaaoiipnai, Kto c% rtm 
BooeofHci, w» yJMUon aa-^cpaHmy h iv ju OÓpofeManne (Soib* 
nm ctMMiii spa Maisn €pej(tiiian> oiqb cenaicín eiamrbi 
m JMA Ttuiflo BOKOfljiBn ^pos eaeiínHiixB noKaon laapnpi 
in xan^ «ax«iaa eaoe jt&io raaarti Heopoiino orpanan pe* 
iqmpQB^ BOiopoe ocHorpan boíi iMpiajii rqioxa, oti^ftaxan 
Bel <»qpaci!Hooni s npmentam mi am um ^ noasHi onan o tom^e, 
rxl I vo xoaun aaln sa xuBm xwsrí, xoia (Sii m aaimi 
lanu, CMtKBpaniifai sBjaiiom c^ap»MaiM■l^i «tfap»nn-ray^ 
aoia» ynoBavn sa to, mo lasoM wt% wšx/km r h o aasMeiem 
m(^yiieraH, vfmiaadu% n xovb BaqwaaiicE aiaaTiftpBeioii^ n 
Bawn^ odiian seraaciHBn ^éqixnn-raysft jaKa», Tam no 
Toay yse MOJiiaa ůfMi% vpom mann ua uMÍAtfin bi xpy* 
{"on faiom aaa Hasdort nk aa aaftni uiSb yeninHiin noApa*- 
aaRjel. A^ufea caanui «pni jnia hoxo^hhi^ opaiAon e ro 
ooofiya Bpnriirii q^aejtynai ycjysJíBoi mseroft xo nojo^ei. 
Apiaosi npflDio xovyn otfpaaiaTBea b» vany apiíaj rasenii rf^ 
mfiaianmi aacalíiiia eAfjkmM vn o&noni ac^rccna, Haa^npetai 
• ipwasaKL ^ftBBBn sapraam b BiiciaBBaxb jnoiia « aa«*rpa* 
BiaeS; j»éBiaiB ujůjanmeh vbbíě aapaaie npexynpesffuraca 
MHcaA o Tom, qrik b «6 spajicioBn bo atoi wora n to- 
WQH npeicnMDBiaro ffm bju aevpa. PaiBrioBBO*flaoTpoeBBBe 
qMmaBe BaawBl ]BiBeiii&iiBaB£ Baflxyn n oaodl raaeri naiaiift 
omntozapMnnniBpoDoaiHBz^yCBaMBBiai wh ^(aoiTMmiepKBel; 
Bomomeiea jb CBOpm bo nmmy pejarioBBOBy aonpecy -^ 
i^Mta BpeHyiqnwnauBO otBpaiaa a m qbob emiÓAH au Bdbn^ 
"rt—yuM eiasaTB nD**BB<yxE tojboboo bo ^asHOBy Boapocy. Ho 
w yse BepeaacBn Bam bi xpyryw oftiacTB rasefsaro ;(ija, 
ciao aaaaq^ uo cmewy asairaho, tbo ofe ael cjrib^yeri ooro* 
lipaia Bempotete. 

He mňt BBM BpOBUOB^^OQBBUQ BOHBn B% HMD-IOpBft OJyiBt, 

orarB puBil^BOBiieMBBBflniiTy ciopoBy aBqNnBaacioi, Baiara, boto* 
Ptt Bpfi^eiaBjaen caBoe T^esae ooexBBBiejuroe aseso wtmfj ex) b 



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S32 

otSiqecTBOirs. BoHcr arap yi o^nHiitt íffun Bompusfim j^reA n 
nnojy nocjril jAthitb Bamn^— -pteunn, snnnn, axopoBnii, 
noafl-To raaera Biipaaijn sensie, nottb xtos wxpaam cboi 
posoBHfl H](en H tfjeciflHtie nasni he Bea samil emecrpí, a 
He (MxH^jiH H xenin (bi s& Poxixecnyi »> npmrbpy nocilx- 
vsTh roAon. 0& moro h Boraiiua ajhebm nojeicm o lom, 
HacBoiBSO HECTOfliivui BOCniHOBBa mBonHftTO xftn n Heh)*I(^ 
OTv&iaerB TpetfoBaHÍjarB oO^ecna/ HacioiBm om ODpa^xiiBaeKi 
pesyjnraTaiiH* Bs Teieaie pyn-rpei^ irteiqen ^xo ra xei^ to 
Bi «New-*Tork Herald» h xpyraxi meiti^ mniAiqaxicb man 
vh pexanpn (m poxiTejetti wmpue aBaioaanc^ m lo, ^no no- 
poB&e KTB f/biet rj6wíQa Mecianotiuiiuini jqnwoffRmm mnunudHo 
X&ia, s<m>pHe ne sa^ymiBavTefl septsosan mnepecuoi tbortb xI- 
left noqieACTBeHHBXE cnocotfneoreff xu loro, vrotfi Boxnmnn i 
XOBeeni xo mjijeriH xeenon-xpytot HeumoRemo x^PObrtbu 
BOcnntHHHBORB, CBOCo^Hiixi cxyxiTB QŮpinBEom ({jwcnqaro 
nojojtteHÍH mBonearo x^bu n ropoxft. BouoniHeno poxvieiel i 
řasen HaciasBajio ea tom, ifo seimíe OBO($axmD» y^pesxoHÍI 
crpaHH BisxeTCfl Há lom, «ro0s dcmoMy xociaBxuacB Boaifos- 
HOCTb iipiofipicn qiQXBee oÓpaaoBaBíe, nBferaoe BameoBO 
BHaHui, npnroxBaro xjra npuoaeBÍji n i^&uncb npiunnraecmn; 
TenepB se f/bísn nyfixHTHBxi mon cípevnci ^ c% jmuhhxs 
uaccoBi HpHBiBaTi. BieiieHiapHHa npaBHjm Tam% najm, bi mo- 
npmcb ÓonimracTBy ne Bcrpiinrea sarfem HisaKot HaxofiHOcnr, 
liieE 6ojte, ^iTO MHoríe x^ (ttxHHxs poffneaei npBHyaaeHir 
6HBaiorB npeipaB^aTB iiociiaeHÍe onrojni saxono xo oiu>naBÍi 
xypca. B% Btony npBcoeXHKUocB HSMiecTBO ]^nr& sa.?o0ft tt 
moAHiie nopaxsH; neqaTajioc& xhoto racesi xftse on eann 
msoAHiun BOdraraHsnBOBi^ h BOCiiEmni^i HtťbM^vis ito*ii((o 
ocHOBaTejBHoe sanBitB or& ce(Sa. Ob xpytot ciopora b^ oiBfen 
nocHjrajnoB vh řaseni iracufa otb imojnBnixi yoreiel h y«- 
TenuBAii TO oicraHBaBinm, to Hso({maBiim% BaeioaHQm hhoiib* 
HyH> CBCTexy, npnem bc6 nom yBassiBara na rpoHaxHnx sa* 
TpyxBeflk, cb lOTopBMH mBoai npHXOXHrea 6opoTBca Ten^B, bs bixf 
xaccH HOBHxi OTBpíml H pacBnpeBÚí o^JHuni sBaHis, npnmi 
nepwB opraHBsaTtqMua mBOJraaro x^a leoum TpyxHai saxvia 
Bii0BpaTb Hsi Bcero BToro to, it6 HaH(Saiie noMBHo ssaTb eóvafi- 
odpasoBaHBoiiy rpasxaHBHy h it6 iipHT<Hn Mosei^ 6uxh wBxmr 
lesHO BsyieHO bi xaBHoe Bou^ecTeo BpeiieHH, 0TBQX6BB0e na 
saHBTui no wony npexitery. Bo vpena aioro otfniecrBesHaio bos- 
0yxxeHÍfl no .msojnsoiiy Bonpocy, rasem nociuan penoprepoi^ 

KB HBCOMTOpaifB mKOn, KB UesaVB niBOlBHBX^ KOMireTOBl, 



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júĚMsnkwmAŘ sfPiiiionKA. 238 

poeiiiMuiiHBU o WTh KTMĚjíikTh Hft x^o, wn mto ci lew- 
mém vfiemeaM, n 9iMi BMpocfty sasaiocB, se ociAMCb hh ow o^ 
nysna m oUÓ^XesnorB, — h Mrffi, bcji^x^ sartm, uran ropox- 
cMm B OMi wi t 00 maoiunm x&iam conuicfi m coBteMurie o 
TOKTB, BBXonrtmrtK jih, ■ m ub<ws xy^ cyniecTBjrDiiQrD ci* 
crarjr, om le lonio yse 6iuv ocHraaienso sfiasouH co cja- 
tfmor eff dopoHim, ho snn mase, «6 on nm xpet^^eics 
fWrteMMiĚMj nxó HpinieTCt aa (Siaro ůdsuectBeBtuwb uvňuáewh. 
BMci BCi 9» KĚMsaxÉj jsptL itf^ňmi aex»rorneeMB onoTHOCTH, 
8fnn roenoxam yse ae oie» TpyxM OKMUoa cx^^tn ycrynu, 
rxi Mano, b yxq«án npesHM Mm^ rxft mo nrs npex- 
cttBiuocb- noteoxBMon- Btuo te ttayuuBe patnpoerpaHjiTfccs 
o fous, CBOiBSO nottBB npmňCÉfíttů BesTOiiy x^y nBain Bce- 
CTopoHHBm ■ KMÓínmn éScfM/fitáemj h Hibn cjirai xoctetohho 
CBUHuii xJiB BoexBueria nnan, XOcraBuim^efi Bcb yxo6cTBa bi 
0fly<ÍinioBtHiiD Bo BCMtfatee CB^xioi^ BooioeMOSBim Bsmxon 
Hft Bcuif npexMerB. 

OvMeeBif dtéem atfepflsaHciot newni ofo ntiepeoan ujó- 
MMMM se orpaHnuaima BTtm. VaMieu eoraiM CBoair& npa- 
Bom otfpaiqanei vi^ pexanQD sa oMftfMi ■ pameHeflieirB bo 
BceBOBHosBan cjyqaan. Beeuia ^laeio raBem iioirbfli;ai>TB apai- 
Bii sseuia, Wh wnopurh ion wa xpyrot rpasxiuraHi npocan 
m paspftomn UMrihatfyx^ c&op«, oo xoropoiiy eoeiouocB napa; 
yiaBan iipaBumn mse HÍbn von hib xpy^t odopon pi^a; 
ynBan, wmj npHHaxJiesan lecrs aaaoro mo^fibtemM^ b t. x* 
Ha Bdi orfl Bonpooi pexaaqia xMn OTBtoi. Majio Toro. CI17- 
UBica Becua lacro, hto n raseri odpaiB(ai(mfl sa paaucaeBiem 
flttOfthnKSyxB B>pBxa^MCBaro Bonpoea, aa ooBftroirb načten fcnro, 
Baaom, npa tjmficmji&mMVb sasoBan, niaBca Ha ({MronpiaTHoe 
pbnieHie i!<m> b» xi^rroro BODpoca, Morya^aro laeanca h xpyran 
vpaiLfíkWh. OrB^n na BOxotfBiie Bparaie sanpocH ne saciaBjaen 
CB08 ausn: pexasitia nparjnMmen a^paciOBi XltBai^ caííHe xo^nae 
onfara. 9n x^poBEie eoBfca e5eperaByn HaraiejuiMi ne Majio xe- 
Hen, BOTopiia npBmjiocb 6u njaran nanuycii axBOBaTam. Ks pe- 
xaaiQH otfpaa(|BDTCJí ei npocBtofB homo^b vb 8aTpyxHeHÍBXi ^acip 
nnnarD CBOteiu. BeesMy masl npHirlpa oxHffb HpOHuoroxHítt cjiy^aft. 
SanuMo nn rašen xueiaro 3an$xa Hane^iaTaaa cmrBX) o tobtb, 
«io, xecaaiBy BocTOYHBie mtaTy nepenoAneau ciapHtfH x^aaMB, sea- 
mfMMMj exaa sapaSaraBavatami eeOt Hacyn^Hiit zjMb na ^a- 
dpuĚJth H HO MarasBHaMi, a aa fepiwTopiH Als»xo, bi to se 
^enB, MMMecTBO xojHMnsKOBi ^^efttiepoB^— MOJOXBX^ H erapBA— 
ae BBXOxin cfí&k Hoxpyn shshh. dra tomb 0ujia HraoBenHO 



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884 s^fnffBii 

noXHflTa BOfifOHHHm raaeniai: kwum ee of^jKxaaa no 090«f 

CTUH wmnni ngMOKm^ lac^m of^paoua^mBMCTsum st9^ 
mBFB^ BQTopuft «eiMH smt^^ noQ9iH&i7«nb jív msih pwmm 
pascrancs co petei jtoforaic^ b (SnmnrE na iiteviy n saiitm 
iqáoÓpIieTH iiy««*^^Q|mepa n AAmxíň Maoiú bkaopplu b» 90- 
jloÓHiia^ nHoein^ 6uxe uQu^bmfifimi m CBoe Bp^iw raaeffOH) «S<ui% 
H ofl craiTOi Qo Bceft B^poitBOor^ Btww^wuuH MBorpn Bfafe- 
HBqi 017B noíbwui Bi AftwKío. «&ui» Ci^ (Miaro Hi^Nisa wepxuB, 
Hio ^^epaics Ba SaBM^ i^jmcA imam^ bo cMfiiia seHH^jfo^- 

XBCTBH B4B 0&WpyiBB, a «Q0C0teliB BWIQ0UW|H HO T^^M^M^h f$r 

((oiaB^ Ha Bífifwówamji^ uiemvk 11 tix^ eMfBBwxoioorgBH-^^ 
MopB exBa n CBOco((Btt mff^tm m» Eumn uym^L^ eocnaieB* 
B^Ř vb BOoÓpaseBÍB ji!^jmwk wn BErarosi bocvohhhxsb. 

He ortcBJíeTCJi <Sibi» b ipyii^ všxjmm Mci eBomi!, 
raaefii Xobouho pidia ppa^aBarii b» nop^XBy rin MOMXon 
xoppecnoHxeHTOBi, Roropue, 6y;^9H oxepsHMH bíícobhs^ cavo* 
mbíbí^tB) odípaBtM>TCB wb raieTÍ| spoca ysattcB m^ cmooSrh 
cpaey npoiBBXB cbob roBia^iBni c»0OoteoczBi Mf^ bii% epejiOBa 
nocTynaTb aa xopomyio xojkboc» b soBy noxoÓBoe. 

K^ Buvioeiiio raBeni o6paBiaim» HBOf na opoca ceyAwrh no- 
Berb. Bi ^peodanik^^ »*» noxo(tewr& ipei^oBaBiaiis xpboi^ aailiai 
sBiflioica BpeiBBBÍB BJbBOTopi^^ xaici^ o^paauuomBiefl n pejna* 
lOH sa eoBftiDirB-*-Baaofi Birb sai^aaMb C6(S4 lya^iBv^ xu npioKa 
iiOci^ini«jefi Ba Boacift iwh wím xpyFoS TppaKiOC^eraBS ciytttt 
H ^TO.aani^aDeji^Hie boopOi paiaKivB BaioAsn spenB oiB%^aTb h 
Ba 8T0; Bo Aule aam i^oiuoi wiioft, hohbbtcb, «N6w Yék 
Herald» oibmi o(cysAeBÍK) Bioro np^iMttia q^^yx) iiqitRKM^v 
cswhíOy BWBBiia» f^»i ^1:0 aaBpíM^ aatiian ei?o boboxtotobíoi* 
HHiTBi Taai^ bbb^ pewEvopH raaow vh ^bA hi^mkob^ Maio art- 
l[ynui» a coÓapaTt mnimsi noxaeroKb yae oKMusaioes bowb««^ 
Tte% He BiHrto> Bo Ojiiym meio^mwmspn kíjA mwh^ ^EeníA^ 
B njMi BTOirb CMjwb noMMOb ateBonvo x^iiiBiiai^ coÍHNn xo- 
By^aB>qBMi oN^y Kx^ppeeBOweBTaaB']^ 

G^fiQBJíe 9fíbi% oiBiisaeicfl bb nofto6sB« aanpooB eeoax^ 
^raniejeft BuniopseBas raaeva «Ssh»» Ilawimia, iffiRBMa»BtiyKi 
nopoK) Ha ea issMdoiWh no loiiy bxb jqpyseiQr aaBv^BBny bobvíV) 
xocnraeiBi BsyHBveABiiB^ paBBftpoB» b x^^Meica Bsorxa ^ímIb^ 
ooy<iBTe;iib80io# Uto Baoaercg xo bob« nwc^ to mbí ayyvaxoei^ 
qpeaauwflBO BaBBrepecoBHBaiMa n«xo6Hiun xpyBCBHMii, ww^- 
poB9Bir» aBajBdom 9(im»^ír9eBmach b eoiiB8BH](^ oraoflípiSi ipo* 
fiOMBiS o6ii(ecrBeHma svaBE. OabmbxU) » «SBn> oiStamwiw 



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jLHipjDumu amuiOTiKi. 285 

ttsen c% BQnpocoMS, noeoBfayen n. eiijr «Sim* seeinef » bmíc 
Bcere meaiy j«MiapoB% n roxB »a.iiwMi.BM, OiBfttBM otmm 
naem noxraja co Be%x% cropom lOMiiraTapiv, m lOTopMX'^ o(S* 
cjamAMOb ae toubo eronfOCTb jubhi n HMO-Iopifty ho i oo» 
BpeiieHHEia ipetiomma ropoRnot sbbbb, pe^jwaiu MCBHTaaif 
BiciQtfBtaro oQBOjribHÚi, jcbtMuig n% wecmeoóamm tM% yesAmm 
(S^ponási c% tiiMpocKuo, Bam aio jt^UůCk iq^aK^vxyiiViiiii noso- 
jtaímH, seMOOiAisi i xoctobbcim TenepemHin ittMEOXHx*^ A^i* 
vpKimh H ]iys9im%— oxvíM^ cjOMirb, rjutaairB Hirtreu np^A- 
enBjuaa xamuHo nojHMmpniBaQOBíMnieHiinnotfiitectBeaBiixx 
BpiBQn. droio SEMOi noxMn tfsuiy vesjgr npowiii, BonpocB o 
YWi, xoserb jih seHaniĚ wxobíbii hbi paiSomx uh uepson 
ewepoiMb HeéoibmyK) json cemuD iipuiira]r& ci6paB(wi orb to* 
pojdk Ha 14) wJMpon n mx^jno. OfityweHíe aioro npejmrra 
easpoBosxajocb ne tojiuo rwocjOBHum xoB^giaiui, ho nDjqioteuicH 
peeearpaaai toro, iró aasynaeica aa tqmaBonenie lofl hjih xpy- 
FOi OMar, DpnoXHiHCb icíbh nporasiH, xaiajiieb cobíth, lorxa 
1 ni ii<> wByHaib, yxaraBajoca xase^ uiU laore roaaxflHs 
mm Haa6ojBinM Kon^ecraD hhoih opa HamieBBOMl aarpaii. 

Tljn se Hýřeni opoBBBQXHxcfl Hy6«9H06 o4^ysaeHie Toro, 
iaa]f% onocoóom Mopiani, pa(kraH»i) neeiirb, HOjiňiHnimairi b 
opoieny i$txHOKy inxy yMjvnnh CBoe nuMSMie, xotfHnca pa- 
ignfHHxi yayiion od cropoiH jumbob^^ 

X^bjaeicfl JSB saioe noBoe orspíme n o6iacTB nayu, bosm^ 
laerb jh vh xiepHsanHUxi vppuuLn sommbm no oxHOBieHtaD 
n lamoMy pejHrioeBOiiy Bonpocy, ■» no sajmiy Xf^umy aate* 
pecHOMy npexMeiy, — rasera HeB8M%HH0 noctuiaeTB jyiBoai CBoan 
penoprepoBi k% saBHTepecoBaBHHMi vh npeaiBXi CTopoHaM'^, bh- 
mmiBaerL BsríBXH bcíxx, MH^HÍe Koro HHiepecHO, BSB^niBBaerB 
xaBHBB, conocraBjflen ^btu b xocTaBaxerB HBTaTeiBMi bc% no- 
crtxHiH cbíx^bíb no x&HHOMy Bonpocy, — tfyxen jh to npoxos- 
lenie BeHejHii nesExy 9tuzen b coíHi^em, hjih cnoprb o cnoco6§ 
BanBCEHiB BHBn Betxaro SaBfoa; rasera xaen cbÍxíhíb, ne Bxa- 
BaacB Vh yneBUB xaccepiai^B, npocTHMX ofin^noBBTBUMi, 6e8i- 
HCiyccrBeHBím bíhkovl. 

TaRHMft o6paMm, raaora ho Mcrmwb iBJuieTCfl apeflov Baani- 
nit) oéntna imcjefl, BoaBHBaro noy^eBia h npocBtmeBia, oxhhm% 
CJOBOKL— 8T0 TB so mBOJB, TOARO oiROia SBTe&cicaro onura, 
TOoia xja B^ouBu, ofBbrárBeiHun Jioxoft* 

raaoTH iBTaBma Bapowm^ ho DpoBnynecrray, ciAxoBaíreoBO^ 
w Beo(b:»XB]fOcif , xoj«bh BH^n BOCBeHsoe aocBBcraTenHoe soa- 
^raie. JQpB HO JBidl cbo^oxí newTB sHaieaie bto Gym^CT^eiBO yea* 



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236 

jinercf eo^e a tíitb, no otpasMn va ce(Si, xan kb biaíh 
Bumei crpeMjeiiji fltpoffmS} ero sirepecu Ha xitHHoe spěna — no- 
poK) xase meajui ero, a aoiOMy aiiflerca sipram oipasenaa 
HapoxHot sBsai— *co wAuu ea AOCToaacTBam a Hexocraisaicá. 
ToTB mcaTeji^ aoiqr yxacrca B&pao a dojho dBaratb a aepe- 
xan reaiS aMepaaaiieBot neuTa, rtm caicairB saaaaTB ce&i oip 
jaaTaBBBin^ acsc^Nnom paiBarífl aifepaaaHCB<MI ^aBaiasai^H. Ho 
xase a xja loro, «note aoABO^aatfyx^ ocHOBSieibHO ysBan 
aMepBBaaayio HaI^K>, aeoÓxoAaiio nosHaaoifaTBea es ea raBenwa. 
Mmro Tojn^eiefl sxbtb o rj^BTeiMOMB BiíaHÍa raaen ^n- 
Taiejiet: aa 9to, npaBjMii eeiB vlaoiopiia ocaoBaaia, ho BoeOoie 
8T0 oocraBuen Boopon BecbMa coopmt. IleiaTB axiarata, bo* 
aeiHO, xaieao ho 6e83nu)pasfleafla, ao, no aameify oreieeiBea* 
Hony Bupaxeaix) — apesBuwftao irbtaoiiy, xora a ho ocodenao 
BBucBaHBOiiy — «Hewro neaark aa tepaaao, sorxa poaui BpaBa». 
HaopacHO crapaixrca aaBasaTb Bx^maet seiaia OTB^TcnesHocn 
sa TO, Ha no ona oraBxxb a He apevraxyen* lítxaieaH raaen aa 
aa iiaHyiy ae jujcMnTh an aaxpi vo, rto wmn Bexetci npex- 
npiaTíe x^oaoe, a ho BoeaaTaTeiBaoe; nopovHocra a npoxasHocra 
oaa ae opoHOsíxi^Dn, ne crapaniofl a pasapan^an ^arareieft, a 
npocTO ffoofn aoBocra, ae^yn xpoHBi^ odoieerBeHBOl saaaa, a 
ecia Maieplajn aenpariaxeffb, lo Hensa BaaaTb b% aion oxoi 
raaeru— OHŠ ero ho BHxyMBBaKn!^) a xai>r& Hasaiem to, «6 
HiAeTCfl a aa tto npexuBjaevca onpocB. OdsHaaib CBotexajrB) ne- 
Hhth q&ioft crpaaa b% npej^MiiniieHBOtt oopo^iHOCiH no vea&niel 
aipi nMhMfí Heatoo, bbbi BjeticaTb Tasam se aiieieiis ty ajn 
xpyryio aaipD* 



rJIABA TPETM. 

HeipBTiflxuui cTopoHH aBepisaBAkoS oevftTB. — Burow ■ b6bhtoaíi CHCievH 
«xoiipo€OBi».— JKypBajuiCTBBa npBTaiHBaen %% ce($i lyqniA cua CTpaau.— Mo- 
joxexB, nbnaA&nmaa na ciys6y pexaBiatl.—IIpeAyfiixxeBU, botopha xepxaics 
spÓTHBi sypeaiHCTHU. — FaseTHHft «eyx'B JlHHHa».— GnpaseAiHBo ih ynpeKaTS 
aBepHxaHCByD sypeaiHcrBsy bi pasHysxaBBocTH.— Rbv& noxi ciBbi> cboóoxhoI 
oevani npo^Binaen ^uM^safl opaixnpiHBVBBOcn b aapoxBoe (daioeooTOBBie.— 
BiBOBBfa iH oeiETB wb TOM ^ W) B% CoemMtKBUXh HlTaTaxi vkn BpyBBím 
rocyxitpcTBeflHHxi xtaieieft?— Mateie Baipioia Axe<|K^epooHa o neiarv Vb crpaii. 

Ito aaepBBaacBaa ne^an opoaBjíflen naoro aenpariaxHHn 
CTopoai, eroro orpai^an H^iosMomBo; a an aeotfxoxaiio tf/bch oř- 
lATBTb aan xu noiaoni ovepaa, taai a noioiiy, no Hexodana 
sxtonet neuTH nyrh m ae xapaKiepaiie caMBn xocioaaeTBi ea. 



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inpnáiCBAi srpiuncTni. 2S7 

GoemKieHie <o($]innwi&Haro tiTa> n 910111 OTB<mieHÍi sheih* 
leiBHo o&ier^aeiGa jvěsí moha Tim, ^to j mou ecTt» nox:&pyxol 
MftfputM mssa <N(Nrth Americui Review», npoauaro raxa, rxi 
DOiritaiieBft rporau ^Hinrana oponn nevacnr, BiinetraM sxim* 
ma HponortxHHioM« — Bev^ Geoiige T. Ricter. Ho m spoirt 
ero wmomvh — xom h wknmrbj vo mamenBO OTBiiBattB^ci 
BjepnaniiOD HeTepin]iocnD'-*iiox^ mtpo BanpamiMDica onoBu 
jqqrmn MMn;^ m esov eotferBeaHBi vaÓiDxeBk, Tan ^to ff& Ma- 
lepiart xji Hso&memt OTHDjib iie HyncT^r^rca Hexocfaraa. 

Ban novBTaien, ran 1 oóm^wtea ^AmmŘ neiaiH Boojiffl 
czoxflrai m eBom sacaaeBiflxi ea Tom, ifo Bjacn pexatiopa 
Hax& nyfijmot sBaoreABte biubíi nponoBijmna, jniHTeji, Me- 
xna, saaoHOJiaTeii. Ber. G. Rider vxen xase xuíe b 
roBopsTii ^To sa nocjijiHee spěna neiavb saflua nepeoe mícto 
B!s crpaBÍ, BaniBBx CBram BJi)iBÍeir& ssa^eflie combb, iiepBBB, 
ceaiioro xase roc}rx&pcTBa>. Ecib xMcvBBieiBBo Taxi BexBKa 
cua oeiaTBy to copauilpBO Tony craHOBarci BasBH b ea no* 
rpfanBOCTB, B Be iiiinaen noenoipiTBy vk nem owb cocroan. 

Pfe« Boero Ópocaercfl vh riasa ta oootfeflBoeri^ raaerB, vro 
otA nepeoojfleHu caaHxanBfiniB noBtcTBOBafliami -^ bx Óojbbibb- 
Ctti CMs^Mw^ oCth niiaxx, Balony wu m HeBaBterBHZi; qliue 
aoMŮssjBí^ aijEifl crpaHBipi oiBOxami noj^b xpoBBxy nojui^eS- 
csflxi xoMOB^, nox% oněm o nšcTHmci.eiueTBixi, o oraeflflun 
acaaxanxi b np. Bce oro, BOUBjaacb bbo aha vh x^bb, hobo* 
Boift npflTyojuierL b^ nyCjBrt Bcaayi) ^yBciBBTeiBHOCTB vh no- 
poxy B npecrynjeBiH), x^Liaen ee, vh CBjy npHBHisB, MOBÍe b 
Meoribe ipetfoBatrenBOi) vh xíjé otfn^ecTBeBBot b oeiiefiBOfi BpaB- 
ctbouboctb. IIponyciaTB aae vh nadá noxo^Bsa noB&CTBOBaBU 
Becuia TpyxBOy obb caioi tfpocaama vh raasa. Bos^ny xu npa-* 
Mipa nepByxi nonasmyiocfl raaery <New Yoi^ Monung Jonniah 
OTL 20-ro iHBaps, b Ba nepBOl se crpaHBi^, wh paxi^ ci le- 
jerpunfaMBB»EBponii,xpacyK)tcfl xpynniie sarojOBsa: J(ea deMOna 
n yeáoewtecKOM oCpam... SasAesena ez niAíu6eAh\.. YoieacHaji 
Meemh... KpoetKMtadHoemh reíhapdal. b npo^. 

Fasen sxígb notiB^ BoetixyBV^ xori xueao ne HeoorpfeniBMa. 
On peHopsepoBi ea BB^ero vensa yiasTB. Hin toA cenetflctf 
paxocnr, sin toto ucxBaro ropa, aoropoe ne cxftiaiocB 5u, ne- 
pen neiaiB, xocroaBÍeirB TOjma. TairBi rxt ho Bnyctan penopiepa 
VB xBepB, QB% Botxen ijTh XB ne Bi obbo, pascopocan, pasysnaon 
Bce B HenpeirbBBO Bce bto Ój^ífirh HanewTaHO. Bo BSÓiasaBie 
Bcsaseflia x^fiCTBirejBflocfB, Mflorie, espina cepxqe, vh camia 
Taxexiu Aia cefia MBByrKi^ npexecraBiaDn cefia wh pacnopaseale 



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288 

peneprepa, saaa, iio n muMi csyni uornao zota aMBopnh^ 
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penopiepoM^ riaeBocrffv Hexamo eo^ bpttnuioeb m iiffb, leoforpc 
BE Mofi 8MiiT6a[Miift oaBflBi vb 9f,iaaan% rspiemmnf Ópooím es 
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caqa xea Toxy nasíM^ spišiaia vsetomui KpactBU^t nn bbc* 
maro aBVjritoBaro otfsieceBa, Mnécacrb JIbirpH) c& tíiíb, iio6h 
HrpaTB Ha sx^bameS i npoBVHqiajiBHoft ex^rai; TaBr^ mmh hbcchcb 
JI9HTPB oqeBB líoioffk H B^auo BMfymija Ba airay, *ro ee eoxft 
eonpoBosxajra sraa BSBAciBara a&rjíiCBaro sypsaiveni b Hjeaa 
BajatH o6nQiBi, kbccbcl iJatfymept. HsB^CTHoe fjhM^ no jiHmb 
TMSBO B% ÁHepasy npifesaerB Basai <8BaiíeaiTOGTb>9 eS npixo- 
XHTca: 8X'ltoB Bce Bpeufl shtb, tasí esasffi&i bi ciesiflBHOia xoirt. 
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XOCTOBBiem iiy<$nBB: penqmpH ee ocasxaKnri, BucnpafliHBannm 
es, xbAbíB) BsraflXH, no Baestínuxmuíiwh opexHeraMi, TpetfynrB 
on nes BOBicnoBaBÍfi Bcei ea npoBuoS sbbbbi OBKenBaiorb bso 
ABfl vh ffiEh ei TyaMTO) ea spemnipeiipoBosxeBie, eoo<lBi(aKm 
njÚMmAy %ió w VMPk oea ten sa ctoiomx, qtó ett noxaKm bs 
KOMBary, boto obe npBSBMaerB, c% bíwe oaa nepeaBCusaetea— *o 
TOiffb OBB ;^ase xyxaen. CnysBiejiB sx^mBorB rocfBBBBi^s bs 

BTOMl OTBOmeHÍB JiBďflmCH XOpOTBMB OOBOII^HBaiCfl peoopTepoBPs. 

He H80firM BToro Bax8(^ a HecwoTBaH mbcobci JIsBTpB. Caa^ajn 
Thwta upoi^eirlja o es apacort, opoeiOTi et o6pan^BÍ2, oůh 
ea oerpoyxiB, vbwuiMBKn'^ o ToaerpaiCMarB wb aei vpaBqa y^JU'* 
ctaro, ocBixoMiBBniaroca o imi%, tas^ kbccbcte JfoBnrpH BepMccju 
MopeB(A nepeiex^ a npo<i., h npov. HextjiB wpesi XBt wa xsa- 
jie0Bfie rflKfltt ooBepnieBciBa]r& uBoemsh laflijm nytijnsfe — bioco^ 
ÓeflHociH seacBofi ~ BecsMa npí&iBOB. Otojik nrocacB Jbaxpa 
T&Mi ae uenfbe <% ytpa xo ho^b ocaa^xaica loanoio wan^ Tpe0o- 
BaBmaxi, ^To6h raa bb aam Bunua a pacmcaiaoB (fii b% bxs 
ajbÓoaaxB. KoaeqHO, rjasBOio i^bh) ((ojiBiBBBCTBa 6íijo to, no&k 
ÓeeiuaTBO BsriaayŤB aa aarjrittCByK) BpacaBBiQr a aai^MS apOBOs- 
rjaaiaTB Besxi, ^lo bo BoaiDiTB ropox^ mTatoBi koxbo aaSta 
xacflTBB seBo^BffB qMtcBBrie ea. Myqeaia dixaofi aariavaasa aa 
9T« aexl^jia Jier^e ee&b npexciaBaiB, n^wb onacan. HaBoaei^, a 
oaa cBoeS eBpoaeScBofl ceotfoxofi otfpaqeaifl mxaia xaaao seiae- 
Btsfi BpexaerB xjui ca^eiea^ o ee6i. HtoeojBBo tfyaeroBS, apex* 
joseaaoe aaTaBBe, xBa-x^ o(í&xa kb o(SqecTBÍ xpyseS ea a aoBioa- 
BBBOBi, pasBasan asusa Boim ea saBactaiBaM^ a lataiurB ^* 



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lUPRáióUor MnĚknamk. 239 

mM. B& mny trpeMeu coefOiuiNS& ■ lUMfl^vM pasMOnsa K^qsxy 
sjMMBO^S 1 MKCies M$i6ymep%. Jlymel xaiBu xaíi ouetrai 
I se TpeňoMxoGk. V$Mtu ěmšimwm woUmfum o(fo jtntears 

BMMHSHIMI MlceaCB MtnpĚj VgMtMĚCh n caSBfl UOČKÍE HH-* 

cnymi^, jhih^ te Bnaen n toM cb ropoxcinn ciuerHuaiui. 
JSktnjk se xMcacB Jlatfyn^rb yte«UA <wn o^»o m ÁHraii), 
onsiHmneik WfUn penopřepa, mmi noéiAittút nolnan €fl rop* 
Hrayio Ha napoxoA^, BHiomiMm y MOfi fiocrtxKčA opnraiiy 
BBmrana ecvpy ea tocummí c^ utcmei Jbmpm^ n vh Ton me 
Bmepr&, Ha pOBOBBxs crdJi^flEttn cEveiái^ Tél6gram> BpaeoBaici 
vfífmaŘ BamiMOBK Ckfopm ímmuo^ Jbimpu^ o$ Jmccuch JStafíy^ 
mep^ ^^ Intetviem penopmepa cb i^pméHHOě MMmch laffjfm^l 
JíjUhme wmoj wěA eímmu^ penéprepetai <pa80i3flocn» axm 

TmmBiiu €Mfimi&tňsí o ccopft JldnpB ofBpsutH uMyio Bpy npe- 

oriljiOBaHil npoTBBi woŘ tmenMTBúĚ BpacaBaipi* Yme n ÓHTHOcrb 

vh^ Hm)-I<^^ oHa ({ttxa sasaMia aHemMEniH nseibttaiar q^asoato 

H yrpcNBaiM^iTO cox^pauuda on jmo, iipeveHAyB>n^ni& na to, hto 

ei <($e8HpaBCTBeHH0CiB> Bopo(ten Bte ctfpoMflocrb. MioeaM JfoBTpB 

Hp^etoflJio sartiTB xasatt iipMciaBieflLi h^ H^soropEirB ropoxan 

np^BíHitki. AMepBBaHCBÍe jqsysBi eir, aonunnie oi& EpacsaiiH 061^ 

mTeieft sanajtHiirB h k>shiixl mratoBi, Becuia ooaeajiHCb toto, 

lííoíSřh et HO HaHeoefio 6uio saBBxt vpjůsívb ocBop&ieHit, ■ botl 

oxm m oo^ifaieji^ mecsa JfeHtpH, ctnn 8A'6nmiro (kwmpa 

rotfrspxAy noopocHn y nea nosBoienifl conpOBOsxatB ee bi ea 

vňlkzffA 90 npOBíHiUíM^. Ifnoefles JEBarpa, nnojisoMi coBHaHia 

€Boei ffpaBOnt^ conji9t6aM bto eoapoaosxeMe jva cetia BBniHHHifi, 

■o Bartu^ yciymaa coBkiMiir n>xel, (SoaBmncs, moú^ ee ne 

nocniria ynacib Capu Bepnapi, KaasxoMy noflBJ^K) BOfopot wb 

HOBom ropox6 npexníecTBOBaja paeeutta no ropový rpasHaro 

q^epjKasiii tiponuDpib o oa iipowioicb, an-sa soti^hx:^ eS bo 

UHoraxB iiicxa£B bqxtoiobjuuwb csaaxajitt. Kaaa^ &» to u 6iuo, 

MiGcacB Jteorpa corjacaaac^ m fsoapOBOSAeaie mooxoro reón^ixa, 

BejoB^aa booibš (tjtaroBOCBESsaraaťo, a, y^isaB:)^ b% spoBautUDi 

Ha Maia ne ccboAaxae^ ot^phto npB«iifa» efo y ca^ii ooTaaaBu- 

BaiCB Bi OABHxi ch woĚ^ rocEHHiHitazsk He A^M HHwro xyp* 

Horoi fift» aoBOiHO, opex^xaBJUiJOCb w^íficiotsmm C0lk oicxpaHaTb 

Wh cetfa cyiHHciBeHHaro npexanoaro leiosfÍM — xora 6u h nou- 

TaT&ia — pa^H yciyiuH rpasHun^ ciuu»THHBa]c%. Ho Tyn* noBTqpa- 

lacB, oxHaxOi crapaatfacHa o ^lyryHEOitL h TjaLEMEOu% ropmaaxi. 

O&r oaiiaBO npifaHa vhocics JIsHrpa vh ^Hxaro, Ofryxa ooaertiH 

BO Bci BOHQH CoK>8a TeMfpaMiiH O Ton, aan M^en ea <pOMaH%> 



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240 BMTBKIWVWSU 

^esfiesuj luaHu rocniHHHmi, rxi 09a ocraHOBuae^, Ch otforaave- 
HieiťB iHMcftBiraiB, wmuBeuuwh 6k> cb oxBot ciopoHB M refinip- 
xoiTB — CB xpyvoŘ. raseTHiifl ewrBH cep^e^^o pascysian o 101a, 
Baiuťb cBOCotioMi Moacan ({ui» yciaHOBieBi^ TaflaiiA nyn o(m((- 
nieniji uemfj otbiih noiiimeHiiiiB; mtíitb oooÓoimocb o toMi 
9T0 y MHceics JavípH hoiv Bxaoe (kubioe Hon aifej^naBcnn 
ji9«i ■ Bpowi nonuocni m neMimcm. 

HHCBHyaipH raaoTR < Globe Dwiocrat> bí CaHvJyH op^ao- 
tauu HABOHei(s BCflByii> vbfj aipoiiTk; FefirapxB pMocsaji pe- 
naprepa, Bisoero cokiiel Cnnnínghaiiiy aBTopa vByeauTh enoel 
o seia, r6(^rapx$) b o xBCCBCib JbsrpB, nyÓtanBO BHesasan 
-eiiy, VTÓ o HeiTB AyMaen, b npHrposBn secroBo wKhsn ero, 
ecjiB Ton tfyxen en^e T&KÍfl cnjieTBH npoxojsaTL. noiBOBHBBi- 
peoopiepi BOBBen>xoBaj!b b nocjan Fatfrapxy cesyBxaBiOBi. FeÓ- 
rapKB, oxBaBO, on fj^m ovBasajes, bo bhobb otffiqaica &•- 
BoiOTBTK nouoMBBa, eciB son OKOBa GOjJBers ne^aiBO. Peqru- 

TaXOBl Tmepb B BBUI0TC« OAXbB Sb pOX^ BUDiemBBaBBOt, 

<EpoBOsaxBOcn re6rapxa> b npoi. 

Bb CB8BB CB 9T08 BCTOpieft B npBBexy nOBBBBmyBKUI nOfOBB 

KB BBKhiopBCBBrB raBecaxi ciaTBX), qpesiiiulBO xapaciepBO pi- 
cyiDBiyx) w^niBÍe spaeii. 

OiaTBH 9Ta osanasjefla: ^MBeeaa JI^arpB o&h ^BKaro>. 

(Bon^KTypBHe IBCTBB B81 BM&00|6tt HOBBBTBCB Bl OOTOTB KBBTE 

MBCCflci JlaBTpB: «Ha(!iK>xeBÍfl aiiepBBaHCBBXi^ HpaBOBi»). Ocrpo- 
yMBiift aBTopib BToS raaeTBcA yrsa Bpexnoiwan iiot&eibtb By- 
ÓiBBy caiBpofl, BO 9Ta caispa bíhhju^ bovtb ^^ororpa^^BiecBB BJbpBa 

XifiCIBBfeJlBBOCTB. Ofla CTOBTB TOFO, UOÓl BlWBeeVB B81 BOB XOU 
BÍCBOIBBO OrpHBBOBi: 

IIOflBX^lBBBXl. 

«M6flfi BOCBMa saBBTepecOBan ropoxB ^Bsaro. FocienpiBiiCTBO 
ero SBTeiel npesBEnafiao yroMBiejiBflo ^). 3x^ nettTaH)icfl cothi 
řasen. JD(aMu no^eiiy-TO ^peeiHnaftoo BHiepecyRmsa mobmb ((otbh- 
Baiifl* Ofl'& Bcerxa odtaTpBBaiorB mob hofb cb BBBiiirB jhXSobht- 
CTBOiTB B yxBBjeflieiTB. Heysejni Bce BsocrpaBEus bofb npexciaB- 
jiBHyrB XJi£ HBX'B &aBifl-flB6yxB oeo6eflHocTB? 

<JIerja cnatB paao, tbkb BaB'B ovobb ycraia, ae npeMflByn, 
oxBaBO, OTxaTB flanepexi npBBaaanie BuraatB BctrB penopTépoBi 
B8i-nox% apoBatB b BVb msanoB^^. 



*) flxoBHTHft Buien itt to; Jto snefii Hnaio ee iipiuaiiaiyn n oe(íft mc* 



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ÁUFUURnui Jvnui€iiEi. 241 

Btofhvsi. 

«#• O cetucs QDBMftn mb ipnu^ Moefl itjih m . . . . ; 
n loiopoi JSfmBOKilLKM ■Mont boíueb Mom ope^UMn h bhck^- 
BHBasrai coioimi n toin, nsonu jui i XQ^ Mom poxm* 
j^. KaKk 6h Feopiona iioxoxanua Bt^s 9tunl 

<$• TOxiM^uo ■Mien peoopiqiai npoKjrpqrBioaro n eemt 
Hen mnft iomoma* fl Himqia ae BixttMia iíoad0i<A spcm- 
nfínniBoetii Biqm mr rnspan, tw QJlfa% tan laseen — nepe- 
ofjknA fenopsepk. $• raBOpBn^ iio a euBnom moro pft6ofM> 
I ffiMMsok no6ojBine pasBaeuTU3i». 

Ymjm) mfMmgpD m osmei^no Mwpmmj np^iertojuut CfaumniM 
aa Ean lania) 3ft Ham yapamuocb fléeiouio oon ieiOBte!b. 
(. nttopan, ^To n m tocrt^ (ítean aa Haa €aii% Mapi s 
UBAepidHii ropoM. UoisajfSL pacuenua lairb xopory na o6paT^ 
Bxarb synu 

^..JlBivpaiypme wpjwauk ^biaro noCMmfjtm ipeaainalHo 
MBoro Bpeiiem ea tíÚcjMffiaie Hon. Kaioft crpftHBat o6u<iali.. 
Kocw a o<^ wm csasaja $.| oh% toibbo atrtun: «iepioBCBoe 
^iB&e». Ybk, obi tfnBaen uorxit iqpeaBmalHO pfeon... 

«9ftKb ówum a auuy n ^laro, rtm 6oame saiHiepeco- 
BBBaDCb. Tane SK^cb efpaaHae otfiriaB — rasofixuie cípaHHiil a 



«Ox&ft an god > T aBa i Bxa> Meaa seaataHS-penopTepoBx orjia- 
Bjja aoMaaiy a saiim eapooua: <pxb aaorb aiash^^? ^). $. 
roBopan, ^no aro aaniB adbcraoe Baxoa8MÍH6HÍe ^^paaiQrBcsaro 
*mk chtee» — ^ao no aa axaa!.. 

^FaseiBiie apaTaaa vh ^aaro— oiobb nj^imie xsearjDbMeBBi... 
Ho 1 y BMTb CBoeo((pa8Hiie o({H9aa. Eorxa oaa saaaHUBaayrB 
oteHBoe BCBi»iTÍe a npocMOipi iioax^ lacraiixi naceirE, xo Bcerxa 
npaciuaDrb axi wA aasepii vh Moa> aoiiHaiy ci aBBaaeaiaMa. 
2 n aftKb ae saóyxy an asHcaaaBoft B&KiaBOcraL.». 

Tasí noxaiyusaerL Huo-iopacaaa raaera e9^% BoeuTjftaiaifa, 
npoaaDOxaMHaa jLaiejaiia ^aaaro aa aaocrpasay. 

1) IIoxpasyirtBaeTCj „^ui* Feórapxb. 

*) CiOBO, ann^aH&Mit aenoB^THoe h oBHanaDn^ee ha aiiepnaBCiom xaproei: 
o^osueii, MjoCoBBmKk^ a onacTBH ion tajh, saioi BBBexefli n aoMexifl OcrpoBCKaro: 
s1Cpacaiiev>-Hysuia". 

Twi lY.— Iwfc, 1888. 16 



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au 

Bíh casajŠHÍK), ji ne Morja HaSra n axinrairB raseiarb hi 
saBoro soMMeHTapifl Hacverv npexnpÍHicvHBOCTH nernn n CavL- 
4y9, xomexpicA xo toto, ito owa iriciaaa peMwUi ornevrau 
Bieao»w con óweron o MiKiK)caiia nac^ein tcmDmeBift icac- 
C9ffk Jhmtm n Ttí6v§pBj a w tpeica arpu MVttn Jbrtph b^ 
TeaTpb CaHi-JIya,. aeiep<m:^ 16-co aHBiq[Mi» Baponoe ofa pexas- 
i^a paMEMM ugŮMWMÍk 9fB. Ů^MKH ch npwmaiHHMM n wmu% 
Kapa^fWiiBíMifi. Mamě k% uj/S/mm nattHcau oa (buevax^ ar- 
sira aa xMiiue .Bonpoeiiy a raaeca i^GHoba Democtat* aaneaa* 
laaa Baalkate sair&wiettmie an 9imKh aoiion n Biuiycci 
CBoeai Ha cji^xyBon^ee yrpo — aiurapa 17*ra. 

Mrt npanuocB rtcaouao noxpoóao ocraHOBaTboi aa onacaHÍa 
HCTopÍH sjonojiyHBOfi spacaBHi^-aHraflqaHaH; ho bio jhhib noroMy, 
HTO om CAymnr^ iipesBunalio iipaaio a iqwTOSi caaoK) catoei) 
HMioapftníeS m5qpo7boí <3op«au aifepaaa«aam apaBoaa — oóiae- 
ciMWMMUh a aypaaibaiiXB. Eft eoaiaiiHia) opaxoxaica opacoM- 
^yn«ní> Hn>. paiMamiHiu igiOicmaciflía <mm» ae npexofaauanrb 
8xto HEvro 0puH)^ttiMMaro. 

?T0 se Bacaercfl saciiJiKH penoprepovB cb nijon xoiqioca ai 
'Au%. H4H xpyraMi^ ^aiiaa^b, to ona upa boAx& Hef^auflXHiirB 
CBoaxi cropOBaa:^ opexciftiJaen sHauxeJuua bufoxíi h xJia ca- 
uMXb rpaaixaHi. rpcyxapciWHHHe .uaxH h aapoxane iqiexciaBa- 
TeiH, npa bzoA cacieadb, aitiiDn BQBMoawQCx&y bb cmjhíA HyjuBt 
6e80 wmma^ opoBOJio^ea^} opaiio CHOcanea cb aapoxQicE, o<^- 
flCHaxi» eay sHaienie xofi hju xpyroft aipH aia nociyiiaa, npea* 

CTaBJieHBIIX'BBl HeBtpHOMl CBÍTÍ. Jífl, B X<SH HaCTHIIX'B jiDxeB Ka 

CHcreiía penopiepcaBzi^ cBaxamfi Buiet% gboh apynana bhtoxu* 
Caaovy fficvJňmuy q^asxaHaay nošen osyiarbca cian s^raoD 
aaaoro-He(^yuiB HexopaByMiHÍa; penyramia ero HeaBiciHHOi xora a 
BpeMeHHOi crpaxfterE, a bto 6ojbh0 oisuBaeiiai aawb aa aeia 
cȴOirb, TWh fl Ha 6aB8BBa^ ony joo/flTh xo mft n<^H, noaa 
BaiKMOsptoBOMy HOJioBiay ne yxaevca onpaBxarbca aa cyxi; sxtoi 
se MHoro HQxoÓHjuxi aeyxo^CTBi h ropa ycrpanflerca rbwkf mx> 
noHasmifi vb lasyio 6ímj neiOB&si nociuaen sa peaopiepoin, 
oÓiflCHflerb eay CBoe aíjio b CBoe noioseníe h TaBBirB ofipaaoirb 
lepesi rasjerii Ba'|eiib eosMOseocrb apeci^B bb caaoirB aa^aii 
npasxBsie a siOHaa^HHHe o ce6i toish. 

EXBa iH ne dosie BpexHHni oo cbohitb nocjixciBÍairB npex* 
crasjaercfl xpyroft OTx^jrB aMepaBancBoB sypnajiacTHRB; nocBan^eH^ 
Hiift coodn^eHiflMB o pasHHXi npeeryoHHKaxB — hxb x^TeaBHOcxHy 

SHBHB H KaSHH. P^XKU HeX^B HpOXOXHTB 3X^B 6en TOFO, HXQŮh 

He noBimeBO 6íijio x^oe-rpoe qeiOBŠXB bb tom^ aaa xpyroaB 



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lopiciicsiá mrFKixiemi. 24$ 

tOESÍk Goma. Tyn-ro h onptiBMfca caifoe mvpoEoe nojie fM 
anejvBUcioB sypnutciHra, qacro BiiaxaioQeS npn TasncE cLiy- 
HUTB n MejoxpaMy. Penopne^ cxftxfln sa xq^eetynEnom bo 
qieiGi iipi, MOjraTBH, BsaBTUBturo on neFo ictopip Bcet ero 
joBHE} noxBpamnM norom cmĚ pascsan xeraestiH^ poiíMH* 
^eemrb wMpmcm^ penoprepii ffuom noqiodteoe omeame na^ 
pysBOfXH npecrynHna, jUBhh KpeBM, oxesw naiam, Hatfjio- 
iwn BOutxBDX) cyxopory yiiHpMnitaro h 060 Bcein bťoitb no- 
auanTB xnomae Tejm^pa^Hvieesie otwth vb cboh raaerEi — Bce 
m npasxHHraara xudoumctm TOimi, m noon^penie ex yse pas- 
qNtqeflHHxi BHCTHHKTOBi. dtu «rpa^HW€sie» paacKasti ^Hrann 
UMfpKBtBBo xbTH-^noxpoem b HepBHBw seHiqHHii: ecf& mv6ct- 
HHt BjaccB xocyseft nyÓjniKH— BecBMa npBTOMi pecnesraÓejiBHoĚ 
— loiopaa HEHero m raBeraxi Bpoici »roro OT;i^a h He maerb. 
CiepTB rqmi hjih rocyxi^TBraHaro ^job^bb ntnem ne npoBSBO- 
nn sxicB nsoft noBoeirikraot eencaiQB, js$,n MacrepcBK onn- 
ciHiii Ba8B& eaypsxBaro ytfifti^ii. BcbkíI ffinh BasHv, rasi na- 
smeMHft «hangmaďs day» ^)j eociaBjmerB <»oero poxa Jlysy^- 
jon napi X^ji HdB^erHoft qacnr nytfjiBBfl: rasem bi^ btb ahb 
pieiynaiDica m pacxBan. 

npexnpiflmHBcyn^B jiobsixi penoprepoBi qacro axers, Bnpo- 
HWkj MHoro A&nme npocroB nepexaiB hjh xftse noxBpamB- 
BaHBfl 4>i«n)Bi: ohh Heprbxso coexaiorE ^vra, 7ro($ii onncaTB etl. 
OpomifiíMi jrtiOMi cjiyHBJOCB vh IIjeB^BJíBxt, ropoxB^ mrara 
Hu)jI|sepcH, cjAx^mnee npOBcmecTBie, sa b^phoctb Boroparo mosho 
nopyqHTBCii. KasHB oxHoro BecBMa «HOTepecBaro» npecrynHHKa 
HisHaieBa 6Hjia vb 12 ^acoBi^ ho^b. Ponoprepu (hjíh wb ot- 
^aiBÍB; TaK'B BaiTB cootfnieflie o usán ne Morjio yse nocnirb 
n yrpeHHeiiy H8xaHÍK) řasen. EojiBniBBCTBO drarB «x^eHTjiBMe- 
Bon npecc£i» nopibniBio, qro x^btb He«iero — b ompaBBjíocB 
cnm. OxBHi penoprepi) oahbbo se, npBxyiiaď^ B^qro BHoe. OffB 
ompaBBJíca rb CMOrpaTeJio TiopBMii, rx% coxepsajcfl npecryaEBBi, 
ci npocBÓoK), Bensfl m sepesecn TvpeMBiie qacH TaBi, hto6u 
ittHB cocrouacB hb abb hbcb paHBme. dforpBTejiB noxBBHjrrB 
^aeii OTBasaicfl, roBOpa, wto ne bto xpyrott saB^ cbitb npeoynHBBi 
xosen xoxaTaScTBOBBTB o(H ycaopenÍB sasHB hb^b hhitb, nflCB- 
Meiflo oCpan^BflCB cl tbboio opccBÓoS Vh mepB^y. UpexnpiflM- 
^iBHfi penopiepTB Henex^iB ornpaBEJiCfl vb BBMepy npecryiiflBBa, 
pt86yxBJii ero, pasBecejiBJíi ero myrsaMB, aHeBxoTBMH, npexJO- 
nrí exy ysHHi cb 6yTHjiB0K) bbcbb b bi bobi^ bohi^obi 

16* 



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24i 

Xo6hjica TorOi vq npeayiiHm Bamcui mepa^y opoc&tfj o 
Ton, HTcéu ero nortcuE BfB 11 ^aoon oewpa^ a He 8r& noi- 
BO^B. HpeeiynHuii ownuho, m autrikii ocsasavb n Taiol 
ocHoroTeiBBoftnpocBti&HeioflísytXWopBfiiioMoneiiy lan npespacio 
npoMC^ nocíš^Bie «iaai ero sevHOfl snn; ocpi^ laxse wn 
CBoe Gorjacte. Kasu coctquícb n 11 vacMi leiepa ■ bb 
oXBot JiHoiB raseii cveraHaaro penopiepa noiBuocb sa ci^yiNpee 
yTpo AiB9Boe omicaBie noejixnKa «cora sseHH a aaaea ytfiiqo. 
PenoprepcaiA nojtvan 9Wi% xocraBBJtb BBaurejuuit Óapami ra- 
seri a npeasBen 6aiBinyx> ceiroai^K) n «iipo^^eocía»; exn n 
HOSBO, BnpoTCiTB, (^asaiB, iTOÓH ufÓMBiMk ůujol 8TBMI yxBBieBa 
BJiB eaaBjíaiBSBpofiaBai — osa caopie npBBua bio aan mqjoosjw^ 

HejBdi, soBeiBO, caasatB, hto6h bis noABara pesopiepon 
cnocotfcTBOsajiB an BOByjupBOcra. EoauDBHeru) rpas^un ciopo- 
BBTca penoprepoRB cbojbko bobhosbOi bo penoprepu ace-rau 
BeB8M%BB0 xo<JBBaioTCfl CBOero B erpo^arB cbob xjaBBiie panopra 
o TOMi| aaaoe «menu» b maiinaBCBoe 6umo na xasoiiVTO otiixi, 
xaBie CBaxeÓBiie noxppaa BOjy^eBu tbeoS^to Mcuoxot ^erol, hio 
CBasaji TBBofi-TO E JíhKh BTO npBBBJíx TaBoft-TO. Bb oopaBiaHíe Bioro 
HenparjiflXHaro raserHaro (ytf,ijítí^ cepaSsaue sypBajacni lacro 
cciijaioTefl Ba tO| hto xsaaa mšoio btbitb BeflMkm, obb otBi^ams 
Ba cnpocB By6jBBB a ^ro, Biuqrcni obb bz*b bbi cocraBa rt- 
seni, OBB cpasy ynaxerB n opoxasi* S3to Mašaie, Bopo^eai, 
cjiysan jbbib noxTBepaixoBieirB Toro, aasB spinao sypBaiBcni 
xepaKaTca lot axea, ^to raaera — Bpesxe Bcero — ToproBoe npe^- 
npiflríe. CiiOTpa se aa sron jopexaen co cropoaiii Bejosa ae 
caasatB, ^lo raserii caaB BocaaraBaDrB n iBTaTea'6 ary notpe6- 
BOCTB, aiy axHBOCTB K% cnieTBam a ceacaiiioBBUirB bsbÍctíami— 
no aeBoaš bitb se npBxoxaica a yxoaieiBopaTB BTOiiy anneraiy, 
tfHcrpo craBOBan^eMyca noTpe6BOCTBa>. Bcb ara «MÍCTBua BadiD- 
xeflia», «BesAy npo^aicB*, «0irjua saaiTaa^i «€Ojae^Bue jy9H» 
B TOMy Dox* raaeTBue otx^ih npBBOX>n n npoBBBaia ibbib n 
Toayi BTO aasxufi orlxan sa cocixoa^, aaai npacasBiifi ch- 
jDfíKh a aasxHl sasxerB xoÓBTBca ÓJiaronpíaTflaro ce6% or- 
Buea FB raBeri. Maccu, noaepnaK>Qtia bcš cbob ca^x^aia bbb ra- 
serB, BOcoBTaBaua, tbb^b caasaTBi sa bbx'B9 QpoaBJuia>TB BcajH)^B- 
TejiBBoe npacTpacTÍe ai apaBOCiaiTB a x^aamra pimareiBao ae- 
cnocoCauMB vh cepBfiSBOMy ^reflÍK). Majio loro: nocroBBBoe HTeaie 
BumeynoifflflyTaro otx^jb raserB aajutraerB aaayio-TO caoeoópasayi) 
newTB aa canoe MipoBoasp^aie BaypaxBHXi no CBoeiiy pasBaríK) 
rpasxaai. npBBuqsa rb aBTopaTeraoify xoay a aeBOcaixoi^^^J^' 



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iMfíVĚkwmkĚ mmáacntk. H 5 

loen rawn BUdOMen npftBBixy kx pteraiejneuin^ «cto sf ^ 
ffan He npMftpeHHairb 8aiBmriflK&) n oryjBHOcrH bbboxobs; 
liM oftMi v^pMBEU rpaawrau, BnnftBoiioB mseTHEin «ysa* 
i)on», HpufteBon nn n wrrtleinrL Mfbmwk^ m Ttn^ rxft nrt 
e^BBtaú oeeipii BOBOxm euerHH HMien HpaBCTBeHaoctB 
codkxrt, aximífl auemivr, se aoprejm, BSBexyrB ceroxHi Ht 
iqMmjuHsiQr oteraesie b« raycWNn jrrMOBHOin HpeeTyajvbHÍB, 
A siBTpa alIlT^ Ksn hb m nm oe ÓBBajo, csáuyn speBOB- 
iMBn ee se AO Be0en. 

Bi «paBáant> Tik orxibxy BBypajpan vbcTBarB Quieten, 
mera peryjapst Bei^yri orxfcn ÓMte HancBamim BBBterit Tot 
se BATeropkr, -~ a menaM, in epexH aarjítcBott sn ýpaw- 
qyieKot apaciot]MiTÍv, m ní bc i miu% rocyxapcTBeHHim xtoeiei 
iT. n. Bi AiMpraft cyo^eeriyen BeciMt MBoroncjosHB uaccs 
loeyjBBn jex>9 MnfUB rtn tmko. h uniftBm», vro i9yiafl)n 
ff sanoHBHaBm tra orpmis b9b onHCuril sibhh vb bsciiihxs 
e^nelenx^b vpyraan. %teio opeue cmHMuae^ i Biyms^, Korxa 
imi*Hi<fyx^ Ba^noM, BptinnwBiMrii bíbs q)eKi caiiaro ae- 
HBreuBreHTBUo aoffB, HtoHua nesa opotB^mian lacwn i^skra 
ly^i^ capa ^apjBsa JljukM in sacwn poflocjOBBal toto ua 
ipjřoro aarjiteiMkro an ^aHityBinparo napa, paBCtaraBai, aa koks 
cm sesan a ei sixi Haxoxarca b% cboBctbí, a saaanaBaa CBoe 
TopseeraeHHoe noBteraoBaBie aaauv-Hatyxfc naaasnrRHMs caaaxa- 
JOK wn ceifetaot cpem BaBOfo«i«Éfyx& bbb eaponelcBan roey- 
mfCíBomurk jmutíL Tenep^ a yse Baax), iro Bce aio no^ep- 
HDieica am iftn se rašen. A inao saaa) seBaqnii a Kys- 
mn^ aodopne aeibsyanca z^/bck peayraveft j[K)xeB rpwaxaoft 
epjrxBipa, aa ríUk aei axi saaaia aow^ayra asi apeapacaiin 
tjAmaan raseraiirii pei^atUI, BsnoffaBtarB aeaexn no aoaajie- 
flii n cain aajio-Mancaa saatiiiTejBaBXi aaan. Biarox^IMi 
VĚkj apa xf^nel aawrra, BBOiqpaaiMHI apaaiaaol, a asBtoaott 
eaiíocra — bcbbíI nošen ciarb bx^ y^eaaa%. 

Fopasxo aasaie aBiaeiea, oxaaao se, xpyroe cjftxcTBÍe raser* 
flol apexapÍBMiaBocia) a neaBOi áa aocroaaaiia aiopseaia b% 
<jfí6wpD oŮMUTb. Wkrh caoAao*aa6yxB aarepecaaTO apoi^eeca, 
KRopaS ea caMaro eaaero BeBBBaaoBeaia ae o6cysxMea 6h ae- 
Wbi) co Bcin ciopOBi. raaeTH paB6apa»n aosasaaía CBax6- 
leieft^ aaajui3apya)n ars npoouoe, BsiBOxan CBoa 8aaja>ieaía 
nnen eieaeaa xodOffbpaoera Toro aia xpyroro CBBX^^fejibcaaro 
ttflBieBiB, a Bo Bce TO apena^ aoaa axen pa^apaienerao x^ia aa 
eyxi, raaeiaifa aexerca cyxi sa eaofl ewn, BBBOxarea aox^aca 
fle(SiiBajHa yjnaa^ apexyraxHBaerea nparoaopi a t. x- HexapoMi 



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246 

cjKbH BeerjMi iipWKMpenMyrh sa »ioi> cierb npmmHim b 
ffOMh mi cípom urcTpysqui aitoien toio, hxo6ii ti, coqsm 
HpsoavHBiai, OTHioflb He vnsM T$9er«BXh no xfthiy cjm/firni. 
Ho BVB BHopyBivH cyxeft leeua mcio h6 BexyTi £■ kb leiqr i 
npHCUbBHe n GomoMBcmb cxynaen) bobbimupucb esexneraa 
XOMOfl H9B cyxa, CBJomB H paff)m noxa^Favicfl bjúhík) řasen. 

yjsasHBai Ha ary BeiqpB]»uiQFiocTopoHy«ypBaaHGniBH, Bimie- 
ynoimyTaft Be?. 6. Bidw bb craiBi CBoel nimo roBopan: 
HTO neuTB ^acTO ^npesapaeri aBiopBien cyxa ^* BoaaoxBn npe- 
ciyoHBBa n My^aasa, % MaaHHaro no tyxy únaen jy^- 
moph uoAOBi erooopasixftBia^... 9io «yse eosefmaoBU aaapxía 
sypHajBcnitt*.^ saaajtaen npeaoffoÓfliUI juaeHTjftiieaft. 

Bjaxfl Ba GDoe f^o orpimaiia xesBiVi jKypeauoreBa) aan 
narBBTi, npBisEBBaen n ctíSA jymía yMcmeaHaa caui cípaHii; 
M ea ycjiyraM!& acft TaiaHni, loiopBe m xpyroi crpaBJ^ iq^ew- 
JBCB (Su cepobteBOMy ynoiBeHHOiiy xpy^y* aaywairb aaciiwBa* 
BizwhyOtkmaaAnduamo jar^pasypy npeqpacHHVB npoiSBeAeHian* 
Ho npa nimBet BeoDiiyjuipaDtni ■ay^Ho-iafiamsaro ipjjia, y«- 
Hiix% H8€J!ÍK0BaBUI, raaeiu noioaraBUHo sacacHBaByn laiaBza. 
ModiOAHe mKBf BOBi^Bíme CBoe ofipaaoBame rb KOJÉJienB, sBann, 
iTO Ha axBoaaicBaa, bb BewiBBCBaa apo^^ia cpWBj mm xeaeri 
He ffi,fjfTh; aeaKxy rtai XPHBta bmi BymBUj cb ÓoiBaiaifi rqxh 
WBi paacraBaiBea Taaieao— a lyr^ hmrb pasi nox> pyaaxa ^a8e^ 
Hoe xftjo, He oco6eHBO kb oapBHxs (sonib GTyneaaai xaseioe i 
epaBHBTeAHo xopomo OHiavoaeiíoe. H botb, Hojoxoft neMvIm 
BCiyni^erB HpaMO eo HnoiBMicaaicBH bl paxii peiK)ipieiK>Bi| yfjbmia 
ce<^ naxesxPK) OTRjiaxvBaiB ffiBin na to, wo($i, roxa ^epesB 
XBa-rpa, BBSTBca^ sa owir npo^^acdiOy ne onacaacB Hyaxa. Ho 
raaera — ^lo fpacBea: paeB as aee ^xbch aeTynaniB, caMony nn 
MeA TpyxHo BRaapaCÍBaiBoa, paBsi ixo cajofi hbb boí B£i6pocm 
sa HeroxHOCTBK). «Hen)XH0ciuB» sa HajiHBaam^exs peoopiepi id* 
HBTaexcfl rjiaBHUM& o6pa80H% to^ wro OHsejHmaompeflHBBOoiso* 
CBTOfl a& HOBOMy eaoeiiy x^y> He xoverB nocvyfwrbca crporoio 
opaBABBOCTBK) j^Msi xocTBaLeik Baovnaro »|4ana a crpeMitcfl 
A^JiBTBQa ci viraTexaMH nioMiBa coticTBeHaaro OTBieieHHChaayi- 
Haro dHasia. Taicoro Hosana pteo oeiaMBJíBBaacyrB m pexaai(iH 
B ecjiB owh ne acopaBOTca & ne HayHHTca taopo aatSaBjaT^ na- 
laTeaefty He uaiafl eaaib aBfexB ca neiSa — ero 6eafB^ BaiaB» 
xaxBHiflniHxi OBOJBHHOCTeA BimpoaoBKxaKm bvb pexaaipH. Maorie 
aapoBBTue MOJiofiBe jnxH imsopaiOTca BeotfxoxBMoerB, o6y8XiiBa»i^ 
CBOB H>Honi6caíe nopiiBSi a btoxiix bi TpeÓyeMyio paimy peaop' 
Tepeaaro A^a — aaai hiíb Haasevca, na BpeMa. Pi aroMi ora. 



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inBniBOiii sfFHuncTiKi. Si7 

MflSM, mecMW omOamai. VeaaptepmM ji!bs.nnmmh BBox«m 

BiDorf Bo wA dojmrae q^fiv, nepencB bvitbi Majio^no-Kajiyi 

pisi^miBwicfl BOfl aai^iieBu cfDpoai ropoxcsott si9&ff« Ew, 

sMiiBoe xijo, »e ciaHyrb soccuníti lacj^^XdBaTB xotfpOA&ten 

inmenftiBnn bbs rponam, a nopyvm xotenmea, kmími 

syrém ton uh xpyrofi r» ^BOporfXB^ pasfJDraTkn, Kai»M% 

ůlífĚdowh xetfurai x^yrot Bfimxmro ipHroBopft eyxon n BasHOi 

m6i e% ropo^^m, xnn iioi;rim)BduixteE mfta«-TO MomiiMis eme 

tmtwá MĚxnoĚjmcmn. Majo-no^iaiý ifoioxoft wioBÍt% btaph- 

neicfl n qiyroBopan rapaxosoS wnmr, bca eff rjum bsbícm* 

evy xo MeM^it; HfBorftMranat ertxmb ea pasatfiieto Bcataxi 

Hesec n u iHi soiidnaqUI, om b<h)9íí> y5§sxaeTCi, Kan ďerso, 

opa TOBtenol CHOponsb, saauian xwu^i ubs xoxro npH mn^ 

Mera, imtto xqiMMTbefl xan piob ta rpan^ft xofipraopaxM^ 

aacn m Bfpcmana, n nc^^eciytrai poBOBON) upexkui Emůxmwn 

tAu a am peenexratfeji&Hecri*. IIoctmbmb BpaoteHie b^ xocTam^ 

Bon uaceft BHBtmien oopseušptiie tony paexoxti v wA hmbu 

aa OTBUXBy xesen saiepaBaioTci bs oóiacni wctiiiTouiixx rpan. 

npoxaxvn nan^mKeh jňsFb, moúioxuí leJOBis^ smin, aai* 

noqBa fnof^mh y nero an-nexB bofb — ob% se Bce xaji^ine m 

noxMrraetCB, lee Bpaopferai savb n laiHOJXOBaHHrat ^>yry. Aeaers, 

loaeno, y Bera fasi se vmjo saBfB m npa BucfyiuemB na bo* 

npsn^e penoprepcBofl x^tereibseora, a norpeÓHCiCTif — BospaUB 

Qxeetiepo; bo wpaBiit euucn Bee-tWB BHorxa oxepSHBseti sepsi 

I loiegiiiS mMmivhy piamranBo nopsaBi CBBav eKpexftK^iflMrKt, 

x|ia6po npiiHHMaeitB aa jíjbao bo opo^eodH, vh Borapot Borxa-n) 

roTOBBJCB) noďaraB, ^no SBUdtetfafl oaimoerB b asraie as^x^t, 

npio6p4rreBBusi bvi na cayasM iweTii^ own nparoxBTCB exy Ba 

BOBoiTL wnqpBo^. doaMia a cana TassTE BtojoxurB xioxefl; bb- 

Xln, Ban 6MBeB obb, BHraaob xoemn ycntea n BaBott-Bfl($yxB 

■po^^eedB B xan cbo^o nponasaxa bi BBXfE B$pa b% ce0i, Baai 

(SeaxeBefaóe émbb rojiíduro fl£t n ^oproBOtt a^^epu bjb btb it s« 

pexttiiki. npBxoxBxoct roBop^b o róui, « ch nosBWiiB pexai(« 

TtqMUiff, B Bek oBB np6 roBOpsA, ^ro se nocoB^ftfOBaaB 6m hb 

oxaoMy ŮJDĚsatxmy eedft abobA flawflars cboio Bap^ej^ n pexas- 

Qii; HiBOYOpue peiopTepu, opaBxa, nponBiflion aBa^BTeiBdniB 

cnoco^BocTB, BOXBBBUOTCB xo VBBDeHflT KoppecBOHxeBTa, pexaKTOpBí, 

n€ai«jB<fl»p^lOBim cTaieft, ho Bce se BecbMa HeMBoríe saxo- 

xm BpBHOjiBoe XM ee0B hom x^barej&aoevB n sroM^ BanpaBieBlB. 

Bi cpefíb npoTBBflflsoBi sx&flmeS šypaaJiBCTBBB ae padi roBO- 

puock o isoia, isú Bi aii«|>BBafiCB08 ne^axB BOAsapeM tfÓJBrnas 

ffci^BímHa, qíícb y iesyBTOBi, b ^lo 8fa xBC^Bn^Ba HBposxft^^ 



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248 Mcnm spoiaL 

euyt Ch mompoŘ ^canonj ncyxapcr^y npixeicf eo ipeiiaMm 
cwraTBefl». 1t6 oodcTBema noxpasjnftauaeb iio;n^ not mcňgr 
BeS^pasott, xu kwx nnoexa ne texo wcravoiHa mao: Bfepaie 
MOTO, ino BCfl cua 9toI yrpoas apoeicfl aiieaso n ea nmmofA 
1 moiq^exiLNBBOcní. Amviuraa n pewucunn rjMHBA opn* 
son neuTS x^ftnsiTeiBHO ooánDwercs caMaa TimmiBHas; ho 
«m xHCI^lOJl8Ha Bvfanuro idpa se Bacaetu^ a fen ses ho <buo 
6u BosifesHOCTH B ynpaaun^ oqNmHrar& unaaiEiiom lasais 
Faaen, aan Haap^ <Herald», iqni aotiopoft ooeiMn x§ 460-h 
mioiAn iiatioiraxB, pem^iepon, pexavropon, sopp«noHxeHTWi& 
s npo%i HécBAuio tfojiie ocHOBaieaMmcB ■pexeraMietca o6bs- 
Home Wh TOiTBy vio aMepBBaHCBaa newn ispunsywh cbooto 
poxa cjrjTB JBH^a, xoTopsics obb eanoBOJiMO pacnpaBuercB co 
CBOEMH iqiOTBBHBBaiiB, CTUfl ee(te Bi H^BompofCL pobI BBme ca- 
Ma%% aaBafiOBs eipaBoi. 9to sajd^xb anepBBancqpB) mjpBMBcmj 
BooÓn^e — xj^o Bec&Ma (HiaeHoe, b% ion ntob hb xaašlinaro eo* 

XHftBÍfly Tan BBBl pyBOBOXBTOilB aMepBBaflCBOt neWTB BpfalBO 

croBTB aa ea BeupBBOCHOBeHBOcrby bí^jiho ]iOHBiia»T& cbob eew- 
pem B xavn oootfnia xpya^Biifi OToopib Bououy nocaraieiBCTBy 
Ba orpaBBqeHíe nojisott cboÓoxh nevaraaro o6eysxeHU| saBoro Hsi 
TO HB (Jiuo spexKora. CpaM^c^ co cbohkb aparaiíH vh oix&ib* 
HOCTB, rasem nrapcMso noJt^syKnefl CBOeio cbo6oxok> uobb; tesaiB 
xase cjy^BB, aorxa pasxpaaceBHHl pexiaBTop^ bhxoxbts wn ipa* 
HBIC& npBjnmaro npempaTeiunu, MMWb^ naop.^ aBaHeHBTHtrpBjni, 
njÚMmno saaraBBiifi bi cbooI raaert, mo «ry6e|maTopnb OeS]ijp& — 
Mrywh* B T. n. Ho noxotem cxy^aH craHOBaicfl npesEH^atHO 

piXBBMB n ]^BBBJUI80BaHHHX:i aMfpHBaHCBBTB i|eHfpaziy B HpaB* 

myvnai leneps smn no Of^aBnaH^B^ na Dií, xa vh mraimn 
xa^eBaro sanaxa* BooÓiqe roBopa, toh!b aM^^HBaBCBOl neum Bna^n- 
TejBHo noxBiJicB sa HOCiixBee xecnBjriMe. Ilpaaxa, ^nro Bienepb 
Wh «New York Herald» b wh «Sim» nepixBO BCip^iaBnci raní 
BHpaseHui, BBBi: <siich reeognized robbers and jobbers as 
Opeaker Eeiferi BobesoDy Page» ^) b tomj noxotfnafl aaoBienB, 
HO na 910 jme hbbto ne o6pani(aen BRBxaHÍa, mwh Karb hb- 
^ecTHOCTb ynoxBHaeHHxi rocnoxfB hbb6m% ne ocnapBBaeici b caHB 
ora ne pbmaHma BCsarB on 8ax&BaK>iQBn wa řasen yxouearBO- 
pema sa BiOBery, Óobcb cyxa nya^ raseiBrnn tojíbob!e. 

HexbSBy bohowo, oreepraTE b toto, ho raserfi Hop&xBO aio- 
ynorpetfiflByrE CBoam npaaoiCB HeorpaRBWBHaro oficymxeHÍfl Bemel 



O n'^^^ ů6wifiaBtšcmaiB pMÓoinii ■ ^epicn, lan Couepft B6i#ep» m 
(veu loirpecca) Po6oon, ILmk ■ xp*- 



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iLlIFRáBOiUI JKffliJUCTnU. S4d 

— 1 9fo n ooofeBBOcnr apco n^MBJserai n Bepio/^ mtepa- 
itKHm nfpmHiif. Btmffitbj Baopnri^ rMera yroiOBioe 
npec^yniraie Ba wamm m oíkqatTrBMHftro xtoteii, ofiBHse* 
iiB x» Toro Buinoe, hto ctHXW) Jiase ero h wrpoMfNn^ » m 
eňmrhj n qmipoeni, 8to h A'kn»f mbs nm a« xpyroft Aen 
loipioe flyn^esB tfyxwb e^e (kurte Hcuriinit ayx%í— h Ta»^ xo 
tanonsocn; A wsxy tíic&i eon »grk«e jpn^ noxotearo otfn* 
Bmi He ooptMpraeis, to rasem esexnesBO aamaen aasMarB, 
ne wnrfB cN. xo cel nofm Moran: asa^an^ aHaen, «o 
MB oasaiH o H6» upmKy^... Ha xpincoft xen^ raaetacfloaa av 
ttiien: «Bce e^e ors N. na déaa n oivlnttt> ■ wo npexdi^ 
Meiofl^ ooaa casol nwvb Baqaxaa ae BaioiÍM»a« 

Ri maam aptenairL jspÉÍ/bvmyn, BWfomwhj inmy iav6ojrke 
Bioxie xacna^ se aatoiiUe mr penjraqUr, aocropMO c?objo fiu 
lopoxan, HH Banaran, ea Boropano nocrpaxaameMy Moaao ůa 
nxinaai BavBKaTL aosaarpasxeHíe aa axeBeijr, a HaK(meif& napva* 
stEdia rasem, au^aa^a saxaoe ejmieeTBOBaiiie n npeaaHiáB aa 
cpeieraa aoaaiefa Tot an xpyrol ffOJMa^ecnS aapria* Eon- 
oív raseiSy BeiB8ya>n9aca xoBftpievb odavcrta, oreawa se mh;- 
WOKg me»wM oajieBetaTb aaro^Hgtfjixi* a v^aoxars Hanpacuay, 
unU) B0-nqiBH»y qio aa hbiíb sqiao crtxan ar^ mt eoOpara 
xpyran raaen^ acerxa roroane oopoBepnyrb Mapaaxy, aiiaeGva 
imeiBBaoBi aa vcrya) eexy, a ao-anqHn^ mi Hftt% pascaera 
qitfftraTb aa faaaas aasBava yjoaaaMii)— ODatb aa cajiy loro, 
m (fonatia nsera — rt aie x^imna opMnj^aria a aai npa- 
xoffica xopovRL xoabpieai ^avafeieM) aTo($i it apoxouBaia an 
noajraan. Hn Oojbrnara aaH^íopacaaxi řasen aan^e aeero no* 
muen oeM pacaoBeaniia anxoxaa tNew-York Herald>9 aoato 
786 BSBftcTHBt Mifult teiTiUe anepaaaacaot a^paaaacraaa; hto 
neaeicfl xo <New-Tork Times> a <^w-Tork Trilmiie>, o6ii^iB lovb 
m Bepexoaan craieft ae aeaopotfan Hu a aarjaaaai. 

Booiíhi^e roBopa, ard (ta aa roaopajooa o0s pacnyqeaaocra 
ttepauacaol aeqara, otfa ea xecnoraaicb^ Bce-raaa, opa tfeaapa- 
etpicfBot ea outaat co cropooH, aeaBsa ae apitia wh rouf sa- 
umeaii), m oaa xueao ae tasí aepaa, aaai ee u2Mowt&. 
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OTTUtaBaaHiiaro, ao, ai otfBi(eft cjemaocra, sjio, ea> aopoauiaeaoe, 
n saauTenaoA cieaeaa aeftTpajaaapyeica xpyraaa oÓsotecYsra- 
Haaa Biiaaiaaa, — nm aaa% aa DDÍTaTan caotfoxaa ae oxaa ae- 
"^n, Bo a Bci rpasxtae, nmh ai ptvan, laai a b% xiiflcraian 
Mna* Maorie asi jyamarB «ftmaa» rpasxiaa acapeaao co* 
Buton o Toai, ^no aeaaxb erpaaii ae aoeraaxeaa aa Taaya> 



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2(0 BMTim ntooH. 

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mna xuoaoicb aHrjif cmí i(Bbuhw|íh; « qx&cb, i^aBeraeaDM 
noHxm cttfOffo otfiieona oiotn en^ jchoto hbzií aarjnleBiD— 
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laTB-— BaBBMB 6ei ju(w>ia OHa bh bomcb. 

AMepnuKsafl nenaT^— i mueBm m ei mciomtem rax6 — oo* 
CTEBMeTB Hon^&HBioe eoq[K)BH]qD xtf npcwa. IlyerB ona, a n- 
6omiTCi90Wh yÍBfíEúá vjmyrnnm, BBliKBMTca n wfmisi xku; » 
10 ťpaawane ciiobqího BUBHamci sasxiil cbohmí A^<n», le 
oipii&aincfl on aero obqub flOJsmeonnit CEJOBSoenw h isaie, 
Ban »B caMyx) ropi9]V nofy BlilkipQB!^, m tpaisirB fiewm ;qM- 
roqftflHaro spenemi aa npeBftpsy paBHiixi lenHun, ipMOsesn 
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vaBeiHy 9TO0S Boe ysatcB xo poeiixptf Méjo^a; mslmú wro: Bcsat 
BBaeTB, ^10 raaeni dkiaion cboiii!b HasBaTOideicB nevaiarB s npo- 
3ÍpaTB ciyis, npeasxe t&rB rt yenltn pacnpocipaHHTBOfl bi 96- 
B^eerBŠ. PexasiDpft npexnpÍBMmot aiiepHBaHCBoi raBem jc^orraeiB 

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CBaa nevatB— ^TO BceesfarBiit Apryci, noxi oxpíamo Boroparo 
BupoBO pBBBepTUBaeroa HpHpoaxeHriaa bcAbib jnoxui op^opisK- 
UBOOtii. Bseet eiA/yms^ m^ hbx^ Hajoni, ppaauaHe sHaDiB) 

TTO Sa SpOBHIIMH BZ^B xeBeSXaBB BOpSO tjAw^Tb xfaTe»HOe QBD 

KMŮmjuOf CBHOi^HBBaHHaro BQHTpojiepa — De^aiB; obe gaiCHKrB, hto 
neuTB BEB xeBBHOGiarxeBfln CMjwoíh bbo cra Bso^aHivrB Ba speví 
BBH^BBBORb, BOCBraioBuixB BB Bapoffum xeBBTB, B eoiH Ba hbd6- 
jHieflia fle BjeayrB bb eoÓQK> HenexJieBBafo opexyHpesxeHifl pac- 
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JflHBTb JÍHB B HeCHOCOÓHOCTB Bl BBlCniHn CjyraTB ZOBBBHBrBa- 



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kMsnauBmuM smáucruu. 961 



fomj MttlintTb Msn imioiiQacTOBi, » Mwrtji— e čsobo 00 

Kii^ O60i^ qmem laeuit 9 aac&iia ttoo oeittuera den bhv* 

loak XHM mH^imie eoBiru miailB. npBTom maroM o(»- 

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m on TiMniwro oteiaa: moí juraHO, nocift Bioioains dbn 

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wn nn cgrticmtHpyiyn raaoni, nssi uuip., ^Hafloouat MarBar^ 

Tjihgbj n HuthloiiBi, n ptenoikasamH mroparo oiaraponoBHo 

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nocjixBU, Bexyrcfl aecbiia xopomo: <Tríbane>, cjrlxy^i Tpax■^il]í!b 

CBoero oeBOBana Beanafo Tfmtm^ npcqiojJBaen ciHnmca aBio- 

pneiom no MBonar^ a>piaiimK% Boi^ocaarb, oo Boe se a xa 

Bdi OTBOcata » Baj(w6piawL, Mai^ «to rartczHiit omin hsiA- 

ott OBpaawweBa bi >PMbj, muŘojůe MpmtOKBjm xu a^^epi 

BamBrniBcara Tjjuxa. H TftiťB ApeaMeva, aaaa HfioaBBCHicai rasem 

<HeTyá» paexoxBToa sa ^aejii 125,000 eBsewijflpoBBy a ctmb 

se BeMBflCBHaa <Snn> MvaiaerL cjBinaoin ifBjjnogi> Boaqpoea 

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laieiei bb j^^ BoIbo paocoxavcx jomn raseru BeeaBBCiMiui, 

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cBjy B sBaieaie. TaBBsa o6paaoMa, Ba Baeicaotee Bpeiu, bo- 

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faercfl rjasafiiTB pyaoBOXBxewiťb raeoni b BBHOBBaro neitexJieBflo 

iioc m ^aeia aapa eiporaa, bo eapaBexiBBaa^Bepí^ao BesexieflBoe 

mneflie nicm. 

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xyeia, ocena^n, bhboxbtb sa juoxb (fojamBociBO saBmoxaieaet 
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npeBBx^Bra, a sar&ia li se BaBoaoAatiejiB b aoesrejiB Biacn 
BcnojHBiejiaBofi saiacryio ae onpaBxuBafoia saxesxB BSÓopaiejiefi. 
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nepénmrejBBuxa Jiioxel Ba noc«rtxnH)K) HBByry BH6opoBa nox*- 



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XU)TCipf6iiwwnHKiMiE»8aflBwniai&iie«miiiQBMpo BMopaei 

iqmsepQHBXft ndipimBiHfel oKkiOBet- naváni; nu i raa aaii^ 
«wieiBBO cunaeioji rtiTL oteonauenoifB, iro eociaiBseii nr 
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eraa, a cam pt^aniopB Be upaffmnf ocoéeuHu* BBaqeufl eacmn 
aBTopavemrm saiueHinrB) iq»xaeTMU4i:cett qnipd ba sanifa 
yisepBxasB ii]híiio spOTnooojojKMt. PjnoBtwneis imwn oř* 
BpaTO roBopan, ido hmiuots m99tf se cb ^mHfpooneoBROí) 
a a spaBmeesaiiir q&nuy a iat« saBi UTamn orHDXB m 
aHrein, ne acseni h se isfmtsmmae ápmAKOj to h pexasn^pun, 
n BBxaxi ycB^xa rageW) . itpncgárrCs npaaitoitufl k& Toicy^ ttó 
ntaraiam TpetyexoB* 

HicBOiBBO dorte ooBonTejumoi npenonmiannHi > sa iiqmiii 
B8rMX% cfOMb pacnfoctpaHBBHHe b& aáa<ECTB& jrnpeiuí aa to, «o 
newrfc, iqmBieBafl te ceM jyoría onm cípaHii^ t&ms camm 
OTBjeiaen naoBiia on^ cijmdmsL oiew^By, Miniaen oépaaoBaaii) 
tpyBHEixi nMyxtpcTBMBim AftarejeS «e pcM^b EjiutCTOHa, fi^momM 
Bpafira h xp, BiBOXf dio otfBHBtme Ha nems, TpetfoBimnsoe 
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Bsiomefi noiiBTssB, ^to bc6 csjki, ses ssrejiJsreBiQS crpam 
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oviii pysoBOAdsa redeBi-narpioiovB. Hastersoe jíbMQj ^10 sass 
naipioTH ooB^amcs osaeseorbsi, yrpoflraa>iqeB> ore^eeny, tsvb s 
spj^nsiie recyxapcTBesHHe jsub ooanwits otfcTOsrenciBaMs. 3x&» 
«e npeofixaxaetnb Mspsas, paawoóptsnias ]ioqMHorB»Hecn S MOim o 
noiosy, 9T0 sa ropoeBi s resieBi cop^ca mifn. IIps xpyrsxi 
odcioirettCTBaxi^ — secouHftHHO safixyíci s jidxs, imoBBe jri^aiB 
xftJiOy saBxyTes, nosajiyfii s BpaflfB, s Tasaciosb, wmw xu ta- 
soBBxi OTqKieres rnsposas apeaa x^TeiMOcrs. 

ÁMepssaspB OTOBB JDten ape sasxoirb yxottsoai cxywft 
ipirspoBaTb cMBa CBoero BesafiBeBaaro naspioim-nperawna AŠe^- 
^pcoHa B BH oxBO B81 B8peHeBÍI BToro flocji'&XHsro se nepexa- 
sajo, saseicfl, a lasos) bí^»bogi&k> Bos^bsifi BcfarB ero rpas- 
xasx, sasfc to, soiopnas obi aaaBSjn: <a tfa osorafte eerjacsjícs 
aurr& bi crpaíri, Tfjk eoh iMem, bo bítb npaBBTej&ciBai víitb 
Bs Tasofi crpaat, rxt snfteres spaBareiLCTBO^ bo b%t% rasero... 

B. MiLS'&-riXiH%. 



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MAPIOHl #Afl 

POMÁHl, B% XB7XI ^ÁOTAXl, AhTOHH TfOUODJ 

Q% Mriileuffo. 



ÍACTb BTOPAfl ♦). 

Mieropt rpBHByx7» Dpoxoiaaui safioriTBOfl o sxopobbí pes- 

Topa niereqKa AoacjoiomíH. .Si^we h lenepb Haxésw ero ee 

noraxua^ HO OHI cwpbA, xyxajocb aiy, Mon pascuTHBaiB na 

cmíHBa upusa— saBi Ton hh 6Qn kb seny ho pacnojiosesi 

— ^iftui fla ero Hacj^HiiBa. Mapnsy ovh Ba;ioíj%, ion sasxaji 

orb Hero orxiJiaTbCfl; Mapusi, HHBorxa ne OTjiHHaBmilcji metr 

pocnx), lenei^y (tiiTb nosen aa ciiepnioMi oxpi^ cian áeciipa- 

Bexnn, cypovi^ secroBi. Ho ohi hun cjia(toxapaBTepeH*B, sa- 

6uvivn m xno Mon nosejiafL dtepe^B cboh xoh&fh h nosoH- 

9HTb CB OTOt HecHOCHoS HCTopíeB, npexocTaBHVB eMy mícto. Ho 

MapBHsrB HO uoTh BiTB paeoojiaraTB ope shshe pesropa, He Mon 

wxe otiftnum ir&eia tfen corjadfl cuHa. ^m Jiopxi& r»]f ncrexB ero 

Be xftcn, MHCTep% FpHHByxi 6eixe BnoiiHŠ yBŠperob. Ecjh mosho 

6ajo ^T0-Hi6yxB ycTpoHiB, oro xojsho Óutl cxi^aHO MapsasoirB. 

MapBHBi ($HJX o^eHB 6ojieHi) ho Bce se 6uio sipoarno^ ^ro era* 

pirB pmopi yMpen panime. 

Mucseph r^HHByx^ ne Eufkn Hcnaro noHinifl o xapaKiept 
vojoioro aopxa. MapBHsa obi saajrL xopomo, ran saBi nposHj^B 



*) Cm. iBiie: ídh», 754 crp. 

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251 MGTHm IB^OOH. 

ch HviTB MHoro jAvh. CnTEfl CBoero narposa pasxpasHTenHim 
00 6ojŠ8Hiy HO on npapoxit CHHCxoxnenHuir&y HetfiaropasyM- 
EMWb H ciaÓHMi, ovh HaÓpaeuBajTB nopTpen cxositt c% opvn- 
Haiom. Ho npinacHBai MCTHrejiBHOCTE, cypoMcn^ Jiopxy rdvn- 
ciexjr OH^ coBepmeHHo oimtfaica. OTHOcirejBHo Anj&cioioiiÓa ■ 
XpynTb npnoxon, loropae co BpeMeeeirB 6jfjn pasjcasarBCi 
no ero ycnoTp&HÍK), Jopxi rdimciexi yse x&bho h osoHmeiuo 
pimui, ^iTO Be 6yfjm srB bobco aacarbca, ho Haxoxf ce({2 eno- 
codBHiTB HasHama^ CBHiqBHHHBOBi xia oryneHÍa x^epasi, kb bo- 
Topofl ne npH^HCjan oeli. Bcd 9to oti ap^cwBHTB enecBoiiy, 
xyiiafl, ^To enHCBOiTB fflimewh bi btomi cmíčjiHTB Óonme ero. 
Tšm HO xeHie, ecjv6H orei^ otfpaTUca n Heny c& Baaiim-Hi- 
6yAB TpeÓOBaHieiTB OTHOCHrejBHO AiuBCioKOMiSla, ohx, 6em BcsBaro 

COMBÍHÍB, CTOJTB 6u 8T0 M^bcia OTWHHHITB DpH SH3HH OTI^a. Ho 
OtfO BCOMl BTOITL llHCTep% FpBHByXl BO MOPB B1I§TL HBiaSOrO 

noBjíTia. 

EsexBOBBO, no^B ea(CTacBO, o(Scysxft^BCB btb BonpocH Mesxy 
jiexB RBBc6epB B KaneuaBoiTL. Mesxy bbmb bosbabib CBnBai 
CBMnarifl, flacBOJíBBo osa nošen cyn^^craoBaTL TaMi, vfíb ^yB- 
CTBa oxBoro ropasxo cbilb^ ^yBCTBi xpyroro. MarB «rojy<SBOBi» 
nosBOJHja 4sbn ropuBB eteoun aa i^knĚ CBoero njjaa on nep- 
Baro Cpaaa b CBa^aia bo Bcrpiqajia nojBaro co^yBCTBÍa wh CBoem 
noB^peHBOicB* Ho aa nocj^xHee apena obi crajn saepiviB&e i 
pftgqe ea caMóft b boitb omejOMBJí ee cmíjíoct&d cbobxs eirai. 
Osa, vh' rafat, Be pan nosBOjaia ce6% mfaemh sejaHÍe, iroth 
ea nacuBOBib yiieprL. EaneuaBib noxuaTBii bte cjOBa b noBTopui 
BX^ xo Ttrs nopi, noaa oaa caMa bxi^ bo yssacByiacB. Y boio 
He 6ii.io rojiy(5BOB%9 aoropne MorjiH 6u ciysaiB eiiy onpaBxa- 
hímtb. HeMHiocTHBaa cyxbda ae npaqHHBja eny HBBaaoro cepMB- 
Haro apexa. KarB bb 6umb tsoíke rpixa Jiopxa r8Hnciex& b ce- 
CTpH ero, ero obb onoBoparb ae motjb. A Hesxy tím%, b% ero 
cjOBaxi sBynaja BOBaracn, nyraamai ee. Hao xbx b& xeaB m 
Befl Bospacraao cosBaaie, hto oaa nox^BBBiacB rocnoxcray^ boitb 
TBpaBHÍB MBCTepa rpBBByxa. Korxa ohi^ CMOrpi^ aa see cbobmb 
rjnsaBB, ae CBOxa bxi^ ci aea bx Teqeaie bícbojibkhxk nasyn, 
8TB MBByTB Ba^BBajiB aasanci efi qacaaB a 6k> OBJíax^Ban 
cTpaxi. Oaa caaa ceSik ae opasBaBajacL, ^to noxnaaa nox^ ero 
BjacTB, ae cosnaBaja 8Toro, bo b ae coeaaaaa onorn^ua ero Bjda- 
BÍe, Taai vro a oaa aaqaia noxyxyBaTB, ^to xopomo 6um Ch, 
ecjiaÓH aaneuaBi auaysxeHi <^n ocraaaTB Tpaj^K^px^-IbpKB. 
Obx, oxaaao, npoxojsan o6cyxnzn cb aeft aci ceiceBHiia x^a, 
T0HB0 ycjiyra ero (Ju^a efl aeofixoxaMu. 



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láfian Mt. 255 

TaMptonat, BosviiiaBnar a vpiiBiík r»ifncTew n iioiíríib- 
nn, Ibm;^ so^ywia xMpeqnH& h, mbitho, TOfMci se ooo({« 
iqeoA iopjQ^ KiiHc6^[«. BlapKBvs, soiopiitt TenepB m BcttBajKcii 
omeii, BBfaguii HCipeHiee jffimmcnie u oam oooiDtBn ho- 
Bom sn^ Qn yase ann ee, nmh se km% ■ mmjuai%. Hosoen 
9ia (Siicípo o6jeT&ia Bdkob xoMamnr^ cpejpi KpoeijTi cf ov« 
emttfa ifrtBÍe, «k> iopAa I^Mmcvexa eiftxDBMo STopneo bb- 

SBftT^ yse EiCMÚAhSO XHeS Tony HUaXl. AOBTOplb EBMeKBJM% Xft 

MO xipiBsi B saieFopHqecftH BsipMin «bo» mscjo^ XMpei^EOiiy. 
Táamfph rpnBy^ nipann nenwi CBoe jdémj^miě^ h» MMp- 
un BOBce He sejaerB bhx6tb cbu, a vro cbsi ysi^ soBerao, 
fle MJŮmrh hb MajMmaro sejaBUi Bropímo nodbiTB Tpa^^^X'^. 

— OffB Bceny npexaomaeTB KBaBepmy, — csasajiiCRn,*— een 
osmy. Owh b cecrpa ero cmann ee(Sa eoBepmeuK) oiopBaHBiiiíB 
on ceMBH. fl OCTaBBJTB 6u BTE Bft BOBot, 6jffk B HB Baoieir& 

Oaa iTO-io GBBsaja Mysy b Bcropm y Bero ^no-ro, ^ efl 
TTOffo 0BJO c^ecTB BBfaseHÍe]i% sejaHÍj, hto6u jopxa Fdicnciexa 
Ba (SesBOBioiB. TempB j[opx% r^MncresiB %xan (fem BCiBaro 
npiTjBifleBii. 

— Tbbi obi opařen n&BBOv&y cpexB ho^b?— CBasan mb- 
ciepB FiwHByxi. 

B^ ero rojocft cjramajocB apespteie. 

— Owk dm laoffo x&iaen, — CBasaM MapsAsa. 

— GrpaHBHft cnwo&h bzoxbtb n xom tfojuroiH), noxBBMBTB 
ifttary epexB bo^b. 

Mflciepi FpBHByx^ TOBops aro, ctocn nepei^B MBJíejQi h 
crporo CMorpin bb aee. 

— ?90-si mbí-to a^jbtb? He Kpaao, rtoóu obi BoroHB- 
6jXB naq»eBOSBi%. Obi o6otxen nb 6oboboB XBepB, B!ro-HB($yxB 
m jíBxe&n Óyxen xesypBTB b BnyonrrBero. Oai Bcerxa nociy- 
naei% ne tavB, bbbi xpyňe. 

— « Kasajioc^ 6u, iio sorxa eieio ero yicBpaerB... 

— He roBopBte aroro, MHCTepB FpBHByx^. Hb^to ae xaerL 
BttTB npaea roBopBTL bto. MapBBsi oiesB 6oMewhj bo hbbto ae 
roBopajTB, mroóu ovb 6wn yse tbbi hjoxi. Mh^ Baseroa, vro 
Bi xAHHOifB ciyqa'& reMaeiexi aoeryaaen Basi cjixy^n* 

— GO]IB'&BaiOCB, TTO^H STO BOFXa-BBtfyXB 0% HHM^ CiyHdJIOCb. 

y UBES oxaa mucjb: CdQrttCB iro-BHÓyxB cl aapsasoirB, aasi 

UOXO npHBMLOCb ($B BBm B MOMXHMl JOpxaiTB. 

— He csífjdve n bs, KBCiepB rpHBByx^^-^CBadajia MapBBsa, 
KOTopoft npBcyTGTBÍe CToacQaro Banejuiasa crajo no^B aeBBHOCBMO. 



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256 B^BCmSI^ IBP9IH. 

Be floiepcrb lóro citoHemttro ema, BovepHfl pa^xpasan ero oo- 

— Hiam, a roBopio: eay^Mk no-unt^M.h c% MHJopjioirb, om 
fittio Ca apatee oeMibHO au Bac&, miawi^ a xu jopxa #pe* 
xepBaa, jopw Oryciyca h jqiu» Fperopv. 

— fici MH Blb pyaarb Bosían,— ÓjaromcraBO cafBaia m* 
jiaxB. 

— Jíf^ Bdk uu Wh pyaaxfc BomKn. Ho Focnox^ seiaen, 
iiTofo MB cana o oe(% 8a(k>TUBeB a Beawcaa crapaaBCB bbMt- 
HyTb aeenpaBexJBBOCTHy secTOBOcra b... b rpa(Seaca. 

— He jijMJíyj HTo6u ijn Óum^ aaaot-HBÓyxb ipadesi, m- 
CTep% FpBHByx^. 

— Paseí Be rpafiemi (Sa aro 6wubj ecjiafe sací b MauHb* 

BBZl aOpXWB BHTBaJB B» 9T(m) XOMB? 

— Obx, aoBeHHO) npBHax^esaxB On eMy^ Jopxy ranQCietxy* 
I& noayqaja 6u GMOKOuéb-AíiÓeA rb GoxepcexmBpib. TaxomHÍt 
fpwb spasBici UBÍ 6oihmt aroro. npaaxay om ssa^Tenao 
ueBbme^ HO HTo mhí sa yrimmie sbtb vh TaaoiřB ÓoumoBt^b jioiiš. 

— Oho, noBMJiyfi, b cnpaaexJBBO. Ho noveny bto TawB? 

— 06% BfOlTB TOJBOBaTB tfomOBOSBO, MBCiepi FpBBByXB. 

Ji He Bl CBJíaXl He TOJBOBBTb O&h BTOMl. HpOBCXOXBn 

BTO oiToro, HTO aB^H ^paHceA paspymHja aami xoni, hobbojubi 
ceůb craTb neB^CToft MOJioxoro <iejOBÍaa, aoiopNl eft ae napa.— 
Tyn OBI HOBaiait rojiOBOfi, ^t6 aeerxa x^an, roBopa o ibxb 
$paHcec!L.— ?T0 BacaeiCB Jiopxa FoiincTexa, a cqaTaa) Hapoxamn 
G&XCTBÍeirb, HTO owh nepeauiBerb cBoero ori^^. 

— Ho HTÓ MH MoateMi cx^aiB? 

— TpyxHO caasaTB, maj^xh* ^tď b-to no^BCTBy», ocjib no- 
mCyxb ciyHBTca c& aapaBSOMi b b 6yxy npexocraBieHi mbxocth* 
BOMy noBpoBBTeJLCTBy ero crapniaro ciifla? Oh jopxa FBMnciexa i 
ne BM'&K> npaBB TpeÓoBaxb b majjiBHra. Taai aaai ohib 6es6omr 

BBBl, TO} BOfle^HO, CHJ HB nOHaKOtfHTCB BBneJJUiBl. Jífk' B COBÍCTb 

6b Mfl% ne oosBOJiHaa ocTaxBCfl npa Heai. Ji 6urh 6u BHÓpomesL 
na y^my, 6e9h rpoma, nocBflTBBi, mosbo CRasarb, bck) sBBSb 
MBjíopxy- 

— Obx npexiiaran mwl Tiica^y ^ysTOBi. 

— Tucfl^y ^yHTOBi sa ipyxu aíioS sbbhb! Aa h bto itMi 
irai rapaHTBpoBaBO? He xyaax), iw&h mapasay npBmao bb rojioay 

BHeCTB BTO VB CBOO 8aBÍ0VlHÍe. A XOTB 6u B TaBX, 9T0 MBÍ RB 

thcbhí 4^yHT0Bi? Bh MoaseTe nocejBTBca bi GAOWu6rh-A66Bi. Ho 
BB XOMB peaiopa, aoropaS 6íijii mh^ ho^b oCtn^avB^ MHfi se 



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iroimcTB.— MapKBsa SHua, ixo sto josb, ho ne CM&ia cBasatB evy 
9ioro. Otiin^iTB eny ^TO-HH($yA^ ona Morja tojbko ycjiOBHO, Kas% 
oneňcjHma CBoero cnna, vh oiy^aš, ecini(řB D^Mncrex^ yicepi npe 
SB3H1 oniá; ona npexpacHO noMHHJia^ tto bo bc^xi hxi 6edbjífi,Th 
nmjTeny tfsua o^eHs cxepsaHHa r Bcerja BHcraBjífljia euy ná 

BIXl BCX) HeBipOflTHOCIB 9T0ft KOM($HHaipH. — EcJIil6'B MOJIOXOft 96- 

iobíkb 6wFh ycrpaneHi, — opo^OJtasaj^B ohi, — aia neHA tfiuia (5ii 
uuá'm6jff> Ha^esw- 

— fl ne Morý ero ycrpaHHTB, — caasaia Haprasa. 

— PáBHO sasi f^uí jopxa ^pexepHBa h ero tipaTBesi. 

— He d^xoBaxo ((n Bairs roBOpsrrB mhí Bioro, MBcrepi FpHH- 

— Ho iipno^^HTca CMorp^TB vt rjiasa ^iCTBin«juuaocTH. S. 
TpeBosycB H8i-8a BacB, (JojBine ^itb HsrB-sa €e($fl. Bei xojshh 
910 npHBHaxB. IIojaraD, nro OTHOCHrenHO líepBaro (5paBa hšti hh- 

WOEPh COMH^HÍĚ? 

— PimHTaiBHÓ HHsauxEy— CKasajta HapsEsa f& ysaci. 

— Xoifl Bi TO BpeMa ero HaxoxHJur o^ees crpaHEHiTB. Mh§ 
useicii, 910 Ha^o ($u HscxixoBarrb. Ha^o tfu nycniTb bi xoffi^ bcí 
npysHHH. 

— Bi 9T0ir& CMBCi^ HJrrB sraKasoĚ Haxes;(u icHcrepB FpHH- 
ByffB. 

— Haxo HsciixoBan. no^ynatre to:ibko9 htď (Jy^^erB^ ecn oetl 
seHHTCfl H 6jffirh uufkrh cuna npes^te ^itl 9To-HB6yXB (Jy^en 
pbneHO. — Ha bto abah KracóepH HH^ero ne orsimia; nocjii ne- 
(ioAinoft iiayBH MHcrepB rpHHByxB cHOBa oÓpaTUca si coÓCTBeH- 

HHMl TOpeCTflMl. 

— Mh4 HeoířxoAHMO, — CBasajii ohi,— eme past yBHflaTBMap- 
SHsa, xo npi&Aft Jiopxa FaMncrew* Ob% ne HóserB ne npHSHa- 
BSTBy irro fl HM^ nojiHoe npaBO xpeBOSHTBCfl. He xyMaBO, ^rto&h 
uxoe 6u TO HH (Jhjio ot^n^ame xorjio Óunb cBfln^eHHO bi rjia- 
san ero CHea, ho x^^seHt cx^jiaTB Bce bobhosboo. 

Ha aro ]chjí8ah ne nosejiaita otb^etb h ohh pascrajHCBi ne 
oco($eHHo xoBOJiBHiie xpyrt xpyn)Ht. 

9to 6hjio vh noHexiuiBHHsi. Bo Biopnast MHCTepB rpHHByxiy 
nojy^Bt Ha to paspimeme, thxohbko npoBpajicfl fb BOMHaTy 
6oiBHoro. 

— HaxfaocB, ^0 BH jy^rae cetfa ^yBCTByere ceroxHfl yrpom, 
HBiopKh. — BonHoft noBepHyjtrcfl vb spoBaTH h toako cia6o npo- 
BopnajTL 9nx)-T0 fb OTB'&rB. — SI ciHmajit, hto jopxt FaMncTexB 
opifesaers saBTpa, muiopAt. 

— IIo^eMy-si eny He npiixaTB? — Bt SBysš roxoca MHcrepa 

Tom* IY.— Iwb, 1888. 17 



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268 Monm opon. 

FpiHByxai BtpoflTHO, 0010 mo-EuÚy ff^ mt6 senpisrao nopisuo yzo 
Óoiuoro, BBaie om ae otbítute 6b nvh cep//rso. 

— O, Hftn, MMopx^ fl Be zoAn ctasan, iro ecn bebu- 
Hi6yx& npBUBa, no loiopidl lopxy FaMnciexy ae crtxoBaio (te 
npiŠBsaTB. Mošen 6iiTb, 6hjo 6h Jiyímei ecisdi npiixan obi 
piflLme, 

— Hbcxojbko ae 6iuo 6h jyvne. 

' — A TOifcio zorin sairibTBTBi iiBJopx^.. 

— Bh env 9io*BB6yxb xoiiifl csaaan, KBCiep!^ FpBHByxt? 
GflX^bjna Bce 8to apeia ocTftBuacb wh BOMBaii, b Buejoui 

saxojiBii 8T0 09eH& BOJOBSBirB.— HeiB8i JB 6u Btm ociincfl Ba 
qxbbí bšcboabo MBByn?— cnpocBJí ob%« 

— He xyiiai))— CBasan (toiuott. 

— Ecn BŠCBOABO B0Iip0C0B:B, BOIOpae XU MOBI ipeBBHiaSBO 

BaSBH, lOpXl^ RBBCOfipB. 

— & Hexocraiouo xopomo ceda Hy BCTByp, nofo Tojuoaaxb o 
X^axi| B se saiai) aroro. Msciepi Potepic^ 6yX6n sx^ 
saBTpa, Moseie noBBxai&ca a bbm. 

MBCiepiE PoÓeprcB (5iia!b noBÍpeBfliit| hojobAbi, aoioparo kb- 
creprL FpBBsyx^ ocotfeHBO ae xoiK)6iBBan. MacieprB FpaaByx^ aan 
CBint^aaBBi, sofleraOi curaici xseauuieBQm a ciaBBjrL MBCiepa 
Po($epTca aeBsaipBMO aasse ce6a. Sny 6iiuo ohobl otfaxao cjnnnaT^ 
9T0 offB xoiseai BosoÚEOvtLn zoxaratcTBO o M&crt vepes^B MBCiepa 
Po({epTca. Obi bm^jtl npaBinBy esexaoBao nporyuBaTBca cl 
qacoBi, nepexB coiae^Buirb sasaTom, xBBraacB apaftae Mexieaao 
no caMot cyxofl xoport, B6n8B on xohb, odiuBOBeano aaiosBBi 
pyxB 8a cnaay. Buflxa wn cnaiBBB Mapsasa, orb orapaBuca aa 
npoiyny, upaneirB man ÓHcrp&e oÓHxaoBeaaaro. Vb^vb xynuui 
ero a npaxaaaji a^BoropyK) sbboctb ero XBaseaiam, Oai tfujn 
Bstf&meffB aa Mapsasa, ao Bcero caiBate aeroxoeajrB no o6HBao- 
Beaii) aa Jiopxa rsancTexa. Mhcib sapatforaia vh btomi aanpaa- 
jeaia... 

Eoae^aOy xopomo 6hjo 611, eczm&b aojioxot ^oiobAbi^ cjOMajn 
ce6i mex) aa oxorš, ecxa^B Bxia nomxa bo xay, axa pastfaaacB 
o csajy. Ho Bce 8T0 (uy^alaocra, BiiBsaiB Boiopiu ae bi ero 
BiacTB. Taxía sexaaia — petSaiecTBO, npuauoe tojbbo cjia6oft jsea- 
nuia'&, saB!B icapKasa. Ecjib ^ro-aatfyxB xoxblbo 6utb gttíaaOy 
aioro MOSBO xocrarayrB tojbbo aaopraiecBam ycaiiem; a yca- 
jde 8T0 xo^^KBO acxoxBTB on aero, MBCiepa FpaaByxa. Tynoai 
npaafljicx oooÓpasarB, aacBOiBso iiapsasa éyxen kb ero euctb, 
ecjoL&h a aapsani a crapnúft chbi ero yMepxa. Oai 6íu% 
acBpeaae j&banewbj ^T0 upio6ýbn aaxB aeK) tfonmoe Bjdaaie. 



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MjLřion •il. 259 

9to(í& oHa BsffyHTOBajiaeB oponn aero^ aro ÍumOj soHe<iBO> n 
npexiian BOBMoaiHaro. Ho owh seani ^no n imraie nocxixHiira 
idaqi, BMeHHO ch loro JUUy lorxa icapum npHrposHjn, im bii- 
ronn ero ba f/mn^ owb SBa^Bieju^o (kuAe npeauum) noAw- 
EiA ee ,€e6ft* B& wtou% OTBomeBÍB owh npBimcHBajrb eetíi ropaaxo 
(oiie, lim CdriMoBUO. Ha fíbjA^ jbxb RflHc66pB, xon HayiB- 
jia ero ({obtbcb, ae Hacioiw) mwuMh ero bjíbbíd^ 9to6% m 
nikb BoraosBOCTB nopsan c& EBm, eum&h aaciajia mHyra, Eorxa 
ei oodcxBeHHoe choboíctbío aioro 6u norpetfoBaio. 



n.— JBeaajn tu, » m wšm. 
OxBO sejaflie bb vb wny se sexen. Ecib leJOBteb BMien 

AOCmOlBHĚ nOBOXl XU X^bflCTBÍB, OBI OtflSaHl xbfiCTBOBaTB. «ď^ 

JiTb 6y, w HO CM%iD> BBXorxa bo werL pesymaiOBi. 3Bape- 
HHe pa69BBB vh pon bo eauTCfl. RoBevBO, Beibsfl BatrB bhxoab 
m saTpyxBeBiS, eciB lejortBib ae opaiteiCB cepbfisBO omcBBBaTB 
ero. Ob bomob^k) laiEXi caMOjBiaiaflifl, cobítobi b otphbbobb 
m crapHxi BoroBopoBB MBcrepiE FpBBByxb j&bxffin canoro 
celSa m noHexfiaBBsi BO^epoirB b spamen xi sasjDieBiK), im 
ecu TOhBBÓyxB xi^aTB, Ba^o KbŘOBOJMLTb ÓeBOTjaraxeaBBO. 

ToFjUi npeAcraBBJCB Boapoci: ht(>, coí^ctbobbo, cjrbMjerb xftuib 
I irb sBaiHn: «(Se80TdiaraTejiBflo»? Borxa ape^croBn cx&iaTb 
BifTo Tpe6yK>fl(ee ocoóoft TBepxocrfl, bto cjBBiBoirB lacro 6HBaen 
TO, Hero A&iftTb BO xojiSBO. Ha fpÓpuE x^a, eaia sa bbtb bo- 
BO(Sqe oeraHaBiBBaercB Bama mhciBi mh o({iiBBOBeBBO p&maeiccfl 
]me. MacTopy FpBBByxy 6wío npÍBTBte jiyMaTb o&b btoiu, bbbi 
o len-TO cocTaBJBK>fl^eirB xociOflBÍe 6yxyBUtro, o leirB - to, htó 
Morjo, BoauLiylti CA^aiLca ciyufiBOi a bo Basi^ o x^Ictbíb, boto- 
poe xoisBO 6htb coBepmoBO ero doÓctnenEunR pysaiiB. Yrpo 
sempra, otb lenipexi xo naiBi xorxa 6yxeTB coBepoieBBo tombo, 
tt Be(% BO Ójffin BB wbsKh, bb ajeii, a aopxi FoiiBCTexB aa- 
BipHoe tfyx^n oxbbi, bi laBOMi-ro ufbcrb, ae 6yxerb jb bto 
jTpo caaiurb noxxoxaa^irB BpeaeaeirB x-u laxoro xíSctbíb^ xaxs 
TO, Ba BOiopoMi lenepBy ae aa myrsy, aaiaia ocraaaKiBBaTBCB 
ero BBciB? 

Sorxi BOflpocB npexcraBBJCfl ony vh btoS boboI ^pMÍ| owb 
yaicflyjcg ero. HejBsa csasaiBi qrotfi MBCiepB FpaaByxi Ůují^ 
^eiOBiis Ch caxBBO pasBBTiiKi paiBriosBHiii qyBCTBom. Bi paa- 
Bel BoaoxocTB OffB 6uM% BOOBSB^eai^ vh caffB cBflfl^eaaaBa, bApojitbo, 
pyiOBOxerByscBy opa Bu6op& npo^ccia, tojiibom, x^HauiTB eay 

17* 



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260 BftCTim iBřon. 

ceMeflum ■ eBa^aua^ m bi <SRxy edctomeihe^M nonu^B vb nfran 
fMAB i^oero HMrrofln^uo Haipoffa. Oh arofl inmynr v xo Hacros- 
Q^ («B HH psiym <mtpa0aiji% cjrysÓH BBQepuv, a efoyciyrv 
Blb BacecTvb Bawuraa o^eHB esopo cx&BOkncB eoBepnieHHa Heo^pe- 
MeeireibaH. Orftpns lopxB KiiHO0epH ysepi, < iaifTe|rb rpifi- 
Byxi npoKOiKan ciyaniB ero saeiixBB&y esopM bi sa^eerBt 
cesperapH b te^iioreBapi, ^^ta^ saiiéjrjíam. Taii xocrerB om 
CBOun Baeřoflsvix^ yejOBÍI; m, ero o0p«qeHÍH a ^BcrsasB mmm 
He csasuBaicfl CMOseBBHKft. Oitl oxofíHO roTOBi 6an npHHarB 
CBflnteHHHHecKoe m^cto, ecjud oho bcip^tejoctb na nyn ero, ho 
npHHBTB ero ch muoibio, ^o otíasaHHOCTH 6yxyn naBHBnrB oópa- 
soiTb HcnojiHflTBCJi ew noMOiivMnEtKb^ Ovh He <(iuib HejioBÍrB pe- 
:iHrio8HiiĚy HO Borxa orob cepBSsHO saiyMaioi nax^ aniirB Bonpo- 
com, TOMO He domoimo eii y orcifAHBTB crpaniHUH eoMH^Hin, Te- 
nepB, Korxa oh% bhx^i vh ceti^b^-BosMosnaro y6iSi^. Korxa ohb 
xyMaii odB dTcmiy ero n^Boe % npeoCaa^ami^ee onaceHie ne 
npoHCieKajie hsíb noBopnaro HaBasanúi, CBaBaniiaro cb npecTyn^eHieirB. 
Oh MBfj ero MOSBO 6um npeniTB sa Tpyca, ho Hacroirnatt xapaK- 
lepB ero He cooiBircTBOBajrB RapyjEHOCTH. Mysecino— AO(!pox^bTe3B 
cJiHSKOiťB BHOoEaro paatfopa, w£o6h ohi mofb eió oÓJaxatB, ho 
y nero doMh Ta cnoco6HocrB BJiaj^^TB cbohhh HepBaMB, la diH^Haa 
CM'6jocTb, noposxaeMaa caifoyB^&peHHOcTBK), Boropsui nacro npHHH* 
UMSTCA 3a HyjiečTBo. AonycTBBB, qTo eiiy HyjSHo ycipanarB cb 
Aoporn Bpara, okb ifon hphhbtbcb sa ycrpaHeHÍe ero 6e8B npe- 
yBejHHeHHaro C'q[)axa nepexB nocj^xGTBiiiini b^ btom^b idpi. Ohb 
o^eHB fiHLTB yBÍpeH!B B-b cettt. Ob% hopb, BasajiocB OMy, lan 
o6cyxHi^ Bonpocs, Hvo&b whn HaBtpHoe, fieaonaceFB Hjre hÍtb totb 
HJH xpyrot HjaH^B. Mono ciyurBCH, hto HHKasoft ÓesonacHHft 
HJiaffB ne (Aaserca bobmoshumb, Torxa npvxetcfl OTsasaTBCfl otb 
noHHTKH. Bo BCBKOKB cjy^ai ne bte OBacHcete saeraBiajui ero 
6poffifb BasB T^HB, VB ysáct nepeA^B coÓCTBeHHSMa HaH*6peHÍHMB. 
BiiiJH xpym oaacHoerH, crpaxH nepej^B kotopumh oh% Be 

MOFB CTpBXHyTB t% ee^. BOBMOSHO COMH^BaTBCH, qTOÚB OBB 

HM^'B CK0JBB0-BH6yxb oopoxibjíeHHyio naxesxy na B%qHoe (SjaiseB- 

CTBO BX HHOfl SHBHH* OffB BftpOflTHO OTTOHHJB 0TB Oe(Sfl MIICIH 

TaxoTO poxa^ He saiaa noABepniTB HdCJTMc^Baniio coticTBeHmiXB 
B^poBaniĚ. y MHornxi kb o6nqai coBepmenno npHrynjflTB CBOt 
ym Bi BTOifB OTHomenÍH. IIpexnojiaraTB, yto Taxie jíh)xh iipHxep- 
xmaxncsL toto hjh xpyroro ifffÍHÍH OTHOCBTejBHó Óyxynpixi hb- 
rpax^ H HaiaeaHiB, anann npHHHCiiBaTB ritb xj^^BHoe cocroiiHie, 
xo Boioparo ohh HasoFxa ne BosBumajHCB. R«b TasaiiB jíídksm% 
npHHaxieauuirB h MBCtepi FpHBByxi; rbwh ne icen^ owb ^ero-ra 



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MAfion Mi. 261 

w^smu^i nóvjUL am iíhco» omeeBrenHo Jiopxa FMiHOTexa, spei* 
ciaBuaa eiiy, 9io ^yBcno <^J0 jiu nero xose, ^ro xw pe(í»Ba-^ 
nyruo, XJfl HepBHoft asenniiiHn naiy-B&pa n npnexfoifl, au 
KftiaHZQiina, o^apeHEaro M^yuuBBoeu^^ cip$x% iipex% eeonpe- 
^(iieHHiiirb sjOMi. Ohx ne xyMaji, vro, siMBiDJUifl taisot nocry* 
non, owh jrpmeAerh ce6fl b% cocvMaiet se c(M»r6ieTqriontee 6jia* 
seiHOft smHH. Mycn 6n> ve patSoraia n tiom HanpaaieHÍH. 

Ho XOTI 6fi[ FB 8T0ia lupjb H6 6hJU> BaUMBÍfl— XOTS 00, XUMI, 

fle cyn^ecTBOBajo xpyroro iripa, n soiopoirL HaRasame sto mopjio 
6r ero noevsrHyrB, tÍM% oe xorte, ^vo*HB({jrxB iQrpHoe HasipHoe 
ero nopa^on. Mipi bi 91011S yůiMAewk co BpexevB Kauna. 
OxHaxo, BcaBÍa oaeapuHiui nopompu HacrojBio oceiuE ero 

COMHiHiei HTO BO BTOpUD OflřB QOMSHiejBBO 00(m.BHn IUa«B. 

Tjm flBuacB ropbsafl miCiB, vto i0| ^ oh!b cxkuen, ({ynen 
cxiiaHO CKopttt AJfl (Siara Apyran^ ^ribn XJui ero eoÓCTBeHHaro. 
9t6 ysHaen jiopjrB ^pejiepuBi o CBoeiii (Jjaroxtoaib, Borxa m- 
cAMjen Bci ^mmbhhi nowcsm^ rb sawenš Mapusa Ehhc- 
(SEpi? «IopffB ^pexepBBB ne iio6jaraiapBTB ero, naše eciHte sHan, 
^ero, BOHO^HO, HHBorAa (hib ee MOserB. Iloqeiiy dia seHiQMHa 
eiiy He ooiioraesrB, ona, sotoímui noxcipesaja ax> vb coBepmemio 
iq)6ciyBieBÍa? Ohi xynan q6o Bcem aioiiit Jiesa bi nocrej6| 
HO Borw Bcian ea ejšxyDniee yrpo, to eo^e se oiOHiafenao 
OTBasajica otb cBoeĚ mhcjh. Mojioxoft nejOBÉai BiiBasHBaji vl 
Heny npespiaie, ocsoptejrB ero, Óuát^ euj BeHaBacreirB. Biiy sa- 
^BJOCBi ^To njaffB ero cosprbjí. Opysie tojo lyn — nox& pyKoB, — 
9ioro opyiua obi se oosynan, no BTOiiy opysix) aeiOiifQSHO (kuo 
ta MO B^!0 xo6paTBca, om HecovoiaBO oiaseicii poBOBum, ecjH 
(yxen nynieBO kb xoxi cb xoI yBJ^peBBoerBi), aoropyi) ohi cossa- 
Ban FB ce(}& Tin i ho Meaie, o^jiynuBas Bce 910, oh% CMorplii 
Ha 910 ee saiTB na x^jio plmeHHoe, a toibbo sasi aa aeiqB bob- 
Mosnyn. Osb nocMaTpHBajii sa DacrojierB h sa ocho, nperoiOB- 
ifliCB D0AB4ixBCfl Bi BOMBaiy iuu8ixB, vh cpoAy, nepejpB saBTpa- 
kom:i. Pobho vb noiOMst nepBaro MapsEsa ejKexHeBHO BaB^n^aJia 
xysa, y saoeMaBa lenej^ bobiio fb otiHwfi nodbioaTB ee iiepejn> 
9rm. Ofla hícbojbbo pan novn pAoiajacB CBaaaiB eny, ito 
upexnommen, iwířb ee ne 6e9aoBOEjni no jrrpaiii. Ho osa en^n 
He coÓpaxacB ch xyzoicB bio CiKLiaTB. Oaa anaja, hto y aea, no;^ 
BiiaBÍeirB ra^aa^ BHpBajBCB cjiosa, soiopufl iiorjE nociysHTB ony 
opyxieiTB npoTHBi Hea. 

— JIopx^ raMncieffB (JyjierB 8X'&cb bi bojobhbí nsTarOi mosrbo 
ciasaTB cpexH bou sasrpa, zejsjá EaBc6epe,— CBasan ob^b, bobto- 
paa CKasaBBoe yse se pasi. IIps bioitb obi ctoaji nocpeffí 



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262 nonm bbpodb. 

lOM HETH 1 cMorpin sa Hee KVxnou%^ lOTopBt vacio npnmis 
el cTpaiXtBie) ho loroparo ona coBepmeHHO He noHHMaia. 

— 3. saaja, iro ohi Óyj^erh. 

— HeysejLB BHHe aaxoxBTe, HToaro oneab Heyxo6Hoe ipeiui ^ 
Tailli Tf!b ecTB 6ojbHol? 

— Obi Be noTpeaosBn on^i. 

— He 8Bax). Eyxyn OTBopiTby sarDOpiTB ^Bepa, ciyra 6jfpn 
paczajuBaTE no soppa^opam, Bsecyn Ben^a. 

— Ob bbms Be ÓjfjdTh Ben](eft. 

— 9to Bozose Ha bc6 ero f/bŘemsíj — caasai^b MBCiepi PpaB- 
BjKh^ sejai sacraBBTB MaiBxy xypso oiosBanci o nacinnA. Ho 
BanpaBJOBie ea MHCjeS mu^wnioch. Oaa ho oosnaBajn iiprasH, 
BHSBaBmefl nepeiiíbBy, bo pšmBjacB 6ojrte ae orsaBanca xypao 
o A^bian MyJKaf bi apacyrcrBifl Baneuasa. 

— Hojaraa), ^to npexnpBBarb lyn aaiero seibsa, — csasan 
ipcrepi FpBBByxi. 

— Ito-si mosbo npeAnpBHflTB? Ecjh bh bo ceSnci yxo- 
XBTe, TO npacflXbTe. Mb'& raasejio bbx^tb, KarB bu ctobto noq>exH 
aoHBani. 

— He yxBBjiaK)c&, ^iro Bam TaaaejiOi — caasan obi, ycasB- 
Baacb, BO ODHTB Ba Bpafi cryja. — 9to mb'& TasKejo, a sHaa). 
Hbbto BBKorjia ae CBaserb umi yrtmBiejBBaro cjobb. ^t6 a 6yxy 
X^jBTB, vb cjiyna^b ^ero? 

— MacrepB rpaBsyii, qró nojiB8ii Vb btau pasroBopasB? 

— 9to 6m bh caasajiBy jbxb KflHC0SpB, eciadi aairL npa- 
nuocB xosbbbtb bírb Ba npoAeaTii cb oaboě thcbhb ^j^htobb? 

— S. ryn ne opa ^eM*B. S. coBepmeaBO se Bif&maBaiacb vh 
Bama neperOBopu ci jiopxoiťB KaBctfepa. Ba o^eas xopomo SBaeie, 
^0 a A&se Be cirbio ynoMaByrB Bame bha npa boitb, wto&h obi 
ho npBBasaji BurBaTB Bací vm xomb. 

— BuraaTB mh xona!— -BOCKjaaflydrb obi, BcaaaaBafl co ciyia 
ci JKBBOciBK), coBepmeBBO ony BecBoScTBeBBoS.— BarBaTB avb xoMa? 
to^bo a ooóaaai Hbbto bo BiiBecen Taaaxi pinetl 

— Bh OHOBb xopomo sHaeie, wto a scerxa 6uaa bbmb xpy* 
roMii— CBasajia nepenyraHBaa iiapKBsa. 

— H BH roBopflxe Mffb, hto Hena BEiroBarB bbb xoita! 

— Sl roBopK) TOJBBO, HTO jy^Bie (5hjo ($h ae ynoMBaaTB aa- 
mero BMeBa npa boitb. TenepB mh^ nopa bxtb, rai (5yxerB Jáem 
sxaTB. 

— OflB Bi BaiTB coBopmeaBO paaBoxymeai, coBepmesBO. 

— MacrepB FpaBByxB! 

— Ohb tojibbo b ja>6BrB chhb b xo^b, cuaa a xohb on 



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linou Vil. 268 

nepBol^seHB; ary nox^tyi) MoioxesB, BOTopas, Kan bh ^acro ro- 
BcqiHJH, coBepmeHHO HexocrotHa cBoero HiieHH. 

— MiciepfB rpHHByx^i ch mim a ne uovj coraacETBCtf. 

— PasBi BB 8Toro He noBTopiiJiH MHoroe MHOsecTBO pasi? 
PísbA bh He roBopus: <Ean ciaBHO 6uio 6uj ecjmůh Jiopxi 
Trnnctejíh juephly Bh ne vosere OTpe^BCfl OTBBcero btofo, jaxH 
EiHe66pH. 

— Mhí nopa, ncrepi FpiiHByxB,— CKasajaoHa BiCMyn^esiH, 
b&xow Hn xonBaTH. Ohi oRonnTejibHO Hanyran ee b, cxoxb 
Ch jribcTHHipi, OHa pimHia, hto ona, bo ^to 6u hh craao, xoJisHa 
B8(SaBHTB cedfl OTB xaiLH^tmExi HHTHiiHHrb ($ecix% Ch Banaeji- 
lanom. 

MHcrepB FpHHByxi, ocraBinHCB oxbhi, ne lor^aci BHmeji mh 

KOMHaTH. 0H!E CHOBa Cill, B CHA^l, HpOXOJiaKafl CMOTp^TB Bl 

oxHy TO^my, lOJPh 6yAT0 eny (Shjio na Boro CMorp^Tb, npoxojisai 
CHX^TB Ha boh^hbí ciyja, to^ho vh ROMnai^ (Shjii ST0-HB6yxB, 
BIO MorB 6u BaM^TBTB fipBTBopHoe CMEpeHÍe ero no8H. Bce bto 
X&iajocB ÓescosnaTenHo, mhcjh ero TenepB 6hjh norjomeHH 
0CBop6jieHÍeirB| Baaoe Hanecjia eMy Mapsasa. Ona noBH^ajia ero wh 
caMyK) pimBTeiBHyK) MBHyTy. Caaio co6ok> pasyM^tercB, hto Borjia 
on BHpasaji efi coiyBciBÍe no noBo^y o6hxi, npBiHHeHHiixi 
<roiy6Ba]í!B», oh^b Hax$ucfl, hto h ona co^yBCTBenHO OTHecerca 
KB HOBSTOxaiTB, BOTOpHiTB Ho^BepnuiH ero. Ho efi He 6hjo HBBa- 
loro x&ia xo ero HOBarox^, ona sasxajia oxhofo: HsrjiaxHTB canoe 

BOCHOMHHaHÍe o CBOHTB p^SBHXl OTBHBaXl O AÍ>TSÍTh Mysa. BtOFO 

Be xojaBHO 6htb! HejiBBfl efi x&tb ycBOJBSHyrB otb nero TaBBM*B 
oÓpasoiTB. Paai cocraBHJiacB BOMnaBÚi, hh oxhbi bvb BOBinaHÍo- 
BOBI He BiiierB npaBa bhBth bbi Hen, Borxa BSxynaeTx, ocra- 
BBVB tfpeiffl Bdbvh ffljíTOVh Há HJieqarB xpyroro. PasB^ bc% bth 

MHClHy BOTOpHB laBl TASOJIO JIOSBJIBCB Ony Ha XyHiy Vh MBHyXH 

nojy^eHÍB lejierpaMMU, ne f/bio esL pysi^? FasBl caiiyK) mucjib no- 
Wia ne ona? A lenepB ona ero noBHxaerB. Eny BasajiocB, mo owh 
chjuierh nxh ycrpOHTB x^jio, no efi ne yxacrcB cx^jbtb btofo 
(SesHaBasaHHO. 06xyMaBi Bce bto, owh BcrajTB b nexJieHHo nanpa- 
Bucfl RB CBOH) BOMHaTy. SaBTpaBBJíi OH!B j ce6fl, a sarbiTB npn- 
Buei aa neme ponana, ^euy oÓhbhobobho nocBBn^aji btotb ^acB 
JIBi. He Morjio 6htb nejioB^Ba 6ojAe assypaiHaro fb esexHOBBHXi 
saBBmrB, ^m MHCrepi FpBHByxi. UocjA saBrpaaa Bcerxa bb- 
mca Ha coieHy ponaHi; no, nepesepnyBí h'6cbojbbo CTpaHBi;^, 
ciapBBB otiHBHOBeHHO sacHnajTB H CB HacoBi nacjasxaicfl 6e8MB- 
TesBHiťB HOBOOMiy HOTOMi ompaBJuijiCB Ha nporyjiBy, nocjr6 boto- 
pot CHOBa 6paicfl sa BHHry, noBa ne nacraBaďo spoMB hbtb nafi 



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264 BWfímn^ iBPanH. 

Vh KHJI9XH. CeroAHfl owh cúBebu% ne ^BxajťB, ho h sacByjL'^ ne 
cpasy.,. 

EorjKa OHI apooHyjcfl h Biuneii npofixflCbi to no^yBCiBOBan, 
qio Ha cepwi y nero cxajio Jierso. IIpoxasHBaacB Bsajiiib h ane- 
pexh HO Aopori) owh j^m^b ce&i, ^to, vh cyHtHOCTH, hhkoiw 
BB^ero H HO saHiunJuaJii. Kas^ 6u xo hh <^jío na aí^jí, tasboo 
6peMfl CBajiHaocB y hofo cb njeni. 

Bi HflXB ^acoBi cam ABopei^Kift ^ojlotrbst* eigr, ^xo mhjoxh, 
^BcxBya ceófl ne cobcšitb xopomOi H3Braflexea, ^xo ho Mojcen 
npHriacBXB ero hhxb Ha|l, npH6aBHBi otb ce6fl| qxo, boih yroxHO, 
mosho h cioxa H0xaxB« 

— noasajyfi, BBinBH) namsy, FappHCBy — csasaxB BaneajaH^. — 
GBasHxo, rappHCB, BUA^bJui bu HBJtopjia ceroxHa? 

TappHCB ofilflBBJll, ^XO BHA'&rB MBJfOpxa, XOHOllly JiaBaBOIHirB 

HOHBXB, ^xo ero, no BpafiHeS irbpi, ho cornaiH cb uasi xoiot, 

— RaBi B£i ero nanuB? 

FappBcy nosasajocB, hxo MapsBsi huhb^o nyxB-nyxB tfoaBme 
Ha ce6fl noxos'B, ^^u% sa nocj'bAHÍe xps ahb. 

— Oxjmrao. O^OHB pwh 8T0 ciumaxB. Ilpid^x^ lopffk Feifa- 
aej» 6yjieTib jím nero Óojboihiii yrtmeHieirB. 

— TaiTB xoHHO, — CBaaajťB, FappBcrB, BOxopHft tftui coBep- 
meHHO Ha cxopoHi Jiop^a FdMncxeAa, bi cenefinim pacapnxi. 

— He xyAO (JiiJio 6ei, euE&b owb npiixai'B rb híckojibko 
6ojrbe yxoóHtiS qaci, — cb yjiuÓKoŘ CBasajnb iiHcrep^ FpiHByxB. 

Ho FappBCB Haxoj|H<rB, ^xo ^acB o^ohb yxotiniifl. MsjíopxB 
o^OHB uao npi'68saerB bi xasoe Bpeií:i, vh bxoitb h6xi HH^ero 
xypHoro. 

OocitAHÍfl cjioBa FappBCB nporoBopBJLi, xepsacB sa pyuy 
XBopB, ^Jbwb B otiHapysBiii, 1X0 ne sascxerB npoAOJUBBxeJiBHoS 
6edbm cb BanejaaHOirB. 



OL— Jbffx <DpaHoec% BHffHTes os aBeHHX0K&. 

B% noHex^JBHHBi Ha dxoft He^i^i, mbctpbccb BanceHrB ho- 
o6iiBHOBeHHo Aojuro sacBx&iacB wh IlapaABSi-Poy. TaB'B Kass ona 
isxHJia xy^a BcerAa no noHQA^i^HBBaMi, xo hh Rjiapa jQ^eMBXSOffB, 
HB MBCxpBccB ^4^P^ ^^ ^^^^^ ocoÓOHHO yxBBxeHH; vbwh He 
Men^ OH*]^ saiiíxHjB, hxo BOJBCKa npocxoua bo XBopí xasepasi 
nacoifB AOJT&e oÓBiBnoBennaro, npaHeifiy BoneiHo, ne o6onuocB 
6effb H^cBOJiBBBXi saMtiaBÍS. 

— Ona otíuBHOBeHHo xaiTB asBypaxHa, — CBasaja Biapa. Ho 



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MÁP^Offb til. 26b 

meipHccb fy^if^p^ 8aii'bT9ja, ^ro xaRi Basi rocru MCBffkMHCh 
tpite ^aca, xoiopuft oti&SHOBeHHO nocBsiqMa CBoet vpúneiBEmJ^, 
TO, B^poaTHO, p&na^acB ym iipociA^Tb j^toř. — Ha bc&xi 
STixi ÓBpxaxi sa noj-naca luani ne (tepyr^ — ciasaia MBcrpHcei 
Ay^^ITK Ho uhehhB 9a8Hn ii iccpHcei BraeeHn hmíj% ropasxo 
^óiBinee SHaveHÍe. Hmi cb qrsAB^A npHnuocb oGcyxpn^ xHoroe. 
IIoejljicTBieirB dioro pasroBopa 6umo opexjioseHie, Bocopoe icacT<- 
picci Poxen, n ion se Bewpw^ a'b4aja cuay, iii» bocjíix- 
flift 6£U!b apaJlHe yx^Bjesi. Oaa seiaia^ n cáMoii!^ eeapoxox- 
sHTeuHÓirb BpeMeHH, nojtxaxb vh Hia^ÍK) h se^afla, ^xotii oh'b 
conpoBosxai^B ee. 

— ^To 810 8Haun» MaiyniBa?— cnpocBn oei, sorxa ona 
Qonpocua ero conyrcTBOsaTB eS, ho oGiacHu npHWHii, x^aas- 
meŘ nyiemecTBie 8x0 Beo6xoxHiuiii'(. Ona npBsaxyiauacB, to^ho 
cpofipasaa; BmojEvsh jíe ero npocBdjyy pacspurb jh eiiy bck) 
taSay ero jlbshh, Koropyn ona, xo cbzi nppii cspiíiBaja on 
Biero. 

— Cavo co6oft pasynieica, hto a ae 6yxy aacTUBaTB, — 
ciasajrb ohi, — eciB bu aaxoxuxei ^to ne Mosere xcsipa^^ca mhí. 

— 0| J[^Kopxs'B, 810 ae xopoDO ci» iBoett cropoHU. 

— Easi se nai sea^e BHpagBXBca? Bosmosbo ju, nw&b a 
oycTSjíca b% Tasott xa^esil nyrb, bjb noaBOJBJí Baai 810 ext jaiB, 
qjB cnpocBBi xase o npiiBHt Tasoro ptmeHÍa? ^t6 a nory npex* 
naiosHTB, ecjB bu OTBaserecL uBfb orBtiaiB, savB se to, hto 
cyovecTByerb sasafl-TO npBUBa, no aoiopofi bu ae xoisau xo- 
BtpaTBca mnií 

— Th saaeaiB, hxo a xoBŠpflX) Te6i. HaBaaaa naň aaBorxn 
<k)jBme ae xoBipaja ciiay. Xh xojseatB 810 saaxB. Tyn x^o 
ae vh xoBftpia. Moryn 6utb mflauy BOiopa^i Bensa coo6- 
oiBTB jyHBiexy xpyry* Ecjadi a xMa ciobo, ae xortn jib 6u 
T]B, 9To6i a cxepsau ero? 

— TaRBxi oÓiavtaiS ae cjAf^erb bb xpefioBaiB, bb xuan. 

— Ho euB norpefioBaiB xaaB? HcaaiaB TenepB xok) apocBÓy; 
BipoflTBOy HTO paqBBie, híimi mu Bepaeiicfl, Bce craaen leGib acao, 
noBpaiaeS xtp*6 xas^ se acao, aasB xaí. 

Hocii 8Toro OBB ptoBJca, 6en xaxBaiftaiaxTi pascapocoFBi 
icaoiBBTB aaejaaie Maiepa. Oai Tor^acB cran uoBoratB o ae- 
o6xoxBMHii> aparoTOBjeaiaxB bb OTÍ'bdxy cb TaBBMB yxoBOXB- 
cmeMBy To^ao nyremecTBie dio saxiBaiocB no ero BaBi^iaTBB'b. 
Pinieao (luo, hto obb Bti^xyrB bb BflTaai^, opoixyrB nepesB 
^paaiuK) a lysae^B MoBB-CeaB wb TypBBB, a orryxa bb Mb- 
laaB. O TOBBy ^t5 osBxajio bxi huíGj obi bb bto Bpeiia aa- 



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266 Monm bbfodi. 

lero He sean. Eípesxe Boero eiiy 0hjío HeoÓzojpiiio noiym 
oniycm on C9pa Eopeaea; Poxeni cumo eoiurtBUCfl n ycntafti 
ran nn n vroirb roxy yxe nojiBSOBaicf ornyctoirb. don on- 
mcfl owHb jno6eBeH%. 

— Eufhj vb Htmík)? — csasan C9p% Bopeaci. — IIpejeeiBO 
Tam, sorxa io6epeniBci| no npaBxi csasan,' ho exBopnoe spěn 
roxa fM nyremecTBii. HeosExan^Hi j(&ia, roBopiie bs? 0& xa- 
lymoi ixarb! He roxnca xaiA nymnecTBOBan oxhoI. Ha xojro 
n? GaMH HO SHaere? 9tosi, BOSBpanvtlrecL aarb MomH? CBopift 
H Toniso. A Kposepa bii ho npEXHaiare n ch co0oĚ? 

Bi 9T0 Bpeiifl Kpoxepi yse noxBeprcfl Hosiiirb napesamm 
no noBoxy BecoBepmeHeiBa CBoero noiepu. Evy otíbmjUM^ ^no 
npociin ony lasyD-io BHHy, BSSBaBinyi) saiotiy, nojn ycjo- 
Bieii%| no 0H% nponen crpaHii^, mcaHHyio ero oo6cTBeHROt 
pysoĚ. Ho vh 8Toi nommi ohi noiepirkn nojrayi) Beyxaiy* 
VoMfin He xyMajiy nofo eny mosho 0bjío bsatb Kposepa c& 
co6ot Vb HTaiÍK), HO ycrpoaii codcTBOHHoe x^o h 6en sforo* 

Bhji xpyroi Bonpoci, Tauce TpeÓOBaBmit paspimema. Hlecn 
nex^b npoBuo e& loro xu, saBS ohi, ci jopxom rsMnciexonr 
cxiiajTL non*xoporH bbi FaiJiOBM vb FeHxoHi h npiaTeu ero 
noTpe6oBau, no0i ohi ne nocintan joxh $paHceci bo Bpem 
npeÓHBaHÍfl et vb reHxoHi-rojjt. Poxeni onAmn orsaBOirB, ho 
xo CMTb nop% cooópasajcji cbfjxowb btoě npocB<te. Bi nacioa- 
H^yH) Manýry, Basi ony xasaiocb, nacraio Bpexa, xorxa evy ne* 
oC^zoxHMO 01110 hocíthtb ee. Ohh ne nepenHCHBancB co BpeMeHi 
nepBim Xnei npetfHBaHia vb EeHHrcrpa^A, BCjribxcTBie upraararo 
ex> caMoi pbmeHifl. TenepB, xaBrB OH!b ^acto noBiopín oe(%, ohh 
6iuH Tasse Bcei^io paaiyieHii, saBi ecjHfo Kasxut nojrosan 
HHBorxa 6onme ne Bcrpi^aTBOi cb xpyrnirB. Okb 6hxb ^ejioBics 
Tepn&niBsii, cxepsaHHHi h on npHpoxEi cnoco6Hiit BHBecn 
lasoe HcnuTaHíe 6en rpoMorjacHHzi saiofo; ho ohi Boerxi^ 
noMHHjn, BaKi (Sjbbbo ohh xpyn on xpyra, h ^acro roBO* 
pBJí ce<i%, ^fo exBa jih Mosen naxiflTbcs na ea hoctobhctbo, 
eciH He npHiien xaBHrE-HHÓyxB nftpi, 9to(Si« xesasaTB el cbod 
BipHOCTB. .^yMaa 060 Bcem btohi, owb pinnuii no ynorpetinn 
fici ciapaHÍfl, ^ro6% noBHxanca cb neft nepexi^ onď^sxom vb 
Hiajíx). Ecndi ero ne npHHajiH vb reHXOHvFojjrt, lorxa ohi 
nanHHien. 

Bb veTBepn yrpoMi ohi ornpaBHJica vb FeHXOHi mb JIoHXpna 
H npjiMO CHpocHji J9XH ^paHcoci. JlexB ^pancecB 6sia xoMa h 
oxHa— 6yBBajbH0 oxna, Tav& ican bo BpeMa orcyíCTBia tfpaTanpB 
Hei ne 6iuo HHBoro. Cjiyra, OTBOpHBmiB xsepB, Ton cami, xo* 



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liPioffB •▲!• 267 

nyp&i BnycTBjrB tfi^Haro Rpoiepa b BHX&nb keki cbjbho Hcnyra- 
aa ero mojoxm rocnosa, lorxa xmmumh o noitamcBOifi 
uepift, He pšnnucfl npjmo Boycnn vh fpm BToporo TtBoro se 
uepsa. 

— ncrfUy, ymtaoj — cxasan on, npexociaBiBfl Poxeey dbctb 
n 8irt HiH ocraBaTBCfl na Horan, no ycMorpbmK). Sartirb jaaei, 
ci npoQHiviiejBHoevBB), x^iaBineS eiiy lecrb, o6omeJii vpyvowhj 
^mÓB BJuofiieHHHtt He soan, no oxna ffsepii orxiiflerB ero on 
«iipexifeTa». 

— fljmemnuevb vh sajii?— cxasaja j8xh ^panoecb. 

— Maciepi PoxeHTb, uES9fMy — CBasajn* cxyra. 

— npocBTe, — caasaia j8xh ^paHoeci, j»bm eeúb MHHyryHa 
pasmmueHie, laiHyry, Hacrouxo xopoTByDí no OHa Ha^&i^iacB, 
Tto xoie(SaHÍe tfiiio HesaifftTHO. A Mesxy tím% ona chjibho lOJietfa- 
MUh. Oaa BaieropB^ecKH otfucHHJia Ópaiy, no ne xaBaia EBsa- 
loro otfbmaHiB. Ona HBBorxa HBBOMy ne otiinvtia, no ne npB* 
len sesBxa, eauúu owh HaBtonjrB ee. Osa ho xoiiia npH- 
sBiTB, noÓH x&se (^parb, xase oreiTB 6un vb npasi Tpe6oBaTB 
on Hea noxotinaro oÓinvtHia. Ho micjiB (Jpaia, na dwn CTen, 
(uB ei BBBÍbcTHBi. Oea coBeaBaia TaBse, HacBonBO ona ony 
ofiisaHa. Ho h oea HacrpaxajacB otb AOJirot pasjyBH. Ona na- 
xQXBia, no HM^TB BceHBxa, soToparo HHBorxa ne bhxhiiib b orB 
loioparo HBBorxa ne nojiy^aemB BBBtcrifi, nona Bce pasHO, mo 
He bmítb EBRaaoro. Ofla to^ho fb bjAtk^ 6fljiacB| xyitas oůh 
aiofi secroBofi paaiyBŠ. Ona lasse pasMumuia o toitb, aaBoe ho- 
6oiBmoe pascroBHie OTA^uerB FeHAOHi on FajijiOBBfl. Ofla, MoaserB 
6btb, fjBOM xyi^aja, no 6yxB owh eĚTa^Bse B^pesi, xan oea 
eMy, offB He nocMOTpbrB 6u he hb on^a, hh hb Ópara. TenepB, 
torxa owb 6im y xBepeB, ona ho Morjia nporaaTB ero. 

Bce 8T0 OHB oúMjMUh Tan ÓHcrpo, no npBBasaflie «iipo- 
CRB» 6ujío OTxaHo nocjii exsa saif^THOfi naysH. ?epe8% hojii- 
imyTH PoxeffB (Shjeb bi BOMHai^. 

JífiMmewh jni jrtionBcei^ roBopBTB, no ohb Cum wb o0u-^ 
mxB xpyrB xpyra npesxe, ^wh ycn^jH BiiroBopBTB cjobo? Hepsafl 
saroBopaia oaa. 

— O, Asopxsi, KBBi xojro. 

— MhÍ noBasajocB o^ohb xoiro. 

— Ho, HasoBei^i, tei npBmejTB. 

— PasBfe TU Bcxaia iceHB panBine? Passi bh ho corjiacBJíBCB 
CB raMDciexoifB H CB TBOHicB OTi^oirB, no ueí ne cj^xyeTB 
(bbetb? 

— OcraBBiTB BTO. TenepB xti sx^cb. 3HaeniB, (JixHufi nana 



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268 fitCf lUPStb UiřOBH. 

tenepB TaM!^ . 

— Heyasera eiiy TasiB j^pso? 

— Jífliowh yixaax B^epa Be^epoirB. Mh xopomeHua m 
^sHaem, b% Basoicib obi aoioseHin. Obi caiii He mmffn, a kh 
coMB^BaeMca, to>6]b Haacb rowguA opasjíy^ S, ^ysk-wym le 
j&caja CB HBicb, H TorAa, capB, jw se bha&sh 6a new... BOBoe. 

— Eqe wbcMJa;b^ mecn nexá^B, j^jti, hbcboubo 6sl bb wskAt 

HHJH MOeS Vhpu Wb TBOH) B^pHOCTB. 

— Ob TBoeĚ CTopoQH ovea^ xuo aro roBopexB. 

— Hh, a AJMaio, TBoet sipa bs moh) B&pHocm. 

— EoHeuo, a obasaaa se oreiaBaTB on ie6a b% dUDĎesBocri. 
Ho BaH&TB TH spiixaai xraepB? Te6J^ ne cAffiMAO npiisMiB, 
sorxa ffliSOHi ociasan Hena coBchwb OA^y« 

— A Be BHani ^to th i^x&cb owa. 

— Torxa, noasaayB, se npi^xaitB 6h? Ho Te6i aecjriMoBaio 
upiissaTB. noveny tbi ae Bonpocm nosBoieBÍa? 

— HoTOxy VTO noiyvaatB 6h oiKaai. Bíab noiyvHjrB 6h? ae- 
npasixa JiB? 

— Eosemo. 

— Ho laiTB aan a oco6eHBo a^eiai^B ie6a b^a^tb... 

— HoTOMy^ oco6eBBO? A BOcroaBBO sejiaaa Te6a Bixia. 
To ace xoasefli 6£urB 6ii vyBCiBOBaf b h tu, ecjiB6i tb 6un wá 
TBBi ase BŽpeffB bbrb a Te66. 

— Ho a ifj. 

— ^Mfimhl Eyxa? He sa Bcerxa se! Tu xoiemB esasatB, vxo 
nepetosaemB bvb FauoBaai Baa ocxasiaeBiB novraMTiF 

TyTB OKB o6ucBBJi'B ofi, VTO^ BacBOAKO Ony BBBtoHOy nyie- 
mecTBÍe 6yA^^B BenpoxpaamreiBBoe. Okb se ocraBjíaerB CBoero 
jtenapraiieBTa, bo BOjyHHJrB ornycai, hto6ii ixaiB cb Maxepuo 

RB MBJaB!B. 

— SMfbwh, ajiase h ho iioiy ce6& Boo6pawTBy — cxasanoai 
CMiacB. — y MaTymBB sasafl-ro BeiBBaa xaSfla, HBBaBBXi noyQ)o6- 
Bociei BOTopott OBB BBBorAB 60^6 MB% Be OTBpuBaia. Bco, "nó í 

8BaH>, BTO HTO B pOABJCa Vb Hia^ÍB. 

— Th BTajBBBei^i? 

— droro a ae roBopan. SI ^aase aaB^paoe ae sBaio, <íto i 
poxB jca Bi HiajdB, xora noHeny-TO ya^peai kb ^toitb. 06b on^ 
Moeiii a BBBorxa savero se cauxaai, — apoMi tofo, vto okb, 
6e9B coMBÍiBÍa, 6iijrB xypauirB MyseM'B js^i MoefixaTepa. TenepB 
a, MoserB 6iitb, Bce ysABK). 



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VáPIOBS «it. 209 

^u^H^tmm tR)ApoOH)OCTé& bts cfBHx&Hífl ffesa^Mi coótfiqřm 

Jlu sefl 8T0 ÓHJii xeHB HeoÓHqafiHO pa^ocniift. IBietnivh b% 
Ebm-í, vm BOHMomit » rfjytenH, me^aerie. MemTi xojs&eH*]^ 
HtioxiTMir néx& ppEOtt, bo Bcaityi& svHyry, Tro<$ii ero jěoxmo 
6sa^ qfaiMan im ((paHETB, itote obi yxasiBajTB sa Baifs ejih, 
93Ď rop«io opiflnie, doíbomji^ sairB ynatnatB sa oo66ft, san 
cjfnrcB. Ho S0hhzs b% BBraft ly^tne seraxa f& codk^Hefl yjiflqi 
mr n (Sissafliiidtfk opBxox^, vjís n pasctOAsiii is/bctojMOíTh 
Min, no sejvisHoí xopert; --*- th BotopHMi aaiTE sanpen^eHO 
BB//knita. JbXH f^psaceei MHoro crpa^ajm. Tentph BřicROJiBBo 
npofCBŠM. Ona HocM<niAja na Bero, cjiEnnajia ero roJiociB, na* 
nua yitoeHie Biero jB^peoian, HaejraSHxacB x&bho seiamiiirB 
CJyUeVB nOBTOpHTB CBOH ayOcTBeHHiifl. 

— Hb^TO, HHHTOy HTOt) HO MOJHen H8MÍHHTB MCM, — rOBO- 

pvxa OML— Hh Bpexji, mraro, vó MOtterB eicaoaTB orei^, hh^to^ 
^ Mosen CA^aTB j^htb, ho OBasen HHsaRoro x^fleTBia. ?to 
sacaerci xo JiaxH KHsc6epH, th, xo&ewo, BHaeniB, im cea eo- 
BepmeHHO OTBasajacB otb ifeu. 

Oh% oihflBBxiy ^To ony coBepmeHHO Bce pasHO, Kro 6h on 
Hea inr oTBasajKai. IIojyHHFB ea oOin^ame, ob% 6iím% fb cuaxi* 
m»n. Ha otoitb ohh padcraxHCB. Korxa obi ymejTB, oaa, se 
CBorpa Ha cbox> paxociB, ho 6um cnoRofisa b p^nnixa, hto efi 
HeottxoxBMo cefi^aci se HainrcaTB Opaiy, ^to6ii coo6fliflTB eny o 
eiynnneitca. 

Ona d^a h Hairacajia cjiixyion^ee: 
«Aoporoi A^OHi, 

«0b Heiepn^BieiTB aftjQr vkrefi bb^b Tpa^opxa, xo^erca yssaiB^ 
saxi TEL EHmesh nana. Mni Bce xyMaerca, hto eciíflfii ohi6ii» 
o^esB CoieH^B, BT0-BB6yxB coo6n^:ii ($H nám BCTBBy. Xora MBCieprB 
FpBHByx^B CBapxBBib H jffipnovh^ ofl& exM JUt (Sh capiurB otb sacrB 
npaBxy. 

«TeiiepB a xoxsna odoÓh^etb re&b hoboctb; Hax^iocB, ^to osa 
He oieBB pascepxm iiefifl. H. lyn ho npE^eiii; ho i^ax), xass 
i Morja 6ii HB6to«rB btoto. TboB npiaTexB, ^opxs'B Foxeni, 
6ii3!B ceroxHB bx^ h noAexaxi mobs bbx^tb* KosteiHO, a Morxa 
(a OTxasaTB. Orb Óhjii fb sajii, xorxa PBHapx> xoxosbjtb o 
HeiTB, a, noasajiyfi, Morxa nocxaTB caasaiB, hto mesa wbr% xoks. 
Ho, ubí xaacerca, th nofiMeniB^ ^íto oto tfiixo bobobhosho. Basi 
com^ nexoBtey, xorxa nafaemB kb aeify Taxia lyacTBa, Kaai 
XQH KB JI[aB0pxsy? SaB!B Mwxa a noBBOXBTB cxyrami noxyiiaTB, 
9T0 ci!oeo6fla nocryntfrB ch hbitb laxi secroso? IIoHaTHo, hto o 



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270 nonai ibfoidi. 

Bamm QnioiiieHÍJir& bcí^ muon. & caiia xovy, hio6h bgš nan 
H pan HaBcerw noauv, hto a ncsomo ne crumyt^ lofo, nó 
HanipeBa e/jbíhn. 

«Borxa TH yanaeiiiB, aa^i&ii oas fen, to ae xyícav, nolbi 
« CTaj!& oepxHT&cfl, xiuw m iiero. Oh!& xojsen, no^eMy-ro, 
HenejiieHHO Izan c& vnepu) n Hiaiix). Saaipa ohk Bsribuaavn 
B% Majaei; obs eam ae BHaen, xorw eiiy yxacica Bepajmca. 
Eay npaiBJOCJb iipocarb omycaa, ho aion capi Bopean, oaoio- 
pom on ^acio roBoparb, aaseica, o^ea^ xP<$poxynrao paapšamn 
ero. Owh cnpocajcE ero, ae npaxBaran ja obi, cb co0oě vh Hiaiii) 
MBCiepa Rpoaepa; bo sto, BOHarao, tfaia ÍByraa. Basseica, ai- 
crepB Kpoaepi, ai BOHiajfri, bcí^ms Taas se ae Man, aaai leM. 
3a^]rB vBCTpaccB Poxesi Ixe^i Jí^mopjm^ ne aaaen. Bce, nO 
eay asatorao, aro — hto Qya^eciayen aaaaa-io TaMaa, aoropaa pac- 
apoeica evy paate ero BOBBpaa^eaia aohoí. 

«t& cepBfiBBO lyMaio, ^lo th ae bb opasi y^aajiaiBca TOMy, no 
OBB aaBftcrajB Meaa, ornpaaaaacB BBiaaoi ffUBaift nyrB. ?t66íi 
a noxyaaja, ecjiafiii ycjiixaja, hto obb ylzaji, se caasaaB aai 

BB CJlOBa? 

«A noTOMy bu^b^cb^ hto tu ae tfyxeniB cepiaiBca bb na aero, 
fla aa Meaa. Tbn ae uevie acosBáio, «ito, BoauuiyB, nociasaia 
Te6a BB aejoBBoe aoioseBÍe aepexB nana. fl sacaonao ae 8a6o- 
lycB o JiaxB Raactfepa, aoropaa ae aaierB Baaaaoro npaaaBai- 
maBaTBca bb aro aíjío. Oaa TaaB boje ce6a, hto, uwb aasefcs, 
iieaM^ aaxB Bce aaaqeBO. Ho mbí, npaso, 6yxerB o^eaB saiB, 
ecjB nana pascepABTca, a oieaB apacaoptiao, ecia obb caasen 
reúb qro-BBÓyAB BenpiaTBoe, bocjií acero, ^ó tu x^a Meaa cxbjían. 

«TBoa iK)damaa cecrpa $aBBa». 



IV.— QqyflfOHiB UBcrepa rpMBayxa. 

Bb ary bohb MacrepB rpaBayxB aajio caaiB. Bo8MOsao 
coMBiaaTBca, htoÓb raaaa ero CMeaujracB zotb pasB. Obb, apaBxa, 
fle coBepman x^a, aoropoe TOoepB aasaiocB eay TaaaMB yauu^- 

flUM!B, <ITO OBB OB TpyXOMB KbpBJB, 9TO0B OBB X^CTBareJBBO 

saMumian ero; t^mb ae mob^ obb saan — - ssan, ^lo bb Te-. 
^eaie BtocojBaaiB qacoBB bb xymi ero TaajócB aaM^aie co- 
BepmaTB ero! Ob'b cajiaica yaipaTB ceóa, ^to, bb cyo^aocra, 8io 
6ujío ne Óojňe aaaB apasxflaa Movra, ^ro OBpex6aeBBaro Baaft- 
peaia y aero ae 6ujío, ^to obb toibbo satfasjajicH, cootfpaasafl, 
aaaB 6u obb o6x^an a^o f^hnfi TaaB, ^toOb ae BOBacrbCs. 



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lANom éiL 371 

On npocio MHcieHHO ocmBauiBajicfl sa qysui npoiiazaxi^, na 
cňnoA MMwtíkj wcnopue , n%% Heicsyceo Beu CBoe x^o, vio 

OdtBIUH UHIie CliXB KUL VJBSfh H JMOWh OOCIOpOHHlX^ HafijW- 

flMMeši j&bMMjua^ vto ovh myuin 6u jynme pacnopa- 
jmci| ecjmůh eny npexciaauac]^ meoůiOKOíocth ýbmwthea, ea 
910. H TOttBO. Bwh Bcaiaro coMHJbflia owh HeHaBHX&rb lopxa 
Fauiciexa, h Bjrikť^ na aio ocHOBaaie. Ho h6 AOBOia se ero 
BesaBicrb xo ^vanipeHia coBepnnm y6iĚcrB0>. 

O xUcTBKienHOii^ j6iŘcsBfb h pi^a 6iiTb ae uovm: c& ^ero 

6h on aasasan ce6i OIIacHOCI^ «a h tfpemi, Koropaiii oao. Cen 

leuaro coHHima, Jierao 6h aa ero oovicib? Kaat^ oni bh fleaa- 

ntikn Jopxa FéMnciexa, n aio emj nyrarBca ae noAo6aio. 9io 

BOi!b la J8XH Muňerh Buepiy^ uhn roiy6BORb, lo^rao xyícaja 

dlh j6iŘeTBb. Oaa oiapiiio roBopaia o cboomi xcq^aHeicB se- 

OHÍi, HToCřh JopA'B FéMncreAi yiiepi. Eciat^ cepbesHO nua pi^ib 

o6i y(fiĚCTBÍ, TO et tfii Haxo 6iuo aoe bsb^cbib, ofixy^aTS, cociaBaiB 

man, a HHxaas ae ony! Eim^ owb ae noMHmiajťB o TaaoMi 

npeciyiu6HÍH| c& q&iM> otfeaneian eeůb nox^ cmpocib touobb- 

Koe aiereu^o. Om Fosopajii cedb lenepb, vro exi^ai ob% laBoe 

;^o, BHnaiBB obi ubsb, sapoxasmiica vb yicft ero bi bbx^ 

npa^ofi Kevra, to xora tfu owh m ae nonaica, ero 6u aanoxo- 

[ spiu, a noxoiq[i^BÍe Bacionao se 6ii paBpynuuo ero BaxeauU) 

: Kan a B80<$iB^eBÍe. Eobo^bo, bco bio 6ujo eay xocraTO^BO acao 

I I VB TO Bpeaa, aorxa upa^flya mucjb poajucb y aero vb rojiOBÍ, 

r a noiOMy — Mon aa obi x'i^ttcTBBTeiBHo naraTB bto Haiiipeflie? 

• On HC BMin ero. dro 6un ae dojAe aaai oxaai an T^n 

I BoiMyniBiixi 8&iiaoBi, aoropiie crpoaTi crapi b ajiax^. 

TasB mnajca 08*^ ororaaTB on oe6fl crpamBOO npBBBX&sie. 
íio m> ony ae yxaBaiocB, 6ujio acao no aanjaiTB noTa, Buciy- 
mumna y nero aa lóy^ no feacoBHBi^, npoxoxauiBnieSca i^&iyH) 
Bou, no HanpaseBHOCTB, cb aaBoS yma ero JOBBza SBysa, bob- 
ilmuimie o npa($imB aojioxoro vejOBŠaa, toibo eay HeotfxoxBMO 
ISbio yfiftxBTBca, ^to y6iĚeTBo btb xiScTBBTeJBHOcra ae coBepmeno. 
Paale, iHwh btotb ^acB aacraui okb bocb xpoMu^ kb nocvexB, 
nsyryBaxca bb oxftaxo, vso&h ne ^BCiaoBaTB jexeaan^aro zoaoxa, 
aspuBan uasa npocriiBet, mo&h ne bbx^tb ^ero-TO, n'Ň> npex- 
ciiBiuocB ony a cpexa rjy6oaaro Mpaaa ero aoiraaTH. Bo aca- 
vm% ayui obb na^ero ae <cx^ajffB>. RaaoBiifiu na 6wa ero 
tticn, OBB ae Banarnan aa pyvB, hb coato^a. Zora 6ii crajio 
micTBo Bce, m6 obi aorxa-xaóo x^ui aia xyiiaji^B, npecryn- 
J^ OBB aaaaaoFO ae coaepniBjrB. Oaa roaopaxa o CMepra, xy* 
viia o(Sb ytfilcTB^. Obi tojbbo aropan ea ciOBaicB a ea mu- 



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272 BftCTHňl KBPOllH. 

caiflm, Óevh BCSKaro cepB^naro saM^péHit, leasi Bcér^a x^i&erb 
MyttWHa B% pasroBOparB n seHn^Rkott. nóHeiiy se oirb ne Hon 
CkmTB? UMexy se ero tipocajro to fb sapB, to itb xojíojoS TLo- 
^eny yasacfisfl npHBHA-^Hlji típexcrafijrfliBCB evy' bo MpaBt? jOEn» 
HaBipHoé sEHJThj HTO HBKorxa ne huíjis ororo Haif^eiM. RasoBii 
se )Sfi:iXBu 6fiTB Tepsanuf í%i%j kto Biritora, bto HcnojiHxeTB, 
ecjíH TEKatf sapa nocrarajia Toro, kto tojbbo nocipOHÁ ysaceni 
BO^^QnnHuft sáMOBi? CnarE n ona? — cnpamHBajrB om ce&i es 
HexoyiiŠHíeirB,— OHa, Koropaji ne orpaHiraBBajiacL nocTpofisoft Boe- 
fjmma% staBOBi, t^ea, soropafl sejrajia, sasxaja ib mňM ocho- 
Bame sas^arB h sejiaTB? 

HaBonei^ ohi fóCJtimajr& mara no xcport, obe npomju bi 
paBCTosHÍE HÍciM>j[BBHrfc JipxoBi OTB ero ORHa, (Sucrpne, Becejme 
mara, nojHiie mojioxocth h shshh, p^BO SBynaBíme Ha Tsepxot, 
saifepsmefl seMjri^. Owh noBfljr&, ^nt) uúiojíoř Heji0B%Bi, Boroparo 
offB HeHaBE^^JTL, nprlxajii. Xoth oh% HHRorxa ne AjMajii jtfflBaTB 
ero, rlM!B ne Men^ owb ero HeHaBBx&ii. Tprb ero mucjdi, bo- 
npeRH ero coticrBeHHOMy sejiaHÍK), úpuhbjihcb crponrB HOBse bos- 
xymBHe síimbh. ?t5 6bm 6u Tenepb, vh ory caMyio UBHyry, ecjraffi 
TOTE uEtiWh ocyn^ecTBBJCJi? ^To 6u TenepB HyBCTBOBan bc* o6h- 
TaTeiiH Tpa^^pxvIIapBa? Mapmisa 6um 611 xOBOjn»Ha; ho eiiy^TO 
Kasoe vb BTOiTB yrbmenie? JIopxB $pexepHBi ynacj^AOBan 611 
rpoMsifi TflTyjTB H o6mBpHiifl noiricTBB; ho eicy-ro saisaji 6iijsa 6n 
orB BToro HpHÓciJiB? GrapHtt Jfopxi, soropHfl lesajrB tbsbo Óoib- 
Hoft Vh coc^AHefl BOMHarl, b^poatho, comexB 611 vb uonssy Ch 
pasÓBTHiTB cepxi^eirB. MapKBSi sa nocji^AHee Bpeiia cypoBo otbo- 
CHJicfl b% Heny; ho bi x&HHyB) MHHyry y nero ÓsecBjM mhcib, 
HTO Vh TB^eflie TpBA^aTH jtbrb ovh ^brh xiHSřh Broro nejiOBiBa. 
Oh!b HeBOJiBBo xyuhJTh, KavB 0H% caiTB, Vh BHxy ocyniecTBjeHifl 
saxjMaHHaro HJiaHa, Óisxh 6u BHHysxeHi hoxhbtb na HorH bccb 
fflwh, cootfn^HTB o ciyHHBtaeMCfly homo^b nepeHecn t&io. Rto 
coo6n^jrB 0£i on^j poBOByio b^ctb? Rto nonimuicfl 6a BuroBopsn. 
nepBoe cjobo nycioro yr^meHÍfl? Rto ÓpocEJica 6u vh XBepgirB 
MapBHss, cootfn^Bn 6u el, ^to cnepxB npoHHBja Vh xomi, autl 
ei HOHBTB, qTO CTapnrift hbi <rojiy6KOB'B> — Hacjri^xHHBi? Bce bto 
HpHmjiocB 6u CA^jiaTB eny. Ohb naBipHoe BUxajTB 6ei ce6H n 
8TH MHHyTH. Ho y6ífiCTBa HHBaBoro ne (5hjio. Hojioxot ^ejoBfei 
Vh HacTOBnqriD MHByry HaioxRJicfl bí xont, Beceio HacrpoeHHBifi 
CBOefi nporyjiBoft, nojHOft shbhh h B)HomecBOft aneprífl. Áo ymeft 
xacrepa FpHHByxa xoneocfl sByiTB maroRB no oxHOMy bsi otxb* 
jeHHHrB BoppBxopoBi, ffepB saTBÓpHiacB, Bce ^MOJCKJto. Hon 
nosasaiacB OHy Tasí ÓessoHe^HO x-iHHHa, vro om pšnuurB ocra- 



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■iřioBi ěAŘ. 276 

Bin> aron Mfiwb Kasi mosho CBopM. Ohi BOSBMen, qró 6a euj 
HH opex^emjE, b yixerB* Ha cjixynn^ee yrpó eny npBHecjiH 
nepBuS sasrpan vh ero BOMHáiy, obi ocB^xoiuucfl y cjiyni o 
lopxi FaMncTexi b ero BairipemBrE. Cjyra nojarui, hto mh- 
lOfjHh Hanšpeai npoBecTB zM/bcb xea ahb. Tan ohi ciiiinaAi on 
FappBca, jcBopei^saro* Mbjiopai xojiseH'B 6ujrh bbxítm^ ci on^oirE 
Bi 910 yrpO) Bi oxBHBawaTb ^acoBi. JljoMamHii (5K)ijieTeHB o sxo- 
poBbt iiapBflBa 6iiji ceroxHB yxoBJíeTBopBTejiBH^ o6uBHOBeHHaro. 
MapsBBa en^e ne noBasiiBajiacb. ^osTOpB, b^poatho, 6yxerB bi 
jpflflawaTH ucaifL. Ciymaa xouaAi cjryrB, MBcrepib FpBHBy^ 
jiyMaji: HensB n lam ycrpoBncB, ^Tofo ne BBxaiL Mojoxoro 
jopxa? ytaaiB Byjia-HBOyAb, ^nx> jih. JIopxi FaifncTeffb 6iLirB eiiy 
HeflaBBcreni, HeHaBBcrffbe niiťb Borxa*jifl(k). IIpesA^ h^mi owh 
jaAii^ co6paTBCB, eny coo6iahjb, hto ^opxi FaMncTexi sejiaen 
ero BHx^TB H HaB'&CTBn ero vb ero BOMBati. 

MapBHffB ropaio noÓJtaroxapBJíi cuna sa lo, hto owl npi- 
ixan, HO HO jsejiajrb yxepsBBaTb ero si Tpa4>^pxt. 

— KoHeiHOy re&b bxIcb lOCBa crpamHaa, a mbš, KasercB, 
iyvne* 

— Orb jQrmB paxyK)CB Bioiiy, ho ocjih bu ^yMaerOi ^to a 
BOty 611TB BaiTB CBOJBSO-HHÓyxB HOJieseHi, a ocTanycB ci BejB- 
uiniBirB yxoBOACTBieirB. Bb TaBoin cjy^ai, nojiaraio, h $aHHH 
6& Hpiixaia. 

MapsHSB saMorai^B rojiOBofi. $aHHB, no ero mhšhíh), Jiy^me 
ÓHJO ne npi^teasaTB. 

— MapsHsa b ^hhb ho ysBByrcfl, ecjiB tojtbbo osa ne 
OTBasajacB otb ororo iiojioxoroqejOB^.— FoMnciexB ne pbnauci 
yTBeps^aTB, hio&b ona oxsasajiacb orB nojoxoro qejiOBÍRa. 

— Hax^bocB, HTO ona HBsorxa ero ne bbxbtb,— cBasajiiMap* 



Cawh npBHBJca ys^pBiB ero, ^to BJK)6jieHHHe hh pasy He 

BCrpt^ajHCB Cb JSpiisfl^ $aHHH BB FeHXOHB. OffB ElAn HeOCTO- 

poxHOCTB yB^iiTB OŤAa, ^rro CBBxaHia aroro ne 6yxerB, noBa ce- 
opa rocTHTi y nero. Bb ary csmjio MBEyiy Aau)pxsi Poxefii 
cmu^B Vb rocTHHot FeHxoHi-Foua, xepiRa jaxH ^pancecx vb 

nocjrib aroro pasroBopi on^i cb cíihoitb Bocnyjicfl MHCxepa 
rpBBByxa. MapBBs^ chjibho sejiajTE, hto6b ohb ocraBBjí ero 

— Ho npaBxi roBopa, — roBopsxB cxapHBB, — okb-to h ccopairB 
BeHB CB TBoeft iia^BxoB. HsB-aa Hero a h 6ojieffB. fl ne hm£b> 
MBHyTa noBofiHOfi, noBa owb zfjbcb erpoHTB npoTHBB Měna bobhh. 

Tom lY.— IniK 1868. 18 



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274 9^CtflIKl IBPOOH. 

r8ifncieA'B HaxojiHA'^ paayííHHirL yxajiHTb droro qeiOB^Ka, 
xOTa-6Ei TOJUO noTOKy, hto npecyrcTBÍe ero HenpiflTHO. Sa^m 
xepaBATB nejOB^sa vb aoh^, ecis oh% tojibro Bciirb h^ao- 
í^xa^i? Ho xyrB npexcraBUJicfl BonpocB o BOBparpaaiiHAeHia. JIopxB 
TdMnctefib ne HaxoAHJi, ^to5:b tíicahe ^ysroBi (5hjíó xocraioiHOi 
H jiyifaji, ?T0 6^AH0My CBflo^eHHHBy cjAjsywh nojKmmh 300 
^yHTOFL eseroAHOĚ nefldii. Mapsusib ne xorí^ h cjiuHaTB ofo 
dioifb. MBCTepx FpHHByxi ne HCno^HHJii xu&e lixi nycmxi 
o6fl8aHHOCTeff) botopha Jiesaji na Heii'B. ^aase BaTajion 6h6jío- 
TesH ne 6iijrb cocraBieHi. MapKHffB HHSorAa hh^fo eny ne o&k- 
jofuii^. Buy cjAjíflBUO Koumb xeHBFH. HaKonei^i oieivB c% cuhoitb 
CTOiiBOBaiHCB, H FdMncTeA^ nocjajitB bi unejuany cnpocHTB: mo- 
serb JIH OHI ero bhaítb. 

. MHCxepi rpHHBy;(B cTOflJi nocpexH BOMsaTu, nompas pjbh, 
Borxa jiopKb FdMncTejitB Bomeji. 

— OieicB Mofi nopy^ui mh* neperoBopHTB ch BaMH, — csa- 
saxB FaMncTex^:— OHI, noBHXHKOiiy, naxoAHrB ly^mHirB, Trofo 
Bil ociaBHjiH ero. 

— He BHaio, noveny oh'b oto naxoxHTi, ho, Bone^HOi jŘfy^ 
ecjiH omb mhí npHBaserB. 

— PasÓHpaTB dTO (SesHOJOBHO. He npHcbcTB-iH nam, KHcrepi 
FpEHByA^? — Ohh cíjih.— Bh nposHjH w*cb MHoro jAtb. 

— O^eHB MHoro, JiopAB FaMnCTex^, nyiB He bck) shbhb; sl 
Ban BffbcB Mfi Bamero posAema, JiopAi FaMncie^B. 

— Snaio. XoTfl MapBHSi ne uoi&eTh npesnaiB sa BaiiH hh* 
BaBHx^B ocoÓeHHHxi HpaRB Ha Hero... 

— HHBaBHSB npaffB, JopxB FBMHcreAx! 

— BeffB BCflBaro ooMH-bnía, HHBaBHXi. Tbv^ ne Mente owh 
roTOB^B cff^aTB ^To-HH($yAB Bi BHxy BanmxtB crapuxi oTHomeHÍft. 
Mhjiopx'b AyMaen, hto nencifl vh pasiiip^ 200 ^yniORB kb rox^... 

MHCTepi FpBHByxtB saMorajii fojioboS. 

— FoBopKiBaiffB, — npoAOJisan Fd]CHCTQX'By HacynHBHmcBy — too 
MHjiopAi nopy^HJTB MH% HopeAaxB Bani, HTO BH ÓyAere HOJiymaTB 

200 ^yHTORB Vb TOKh n02BH8HeHHOÍ HeHCÍH. — MacTopB FpBHByXB 

CHOBa saMOiaii rojiOBoi. — He jíjuajo^ hio(Si mh£ ociaBaiocB ^lo- 
HHÓyAB npH(5aBHTB,— npoAOJusajTb mojioaoí Jiopffb. — TanoBo pj^meme 
OTBfi xoero. Oob noiaraerB, ^to bh npeAup^rere neHCÍK) HeifeA- 
jieHHoS yniiaii thcau ^yHiOKČ.— Orapasi^ chibh^ npesHHrosa- 
Moiajii roiOBOi. \ 

— Mh% ocraeicfl ioibbo cnpocHTB BacB: BorAa Bam yAo6HO 
6yAerB ocraBHTB Tpa^^pA^HapKE? 

JIopffB FdMncieA^i bhxoaa on omta, ýkuan bbbb mosho 



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lAHOflitit. 275 

jD($esHÍe cootfaurrb ari bIcth BaoejjiaHy. Ho UECie^ FpHByxi 
ůan euy BesaBacreHi. Ero MaHepa ctoatb cpexH KOMHaiif, no- 
Tipaa pysH, cha^tb na iohtorí cryia, icoraTB roaoBOff, Hé ro* 
Bopa HH cjOBa, BHymajia eicy aKiBiSmee orspanieHie. 3aflBH ohi 
ciiďbio CBoi B^tMXb Ha CBOH spaBa, r9MncTeA'B noiniTajCJi 6u ($íitb 
a HRiTB nojnoÓeBHie. Teiie|» se owh xueRO ne 6ujFb jnoóesewbj 
npooi ero HasHaniiTb jieni cBoero on^xa. 

— Bu xoTHTe CKaaaTB, iio moha BuroHjiTB. 

— Hšeso^Bio M^cmeFB TOiiy nasaxi Bam 6100 coo6jii[eHO, 
TO) orei^ MOft 60^*16 ho Hys^aerca vb BamHxi yc^yrarB. 

— MeHfl BHroBflKrrE, KaBi coóaxy... nocii TpHAi;aTH ji4tb! 

— He cmíh) BaicB npoisBOptqiiT^ ho aolUkoh^b npocHTB Baei 
HasHa^HTB A6HB. Bt^B BaiTB so HC TOHepB BB HepBuS pasi^ npex* 
JOSUH 8iat 

MHCiepib FpHHByjTB Bcxajix, jiopxB FdiineieAi 6iíiji'b BHnysxeHB 
oocaixoBaTB ero npHnipy. 

— Aajurre bu mtA KaBoS-Hi<$y;iB OTBtT'B? 

— Hítb, He WMi, — CBasan BasejaaffB. 

— Bu xonre cuBarb, ^to se BH^pajH xha? 

— He ytxy a ci AByx'B craiiH ^yHiaMH b% rox%,— caasajx 
aspiVB.— 9x0 ÓescmicjieHHO secroBoi 

— SCecTORo!— BpHSHyji'B lopAX rainiCTeffB. 

— Ji ne TpoHycB, noaa ne yBssy caiioro itapsEsa. He^ero 
H xynaTB o ToiTB, m&b osB NrHajTB MOHA TaKiHB odpasoMB. 
Ran UB/b sitb na KBŠcrm ^yHroarB vh foxb? SI Bcer^a CHHiajrB, 
fio Qosy^y ÁJuacMWu<Sřh. 

— Hhkto Hisorxa se BaneBaxB sa aro, Bpoici Bací caicHx^B. 

— fl Bcerxa na sto pascnruBaji, — CKasajrB icHcrepi FpHH- 
ByxB. — SI ne yixy oieioxa) noaa He fiyxy hm^tb cjiyiaa oÓcyxHiB 

BOnpOCB CB CaMHlTB MaplCBSOMS. Ho XpIAK), ^TO&h MapSHSB Tai^ 

OTHeccs 10 mhA — He ($yxB 3if6cB BacrB, jiopxfB raMnciexx. 

dm ÚUJIO HeBHHOCHMO. rMHCreffB nOHfBCTBOBarB, <ito yHH* 

3HTB cetffl, san^H^aacB npoTHBi BSBoxaiiaro na nero oÓBEHenia, — 
xase zvn/umfA oxqa. 

— EciH BaiTB He yroxHO HasnamB xofl^ mhí npHxerca aro 
i^aTB, — dasajTB mojoxoS jopxB. Kaiuani chx&vb nenoxBHsno 
I tojiBKO HOTHpajii pyra. — Tan xaiTB a ne nory xoÓHTBca oiB-iia, 
i xojseHi ($yxy csasaiB MHcrepy PoÓeprcy, iro aam HejEBsa ffy- 
8B0UTB ocraBaTBCfl bx&b xojiie nocjtixHflro iHcaa aroro M^cai^a. 
EcjB BB BacB ocrajocB BaBoe-HH6yxB nyBciBO, bh ho naBaseie naM^B 
tasoft HenpiaTHoS odasanHocrn bo Bpeiia Ůojtbsmí Moero ori^a. 

Ob aiHiTB OKB BKinieAi hkb BOMHani. 

18* 



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276 BIMmUEl IBPOBH. 

MHcrepi FpHBByAi saxyiiucfl. Jífiicaí ^yHTon rb roxi! 
JSynme BasTb. 9to obi npexpacHO coBsaBajii. Ho beri aiy sttb 
aa abíctb ^jbiobi, eiiy, xoropiiĚ bíb& cBott sm aa ^yjMA 
c^erB fl TpaiHii ipacra? Ho bo OTa míicjb vh AgBByK) MBByiy 
npeo^jaxaaa rl yiiš ero. He jiyíme ib tfu okb cxiian, ocynie- 
CTBBBi CBoeĚ BpoeBT*b? He CMBjyiCB offby Moďoxoi Jiopx^ ne bmía 

6ll B08M0SB0CTB yBBSaXb B OCKOp&ilTb OFO, XaiTB yflflSBll B OCBOp- 

(Sfljil. TenepB eiiy se npexciaBJuuocB BBKasBxi BpBBBxbHÍĚ. 
TenepB OMy BasajiocB, hto owh (Sesrpenerso 6u uon BBecTB ero 

T&IO Vh JSfiWh. 

T. 8to 6iuo-te HonpiaTHo. 

Bx Tpa44^pAÍ Bi 8TorB a^bb, xa b sa cjÍAyH)But, xbiocb 
o^OBB TBsejio. Rvh qenipexi neiovbvh, Koropae, no ecrecrBeaBOMy 
DopflAKy Beqett, aoulbu (hjib 6h sbtb bxíctí, bb oxbkb se 
zortji'B dbcuh sa croii ci xpynniB. Hoioseflie iiapBflBa, boboibo, 
A'&iajio 8T0 BOBOSMoasBniTB. Obi Be beizoxbjtb bsb cbooS BOMBaiii^ 
By.ira bo BycKaai kb ceůb MBcrepa FpBBByxa b rxi soporidi no- 
cbB^eBiB soBH, BOBBXBMOMyi Bo AOCTaBJUiJiB oiiy oco6eBBaro yx(K 

BOJIBCTBifl. flfiXie CB CUBOlťB OMy 6UJ10 BOJOBEO; OBI, UBl 6jfJX>^ 

npeAno^BTEJii* ero oCuiecny otin^eciBO cbx^sb, xa bbbbtíi jiob- 
Topa B HBCiepa Po6epTca. MapREsa sanepaacB y ceóa; aaM^peflie 
ea ÚUÁOi BacKOiBRO bobbosbo noMimaiB MBCiepy FpBBByxy vKfjf- 
raiBca vb ea BJiax^BÍB. Oaa bo oAm saxiiTBU, ^lofti eS jKBuncb' 
coBC^Mi ero vh ce&b ne nycsaTBy bo MBoraro mosho 6hjío xo^ 

CTBFByTB CB BOBOn^BH) rOJIOBflHX!B ÓDJefi fl ptoBBOCfB BBEOFXa BB 

sasrpaRaiB b bo oÓíxrtb BBBBy. Jop/nh FaMncTexi^ o6ubb2i Fap* 
pBcy, TaR'B se RaRi b ofmjj CBoe BaM§peBie BBBorxa (Soiie ae 

CaXR^Cfl Ba CIOJTB Cl BBCiepOMl FpBBSyXOlCB. 

— Fa% OBii ofUfifi&nS — cnpoGBiTB obi y xBopei^saro. 

— OÓURBOBOBBO KB CeM^BOtt CTOlOBOft, MBJOpAl>~OTBÍiajrb 

FappBCB. 

— TaR^B noxafixe bbí o&bjnb fb xaieBBRyio npiexByio. 

— CjiymaK), MBiopxi, — csasaji XBopeipól, ROiopnĚ lyn se 
BOJioaaux ciBiaTB MBcrepa FpaBByia BparcwB cexeScxBa. 

B% leHOBie XHB npiixajťB KBCTepi PoOepoxrB b bbx^ci ch 

JIOpAOBlb FBMBCieAOirB. 

— & mwby ^To OBtB BaA^aen HenpiaTBOCTett, vBiopA^^— 
CBasajii MBCiepi Po6epiCB. 

— noveny bu oto sbojb? 

— CjyxoMi seMjfl Boiflaica. Obi BaAiJiajtB BespíarBOCieft 



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liPioffB tát. 277 

vaposy sicKOJbRO yAcBisfiVh Tony Hasaj^; n<m>M'B mh cjBímsuH, 
^TO owh TOJRyerB otii AnncáOsoutSibj toiho yBépee^, ^to ero 
nonuDTL TyxE. 

— Oiei^ MOfi HHSQTXa 001 hTOWh H He nOMUDMÍJIl. 

— fl Tasí H jijuhjn. MecrepL FpBHByx^ — canoe jr6HHBoe 

<yiiecTio, Kaaoe Korxa^jvfo sbio hb cbští; saKi ($h obi cnpa- 

fiUCJI Cb 0<5jl8aHBOCTflMB BO BpBZOXy? 

— Ohi pan npocBJTB on^a, b oiei^ BareropBnecBB orsa- 
un emj. 

— Mošen tiuTB, hbjbab, — se coBCŠifi ptoiBTejiBBO Ha^ajirB 

Biciepi PoŮeptch. 

— Eaai 6b to bb 6iijo, osb npBxoxa sroro se BOjy^BTB, 
a BHSBTb ero HeofixoxBMO. Kan 6u aro ycrpoen? — MBcrepi Po- 

ůíiptch noxBBJTL 6poBB. — IIojEaraK)) hto jfommi se cys^ecTBOBaib 
saiifl-BBÓyjíb cpexccBa bssbtb bbb xovy BenpiflTBaro SBJbivi? 

. — RoHe^HO, noiBi^B noria 6u ero BHcejiBT&) bo cyffiÚEOvj 
BpexBBcamK). IIpHfluocB 6a oiBecrBci vb Bány, san bi JiK>6oiiy 
6poffri. 

— 9to 6iiao 6u BespiaTBO. 

— EpaĚHe BespiiTBO) muiopjrB,— csasan MBtrepi Po66pTCB. 

--MapsH8& ciixyen B86aBBTb on aroro, ecjiB bobmoxbo. 

— ?T0, ecjíBŮh mi Be ctbjib ffiMn aiy íctb? — cBpocBjrs 

JOPXL FBIIBGTeXl. 

— 9ro 6hjío 6ii bobmosbo, botísojio. ^to ecjB6& obi pi- 
iiiics ocraTbca b yMeperb ch roioxy? dro bbb^bjio 6bi CBecm 

BOflpocB na TO, bio xo^iBBie BiixepaBn. He xyvaH), Tro6B y nap- 
sna xBaTBjío xy^y BpoxepsaTB ero XBaxiVtn-^eTupe naca 6eBB 
lam. Mq xojisbu crapaTBCfl, BacsojBBO bobmoibbo, BB6aBJUETB 
Biiopxa on Bcero BeopiaTBaro. 

Iopx% FaMBeiexi c% OTBin* boojuA corjiacBjíCfl, bo bo cowbwh 
iCHO Bflx&n, Basi 6u aroro xodarsyrb. Rorxa Bacraio BpeicB 
mm HBfi wb BOMBaraxi vapsBBH, MBcrepi PpsBByxB, bbxB| ?to 
BpBriameHiB on lea ain, noojan vh aeS BaiucBy, n BoropoS 

BPOCBJTB nOBBOlBTB Oliy OpBITB Vb BOB. 

IIoiy^BBi 8T0 nocjiaBie, osa saxyMaiacB. Gbabo el xot&jiocb 
<^iiaTBCfl on Bero. Ho osa bo Boeirtjia ea^e o6BapysBTi» sepex^ 
BiBi BToro BairlpeBifl. 

— Maerepi FpaBByxi aejiaen MeBB bbxítb,— caasaja osa 

<3oefi ropBBtBoS. — IlepexitllTe ony Mofi bobjiobi, CBasare, vio a 
K o^eBB xopomo ce6B HysciByK) b xOJiBBa bpocbtb ero xojro Be 



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^76 B^ftcnvn ibpoiih. 

*^ JIopx'B I^MDCTeffB ceroxHfl yrpoiTB noccopsjícfl ch micie- 
poMx rpBBByxoiTb, MU8AH, — cootiqiia ropHHiaafl. 

— UoccopHJicfl? 

— TOIHO TEBly MHJI8AH. 0(b BtOlTb Tatíe TOJSH EJ(JVh— 

crpaxi! Majopx^ roBoparB, iro hh sa vo sa esšii ne taxei^ 
8a CTOAi cb iiHCiepoiTB FpHHByAOirB^ MHCiepB řoÓepwK ÓHjn wícb, 
Bce H8x-3a 8Toro. Ero p']kmeHO Biiraa^. 

— Bóro 810? 

— Maciepa FpHHByAa, mhjbah. JIopx^B FdiincTexi npoBoaiJCi 
CL vmwh i^^oe ytpo. 3a 8thii^b-to xaiaHai h BiniHCBiBaji ero; 
HHKTO ne AOJseflx pasroBapesaTb ci iiHCTepom rpHHBy^ir&i nesa 
OHI coBc^iix HO yjiosHTCf H HO yóepefcfl hsi xona* 

— Eto cooÓn^Hjrb BaM% Boe 8xo? 

ropBHiHafl AHUJOMaTH^ecKH OTBJbujia} ano o6i bkmii TOJsyen 
secB Aowhj a ona nepexaeirb bio tojueo noTOMy, ^ib Haxoxvn 
npiuiraBiiiirb, HTO01 MHJI8XH BHaia o TOHX, 9t6 npoHCxoxHTi>. <Mh- 
j!i8XB> 6H3a xoBOJBHa, ^TO HOJiy^ua 8TH CB^HÍfl, xoTfl ůa orb 
ropBH^Bofi, Tam* Bani ohh iioriH npHroxHTbcs efi vh pasroBopt 
ci BaneiJiaBoiii. 

Ha dion pasi lUIOIep^ T^vahjfpb cbn iiesfh Dpanamemfl. 

— Oieob uwb npHCKopéHO csninaTL, ^to bh msi^b ^peo ce6a 
^yBCTByere, jtoxh KaHcfieps. 

— 9x0 MOfl oÓuBHOfieHHaa rojioBHaa 6ojib, TOJiEia ceroffHs 

— iH ffunaeHx cBasaiB bsicb soe^no s yB^prai, qio bh ne 
yXHBHTecL Moeiiy sejiaBiK) coo6mHi% bbhi 8to. JIopA'^ VduucreK^ 
rpy<So 0CBop6HJ% moha. 

— ?TO»b fl nory cx^aiB? 

— Hy— ^T0-HH6yxb xa cjixyen» c^aiais, 

~ fi HO Mocy oTB^qaTB sa Mpxa rmncTexa^ x^crep^ PpEH- 
Byx*. 

— Eivhj Booeuo BÍT!b« 9fO wonoxoi ^ejoB^BX, sa Boropafo 
BHETo HO noaíejaerb WB^^aTb. Oh% ynpawh^ seodyBxaáft s xpalne 
HCB^sjíHfii. Ohii o^eHb rpyóo esasaxb mhí, ^io x xojnaesrB oen* 

BBTb fjOfWh B9M% B% BOHI^^b H^Cfll^l^ * 

— BipoflTHO^ no DopyieHÍK) vaptEsa. 

— dioro fl HO xy^aK). Kone^flo, MapBflVb ({oaeH'b, orrb šero 
a caeci 6ei M^roe. Ho on^ lopxa FaMociex^ a bh^o^ó choceis 
ne HaicipeBi. 

— ^TO aae Mory a cxiiaib? 

— Hy— nocJii Bcero, ^tó npoHBomjio iieatxy naMH, ibxh Bhhc- 
6épH... — Owh ociaBOBEJCfl H B3rji)iHyjii fla Bee. Obb csaja tjÓu 



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MiFIOffB •Afi. 279 

I BjHiroTOBHjacB K% 6ht0%, npH6jiHseHÍe KOropoi nyBCTBOBajia. Ohi 
Bee 8T0 sav&THJii h xaicse nacroposEJicfl. 

— UócjA Bcero, htó npoHsomjio Hesxy naiiH, jibah KiiHcfiepH, — 
bícbo noBTopHn oh^b,— Bam, uwb Baseica, CJi^AOBajo 6U 6utb 
na Moefi ciopOH^. 

— Hnero noxofoaro a ne xT^aH). He sBaia, ví6 bu xoTHie 
(msaiB. EcjH Mapsasi ptman, ^to bhaoishu yixaTB, a yxep- 
saTB BacB He nory. 

— S, caasy saifB, aaB^B a pacnopaxHJica, j9xh KaHcÓépH. 
fl oraasajica xBHHyTBca aicH>A&} nosa Mfit ne 6yxerB pasptmeHO 
o((cyxBTB dTOTL BonpocA ci caMHM'B MHJopAOMii; mhí aaserca, Bani 
(h caiiAOBajio OKasaxE ksA nowepatay. JI Bcerxa Oujtb BairB BŠp- 

HBft KpjTh. EOFXa BH HBJDlBaJB MH^ BamH TOpeCTH, BH BCerffL 
HIXOXUH BO MHŠ CO^BCTBÍe. EorAa B£I rOBOpHJIH UBÍj CBOIBBO 

ropa npvoHajTB BaifB wrwh HOaoxofi Hejiov6Bi>, pasBt a ne Bcerxa... 
He Bcerxa craBOBHJica na aamy cropoHy?— Ohi ho^th sejia^x csasaTB 
eff, vo cocTaBBJi'B HJiaBi oKOHHaTeAHaro ocBo6osxeHÍa ea orB 
BeHaBHCTHaro MOJioxoro nejoB^Ba; ho ne nameai x^a 9Toro nox- 
xoxaa^izrB anpaseBifi. — IIoHaTHO, ^to a xyMajťB, hto nory pascHH- 
TBBarB Ha aamy noiíon](B b noxxepssy b% axoirB jsflu^. 

— MBcrepi. rpHHBy^}— caasajia ona, — a npaso HeMoryroji- 
KOBaTB ch BaMH o&b 8THX'B Beo^axi. FojOBa y Měna cípamHo 60- 
MMThy a xoasaa npóCBTB aacB yfiXTH. 

— H OTHITB BCe BOH^BTCa? 

— PasB^ Bu He cjEiHiBTe, ^TO a ne nory Biť&mBBaTBca b^ 
m jiíbzo? — Oh% HpoxoaaKaai cbx^tb aa uoBmiA cryjia, ne CBOxa 
ei Hea cbobxb 6oihíimTh, mapORo paCBpiiTiix'B, lyciuiBixi rjasi. 

— Macrepi FpBHByxi, a xoasaa npocHTB aacB ociasHrB Měna. 
BasB xseHTJiBiieHi, bh ofiasaBH bcbojihbtb hoio npocBtfy. 

— 0, — caasaii obi, — omraol Taai a kb npaa* saKJioHBTB, 
^To nocjii ipBxi^aTHJť&Tflet, a^pHOfi ejystfti — aca ceMBa npoTHBi 
aeaa. fl nosalSoHycB...— Oax oCTaBOBHJCfl, BcnoarBERB, hto caasa 
OHI jHrnnee cjiobo, ohii lerao nora JiHmHTBca o6tn](aHflOfi neflCÍB, 
I aaaoBeAi Bumejii hsb BOMHaiii. 

&B axoTB xeHL HHÉTO 6oji^ Be Báxaj*B MBcrepa FpBHByxa h 
lopxi Faifnciexi ne Bcrpt^aaca ch Bmwh xo CBoero on^fisxa. Fdiin- 
aexi coÓBpaica npoBecTB b% Tpa4>4>opA% a bcCb cjixyK>Bufi x^hb, 
a aa Tperifi BosapaTBiBca vh JIobxoh<b, CBOBa cb Homuiíi no- 
i&ffim. Ho na ciixyK>HKee ytpo ero nocmna Boaaa flenpiarHOtiTB. 
Otph nojynjii hecbiío cecrpsi b ysHaJrB, hto ^sopxsi* Foxeni 
6uxh y Hea Bi FenxoHi-Foajt. IIpo^HTaBi hhcbxo, ob'b pascep- 
nuci, rjiaBHiiii^ oGpadOiTB na ce6a. ÁpryifeHTH, Boropiie oaa npa- 



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280 B^OTHIK'^ UPOIEH. 

BOAua Wh uoJLKj Poxena, a Tauie i^i soiopmii oiipa^traaji 
ce6fl Bi ToiTB, HTo npHHflja ero^ nosasajiHCb ony ocHOBaiejBEoifi. 
Paai HTO ^eioBin oropasjíeTci vh Taaott xanmt nyrB, ecre- 
CTBeHHO, 9T0 OHI AOiseHi sejaxB bbxítb iD({iiqrx> x^ymiy; oe 
MeHÍe eciecTBeHHO, wso ona xojSHa seiaxB ero BBxbxb. I^m- 
csexb npeipacHo SHan, hto hh totb, hh xpyrai cxoBa ne xi^san. 
Ohi OMflWh sa Bce py^ajca^ ne ffnie sací Bvepa. Oh& cien 
ceůsi otfflsaHHHMi cooÓd^htb OTiQr o cjyHHBmeMCfl. 

— ITocjii Bcero, it6 a naroBopKra Ban Bvepai— cnsaji on, 
— Asopjix^ Poxeni h $aHB^ bha&iicb. 

— ?T0 RE TOMi Tony? — caasan Mapusi.— aSLenenai ohi 
HO Moryrb. fl ho xan 6u efi h nrajiBHra, ecjigó-b p^miJtac^ ona ea aro 
6en iioero conacúi. TBiuiCTexB oneuh xopomo BHan, no, ne aiofpi 
na BTO, orei^B bi CBoeMi BaB^ntanÍH bhojhí ofiesoeuui xoO) ■ w> 
KpaBne hobí^oítho, ito6i> b% aion OTHomemH npoHaoDUH saui- 
HH6yxB nepoMiHu, san6u bcjebo hh <{h jo HenocjymaBÍe ^aoKi. 
Ho bícth 8TH H6 TaK'B CHJBHO flOx^ficiBOBajH Ha icapHHBa^ laB 
OHI ojuxaa^B. 

— Gx6jiatt HHJOCTBi— CBasan ohi cuHyt— ho roBopH HHiero 
MHJBXH. Ona HenpeHtoHO coflxen so iíh6 h o&huavhj hto a bo 
BCOMi BEHOBan, a sartiíi coo6^^n:( mhš, vt6 q6% aiom xyifaerb 

XHCTepB rpBHByX'B. 

JIopxB FaMncTex^ en^e ffiMje ne Bixaji iiauxHi Hocwjn ae- 
otfxoxHMHirb nocuTB eS CKasaTb, hto Cyx^n Hniiib wcn aamci 
n net nepeA'B wsAsffim. Bcúk xoManiHia pacopn oh% cvrui 
Bp^BHiiH. PaxH iia^BXH, oocipH H MaieHUHxi 6p]kTBeKE ím% se- 
JULjuhf HaciMMBKO • B08iiosBO| Bz6ÍTBjTh OTipiiTaro paspuBa. A no- 
Toxy offb, nepexb o6bfflu%f ornpaBuca kb napusť. 

— Omty ropasxo jqr^nie, — csasan ohi; ho Manaxa toaio 
noxaqajia roiOBotty lan mo ony npHmjiocB boboÓhobhtb pasroBopt. 

— 9to roBopHTB xOKTopi CHalcep%. 

— He fjMtao^ HTo&b XHCiepi GoaScepi mhofo b% avon 

CHHCIHJTB. 

— Oiei^ cam 9to Haxoxnn. 

— Owb HHKorxa ne roBopHra mhí, mí> ob% Haxoxan* On 

HOHTH HBBOrxa HO rOBOpHTB CO MHOft. 

— Eiiy He noxi cajiy MHoro pasroBapHBaiB. 

— Ohi no n^Mum ^acan Óecixyen c% XHCTepoic% Po($^t- 
coMi. HTaxi... a xoxsna naa noBxpaBBiB. 

9to 6íuo caasano lOHon, otobhxbo xojseHCiBOBaBHnn bb- 
pasHTB H ocysxeHÍe, h nacMiniBy. 

— He snaio, — csasan raMnciex^, ci jau6kúř. 



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iÁPK>n •▲!. 281 

— Uounxij HTO CJyxH HM^en mojioxoI uaiepm capasex- 
mii? 

*- He nory bemi ha 9to otbíItrb, le^wai, ^vt6 bh, cotf- 
cmmBOj cjouian. QooApaBjeHia nou Hey^toan, nn bwb mo- 
jtopLSí oco6a He npHuiia Moero npexiosemn. — MmiBHM Hexonip- 
VM> paaciifajacb jeneifi npBHysxeflHHMi ciišxoin^ n roto- 
poKB HexoB^píe 611JO HCxpeBHe. — Mory louio ciasaiB Bawi, ^ro 

9T0 TtXl. 

— Bh, (Sen ooMBftmi, choba noomserecb? 

— Ben comhšhLi. 

— Moioxfur x^Bymn, vh efl ycji0BÍ2X'B, B0o6me He cbjohhh 
ympenoBtn n ttsom^ cypoiom pimeHÍH. Bht^ ifosen, h mosho 

BfeXDOlOSHfBi inO OHA HEIOBei^ yCIJTHlTl. 

— He Mory B»m na ee({i ofBfoiin na 910, jraw Kíhc6^. 
BonpocB 9T0i% Hn rtr(, o Koiopím a ne ocodeano oxotho toj- 
i^ii. Ho pasi, 9«> BH CHpocBJH MeHa, a c^en xy^innirb npocro 
eooÓH^TB Bam ^^th. 

— ^pesBH^iaBno BairB o^asana. Oreqi Moioxott ocotfH... 

— OTei](i MOJioxoS ocotfii— Kiepn, n Toproeol mmůf^^ vh 
Gin. 

— 9io a cxMinaia — h sBaiepi? 

— H BBaiepB. 

— Oh%, aaseiea, saien n FauoBiift? 

— GoBepmoBHO b^pho. 

— B% oxHoS yjiipt n thtrb moMOfíáwb ^eJíwbMou%f soioparo 
#aiHH yroxHO tfiiio BmcBan? 

—: MapioKL <M, Ch ontom, sasyn vh Třmmw&í^ IlapaxBai- 
Poy, J£ 17| a KneriMce^ Poxefl% i AiM^pxs^ Poflem m 16 10. 

— Tan. Hn aroro mh uim&n gaajDiiTfc^ nawh iii Dosna- 
iMUKb c( mecB $aft. 

— He xyiiax)* Ho ecjn asejaeie aiaTB, nory ooo6aQm aaici^ 
na Bs HepBHt pavB Bixftn loeci $at b!e xoirib userptoa PoneA. 

— 3. lan H xyMajia. 

FdimcTex^ na^an btotb pasroBopB kb caMom xotfpoxyniHOiíi 
merpoemH; ho nocieneHHO y nero xBxajiCfl Bce 6ojrbe h 6ojAe 
BB8iiBai>n(ii TOHi, eciecTBeHHoe nocjri^xcTBie ea nsoHHqecBHrB 
■VeieHiS. npespinie aeerxa BnanBajo vh mitb lan ace spespinie, 
na HaeiribniBa HacxiHiBy. 

— He BHaio, HOieny Bai» yroxHO 6umú bio npexnoioaurEB, 
10 OBO laKB. Hh AsopxVB Poxemb, hh cecTpa Moa tjn ne npa 
wa. Mhoitb $afi— npiareiBHHi^ MBcrpaccib Poxeni, h Mtcipacci 
PoxeH% npexciaBua Hena moioxoS oooM. 



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282 noTHin ibpohh. 

— lipaso, MH Be6 ipesBinattflo eil iipasHaTenHii. 

— Bo fiCflKOMi cjiyqa'6, x-to eS tfiaroxapeHi, hh, Bipale, 

— B^XHeHBsifit (heHB tiyxen mtauOj ecjH h bh tfyxere le- 

C^aCTHtt VB jmÓBH. 

— napa MHt CB Ban npocniTBcs, mhaxh, — csasan (m 
^CTasafl, HTotii pacuaHflTBCfl cb aeS. 

— Bh HH^ero ne caasajiH iiet o $aHHH. 

— He xyMaH), vrotfi a iirkrB HTO*HH(SyxB cBasaTB. 

— MoserB 611TB, h et bshíhatb. 

— ExBa XE. 

— Baarox^Mi tony, iro ett He hobbojhwb mix^nca cb mm.— 
Bb btbxb cjiOBarB SByiajio noíHoe HexoBiipie. Sny craio xo- 
caxHO.— BaiTB ffljsxEO 6sTh o^eHB TpyxHo pasjíy^atB btb, tbbb 
KaSB OHH Ta»B dnsKO. 

— Bo BCJiKOHi cjy^ai^, saxa^a dta onsajiacB wěA He noxi 
CBiy. 

— Heysejii? 

-^ Ohh bhx&ihcb B^epa. 

— BoTB BaBB? ExBa BH ycnšJH OTBepHyTBca? 

— Ohb ýbssAJTh 8a-rpaHiiQr v npitxarB npocTHTBcr, ona sa- 
HHcajia mhí o6b btohi. O ce6i a hetofo ne roBopD, jbxb BHHo5epi; 
HO He xyuhíOj ^rro^B bh MoraH oetfi npexciaBsiB, naesojBEO oba 
lecTHa, — lasi se, sasB h ohb. 

— 9to Bamc nOHaríe o ^ecTHOcm? 

— dro Moe noHflxie o qecTHoom, jbxh EiiHOtfepH; ((odcb, 
BasB a yse CKaeajrB, ^10 ne bi eocroasiH o0mcvhtb sairB ero. 
fl HHftorxa He hh&tb nairi^Hia oÓiraHHBan aacii, wn še sasrb ohh. 

-- A a lynaia, iTO o0ta(aHie... o(ttii^aHie, — caagaja onm. 
Ob BTHMi OHB ocraBHJii ee, ne yxocroHBi xi^AHftlhHHitB or- 

B^tOMB. Db Biy BOn 0H% BOBBpaTHlCfl Bh AúBJ^Wh, Ch rpycT* 

HÚMB co8HaHieM% vh cepxA^, ^rro Hofexaa ero n Tpa^^pxi hh- 
soHy ne npHHecja nonsH. 

TI. ~ Jbodaň 

Jíúpn% V^umstejíh soflaiB m^ ce6i xohoS ucairB n meas 
yipa, H, npoBexfl bb xopor^ xbí hohh hsb ipesB, hosbojihib ce0l 
aasrpasaTB bb nocreiH. Ceerpa sacraia ero sa BTHtfB sanarieMB; 
ona, noBHXHHOHy, oiohb pacsatBajiacB bb CBoexB npoerymA, m 
roTOBa 6ttJia h dan^HiqaTBCfl, eeiH0B ohb osasajiea ciHmsoMB Gtpo* 

THITB BB Hefi. 



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iiPiOH% tAt. 288 

— EOHeuo, Miit o^eHB m^jh noort Bcero, m6 thí roBopHjTE. 
Ho He SHaio, npaBO, nó hh% ocraBaJiocB x^jiatB. Oeo nosasi* 
JOCK 6h TftKB crpaHHo. 

— UespiflTHO — H vonso. 

— Hqrsejfl 000 TasB oco<{eHHO HeupífliHO, jOja&OHi? 

— Mhí, KOHeiHO, npeniJiocK aw&Tb ntb. 

— nana cepAHica? 

— Ohi csasan xoiBBOy ^to eeiv xeói yroxEo lasi ce(5fl 
nypaurb, ohs HHiero ms t6(Sx He ^i^&erb bi xenesHoifi or- 
HomeHÍH. 

— ^SOpXSX O&b BTOITB HHCSOJSBKO HO satfOTStCJI. 

— JboxfliTE} aan ledi isbpIcthd, aaxo šcn. 

— 9ro He cocraBHja 6a HHKaiEoB paeHHi^u hv ajííí aero, hh 
fffl neHfl. Mu xdSHH sxAn>, Bon h Boe. He ^ynaio, Hto6i» J^JUí 
aeHfl (Sujo Hec^acriem sxft^ AO casofi ofeprH, eciB&h toibbo 
OHI Tasse corjaeucfl sxaTB, Ho nana <men eepXHJiCfl? 

— He TO ^TOÓi ys^ o^hb, a cepxiixcfl. fl B£[HyiBXeH'B 6ujn> 
ciasai^ eiiy; ho xara iíosho xenBinó pftenpocrpaHfljicfl, Tasí 
lasB OHI (k)jeH«. Oxna Bama AOÚpsH SHaMHaí ůwa^ owhb ne 
lua. 

— Th cxasajii ctt? 

— Si p&niai CROBeath et, ito6% oea He xoria hocjc^ na 
leHi HaBHHyiBCfl h cBaBaiB, ^o s ee oteaHyj^. <&, tóno, fiu% 

ClOBO OTI](y. 

— O, XaoH%7 Msb TaK'B san. 

— Heiero nnsffFB o Tom, .^era BonpaBBis neaBsa. Oti^qa- 
Bie, xftHHoe oray, ona Bone^HO coua ůs o6i^aBieirB ^anKiiTB 
íĚ, H 6pocHU 0EI mbí ere 0b jibi^o. 

-^ Ona B TenepB axo c^jaerB. 

-* 0| m BO a Jiynnie Hory eetia owraBBaTB, TenepB, Borjta 
cBisajicB et Bce. 

— Ona ůiiM HecHoc&a? 

^ YmKB9\ ToiBOBajia e o iibÓí, h o MapioHS $at b, Hpaso, 
n cjTOBazi es oÓHapysBHiocB 6oi^ Aorax^DOCTB, niwh sl efi 
opinHCUBajii. Eone^HO, ona oxepsajia Baxo mhoS Bepx^B. Ona 
xona HasuBOTB ! ifeu Iro rjiaea xjjiaBOH% b xryHOWB, a a ne 
von otb'6tbtb efi rbiiB se. Ho b^ AOmí Bctopk, BOfopaa lairB 
wbn o^aBjaerB sbbhb. 

— HoBaa BCTopia? ' 

— O Te6/b Ba6ujH, éiarc^apa wrofi BcropÍH, Tasí se BasB b 
o<k) ani. ^sopAS^B Poach^b h MapioHx <^a& hbito bi cpaBHeHÍB 

^ MaHUITB MlICTepOM^ FpBBByAOMB. Oh^B CípaniHO npOBBHBJICfl H 



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284 BftCTHm iBPeoH. 

ero BHroHflK>n. Oai Rmeici, iro ne yixeni a oieiíi sopi- 
mn, HTO OHI ffiMXBE% jŮ^hcsL. IIpHaHBAH MicTepa PoÓepíct, 
noxasiTh BonpocB, ne cjAfjen ih Fappicy nocreneBio yiien- 
maTB ero nopipH, noaa vomokl h6 MCttBBn ero G»mci. On 
nojiy^HTE xiAcni ^ynon n ihw^ ecjii Bnixen^ ho roBopsn, 
HTO 8Toro CTB Hcro Bejtocmo^BO. 

— A 8T0 XOBOJbHO? 

— IIpHHHifafl BO BHXifaaie, iro ohs xn6wf% HMfaa ace ci- 

Moe jyvmee, se xy^aio. Eiiy, B&potno, npviHioa 6u noeemci 

Vb TlOpBlfi HJIB nOBiCHTBCfl. 

— Ho B^Xfc MO SeCTOBO? 

— Mhí Tose Baaerea. He naD, mneuj oreink nsh ejrpoBO 
B% Heny omocsacsí. fl npocsn ■ MOJOin o UDHei ootbA ^yn- 

nwh B% roffiif T09H0 okl hoř rf%miĚ xpyn; ho hhiwo ne 
MOFb cx&iaTB. He jiyvaio, 11061 a lorxa-HH^yxB njsb le JiHSm 
Boro-HB^yjílB, aan w jnatfjuD HBCtepa FpBHByxa. 

— fifime BpoBepa?— copocHM cecrpa. 

— BMhhS SpoMpil a ero jno6jii>, cpaaniTaiBHO roBOfa. Ho 
a HOHaBBsy MBcrepa FpHHByam e<m mbA eBoieneHHo HeBasa- 
fíbrh Boro-HH6yxB. Majo tofo, ito ohi 0CB0p6iaerB nena, ho ob% 
CMorpan na HeHa, to^ho seiajn 6u cxBaisrfc nesa sa nq^o b 
8UyiBHTb« Tim ne Menie a npaÓaBjB) ero ^yntOBi h» ootf- 
CTBeHHaro sapnaHa, tun nan nasosy, iro ca HHm noczynaam 
seciOBO. ToiBBO npBAeiCfl cxiiaTB bto TalBon. 

— JIojílB EBHc68pH HO npesaeiíy pacn^ioj^Ha vh Heny? 

— Mbš aaseica, no arin. On, a&foaTHo, bobboibxb ctítSik 

a left iHmoee h 0CB0fM$Hxa ee. 

Tenepb FaMncTexa sanBicajH xb& mscju; ony zorftioob 190- 
aecTB ocraTOVB oxoTHBuaro ceBona vb Topci-roaii h onyxa, on 
apeiieHB xo apeiieaB, oosepiaafB hoíbxbh n raijoats, bs Ma- 
píoHi $afi. Ho npeaLxe ony naxo 6hjío cb hoI noBBxaiaca, mfe 
ysnaibi Borxa mosho 6yxen ohatb HaBieiBTa ee^ ya^ b8% Topci- 
Fojja, Byxa BjeBja MOioxoro lopxa ho ctoubo crpaera b% oxotí, 
aaai cosBanie, vro ero ozothbbb CBasyoH croan npaaxHO, a 
ctowTh xoporo. 

— Kaaeica, a ^aarpa oiiipaBja)a n Topcarrou^— csaMn 

oora cecipi, Baai lonao comen wh rocnnyB). 

— Otibhho, a 6yxy roxoaa. FeHxoHi^roaai, ropc^Fom — 
f^uí xena lenepB ace ({espasíHino. 

— Ho a He oBOHWTeaBBO piomiy — csaBan osa. 

— Oriero? 



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Mánwh #▲!. 285 

— FauoBoSi BMTb re&b b8bíctho, ne coBcim onycrtn. 
GojHiie, KOHe«iHOy sanijio bx DapaAHSirPoyi bo jyea ooruacB. 

Ha aro osa Tonso pascMiuacB^ a owh ocan oo6ipaTBCx n 
FaMOBal. Ohb noxyivn paspinesie ssatepa yzasEsaTB sa Ma- 
jmvhj HO He Jíhcnun cefia Ba^esRoS, «rro($i tro oca66HHO nociy- 
zuo eMy na nousy. Owh cosHaBau, yto n MapioHi ecth la- 
Kat-TO cua, BOTopaa mn 0ii sasajua ee nponm yó&BxemS 
onpt. BpoMi TorOi vh xyisA BjmÓMevswo lauocB ^bctbo crpaxa, 
BBBBaHme cMBaiiH SBasepa Hac^ers sxopoBM MapíoHii. Dosa oe% 
He oiHxan Bioro pascBasa o ifaiepH h ea Rpomiean, eny h vh 
rcuoBy He npHZOXUO, nm&h caMofi x^Bynirt ne^ocraBaio wro- 
HitfyxB n CMHCjt BXopoBBfl. Ha ero rjasa ona (hua npeapacna, 
Óoifte QWh HH o lem He xyMajr&. TenepB esy vh rojOBy sanajia 
wauhj mropafl, tota oh& Ch ipyxoirb Hon xonycnrn> ee, 6um 
vat mro spaBne My^HrenHa. Ohi h npeasxe nexoyirbBaix. Ea 
otfpan^ie ch Him 0iijo lan Mano, laRi atono, ^to ovb ne 
Mon He HaxiaiBea, He fjmMhj hto ona ero JooOgvh. ?to0i, jodÓí 
ero, osa ynopcnoBa^a vh CBoeirE oraart HBi-sa CBoero o6iKe^ 
ciBeHHaro nojosemi, BaaaiocB eny Heec7ecTBeHH]iM'B. Ob%, bo 
BcasoiTb cjy^ais 6im yBŠpeni, vro ecjiH HHwro xpyroro ÍArh^ 
ck 9mwh npenarcTBÍeiii ohi cnpararca. Cepxi^e ei, ecii oho 
xUcimiTeiLHO npHHajuesRn evy, ne ycroHn npOTHBS nero, na 
81011^ Tojueo ocHOBaHÍB. Ho w% TOMi HOBom apryiieHrt Moaaen 
Curh H saBJDtaeica bíhto, ta ^no ona djnerh ynopno xepsaT&ca. 

Tan paaainuuai Fdifnciex^ bck) xopory- 

MapioHi y»e h^dojiuo BpeiieHi DOxsBXaja ero. Ona ysnajia 
on OTua Koe-sasia noxpo0HocrH CHExania wh Ghth h 6ujml bo 
BoeopyadH. 

— MapioHi, — caasan (mk,— bu noxospisaA, ito a ohatb 
KE Bani npitxy? 

— EOHOTOO. 

— Mhí npBmiocB ixais Kh onq^, isa^e a tfnjs 6u ^xbcí 
paHBme. Bu snaere, hto a npi^xy en^e, eni^e pasi, noxa bh ne 
cBasere usA yribmHTejiBHaro cjoBeiBa. 

— S. SBaja, no bh onaxB nfBšxere, aoTOxy ^to bh 6eijh y 
oiqa, Bi Ghth. 

— fl foXHM npoeiTB ero nosBOjeiria— h no.iywn ero. 

— ExBa jih Bam nya&HO fiuio, UEMOpMb^ KBMm ce0& oron 

^Xi. 

— Ho a aamen oto mjxBuwh. Korxa ^etOB^srB jse^aerb 
yBetTH x^symay hbs ea poxHoro xona, cf^bjíBXh ee zosataot cbooh), 
TO npHHaxO) vío&b ohb npocHJ^b Ba sto nodBOienia ea otiqi. 



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286 ftBonm ibiobh. 

— 9to 6u xaisi h 6iiao, ec;iH6tí bei exorp^H Biime, san 
Bam H cď^oBajío cmotpítb. 

— 3x0 cnpasexiiHBo. BeaKas x&eb yBaseHÍfl| Raftyio ^ejos^si 
Moserb OREsaTE aseamHai, aojur9& (^kltb osasaHa Moet MapíoH%. 
— Ona rarjuiHyia na nero, wh droitB bsejhaa^ OTpasvMCb bca w* 
ÓOBby nepenojiHABtoafl es. cepwe. 

— OrB^nafiie mhí ^octho. PasB^ bu se snaere, hto <SyAB bh 
XO^epbK) canaro ropxaro jop^a Ahfjiíh, h Cul ne c^eji saei xo- 
CTofiHofi Apyroro o6pameHÚ[, ^'bM'b to, Boropoe, na Mofi BSFdiflXb, 
tenepb npBHajuesHTb BaM'b no npasy? 

— SL TOJbRO xoTijia csasatb, hto otoi^x se nora ae noiys- 
CTBOBaTb, HTO BBi OKasuBaoie eiiy Óojibinyio ^ecib. 

— 06% 8T0ii'b uesAy Hana h pi^n 6uTh ho iios6T'b. Y uem 
Cb BainHiTb OTi^oxi x^jio mjio o npocTofi ^ecTHOciH. On% noB^pm 
uwb H corjacHJicfl BBA^Tb Bo ubí siTfl. y Hacb se^ Mapioffs, 
y HacB cb BaMH, lenepb sorxa mu sx^cb coBepmeHHO oahb, y 
Hacb, i^OTopiie^ Kasi a HaAÍH)Cb, CyxeMi xpyn xu Apyra i^ftnn 
MÍpoM'b, MOserb fiuTb pi^b TOJibKo o jiioÓBH. Mapíoffb, MapioHi! 
— Tyrb OHg^ ÓpocEJica nepeA'b hck) na Bai'6HH h o^e^n ee. 

H^Tby MHJI0pA'b, H^rb, BTOrO HO AOJSHO ÓHTb. 

On^b MBjfkfíbjn o($'6hmh eapysaMH h sarjiaAtiBajii eS Brbjui^o. 
Tenepb Haciajio Bpena roBopexb o Aoirš, roBopnib BHepniHecBi, 
ecifl OHa se^ajia, Hxotb oroBa ei oRasam saRoe-HBÓyxb xificiBie. 

— drOrO HO MpJlSLEO tfuXb, MUOPA^* —OHa BEICB050AHJa CBOI 

pymt H noAHBJíacbCb AHBaHa.— £[ tíusso B^pio FbBamy ^ecTHOCTB. 
JBE ffb Bet yB^pwa san vh coticTBeflHoft. Ho bei MeHa ne hobh- 
Haeie. IIoxyMaflTe o6o uwb BaBx o cecrpi. 

— Raai o cecrpi? 

— Easi 6u BEI xoT^JiHy HTo&h nocTynua Bama eecrpa, ecjiafo 
ee nocbTHj^b HejioB^ax, o BoropoMi ona sea^a 6ei, ^o HHBorxa et 
He ÓEiBaxb ero seeofi? ^e^iajiH-JiH Óei bh, htoOl oaa nosBOma 
eiíy i^&ioBaTb ce6fl, toubo noroMy, ^nx) Bnaerb ero sa HecTHaro 
^ejOBJíBa? 

— HiTb, ecjiH(Jb ona He áid6iím ero. 

— JIio6oBb TjTb He npH TOiTb, .lopfli rsMnciexi. 

— He npH neirb, Mapionrb! 

— : He npH HOHi, iiHiopx^b. Bei co^erei hto a BasEH^as), 
ecjiH a saroBopK) o xojirt. 

— Oxei^x Banrb paspiniHJix mh'6 npBxaTb. 

— Eesrb coMHŠHÍa, a ofiasana eny noBOpHOCTbia. Ecjih om 
npBBasen mh^ HHBorxa ne BHxaib Bacrb, HaxÍK>cb| iro aroro 6mo 
6u xocraTOHHO. Ho ecrb xpyna otiasanHOCiH. 



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MiííOVb •áŘé 28V 

— Kasífl, MapicHTL? 

— MoH vh BBm. Ecia s oCtovuo bbm% 6htb Bameft seHoS... 

— Odiutafire. 

— EcjH 6u a o(Siflqajia 8to, paaa^ a ne tfiua Ůu o^asana 
npesxe Boero xy^aiB o BameirB c^aona? 

— Bo BCflBom cjiyna^i bh 6u ero g('6iaaH. 

— Xoia a He nory 6iitl sameft seHoSi a, rtm ae Mentě, 
o(Si8aHa H 6yxy o neirb xyutm. £L bbm% 6iiarowpHa. 

— JlíoŮine BH iiena? 

— nosBOuie HHŠ roBOpHTBi JopxB TsuucteKh. Ob Bameft 
ciopoHH HeB&uHBO npepHBaib nesa xasHiTB otfpaaoMi. & aan 
KipeHHe 6aaroxapHa a ae xo^y noiasaTB caoeft 6iarojvtpHOCTH 
liiňb, ht5| a SHaiDi 00176020 6u aaci. 

— Jho6me bh Meaa? 

— EcjLB&h a JH)6Hjia aacB wbwb cepweirbi sto ne sacraBEJio 
ta Hena xase nojQrMaTL OA^aiB to, o ^eirs bh Hena npocaie. 

— MapioHi! 

— H^TL, HŠn, iiH coBepmeHHO ae noxxoxBMi Kpjn k% 
;Q)yry. Bh croáre wkl bhcobo, aa^L TOJUBOxoserB cioaTS nejio- 
iňoBh no apoBB, ÓoraiciBy a caasairb. & hehto. Bh aasBaia xena 

— Ecjra Bon sorxa-HaÓyxB co^xaix laxa... to 8to bh. 

— Owh AjHtne Heaa coawn. Owb cjfíbjaa^ueasi a^antaHott. 
Ho xpyríe ne Aaia 6u hh£ Bioro HasBaaia. fl ae yMto voBopvrbf 
cmli^ xBBraifcca, wate MjuBm, aasi oaa. fl ce(Sa aaaK) a ae 
HSfuwf cw&iaTbca ai^Hoft Tasoro neioa^aa, aan bh. — lípa araxi 
ciOBan aa jiai^ ea BcnHzayfb pyxaHei^, naaa sarop&racB a 
om, cawHO noxaBJteHaaa BoaneaieMi, caoBa oaycraxacB aa AaBaai. 

— Jho^BTo BH xeaa, Miq>ioffB? 

— JIa)6jK),— caaBau oaa, BcraBaa a BnnpaiuuiacB.— Meas^ty 
Baaa ae ^oiaiBO ($htl a T^Bajusa. & jno6iK>Bachj lopxi Faxo- 

— Tor^a, MapioHi, bh Cy^eie xoeB. 

— O, xiti Tenepb a kmxm^ 6htb aameft — noaa saaa. Ha- 
CTonxo BH xeaa notfixaia. Ecaa Haaorxa ne múwxb xpyroro, xo- 
onea sa aacB x6hb a hou xavB sa caxoe xoporoe cyoi^ecTBO b% 
lápl, BaaoMaHaTB ce(S& easewcHO, ^to bcí xoa xHCJia npaaaxje- 
atTB BaM!B, BHa^an 6htb aameB, to a aania a ocraaycB aaoieS, 
nott saaa; ho Tonao— kb mhcuxIi vh xoiBTBaxi... 

— Mapi(»[%i MapioHil — Owb oiuitb cioan nepexB neft na 
Kortaan, ho hohth ne npaaacaica kb Heft. 

-— 9to BH BHHoaaTH, lopxB FBMQCTex^, — csasajia oaa, hh- 



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288 nonm upmb. 

TUCB yaii6HyTBCir. — Bce aio Ba Hajt&iajra, DOfOMy ^ro ne xorin 
IIO8BOJÍ0TL (SftxHoS x&fiynncft npocio csaBaib, it6 ona coóopajacb 

BHCSaBaTB. 

— Hh^to mn sforo ne onpaB^taeiea, ipcmi Toro, mo bu 
MeHfliK>6HTe. Bonme a HHwro HenoMHH). 9to a 6j/j noBTopm 

BaiTB 1180 XHM VbfjBEbj nOBft BH He BlOSHie BEflSy pyBj Vh Mon 

H He corjacHTecB 6htb Moefi seHol. 

— dioro fl HHB0iWHecA4bjaK>|— BO(»uHBHyjiaoHE. npsBnn 
cjiOBaxi OHa npoTflnyja n Heny cboh sp&nBO-csaTsui pysa, lofe 
efl CHOBa sapxíícif, rjasa cb MHHyry diysjíaJiH, chjh eS hbmÍhui 
H ona, Óesi ^yBCTBi, yna^a Ha jjsMjPh. 

Jlopxib r8iincTeA'B, ytitxHBmHCB, no owby 6em nociopoHHefl 
noMon^H, wsn^wh eit ne HOMonerB, 6ush BiiHysx^TB noBBOHro i 
npexocraBHTB ee none^enifliix cjysaHU, BOTopaa ne nepecraBan 
yuojum ero yixaTb, iH^ops: 

— fl HHHero He ifory x^ais, MHJopxi, noia bh nax^ eet 

CTOHTe. 

?IL— Bi Topra-roui. 

Biuo ^lenipe naca, a rannciexi cjmmaxB wb KBaBepa, no 
OHB HBKorxa ne bhxoxhfb m bohtoph paníbe nan. Eicy norpe- 
6yeTCí OBoxo ^aca au nyreniecrBÍa vh OMHH^yci hsb Chth. Tin 
ne nev&e réii ncTex'B He uon ýbxmhy ne neperoBopHFb cb mopm 
MapioHi. ^TotfiB y^HTL BpeMfl, OB^ npexnpHHfljrb xinnHyn nporyiBy. 
Korxa OHI BOsapaiHiCfl, tfujo yse tomho h owb BooJSpasHjrB, no 
MOseTB SAaTB Ha yjHi^y He Cyxy^H BaM^HenHimi. 

— Bon OHI OHHTBaBHjica,— csasajia Kiapa^emixsoffb CBoet 
B^iHoS coÓedbxHHitt, mhctphcci ^y^^^^epi.— 9to Bce 910 SHann? 

^HTatejn.^ soHe^iHO, noHjijrBi hto iiojioxas oco6a ciixu^ sa 
FBMnciexoirB ch miHyni ero nonuieHui. 

— Uo MoeMy owh cl než noccopHJicfl, — cBasajia HHcrpicci 
Ay**epi. 

— Torxa OHI ho 6poXHX& 611 9a^* Boh^b crapHSB Sazapíi 
nOKasajiCfl Harb-sa yrjia. TenepB nocMorpBMi, ht6 ohb cx&iaerB. 

— Yoaja Bi oCiiopoKB?— csasajiB 3axapifl, noaa ohh buícA 
HanpaBjfljiBCB kb xoMy.— HHkcorxa npesAe 2 ne cjinxajrB, ^Tofo 
CB AO^iepBK) 8T0 6iiBajio. Hhuii A^Bymu naAaiOTB bb oCiiopoBi, 
BOFAa BBAyMaercB, ho bto ne bb xapaBTepi MapionrB. 

FaifncTeA^ yBipfljB, qro, bb xanEon cjiy^al, ne 6ujío HBxa- 
Boro npHTBopcTBa, ^To MapioHB lasB 8a6oji'6jia, no Hanyraju ero 

H ^TO, XOTfl OHI BUmejTB H3B AOHa HO npOCB0t CJiysaHBH, OHB 



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ne nrikn oěmsl yixtn^ nou ae ymMn lero-n^yxB o es nojio- 



— yraaem Boe, iró a nory coo^oím TeOí, jq[^yr^— esagan 
MMueph^ iwn ora BMftcrt bxoxhh n Jioaii. réMoevexA npoBen 
RLMajeHLByB upeuEjwy^ % xosahhi niMDen cnpaBmcfl o xo^epH. 

— HteE, Bixia ee Te($i HqrAo6so,— esaaaji obi, BOBq^ana, 
— OBa jeria. CoiepmesBO ecrecneHio, ^iro to, iró npoBSOouo 
i»s^ nioi, ee wbommobuo. Teoepb ae Mory reé/b csasaTb, sorxa 
ni MOSKiiib onin npíixan; bo Butpa Haaimy teíSik mn lOHiops. 

— E(»MH(s 2 HBwro He xory jihamh Bacierb FopcE^roua, 
ooia ne nojyiy rbc&iio on mciepa ^ft, — csasan I>iuiciexi , 
eeairi^ BOopmcB xomoS. 

— Boe ffiMXBO mbhcítb on Mapioffb ^hd. 

%o cecrpi HaopieHO yiosuMB, sasajtocL ony vcmiai nycm* 
KiifB^ BorxA pfitt nja o SAopoBoí MapioHi; ho do nojywflis 
mana on XBuepa, Bonpoei 6aA cpaqr ptaieH%. On mAjiyrh 
n rqKTL-roin na xpyrott se ^hs, lasfB lavB imeuio Óuo 
cAMfWfímoe: 

<Muopxi, 

<HiU(ÍK)Cb, TEO ne omnójchf caasan Te6%, ^ro xo^epn npocro 
ooBeawvoBuoGk Germsa oiia letaja h, nepexi mobhi yxoxoKB, 
xjOHOiaja no xony, ropt^o yB&pu xesa, iro a ne xojiaKeHi npa- 
HBian HHBaBax& oooiJeBHHxi itftpib xu es cnoac^teiBifl hjh bh* 
awpoBjema. A& h no jbi^ ea a ae saniTim aaieroi htó 6íi 
aeBa si aioMy opaaysxuo. Sohoiho^ a BaroBOpaxb Ch hok) o teůb^ 
ecreeTBOBHo, «io apa oiom pyiuHei^ aa est n^eaaxi lo noasiaicai 
TO Bciesan. Qaa oooónpua ujA o Tom^ irb npoBBonuo aesxy 
laxi, BO TOUBO oruera. %o se aacaerea xo tfyxyBVtro, lO, aorxa a 
saroBopBXb o aem, osa wA caasaia, w> ycrpaHaaiB aeiero, raai^ 
KiB Bce, Ytó ayauBO -- eaasuo. Ho a ffm^fifííhUHSbj hso m ae 
ran cnorpaniB aa aonpoa a ^o nocii loro, vrd npoBSomjo 
xesxy Hana, a otfflsaHi XOOiaBBTB Te(% cjiyutt CBOsa BHxto ee, 
ecnrtíi iH BToro noseiaji. Ho oro npBxerca oiiosan. Koho^bo, 
(Syxen jy^nne xaa Hea a, aosen <$íitB) Taaase a xm to^a, ^roOh 
oaa Baffloro orxezHyja nepe^B hobhmi CBaxaHiem. A noTOny a 
JBfBKĚOMMjn 6u Tedi npexocraBan ee oo^eTBeaniim pasxiinLie- 
Biaai Ba aicaonao wBfjbxb. Ecia m Bananiem wA a Hasaa- 
uaiL aaaoĚ-HadyxB x6hb kl nasaji aapra, a nocn^aiocb jCibKvsh 
ee npBBan letSa, aorxa th opi^emB. 

<OcTaa)CB, Maxopxi, 
<TBofi sípaufi xpyn 

<3axapia $afi>. 

Toitt lV.-^I»jtt, 1888. 19 



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290 BMTHm IBFOIIH. 

Jlopxy rdxpcrexyi BOJieV-HeBOJi^, npHouiocb qoiopbtboi. Ohi 
HaEHCui jiacROByK), H&BByK) sanHCO^Ky vh MtpioHi h sioaun 
ee RB oxHBi BOHBepn c% nHCBMon bi onqf ei, mwpomj oHcaai, 
^TO roiOBi pyKOBOACTBOBaTbCfl ero covbranH. — <fl HaDHioy sani 
1-ro xapra, — roBopHJTB offB, --ho hex^hk^ ito ecMBÍh xo rtn 
nopB ^T0*HH6yAi» cjqr^HJiocB— ecjmtfrB, HanpHii^p^ Mapioni^ 8a6o- 
ji^a— BH TOTUCi HBBtcnte iieu, Basi qeiOBisa, KoropoMy sxo- 
poBBe efl laKb se xoporo, un h saMi caimrB> . Oh^ 6un cuymfiwhj 
BSBOJiHOBaBi, HO He BooíHŠ HecwcTJHKE. Obs ciNiBaia eiiy, saii 
OHI efl ;toporb, h ohi ne dun 6a iiys^BHofl/ ecMiĚŮb ne 6urh 
XOBOJieHi. Ohi ne Mon ce6& npexciaBaTB, irotSrb oea, vh BOHitft- 
KOHi^oBiy He ycryHHJia, ecjH tojii»bo npHqHHS ea ynopcrBt xo fasol 
creneHfl hh«itoshii. Tiwb ne Mevle cvyrHiia OHacenu načten 
efl sxopoBBfl npoxojiaBajiH ero TpeaosHTB. Onero ona ynaia n 
otfiíopoKi? OrKyxa bsaica btoti HeoÓuBHOBeBHo iipniĚ pyiiflH^rb, 
BOTopHfi oupoBaxBďii ero, tcjns&B ne nyrai^b? OiiyTHoe onaeeme 
^ero-TO eiíy caMovy ne Bcnaro obmx^jo hm% h orvacTH orpaBJuuo 
eny on^yn^enie lopsecTBa, BBisBBHHoe vh homi ea npHsaaBÍarL. 



no iiip^Toro BaB% Bpeiffl nijo, ^yaerBO Topseorsa tipaio n 
HeMi Bepxi Hax^B oaaceHÍflMH; xhb npoxoffUH xoBonno afnarno. 
Moioxoft aopxi^ roT<k)fl npiixan b& Heny vh ropci-Fojui oxo- 
THTLCfl, OH^b npHBeffb ci co6ofl cecrpy cboh)} joxi ÁHaiBXHHy, %- 
pesx HŠcBOJibBo xnefl npHCoexHHBJCfl vb Buwh h BaBÍaBi. ŮoBe- 
xenie ji8xh ^panceci OTHOCHtenHO A>^PXs& Poxena, boho^ho^ 
BUBBajio HHoro ocysxenifi, ho nosoprE ne tbbi 6pocaiefl b!b uasa 
J9Xa Ilepcn^jiasi bbbi ceópi^ 6fl| icapxHsft. AiniJbXHHi paopinieHO 
6iijio BecejniTbCfl, xota 6u vb Ba^eciBi roerbH npoBHHHBmeflca 
npíiTeabHHi^i; ne CMOTpa na to, ^to cairb zoBflHHi 6un Hemo- 
raiťb wiyqme cecrpu. Mojioxony TotŮoiď 6aso owhb yxoÓHO Birtrb 
xapoBUfl BOHDHraH XM CBOHrb jiomaxeH h, on BpeiiBHH xo ce- 
něné, cBtsyK) aomaxfc, Borxa ero coÓetwaBMrb xsyn CBaBynoBi 
tiiijio He xocraioqHO xu npexcrosBoiHrb ynpaBHeHÍĚ. y BnÍAHa 
6hjo CBOHXi rpH jiomaxa- Mojoxve jík)xh ycepxHO QxonjHCb, 
J8XH ÁMajbxraa npenijia 6h x^Muioe yiaciíe n aiofl satiasi, 
eanúu aopx^B jIbB)XBH)Tjb ne 6wn^ tofo XHftmfl, no fifUi»M% He* 

HpHJHHHO OXOTHTbCfl Ch rOH^HMH. 

— Offb TBBi Hejr&no-CTporb|— *roBOpHia ona j»xh ^panoeci. 

— no Moeiíy, OHI coBepmeHHO apasi, — Bospaasaia la. — Hhí 
ne HpaBHTCfl, Borxa xiBymBH apo6yH>rb bo Bceitb noxpasatb 

XySqHHaiíX. 



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■iiion *il. 391 

— Ho ^TO sa &bf» nepeapnrHyrb wpesi isropcxb? R he- 
sBBai) 9T0 TEpaHCTBOiTB. HeysojiB TEi HcnojHHjia 6u BCJiBoe ope- 
lasaHÍe mciepa Poxeet? 

— PiaiHTejEHO BCflsoe, spoiA npurasbfl wpe» Hsropoxir. 
Ho e^Ba ja nu noxseprHeiíCfl bthmx HCBymemflirB. 

— Mh% 8T0 OHeBh nmejLo, noTOMy ^ito a hotth HHBorAa ee 

BBSy J[EK>XUKyTJf . 

— 7BBXH1IIB, Borxa BtiflxeiDb saiiysx. 

— He jíyuhio; pasBi 0yxy ciiorp^Tb na HeroHBi-sa pilmerBE 
n naiarik 060^1101. Ta BBaemB, csax^Óa aasHa^ieM vh aBrycrt. 

— He uiixaja. 

— O, ffí. HasoHei^iy a ero npHsajia vb cíšffi. Ho ueí 
npímjocB y&bmffl>rh A&BHxa. Tu ero ne SHaenib? 

— He BHaio Hnasoro cospeMeBnaro Jlfimffi* 

— Hami i^aBBXL ae to ^íoůb o^eeb coBpeiieHHtiil. dio — 
aop^ A^BBAi HojBA, MOfi 6y^iiuB bean-frére. .Mh% npHnuocb 
yiipaiDHBaTb ero vh ^eni^io saM^HETb 6paTa h &xacTBca, hxo 
iMffi&k Hanreli HSKorxa se 0£iBaTb, ecjia oh'b ho corjiacHrcfl. 

HaBOHeAl, Hacran TopsecTBeHHufi x^hb, bl BoropEiB caiii* 
xliOBoS leJOB^KB ffljíMewh tujTh ButeaTB Ha ozory. JlopKb 
JlbvxbVTJib nonaji m> btb crpanu h pimajcn^ nosecejiHncfl xeBOBi. 
ropci-roui Ouii nepenoíHeH^ n Foiih)!!, necMorpa Ha ropa^ia 
yňs^eHia cecrpsi, OTBadajicB ycryoHTb mícto cBoeiiy 6jjijmfiiiy 
saTD. Eiiy 6yfiĚrh ^pe^BH^iafffio nojiesHo, pioiHn rorSoS, oaano- 
BBTbCi Bi TOcnHHBi^. OffB Boe pasyssaeTb Hac^erb bbcbH| naBaj 
XSBHa H cbyirierb ci TO^raocrbio onpextJiBTb, CBOJbBO y zoBflfiBB Bpo- 
BBieft. JopxB JlhioffMtJOl* 6ux% 9aiOB%Bi| y Boioparo acer^a 6iijih 
iinnaxfl, xora ohi o^eHi ptjqso oxotbjicb, pysba, xota ohb he- 
Borjia H81 bhxs ne crpijan, JXO^bh, xotb hhbto ne SHaii, vfjb 
0BÍ HaxoxflTCB. OffB BBBicB Vh ropeE-Fojm Bx paHHexy sBBTpaBy 
H noftxan na utoo c^opan^a BepxoMi, piAOMi ch BOJflCBofii bs 
Boiopot cuaíbn o&b xami. 

— JlbDXbDTjib,— cBasajnt KBkUt ero cepxi^a,— Haxiocb, ^to bii 
BurtpeHH CBaaaTb. 

— Tarb BBBi a Bepxom, Amh, to hhí HH^ero xpyroro ne 
ocraercfl. 

— BtiBHaere, ^6 a xo^y CBasaTb. 

— Rasefca. Btf seiBere, Hto6u a cjOMan ctí6i meK>. 

— O, Bose! Hpaao, rňn. 

— A, iioasen dsm^ tojbbo bhx^^ ií^ha na xh% psa. 

— Ji jvmeHa aroro yxoBOJbciBÍa; — caasaia OHa,*— tbbi bbb^ 
bh Be xoTHie noasojiHTb mhí oxoTHTbca. 

19* 



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29^ Biftcnm uponí. 

-r^ fi Aame ne noBBOJiBn ce(f% npocBTB BacB »Tord ne xt- 
jaTB. & TOJbuo sMi^Hn, HTO eBawBttEOi n psu, bsk-b oso ra 
nojiesHO xJfl Mys^HHi cpexHim jrtn, bi poji% líeu, HeopiinTOU 
sátfasa wrfl xo.ioxhx% xiBymess. 

— J[BR)jiLK)Tn, -^ eiasan ToT^ofi, nojchisuM^ — aBBypaTBeHBiafl 
y Bací loaiBAKa! 

— He coBcftiTb BCHO noHBMaK>| ^TO sHa^BTB <aBBypaTHeHBBaa^ 
Bi opBirtneHÍB Kx JomaxH, hbjihA xoS; bo ecji bio lecmo, onenh 
Te0ft (SjíaroAapeHi. 

— 9to SBa^an, ^ro b oxotbo 6u noieXBJrB ea bbB ocraTon 
cesoBB. 

— Ho iTO f-TO 6yxy xímib, ocjib tii 8aB;uateiBB iioeft aBKy- 
paTBeBBBoS jromaxBofi? 

— Bh Syxere aadxaiB bb nayiaxeBrt, ub aa Baaoft^BBtfyxB 
cecciB, Bjni BOo6ine bcbojbbtb cboI xom Baa^ ncmt úpEnminb. 

— Hax^HiCB^ YTO fl Be (Tb MeBBmBm yciAxoirB bcdojibid cboI 
xojirB BBB-sa Toro, hto Haií'6peBi <aBBypaTBeBMyK» jomaxqr 
ocraBBn cefíib. Rorxa a <Syxy coBepmesBO yalipeBi, no ue% oaa 
donme bo sysBa, to x&mi le&b 8BaTB. 

Eakb b Bcerxa, CBaBaiB on JoroBsa^ wb jioroBBniy; KavB b 
Bcerxm JBcqi^ii diBCTajfl cbobm^b oicyrcTBÍeM^B. 

B'B xBa ^laca xaMH BOsapatnuBC^ xomoSi opoiaTaBnnicb gtojibio 
BpeMpeHB, CBOABO icywpa Bamjni bto hoibsbb^íi x^b jioniaxeS- 
Mys^BBu ornpaBBJíBcs xanme. HeowBteeo cnpaBe.x^nBO, wto aa 
oxoTŠ ÓHsaen croi&xo cjy^aeBii Korxa xyina TepMerca cosvasieBi 
seyxa^B, to> Korxa BaBOsei^ yxa<ia nBJíseTca, yxoBOACTBÍe xoxsbo 
6uTb oněm bbjibxo, wjs^u BOsoarpaxBTb 8a apereprtfiEBiiB fienpiiT- 
HOCTB. He vh TOMi TOABBO x^o, m> jiflCfliia se Bcerxa bucbd* 
HWb Kgvb TO.IBKO ee BBMfjThf B Be 6%mm^ noTOM'B tfesi ycmu. 
9to MaioTO. Ho Korxa jucfivt BafixeBBt BKCRo^HJia) 6ixwn^ e^ 

5aBB X06pOCOB'6CTBO BCnOJBBB>TB CBOE) ofiasaSBOCTB, BH CBXBTe Ha 

CBoeS jy^meit JomaxB, a HepBu Bama BOstfyx^^eiBu v^basoMito ' 
6ojiBBie o6jEiiBOBeBBaro, xase b TOrxa Beyxaw crepejaen sací. 
Bu nonajB ae sa xy cropofly Ji^a, aa KOTopyx) eiáxofiaio^ bjs 
Bama jiomaxB, opa kíx% cbobxi xQcroBBcrBax^s, OTBasusaerai 
nepecROHBTB ^epesi ary jiysai^, bh ctfajiacB cb xopora bjb, aa* 
Boaei^, sasrb BapoiBO, vb cairat <JjieeTami0 xesB ccbobb, bh ape- 
flefiperiB Bapefi ^joúumofi sa^aaoB a npoMBUin bi^ oocméb. Orjm- 
BBTecB aa cbok) oxotbbvibk) sapBepyi 6paTBfl TOBapai^B, b BOxy- 
jíaflTP, Km UMO Wh Be0 6umo 6eBP(Sjía^Biix7& xjael. ^ 

OXBBX BB^ TaRBZiB XHeft BHOBn BB XOJIR) BBflieS XtaOXeSH. 

— EcjB Bce xoponreaBKO wfivbewn^ mbí BaxerCB, to> jh^X^ 



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JtuDAUDMib nefBeflCTBOBajrb on saMM xo toviia, — (xasan Bi- 
riin^ Borxa MysiiHii opKoexiBUHCft n xtvan bs rocTBiot. 

— Sxo 6h uojfjMMnj Hfo bu TasoS repel!— cbmem caj&to 
DituiiieHBU J8x« A]iajijiiiuu*-A ae Boo^pastM, hto6u BuiaB^ 
ee^68B0 oi^ftCjncB m% Ttuvb oyca^uam. 

— Bceiiy npiuHolTO, hto Fortfol Hasatn <aBBypaTiK>CTBi(» 

JOOMH. 

— Kuujch^ "no tan; xou tfu bu hhí ee oamuja. Mos 
flonjua ueMMj xiyzs pkmeTon i mbí noHMo^uccb noi^aca, 
m)6tt BH6BiMfi oityw. Ilocjii Bioro a no hobojií cobc^mi oicran 
on xpyrflxi. 

EixHfiB DiniMI lyrs se Bjatani noBlKrTBys o cboomi He* 
vmeúm. 

— Ta OMforhj bmbojuo a noifHK)| nomiTajiofl nepe^BOun 
^epeai hbxi aecit Sptitpa,— csaMU BnUa%.--*Kpaiep% noie- 
iln BBtm rojOBOl b, sipoirao, XP cbx% n^i tbms. He BHas), 
rxft ramienwE opoOpucB* 

— fl HBBWAB Be SBM), i^ B 6iiji, — CBABtn roMnciex^^ 
BotopHi, n cymfíacnj sepsat BepeMrtírs wpen xBOlayB) pft- 
meny, nory^BBniyB) KpaiepA b wn CMMhm oBáfjk^nmyn Fot- 
6oi. He xorwi %tM09Šn netojam loepeKB, no ero se iBxmi 
10 Bceria BBiBerci npexnoJoawBif^ Hto obi Tfdh^TO oictan. 



VnL— Bftxmt FoKOp^. 

dBflMeHBfiui oxorai Ba Boropott iopx% JI&dauotu csutaii xa- 
qri> cjasy^ npoBcxowua b% bob^ ^espaia; b% bto apeiiB rémi- 
enn^ cuiaii lacH xo vrt naByra, botw eny cbobb 6yxen xo* 
3B»i6flo nwasancfl n UapaxBS^^Poy. B% osbxmíb btofo xhi 
m% Banacaai xo^^b BBBBepa KopeieH^Byi) saiiBcovBy. 
<fifipOTM fifapoBi^ 

cIlBioy TOJibBo noioxy^ mo ne xory (ían cnoioeB^, ao csasasi 
BaB%, Mnwh BCBpeBBO a Ban joaójm. Ilosaiyfteva, ho xyifA^ie, 
m> BBi-da TOTO) 910 a BixaiB on Baos, a acofte o saei jfpátao. 
Báfíbneh jM/fun aaci bi noBex^bmwBi 2*1*0 aapia* £eu0i bh 
BasBoaiB mbí xoib caobouo, irotfii CBasan, no tfyxere paxu 
Befii BBxitbl 

«BaBn Biuo r.» 

Oaa noBasaaa oocxaaie oto oriQr b xBrpal CTapBK'B csasajn 
el, w> n ea cropoHH 6iuo 6a hobísjibbo xora 9ero*flfltfyxB ae 



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294 BiiarHm IBPQHH. 

oxbítbu. Tan mki noJCAOny viopxy, ropopBJí on, paspimrao 
iMiy OTi^oiTB ef , yxassBaTB 9a Beio, lo noro-ro yjs^b on n npart 
TpeÓoeaTb. Or^ero <fu ero jt&BOui ae cocTasRB raaoS Beiaiojin- 
H08 naprÍH? IlawMy 6u ero Aowpn oe cxljUttKm ciacrjBBol se- 
HoS, 6jaro ea xpacoTa rpai^ia oma^aTeAHO samMOflaJi ceyjcqe 
8Toro MoaoAoro jopw? 

«MHJop;^,— OTBiTua ona euj^—Óy^J ciacuBea sací nxjbs 
Fb Ton K^Bh^ xaiot jiJa fiaa yxotfB^e. Ho, yBit! nory toako 
noBTOpHTB, ^^6 yse csaaaia. Tiu% iie Mefiie a xBoa. 

f «MapioHi». 

IIocj^ aioroTO JiopxB Jbioxuorn OTjHiuca sa oiort, xon- 
B08 CTeneHB, hto YoRepL h FaicoHi— ^aa apux^B oxothbm^i^ni- 
HaxaesaBVBx^B n oxBOMy o6meciBy oxoni n raMocTexoH^b— ea 
XpyroS xen tojuo b ToaKOMiv, qfo o seHixi jmb AiiajBXBHB. 

nocj-lxBaa natHBAa n 4^Bpaa^ aoropyi) on ahh Tpiyx^ 
jopxa JlbiOAbioTJifl OTA^flXH Bcero cyTsa, vj^mm tfujia tfirrB no- 
csitMBU% KBeM% oxoTy ua FainiCTex^ no apatiei jí^, xo ero 
npexnoaaraeMaro Basara arb FauoBaS. Ona »j0ah Ýpanceo aa- 
MÍpeHii 6un Ha xpyroS xen BOBBparaxKJi ai JoaxoHi. Byxy- 
D^ee npexcraaaaxocb ony o^Haii^a aeasaii^B ooiiBiaiem. Byxb Ma- 
pioFB eaiiQl BBataoS xaMoi crpass a ne mmíř on nova npaBa, 
no CBOOMy nojoseniio, BcaaTb ea jK)6Bay oni ne MorB 6a 6oňe 
TpeBOSHTBCBy BafioTaTEca, a nopoK) a yBUBaiB. Jljrnia ero 6iua 
nojina eio, a aesxy rimy on bm j^biq n MfiBh caapasaica aa 
oxory H, HBO xna bi xenb, crapajca ne oiCTaBaiB on ronian. 

Haaoneicb, nacraja nociixaaa naTsóuta Kh ^eagtLjAy xeaSi oř- 
BOcareaMO aoroparo bcí oapysaanqie ero naTaaa Óojuda aa- 
xesxH* M^IcTcmx o($opBU|a 6un Basaaien JI^uMtiepaeS-Ppan, 
caMuS ^m)6euuř cfiopnufl wfBWh vh qlion rpa^^crai. Gmomo 
ÓiiJio, HTO npaÓyxyTB ozormu hbkb ospeeraoGiel. Foifiofl 6im 
CBJbHO BOBÓysxeHi) eay yxajocB, x<ia aroťo cjyuai Bunpocan y 
FaiincTexa ero jy^niya) joiaaxb. A^uae BaaiaHi^ aootfqe ne cbjoh- 
hhI ai npoaBjeaian oaryBiieiiai airkrB Bitcaonao coaiii^aBil ch 
CBoan rpyvon ofBOCBTej&BOi loro, aa aoiopoA Jomaxa eiiy Jiymie 
Í8XBTB nepaya) oojoBafly xBa. yaaco&'& b ýoaepib oubso BOiao- 
aajBCB a, cpexa bícbsixi Baiiaei8 lécaott xpysófi^ nopá^maaB, 
HTo B8B'£cTBH]ii repoBMi, BOTopse npaÓyxyTb ovh oxBoro aa&co- 
dbxBBXi otfn^eciBtfc oxoni, ae aaxo nosBOJarb nosarb aci JigBpu 
BToro XBa. 

Ha^ajo 6ujíO 6:ietizmfie^ JlBcaqa tfiua nalxeaa v% nepsoxi 
jse joroBaivi b, 6ts% Bcauxib nponexjeBÍfti noaeeiacb ayxa-To. 



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Hinon Ml. 295 

Moaen 6mby vh laux&^fQ meHHO ciyiaaxi oxomu nowep- 
ramcfl caiiini^ crpanraim <nau»)exflirB onissaro uomu. Bdb 

BXpyn CBpBMBTCl CB IfbCTa. CSotfpUKB OHH TOJimiH, loioaxH 

eqe Berepir&uiBie ewBarb BCMnran. Hbeto, n xaHBOirB cay- 
<iii, He ÓHjn Befrepnftnadbe yowp*, pasrt ero JioniaxB. Boumaa 
TffjMak BduiBnon— TOibBO-iTO iMw&ixaBonzi— ciofltt aa ao- 
pwrti <S«n MlaBHII^^ 9úTj» Wh paacTMois tpHjmaxfl apxon on 
Eixi nepefifbsaaa wposay jKHma. J^-rpí n^exasiui ronii 
Hecm^ aa ven. %iOBJiKa xaa an ipas^aro CTaaa sanaMajiH no- 
8iipa) y He(k>iiiiu)ft auvnuiy aoiopaa BQjia eB xoposaa wb noae« 
MexjQT xoposKofi aojeiTB 6vja orpasa^ simqpiyiD HeBOBMOsao 
6yjo <B8aiKi>. Toaraa a MHLcniio tfiuo Biitfpan»cay ^no nepen 
vuBĚOfj a lyxa BTBMyaBCb aparH, yv&paaiaie, ae cxoxa ci jricia, 
«> Bdwrao 6yA6n wn jacaqib imyry nepexoxayn. Mucn 9ia, 
vh BfiTepecax% (éxioiií^ tfiiiii koketo, ((lua h capaBe^iBsa. HoFeMu* 
CTCiK^y wftúfui (SAHJie Bcbas eBoaxx ToaapaaodS eroan si Bpa* 
ram, npaaaaan bkb x^ararBca, npaaeMfB a aaiasaji Ha betl. 
Paxon CB HBiTB, BŠcaoyíMO biíbo ctobjtb aeciacTBiiS Yosepi. 
Ero i«r|iMrmecBdl xyini aaaaJtocB HeBiiHOCHmnrBy <n:o($B uoetor 
poHHÍ8 Donai^B bb orBissee mMe puie oxBoro bbb ero cotfpa- 
Ti8. ?t4 offB cam niiiticfl, satajn e^tiacB, cjosajioeB jih vs 
yMi ero moe-aaÓyAB oapajiíueHBQe Baii'bpaHÍeY — bbxto HHBorAa ne 
ysBan. Ho ri yABBjeHÍio bc^xi, BBA^BniBXB bio, obi noBepnyji 
jomaj^ QO HaopaBMBÍx) norpa^ft h nooHiajici bsbtb ee <cbm%- 
cn>. PavopawHme saBanoe bwmock.* £cib(Sh acaiBasB CMxbjn 
CB0(kwao9 oBB, Bipaaiao, ciei^B 6u cb jiomaxa. TenepB se oaa nor 
j€TÍia BMftcxi B, VB BecfacTBK), j[omaAi» oiyrajiacB csepxy. B% 
Ty canyx) Maayry xan axo cjiyqBJíocB, jíopa'b FaMiiCTeAB npoao- 
suB ct&h nytB lepeaB aa^aiay a B»ipBuft comen cb Jiomaxa, 
wtoŘa noMTB flOMOBiiB apUiejKV lepesB XBt-rpa icaByTu BospyrB 
BBXB eo6pajacB Tojaa, bb aoiopoA oaasaaca AoatopB; pasaecca 
cjyx:B» ^iTO yoB^^p^ yíarB. 

3to (kua aappaBAft^ xa«i on aepexoMan cedft bícbojbbo 
pefepB a njimHBoyí crpanao pacsuiicfl a apaneii bb ee(!a tojibso 
^i^peBB aieaoiBM ^acoiKB^ Bb noKaniy CpaiaBCKairB XBpypraai 
ci^en caaaaTB, im 1-ro aoji^ zoro se roAa yoaepi caoaa 
oxanuca. 

Ho yoaqKB, €0 Bcixa ero aecHaerUHa, repoasMoiTB a bubao* 
poBaeBÍeMB ae bm^jb 6ii ajih aacB aasaRoro saaHeaifly eeiB<^ 
Bebii'B oxDnuaaiťB emio cpaay bsbíciho, ^o siqxrBa— obb. E^Ta- 
crpo^A BpoB800i4a iieawy OAaBaaAi^mK) a ABŽaaxi^arBn. BsB-Icrie 
o Befi 6uaú eooóo^eao bb jIohaobb, ao leierpa^^y, cb oahoS bbb 



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296 BMmn BBPOim. 

oocixnn ciaHiófi, lan puO| wso nonaio bo Bxopoe niffuáe 
OAHoS rMeni. Bi bemítb^ 9T0t coo6ii(uoc& nyifjrasft, no jm^xi 
rEmneTexB, oxoucb »e dto yrpo, ynan a jraiaxuo tfun Xnv- 
<Sep jeS-^I^iHHa, iro lomaxB yna la na aera e no ohi^ pauauen 
xo CMeptH. BjxB repoem josatto uBfteria yoiep%, oho, bí- 
poaTHO, FB laiot cjiatioS creneBE Boaf^xuo da ote^ee BHixaiiíe, 
no CB&n BBiero 6u o&b srom ne bbaji^^ noia ne yemman ((b, 
no ůijííomb juibAn. Ho lavi laRb repoem aajajca moioxoI 
apicioxpan, Bcib o&h mokb yteau w> o(S6xa. Jlopxb IlepcB- 
^asi ysHajTb o0i dwm bi oaxaiš icq^xon, lopffb «9m>xuma 
CJiamau Bf& Haiaift oCd^itb. Bdb siytfH, <{e» hckib)i^J| bq- 
p&mBJH, no &bffiaŘ r9uncsejí,% (hiJ% orjnranitt louiii, xon 
ciersa TpoHyBmUteii. MoerpoBopii jme paxoiancB cmoMO muaar 
XMO xopxa ^pexepflsa; wdb npoponjui caopyio CMepn xapBBSB, 
lasi Basi B Mys^BEH B seen^B tfiun coBepmeflHO ytfftsfleBB, 
no OHI, vb ero nůcsMínewh noioiKeHÍB, ho wh caurB 6yx0n 
BBHecTB HOiepB CBOOPO HaciixHHBa. D% Xpa^^p^ H8Bterie 6bjo 
GOotfn^eHO DO TOJierpa^y cípanniíi Mapsana, cl oroBopiol oxbbbOi 
^TO, Bi BHxy CBteeerH Baiacrpo^H, ue cAjiyen upMgfMm (fes- 
yeiOBHoS B^py poBOBomy peeyjbTaiy. 

— B&poBŤHO, TBSBO paciHHilcay — roBopHia TOierpamia crpio- 
urOy— HO ocranHOMy ne B^pB). Bioprao tfyxy leierpa^^spoBan, 
Borxa jmtao npaBxy. 

Bi fjdwm lacoBfB Bowpa npaaxa (tan mňeasB Bf& JIohxohí, 
a panite ooiynoiH ůíkbííA iiapBSBi ysHan, no cípamnoe ropě 
ero HO HocTHrjo. Ho vb totobíh xpen ^acoBi Bf& Tpa^^^px^- 
HapBi xy^an, ^to lopKk ^pexepm ctu% nacjixnsoicB TBiyjn 

■ COCIOBHia OTI^l. 

Bnocjri^CTBÍH 6hjo npOHBBexeao crporoe paacjriteOBaHie otbo- 
CHieibHo JHiHoeni, coo6nuiBniel bto losHoe asBicrie vb pexSB- 
l^30 řaseni, ho HHiero xocroBftj^aro mnorxa ne yBHan. Vto 

q^XH- OXOTHHKOBl B^BOIBKO SpeMOHE X^psaXCfl CMJX%, ITO JiepTBt 

— lopx^B FoiincTexB, oaasaiocB b^hbite. Ero hoqxpmjuuo mbo- 
asecTBO nnh^ cjHmaBHiBxi o ero naxeHÍH* Korxa jiOBqi8, Touel- 
6oi^ pa8(tepan jiBCHiiy h yxHBiuci, noieiiy lan Haw oxotbi- 
BOBfB HO oicraBajiO on nero vh npoxojUBeHie BceS oxoni, oMy cbe* 
sajB, no lopxi FauncTex^ yÓBn, h owh BiapoHEn vn pjm cboI 
oBpoBaBieHHHfi Hoan. Ho Bf& oinpaBsA lejerpaiuH hbkio ne npi- 
BHaBajCB. 

HepBaa xBnema 6yjia axpecooBaRa na nu meiepa TpHHByx^ 
001 orqysxeHiH soroparo on ceneScTBa johiohcbíI orpamit nou 
en^ ne SBaii. Obrb Ótijn BHnysxeHi coo6h^btb nBftcrie dojh- 



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]iiPi<»n*it. 297 

wmy lepen xBopeipuiro, Tappaca; ho n iiapB»i ompaBUci ch 
9Tm cam« 

— Ji ÓWFh BsajmK&n npixníi— CEasan obi, tmbo Msmaaachf 
wow OBa cepxRO Barunyja bi Hero.-^-Ciy^HJoeb Heciacfie« 

— BuBoe Heevaerie—Kasoe, Mserepi rpBHByx&? Onero bh 
le xorare mbí CBasanP^ Čepme ea totwcs noHeexocB b!b spo- 

ttSBttn, BS BOTOpHZl^ «fOI7<lBH» CH ySO OMOBJICB, Vh OOC^X* 

lel leioiasi. 

— TejierptMMi wn JIoHxofla. 

— TeierpaMMa! — Tat^ ea Mai&wn u/báu b ne^KĚMu. — 
Omro bh utA bo CBaseie Biritero i!oro, mc&b awsh rpn? 

— JlopxB TsuBCten^h... 

— JIopvB réuBCtexit — ^TO offfc cxbdian? — SesBicai? 

— Obi BBiorxa se mamtB, — Tyn osa Bei safpacjac^ ctbc- 

VJU pyBB B CTOBM Ch OTBpHTBlTE pTOITB, He CK%fl OTO paSCBpB- 

matn. — Obi ynaii, jbxb BBHetffipB. 

— yiiai%! 

— JomaxB ero pasxaBBia. 

— PasxiiBBjal 

— noMBBTe, a roBopBAi no 910 tfyxerB* Ten^& obo cob^- 

— Ówsí... 

— yMep%?— Aa, mjm KBBotfepa, yMepi. 

SaTiiTB owh noxan eS Tsíerpaificy. Obb crapaiaeb npo- 
watk ee, bo cioaa duím Be sobh, bib riaBa ea orytfaaeHH... 

— rappBCi BomejTE vh MapKBsy ci BBslumem. BLaseica, 
lyíme mbí BpoiecT& nam xenemy, bo a xyi^ani no aam npiaTBO 
({yxers ee bbx^< «8 roBopan Bawb, no bio 6yxeni atXB Kbbo 
ftpi; tenepB obo coBepmBJíocb. 

Obi emfi npoaoaai BBByTii xBt^ bo, Tavb BaBi oBa cax^a 

StBpHBBIB JBl^O B Be KB CBJai& 6mM rOBOpHTB, BiímeJll Bff& BOM- 

HiTH) He BOTpe6oBaBB, vM&h OBa BO&iaroxapflja ero sa npHBe* 
ceBHoe BBBlKme. Exbb obi ymen, OBa tbxo npoapaiacB bb Hen- 
laiy, BB BOTopoS enaia ea Tpa MaiBusa. Obb eBioBBiacB bbxb 
Hnn B nepeiqiaoBaM bxb ndbxh, bo onyciHiaeB bb boj^bb y 
^BBSB jopxa $pex9pBBa a pastfyxBaa ero cbobbb ropa^Bioi no- 

H^aBB. 

— O) HaMB, nojiBO, — CBasajii naiBun. IIoTcnrB owyjca, 
ciiB BB BpoBafrt. — Mana, Borxa ÓjwfPh Jí.9»n? -^cttpMwn im%. 

— Cbb, MOfi MBJHfi, KBjíBfty ifBaHfi, *- cBasan om, cbobb 
x^a OTO.— <Tpa^^pXB», menByM (ma Bpo ce0a, bobbpbbmuicb 



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298 B^CtlIKIi KBPOUH. 

n omo MMHftEy, npioiyiiniBueB n seyBy «ieni, soropoe exy 

IIpBX61!ei[ HOCBTl« 

— GoSxBse-Bnn, — onasaja oflt CBoeil ropnuBoi, — cnpecne 
MBcipHOTB Rpojett, He asaiaen m vajojMi BHxftn nem. — Mie- 
TpHcc^ Rpojiel doM CHA^M. Ho rdfMDBHBftfl BepByjtacE c% otbí- 
TOu%j ^TO ]CHJO|ur& He samen mfjlnh hubah. 

^aca xpH opMesan ob% bi ropecTBom 04%iieBteÍB, a osa 
Bce 8T0 BpeMB iipooBA'hia OAHa, no^TH VB noTBMarB. noBiQyueicf 
coMviBaTBCBi noCi TopsecTBO 6uMú ÓBsycjiOBBoe^ £i cospcmiBte 
oojyuio fo, HTÓ ona curajia spHiiaxJeaBaHUQis eny no npaBy; 
HO BcnoMVHaHÍe o tomb, uso oea Mtro saiguua, nomi MOjruaeB 

O&h dTOWby XOJSHO 6UM OMpa^BTB efl paAOCTk 

HaBanii nOffi6Ejia'h coauuiaiB ae HonHxiiBan MHeiepB 
FpHHByxB* Eiiy lasajioeb, nro ^piyvai cyxB^ai HpoBix&HÍe— na- 
soBBTe aasi xome— toabobcooíbbw cboI xo-m* 0»& BftpBJS, 
TTo A'i^ScTBBTejbHo npexBBA&Ti ■ npeffcsasajib cneprb BpeAsaio 
MOJOAoro HMOB^Ba. Ho nocjyauiTL jb Tonepb ara caieprB cbojbso* 
HB(5yxB ony Ha nonsy? He cjBoiBom jh hoqaho? Pawk Bct obb 

CB HBMX He nOCCOpBlBCb? T^ITB HO HeH^e OHI (kUh oroM^eHi. 

Tam npomjB bb Tpaj^^^opAvnapii ani rpB laea. 

SartiTB npBjfer^jrB BepxoBoS, BCTBHa craia BBBicTHa. JIbab 
RflHCÓépB cHOBa nponua bi jiíbrawhy ho na btotb paai ae no* 
A^bjíOBaja BTb. Jlywh cjaBii (deoByn bx^cb h Bewra, rbu% ne 
Meote ona lyBCTBOBaxa Bteoropoe o(SjierqeHÍe. 

— 3a<ii«rB a nojuaxca stbitb erpaxaii^, kb vOxyifK), — nojqr- 
Man MBcrepi FpaHByxB. 

BixHiil iiapBB8% n^^mi TonaccB saxpeiían, a aa xpyroe y^o 
«ABa noMBBJí o nojy^HÍB nq^BoS lenerpaMBai. 



DL.— 

Eiiji a xpyrol fpM%, B% Boiopatt Jiosmas Blera o CMepn 
jopjia rmncvexa npoBBUB kb wn se eeiepi. 

Cbm^ MHcreptB 4M ae nocBBqaji MBoro spemax aa miaíe 
řasen. EMwi&h om% caAÍnonfi% bb Boatofyli jio aew 6ii b ae 
AomjiB joaiBHB bíctb. Ho, cbxb y cetfa bb BaÓBaerb, MBcrep^ Hor* 
ooHi npoiea qwriBe swaBia ^Eyeníiig Advertíser* x yaa^^B no* 
aP06hhI otierB o spottcmeciBÍB. Bib aem roBopaioeB iio jopxi^ 
roancTeffB, npojaraii eeOfi nyiB ^epecB Kanray, najertn ratcrb 
CB jiomaABB), npaieiiB bci oion sepe^xaia nepesi aero. Ero 
noAHflJB iiepTBBiiii B rljioerooTHecjB B^ropcBFojUB. Hmji jiopx& 



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HiPiDfffc #i9. 399 

Bdn pagcBaBUi, HTO Mojojiofi JiopA^s wyÓMjai n xo^b SaupiH 
M H rtiofiTB »eB9TBCfl he Heft, wn toiibo wa droro oose- 
joen. 

depeši MOJOAoro jlurnéSpxa paseMerE 9ion> cfan HSB^cieai 
en^uy b, BUoaei^%y fipopj'^ jHa«a jio ymefl caMoro Mncrepa 
OoreoHa. Ki!e aesoft xpafiae seiépMispft BcropÍH 9% soHropi ot- 
flecMCB cil cBAHimi covHiBíeiiiw Uo dmm opOESBe/teHU híbo- 
lopiu pageiixoBaBÍfl b renepb Óoadibhc^o bíphio, %to bto npaBxa. 
Eorff mcnep^ IIorooirB apo^en oth^te o TpaniMCMiix npoBc- 
meenÍB, 091^ cfB MBHyiy sajQrMasaiy n^romi OTBopBM xsepB b no- 
BBiiB ŠaxaplH) ^S. 

— JS^yn toft,— CBaaaj^ mbcij^i noroovB,— wismb bh btí? 
—I OKB noxM!b eiiy raaexy. 

— y mBs, Bcerjia na^. BpeiieBB ;i48 vTeBúi raserB, paBBi^ 
Be^epoiTB, BOFAa BepaycB aohoS,— wa^ajn BiepB^i vmfth npexia- 
raewt exy mctb. 

— BaM'L c^i^AOBaio 6u npouTaTB bto, tsuvl jthwh s cjmisaiřB, 

BSl yoOMBBaiOťB BEBie BMB KB GBBSB C^ BlfeBeirB BIOFO MOJO* 

wro jopxa. 

Tyn uaiep^y enyciBBB wííw co j6a sa masa, iieAieBHO 
opojen aantoor. MBcrepB Hofcovb 8a$flwm> cjiíabji sa flBiL'B. 
Ho Ba mvík Reasepa He OTpa^BJOCB ocoiSeHHaro boih^bíb* 

— Kacaeicfl 9to Bací*, 3axapia? 

— Mo^OAoro ^jTOjBisa srorio a ssaia, MBcrepi Hotcob^b. Xotb 
m, Bensuipsifo Bume mobb no o6mfi(S9eBwmy xiOMseBiio, otf- 
eiosTejBCTBa cfijiBSBjro .Bac«, Ecjib 9to Bpiusxa, a 6yxy oropH^Bi. 
Ob Tioero paspimeHia, ^JllCTfipb, norcos!B| a aaiipy cboS cam> b 
TonacB BopsycB i^OMoft. 

MBcrepi noFQoq^, BOBO^BOy eorjiaeBiea sa exoi hoqpocbbi 
mxepa domsbťb rageiy bb jsapiiaffi. 

3ax4kp(ÍH $aft, nosa oh^ Haapaugiiea vh touj wbcry, rxi 
(XbiBOBeHHft caxBica , bi OM«B(^ycB, cbjbho paaiyiiiiiBM'B tom%i 
i^MTB epijc jfyqrao HOcryHBjBi no BO»BpaippBÍB JiQMoS. GoodntBTB jm 
nevaiBByio bWii j|o>iepB, oib HOAOMaxB? 

B^aropasyBBte dy^erB^ — ^ptoaa^B ob%, bíixomi aa^ 0HBfl6yca| 
— noBaMicTB HB^ero ho toboiibtb MapioffB« Qhi^ iBWTejiBBO yjo- 
MMn raaeiy bi ÓoboboB KapMaHi a ei^^ BpBAynuaaxBi Baai 611 
eay soiQrwse. 4Sbpí)s;b cbqb ByBcraa ho voBoj^y newsBHOfi bšcth. 
Ha aee (fa^jo. Haap^cao. HoBfCTB.yate apoBHaja vh IlapaABai-Poy. 
MvtnpBCCB Jl^eMB^soBrB 6uja Tasaa b$6 cípacrpaB oxQTBBqa ao 
HOBocrefty saBi b ea coc&aBi b otiuRBOBOBso nocujiajia sa yrojii 



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800 whooňíKh ibpouh. 

sa BeqepoeS raaeiol. Ha aron pasi osa líoeEyaua toiso raue 
H| wpeai^ XBfb MHHyrH noci^ tóro aan rasera nonaia n ael 
m pysi, 4yTB ne c^ Bocropponi q^aniyia ojmuiHiniqk. 

— Eiapa, BOo5pa3H, btotb Moioxofi JiopxB, KotopiiS iutn 
cioxit n MapiOHi $al, ytfsiea m oxorib. 

— Jlopxfc ranacteiAi*! bosohm Sjia{^*— roeno^H, Terymsa, 
He Bipirail— D& ei Toa% Taase 6umo ^no-ro Bůxomet aa ubo- 
Bame. Cjasa, omixaBddui MajnoBi $at, 6uia cnmKoiflb Beiua 
AM AOJroTepiABiB aiotiol co(?6xmi. Oi> tte^B nopi, aan eitjo 
npKSHaHBiiHik ^BTOMi, «no x^Bjraisa noapaBttJiacb lopj^ rajo- 
ciexy» nonyjipaocTb Maplom vb IlapaxBBi^Poy BeawaftHBO jueah- 
niBjacb. MHcrpHOCB fyffffbepb ne HaxoxBja ee 6oiie apacasot; 
Kiapa yBipua, vto Bcerxa aaxoxBja ee xepuofi; MicvpHcci fi^- 
HBAsoHi BHpasua Ma^beie, hto hojoaoI ^ejOBivb aton — ixíon; 
a xotflftaa Tasepan ocipoyííHO saiitoijui, w> *uojí(tffa% vapsi- 
80BI ae DoBnaTb cojOMaaaaaB*. 

— Haxo mhí nofixfl, caasarb tii^XBoS fjbBjnuň^ — tounck 
cBBBaja Kiapa. 

— OcniBb, — csasaja erapyxa. — H 6eM Teda Balxerca, bomj 
et caasaTb.— Ho rasie ciyUB BcrpftqaKnca lavb pftxao, iro ae 
roxBTCB ae noJHAOBairsca bmb. Bi oÓfiaa^meHHoi sbshb co5htíI 
laai Maao, ^ro Beesamna aecvacrifl aBuama xapom n flefo, 
Hyib AE xase a ae Torxa, aorxa eiyiaayrca ci aaaa caaaafl. 
Xaace noxopoau apiaiao Hapymaion oxaoofipasie HamaiKi o6h«i- 
ayxi saHaril, a ocna vb coctxael jAEníb BUBUBaen pvflcruoe 
Boxaeaie. Kjapa oaopo sujaxi^a raaeioft a, xepaui ee Bh pyii, 
aepeOftauLia lepesi y^Bi^, Kb xoHy Jh 17-t. 

Mboci $at tfnia xoaa a MaayTii wpeffb XBt conua bi ro* 
CTflayx) ai Macci AeMBXsoai^ 

ToibBo VB Teieaie araxi xayxi Manyn Bjapa aaiaja fyian 
o TOiTb, aasB OBB noxroioaan niHaieiBaHi^ axaiol bíctb, bii 
Boo6oie ooaBaaaTB, mo <B%cTb> xpeSyen HoxroioBaa. Oaa tfpoci- 
lacB Hopesi yjtaqy cb raseroft bb pysi, ropxacB rtas, ^to ao- 
aten coo6n^iB apynayay hoboctb* Ho bb lewaie arau xByn 
MBHyTB eS npaiiuo bb rojoBy, qio bb ŤaBBX'B ciyiaarB Becůio- 
xbmo xopomeaBBo noxodp&i^ BiipaseHía. 

— Of MaccB $aft,«— caasajaoaa,,— cjumaia BB? 

— ?io?— eopocBja Mapioai. 

— He 8Bax>9 aaaB a oasatB aaiiB, aio lavB ysacaol A tojbbo* 
iTO apo^Jia Ote aiOHi bb raseraxi, a coua sa jyuiee apatd* 
saiB aojífk a xaiB aaiiB saaTB. 



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HiPion •!!. . 801 

VfWM* 

— Hirhj ne ch oti^omi. ^yrL jm 8to eme Be yaacHie, Tasi> 
un on lan ifo.90XB. 

I^ npiift pyMAHei^i sann jhvhko MapioHi; HOpBaeroua 
MOJia H TOpru eg npHHHJiE dohth secnsoe Biipasenie on pimH- 
MOCTH He BHAaBaTB HyBom eBoero cepxiia nepexi^ oroS x^eyoiRoS. 
Bfenr, BaROBH On ohí hh 6iuh, xojshh Mcanca ero. He Óujo 
HBioro ^Qiyroco <TaBoro uoju>Mfivo>i o Bon ara oeo6a mofm 6u 
roBopBTB CB HeB Bi Bioir^ TOHÍ. Oaa croajia MOiia, HeaoxBBSHo^ 
111(0 es BflCBOJBBO He BHpaBMuo ea HyacTRB. 

— He Bsav, aasi b eBasaiB^ ~ bobtopbm Kiapa JI(eiiBx- 
zofli.— Jlyqme Bosuraxe raseiy h upovBie caicB. 3to vh npex** 
nociixB^rB eroiitfi^, aaray. cHec^acrBNl oiy^aft Ba ozoTft> . CaMH 

MapioHi Bsam raaery b apoua aaMiny ao voBiia, se me* 
BeniyBí hh oxbbitb ^jiobomi. Ornero ara aecioBaa x&BymBa ne 
linffn yftTH b ocraBBiB ee cb ea ropeirb? 3ai&n 4»a eioúrB 
lyn, CMOTpsrt aa Bee, roiao seaaa BBortxoaaTB xo XBa neqajB* 
Hyi) Tatey ei eepima? Osa ae or^Bua rjasi^ on raseruy bo 
snai Kyxa cbotpítb, tbbi RaBi se zoi^a sarusyrB bs jihi^o 
CBoet yymexBBHivB, ci mostíM o Bcmiaxi- 

— HenpaBxa-jra, Baa^B nenajiBHo?— caasaja Kiapa AeMBxsoBi. 
noeiHanuca nByáoBit bbxoxi. 

— Qqmxbbo,— noBiopixa OBa,— xb> o^eBB nenaiEBO. IIpaBO^ 
ecjB Ban^ Bee paBso^ a tbhc^ nouponiy sac^B ocmBarb bobb. 
An, »j BOTB raaera. 

— Mosen ůmb^ bh (Ss seJtajiB BoaaaafrB ee onyr. 
Mapionb noiaHajia rojOBOft. 

— Tan a orsecy ee TerynnA. Oaa eje sarasByia vh aee 
^txfl xo Biiot aaBtTRH, osa, nofleiHO^ opoua ee BCiyxB, a a 
He xMa et hoboh>) noisa ona bo orxaia mhš rasery, qTo6% opa* 
HecTH ee ciDxa. 

— noauuiytcTai ocmnTe Měna, — emsajia MaiMOBi $aft. 
BpocHHB Ha flee Bsrjiax^i BapasasBiiff b yxesjene, b raŠBi, 

Kiapa Bumia wb^ BOMHaTBr. 

^ Obb, Baserea, coBepmeBHO paBBOxybiHa,^OTpanopH>Baiia 
lueaaBRHita mryonib:-^OBa Bcrajia fasoi sa nadoff, BaB& Boerxa, 
I nqopocEja nesa yfra. 

Rartt saaiiep^ noxoBiejnb vb xb^b b oibopbjkb ee CBOHif(& 
uMoBiy MapioBi tfHJia fb nepe^BeS h sxaja ero. ^ voS m- 
Byra, Ban osa yc^iumajia sayai BJin^a rb sana^, oaa ae 



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302 BtGTU&S IBřMiL 

myMBCk vn bomh&th, uovtm ee i8mš&uji hosh, n KOiopot octi- 
Bua ee noc^TiiTeAHHita. Ohs onyciHiacb na Ójiasb croflemifl ciyn 
1 cu^ja Bce fyMMf xyitafl... 

— Orei^ii— caasaja ona, noiosan eMy pyiy Ha niev) h 
aarjUAUBafl eMy n jbuo, — otei^it 

— ^rra iioel 

— Cjiinnaji ni ^T0*flH6yxB bi Cna? 

— A THy MapioB>fc? 

— Tan sto npama?— Bpvnyjui Ma^ ynarm ero sa o(Si 
pyiiy noBsme jtOKTi, to^ho ůnuch ynacn. 

— Rto BHaen? Bro Hoseti cgasatb, im bto apasjía xo no- 
jy^eak xaiBsitairas asrbcriS. Bott^jem, MapioBi. Heq)uaqH0 

— Heysejfl djo npaox^ O, oiei^B, orei^i, sto yffBers neai. 

— Hirby MapioH%, He roBopa Bioro. B% cyn^socTH roBopi, 
xojoAol vMovbrn 0111% x^fl f6(fi Bo^n DoefopoHnirB. 

~ nocTopraoBm^? 

— CBOjibBO HeA^n npMuo c% rtn nopi, BaBi tu n nep* 
Butt pasi BBAftja ero? H cbojbbo pan bio 6iijn9 Pasa am, ipa. 
Sajii^ mhí ero, ecjiB bio opama. O^eob on 0sn hb% no fjiň. 

— Ho a iiodBja ero. 

— DojiHOi Mapioaib, se roBopa evoro. Th AoisHa yiitpfib 
cedx. 

— He xoiy a yuipgib cetfa. ~ Oaa BHBepHyjacb BSi-nox^ 
pyBB OTO.^A JUOÓBja ero Bcftm cepAaem, bcAhb CBiaica, Boel 
Aymol. Ecu npaBAa to, ^nó namyn bi aiofi raaert, to a laase 
Aojsaa yMeperb. O, orei^i, apaaAa jb bio? Basi tb Ayva^ib? 

Ohi HeMHoro npsBiUQriiajCB, npesA^ ^^mi otB^THrb. Oa> caai 
noHTB He BHan, ^^tó ohi AyMaen. řaseni stb, n Bftudl noroEi 
sa HOBOCTiMB, roioBH noniD^aTb B jiosHua, B BipHua BBBicria 
6ea% pastepy, aosHiia, oosaiyt, eaopte, lasib 0a HOXbctm 
Baycy laraTejet. Ho ecu sfo npasAa, to bbbi BpexHO tfaio 6u 
noABBaTb et jioshhh HaAesAHl 

— Hirb ocBOBaBía or«aaBaTbci,-*GBaBajrb ohi,-^ao sasrpain- 
Haro yTpa, MrAa mu noiyiBvi CBteia b^ctb. 

— A BHax), HTO OH!b ynepi. 

— nepecraHb, Mapioai. 3mTb m HBwro ne Moaemb. Ecji 
TU noaaamnb ce6a MyjceciBeEfioS A^synixot, KaMsa tb ecn, to 
BOTb ^To a A^a Te0a CAÍjaK>. SL cel^aci se^ornpaBiDCb wk ten- 
AOffbi Bfb A0» HOJOAoro MpAH B nwk BC&n paBCopoffly. Mpeo se 
OHB BHann^ ecia ei arb roeooABHOirb cjiy^HJOCb ^to-uudy^ 
Aypflse. 



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tLkfion •!!. 803 

CsasaHO, cH^affo. MxmA cmpsn, nocjrb CBOim npoxojsi- 
lenHiixx fjieBttavh rpyxon, ne xoswBmiiCfc O0ÍX&9 MXBaTim 
Kxuo VB BapnaiTB Ryeoffb uš6a, dM% na HSBonpiKa h* npHsa- 
san BesTH ce(Sfl kb reHAOBi-Foju^b. Cjiyra 6umm o^en yxiiBJíeHii 
I (MfmBBu ero pascnpocan. Om HB^evo ae ejraxaia. Jlopxa 
raMUdexa cb ceerpoio osBxaJiB xoMoft na Apyi^ft xeoB. 06íxb 
ten xu moib aasasaBiy ořou tfiun b lenej^ y^e pasBexeHi 
BO Bcftx'& RaMHflaxi. <yMepB!> <y6BjCH Ha oxot4&!> <3aionTaH% 
xo CMepTB!> Hh exBHaro csosa o6i otoitb se xoctbtjo FeHxoHi- 
Fojja. T§irB ne uevňe oKOHOMsa, lorxa ett noBasan sairiTBy, 
nortpBja 68 bdoibí. Giyn xasse BortpBJUi. A noroiiy 6ixHiifi 
sBasepi BosBpaiBJíCfl xoMOft BOBce ne yrtmeaHttS. nojiosKeHie 
IfapioHi, Bil ory HOib,. (Jujio o^obb neujbflo, xotb ohb orapajiacB 
le noxxaBaTbei cBoray ropi>. Obb bo o6M%miM0B no^B hb oa* 

HIMB CJOBOVBy SOFXa OBa CBfjtJíB BOSjA HOFO Sa yBUffiOiTB. Ha 

cjftxyB)ii;ee yrpo ona Bcwn, ^totífh ffin ony noeaBipaitTB, nocA 
HOiBy wb Teneflie BOiopoS ero pasi sacHnaia on yroiuefliB, 
m&b CBiKBa npocHyrbCB MBByTu ^epen fffbj cb hoiehitb cosea- 
HÍeBi cBoero ropa. 

— GBopojiB B ysHaK)?— cnpoeBJía oaa, Borxa obi buxoxba^b 
m xoMy. 

— KT0-HB<{yj|B xft sBaen BtOi — esasan okb, — a npBmjíK) 
Te0i cKaaaiB. 

Ho RB BTO spěna BCTBHa yjce 6um BSB^craa vb TBBepHft 
«fepi(orflHB>. Bi oxBoft bsb yTpeflHBXi raaerB 6ui% nowbmfiwh 
noifliiB, oiJcTOfliejBHHĚ b coBepmesBO B^pauft orqerB 060 bcoitb 
iipoBcmecTBifl. 

— 3to coBcftiTB ne Ůjurh hbjiop^b, — csasaia xotfpoxyoíHaa 
zoBaSsa laBepau, bhxoxb bb HOKy, sorxa obb apoxoxBXB mbmo 
XBepefi. 

— He xopxB r^MBcreAB? 

— BoBce H*rB. 

— Obb ne yÓBTB? 

— ^ B pacniBÓca-TO ae obb, KBcrepB $a8, axpyroft mojo- 

XOl leiOB^BBy MBCrepB YOBOpB. SLbBB JIB 0BB| BJB yMepi, HBBTO 

Be BflaerB, HoroBoparB, vroBOBceirB t&A erose ociaiocs q&ioft 
loeni. dxicb Bce nponBcaBO, a coÓapajacB hoctb bb BaMB rasery. 
BtpOflTBO, HBCCB <>at BpftlIBO ofopwjiacB? 

— M0J10X08 wxobí^bb Mfli 8HaB0irB|— cBasajB ssaBep^. — 
Bjaioxapi) leóa, bbctpbccb TpaiueS, saiBOK) aaÓorxBBOCTB. Bbo- 
aanBOCTB ora Banyrajia mok) &bf;aj«) X'i^B0«By. 

— dio yiimBTB ee,— Becejo csaaajia mbctpbccb rpaMaoB.— 



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$•4 BMrim rapoiiH. 

no Bcaiqr> ^ csBmnOf wuM^h #aS, <»« nwh&n ocaoBame 
ipeMMURMi sa 9Ťoro mojcaoto jopiia. Ha^KM%, hto rocodj^ 
oexpMHn €ro el, MHcrepB <M) h <we oMseica xodotimn 
ieiosÍKOM%. 

Ksaieir^ tecipiiiai manuar HaopaBEicfl n eBoeiiy nomjj ci 
raaeioB rb pys^. 

— TeocqpB xofl Ji^Bona CHOia ůjfffrh ewcrana? — cupooui 

W%y no OBOH^áHÍl ^mÍH. 

— ,9^ Moe^ HEKOBOVB, CBsaajo BipaBxy cn^^Biy oriQr. 

— Pa8B& B «orxa-m6yAB roBopHM teůi w^ufšMfj? 

— Bíbrh, MBpioRi. 

— JI roBOpBja, no se rosycL acy bi jbobh b He rosyo. 
B% 8T011X OfBomeBiB BnTO ne BBMiBBJOCb. Ho Borxa b yonuit, 
HTO offb... Ho Teflbepfc nu ae 6yxim roBopsTb ofe arom. Bbbi tb 
6un xo6p» BO mhí, HBSorxB b btofo ho 8a6yxy) njn BimjBnl 

— Kóny fl tenk HBnuMi) een se onqr? 

— He Be& onm iioxo«b hb tq<&i. Ho th Bcerxa úan xo6pi 

fl BpOTOBl ClTBOefi AO^epBH). 

RorAH ovB ornpBBBJCB wh Cwm^ uwm lacoirb ooBse ofesno- 

BOBHBrO, OHX ffUTh CBOOMy CepXOJ aSBOBSTl BBOJB). TODepk OBb 

BftpBJTb, ^TO 6pAiBi ero xowpfl c% OB apBcroBpBrawcBKm no- 
BJOBHBBon cocTOBTca. Ohb npflBHajiacL vh cBoeS Bfl)<{n eBy— 
engr; bocbí Oforo obb^ boboisOi cxmkb hb btb o6qÍB seuaii. 

O. n. 



' ' ' W o ■ ■ 



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PABOÍIfl Bonpocx 



n 



ABCTPiflCKOMX HAPJAMEHT^ 



OrpcxMHoe (kummeerBO uraioiiiei vjŮMma^ ee toibso vb 
Pooem, HO ■ ra dan^xHoft Esponii HHiepecyeicfl iCTOpieft h co- 
BpeMeHHHm noioseHÍeirB ÁBCipÍH jum HaciaiBROi hecboibko 
lAio xacaeica oauTnecKot seshe cípami, bbmmhhxi OTHomeHÍft 
(SopnqBzcM iieiMQr co(Sok> HapoxHOCiei h naxHTB«i6Ciuix% naprit. 
H xiSciBBieiBHOi imismecBafl skhb Abctimh flponua h xo chu 
DopL npozaxm wpen MHMiey HpesBHwtao jno(k>iiiiTHBe ^bcb, 
coBepmeuHo TjFSffie IkauDHHcrqr raponetcsHrb roqrxapcm. Orapas 
ABcqdjí, — 8ion MqrecTB6HHiift lOHrjoiiepaTB pasHopoxEHSE h 
lioaDiet iacfB» Bpas)ie6Hiix& xpyn^ xpyry HapoxHOcreS, otfpaso- 
BtBmiBca nyreif^ Dacuiji h xepaaBmifiei noopexcruoicB HacHjmi, — 
(^ua, no^oÓHO bcšitb Tasmi ro(7xapcTBeHHii]rB lOHrioiiepaTaici, 
oiSpeieBa na HemiHyeifoe pacnaxeHie. H ara caiiafl ABCipia Ha 
HaiDixB rjaaarB nocieneHHO np^paTKiacB vb CHAsoe, SHSHe^ 
cnoooÓHoe rocyx^pcno, Boropoe, xan noaasiiBaen ea oospeMea- 
Hoe nojMUseme, uornerh maib m pnmMrhCSL den npesmro nacHiia, 
mamrb tojbbo npocTBiTB fjtíkxmewh npBiararejiBHoS cuh, npcws- 
BQxiMOi XBHacrieft Vai6c6fprwh na or^tuHiui Hapoxnocrs ÁBcrpÍH. 
PiXB nonmecBni HeiaMop^^osi, npofixeHHim ABcrpieS xo 
HacTOoi^aro BpeneHH a oÓyciOBHBniHXi BOBHHRHOBeHÍe a pocn 
BOBoi ABcrpia, sasL Óojbinoro ^xepanrBHaro roeyxftpcxBa, ne* 
coMB^EHO npexcraBJíaerB BecBira MHoro EBrepecHurB, h bo mho- 
m% ínBommÚBXh noywraiaHuxB cropaHi. G% xpyroS cropOHii, 

Ion IV.— Inib, 1888. ao 



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306 BMTHHSl ISPOIIH.' 

reorpa^B^ecsoe nojOJKeme AscrpiH vb i](eHrpt Espomi, na py- 
6ex/b Mesxy boctoboitb h sanaxoirbi 8acTaBjiflK>n Bctn ci sh- 
BtĚmBiTL HHiepecoiTL cjixHTb ss BH'&mHe0 nojurmsoS ÁBcrpii; 
OTOTb HHTepeci ycBJBJícfl sa nocjrbxHee speiui, Korxa npioÓjAjui 
ocoÓeHBjíD nonyjiflpHOCTB Teopia o <eciecTBeHHO]is» aflraroHnnii 
BBTepecoBs BOCTORa B 8anaxa Eeponu b o ^uemůbmHOWb* cioíe- 

BOBeBÍB CJaBBHCRBXl HapoAOBi Cl repMaHCBBMB. 

Bjiaroxapfl diBifi jcjobíbhi, BHaHBrejiBHafl lacib esponeScBaro 
oÓB^ecTBai 6oJiie bju Meflie BflrepecyvQiaaca noJotrBiecBiMB fík- 
jiaiíB ÁBcrpifl^ o($panvter& HpesBuiaflflo Maao BHavaHÍa sa xpyrix 
CTopoflu aBcrpificBot sbbhb, b ireflLme Bcero aa coiúajaibHO-dBOflo- 
MBiecBoe nojosesie ÁBcrpiB. A uemfy tšmi dra^ro cropoHa co- 
^iaAHott SB8HB Bi HacTOBB^ee BpeMB BHcrynaerB na nepetd 
HJiaBs Bce cBJíBBie a cbilh^, b ciaBan cbob Tpe6oBaBÍB n 
^pM% ropasxo 6ojAe fleorjiojKHOl b MeHLme ^fmycsuomeĚ BOMnpo- 
VBCCBi^ Hiwh BonpocH BOJíBTBRB. Mbjio tofo, — BO MBOPiirB, ecn 
se BO Bctxiy cjiy^aflxi nojumiiecBaB 6opB6a vh ÁBcrpífl cboxbtci 
Kh 6opb6% BROHOMB^ecRBxi BBiepecoBi, 8aMacRBpoBaBfl£iX'B t£mi 
BJB xpyniMB nojBTBHecRBMB ^pMyjiaMB. flfiMTo, oiesb xoiro otfote- 
CTBeHHoe HHtflie, saROBOxaTejBcrBO b npaBBrejncrBo re caMofi 
ÁBcrpÍB no^TB npeBe6peraifl brobomb^6crb]ib ^aaiopaMB, BJae^ 
HOCfljniCB Ri BBiTB RBRi Kh BonpoeaiTb BTopocreneHHHiifL, pftme- 

HÍe ROIOpHXl HOSflO 0TqK)9BTB Mfl t6xI IIOpi, DORB 6j]IÍJTh flpi- 

BexeHH vh nopflxoR'B Óojiie sryqie b tfojrte mjwEue BonpocB 
noiBTHRB. Ho BacrynBjrb MOMeBrL, Rorxa ORasaiocB ReBOBHosBUBiE 
xonme npeBetfperaxB aran ^RTopaiiB: ohb Ha^BBuyrB sacaiB- 
CTBeBHO BTopraiLCfl Vh o6fl(ecTBeBHyi> mmin b fb nporpaMXH 
6opK)iiKBxcfl naprifiy ynopHO CTynarcB bb xsepB napjaMesra BÓen 
XORiaxa BpyBaBncB bi> RaÓBserii mbhbctpobi; ohb nponBOXin 
saM^THoe BjÍBHie na rpynnapoBsy nojiuTHqecRBxi ceju e bhbh- 
BaH>n R% auraflB hobbb rpyniui. Db rohi^š robi^obi btbmb bo- 
npocaMB npBxoxBTCB saHBMBTBOfl noBeBOBŠ, B npBxoxBTCB xn 
yx^BTB lim 66jiBfliee Mtoo vh saROBOxaiejBCTB^ b aBreparypi, 
Hiwh tfoxBme BMB xo nocxbxBHro BpeiieHB npefle(íperaiB. 

^•iH pyccRBxi ^BTaxeiel coipajiBHO-BROHOMBiecRoe HeieseBie 
ÁBcrpiB npexcraBjíBeTB emp ocoóuft HarepecB, tasB xasi vb 8iob% 
OTBomeBÍfl Pocdx ctohtb Óiase ri ÁBcrpÍB, híitb i'b Raaoi-JBtfo 
XpyroS crpasil BasaxHott Esponii. HdynoBie noxoBseHÍB brobobi- 

^eCRBXB BOnpOCOKB KB ÁBCTpÍB MOBLeTB ORaBaTBCI nOJeBHBlTB m 

pyccRaro Hwtaaeisí me tojbro c% flay^HO-TeopeTB^ecROfi TOfRflspi- 

HÍBy HO B RaXl OOHTB COBpaieBHOĚ SBBHB. 

Bi BBxy BTorOi mh nanijui se jhauvitb ocraHOBRTBCi na co- 



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PABO^ BOHPOC^. 807 

iQU&HO-9xraoME9ecwirb nojiosraiii ÁBcrpÍH k m mf^bíhsuxi ^s* 
Toptn, n HaciOflD^ee Bpeiifl BJDMWnmh sa 9to noJoateHÍe. Am 
(kaunei chcreiraTraocTH otfoepindx mi wb Hacrofln^eirB oieprt 
orpaHranoi pasCMorpftnen noiosraúi ropoxcrarB ptíio^wrh h 
peveeieHHisoBi, npenociaBifla ce($% b% xpyrofi pasi Bepvyi^bCfl K 
nemňe iHiepecHOMy Boopocy o nojrosseflÍH specTLiHCKaFO h bo- 
o({a(e aeiMeBjnMC&iBiracKaro mceieHÍfl r& AscrpiH. 



I. 

5-ro xeKafipa npoin.iaro roxa i^HCJieSTaHCRÍft napjtaveHn, nocA 
DOiyroxoBoro nepepasa, CHOBa HaYaxB cboh) 8aicoHOAflneji»BryH) x&i- 
lejBiocTB, H xoTfl Ha wcTh pan npenui HavajracB ne cb oÓHq- 
Hol rpuBHH HaiúoiajiBHiixi naplity vh KOiopoft lavL naTO- 
ptra aBcrpificsie opaTops, btb upeaiB (Ssn ocoÓeeHO oseBienn 
H iBiepecHH, TttKfB KaKB Ha o^epexH eroduo p^^meme saBOHOxa* 
lenmirE BonpocoB^i rjrfóse Bcero h HenocptxCTBenHfe Bcero sa- 
ipmoBaioiipxi BHiepeeH Bctei eioevB oOn^ecTBa, — BonpocoBib 
smioinraecBBxi. Hacrofloiee MHHHCfepcTBO, eiite Hpv cbooitb ocho- 
BftHíi, TpH cjiHmBOirB coxa TOicy. Hasaxi, oC^n^aio npexcraBHTB 
pw njioeBTovB saBOHQxaienTOXi pe^opm, Kacaion^ixcii co- 
i(íajBHO'»BOHOifHiecsaro crpoa ABcrpig. HeoTjtosHaa Heoi^toxHifOCTB 
mrb pe^opiTB Óaja opasBaHa bi ipaHHoft pi^H, Koropoio hm ne- 
ptropB OTKpajTB napjiaMHn, h HeoxHOspaTHo Hbm noxTBepsxena 
n o^^BAiauHHn pivaře ^jiesOBi HacroBH^ro BaÓBnera. HorpeC- 

HOCIB Vh 8THXI pe^piiaXl MOTHBHpOBaJiaCB MHHHCŤpOlTIi-npedBXeH- 

TOWB, rp. Taa^ie, ci oxboS cropoHsi HHrepecaifH cnpaBexiiBBOcrH 
I Heo6xoxHMOCTBi> HaSiB mspoi^ nojnmiHecByv) onopy vh nač- 
€ax% Tpyxun^aroca Hacexenifl; ci xpyroft se cropoHH, — HacroflTejiB- 
MfíĚ HeotfxoxBMOCTBK) saROBOxitienHiiiiH M-lpaMH npexynpexHTB oxoti- 
^iiejBHoe B 6ucTpoe Hcron^HÍe aBOHOUBMecRBXB cbjtb crpaHUi 
oMxHtnie H ratSexB patfoiBXi BjaccoBi, na soropsie rocyxapcTBo 
BouaraerB cb BasxmcB vo^DWb Bce ÓÓXBmifl b ddamisí iflaiecTB 
I xoTopairB (TB KaaKxÍKni'& foxom^b craHOBBTCB Bce HeB08MOSH'6e 
Hecn Bxi. fiasaxcM^ (Sb, ito ctoxb Basnaa BaKOBOxaieirBHaB pa- 
(ota, HaciOBTenHocTB BOiopoS larB bcho cosHaHa, XOJisHa tftixa 
coinaBHTB nepByx) saxa^y npaBBTeiBCTBa. Ho npomjio TpH roxa 

WCjA OCHOBaHia MBHHCiepCTBa, B, Sa BCBJB>^eBÍeM'B HeHHOrBXB H 
B6 OeO((6flHO BaSBOXl SaBOHOXaTeXBHHTB M^p^, DpOBOXeHHHXl RB 

ni^iaiieHrt no BHBipaTHB^ npaBHreiBCTBa, nocxtxHoe ho iqK>B8* 
Beio HBfero i^bnuaro h OBOHienHaro xu BUBOiHenia yBaeaHHOt 



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308 B«npiiB% WKKmid 

BMaHH. Bd npcesni o&bmfisMwa ^eijfvpm flUQ«mfl n pasHM^ 
pasHHx^ soii]i0CCúiX'B, npaBBTeiBCTBeHHBtzi 8 na|KiaiieHTCBiny 
uepaoAflTii an ojtHofl BaHqejrapttt n xpyryx) h Bopa^SaTmaiDief 
iipeBBHwiiiio iieAieBBO. HasoBei^^ n mo^ iiponuwo mik^ 
npaBBiexKTBO a&bsíjmMo^ san nepere ooqieffOTBo o^animu m 
épraHOBs neiaTHy Taxi h yeiaini xinracrpon Ji^Baetcnuro b Dam, 
HTO Bacrymiio spěna Mfianoi o&bmimumiB MOHOMBieonmi pe- 
^pxaMB; Bi najaTy ffiuymrovb 6iux BBeceH*^, xu nepnaro bí- 
Haja, npcesrb pe4K>pxH npomicjiOBaro saRoea, hb^tb Biipa6oTBot 
xoTOparo ipyxBiBCB rpa roxa, npa^eirB npaBflrejBCTBO o($tetaia 
vh 6nBcafinieMi 6yxynieirB BHeceHÍe xpyrarB ne neste BasHHXi 
sasoBonpoeiKiBif. 

JljHme n^xBO, itm HBaorxft; xopomo b to, ^xo xuho o6fc^aB- 
HHjr pe^pxH BuiBJB, BaBOBei^, EVh otfjiacTB uaTOBB^reesan 
aiejaBifi b aiuueifBiecRBxi enopoBx, no mosbo raBOpan o bbxi 
xBBi^B o 4>aBrl, BOTopony npexcroBTL bs toí bib BBOft ^pai 
ocyB^ecTBBTBca vh €iBMhŘmeui> fiyxyveifi. *- Pe^^Ma npoimcjo- 
Baro saxoBa^ xoiopM) npaBBTejoicrBO samjio BBooBBeflie cBoei 
pe^pnaTopcxot nporpaMMH aa no^Bi ooipajBBO-eBOooifHiecBaro 
saxoflOxaTejBcraa, Bpexcn^Bjfaen en^e tofb BB<iepeci, ^o no tpex^ 
jftTBei BCTopia iipOBCxosxeflífl btoto saxoBonpoeBra, no npeo5jia- 
xannv^irb bi neifb resxeBi^flMi, im mojmkb sauDiBn, Baioni 
6yxyrB xapaBTepi b TeBxeaipfl bcííxi ocrajeBiixi pe^pirs b lero 
cotfcTBeHBO M^ryn osBxan paóo^ie KsaecH Abcti^b or& nacna- 
qaro MBBBcrepcTBa b napaaiieflTa (npexnooianur, KOBe^no, nio 
miHBefepcTBO Čyxera Bacrojuo xohob^too, vro6a BsnojiBflTB bcí 
Baa^BŠimie nyBBTu CBoeĚ c<HuajBB0^8BOBOMB4eeaofi nporpaMm)* 

B% BClOpiB, SaKB B Bl SB8BB BHXBBBXyaaBHOft, BBOFXa BCTpi- 

vaiOTCB caMHB cípasBiia coBpaxeBís coSHdt b o6eioaTejBCTRbr 
HeaKxy botojhimb bíti bb iiajriUlm^ BBŠmHet CBiaB, bo xoTopna 
BaxoxflTCfl Kb oanolt tícboB BByrpesHei sáBBtnacooffB. IIoxočhuí 
COBUaxeHiu, — BOTOpBB, BOHeiBO, BOJiiea otixflCBaxB bb^itb bbqmi 
BaB'B ^BCTOft eiy^aiBocTBio,-~TÍK& fle xesie BanoMEHaron bbbs 
o BByipeBBeft cbabb, cyniecTByK>n^ei neasxy coBepmoBHO passopox^ 
BHMB 4^aBfaMB. 5-ro xeBaÓpB) wb totb eamtt xesb, koiw naiaia 
xenyrasoBfb npBCiynBja bi piaiemK) nepearo so o^epexa ooipajiBBth 
8BOBOHB9ec]uiro Bonpocai*— Bi x^^b ropoxaxi BvnepÍB) Bíbí h 
Ilparty Ba^aáBCB cyxeÓBHa paadBpaieiLCTBa no XByffB spynsuirb 
npoi^eccaMi, xueBo BHZoxBBiBflMi B8i paxa otf&BHOBeBsaro. B^ 
Ilparíb aavajicfl npoi^eccx-iioflCTpfB npoTSBib 50 pa6oqBX%-(xnpajH*- 
CTOBiy oÓBBBBeMuxi vb coaraBjíeBÍB laiHaro npcrniBygaBOBflaro 
otfn^ecTBa, vh pa(ďipocTpaBeHÍB aanpen^Bsixi BsxaBifi, bi ocBop6- 



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Pisoiril mnwb. 809 

spořen 80 ejiniBOH% péomrh, apecfOfitasun bo Bpeiu yjn* 
Hun^ tfesBopsxMB-b) BOTopHe npOHBonun vh Wítík vé Ha^ajíš 

BOi(tpS, H ofiBIHaBIDHXCIE Bl yvneHÍH WĚTh (JeSttOpirXBOirB, BS 

ociDptSMiliH Kiacsei e t. a. 

fl saroBOpon ofo Brax% npDqeccaxi se Honmy, tito<{u osh 
6iuE HMTejfecmu oshi no ec<tt em iniéu ks hhx^b otfaapyseHH 
aBÍe*iB(k> Bomre MOHeBm, cDoeo6csr|riOI^ie yBCueHifo HHTepecyiD- 
i^aro nacTb Bonpoea. YjiH^nm (SesnopBXKB b Giy^B HenoBBHOBe- 
Hii BjacTaii'^ BQBce se p^AKoerb ^i^ ABcrpís^ a npasCRlI npoqeoei 
npoiflBi coipaBfrefiDBs ounaefoi m iraosectBa ]|oao($biix% npeh 
qeoooBi, npoBczoffHBBiBxi sa oociixHÍe Wfca bo se^rE raa^TejB- 
Bfin ropoAaxi BHBepiv, unu a^ftoiBajiiix^ xo iAr& nopi s^h 
ÁBopiv ^HCflon ofiBBHJieiiiirB. Ho ecn craHeirB othtesTBBHo 
cjíibxb sa jBúKomh Btnxs^ wfon h opexníeotBOBABniBXii iipoqeccoB*s, 
iB He uomewk ne npBBBaib n?B npBttHM cal^xcrBÍBiiB HeyxOB^e- 
nopaiexBBtro emraDUB^ecBaro no^oseaii patfo^Hx^b Mačci. Bo 
Bcin coipaxiicra^ecBnn apo^ecoaxi aeiio oipamaa«fi bcb ysac- 
jm xapmiia €opB<hi othk^b Maoc^ sa eBoe aianoe i^nteerBOBaHíe; 
oirl BD^yiBk naiepiaiMaro oSesoMeHU vl nenoceaBKon rpyxi^ 
MVjTb y Bjacral b cjxobi saniBTii nporeBi crnnsoiii CHunaro 
neia xpynnano saiBiaBa, Bflqm o((ixcEeHÍfl aa pasBiixi bhul- 
ua a xoBrpHiiaxi: (SopBfo nti vh 6oiBmeĚ Bacra cjy^aeB'B a 
XII BecBMa BBawTBiBBaro ^ae^a (k>pK>iitBxea H(t npaarBsft oKaBu- 
Bseicfl ÓesyenžmBOi* TpyxB no npexneiiy ne otieBoeoBaerB cy- 
qecTBOBaBte pa6owo, cyxH a Bjacra ar^aciH tfescBiBHii cx^jaTB 
iKhiBóo Wh ero BOJiay, onacni ae xoTan btofo cxkuob; nojifl^ia 
si^BBaeTB oot^ania pado^BrB, na mompau ona exo^atca, vio6u 
o6cýxiaii» CBM o6a(ÍB nysxii; npoBypaiypa aoH^ayen a sa- 
apeqaen hjbb raBtni a npoY. TiH^xa ohh oentajiaBxrB MrajBHiiĚ 
oyn, cosHxaBm lalaiia otin^eerBa cb tiojrte aaa xenie npecryn* 
ma, xoxa omtb Bcerxa neefiuTO^Hiiiia a HenpaBnmitMB npo* 
rpamiaiia; wpess Be^aa Roporaoe ap^ui nompa ysnaera o cy«- 
4eoBQBaBÍa Taftearo otin^eoTBa^ ^~ npoacxoxBTB odiieaa, apecni, 
C3ÍxciBifl, a cyxH; na ochobjuíb cyniecTByx>iABXi BaaonoBrB, ne* 
XBiooepxBO aapaiorrB bbmbhhxb. Ho na cyxetfaiia aapH, na no* 
imfinBB npecjr&xoBaaifl ne ocTaaaajoiBafljTB xBBsenia. Bincaaa 
pifoufl Eaapra «Znkiuift» apaBoxan jia)(k>niiTaya> cratacniay 
rnuaTB^ecaasfr npcH^eccoaa npoTBRB p$(k)?BX'B ^); vn nea uu 
jnateai^ iro rb xOTenie noertxBax^B xsyxi jAtb bb oxaot tojibbo 



*) Zukimft .^J6 21—22, Zuř Statistik der Arbeiterverfolgungen. 



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310 RMiim nřwa. 

Bbfli ra nQjBTBHecKux npoiteecan cyxa^iocB ($oiune 200 piKo- 
Hwxh H TTO OBOio 100 lejortRi n Haeioaiiiee. spěna ntaúffocí 
jíWh cii^xcTBieifi; Bi npari sa ion ae nepioxi BpeMHH npogao- 
nuo ne iieBuie 28 noiMtsmecKBVb npoi^eceon, n Koiopumel 
otfBHHJieMHe, HHCjioirB OBOJio 250, npHH4^esan BCUKHmeiuo 
Kb patfo^HX'B uaoeaiix; noxottunn se npouficcism ůumo Heiutioe 
WJiHHecTBO Bi EpDHH^y OflaB^, rpiqi, KpuoBŠ s xp* ropopn 
uinepiH. Bc^ ofli 6ojAe bme ueabe noxosB oxihx he xpyrot, 
j[ Bd CBHX^TejBCXBjmrb o&b oiqriemB npo^Hol (9^aH■8a^ÍH i 
sHaiHTejiBHux!b xaxepiajBBHXb cbi'e y coi^iajiBcmecxvrb rppna 
gBcipifiCBBXi pa6o^Bu. Ho Hzi noereuHoe noBn^eBie, ne cnorpí 
ea oicyrcTBÍe ^Bxnecxoft chih, yxHuiTeAiiBafl soByvecTB coipan- 
CTH^ecKBX^b rpyniTB, ae CMorpa na jxfecAj^KmsLj ^ MoryrE cjy- 
SBTB jymnn xoxasaTencTBOirB, no sopeHnag npnflna pasanii 
coiÚBJíBCiB^ecBBXi rpyniTb q[)exB aBeipiftciKn pa({o«xi aesm 
Bi nocxoBHHO yxyxinaKmteMefl BBonoxBiecioifB nojosemH an. 
TaiDb CMorpan na eioxx Boopoex ne toxbbo ncrpificKÍe pa^naiiz 
HO xase xaBie ikmih, BOiopiirB BesosMoauo sanoxotpBTB bi v$r 
jíiŘmewh patfiaiiHBirt, TaBol bbtuwb Ha npH^HHy pasBaiia oo- 
QiaiHCTi^ecKBXi napřít vb ÁBerplH Bscsasan Hexasoo can 
MHHHCTp^-npeiHxe&rB vh pasroBcqpi cb awoiatoics x-pom Fiise- 
poHXy sanMiqaBiuifi rpysny ooiúaxHC3nB& b% d^mukckoitb npo- 
Kecci. Bi oTBÉTb Ha saiiš^aHie x^^pa Fiaaepa^ vo ooi^aiBCii^ 
cBoe ABHseHÍe BceycaJUBaercfl ■ uto aAliXHHcvpanBHiui h cyxeÓHui 
Rapu HHCBoaBO ne noMonoorb sjy, ip. Taa^ csasan: «fl ee 
nory OTpfli^aTB, no Tpe6oBaHÍi paócmixx, Boo<^e roBopB, saBOHHHi 
fl 9T0 exBHCTBeflHoe B^pnoe cpexcisa xu 6oph6u ci paq^yHWTej^ 
HHMH leHxeHAÍaMH, pasBflBavn^xBca opexi paÓourB, se bí9&- 
TeiBHua uipu, HO apynnsa BBOHOMHieeKia pe^pm. Bi 8nnn 
OTHomena y upasBieiBerBa Hfai hh Haj^imaro ocmní^Bifl, Bo- 
npocB M oseň daBJuo^nrBca uma vb toite, san xueio h bb sa- 
xoiťB HanpaBjeHÍH xojisea axm bb x^sbiií somhub pe^paa* 
Topcaaa x^areiBHOGTB npaBiTejBorBa; b, HanpHxiprBy y6immBfh, 
no BB HacToanúfl MOKeHn pacmapene noxHTB<ieGBHx<B opasB pa<Sa- 
9BXB BacBOJBBO He HOMorjio 6u 8jy, spesxe ^wb ne ÓjKBtb 
BiinoiBeHa co^iaJlBH0-MOHO]fBWCxafl nporpaMMa upaBafejBcna'. 
TLoeri Bšxotopiixx nojeiMieeBBxi saaii^mBitt sponBB (umosflpi 
MBHBcrpB-npeiixeHTB Dpoxojsaen: «rjutBHaa saxa^a i^aBaTejUCTBa, 
npaBxa, saxana BecBMa TpyxHaa, sasíHivieTCfl aBTOUB, noiSscxi* 
MTB pa6Maro BKonoHH^ecKH He8aBHCi]fiiiiBy--Hy ecjB era WIM 
wo6iBfi xocTBSHMa, TO TOJBBO HyieMB xasjeHÍB saKOHOxaiejiKCTBa 



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fiiovM Brapoo. 311 

Ba iMyBpe sjaocH» ^). — Emfi JODdůjnimie xo, hto Bec&aia vaczo 
óprftHH npoKjrpopcidl uaciH, gBMPnpecg bi npci^eccaKb npo- 
rmh ooqianeiom n Kanecrói o((BBHHTejiei, o6%flCHflHrrB npe- 
aynHoen o6MiH«]fHX% riUHiiics odgMowh BeyAOBjwnopHieiBEHirL 
aBOBcnmecBUTL nojosesieiii patfo^azi BjaccoB:^ ÁBcrpia; o(kiB* 
BMBflHHa iq^BrnoajiacieBLi rBnoiesu o sjuril aoii, paspynuieA- 
Bim EBcmacraxi, BHÍnBHBi!b BjnBHiarb) a t. nox- BCiaBJBKms 
jini& Btn BTopocieneHHiui ^aeri oÓBBfleHÍfl. 

Hú een nocroBBHoe ycuenie coipaiBcmeciuizi TaB^eHiui 
qiaXB pa0o«z% jubccobi ABcrpii en^^ vosm, xotb or^acni, o(Si- 

SCRTB BOeTOpOBHHlOI OtfOTOBieiBCTBaifH, Vb pOXft UpOnErtHXU BdBB^i 

pmpy mj TiejttHBix^B HHersHsiOBi h apoi., — to xmkb iíhb bthx^b no- 
cn^HHBX!b npraffE senai HaiiH kb tuhxi CBioiToiiaTfl^ecBBXi 
MĎMBBÍmrhj BESB yjBvrao (JeraopaxBB, i^Bcmexmie Kb Biai b% 
snai^ H0B(^, H BBŠmBit xoff^ BOToparB, Bftpotno, naiuTefli 
eoie ^miTeia]i*B, cji^^xiBp]r& sa sarpanB^Eoft sbbhvx). Hai-aa 
BBHToaKBMmaro noBoxa (saspum laranEB o^n^ecTBa canosHBXOBi, 
vk BOTopot ÓiUB Haijieflii sanpeiqeHHiifl xmnv) ea oaboě b toB 
n yjasib bícboibbo xhbI cpaxy cofiapaiack Toina aapoxa; b% 
flaiaii BTfl cÓopHB^i m^jfl ooBepmeHHo aeBBBHHft xapasxepb b 
coanjĚE npoeio woh mbccb iB)6oiniiHBXi b paBao^yniHiixi iDxeS. 
Beasift BiBveu Óojunoro ropoxa BHaen no onuTy, juaeh bevtoshh 
teBaxrrb noBOxiif flsi-sa soropuxtb Ea yjsiffi MOsen coÓpaiMB 
Tona B BarE ÓHcrpo npoBGzoxBTB CBoaimie orpoMBOĚ xacca 
Bapoxa. BftHCBaa nojBipfl se yrax^ift neBBBaaro xapaarepa 9tbx'b 
o6opmip» B ooua bx% npexaaiiftpeBBHBni xmoHcrpaipaiiE coipa- 
jBcnwcsofi napiÍB; bto satfjysxeBie msBaio p^x^ spalné Ces- 
laBZHBxi B ooBepmeHBO BanmnBxi peapeccBBBBix'b mí^b co 
oopoHii nouqui, BHBCOtenie orpoMnaro ^ncja nšniflxi b bobhhxi 
nanqelcBBx^, (iojiiiBBX^b orpflxoBi nj^xoni b aaBajepÍB, ycrpoĚ- 
cibo HacTOflnwix» BaBa^piiteBBxi anaKB na Óesopysnyi) lomy 

JBfionBTHHTB B T. nO^U EXBa TOJIBBO 9fB XpyiIIB Ifipil 6hJIH 

flpBHBTH BjactflMH, BasB Kb codxHBX^ ch nftcioiii nepBOBa^ajiB- 
BHxi <(68aopaxBOKB iipefifĚAattíDL% HBHaiocb caKonpoB8BOJBfloe (Spo- 
sesie, BiciBmee bc% BB&nnde npBBnaBB nacroaniaro peBOJiB>iúoH- 
Baro xBBsraíB* HteBOiibBO BOTepmb opaxy orpoxníu maccu bob- 
6jmf!mE9iSO Hapoxa tojbubcb no yiBi^aHi* b aepeyiBaiii npex* 
idcneBi OxraspBBrBi HeĚ-JIepxeH^^aiBX'B b FepBajbCL; BBJBBniBXCB 
xu yoispesifl ai]Mixait% yjanosib b nojB^eScBBx^b lyn npBxoxfl* 
loea EiAtk x^o yse ne ei (SeenOMCNonoi Tojnofi, loropyK) mojuo 



*) Neoe Freie PreMe, U-ro Aei. 1882. 



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312 BsofHnsttranL 

raaTB I loinany sasi ésaw ^afuon. Hn opi usxot asnrt 
Bcrpiun osio&ieHBafl, dftmeBU xonia sqKwa; m Bopon j|»- 
MORE, m nepespecTBUi yin^i m civpHxi spínoosmus pBOi», 
lyxa n«HBe ovpaxH ne xwn iipoBmyr^ jitse m& obobs w>- 
ifon Ha HiTb cBoaiei rpiffb BaneBMBft. JS^MOMne npnBUM 
Bce 6oáie ryosast ngr^, h ecn se oqMiuo n bévio oimb 
e6pB88O0e, TO bio cjšjtyen Hpímican oscyrcTBiD ifpeiffflffiTeiril, 
OTcyrcTBiK) H&iiSmeft H Hiuh n m H ■ lunn x&icraift y mtymin- 
Bim Maca m^XB* EcjiHtfa tfposeeie Bp<Moncajioe& eiqe h^* 
CBOiBBO ipenesH, 20 BecBica lotapsaOi iro aameB tfsi HHappa* 
TiBa H uiam^ abubcb (hi ■ opexMffxeiH. Ha ^Moarancno bo 
BpeMfl ynxiio cmm> BepBOEavaj&Hyn OBOiSiy h^ coxiauttmBaiMBY 
ooieio xftjio a tfoiBiranrB TasiOMi: no aoniva a BaftcsavB otffun 
6im npHaaB^b ae pamgpaaum Taiím, no BOBKOsaoeni otn^aam 
aa((jK>xaTejBHoe noioseaie, a den i^aiOBi nyspi aa i^rcaarB 
n xoxi aaeajifl. ^epen ffa xaa eaoaolcrBie 6umo aoaar a ao a 
jeno. 

Kto se, cnpamHBaarca, 6iua ava laiRB) npoa«M>xaaniie tfee- 
aopaxBa a Buaasasaiie apa 9t6wb nxfw neaaaaoiB ai waaan 
a cyn^ecTByDnieicy aopaxay? ^aro aca j»xh JffAitň H axain 
ja oaa wro-aatfyxB? — Baoxai acaut otíňm aa Kb aia aoapoQB 
MH HaxoxaxB vb paxb cy ffiltasrh paatfapasaiiczvL aporaai jaanh^ 
apeciQBaHHHxs wh leieaie arazi xni* Hm 400 ^mimin ape- 
CToaaaHHZi neparaavaiBBO, 6oxbme 300 naoÁKh teja ocao* 
ÓomfdSBU ^epen ateonao ffKt, a aaaiB nporaaB 80 neioafan 
cft aetfoAoairB oCsaaafaiuaa bucib co^ja Botamaaiim Boa((f- 
xavB eyxetfaoo npecj&«maHíe. dtrn 80 iiejoaiKb, njmaaxieaEaBniie 
aeaiK)viTejnao as patfoieiiy oocjoaiai, otfBaaaxuB kb aaooBBxo- 
Beaia aiacravB, kb odpaaoBaata yiaaaHXB czoxtfaacB a t, nox- 
Cyxs onpa^xu% ^eioateB 20, ocianaiie ace ůsulb aparoac^eas 
Wh aecBtfa Jieraaai aaaaiaaiaa^ ((SonmeM aaciu) 2 — 14 xkB 
apacra; BoeBaa aeMaoríe Óma iq>aiOBopeHa sa oeaoptfieBie aa- 
crei vh 6oMÍe npoxojuaareiBaoay Bipecfyj 2—3 nkcaiMkWB). Hvb 
xonpoca otfaaaaeaiirB a CBaxfaeMtt oaataiocb, no doiBiaaa vacfB 
'OtfBBHaeani — peaecjiaHHflaa a ^^aí^aiane, jamaaaiioca pa6om 
ajni padoiaioiiáe aaaax!B-aa6y;^ 2-^3 kěm rb aexinOy nojyua 
60 — 90 apeii|qN)BB n x^bb; ocraiBaBO XHa oaa npoaoxan kb 
noacaaxi w padofoĚ; oaa aaiDn fficaaamo xocyi^ ,no0B pn^ 
MHmjflTB o CBoeas onaaaaoMi aoioseaia, a ecn ae apíftfa kb 
aaaaiTB-i^ nojosarenasirB aHaoxaaiy to, no apaiael yšf/k, 
npoaaaayTBCfl nacaBOSB HeaaBacTBX) ai» cyntecTByDQeay crpoH). 3ro, 
aaaib BecBaa yxa^ao Biipasajica rjiaBa ajiepaaajiBHot naptia, aa. 



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EABOUft BOnPOOl. 813 

JbanmoBEĚwbf vh caoet savtotrejuDt pbví n zK^kffimu nMfím 
9-ro xesatipa^ <«n> ion rmcce oÚM^tam, worofouj nps rocnox- 
cxBjmqiixii noBQHHWCBHrE yejiOBÍfli3b aeiero hs BEivrpwb, hi 
]qMvrpair&>. 9n eaoBa. Bosjía BaepHBUbHtH^etxftiBHoft napriH 

BDQIBfc MOrjn OtfUCHHTB JOiWk BOptHHJX) npmHBy Mejl!6jlHKCB 

ymiBXB áoBiiopiixiOBi n BAbA, ms h Bootfo^e 6BCTpH6 yciifcigy 
loiipiie x&uten Bcaioe nn^rocijgitpcTBeiHoe h ran-fiypsytaiioe 
wseBÍe vh pa0oiBX& sttccax& ÁBerpúr. 

A flOBBOJBJTB ce6£ ocraMBRBOi he Bran xegncB iqiopaccaxi, 
ciy^tilHO caBittBmECb a XHem onpurU naaciB seiqřTaT09B| h 
sa lopeHHimL npsiiBan, wxk anssaBoiixi, norOMý jmmB, yto 
laooe HOBiopesie WBHr& esmmuiadivecraxi flBiemft aMEMJi<en 
B&B^Beq^L, Bce ofio^ecTBO copBfiaM 8axjMttn>e£ saxib Hm0 h Hafin 
m o(f!MeHeHÍfl bhooibí nsxeeiBeEBBfl a tojoso-^to DpHBe^eH- 
HHn. JíficnaoHBO ZEĚMenvuewb wn 4M«a, «o ffme curb bjk- 
pnaiuidl BH. JlwLTemnxétwb otioutcnm paroBiie ooióubcth* 
mnn h booÓq^ BBisi-rocyAapCfBeHjmrE TeHAeBipB n na- 

POUBXB MBCCaVB BeiilCB HHUirb, Bftfib HeBSIHOttBliÍIM% BBOHIMfH- 

wmrB noMBemeiTB nociiHHBZSy piumncB iip9THBgrB[6iiarb JWJixy 
ioBiBajii£Hiiii% 8BMeHÍen bcízi otiflteeTBeHHiirB y^pes^^HiB, bo- 
Topu Kb npBBifHiii xwnBHii cjjrsBTb tigiary HsponetirB Macei, b 

BBtlOBdl BfaSTBBOft BCBBOB, OraOBSBOOl HB BIieaCHBaHÍ0 aLBtBOB- 
HBB OraOKb sn BTBTB CBHHXl MBCCB. ^OCnOO^flO BBBIieEaieiIBHO, 

m aBcxpiflcBie cyxBB npBroBapBBuyrE JDjiefi, ^yrB se npMBBeA*- 
mm feBOJUDfOfM^ wh sicBOdíBBBicB lamcB apeeia. 

ItoevofpBicE Tenepb, mmjm) pou npaBareucTBo k napiaBean 
nfUB xo GHX& Dopi Bi cosASHÍB GOBpevaraaro eBOBOvBucaaro 
nojoseBÍB Fopoxca»B!b paáonxi, b it6 obb HaiApesH w6i&tb 
'meph xjfl npexoTBpaaiBfliB 6ĎnmBrb 6ixciBÍ8. 



IL 

Bi flOvUhnei Bcropia 1846 voKb mwbn mconBisEO owbb 
HUKBoe sBateHÍe: p^BnnexBBBi yx^^P^^ BraeceBHiift CBCietrbMer^ 
lepBBxa, orpasa^cfl bb bM naiBtBBecBoi h odotecTBeoBcA sbbbb 
AaerpiBn vopMm ůonmeŘ creneBB^ ^itb kb xfvnx% rocyx^h 
enm saoaxHoft Espenu. Ho^ asaiBBflpyfl Bnasie 1848 roxa bb 
BOBltaiyB) fleiopÍB) ABcrpis, mh BEjpua^ iro bi^ ofiep^ . veio 
ntHrnecBoi sbbbbh crpasB »io BjiÍBsie se 6um hb ooo66bbo 
BipoBo, BB ocotieBBO npoxojsHisjBso. UodA 1848 Foxa en^e 
Hlau)jBBO pwB npoBezexBifl pex^BXBBH npessei cacreicB; Baz^B 



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,314 Bftorani ibpoidi* 

pteapaKuioí ch nodormecsoft OBotfoxofi ne xyse MerrepaBza, 
ycnpemfl wxorb npn rpaawtecaoiim Mmciepcrsi mrašm se 
OTjnancb ois nsoBiai me ycMipemi m AiHBOHCTsiyipanyi) 
anoxy. B& o^^epi HaipoBajbHO-noiinraecBot mi B^xim eiqe &»- 
mifl BoietSaHifl; oocii 1848 roWf Korxa 6ujb npoBOBrjAnam 
IMMmonpaBvocTb HaipoHUBEOCidl h ýejiqMiiflSMi, CBOBa Hacryioai 
aseciOBÍe xam ysacHare i^eHrpansHB, i bod ee-HiKeiuyv ^Mn 
Hacejenifl xaBBJB b yraeran, KavB meniyx) pa^, ea MajriUfaHji) 
3ie nominy anoMHCBBn HapoxmoBii: sasBan cboh iiaiQOBanHiif 
TpeÓoBaHÍfl CMoqi&ui BaR& na roqrffpcTBeHHoe opecfyiueme. 3a- 
T&TL Bi 1870 TOfj CBOBa Eaciyiiaerb Ba Bc^^orsoe spěna roam- 
CTBO ^^ewpaiflciCBBXi B088pÍBÍt^ no6u vh 1871 (uisTB cniHflnci 
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esoĚ nojBTBBfr xo CBZX nopB Boe ea^e npoiexoxBn <iopUSa or 
x&ii»B]iz% sojBTB^ecBBX% CBCiem Meatxy co6oi, nupateTiiBaBie 
noiBTB^ecBaro crpog nyieirb npBcnocotfjoraH btbxi CBciem. 

AaieBO HB TO My saniiaem bi bbohoiib«cbo1 sbbhh crpasii. 
Tyn, Bi aiot c^epš, 1848 rox> muíbxh orpoMBoe HenrjaxflBoe 
BjisHÍe, Boiopoe npoxoiBftio x^enoBan HesaBBCBXo on rocnox- 
CTBa TOĚ fljifl xpyrós BOJuamecMOŘ CBeieifs b pegyniam boio- 
paro Mosflo lyBcrooBaTb xo Bacioafluut) qmie&B. C^o b ho yxB- 
BHieJuOi ecn npBBiTB bo BBmaHíe, ^no BBOHoniecBÍS cípot 
otiycjOBíHBaercfl npesxe Bcero ochobesooi ^mejAssmiM* sasoBaiai, 
Becuu Majo noxxaK)QB]iBCB biíabík) easoBOxiaiejieB b npaBBieiel. 
npaBBTejBCTBO H saBOBOxaieiBciBO ABcrpifl sa noeiftxBDB) iper^ 
CTdjribÍB s me oonpoTBBjflJOCb wmn €xejň«Buvb> saiOBairL, a 

duo ÍSO leiOBÍH) B BOXTBepSXMO JBDIB ^^(^UiaXBBIIllE saBOBaiii 

B npexnBcafliflMB to, ht6 ycjosU BsoflOHHvecMt jbbbbb Bnpiiíía- 

TBIBau nOMBMO BXl BOIB. Bl BTOITb 8aKEB)Ueiai BCfl BCTOpil CO* 

AÍanflO-nojBTB^ecKaro sasoBOxaTejbCTBa BOHcrBTyiuoBHOfl Ascrpii. 
BocTopsecTBOBaBmil bi 1848 roxy npBBi^Bni BHXflBBxyaJBBoS 
CBOÓOXU) nepeHecesHHĚ vh o&iacTB BBOBoiiB^ecBBXi oiBomeBit, 
xaji BceMy coi^ajiBBO-dBOHOifBiecBOMy 8axoHOxaTejn»ciBy ptesil 
^pflTpexepadi xi^BiepB« yHB^xojaeflie crapurB npMBuerít i 
TopxecsBO noninraecBOt cboÓoxb nopovxaen xxbbhíiI psxi bio- 

H01IBieCKBZ% CCBO0OX1&>. BciiffB BB OmAfiOfi CTapHKB OpHBB»ríl 

XBopafli B xyxoBeECTBa, — 6apaMiH]ii b xecaTBHu,— tfHcrpo cx^fir 
BaiB oxBa aa xpyroB omina saBona, aaopenuumiaro KfoKkry 
BpecrBBHCBÍe y^aciBv, onitHa aaaoBa npoTBFB nuHCTBa b poooB- 
BVRecna, OTHtea BaxoHa o peMeueBHiirb sopnopaipazi, — bo 
fioim sTBn saBOBOxaTeiuraiTB peJN^pMaifi iipuarajcB ansTeii 
«CBo6ox^>: <»o6oxH arpapsot, npownnjieHHol; paóoieft ji t. box. 



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FABOHl BOlIPOei. 315 

H sran smrecb mosho 6iuo 6ii xMteiBHTejBHO upuťlHHTb kb 
BassaBBHin saBOBOxaTAiiHnirb iiipam^ eomadsi nouTie cboóoxh 

HaiTb; Bo Bi npEMAnemH kb Tauran aaieHiflirk «CBo6oAa> pasHO- 
CMMhBM jerpaHemn bcjibixi npeimciBit xJfl x^ctbú 8TBZ'b sa- 
BOBOBi, 49>i^iV^H^PCBoe laisser4jler. 

Caifdl spynHOl un anixb saMHOAaraiuaixrB m^itb, orpasHB- 
mdlci Ha nojoseHÍs Fopowaum pa(k>«rE Bootin^e h peneciea* 
HHQBik B:b ocoiSeHHoenií mosho c^HiaTB ulbowb 20 Aesa^pa 1859 
roxa, KOfopHM'B 6iMa npoBOsrjameHa CBO(k)xa penec^^B b npoMH* 
cjOBi. dmn sasoffB otm^hbii boš npesma oČfasaTejiBHsifl peiiec- 

jeBHHJI X0pll0pa^iB B O0MBHJK& BCt npOMHmaeHHHB SaBJTÍB CBO* 

60KBWĚB H bdojhí^ AOCiynHHMH BcaxoMy, sejmowmBuj eaHBHarBca 
ma; jHmb au saBana BecBMa HeMHoraMB orpaemcH DpoMiinuieH* 
Bocm, ooopaseBHHHB CB laBtoHol onacBOCTBD, ipetfoBaiocB npex- 
BapHiejBHoe paspinienie Bjaci^. 3aB0H'B btotb bb noro, boho^bo, 
OBasan oco6eflBo Baaúunt) BJiiaBÍa aa nojioaieHÍe 4>a6pflmin pa- 
(knxB; Bo aa HOJoaieBiH nejBBXB pexeciraHBBOBiB, Boiopiie Kh 
ÁBcrpÍH cooaBiaiarB BecBMa sHa^BreiaHiii npoAeHTB ropoACsoro 
ncejema ^)| owh orpasBics caHuirB TBÓexbwawh oópasom. Eutfi 
paHBHie nojoaieflie peiiaaieHHBBOKB 611B0 ipesMiialro HesasBXBO 
BcriACiBie loro, ito bo iiHom oipacjH spoMsiniJieHaocTBy Boropua 
npesxe dam BeocnopBMOI oÓjMctbd Menaro peiiecieBHBBay cruo 
Bce donme b tfojBme BropraiBca Rpynsoe xamBHHoe HpOBseoiX* 
CDO, ťh BOTopuiii eiiy, Bose^flo, xpyxBO 6hjo nrarBca. Ho nep- 
Boe BpMB KB 50-rB B xBse 60^» roxixx, BOHByppeniMfl 4^pbb!B 
Be 6iua ente oeoiítHBO ^yBoroHrejurai X^fl peHecjieHBBBa: ^- 
fipasa xttaia npoxyBTu, aoropse kb BanecrBeHHMi oiBomeHÍB 
6iUB xyse npoxyBiOKB peMecjrauniBa, nvb iro y Bamxaro bbb 
flBZ!B 0Aia coeepineBHO OTX^&iBHaa clientěle, otaíjibhhí Bpyn 
BorpetfBTejefi, b de &cto ^6pEm BpexBJa 6oiBme specTBaHaMib* 
BycrapBHBaMx, ^u% ropoxoBwrB peMecjeBHBBBM^B. Sbbohi se 
1859 roxa BasecB noojiíxHHii!B hmuI, eo^e 6osb% qyBcrBBrejBssift 
fxapi. BejďbjTB sa HpoBexeBÍeH<B aroro sasoBB; hbcjo peMecjBHHB- 
lOBi ciaio yaejiBHBBaTBCfl ob yaiaeHOtt tiscrpoToi; pasopHBniifiea 
lexBil BoproBei^B, jiBmBBaiittt irtcia bbhobhevb^ Hacca ýaípBi- 
Bim tfeaii- aaBflrift b t. box. ^b)xb BSBŠmBBan MiBbcBy, 6paj<B 
y^eflBBOBB m x&iajcfl «pe]fecjeHHHBO]im>; bth BiinpoBBBHposaHHHe 
peMecieBHBBB ho HeotfmxBHoeiii xojshu 6hjb xoBByppBpoaaTB 



*) Bl OXHOi BÍBÍ no DOCJliXHHMl CTftTHCTB^ieCmni XaHHUMl CUTaeTCJI OIOJO 

90,000 MeaBZi peifecieHHBiOBi (Statktísche MoiuUseBríft, Mai^ 1882). 



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316 noTHifts tBPoaa. 

ch HacTOimnH peiiecMHBHUiiui. Ho 001 padoiaxír xyse owiii- 
n^%; noBTQiiy exncxBeHBJU nDiBa, aa Mxopoi voria npnczt- 
XBTb ROH^ppMiQa,— no ůsiM% iflBE HmtOBMeMiun HpoBiBexeHlL 
TauvB odpaMMTb saienerca mevoanioe yvsiMiame ■pofQrnwft, 
« BMicrik n BTHVB ecreenemyii^ o6paBom h yiyxneue vn^ 
ras^ Basi Hacroanve peiiecjieHHiiM^ BiiHyaimimiie n Bomqrp- 
poHipB HanjBiBOMi aoBHCB, Tasse HaaHai>i% paCfomi:& xemesje 
E lyae. Bi 8ffot ($4biiieB0t vowsyfpvsa^ ti^atfoion peiieeira- 
Hisa a KanAHiii roffan Bce yMeHunaeTCt, an^meisHoe mjb- 
«GrBO 0x1 paeopflMOH, Bufipaciioaeiicx on c^pa pevecji b& 

T0>pBlfII, 0pÍK)TBy 6OJIB00im; BO OAaOBp6lí60BO e& 9T0VLflBiniCCt 

oMiie pe]fecie0K0K0, soropHe apoxoxsaKnrL xuuk niáeiu«e 
x£xo CBoaxi BeewcTOiixi upexmaciBanBBOBi. Bh <4ínidm pe- 
dyjBTari, BCjriMcTBÍe BBejveok <CBodoffi npoMBejiOBi> o((o(oe^0Cio 
pai6cie0H0Rora 06 yBej0i0JocB, 00 aa 10 npoxysni nponBoxcm 
craaE oeqwioeBfio xyase b x^meue, i qfni9ccBOBa0Íe OBpomard 
tioiBrnoBCTBa BX% npeBpaniiocB vb wbnvyn Ůophůj cib roiaxaal 
cicepTBDy GB eseiaoBo yrpoflaaDo^am (Saai^imxEMM&w HnaocxbM- 
0e8 oapoxoofi nepeoBCE csaaaioeB, yio bi to spem, lan a 
nocitAoiai mcKh An ucjo aunejiei Bi^ yBeáa^iwcB aa 
207o) sojiHweTBO oapTHiucB eanojBaMon, airtaMnaro cufo^ 
CTOflTeiBoiM MacrepcKijii yMeoBomaccB Ha 10% ^)- H«b eaeeHBxbxB- 
011XS onesowh^ ne^asaexuxi EBjtM«aBCfpiflo|uit Toproaol najiMol, 
mi y8BaeK<B, vo vh TMenie aooďij|003» obth jAtl 10^15% 
o6s^ro ^BCia peMeaie000BOBrB eaterox^o <Sa0BpovBTOi. 9to se 
aacaercB io JsaaňBBBiŘ Bapa6oTBol ojanif to Tyrrs, WHeiBO, bo- 
M6a0úi BecBiia imipaBBJBBii, cvorpa no penoiy b ocěúan Bpe- 
BffiHBHm ycMtÍBiTB. Ho ecn npBOBiB BO BHViiaBie aa Tonio 
xeaesayB) ctobmoctb peMecMBaaco apoxyara, ao awnoaaaee 
yxemeB^eoie caaaxi xraerB, to ae aosen tfím •coaaiaia, ^10 
e% BasxHM% vofpwh aapaKoroBB peaecxeEaasa BoaaiKaeiCB n 
Taaofl JLO) ecjui 00 tfoiioiei npoaopqia; no spaloeĚ uibfA, oion 
BsiBoxi> osaserca coBopmoBao a^panaft xia aaotiovte pacapocrpa- 
Heo0iiX'B peaecjTB: aopf0iaR0aTO) canooaaaro, croupaaFO a xpyr., 
Txb BoasyppeBi^fl aesiy peiDecxeaaoaaaa e0»0ie aoero. Bo0Byp- 
peoiMa i^a bb Bivk, 0aBpaif6p% ^aua xo wvo^ ito.aa vjbúr 
Topiixi noapaaiaxi peaecjeanvB vb aacroan^e Bpaiu soasyp- 
popyen a ^M^aiBiiaB apoBsaoxetBoa^ Bonoie nanumaH ro- 
Toaaro ajiaT&B (PoT(Seprtpa, rpaatfayaa xpO) 0a%BBiie m^e v&* 
CKOJBBO xlrB Toay aasaxB co({cTBe00iifl orpoMBHB aacTepcsii ci 80a- 



O Statíst. Monatschrift; Ifai, 1883. 



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TMBMň BQOPoa. . 817 



nreoHiin mraran pa<(oar^ lenepB Buojim doate bbtoxhí 
lion CBM sttaan mjiíbMbwawb Hedonnnarb xMiepairb. Měnit 
pMeaeannrB sotftewen ^peqr! Ho «ro eiiy ctown dra no- 
(Ip? fiJbacMi raaen <yaterliiid» ^) npxBOxm craoNrB i^fa^^ 
uamam Óonnninr varasHraH BiHecms aopmorB. Bon rt* 
KRopHfl m vrarL mynnejBHim i^i^pi: ssMHee nuuo n Btri, 
owiiui ■» xocToneisy, on U50 ;vi 3 lynxraon, ta j^lfHee 
laisio 1.50, OKqpiyn 1.50^ <Ipi>n 40—80 speti^epoBi, sh- 
xm*-60 ^)., DBXsan — 90 sp., h t. n. Eeia tfpiHirbBO bu- 
nrie, Tfo Hopr&oft flojseo^ na caot c^en xm^rsatt bcí MaiOHR, 
Ejsmn xu flUTSfly e saiim nepesecnr q)éAnw oonrrjniByiD 
luaiy Ba nonnHHyi*) to oBaserca, rro epexHBm iBciom nopTHoi 
imynen aa 10«^n nooBot patio^ifl jmh 47 speli^epon (no 
HHBliiieMy KypcT 41 xov.)- Moorie ouaxH roiOBaro wama^ 
ooofeHBO BwnopraHe, ffwn patfoiy ho BÍHCB8ia, bo npoBBB- 
iptJMBn BopTBHm, Bovq^ne patforann aa enie 6ojie xenie^^ 
ffJttiT; lasi, flaopfliribpiy vh IIpee6yprt SBBen mhofo thchte 
noj^nam, paKoram^Bxx seBiBrnamiuo xifl BBcnopTHiirE íjfspwb 
{n ojmj 4^My <TexecB0» pa({ow»n 2000 ^eiOBin, BBJUOiaa, 
KweiBo, iH>XBaciepi€«& h y^eBBBon). 3|ffk& sapaÓotBaa luan 

fll 15 — 20^0 HBBBB BÍB«Ot. Ho pa8B% MOSBO SBTb BpE BOXOd- 

HOKb sapatfoTBft? cnpocBn iBnaTeiB. Robotho, Hi^n, xase bi 
^OĚh cAjTHai, ecn pe]ietieBaflv&, xan bto leaepB vacio cjy- 
WTCi, sacaxan 8a patlory b cbod seny b xbnŘ, BaqBflaa ci 
9-TK jribBBro BoqNunA. B» Bs^uoB^dlofl ixtea ^raaeTu xu nopr^ 
naii> (Sdmddcr-FadizartiBg), mh jsBaovE, hto bi Biwb oBJíomB 
I piXOMi nopTEue xoxflrL m% Maerepcaott vb MacrqieByx), upefr 
Wifl paíoraTB sa crojn b sBspTBpy; b bx% ho BpBBBiiaH)TB no 
lol Bpoerott npB^BBŠ, ^ao ote^naa aapatfoTBai njam HBjíe oyMMii, 
Doipe^Boft fm ITL CByxBaro coxepauifliH. Eobctbo, npB mBarB 
yeaoBim BejMB sttumhj bo bco en^e hojbso BOBByppBpoBan, 
KOSHO BOCTB 6opB0y 8a cyn^cTBOsaBie bi canoS nepiofijuTBoS 
^fíjmi, Doxo^ByK) rol) soropyio BexyrB mxb b nanopoTBBSB. Si 
sii€KBH'B peiieejieBBBBaMi bhojbI npBMŠBBím cjsoBa EacMapsa^ 
CKasaflBBfl EWb Bi npomjiom roxy vb repMBBCBOifB pefixciari: 
<ToTB, BTO npoflSBOXBTi xyxBiíe npoxyBTu, y6flBaen CBoero bob- 
syppeBra, totl, bto Mosem 6o2hme roJOxaiB, f/bxBerb ceoero 
conepBBBa (5aHKpoToirB>. 

dsoHOHB^ecBoe nojoseHie ropoxcRBxi paóo^exi OBasasaeTi 
orpoMBoe BjiuBÍe b na xoproBJíio. Macca apoadBOXBHuxi npoxys- 



*) » 22, 188Ó. 



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318. BMTHmiBPOlIH. 

Ton xojmHa danh w mo (tu to ek ciaao cóiixa, xon 6b aa 
caMyio BHasyiD ic&Hy; noeroMy, Hesazivts c6nm n 6ojrte eoni- 
HiucL MarasHHax^y 8th npo/Q^Kni n^yn Bh Taacb-BMiiBaeni 
<pacnpoxaBH>, <6a8apH> v t. nox. ýbbthbhiuí soHiypeHtu npd- 
jsfiMM^ pasHOCHyi) ToproBjnOy xoropag bi B^bI npespaTUMK n 
poA% HBn^eaciBa h BinocjrixHee Bpeicfl pasBnacB xo HetiusaiHn 
paaifipoBi. Ha xyxoBHoe pasBarie Maceb BjdflEie BBOHOxe^ieeBaro 
noioséHÍa ropoxcBBxi pa6o9BX<B lasaBe osaBHBaeicfl HpesBHuBio 
FHtfeji&Him. PexeeieHHBBi h paÓoqiS, hb saxoffi BOsnosHOcra 
coxepsBTB ceM&D CBOHICB j[i^HHM'B 8apa6oTBO]i'E, nociuaen sesy 
B X^Teft Ba ^^pBKy eib sacraBJHerE hxi patforanb bi iiaciep- 
eKOĚ. A^TB Ha^BHann patfoxaiB cb 8 h lO^jribrmiFO Bospacn, 
mBOJiBHoe oój^eme flajuiercB «iiirE*to coBepnieHHO BTopacreneimm, 
OTBBMaioniBifx y peHecjieHHflBa BSB^^ciHyK) ^bctb sapaKona ero 
xfoeft. npi laxBZTi ycJOBÍBZi BeyxBBBrejiBBO, ^ro mcca pa(So- 
^Bx^ xificTBBTejBBoaeaaers cospan^eniH BOCLiiB-JŠTBaro epoia ote- 
saTeju^saro o^ywfliB bi BjeiieHTapBim mBoiaxi b Bnojiflí^ oo- 
lyBCTBeBHO OTHOCBTCfl B<B saBOHOiipoeKTy JlBH<$axepa, npwutras)- 
Qi^eify 8T0 cospan^eflie. HeMyxpeia TaKse, Hné opa taBurb ycio- 
BúirB pesynTam odyieBÍa fiiicrpo crjiasHBaKmi; roxH Taaexot 
pa6oTii 3acTaBjiaH)Ti lá-jňmsivo MaiBVBBa vh bíckoibm An 
no8a6iiTb Bce, neuj owh vh Heft< yujicB. He CMorpa na to, w) 
otfasaTejbfliifl mBOJH cyD^9CTByR)rb m ÁBcrpis yse 15 jAn (sa- 
BOHi 31-ro icapra 1868 r.)^ pasBBTÍe rpaiioTHOCTB Hxen npesBo- 
HatHO Mex^esHo; en^e xo cbxi nopi SOVo flaceieflÍB He yui&n 
HH HwtBXhj m nseaTB; bo MHomi npaifBáflJieHHttx^B i^Hrpaxi mm 
npoi^eHrB xoxoxbtb xo 40 h 50. 

CjOBoiTBy oti^xH^HÍe KJiacca ropoxcBBXB paóo^Bxi XMTB cedfl 
^yBCTBOBaiB Ha bcAtl nonpanvixB coqiajnHO-BBOHOiinBCBofl m Byn- 
lypnoi SHBHB crpaHEi. Oho Biipasaerca vh yBejumeflÍH cyKMH 
noxaTHHXi HexoBxoBik, Bi> ÓojiBmeiťB npoTHBi% npeaLnaro jm>2B^- 
ctbí ÓanspoTCTBi, vh ycBjeBÍH BHsrpaiUH b8% ropoxOBi b npo^ 
HiiniiieflHHrB i^empoBi, bi, HpesBH^afiHO c^aóom pasnriH rpa- 
MOTHOCTB, ffB yBeifl^eBÍH HBCJia caifoyÓiĚcm b npecrynMBit 
H Hp. ^). 



V BoT% liKOToputf Giancnieoiúi xaBmu, saiMCTByeioui onacn m o^i- 
itíajfciiizi oneroBi crancni^eciaro loxtrerai onacrB mn oÓucBneibBoi sancii, 
ipiioseBHofi vk juoMMvytomj opoecry HOB«ro npoMHCiOBaro saiosa. 06mfm cjna 
B«AOHMon npoMHCioBaro naiora, lexanmro icKuouTeuHO Ha xpyiiHHZi npoMHCJan, 
eocmujui n 1880 ro^ xu Bcei AicrpiH 4*/^ «u. ryttx^y novtE V* scei cpuiH n* 
jora; n HosHei ABCTpíH i Bisi cyrnia eexonion coctaijuien posHO HOioiny, n 
BysoBui 45Vo, nraiHuii t8«/f BcelcjMioi Haior*. Ba xecxTuliie 1871— 80 r. m 



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PÁBO^ B<Hiio<r&. 319 

^0 een noiph uu KacuHCb npesiiyiiieczBeiiHO nojiosemi 
Fopoxcuxb peMecieHHHioRB, novTH He saxp^raBaii noMomeáuL ^*- 
ífamaTb pa(SoiBX%. £;& eosaxinÍDy OTHOCOfejibTO npcjAxHsro 
nynra y hmi iiohtb 0TeyTcr6yK>rb craTscnraecsui x&bssu, 
My nosem jiinnB f/bsňxh bhboxh m oesomnÍH Gojiie Hra Me- . 
aie cjy«iHinLS oTpnouiixft cb^;(%hí8| o KOiopiix% npixo- 
xncfl cJHmaTB na patSo^nn coÓpaiiiirBy ^BraiE m rasert. Ho 
K 911 BttBOXB HHCKonso HeyrioiBrejuAe; 8afa6oTHU Bjam ^- 
l^nEaro, noaujyi, He HHse, a na MBormvb cjiyvaxxi h Biime 
8qia(SoTHOt uara peMecieHHvsay ho lyn mh Bcrpineiíca a 
ipfiei 6ÍX0I: ^^pHHHHe noeroiHHO saiyiXBCfl na HeiooTOflH*^ 
ciBO paÓOTH, Ha TpyxHOCTL HatiH ee; ({ojBrnyn ^mctb roxa ^6* 
pnHHfl npoBOXKTB Bi HOHCBaTb Ba paíJoiofi. Besxi Ha ^^ps- 
sm zeHCsit h j^foemi tj^xb BHrioHnn Mysesoft h noio pa- 
6oim 110C108HHO cospaiqaeTCi. ^J^oeraioiHO TO^ro, vro 4>a6pBiHiiĚ 
piÓDtifi CMorpHn Ha nojtoseHÍe peiiecjeHHHBa, Ka^B na CBOft 
ilBBn, H HOciOflHHo CTpeMeTci vh T(mjj "noům nonacTb vh btoti 
pal. KasoBi btotb paft— mh tojuo-^to bbx^^. 

EOHeHHOy MH AUeKH OTB TOrO, TTOÓH BHHBTB Vh OnHCaHH01í*B 

(ixcrBeBHOirL nojosema ropoACBBX'B patfo^HXi h peiiecjieHHHBOffB 
lesiDorejiBHOy bjib xase rjiaBHuirB o6pa80Mi, Basoffb 1859 ro^a, 
npoBOBTjameHie eBo6oxii peiieeji. dio nojioseHie ůaso coaxano 
ftBiopaiiH ropaBAO dojAe xoryniiecTBeHHHiui, ^&í% BaBOHOxareiB* 
CIBO, saBOBH: pasBHiie 4^pniBol npomnueraMKTH, poBOBiiwb 
olSpaBOifB BHrtcHnoH^B ^ejiOBiqe^Ě TpyxB, BaBHCHMOCiB Bcei lop- 
itAu H npolfHmjleHHOCTH OTb 6HpBKeB0tt coeqrjifliiiH, nocfosHHoe 
i8x<9oaaHie npexiieTOBi nepBoĚ BeoÓxoAHMOcni, HeBHTOXHiie lop- 
mae TpaKraTu, ^HHaHCOBHe kphbhch, nocroiHHoe yBeia^ieflie npa- 



I(ieieiiaBÍH amrp^p^Baio sa BexocmTioif& cpeAcm %% cymecnoBaBÍi) 72,000 lai.; 
n 1871 r. KoniecTBo amrpaBTOia (kuo 6|000 ne^-j sarim mm^BŘ rox> Boepocmio, 
I n 1880 r. xocTirJO 10,500 nei. dMupipyiyn npexHjmecTBerao pa(k>w k peiieciaB- 
au topoxon. Bb 36-th ncro BpoMuueiiiam ospyraxi Boreui Haeeieeie sa no- 
nipúi 11 sbrh BCjixcTBÍe xpoHEiecraxi amrpaiai no nociixH^ft seperacK yiieHk- 
■110C& la 1— 6*/o. B^ HiKOTopHxi ropoxazi ospyron Baceieoie 7]feH&iiiuoc& xmm 
n 21V0. KoiEHecTBO cixoy(5iicm Bospociaen Tance no vipdb ycueiúi aiOBomia- 
cioft KOsijppeHQÚi (no xi^HOHm aximuro cvancr. soMirera, HexocraTon qpexcm 
B cjvecTBOBaBiD ciyanm riaBHHm MoniBom opa caiioy6iftcTBŠ, lasi lan nom 
V4 Bcftxi caMoy6iftcm coBepnaDrca no axoicy MOTHBy). 3a HOTHpexiMe 1868 — 72 r. 
n £(icielTaaii 6hio coBepmeno 2,700 caaoyóiicTBi; n cjAxpomfie i-iMe 187B— 77 r. 
no ueio Boepacio xo 4,200. Bi 1620 r. na 10,000 ciiepTHHx:& ciy^aen npixoxi- 
MU ly% caiioj(^CTBft; n 50 r.~9|4, n 6S r. — 24,4, b% 78 r. — 38 caHoylSicTBi. 
(MotireabflriQhl des QowerbeausschuBBea 24 mai 1882, cíp. 3— S). 



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826 BKrmn ibposh. 

MHXl H BOCBeSHHXl MU^TŮVh H Bp. ^). Ho itVK HB Hesfe CJÍ- 

fftrb spaaBftub h BaMmo^amiLCTBO oxhbite vn TUBssh ijfua^ 
pon» ecJK He camiii^ BaaHsifB^ to* yse soflerao Basfioite w- 
erynBBiiffb ki ypeiyjrapoBaBÍH). FocyxapcTBO Be uemerb 6opones 
npfniAVh ycHJeBifl ^^af^pB^saro nporaBOACiBa, BenoMipnaro ptán* 
TÚi 6wpmM^ B8KoposaHÍB Heo(SxoAHMHx% opci^eroRb &ovpe6MBÍi, 
BO y Hen) vh saBOHOffaxanasi Bce se odteica BBBteraai um 
bjíbhui. H B!b vma OTBomeBÍH aÉcrpilcBoe BOBcraTyipoHHoe » 
BOHOAaiejBoiBe, BBxaBaa saBOffB 1859roffk, tomo noiioraio Beim 
ocrajUiHum au patfo^exi Maect ycioBiflHfE, KacfevB pacrM^uo 
XBepH we^Kb rpflAyiqei BOHiyppeHipeft m amajo co cMsaaBHu 
pyBaMB B Horaiffl peiieaieHBBKa spynnoiiy Bsmrajy. Maxo toto, 
o&hm$sLi ch oxHOl ciopoHH CBoÓoKy praecja, oho wh ne^jni 
roenoxteBa ncesxo^JBtepaiBHaro pesova (1866—79 r.) ae nepecn* 
Baio DOBpOBBTejiBCTBOBaTB BpyiiHOiiy Bamf ajy h paaHnm ŮBpmt- 
BUM^ cneByjuiqjm, BBxa^efi ^eswcjeBHaro MHoaiecTBa soBiieecil 
B npBBBjeriĚ pa&iBTOuii spynoiiHi iqKmumjeHHiiirB h 4^iBaH- 
coBuwb npeAnpiflTiBMii. 

m. 

Korxa Kb 1879 r. BOHWJiocb roenoxciBO neeBXO^jfltfepannro 
pesBMa vb npaBHiejiLCTBi b DapxuMHri, vh qwx^ leopeme- 

CBBZl B COI^BABIDrB npOTBBBBBOBl j^pBipexepcm Ch O^OS ClO^ 

poBu, fl GpefM caMHZi pexecieBBBsoBi cb xpyrott Ramacb oib- 
Hiflouui arBiai^fl, Bniamaa CBoeS ujkojo TpěSoBaHÍe ooI^aJttBO- 
BBOflOMBHeesBrb pe^pm. PeiiecjeHflBBB wh KHoroiBCieasím co- 
6pafliflx% fl BOflrpeocaz'B Tpe6oBaiB9 bbbi nepBoB b eaMOi aa- 

') OmaD HenunHim npHBecra nicioifcio opmipoBi, saHiíCTBOBaHHiixs m o^ 
<^H]qam^ cranetsKi. Bi>x*en Bcet BMoepii (ÁBCipiH airtcrt ci BeHipiel) n 
1868 T. ůoA 842 MMM,, na TenepemHDD IticiefiraBii) npnoxHXOcb lorxn iipatSiN- 
TenBO 200 mi. Bnxsen 1882 rojuk npensitan 600 mu. ryíM., t.-«. n 2Vt pasi 
ůoame ÓDxvere 1868 r., npineiiii npixoxvrcji 120iihx. aa norameme iipoKeBroBS rocy- 
xapcTMHBaro xoira. npoMHCioBHft naion, orpasaDmitea Henocpexcnerao na sapi- 
6oTBoft nxttrt, cociaBJUUi n 1860 r. n ABcrpo-Beurpii 18|iihi.; TeoepE on noBscucf 
^ 21 mx. řyxBx.; *i oxhoB ÁBcrpix BsiniaeTca 18 ni. rynx. npamizi laioron. 
no BaiicieBÍD ^cHCBaro xenyraTa AxaveBa, na ňxxoe cemelCTBO n Aicrpii cpex- 
VMVh ^Bciom npixexiTCJi eseroxeo 216 rynx* Bcanm HaioroBi, c6opoB%, noaum 
K np. B% 1668 r. bo BCet ÁBcrpu paóomio 2,300 napoBím Maamt <» 86,000 xob. 
chu, ne c^mtLB m Máonni, ynorpe^ijieiiHn npn seiuexfeiiH, bk napOBOSsiun ■ u- 
pozoxnni h np. Hepesi 12 Mim hicio MannHi peii^uocb xo 6,600, ci 120,000 
lom. cBii; cvnaa pa5ory 1 lom. cbih paBsoi paóoit 7 ^eiosin, noiyvon, no n 
1878 r. DapoBHi ioubhhh bhtíchuh isi paóora 800,000 pa6oiHzi. (Statist. líoa&ts- 
Bchríft, 1882, November). 



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PIBO^ BOUPOOl. 321 

eioneniet itips — mwbBM smohe 1859 rox*- Ho na Bdte% ju)h- 
rpeccan i eo(^[Mmflx% wai tpeteMflix msoBEJH npoiecTii eo cio- 
ptuzH ^praiun pa6o«x%, Bovopae n cbo» aiepexB aivrapo* 
lui n nojDAjr upoB^teosii sMOHon n nrb Baopny on diciuya^ 
lupi BpEymnro lainnua (oBpex&ieBíe Hopsaunaro paóo^aro xu, 
mmq^ s^paKonoi uintaUf sanpei^enie jkhcboI k xíh^BOt 
pi6oTH). HaaoBeit^ pafoiie-coqiajnciii ipetioBau npoBexema pa- 
rnuusMUh pe^inn wh xpA coipancTswesot nporpaMMH 
(yipt8iaKHÍe noeioaHHOi aiwiH, aicnponpíaipfl opyxíl tpyxa roejr* 

HysHD oixasE copaBeAiHBociB uBBmctepcrBy m Tom oiBome- 
flii, no <mo oisecioca wk oociaBJíeHHOi saxaiA, cpaBHHrenHO 
vumfgy j|o6poooB]icno h ciaio paOoian Haxi> Bel ecn ho cb 
oodÓeBMA p&nmeuHoem) x nociribiiraocTM), to no apatoefi iiipi 
n ion HanpaajeeJH, xoioparo TpeÓOBaii snepecH pa6o9BX!E 
ucck. B& x6Ba0pft 1880 roxa mHacrp^E ToproBjn BHoa Kb najaty 
l^ojmion npcesTB noBaro npomiciOBaro saiona, aoiopiift 6un 
Tomci se nep^WBi wh napiaHenrcKyK) Bomncciio, rxb oke np> 
lesm <(Sen xBHJEeRÍi> ujkaiŘ tokb^ h tojbbo bi noatipi 
1881 r. 6hio npnciynjirao n paspatfonA ero. 3axononpoeBTB Mon, 
cocnttjuonpi Bujeti a MOTHupoBanieirb xoaiaxa aobojeho o(ixe- 
noyi) 6ponii>py wh 150 crp., ne Baajmaen Kb ce6i nawro 
OGotamo opanHannaro h mdKen tioiie Hon Mente duenne- 
eúl zapaaiepi: npaBHiejaeTBO crapajoe& mn Bc/bTh coBpeiieHHHrE 
^onelcsHxi sasoHOxaiei&cnnb BuČIpaTB rt ucth, Koropua, ne 
BBOff HHxasm p^teBHXb npoiHBypii^fl ce cyn^ecrBynnunrb oboho- 
mecBurb nopBxaon, rtirb ne nenie xoryn cjy»iTb xjíb Bpe- 
leBBaro, lacrnaro yiy^menifl nojoaenia npemmuenniixi BJiae- 
eon. IIpHBexy BBpaTi^š co^epsanie ororo npoena, BecBMa acno 
lapaBTepasyionotro Haiiipeniii h njanH npaBHxeibCTBa vh btou% 
Bdnpoci. IlepBue 4 or^ijia saBononpoesia coxepsarb o6^^a onpe- 
ciieHia npoMuaiOKb, paBx&ienie na CBO(k)XHHe, Aocrynnse f,is. 
Bcbrby H na laBÍe, ornocHTeiBEO Boropuzi TpeÓyercfl HcnpaniH- 
Bame paspimeHÚi, wAwb onpex^enie ycjiOBift oispuTÍfl npoimin- 
iCHHaro saBexeniii, npaBua fjui puhbobx e t. n. 5-Ě OTfjbjťb 
sttOHonpoeBia onpex^^on odflsaxejBHoe ycrpoĚCTBO nponncjo- 
BBx^E TOBapHn^ecTKb x^ji wbTb peiiecjťb wh Basxoi o6inflwb; ue- 
HEMH TOBapHn^ecTBB cocTOflTi xoBHeBa saBOxemfl; naeMHiie nox- 
MacrepBfl h noxon^HHBH CTOraiOTCfl xaBse npiHaxJiesaii^BicH kb 
Kopnopai^H H HHÍH>rB na cotfpaHuixi coBiqaTejiBHBiS toiocb; KpoMt 
loro naacHiie noxiiacrepBfl Basxftn> peMecia cociaBjiBH>rB cano- 
cioarejBHHfl TOBapan^eciBa (o rjaBHuxx i^^jiui n coi](iaxBHOfi pojH 

Ton lY.— Idu, 188S. 21 



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822 BtOTim npoDH. 

8THZ% TOBapEn^ecTB^b HHse). nepBafl nojioBHHa saBOHonpoesia no- 
cmn^eHa rjiaBHJUifi oÓpasoirL peMecjaMi. Ha^BHaa ci 6-i riara 
0B% BasHifaeTCfl npeaaiyii^eciBeHHO peryjapoBamem im^osemi 
HaeHHHxi patfo^HXK (peiiecjieHHHBOBiB h ^^pHiaiixi), bmm — lan 
OflH HasBami ei aasoHonpoesi^ — caponsíHueHHiirfc ^alOi^aI- 
soBi> (Ge^erbliches HilfiG^erswal). Bb 6-fl r jaoft, cavot 6aiuEet 
no otfieify h canoft BaasHofi no ccwepsaHÍiD, oopexftjflDTGfl 061* 
BaBHOcTB zosflHHa OTHOCEiaiBHo HaexHuxi pa(Íon3B!B, &0 onfa- 
CTB^HOCTb sa iM^pesjíeHÍfl H yBŠvui, iipatHB6HHiia pa6omiy 
Ha 4^a6pBR%, sanpenteHie yiua^sBaTB sapaÓoraHmia MfiBhn 
iipo^sraiiH BiH npeiiacaMH, Bsexeme pa6oiBr& smn, y^pes- 
xenie xpereficsExi cyxoB'L j^ pimeHÍfl cnopoB% icea^y pa6a- 
iHMH H xoBfleBaMH, orpaHa^eHÍe Bocspeenoi pBůmi^ orpasaie- 
HÍe patioTH xBBJHBWh H xbieŘ ^)j Hasosei^ peryjspoBaBie orao* 
memfi Mesxy xodUBaiiH h y«eHHmiH. 7-a ruBa nooraHWJuen 
cosAAHÍe AOiasHOCTB ^a(pc[9HiiXB HHcneffiqioRb, npexBaaBaweMiin 
AiH Haxsopa fta nop^aaoin na ^^pBiiaxb h au npespan^eaú 
BceB08M0SHiix'B 8ioynoTpe6jieHÍfl xoafleBi^ sartm onpex&uen 
npaBa h o6fl8aHBOCTH BHcneRTopoBi. 8*fl rjasa onpexftjaefí 
yHpesxeme oÓisaTejBHttx^ pa6oTOX'B Baeeb wí odesne^sia éau- 
Buxi K npecrap&iiixi paóo^HrB b xu BenoMoqeciBOBaHÚ cmtítr 
CTBaiťL yMepmBTB; saccii 8aB%AyH>TCfl eaMBMB paÓoqBicB (npa btovb 
OTj^jr& npBJíosefli odcTOflieiiBHHlt npcesrb ycnaa HapiiaiBBOi 
Bacen). HaBOHei^B 9-a h 10-a rjaBEi roBopai^ o HaBasaHiaxi, no- 
pa^R^ npeci^AOBaHifl h cyxonpoBSBOxcTBa no x^airb o napynie- 
bíb npoxucJOBaro ycraBa. 

MosHO ne npBAaaaTB ocotieBnaro sna^eHía BirtmaTenerBy sa- 
BOHOAaTejiBCTBa wb dBOHOMB^ecaifl OTHomema, mosho ocnapaBBTb 
BasHOCTB BJH A&se A^JiecooépaBHOcrB to8 bjh xpyroĚ laciH npi- 
Be^enHaro upaBniaiBCTBenHaro sasoHonpoeBxa, ho npa BceiTB iobi 
HOJiBBa orpni^TB loro, hto bca TeHAeH^ifl aioro saBOHonpoexift 
X^ftcTBBTejiBHO BaKjnoHaeTCfl fb sejaniB orpaABTB xo BSB^bcTHoft 
CTeneHH pa6oqBxi otb «ipe8M'ibpH0i BBcnjiyaTai^H ero apjrnHHBi 

^) ^Ta ?acTB Bonpoca paapaÓoraHa TmaieiLBie xpyraxi. Borb naBEiui cranH 
saKOHonpoesra: x^th ao 12 s^tl aÓcoJDíHO ne xonycsaDTCfl Ha 4)a($pHni; on 12 xo 
14 iÍT& xíth Moryn paÓOTaTb ne CBHme 6 ^acoei vb cyrn; on 14 — 16 ho csHoie 
10 nacoBi; xemmiaH Moioze 16 lin le xonycDUOTcx coBepmeBHo; on 16 xo 21 
roxa ne óoxune 10 Haconi bi cyiKH; xlm xo 16 i§n i senmiraH xo 21 ho kosjc- 
BaDTCH Ha HO^HyD paóOTy h na paóoiy no BOCEpecenBímib. ^n H8BÍCTHBrb paóon, 
conpAaseHHHXi cb onacHOcnD ji^a sxopoBsa seHcsift h xítckí& ipyxi coBepmeiHO 
aanpen^eHi; x^h seHmHHi xo 21 roxa h x^xeŘ xo 16 lin ycTanoBieBi otoareiBHHi 
noiyxesHUH nepepHBi pa60TH na laci. (G^esetz, betreffend die EinfiQhrmig einer 6e- 
werbeordnang, cíp. 33—49). 



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PIBO^ BOHFOCi. 328 

sAmnaioirb; He cjiixyen» Tauie ynycBSXb bwb mjkji ^lo orB cO"* 
ipeiieHaait) aBCTpiS<»aro HpaBirejiMrBa bbb]^m> m mosho Tpe6o- 
Bisb H osiuiaTb <k)jiKinoro paABK&iHSMa vb ptoema ciojb Ba»- 
mm Bonpocom. Haih jiajiBiDe fb cbobxi^ xpedosaHiu:]^ 6hjo A'b^ 
jOMi oaiMiaMeHTa. 

Ha npasiEsi Biímjo ne ooBcfoii lan. HapjiaiceHTCRafl som- 
Mseek, saHflBinaiCfl paBCifOipÍHÍeM'B seaceHaaro sasaiioapoesTa h 
fla^aainafl pafiory TousoBíHoaÓpt 1881 r., T.-e« wpesi roxi* no 
BBeoeaiH ero, npioua b% sauiowHÍio, ^to npexjioseHHafl pe^opna 
ufwmBMBerh co6w> cumioici o(íseiifl€Ziifi xpyjii, Tpetfyiaaúfi 
eniBKOirfc uwovo sp^WEu xia tofo> ^itoCh 6iiTb Bupa6oiaHfiHM% 
cpasy; vro ab Boopocaxi aBOHOiiH^eesHxi He (u^xyerb ^epsaiBca 
OKoeiitt nasKMMemi pasHux!^ saveropii a(w^ o6iqyK> aaBOHOAaxaiB- 
lyK^ iri^sy, HO Hao6opon, apBxepsHBaTibca CBcreMu cnei(iajiB8a- 
iQB, cneai&abHaro aaBOHOwmucTBa au imraoA otxj^bhoB saxe- 
fopin dKOHOMB^ecKHXB BOopoeoHB; ^npo, naBOHei^B, npe^araeiiHfi 
opoesn pe^pím o6BHicaerB coOok) hmohho abí TasHXB p']teR0 
puBflmHxefl, — saiffb 00 cbohmi HHiepecan) lairB h no pojii, roto- 
pyi) ohh HrpaKn% wh coi(iajiBHofi shbhb, — BaToropiflý a HiieHHo: 
peifecia b nejiBoe npoHSBOXCTBO cb oxhoB ciopoHu b spynnoe 
4a(^HiHoe npoBSBOACTBO cb Apyroft. IIo btbm^b spE^BHairb kom- 
mcm coua neoÚxoMfiuuwb pasiX^Bib sasoHoapoesrb na ^acTi, 
paspatioiaTB Baa^jQno h8'b naciett ota^bho, bb bb^^ cQeAiajibHlixB 
^^aua^OBi, H hto6h ho sararaBaTB cjboibomb aojfo p-lmeHÍe bo- 
npoca, npeAcraBiflTB 8th cneipajBHue sasoHSy no uipi bxb bu- 
pa6oiBH, B% nap^anoHn. KoMMacda na nepBuž paaB saHAJiacB 
Toft qaenK> sasoHonpoeBTa, fiOTopaa saeaerca peMecjeHHHaoBB h 
Mejnuai npOMiímjieHaHBOBB, ocTaBiisa bb cxopoHŠ 4^a6pH9Hoe npo- 
rooACTBo (noveny nepBencTBO ae 611J10 orxaHO HecoMH^HEo 6oiie 
BasHOMy ^^pfl^HOMy sasoBOxaTeiBCTBy, a pexecjeHHOMy — mu yBB- 
HUB ceiiacB). &B 7 n&cflAeBB Aouaio 6iu% BupafioraHB, bb 
mmík nafl npoAcraBJíeffB bb napjaMeni^B, h nociib AByxaextjiB- 
HHXB npenii npEHan gb BecBxa HesHauTejBHHME nsMi^HeHifliiH. 

Bcfl cyn^HOCTB BiipaÓoraHHaro saBOHonpoesTa cboastcb bb cjAj^yjo- 
fllBHB ocHOBHHMB nyHEiaiiB: 

I. Bdb BHAH npOMHfflJeHHUXB npOHBBOACTBB (sa HCBJIK)qeHÍeifB 

^Mpa^Haro h sycxapBaro npoMiicJOBB, na Boropne ae pacnpo- 
CTpaHfleica BacroamiS sasoHB) noApa8A'ibjiflK)TCfl na: 1) CBo6oAHue 
npoMHCau, Aocrynnue Bdbwb h BasAOHy, au Banfliifl BOTopuME 
Heo6xoAHxo jiBfflB npeABapEieiBHoe daflBjeme BJiaciaMi; 2) npo- 
MHCJoi, A^fl BOTopuxs HeoÓxoABMO sapy^HTBCfl pasp^menieMB aoA- 
aewunBXB Bjacrett (concessionirte Gewerbe); kb arofi rpynn* ox-r 

21' 



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824 notun ibpoiih. 

BOCflTCfl npoMucjniy soropae, n BHxarB oGmficwBBBOŘ fiesonacBiK 
CTH, tfjarouHifly HpaBCTBeBHOCTM, UH B% HBwpecaEťB f usa, BcerXfft 
HazoAUHCb no^B 6ojribe CRJBHairB Banpojieir&, sarB-ro: Tonorpa- 
^íh, jBTorpajÁH, ^acram BaccH ecyxi, npoHSBOAcno axon un 
B8piiBttTiix'B Ben^ecTVB, miTeftHHe npoMHCJiiii h t. o.; HasoHe^!^ 
3) peMecieHHiie npoiraciii n TJ^om CHOCjril cJiOBa (handwerks* 
m&8sige Gewerbe), Tpeóyioipie o^jaxania navbrnauMm npeffnpi- 

TeAHHMH SHaHiflMH. 

II. MacTep<nr& hjh xosaraom nponunueBHaro sasexenia no- 
cii^XHeĚ RaieropiH xoaceii (toTb JimB totb, kto npexcraesn xo- 
sasaTeiBCTBa loro, hto vb npoxojweBíe EsaftcTHaro sojmecm 
x^TE yase saHHiiajicfl amirb npoMiiícjioirE CBanajia re BamcTBt yve- 
Hflsa, H saiiiTE vh Ba^iecrsi noxMaciepBa (Be&hignngsnacfaweis); 
CBiiA'ÍTeJBCTBa o noeinieHiH peMeciesHaro jrvajHiqa, ua o iipai^ 
TB^ecKHXi aammaxi wb sncmeirL TexEs^ecaoirB aasexema laise 
WOTh npaBO orapHBarB peMecjieHHiia saBe^eBÍa. 

m. Bet JBqa, 8aHBiiaH)iiuflCfl BSBteiHiiirB npouHCJioirb h aa- 
xoxanvaca vh upeflbMBXh asBibcTBaro ospyra bih oÓn^BHii, cociaB- 
junoTb npoMHOiJieBHHa TOBapBo^ecTBa. Bi TOBapaniecTBO Bxoxfny 
Baai xosaeBa, Tan b Haemne paÓOTSBBBy— noMon^BBBfl nox- 
MaciepBfl B ywBHBB; npBqeM'B nepBiuťE npexQciaBxaeica ropasxo 
6ojiBinee BaiaBÍe na xí^a TOBapamecraa, nesejB btophitl; xbibe 
no EsvbcTBUwh Bonpocaiii noxMacrepBa cocraajann oixfex&BHfl 
codpanifl B EuiKTh paBHUfl npasa ch xosaeBaufl. 3*^ coópama xo- 
Mevb OHB nociixaH)n xexeraTOBi, Boropiie nojBsyKnicx coBimt* 
Teihnuwh roxecoMi. II,íj[b TOBapaniecTBa 8axiK)ueTCfl: a) bb ycipoi- 
CTB%, no lApft BOSMOsnocTB, TOBapBntecKBXi ocyxnarb saoa, caii- 
XOBi CETpBfl, xaBOKBy 6oxbniflx% BOonepaiBBBuxi MacrepcBBXi Ba 
Hanaiaxi npoBSBOXflrexBHoft accoipai^B) aoonepaTBBHCWE npniftBe* 
bíb ManiBHHaro npoBBBOxciBa; b) re peryjtapoBanÍB omomenii Mesxy 
xoBfleBaMB B paCo^BMB, yipesxenÍB cnpaBO^BSxi nynsioBib x^ 
dojrhe npaBBJíEBaro pacnpex^^eBÍa pa6onx'E cbHi cyn^ecrByD- 
nvixi b'e xaBHOi oóniani bjib OBpyrš; y^pesxosis nocroanmixE 
TpereftcBBXi cyxoBi x^pimeBÚi cnopniixi BonpocoRE, BOdHBKaHh 
jnux!h Mesxy xosaeBaMB b pa6owxB {wb 8tbx'e cyxaxi paBHonpaB- 
HOCTE o6'bflX'E cTopoB'E ffOBOxesa xo caxiix'E HesBa^BTexEHBXs ae- 
jioieft), peryjapoBanÍB nojosesia y^eHaBOB^ b xp*; c) vh otSasaTeiB- 
HoiTE y^pesxeníB xaccx BcnononiecTBOBaHia xu iút5oxÍBniBrE patfo- 
uxi: cpexcTBa xaccH cocTaBjflK>TCfl bre bbhocore, BaRi xosaeBi, 
laai B paCoHBxi (ce xossBBa nexEsa ipefioBaiE CBume l^/%Vo 
ynxaHBBaeifofl bite sapatioTHoi nxaTS, paConie nxaTxrE ne CBfiune 
3% noxy^aeiiaro sapaÓOTBa); saBixHBame aaccoS BaxoxBTca bi 



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tiBont womoffh. 826 

l^yun paóoqu^ d) n yrBepsxeHU y^eHHBon, orÓOBHiirB cpon 
yieni, n sBími noxMMiei^a ■ oojpiaciep&effB, oionqHBipan 
onpeffftjeHHHt qwsi padoru, n sbabíh Macrepa; e) b% ocHOBanÍH h 
wwaepaiairiii peMecieiiHHXi cneioanHHXi nuon, Macrepcsizi 
jui oiSyf ema; í) n De^eui tmhoS CTanofnnn no BonpocaiťB, aacaio- 
jqniei noMmemM peiiecieBHiKrai. OrpaHHqHBax^c^ npHBexeHHiiMff 
nyBaram, EěKh cammi cjn^eerBeraiíMH HaeraMH saaoBa. 

SaBOHonpoesn wtwh^ bm» rauprrb HoraTen, eocraBJuen jíusb 
nciB npaBSTeneTBraHato sasoHoiipoeBTa h, hmo npaBxy cBasaT^i 
laieio le eaMjK> cyntecneHHyK). Ecjh x&ScTBHrexBHO cor jacHTBca 
c!( Hflimem bomiugcíb, yto covaoHiu OTHomeHia peryjtapyioTca 
jjine Beero ve odnpmi aaioHaMv, ho paxom cnei^íaibKiixi sa- 
lOBon, TO Bce se oetMiti Bonpoeb, noveny BOMmccia h napia* 
imn npejute aeero aaujiicfc peiiecjeHHBBaiiH, a ne 4mi6pbvhhmh 
paóevfliau ^osiaxi^ aaiBuen, vio nojoaKeaie peiiecjeaHHBOBi cra- 
flimrca a lajmim roAOir& Boe Úoxbe KpariveGaBici h vro tyn 
Heo6xoxBHo oiasaTB noMonib neMe^jenno, bi nporiBHOv*B oiy^ai 
oaa Bpixen enniBOMi noaxno. Ecih óoununcTBO napjaifenra b 
VMon Bomuedn xftlcrBiTeabVO 6umo j&kmMfim vh Heofiioxa- 
loen CBopol namniB, to aBueici qBaica ecreoTBenHHft Bonpoc%, 
onero n wftowb nanpaBieiiH nnvero ne x^i^Jiaioob ipH roxa. 9io 
QpoEoopMe oóucnaeica BecbMa jerao, eeja npanaTb bo Bnnia* 
m coBpeMeHHoe nojoserie n^uaMenrcBoS noJBrasH. SL yse aa- 
Aon Bume^ iro cl caicaro 1879 r. cpexa peiiecjieHHBaoBi na- 
^ajacb BecBMa omiBjeHHai ararmioa vh noiuy omiHH saiona 
1859 roxa ■ aaourni peMecia on rstfejBHOt BonayppemtiH c& sa* 
nnuon. Amaipa ara Bejacb npeHnya^ecTBenno xosieBaiiH ne- 
ioMhmn% MaciepcBBXi, cuute Bdbi% nocrpaxaBniHMit orb cbo- 
tem peicecji. Ohb naxijiJHCB, tto lenepenraee napjaMenrcRoe 
<SaiKmHncTB0| ne covyBCTByton^eei no spaSneft irftpft na cjOBazii 
^pnpeAepcBHm npuntinam, f/^/cn nm BoaMomnocTB ocyntecTBEiB 
m sejuudii, Bci^lxcrBie vero onn crau ocasxaTb napjaMenn 
^vnaMB, THcavaMB nernipS. Ho om ararai^a xo nanjia nacroa- 
Qiaro roxa oaasuBaia, noBBxaMOicy, BecbMa cxaóoe Biianie na nap- 
ianesTcioe (k)jBiBBBCTBei h upoesn pe^pmi npoxojsaii lesaiB 
cooboíbo vh BOMííHOCÍB. RoFxa se BecHoi BToro roxft bi napja- 
Heari npomen hobhS H86BpaTejibHHfl saBoni, aa nojOBany no- 
HisiBmit HstfflpaxenBiil nenn wh ropoxaxi (cb 10 ryjuxeHOBi 
opnom najoroBi aa 6)| BOJHveciBO H86HpaTeae& yBeJHVBJíocB vb 
BeeBMa BHanreiBaoS crenenB. H sto se bth hobho BsÓHpaTejnr, 
njanape on 10 xo 5 ryxBX^ npaiiiirB najoros^ BavB ne moj- 
ne npoMHnueHHHBH, xosaeaa eeÓoiBnnixi MacrepcBHXi? Torxa 



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326 MCTHin BBPeoH. 

aapjaueHTeRoe úo^htaBuctBo buojib^ jiora^BO pascyxnao, ^no, yjmiŘ- 
TBOpBFB Tenepb TpeÓOBaBíflirB peMecjieHHHBOBfB, oho npH cAfjn- 
TUJiTh BH6opaxii npiofíp^TerE "ťbwh cauair& noMepssy sHa^Bren- 
HOĚ ^acTH ropoACBoro Hacejiemfl. B% soMiiflcciH Ha^ajiacB jnxo- 
paAO^Hafl patfora, h fb h^kojibbo irtcaiteBi osoHHiiJiacb sapa- 
(k>TRa saKOHoapoeirra h coeraBJíeHie xouaxa. 8thvb se xoteboms 
o&BiicHfleTCfl HeoÓs^aflHafl nocnimHocTB, eh Basoft sasofiTB mon 
pascvatpHBajicji bi» napjiaMeHTt. TeBep& co xhb aa ffiBh oaraxann 
pacnyn^eBifl oapaa«eBTa b BasBaqeHÍa BOsm^B Ba(k>pOBi. Bi Biiy 
&Toro aBTOBOMBCTCBo-ROBcepBaTHBBoe OojibiflflBcm), a rmme b Bpa- 
BBTejiBCTBo CTapaK)TCfl npoBecTH saKOflS Kaai mosbo cxop^, ^to^b 
npB BOBurs BBitfopaxi mosbo ůano saBŠpBoe paacvflTEiBai^ Ba 
B86Bpai^Jieft peMecjieBBBBOBi. ?Tose Bacaerca ^{SpH^Hsix^b pa6(h 
HhThj TO OBB BB^BpaTejiBBiiiffB npaBaufl 86 BOAsyioTefl, nojiarafe- 
cBoft pojTB Be irrpaiorB, no9TOHy MoryrB nofpmffm odtaiaHBím 
pe^pMi. TaROBi BCTBBBiift cMncj!i'B noBe^eBÍá HapjaHeBTCiara 

60JBÚIBBCTBa Vh dTOlTB BOBpOCt. 

PasM^pH BacToaB^eĚ crarBB Be nosBOjrafon ue^ ocraBaBJH- 
BarBCfl Ba o($CToaTejiBHOiťB pasóopft BaBOBoapoeKra v Ba apryveB' 
lax^B pro B contra, npBBoxBMHn Bpeecoft b napjraiceHTOirB. He- 
coMB'bBHo, ^0 HBorifl cjaóufl CTopoEH 9Toro saBOBOopoesia v> 
BBB^CTHOfl creneBB yiiajflion ero sna^eBie; tsbi, pasrpaaBWflie 
Mesxy 4>ft^P^^^K K peMecjaMfl npexocraBjífleTca sa 6jiaroycMOTp&- 

BÍe aXHBBflCTpaiQB, BOTOMy HTO nirb BESaROft bosmosbocth Bpo- 

BecTB cTporyiD rpaBBity icesxy bbmb. PflnycftEVb, yto BeiixciBÍe 
RaKHX'B-j!ifl<$o BeBpexBBXBicBX'B o6eTOflTejiB€tB^ cjt^Mym^ee mbbb- 
CTopcTBO tfyxeťB xepsarBca ýpBrpexepcRaro BanpasjíeBiji; eity cioarB 

TOJBRO npflqBCJIBTB TO BJB XPT^W IlpOBBBOXCTBO RTB paSpBXy 4N^' 
dpB^BHXl, E 8aB0B'B OÓOftXOBl. Ho MCEBAIO BOSpaSOBift, BaXO Bpl- 
BBaTBCa^ XOBOJBBO B^RHX^B, npBBOXHJlOCB BpOTBBl Bef&hígUIlgS- 

nachweis. IIpotbbbbbb Bioft craTBB xoRasHBaayn, ^ro BBex^Bíe do* 
xofiaaro cxoRasarejiBCTBa cboco6boctb> pevecjieBBBRa sBa^areABO 
OdatfBTB copeBBOBaBie Heaaxy pevecjieBflBRaMB, yifeBBBiBti m 
HEUo fl BocJiysBTB cpexcTBOBfB x^fl TOFO, HTO^H pexecjio npoBpa- 
TBjíocB vh npBBEJieríR), qpesBHiaflBo BEitt>xByK> xM ^Bn^easB 
o6jaxaioB](HrB eio, bo BexocrynByK) xm BcaRaro Be-pevecjeBBBaa; 
^TO BCflEoe cT^cfleBÍe penecjia RaRHMB 6fit xo bb 6iijio perMHeBraBB 
OTpaaaeTCfl BpexBO Ba canoiTB bpobbboxctbš, fi!b:iheTh ero Beno* 
XBflSBHiTB, yČHBaerB TajiaBrB, BSo^p^^TaxejBBOCTB, TBop^ecRyn cbo* 
co6boctb. TaRie me bjbíb asajiorB^Bue apryMefliH npBBOxiiTCfl flpo- 
TBBi yqpesxesia oÓflsaieJiBBBxi TOBapfla(ecTB'B. Hn cpaBBBBasm 

Cb CpeXBOB^ROBEIMB I]('IXOBI]Mfl ROpOOpaipaME B CHETHJOTb C% OXHOS 



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PlBO^lt BOflPOiTb. 327 

CTopoBH BpexHUMH x^fl CBo6oAHaro H BceciopoHHaro pasBHTÍfl pene- 
cjemro npoHseoxcTBa, Cb xpyroi ciopoHH — no^o^BO isdbwb y^pes- 
jtĚsism, BHTeBauBpiifb h8% nporesiUoHHeTCKaro npHHx^Bna, a priori 
o6pe9eBByMB sa nůeMh. GamiS b^bíě apryiieBTB npoTBBi Bcero 
npoesra pe4K>pifH 8aBn)^aeicfl rb toite, «to wb KOEuib bobuobi 
offb BfleBOJibBo He orpasjíaeiTB pevecaeBBaro npoBSBOAcrBa on 
noereBoaflaro bhposx^híb b bhi^cbobíb ero RpynsHiTE ^6pB9- 

ESaa BpOBSBOACTBOUl. 

He MeHBmee xojB^eciBO apryifearovB b'b nojiBsy saKB Bcero 
sasoflonpoeBTay TasB b ota&ibbuxi qacreĚ ero npBXOABJíocB Bcrpi* 
iiTB Bi napjíaiieBTft b se^aiB. Bi ^bcj^ sa^BTBB^B^ saBOBO- 
npottia ýflrypBpyB)n BpoxcraBBrejB camirb pagBOOÓpasBHXi 
BSFJixoBb. UzwběmuŘ BJKpBBan crapofl ibbojiii, JlBsdaxepi bb-* 
XHn RE Bem BOBBpan^eBÍe b% cp^xhbmx BfbiaM^ (no ero m bíbík), 
exracTBesBoe oo^tb Bpeicii, Borxa jih)xb 6hjb bcibbbo c^acrjiBBi]). 
Fiasa 4>eoAaji>BoB sjíepeRajiLBoB naprÍB, BBBSb JlexTeBniTeflBi, b 
nitcrb n bbwl ópraB^B rpa^a TyBa, ^Yaterland*, ctobtb sa 
y^pesAesie oCflsaTejBBux^b Bopnopauifi b sax^iDTCfl na to, hto 
fiAOWb noAOÓHux^b 8aB0H0AaTejifcBiix'B iiipx y^acrcB npespaiBiB 
peMecieBBiitt BjaccB b'b saHRByryio Bacry, npeepamumb peMecAo 
9h ůtknecm^iiwfio CMfo§c6y ^). «ífl({epajBBaa ýpaRipa noiíBCBOft nap- 



*) Bi npeBLncb no noBOxy 9Toro sasoHoiipoeKTa ncB^e ■ cHcreMaTi^Hie npex- 
Biro 6bih BHCiasaBH cdóancniecriji wmýbmia, wh BOTopairb sa nociixflie toxh 
Bce 6oiuDe cuohíidtcíi npexcraBineJiH aBcrpiicBaro <|>eoxuB8ifa; Teopii 9th, ocoóen&o 
ipiTBiecsaji lacn bzi, BxiDn ne xuo TonecB conpBKOCBOBemii Cb BHxaDntBMHCJi 
eo^taiBcnraecBBMB yTOHÍjnn Mapica, IDe^ie ■ xp- Ci ocoÓohhoě bpboctbd bth bos- 
ipWi BHpasiJnicfc Wh pi^H khbm iHXTeHnrrefiHa, oxHoro hbi caiforb TaiaHTiBBHXi 
opasopoBB 4|»eoxaibiofi napríH. IIpRBOxy BisoTopuii BHxepxsi bbi ero ÓiecTBOieft, bob- 
(jfMtmik BamnaBÍe Bcei ne^ara ptmi. 

...uHe craHj ocraHaBjnrBaT&cji na tomi ynpeKt, KOTopnft cJHmRoirb nacro x^aoTB 
nn, BpexcTaBHTeuiii KoecepBaTRBHoft napTÍB, 67x10 mh zejaem* BoacTaROBieHÚi 
qiQ(BeBÍnoBHXi coi^iaibHHrb 4|K>pii%. Mh, mm. rr., hbcboibko ne sajiem r&xi, 
Ano Ec^evsjBmBTh vbiazi, sorxa sbbhi nua Hnané, zota se 6fua bh Ba rpomi 
Jjine leoepeBiBei. Mh aHaiBsipyeMi sHSHb bíkobi h crapaeiicii yjiOBBTb HCTiay 
ABi, rxi HH ee HazoxHMi... Bi c(|)epi couiaibHO-dKOBOMViecKBZi OTBomeHÍft mh xo* 
pt^Sorancb xo oxHoft ocaoBHoft hcthhh, noiozesHoft naMH vh ocRosy HaBmi Boaspi- 
i3; eoriacHO atoi hcthhí, mh ho cMorpiun aa xpyxi Kac& aa HacTHyD 4>yHBitii) 01^ 
xbuaro iMua, ho san na ciyz^y, loropyi) oÓmecTBO Bpyiaen HasicTHoft lOJiJieKTHF- 
lot rpynoi cbohzi ueHOBi. C«niTaji Tpyxi specTbJíHHHa n noii HJra peMecieHHHia 
n BtcrepcBoft oómecTBeHHOi) ciyzÓoD, mu xoixbh opR8HaT&, vto osa, lan h BCJiBaa 
ipyitB ciyzda, Bpexnoxaraerb BsasMnua oÓBsaTencTBa nexxy 4>arropOMi, aaiarai)- 
mn ary ciyadSy, T.-e. o6mecTBOHx, h ^aktopomi, bhaoibadb^hmi ee, T.-e. rpynnoft 
U toiapBBtecTBOMi pa5onHn. Ha btomi ocbobhomi BpnaiitHn^ xoiaeevb ÓHTb ho- 
opoen Becb orxin saBoaoxaTeJi&CTBa, nHTaDnUficii peryiapoBan npoMHmieaHyi) 
cípaBB. B% qMkBHeRiH ci laKHMi BexBKBMi npHBi^HnoMx, sarb BHirosan k 



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328 nfímm ibpoiih. 

tíh 8aiAini(aja sasoHoiipoesrB noioiiy, vio ob*b, no ea MsteiD, 
xaera peicecjeHHuicB siaceairB Abctpíh BoaMOSHOcn opraHiao- 
BaifcCfl n oCn^ecTBa, iioao6hiui trades-nnions; Hinropiie ciom 
m ryMaBHTapHOĚ loist spima; HaBOHei^i, MHOiie xenyram (n 
icn ^BCJí^ — SEE^HiejiBHafl ucn 0I^I08H^iH) BonpoBan sa sae- 
ceHHHfl saKOHonpoesr&y pysoBOxcrByflCb rtmi se onnopiyBECicma 
noÓysxeHiflini, o KOTOpsn s ynoHHEan Bonie: tcoíSh ne aao- 
iflTB cetffl npoTBBHHBaiíH saBOBOxaTejiBHoft MŠpH, BOTopoS nxb 
HacTOfliejiBHO Tpetíyen orpoMHoe ÓoumHHcrBO ropoxcuxi ntíi- 
paieieĚ. 

EcxB B8% Boero, ^ roBopBiocB H mcaiocB no noBOxy pe- 
^^MH npoMseioBaro sasoHa, bsx^bib t6 nojeimecBie apryMeani, 
BOTopne 6hib BBymens BmepecaMH naprii uh cociOBÍBy to pe- 
synTaTH btoS pe^pMH, no Bpaftaeft M^pib Bh o6nteirL| x^naaci 
BBOjrai BHHCHflTcii. HobhS sBBOBi, pascicaTpBBaeiiHĚ cam no ctíSb^ 

neiovm lasyTCJ bcí xojuíiúi siOBoimecBU Bosapieúi, nn, Baiip., to, ^to ipyx& 
•«cn TOBapi, BOTopHt ojuiHi ^eioBtn npcxiten, a xpyroft nosynaen. Taiúi nmp^ 
mň saposAaDTCJi bi c<t»epi iabo^bh h HecaocoÓHH noAsanci Bsae jMCTBeoBAro ro- 
piBORTa tsitOTO'Ew6jMf» Memro ÓapxeBoro cneBjJuna.^ 

„ftftimecKH roBopji, mm. rr^ wh Haerojmee ipeMji subomh Aiiamta mcsidii- 
tei&Ho BMymMH uftccaMR; mh, uesH impjiaMeiiTa, ooexBsaeMi w% ctoix^ PT^x^ 
HMymecTBO h Bxacn, on oaci h^k>ahíi« Máčen Moryn oxixan h ipeóOBaT^ cípa- 
BCiMBMro yBorpedieBÍi Bioft bjucti n aousy ero MaiepiaaBHzi ■HiepecoBs, a ae jiu 
AOcmseBÚ AÉieft naseft, Toft hjh xpyroi, iiapriB, K& bbmi, b» nanuii naprinn i qí- 
um eapox^ ci sasxHMi xhomi craHOBircB paBHoxynBie. droro se saMirMn aeiui. 
TsaeaBe cmnroMH, BOiopne « ho xony nepeiBCJurB, tan tMXk obm m 6e» loro wck 
■BBicmBy BpexBÍB(aiyn 6xb8Bíí nepesopon Bcero oófliecTBOBHaro cipo«; cmimmi bo- 
ipaceBia Boieóivn Bce espoBeicsoe oóaiecno, h oaMi ain ocHOBaniB Haxi^mcBt 
^TO dTB BorpaceBÍB noma^n Hané OTenecTBO. OruBOMCB aa iciopiD i mh yBBXBXi, 
HTO BpynflMe coniaxume BepoBopom se crbxoBaiB BeuocpexcTBeaHo aa secroBot n- 
paiiei ■ 8xoyBOTpe(^eBÍeM% Bjacni. Ho Bacryoaen MOMOHri, Borxa BaBwliiBriii oÓBe- 
-ctBeBBBň H rocyxapcTBeBHMB y^peaieBu nepecraDn bhooibxtl cbod nepBOHa^aJuyD 
^ix^ Borxa OTBpHBaexcB BiapoxaB npoBacn Mexxy xeopieft h npaBTBioi, uem/ij <^ 
Jiofi M coxepyBHJeM^ Mosxy cjoBaMH h wa BciiBiaun aaaieBieMv Torxa, mm. rr^ 

BSpHBl BOBSáiseHll 

„Ol 9fQĚ TpHÓyHH MH fleoAHOEpaTBo ciHfluUB 18% ycTb iHÓopaiwHrfc opaiopon 
Bapauiejfc Mosxy oepesBBaeMHMi eaMH BpoMeHeMi h daoxoft, HeflocpexcTBeHHo apex* 
mecTBOBaBBieft Beiaioft <|»paBKy8CBofi pobojudiUm. Hapauen bboibí Bftpaa, ao line- 
jme 181 aea bhboah coBopaieBao omaóouH. BcjrtxcTBie lero apoBBOBua ^^^mojkmu 
peBOJB)iUB? BcJiixcTBie loro, iro axacTH ace oraiaxHBaiH apoBOA^aie aeoiSzoxBMHn 
p6i^pM% H OTBiaiHBaiB Ao TÍ» oopi, BOsa aapox& BOTopan lepaMe, asaran m 

B0BHB0B6BUÍ H B8JJI 8TB pO^MH CBlOl. MOSBO 6h10 6h BOXyMan, ^TO XBÓOpBIB, 

ČTOU acBo co8BaDB(ie oaacBocT^ cxasyn aaMi: CAiiaeMi bth pe(|K>pMH, aosa eme 
apOMB ecTb M flOBa aaci bbbto ho xicaMn. ?to se ohb aa caMOMi a^A lOBopan? 
Obh BBMi coairyDn ocraaBn Bce bo ciapoMyl 

^noBBOibTe me, mm. rr., BpoaecTH xy me caMyD aapaueib^ ho vb ehomi b, kbbi 
mbí BasoTca, 6orbe aipBOMi cmmcxí. 



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PABovt wttton. 329 

ne MOsen osaun ocoÓeeHO Basnaro Biúteifl bm 8BOHOiiH^iecsoe 
BOiQgeme mceH ft/ío^Mrh siaccom, T.-e. ^6piqHiixB pa6oiHxx. 
Ha noioseme se peMecjeHHHBoro ohi BecoHHteHO oiasen 
(SATOxireiLHoe Bjásme, yiy^omn npoBBOXCTBO, orpaHnm ^hcjio 
peMecieHHHKom, vmm caimirB oxpaaax hx% on BsíHiOHet boh- 
KfpfeBuLu. BnpoieirB, yjy^meHie ^lOBOMi^ecMro nojioseiiu mo- 
xerb sacaTMX tojuo 'Atb oipaeieS peicecieHBaro ipy^i^, nmh 
puty npi cyn^ecTBymiMnrb yciOBuai npoHSBOxciBa, He Tpetfyx>n 
n i|iynHaro oCSopoiBaro xansiajia, hk Óojn&niEKi aarpan sa opy- 
jQji Tpyxa. Orpacn nocx^et sareropui xojishh c^mraTBca ne* 
nByeMo noiepaHHmfH juu Meuaro peveejeiHHxa poBoamrs 
ůUfnomh nepetra fb ^pisi. laooBiianaia, HanpaMÍpí, hk* 
lasag pe^N^piia bomoil ho b*b oodoaníx, noroicy iro n Bacroa- 
iqee BpeMB ucoBotHBS Depecrajn 6vtth peiiecjeHHBBOirL vh vbcaowh 
cxBCJii eioBa, a gt&uuci ToproBoaf^ ucaiii; vh Wíwb sHBer& 



jfih Teopii, oÓBiecno ■ roeyxMWTBO bo •pands Mfi 17d9 roxpt 5uo BOcrpoeHO 
a& ocBOsaxi <Hoxftuaiia, ea ■paimi se rocnoxerBOian MOBapxiHecsiŘ a6cojn>- 
nan n csiiniiMei crenen. Do 6jmuLB0itj aaiOHy, BasHiftnu rocjxapcTBeuHfl 

^JHmÍH DpeXOCIftBUlHCL XP6BHÍÍHBlll XBOpnHCCBMl pOXam: OHH XOIXHH ÓHII SABÍ- 

jonan Dcmpei, MmeicTpaiqei, nomdeft h np.; xoiSHOcn BaKicTmiKon bi npo- 
imibi xoixiia ten saciilAoneHio lepezoxm on oma n cbej. Ha caiioirb se 
jM 4^MkBKy8Cxoe nopnexio Toro speneaB 6uo TOiaoi norpnsizm n xoira h 
ptnouio^eHHBn bpiab<^bbx% laieesi, sumixi sa c\en rocyxapcTBa ■ nraBBixca 
BQxavaMK Kopoieft; saBicniocn hxi on sopoieBcaoft Bjacn xoxoxHxa xo Toro, no 
on xoisHH Oan icopamBan DceBOxesú, sorxa yissaju bi HOMSHax&HO ynpaBiae- 
MBi na DponaiuH^. Tam nponBOpMji seoMy Teopiefi h npanaioft xoxshh 6iijh 
apnecn n Kaiacrpo4>i. €k>^>6iiemoe nám oi^ecno ocaoiaao n leopin ea loe- 
Momao 6oAe n^oioft eB0(k>;^ niHOcra, a ooBpeiienoe BOBcnryidoHHoe rocyxi^h 
cxBO — na Óoiie mim iieiiie ooíHoft cjBepeaBocni napoxa. 

Ha apamni rocyxapcTBO s icft HaceJUDiiue ero, Haxoxarca nox:& aócoiDTHHm 
taxHYecTBon lanaraia s Toro uaeca, lOTopHi Bxigcten sanaTaiOHi. Cmícii saao- 
ion Bamm npexBOxaraen, no aasxHft orxtxBHiift rpa:^xaBHn b secL aapox^ 
noflii GMdoxBB B caMOBxacnni; aasB sansH oeBo^osxavn ero b bi aioBOMBie- 
cnn oTBoseflÍB, yBBnosaa bcí ysii, xo aiioropoft creBeai CBMBBaBsia Bi^aéoron 
UB colícTBeBBOCTfc^. Ho eciB MH BsríBHeiii fla pesyxHaTH dioro aaBOBOxafoxBCTaa, 
conaasaro ci BecoMBtHHoft cbo6oxoxx)6bboí iiíjud, to yBBXBMi, mo mbxxíohh caMO- 
xepsqeBi, cosxaBBiix% stbmi sasoBom, BMiiyn oiobb Maio opa^Bsi paxoBaTBca 
ooeay BOBOHy BeiBiix). Gasoxepsem KpecnaBBBi, bocií or^ajiBflofi óopiÓH, bhtíc- 
uerca Byxaaom m poeroBB^Bioiri; caMoxepsem peMecjoBBBn, (Sxaroxapa cbo5oxboI 
BOBByj^modB, BOcreneBBO xaBiaeTCj csavkia BaiavBBMi, sarten sapaóona^ a sa- 
liai B BBCipyif«R0B!b; BaiOBeiCfc, caMoxepsKy pa6oieMy, n bbxí oeaxia saxavneiiy 
Ba cavyD rxyÓBBy pasjaraDmaroca oÓmecTBa, ae^ero bb Tepán, bb BHBrpan. 

,^11 BBXBre, HM. rr., no b bi coiMai&Bom crpoi aasero o6oiecTBa cymecTByoTi 

plBBÚl npOTBBOpilíJ, KOTOpHJi XOJSBH BOBBByeMO npBBeCTB Kl XaTaCTpo4»Í, eCJB MH 

10 BpoBi Be BcryDBin aa Byn pei^m. HapoxBBa vaeoH xono ae Bnaecyn npa- 
b^bobíi napaxosooKb n aaoBom^ecKoft sbbbb**. (Hbi piu kb. Ax. JlflxreBiiTeftBa 
n Baiairt xenyraToia 9-ro xesadpi 1882). 



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830 B^GTOICB IBPOOH. 

16,000 ciecapei, Koiopue, ne cicoTpfl hh aa Raieis sasoHcxAieiB- 
BHfl uipuj xojsflH npespaTHOMf , ecxH euffi se npeBpaTHjracb, n 
^6pHiHiirB paÓo^ncB H T. n. 

9acT0 BHCKasQBaBoriaca onaceHÚ, iro ofiisaTejbHiifl Tosapi- 
nteeiBa npespaiaTCfl bi> h^^o cpoxHoe no jQrxy c& cpexnestio- 
BHVH i](exoBUMH Kopnopaii(iflMH, coBepflieHHO jHmeHH ocHOBíma: 
H8BUoe saROBOxaTeiBcno vh nip/b ne vb coctoshíh BopoTan 
npesHBX^ coióaiBHiixi j^oúŘj npn Boiopmi 6hih boomoshh 
Hjni xase HeoÓxoxHMH' i^zobiui BopnopaipH; Beasui noniTBff kb 
dToiTB HanpaBjteHÍH 6ysyvh paatfHBaTBCi o {^tBia^ecBÍa jcjobU 
coiqanHofi h dKOHOMH^ecROl shbhh. ExHHcrseHHoe oxoactbo ooiqie' 
MeflHHXi peMecjieHHEnTB TOBapomiecTVE es cpexneBtoosBUH iiexaia 
8aBra)weTCfl vb evb BH^nraeS if^optA h HasMBÍB (lomnnsen); pas- 
X&uien se etb acrope^ecsift ooun mhoivxi b^kobi, b% sas- 
xyio coiúaiBEjK) ^pMy BKJUwiBaDiiiiit soBce coxepattHÍe. 

3aT0 penecjieHHKifl TOBapHiniecTBa, Basi bxi coBxajrL bobííií 
npomcjiOBHĚ sasoBi, HMÍK)rb bc^ niaBCii aa to, HTofo npespa* 
TBTBCfl wb npoBSBOXBTejiiBEifl accoipaiÚBy — a 810, vh cymfiocn 
roBopa, ecTB eAHHCiBeHHafl op^aHH3a^ifl patfo^exi cbji, npa Boropofi 
peicecieBHHBB BifiK)!^ B08M0SB00TB (SopoTJbCfl cb Kpjuuuwb Bain- 
xajioirb* SoHe^HO, bojlsa pyTOXBCn, vro bcA TOBapan^ecTBa Boape- 
bAbbo npeapaTBiCB vb HpoBBBoxaiexbflHii acooipai^B; mosho tojiuo 
yTBepsxBTB, ^TO TBEOBa 6y]ífiTb caicafl ecTecTBeaaaa ^pMa iTh 
xajBH^finiaro pasBBTÍji. 

OTBOffleBie apasETejBCTBa si paĎo^eny Bonpocy, oCaapysBB- 
meecfl bo Bpeiifl napiaiieBTCBBXi np^tt, Mfierb aairB ocaoBasie 
KyuMbf iTO OBO aaM^peflo npoBecTB xo Boai^a cbod nepBoaa- 
^ajiBByK) nporpaMMy coiiiajiBao-8ROBOHB?ecBBXi pe^pm. Ilpe 
OTBpuTÍB BacTOflBieft ceccÍB, MBHBcrpí 4>BaaHC0FB jDIyaaeBCBifi o44>' 
lUajiBBO 8aflBBj'B o&b BTOMi flaM^peflia npaBBrejBCTBa. MaaBCipB 
ToproBJB, 6ap. IIhao, saaaBjrB bo spěna npeaifl o peifec4eaaoi 
pe^pici, qio npaBBTejiBCTBO coraacBO noMopsasaTB BfleceaBHi 
BOMMHCcieio saROaonpoeBrB nox^ i%h'b ycjioBieifrB, ito BOMaaccifl 
aeMexJieHBo safinercfl paspafioTBOfi 0CTajiBfliix'B nacrefi nepBOHa- 
^ajBBaro npaBBTejBCTBeBaaro npoeBTa, aacaioniaxcfl peryjiapoBaHÚi 
BOJioaneBÍa j^P^^H^^i^'^ pa6o9Bxx: y^pesxeaia ^a6pBiBiixi ib- 
cneBTopoBi, BaKoaa, aaMrannMtro aa xosflBBa ^^aÓpaiB otbít- 
CTBeBBocTB sa yB^HBfl paóoqaxiy orpaBaqeaia seacsaro b ^x^ 
csaro Tpyxa aa 4)a6pHB'£, cosxaaifl ^tfpaqaiix^B saccB a t. nox* 
Eo^e Bo BpeMs npeaifl o hoboitb npoMHCJOBOMi BaBoai apaBE- 
TeucTBO Baecio bobhB BaBOBoapoesrb, BacaK)nvíftca yjy^meau no- 
aoseBifl pyxoBoaoBi a ropaosaBOxcBarB paóonaxib. B% bioitb 
BaxoaonpoeBri apaBaiejBCTBO cx^jaxo bobhA man Bnepexi, onpe- 



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piBo^ii Bonpoci. S81 

xiinBmH j^fl pyAOKonoBi h ropHOsaBOACKHxi paÓo^HXx HOpKUb- 

HBfl paÓOqift X6HB Bl 10 qaCOBl ^). 

Eo^e OAHO saM^HaHÍe bi sasjno^ekie. B^ HacToaniieHi onepR^ 
JI roBOpHXB o peMecjeHHHofi pe^par6 icaRi o saROHŠ, yse npH- 
HiiToirb vh napjia]feHT6, xoth euy eme Heo6zoAHiio npoflrH vh 
najaii rocnox^, ^w&b nojiy^HTb saBOHHyio CHay. Ho npH rocnoA- 
crBjJom,va% uomTvmecKBTh ycjiOBÍflxi» najaxa rocnox^ cocrasjuierb 
BnoAHi nocjyniHoe opyxie vh pyBax'B HHEHcrepcTBa, h wbvh he 
MaaMmaro ocHOBana npexnojara^y hto ooa BOcnpoTHBHTca npo- 
BexeHÍH) saBoaa, noMepatBBaeMaro HBiBcrepcTBOirL. 



CBoeoCpasHUfl HcropHqecRÍfl ycaoBÍa, npH soropiixi pasBHBa* 
jacB H pasBHBaercfl coBpeMeHHaa ABcrpifl, nocraBHJH aBcrpifiCKoe 
npaBHTencTBo vb oÓocotfireHHoe nojoiseHÍe, HesaBHCHMoe on noA- 
:^epsKB OAHOfi BaB0Ě-diH(k) naprÍH hjih HapoxHocni, ho CBssaHHoe 
ch HHTepecaMH 6ojmnBHCTBa aBCTpiflCBHX'B HapoxHOCiefi. Chjioh> 
atoro HCTopB^ecBaro npoAecca, a ee no raqHOMy sejiamK) npa- 
BBiejieB (HepixBO xase BonpeBH arsni sejaBÍJiMi), aBcrpificBOiiy 
npaBHTejECTBy bx c^epi nojETH^ecsofi seshe yxaxocB xocte^]^' 
TorOy m6 yxaercfl p^xROMy npaBETejBCTBy, T.-e. CBBsaTb Ch cboeme 
cyxB6a]fH asESHeHEue EHTepecu BasHMniHX'B njeMeHi, sacejflK)- 
msTb ÁBcrpÍK), CX^axB x^fl BTHxi EjeMeHi cyiuecTBOBanie xBHacrÍE 
ra6c6yproB'B HeofixoxHMUiii yciOBÍeMi bx^b nauioHajiBHaro pasBE- 
m E nojnrnraecBott caiiocTOflTejBHocTE. 

Tasoe cpaBSBiejBEo HesaBflCBMoe nojíOseHie aBCipiflcsaro npa- 
BireJiBCTBa x&gtb euy bosmoshoctb bsatb bi cboe pyxE Eflai^iaTEBy 
ipynEHX-B coi(íajBfliix% peiffo^wh, CBEsaiB cBoe cyn^ecTBOBasie yse 
He cx HaipoHajiBHO-nojiHTEHecRflME EflrepecaME ÓojBmEHCTBa naceie- 

HÍa, HO CB COI^anHO-BROHOaiEHeCREME EHTepecaUE HapOAHEIXB MaQC%. 

Otb TorO; BaR'B oho cnpaBHTCJi cb nocraBJíeHHott ECiopieK) sa- 
xa^efi tfyxoTB saBEctiB ne tojibxo cyxB6a nacTOBn^aro MEHEcrep- 
CTBa, HO BecBMa B^poETHOy E xUbH^flmafl cyxB6a caMoS MOflapxÍE. 

K. C. 



*) droTb npoeKTb aaiOBa sanpeiiMien ynorpeÓjeHie m^jl pyxoKooHBxi h ropnosa- 
Boxexm pa6oT& xirek MOioze 14 rtn i pa5oTy xeHmHHi MOioxe 21 roxpt vh rbxi 
orpacím npoESBOxcTBa, Koropiu MÍmai>T& hxi ({tHanecioiiy pasBBiii); BBOAfm 10 
uookA paóovft X6H& s sanpemaen pa6oTy no BocipeceeMin. HysHo npHHjnb Ba 
wwufie, ViO Tenepb bi 6ojameft ^acni pyxHflROBi paóoiaDTi 12—18 nacOBi w^ 
xeu H Tio sa nociixHee xecMBiine zeHcrii h xtrciift Tpyxi craii h bi ropnoft 
■ponmenoen óscrpo BaTicHim MyxcKoi. 



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a. n. UOIOHCKOMT. 



CnacH6o! Jlepoft BAOXHOBeHHofi 

Th Uffb OnflTB HanOMHHJTB fflEj 

Korxa, He SHaji mhcjih iušhhoě. 
Tu BUHecii arpoffB xepsHOBeHHufi 
Cboh ajmasHue ores. 

A JI no npesHeny, CMHpeHHiiB, 
3a6£iTiifly BHHyriiĚ bi t£hh, 
Ctox) KOi^HonpeRjioHeHHuB 
n, spacoTOK) yuvízeunu&j 
3aserB Benepeie orné. 



A. ^IT^B. 



*) Cm. Bnoe: naft, 1883 r., crp. 216, cnx. „Be^epme orai**, S. E. IIoiOHcnro, 
noOBxmemoe A. A. ^ery. — Ped. 



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3HAHEHIE 

CBMEflHHXl PA3ÍM0BI KPECTLMl, 



Uo jnmBm Bato>x0BÍaii. 



I. 

Rb Hamet neploxnecsoft ne^ara otl BpeneHH xoBpeiceHH oticys- 
xaerca Bonpoeb o ceHetniizi pasA&iarb KpecTBaH!B. Oahh nyÓm^HCTU^ 
HeorpHi^&a xypHoro BjtiaHÍJipasx^OBi^ na híbotophji cropoHU specTBAH- 
esaro tfiira, ycHaTpHBaDn vh STOirb ABiemH HeoÓxoxHiioe noci^xcTBÍe 

ptSBHXÍA CpefiM BpeCTBAHl HHXHBBXyaJUtSHa, CTpeiUeHÚí H86aBBTBCa 

on xoxaiiiHflro rnera, BHecTH 652BmyD CBo6oxy b% ceiieftHyi) shbhl; 

OtiuCHfla CeMefiHHe T^BBJíÍZU TaKHMH BaSHUXH npHHHHaMH, BOpeHfl- 

i^niHca Vh MjJsA HejoBŠBa, ohh TpeÓyDT^ npHSHamji cbo6oxu b^ 

SH8HB XpeCTBAHCBOft CeMBH H BOSCTaDTrB DpOTHKb BCiXh H^pi, BO- 

Topiu 6waí 6u HanpaBjeHH npoTHBi pasx^MBi, T.-e. npoTHBi cbo* 
(oxH. Apyríe — ^eex^ti bi pasx^jaxi ne toabo ABjíeHie, pascxpaHaaD- 
01^ BoajifiCTBO OTx&iBHHXi ceHeft, HO H npH^HHy coBpeHeHHaro ynaxsi^ 
specTBAHCBaro xosaftcTBa BOOÚmfi; dra npHUHa HM^eri, no hu mhí- 
híd, ropasxo Óoumee SHaneHie, HesejH HexocTaTOHHOCTB seHeJiBHHxi 
Hax&iOffB, oópeMeHHTenHocTB njiaTeseft h xpyrifl ycaoBÍA, BjrijiHie 

lOTOpHTB no XOCTOHHCTBy Olt^HeHO SeHCKHMH CTaTHCTHieCBHlfH H8CJÍ- 
J(OBaHÍJUIH Vh paSHUXl HÍCTHOCTflXX POCCÍH; OHH npHBHaDTb paSX^JIH 

JtOBasaTejacTBOHx BOspacTaDn^aro cboobojúa BpecTLAHi&, npoTecroH^B^ 
npoTHBi naxpiapxajiBHaro 6uTa nexasHAro npoHuaro h saaBJADT^ 
ce(ia CTopoHHHBaMH Bc%x!b MiponpiflTift, cnoco6HUxx orpaHBHHTB pas* 

AXB H COXpaHHTB t£ MHOrO^JlOBHIIJI COMBH, XOTOpUH ůhUOí XO OTH^HU 

xp6nocTHoro npasa HB^enieMi oCutohitb. 



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334 BtcrflEKi ispoiiH. 

H£tb cohhíhííi, hto anpiopHUA sauDneHÚi o bjójihíh cexetinm 
pasxi^OBi xaDrb vh HTori 6ojte orpHi^aTeiBHaro, nesejia noioxi- 
TeibHaro. HeBHrojiHUfl aocMiMfinia ceveftHurb pasA^oai Horyrb 6im 
CBexeHU KB cjŠAyDn^BMi hí^kojbshmi pyÓpBsaMi. 

MHoroHjeflHafl ceMBfl, cocroan^aA mn 3 hih xase 2 EspoemrL 
MjsHHffB, npeACTaBiJien Góibmyi) asoHOMH^ecKyD CHjiy, HejsejiH Haiaa 

CeiTBfl CB 1 BSpOCJniMl paÓOTHHKOMrB. Hsi 60JUIII0& CeMBH — 9T0 000* 

ů&Bno BasHo j(ju He^epHOseiiHHxi HicTHOcreft Poecm — oahkb uea^ 
MOJKeiTB Bcei^ijio nocBJíTBTB ce6a xicTHUirB hjh otxoshitb Heseiue- 
j^^jB^ecKHiTB npoMuciaMi, Toťxa Kan Apyroft ocraercA npa xoMam- 
HeHi xosAĚCTBt. TaRoe pasA^enie Tpyxa AOcraBMen cenB-b h aea- 
qnvfjiBittfi xDxoxi on iio6oybio% Bapa(ioTBOB'B, h loutpxHiaerb 
seMiexiJie bi yxoBJíeTBopHTejiBHoirB cocroflHie* Pa6oTHHrB vb Haiol 
ceuhi AOjneffB ApotiiTB tBoa auu Mesuy oaiBCKHMi xosflftcTBon h 
ApyrBHH saHaTÚíMH. Ecjh obi, h ocoóeHHO npH pacopocrpaHeHEOcni 
OTxosHU npoMUCjiOBi, ycep^HO saHHMaercji cejibCEHirB xosaftcTBon, 
TO qacTo yLycaaerB lyninee bpoma XjIa Apyrnxi sapaóOTBOBi, a nepBoe 
OXHO AUOBO HO MoseTB yxoBjeTBopHTB noTpeÓHOCTH ceHbH vb He^epHO- 
deMHofi PoccíH. OrxaerB ohx ÓojBine chxb saHaTuirB He-seiuexiiB- 
^ecBHMi, H ero caiBCRoe iosaSctbo, npexocraBieHHoe, rjaBHHxi o6pa- 
soiTb, seen^BHaHi, nocTeneHHo yxy^maercií, a ci tímii bhíci4 hsci- 
KaeiTE H HCTo^HHKi eciH HO BpynHaro, to HaxesHaro xoxoxa. IIpoxoj- 
sHTOJiLHaA 6oxb3Hb HJH xasce CMepTB Bspocjiaro paóoTHHsa vh eewbi 
MHoronjeHHoft xueso ee osasHBaiDTi Toro BiiflHLi, Kan b!b Muoft 
combí: TaHi iosaSctbo Mojserb xepsaTbCA h, no AOCTHseHÍs hsbIct- 
Haro B03pacTa cuhomi hjih lueMBHHHKOH^ ynepniaro, CHOBa oipin- 
HyTs; 3A^cb se CMepTB exHHCTReHHaro Bspocjiaro Mys^HHH paspymaen 
xosflficTBO, H ABopi, 6ojíhmev> qacTÍH>, BepexoAHTB b^ paspAX'^ 6o6sxb' 
CKBXi. Ilosapi, naxesi CBOTa h xpyrifl xosflficTBeHHUfl eeBsroxu 
TaBse HO wb Tasoft M'bp£ pa8CTpaHBaK)Ti 6ojíbmpo ceHbD, Basi ccm^d 
MBjyK): ecjiH vb o6'6hxi noTpeÓjeHíe, ajih cBopifiniaro npio6p6TeHui 
HOBaro HHBeHTapfl, mosoti 6utb coBpan^eHO vb oxHHaBOBoft cTonefli, 
TO, npH ysasaHEOHi paBx^eHÍH Tpyxa, b^ nepBofi c/eubi chjh, mm 
npioóp^TeHÍii HHBeHTapfl, ne tojbbo bÓcoidteo, ho h othochtoíbho 

6oj1^ BejHBH. 

BuroMM HQoroHHCJieHHoB combe o6HapysHBaE)TCH h bi oTHomemH 
BA HHyn^ecTBa. ^epsacB ycraHOBHBinaroca Bb HayB'& A^iemsi BanHTua 
Ha nocTOflHHHft H oóopoTHHft, HH CBasoHiy TOO j^MB AOCTHsenLi onpe- 
xi^jieenaro pesyjiLTaTa, o^na coMBa HysxaoTCJi vb MOHLineii^B nocrtuiH- 
HoiťB BanHTajii, h 6oj[BiiiaA xojia ea HHyn^ecTBa MoseT^B hojj^itb 
HasHaneHie sanHTaja o6opoTHaro, eesejH vb XByxi cohbaxi, oópaso- 
BaBiDHXCA Hsi nopBofi. Gtohmoctb i335h, HaxBopHHXi noeTpoes'B, seiue* 



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XPOHHKA. — GUOdtaHS PAS^IMH KPICTBaH'B. 335 

XÍA9ecKHX!b opyAífl H T. h. AByn ceneft ÓOdiBme* nesejH wboě^ 
oÓflUiSDiqeft TO se ^bcjio uenoBi h oOpačOTUsaDn^efi yiaoroRi seiuH, 
paBHHft yqacTBaHi o6ÍHxi. A npn yMeB&meiin oĎopoTearo Basmraja 
jiajaDTCfl H cpeACTBa ajuí ycoBepmeHCTBOBaflia zoMficTea, ji^ia yae^ 
jneaú xoxoAa. 

^Ji AOCTHzeHu oAHHxi H TÍz& SB pesyjbTaTOffb Hepa8;(%jieHHa^ 
eeifui saTpauaaeTi HeflBme xpyj^a, eesejH no pasA^i. Ctohte tojbbo 
opuB^n Wh pasečen oahhi xoMaiBmft xpy^^, no ipEroTOBjeHíi) iibii^b, 
jxoAy aa A'&Tuai, ^roda opsanB aro nojroseHie. 

no patxftjeHÍH ceHBfl, pacxoAU na wanj^ tohjhbo h H^baoropHA 
xpyna craTBH hmsóísho ysau^eBaDTca. 

UpH oómHflHoiTB aeiu6Bji8j|lBifl oeiieftflue paB^tiH Bjesyn sa 
to6^D emfi oxHO apynsoe HoyAo6eTBO. Hba&cb aaisjíaro xoifoxoBJUHa 

COCTOHrb B«B HieSOJBBKZ^ AOCATKOVB DOJMCK, paSCl^HHUK^ 00 HO* 

Jan ceiBcaaro oón^ecTBa. IIoioch o6iiEHOBraHO ho iiiHpora, ae npe^ 
BioiaDn BO HHorBXB ]iiiaz!B 3 — 4 i4>iiuiH% Ha 1 poBUcsyD Aymy. 
Mfloro«QicieHHaa comba, BOiyiaa xasAyi) noiooy na h^ckoibko peans* 
csMTb xjm%, HMterB ywem HacTOJiBKO nuipiaiQ, hto oópatioraa bk% 
Be saTpyAHHTejBHa. Paai eeMBa x^BTea» MMarea. b boioch^ b Kas- 
xaŘ AOMOxoBBBBi BM^OTB HopiASo cTOJDb ysBíe y^acTBB, 9T0 Aase 
HOBopauBaBie aoMMA^B^euxi opy^ií ctaBOBBrcjs BeyxotfHHM^B. 

Ki yKaBaflAHiTB nefijiaronpiATBHB^B boca^aotbúoi^ ceBefiauxi pas- 
síkiom, MoryrB 6HfB, bohc^bo, npBeoeAHHOHH b MHoría Apyrifl. Ho b 
jBBBaBBaro AOCTaTO^ao, 9to6ii ceBetHiie paBxijiH specTBBH^B nojiyqfljifl 
HesHTOXHoe ocB&i(eBie. 

To xoposiee, nré Mosen^ 6iitb, npB anpiopHOiTB sauDneBÍB, ycBor- 
pÍBo B% ceMeĚBHxi pasxšjiaxi, octb bobmosbocťb xjia Bu^^BBiDBXca 
xocTBrflyTB ocBo6osAeBÍB OTi^ AOManiHflro raoTa, Bop^Aso secBBa Ta- 
seiaro. Ecjia bh npoTBBonocraBBMi dxy nojiossTeiBEyi) cropoay OTpa- 
msexBHBBi, TO novTB KasAHft CBaseTTB: BOBHTOAU ceBO&HHxi pas- 
xiiOKB B6 oovesan comhíbíK), a TOTOb ceMeňBHft rHerrB, otb koto- 
paro, 6yAT0*6ii) CTpeHBTca ocbo6oabtb ce6a Biix^^^nron^aaca coBBa, 
HacTo, 611TB Bosero, ae sacToiBso boibki, hto6h ne npBBBpBTBeji 

» HBBSb BO EBB BUVOXh COBM^CTHarO SATeiBCTBa. 

npBBeAeHHfiia noJioseHía bctbhhh, ho oahoctopohhb. YcTaHOBHBi 
HTB, BH eiD^e ne nojiy^aeki npaaa se tojbbo paxoaaTB sa sasia-jiHtio 
MftpH x^ia orpaHBieHifl coBeftHiix^ pasx^jOBi, ho b yTaepsxaTB, 6yAT0 
BO Bcixi cjy^aaxx HOBHroAH ovh pas^^OBi nepoBirnaBaDTi xoópuA 
BoeiiMcTBiB. Mh bc HOdiy^iaeBi aroro npaaa noroBy, ito ^pesamafi- 
Hoe pasBOOÓpaaie x^cTBHTejiBHoft sbbbb ho noBBOjiaeTi cbocth Btíb 
oyvui GOMeftBHxi pa8xtj[0Bi» vh OAHy (tospasjíHHHyD Baccy: b jHqaua 
umeraa paaxtuDni^HXCA, h hobow bi pas^iiavB, b ocHOBaHia bxi 



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336 Mawa% nřonu 

aeoxraaiOBii, a noTOiiy pasjuram ■ nocitAcrriii. S^ftcb, vBMfh m Besit, 
xaBHHfl, X0611TUJ1 DfEemb Ha6jDAeHLi, nosBOianrE bh6cth snauieiB- 
HHJi noflpaiiH wb BHBOAUf nojiyHesBue vocpexcTBon oxsoft xexynpi. 



n. 

Bi ^Bpaift H Maprt mraAinHAFO ro^a, a o6%&[axB hícioxkbo xe* 
eaTBOKb ceieHíft no (Sjhsocth Apccjutuii cb i^%i&d cotfpaaia eňiimŘ 

xpecT&aHCKOiKB xosaftCTBi. Táemxj opomrb, ji coCpan híkotopbi 
MfiMBua o ceMe&HHTb pasxtourfc xpecruKb. dra Mfismu ne mhofo- 
^HCJBEHii; 6iU0 tfH HeoooópasHo xiian, onipaacb Ha hhtb, otfn^ie 
BHBOAU o oeiieftHia^E paaxftJuuL^E xjm Bcel Pooda, i^ftiol rytiepaii i 
xase oxBoro yšsxa; ho npexcraBuui OTx^kuHiie ciymn pa«x^orb Tan, 
xan xaen mi% caMa shshb, btr cb^xíbíh Morym miAth nfkvj noroMTi 
HTO cnoco$HH yxepsHBBTb (ytb cjhhikokb nocninraiirb sasiDnemt o 
biíhhíh pasx^OBi h no6y«xaTB Kb tfoiBmeft ocioposHocn vh yeraaoB- 
jieaiH oÓn^Hu noJomeHift OTBocHreJOHo jiBdieHi& aroro nopaxBa. 

Ha6jadxeHÍJi 6hih npoHSBexeHii vb npociaBCBHxi ryÓepRÍH h yisxi^ 
vh GepéHOBCKOft BOiocTH. Cbíx^híh cotfpBBH HO 25 CMOBiHirB, npH- 
HaxieaBan^nrE jeh IS ceiBCSHMi oón^ecTBaMi. B% dTHTB ceieHinn qic* 

JHTCil 1.883 peBHSOBHXl XyHIH H 612 nOlHUXl KpeCTBHBCUX!L XBopoBi; 

CBepx!b Toroy octb xo 100 xBopoRB 6o6Hie& h míh^ihi. 

XoSHfiCTBeHHHH yClOBÍH BCftX^ 25 CeieHÍft nOlOSHTeiBHO OXHHaBOBH. 

3a HCRjnoHeHíeHi oxHoro (rocyxapcTBeHHue KpecTBHHe), bcí Hacejera 

ÓUBmHMH nOMilI^HlBHlfH XpeCTBHHaMH Cfh HaX^OlTE Vh 2V« — SVi B& 

1 peBHscsyi) xymy. IIohth Hnrx^ sax^^n He xocraraeirB 3V2 m,wí' 
THH'b, Bucmaro pasMŠpa xu apocttBCBaro yioxa. Besx^ rocnoxcTByen 
oónijHHHoe seHjieBJutxiHie o6H^Haro THna cpexHHxi pyccsHxi ryd^mfi. 
GejíBCBHMi xosHficTBOMi KpecTBAHe saHHiiaDTCJi oneHB yeepxHo; nycm- 
peft Vb noiB£b BOBce h£ti. Ha pnxy ci oex£CBHH% xouftcrnoHi bdi- 

POBO paSBHTH HftCTHUe (BaJBl&HUfi, HIIffqHIlfl) H OTXOSÍO (MOTHBVft, 

Hajiapsuft) npoHHCjui. HexoHHOBi nirB, h BootfH^e HacaieHie xomo 
6iiTB npHSHaHO xocTaTOHHUMi. CxoxcTBO Vb ycxoBiini óiira Bcto 
25 ceieHift oÓJenaen Hamy saxany, hosbojuui ho fobophtb o biííihíh 
arHxi ycJOBift Ha ceHe&Hue pasx^JiH* 

Mhod hscjíxobbho 112 cxyqaoBi coMe&HHxi pasx&ioffB, xoTopHe 
Bc£ naxaDTB na xecHTHiiTíe, npexníecTByDo^ee BpexeHH cotfpaHúi cbí- 
j^^HÍfl. 9th 112 cjyqaeRB o6pa80BaiH 112 hobuxi xoMOxoaHficTBi, T.-e. 
I8V0 Bcero HHCJa xBopoBi. Ho vb h£boi!Ophx% cejieHÍHXi, oTHOcareJB- 
Hoe ^Bcxo xBopoBi, otipasoBaBHiHXCJi sa nociixHÍa 10 jíítl nocp^* 
CTBOH^ pasx^JiOBi, 6oMÍe SBa^HTeJUHo: 



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xrouKi.^-omiBHi pasxuh rpictmui. 



337 



Alop. 
33 


nocpex. 
paaA*i. 

8 


OraoBi. 
25 


27 


7 


26 


44 


12 


27 


21 


6 


28 



xep. IDaÓyHna 33 

c. fliOBiaB. cioóoxa 

c HraaiOBO 

X. UorerDpiHo 

C0OTBÍTCTBeHHO Ch dTHMrL Vh HÍBOTOpUX!b CeieHiflXl qHCJiO ABO- 

fovhj ofipasoBaBiiiHxcji sa noci^Hu 10 jítl nocpexcTBOMi pasjíijiOBi, 
DOBHsaeTCfl M.0 10 — 127o- 

no poACTBeHHHirb oTHODeH&nrb itemKf pasx&nBnnuracfl, ceBiettHHe 
ptsxijni opexcraBjjuoorL TaBoft bhxi: 



PoxHHe 6pMM .... 
Orei^ ch CHHOMi . • . 
^ODpoxioe 6pftfu • . 
Asm ci nieifflBHHKom 
Man ci cHBom . . . 
CsoxHHe ÓpaiM. . . . 



57 

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4 

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1 



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100 



Ho BpeifeHH, npoTesnieiiy on coBepmeHúi pa3A'bia xo shmh 1883 r., 
k!í eiy^as pacnaxEDrcji Ha cjžjiynnúA rpynnu: 















Vo 


(ilOl 


Vh opoHBBexeao Hasaxi* tomj 


10 itTL 


21 


18,8 








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9 9 


9 


8,0 








» 


8 9 


9 


8,0 








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10 


8,9 








9 


6 9 


12 


10,7 








n 


5 » 


12 


10,7 








» 


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4 


3,6 








n 


3 9 


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Hioro. ... 112 100 

CeMBV, vb KOTopHxi DpoHSOinjiH pa8A'i^u, no TpoBHi) ÓjrarococToa- 
lu, pacoa^aDTCii na: 



HcnpaBHua « 52 

CpeABk 32 

BixHUi 19 

EoraTiu 9 



> 
46,4 
26,6 
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I 



Hxoro . . . , 112 100 

Do npKqHHaiiiH ceueňHiáe pasA^iu rpynnapynTCii cit^yDmaMi 
oiSpasoMii: 

T«tt IV.— iDtó, 1883. 22 



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338 BiMTini BBPonH. 



« 



CcopH Mexxy xeiniuiHaKH (HeBicTBam, cieipoi&D h HeBicnaioi). . . 25 22.S 

GoopH ópaTben 20 17,2 

IIpHTicBeBie MaiHXH 17 15^ 

JlfpEoe noiexeme cuea 12 10,8 

MHoróc6MeÍHOCTb H rfccHora noMin^eaúi 11 9,8 

Aypioe noBeAeHÍe oroa 6 5,5 

AypHoe noBexeme oxHoro iiai ópaiben 6 5^ 

SCeiame coBcim oci«bbt& oeiede xm OTxoxaro npoitHCja 5 4,6 

Asa 6paTa — ipecruHEHi h cojxan; nepsiift Tjffonrrca niaTBTb id nojutm. 6 4,6 

MfloroceMeŘBOCTb b nosapi, nociyxBiaiii noBox<Hn n paaxiiy. ... 2 1,8 

npBHHBa aeiSBicTBa 2 1^ 

BÍHoroceiieiHocn oxBoro 6paTa b ÓeaxftTBOcn xpyroro I 0,9 

HTOfo 112 100 

no mjojA, nojiy^eHHOtt BUA^HBiiiefteji oeMLet mn otfniaro iifyme- 
CTsa, Bci cjyqaH Moryrb 6mh cee^eoH n 3 ipynnairE: 

% 

HnymecTBO paatxijeao no posey 78 66,2 

OixiiHBmiecB Be nojy^Bjra Bnero 26 23,2 

OrxiiflBmiecji noiy^uB o^eab aaio .... 13 11,6 

Htoto 112 100 

Qocjíactbía, KOTopufl ooBjíesjíH aa co6od pasx^jni, ne bo nrtx^ 
cjyqaan oxhh h tí se. H8'b ceMeft, BiaiiHBmHxi HOBue XBopu: 

Vo 
OcTaiBCB BA npeSBOKl Z03aĚCTBeHH0M% ypoBHi 84 75,0 

yjyuiufl CBoe nojosesie 4 8,6 

PascTpofljiBCb 24 21,4 

Hioro 112 100 

BiíMfkMEBmuíCA ceMBH pacnaxaoTca Teneps na CJitxyDíiúfl rpynoE 

•/o 

OcTftjflCB n npesBem nojosceBÍH 61 54,5 

yjiy^mflJiB xoasftcTBO 10 9,0 

ynaiB. 30 26,8 

IIojioxeBie sa BexaBBOcni) pasxlia bo bhbc- 

BfliocB 6 5,4 

yjun Ba cTopoBy, a Kbn cs^fissiŘ .... 5 4,8 

Hxoro 112 100 

BoTb AaHHUJi, opeAcraaiaeMidui xiftcTBiTejibHOH) sHSHbD. Híboto- 
fun mn DpHBeAeHHHzi nja^přb ne noseouDrB cxtjaTii Easoe-iBÍo 
3aEJK)qeHÍe. Ecju eaHÓojibiiiee hhcjo pasjíMowb—SQ.^^/o—utLM^en na 
cuHoaeft ci othibjíh hjh poxHun 6paTBeBi, to 9to eoBepmeHBO ao- 
HjiTHo, iipH MajoqjieHHocTH KpecTbAHCEHxx ceiiefi HacToaiuaro apeiieHi. 



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iPOHiSÁ.— oujcSHas vl^)^^M EPSCTBAH^b. 389 

Guwh otoŘMjerh OTib OTi^a, ópaTEA pasAtJiflTeií, h MOserB Óutl tojieko 
oieHb HeMHoro cjiynaesi paBxtjia AWeft cb ueMflHHHRavB hjb abok)- 
])OXHiix'B ÓpaTBeBTE. BpeuA pasA^jra, npe HeóojiBinoifB qacjťb cjiy^aesi, 
óhbiubxi npexseroBťB HatijrDAe&iA, Tasise ne AaexB noBOxa kb Easaiii- 
4h6o BauD^eHiaiTB. HaH6ojiBmee hecio pasj^ijOBi 6bijo npoHBBexeso 
10 Arh m 2 roxa Tony nasajCB, ^tó o6xflCHjieTCH, B'&poflTao, míust- 
HHMV, BTopocTeneHBUMB upH^HEaiiH. CB'&xÍBÍfl se o BpeiieHH pa8A'&jia, 
ti|Hi ■8CJÍA0BaHÍH o6mHpHofi DJOn^aAHi Hanp., i^tjoft ry6epHÍH, Moryn 
ihítb BHa^HJe: ohh, Óutb MOserB, noBasyTi, ^to HasjíoHHOcTB s'b 
pasjt&iaiťB ycHJHBaerca hjh ocM6ÍBB&rbj h HaBexyT^B ne mucjb o6^ 
oTHCBaBÍB opH^HVB BTOFo ycHjiefiifl HJiH 0CjB[a6ji6Hifl. HaKOHea^, Cfiixi- 
eifl o CTeneHH cocToaTejiBHOCTB pasA^jfflDn^Hxcfl ceiieit Takse ne opH- 
BOXATB B'B aaaoMy-jiBÓo sauD^eHÍK), h6o mbi ne HiiieMB to^huxb xas- 
HHXB o rpynnEpoBaHÍB BcirB 112 ABopoBi no cryaeHJiM^B BMyn^ecTBea- 
HOt jiicTHHipi; DOdTOMy, MU H Bc MOzoMi csasaTB, sasoe Bjiaaie 
miem diiBocth ejle sasETO^BOCTB ceiiBB aa cxpevoteBie si pasA^Jiy. 
Ha MOH paseopocu specTBABe otiuBaoBeaao saif&qajifl, hto vh cenBaxi 
aauTO^HBirB naajOBaocTB ai pa8A'bjiaM'B cjaóte, Hesejia b'b ceuhBTb 
(í%XHHx*B BJB cpeAHBxx: MaTepiaiBBoe xobojibctbo b!b nepBHxi, o6iib- 
HOBeHBo conyTCTByeMoe TpeBBOCTBD H pa6oqeft Baepríet bcíxi qjieaoBrB 
cwBB, xaen MeaBme noBoxoai ai pasxftjairB. Ho, nosa bítb to^- 
Bim H MHoro^flCJieBBUxx 4>&btob!b, ocBi^n^aDn^Bxi ary cropoBy aaje- 
Bia, BonpocB, no Beo6xoAHMOCTB, ^oaseai c^BTaTBca OTBpttTttMB. 

I(b4»pu, conocTaBjeaaiia vh Tpa nocaÍABÍa Ta6jBAU, Aai>TB aaM^B 
HiioTopua BflTepecHHa BasaDHeaia. 

npesAe Bcero mu bbabmi, hto pasxijiu, no pasaooĎpadix) bubu- 
BaDn^BXB Bxi npBHBBi, fle MoryrB óurb CBOxenu bi OAay rpynoy. 
54,77o cjynaeBi 6iiMb BUBBaau npBHBaaMB, aapymaDn^aMB xoMamaee 

COOBOiCTBie, TOTB MBpi, SOTOpufi OABBaBOBO AOpori B SOJaTOJieBl, 

XBKB Wh najaTarB óora^a, TasB b wh asót specTBanaBa. Manaxa opa- 
Tieaaen nacHasa, „notxoMi icn ero", no aupasenÍD apecTBan^B, ae 
werB eMy cnniTB npasABB^ayK) oxes^yi sacTaéaaeTB ero xoahtb bb 
aauaTaHBoi o6yBB b noaomeaaoMB nojiymyóst cpe^B TOBapan^eft, oa'&- 
THXB óojiie n^erojeaaTO, BCioj^y OT^aer^B npexnoHTeaie coócTBeaauMi 
j^awB, BoopysaerB ero uporaai ori^a a A^jiaoTi ero, Bspocjiaro 
DBomy, paéoTBflaa, qysBMB bi combí. Taaoe cacreHaTBqecaoe npe- 
eiijiOBaaie BUBUsaero oBJíoÓJieaie, b ecTecTBeaauMi nocjiACTBÍeMB ero 
aBiaercfl bi npecji'&AyeMOMi> ocjaójeflie BBTepecoB'B ero xoBaflcTBa; oai 
ofBCBBBaen npiixrB bb£ ceMBB, a jy^maMi npiK)TOMtB jua Taaoro 
<yra^eBi(a ciysBTB naTeftauň aohi. — Bi Apyraxi cjiy<iaaxB CBe&poBB 
ipeeiixyeTi aoB^bcray a noposAaerB pacnpK) MesAy otí^omi b cubomi; 
Berterifl ečopatca asB-sa npasABBHauxi no^apsoBi, soTopue bm^b cj^t- 

22* 



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340 B^OTHISI iBPonu. 

jajH ujmbMf Hsi I sa-HeBBBHUzi maiocreft A'&Teft, B8!B*8a bq^bhxb 
ropniKOBi, H ccopu seoi BUsuBaDn spasmy uemMj 6paTU]iH.— Ha- 
xoBei](i, ccopH 6paTbeB% eocTaBjíBDTi msafie ojuiai» h8i BasHim no- 
BoxoKB Kb paBAiiJiairB. — ň cnpanmBaj'b apecTUHi, vosbo jih ycrpasHn 

9TH npH^HHU H BOCnpeOBTCTBOBaTb pa3X'bja]rB. XOTfl, npH MOHXl BO- 

npocazi, Bcerjia 7KaBUBajioc& aa opeHMyn^ecTBO tíoiBiDHZi ceiiet nepe^ 
MajnjMH, flo oÓHKBOBeflBO OTpHQajacb B08M0SH0CTB xajBHtfioiaro eo- 
sHieibCTBa. H bi cairoMi Atjii, MHHOjerBafl BcnuniKa Mesxy pox- 
BHMH fle Be^eri Kh pasA^Jiy; a HenpepHBHUB ccopu noposxaDrL Taioe 
osjotfjeaie, KOTopoe vb zonufk kohi^obi se MOserL ocraTBCJi 6en ajúa- 
Bia H Ba xosa&cTBeHBUŘ 6uTh: aocroaaaoe pasApaaceaie, iieabona 
daepria b% ipyx^, ÓojBmee sejiaaie yftra wn xoaa vh Beceiyi) bom- 
aaaíK) cocixeŘ 6yxen OTpHBaxb oti zosatcTBa Bce tfoume epexcm 
H aecTH ero vh yaaAsy. TaicHMi oópasom, h3i npeHMya^ecTBa spyn- 
Bun ceMeft BepeA'B MejiKHMB, oTBDj^b ae CMÍjí,j&tb xijiaTb bhboxobi 
o flesejaTejBaocTH pasjítjioBi. Tasoft bhboai 6uxb 6ii ocaoBaTeieai 
JHBIB aocji xoBaaaTeJBCTBa, hto MHoroHHCjeaBua combe, xase nps 
OTcyTCTBÍH AOMamaaro napa, apa aocroaaaKm pacnpaxi MesAy pox- 
aiiMB, apoi^TaDn, a MOJBia na^aDn. Hosa dTO ae xoKasaao— b 
coMaaTeiBao, mro6u Bor^a-Jiatfo y^ajGCB xosasaTB sto,— ao Tirbuoph 
ifosao roBopHTB TOJiBKO, TTO pasx&TB BeseiaTejeai b% xpysaot ceabi, 
HMiDn^elr bcí XBHBHa A^a ycaimaaro Bexeaia zosaftCTBa. A xpysaiu 
ceMBa, a aesaBacaMO oitb aamero aieiaaia, ae apacTynasrB cb pas- 
X^jaMi.— BTopyE) rpynay— 21,87o""06paByi)ra t4 cjyiaa pasxijioBi, 
BOTopue BUBBaau Aypauai noBexeaieMi oxaoro h8!b ueaoBi ceaBa— 
OTi^a, cuaa ajia ópáTa. ^ypaoe aoBexeaie Bcerxa cboartcb si aBaacTBy. 
Ciia'B TpesffB a TpyxojootfaBi; orei^ aBaacTByerB a ^acreaBKO ůhen 
(.rojiesarB'', ao Micraoify BupaseaiD) ero. Orei^ TpyxBTca, a chbi 
aopoBBTx yKpacTB capaTaaBut aojTaaaaBx, xByrpaBeBBHft a aponatB 
ero. Oxaai ópairB nepexoxairB ootb sevjía vb npovucjiy a 6epesen 
sasxyD BoaMay, a xpyroft — aecerB ero BOMesay ajracapaJMtHsaBeau 
vb Ka6axi». Koae<[aOy bo sctxi aTBXi cjyqaarB apaMioaDTca Mipii 
acapaBjeaia aja ycTpameaia. TpesBUĚ yótexaeirB ĎesByraaro, crman 
ero, .CTeraerB sayTOiťB''; ao, ae xocTarayB'B i^ija, aopimaerB pasoB- 
TBCB. ICejiaTejeHi xa pasA^ji vb aoAo6B£ix'B cjiyqaaxi? Sto Ayaaen, 
wo BBBafl-jiaÓo BjacTB, RaKofl-jB6o BaaoB^B nošen cj^tuTB ^ejOBtet 
TpesBHMi a TpyxoiDóaBuirB, totb óyxerB roBopaTB o aeaieiaTaiBBOCTB 
pa8A'i^ja a bi arazi aiynaazi. Mu se, ae Bosjíaraa aa saBoaii a bibctb 
TBBoro yaoBaaia, xyiiaeMi, ^o bi 8Tflx'B ciynaan pasA&KB aeoóxo- 
ABMi. He apacryaaa b'b pasA^Jiy apa ctojb pasjanaHii apaBCTBOB- 
BHx^B aaqecTBax^B qjeaoBi, specTBaacKaa ceaBa Moacen Koe-Kam dey- 
aicamhcjii Bca tasoctb Tpy^a naAaer^ aa OAaoro, a xpyrot aBJuercii 



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XPOHHKi. — OBISflHHS ?iBffiSa SPECTUIHl. , 341 

nxmovh HeopoBSBOxvFejBHiim, ^m> Hspymaen rpe^oRaniji capaseji- 
ubocth h otbdj^b ne cnoco^crBjerE dsoBOMB^ecKoify iipeyen'6aHÍD. 
nocji pasx^a oeMM es ji7V]iiHir& uobomi ycrpoBsaercfl zopomo, a 
a zyjuBfliTB — coBciiTB naxaeTb. Ho b bi He6ojbBioir& Kpyri uomvh 
Ba&nox6BÍi eerb cjiy^aa, Borxa OTxiieBBuft óesnyTBufl uefl'b ceifBB 
lenpaBJUjCB, ocraBjuus nopo^ByD sbsbb b nocreneBBo yerpoBsajn 
€106 xoaiiteTBO: toj^ieohs x^b HCspasjeBiB cjiysBJO, bípobtbo, cosbb- 
Hie, ^iTo Bi OABBO^eotBi jme bít% toř oaopH, KOTopoŘ 6iijrE npesxe 
inmvbj cawh bjb 6pa!rB.~ll,6Vo pasxijoBs 6ujni Bussaflu MBoroee- 
letBocTBD fl rbcBOTOi) BO]iin](eBÍB, BpB^eifS Bi 2 cjyHaazx 6mwuA' 
nawb noBOAOMs n pasj^iiy BoeiysBjrb noauips, Bo6yABBfliift ctpobtb 
HOiBB BBÓii. KoBeuOy MBorooeifeĚBOCTB caiia bo ce6i ne cijmurb 
AoeTaTaqflHMS boboxohs kb pasxftjy. HsÓa t^bb — mosbo buctpobtb 
jq>yryB> b, 6e9b paBxija, ycTprancB 6ojie yxo6Bo. Cropija crapaa, 

TtoUUI flSfo — MOSBO BOCrpOflTb fiOjrite BpOCTOpByO. CjOBOm, dTH 
IPBIHBH BB OBpaBAUBBDTb paSX&ia^ H CaMHĚ paSJ^ftjl Vh BTBrB CJiy- 
UMTh BymBO BpBBBaTB HeSBJíaTeiBBHirb, eCIfl npejlflOJOSBTb, ^to M6sxy 

ueBaMH ceiiBH BOuepa»BajBc& xo6puB OTBomeBÍB. Ho mh BOJaraeifi, 
no H 8x^B xu pasxiia tiujni 6oiíe cepEteBiu bpb^bbu, b tojbbo 
jBxa, coo6nKHBnrÍB 9TB cbíxíbíb, bo SBaiB an. BipoBTBO, b sx^cb 
6uMM eeiieftBHe pasxops, KOTopiie— ravB tfuBaan Bcerxa— xiJiajH bo- 
rtB^esie ocoíSobbo tícbhiii. He óyxy^B yatpeBH B'b btomi b buceb- 

SHBaB TOIBBO npeXBOJOBLOBie, MH rOTOBH, XJB B08M0SB0 BipBBrO OeBÍ- 

wfifáM nw^ph^ cnraTB btm cjy^aB pasxi^ se B086ysxaDflii«MB co^yB- 
CTBifl. — B% 6 cjiy^aBXs — 6,6Vo pa8X'bjnb óbus BUSBavB Bo6ysxeBÍBMfl 
aroBCTHqecBBMB: cxbob bjietatii bcí boxbtb, xpyro*— CBo6oxeB!B; oxmbs 
nton 6onniyD combd, xpyroft 6e8XÍT6Bx. Kobb^ho, ci to^kb sptaia 

Tpe60BaBÍt BUCmeft BpaBCTBBBBOCVB, flO ROTopinrB .KBSXUft XOJISeKB 

(UTB BcftwB ciyroŘ**, TBBoe no6ysx6BÍe b caMUĚ pasx^s onpaaxaBH 
<mtb bo MoryrB. Ho pojiB dpooobíxbbbobs MopaiB naMi bb ki jBi^y, 
i(o MU zyse, Besara KpecTBBBe, exbMJ^wb BejiiBíaMi Bucmeft BpaB- 
CTieBBocTB. Pasi se mu bb craBeMi bb ary Touy sp^BÍB, mu spa- 
SHaeM^B TBBoe Bofiysxoflie bhojbí ecrecTBeBBUMi* b, vh BBxy aeBSÓibs- 
HBXB pasxopoBS Bpfl BeyxoBjeTBopeBÍfl ero, caMuft pasx^B aiejiaTejiB- 
HBn. — Brh 5 — 4y67o cjyiaBrB paaxi^xB Óuji BUSBaBrb sbubíbm^ 

OTAllBBIBBXCB COBC&MS OeTaBHTB €616816 XJB CTOpOBBBZS 8apa60T- 

KOBB,— Baa(6TCB, spE^BHa yBBSBTBJíBBaa, a B'B 2 ciy^aBrB npflvflflu 

Han B6B8BteTBU.— 3aBJDV6BÍ6, KOTOpOO MH C9flTa6MS C66h Vb Up^B^k 

CAtiaTB, TO, ^TO eh atpoMHOMh ÓOAhtuuHcmefb cjíyHoeei — S7,5V« — jpas- 
ihAu 6uÁU CAndcmeieMh eaoiomiíXh ycAoeiú^ Komopwt dfbAajiu co^jctbcm- 
Noe iKumeAitcmeo neeoaMOoicHUMb. 

Paaxi^ HMyfl^ecTBa eoBBpmajCB bb ycXOBíaxi BeoxflBaKOBUSB. B'b 



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I ■■■-*- ■ . > 



Google 



342 , BftCTHHKl IBP<»IH. 

65,2% cjiy^aeBx miymecTBo pasA&ieHO aa pasasji lacra, ,iioj»($orao" 
^MBpojDtíHO^i no BiipaseBÍD BpecTBBHfb. o MaTeMaTH^ecBom paBei- 
ctbí 8XÍCB Be MoserE 6utb HpftiH: ecxH abhshiioctb, cson, opyjqji, 
yTBapB, Q^esAa h t. d. x^atcb nopoBBj, ecra paseHCTBO npa pas- 
Xiii saxBopHHxi crpoeBJt, perH, AOcraraeTca tími, hto buaíjud- 
n^iftcji DOJifHaerB opaBO oojBSOBaBifl flootOBBHoĚ parB, oojobehoII ca- 
pají, nOJlOBBBOft U^BB, TO, BO OTBOmeBÍD Kb H86Í, BUJ(ÍJUIDnpfteJ! 

Bcerxa aecerB yn^eptfi, savb eBopo nojynaen sa H86y BSBicTByi) 
eyMMy j^eBerB: H36a oi^iBBBaercB ae xoporo, h ocraiuiafics vb aei 
B]iieT'B dflaHflTejTBBUJi nuro^u. Tiirb ae Moate mu roBopaxi, ^to bo 
Bcixi 73 cjyHBBrb pasx^x óuji npoHseexeai noiDÓOBao, h6o pas- 
copocH y6ijs,EJiE aaci, wo oi^bbb es6b ae 6uia ipeaiiipao aassoD. 
PasxijTb BMyn^ecTBa aa aa^ajaxi paBoacTBa Bcrpi^aercB aasóoite 
^acTO aesxy fipaTBjaifa: saRi CTOpoau paBBOCBttHHB, obh moittl 
Bcero ycn'bniBÍe npeoBTCTBOBaTB BCBsoHy Bapymeaii) paBeacTBa. — B% 
11,6% cjynaeBi BHxftjHBmieca uojiyujiB oiobb mejto. Uojii btbxi 
«09eBfi Hajio'' cBpuBaercB nojyqeaie aeiSojbnioĚ cyifiai xeaerB xme 
eoopyseaíB asĎu, oxaot fojiobu csora aai 3, craparo a xajio ro^aaro 
opy^ia a t. o. — Haxoaei^, vb 23,2% cjiy^aerb OTA^aBmieca ae bo- 
oty^ajia Banero bjb, Bas^B roaopaTib BpecTBaae, .yniJia cnycra*'. Opa 
TABOiTB pasA^j-b oóaseaaiit asaji c% ooóot BOcaiBaoe ajETLe a to 
aepixBO xyAnree, Torxa Basis jiyvnee 6hjio yAepsaao aux^juDn^aai*. 
Cjiynaa o6oaxx nocjr&xaax^B paapaxoBi BmAnrh mIoto apa paaA&fb 
OTi^a ci cuaowB, ocoóeaao ecja cuvl &bmarh orb BpaTdbeaeBiB aa- 
^Bxa. BosfiysAeaaut bpotbbi. cuaa, 0T6a'B ae as^aajaera roroBaocTH 
XBTB Tro-Jia6o yxoxan^eicy, a nocjrbAaift, aa^a cbo6oau, aaparca xase 
eb aeBuroAaaa pasAtjia a Cb aycTHaa pysaMB ocTasjaen oti^obcbíí 
XOM!b. Majo jb aojy^aoTi yxoxanpft aja aa^ero, oa*b ao Bcivb cjy- 
^MVb BCTysaer^ bo BjraAiaíe seMejbauMi BaAijiOM'^, jamaTb boto- 
paro ero ae aoserb bjectb orqa. 

^pyraa Taójai^a aoaasuBaeTi, ^to 75% ceifeft, BiutjiaBaiaxi bo- 
Bue ABopu, yj^epsaiacK bb Bpesaevb ypoaai; 3,6Vo y^y^maja cboí 
xo3aftCTBeBB£ifi 6i>irb, a 21,4v« ynajia, T.-e. aa nojoseaie (SojibniaacTBa 
pasAin ae osasaii bjIabíb. CpaBBBBaa ao sirreropjairb 6brrb araxi 
ceiieft AO a nocii pasA&ia, au BB^aai, ^to ae adataajiocb noiose* 
aie, rjiaBBHM^b oópasoai, ceiie& acnpasBHxi a Óíxbhxx: ao pasA^ia 
au HazOABMi nepBHxx 52, BTopím— 19; nocii pasA^a — 50 a 17. 
nsaiaoBía locayjacb npeBayfliecTBeflao ceaet o^eab sasaTonaurb b 
cpeABBxi. 

Burb 0TAÍJa3nraxca ceaeft rasse aaaiaajica nocjb pasA^a. Bi 
npesBeai aojoseaia ocTajacb 54,57o; yitynaiajioeb xosatcTBo 9,0«/o, 
yxyABifljocb — 26,8%. UojioseBie ocrajbBuxi aaa aeasBicrao ajaeme 



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XPOHISi. — GSUBhHB PiS^UH KPKCTBilffb. 343 

le ycatio BH^CHiiT&cfl. B% o6m,eui^ mu BHXBirb, ^to vb xoBuftcTeaxi 
OTxinBmHxeji ceiieft opoHsoniJio óojLine HSiiiHeHJt, ^iwb bx xosat- 
eTBaz%, wajifkiuvnavb noBue xBopu. Bo BTopoB rpynoi Bdwbnema 
Bcero MOBie BOCHyjucB ceiieft ó^bhxx, soroparb mu hezoaimi^ nocii 
pasA&ia 17, H HcnpaBBUxi — 33. BoraTUX'b mu cpew OTX'bjaiBiiraxcji 
ne Borpi^uieMi^ h ncio epexHHzi jMeHBiinuocB cb 32 na 11 O* 
Ho 6hjo tiu cjHmoM^b nocntoHo roBopHTB: ^post hoc, ergo propter 

bOC**. Mh HMtoTB TOWUfl CB^X^HÚI O ZOBa&CTBEXl BCftzi ABOpOBl, 

noioseme lOTopHxi hsmíbhjocb nocii pasxtia, h o npnuHaxi, bu- 
SBaBiiraxi yjyHmeHie hjh yzyxníeHie. 

Bo8BMeM!B zoBiiCTBa o6ÍHxab rpymii, yjyqmHBmiacfl co BpeMeHH 
pau*&ia. Herupe yjyqmHBmiAca zosaftcTBa 1-oft rpynnu npexcraajiaDTCA 
wwb KB cjiixyx)meM!B bhx^: 

1) PasAiJMJMCB 2 poAHue 6paTa 7 lirh easax^. OromarB 6ed- 
Bjnul. 

2) Pa^tiHJHCB OTOi^i Ch cuHOMi 6 Avb Hasa^B; oroinejx OTeqi- 
DBiuim. 

3) PasA^^JMCB 2 poxHue tipaia 9 Avh aasaxi; zoaaftcTBO yjiy^i- 
muocB, 6jaroxapfl ÓojBiDOMy crapaHÍE) bi paóort oeraBniarocA 6paTa. 

4) Pasx^^jncB 2 poxHue 6paTa 4 roxa aasaxi; ocraBiniftCA aa- 
mňjth BUTQAHue saiasu x^a BajxHOi otiyBM, nponsBOxcTBO soropoftco- 
CTBBJuen ero rjaBHuB opoMHoexB, 

fficarh cjTf^mmb yiy^menifl zosaftCTBa ceMei BTopoB rpynnu npex- 
cnBjuDrea aaMi^ co ciixyDímiMH nojq>o6HOCTflMB: 

1, 2, 3) TpM eiynaa czoxbu Mosxy co6oft. PasxijH 6umb npoMB- 
m!^u 4, 5 H 8 ATh Hasaxi. Rb 2 cjiyiajiu xpesBue h Tpyxo- 

ISteBUe CHHOBBJt OTA^^JMJHCB OTB On^OB-B-nBAHMirB H yilUH HffB AOMa 

fen BesKaro HMymeerBa. Bh ip&twm cjiyqai zopomit paÓoraHrB 
OTiiiucfl OTB (pava-UBJíHHKU. HeeMOTpn na HeBuroxHUJi yciOBÍB 
puxija, Bci 3 COMBH, 6jaroA&pA BeepriH cbobzi uobobi, yerpoH- 

neB yXOBJOTBOpHTeJBHO. 

4 H 5) Pasxtjm 6hjh npoHSBexeHu 10 h 8 lirh easaxi bi combjizi 
6ÍXHHZI. nepBue roxu zosjdtarBo orx&iHBniHzcii 6ujio ovobb se 
TC!rpoeHo m aaiajM HaKonjarBCA HexoHMEM. 3aTÍM<B noxpocjiH cubobba, 



*) XoManroe zossíotbo 6oranix% b HcapanifiDn ipecnaacEixi ceiieft lecuia 
exouo. Hapoxb lasaHien ^BCDpaBHiim" xon juiopi, Koropoiiy BeissicTHH Hexoím bh, 
KosopHá HMien, DO irtcTBmrL ycxoBiími, xocTaioHHoe cojuraecTBO CKOTa h imaxeJibHo 
o6pi6oniBaen cBofi naAtii. PasBBoa Mexxy ABopaMH o6obxi paapaxoBi Ta, hto 
Hpnt Hrben hsckoi&bo Coite narpeÓHOcreft yxoÓcTBa, a rJBBHoe, xeeeicHiii laaH- 
YUi le iieHte 200—800 pyÓJei {a Óepj minlmuni, Beo6xojuiiiiifi kmh bpbsbbbíii XBopa 



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Google 



344 Btoran ibfoiui. 

erúB npoMHBUflTB luoTHH^ecTBOirB wb ApocjaBjrfc, h kobhIctbo no- 
npuuocb. 

6 ■ 7) CuoHHue vh HuiHeTBy otaíjiukc& v% oahoitb cjyHaion 
onita, Wh xpyroiTB— on 6paTa; pas^ijai coMpmuicb 7 ■ 5 rtnn- 
stLKb. Cawh ae nojyqui anero, a 6parb BHmejn m cenu 6Ur 
Bot. no pasxiit, o6a HcnpaBUHeE, ^Ha bíbh orpeuHCB on ana* 
■ ycTpoHjn CBoe xoaaftcTBO. 

8 H 9) Pasx&iii iipoiaifliKeHu 6 h 4 roxa Haaax^ n cenan 
epexHHx^B. OTA'kniBBiieea yjymHjn cace zoaaftcTBo, BciixcTBie .Sa- 
maro erapaHia''. 

10) TecTB npRMJťL n ceM saTa, OTxlnmnaroea, BCJrtxenie 
xypaoro noBOxenía, on OTi^a 8 Arb laaajii. Bi xowb Tocra orxi- 
.raaoiiftca BenpaaHJca h caoco6eTBOBajrb yjiy^seHía) xoaaftcraa Teen. 

AaajuiSHpya aei 14 ciy^aoBi, mu Bixam, ito 6 paaxtjiOBi 6iui 
HeeoMHiHHO npHqBHOi) yayqmefliB zoaBftcTBa: orxiueTca ÓeanyrBiiit, 
nuBBi^a, a xpesauŘ patfoTBBrb Mosen 6en domízb ycrpoBsan caot 
dBOflOMBqecaift óurs. 3aTÍMi, b% 3 cjiy^aazi pasA^J^ oaasajrb ropaixo 
6ojimee BjnaBíe: owb CBOCotfcTBOBajrb spaBcneaBoiiy BcapasjeBíi) a 
yjqr^meaiD zosatcna Tta%, Koropue ůumm xo pasxija HeopoBsaojpi- 
TeiBBHiiB ueaaMB caoaxi ceneft. 4 cjy^aa ae BuacHaDn saxi u- 
Boro-jfl<k> bjíbbíb pa8AÍJ0B!b: to .(SojBrnee crapaBíe', loropoe flaiaia 
npoaajiaTB vb pa6oTi pasA^^BBiieca, bjia omcBasie (kuie BHroxBun 
ycjOBÍft BpoMucia Morjn wiArh hícto b bombho paaxiia. K^ 9tbbi 
12 BpBiuaaDn 2, soTOpHe — mi craBBBi axo aa muk% — CBixikTen- 
crayDrb aporasi paax^oarE: xotafterao otxíjibbbibzcb aa^aionoxa- 
MaTEea tojbbo bo xocTBseaiB cubobbbmb pa6ouro Boapaera, w> 
Bpno roBopam wb BOiBay iiHoroHjeflBuis eeMoft.— Ho vb 8 cjyvaan 
B8i 14 yjyiineflie zoaalCTBa ayarao apsaBcan BMeHao paaxtjiy. 

nocifOTpBHi aa ycjioaia, xoropHiiB coflpoBOsxajiocB yxyxaieBie xo- 
aatcTBa Boeii paaxíjia. 

24-pe ciy^aa yxyxBieaia zoBaftcraa aepBOt rpysau Moryn óan 
paaÓBTU aa atciouBO Baieropiit: 

1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 6) GaaoBu yBun onoTKOBi. PauiiH 6iua apoas- 
Bexeau 10, 8, 7 a 6 Avb aaaaxi. Ornu eocrapajna a, lacrno, 
BHBua mH8i jAti*, BepoflUB Wb paspjixib tfoÓHjet, ^lacrii), apoxoi* 
max>n xepsan aax^^, ho ae aoryn o6pa6owBaneroesycaixoxi. 

7, 8, 9) PasxikiH flpoBaBQxean wb 2 ciy^ux^ mmmj nufim a 
ciraoMi a Vb 1 cjiyna^ — aesxy tfpanain 6 a 8 roxa aasax'^. Ocra- 
jBCb jiDXB oxBBosie; pascrpotCTBO ax'E axopoBu noaejo aa co6oft 
yaaxoBi xoaatCTBa. 

10, 11, 12, 13) Rb 2 cjiyqan'L paax^axacb orei^ cb cbbobIi 
Vb 2 — poxBue 6paTLB, 7, 6 a 4 roxft aasax'^. Ymexine — TpeiBiie, 



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XPOHEKá,— OKniHHE Pá8A^J[H RPSGTbJIHl. 345 

paóoranpe jtoaiv; ocraBiiriecji — npexaHH nBJíHCTBy, ^to, bm^tí Cfb Brb 
oxiBo^ecTBon, ■ nocjiysuo npHqHHoft pascrpoftcTBa xosflficTBa. 

14, 15, 16, 17) B% 3 cjiy^aaxi paBjc&jrajHCb orei^ Cb cuhoms, 
ffh OKBOWh — 6paTBa, 6, 4, 3 roxa nasaxi. OcraBímecji Haqajra hbsh- 
eTBOBan nocjrib paax^a. 

18, 19, 20) np^UHOft jnaxsa xoaBttcTBa nocJiysHjrB naxesi csoTa. 

21, 22) 06a pasx&ia 6uxe npoHSBeAeHU 8 h 6 j^vh Basami Mesxy 
(paT&am. Bcxop^ nocjii pasxiia Bce HMymecTBO 6iijio yHHiToseHo 
nosapom. 

28, 24) PasxtiH npoHBBexemi Mesxy Óparuira h Men^y Xflxeft 
I ueHflHHHBoirE 10 H 7 jAvb Ha8ax'B. IIpHYiHu ynaxsa xosaftcTBa 

BeHBBteXBtl. 

30 cjyweBi pascrpoftCTia wb xobjiMctbí BUAijiHBniHxcA ceiiet 
xopyn 6uTh CBej^eeu kb ciJ^Ayi>mBiťB rpynoaiix: 

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) PasA^u npaHBBOAeBBi Kb 3 cjiy^aiirB 
aesxy cBieoifB h otiioitl; vh 5 — Mesxy poxhumh, h 1— Hea^y abod- 
poxiuniH ů^wrhSME 4 — 10 iítl nasaxi. Bo bc%x'b 9tbxi cjiyqaax^B 
wt^MEMBCh jnoAB xypHoro DOBexeHÍA, soTopHe ne hbmí^hhjhcb h 
noert pasA^Jia. 

10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15) PasA^JiH spoHBsexeHu Mes^y omoitB h 
eiiHoir& n 3 ciy^aaxi h 6paTLAMH — Taase b% 3, 5 — 8 jiirb ea- 
ULKh. Orx^HBDiieGa — ojioxie patioTHHSH. 

16, 17, 18, 19) CuHOBBx oTomjiH fiesi BCAsaro RMyn^ecTBa or& 
on^OBi, opHHaAJiesaiiiiHX^E n HcnpaBHUMi AOVoxosAeBairB, 4 — 6 jAtb 
BMZWb H xo CHXi nopi en^e ae ycn&iH ycrpoHTB CBoe xosaftCTBO. 

20, 21, 22, 23) PasA^Jiu 6iuH npOHSBexeHH vb 1 cjiy^a'b Mes^y 
imflwb H CHHOMi, vb 3 — MesAy 6paTBjiMH 8—3 roxa nasaxi^. Otxí- 
jaBmiecA HaHajn nBaHCTBOBaTB, h xobbActbo hx^b pascrpoHJOCB. 

24, 25) XoaflftcTBO OTxiJBBinHXCfl pascTpoHaoeB BCJiibKeTBÍe na^esa 

26, 27, 28) XoaatcTBO paBcrpoHJOCB BCJiÍACTBÍe nosapa. 

29 H 30) PaBx^uHCB poxHue 6paTBa 7 h 5 Jitn nasax^. CeMBH 
6iui HcnpaBHU. UpBVHHU ynaxKa otx^hbiubxcji HeHBBtcTHii. 

Cboma BO-exHHo Bc4 npHBexeHHiie 54 ciy^aa ynaxsa xosaĚCTBa 
loeii pasx^a, mu bhxhmx, ^to pa8X'&Ji'B caMi 6hjii HecoMHtenofi 
■praBot o6%XHÍHÍfl vb 28 cjiyqaax'B, 9 — xmíí ocTaBímxcfl h 19— a^a 
OTx&iRBiiiHXCA ceiieft. Ho H 9TH 28 cjiy^Bcai ae npexeraBuorB ^ero* 
jn6o oxHopoxBaro. Bi 9 ciyva^x-B, tmí 6ojí^8hb, CTapocTB, oxHHone- 
cno pascrpoHjn xoBatlcTBo nocjii paBx&ia, paBX^i 6um% ochobhoA 
Bi«UHoft; 6en eero BjíaHíe bthxi ecrecTBeHHUxi (|»aKTOB!B 6iuo 6tt, 
rtpoBTHo, Menie chjibho, a noTOMy mu h cbmhB pasxijrB npHBHaeMi 
aesejiaTeiBHiiMi. OcTaiBHue 19 cjiy^aeB^B, pasórrue na 3 rpynnu, 



4 Digitized by VjOOQIC 



346 BIMTmKl IBPOIBl. 

npeAcraBJíaiftTCA Ham wb bhoite cvbri. Bi 15 cjy^aHXB bhaí^iib- 
nrieca óemh ub ni»aHHi^aira, hjih djioxhmb paóOTHSEaMH. Pasxtok jioi- 
seH'b óHjix noHBSBTb ypoBeflB BX'b MaTepiaJibBaro tfjarococroBBÍi. Ho 

eOMHBTeiBHO, Vt06u 9T0TI ypOBOHS 6iIJrB BUCOKb, eCJDBÓlI OBB Be BH- 
A&IBJIBCB flSX CeHefi B Be B3MÍHBJB CBOBXl BpaBCTBeBBHXl Ka^6CTBl. 

EcjnitiH 0B% xaase b 6ujn» Bume, to Bran obb 6íub 6u o&isaBH ne 
cetfi, a onpíMi, ópaTUirb, a nopBXOBi, spa kotopoitb atpboě uev^ 
ceMBB sBBerb Ba c^en xoponiaro, oapaB^as^b 6íitb bb xosen; eii- 
jtOBaxeJiBBo, vb btbz^b cjiy^aaxi mh BasoBOMx pasj^in aBiefliem se- 
juiTaiBBuirB. B*B rbrb 4 cjyqaBXi, Borxa OTX^BBBriecfl Be ycrpoBii 
xoBBieTBa, 6jaFoxapB BecBpaBOAJiBBOCTB oťqokb, jnanflBiBBXb hxb xoji 
Bi BMjB^ecTB^, BJiaflie pasA^jia piniBTejibBO se apBieirB. AsoffeKs, 
ocTajiBHBe 26 ciy^eBi yxyxflieBia xojiasBu 6íitb cBexeBii« Kasi n 
npBUfli, Kx nosapy, iiaxesy csora, api^CTBeaBot pacflymeBBOCTi 
o6'&AHÍBmBX'By T.^. oficToaiejacTBam, Boropsa Moryri paserpoarB 
BpecTBaBCBÍĚ j^BoptB B BOMBBO pasA&ia. 

GxtjiaBBuft aaaiiBffb BOBsojiaenb Bam npeAcraBBTB Tasyi) TaójMiiy 
BBM^Beflift, wb CBasB ci pasAifíjiaMB, xoBaficTBa ceMei o6íbx% rpyain: 

nOClft PA3XftlA. 

O/o 

yxepx&JiHCB Hft npexaeiTL yposni ÓJtarococTOJtHÍn 145 — 64,9 

Yxy^mBiH cBoi 6uTb no npEHRBam, Besanoniiinri. on pasxiia ... 6—3,7 

yjy^mHJH CBoft 6uTk BCJi^cTBie paajiijia 8—3,6 

FnajH no npBHHBaMi, aeaaBBCjiniBMi orb pasx^a 45 — 20,0 

yaaiB BCJtACTBÍe pasA^ja 9—4,0 

UoAOzeBie, sa nexasBocnio pasxtja, ne bbacbbjiocb 6 — 2.7 

HtTfc CB4l*BÍft 5—2,1 

Hioro. ... 224—100 

dia Tati^iBi^a noBasuBaerB, ^to aa tfootBBiBBCTBO xo3aftcTBi pas- 
A^jui Be bmíjib HBBaKoro BjiaBÍa, ^to ĎoJBmaa ^acTB BOJiosHTeiB- 
BUKB B OTpBi](aTejiBBHX'B BBMifleflíft, npoBcmexiiiHX'B nocji pasx^^, 
o6iacBaDTca £aKBiiB-BHÓyxB ctopobbbmb npB^BBaini, Be cBasaBsuBs 
CB 4>aBT0M'B pasA^Jia, tto tojbko bi T^G^/o Bcftx'B cjryqaeatB BSBiBeeLi 

6lUB BHBBaBU paSA^lOX^B, a BSl BBZ'B TOUBO 4Vo COA^ftCTBOBaiB 

yflaxBy xosaftcTBa. 

Ho, MjBí6u Bací fle o6BBBBafl b:b BS^iBrnBem odtbxbbmí, mh sxicb 
yBaseM!B en^e Ba o^bo BeauroxHoe BOci^ACTBie pa8AÍxoB'B9 BBBicTHoe 
AaieKO Be bc&hx b BOAMineBfloe bbmb opa Ba6jnoxefliax!B bi Cepé- 

BOBCKOĚ BOJOCTB. 

BusHBaeMuň o6uEBOBeHBO AOMamBBMB neypaxBi^aBBy pasjcbn 
opeacAe acero sexeri kt» o6oco6jieBBOiiy noTpe6.ieBÍD bbobb oSpaso- 
BaBHUx^B ceMeft. „KyxBB pasnua**, ^xap^B pasHua^, .ropmEB pasHHe', 



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XPOUKi. — CSMlfllHE PiSA^JIH SPKCTBflffB. 347 

odiiBOBeHBO roBopjiTi specTMiHe, xjia yRasaHU aa BasHi^firnifi npH- 
8HarL coBepmHBmarocA pasA^a. 8to — nacTOJiBBO BUAaK>ii^iĚCfl nx«- 
3Hasx, 1T0 TaifEf rxt pasA^JiHBmieca en^e iipoxoJsaK)Ti> shtb hí- 
cioibBO Mi^D^eBi nox'^ OAHOŘ spoBjefi H cooóma noii>3yH)Tca h^o- 

TOpiDIB DpHHaAieSHOCTJIlfH HHBeHTapji, OHH rOTOBilTl nBII^y Bl OAHOft 

ae«, HO vb pasBHxx ropmKazi h o6'&AaDTi aposB. Ha pa^y ci 
3TiH'B asjeHieifi, HeBuroAHaa CTopoiia soToparo ÓHja ysasaHa paHbme, 
m Berp^qaeMi Tasoe o6oeo6jieHie b^b upobsboactbí, soTopoe conpa- 
leHo ci KpynHUM'L h oqeBBxaiiiťB yii^ep6oMi» xia pasx^JiBBmBxca. 
|Ba 6paTa, aaop., asroTOBjíaiDirb BajiaByD o6yBb. ]ífl paax^jia obb pa* 
(oraDTb Buiicsi vb ocoóofl b96í, ycxpoesHoft XJia iiacTepcKOft. Ilocjri^ 
p&3j(ija 9T0 ceiieftHoe dpohsboactbo pyniHTca: OTA^BBnrifipa bjb pa- 
(oraerb y ce6a »b Hsét, wo apa^BHaeTi TtcBOTy noMtiaeHiH h rpas- 
Hin ero, hjb HasBHaercB vh paóoTBBKB. Mbí bsb-^cthu 8 cjiyqaeBi 
dToro poA&- noAo6Hoe xpo^jesie cbotb b'b iipobbboactb^ conpBseHO 
ci xpyBHUMB BeBUFOxaMH XJia KycTapflBBOBi, h6o yBejB^BBaen bs- 
iepBBB B A^bjaexi BX'b conepHBaaMB B'b .CHonieHiax'b co csynn^BsaiíB, 
iJH se BBSBOABTi caMocToaTejii»flHX'b npoBBBOABTejeft Ha GTeneBB 
HaeiiHBKOBi. HysHO saiiiTBTB, ^TO vb HiaoTopuxx cjiyqaaxii paSA^^jťb 
ee óiUTL BUBBaBi pasjtopaMB BMicT^b sBBniBX'L B paóoraBBiBxi. HcsaTB 
aHamema Taaot asoMajÍB cjt^yen, mei noiaraen^B, vh toitb, ^to 
OTxiJiaDD^&ca xoHerB BcouraTB cbod oojByi) caMOCTÓaTeiBHOCTB vh 
BexeaiB zoaaficTBa; DofiysxaeMuA dTBiTB sejaHÍeM!B, oh7> o6oco6jaeTca 
B Vh npoMUCii; ecJiB nocj^Hift Maao-MaJUbcaB BuroAeHi, to ynpo^B- 
BaercB opBBHqaa ktb BOBOMy nopa^ay, Koxopaa b npoAOJsaeT'B ooa^ 
xepsBBaTB pasA^^Hoe BeAeaie npoMUCja. 



m. 

IIpBBeAeBHua xasHua ooóysxaDrB BacB yeTasoBBTB cj^AyDou^ 
noiozeBía. 

1) BojfBBiaa ^acTB ceHefiaiíx^B pa8A'bJ0B'B BUSHBaDTca opa^BHanH, 
BpeoarcTByDBiBMB MBpHOMy 6iiTy pa3A'bjUDii(e&ca ceMBB; npoAOJisB- 
TeiBHoe A^McTBÍe »tbx'b dpb^bhi HeB36&BHO pascTpoBBaerx xosafi- 

CTBO MBOrOUeHHHX'B KpeeTBBBCKBX^B ABOpOBl. 

2) Bi 6ojBinBHCTBÍ cjiyqaeBi BMyniecTBO a^htcb do poaay, b 
pasA^biBBmiaea combb nojyqanrB bosmoshoctb ycxpoenia Hoaaro xo- 
aiftCTBa. 

3) BojiLmex) qacTBD, pa8A'bJii2 ae B8MÍHaK)TB ÓHTa pasA^BBmBxca 
cevrt. HBorxa pasA^au caoco6cTByK)rB yjry?meHÍK) xoaaftcTBa pasA^- 



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348 MCTHHKl iBPonu. 

JBBmHXCII, n TOJIBBO Bl pÍXKHX'b CJty^IUKl XOSflftCTBO naxaeTB BCJrfc)^- 

CTBie pasxijoBx. 

noBTopflem, HTO dTH aasjroHeHia mh dHraeiTB b^phíimh tojlxo 
OTHocBTejiBHo EBÓojtLOioro spyra HaniHX'^ jh^huxi Ha6jDAeHÍft, h ot- 
HDA& ne xaeMi ceói npasa pacapocrpaBATb hxi ea 6ojrito nmpoBjí) 
BJOiqaxB. Ho mh xyifaem, b% bhxj Meoi^o^HCJieHnixi cxoxexBi b% 

SHBHH SpeCTBAHCBHX^B Ceiieft pBBBUXl MtCTHOCTet POCCÍH, TTO H Bi- 

ÓjDlieHíe racBqi cjiy^aesi npHBexen vb sauD^eBÍJiirb, boxoóbhve 

yCTaBOBieBBUlTB BaMH. 

npexcTBBJíeBHUfl xaflBHfl noKa8HBaDr&, tto boith Beerxa oeMeft- 
Hue paBA^i^H BHBHBaDTCA HeotfxoAHMOCTBD, ^0 HflOFAa — OHH npno 
nojesBU. noveny se Hacejeaie xase HSCJiij^OBaflflaro Baví paSona 
cHBTaen hxi oxbok) b8i> bbsbhxi npaqBBx ysaxu xpecTBABCiaro 
xosjítcTBa? 8to otiiacBflercfl hbkjiohboct&i) neiOBiBa, h ceotiesHO se- 
npocBÍB](eHBapo, JsfkuKO Aep»aTBCfl hsbícthhxi ydis^esift. HeBuroxii 
pasAi^OBi, 6eai> aaajiBsa otaíjibbiix^ cjy^aeBx, hbctojibko otobexbh, 
qTO yMi ^ejOB^sa npBBHsaen cqBTaxB wvb ctobii^biih bvA esopa. 
yBaAOBTB 6xarocoeTOBBÍB hí^kotophxi mMfkÁmBmnzcíi eeiiet ciysam xo- 
BasaTeJiBCTBOirB a posteríori. ^axTH npOTXBOooJiosBue ne saMihnaDTCJi, 
no cBoeMy npoTBBop6^x> cb yBopeBHBBifliiECB y6ixxeBiflMH, hih se 
nojiyqaDTB aenpaBBJíBBoe HcrojBOBaflie. A pas-B oKptojo yóibsx^e, 
OBO AOJiro ocraoTCA bo Bcet ceoeft cBjrt. 

Ho ecJiB BOBipBoe noBHiiaHie ceueŘuiirb pasA^jOBi npocroiDXB- 
flaMfl noBBTBO H HSBHBBTaiBHo, TO TBBoe se OTHomeBÍe KB pasxi^- 
jiaiTB co CTopoBH Jifli^ oÓpasoBaBBaro KJiaeca, a tíitb 6ojie híboto- 
puxi ny6jfliiBCT0KB, onpaBxaflo 6utb bo HoaceirB. He hm^b ajib cbo- 
Bxi BBIB0A0B1B AOCTaTo^oaro MaTepiajsa, c^BTaBCB ci BeiiBoniMfl o$- 
n^HMfl, anpiopHo ao6utumb noJloseBLiME, bcí oryjiBBO nopai^Diipe 
ctMe&Bue pasAtjiu saB^D^aDirB 6oj%e nocnibiiiflo, bosoib to xoQy- 
CKaoTCB BasBOCTBi) Bonpoca. Ho oryjiBBoe nopai^aBie ceiieflBHxi pas- 

X^JIOKB CBIAÍTejlBCTByeTB TOJBKO O jerSOMUCJieBflOlťB OTBOnieHÍB BB 

AÍjlj co cTopoHu nopBKaDQ^aro. Goh(Au% bboo Bae^aTJi^Bie npoBSBO- 
XBTB TpeóoBaBÍa MiponpiaTift dpotbb'b paBxtjioBi. 

Bo*nepBHxi, bth TpeÓoBasíB, BcrtxcTBie Be^ocTaTo^iHaFO BsyneBÍfl 
Boupoca, se dobodtca bb TBepxoirB ooBOsaBia. Ymítb vb HeMHorBxi 
eiOBax'B oepe^BCJiBTB HeauroxH ceii6ftflfiix'B pasKiioai— en^e bb sbí- 
HBrB nojy^BTB npaso Tpe6oBaTB BMibmaTejiBCTBa saBOBoxaTMa vb vtj 

CTOpOBy EpeCTBABCKOft SB8BB. 

BO-BTOPHXI, 9T0 Tpe^OBBBÍe, Vb KAKJW> 6u <|K)piiy OHO BH ŮBJO 

06^16^680, flapymaer^B flaqajio cnpaBe;^flB0CTfl. PasA^JiH mh BCrpi- 

qaOM^B Be TOJIBKO Bl KpeCTBflBCBBX'B COMBBXl, BO TBKSe Wb ABOpJIB- 

CBBxi B Byne^ecRBxi. H aa nooj-bABAMB mosbo npBSBaTB TasíB se 



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IPOHISA. CmfiHHS FASA^JH SPICTI>flHl. S40 

HeBuroAH, KOTopufl ozoTHO ycifaTpHBaoTi Bi nepBi]X'B: ocjaÓjieHie 
opexnpiiiTift; j[po6jeHie seiiejibHoft co6cTBeHHocTH, nepezoA'^ ^acrn 
ofopoTHaro sanHTaja vb nocTOflHHHft, yxoposaHie norpe^jieHífl — Bce 
aro BeH86teBHfl nocj^ACTBifl ceifeĚHiixi pasAtjioB'^ h vb ÓOJiie ofies- 
oe^eHHHxi uaccaxi. A noTOJiy, eciH xpefiosaTB orpaBHHeBixc pa8A'b* 
JOBI cpexH specTBAHi, TO HysHO TpetioBaTb Toro se h xjia pas^i- 
ion cpexH ApyrHx^b cocjobíí. IIocjiAHflro h6 TpeÓyer^b hhkto; ecjtH 
1 He roBopHTCA, TO DoxpasyiftBaeTCJff, ito pasA^^JH b% XBopjaiHCSHz^b h 
ijneqecKHxi ceuharh yxoBierBopaDrb noTpeÓHOCTB HHXHBHAyajiHCTH- 
«iecKn'L Bjie^eflift, xai>n KasAOMy fioasmift iipocTop's B^b ero xosafi- 
CTDeHHOt SH8HH, oxpaHBDrL opo xoMamHi& noBoft. Hnyi) M^pny npH- 
juraeiTB mu ke specTBflHHBy: pas^B H8Bto?Hoe ABienie nošen 6mh 
BO MHorHxi ejiyqajixx eeBuroAHO mjlb ero xosflftCTBa, hbi BoopysaeMCH 
upoTHBi Hero, Tpe6yeMi ^DpeAynpesxeBia^ a „npec^^eHÍfl*; mu sa- 
(HBaem, ^TO HHTepecu xosaftcTgeHHQe, BasfE hh BejiEso hxi sna^e- 
Híe, Be eAHHCTBeHHue HHTepecu specTLflH'^; ^to AOManiHift MHpi, h 
saii ero cj^actbío, xyineBoutl noKOft, xópora h xja npocTOJiH)AHHa, 

H trO CTB HHMH HySHO C^lTaTBCfl. 

OXBHlťb CJOBOmb, DpEMÍHeHÍe paSJIHHBlIXl HÍ^pOB'B OTHOCHTeiBHO 

eeietHHxi pasxiJiOB^B KpecTBaHi h xpyriixi coeJOBÍft Hapymaerb Tpe* 
(SoBaHui cnpaBexjiBOCTH h ^Bjaerca ocTaTROirB Bosspieift, dphbhthx^ 
Hamevy otin^eeTBy vl anoxy apinocTHoro npaBa. 

Ahap£B HciXBi. 
fipoeiauB. 



ii^OCii 



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BHYTPEHHEE 0B03nHIE 

1-oe íou, 1883. 



MiuocTHBUfi MaHn4)ec'rb 15-ro Hafl.— Hoeuft aaKOHi o pacBOibHHsaxi; ero lo- 
CTOBHCTBa H oBAOCTaiEH. PjiaBHoe npeojiTCTBÍe £% npaBHiBHOMy pasp^meBÍK) bo- 
npoca o pacKOJi'^.— 3aK0H'B o bumopohhuxi ;(BopflHCKflxi HuymecTBaK'B.— Toisa 
o «ABopflecKoui npflHiiBni».— npespameme sasaBRascRaro TpaHSRTa.— dasoBu 
o6i aRuioeepHuxi soMiiep^ecRflxi ÓaBRaxi h seMCRincB duepBTajiBHEixi> saccaxi. 

nocjf&XHie oxrojocEH TopsecTsa, coeepmBBniaroeji vb Mocrbí noi- 
Topa ir&cai^a Tony HasaA'^, saTHxaDrb h wb oiSmecTBi^ h Rb ne^aTH; 
apasAHHqHoe Hacrpoeeie yiiOB'b ycrynaerL uicto 6yxBHTO0My, esejiHei- 
Haa SHSHb onflTB bxoabte bi cbod o6u^HyD KOJieD. HacTaia nHyia, 
yxofiHaJi XJifl peTpocneBTHBHaro oósopa, xJfl óojiie no;u)o6HOft oi^bkb 
uipijOSHaiieHOBaBmHx^b nairaTHHeMaftcRie ahh 1883 roxa.HiKoropHA h3i> 
aTHZi uijfh Moryn <Shti> HasBaHu, Boponeiix, xpaAHi^ioHHUMB; ESuiuBBCh 
jíBmb vb DoxpoSHOCTflzi, 0H'& noBTopflDTCA HSi i^apcTBOBaHJfl Vb n^apcreo- 
BaHie, He to jbko npa sopoHOBaBÍH rocy^apeft, ho h no noBO^y xpymi 
Top2KecTBeHHiiz'b coÓUTÍft. Kx HÍpaiTB dToro poAa otbochtcjbí, np6SA6 
Bcero, M>ui^ocTBBuft MaBB^^ecTB*', BOTopinrB Bcerxa xapyDTca nroTH, 
c& OAHoft CTopoBU, njaTejBin^BairB noxaTeft h BOo6iiie AOiSHHiainb 
roeyxapcTBa, ci Apyroft CTopoBu— ocysxeHHuarB hjr Moryn^Bm 6im 
ocyzAeBHHMB 8a yrojiOBHua npecTynjeHia. XapaKTep'B noAo6HUxi 
jibroirB — npeflHyn^ecTBeHBO o6ni[i&; oni npexocraBJíBOTca, tfójismeD 
^acTBD, se OTMfluíbEuub jBi^avL, a i^ijUBTb RaToropiaifb jfli^» noxxo- 
j^amfiMi^ noj^i oopex&ieHHiia ycjOBia. HexoflHsa xoro eju xpy^oro 
c6opa ciaraDTca ae c^b tíxi, hbd naaTeaRByx) coocoóboctb ohí^ ope- 
BumaDTi, a fiespasjn^HO co b&kvb njiaTej[i>n^BROB'B cóopa; orb saRa- 
daaia ocBOÓosxaDTca bdojihI bjih OT^acTH, ae ri ocys^eaBue, roto- 
pue oco6eBBO saciysHBaDrb CHacxosxeaia, a bcí^ ocysxeaHHe h8- 
BtcTBaro paspa^a. Ofiiacaesie 3T0My cii^yeTi acaaTB b-b xin sa- 
TpyxHeBÍaxi, ci rotophmb fiujia 6h conpaseaa aoBftpRa, vb xaaEXOHi 



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XPOHHIU. BB7TPX1IIXS 0B03P9HII. 351 

OTxijnHoiTB cjy^aiy nparo HeAOinfin;HBa bjeh npecTynoBsa sa i^apcsyE) 
mhjoctb; orjAHoe eioseHie b6aohmosi onpaBj^uBaerca, CBepx'b toíx>, 
oópeifeHHTeatBHOCTLD HaioroBi, nroTiioii^Hxi na noxaTHUxi cocjio- 

BÍflZ'B, Vh 0C06eHH0CTH Ha SpeCTBAHCTBi. MOSHO JTBepSAaTb, He pHcsyjí 

BoacTB vb omHÓKj, HTO 8Ha^HTejiBHÍftmaji HacTB HeAOHMorB noAyniHoft 
aoAaTH H BiixyoHiixrB ojaTesefi oópasoBajiacB HMeHHO BCjšj^cTBÍe ho* 
eopasiid^pHOCTH najiora Ch cpeACTBaMH Haceieaúi, h qro cjioseme hxi 
nBjaerofl asTOMi copaBeAJiHBOCTH no OTHomeHÍD vh nxaTejBmHBaMi. 
He bhojhí i^ecoofipasHHM^B oryjiBHoe cjiomeuie HexoHMOKi Baserc^i 
Han vh Tixi TOJBBO cjiyqaiixi, Kor^a npH^HHoft Hasonaema hx% ch 

OXlHaSOBOfi AOCTOB^PHOCTBD MOSHO IIpHSHaTB H X^ftCTBHTeJIBHyX) He* 

coerojiTejiBHOCTB, h npocryi) HciicnpaBHOCTB njaTejiBn^HROBi. TaB%, na- 
npiifipi, noAX x'6icTBie MaHB<|>ecTa no^Be^eHU ne nocTynHBndff b-b 
lasHy no abhb xopoHai^iH npoi^eHTHsa h mTpa4»Htia KeHBra, Hc^Hciae* 
nia sa BecBoeBpeMeHHuft bbhocb pascpo^eaniixi njaTeset asc^Bsa h 
aonyxHuxi xeneri sa cojib, a Tasse sa HecBoeBpeueHHBifi bshoctb Ipas- 
cpoqeHHOÉ npB noKynB'b xasenHOft coxb njiaTH. BocnojBsynTCJi droft 
iBFOToft, Vh Óojbbibhctbí cjiyqaeBi, jdj^h Aajeso He6iAHHe — Kynutí, 
Wh pyBaxB xoTopiixi cocpexoTO^iBsaercjs b^h no EpaSnett u^pi cocpe- 
jtOTOHHBajiacB, AO othíhu cojuifloro aai^Hsa, oaTOBaa ToproBiu cojilid. 
j^a MHorHxi fl3i HHXi cjosenie HexoHKSH Cy^en noxapaoiťBf e^aa jni 
saciyseHHHMi n BOBce ne cooTB'6TCTByi>n(BH'B hxi Hjiyni^ecTBeHHOMy 
noiosenix). Pasóopi* oficTOflTexBCTBi, BCJiixcTBie soTopiixi HaaooHjacB 
HejioBM aa, ne npeAcraBjajrB 6u SMÍbch óonnioŘ Tpyji^HOCTH, noTOMy hto 
vcjio HexoBMn^BBOBi aroro po^a, óesi comh^hía, BeBejiBRO. Tose ca- 
■oe cjixyerB caasaTB h o coAepsaTeJurx^ xaseHHUxi BM^aitt h o6po^- 
iHxi craTell, ocBotfosxaeHuxi MaHH^Toirb ovh pasHuxi qBcxani^Bxcji 
Bt HHXi BSHcxaBit. K'B ^Bcjy ^ojtrowh, DoramaeMUxi MaHB4»ecT0Mi, 
npiHaAjesaTi, xajiie, cocroanpA vh aeAOBHxt sa j^bopabctboitb pas- 
mth ry6epHift cyMMu, CMiji.yv>mXa, sa co^epsaHÍe naacioBepoBi Xbo- 
{MHCTBa Vh yHetiHHX'B saBeAeHÚixi B'bj(0MCTBa MBHHcrepcTBa napoA- 
Baro npocBin^eHia, a xasse xenesHEia nosaBMCTBOBaHLi asi toamaro 
roeywpcTBeHHaro seiícaaro c6opa na pasHua Hysxu XBopancTBa. ^bo- 
IMBCTBO, Baxi Ropnopai(ia, npHqBCjaerca b^b HacTOJm^eMi eiyqai ai 
paspaAy niaTexBo^BKOBi, Taase HMÍK>n^HX'B npaso aa rocy^apcTseH- 
HJD noMon^B. 

Bx Toft HacTH ]iaHfl<t>ecTa, ROTopaa aacaeTca ocyacxeeBux^ h nox- 
cyjpmiflCB, npBHi^Bni oryjBHocTB JBroro nposexeHx ae Taai CTporo. 
Bbai b CTeneHB OBasusaeMaro cHBCxosxeHia saaBCBT^ sxícb npeaiiy- 
iQ^BeHHO OTB Haaasauia, oapeA^jieoHaro sa npecTynjieHie hjb npo- 
cnnon; HO paAOiťb cl sthmi ycjioBÍeM'B npHHHMaDTca bi cooópase- 
IK B Jipyria. TaK'B, HanpBiitpi, oón^ee npaBB.io, b-l CHJiy aoToparo 



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352 B^ram SBFom. 

BOBce <)ceo6osAaK>Tca on crx& hjh HMasaHÍa oÓBHsaeMue Bia o(bi- 
HeHHue B% npocTyoKan, h^ BjeRyncan sa co<k)E) hb jiHiiieaia, n 
orpaHHHeBÍA npaB'B eocroaHia, xooycKaen Aaa HCUDveHia, npoTHBO- 
noJOSBaro CBOŘCTBa: obo ae pacnpocTpaflaerca na 0CB0p6jieaiii ^ecn, 
upecjíiMjeuun no ^acTHoft xaioói, b aa npecryiuesia npoTBBi co6- 
CTBeHBOCTB, xoTB 6u HaBa8aBÍ6 8a Bflzrb B ae npeBUiBajo yaasaBaurL 
Bume npeA^iOBi— EO pacDpocrpasaerca aa cocTaBieaie 4^aiBmflBun 
nacnopTOB^B b npoasBBaTejBCTBO Ch baba, xotb aasasaBíe sa 8tb npo- 
cryoBB B conpaseflo cb jBmeaieB^B bcízi ocoóuxi npaai coctoiibíi. 
06a BCBJK>^6BÍa anojat nosaTBH b saROBBU, vh ocoÓeBBOCTB ar^^oe, 
B08B0jiaK)iiiee oxa^aTB caoparo CBaneHÍa BaBasasit Ba sapyaieHie 
ysasoBeaifi o aacnopraxi. JIsroTU, xapOBaBBHa caubBO-Bocaieaiiaxi 
B ccHibBO-KaTopauiUBi, BOBce se Euixm orynaaro xapaKrepa; boc- 

BOJBBOBaTBCa BMB MOryTX TOJIBRO rt, sa BOTOpUBB MBBBCTpOlTb Biy- 

TpeBBBxi x^!B BjB reBepajTb-ryóepBaTopoBi Bocro^aoft Gb6bpb 6y- 
MfiTPh opBSflaBO npaao aa CBBCxosxeaie. Taaot cnoeo6*B QpHHiaeaiii 
jBroTB MOsen bbítl cbob xopoBiia cropoas. PaevpocTpaaeBie juron at 
í^ijiiia BaTeropiB ocysxeBBUx'b HeBBayeBo Bjienen sa co6od, cb oaboI 
CTopoBU, BpexocraBjeBÍe bx^b jiai^aBi, Boace bxi Be^ocrofiBUMi, cb 
xpyrofi CTopoBu — npexocTaBjeaie axi b% oxasasoBoA aipt jaitaBi^ 
BB^DB^BB^ xaieBO 86 OABHaaoBoe Ba BBX'B npaao. ^Jia at&OTopuxi 
Bsi HBCja ocysAeBBuxi, BaB'B 6u tbsbo bb óíijio npexcroaniee bbi 
BjiB nepeaocBMoe bbb HaKasaaie, caacxosAeaie, no aceft cnpaaeAii- 
boctb, bofjio 6u 6htb xoaexeao xase ao nojaaro noBajoBasia; m^s 
Apyrax-B oeo bofjo 6h 6utb sasiDneno vb 6ojii^e tícbhb paBsa. 
HauBB cjfOsaBB, pa^oai cb oryjBHUBi, ne ocoóeaao saararejiBBiDn 
yBeaBmeBíeBii nasasaBiĚ, Borjio 6h 6utb AonyBi^eflO BecpaBneaso 6ojie 
BiBpoKoe cBurqeHíe bx'l x^a ota^jibbuxi jotu^y cooCpasao ci cboA- 
CTBOB^B npecrynjeaia b ci oócToaTejBCTsaBB, npa soTopuxtB obo 6hjo 
coBepmeao. CaMO coóod pasyaierca, qro creneaB CBar^esia, vl las- 
Mfiwh OTAÍMhiiowh ciyntAj xojsfla 6uja 6u saaBctTB ne on qxbbo- 
jiHHBaro yctfOTpiaifl^ a on pimenia KOJjería, cb ynacTÍeBrB npexcra- 
aBTejiefi cyxeóaoĚ ajacra. lípa TaaoB^B nopaxsi, jbfotu norepaxBtfH, 
no apaftaet wbp^ oriacTB, cboř cjiy^aftauft xapasTepx b o6ycjOBiB- 
aajiBCL 6h ae tojbxo apéacEOB-B coBepmesia npecrynieBia bjb apoas- 
aeceHía nparoBopa, bo B'6ójbnieD bjb BeaBmex) bbbobhoctbd oeys- 
xeaauxi, 6ojiBnieD bjui BesBmei) BŠpoaTBOCTBX) bx:b BcnpaaieBia. ^jm 
JBi^, emjd ae ocysAeBBux'b, Mtpa caarieHia Borjia 6u 6iitb onpe- 
A^jaeBa caMBBi eyxoBi, npn nocraBOBjeflÍB nparoaopa. 

MesAy ApyrBBB npaaBTejBCTBeaEUBB B^paBB, cocTOasnuBaca 
noTTB Vh t>ABo apoBa n KopoBaaieg b coexBaeaHUBB cb bod aay- 



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xpomu. — BiJTPBim oBosnin. 85 8 

TpeneD esnu), ocoóenoe ranaiie o6paiQai>n na oe((« saBOHH 3-ro 
na o pacBOJLSiBaxi ■ o umopOHHiirfc xBop<Hcu:(i HMyn^ecTBtn. 
nepBBt mn im leeoMHftHBO xojnevB 6im n^umtan cyniecTBeiHot 
H^eiiiidl Kb ipOĚeiĚj n naiósemi paeioiBHnon. Beeuia besbo 
TO, HTO sa paetouusaMH yrBepsxrao, wh npHHi^ui, npaBO co6h- 
ptnei xiH o6i|eeTBeiHoft moiitbii ne toibbo wh ^acTHrncs xonars, 
HO H n 0C060 jipexHasHaqeHHiixx xix Toro axamax^b — MOieHHHxi, 
ueoBHarB h t. b. IIojaaoaaHie dram DpaBOMi oCcraairao, oxeaBOi 
mna ydOiUm, Boropiu Morjn xo spalHOCTB yiieHBmHTL ui xitse 
HifiiHaoBaTB ero SHa^eme. Eejn pacBOJbHH^iecsaa Moieraaji nepecraen 
Teoepb 6im híw&-to ÓeayeioBHo sanpemeHHinrb h nponiBOdaBOHHiDii, 
TO n ^emj o^ycjOBJuuan BC«soe lenpeueme ku B08o6ioBjeHie ea 
pupimejriem rytiepnaTopa? Mosho mm BOotfpasiTB ce&b Tam oÓcroa-* 
Tencna, soropiu npexcraBiJiiiCL 6u BasoHHiinrb, copaBeAiHEun no- 
Boxon rek orsasy bi paspineBÍB? PaciojiBHBqeciia MoieHHHJi coxpa- 
luieL TOJBXO TEMi, r^ft norpeÓHOCTL wb hhzi 6iua Bamxa h ae- 
orpuna. Heierao 6iuo natra mícto au oónJ^ecTBenaot mojutbu, 
lorxji oHa cocraaiíjá npecrynieBie, aoi^a xomhhi AOMa, vl boto- 
pon OBa coBepmaiacB, vh aas^yi) x&HByD MBByry Morb óhtb apB- 
ueieei b& cyxy, MOJoiTBeBBiui BpBBajudsBocni — BOjgieprByTu bob- 

tlCKiipB. npeOXOliTB BCft dTB BpeflBTCTBiB, SBEIBIO AOBaSETB Ba- 

ruAHO, Basib Aoporá, kbbi BeotfxoAHMa MOieBaaB xm OBpysaDB^aro 
66 pacioiBBBWCBaro BaceieBÍB. dra booÓxoxbkoctb TesepB, bo bbab- 
KOHj, npBdsaeTCfl h saBOBOirB — bo bmIctí cb tíitb aJ^fBBBCTpa^iB 

WICI BiaCTB OrpBl^kTB BXB BFBOpBpOBaTB 66. HCBpaBjeBÍe BJB BO806- 

DBieBíe MoieBBoS BB^ero bo BaMi^Bacn fb bojosobíb xin, (j^asTB- 
16CUI cyfl^eeTBOBaBBieM^B xase bpb aMctbíb BpesBBxi ysaBOBOBii; 
H6 cjixyen ib orcDxa, ^to obo aoisbo coBepmaTBCB óesapesaT- 
cneHHo B CBotfoABO? PeMOBTBiui pa6oTii Bi MoieflBoS MorfTB 6htb 
Ttioro poxa, ^TO xo bcboitobíb bxb aojsbo 6utb opiocraBOBjeBO 
(SoroeiyseBíe; BBorxa BeoóxoxHMO BpBcryBBTB bi peMOBTy 6e8*B mb- 
iUnaro saMexieBúi, boxi osaceBieBi TpyxBO noflpaBBMUxi bib bobco 

BffitOOpaBBMHX^B BOapeSA^BÍl. nOBBTBO, Cl BaBBBB BOy^OÓCTBaMB 6j' 

mh coflpaxeBa, n toitb b xpyroBi ciynai, BCBBaa saxepsaa vh 
pupimeBÍB, BcnpaBiBBaeMOiix bkb rytfepacBaro ropoA&- A eciB paa- 
pineHie se tojubo safloaAaerB, bo bo npvfivh Bosce? BosMOMmocmh 
luoro BcxoM AOBycTBTB BeotfxoxBMO, BOTOMy HTO paapi^BieBie, Tpe« 
(^ycHoe saxoBOMi, ae Moaten se 6utb aycTOD 4^pMajiBB0CTBi), ae 
lioseTB pasyM^TBca caBO eo6oD. FyÓepflaTopy ctóbti toibbo bocbojb- 
soBaTBca ABeBpei^OBBiorB npaBom oraasa — a pacBOiBaa^ecBoe aace- 
^6Bie BicraocTB, B% KOTopoS BaxoABTCB MOjeBBaa, o^yrarca n tom^b 
se nojoseaíB, vb BaaowB oao aaxoABiocB xo asxaaia gaaoaa 3-ro 

T«» ly.-ljott, 1888. 28 



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351 Biioram ibfoiih. 

Hafl. HniTB saseTCJi, tto ajm aoctbs6hui tíx^l A&teft, k% KoropuMi, 
noBBAHMOMyi crp^Muca sasoHOxaTejiB, boojhí AOCraTO^HO 6ujio 6h 
oÓAsaTL pacKOJiBHHEOBi y^ftdojf^/imf^ ryÓepeaTopa o bcaboitb npe^opi- 
HHMaeMoin HMH HCopaBJíeHiH HJii BOsoÓHOBjíeHii MOJiesHoS. 8to xuo 
6ii aAiiHHHCTpaiuH B08M0XH0CTL HaÓJDxaTB, HTotfu npH BcopaBjeHii 
MOjeBHoft ei He 61^11 abhi BH%niHÍfi bhai npaBociaBHaro spaná (cm. 
§ 8 saBOHa 3*ro Maa). 

HcnpaBjeHie bjib BosoÓHOBJíeHíe MOjesHoft pasp-imaercji ryóepaaTo- 
poMi mxh TŠiTb yCdfOBÍem, ^to5u o6nUfi bíia'b HcnpaBJíBeMaro hh 
BOsoÓHOBJBeMaro cTpoema ne 6iirb ESMiHaein. Jí^a Tasofi nepeiii^BH, 

paBHO RBKl H XJIJI OTBpUTiff HOBOft MOJieHHOft, AOJSHO 6UTB HCOpO* 

meHO pasp^meHte MHHHCTpa BHyTpeHHHXi lijth. OrapuTíe HOBOft mo- 
leHBoft paspimaercB bi rtxi m%cthoctjix'b, r^t sfla^HreAHoe aace- 

JOBÍe paCBOJIBHHKOBl He HM^ITB HH HaCOBeHB, HH JÍ,pjVMX% MOJBTBeH- 

HUTL s^aHift, cb tíitb, ito6u non MOJieRHyi) óujio oópan^aeiro cyn^e 
CTByDB^ee yse cxpoenie. H 3A'1^cb, cjixoBaxejiBHO, ace daBHCHTB on 
ycMorp^HÍfl axmHHcrpaaifl; paapimeHie hsmí^hbtb bh%iiihj& bui cy- 
n^ecTByDn^eft MOjesHOft hjih orspurb HOByD MOJieHHyi) MOserB 6hte 

XaHO HJH He XBHO, CMOTpfl HO 3aBJ[DHeHÍD, KX KOTOpOMy upH^eTB MI- 

BHCTp'B BHyxpeHHHxx jífíjth. El dTOMy cyHi^ecTBeHHOMy HexocTaTBy sa- 
KOHa npRCoexHHHDTCA H xpyric. HeysejiH pacniHpeHie cyn^ecTByc^aro 
yse MOJHTBeHHaro axania, Raxcrpofisa hjih upncxpofisa k% neny ho* 
Báro noifi^n^eHiH, yBejraqeHÍe HHCja hjh pasM^pa xsepeft hjh obohi, 
saiitHa HJOCBOft spinnH bhcokod hjh na otfopoirB — x^jo HacTOiBiio 
BasHoe, nro oho He MOseTii 6iitb Aonym^eHO óeai pasp^memH buc- 
Hiaro HpexcraBHTeiH aAVHHHCTpaTHBHot BjacTH? HeyseJiH KOJteaflafl, 
ycTpoeHHaa hb hhtbcotb qejiOB%B'B, xoisaa ocTaaaTBCH HeasifiHHoft n 
TOTAB, BorxB pacROJiBHHqecRoe HacejieHíe j^aRHofi iťbcTRocTH yBejiB^m- 
JOCB BABoe Hjni BTpoe? HeysejiH nesuaHumeMtHoe pacROjibHH^ecRoe Ra- 
ceieHÍe, ne ycni^Bmee oÓsaBecTHCs MOJieRROH) xo bsabríh HOBaro aa- 
xoHB, xoJSHo 6uTh HaBcer^a jiHmeRo MOJATBeHnaro axanÍR? Ha la- 

ROMX OCHOBaHÍH, X^Uri^G) MOJieHHaR MOSeiTB 6hTB OTRpUBaeMa BHOBb 

moÁhKo Wh cyn^ecTByDn^eiťB yse cxpoenÍB, a ne bi crpoenÍH, cne- 
i^iaiBHo AJiH Hen BOsae^eHROirb? Ebri nocTynBTs, ecjiB axanie voJieH- 
Hoft npHmjo Bi OROH^aTejiBHyD BerxocTb, h pacROJiBHHqecRoe saceie- 
HÍe sejiaeTB 8aM%HHTB ero xpyrBirB, na xpyroft jjuaiíb Toro se ro- 
pová? 3aR0Hi 9T0F0 cjyqafl aoBce ne npexBHAHirb; nepeneceHie HOJieH- 
HoS HSi oxHorb 3xaHÍR Bi xpyroe ne ao^xo^BirB hh noMJb mecryf), hh 

HOX'B BOCBMyD CTRTBI) npaBHJl 3-rO MRH. MoaseTB jih 6uTB OTRpHTO 
Bl OAHOMl H TOMl Se rOpO^t H^CROJBBO paCROJbQB^eCRHXl HOieH- 

HHxi OAHoro H Toro se Toua? IIo óyRBajuROiiy CMUCjiy cr. 8-ft, aron 
BOHpoci AOJseHB 6htb paspimeni OTpHi^aTeiBHo; a Mesxy T^wh, Ta- 



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XPOHHKi. — BHTTPniIK OB08nEII. 355 

loe paspi^nreide ero 6iuo ůa hbhod eecnpaBexjiHBOCTBK) no OTHome- 
mi) n TopoxuTE, Bi KOTOpun pacKOjnHnecBoe nacejieHie cnTaercjr 
TBeOTau sjra x^cjiTiaím mcaTh (HasoBeirB, wa npHiiipa, GapaTOBi, 
BoAcn, XBajiHHCXi). HecMorpA na CTicHHrenHuft xapaKTep'B x^ft- 
cnoBaBmaro xo c&xi nopib sasOBOxaTaiBCTBa o paeioxi, ff&csojBKo 
loieHHiai oxHoro h tofo se TOJisa b% oxhomi h toki se ropox^ 
6iuo asieHíeirb aobojbho o6HKHOBeHHHM'B, paBHo Kas^&.s nepeneceHie 
lOieHHOfi B8i OAHoro iroirtiiteHifl bi xpyroe; Ham iroJOSRTejiBHo 
isvkeTHH cjy^aE droro poxa. Orporoe npHMÍ^HeBÍe hobíixi npaBHn 
loien npHtecTH, Tasmi otfpasoirB, r^b orpaHHqeHin ^aKmunecKu 
crmecTBOBaBmeft čBotfoAU pacsojiBHH^ecBaro 6ovocxjmemE. 

Bi ciy^aflTB, AO chtl nopi nepe^HCJteHHuxi naMH, axMHHHCTpaT 

9ia xiicTBTen canocTOflreJKHo, 6e3i oóflsaTejBearo eonameHiA ci 

j^yiOBHHiTB B^bxoMCTBom, H 9T0, 6e8i cohh^hía, cocTaBjfleTi cyn^e- 

erBeraoe aoctohhctbo noBaro sarsoHa, Tasí kbitb b'b x^arb, Racaro- 

mnca pacKoia, xyxoBHoe bí^xovctbo eme^ice cropoHos), a<ia ROto- 

poft óesapEcrpacňe HeBOSiiosHO. TpyAHO o&bHtnvth ee6i BCR^n^eHie 

131 oómaro npaBBia, Aonyn^eHHoe cr. 7-od. Ha ocHOBaniH dTOft CTaTBH, 

piCBeiaTame pactoiBHnecRHxi MOjeHHUx'B pa8p'6iiiaeTcif mbhbctpoki 

BHjtpeHHBxi M^irh m HHa^e, sasi oo npexBapHreji&Hoifi CHomeníH 

a CHHOxajibHim o6epi-npoBypopoifB. Mosho CRasaTB sapanito, hto 

irtHie aroro xoJiSHOCTHaro iBi^a ne ^acTO tfyxen vb noiLsy pac- 

newrama MOjeHHoft; vb mxj TpaxRi^OHHofi nojiHTHSH xByx'B cro- 

ňňky npeAcraBHTeiB xyxoBHaro B^j^oiiCTBa ne nošen jierRO co* 

I nioaTBca na TasyD ir6py, Roropyi) HSABBHa npenuTO CHHTaTB coÓJiaa- 

Bon xu npaBOB%pHin<B h noon^peHÍeM^B OTCTýnHHBOBi. Bcero npa- 

BiAHie 6uio 6h, RoeeqHO, aosbojhtb noeceiftcTHoe OTRpiixie saně- 

imHHHxi MOJieHHuxi, HjiH HO xpaflHefi Mi^p^b onpe;i(%jraTB pa8'B sa- 

Beerxa yeiOBÍA, npe BÓTopnxi oho boskosho; ho ecjH dro opsanaHo 

I Hejj^oÓHBiTB, TO wb ycTaHOBjieHiD pasn^ÍB Mesxy nopflXKon pasp^- 

I B6HÍj| HOBOft MOJOBHOfl fl BOpflABOMl pacne^iaTaHÍ^ CTapofi BO BCBROITB 

uj\A se npexci^BJflJiocB bbxbbbxi ocaoBanitt. PacnenaTaHie pac- 
ionvBHecBBX'B CRBTOBi B BOBacTspeĚ saxoHi 3-ro MBA Banpen^aen 
JesyciOBBo. ^asTB^ecxH csbth b mohbctupb cyn^ecTBynrB y pacKOJK- 
moBi xase vb HacTOBn^ee BpeMB; cbmo eotfon pasyMibercB, ^to obb 
ijlTn cyn^ecTBOBaTB b upu x^ftcTBÍB HOBaro saROBa. Ohh yxoBieTBO- 
(iSTB norpeÓBOCTB, cbjibbo pacopocrpaBeBBoft Mesxy pacsojnbBBBaMB 
HliOTopHxfB TOJiROBi; oepesBBi dnoxy npecji^AOBaBÍft b CT^CBOBÍfi, 
w He BoryrB BC^esByrB vb dnoxy cpaBBBTejBHOĚ TepnBMOCTB r^b 
Pmoiy. PastB, mto 9to tbkb, sanpenieHie pacneuTiniaTB crbtíi b mo- 
wmpu oieBBXHo He xecraraeTi caoeft níkn b cnoco6cTByeTi toibbo 
DOwpsaHiD BOcnoMBBaBÍft, xaieso Be 6iaroBpiBTHiixi A^b cÓJiBse' 

23* 



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856 B^nun ibtoiuí. 

hU pacKOUHUon n DpaaoeiaBioD i^epBOBbn — naip. BocaouHamft 
Q cotisTÍazi, conpoBOSAaaiinix^ BAspurie ckitobi la Hprasi (n Hi- 
KOjaeBCKOMi^ yftsAi TenepemHet CuiapcKOft ryÓepHuiX Avb imbAe- 

CiTFS TOMJ HaSBAl* 

nojraítSniaro co^yacTBia aacjiymaBaDn rt aoeimHOBjeBU HOBam 
sasoHa, EOTopiu x&Dn pacBOJUHsam eBOÓoxy nepeABiseBu, cbo- 
tfoxy ToproBiB H paBHoe Cb npaBociaBHinni npaBO sa saHníe, no bii- 
6opy, oÓn^ecTBeHHHxi MfiMMBocrtŘ. Becbím BaxHo ■ to, ^to b% sa- 
kohÍ se xiiaeTCJi pasjHvia neširý ceBxaicH 6oj^ée h veHie BpeAHimit 
— paauqiii 00 Heo6xoj(BiiocTH npoBBBOiBHaro h bi SBaiHrenHoi cre- 
noBH ocHOBaHBaro sa ufexs^^bmMfiBiHTb h npexpascyxKazi. Orroio- 
coBi ero MH Haxoxní tojbbo vh ct. 12-oft aasoBa, no aoropoft iíh- 
HHcrpí BHyrpeHHBXi MÍ^n—vh T^bzi cjiynaiixi, Borj^a Tpeóyeica ero 
paaptoeme — cooi^MtByercji, Mesxy npoun, na HpaBeTBeHHim xi- 
paBTepoMi y^OHÍa h xpymiB csoftCTBam lam^oft cetTH*. Bojun>ra 
SHaveHÍB ara CTaiBA, b'b HasíHxi rjasax^B, ho HMien, ci ej^Hoft ero* 
poHH noTOMy, mo ona miraercA perjiaaieHTHpoBaTb XHcapeipoBBoe 
npaBO MiHHcrpa, T.-e. híhto mnoxiemaniee perjaifeHTai^íi, c& xpj- 
roS CTopoHu noTOMy, ^to ciCTeMaTa^eeBoe oruoBenie ec9hxh xoju* 
Taftem, BCxoxfln^Bxi orb BSBicTnoft cobtu, cjubkoitb p%3bo mxo 6b 
B% paspteb cb BCBinrb CMíícioirb sasoHa. Ecjib(Su sa&OB^b muixb n 
BExy BOBce ycTpaHHTb tí mjol Apyria cesra orb BOJOBOBaBÍA bbobs 
jiapyeMiUfH JibroTaMH, ovb bohowo BHpasvjB 6u bto npjiiio h orspino; 
oTcyTCTBÍe Tuoro orpanBieHÍA sacTaBuerb xyiiaTb, ?to x^ftcTBÍe st- 
ROHa pacnpocTpaBBOTCfl ÓespasíH^ao na Bct toikb h yieaia, eoexB- 
Haemie (ae coBcim towo) noA% oón^Hirb HMOHeiii pacsojia ^). He 
cx±AlWb saóiiBaTb, hto ÓjHxa&mee apomexinee npexcTaajHen yse 
OAHBi npBMipi nOAotfsaro OTHomeHía n pacxojy: Baaoffb 19 anpiju 
1874 r. o xoBa3aTejbCTBÍ^ pacBonBHsaiíB npaai no npoBcxosjíeBii) i 
Hiiyn^ecTBy Taxse se snaoTb pasíHnu Me«Ay cesTaMH, 6ojt6 eáe xe- 

Hte BpeABUVH. 

UoaiJiHBMi CJOBOiTb sagOBOxaTejbCTBa o pacKOi-b npaBBja 3 bm 
Bejbsa npflSBaTb yse noTOicy, ^to obh ae xacaDrcji bobco MBorasb 
cyn^ecTBeHBO BasHuxi cropoHi BonpBca.. Mu ysadUBajiH HeAaBBO sa 
Heo6xojpuiocTb nepecHorp-iTb saaoBi 19 anpixa 1874 r., no^Ts bo- 
Bce ocTaDoUftca 6e8i npBMiseflifl aa npaBTBai; ctoa se HeotfxoxBMO 
peryjHpoBaTb nojosenie pacBOJbHHqecxHxi mxojrb, npÍDTOBi, óonme- 
jiQWb> Bet dTB yqpesAeBífl cym^ecTBynTb Tenepb xan 6tt aoHTpaóiB- 



*) OroBOpia, cxittBBaH bi ot. 1*1 oraocsreiuo Biua» oacnoprovb oiomuiv 
noxTBepx.iaen Bame sauDienie, n cuy UBicTBaro opuaHiA: ^Pezceplion confirme 
la rěgle". 



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XPOHISA. — BITTFIHHn OBOSPSffII. 357 

Aol, ffoeroiino 6o(Micb n operpaxtMi r sarpyxHeaúiini seiiiaro poxa. 
IIoxoÍtb non xitcTBÍe noioseiiúi 25 iia4i 1874 r. paCKurKEnecsu 
nmiraaji moja le MOsen, teh lan n mft HemiejRifo npenoxa- 
Btne laion Basu ao ywHii) nptaocxanoft i^epsae; eacnoiBSOBaTBU 
npftBuaxH, jCŤaBOBjevHHini naxarao jun xoMaiiH£ro oóneniii rpa- 
xori, oea sosen tojí&ko ci (ioiBiiiot HaTjisKOt, aan norovy, irro 
9n irpaBHja HeopHrtmni n ropoxan, Mrb i norovy, tto iresxy 
xomunm o6yqeHieir& ■ aBOxot, m BacroHn^eirib cvseji cxoBa, cy- 
meeTByen pasHii^a, onpiiBaDBiaji DOjnriril npocTop^ Bir&maTejiBCTBy 
TOTO UH jipyroro (jnocTHrejA mKOJiunm hoinixkobi. Ri weiy Ta- 
un djnMsrarexei npnaaxjesan noH noiBotai h opaBOcuBíHe cui- 
meHHiBB, 86 iiOTeiMiBilie emfi steavi nsjíejrtainíoft iipnantH npv- 
mnoíTh hh aBcojyaTipoBam paesojii>HBBOB%. 7aaB0HHTB paetojniu- 
mns msojH, ne bhmuo ta eoBxaTB hítfo HOBoe, a toako orpa- 
xm cymecTByDQee ot% ipex^aro bo bcíxi onomevÍAzs npoiiBBOJia. 
T«se caMoe cjr&xyen eBaBan h o paoM^iBra^ecBHzi ÓoraxenHAn. 
Een BipiTB ratennnn cjyxav&, nereptyprcBie pacaoibHBBH Bairft* 
peflH osBaHOHOBats BBxaHíe aaiOHa 3 Man y^pesxeeien bb crojraqt 
wmi 6onxeiBHH, box% lasBasfem ajeBcanipoBCKot. HenojHeHie 
dToro BasripeiiB ho BCrpiTETit, no Boeft BipOATHoetB, BBKaaHXi 
cepi^Him npenneTBift— 10 oreDxa eo^e ho cjlixyen, ^Totfii ctoa 
se jeno tfiijo xocnmifrB lero-jrate nono^naro vb npOBKHi^iajbHOt 
rjJBH, Vh o6BBHOBraHoe BpeMB. 

Xo BvxaHÚi saBona 19 anpiju 1874 r., oTHomeHie Hamero saBono- 
JUsencTBa vb pacBOJiy 6iuo 6e3yejiOBHOHyrpBiaTejibBoe. 3a pacBOjOH^ 
Bom TO npiBHaBaiocb npaaa na cymeeTBOBaBie; saaovB ynoMiHaen o 
sen Tonao jlu Toro, ^rrotfH laoperBn to bjb xpyroe ero nponJie- 
Bie, mKSfl DOABeprayTb nocjiixoBaTaiet ero rovy hjib xpyroMy cric- 
BeiiD, yrposan wn Tdft bii xpyrot aapoft* HeBopianHOCTB Tasoro 
oojoseBu Ben^el tfiua cosHafla yse xasHo, xMBe b% BpaBRrejBCTBeH- 
mm e^epazi; npeoBTi pe<|opini, un TorxamBaro speHOBB BecBva 
BipoBii, 6mj'b eocraajneex yse b% 1864 r. — bo xm ocymecTBieBÍB 
ero, B TO BO Hojraaro, BOsaxo^BJOCB bo^tb xBaxqan jftn. Koie6aBÍB 
B iqmBBOxi^iCTBiB, TBK^ XQiro saxepsBBaBflDB zox% npeo6pa80BaBÍB, 

(yrptSBlHCB B Ba COXepSBHÍB OtfOBXl BaBOBOBl, BSBtBBBBIBrE UpBXB- 

veciit B i^pBOBBiii 6uTh paeaonBBxoBi. HejnsB CBaaaTB, ^Tů6n bb 
rtero oxBoro bpbbi^bbb bpbbo b pimBreuHO ůwn noeraaieBi xpy- 
i^t, opoTBBOBOjrosBHd* IIoBBaa BerepnBBOCTB sairifleBa ycxoBBoi), 
orpiBB^eBBoi) TepBBBOCTBB), Bpex'&Jiu KOTopoi BO oDpexi^ieBii, paa- 
rtpu— xo xpatBOCTB dJiacTBTOu. noBpoBBTeiBCTBo saBOBB XBBO pac- 
KoneaKaBi bo uvb npaBO, a bbbi mbioctb, o BOTopoft obb xojisbh 
Ba^HB parB opocBTB, 6esfb BCBBOft rapaflriB Blb tobi, qro xoxBvat* 



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358 BMTtm ttPOBH. 

CTBO urh 6yxen jBisaBo. Boiie h^wb erpusuirs, ň wmj Bcero 
aToro, npeAOTaBjaercA yBipeeie .MoeaoBCsixi BixMioefeť, ^re «o 
opHTftcBeHm pacBOjbHiBonb He nošen 6fim othhbí m ptvi, a purt 
o BOSMOSBOCTH cjy^aeBi HpoaBiieBLi H6Tepniiiocn eo eropoHu pte- 
KOiBHHBOBib H Hxi xujeBÚi Ha BpaBOCjaBHBu*. HevepBBifMn co 
CTopoHii pacKOiBBBBOBx, WBJíeBie Bxi^ Ha npaBocjiaBHiixil Txi va 
craTU HOBHXi npaBHXB, HOTopaa xaen hobox^ roBoparb o iem-jra6a 

BOXOfiBOMl? MuCJHMa JH HerepHHMOCTL eo CTOpOHB T&ZS, BOTOp0e»n 

cyBViocTH, HO npesHOMy ocraDTCH MaiODpaiamiH (ae Kaas rpaxxaie« a 
maai nocjixoBaTau HSBtcTHaro Bipoy^eaiaX aoropne ho Moryn cxi- 
laxb mara 668i paspimeBu Biicmeft BJiacn, ae iforyn rpoMso bb- 
eaasaTB eBOHn sipoBaHift Óen onacaocn HasieHE aa cetfa yrojOBHoe 
npecjixoBaHÍe? Eeja aasuBaTB BerepcaMOcnD eo cropoau paeaon- 
BHBOKb BepacHOJioseaie ai npaBOCjaBHiim, yaieaeHie oti oÓH^eBia cy 
HBMH, TO noxo(teaa BeTepnEMOCTb cyqecTByerB HSxaBBa, a hobuí n- 
aoBi Mosen tojbbo yiieflBHiaTB ee, a otbdab ae yaejiHaTB. .Pbc- 
aojibHHBairB', yrBepsxaen Ta se raaera, .AOBaoieao oóa^eeTBeaaoe 
óorocjyseaie ťh BOSÓpaaeaieirB jamb Toro^ iro mofjo 6íi CTaTB ae- 
nuu% coÓiaBBOMs xia HpaBOCJABaia^B''. He ocoCSobho jrocreai mm 
npaBocjaBHHxi asrjaxB, BHpaseHHHft vh vtarh ciOBaz^; ne TBepxa 
Ta aipa, aaMneai npeTaHOBeaia xm aoropoft aoria 6ii Qoejqrsan 
pasa, aaxtTaa Ha pacaoiBBa^ecaaro HaemasHUKa (supaseHÍe: paeiojn- 
BB^ecBÍft CBan^eanaai Taase npaBaxjiesar&, noBaxaaoiiy, ai ane- 
ropia coÓJiaBBOBi), aja apecTL, aoxpyaceHHHft na paeaoJBaaTOcaoS ao- 
aeBBoS! noieny se, apaToai, ae coójasaaerb npaaecjiaBBHxi ayoon 
aaTOJB^eeaoft aaa npoTeeraaTeaoft i^epsBH, ^aiaa MyjiiH, kan^en 
Mezera? Mu acrpi^aeMca ba^cb C!b HpexpascyxHOirB, cbjbbo pacopo- 
CTpaBeflBiorB vk asBicTBuxi c<|^pax%, ciysHBHiaMi a cjiyauui^aas xo 
CHXB HOpi oxHBMi h8:b FjaBHurB openaTCTBÍt vh npatHJUBOiiy paspi- 
BieBÍi) Bonpoca o paeaojiii. Oh to«b spiaia, apoTavB aoropol xb 
BOBpasaeaib, pacaon, bo bcíxi cbobkb pasBootfpasaicrB ^opaaxv 
paBCMaTpaaaerca ae aaai Bipoy^eBíe, yxoBxeTBopax>fl(ee peiarioBmai 
noTpetfBocTaiTB cbohx^b apaBopseni^eBi, a aaa^B orcrynaa^ecTBO on 
npaBOCjaBia. Ilpoacxosxeaie -ero sacTaajaerB BaÓrnatt o Ton sia- 
^eaia, aaaoe oai> Muim% wk aacroafliee apeiia. J!i;ja y6isxeflBBro, 
BÍpyx>ni[aro pacaojbHaaai n oco6eaHOCTB ecia oas HpaBaxjesan n 
pacaojy orB posxema, HipoBakia ero ceaTH Taai se xopora« nn 
se CBan^eBBu, aaaB x<ia BÍpyK>n^aro aaTOxaaa — aaTOjnuism, MM 
B-ipynn^aro OBpea— iyxaasaii. npoHexosxeaie, aeropia araxi BÍpoB£- 
Bi& — Ais aero Bonpon cpaBBBTejiBBo aoBasaufi. He ero Baaa, nro 
oaa cjosBJBCB ae Taai xaBHO, nyTem orxiieBia on iiepaBH. BopB(a 
aaTOiBi^siia npoiHBB npoTetTaareaBxi y^eait 6uja noHaraa n esoe 



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xpoinA«— nrrFmBi obobpmh. 359 

ipeu; HO ^TO ensan 6u mi ofo orpan^enii penriosHoft CBoÓojm 
nporeGTiraon n ooBpeMBiioirb laTOjneeton rocyxapcTBft— orpaHH- 
^wUf ocHOBavmwE rromo aa tovi, ^ro npoTecTaHTH8ir& B08nm n 
cpiixi tammecxoft i^epsai?.. OxHavH Dpman sa cboimh noxxaH- 
wn eBó6ox7 vkpoKVOBixaHLi, roeyxaperBO ne xoisho ctíchiitb ee 
UM oMMMTh éojBioe, ^%wh xu xpyrin, Tonio noroMf , hto npexu 
iiq>BBi% npnaxnsaji rtiorxa vh roenoxersyDmet n rocyxapcTBft 
qepKBi. ypasaraie packoja cb xpyniia iHOBlpHHia yieHiffira ósjio 
(b lepBHMs naiovb wh aennraot HiporepoHMocra; nojraoD se cbo- 
60JIOD eowicTE CM T ae t cj i vpHBiaHie sa wAum 1 sasxWMi (SesycjioB- 
uto npua nepexoxn^ m oxHoro B%poHenoBÍxAHÍA bi xpyroe. Pe- 
nrÍD ipyxBO npexnraiBaTB CBJkvcBOD BjacnD, ozpanATB yrojiOB- 
Blin lapavB. IIpiMtp& roeyxaperBi, onepexvBiiiHxi Pocdn na nyn 
panrionot eBO<k>XB, nosaBiiBaen cb nojraoD achoctbi), tfo Btpa 
rpoMUKoi Máčen ocraercA BeRsiilBHofi h npn orcyrcTBÍH BHiin- 
HBxi ertawnt. Bcflioe yneHLoeme ams crbcHenit iipH6jniacaen 
Bta n nojiBOt mrh otmíeš; na DOiy-xopori( bosmoshu ocraHOBsi, 
Biorxa BecBiia ipoxoisnaiLHiM, ho bobosiiosho omoHHaTenHoe yeno- 
loeeie. Doxaiaein, wb Bauuo^Mie, ^to6h opanHiaira S-ro uua movim 
BOCBOJMOBaT&CH BcA BHXU pacKOJia, He HCUDHaa H HOBiSnmrE, h 

^T06ll HOX% X^SCTBie MX% HOXOnUH e« OXHOt CTOpOHH HiryHXHCTil, ei 

ch xpyroft — HannMHNiH, HOjnrrBeHnu co6paHÚi Boropnxb otf pan^axH 
H8 ce(ji Vh hocjíxmo BpeMB ^epe«L-^pi pobhoctboo BHavaHie no- 
JBiqH. 

ffjTBVb saBOHom, Tasse cocroafiBiBiica S-ro Has, bumopo^bhb 
nyniBCTBa, ocraDHqjicB noejit oOTOBCTBeHBUz^b XBopBHi, saaHcaBBHrB 
Vh XB<qMracByi) poxceiOBByi) BHHry, otfpan^eBU vh co^ctbobhoctb rtzi 
popiBeBBn oéniecTBii b» coerMy Boropmi ynepnift npBHaxJiesajrB. 
Bonmoro npaBTBneeBaro BHa^enu dra Mikpa bo BMien, noroMy tto 

BHBOpOHflIiZ% BiryHieeTBl, OenDH^HXCB BOCjt XBOpflBl, 6681 COMB^iff, 

HeBHoro; bo obb bhbmbb xoxaTaĚCTBaMB xbophbckbzi co6paBi&, a 
novovy Moryv% cbpocbtb, bo cjysBVb ib aro oxbbvb nn opasBaBOBi 
it)p8eeTBa ^xaopBBCBaro flpBBiiBna*, o BoropoBib Tars mbofo TOJSOBaiB, 
B& nociixBee spoMa, naniB řaseni? 

. npeSX6^ÍB!fcOTBÍTHTl BB dTOTh BOBpOCl, BpBBOBBBirB, HTOHaSHa^eflie 

KiMopoTOHrE BMyflieeTBi onpex^BercB rpasxBBCBBMB saBOBavB, bbxi 
Hepeexorpom Boropím paÓoraerL TenepB oco6aB bommbccíb. Bes- 
TtioBHO BeeoBKicTBiiHfl cb TBBOft pa6oToft HacTHHB pe<|K)pMU wb o6ja- 
CTH rpasaxBBCBaro npaBa bobo^bo BassaTB aeiBSB; octb norpeÓBocTBy 
naevoaTenBo Tpe6yx>BpB yxonaerBopesíB, octb npoóixu^ BOBOJBeHie 
■OTopiiK ae xonycBaerB npoxoisBTejBbHOft orcpoHKB. Bb xbbbomi 



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860 Monm nFona. 

GXT^at, oxHaKo, mi exaa mm rnuA^n aímo e% Taaoi norpeÓHOctuo, 
Ch TAMMVh npotf4uu>ii%. nocTMiMJ6Bu O BaTOpomm nymecnan 
He npiBaxiesan n nciy, o^eMxvo, cjuten eropon xecatvo 
^na; oeraueme m n curib xo saxanii HOBaro yioania se <bio 
6h conpjimeHo n ei Kasm eepBésnnn myxoCeraom. 06cy«xu 
Bonpoc^ o BUMopoTOHxrB nyniecTBaxi bi nonon ero o<Mrt h n 
CBÍI8H ei xpjniri Bonpocam HacitecTBesvaro npaaa, pexanpoiHM 
xoKMHceia Beeuia jerio Morja 6m npixn c& taunDwiíDf tio, opi 
orcyrcTBÍB HacjrtxHSBOBi no 8aBÍDiaHi» Hra no i^bb, uvacTBesun 
npaBovipHum Hacjr6xBBS0]r& jniaercji rocyjtapcTBO, iro Beš ■eu^" 
HeHÍA m dToro o6maro npaBHia ÓesyciOBio loxjesain orrtrt. Te- 
Depi> osa óyxen criciieBa, 6íitb MOBen, saioBom 3-ro Man, — erie- 
Hena se tojibbo no otbobohív n nyiqeerBan XBopnemn, no h 
n xpynin, nepexoxiimBm Traep&, n cxyiat Bmoponoera, n eo6- 
CTB6BH0CT& cocjiobU Hjn Kopoopaipi. Bi nojnay nepexoxa amopoi- 
HHX^B wujmfiCTWh Wh pjwB rocyj(apcTBa roBop^n xaa rjasraa ocho- 
BaHij: npexnoiOBene, ^to Taioft iiepexox^ ooriaeeBi cb bojod ymp- 
Biaro coÓCTBeHHBBa, mkvb rpasxaHVHa, THenoD lespnnnn vwrék 
coexiHeHHaro ci orasnoft, e& nojran^eeim covbomi, vh epeit 
BOToparo nporeBia ero shshb — ■ npexnoioseBie, tto roeyxapcTBo 
eiyiiiten x&tb HvymecTBy naviy^aiee ynorpeóiOHie, npscnoeotfsTBero 
n oÓmenojesHoft nfkn. IIpmi^HniH jol 9ra npexnojroseHin n xbo- 
pnHCKOiry o6mecTBy, Barb wh Hacrtximy vh Binroponon nrtBii 
XBopjiHBHa? MHoro jra HatxercA y naci abopahi, coenaDmHxi m qys- 
CTByDnpizi SHByD ceasB ci xBopAHCBiirB otfniecTBOirB CBoefl ryÓepHii 
Hjra zoTji 6u c% ABopnHCTBoiTB, BaBi^ oxHnrB i^tonii? Him noMXfip- 
sBBaercii, vb wen Biipasaerca dra eeasB, rxi ■arepecn, otfnMe xio- 
p^naiTB oxBOl H Toft se rytfepHm? Ham yxasyn, Šiitb voaen, n 
XBopascKia onetyHeKúi yvpesxeBiff; ho Bony se HeBSBtcTHa xpatBu 

HeyAOBJeTBOpBTeiBHOCTB HrB A^TeiBHOCra ■ ITE yCrpoSCTBE, BTO 

osBx&en OTB ABopaHCKHzi onesi xMcTBHrejnHaro none^Híii o bbí- 
peBHHxi RS^B evporaxiB? BecBva b^poatbo, npirovB, vro HOBoe rpas- 
xaHCKoe yjosenie bojiosbtb soHeqi cocj[Obbhh'b ooeByHCKHn y^pes- 
xesijiirB. MosHo jra 6íitb yv&peHHHiTB, xajrte, no Biniopomu Bny- 
n^ecraa, vb pyxaxi xBopjiHCBHn o6n^eeTKB, se oeraByrcn iiepTBHBi 
UH Majo npoHBBoxBTejiBHHirB Bamrraiom? Mnoro jb kosho Bacw- 
TBTB otfn^enojieBHHxi Jk^kjn^ ocHOBasHurB na xbopb^cbía cpexcTBa i 
xocTHrann^BXi CBoero HasHaTOHia? ^ase npi camirB tfiaroiipiBTBHn 
ycjOBiazi, BOSMOSHa jih jua xBopaHcraa, bs dron OTHomeHiH, yerLs- 
HajBí BOHsyppeHiuH ci i^tjiHMi rocyxapcTBom? 

EcjiH xonycTHTB, TTO CBasavHoe navB xo eHX% oopi^ se jnaieBO 
HSBicTHaro ocflOBaHia, ecxH npHnovHHTB, xaiite, neft iBroTH, xqK)BtB* 



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xpoHiKÁ. — mrmsBa obobfbhii. . 36 1 

!iai xBop^HerBy xan vajocmato unBilfWt(athj Tan h ocúdamm 
pacDopAseBiiniH (apvtfaBia BHxyDHoft eyiniH, BHxna vmjwsstrh cjmwb 
ttn BHwra xojiroBx 6fiiBiDHM% xpeAvrHHicB ycTasoBjeHíflmX ecJK 
BpBOoexHHHTB n OTOify HteoTopHs ipjna oócroareiBerBa, xaise 
onoeinicíffes n nocrtAHeiiy BpeMem, to Bce^asH yrBepAHrenHiift 
onfenna Boiipo», npffBexeHHHft oaMS amse, o nj^BopAHcaon opsn- 
^ni' exBa-jm B03iio»evB. ^u toto, vote TopseerBo ^xBopasccaro 
npm^oa* ne 6iuo aBieHÍeir& deeiiepHHm, ua voro, ito6h btoitb 
npiHKHirB He tojbko vejnairyji aa ropiBOHri, ho h npoBERi bi a^í- 
cnarenHocTB, nyerHjrB vb b^ě esojBKO-HififXB rj76oBÍe sopai, ho- 
o6xoxinio OAHo cynieeTBeBHo-BasHoe ycxoBie: eaocotfaocTB xBopAHcraa, 
UBi cocjOBM, wb BHxaDH^eftca poiv vh roeyxapcTBeiraot shbhh. 
Hané npomexinee, orxajieHHoe h éjtasaftmee, roBopmrB npomx la- 

JDRHOCTH 9TOrO yCJOBÍJI. HO tfyXOlTB BOCXOXHTb ^CJmUKOlTB JUUOKO Ha- 

siXbj Vh BDort KpiooeTBoro npaaa; le cramm ocraHaBjniBaTBGfl 
BB Tom, aasi BoenoiBSOBajioeB xBopmcTBO opaBsira, x&hhiimh eicy 
mepaTpBiiet EaaTepvHoft I; orpaHHqiMca sopOTBim odBopom bo- 
cjlxBffro XBamaTHJT&Tia. Beaopi nocii ocBOÓoaxeHia speoTBaHi na- 
maerefl nfbMsOí paxi irtpi, aanpaBJíeBaiixrB kb BOSBinnaflio XBopan- 
€TBa, x» BOBHarpasxemi) ero— ne MBTepiajiBHOiiy, a ueajiBHOiiy -^ sa 
QOBeoBRHyo ran norepD ajúinfai h ubcth. Sewaoe nojiOBOHÍe np^o- 
CTBBiaer^ npexBOXHTOJiaBřb xBopaHCTBa iipwc^bxaTejiBCTBO bi sevcBarB 
eoépamjBzi; yerasi o bobhoboA bobhbeocm OTBOjmrb urs Bopaoe iťbcro 
n BoiHeBaz'B flpBeyT€TBÍn'B; bcj^xi aa Brm ohh eraHOBiiTefl apex- 
dkxavejum yfexBHxi BpecTBJíBCSHn npHcyrcTBift h y^BjíounicB 
€0BÍTOBi> aavB ryitopHCBBX^ Tan h ytexjRHKV Xbopbhctbo bphbu* 
BABtea eraTB na erpasi HapoxHoft BnoíH. yiaxBiift apexBOjuneiB 
B08BOXBTCJI Ha CTenoBB nepBaro juma igh ytax^; bi ero pyiaxi co- 
epexmo^HBaercB, de jore, 8aBšxHBaBie BicBOJUbuiiH BasHHiui ovpa- 
ejim TDpaBjeHia, de fácto— bosmoshoctb ajdania na Bd cfopoHU aro, 
(Sen HCBJD^eiiia. Aoishoctb npexBOXBrexa xaen xocryffB btb BHcmBTb 
erjnmswh axMBBicTparaBHoft jt^ctehiih. Si ^eiiy me aee bto bphbojo 
iB eaMom jffkA? OaaBJMDrea jh buhí XBopaHena coópaBÍa^ ocbo6os- 
juama aa ohh on B^ioBim TpaxBiiíi anará ■ atoi? aBaaerca jh 
aBosecTBO uHXHxaTOBi HassaHie BpexBOXffreaa, HB^BcpexH Boropm^ 
XBopancTBO aeno MoaserB aatepaTB xotrotHUmaro? Oroán jh Óoxb- 
BOHCTBO HpwBOXBTeae& Ba BHCort CBoero floaoateBia, wasiiBaorea aa 
wt% Bo eaaan maposoe noapasi^, orspmoe aepexB bhiih aasoHOMi? 
Co apexem Apomaa xBopancTBa wh aBTHBHOMy y^aosiD n x4it na- 
poxaaro otfpasoBaHia apoaiao yse bowh xbcbtb jňm; rxi6 aMnue 
PMyaBTBTB 9Toro fiacTía? BocBOJBBOBaaacB aa BpexBOXBwaH soioaBe- 
BievB CBOHHi Bi» apecTbaBCBHXi npacyTCTBÍax%, ^no6ii ctaiBHTBea m 



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362 BMram upoiib. 

ipeeruHeBEH Haceiemeiiii npioóptov ero xoBftpie, ci&ianefl i 
Hixain ero npoTiM BmcoMjnnniM m opiricBenif , oosfonuan 0fo 
n A^axib xodflftCTBeHRHxs b MBOHO]mecxBr&? noirtmura js on 
KpecT&aHCBHMi npBeyTCTBinicb o6piTmec b% MepTBopomieHHBui y^pes- 
AOBM, Kb nAsxa ^KipiiajnsHa h (SobaUotbu? Ciyntn jb obi ocnnei 
(SesnpBCTpacTHiaiB nocpexB rpynoxi Bxoxopnn vh ooctbbi BeHCxan 
co6paHil? Kto CBOJÍBBO-HB67X& WBůeřn npoBBBipanHyD SB8B^ Ton 
ae saTpyxHBTCx otbítobi aa Boft btb BonpoGH. ^eocTOvrouBocn 
BŠCTHaro THpaBjreHúi b eaMoyopaBJOHiB, BiiBBaBnnui CBa^aia Bassaie- 
Bíe ceBaT<^nD» peBB8i&, norom yvpesxeflie BoxanoBCioft sovHBedB, 
otfyciOBjBBaerca, wh SHaiBTOJiBBoft gtobobb, bkobbo maTiocTUO bii 
cjaóocTBD BpaejrpoxbHaro laBBB, noxoseHBaro vb ocaoBy i^biaro na- 
híb. HoyA&Uf BOHeraTqiyeBafl aaBB, npexcraBaraeTCB ecfeerBOBniBi 
DoertxcTBieBS títb jcjOBÍft, BOTOfMiB coBxaia B npoAOimaen eosxa- 
BaTB BOB flBBia oóni^eeTBeflBaB sbbbb. B^ídoctboo npaso 6hjio diozod 

BDEOJOi Be XIB OXBBTB TOJBBO KpeCTBBBi; BJaCTB, BUTOBaBAiaB « BKb 

aero, xaBajacB cjnnBBOBi jotbo b oeyoiecTBjíBjaeB cjanreoBi opon- 

BOABO, TFotiH apiyoTB BOeBŤOJeft OB Vh npaBBJBBOt 06l^eCTBeBB0Í 

AtareiBHoeTB. Pon XBOpaBCsaxi co6paBift 6uJia cjubucobi cjnfseSaas, 
cnanoBi BropocToneaBaB, vtoÓh pasBBTb bs xBopBaacB xyn cojaxap- 
flocTB, spinsíB eoejioBBiui Tpaj^aipa, coBaaBíe oÓBBaaaoeTa, coonfr- 
CTByDBieS npaBy. BsaftcraHi xobbb^ .noUesse obUge** aa acorxa 
6ujFh oÓBsaTOieai xjui aasiero xBopaaeTBa. Oho bcbojibbm, bo- 
ae^ao, TpetfoBaaiB rocyxapcTBa, ho bbboo bdo eocioBíe y aacs wn ae 
BcnoiflBJío? HoBBB o($CTaaoBBa, tícbo CBBsaaaaB c% oeBo($osAoaiarB 
KpecTBBVB, ooiosBJía aa^ajo aoB^bapnbeBy axa xBopaacBoay a6eeB- 
TOBSBy, xo CBx^ aopi cxopíto yCBiflBaDB|0Byea, ^in ocjatiikBai>aiieBy. 
Bciixs> sa 8TBB^ abopbbcbíb bb^bíb craiB nepexoxBTB i^íjhbb bbc- 
caMB BspyKB xpynai cociOBít. Oaxa, bctoibbkobi Boropot ciyann 
seBjeBjaxtaio, ycBOibsaen aee Óonne a Óojcbme nvb pynb xBopsacna. 

7XBBBVeJBB0 JIB, HOCJÍ TOPO, ^TTO OBO HO BBBjetJO BBBaBOft BOIUII 

B» apBBBJíerift, xaaanxrB jmnoBy, cpaBaBTenao apyaaoBy aeiumia- 
A^bíd aas^b noJOseaiewB o Boacsan y^q»esxeaÍBBib, mB'B a BaBoaaaB 
o cyxe6ao-BBpoiOBi BacraTyrt? yxBBaraiBBo jn,Tro BBicrocoBCBaren- 
CTBa aa xojuchoctb npexBOxaTaia bh bbxbb-b BHorxa onacRBBaBíe JBqa, 
coriacaaro saHBTB ory xojsaoeTB? Y^aBarejbao ib« ^to bi^ph^ apoas- 
BexeaaHe apa TaBax'B aia apatfiasarejBao rasarB o6croBi!ejacTBax&, 
p^ABo OBadiiBaDTOfl yxa^BBMB? BecBBa sBaBOBaTeieai, e% aaneft io«b 
spiaia, Ton ^aBn/ mvo xoisaoeTB apexBOXBreJB xBopaaerBa HMfo 
coBBin^aeTea vb yitxiurB c% aoj«boctbd npexc^bxaTejur sevcBott yapam. 
no BHCJB sasofla, oÓBBaaaocTa apexBOABTejra xojsan 6vnh ompa- 
BiBOBH óeBBosBoaxao; opexBOxaTon, vb bb^octbí^ npexcixBTeia mb- 



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XPOEHKA. — BHFTPIHHII OBOSPMIX. 863 

ciaro co6paBÍ4i, AOJseei croirrB bhí oaprtft, ne saBse^TB on (Sojib- 
mHHCTBa, He hm^tb jranaro HHrepeca itb seiieBoirB x^i> CoexBHeHie 
n oxHom JBqi SBEHift npexBOAHTeja h npexcixaTejiA ynpaBu Hj^em 
upaMO vb pasptob ci droD hhcjbi). npexBOXHreiB, hojíj^bji sajo- 
BaHBe oTh seMCTBa, CTasoBiTca san 6u npeAcraBHTeieMi tfoiBiOHHCTBa, 

OTB&TCTBeHHIIIfl ICHOJHITejeMl OFO ptoOHlft H CTOpOHOD Vb TOWh 

xirt, VB KOTopaiTB BaioHik tortii cxi^aTB ero ((esopncrpacTHiuii 
eyABe». Beero ^an^e bto MHopMaiBsoe uBarraie otS^hAwnerrcň hm6hho 

7ÍM%, HTO Bl ytexi bíti ABOpilfll, AOCTaTO^BO OÓeSfleqeHHHXl flJH 

AoeraTono 6e8KopHCTflHxi xjib ÓesBoaiieBAHoft cjiysÓH. Hshíbbtb oo- 
joseHie x^ji, noereniHflo cjiosBBflieeefl noAi BjdflBíarB padBOo6pa8- 
HHzrE KBBHeBHHXB jcjiOBift, BBKTO Be Bi cuax%; satOBi MOSeiTB xaTB 
XBopBBCTBy rt BiB xpyrifl opasa, bo Be nošen ysejunsTB ^bcjio 
JBQ%» cnocotfBHn H roTOBHn BOJiBBOBaTBCfl j^apoBaflBuiiB npaBaMB. 
IIpBÓaBHirB BO BceMy BTOiiy, vro otfpaBOBaaie Bce 6oiBnie b tfonme 
BqieeTaen 6btb MOBonojrieft XBOpaBi. Híckojibko x^caTAj^bTÍft Tony 
Baaaxi vb paxH pyccBOfi BBTejjBrefliUii bxoabib, sa BevBorBini bcbjd- 
ichíbiih, oabb xBopBBe; ToaepB obe ej(Ba me cocraBjjiDTB b^b set 6ojib- 
mseTBo, B npoBopi(ÍB sasAUft aobb BSMiBffercfl se vb bxi nojiBsy. 
BoeennmaTBJíiTBafl xťreiBBOCTB seiccTBa j^OBasaia cb boibod bc- 
BOCTUO Bpraityflteena 6eBcocjoBBUX'B y^sxeBift nepe^i cocjobbumb 
B OBOBwreABo ycrpaBBja bobmosboctb BOBspan^efliB vb BopaxBy, 
pymBBflieifycB Vb BepBoft bojobbbí mecTBAecaTuxi voMfiVb. IIoflUTKB 
o6paTBaro xBBaBeBia MUejBBU, bo coBepmeBBO bobucibmi bzi npo^- 
BHt ycfltei. 

TapaBTieft bpotbbb BpOBeBBaro TopseeTBa i^xBopaBCKaro spaBi^Boa' 
BBeraBxaeivB BBorxa aatfoTJiBBOCTB BpaBBTejBcraa o&b BBTcpecaxi 
specTBBBCBafo oociobíb, en^e Bexaaao npoBBBBmaBca wb JBroTaxi 
MfliocTBBaro MaBB^era, bi bobomi aiari BflepeAi Vb otm^bí noxyni- 
EfíĚ Boxan, B!B flpBcryai k% sepecMorpy yBaBOBeaift o sacaopTarB. 

npBBflTB 9T0 MB§BÍe MOSBO Be BBBtie, tAKb CB OFOBOpBOft. Bci 

■ipii, flepeiflCjeBBiia Bume, xacaroTca 9KOHOMUHecKa%o nojioseBía 

BpeCTBBBX, DOne*ieBÍe o KOTOpOMl COBMÍtorBMO, AO BBBtCTBOfi CTenOBB, 

ei pacfliflpeBieMtB o(fmeemeemmn npBBBjerit BHcmaro cociobíb. Ésb^- 
CTHoe BspaseBie: «toat pour le peuple, rien par le peuple", BBBorAa 
n flojy^iajo a B^poatBo BBsorAa ae BOiy^BTB nojiBaro DpasTB^ecsaro 
BpBHiHeBia — BO Bapiai^B aa dTy TBicy Moryn 6iiItb xo fiesBóaewoeTB 
pasflOoÓpasBH. Koe-qTO b abso aobojbbo vBOroe — 6en comb'6bíb mobueio 
WTB aapoxy^ Be npBSHBaa ero si caxoA^TejBHocTB b xase ycBJBBaa 
Boioa^Bie cocJOBít, BiixiiaDB^Bxca mn Mačců. HacsojBBO yMOBB- 
saerea^ Bps Taaot oócraaoBsi, SBa^eHie b CBia cbmuxx sbÓotb o&b 



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864 BWTBBn IBPO&El. 

dKQíOMHvecBMS nojioseHÍR Hapoxa — 9to jcpyroft Bonpoe&, n paseiio- 
TpiHíe BOToparo mi Tenepb se Bzoxms. 



noxHxo nocraHOBjíeBift, npaico ub socBaHBo CBxsaBHHn cb top- 
secTBOBíi BopoflOBaHifl, mwewh saBOHOxamjibHaro nepioxa 1882 — 83 r. 
Óun 6ovaTb b xpyrBMB nepra^l^Baiia kib xoaojBeBÍBVB xiftcnynapas 
aasoBOBx. Ommo vlvb camixi bbxhhzi mícti nesuly HBm BaHmaen 
npespaniieBie sasaBsascBaro Tpansara. Hafloi oporeKiáoflBeTB boub- 
ranrb (ojbibíb HajiesxH aa ary Htpy, osa^aa on aea b apeei^ieBu 
aoHTpa6aBAU aa fiasBascsoíl rpaflHii'6, b (uaBBjeflía pyceaofl Toproan eh 
SaRaBRaaLeiTB, Ilepciefi b cpajisefi Asieft. Bi Kaaot creneHB ocy^eeraarca 
dTB osfljKaBia— DOBaserrE tfyxyfl^ee; apomexníee, bo bcbkoitb ciy^ai, 
ae roBopBTb sa mrh yxotfoocyn^ecTBBiioeTb. SaaaBaascaift rparam 
6iijnb yase oxaasxH apespan^ea^B (ci 1831-ro no 1846*ofi r.)« o% tod 
we i^Ijibk)^ aaaaa miefrca. n BBxy vh Baeroaaiee ^»eifa — ^h baobb 
oraparE avesBO aorcay, hto aaiesxH npaBBTeucTBa ae oupaaxajuo. 
TpaasarB saoaxao-eBponeftCBflxi Toaapoai HaapaaBJíca aa Tpanesyax^, 
dpsepyM^B, EaaBen b Taepasi; saa^eaia eaoero 8T0n nyrb ae noře- 
paji B nocji B03o6BOBjieBÍa saaaBKaBcaaro Tpaasira, ae uorrepMffn 
ero, 6e8i coMataia, a toí^pb. Hb^to ae Mimaen, XBite, pasBarii) 
TpaasBTa co CTopoau nepcaACaaro aaiiBa, ^peai Befjim^b; opopHm 
cy98caaro aaaajia apadjiasajio ary uaiD sb GpexaseMBOMy im^d. Bb 
BenpoxoxsBTejBBOirB BpeMeaa aosao obuu^tb ovapiiTia eaponeiCBO* 
aBX'&ftcB0t sejiteaoft xopora, ^epesB MajiyD Asin a IlepdD; aasíe 
peayjBTaTH oao 6yxen hmItb xm saaaxao-eBpoaeftOBoft Toproan rs 
Asia— 8T0 ae Tpe6yen noacaeaift. Hbb Haxia bb CpexaiMO Asíd ae* 
xyTB MBoro^BCJieaaHa xopora, eroanúa bhíi axiaaia BaBaaaaBCBaro 
TpaasBTa. He jrameao aaaHeaia, aasOBeiTB, b to oferoarejucTBO, hto 
cyniecTBOBaaie aaaaBaaacaaro Tpaaaara ae ooic^aiaM pasaBTiD Haaiet 
ToproBjB CB nepoieD, xocTarmeify eaoero icaBcavyva vb aoflii[i xaayB- 
aiaro xecaTajiiia, oxBOBpeaeaao cb aaaóojttmaMB pasBarieiiB TpaHaara; 
^To aacaerea xo aoarpaóaaxaaro BOXBopeaia aa KaBBasi aanaxao- 
eaponeftcaBZB Toaapoas, to oho xocraraio aHa^BrejBauzi paaHikpoiiB 
B BB anoxy aanpeaieBia aaaaBaaacBaro Tpaaamtt— b aro bbojibí bo- 
aarao, TasB bbbb TpaneByaxcai& xpaBaBTasfi ayrB apoxoxaTB, Mesxy 
dpaepyaoMB a BaaaercnrB, bb BecBua fijBaaoMB paacroaaia oTBaaaiel 
rpaaaaH. SaaaBaadcaift TpaaaarB, vb toitb bbx^, bb Raaovb ohb cy- 
a^ecTBOBajB bb noejftxaee apeMa, (Seacaopao 6hib conpaseaB cb cy* 
n^ecTBeaBUMB- aeyxoóCTBalia; ao ycTpaseaie bxb 61110 aoaaoxao ■ 6eeB 
aaapiiria TpaaaaTa. TavB, aBapaiiip^B, npexynpexarB BeflpaaaiBBiit 
cÓHTB, Vb npex'^axB RaBaaaa, xonyn^eaauxB rb TpaaaaTy ToaapoBB 



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XPOHIfKl. — BHTmSBm 0B08PMUL 865 

xorjo 6u Bsniane co Bcin BBosmHTb TOsapoBS TaMoseoRoft oont* 
UBH, Wh nonovb paavipi, h Bosepaioenie M toibbo opn bhbosí 
Tin se TOBapoBi sa rpanniy. 

HBKteeme cjvsficnuymaj^rb opaBU% OTHOCBTejBHo OTBpiirui hobhxi 
inioBepnm BomiepweBBn 6aHB0B% nošen ůan pasciiaTpHBaeiio 
jtMjBh nepBHt nan weh pe^Kypifi, HeotfzoxHMocTB loropot AosasaHa 
ilftjim pjuoKE ne^aiBHHx^ coÓhtíS. Bcero aasHie, wh Hamui rjia- 
saz^ to npaBBio Hosaro sasosa, aoropoe xoaycKaen npaBHrejBCTBeH- 
fl7K> peBHSÍD 6aBKa ne tojbko no noeraHOBjeHíi) o6n(aro cotfpaHúi 
aaiqoBepoBi, ho s no Tpe(oBaHÍD MenniiHCTBa, pacHOjaraDii^UH) vb 
o6mítu% co<ípaHÍi ho Mentě qtiii oxnoD rpersi) najn^mix^b rojioooB^b 
B BBjBDmaroca BpexcnBneieirE ne MeHfte oaboí ubtoA ^acrn csia- 
xouaro sanaraja. He^oeraTOiaocTB droro npaBHJia ewa jh nesere 
nexjesaTB BasoMy-jnóo comhíhíd. IIpaBTna naimxi aaiuoBepniixi 
0ÍBiecTB% yxocTOBipjierBy no onnosB^Li opasjesii) -^ on Boropofl 

TOJDULO H MOSen HCXOXBTB TpeóOBaSÍe peBBSÍB, Bl rpOMaj^HOlTB 60Mb-' 

bdwctbí cjy^aeffB pacnojaraei^ BesnaqBTejBHHirB ucíom rojocoBi; 
ooexHHHTB owy TpeTB HajiiHiizi roJOCOB% eS 6yAen secBiia Tpyxflo, 
Ban um cnpaeexjnBO n ocnoBaTOJBHo hh tfiuo BexoBipié eji kb npaa- 
jeníD. HeiBM Be nosaiin, xaiie, vro TpetioBanie peaidÍB, no cmícjy 
sasoHa, MOBieTrB (Siitb saaBieHo toibko bi oÓn^eirB cotfpaBia; oůmjji 
codpaflia ŮUMJorb pijiao, 6ójBniei> uctbd tojbbo pasi bi roA'B — a 

BO^^HOeTB Bl peBlBÍK MOSOTB 6Hn XO BpaftflOCTH neOTJOSHOt. 

ropasxo npaauBHie 6iuo 6u, sasercB, npexocraBHTB as^ionepairB npaao 
60 ecMKoe apeiui npocBTB o nasHa^eflii pesasiH h CAtian HcnojneBie 
ytok npocBÓH oíSasaTejiBHiin, ecin ona nouopsana vh o6n^eirB co6paniB 
OABOD xecaTOD (npHMtpBo) ^acTBD HajDíHHUZfB FOJOCOBi HM noxnH- 
easa, bbí ofin^aro cotfpanúiy aaiponepaMH, pacnojaraDn^niiH oahod 
WUWtTOD lacTBD CBiftAonaro sansTaju. Ob xpyroB cropoHU, bi npa- 
BBAHOiTB BexeniH 6aBBOBaro MfkxR, a ciiAOBaTejBno bb nasnadě híb pobb- 
sin, saHBTepecoBaHU ae oxnn aB^ioHepu óanxa, no n BsiBAnsH ero, 
jui^a, HMtoBÚB vb HeifB TeBynqi c^erB i t. b.; npaBo TpeóosaTB peensin 
HeoózoAHMO 6hUL0 (ki npexocraBHTB, npn hsbícthhzi yciOBiaxB, b 
dTBMi jiHAam. SHaHOHie pasiSipaeifaro ebiíh npaBua cboahtcj^, TaxaMi 
oÓpaaoMi, HCBJDurejBHO si Tony, hto ono noiaraen sa^aio opaBH- 
TeiBCTBOBHOiiy najisopy sa ^bctbiimh ÓansaiiH, npoOneaen 6pemB b:b 
BBTaftcKot ctíbí, OKpysaBmefi jifi cbxb nopi AiaTOAKOCTB óbabob^b. 
AoBaBarejBCTBo Toiry, hto hb aroiTB ne oeranoBaTCa oab&b&xu npex- 
npiBJíToe Aťo, KU BixBiTB vh citxyDB^eft (14«ofi) CŤíLTht sasoHa, 
BOAVHHaAmeft 6aHBB TiiTB npaBuan lOHrpoiii co croponii npaaH- 
TejBCTBa, BOTopua éyxyn ycTaHOBjeBU b^b saaonoxaTejiBHOHB nopB^aft. 



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866 nmanffb ibpohh. 

Mu BasjnoHaeiTb orcDxai hto npaBirexECTBeiiHiit KompoiB Hax> ůbmt 
laMH cxiJiaeTCii sBieHien nocro^HHiarL, HopMtiBHm^ ^to npmsi- 
TejBCTBeHHu peB03ifl óaHKOBi 6yxen npoa3BOXHTECii, tan nepioxK* 
necKi, T%vb H BHesanHo, ne tojbko no Tpe6oBaaii) aKipoHeposrb, ho 

H HesaBHCHMO OTE HZ^B OpOOB^H. TOJBBO TOrxá iHUy^an XMCTBH- 

TeiBEjD CH17 H ocrajiBHfiui npaBua HOBaro saiooa — a umbmmjiA bmt 
jiraHiijCB cy vMí, o uhBCMMjui oÓawrBMhcrvh 6aHia ■ spexíroBi, Mm 
onpHBaeMim, o6!b o6pa80BaHÍH h xpaaeHÍH sanacHaro saaHTajia* Ben 
Haxaopa co CTopoHH npaBHTeiBCTBa bcí 9th opasaja eiHmaoirB Jteno 
Moryn ocTaTBCii MepxBOt 6yuofi. 

3aBpeii^eHie iBAaMi, saHualomHirB aAMHBBCTpaTiBnui AOiseocn 

B% OXHOlfB HffB tfaHBOBl HJH 06n^eCTB% BBaBMHaTO SpeXBTa, SaHflliaTB 

Taxiji se AOJUBHOCTH vh xpymrB spejjHTHim yfpemMfiíásrh^ rocyxap- 
CTBeHaurb h ^acTHUz-fr, npHBiTCTByercji Hana ne tojibbo xavB Mip% 
DOjesHafl B pasyiiBaji caiia no ceói (no6u y6ÍABTBCii vb 8tom%, 
CTOBrB TOJBBO npBDOMBBTB BCTOpíD c.-neTep6yprciaro oóni^OTBa bbehv- 
Baro spe^HTa, vb cbjish c^b BCTopiei rocy^apcTBesBaro 6aBica), bo w 
sasi npexsHaMOBOBaBie xpyroft, tfoi^ maposofi pe4»opMBr. PastfBpaf 
BexaBBO npoerrB seiteBo-xopoxBaro ycrasa, mu bm^jhc jme cjynt 
ysaaaTB Ba ape^auji croposH syMyjui^iB xojwaocrei — rocyKapcTBOB- 
EUTb B HacTHHzi, — npoi^B%TaDnieft b*b nameM^B aBiúoBepnovB Mipi. 
nopa nojosBTB et koboi^, bo Ba oxbomb nynsTi, a na bcíkb, moci 
oroBopaaMB a orpasB^eHiaMB, a p&DBrejiBEO b npxMO. ^octohmctbo 
BOBuxi npaBBjnb BaBjnHaercB bi tomi, ^to coBM^kmeníe aj^MBBMCrpa- 
TBBBHzi xoiSBOcreS vb AByrB ({aBsoBuzi y^pe8AeBuix& sanpen^eBO 
BMB a6coji)TBO, a fle nocraBieso tojibbo b<b saBBCBMoeTB on pasp^b- 
menui Ba^ajBCTBa; Be^ocraTOBi btb mu bbxbkb vb tom%, ^ito aanpe- 
ni^eBie ne pacnpocTpaaeBO na bcíxi xojsboctbhzi jibi^^b BSBtorBtro 
Biacca BJB paspflxa. Bcero yxo6Bfte, Bnpo^oMi, 6ujio 6u cxtiaxB sa- 
npennenie nocjixBflro po^a npexMeroMii oeo6aro saBOsa, npBMftBBMaro 
BO h(Awb 6es% pasjB^B asipoBepBUMi otfn^ecTBaMi. 

JÍ,jiB BacBBe cobcími BCBO.no^eMyxifteTBie arBTBnpaBBjíS-ro anp'bjji 
orpaHflqoHO enosh ynpeoicdaeMUMu aai^ioBepBUMM BOMMepqecBMMH 6aB- 
BBMB. Hb^to bo Mimajio 6u pacnpocTpasBTB wtb cb oabo& cropoBH 
Ba otfmiecTBa BsaflMBaro spe^Bra (BOTopiai b Bacaercii craTBB 8-aa), 
ropoACBÍe oóni^ecTBeBBBre 6aBBB b qacTBUB 6aBBMpeBÍB BOBTopu (n 

B^BOTOpUMB B8MÍBeBÍaMB Vh AOTajaKB, C006pa8BO Cl OOOÓCBBOCTBMM 

BasAaro BB^a 6aBB0BUZ'B yHpesxeBÍfi), ch xpyroi cropoBu — Ba bc& 
cyn^ecTByDnuM óanaoBtui yqpesxeBÍB. 7cTaBU nacTBiiTB 6aBB0Bib npa- 
BaxjieaMrB, 6evh combíbíji, bi iBCjy tí^zi cenapaTBiixi saBOBorB, 
BSMlBeBíe B xonojBOBie BOTopux^B óesyciOBBo saBBCBn on ycMotpi- 
bíb BaBOBOAaTejn>B(^ bibctb. HooÓzoahmoctb nocTaBOBjedS, Bomex" 



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1P08EIU.— BUtPímu Mioanin. 367 

■m n eocnra saiOHa 5-ro anp&u, ^OMaasa HMerao npairnoD 
cjBtecTByDíiqai (ktaion; crpairao 6iuo 6u coxpaHHn 6en nepeMira 
neHHo TO, tro Boesco 6ojrte Hysxatrcji n npM^pasoMEtar. 

ByxyiipiocTB jou^b, ciysaiEprs soicTBy, ocraBajuCB ao CHxiDopib, 
n orponoiTb 6oAiiiiniCTB£ ciy^aesi^ Hn&r& ne oóesne^eHHOD; a 
lĚfímxj TÍM%j KB ucíy amib jhi^ npHHajuesRn Macca HapoAHim 
jwreiBHBi^ H y^flrejieft, ^^ejumepoBi h (j^jBjpnepHi^ csyxHoe sa- 
lOBaR&e KOTopuxB no^mi bobcb ne Aonycsaeri Ao6poBOJiBHHrB c6epe- 
xemt. OóqapoxoBaHHfiiA nexaBHo rjaaHHji ocHOBariA y^pes^emA aex- 
om dMepHTauHHn aacci otfjiervaDTB xia seircTBa saóOTjraBOCTB p 
TpyseHHEax!B sencBaro x^^ja, h bm^ctí cb tíitb BosaaraDTB na sev- 
eTBO HpaBCTBeHHyD o6a8aHHOCTB B6 MeAJHTb xoAine ycTaHOBjeHieiTB 
aiepirypH. HeiBsa ne DOsai^TB tojbbo, ^to yipesj^eHie dMepHTajB- 
loi xacca (oTx:&ibHoft jlm aasxofi ryóepeÍH) nocrasjíeHO vb ssbhch- 
loCTB OTb corjacíA ecfhx^ yi^xHHXi seMesHxi eo6paHift h tfo si 
otijisaTejBEOvy ynacrÍK) vh xaccb ne npHBje^eHU iHi^a, BaHimaDniiiii 
BHÓopHUfl no aeMCTBy xojishocth. IlepBoe yciOBÍe nošen saTopna- 
3HTL, 6eafh BcsKOft pasyMHoi npaHHHU, orapuTie BMepHTaAHyxik BaceB, 
a BTopoe — SHaHHTeiBHO yMeHBniHTB vx% cpexcTBa, ocBOÓox^afl orb 
juctíji vb uxtLTemi hmobho t^zi, Boropue noiy^aDn cpaBHHTeiBHo 
65Aniee BoaHarpaxX6Hie h cpaBHHrejiBHo Jierso Moryn y^tiRTB^acTB 
ero Ha seaieKoe x^o. Ham aaserca Taase, qro j^xa. ycniniHaro zoxa 
xiia BeoÓxoxHHO 6hjio 6u coA^ftcraie rocy^apcTBa, hh ^yTB ne 
leHBme, ^í^itb seiícTBa, saHHrepecoBaHHaro b*b x^TaiBHocTH napoA- 
HBxi y^HTOJiefi H MHpoBiixi cyxefi. mwb MeHBme y^acTHHBOBi vb 
di^HTaiBHoft xacct, tími pHOKOBane^ ea aojiojMHíey riwb jerqe 
Moryn sanyrarBCA ea 4)HHaHC0Biu A^a. yMeHBMHTB picn, o6e8ne- 
iHTL cojHAHOCTB npeABpiaTLfl Morja 6u hmobho npaBHTeiBCTBeHHaa 
noMOB^ BOspacraDii^ifl o6paTHO nponopaioHaiBHo cpeACTBairB ry6epHÍH 
B npjmo nponopi^ioHajBHo HeÓjaronpijiTHuirB cjy^a&HocrairB, saxpyA- 
Hinii^iirb noJioseHíe Toft hjii Apyroft diiepHTaiBHoft saccu. 



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368 neTHiKi nřosB. 

NOBOE A3limEHIE nOAATHOR PE^OPIiy. 

3i««TKÍL. 



CocToaBnreecji 14-ro mu, HOBoe cjioseHíe ucn noxyímot no- 
xaTH nouauBaen, hto xíjo noxaTHot pe4^opifUy HasoHei^ cepiSsio 
XBBHjjiocB Bnepexi. 

Bcft ocraBaBiniecA en^e ne ocBotiomxeHHUiui on arot noxava óes- 
aeMejLHHe specr&aHe, a Tasxe <t»a6pHHHHe h saBOxesie — TenepB on 
HM ocBo6osxaDTCA. Bct ÓHBinie noMimHHBH specTuiHe, a wb híbo- 
Topuxi H86paHHiix% mícthoctjixi (caMapcKot H CMOiencKOfi ryfiepmi, 
no^TH Bcefi HOBropoxcKot ryfiepnÍH; xojMCson, BexHxoxyinKOirb h to- 
ponei^KOMi yisxaxi — ncKOBCsofi; MrxHHCBOMi h cypascxoirb — ^^epHB- 
roBCBoft; BapnaBíHCBOMi h BeTxyscxoirb — KOCTpoMCBot, h ^epxHHCxom 
— nepMCKOt ry6epBÍH) h bcí nponie nxaTeiBn^HSH— noxy^HXH 76aBB7 
ooxaTH Ha ooxoBHHy. Bci ocrajBHue njaTeiBiiKHKH oÓier^eHii ma 10®/*. 
Bi cocTaB'B arot nocxixHefi xaTeropíH bxoxati ÓHBinie rocyxapcTB^- 
HHe xpecTBflHe, yx^xBHHe, ocrseftcsie, soiohhcth, xajfopoocificsie xastu 
a T. nox- TasHiTB o6paaoM'B, HacTOjm^aa noxaTHaa xipa xocHyxacB Bcero 
DOxaTHoro Hacexenia, h bto npnxaeTB ett oiobb maposoe SHa^eHie. 
Ho aaaóOJBinaa Buroxa Bunaxa aa xojd ÓUBnian Kp^nocraiix^B, no- 
xoseaie soTopím x^ficTBBTexBao saciysasaerE Dpeaayn^ecTBeaaaro 
Baaaaeúi. 

mapoTOD CBoero pacapocrpaBeaúi a spynaocTBD vh <|^BaaacoBoai^ 
OTHomeaia HUH^aiHee cjioaLeHie noxyniaot noxara xaxeso ocraaiaon 
sa C060D nponuoroxaift, nepBut marB noxaTaot pe<|K>pMH, opa boto- 

POMI COBC^Ml OCBOÓOSXOHH 6UJH OTB nOXaTSfi TOXBBO M&I^aBe, X^ 

XBt rpynmi BpecTBaai: 6e88eaejBaue a nojyHBBnrie HOTBeprB aaxixa. 
npomjoroxHit man 6iijrb Baseai, aasi BupaaBeaie npaaiiBna, M$n 
nojoxeHíe .aa^aia* 6oxBmoMy x^xy; auB'bmHift se — saTpoayjib yse 
rjasHyi) ^acTB noxaTBoro ópeMeaa, yMeaBnraBi ero Óoxie Hi»h aa 
^OTBopTB, Basi TO noBaBUBaoTi i^B(t>poBO& pasc^erb: xo opomjoroxaxro 
oÓjer^eBia o6n^aa Macca noxyaiauxi noxaTOĚ eocrasjíaxa oboxo 50 mbj- 
jíohobi pyóxeft bi rox'B; vh npomxoai roxy ara Macca yMeabmeHa 
aa 3 Vs MBJxioaa, a TenepB yMeaBrnaoTca Óoxte hími aa 16 MaxnoaovB. 
HTaK^B, x^xo, aexaBaBmeeca aaaB óoxie xfiaxi^aTB xirh a BasH- 
BaBBiee oxaa óesnjoxaiia BSMHnueaia, bi bbxí aeyxa^flHXi apoesroB^ 
aaKoaei^i., x&erca vb pysa. 3aa^arB, bcí Bcrpi^aBniiaca sarpyx- 



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XFOHIKÁ. — XBUOHIB nOAiTHOt PX#OPMH. 369 

BeBÚ óujoL opHspaHHHMH; npocTO He XBaxaxo TBepxoft pftmBMocTH 
I aHeprii npoBecTH QoxaTHjD pe^pMy y pyKOBOXHTaiett agroro x^a. 
Ofouo oep&dSHO pftmHTBca, crouo saxor&Tii cepL&sao XBUEjTh xhjo 
—I OHO ABHByiocB, j^h upiTOMi 611^ wb OMJíj H8i He6jaronpiaTHÍft- 
mm vh 4»HHaHC0B0Mi OTBomemH dnoxi. Mosho jm, HaiipHiiipi», cpaa- 
moaTB cieneHL óiaroiipiaTmcTH ^^HaacoBaro noioseHia Hamero au 
xiia no^BjBoŘ pe^pMH vh HacToan^ee speiifl hjh wb aasoirb-HHÓyAB 
1873 BiH 1874 roxazi, xorxa rocyxapcTneHHHe ÓDxseni sa&iDHaiHCb 
(Sen xe^HiqrroBi, xpeAHTHiil pyójb Óturb Aemeuie MeramHecKaro 
Boero Ha nmainiHHHft, h hb 6íuo en^e npoHSBexeHO t^x^b rpoxa^Hia^b 
ToejMl^pefneBMux!b aatnoBi, saaie 6íuh BUdBasu pasc^eraMH sa xopo- 
rjD TypeQByD BOÉHy 1877 roxa? H oxHaxo npHspaaH, h HexocraTOKB 
pfainifOCTH TOFAa ptmHvaiBHo saTopiiosajni x^o, h saóoru o noxaT- 
Hdl pe^pMi hmíih pesyATaTOirB jumB oxay nepenacay, óesnioxnoe 
couHBTejBCTBo H BBBOA% BaseHHHxi jĚfiiEBrh BA 9TH ynpasHeHÍfl. ypox!b 
ooyureiBHut. IlycTL eqe npHÓaBHTca píihhmocth — h, MOsen óhtb, 
jxaiocb 6h cnpaBHTBca h c% xpyraMH HapoAHO-dBOHOMH^ecKHMH bo- 
npocaiiH, nonaBomiH vb mjoehhř amfivb. 

TopMOSHjocB A^o en^e h BcaixcTBÍe ohihÓohhogth canot nocraHOBSH 
nownoro Bonpoca, ch ycrpaHeHiem soTopoft xenepL saxau MHoro 
odierHuacB. Opex^e Bonpocrb oraBHJica vb tomi cmícjit, hto nysHo 
BrfSaBHXBCfl orb noxymHoft cwmeMH noxaTefi. HsóaBiaTbca orb CHCTeioi 
SHEHUO — OTiiiHHTb Boio QoxyMHyD HO^aTb pasoiTb, a OHa npexcTaBjffjia 
nieey nb 60 mhjuíohobi pyóieft. Txi 6ujio rocyxapcTBy OTucaaTb pa- 
3on Taaoft spynaut AeHesHHi hcto^hhkb? MeHbmifl cyioai Haxojm- 
ncb, a óóxbiiaji ocTaBajiacb hckoxok); h botb b^b osH^aniH Óojbinoft, 
leHUBÍa, no M^pi CBoero noaBjcema, noiynajH xpyroe HasHa^iesde, 
a Doj^aTHaa pe4K)pMa ho XBaraaacB eb M^cxa. Hymno 6hjio o6pa- 
nrBca wb xpyroMy iipieny, h— naBHoe — apneaTb bo aHEManie pasjH^ 
aiOBon^ecBaro nojomenk uarejtbn^HsoBi: ae bc£ ohh OAHHáBOBO 
o(ipexeHajuicb noxyinHoi) noxaTbD; vb OTHomemn isb OAHHnib ara no- 
lazb i^excraBjui^ia toibko ney^oónyx) ^opMy, a xpyniMi — npocTo ne 
wua sHTb, Tftcna mvb h npaMO, aasi raseiHt naion, — ^h xocBenno, 
—laKb HCT09HBXI pasHun CTicHenit, M^maDn^ax^b nepeABHseHÍD n 
npoxHciaicb, xaKi noBOA'b ki paBopHreuninfb satnaMi, xemeBoS aa- 
npoxasi Tpyxa h em^e óojiie pasopnTejbHHirb cnoeoóairb BSucKanúí 
Bej^oBHOXíb. H xenepb noAymnaa noxaTb ^ajiexo ne Bciub oAneaKOBO 
Taxeia; ecrb Maceu njaTejan^naoBi, jím aoTopHxi ona bobco ne ta- 
seia B xoTOpsie Óea^ Bpexa Moran 6h coxpannTb o^asannocrb ynjia- 
UBarb npesnia cyiiMu, no^i tím.% hih Apyrnm BHxoHib, Mesxy Tiwb 
san ocranHiDrb neodxoAHHO nymno nstSaBHTbca orb noxymniixi no- 
fWlL TpeóOB&iocb npHHflTb vb na^Jexan^ee BnaManie bto pasjíntie 

Tom IV.— I0U, 1883. 24 



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370 BWtWMKb IBFOOH. 

ycjiOBift ■ BSJTTb 8a opaBHjio — onť&HUTb noxjniHyD noMMíth no nocmiun, 
00 Mipi cpeACTBi n tomj, ocBodcNUu owy rpynny sa ApyroDi it- 
unaa c% HaHÓoji^e oópeneaeHHuxi. Tojuko n camie noejAxme roxH 
npESHasa 6uaa, HaBOHeii;!E, Ai^jeoootfpasHOD noAOÓoafl peij^piia ,no 

HfiiHiniHAa CBCTeMa, vb OTBoneHÍB n noipsraoft pepici, lan 
noKaaHBaDn ifiaxTH, coctohtb «l cjiiysmejm: HaevoftuBO HBHesi- 
BaTL HOBíM flCTouHBB AOxo^OBi^, HO op6ie6peraB H MejuuDífl, H odia- 
raB no npeanynieoTBy xMcTBHreibBHe xoxoxu b 6ojAe cocroBTeiBBHn 
BJiaTeiBB^BBOBi; no Mipt sce OTHCsasiB TacBTb BCTa^BaBOB^,— n 
npeAcraBJíBeiiyD bmb cyímy yxeBLniaxb noxavBiie OBiaxH, npBBiBM 
Kb pascHOTi paaiE^e dBOflOMB^ecBBxi yeJOBit njaveibflqnos^ IIpi 
TBBOt CBcreiift npexaoioseao BenpeM^BHo otmíbstb noxynniyD cbctobj 

B!E TO^OBÍB fliCBOIBBBXl Atl; B CKhlABEUB Mfi CflXl BOpi Kb BTOBl 

OTBomeBÍB fliani nosadUBaDm, hto m,^o se oreraeirb orb ciobb. 

Kamb cnurao, qpexcTBa jub BacroB^aro noxaTBoro mara omeu- 
bbdtcb: Wh yBemeBÍH noseiieibBaro BcecocjOBBaro Baiora, vh noxu- 
tíb ip[4^pH Baiora erb ropoxcBBxi BexBBBUBaix^b BMyn^jecrBi, bi bsbI- 
bobíb nonuniffb sa npaso ToproBjín (oiSiaraDn^BU xen^pb saBÚr-To 
^^xacTB^ecBifl BOJiB^BBU, BanpBMtpi,— rub^íH), Kb yBexfl^eBÍB spi- 
nocTBHxi nonuBBi nocpexcrBOMi Óojše npanHjibBcA oi^íhbh nepeio- 
AumMťb B6XBBSB1UIXI BByn](ecTB!b, B Bi^ yBamqefliB naTeaTHaro i 
noAotfBHxi eMy c6opoKb. Ha6paiocb TaxBxi cyioii no pase^ery aa 16 

MBJUiOBOffb — H CTOUKO 8(6 CBBBaeTCB CTb BapO^a BOAyniBOft BOXUTi; 

Borxa flaóepyTCB Apyne Taxie bctoubbb — nocrtxyDTb hobuo noxar- 
Hue marn. A hto obb aoxsbh BaópaTbca, aa bto yBa8HBax>rb xotb 6h, 
aanpBKi^p^b, ycioBia noaeMaibaaro aaiora; aron aaion ycraaoBieBi 
11 ziTh TOMy Basami B!b Bpaftae jierKOMi pasMŠp^ cocTaBUBBRBi 
OBoio 1 npoi^eaTa Cfh qacTaro xoxoxa otl deiuni. Ob rtxx nopi ae- 
MejibBue Aoxoxu yB&iBUJBCb bo^tb bxboo, a aajioPb ace ocTaorcan 
npesaeiTb paSMipi^. He rpixi 6h yBOju^aTb ero TeBq>b xorb Brpoe, 
noTOHy HTO B Tor^a oa*b cocraBBjrb 6u jramb osoio 2®/o ch hbctíto 
Aoxoxa, a aesAy t&mi xenepb np^AaoiaraoTca noxa yneia^Bn aose- 
Mejbauft aajioPb oabb jianib obojio nojiyTopa pasa. Ecjra onacaDici 
pfh3Kocmu nepexoM orb BBTromaaro pasM^pa Kb 6ojite Baa^aieibBOBy, 
TO exBB JOL Tasoe onaceaie npaBBjbao: Bo-nepauxb, no^oSaua piftsxocn 
nepexoAOBi ae ocraaaaiBBaDrb asM^aeait Kb aaxoraxi aa xpyrie 
npexMeru, a BO-BTopuxi — aa no oxaoMy npe^aery xoxoau xaKb ducrpo 
He yBeiBHBsajucb, sasi noseMejbaue xoxoau. Tyrb b ynaxoxi ipe- 
ABTaaro pyója noaeji B!b yBemeaii) xoxoxa. ^eabra noxemesiii, 
zm.Mtm BdAopoauurb — a aoxoah on somjib noinancb. ^a, aasoneiii, 
passi yBeJiaqeflie locydapcmeewiau) aajiora aa seiura MOBsen CBibHO 



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XPOraSi. — ABHZIHII SOMTHOl PKMPIH. 371 

oevjBCTBOBaTBCfl Bjaxi^iBi^aMH seifjH, Borxa arorb najiorB tonevh wb 
xacci xpTTHxi noseMejBHiix^B c6opoBX? Fjit, HanpHiiipi, rocyj^apCTseH- 
HHt Bajion cocraBjaen 10 son. Ch xecflTBHH — Tairb seiíCKie ctfopu 
iHorxa cocraBjflDn 40 Bon.; pacniHpeHie seiíCKiixi cm^tb cooco6ho 
ropasio CHjLHte h3ii%hbt& oómyi) cyMMy njaTesHuxi osjraxoBi, ^iwh 
jXBoeHÍe rocfxapcTBeBHaro c6opa. Rasoft se ÓyAerb pissift oepexox^, 
ecjH Biax^jiei^i xecflTHHH, npHHOcjin^eft 10 hjh 12 py6jieft xoxoxa, 
eraHerB njaTiiTB bcíxi noseMejiBHHXi c6opOBi bx^cto 50-th bod. — 
60 Kon.? MxB BCfl npexaoiaraeMaa pissocrb Boceercfl jHmB MToft 
1 aerB eajiora, cjAjsfiBATenno vh odmet Kacc$ ero nepeiiiHa ocraHerc^ 
HesaMiTHOD. H pasBi aro 6yxerb saMtTHoe ociatfjieHie p^sbocth, ecjiH, 

BliCTO 60 BOD., d nJBTejBII^HBa BOSBliyn TOABO 55 Bon., npH^eiTB 

xoseri 6uTb xyn se xpyrie cóopti BOSBMyirB bcd pasEHi^y. BoBce ne 
^roeyxapcTBeHHue" Hajore cBseMXH ^bctbhtbjibhu. TaBHH'B oópaaoifB, 
n noseMejBHoiTB eajiori mosho npexnojiaraTB en^e mhuíohobi hb 
Dffr& yxoÓHaro sanaca x^a at^xyDíi^aro noxaTHoro mara. 

CkOXBBO 6h OAHaBO HH OTUCBHBaJlOeB CpeXCTBB ^XA WíhniŘmBTb 

maroBB noxaTHot pe4>opMU— Bcero aasaše ro^mich dTE cpejiCTBa 6y- 
ijn ynorpeÓjunrBca jím A^&- IScjh ptmeno bi npBHi^Bnt npesMy- 
n^^BeHHo oÓJierqaTB HaB6ojrte oópeMeHenBHXi, to na nepBufi njavB 
BHcrynaeFB BOnpocB o npaBHJiBHOirB pacnpeA%JieHÍH njaTejBiiKHBOB^B Ba 
rpynini b npaBHjiBHoft pascTaHOsai^ dTBxi rpynnib na o^epexH. Kojib 
ciopo ara nocj^xHJiB sa^a^a óy^erB ptmeHa — ne tojibbo cxopie no- 
jjíSTCB 6jiarÍB dBOHOMBiecBÍB nocJÍxcTBÍji OTi nowTBHxi o6jerqeHÍfi, 
10 H caMHft pasMipi cpexcTBx, HysHHxib M^a pe^opBH, qyBCTBBTaibHo 
eoipaTBTCB. IIocjiiABee oÓcTOBTe^BcrBO, vb cbod o^epe^B, sacjrysB-- 
WTh ocoÓBBBaro BHBiíaHiB. Bume CBasano y»e, ^to ne ;í,ia bcíxi>. 
uaTeiBmBBOBi* noxymHBB noABTB xasexa, ^to vb OTHomeHÍE bo mho- 
rm OHB He xopoma coÓCTBeHHO no CBoefi xynieBofi 4^opMt. CjiiAona 
lenHO, HB 9TBXI, BBBÓOJiite sasHToqHsxi njaTejBn^HBax'B pa8M%p7> 
Buora MOPB 6h óhtb en^e ocTaBjeoi ao speMenH nacTynieHía jyqnrarb 
^iBSBCOBuxi oóCToaTejiBCTBi, TOJBBO Cb nepejoseHÍBM^B ero aa BaBÍa- 
^6]Xh xpyríB ewHBi^H. HysxaerCB xb, flanpBU']tp'B, b^b cbbabí no- 

JdTHOrO pyÓJB BOBOpOCCifiCBift HJB nOBOJSCBÍft BOXOHBCTB, BM^DnÚfi 

Ba xymy 10 xecB^BH^B h njaTJinuft sa BTy sev jd o6poqHofi boabtb no 
39 xon. sa xecBTEHy, Bor^a pbaomi ci bbmi MysBBi, cHABn^ft na 1 V^ 
lecjiTBBt, njaTBTi no 2Vs p- sa xecBTBHy oahopo Biisynsoro nxaTesa? 
Taxie se Bonpocu Moryn 6utb nocTasjíeHU b wb OTHomcHiB bb bí- 
KOiopHBB rocyAapCTBeHHUMi BpecTbJinatfB, xopomo Ha^ixesnuMB h 
cpaBHBTeABO xemoBO o6xoseHHHMB. GaBMBTe cb BoiOHBCTa py6xB no- 
mefr— OBI TOXBBO noxosBn drorh pyÓXB bi BapNan^B, baoóbbobb B!b 
cmi ApyrBxi py6xeft, nojyqeHHuxB opb noseiiejiBHaro xoxoab; bbbíb 

24* 



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372 MeraiKi bipímih. 

se nojy^aTCA 6jariji aKOHOMH^ecKia nodtxcTBÍH on noAOÓHaro no- 
joseBifl KOJOHHCTOiTb Bi sapiiaH^B jnunuro py6u— dToro ae onpexi- 
jOLTb H camift xHTpuft dBoaoMHcn. Cróim jh topobetecji co cbhxbod 
noAOÓHsm pyójet bjh xaxe ^acxeft pyÓJia, Mr^a y Hac& ecT& usem) 
spafiHe HysxaDiD^HzcA «l ocBo6ozAeHÍH? A^^n nOAOtfHiU ceixkb 
— fle 8Ha«ao jb Óu bopmhtb ciiraro na cneTi rojoxHaro? BuK^D^Bn^ 
HajorH 6oiie cuTU3nb rpynin, Morynúe Óhtb nosa ocrasjeHEHiiH m 
BpesHHxi nJiaTeibn^Hsaxi h nepejosesHUMB toju>ko la xpyrúi e^BHBiui, 
BM^CTO AyflTb (xoT£ 6u Ba Beui)), MU BOJiy^HiTb yse BBa^HTeiBBa 
MeBbmyK) Maccy noAaTet, Tpe6yx)nQfB> CKopoft otm^hh; saxau pe^pím 
yiieHBniHTCfl h cb apexHiiirb dBOHOMnecBHirb BjiaBÍeirB HUH&nBeft 
noAaTBOft CHCTeMU noKOH^eno óy^er^ csopie. 

^u (SójBBiaro noflCBeflifly ne aHmBHHi Óyxerb npHBecTH iiH^po- 
Biu AaHBHfl o cyn^ecTByDo^ft načet noxyBiBHxi c6opoBi. Bi ua^aji 
HUH^niHaro roxa, T»-e. xo coBepniBBniaroc£ 14 naa mara noxarHoft 
pe<|^opMU, dra xacca npexcraBjí&iacB vb CMixjMimfiwb bb^í: 

9Vi MHijioBOirb xyím Óiuniaro iptoocTHoro HaceieHiii niaTHn 21 Vt meu. P76. 

10 MBJuioBOBii 6fiBiiiMx% rocyxapcTBeHBHxi ipecTuifli 25Vt » • 

Boiie MHuioia xyn^ ipecTuis^ jiiuihasu.% 2Vt » » 

nomHJuioBa ocTseficuixi speciMBi IV4 » ^ 

Okojio 600 THCflHi xymi iiaiopocclficc. Kaaaiorb lys ^ „ 

Okoio 200 TBCiiHi xymi bojobhctobi Vt « n 

BamKBpii H xp. HBopojmH 1 „ „ 

Beceapa6cKie noceuBe V« » , 

PasBiie xpyrie uaTeimHui y, , , 

Bcero 55 meu. py6. 

BuBmie spinocTHHe specTBane, soHeiHO, HymAaDTCJi wb HanÓoiie 
CBopiflmeMi oÓJierHeHÍE, TaB'B saK^B seuxn y hhxi HeHBme, a luaTan 
OBH 8a Hee ^opome. Ho npn aroirb ohh eni^e pasanqaDTCfl KesAj co(k)D 
no creaeHH HeDuroA'B: SHa^HTejiBHaji nacTB hxi ne HM^eirB nojHaro 
Hax^jia fl, BCJi%;(CTBÍe ycEjfennaro oÓJoseHúi BUKynsHHa njaTesaiu 
^nepBHxi" AecaTBHx, o6jiaraeTca BucmaMH noxecjiTHHBUMH noBHBHO- 
CTJiMH sa xy^mee ycrpoficTBO. ^yraa ^acTB BxaxieirB óoiBniHirb bojh- 
^ecTBOMi xecaTHHi, njaTJi sa hbx'b xemenje. Ecih bsbtb hmšddibxi 
MeHBme bojiobbhu na^^^jia, to bxi Baóepercfl 6oxbe mhuiobb xyBiii 
Cb KOTopuxi noxaTeft cxoahtb ao 3 MBjjioHOffB pyójeft. 3aTÍMx oxojo 
nojyMBXiioHa Ajwby Haxoxflm^HXCJi b<b bo^oÓhoitb noxoseHÍB, safixercfl 
xesxy rocyAapcTBeHHUMB BpecTBaHaMH. Bon rpynnu, KoropuA no 
Bceiiy HiťitDTi npaBO na cBopiflmee h nojBoe ocBo6osAeHie orB nox&- 
Tofi. HysHO TRKse j^aTB jiBroTy h SHa^ETejrBHoft nacrn ocTsetcBBX^ 
BpecTBaBi, BOo6n^e Raxi-TO saÓiiBaeiiuxi, tob^ bbbi Mesxy hhmb 
orpoMHafl Macca — fiessenejBBue ÓaTpasB. Ho bojiohhctu b ^bctb óhb- 



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XPOHUU.— XBIJKIRIE nOMTHOi PS90PHH. 373 

uran rocyAapcTBeHHiix'B specrbani noorosHTejiBHO Moryrs no^os^aTb 
nowrmnit jsswbEemŘ h coipaHHTB pasni^pi cbohxi noBHHHOCTeB wb 
Ton UH xpyroiTB bhx%. EeiH icexxT rocyA&pcTBeHHUMH specTBaBaicH 
npHSHaTB sa sojra^ecTBO, Haxoxan^eecfl fb noxoÓHOiTB nojoseníH, xb% 
Tpenr, to vl bhxt npHsexeHHHxi Biime uja^fh mosho sauD^HTE, 
^^To ?acTB noxynrHuxi noxaTefl, ee Tpe($oBaBinaA HeiieAJieHHofi otmíhu 
H Mormaa óotb ocraBjíeHHOK) na npesHirxi njaTeiBmHaaxi, ci nepe- 
josemeiTB xotb na seMJD, cocTasjua orojo 17 hjh 18 hhuíohob^b 
py6ji6fi; cjr^AOBaTeAHO, hsi oÓnKaro HTora no^aTeft, ocTaBaBinBxCA Vb 
Havaiy HacToan^aro roAa, Ha 6jiH8RÍfl o^epe^H ki otv%h£ mosho 
tuio 6hí DOcraBHTB TOJibKO OROJO 35 — 40 MHjjioHOKb py6jie&. Bon 
eb 9THMH eeotfxoAHiio pacnpaBHTBca nocsopte, h opes^e Bcero — Ch no- 
xaTBHR Hajo HaA^eHHBxi. PasyMtercH, nu xi^jaoM^B jihiiib npHÓJOi- 
BirejaHHfi pasečen, noTOMy hto namefi saíaqH ho cocTasjaDn to«- 
VOR BinHCJieHifl, xa h xanesixi jma noíHoft to^hocth noAi pysoD 
hítb. 

^to6h en^e 6oji^ yacHHTB pasHHay noiosoHifi ota^jbhhx^b njia- 
TejBn^HBOffB, cxftjiaeirB cpaBneoie ^oTUpexi hxi thdobi: sojiOHacra, 
lopomo HaxijieHHaro rocyxapcTBeeHaro BpecTBHHHHa h ÓUBmaro no- 
xinpmaro ea noíHoiTB h HenoíHOMi na^ijii. 

XepcoHCKift BOJiOHHciTB HM^eirB Ha xyicy 10 j(ecATHH'B HaA^jra xo- 
pomeft seifjH h HjaTHirB sa AecATHHy 39 Bon. 

Boponescsift rocyxapcTBenHuft BpecTBAHHffB Hnien na xyniy 6 
jficnwwh seicjiH h njararB sa xecATHHy 71 son. 

BopoHescBifi se 6iiBmi& BpinocTHofi, noiy^HBmifi nojiHut Hax^ji, 
miei-B 3 xecATHHH h njaTHirB sa xecATHHy 2 p. 7 e. 

BoponescBifi se 6uBmiŘ xptaocTHOĚ na Vs Hax^jia Bvierh o^Hy 
j^ecATHHy H DJiaTHrB sa nee 2 p. 60 k. 

GonocTaBjeHie— o^eHB spacHOpi^Bsoe; jícho, hto BcaBaii jiBroTa, xa- 
BaeMaa nepsoiiy h BTOpOMy h yHeHBmaionKaA Burow TperBflro h hot- 
Bépraro, npexoTasjaeri BOpMjeme npecaoiieHHaro h CBiraro na cqerB 
mraDH^arocH anporojiOAB r rojoxHaro. MajiOHaxijBHue, — 9tr hohc- 
TKH%, .TpysAaDnpecH h oÓpeiieHeHHue'',— xojshu 6htb npes^e Bcero 
ycnoBoeHH ocBo6osxeHÍeirB oti csoero najiora. H noxa ohh He ocboÓos- 
j(eHH— BciifB npo^HiTB cj^AOsajio 6ii sxaxB, He nperen^yH h hi^ orpa- 

HHieHHHH ctiaSBH. 

8to Ha^ajo 6uxo npRSHaHO' rocyxapcTBeHHHni cob^tomi vb oponi- 
aovB roxy« npH nepsoiTB mari cioseHin noxaTofi. Haft^eno óiuo 
ieo6xoAHMuirB: cootfpasoBaTBCH co CTeneHBD oópeneHenia noAaTHHxi 
OKJOBÍft eceto coeoKynnocmhw JLexsnajsrb na hhxi niaTeseft h, BasAHft 
pasB, pacnpocTpaHHTB ciosenie ooxaTH na n/biyv nameiopiio njfarejiB- 
HpnoBi HjiH Ha onpe;(£j[eHHue paftoHu iiicTHocTeft. IIpniiiHeHie xasoro 



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374 VWOKKh IBPOnEL 

Haqajia BHpasHJOCB bi 1882 roAj noAHUM^ ocBo6osxeBÍen ote noxyB- 
Hot noxaTH Tpexi KETeropitt: MÍmaHi, npsnHcaHBHxi wh aojoeranb ties- 
seiiejBBHxi H specTBJíHi, cocToam^Hxi na wpoBoft ^erBepiv HajAia. 
CjtxoBBJO osHxaTB, HTO 9T0 flauio ójAen nooAxoBaTei&HO npoBO- 
AHMO ■ npH xajbH^ĚniHxrb o6jer^HTeiBHUXi aErazi. — Opa oicbflti 
i[UH'lmHaro, BToporo aaxa noxaTBOft pe<|K)pMH, npesjíe acero BOSHHcaen 
Boapoci — HacKOJBKO vb Hem BU^epsaso osHaieaHoe aa^ajo? Ho aon, 
BHZQABTi Ha aoBipay, vto uociijíMee jme CA^^Jaio BHa^HTej^Eji^ 
ycTyosy xpyroMy aaqajy: cioseHÍe noxaiH Kocayjocb Tenep& ae aaióojte 
HysAaDiuBxca tojibko, a 6Cfbx^ Booón^e naaTeiLiiquM>Bi, xora h kb 
HeoABBaaoBofi creneHH. Cxaio 6iitb, npa orpoicHoirB npemuymficni 
HUBimBeft noxaiHofi iiipu npex^ nponuoroxnei) vh o6vafiVh pasMipi, 
dra M^pa yciynaeirB npooMoroAHOt Bi npHBi^BDiaj&HOirB OTHODeaii,. 
H BHpasaen HiaoTopoe sojieóaHie bi auóopt npieMa noxaTHOft pe^ 
<|^opiiH, BUÓopi, BasajocB, yse cxi^aHHUiťB óeanoBopoTHO. 

Bi caiiOMi xtjii, noJioseHÍe apecTBaai, ae bm^doihxi noíHara 
HaA'&iva, noBHAHMOMy, xaaajo hmi ^ocraTO^Hoe npaao aa coBepnea- 
Hoe ocBo6osxeHie on noxaTa; dTo noioseHÍe aaor^a 6uBaerB xyxe 
nojoseaia cbabiiihxi hb lerBepra aa^iJia a ocboóosaohbbixx yxe 
rox'B aasaxi, TarB Baai, aaopaMip^s, pasHHi^a MesAy Vs h V4 Ha- 
MfbjSL HHqTOsaa, a xes^y tími V4 nojyHOHa xapoirB, a Va^3a yca- 
jeBflBie Buayoaue uaiema. OxaaEO oÓjaxaiejiH Henoiaiixi aajiiLiOBs 
coBepmeHBaro ocBO(SosAeflia ae nojiy^ajiH, a tojbbo aocaojBSoaajiBGBy 
aapaBHi cb nojy^HBniaHa nojauĚ aaxixB, cóaaaoi) nojiOBBHU no- 
ji(aTHoro ORjiaxa.^^Gi xpyrofi cropoau, aca icacea rocyxapcTBeaauxi, 
yxijiBBHx%, ocTseficaaxi specTBaai, kojiohbctobi, iiajiopocciftcsarB 
aasaaoBi a t. a. aocooJiBSOBaJiacB csbakod 107o ^ cbohxi oaja^oa^, — 
caBAKOD, aoTopaa j^ia ÓojBmaacTBa aroft Maccu ociaaerca ae^acTBa- 
TejBBOD a BOBce ae BiisuaajacB ero daoaoMHqecaajrB aoioseaieirB. Kaa^ 
BB^HO asi npHBexeaauxi Bume AH4»pi, cpe^Bift xymoBot OBJajcB noxaTB 
rocyxapcTBeaauxi apecTBaffB a aojioaacTOBi cocxaBjíaen oaoxo 2 py6» 
50 a.y cjixoBBTejiBao a3'B hbxi sasxaa xyma TeoepB BocnoASoaaaacB 
cKBxaoD Bi ^eTBepraai. %ó .saa^BrB btoitb Hersepraai xja o&iaiaDauut) 
5 Hjia 6 xecaTaaaMB HepBoseHa rocyxapcTBeaaaro BpecTBaaaHa bjh j^a 
Bjiax^Dii^aro AOcaTKoai xecaTBBi aoJiOHBCTa, aoTopst o6pa6oTiiBaen 
CBoro 86IUD aaeMBUMi Tpy^oirB, a to a ^iio noayoaerB Aa noBynaen» 
ce&k BOBua seMXH y qacTBuxi aiaxi^Bi^eBi? He npexcraaiaDrB mm 
BC% dTH qeTBepraaa acTBaHoft noiepa xia A^Jia noxaTBoro apeo6pa8o- 
Baaia? By^B dTE HeTBepTaaa OTHeceau aa c^erB aaaoro-aaQyxB aa- 
(SiiTaa ^aaaacoBHxi cpexcrB^B — aro 6aio 6u noHarao; ao aosen mm 
6uTB p^qB 061 BSÓUTBaxi, aorxa nojiy^aBniie aeóojiBada ^acra^H 
nojiBaro aa^iJia a njaTan^ie ycajeaaue Buayaaue ajaTeaui, ÓHaade 



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xponsÁ. — ^nmxraix noxiTiot px#opih. 875 

nortn^HUH KpecTBJBíHe, ocTaueHH en^e npv nojiaTm, xora 6h yxeHE- 
mBBím? 

OcraBieme ^aern no^aTeft cocroanicHirE na oojiobhhí h TperH na- 
xiia npexcrauflen caiiyD Heyxa^Hyi) aoid nacToan^eft noxaTHoft 
Mipii, TpeóyDmyD CBopiftinaro icnpaejieHÚi. Bi Bvxy es neBonno 
BOBHHiaen BonpociE: a uommh 6iitb, den hm neiBSA 6hjo otfoĚTHCb, 
KNBen 611TL, yHOMARyTHe BHise ^eTBepraRH bobco ne tbite BaiESH bi 
důmjdt Maceft, im>6ii o hhxi evoH^o cjramoMi auur&Tb? ,)i;u bh- 
teHeHui BToro oticroareiBeTBa BosBMeMCA onssn sa i^H^piiy h ea 
ocBOBaBÍH BiinreiipHBexeiiHHxi x^bhhxi pacopeA^iHm o6n(yi> Macey 
npoHBBexeHHaro cjoseHÍa no rpynnairb: 

OeBo6osA6Hie on nox&ra ocrarKa ÓesBeMejiBHiirE, $a6pHHHiirB h 
aaBoxcsnra BpecnaBfB npexemBuerB cymiy npH^jisHreuHo wh 1 mu- 
JDOBi pyójeft. 

YMenBiueHie ea nojorasy noxaTOft ÓUBumT^ BptnoCTHBzrb xpecn- 
m 10V« mujioHa py6. 

Táioe se yneoBnieHie na noiOBiiHy noxateft Bctei npo^íHXB spe- 
cthMBh BCvoo^MTenEUTb MtcTHocTofi (oflft noiMOHOBaHH vh Ha^ajt 
cnnE) — 1V« Mw. py6. 

X^eara^npoi^eHTiiaii csuia xia rocyxapcTBeHHUTB Kpeer&AHi (ho 
enrax HCUDnrejíBHHn MtcTHocreft) 2V4 iraJiiiOHa. 

Tanur se CBHXBa xia yxtjtBHurB KpecTBaHi okojo V^ míjiJiioHa 
py6. Ta se CBHxsa ua OcT8eftcMX'B Vg vhj. p. Ta se CBHJdca xja 
BOiOBHcrorB 60 mc. py6. Ta se csHna xia iiajiopoc. aadasomb 
Vs MĚM. py6. Ta se esusa au npo^Hxi ojiaTejibn^HRovB V4 mhji« 
pyí. 

BaxoxBn, ^*ni bc% j^ecimi-iipoiiieHTHiM ckhxkb (T.re. ^erBepTaicH) 
n coBOsyiraoeTH eocTasi^Dn okojo 3 xhjijíohobi py6ie&. Hsi drot 
cyMMH oBoio V« UH 00 KpatHofi ii%p% Vs in[>ueTCH Ha Tasax^B nia- 
TenBíHsovB, BOTopHe DOJfOsnrejn&HO vb cocih)jihíh sj^btb otiier^enift 
I le novyBCTByDm cx^aHHaro hite o6jierqeHia, cjr^xoBaTejBHo, xojd 
avin nocJÍ^XHHXfb fb x^esft oChqefi cyMMH no^aTHoro oÓjer^ieHÚi 
Hij(o curan He Mesie 2 mhjuíohokb py6je&. Mesxy t^vb na ary 
cyniy hosho ůuáo 6u HBÓaBHfs vaiOHaA^iBHHxi ÓfiiBmexi spinocT- 

IHTB H rOCyWPCTBeflBHX% SpeCTBAHl H OTh OCTajBHOfi nOJlOBHHU 

ooxaTe&Y Ha hhxx ocraBmetca. Biime, hhcjio tbkhxi specTBAHi mh 
opmajra vb 1 V2 vHJijrioHa; Tan xasi na hhxi cpe^HHiTB ^HCoioirE 
npBxoABiocB OKOJO 27, pyiSiel cb xyniH, h otb hoiobhhii bthx^b ok- 
iWfn OHH yse HstfaBJíeHH, to ma nojraaro 06*6160^1 wrh cj^xoBajo 
(ÍH CHBTB m HHxi 011(0 HO pyÓJiD ci HOTBopTaROirB, a A JA dToro yno- 
mrymrB Biinie j^ayxi muMioHOBi py6jie& noJOSHrejBHO XBaTHJo 6u. 



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376 MOTHKn BBFOIH. 

8tk, ycryiueBHHe ae HysxaDmmieii, xm muiiom— HaeTOfln(u norepa 
XV noxaTHoro x^a. 

Teaep& nocMorpam, n sasovb nojasesÍH ooraeres Hané noxat- 
Hoe xiao HOCJrt noXATHot MipH 14 MU? CJocTaiTB ocraDomca le- 
nepB BE njfaTexBffliHBaxi noMTeft— ei^XlDn^ft: 

Ha ómiinixi noMtnpi^BXb xpecTBasax^ ooraeiea ooxaiel lO*/, 
MUJDOfla p76jie&, npneirb ximeBiie osiaxH KoieÓxorai on 64 m. 
xo 1 p. 48 Bon. Ha taaauxi rQeyxapcTBrafliax — okojo 22 muiío- 
BOB!B pftfjefi; xynieBot oBiax^ on 12 bob. xo 2 p. 99 bob. Ha tes- 
fliBx^B yx'&iBBuz% — 2 MBJíiíoBa; OBiaxi 76 b.— 2 p. 66 b. Ha Oer- 
seftCBBXi — OBOJio 1 MfljjioHa, Bpfl OBnxi 1 p. 70—2 p. 63 X*. Hi 
xajiopocdtteBBzi aasaBan— IVt mbjm., apa OBiax^ 2 p. 50 b.— 8 p. 
Ha BOJiOBBOTazi— 450 thc pjH.^ apa OBjaxft 1 p. S9 b. — 2 p. 90 b. 
Ha Bpo«xi— IV* MHM. py6., apa OBiaxi 40 b.— 2 p. 70 b. 

Boero B£ixoxan obojo 39 ]fBiJrioBOB& pyKxeft. Ecia mn mroro 
BOjaqecTBa acKjD^arB Vt noxaTet 6iibbibx*b roeyxftpcvBeHBiiZ!fc Bpecn- 
Afl^, noxaTB BOjoaacTOBi, aoioBaaii BasaBon a xotb oxboI Tpen 
jAiMhBUťb (bc% dis BOBaBBoeTB, Baxi BUflié GBaaaao, Morym em 
flOxosxaT& OTM^HH BiB aepejomBT&cfl aa xpyría exanmuX to ocn- 
aercB Bcero obojo 23 mbuíobobk pyfijiet, Ch BoropmiB aeoózoxaao 

nOBOflHBTB BBBl BOSBO CBOp^. X'B 8T0r0 BaXOÍBO OTBOBan TOJOBO Wb 

aoiTopa pasa 6ojBBie cpexcrai, ^im an aaauocB wh aiiBiaiaeH% roxy. 
OnťbBBffb 9TB BOXBTB, MOSBO 6yxen CBaaaTb, ^ro cyB^ecTBeaaaa ^aen 
pe<|iop]fH yse cxtaaaa a ocraBercB zionoraTb a&b yxoBJOTBopeBiB 
BTopocTeneaaurB a TpeTMcreaeBBHXb Bysxr^, bjb se apocro saatean 
oxHy 4K>pMy noxaTet xpyroi). BosbaewB noxyniByi) noxaTB, aanpB- 
atpi, BOJOBBcra, pasjosaai ee aa semro BOcrtxBBFO) a oaa wmbai 
cb ero ooseMeiBBoi) oÓpo^BOD noxarLD 6yxen xaieao aase xoxoxaoen 
BOMiB, npBHeM% ae 6yxen ansaBOro noaoxa roaopaTB o Benocajuiowb 
otipeaeaeBiB. To se xosbo óyxen caasan a oraocBTejn*ao sBa^areu- 
Bofi ^acTB rocyxapcTBeBBUKb specruiaib. BoeuieHi, aaspaiiipi, odjn- 
xaTOJiB 4 Bia 5 xecaTBai HepBoaeaa: ero noxaTBol OBjiax% lasen 
BaBBMB-BBÓyxB 60 fljiB 70 BOo^ftBava aa xecaraay, a Mosxy lin 
oópoqaaa noxaT& sa xecaTany ae aa 60 bob^bi Mea&Bie xozoxboctb, 
B npa 8Ba«TaibBoai Bax'bJi'6 Tosa airb boboxa roBoparB o xypaoai 

XOSJitCTBeBBOBl yCTpofiCTBÍ. 

OriicsaTB 23 aajiiofla pyójet, boboibo, aaxa^a cepfiesaaB, oxbbbo 
fla saaiarejibHyK) ^bctb droft cyaMH a Tttiepb yse yBaaaTb xosbo. 
OxBH'B rocyxapcTBeBButt noseaaibHiiŘ aaioPB, aasi Burne saxftvrao, 
o6ibn^aeTi OBOio 5 aajurioflOBi pyÓJieft. TaBaarb otfpasom, ecjni apexi 
Baaa eme ae coBciai lersoe x'&io, to bco se aosao OBasan, ^no fe 
OTBomeaiB si noxaTBoft pecj^opai 6eperB yse bbx%bx. Haxodao toibbo. 



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XPOHIKi. — ^ABDOHIl EOXinol PMOPIH. 877 

vroÓH He npeipamaMCb dHeprix m erpeMjesiH vh vtomj (Seperjr ■ 
ntaůa qoctojihbo he nepsyi) onepexB craBHjiocb nojHoe oeBo6osx9Hle 
Biióarte otfpeMeoeHHHx^ (Sen npncbea eůnovh am HaaiieHie nyx- 

CxftMBHoe Hun ToxEBO-«o sauimMie, Bopo^em, i6yxen BtpHo 
n TQHi Tomo oniejrk, een orptimaB«T& ooiaTHyi) pe4K>pMy otmí^- 
Mo •xB&Tb voM^vsarh Boxnieft; ho nioe orpasnnraie ffpaBBnHim 
qMtBtBtn HftnM. HejuM emjd satfHBnb o BUsyiiHiirB niaxesan, 
miKan loropím nponiBS xoxoxHOcra seMjra HiritorB Tasoe se 
wowMflieéioe na«iene, revb h noxyímafl nowTb, a btotb mnieftB 
xamo en^ m cum t% MjarejibímiovB. PytfieBafl ccHAsa, npoHSBe- 
fjBĚBĚM vb 1881 rox7, iiuA oxHHaaoBo ea AoeraTomm i Mahsxi. Xo- 
(teonoe Bonsene ojaToset, oprasBexeHHoe bciíjcb saiAirb, xM* 
ertBreibHo Bocnyioes wb SHaiiTejMiol ^acra cfoepHofi PoeciH h jA- 
I010PBX& xpyran Hesjoxopomixs Mtcraoereft, — o^Haso, se bdoihí, 
I Hocjrfc aero Bce-ran bo HHomi Mierarb yxepisaxocB npeBiiBieHie 
Mttyiumi iH nxaTSsaMB xoxoxhocth seMjiH. J(ju MHomi, orn^Ba hb- 
mixa BUTHHHzi njaiesefi ropasAO ejsite, q^Mi onfiia ooxymHofi 
nwTB. Bíab vIa noiwvraoft pe<|M>piiu ne <|H>P>(UbHaa, a dBOHOUH^e- 
cnr, BBonmaineBift se pe8TAawr& MioecaxBBare njaxesa oxneaBOBi 
— (yx^n jn seejixRift HainiBaf&ca noxani) bib Btnynmivi niaTe- 
9en. CaxHt npaBUUHft bi tseioimecMm OTHonefliH npieiii 6hxb 
(b Bi cafceesíB noxan ci HSjnmKom Basynaim Ejaveset h bi 
oMTeneoHoft otmíhí otf^ei mL% mbccu. Ho na ary cresn y Haei hb- 
lan He yjcaercx HOcraBBTfc noxaraoe xhxo, h DoxaTH c& BUByentiiiH 
uaTesam iipoxoisaDT% paecvaTpHBaTMJi BpoB&. Ilycrb HaBoneirB 6y- 
tffn H Tan: ecjni noHeify*RH6yx^ senaji xocth^i> tioiie npaBHnRoft 
loeiaBOBKH Boopoea, to ho qMtfteet irtpi HaxoÓHO ^epexoBaTb narH ho 
OTBteft noxaTH e% BntraMH no cóasst BuxynHiix'B HjaTemefi, ne sa- 
duai o BocjrfcAHHXi, ho c^Hrajn, qro c^ bhmh yse noptmeHO oroh- 
meiBHO. ExBa jra mii oHntfeMCB, eiasaBr^ vro npi cjr&xyDH^eirB mari 
cjixoBajo 6h HenpeMiHHO KOCHyrscH HOBOt etiaBBH BUBynHHxs nia- 
TtrnA; m ecjn 6h BamjacB BoraoseoeTB xonycnn otiJiemrenHyD 
B^y MHJuioHOKB Ha xecBT& — 9Ty cyMvy MOSHo 6hio 6u pacopex'bJiHTB 
flOBOjasi Hesxy noxaTBD h BHByoHuini HiavesaMH. 

Bi gauDTOHÍe, Heo6xoxHHO ofiparBTB BEHname na to, ^ito na- 
wunaju HOxarHaH irtpa oonpoBosxaercH en^e vipoD xpyroro poxa: 
BHHHCTpy BHyrpMHHxi A^XB HpexocTaBieHo ,BOftTH vh cootipaseHÍe 
o rtx% H8ifftHeHÍJixi, lOTopiu MoryiTB dmh cMfbjtMi b% xMcTByx>- 
i^Bx^ HpaBHjaxi o nacnopm(uc^ m o nepenucAeitiu xnmb noxaTHoro 
eoeronui aai oxHoro oón^ecTBa wb xpyroe, es nfbMh¥> AOcraBienin 
MiBBiet CB060XH nepexBHseHÍH nmjm un tmom^ Ám^^^ cb nouxh cao- 



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378 mcnm BBPom. 

oKůHa nodymnas nodamh^ h no Hajuresamen, eib sim cjixjani oro- 
jgeHÍH BHecTH npexnojoseHúi cboh do osHa^eHHOMy npexMery hi 
TTBepweBie vb ycraHOBj^LHoirb nopsAKÍb". SarpoHyn^ TasairB otpt- 
3om, Bonpoei o nacnoprHuxB cricHeHUxii xaBHO jme HanpaHiBUh 
nofiu HE ovepoAb. Dacnopruu crteHeiui xopsaTec, rxaiiHim o6pa* 
soiTb, vk Ka^ecTBJb noAnopu noxysHol noxaTBot cacremi, TěXh lan 
onasoiTb Kb BiiAa^i uB^iucipiOVb saerasjuDn bsboorb noxaTBBf 
HeixoKiuH. ytxen ^eiOBias aa sapaóorn, aa cropony, ooxaTet le 
luaTHrL — Torxa Mfipnjrb nacnopreyi) ysxewy, h ^ejKttte^ irote n 
611T& óesoaciiopTHUMi h orapaBjeHHHxx oa poxioy, erapaeiec yua- 
'FHT^ nó Tpe6yvirB. Btixaia jiojroBpeiieHnm xotyMesroB^ Ha si* 
xeiBCTBO, rjniBHmii o6pa8om, sarpyjiBMTefl HOXtraiiiiH cootfpasttrinn. 
PasyMierca, nacaopraac ys^a xaieso ho onpaaxHBaen rtn HaxeBjm 
sasiji Ha aao BOOjaraDrefl, h Buftert ca Ttm Topirotns npoioRni, 
xftiaen HOHaÓteHUiiH npHSHvai h asaTBi y^p^ueninra, BUxaiMmna 
nacnopra, ho paBcraTboa c& h6» Bee-rasa xo cix% nopi ho npmia' 
Bajocb BOBMosHUirE. Oh otmíhod ntwttík ynpaaxuerca w Heofixon- 
MOCTB nacDopTHOt wTh nouepsEH, noiOMy coBepmeHHo eorecneoHo^ iso 
nopy^6Bie MHHHerpy BHyipeHHin aía HtHeiaiTL choooóh ss xocnxe- 
HíiD ÓÓJiLiiiefi CB0(k>jiii nepei^BUMBía — townMsoch ch o6jnr«siu&HOi> oo- 
xaTHOD HipoD. OxHaio BxftcB ■ Bosuuaen aifi hobbA noB^ts no- 
sajiift TOiTb naBHom setAOcrani hobo& nojMtnoi Mtpn, aoropiii 
ysasaHi siioie: o aecoBepmeHiol onribsi ooxaTH am Bjaj(tJM|6» 
HenojHHxi Hax^OM, nastfojiie ujmfLĚJomjsLtM vh esotoxi nepejiBi- 
sema. Bk cavom A^J^y bíal hobuji nacaopraiM oóier^aúi sacaDTca 
jramb Tix^t a aoro yse anojmi ejioiiiieeiMi Hoxyaniaa loxfti^ a stí 
jnoAH cocmBUDn tojbbo HeÓoamyv uen apecnaflCTBa: bs apo- 
mejpDeMi roxy ooxtn eoBcftm cjoaaaa » oxHoro otib— a xyan 
(ho cuTaa Mi^fl^ffb, bohoiboX n HUHiniHeirb oaa bhojuš ciacaerea 
c% noayMUjnoHa xyin^ (oorajuHiie Óesseiieiiiiiie, ^dpanm a Baaox- 
eiie), craio 6íit& nacnopraoe o&ierwaíe nošen OTHoeanca coeflUuuH) 
B% iVs — 2 MHJijioHam KpBbj T.-e. noira ai aaraajmaToft nen 
specTBaHCTBa. EpecTBaae ci aoMBaHHiiMB a rpetHUva aax&iaaav 
sasB ocTaiMiqeca enie apa aoxarHun oaiaxan, xora a yma&Bee- 
Bfiixi, no 6yKBÍ cocnaaaarooa paenopaseaú, ocraDrea Heopaner- 
VHMB a% saAyiiaHBoiiy ofiier^aúo. A 6j» coBCÍai> caara ci 
HOXIiTB — aaeca o6aeria6Muai vb nacn^^raorn oraoaiMia yBej 
6u BABoe. Haeaojuao se aajOHaAluauai aysaa caotexa nepeixnse- 
Hit— ofo dTOxi Wh ByHÍBiHdii!B FOAy CBOBa aaaoaauo aava ytajeaaoe 
nepeceiea^ecaoe ABaseHie, eoapoBOSAaeaoe apxaaa caaAteeiacvBatfi 
BpaflHOCTa nojiosoHía BaeeiaDnquca a o<Simai>n^ee a& aoaiqr 'itia 
npeACTaBHTB 6oift6 rpoaaAHyD aapTany, qiai wb aaaom-jDEitfo a» 



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IřOHIKl. — HX€U1 181 nPOBIHmi. S7^ 

jqwjifliecTBOBaBiimi roMfiVh. Tom se Bonpoci o cbo6om,í nepeAiuiateHut 
BtBOMiHaen h o HeBHroj('& ocrameHU nacra mpwrhawh npH ycHieH- 
Hfln BHsyiiHiixi njaresarB, Koropue TopMOsan dTj CBotfoxy emfi 
Óoiune, ^iťB Boxan: nocjrtxHia naxann ea jihi^o, lOTopoe h jtoma 
u CTopoay yHocRTB a coOod o6jnaHHocT& njarHTB hxi, a BUsyBHoft 
iuafe«& CBflSHBaeiiu n bbm jen, cj^AOBaTejbio* «rb-8a aero oahofo 6y 
xyn saxepsHBaTB iDxefi aa míctí, noroMy hto — bto me Bosuien^ 
fiponeBHyi) aeiuD, sorjia sa nee hb^o njaTETi* 6ojibnie, ^iwh obb 
evom? 

Hran xu tiyxyniBrE maroBi nox&THOft pe4K>pMH ocraercB se* 
Mm: 1) BOsenHOBjeHÍB npaHKiBa Bonaro odotem^eBiB on BOjiateft 
oxHoft rpysBH sa ApyroD, bb^haba Ch MaiovaA^ABiix^b specruiKfc b 
den DpesjdBBpeMeHBBTo yjiijeaui ae aysxaDn^BMea ae toako ^eiv 
BeimioBi, BO a rpaBeaBaiOBi; 2) eJOseaLi lacra BUKynaHxi niaie- 
lei B 8) BaatfojAennpoKaropBCflpocTpaaeaiB naenopTBBOLi oÓjer^eBift. 

e. B— i. 



nNCbMA N31> nPOBNHUlN. 



Tfl*»ci.— Idxb, 1868. 

&B aaoxy pe4K)pirB apomexQiaro ivtpcTBOBaaiB, acropia RaBsasa 
npeACTBBjBM co(k)K) nocTOBBBo oxay saMiuTeiBayD oco($eaBOCT^ emíb- 
mpo pimarejiBBoe eiiaBÍe hb cyx^óy droro spaa, aajteaBo:— npa npaMi- 
hobíh b:b KaBBBdy BaBoro-jra6o aoaaro BaaoBa aja yqpesABBÍB, Bcerxa 
opHBBMBjucb vb cooÓpBseaÍB .mícthhb oeodeaaocra" dToro BpBB. 
JUb o6iBCBeBÍB paiB 8TBBI ocoóeBBocTet vh BaniBxi cyxLÓazrb, 
JioeraToiBO yiasaTB bb ojiao to oderoBTeucTBo, ^to, (iiaroxBpa aai, 
KaBBa9:b caíjuhcb en^e Óoite BSOjapoBaBBiurb ovb npeofipasoBaaaot 
Bi DpoBuioe AapcTBOBaflíe Poccia. dra ,oco6eBBOCTa' saMejuajia y 

ntfh IOM.% BpeCTLBHCBOtt pe^OpBH a BOCIipeDBTCTBOBan BB6CTB Wh %f9A 

cjxeiSflUB y^pesAeBÍB, vh mtb cymecTBeHBoft ^acra, cb cy^oai npa- 

CUBUXl, Ch BHÓOpBBUCa BflpOBHBa CyXBBBfl, OÓBflBHTeiBBOt SBBepoft 

> Dp. Btb se ^ocoóeBBocra*' ae noBBOJiaja bbpoabtbcb y aaci som- 
cKBMi yqpesAeBiflBi, kotopumb noJBsyDTCB BayTpeBBia ryfiepBía Poccíb 
owjo 20 jiítb. 



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3S0 BHGTHIftl IBPOttH. 

RaiOBU, oxHaKO-sib, vh X'AAcTBiiTejEHOCTH dTH oco6eHHocTH Hanmro 
icpaji, KOTOpua craBarb ero xase HHse Gb6hph: ChÓhpe, no cjiffai) 
CBoero TpexcoTjf^THaro DÓHjrejr, Bce-raiH nojty^iua Teneps TBepxTD 
HBAesxy BU%Ti» y ceófl BBeAeBHUMH pe<|^opMfii nponuaro itapcTBOBSBii: 
flaeaoJBBO peajibHH 9th oco66hhocte EaBaasa h HacsoiBso ohí 
ycTpaHiiiH HJiH Tepnami? Bon Bonpocu, on pasptmeBÍA Boropnn 
BaBHcm BCJi óyjiyn^HocTL óoraTUmeft pytciot ospaHHH, npexcrasjuiD- 
mefi C060& vh nacTOxn^ee spexB oxhh^ BonpocHTejBHHt snaBi aan 
XJA irtcTEiixi sHreiefi, norpyseHnuxi vh ROBteecTBo h uynvn 
<$iicTp£niH maraMH n o(S&xbíhík), Tan h xja octaJbHOft ^acn 
rocyxapcTBa, BOUosBBinaro na ce6« TAsojnit u (Sesjíoioxníil rpyn, 
Mimaimtít eify cbo6oxbo xBHraTBCJi. Hojibbx He ^OBaJrbT^ ^ro xo 
CMX% nopi BonpocH bth, noxHimaBniiecjEí neo^HoapaTHO vh axmiHvcTpa- 
fTHBHim c^paz% 1 paBpftmaBfldecji Tam paajnnrao, Majio noxiep- 
raracB oepBéSHOMy HscjiixoBaBiD kb JirepaTypi: b% iiftcTHoft— no 

CBOfiCTBeHHOtt Oft p060CTH, B*L CUJ HBBŠCTHUrE, xMCTBBTeJBHO .vto- 

Him ocodeHHocTet'', a bi croiHTOot — no HeBOMneTeHTBocTH ea n 
Mfkxíji% OTxajeHHO& oapannH. 

TjaBHafl KaBsascBaa ocoÓeBHocTs, no Mff&BiD bohth bcítb axn- 
HHCTpaTopoBi-HSCJiiAOBaTeiet, sasjíDqaeTca vb apaftHet xhxoctb Tysei- 
nfivh^ aecnocoÓBmi 6yxT0 6h nojiBBOBaTBca 6iaraiiH esponettcsoft ipi- 
BiJiHsaiiiH. Bi AOUBaTejncTBo, Hanpaxip^ aeBOiiiosaocTB Bsecra noi- 
Hyn cyxetiayD pe^j^pay aa RaBsasi yKasuBaDrb na pacopocTpaHeaaocn 
B*B aamoMi spai jsecaaj^^TejBCTBa aa ejM,% tijiaroxapa Heay oiasB- 
Baerca neBOSMosauMi caojBKO-Ha6yxi» npaBHJibaoe OTnpaajeaie npaBO- 
«y xki. J^McTBarenao, aejnsa ciasaTb, rto&b aaaia ansaB ae noxasaia 
noBOxoBi rb cocTaBieaiD noxo6aaro Bsrjuixa na cocTOaaie Hicraot apas- 
CTBeanocTH. JlatecBHxi^Tejiet irosno aaftTa na Bceirb Raaias^ Heevorpa 
aa paBaonjeMeaaocTB ero aacejeaúi, tbsi se jerso, aasi Haxoxm 
Vh ocTajn>ao& Pocda — ^csninMet^ no ópasopasBOAnHai xtjan; 
BO aama o^obb xemeBii: pnao^aaii i^aa htl, Bavb yBipflDrs, ynaia 
xo 20 Kon§6Bi... OcTanoBHifca na dTot oco6ennocTH, ^to6h no aeĚ q- 
XHTB Bootfnte o Bsruxaxi aamaxi lAcmiirb naÓjfDxaTaiefi h na bcí 
xpyrín ocotSenaoCTH. IIociroTpan, TarB jih cniBao pacnpocrpaneHO 
y naci bto nosopnoe nuenie, h T^b cípuBaoTcn ero hctotohsi? 
Orh npaBHJibaaro OTB^Ta aa btb Bonpoes saBEcarB paButcneaie h 
TOFO, xiftCTBaTenaa xa ua npaspaina neenocoónocrb RaBKasKeň 
Vh rpasxancTBeaaocra, T.-e. x'&ftcTBBTejuaa xa axa npnspa^na ra 
menno ocotfennocTL Raasasa, xoTopyD tbki nacro jdóatb nox^Bp- 
BHBaTb XHieTTaHTH-HBCjr&xoBaTeiHi H KOTopoD jroóan OnpaBXHBBTB 
<$DpoKpaTH npBnaTie nfkph noennoft erporocTH bi Tann cjiy^an^ 
B% KasHTL Vh ocTBjíbHoĚ PoccíH xUcTByDTb otfHBBOBeaBse BaxonH. 



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XPOBISA. — niOBli HSl JIPOBHHI^IH. 381 

JIsecBBAiTeiBeTBO ABuercA ocoóeHHO jidÓhvoS TSMot AJji Bc^rh cy* 

POBHU IipHPOBOpOB!b, Iip0H8H0CHMUX!b MWh HaniHM^b liaiOHSBiCTHIilMS 

xpaeiTb, H nodTOMj oho^ no HanoíeMy hhíbíd, xoctoAho 6oxbe BHAMa- 
TaiBBaro BsyneHk, h^^b to A^aiocB ao chxi nop^ TypHcraMH h 
^eiBeroHECTaiiH vh hxi JieryqHxrb saiciTKan. 

Ilpes^e Bcero HysHO npHSHaTB, hto yrBep^RBineeca wb H^Koropoft 
Hicn ofin^eerBa npexcraBieme o pacapocxpaHenBOcm y naci jnsecBH- 
xiTencTBE — EpafiHe npeyBOJiH^qeao. Pasnnta uemxj noBasaHíaiiH, xan* 

HBIIH OXWMB H TÍOÍH Se JUmaMH UpH nOJHlKelCBOITB AOBHaHÍB, H& 

npexBapHTaiBHom eiíxcrBia, h sartm &a cyA^ ho mosot^b en^e ciy- 
ziTB xoeraTO^HHMi AOsadaTejncTBOinb HanipeHHott jishbocth drarB 
noBisaHíft. ^iio B% TOHx, HTO exoiBBO-Hflóyj^ npaBUBHO opraHH80- 
BasHoft cHCBHoft hoihaíh y HacTB He cyn^ecTByen, a oÓuuoaeHHUft jiH^auft 
cocTaB!b noJiHiÚB, HHorj(a no HexocraTByBpeMeHH, HHorxaseno^Heseia* 
00 OTBie^Bcs orB ApyrHX^B CBOHxibf iieHie rojiOBOiOMHUxi oCSflsaHHOCTet, 
jnorpeÓjiaerB^acTOBecBicaHexHTpuft h AonoTonniifl cnoco6i au otbph- 
Tífl opeerynHHBORB: bcaboo noAOspBTeiBsoe jbi^o b ospysuiDn^axi ero 
xDffii OHa noABepraen cbubhmi yBimaHÍaMi, casaen vh syTyssy, 
crpanoErB yrposaMB b npoBSBOXBirB xaBieflie bhhmb nyTBMB ao t^x^b 
QOp^ noBa OHB se cosBaDTCfl wb bbbí, sa bbxi BSBOABMOft. SartoB, 
Aodmui TaBBMi otfpasoicB nosasaHÍA, cb bíbotopod upemícím bctb- 
HB, noBTopBDTCB y cy^etiflaro ciiAOBaTeu, xoToput sa^cb ABuercji 
CKopie areBTOMi npoaypopa b CHomBOiTB, iíitb eyxa* H yxBBB- 
TaoHo jfl nocji dToro, ^to ea cyxi tí me otfBBBaeMiie b cBBxi^TeiB, 
CBo(SoABHe on QOJBicetteBaro opoBSBOJUt, — a oocjiiABie, xpoMi Toro^ 
noxi BiúisieiťB npBCflrBi — Mjsayn coBepmesBO bbub noBaBaBu, hími 
npi AOSBaHÍB B ciíactbíb. OnpaBxaBie cyAOMi n0A06BBDci mbb,% ecre- 
ciBeHBo BusuBaeirB pasApaaeeflie wh noiBi^etCBBX^ qBsaxi, A^&CTBia 

KOTOpUXl He TOIBBO npBBHaDTCB HO UpaBBJIBBUMB, HO B OpilMO HO- 

lettBOBBUicB. EcTecTBeflBO, HTO B!B HoxoÓBHxib cjty^aBxi ciumaTca 
co ciopoflu nojBAiB ynpesB: jisecBBx^TaiH-iiojii onpaBxajH ooxcyAB- 
xtfOf B cyxi MWb noBÍpB.ffBl BoTi OTxyxa BBorAa BureBaon npeyae- 
meHHoenoBHTieopacnpocTpaBeBHOCTB bb KaBBasi isecBBxiTejiBCTBa. 

Ho CB Apyroft CTopoHu, neihdM. otpbi^btb, hto 8to sjio y hbc^b, vb 
cosaitBÍD, aoboibho cbjbbo nycTBJío Bopun, h mosho chopbtb iBniB 
o lOKb, rxt CBpuBaDTca bophh Tasoro ne^ajiBBaro BaiealB. 

06uBB0BeflH0 jfsecBBA^TaiBCTBO Ha KaBBasž hpbhbto oÓibcbbtb 
pejariosBoĚ h HaiiioHaiBHO& HerepiiBMOCTBD h Booón^e rjyóoBBMi se- 
BtsecTBOBi, HOAonycKaDni^BMi npaBBiBHaro noHHMamB SBaieBÍa cy^a. 
npexnoiaraDTi, too MycyjiBMaflBBi HHBorAa ne noBaseirB hb cy^i^ 
opoiBRB eBoero eABHOBŤpi^a b b!b nojiBsy rjiypa. IIpeAnojaraDn, wiy 



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382 BMfHm npom. 

jfHoroncieHHHA oMMeHa, HacevADmU EaBMSif jko Toro BpasxefeH 
j^pyn n xpyiTi ^ro npecrynieHie nporiFB nonjeMeHHBsa cnraercs 
7 HHXi He npecryueHiemi a noxBHrom. npexnoiaraDn, ^ro Tyseimi 
xo Toro HqMisBiTH, ^TO Ha TflSKíir npecTjueHía cMorpím lan m 
ucTHHfl BpaBOHapymeHiii, Boropifji kosho KonaTb VHpoMi no com- 
memi) noTepntBmei cropoHH Cb npecrynHHKOirb, 6en Bcaiaro bií- 
maTejBCTBa eyxa- 

Ho wb x^tCTBHŤeiBHoen, bi Maeci napoxa TpyxHO sartTHTs te- 
syD penriosHyi) h njeveHEyi^ q^asAy* BOTopaa ysvirosaxa fe vb 
HoiTL ^BCTBO CEpaBO^jiRBocTH. Jfjd^ H canB npHpow paBi^jiEjM Ham 
spafi H miBynUfl kb homi BapoxHOCTH TaKHn ptosnoi rpaHn^an, 
saKB BHCOKÍJi ropHf rycTue xiea, rjy6oKie oapani, soropiie ho cno- 
co6cTByi)n ^acrovy HepexBHBeHíi) HaeeieHui h ne CTaiBHBaDrb Mesxy 
<K)((oD pasmHyn nmuen. HcuD^eme cocraBUDn toxbbo apnne, 
BOTopfiie • pascbflHH do Bceiiy EaBsasy, ho soTopiie Bvto^ c& rin 

XOpOmO HBB^teTHH CBOOft yXRB^IBOCTBD epOAH BCAKOft ^SAOt HHl HB- 
POXHOCTH. 

B% 9T0M*B OTHOOieHiH OOOÓeflHO XOpOFO CBIAi^TaibCrBO OJ(HOrO 181 
UtffTBUTh ]fHpOBUX'B CyXOt, PpySHHa r. rBHBiOBa, COOSB^BHiarO B'b ,E)pH- 

XHHecROiTb Ofiospims* cjrtxyDnpH HHrepecHHA cbík^híx o 'Aite míct- 

HOCTHrE) KOTOpíM DOBHXHMOlCy XOlSHil 60JÍte BCiXl OTJfHHaTBCfl ^- 
HaTHBMOITB CBOHTB SRTeieft. 

B&B ejHcaBeTnondoft h (taHHHeBoft rytiepninn, — rOBopHTB oh^— no- 
naxaDTCfl xepoBHH cb apMaHCBHMi h MyeyjBMaHCUHi Hacejiemein. 
Ho HOTopHqecBaA cyxBÓa Tar& coexHHHjia m bi oaho o(hi(6cno, 
^TO OHH sHByn MesAy co6ot rbvb xo6piie, xoponrie eoct^v, co- 
BepmeHHO sa^SBafl BCHsyD peiHriosHyi) i nai^iOHaiBHyD poBHB. Bh 
reoB^aftcMMTB yftsx^ fiaiHHCKofi ry6., octb ceieHie dffrH-KeHxi, rxi 
nojOBHHa Haceienia — nn apMaffB, a noiOBHHa — hsi vycyjiBMaHi, h 
nepilo oocjtxBÍei coexHHHBmHCB n nepBiiKH, BStfHpaDn crapmej 
H ceACXBxi cyxefi bbj» h^nsvb. EHrpEra, padx^eme na naprÍH, npi 
Bii6opi^ cejBCXHX«B Bjacrety ctoib Hacnifl vh Mfi^emum cb ^hcto mj- 
cyAMaHcsHMi HacejieHieiTB, Hisiirb ho saiii^eHH sfMb^. Tony se 
MHpoBOMy cjMjA cjiiy^ajioc& naÓjnoxaTB ho pasi kb MyeyjrBHaHexixi 
npoBHHinflxi, ^To xorxa vb cjMfi6uurb npoqeecaxi bbxadtcb n 
RaqecTBt oÓBHHJienro h CBHA^Tejiet iifcyiBiiaHe, a vb xavecTBi no- 
TepntaniHxi apiurae, CBHx^TejH oxHoft HainoHaiBHocra h oxho& peia- 
rÍH ei otfBHHaeiiuirB yjnnaDrB booj^ahafo h onpaBXHBanTB noiep- 
niamaro xpyroft HaipoHajiBHocTB b xpyroi p&niríB. KoAOÓBHe se 
4MIBTH npBXoxBJOCB Ba6jDxaTB H nflBiyn^eMy btb crposB, vh m^ctbo- 
craxi, BOTopHJi Bx^o^ajiH vb ce6ft Aaxe Taxie pasHopoAHue djeveHni, 
BarB rpyBBHu (opaBOCjaBBiie) b OBpoB. 



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XFOHHSi.— nObli 181 nPOBHHItlH. 383 

Huoaei^ ByxHo hxítb n bmmj m cjžj^yD^ee coo6paseHie. Ecjih(íi 
qf^eeraoBaia nich Ta cHAiiaa parariosHaji h naiuoHaibHafl po8H&, 
Ba lOTopyD JUo6aTh eciuaT&cji noBepxHoemie HatfiDxarejiH, to sepT- 
laii opeerjnjieHit, coBepmeHHHxx jHi^aMH OAHot BaqioHajBHocTH h 
peuriH, ujuiHCE 6u jnm[a xpyi^^ HaipoHaj&BocTK h pejiHríH. Mesiy 
Tin, xUeTBHTejiBHOcr& xaen Ham na lasxoirb máry npoTHBonoaos- 
BBe TOMy npBMipii. Ho cbíx^húm^ cofipaHHincL KaBsasesHiii cra- 
ŤKmecBmm KOic]neroM%i HaopHUŠpi, vb óaBBHCBot ryóepniH, vj^i 
éoiuDraeTBO emcbmbwjí cocraajnovb Myeyjrafaee, ■ vk^ ho^th bcí 
jfitipi jiBiADTCfl H81 mu cpoAU, — ^sepTBaiiK HacmerBeHHoft eneprtf, 
m uexa 22 ^eiOBin, tíiixa — jumb 2 pyceasrb h 1 apnaHHBi, 
xam B% ry6epHÍH pyceam — 18 tiic. ^bji., a apMBHi — 27 tuc Bib 
1813 r^ Kb TOi SEO ryÓepmB, teio 118 tMjHMVb ytfiftCTB^ npB^evb 
nori&Di OQBTb no^TB BCBJOOiBTeajbBO MjcyjbBaHe, TaKb kbxb b8i zpa- 
erian yfiBTJi onaxb tojbbo woe pyccsan b oxbhi apBBBBBi. Bi 
ijraHOCBOft ry6.-*530 thc. if^SBffb, b y6iftiQun, BOBe^Bo, m óonfliBH- 
enft cJiyiaeBi AOJnsaH DOBa^aTbea rpysBBH se, bo sepTsaicB bxi, 
npi eyB(ecTBOBaBÍB cbaboA aaipoBaAflot posBB, xojxhh <imb-6u 
naen apBBHe, aoTopHzx vh ryÓepaíB Bac^raTaHaercB 2 Tfic. tojobíki, 
H pyeeiie, Borepm^b — 1158 ^eaOBtVB; BesAy tíbi rb 1874 r* b<b 
19 ciyvaan ytfiflerffB, m ^ecjíí sepTBib saB^^^aovB jtaniB xByrb pyc-^ 
om, apBBBBBa bb oxBOro, ocTajiBHHe se npBflaAiesarb RirpysBB- 
ckA aapexHOcra. 

H 8T0 — Be exBBB^Bue JNiXTii. noAOÓflUB se ABiesLi mosho sa- 
xítitb b bo ApyrBM% BpeeryBMBiBW&t b no xpyrflWB k^tboctbb!b 
ipu. BoTB HTO pascBasusaeiTB, saspaM^pi, o pejBríosBOt TepnBBoeTH 
lasu^eBi Taaoft ÓeBopBCTpacTHaft BatfiD^aTOjB, RaB'B 6apoB<B FaisCT- 
mpeBB, nyTenecTBOBaBniift no EaBsasy en^e vh á(hTb ro^ax^B. ^Ilep- 
cUie, BO ero eiOBam, oBraDrb yaaseBie kb zpBCTiaacxovy xyioBoa* 
cny. MaroMeraBe wb BaBseri oojaraDTi, ^to otb TfMH BBdasjíBDrB 
Tomo CBBBteBBiie ocraTKB boqbb, zpaHan^arocx vh 8qBiajc8BBÍ (bi 
apBflBCBOWb BOBaerupi). H npesxe Bisoropue nepCBACsie Boefloaa- 
sauHBKB, mexme aa Bpara, npexBapBxejiBBo bbxbjibcb fb 99BÍaj(8flBx, 
EL npecTOJiy, b npocajiB apBBBcaaro naTpiapza 6jaroejOBBTB b ocBa- 

TBfh BZX UeřTb^. 

Orayxa se coBxaiocB yÓ&BAeaie, ^to aa BaBBa8% AOJisaa cyn^e- 
cTBOBaiB eepBSBaaa Bpaa^a, peJBriodaaa b njeMeaaaa? He orroro aa, 
^TO 8T0TI zpafi oco6eBBO oTJiB^aeTCfl BpaftaeD necrporoft CBoero srao- 
riNuJMecBaro eocTasa? He orroro jib, ^to 8a^cb — TBKaa ^cmí^cb oxesA^ 
1 jbocb'? ^a, OT^acTB 8totx BBi^maiĚ bba% EasBasa BBOxan b<b oÓBas^b 
Bcuaro noBepzaocTBaro aatfjiDxaTejiB, orqacra se nopos^aerb caMoe 
3a&iysAeBie; aoAiiCTBBTejiBao cya^ecTByDo^Uí posaB sairi^aeTCB tojebko 



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384 MOfinib ifiPOHH. 

KB Hameiťb Tan HaatiBaaioirb otfpaaoBaHBoirb otfmecTBi— *B*b qiexi ubob- 
HHHecTBa BKjnmwsEh. QMfkcb, vb ooroHi sa jersoft nasnot, n norovlsa 
sapBepoft, flo6i«AeHiaift, narepaB^b pasHOB^ei sasb yronaDiicíft xbi- 
Taerca sa cojOMeHay,— Bsinaeirb vb naTpioraiecBOMy b peiniooiOKf 
HjiiGTBy CBom ewHonjeiieBHHBOBi h exHBOBipi^eB^ BOScraHoajia 
Hxi npoms CBoero i^ucruBaro conepHHBa— leJOBiia xpyroft aaiMO- 
■aibHOCTH H xpyroft peJiariH. naipiorasiii ■ paiBriosaHft j^aBansn 
Bcerxa HMierca b% aanaci y cja6aro aoimepcaHTa ajra BeyxaBBavoci 
Bap&epHcra. Ho a dro npoaezoxKTb joimh b% ropoxaz^b, Baaóojíe ovia^aD- 
n^Hzca cximaHHOCT&D Bacejeaiiii a, noar^^eai, rjiaBHiiir& oópasoaisi 
cpeABBX!b H Buemazi cjioan aapoxa. IIoBepxHOCTBHe asci^OBaren, 
Hea^ymie bi cboakb asciixoBaHiaxi xajrite anai cjoevB, Koaevio, 
cocraBjaDn o Bcem BacejeaiB Kaaaasa apatae apeapaTsoe lunuRíe. 

EpoMi peuríoBHOft a aaiuoaajBaoft aerepnaiiocTB, jnsecaaxfiren* 
CT80 ofi^BacBaerca en^e HepasaBTOCTBi) BOo6n^ aassasi^eBi. PasaiieTT' 
pacTfir, B£uaDnuece6a sa coei(iaiBOiOB&-a8caixoBaTaiefi, a raase u- 
HOBBBaH) xora a xojto saBorie vh Kp9,% ho rjiyfise ae asynamie aie^ 
aaro (Sura, aaropaTorao saaBjaDn, ^to saBaasipi ae noaaiiaDn 
cmhcjHi DpecrynjieBia a Baaasaaia a ae apasaaiMrb sa cyxoirb ero 06- 
a^ecTBeaHaro saaqeaia. npecrynjeaie, óyxTO, no mbíbíd TyseaaeBi, 
ecTB noAsan, a npecryaaaa^B — repoft, aoToparo ota^ecTBO ae aosen 
aaaasaTB, a otb aoroparo noTepniBanft aatorB npaao aorpeÓOB&n 
lamB BosaarpasAoaie sa apex^B a ytíuTaa. OTCD^a-^e a coaxaeTCi 
y aapoxa ytíisAeaie, hto npecrynaaaoKB aysao yapuaaxB on npe- 
cjixoBaaia aiacreft aa cyxi ayaoio aoaasfimarB acerxa wh ero noJBsy. 

9tovb ynpoKB ftApecyDTi ae ao bcíitb aaaaascaawB aaeMeHaaB 
oxaaaaoBO. OÓuaaoaeaao rpysBBH a vh oco6eaaocTa apaaae aeiiie 
noAsepseau noAo6aum otfaaHeaiaMx. Ho cnpaBexiaaocTB Tpe6yen 
saMJ^TBTB, wro oÓBaaeaia ara ae aaiDn oepBesaaro oeaoaaHia xas6 
FB OTaomeaia aaaMeaie pasBaruai nji6Me»B, aaiipaiiftpiy ropi^ei^ 
HsBŠcrao, ^ro y aociiAaaai sa aopoBcrao, rpaóesi a xpyiia apectyn- 
jeaia, BMÍi>H^ia aayn^ecTBeaaHi xapaaTopi, cb BaaoBaaro Bsucaasaerci 
ae TOJiBEO Bosaarpasxeaie sa apexi a ytíuraa, ao a OErpa^ft ai aoj&sr 
ofin^enoaesauxi xin cejBcaaro ofio^ecTBa bjoi njieMeaa, a Taaot nnrpBJ^ 
aeiBsa ae npasaaTB TaaaMi se aaaasaaieiťB x^a ropiteai, Boofime 
6ÍABIU1 AeaBraica, aaa^B a^u aacB — TDpeaaoe saaiDttaie, ccBna 
a xaaie aaTopra. Mosao xaace caasaTB, ^xo aama Haaasaaia e^Ba ji 
noaasyTca ropi^am TaaaMa me cypoBuica, aaai cyn^ecTByDaUe y aan 
niTpaij^fii: JuameHíe cboÓoxu ae aosen 6utb cumaoiii qyBCTBareiBBO 
Xia ^eiOBŠsai CBo6oxa XBaaseHia aoToparo apafiae orpaaa^eaa caaoft 
HpapoAoft a OTcyTCTBÍem caoaBao-aa6yAB cbochiwb nyieŘ coo6ii;eii^* 
TaseJHfi ^^asa^eeaift TpyA%, aajutDni^iftca ^a eaponeti^eBi Tasemai 



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XPOHKBA.— HICUU IVb UPOBIHVl. 385 

naKiaameMx, exBa ja noKamercji Heo6maftiinn& ^ejOBtey, npHBUs- 
mesj Kb Taioiiy TptKJ enie ci aítctbe. 

To^no TaKse Heoaa yraepsxan, ^to KaBsaami, ne npBSHaBU npe- 
crynjeeifl h HaiaMBig, He iipH8iai)Ti& h cjKh yroaoBmift, cyxi, hm%d- 
Hófi xapaBTepi npaBHrejLCTBeHBBro lapaTeiMaro ópnuM. J(ase tj- 
pBCTH, eiforp^Biiiie hb xaBBaacum ropqeBi, xan na aBcrpaiiftcxHXfB 
XBBapei, He espuBaDň, ^ixo y hhxx, y ropi^Bi, euowBHa cyn^e- 
CTByDTx Tpereficiie eyAH« Boropiie pasÓHpaDm BceBOSMOSEHa rpas- 
xancsia b yrojTOBHsui x^a, h hto ^poBasu MecTK BBJuereji jiibib b!b 
cjywi yKjfOBeaia on cyxa. 

Ha aro nocjixaee o6cTOBTeibCTBO, a BMeHHO, bb cyfl^eciBOBaHie 
poAOBoi xecTH o6HBHOBeHBO yBadUBBDTi, BBKi HB orpii^aHíe ropKBiai 
sbb^hLi cyjMu Mesxy rbwbf vh A^ftCTBBTei&HOCTH aro aBienie Hidberb 
coBepmeHHO ciynafiBiit h BpeneHHHfi xapaBTepi. Oho Bir&en m^cto 
TújiBKo npH orcyTCTBÍH B% Bpai npaBBjLHo opraHHBOBaHBaro cyxa, 
Borxa xHpHiie SBTeiH npunyMcdeHu npHÓiraTB vb caMOcyxy- mamuD, 

BBKl HBBÍCTHO, yXBJOCL BHaUTeiLHO OCiaÓBTB OÓUqaft BpOBBBOft MeCTH 

y^peauemevL kjzobuui^ cjx,ovby Boropiie pasóipain x^^ noxaBaB- 
iDB npesxe nóBox'B xi caxopacDpaBi. manHXb HaracajrbBHBry 0610^1,% 
sBBOBOBi, onpex^^JUBniHXL paSHUB HasasaHiB sa npeeryHjieHiB. HaBa- 
saBÍB, 6ojiBineD hbctbd, coctojuh b% xeHesHoft neni, h hsp&xbb — b!& 
TDpeMHOHi saxjDveHiB H cMepTBofi BasHH. Bi noGiixHeiTB cjy^ad^ 
ocysxeHHHft HHorxa jiBioaiCB ^6ctb h nepexa^ajiCB naia^y. Cjobomi, 
ropKH xosasajiH, ^rro h ohb cnoco((Hu bocopehatb Ty i(HBBjiH8a]9D, bi 

BeopH^aCTHOCTH Bl BOTOpoft TBB^ CHUHO HXX yopesaDTl BeCBHB MHO- 

rie TypHCTH. 

B% XOBaaaTaiLCTBO Toro, ^to poxoaaa moctb h BCBBaa noxoÓHaa 
eaxopacnpaBB ne BfirreBaerb h8x xopeHHoro lapasTopa TyseimeBi, 
xosBo ei^e ykaaaTB hb yenizi, ci bbbhhi pyccBÍB BjiacTH xocthfjh 

npHMHpeHiB MHOTHIl rOp€BHX'B pOXOBl, BpaXXOBBBmflB^b MO^Xy C06oft 

bcxohh. Tbbi, H8BÍCTHO9 HTO vb 1865 r. wb ^arecTaHCBoft oójbcth, BVb 
^MJia 626 cjj^aevb noxoÓHBB spa^xa OBOHiena npHMHpeHien wb 
542 ciy^BBXi. 

Boo6H^e canopacnpaBB HC^esaia y ropi^esi cbmo co6ofi h npesxe, 
KasL TOJbxo BOXBopfljacB y HHXi npo^Hafl BoracTB. Bb ^arecTaHCBOft 
odiacTH, HanpHMÍ^pi, cyx'B no axaxy (qo o6wiňwi) crposattme Bocnpe- 
mjButb noTepniBmeiiy bxoxhtb cb BopoirB b'b coriameBÍe caHOCTOBTeiBHO, 
noBHMO cyxa. Ci HapyniHTeiB aroro oCu^aji bsucbhbbjicjí Hrrpa^, h 
OBI jranaicB npaBa bb nojiy^onie yxoBierBopeHiB otb Bopa. TyseiiHue 
cyxH He ^sxH xBse híbotopuxx TOHBOCTeĚ eBponefiCBHxi yrojiOB- 
HHxi BOxeBCOBi: TBxi, BBHp., Bi T0& so AarecTBHCBott o6jiacTH, npH 
onpex^eHÍH HaBasamfl, cyxi* no axaxy o6pan^aerB BflHMaHie na cre- 

Toitt IV.— LoJB, 1888. 26 



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386 BMTnm iBPomi. 

neHB ymicja vh cox^HHom npeerymieHiH (ra oco6eHHOcra n A- 
jiaxi o noxsorazi). 

CjroBom, BCA pasHHi^a wb bo88P%hut& eaponefii^eBi h saBK&SQen 
Wh BToiTb oraomeHiH sasjuD^aercji jremB bo BiAiiraocTV, a ne bi cym- 
HOCTH. EarB v y esponefiiieBi, ravB h y Haci, UBKasnieBi, aariaxi 
Ha xo($po H 8JI0 OAHBi H Ton 86, (|K)pifH 86 cyxa H 0npeAÍJUI6VHn 
mn HaKasaHit— pasHiia, coo6pa8HHa npHpoxi, BCTopHq6Ctoify CBjnxj 
H coBpeMeHHOMy ÓEiTy Kasxaro nji6M6HH oco6o. J(o q6ro manH oeso- 
BaHÍfl, EBi> BOTopuzi BUBOjLBTh o($HBBOBeHHO saKJTOqeHie, HTo TysevQU 
ee noHHMai>rB pasjíH^ifl if6sxy noHiGiTlaicH o np6CTynji6HÍH ■ 061 opxi- 
HapnoiTE rpasiancBOiTB npaB0Hapyin6HÍH, — qHTaT6Jib vosen hEj/bti 
Ha tjixj^mfiwb npHM-i^pi. rpa66sx, RaR'B o&hacEa¥>Th Hanra AHier- 
TaHTH no Bsy^eniK) oóunnaro npaBa saBRascsExi ropi^eBi, h6 tn- 
TaercA y hocjí^xhbxi npecrynjieHieirB, h sasjíD^enie bto BHBoxjm an 
Toro o6cTOflT6JLCTBa, TTO oppatfjieHHHft, no MŠCTHiiirB ofiinaaiTB, Toria 
TOJiBBO MOserB Tpe6oBaTB yxoBJíeTBopoHiji, Korxa ysHaeri rpaÓHrejJi. 
IIpH aroMi rr. j^HierTaHraini satíHBaerca, vro h y eaponéhi^eBi ehkofo 
BQXhss 06BHHHTL vh npecTynjiemH, noxa virb Ha-JiHuo cepsésHim 
yj[Hs%, ROTopiiA o6uBHOBeHHO AcXSiiBaDTCA Hjni cjiynaftBO npa cjiíactbíh 
H cjxt, BjiH cucRHOŘ HOJTHi^iefi, HjiH caMHiTb noTepn^Bnraifi. 7 rop- 
^ewh Eivb CHCKHOfl nojiHiKiH, en wtvb ao chxi nopi na RasBasi i 
y pyccBHxi BjiacTOfi, h ocraerca eAHHCTBeHHHft bhxox^ — oshxbtb otb 
norepniBHiaro npexcrasjíeHia Taxoft BasHoft yjiHRH, sasi ero eoiScTBeH- 
Hoe jKasaHie na jihi^o BHHOBHaro. 

PacnpocrpaHeHHOCTB y naci jsecBHAiTejiBCTiia Tasse HejiBsa o6Mť 
HATĚ HenpHSHaHiem saBKasi^anH, no CBoficTBeHHofi 6yxT0 bhi sepas- 
BHToeTH, SHa^enÍA cyieónoft npHcirrH. Hcbohh b%kob%, Ha EasKasi, 
npHcxry Boofini^e h ea cyxi bi oco<$eHHOCTH cbhto yaasajH, 1 non- 
saBÍHiTB, xaHHUMi HOA^ npHCHrofi, xaaajiocB na cyA% pimann^ee sna- 
^enie. Tasí, rsbíctpo, ^to h ao cbx^b nopx bi cy^axi no mapiaTy ^) 
H HCTeiTB, H OTB^T^HBi npHBOAATca B^ npRCJiri, H Ha ocHOBaHÍB xaH- 
HEixi TaRHHi o6pa30Mi HOBadanifi nocTanoBjíBeTCH npnroBop^. Enie 
npHnipi. JfiT^e JiDAH, CHHTaDHxie qyTK jtr ne bcíxi ocothhb (oxho 
H8rB MHoro^HCJieHHmi ropcKHxi. njieMeHi) hofojiobho npecrynHHBaii, 
yTBepBCj^anrB, ^to ohh, dni xHaapn, cbato co6jnoAajiH o6H«iHfinrB no- 
pffXKOiTB xaBaeMHA npHCArH, h noroMy jixenpHcara y hhxi npesxe 
HHKorxa ne BCTp'6?aiacB. 

Bce BHmenpHBexeHHoe hh&io ni^hV) xoaasaTB, ^to BsrjjiA'^ na 
jsecBHxiTeJiBCTBO, BaR^ Ha HeH36^8Hoe nocjrtxcTBie pejiHriosnoi h 



^) Ajzobhhí cjKh j ropuen, pimaDmii Aii&, sacaDmLicji pemú, ceiieiKHXi 
OTHomeiiíft, saaimaHift, HacjrftxcTBa h híiotophxi rpaxxaHCBm icKon. 



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xFomA. — mcMi m npoBiiitii. 387 

laKioHajiHot HerepraiiocTH BaBtasnien ■ amocth m hpebobi, Emierh 
vaio ocBOBaHki. npHBOxws en^e oahhi apryneHn npoTHBi drora 
Bsrjflxa. Hapoxu, naceiADmre Kascasi, nuixyn ((oraroe hctophh6- 
cioe npoBiJoe h Bcropi^ecnnni cyxB^aini 6úxe CBusanu Ran cl xpea- 
imrB, T9LWh H Cl HOBHiTB, xpHCTÍaHCBHirE H varoMeraHCKHirb, Mipoirs. 
GMOTpito Ha dTB njeMeBa, xaKi ea aBCTpajdftcsHxi XHsapeft — apjn- 
Bafl onrB6Ba, cnocoÓBBB BiismaTL ae mob^ BpyaHHx BexopaiyMiHÚi. 
OniBÓBa 9Ta, n cosajrtBÍD, ^acro xonycKajacb HBHOBHBKaBH, nonaB- 
oiBifB KT> Ban BO Bje^eBÍn si ÓHcrpoft upBepi b RpynBUMs OBJía- 
xam. Obb Bajo 8a6<muBCL o&l BsyieBia oóii^aesi, xapaKrepa b Bsma 
BaceieBiB, cpe^B Boroparo bpbxoxbjocl bmi orapaBiBn spaBOcy^ie, b 
yrtBiajB ce6a micjiLn, qro BicTBHe sBrejni— xHupB, Bsy^arL koto- 

PHXI BesaniMl B I^epeHOBBTBeB Cl BOTOPHBB — B8JBBIBBB X^JBiaT- 

HOCTB. Talie ey(ÍMBTH caMB npeBpaTBjncB vh títl 6aniB6y8yKOB%, 
BasoBiiBB OBiBÓOHBO CHBTann OBB TyseMi^eBi, B 9TB-T0 6aniB6y8yiui b 
XBeBpexBTBpyDTL raasBím o<$pa80Mi pyccByD BJiacn cpe;iB TyseMi^oBx. 
GyxBB, Be noHBMaDnpe Bsinui tíxi, ei kotophmb bhi npBxoxBjíocB 
bbítb a^jio nocTOXBBO, esexH6BB0, ^yTB JB se ese^acHOi b ornpa- 
BiBDBÚe npaBocyxie ^epen tfesrpaMOTBHxi TOJMaqet, — BonaxB y naci 
Ba eKeBy, vh aBeKxora, b% noroBopRB, pasHrpysaB Be8x% pon o$<j[^b* 
fiaxoBciaro Rajxaca. .BatfaBB Bóra BacB OTb dTaiBri cyxeft', roBopHjB 
Bep^XKO, Wh jLjwrb^vpmBMEue vb cjkl CBBxtrejiB, soTopne nodroBy 
B CTOTajiB eaoBBi rpamxaHCKBBi xoJiroiii yKpiiT& on bbtb BCBKaro, 
BOBaBmaro Ba csaMLX) HOxcyxHBím. Mošen tíiiTB, noxcyxBBHfi — npe- 
crynflHn, xasie npecrynaBn ipynBiifi, ho, bo aobípxb cyxB^, Ty- 
seBoi^x j6imMfiWb^ tto totb noerpaxaen on aero CBirare M^pii. Or- 
cDxa oxBBi mara xo JixecBBx^TejBCTBa. IIpbbojcbbi XBa Óbdb^bxi vb 
rjuksa 4^aRTa. Ommwl hsi Bdcji^OBaTejiet KaBsasa, A. B. RoMapoBi, 
CBflx'bTejBeTByen, vo wb 1840 r., vb rbrh Mieraxi ^arecraBCKoft 
odiacTB, rx^ en^e bo 6ujii BBexeai eyxi no axaTBMi (bíctbiimi npB- 
XBHOCBBMi o^HHajiBi) B xMcTBOBajB oÓB^io sasoBH, ^BBsxHft y6iti](a, 
osflXBB HaBasaHÍB no pyceiBVB saxoflaMi, yxajiBJícB vh BOJnaux o6ii^e- 
CTBa, BOTopsa npBBBMajfl ero oxotbo, Basi roHBMaro sa npaBxy*. 
04»4^Biuajn»BaB raaera .EaBKasi* flexaBHO BeaMa saTeropB^eesB sbb- 
BBJía, ^TO TBBi, rA% npaBOcyxíe orapaBiflercB BopoHBincB cyxBBBB, 
BaceieHioMi 6ujio noxaso mbosoctbo xajio($i aa cyxi oÓi^ssaBBieify 
ipat FjiaBBOHa^ajLCTByDíi^eBy, khbbd ^oBxyioBy - EopcaiOBy, Mesxy 
rbn Ban boxoóbhxi MMO&h BOBce ae 6uxo TaMi, ni cyxBB bhÓb- 
paDTCB B8i B^CTBiiixi sBieioft (kb 3aBaTajbCB0M!b OBpyrí^, HanpB- 
m^Pb). nepexoxH, bi ^acraocTB, bi asecBBxtTeiBCTBy, aojibSB ae sa- 
M^nTB, HTO oflo nycTBJO Bopaa rjiaBaiiBi otfpasoMi vh tíxi Bycyjb- 
xaacBBxi ^poBBaI^BX'& SasaBUBSB, vb BOTopHxi cyxonpoBSBOxeTBO 

25* 



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388 mcrmn iBPonfiu 

Bexercfl no o6wBU'h sasoHaiii, h paeBuocb HavAHyroe sjío nenon 
dTETb uicrtLTb noTOMy, 5T0 TaiTB, Bi cywrB, cynieeTBOBaBmHxi xo 
pyccsaro BJiaxinecTBa, CBm^iTen HHSorxa ne npEiHvan npHcari i 
npHHOTaa hmi npicara Bcepw c^HTajiac& ■ xo vacroffii^aro speveBi 
c^HTaercA HextftcTBHTejTBHoft. CsEx^Tejflira opemxe npRrjiaiffajiHeB n 
cy<i% JiHinB jnma, xocroftHHa oco6aro xoBipiJi, noiBaoBaBiiii«cfl Bceo6- 
jnjivh yBasemem, h noKa»aHifl xasím xhi^i hmíjh fionmoe SHa^e- 
Hie H 663^ npHCJirH. IIpHCiiry se npHHHHajH VHorxa norepn^Bnie, 
BHorxa oÓBHBaesfue, HHorxa se h tí, h xpyríe Birtcr^ 

Bootin^e Mesxy cyxoM^ h TsmjmjauEai ^yBCTByerea y Hacx Bcerjia 
Baaoe-To BsaHMHoe HenoniMaHie, xoxoxan^ee HHorxa xo spaftBeft ere- 
noHE. OópasoBajacB Moauy bhmh xobojbbo rjry6oBaA npooacTb, ^• 
pesi KOTopyio, oxhbko, Jierao nepeciHyrB Mocn. Taram moctovs 
MoserE ciíysHTB 6jiH8aoe osHaROM jeaie o<{K{)HinajbBiix^ x&iTejreft ei 

6lIT0M'& B aSHROITB TySeilI^eVB. TaSBlTB HOCTOM^B MOSen flBHTLCa 1 

eyxi npflcasBUxi. Ki cosajisiD, bto yqpesxeHie Bcrpi^aerB y Bars 

MBOrO^BCJieBHUX^E BparOBl. IIpOTEBl BerO BHCBadUBaDTCB, BO^nepBHXl, 

Tt me noBepxBOCTBue BaÓJinxaTejH, aorepae c^HranrE RaBsaai ape 
Boft xju ÓesKOBeniHOll ■ oacecTOHeBBOft pejHrioaBofi m mfeveBHofi 6opb6h. 

UpOTBBHBBaMB CyXB BpBCBSBHXl BBJUDTCB H TÍ, KOTOpUO VBÍDTI 

npeyBen^eflBoe noBarie flaineirb MHoroasiníH. OxHaBO, Kasaa 6a 
necTpora hb eymecTBOBaja vb 9THOřpa4»ÍB b jiBBrBBCTBBft EaBiasa, 

BeJBBB OTpHIiaTB TOIH) 4^BTa, BTO MSMMJU BapOXHOCTB, rOBOpan^BB BS 

oco6om BBiiBt, HMiero CBoft ocofiuft y^acTOR'B Cb 6ojAe hjkb Moate 
oxBopoxBHMi cocra^oiTB Bacejeflia. Kasxuft y&sx^, Basxuft OBpyn b 
xase Basxaa ry6epBia EM^en CBOft rocooxcTByDnqt bsuk^b, botO' 
puft OBeHL xopomo noBBiiaeTca orpoMsairB 6oji&niBBCTBO]rE xHraieft. 
TaBi, HBBp., rpysBHu cocTaBJumTb rpoiraxBoe tfojiBBiBBCTBO HacejreBia 
ByraHCCBoft h tb^^jbccroA ryÓepBÍft (sa BCKjinBraieirB nsBoft ^cTH)t 
H óaTyMesoft oÓjbctb (rpysHHď-MaroMeraBe), 6aBHBCBaa e nojiOBBH& 
BpsBaBCBott B ejfEcaBernoncRoft ry6epBift emšdtb cnjioniRoe MycyjBBan- 
CKoe aacejieBJe, b% CTasponojBCKOft ry6q)BÍB aEByra bobte Hcan)^- 
T6JIBB0 pyccaie, e t. x. Oxbe apMBBe 6ox^ eie Meste pascIuiBH no 
BCOEy xpan (bo bc%x% TOproBHzi i^earpasi). Ho e ohb bo Moryn 
eiysBTB EpenarcTBieiTB vh BBexeaiD y ebc^b cyxa npEcasBun ea 

M^CTBOITB HBhljA, TBVB Kam OBE XOpOBIO BCilTb BSB^CTBS CBOCD 

CQoeo6flocTBK) cKopo BpHflopoBJíETBca vh oKpysaDB^eft flxi cpexi. 
EoMMep]|ÍB BayBBja apMBBi oÓJaxaTB ae tojbbo rBtfBEVB xapaRTepovB, 

flO B OCOÓBím TBJíaBTOMl — ($IICTpO ESyBBTB BCJaiie BSUKE E XU6 
Bap%BÍB. 

HTaBiB, roBopa jaBecBBx^TejBCTBft, ýaBaTEsirfr, xhrocte BaBias- 

HWb B XPyTBXl E^CTBHXl 0C0()eBB0CTaX*B BpBB, npEXOXBMX R^ 88' 



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xpoHiJU.--iurauiA HBi> nroBifiiui. 389 

uDveHiD^qfo speAHie bc£xi nepewcjeHHun oco<$eHHocTefi te, x^ěctbe- 
TeiBHO micTEHs ocoÓeHHOCTb, soTopax Biipasaercji bi nojiHofi pasofSmeH- 
HocTH MtcTBaro UBOBnieeTBB ei idfom tyseimees, h xojsho cte- 
ptn&a npesA® Bcero o&b ycrpaseBiH aroro sja, BUsusaDiiiaro ne- 
vente ero HesejaTeAHiiA ocoóeHBOCTB, vb poA'6 jisecBHAÍ^TeiiCTBB. 

FoBopa o&b dToft nponacTB Me«Ay CiopoBpaTH^iecBOip h otfn^ecTBeBBOft 
d^epoŘ, MS, 0AHaB0-«K, hv^vx vb nuMj se oaph^ Haoi% cjj(66bu& 
nepeoaaj^L. HeotixoABiio oÍ5paT8TB iHmame ■ aa rt 0011611^ soropiui 
xonycKajHCB vicniot aAHHBBCTpaQiei) npa jb^biixi BasHaqeHÍBrb no 
noiflAÍH,-'OmB6KB, spoBCTesaDii^ui rjaBBum oópasoirb oqbtb no ae- 
SHaioMCTBy Bjuu^TH ci M^CTBUiTB otín^ecTBOMx. Gjyqaioc^ HTO HasBau- 
jmcb npHCTaBami — ^jieHH mafiiH (neAaBBee a%jo IIIaMxopcBaro). Mesxy 
Ttei dojbiiíb y san Bvben ropasxo 6ojii>n[ee SBaneBÍe, ^iwb ni- 
íb6o. Bjib80ct& rpaBBai nosBOJiBem npecTynnHEaiii jierso yspuBaTBca 
on npeeji;^OBaBifl h eaOBa bobbjibtbcb vb Bani, BaBOAa ysacB aa 
CBntaejet, BUBBaBHuxi Bi cyA^B no bxi A^^am. 3x%cb CBBAtTeia, 
TeppopBBOBaBBiie MooftiiaBBiivB padÓotBBBanB, ptoaDTCA aa jxe- 
dniTeibCTBO juiBB BSi ^yBCTBa caMOCOxpaHeBÍB, CBoAcTBeaBaro xas- 
xoMy cMepTHOiiy; xa b bi Poccíb zopomo SBaDn, saxi CBBA^TeJiB 
BeozoTBo noBasuBaDrB npoTHBi xoaoKpaxoBi, h no OTBomeBiD bxi 
opexflOHBTaDrB cyxy taBia Mipa, vb sasairB npaÓiraloirB b ropipi. 

He jLMTb iB Bce 9T0 BOByD BOBnoftBOCTB opexnoJiaraTB, vro b 
xntiM. Tan-aasHBaevuB ^bíctbiih oeo5eBBocTB* KasBasa, ropHasa- 
{^íb BBexeBie y aaei BcaBOft 6mtoř pe<|^pMH, aajiaiyrca ecrecTBes- 
Bun BOCjribxcfBieiťB evBBiBoirB najiaro saaBOMCTBa M^cTaun ^^'rejieft 
eb aBoroeiomBOt sbsbbd 9Toft aaSBOft OBpaaaH. 

r. T-HOBl. 



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390 Bftcram bbpoiih. 



NHOCTPAHHOE 0B03PtHIE 

1-oe ilMM, 188S. 

.noTimiBe** napiaiieBiH n Abuíi. ~ JOóimíbm uba^mm n BipiiHBraMi. — Pftu 

Bpik&Ta I. HaiióepieBA.— AHTjdftcEie pMmtu ■ lOBoepMTopii.^QoiimnecíM sa» 

n repMamH.— 3'iiaion eaiiioHaJUiO-iBÓepaiMoi oapTii.— Beunrcen ■ Xacsepi.— 

9paHJiy9CBa;i noJHnia, isyrperajM ■ bríbuui. 



OpHniHM&Hoe aBiesie cyn^ecTByerB h padBHBaercii wh nojsnqe- 
CBOft SH8HH Ahfjiíh: 00 otfpasKy m noxo6iD naiani oÓmHOi, sad^aiH 
meft vh BecT]fHHCTepcKO]r& xBopiií^, otfpaaoaajocB 6oji^ cothh napnr 
xeBTOBi B% pasjHqHHxi uicTEocTBVb cTpaHu, ch oooůunE CQnepaMB, 
nepBHMB MHHflerpaifH, xanitjepaifH BasBa^eftCTBa ■ bosxamh onnosBipB. 
npenifl BexyTca caiiHm TopseerBeEfluirB o6paBoni e& co6iDj(eHiem 
BC&x<B napjiaifeHTCBHxi o6piiAOBi h otfunaeBi; AftjaDrcji saopocu npa- 
BtiTaiBCTBj, BHOCBTca B o6cysxaK)TC« npoeKTu HOBHzi saaoHOKb, pi- 
maDTCB Bonpocu TeByn^efi bojihthxh, csepraDTca h BasHa^aDreji n- 

EHCrpU. n BX BTOft 4^aHTaCTH^eCK0t xiETej&HOCTH y^aCTByDTB JDXi 

bdojhí cepBesHue, ch npoHHHiii oÓn^ecTBeHHUMi nojiosemeirb, — nitr- 
Hiie KomfepcaHTSf aiBOiaTU, MHpoBiie cyxBi^ CBan^eHBHu h xaae 
jiBi^a, npBHaMesaoiifl vb cocraBy apMis. HiBoropiui naiaTH, lai^ 
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HacrpoeBiD b sejiaHÍBM'B oÓfirsaTejeft. 

f,xK nocTOpoHHBro Ha6jiDAaTejiA KasLercB bi Biicmeft erenesB lo- 

MHHHOD BTB OpaBBJbHO OpraORBOBaBBaJI Brpa Bl DOJIHTHBy co CTOpOBB 

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CoTHB oópasoBaHHHxi jDxeft peryjBpHO nocí^n^aDTB dra eo6paBÍir, 



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xpoHiKi. — nooTřimoi OBOsFrau. 391 

repntuBO noAHHBaflCb wiu% 4>opiiajLHocTflm napjaiieHTCKoft opoi^e* 

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mecTBjuDTca nťum6jju> vh CeĚMfiur^uih bjh bi Po^asjií, npHqem 

viCTHOe sMIHlCTepCTBO" HB crtCHfleTCB SpHTHBOBaTB HJIH flCOpaBiaTb 

aUctbú h BaM^^peHÍa jiOBXOBCBaro opaBaraiBcrfia. IIo CBBjíftTeiBCTBy 
if-pa ^sepouAa, aarupa iDtfonuTBoft CTaTUi o&b aroiii npexneri wb 
sypHajft .Nineteenth Centary* (ídb&» 1888), ocoÓeBBUMi TpyAOiDÓieirb 
1 yeepxieiii omuerca yaoMBHyTaB tojibbo-^to ceft^eareMOsaB naiaTa 
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(BTb Hpwiaraeicu cobítbbkbéb ea BeuneerBa xopojieBH? Mosbo no- 



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392 B^GTHHiTb iBřoim. 

AjnaTb, TTO vh ÁMTm uivb HR Rp^iisofi BjiacTH, BH ysaseaU vh npa- 
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<II 8aB0BBHX'& CnOCO^OB^B XOCTBrByTb TBBOrO orpaBBveBÍH. ORpOVBHe 

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^to jffHfÓÁUHHfŘjí dihAa AsrjriB cocmaeMiomh nacmnoe dibAo naoiedaío 
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^BCTBa B BBTepecH Bcbxi B xasnaro. (MiiBaveiB CeftjtMroBa cyn 
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6un yB^peBi wh npo^BOCTB Bcero sxaBÍB? 3a^B% cran 6u ob% 8a6o- 

TBTBCB BCXJTDHBTejnBO O X^aXl pOXBOPO ropOXB, OCJIB tJMjfiU OTOFO 

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OBHTBOCTB B yMy ToiaxcroBa; ho eme (Jojrte b4pbti obb Towy, vro 



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XFOHffKi. — IHOOTPAHHOK OBOSraHIS. 393 

cami BBjpm a ^yBCTBjDn, e nepsaji cepBésHaii uejjsju^K DOnyjMp- 
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QijecooópasHOCTH ů6mfiti nojirasi, ycBoeHHoft MBeecrepCTBoirB. CMS- 
cysxaTB ary nojrarBsy npeAOCTasxeHo BCAKOMy vh Ahtjíh, hjh jrpiine 
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H limaTB npoi7BjeHÍD ero n ^pnax^ CBOóoj^Haro ciosa. Heape- 
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nojBsu o6n^et. 

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Vtíf^jCb BBpMBaraMi apaaxBOBaxi xBaxi^ain-aaTBjiTie napjaHeareBot 



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394 B^cTHua iBPonH. 

lapLej^ eBoero opeAcrauTeju, J(soHa Bpaftra. Boiie copoia jftn 
AMcTBOBan Bpaim he nojHranecKom noopan^i^ sarb nponostj^Hm, 
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panepa; ho npeaue nim 6iitb narpioron h aHrjuiaHVHom par 
excellence, qb% xasajca nporaBHHBom HCTHHio-aHrjiftcsHSb Boasptait b 
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eseAHOBBo HoeBBH^aJiB BpaĚry o6mmpusui nepe^OBiia craTBH b eaie 
6ojiie o6niHpBiie creHorpa^^HnecBÍe onera. Masaerpí Toproau, Han- 
6qaevB, BTopoA npexcraBBiejB BBpMBBraMa, npoH8Beeib no hoboat 
Dtejiea BBMft^iaTejiBHyi) piu, bi Boropoft yaaaajii Mesxy npo^BMi, aa 
zapaKTepnila ocoCobhocth BanB^^TaiúA, BHnaaBEBn saxaii) Bpaftra. 
.He tfiuo, npaBAa, nuiHHoft o6cTaHOBBB; bbbbbbx^b otfH^ecTBeHHiixB 
cyMm BO 6uM0 BspaczaxoBaHo; ftiecTHHiíe BoeBBiie MyHXBpii, o^^biUba- 
Hile caaoBBBBB b opexcTaBBTejLB Bopoieacioft ^^BjňB orcyrcTBOBan, 
B HBBTO HO osBxaxB Bxi baícb; B(k) BTO 6iua xeBOflCTpaiúa flapoixa 
vh HecTB qejoaiaa, aoroparo aapoA^B oapysaeri hoiotobíb b ju>6obbis 
B repoft dToA xoMoacTpaiaB m pacnojaraen bb BaBsa^eBteBs aa 
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npocTofi ppasAaBBBB, — oxbhi bvb sameft cpeWi HiBOÓpisHiíA Haaiy 

CBBnaTÍI) CBOOD BCipeHHeD qeCTHOCTBD fl HOCBBHteBieWB CBoeft masBB 

Ha*ciys6y aapoxy, mvh loroparo obi aumeii''. 

jBiBaa HonyupBOCTB Xsoaa BpaftTa aospacraia b yBpioJLuaa bo 



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XFOmSi. — ^nOOTPlHSOB OBOdMBIB. 395 

lipi Toro, larb ero vjče yeBOHBUHCB MaccoD eacsjíeBia hjih hmo- 
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nojiTH«eeio& sii3hb. Bpaftrb 6iui Bcerjia ctopobhhbomx MHpa Mesxy 
lapowiiK, H dTO MBpojDÓie ^acTO npHOBCUBajocB HexocTaTBy naTpio- 
TBSiia Mim Toro oeoéeHHaro HyBcraa, BOTopoe cocraBJuen mohodoiíd 
jD/oefl BoeHHiix& no peiiecjy. TeoepB aro HeopeKJOBOoe OTBpan^eBie 
n boIhí h bo BCBBOMy Booón^e BacaiiD craBETCB eiiy vb sacjyry; 
OHO yse ae tojibbo ne BpBBHaerca xoBasaTeiBCXDCwi HenaTpioTBiaacTB, 
HO iipBBBHaerca sa Bucnee npoBBjeHíe jdóbb wh ore^ecTBy. Bi, oABOft 
m CBOBU .DtffljeĚBím'' pi^eŘ Bpa&vB HanoMBBjTB ciymaTUBm o 
MiilHiax<b, BHCBaaasBuxb ňwh nepexi nBec^acrBOD'' bphxcxok) boBhod 
H BosóyABBOiBXB TOF^a Hero^OBaHíe ocjr&njieHBuxi aparoai Poccíb. 
,B& sflaere, ■ MBorie un Baň oomhiiti en^e, mueh bojbxo 6íuo bos- 
djMKsm Wh TO BpeMB, — roBopfljn opaTopi: — hob sacjqrra sasjD^aiacB 
Toibio vh Tom, ^TO a se aovepau CBOeĚ rojoBu, bcjía^ sa 6ojib- 

BIBCTBOWb... JOPXB naJBMepCT0H*b Cl OÓHIHOD CBOOD ÓOSI^peilOBHOCTBI) 

ofoacHBjn Torxa, b!B BaaBMi nocjixcTBÍBMi opaBoiB 6u mob Bosapiaia, 
ecji 6u OHB noiyujiB npeoójiaxaaief vh cmj^vbA flenpiaTeiBcaaro aa* 
BieenLi n aamy crpaay. Mu crajB 6u boctb yaBBBTejBaiie nepero- 
lopH B xkuum 6a Bce BOSHOxaoe, HTotfu yxOBiOTBopflTB aenpiBTejieft. 
Ho vk AUeTBBTejBaocTB a HBBorxa ae yxBepsjULnb, tto aofiaa mo- 
sen 6IITB BaMrayra bo bc&xi cjywan. Bce, "9x5 a roBopD oóx 
dTOBi apoAMeri, bi cmhcjí opasTB^ecBOMi, cboabtcb bs TOMy, hto 
BOnpociB o BOŘvi AOJseax (iitb aeao nocTasjeai, ito ob^b aojsobx 
pinaTBCB ae bo spěna Beeoón^eft ropaqxB, a sor^a jdab ycniia 
npfcfl Vh eaoBO&Boe cocroaaie,— 9io apeAnen xoaseaii 6utb Aocra- 
Touo BaxeffiB, a iišjb— Boaiioaiaa b cnpaBejgiBBa, b ito aojubbo cy- 
^ecTBOBan BaBoe-BBtfyxB oapasnaie ma^ yM^fl^BjeBiB eoraa xiicaTB 
wffiŘ. TjBjía aa Beaiva ci tohbb sptaia apoororo sxpaBaro CHUCia, 
i iBKorAa ae bbaíjrb, ito6u jdab, CToaBmie sa sofisy b TpaČosasmie 
M, OTjtaBajB eeói aeBHĚ ov^otb, mh Tasoe softBa, larb oaa xbť 
cnjen m Rasii Mosen oaa yjyHniBTB «o-ib6o; b MeasAy aaccaMB 
Tin, BOTopue Óuju b% noj&sy Bofiau, oBasusajocB qbtb bjb taiecTB 
paaiB^aiaxb aa^aift oraocareiBao caaioft nfíMM ea, tbb^ tto vh pe- 
sfAtart BcA noAseprajBCB pasovapoBaaiD. Boflaa aa Atjri^ Aoerarjia 
lomo Qworo — Bsfiieaia (Sojbuoto ^bcu jdxoA; tbbi roeopan, no 
u cftBepaoft CTOpoai CesaeroBOJia aozopoaeao ae neate 90^000 pyc 
• CBm. ^ojobíbi, coMBiaaDnUAca vh apeAMerik xasoro pojM^ a npa- 
BejuDit Kh Tovy saBjD^eaix), vb Boropoay a npaaiea^,— saciyaKBBaen 
CHicxoABTaiBflaro cy^a co ciopoau xpacriaBcaaro aapoAa''. 

Bpaln BMtA poByTaiÚB pajguaja; bi aaTB^eesnixi rojtaxi on% 
Hp nn j ue«m > ra^ Blb qacjy iDxei Bey^oČaiai (ecxa ae oflacauxi) — 



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89t6 ancTHmeb xttfuau. 

AJi« BEum MHHicTeposaro nocra. Ho t&ťh Mu^imimck n vteb nopk 
uoEMTÍíi H olScTOATejiBCTBa M ÁHriifll B% co6paHia 20,000 ^lexoBin, 
opM DOAHeeeaíH Bi^iflTy 160 Expecon h ao^erHun dox^pkob^, pí* 
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Cronn tojilso conocTaBirb ptvs Mnactpa ci pascysjteaúnci BpaiTa, 
TTofitt y6ibxBTBca Kb oTcvajocTH aocjÍAHaro «paBHKTeju»Ho e^ rocnox- 
CTByD^HMH eueí B8rj4xaiiM. EMfiSijth fipaftva laseTca saiam-io 
TycBJUiii ■ 6e3SH8aeHBiiifii; vb ero nociuMuiqaHiflxm h apopo^eerean 
vbTL H tíhh Toro, qro upinjiTo sasuBavB paABBajuBMOinb B!b BacroAiiiee 
Bpeiu. HacT(MUi^HM'b paj(BBajum% ABiBeru yse MBHBeTp&, apQAeraBfl- 
TQjfb rocyA^iorB6HHofi BjaeTB, b ape^s hhitb Bpaftro — BMBBBiiftjBfie- 
pajubEufl araeiii. 

BpaArb do npesaeMy oroan aa no9B& cboóoaíi voproBjn h iq)aBi- 
TejLCTBeanaro BeBMiiaaxejbCTBa; xajibHie sroro npH^Bna ob» ■• MMfin 
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OB^ — BOJBKaji BapTBBa éy^ynua^o. ÁBrjli cb ea BOjraiiMB, spoxi 
Hbaíh, saBiDiaeri b% cq6í HacejieHie b% 50 MBuioBOBft. GowBiieHHBe 
niTaTu, Qo nocjrbjíBeft nepeaBca, BMiirrB fasae 60 wluíobobs si- 
xeieft. EoMneTeflTfliu JB^a yTBepsAUon, ^ito kb soB^y eTOi'bTiii sa- 
ceiesie CoexBHCBBttrb IIlTaTOBi yBeiEmaei xo era mauíiOHobi ^eio* 
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pa^ flacTOibiOy ^TOÓu BOSMOSBa teia sBa^wfejiEHax cBoioKa vop- 
roBjB CO bcímb crpaflaMB cbít^-^to laiM x^ftcTBÍe apoBBBaxerb sto 
tta Apyrú Bmifl 3eBBoro aiapa? ?to FOBopiTi reaepbBposeBi^iofiMeni 
Wh Eapooft? OflB roBopaTi: híi ssaem, no Abpjúi ctobts aa cB060Ay 
T(q[)roBJUi; HO BoeMOTpHTe Ba Antaly, — Tam* sapojiBoe opaaieaie, 
peooytfiHBa, rxi Ka»XBift BHAem apaso roioca, a, OAsaio, msth cf me- 
cTByeTi caaai erporaa CKcreiut, npoyeEnkwasMa; eiÍAMavejbao Bxftfa 
noapoBBTejucTBeBHui noouBHu, no npHMlpy caotejMuiro apaBoran* 
CTBa B CBoóOABaro aapo^a cisepsoft AnepaBa,-- ae saaqavb eoo texb 
HOB&BxaaB a BepaayKBiiiia. Ho aor^a Go«ABB6«ttie DlraíTU opoasBe- 
AjTh nepealay, soropaji aaaenui sffb oMsótefloA, to Avepasa a 
ÁBrjdi, ch mvh OToaajui^BBUMft aaceMaioM^ npexcraam aoboucl 
coBctai Apyroro poaa a xpyrot gbju b% Fiaaaai eaponeicaasib aaipi. 
^pBTpexeptt aasioft orpasu caasyrib: aapoxi wb Áariai, SBByaiit 
noA'B BjacTuo cTapaflaoi Moaapxifl (SiafOAdHCTayeTk opa cboÓomjboí 
ToproBjt, H flapoAi C!oej|BBeBBiix& niTavoa^, saiyaóA nwh j^ěMromh 
pecflyÓjBBB, noojixoBan Bpaaipy ABrjia; mu ciapaeMci axm hCMbKb 
sa BTBMB aapoxaMB wb BOjaw^ecBoA Cšo6nty — caasyn obm xaile, — 
flOHeay me ae BOCjritooBaTb Baa% aa aaMB no a^ Moafte Beymarta- 
Boay a djarevaopaoMy nyra uoimA cm6oMM DpoauauasBocta? Xal 
4K>pau 6opjb6ii cjn^ecTByDTi. wb Ebpob& ojiaa boamcb aHCOiaMB i 



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XPOHHIU. — HHOOTPiHHOK OBOSP^HIB. 397 

Hanif-^dTO BOfiHa 'rapH(|^ir&; a Apjna — Botna opyadeirB h apMíflMH. 
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Korxa omi ynoTpe6jiaDTCJi am paspymeHifl ■ yfiiftcTBa. Ecih 6u bh 

lOPJlI yMTTOSBTB TapH4>U B'B EspOIffi, BII JHITITOSHIII 6u IipeTeH9ÍK> 

H8 coxpaBeHie wxumni^b nocTOAHHiirB spiiifi. Mhí npexcraBMerca, 
m) HapoAH coexHHHjTHCB 6ii Bi CBOHTB VHTepecaTB; nrE conepeeqe- 
eno H Hexo6p(NB6JiaTejiBCTBO vcqesjH 611, sarB Hc^esjío 6u HX!b ne- 
siftHie ApyrB xpyt*a. Ecjra 6h ^^Hiqfl h PepiiaHifl b<b 1870 roxy ne 
wmímm TapB^^oBi, ec^BÓH 06a eapoxa cbo6oaho ToproBajH MesAy 
eo6oD HBO-xBfl vb xeHB, 00X06H0 TOny Raai ^paHi^ysN npoimiii- 
mm Mesxy xenapTaiieHTaHH $paHqiH hjth BasiMu- CLmoTjaHxiex)* 
TO exBa XE BO8MO8H0 6hxo 6u npHBecTB 3th xb% Bejrasifl Hai^iH si 
ipoBaBoft BoftH'& B8%<^a nycToro b Herbnaro Bonpoca, sasoft npHHi^ 
VE Eaponi jsfiJĚmem> 6mh opasBaBi sasATL npecrojrb vb HcnaHÍB, kb 
^an HH $paHiiijer, hh Ilpyceifl ae bm^jh bi cyn^HOCTi hh najiifimaro 
iBTepeca. H ecra 6h rpaxi^aTB jAtl Tony Ha8ax'B Poccia ne HM'6xa 
6ojrte BHCOKiixi TapB^OBi, -fAwh mu, — ecjH 611 Bd^ npoxyKTu h to- 
Baps AHrjíH nojiBSOBajiBCB cbo6oxhumi Mf>CTjnowh wh PoodD, saiTB 
pjema npoHSBexeHÍa opHzoxaTB cbo6oxho bi Aarxii), to pasBi bob* 
losHo 6hxo 6h BOBÓyxHTB vh HameiTB npoMHmxeHHOirb HacexeníH Ty 
BOBBCTBeHHocTb h BpoBOsaxBOCTii, ROTopufl o^HapyxeBH 6ujíE Bo Bpeva 
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BHe jnxH, BH De^aTB, He vb cocrcaHin 6yxyTi sacTaBHTL eapoxH Boe- 
BaTE, ecxH Hai^H CBasami otin^HOCTBX) HHTepecoBrB, npH nojiHoft BsaHM- 
Hoft eBo6oxi npOMfiímxeHHocTH. dRa^HTexBH^finraa ^acTB apiiift saHa- 
aaeL 6u HO.TesHBMi TpyxoMi, Birtero Toro, ^Totfu shtb ea c^e^rb 
ivpRim o6HBaTejefi. Korxa dTO HacraneTB, eajioni Óyxyn Be3xico- 
ipni^eHH; ÓJtarococToanie BosaiicHTca, oópaBOBanie 6oxše pacnpoerpa- 
Hima, a BapsapcTBO h secroKOCTB iTpaBHTejn>CTB*B, rbki h HapoxoBi&, 
(jxyn oóesopyseHH h napajHBOBaHii. ň won 6u csasaTb, — ocjih nos- 
BOieno xaTB boxd eBoevy BooCpasenin, — tto mu tfyxeirb bmítb ne 
HOBoe He6o, a HOByn BeMjno. Feorpa^H^eeRH ona ne 6yxeT% ůojihme, 
^VB OHa ecTB, HO OHa 6yxen ÓoxBme no 6oraTCTBy, yxo^crey sh8hh 
R ^jioB%«iecROify xoBoxBCTBy/ Bhtb MoserB, 9to toxbro nevra; ho a 
xoiy BibpHTB Wh Jiy^mia spevena. Ecjih ipncTiancTBO — ne caasRa, to 
3TR lytmia npeMena nenpeiitHHO npnxyTi^. 

TpyxBO noB']^pHTB, wo noxo<$HBra pascysxenia e^HrajnrcB Rorxa-TO 
ysacHO paxHRaxBHHMH; TonepB ohh Rasyrca jmoh apaSne oxHOcropoH- 

BIVH, ySRHMH H XaSO HaHBffIiIMH. HeC0HHÍHH0, BOfiHa — BOJTHROe 8X0, 
ICTO«IHHRl HeHCHHCXHMinrB titXCTBifi; HO BHX^TB npH^HHy BOfiffB WB 

racoRHYi nomjranaxi, vtoaDniHxi pasBHTiD Mesxynapoxnoft Top- 
roBan,— íox*e n%n crpanno. Ilpycda crpeiiRxacB r-b HaitioHaxBHOMy 



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398 BMTffni iBPonH. 

o6iejiHHeHÍD Hiímen ■ paxs aTot ii^jni Dpojnniajia ootoih spon n 
DOCJrtxoBaTMfcBoft 6opBM e& ÁBcrpiei) r <^pavi(iei>; — npv^am « 
TjTh 6un ToproBue iiHrepecii n TapH(|»ii? HTaxin jBjeiaiacB maolo- 
HajTBHOD Hxeei) r Boosaxa ci aBcrpiftoaMB, opa nolfOlQR ^paHi^jBOBi, 
a CB nancTBOiTB — npH noMoma Bi^Mi^eBi, — 6e8% BcasRxi npoHinijeH* 
Him coo6pa»eHÍft. HanoieoHrt m npexnpBHHMajnb pasjíBqHiiJi Botmi 
H dscneAHiiiR iia yopo^eniji CBoero manaro Tpoea ■ xu Bariyveinfl 
BHyrpeHHJiro HexoBOJfBCTBa rpoMOirs BHtmHRxi uo6t^, aBOBceHexii 
HBTepeeoBi CBOÓoxHoft ToproBjni; bth se nojrarR^eode ■ xnacTR^eene 
MOTVBU jesajH vb ochobí spmiCKOft KaanaHiv, soropaji, lonevHO, le- 
ocymecTBBjíaeb 6u 6wh pyKOBOX^maro yucrU ^^awi^iB. HaKovem, 
nocxixHflH pyccso-Typei^Bafl Boftsa BUBBaHa ÓHxa crpeirjeEiem (Sai- 

iaHCBBX'B HApOXHOCreft OCBOtfoXBTBCX RBl-BOX^ BJiaCTB TypoKb, a Hl- 

kbkí He BOMMep^eesBMB rjih TapB^HUMB pasc^eraMB. KapTVffa Bce- 
o6maro Mapa r DpoiiBitTaHiji, ROTOpyx) npexBBXRTi Bpaftn bs 6yxT- 
mfiVh^ ne RMŠerB nodTOvy BBsaBoft joni^ecKoft cbasb ci MajteraBm 
cpaBBHranHO Bonpocoirb o nospoBBTejBCTBeHBHxi Tapi^an. BecBVi 
HenpaBxonoxoÓHO T^sse to npexnoioxesie, tfo ctopobbvbh sanpeTH- 
reihEUTh nonijraB*B vh EBponi se Bminvh 6ox'6e B'bcBRX'E motbbobi 
XM CBoeft nojiBTRKB, ^iwb npocToe noxpasaaie GoexRBeHHiiHi niTa- 
TavB, B iTO nepeMi^Ba CBcremi b^ AnepRsi^ xojrmfla 6yxT0 ůa bo- 
B jíatb p^maDn^BirB ofipaBom Ba noBexeBie eBponeficKBzi npaBBrencTBi. 
Bejrasia xepsukBU Espona, b npBTom saBÓoiito Roryn^eeTBeBBHii m 
BBxi, ireBBnie Bcero pyBOBoxcTBynTcír sejiaBieiii i^cjrtxosaTB BpBMipy* 
ÁBrjriB BiB dBepHot ÁMepBKB; bo xase b orxi^Biie BpHBepseBi(B 
Tasora „cjibxoBaBin" ae crajni 6u pacapoerpaBOTB cbod noxpaauiTeiB- 
ByD rOTOBBocTB Ba c<|^py ToproBHTB B BpOMunueBBfiin BBiepecoBi, 
vh soTopnxi p^^BTaDmaif poiB upBBaxJiesBrB RcuD^RrejBBo Borpeó- 

BOCTUMl B yCXOBiaiťB BaSXOfl XaBBOtt CTpaflil. JÍ,MB HiBOTOpiITB Focy- 

xapcTBi& bhcoríii TaiioseBBHii nomiBBU cocraBjíBDrB BB^i^m Hesavi- 
BBMiíft BCTonarB xoxoxa, Be roBopa yse o noByjiapHiixi ycBJriinn 
BoxxepaaaTB oposBÓaDinyD ificTByx) apomnajieaBOCTB; a rx'& xiJio 
BX6TB o ({>BBaacax'B, TBiTB BCiiKift ycTpaBBaeTCJi no cBoeify, ae 8a6o- 
TACB o xMctbíbxi 6oMÍe óoraTim cociixott. 

CoB&kwb xpyroe aae^aTjii^aie apoasBOxanb p%^B maxvaro apex- 
craBarejA BapRaaraMa, MRaacrpa ^aMÓepieaa; oti bob vivn y&mi*to 

XMCTBBTeJBBO CIliJHirB B CB^SBITB, BaXBaTHBaDB^aVl peaiBByD SBSIIB 

coBpeMeaaofi Aariia. „Oi BasxmrB xboitb erpaaa xťaercB 6ojAe 
paxBKajiBBOD B xeMOKpaTBqecKOD,— no eiOBam MBBRcrpa; — m bto aa- 
npnBjeaie ÓoibaraacTBa aatiapaTeiell enie o^obb cja6o orpasaerca oa 
cocTaB'b najtaTH otia^aai. SoacraTyiiia ycTpaaaerB otb acfoB aoiam* 
^eesaxi npaai 6oji^ nojroBanu acero vysoKoro BBpocJiaro aaoejeais; 



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XPOHmU. — HHOGTPAHHOI OfiOSP^HII. 399 

npiTom icuD^eHHHm OBasmaercH oxhhi toj^so uacci, eamift 
iBoroTOCjeHHuft, Torw Kan KasAUft bvb ocTaj|&HHr& KiaceoBi HirberB 
noíHoe npexeraBHTexBCTBo. SartirB, wh q>ex% HstfRpaTejeft, oxHa naraa 
qacTB noxaen roioca sa BC&rB; h na npaKTBs^ biixo^hti, vro oxva 
XBieaxi^aTaa xoxh Bcero HaiHHHaro cocrasa nojraonpaBHiixi rpasxavB 
KopoieBCTBa HBÓHpaerB ÓojiBiiniHCTBO naxaTH o6mjňWh. 9to ho 6hjio 6ii 
enie ctojb bbsho, ecjraón XBi^naxi^aTaii ^acrs Biipasaxa CBo6oxHuft 
roiocB Hapoxa; ho esb^^ho, tto bo MHoraxi cxyqajm OHa npexcraa- 
jueTB TOXLKO BxúfHíe M^CTHHxi Moryn^ecTBeHHKncE ^aMHx^ft wm no- 
seveiBHHxi MaraaTOBi". M-pi ?aii(SepjieH*L BHcsasfiiBaercfl bi noxBsy 
Beeo6iaéft noxaw rojocoBi, paBencTBa H86vpaTexLHiir& oKpyroBi h 
HnsHa^eBÍH x6HesHoft njiaTH uenairE napianeHTa. Ohi npHSHaerB 
Tane HeotfxoxHMOCTB nnipoKoft coiuaxBHoft pe<f»opMU, npH^eir& otbo- 
ABTB nepBoe mí^cto npoesrairB yjtyinieHiii 6iiTa cexbCKHXi pa6o^rHx<& 
n rpa4HCTBax'B r npaBRXLHaro ycTpofiCTBá sHjnin^i xm pa6o^HX'B vh 
ropoxarB. ,Ho bth npoexTH, — npoxoxsajrb MHHHcrpí, — ne sarporn- 
BUDTi cyn^HocTH BODpoca, noxa mi ne bosbhcvrch xo naxxesan^aro 
noHHifaHifl Tarb-HasuBaeHuxi npaB'B co6cTBeHHocTR, — noxa mu ne 
lozexi orpaHH^iHTL 9th npana no OTHomeHÍD xi o6H8aHHOCTiiirB co6- 
CTBeHHocTH. 9to, oxHaxo, HeBOBMosHO npH HHHinraeiTB HopHxxt Ben^eft) 
Korxa co6cTB6HHocTB, ocotfeHHO no8eMeiBHaa, pacnojaraerB cvxBHmrB 
ÓoiBmiHCTBOirB Wh naxaT^ o6n^HH'B h (j^axTH^ecxox) MOHonojriex) b% 
naiBTi jopxoBi. IIodTOMy bi Hacroaniee BpeMH, xaxi r 25x%rBTOify 
Hasaxi npH HSÓpaHÍH BpafiTa bi BHpMHHraMi^, nepBinrB x%xom'b iH6e- 
paioBi xoisHO 6uTB xaxBHifiinee npOBexeHÍe napjiaMeHTCKoft peij^opifs, 
«iTo6ti npHBecTH najiary o6n^HH'B vb 6ojrite 6jiH8Koe corxacie cb mhí- 
Húnni, sejiaHiiiMH h HHrepecaiiH Hapoxa. Bi 1858 roxy, BpaftrB cxa- 
sajTB Ham, ^to hbi mecTH Bspocjnixi jhi^ My»ecxaro noxa hhtb ne 
ixídtb HBÓHpaTexBHíixi npavB; a kbkb CTonrB bto x^xo xenepB? 
naTB qexoB']^xi HBi BOCBMH HaxoxHTCH TonopB vh TaxoiTB ÓesnpaBHOiTB 
noioxeníH. Herope MRxxiona oótnaTejieft, npRSBaHHBncB Hcnoxn^TB bc% 
noBiRHOCTH rpasxaH!B H Hecyn^vxi na ce6^ b(A coexHHeHHHfl ^b btritb 
TarocTH, ycTpaHeniii otb BCHxaro y^acrifl wh nojBTBqecxRXi npanaxi 
CB060XU. dra necnpaBexxHBOCTB oco6eHHo pi^sxo 6pocaeTCJi vb riasa 
n rpa4»CTBax*B. Bib ropoxaxi, hbi HaceieHiii bi 15 mhxiíohovb tisÓRpa- 
TenniMH npaBavH noxBsyDTCH 1.850,000; bi rpa<|»CTBax'B, r3%20mhx- 
jíobobi — Bcero 1.200,000 HMtoTi npaBO rojoca". 

OqoBHXHO, VL ycraxi ^aMÓepxena xnSepajiHsifB osna^aerB yse ne 
TO, TTÓ B% ycTax'B BpatTa; paxHxaxBHHO npRHiiHns ocHOBUBaDTCJi yse 
He Ha Me<miTej£jrovi onTRirasMi, a na noxoxRrejiBHHxi, Bnoini npax- 
THHecKHxi H ocyoKecTBHMUxi TpeÓOBanijixi. SaxonnocTB bthxi TpeÓo- 
Bamt He orpni^aeTCH h xoHcepaaTopaiiH. IIpexBOXHTexB xoncepnaTRB- 



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400 B^GTHKSl KBPOnH. 

HOfi napriR b% nuaT% jopxoBi, iiapuia^b CaiBC($épfl, Hanaxaen sa 
ptXHRajOBi TOiBKO vh TOWb OTHomecDH, ^TO OHR (SyxTcHSH upeBeSpe- 
raDTB naTepiaJiBHHHH HyxxaaiH HeHiiyii^Hxi> uaccoBi bo hma OTBje- 
neHHoft CB060AH ■ 4)opMajLHaro paBescTBa. Ha He^aBsem (aeiert 
pa6oveft aceoi^iai^iH jropxx CajBCÓépR BUCBasan, uemAJ opo^Hm, hto 
m eyaivocTH ki qacjy paóo^iizi npHHaxJiesHn bcji TpyjuniVL<c< aa- 
rjriftcKUBr HirrejUHreHiiifl, ne HCKJn^aA canoft apRCToapaiviecioS, i 
^TO wbvh HH^rero omsóo^Hie UMÍmi o Kstoirb-To npHH]piHÍaAH(»ii 
aHTaroHRsiii MesAy soHcepsaTopaiiB b pa6omrL uaccom. Haapo- 
rmvb^ OHH — eereCTBeHHue codbhbbh, no mbíhíd opaTOpa; Bce Atio 
tojbbo Wh Ton, qTO pa^Haaju ofiin^anTi ropas^o 6ojie, ^im no- 
ryn biíhojhetb, a soHcepBaTopu TpesBO cuorpaTh ea DpexcToaoqji 
saxaiH H ne BuxoMATh sa npeAtJU Bosiioauuiro. IIpHBQHinb soHcep- 
BaTopoBi, no oopexiJieHiD jopxa CajHctfdpB, dauD^aercB vb ,nouBp- 
sbbíb DOCToaflHaro h xopomo-opraHBsoBaBHaro nporpecca, ocHOBasHaro 
Ha cBo6oAHOiii> y6%xAeBÍB h hb corjnciH, saii peeyabTaTi yó^tsxeBúV 
EcTL o6iiqe aopesBue RHTepecu, OTBocHrejubHO soTopím iie 611- 
BaoTi pasHonacU iiesAy naprLiifR wb AaríÍH. jIdah bcíu BaopaB- 
jieHÍfi OABBaiOBO Aoposan BuroxaiiH xepomaro, OTB^TCTBeHaaro h 
aopao BOBTpojBpyeiiaro yopaBjeHiii. JlDÓonuTHHft dnasoAi npoiaoflfaEB 
Wb napjaiieHTi, B*b Ba^aj'b íDsa. Bi raseraxi HanenaTaHo 6iuo b3- 
B^CTie, vso lUftAniift cubi bopojobh Bhbtopíh, repii(orB Au6aHH, bh- 
pasui roTOBHOCTb saBBTb BasasTBufi ooen reBepaji-rytepBaTopa 
KaHaxH; ho hocjí sToro sa ysasanByD aojsboctb HasHa^eai 6an 
napaiai J[aHAej(oyBi. O^hb^b hsi yjbTpa-BOBcepaaTHBHim hji6hoíi 
najBTH o6niHH% o6paTHj&s k% PjaxcroHy ci aaopocom, x^fienB- 
TejBHO-jH 6ujo cx'ibjaHO ynoMBHyToe npexioseHie repi^oroin AjBteHi 
H 6ujo JH dTO npeuoaceHie otuoboho iiHHBCTepcTBOirB. riaxcroai 
orpaHHmca aparKHirb otbítoitb, ^to sejiaBie repi^ora Aib&hh cjy- 
SBTB rocyxapcTBy npHHBTO ci opHBHaTaiBHocTBi). nieBOUHBHfi nyBcn 
BacaTeiBBO Bucoiaro nocTa, sa aoTopsA <$yxT0-6u paacwruBajT* mojo- 
xofi repi^oPB, 6íWh cosepmeHHo o6oftxeH'B npeMBepom b b6 Bii3Bajeb 
BHBaBBxi xaiBBiflntHxi saMt^aHÍĚ Wb naiarik. 3a to ne^aTB bocqoib- 
BOBBjacB BTHifB ciy^aoiTB .XJA o(>cysxeflia o6oiaro aoapoca o saBXB- 
xaTypi BpHBiieBi bb bbxbuh HOJHTH^ecaia xojshocth. KoBC^aaropu 
H JBÓepajsi oxBBaKOBo oporecTOBajH npoTBBi mhcjr o xonyBieBÍfl 
xaxoro-jBÓo xpyroro MftpHJia, spon ft obíitbocth h CBOcoÓBocTefl isaaMi- 
XBTOBi, opa H86paHÍH jui^i Ha míctb BOJOHÍajBHUXi» npaBBTftxei. 
Baiie-BopoJB KaHaxu HMien noKh cbood BiacTBD rpoiiaxHoe npocrpaB- 
CTBO seiiejiB, paBHoe bo^th i^^ot Eepoot; on ero HCByccraa h ocfo- 
P03BB0CTH saBBCHTB coxpaBeHíe xpysecKBxi OTBOmeHÍft AHrJÍB Cb 

GoeXHBeHHHHH niTaTaMH. HsaiCTHHft XHUOHaTBy JI0PX'B Jífi^fWVbj 



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XPOHHKi. — BHOCTPÁHIOB OBOaMHn. 40 1 

MOPb opHMiuTB CBOH AapoBEHifl Wh yopasjeHÍB BaHajioD; ho repi^ors 
AiB(SaHB, xocTHriirift Bexarao TpamaTH jťkvb^ ne oójajnaero hh apas- 
TiiecBOfD ooxroTOBEOD, HH sHaHieiťb xr&ja, ub Haj^jesamaro bbuioji* 
HemA TpyxHUX'B oinsanHocreft caMOCTOiiTejiBHaro reHepaj^b-ryfiepHaxopa. 
A rjaBHoe, mm npHHi^Bi» EopojeBCBaro Aoica HeyioóHo 6ujo 6£i saHH- 
lan OTBftTCTBeHHoe ciyseÓHoe noioseHie OTHOCBTeibHO m BHHCTepcTBa: 

BIH OTBtonTBeHHOCTB 6iUa čil TOIBIO HOMHHaJbHOD, H BOHTpOJB OM- 

aajcfl 6u MHHMiím,— Torxa erpiuwni 6h HHTepecii rocyMpeTBa; hjh se 
ÝaaHJBHuil aBTopiTen HpHHi^eBi ooxaepnucji 6h HeopLiTHuiii aenu- 

TtlÍHMl, CriaSJUí CBO(k)Ay XittCTBÍft DpaBBTeJbCTBa, 6e8% BC^BOft UOIhSH 

AJB ynpaBJueimzi oóiacrett. EaBi ajb MHHBCTepcrBa, Taxi h mjuí 
caHBTB npuEUfiWb ropasAO Burojmte HSÓtraTb noAOĎHHzi saTpyxHeHift, 
npBxepsHBaBCb crapoft aHniicsoĚ Tpajiai^iB, si CBJíy Boropoft ^jieHu 

BOpOJeBCBOft ({mUIHJÍH MIOJMBU CTOBTIi B% CTOpOHl OTl o4H^Hiqaji>HOĚ 

roeyxaperseBHOft xiaTeiLHOCTB. HcuDqeHie b» droro apaBBJía cocTaB- 
jjerb hhhí repiiorB KeMÓpajuBCBÍft, riaBBOROiiaBAyi>iKifi aHrjiftcRHxi 
BotcBib; H 8T0 oóCTOHTeiBCTBo, saBi yBÍpa6Ti «Pall-Mall Gazette", 
eoiKien Maccy bsjuhihhxi 8a6orB ub Bas^aro BoeHBaro MBHHCTpa. 
Cume BpeAaBHiie xpysbfl opaHi^eBi ne BospasaDirb npoTHBi opHBe- 
leBHHxi AOBOXOBi, b6o AU BCBBaTO BGHO Bi ÁHrjiB, ^To BBTepecu 
crpaHH H roeyxapcTBa se TepoBTi HfltaKHXi* y&ioBeHift b HaiBxifi. 



II. 

Bajaa, Ba«b-6yAT0 sacTUBOiaji, lameMH nojHTBvecxafl shshb co- 
BpeneflBofi repMaBiB oepeBocBTb aacL wh aTiioc4>epy, BanoBBHaDniyD 
orqacTH Aymniifi BosAyx^b rocoBTaiefi. BaiHRifl Bani^jiepi abbbo yse 
(ojeBi», H ero óojilSHb orpanaercB na BByTptBHen^b coctobbíh Biine- 
pÍB, — šasi dTo Bcerxa óiisaerb npa CBcreM^ ^Bcro-JB^Baro ynpaBie- 
lu. OB'b MBHO yse pasoniejcfl es 6oJbnraHCTBOirb H']^iieiiBaro o6pa* 
soiaBHaro oómecTBa h Aajreao eme hb comejca ci mbccok) pa6o^aro 
Hapoia; oxHaso, owb TBepAO ctobti Ha ceoeifb nocry, ne saóOTBCb uh 

BOspacraDoiesB ^ucJtk apoTflBBBBOB'b, hb o uoKBxaD^Bx^b ero apa- 
BepseB^axi. OH'b ne BHaycxaen bc^mbjb B8*b cbobxi BepBHiixi pyB'b, 
H roeyAapďBeBHHtt Kopa(Sxb AfiBserca cb rpy^OBi, oopíibbcto b nepoBHO, 
TO oeraHaBjniBaBeby to aBT^cb nasaji^b. KHiisb BHCiiapn ne AOB^paeri^ 
HHBOBy; oH-b BOjaraercB rojbio Ha caMoro ce6ii b hb oocjyniHHx^b 
exy vcnojRiBTeiett, Ban-óyAi^ fle saiiftqaB, ^to b b% aero nepeCTajH 
•tpBTb, ^To H eMy CBJUJ yse BSMtHBDTii, ^To CTapocTb (Seperb CBoe 

1 YTO ae CBpaBBXbCB eiiy cl a^obi, Bce óoxie ycxosHaDiiiBiicB, apB 
BCAOCiaral saBoro oóu^ecTBenHaro coxUctbíb. OH!b cobabai oxoao 

Tom* IV.— Lwfc, 1883. 36 



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402 BMTHIVb IBPOOH. 

ee(te HCKyccTBeHaoe exHBoqecTBO, yxuffjrs jiyqfliHxi aesaBaciMiirb 
GorpyjiHHKOB^B H ocTEica HaeAHHi^ eh BftpffuiiH óeaxapsHifH ejyrau. 
Ohi oTTOJiBuyjrb oTb ce6a bcšxi tíxi, kto ee eEpuBai^b npejii am 
cBOffn canocTOflTeibHHxi Mrtaifi ■ yKa8iiBajr& eiiy aa bosmoshju 
oisHÓaa wb ero xtftCTBÍaxi. Ohi ae nriton Aoeroftaiixfb noMoaiaaion 
H ae noAroTOBHJi ce6i npeeMaasa. HapoxHoe npexeraBafejaerso, aan 
saBOHHoe Bupaseaie oĎa^aro rojoea crpanu, npeBpaai^eHo rvb b% 6e3- 
caabBoe opyxie, cBBx^TexBCTByDíitee laaiB o toite^ ^t5 aoixho 6im, 
HO ae Moryn^ee BxiaTL aa AifterBHrexBaocTb. JH^apoBarue jdah b daep- 
rH^ecBie xapaBrepu craxa ifaxo*no-Majiy yxoABTb Ch Befixaroxapaaro 
nojBTflqecBaro noapania. EaaBB Bacnapai xoctha, noBBABMOicy, csoeft 
il'6jni, — 0B% yBB^TOSBx^ bxb napaiasoBajn apoTBBOxftftcraie ero xav 
Hoft noxBTBK^; HO BMicrb cb Tiu*b OBI napaxHsoaaxi caMyD auraai, 
XXB xoTopoft dTa aoxHTBBa npexHaBHaqaxaeb. ^toóuocboóoxbtmb oi^ 
Basy^Hxca Heyxo6cTB% OTBpuTOft ohhobbhíh, 6opL6u, onnh aosÓyxBjrb 
npoTHBi ce5a cspuroe Hexo6po«exaTexbCTBO b% cpex^ HaHÓojrbe ^eer- 
h£IX'b o<Sn;ecTBeBB£ixi axeiieHTOBi repnaaiB. Hto6bi Haóftrayrb Heo6xo- 
XBMOCTB c^HTaTBca Cfb sojaBÍaiiH aapoxt, oai oeranoBHxi npaBBXb- 

HHt XOX'b CBOeft BaBOHOXBTeXBHOň X^i^TeXbHOCTH H HOCTpOHJil CBOI 

pasc^ieTH aa BpeMeaaux^B BOMÓaBaipax'^, ctoxb me niaTBHXi, bbbi i 
npoHSBOx&Huxi. ?To6£i ocxaóBTb napxaH6flTCBitt BOBTpox&f offib apa- 
aexx Ki yaftXBy exHacTBeaByi) aapríD, Ha soropyio ohi Mon one- 
peTBca H BOTopaa oaasaxa eny MBoro aasHuxi yciyrs wk nepeue 
roxu nocxi ocHOBania Hunepia. 

Hai][ioHaxb-xH6epaj£i cocTaaxaxB Borxa-TO BayaiBTexBaoe 6oxbmflB- 
CTBo B^b napxaMeaTi; oboxo aarb rpynnapoBaxacb h vh aairb apsau- 
BaxH BC% narpioTU, Me^TaBnrie coexBHBTb Boeaaoe Koryn^ecrao ch 
rpasxaHCBOD cboÓoxod. Ohb noBxoaajBCb BHasD BacBiapBy h fotobu 
6axa cxixoBBTb aa bbbi Byxa yroxBo, xamb 6h Toxbao oa^b obbbíi- 
Baxib mtb fltBOTopyD xoxio BHHiiaaia. TpeÓoaaaia hxi 6uxa acerxA 
o^eab capoMHH; oaa ho mxa xaxbme cotixDxeaia aatmaaro aapxaifeBT- 
CBaro xesopyHa. Kaaiuepi Mon Bcero xoÓaTbca orb aaxaTU, bou& 
OfTb yxocTOflaaxi apHrxamaTb bhxbuxi ueaoBtb ea hb cbob napxa- 
neaTcsie ae^epa b sapaaie cooónijBLrh o cBOBX'b BaHipeaUxi; a e&ii 
peayxbTBTb 6ux% ace tbbb coMaflTexeai, to euj croaxo toxkbo xaiao 
BMi^maTbca vh npenia, vroóu oxepautTb xerayi) noóixy. Haiuoaaiik- 
XHÓepaxu 6uxfl xparoi^dbaaHe codbhbbb x^a xaasa BaciiapBa; oaa 
paóoraxH mhofo h x^^ho sb oďxbctb saBoaoxaTexbBiixi yxyqmeaiA, 
oxoTBO xtxaxB Bcaaia ycryaaB npaBBTexbCTBy, pacmapaxa BoeaaHi 
ónxserrb b ho oraasiiiBajH aa wb wwb cyn^ecTBeaaoMi^ H^bm^u 6uja 
XOBoxbHH, aarb npio6pÍTeHHOi) exaaoio, tbbi h orapuBAieDca aai 
oepcaeBTBBOi) cnoBOftflaro aHyrpoHaaro pasaBTÍa. Bxpyn aoe bto pas- 



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XPOHIEA. — HHOGTPAHHOB OBOSPMIR. 403 

crpoHjocB, H A&ia nomn no hobohj nyní. KaHi^jrepi HSutHHXB cbok 
RsruxH B Be noseian noxBSOBaTBCA ycJiyraMH Hai^ioHajB-jiB6epajOB%. 
TaiasTJBBiifi HOMomHBrB ero, JI,ejii>6pE)n, npBHysxeHi 6hijrh buItb 
Bi OTCTftBsy. noeTeneBBO BOBCTanoBEJiocL jifl^Hoe yopasjíeoie, npBHH- 
Mainiee Bce óojrbe p^Bsill xapanepi. T^cho CBAsaHBan eb nojiflTBKOiD 
jcBBsa BacMapsa b cojraxapBaa ci bwm% bo MBoroMi, Bai^ioaajiB-jHÓe* 
paxLBaA napria yrpaTajia BCBBoe npasTHiecBoe sHaneaie e& Toft mb- 
HyTH, sasi nepecTaja (Shtb napTieD npaBBTaibCTBeaHOD; Htfo amb 
lisnexhEoi onnosHi^ifl OBa ae roxBjacB yse no yM'bpeBBOCTB cbobxi 
{fpBHi^HnoBi H BO xapaBTopy CBoero npomjiaro. YMeHbBiaflCB Bce 6ojiie 
n hecjA b bi^ CBii, ona Jierxo xoBexesa 6iixa ao noiaaPo pasjíose- 
hU. OpraaH Raai^jepa orapuTO BUcraBBjra u/bxh npaBBTejBCTBa: bmícto 
Hauioaaj[B-ja6epaiiOBi, arpaBarazi Bce-rasB pojib caifocToaTeji»aiix'B 
coDsaHROBi B DpeTeflxoBaBBíHxi aa atBoropyi) xojk> nojBTa^ecsotl 
CB060JIH, aysao 6hxo opraaBSOBaTB BOByD naptíD, cnoco6ayD coexa- 
RiTBCB OBOJO BBeflB BacMapsa 6681 BCBREXi yCdiOBift aja Tpe6oBaaift. 
lUiamepi 6urh, noRBXBiioiry, yvbpeai, ^to aeo^uqaaa nonyjuaípaocTB 
ero BMeHB wh repMaaia cpasy BuxBBaerB sexaaaoe 6ojbfltBacTBO npex* 
cnsarejieft, wb bej^í TÍcao-cojioqeaBO& rpynnu, npoaaBayTofi BOCTop- 
seaaoi) pimaiiocTBi) noxnaaTBca saB3D BaciiapKy. Ho oasBxaaia ae 
ctfaiBCb, vb spaftaeiiy yxBBieaiD narpioTOBi o4)({iBi^io8aoft neqaTB: 
HBBasoft aapríB EacMapsa BOBce ae osasaxccb b^ aapox^, a BdaMto'B 
ea BHcryaBJía ropcTB npexaaauTB jfDxeft, cspíiBBiaa cbod aacToan^yi) 
ospacay nox^B cthxxbbum^b nceBXOBBuoMi „CBodoxaaro soacepsaTasMa*. 
Pase^erB o/Lasaica omBÓo^auiťB; — aaasB Eaciiapsi noTepajTB CTapux'B 
opaBepseai^eBi^ b*b aapjaMearb, a bobiíxi ae npio6pibxi. llocjrb ae* 
oxaoBpaTBHX'B nonuTORi saiii^BBTB ^^iťB-jBÓo paBBocBJBBHiťB pasófl- 
TyD napTÍD aaQÍ0BajiB-jíB6epaji0B^, npaBBTejiBCTBO o^yraiecB wh tom'b 
Heonpex'bJieBaoM'B a TpyxaoiťB nojoseaia, bbi aoToparo ae aaftxea'B 
mfi noBHBi yxoÓBHfi h oftoanaTejBauft buxoxi*. Eesajoxaaa 6opB6a 
ch napjaMeBTOirB b c^b oón^ecTBeaauMi i[a'&aieM'B en^e óojite saTa- 
ayia mpasaci, ex&iaBi ero Rasi 6u xpoBB^ecRam. EaasB BacirapRi 
cnrajTB x^^a ce6a CT^caarejBauiťB cyn^ecTBOBaaie xase Taaofi 6e8o6Bx- 
H(A napTÍB, Raai aai^ioaajiB-jiflÓepaju; oai saxoT&rB aoxaaro nox^a- 
Heaia a xotfaica npoTBByaojlOsaaro pesyjiBTaTa — Bceotfn^aro cacreaa- 
tB^ecxaro OTnopa. , 

Ht6 BHBrpajTB fl HTÓ MOtrB BUBrpaTB repnaacsift aaaajepi otl 
Beeft dTOĚ aeypaxBi^u, aaeceaaoft bmi* bo BayTpeaaDD sasab a^aei^- 
saro aapoxa? IIocTaBBBi cbob mulhuhe Hai^aia a BRycu anepexa Mat- 
ail B ^yacTBi nfkMoi CTpaau, rbasb BacMapai aapymaji oxao b8'b 
oeaoBHincB yciOBift apaBanaaro oÓn^ecTBeaaaro pasBBTia. Ha^ero apo?- 
aaro ae MOserB 6htb aocrpoeao aa aarjiaxaxi a BaeqaTj'6aiax'B or- 

26* 



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404 K^GTHIKl iBPoau. 

X&l&HOft JB^HOCTH, Bl OĎJECTH HHTepeCOBTE ■ AÍkn» MBOrOMHJjriOHBaro 

rocyMpcTBeHBaro coDsa. ^ase Beiasafl a refliajiBHafl jhihoctb laHi- 
BuercA cb roAaMH, oojuaercii HeeojbBuifb HUDsiairL h caMoo6ojui|e- 
HiJiiťB, HcoHTUBaen pa3BOo6pa3Hoe AticTBie lecTB, cjkíbíi ■ paso^apo- 
Baflift, apHBUBaerb bi oóu^eiiy noBjroBHHqecTBy h HaqHaaerb ace 6ojte 
BipBTb wb eBOD fleaorpšniBiiocT& no utpi ociaÓieBía cbobxi yvcr* 
BeHHuxi cHXb OTB CTapocTB H doÁ^m^Ř; — a HapoAi», BaBi» i^tjoe^ 
BHBerb H pasBHBaercA Bi^aaiifl, cá^aj^ h3B'6ctbmii'b BopeHHuirB br- 
CTHHKTam H Hjteaxan, nepejtaBaeiium hbi uoeojAbík vb nosojisie. 
FocyxapcTBO nojiy^aerb HeaopiiajibHoe, óojrbBseHBoe HanpaBieme, ecjn 
HHTepecu ero, oÓHaiiaiomie ae tojii>bo Bacroamee, ho h tfyxyn^ee, btb- 

CBHBaDTCJi Wh paMBH OpeZOABUlHXl JB^BUZl BOBdpd^HÍft, 6e9% OprBBB* 

^ecKOft CBASH c% coBHaflieiTb Bcero napoxa. 

J|,ja Mflorax^B Bi» repiiaHw HeapojioisaTeibHuft nepiox^b Hawn 
ceMHxecaTiixi roAOffb npexcraajaeTCii xasoD-TO HjiHjjriex), cpaBHHrejuBo 

Ch OOBXHifiinHlIl H HaCTOan^HlTL BOJTOSeHÍeMl. H BTO TOJMLO noTOvyt 

HTO Tor^a cyniecTBOBajia bhxhmbíi rapMOHÍa Measxy npaBBTeji&CTBon h 
oén^ecTBeHHHiťB MHd^Hieir^ ^to HaópaHHiie HapoAOirb xenyraru nořil 

CnOBOftBO HCaOlHATB CBOH 06fl3aHB0CTH H ^TO JIR^Haa BOlfl KaHiu^pa 

HO mia en^e wl paspdtob Cb rocooxcTByDíiuiirb HacTpoeaieiťb cTpaBH. 
Torxa a khabb Eacaapai, aasi riaBa npaBarejibCTBa, ae bhíjte ooBOxa 
saiOBaTbCJi; oa'& aotrb aa xijit yóftAHTBea, ^to bi cyniaocra atn 
aa^ero lerqe a y^bóate, aasi bath pyaa o6i pyay e& aapjaMearoaiy 
npeACTaBJUiK)ni[aMi co(Íoi) cpeAHÍfií buboa^b aai pasaooÓpasaHxi xe^e- 
aift a seiaaifi aapoxHUxi. Tor^a, npa Dpeo6jiaxai)ni[eirb ^7^4^ exne- 
aia a corxada, ocya^ecTBjraDTCB 6e9b 'Tpyxa caaua cjosau^ npex- 
opiaTÍB; aaRoaoxaTejBCTBO A'Í^ftcTByer& njiaBao, 6e8!b bpoahuxi xoie* 
tfaaíĚ a ocraaoBoai; rocyxapcTBeHBua A^jia BOAfrea CBOXoftao a pa* 
syaao, npa aenpepHBHOMi* BcecTopoaaeirb ocad^n^eHia ax'b bi^ napja* 
MeaTi a b'b ne^axa. noqeay Kflaab BacMapB'B npoMiaajrb ary ecTOcr- 
BeaayK), ĎuroTBopsyi) BoiaTHsy aa óesi^tjbHoe acBaaio ,»BpinBoň 
BJracra^ vb nojHTa^ecBoft nycTuai, npa cacreaž apasAH h pasApa- 
sKeaia? IIo Bceá BtpoBTHOCTa, ara neaxoioraqecaaa saraAaa BHTeaaen 
aai oón^axi caa<k>CTeft qejioBtqecxaxi, npacynMixi a aeate bhabd- 
DUiMCtf A^xejuiai, Hin% BeeMapEi. 

^pe3M'fepHoe paBieABHeHie a^aei^saxi napxift, aoTopoe npeue 
Bususajocb iB noAA^psBBajocb npaBaTejfbCTBOM^b, crajo xeaepB Topaa- 
30M'b AJB AiBTejibaocTB rocyAapcTBB. CjywitHbia corianieaia naprii 
ae ABDTb HaAeacBoft to^bb onopu, a cepbSaHUJi saBoaoA&i^ejiBaiia pa- 
6oTU cTaaoBBTCB noTTB aoBOSMOSHUMa Bia OTKjaAfiiBaK)TCB asi roAa 
vb roA'B. ycTpaHeaie AapoBaTux'B a nonyjiapHbixrB JiDAeft on yqaerÍJi 
vb BasoHOABTejBCTBi AaoiTB ce6B CHJiBao qyBeTBOBaTB,-^'BaKi BB opese* 



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ZPOHIBi. — HHOGTPÁHHOI OBOSP^BHIK. 405 

CfemwteMhEO OTSiiBtertio ^napjaMeHTapECTaxi** UHracrepcsuiipecca. 
npexBOAHTeiH Bafl(ioHaJBHo-iH6epaj&Hoft eapTÍH, dxyapii Jlacsepi r 
PjxojB^ 4^Hi BeHBsroefli, oiasajH BasHUH ycjyin xtiy BByrpeoHaro 
oÓHOBjeflifl repMaHÍH, wb nepiox'B saiOHOxaTejiBHUXT peti^opifi. Tpyxo- 
jD(HBut H nojesHHft mewb DapjaiieHTa, Jacsepi, Bonion^aji vh ceói 
ixeH H%iiei|Baro nporpeccBBHaro jaóepajiHSMa h nŠMei^Roft qecTHOcni. 
M noMHJiTB ero cmíjihíi 4)H«nDHBR npoTHVB BioyooTpe6jeHift Gep- 
seBoro H BpoMHnueHHapo asiorasa, yBjeBoraro xase npHXBopByx) 
apacTOspariD; se aaóiiru ero pasoÓjaneBÍB ^BaBCOBUX'B upojtíbjiovh 
Barenepa, QXfloro mm jh^bhii npuTejieft saBi^xepa. Jlacsepi 6Hjr& 
BO xBoraxi cjiy^a^zi dBepra^eeKnii coDSBHBOirb rbasb BacMapsa vb 
napiaMeBTi; obi, noBHXBiioiiy, ne apo^B 6íu% spBiiBByTb si npaBBrejib- 
cny, flo Bce-TaaB ooxpaBiin aa eoůov) B^soropyi) CBo6oxy cys^eaift 
I xMcTBift. Mesxy TÍ(M'B, MexoBue row xBÓepansMa BpoBua; Jacaepi 
ee HyaoBi 6hxi» 6oJÍe h (UaropaayiiBO comexi co ci^eBU. Kaax qejio- 
Biti, oeraBxeBBut aa BiraToiTB, ob% nyrenecTByen ToaepB bo Aire- 
pisl B say^aoTB sa jiocyrík sesbb GoexBBeBBUxi mraToai. BuaBiít 
TOBapBBTB ero bo BapiaiieBTesoĚ sapEep*]^! ÝOB^-BeBBflrceBi, xep- 
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leMjiM aa bosmosboctb coriaflieBÍB cb BBflaeiTB BacHapacMi, n *ko- 
TopmtB OHI aaxoABJCB b% xopoaiHXi xa^ami OTBoaieaiflxi. BeaaHr- 
ceai noxBsyercJi rpoMaxBuirB yBaseaieirB b aBTopareTOMi vb FepMa- 
Hii, VB Ba^eersi xixBflaro BapiaMearcBaro oparopa ■ rocyxapcTBea- 
Htro HeiOB^sa; aoctobbctbo ero bobcaobíh b zapasropa, BfBpoxaa 
aonyiapaocTB, a Tasse ^mbjbbub cbbIb b otfaiiecTBeaaoe BOioaseBie 
tHABErajH ero san BaB6oj['be BoxxoAan^aro KaaABjíaTa na boctb 
oepBBTO MBBBcrpa npycciB, Blb cjyHa'b yxajiefliB Kani^iepa otb jifhn 
HiB cepBésBaro BOBopora vb ero bojbtbbí. B% aocxijiaie roxu iiaoro 

rOBOpBXOCb o CKJOBBOeTB BBB8B BBCliapsa OOJBaOBaTBCa COB^TaMB B 

torpyxBBTCCTBOifB BeRBBrceaa; ne paai ysasuBajecB aa B'fepoBTBOCTB 
wrynxeaiii nocxi^Baro wb MBBBcrepcTBO. Ho a BeaBUrcoBi, apa acet 
CBoet TepnixHBoft cj^epaukaBOcra, xoxseai 6uj% yfitxBTBCHi vio 6eB- 
nojeaao pasc^BTUsaTB aa nQpeMtay aojBTaqecBBX^ npaai^BQOBi co 
CTopoBu caMOBxacTBaro uHiixepa, paaxpasBTexBaaro b 6oxBBoro. 
Pojb BeBBflrceaa norja-óu OBaaaTBca yse xBycMHCxeaaoD, ecxa 6» 
OBI opoxojsaji BBTaTB oftMaaiBBoe xoB^pie vb ycraaoBaBaieMyca 
pesaay. 

Bo Bpeva oocjixaet ceccia repnaacsaro a apyccaaro aapjaiiea- 
'TOVb, aBBBCTpu, asBi^aue CBoex) ToqaoD BcaoxaaT6JBaocTBK> ao ot- 
HOflieaiD Bi BBCTpyBi](iaM% Kaasa BacMapBa, orspuTO aacMixaxacB 
laj^i apBBBjeriaiiH naxarB a Moa^y apo^am apereBAOsaxa aa'apaBO 
roBopBTB B^ cepexaai pi^^a xDÓoro opaTopa. OrB Tasaxi nocpex* 



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406 B^TEflKl IBPOnH. 

CTBeBHOcrefi, lasi mojim^ Bernix^^b, BypztpATi h xpyne, oóu^ho 
nojfiaTii Ti BH80BU, BOTopue MOSBO 68(6 npocTHTB Kory^^Bj Baai^ep;; 
BO rocyx&peTBeBBue jk>xb b ^BsomiBi, Banb 6h mejh bb 6Hja m 
Bpasa Ba óescMepTie, Bcerxa fotobu saiSun CTapsBBoe iiyxpoe apaBsio: 
,quod licet Jovi, nonlíoet bovi^. Kai^-ftyjiTO bi bba^ oisira Ba(e^ 

I^epeifOHBUfl BHZOXBB MBBBCTpOBl^ <ÍK)Bl-BeBHBrC6B% p^KiURE CJOSm 

ci ce6fl xenyTaTCBÍB nojraoMOBia m yxanTBca b% npoBBBi^ii). Ojino- 
BpeiieBBO ci 8aBpuTÍM'B nqijaiieBTCBoft ceoem, vb raseru^b saBBieiio 
6uJ0 o BUiOMÍb BeBBBreeaa mn BMtíepcBaro b opyccsaro ceiMovh. 
BicTb »Ta BpoBSBeja eeBcaiúi) vk repnaBía h aaxojro saBAia ese- 
XBeBflyD Be^BTB; bbbsb Baciiaimi 6ujrB BOupiaTBO nopaseBi seon- 
xaflBuiTL XJB Bero BOCTyBKOMi ^JOB^Ka, BdTopiiift oxBBi> en^e cooeo6en 

6UJl CBJOBBTb Ba CTOpOBy npaBBTeJbCTBa ÓOJBBIBflCrBO H^MeilKBXl 

yM^eBBUx^L jiB6epajOBi. 

IIoJiBTBBa iB^aaro ycaorpiaifl apBBOCBn cbob njoxH; rocyxapcr- 
BeBBua xi<ia repMaaíB Bepezoxan bx pyaa ycepxBuxi fiesxapaocTel 

B ]fOBOaOJB8BpyH)TCB Vb BpeCCfi ly^BOK) KpflKJBBtm JEBI|eirtp<WB. 

JlflXTOráE Moserb npoxMsaTBca TBBoe eeBepMaiBBoe eocToaaie— eyxarb 
TpyxBo; apa cospeMeaBUii oiScroaTaiBeTBan bto sasBearb Bce-TBEs 
OTi» coCToaaia 8xopoBi»a b jra^aaro aacrpoeflia BMaepcRaro saBi^iepa, 
ťh xoTopuMi apecTapijuft BMaepavopi exBa-jni pascraBevca bobb 

SBBl. 

Bapo^en, »b TaxoM^ ae^aiBaovb BBxt apexcraBMerea asyrpesBee 
cocToaaie flvaepia ob to?u spiak jiDxet, apABiiKmarB xs xo6po- 
cobíctboě apaxTBxi aapiiaMeBTeKBXi yipesxeflifi. FoBopa 6eBOTBo- 
CBTexbBO, aysao cxasaTb, ^to ecTb eai^e ae Majo xopomaro vh bojih- 
TBqecBOfl b»8bb B^Bi^eBi H 9X0 BO Bce TBxi xypBO y BBxi, xaxi xa- 
seTca HHi> cavBiTb. BceiA)ryapft xaai^jiepi Bce-raxa cBpoxao o6pan[a€rejr 
hrb cyA'&, xorxa aaxoxarb ce6a ocKop(ijeBBHM'b b4b oBjeBeraHaim wb 
xaxoft-BBÓyxb rasert; a Taxi xaxTi aoxotfBHe cjy^afl noBtopaDTCJ 
no^TB eaexaeBHO, to kbbsd BacMapy apBxoxBTOx o^eab "lacro bo3- 
fiysABTb opoi^eccH o6nb ocKopóieaiB hjb BJieseTi. 06BflBHeirae Be- 
pixKO ofipaBxuBaDTca cyxom bjh BpxroBapBBaK^Tca xi aaqTOSBiurb 
aiTpa4)aM'b. Hexasac ea^ 6iíJ*b onpaaxaai apoc^ecopi MoHMseai ao 
TaxoMy-se xiiy* Raai^Jiepi ae mui&n aflxaxoro caeqiajibBaro opysi^ 
apoTBBi aauaxaDn^Bxi aa aero ayÓia^acroB^ a opaTopoBi; owb o6opo- 
aaeTca tojbro oóni^BMi xJa bcíxi BaxoBOMi b cyxoMx, aapasai erb 
apocTUMB cMeprauMB. E BejBxifl axai^Jiep^ ae BaainaeTi ke 8tobi» 
BBxaxoro noxpuBa CBoeMfy aaropBTeTy a aaxaxoro norpaceBia rocy- 
xapcTBeaaiixi oeaoei; ao Bpaftaeft Mftpi ae ciamBO BOBce o tov^, 
vro6u OH'b MjMAJTb apexapBBBBaTb ^to-jbÓo apoxavb cynieoTByDoieft 
CB060W ne^aTB. A BOSMoacaoCTb BUCxasuBaTbCJi cbo6oxbo bi* ae^arB 



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XPOHIKA.— IHOGTPÁIIOS OBOSP^HIB. 407 

I vh opeAcraBATenBiíMi co^eiaxi cMjMBVh caus no cb6í yj^OBje- 
TBopeBieitb juA HeAOBOj&Bun jmovhy xaBaa saROHHHfi bhxoai HasoasB- 
neiTCii HaAOBOjneray, Boropoe b^ npomBsoinb oiy^aj^ mofkHSh ot- 
smaneA rb otiiii[eoTBÍ vpeMjauwb pa8waaeHieM*b. 

OBOB^sBBÍicfl hubí BaKOBOJUiTeuHHĚ oepíox^ HMaepeBaro cetifa 
TBBse npomen ne cosetex 6ediuoxm* Oj^ihi h» ocu^iai&iionojHTHHe^ 
cnx b npoesTOBi^ npaBnencvBa, a mefloo, 8aB0»b o |s^«xoBaBÍH pa6o- 
wa Ha cjyiaÉ^ 6ajA8HR, npnprb Beckiia tBa^BTettHiíM^ 6ojíeiiihh- 
(man TOJoeonth. Jfjnrolí npoean, sacaDmtica erpaiOBasii paóonxi 
OTS vBtHĚcnuTh cjiy^aeBi, ne nora en^ ButTB en oóiacra npex- 
BapsTOjuaro paBCMorpifliA, Tasí Basi Bosfiysxaeituii Har& pasHorjiaciB 
eiiSBoiKb yHopm. KoHcepBaTHBBini^ naprkirfc yxajoeb oposecTB 
oepexJLisy apoMHBueBBaro yerasa n xyxi noJHi^eicKflxi orpaHBVH- 
leibuixft wbph npesBBTO BpeiieflH. Jdóbmiíé opooKrb saHi^iepa - 

BMdieflie TBÓaqHOft ]«>H01I0JÍH-**0fKJ0Be«b HOABBJÍADII^Bn VMtJOWb 

vdMoeowh, Tarb-^TO xaiBai^tHiBn nonurorb wh btowb poAÍ upuMfifca 
osBxatE HB CKopo. Omepreyio inuuse npej^xoateBie bobbhghti. nospo- 
BireiBCiseEHiiB noHuniBH aa bbobbmiib hve-bb rpasBi^n xposa. Haso- 
Hefb, najisTa pšunrejuHO OTSJOBBia hhoxb o paseBorp^BÍH (Dxser* 
HHxi CM^TB. Ha ABB FO^a BBepBX'B, HO xojfBMB óiua tíbi bc Měníce 
jTBepxB^ 6DXaien 1884—6 roxa, Bciixcraie o6pai^eBBaro wb nefi 
oooóare Biinepcsaro DOOiamB ho dvoMy noBOxy. Ofiesoe^HBi ce6B sa- 
ptBie 0TH0CTi«xi»Bo 6yxymafo ^^BnaHCOBaro roxa, opaiflTejiLefBo mo- 
vm» yse otioĚTHCB 6en Haiaru h se comBaTL en sa oceBBDX) cec- 
ÓD,— xom 9T0 6iuo-6h bbbhitb BapymesíeMi o6ini[aHÍB ycBopHTE 
oÓeyjBxeHíe coipax&Ho-nojniTH^eoEoft pe<|^pMu. IIo npesBOMy, camm 
euBBUM^ H HeyraHBMiím onnOBearovb npaBBffex&CTBa 6uj% EBreaift 
Pnrepi, HpexBOXBrexB ace tiojrito ycHiBsaDmefiOA naprÍH nporpeecHC- 
TOBs; ofl!B xocaxxft<i% HHBBCTpavb Ha sasxoifb máry, ho DponycBaa 
ni oxBoro DpoHaxa hx^b tiea^B HacH4iB«HB0ft kphthbh. ny6jiHHHaji 
xpiTBKa npaBBTexBCTBeHHHKB xMcTBíft Bce-rasR cyn^CTByeiTB bx Fep- 
HtHÍB, ■ 8T0 noBBOuierB BiMi^am e% HaxeBBxon cmotp%tb bi tfyxyin;ee. 



IIL 

Bo $paHi^iH BHyrpeHBBfl oojiBTBaa HxterB m, ce6i hí^hto neyio- 
Bnoe, sasB 6yxvo, b TyMassoe; Boarao xaa^ csasaTB, no Bivh BHBasofl 
BByrpeBBeft bojhthbh njm pecDyixBxaBCBOBi npaBBTexBCTB^, a ecTB 
ToiBxoBporpaviiH pe4K>pii!B, npexxaraetfHB pasaB^iHUBB oapTÍaiiB h mbhb- 
crepcTBaMB. Bib Ahtjiíh Tasse ae dpbbbto fobopbtb o BHfrpeBBeft noxH-* 
mi BBBBCTepcTBa, — b6o Wb x'&Jaxi yopaBJíeHiji ne OBasusaercfl pas- 



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i os Btomn iBPonH. 

juraia ueMMj lOHcepBaTopmv h »6epuaMH. Ka6HHerB FiMcroHa iie 
MOsen HHa^e othochtbcs vh opasavb ppasxavB h seero oói^ecTBi, 
^iM% aAiHncrpai^ÍA JtOTfw* BaiOHe^HJiBxa hj» Oajncéftpa. Hiin 
„nojiBTHKy" oTHocHTeuHO EaeajMrifl crpasu CBOftcnraHO fojiuo ramn 
rocyxapcTfieiHHiirb iDjtJim, j^juí moropwn eymecnyím ei^a loopoeii 

O DOSMOSIIOeTV JVpOI^aTB H DOXMByTB, SaiIpMIiaTB H XOSBOJUITS, Hpi- 
MfoSTb SJIH 06X0XHT& MKOHH, IipMBJMTB BOBQ^niaTHBBJD CVporOCn 

UH jni6epai&H7D UBrmoeth; — boáhfjíji aebho yse aioua niTaiero 
cocToaeiji, h JinxH ei j^BiyvpeHHeE) BOJmrasoD^ bb biiAk>t% Mtera n 
poxaxi aBrjdicKBxi BOxaTBweafln napTÍII. Apyroe x^o, urna at- 
apoci BacaercA EaB0fi-BB6yx& caei^iajfcRoft qacTB lopojeBcraa, Bocras- 
jeBBoA wb BeuD^BTeiBBoe Bojrosesie, lasi BaapBrtp% HpjnBxia; 
Tjvh yse ABjaercB BOiWBaa, opeABaaBafeflBaa j^a (SeanpasBKn 
BpjaBAii[eB% B BasuBaeiiaa nodroBy BpjaBxeaoD, a se BByrpeasBen 
Booóflie. najfBTBqecBÍe orríftBBB HanBaorca tojbbo c^ BOBpoeM% sa- 
BOBOxaTeiTbfluxx — a Boapocoai o Towhj bbbu pe4K)p]fu xmbuih óim 
opexJioseBu b DpBBexraH ai Bcnajmema, aasAMB iitpavB aesan 
6uTb yxoBJíeTBopeBa Ta bih Jffjnji oÓB^ecraeflBaB nerpeósoerb. B% 
8T0t c^pft BOBcepBaTopu pacxoxaTca yse c% xatepajaMB, iBÓepaju— 
oh paxBKajaMB, paxBsajni — ei coiUajncraBB. Touo xacse bo $paa- 
IQH BOOTB bdojibí Bciesja cjosBaa oÓjacTL Bsyrpeaset BOJmaa, 
noiywBBiaa vasoe o(SBiBpfloe b yroaqeflBoe paainme bo apeveBa avo- 
poft BMBepÍB. HaaojeoBOBcaie BBBfle^H b Bpeif)eBTH<cTapnrejmio pas- 
pa6aTHBajB BCEycerao — dioxbts BexapasyBtaia b 6juironMy«io pas- 
ptaaTL Bxi; wb arom aaaximuacb rjaBsaa mvh saxana. Tenepb 4p*B" 
ayacBBBi nojBTB^iecBBMi xiflvaiairb ae BpBZOXBTCfl yae xionorano 
BoxxepsasíB maTEoi axacTB BCByeeneBBHm a BasaaoBBHKfl cooco- 
tfaxB; cflopu BesxT napriaMB aexyrca BCUD^Brejbao aa aoiaik P04m>P* 
MaTopcaaro xBBaceaúi, aoropoe xxa oxbbx% Bxerb óuerp^be a XMure, 
a xia xpyraxi — MexieBBfte m Tane. Mbbbciph, apa aerynieBiB a% 
XOxsaocTb, o6%aBia»rb yse ae o TOin, aarb obb 6yxyrb oocryBan 
cb rpaau^aBaBB — MarKO bjb apyro; obb BM^Dn apexi co6oi> xpyría 
saxaqa b o6a8aHBOCTB, 6oi%e aoxesBiia xxa Bacexeaia. Orroro-ro aa- 
serca HBorxa, ^to bo BByrpeaBarb x'i^-iaz'b ^paaiuB rocBOxcTByen 
aaaaa-TO fleoapex^JieBBOCTb b aeacBOcrb. Bmícto TO^BUX'b MBaBcrep- 
csBxi „BBEorxa", npocxaBBBniBxi anoxy (oBaaapTBCTcaaro ynpaajeaia, 
nocToaBBO BUcaasHBaeTca crpeaiOBÍe ao aosBoawocTB xy^Bie acaoi* 
BBTb sejaaia ofio^eeraa a aapoxa. A nxb wuí% ofifl^eeraeBBoe aa* 
crpooBie ^acTO MiBaorea y aBevaraBrejbaiixi ÝpaB^y80Bl, to b apa* 
BBTexbCTaeBBita saóoni M^aaiiTca, b mbbbctpíi ae XMro xepautTca aa 
CBOBXi atcran. Hexoiroat^HocTb aaÓaaeToai Mimaen apexenaa- 



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XPOeHKi. — HHOCTPAHBOB OB03PBHIÍ. 409 

TeicTE BJiacTB npexanamca HyBCTBairK aiftcrojiDÓiii, boshocatiiCji hiucb 
npoerHMB ciiepTHUiiH h 3a6iifi«rb CBoe cjysefiHoe HasaaqeHie. 

BHyrpeiHie Boopoou He npexcmBJíaDn TeB^b sryqaro otio^aFO 
iiT^eca JUB BMHTBvecBím JDxeĚ ^p^aia; h^xto ae yBjíeKaerea 
eq)B&8ao Bfl pQi{Kq)iioi> MarBCvpatypHf hh saiOHom o cciiJB^b pei^B* 

XIBBCTQBl Vh BOIOBÍB, BR BTOpOOTeOCMBliMH HpoeiTaifB, 06cySJiaB- 

miifBca wb oajaTft Mfimjmfovk sa neeiijiBee BpevB. ^paaqyacBit na- 
moHaj&BHt zapaKrepi necnuimmek tb ocropoB^Him h noeiefleH- 
BHm JBMWb BaitOBOjcaTejibCTBa; yBM^eaíB h nopUBU OTpasaDTca na 
Dpee6pa80BaHiiix!b, Tpeóyesina xenyTaTCBBUB apyssaMB ■ nojuepsfl- 
BMMiiirB ManvanuM) qac&rBV mypHajBcrasB. Pefj^piia narHcrpaTypu 
x^BBO jme GTOua na ůwapnm h BUABBruac& ooo^pexBO CHiBXBoifl* 
iica BBaBOTepcTBaMB, nojťb AaBiieBMiii^ aepejioBun oapjaiieBTCKflxi 
oaprit. Ho pajifl lera iiospe6oBaiaeb m itarB BUBBaHa dTa pe4M)pifa, 
10 MB^ni) óojiiifluiHerBa 4>paH^yBCBH3L% nporpeeeacTOB^? Motbbi qh^eb 
ipocTol: vh cyAe6mirfc cocjiobíb BaioiBTea eme sieifeHtiiy HaeasxeH- 
Bue doaaiiapTBBMOiťb b apasjíefiBue cyni^ecTByDn^eiiy pecByÓJUBaBcaoiiy 
CTpoo;*-*ByBHO 91% ycTpaBHu, a aib droro na^o yBH^roxBTb, oo 
spattseft ii'&pi Ba spoMii, npBsi^Bai aecurbafleMOCTB cyjieft. Pe4K>pBa- 
lopu FOTOBU 6hjih Bxm xase ropasxo xanme. IlaiaTa xeoyTaTOBi 
DimBiija npejuoBMme o Butfopft cy^eA Bapoiom, xom HBÓapaTejibBoe 

WajLO npOTBBOpibqHrB BCi^Ml CyaeSBUlfB Tpa^Bl^ilMl H OOHBTÍHlťb. 

Mflorie cyjiBB b Tp&óymuui ycn^kjnr erxB^BTbCii vh apecatAOBasiB 
peeflf6iBBaBi(eB%; obh b iiobubí Be cspHBaDrb cbobxi MORapxHqe* 
cm% BJiB BjepBKajbBiirb CBBaatíĚ, npaii&BBBaB etl ^uu^to bi MfbJíj 
onipaBieBia opaBoeyxiB. OoBHino q^iupaseirie b asmb HeroAOBaflie no 
BOBQxy npBcrpaeTBim cyAe6HHxi npHroBopomb, aanpaBjíeBHHxi npo- 
nn iB4'b Tot BJH KpjvfsĚ napTÍB; ho BiireBaen-iB oicDxa neo6xo- 
mocTb Bpyroft jomB cyxefiBUxi yipeatxeBii? IIo eeiecTBeHHOMy xojiy 
Nnieft, yerapftiue b BenpaBOJiBBie cyjibB yixyrb aa nosoft paabme 
usL noise; aarxii obr ae cocTaBíHDTi 6ojbaiaaeTBa, a mosbo 6u^o 
(a osBXBTb BTb aocTeneaaaro acqesaoBeaia, iiesi ocofeaaaro yn^epia 
W oóntecTRa. OjiaaKO ^paaQyscBSirb pajiaBajaMi aeROrxa sxaTb; airb 
BTBaa aeaeAJieaRaii a BopeaaaA pecj^iia cyxeóaoň opraaBsaaia, xotb* 
^a Aju aroro apaaijocb aepeBepayTb BBopxi xaoMi aci cyxH ^paa- 
Qíi- *3fa eipevorejbaocTb b nocatmaocTb cocnajRerb o^ay H8^ cjia- 
ÍEi% GTopoB% ^paaiiyecBBn saBOBOxaTejbaiixi apexnpíaTíft. 

Hbbíbbíě MHBHeTpi DeTBipa, MapTdBi-^exibe, aupaóoraji a 
Bieci Wh aaiBTy upoeBrb, ae jyqme a ae xyme np^xaiecTBOBaBonix^. 
MiBBCTpy npe^ocraajaerea apaao yaoibB^Tb a nepeataiaTb cyxeĚ B*b 
Te^flie Tpexii uicaufiwb co ^peaeaa asxaaiH saRoaa; a aaTtai, Korxa 
o^eru MaracrpaTypu yse coBepmaiacb, BoscraHOBJí^eTCfl onBTb npaa- 



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410 B^erorB mfóih. 

aiiTb HeciitvAeifoeTH. Mosae cbóí npexcraiHni Tpeiory n cpexi 
MHoro^HCJeHHHxi cyxe6HHz% xtcn h* jhi^i, oTmanicn v& Donoe 
TpoxxíteOTHoe pacn<^seHie MHHMCvqieBot saBoeupiH; BOKdíňutaai 
HHTpErs, saiesnaflix ojihhxi r hobocu jipypHxi, qKMiBjíeBia jnraet 
BpasAU H conepHHveenia, Bcasia HwqNisyHiHiii ■ omón, — Bce sto 
opsnecer^ Eemuipsaio 6onse Bpexa HBropecaiii opaBocyxu, ^in 
cyn^ecTBOBaBie HtocojBBHX^b eoteni ÓOHanapricfOBi^ r sjíqMnajOK, 
n pnAu^ 4)paoiiy8CBRX'& pecnyÓoBiaHCEK^ eyxeft. BpeveHH«e yanro- 
senie npvHQBHa vecMtueMOCTR, xot0-6h ua cavím lopoonift iciJrti 
Mosen HaAOjn*o noxopBaTb HopMajbHfD xsbv^ MaPBcrpxrypii; b« to se 
BpeMa OHO BoapoxRTs h jcnMwrh BaTnuraa iKMflraiennfl erpaen, 
co8xaer& HOBHx^b sparoBi pecny&ua^ n noeiy>urrB oaaoBim- npM^ 
xeHTOMi, BOTopHM^ He npeMaHfFE BoenoiBBOBaaua MeHapxBera n 
cjiyui BOBMOsaaro vb ÓyxyiQeKL TopsecTBa. Ilaiara xeoyraTOBi tíh 
ae Meate Dpanan saion, ei Hteo«q[Mnni noopaBRaHV, ne csorpa he 
otcTOflTeUHiia BOBpaaceaia Taaax^ opafopoas, navb Ph66. Bbtb ao- 
TUThy nme rb^ ctopohhrsobs saaoRa wb aajari 8apaHÍ9 pucnm- 
aajiH na ceHam, vMfb 0oxo6rbh pe^^pm noxBepranvca otanoBeaio 
cyaiecTBeHHiiM^ HcapaajieHiinrB. 

BHHRaaie noiHTH^eoK8x% xteiexelt m nyójraipioiKnrE ^pasoia lo* 
rjontaerca Ten^B riaBRmix oópason Boapocava Baftoraetk, kojiobíba- 
BOfi nojiHTHra. ^paaiiyBCRie aoeHBHe otpaMja xMerayain ojiaoqie- 
MeHBO Wb Tobbbbí b vh Maxaraexapj^, xRiuoifaTifl Basara neperoBO- 
paMB Cb RBTaem, a aapaseaia raBeni overpijmaeTca ot» Ranaxeaifi 
jOBxoBCKofi Bpeoeu, oTBocanietcfl apatse BOAoépiMBejaTeibBO si lo- 
BtttniBMi gBaBoeaaTejiJbRUv^'' nii^aem (hMtai^yaeaaro apa— nejwstBa. 
HdBtcTBO, qro en^e FaBeerra eROVpiJiib aa xaieate ^BcaajoniiB, aar^ 
Ba caMyD jiymyD Bisojy juz apMía e (tuora, opiiiBaBBHKi si bah- 
KOMy jid^y nBonesjíid*. HesaBReaMO nume on aiioi nocjrtjiBel iiin, 
yBejB^esie Koioaiá coeraBjaerb Teaepfc vacTORB^yD 8Jo6y xBa bo 
^aaiuB, no MaoraRi npRqRBam oojRraqeoBaro b aoRRep^ecaaro esol- 
CTBB, o aoTopuxi MU Be.pa8% ynoRRBajiB Bi apoaman o6oBptoiim. 
BdbpoRTBO, B raseTBaB BOJeaBsa Resxy Aariiai) b ^paaiiieR) apaven 
6oiibe npBMBpBTeibBHft ottíbmr^ noKh ajnasieiB^ Maryi^ecTaeaBHXv 
fl pa8floo6pa3BUZ'B caaseft, BoóysxaDmRSb o6A Mfipwmaa ResaTB ric* 
Baro aesxy eo6oi> c6jBanBia. Hepexoaua aapoxH esponaftcxato sa- 
naxa aajaiOTca opoTBBOBicoB^&TpoÉeTaeBBORT^iianrpaabRORy coDey, h 
aarjo-it^paBi^yBCBaa xpyaUia ectb ofiaaaiojBautv B«BteoxBMiii <^Kiopi 
coBpeMeaaaFO nojBTB^eosaro bojosobír b% Eapoaš^ ibkl «ro npRBaaon 
aaflóojie BuuDBÚeoa rocyAapoTBeoBHe jodmm n oMazi eropowb. 



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IHTEPATyPHOE OBOSnHIE. 

1-e kM«, 18it. 



— HcTopHHecKaa xHByiecTb pycciaro eapoxa h es KyiBTypHiu oco^bhocth. npo4>eccopa 
M, Kojuumma. CsasaHO bi 8acÍA&HÍH GjiaBXHCKaro BiaroTBopHTejiBHaro 06me- 
CTia 28-ro aHBapa 1883 r. Cn5. 1888. 

CUftBAHCsoe BjaroTBopHTeABoe Oón^eerBO xasHO yse Hrpaerb mmt 
K7D-T0 crpaHHyi) pott: orb BpeiieHH xo »peiieiui noujuui Bonpocu o 
(^jtTOTBopeaiH ciaMHcraj, oso bhídihbmtcji bi Hamy xoiuuiibdd co- 
Bptí